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Vol. XXXIII

No. 4

method of teaching. To inform, to kindle the thinking and a spirit

of extrapolation is all part of teaching mathematics. Let us take for

example, the concept of infinity. Add anything to infinity or take away

anything from infinity, the sum or difference is only infinity. If infinity is

subtracted from infinity, or divided by infinity, the answer is undefined,

according to our college mathematics.

Tel : 0124-4951200

e-mail : info@mtg.in website : www.mtg.in

Regd. Office

406, Taj Apartment, Near Safdarjung Hospital,

Ring Road, New Delhi - 110 029.

Managing Editor

Editor

:

:

Mahabir Singh

Anil Ahlawat (BE, MBA)

CONTENTS

Maths Musing Problem Set - 148

April 2015

Corporate Office

rial

Poorna means complete. Subtract infinity from infinity , the answer is

infinity according our thinkers. This is infinity , that is infinity. By taking

infinity from infinity, only infinity remains.

Practice Paper

JEE Advanced 2015

10

Math Archives

24

Practice Problems

JEE Advanced 2015

26

Simple methods of teaching can make big concepts very clear. Group

theory is used for crystallography. But the mathematics part is the main

10 Best Problems

for JEE Advanced

28

performed by numerical methods. Theory of groups is best studied with

Practice Paper

JEE Main 2015

31

noticed about any successful teacher is his smiling face with a friendly

Practice Paper

WB JEE 2015

38

for the students.

Practice Paper

ISI 2015

52

BITSAT 2015

63

Practice Paper

for Online Test JEE Main 2015

76

84

85

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All rights reserved. Reproduction in any form is prohibited.

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aths Musing was started in January 2003 issue of Mathematics Today with the suggestion of Shri Mahabir Singh. The aim of Maths

Musing is to augment the chances of bright students seeking admission into IITs with additional study material.

During the last 10 years there have been several changes in JEE pattern. To suit these changes Maths Musing also adopted the new

pattern by changing the style of problems. Some of the Maths Musing problems have been adapted in JEE benefitting thousand of our

readers. It is heartening that we receive solutions of Maths Musing problems from all over India.

Maths Musing has been receiving tremendous response from candidates preparing for JEE and teachers coaching them. We do hope

that students will continue to use Maths Musing to boost up their ranks in JEE Main and Advanced.

Prof. Dr. Ramanaiah Gundala, Former Dean of Science and Humanities, Anna University, Chennai

jee main

1.

(a)

1

In triangle ABC, if cos A cos B cos C = and

2

B = C, then C =

1

(b) sin

1 1

1 1

cos (2 sin 18)

(d)

sin (2 cos 36)

2

2

2. If a = b = c = 1 , b c = cos a , c a = a b = cosb ,

then

(a) a b (b) b a (c) a 2b (d) b 2a

(a)

4.

is

21

(b) 22

(c)

23

2 + d 2)

pa

(b) p

(c)

p2d

8.

(a)

9.

(a)

6.

(b) 3

(c)

(d) 7

(d)

4

e

lim

2

1

(c)

(d)

e

ln 2

integer match

1

ln 4

digits in N is

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Q. If x

1

1

2015

= i, then x

= 2. 1

2015

x

x

R. If x

1

1

2016

= i, then x

=

2016

x

x

S.

If x

1

2

4

3

2

4

3

1

3.

1

1

2014

= i, then x

+ 2014 = 4. i

x

x

R

4

3

1

2

S

3

1

2

4

Prof. Ramanaiah is the author of MTG JEE(Main & Advanced) Mathematics series

3

e

(c)

Column-I

Column-II

1

1

2015

= i, then x

= 1. 0

P. If x

x

x 2015

2c

(d) p

of the origin from the line is

2

3

(a) 0

(b)

(c)

(d)

3

3

2

comprehension

Let n N. The G.M. and H.M. of the n numbers n + 1,

n + 2, n + 3, , n + n are Gn and Hn respectively.

Hn

=

n n

1

(b)

e

2

e

10.

20112 + 20102 + 20092 + 20082 20072 20062

20052 + + 62 + 52 + 42 32 22 12, is divisible

by

2

(b)

matching list

jee advanced

5.

Gn

=

n

1

e

(a)

(d) 24

(a)

lim

(2 cos 36)

(c)

3.

7.

Section-i

(Single Correct Answer Type)

each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c) and (d),

out of which onLY one is correct.

(x + 1) , 2 < x 1

2/3

1. Let f ( x ) = x 1, 1 < x 1

2

(x 1) , 1 < x < 2

The total number of maxima and minima of f(x) is

(a) 4

(b) 3

(c) 2

(d) 1

3

(a) 1/e

(b) 1

(c) 1/e2

^ ^

50

r

2r 3

(x + x ) =

(a) 100

(b) 256

(c) 76

vectors i + p2 j + p2 k, p2 i + j + p 4 k and p 4 i + p 4 j + k

are coplanar is

(a) 8

(b) 4

(c) 2

(d) 0

4. The complete set of values of a for which the point

(a, a2), a R lies inside the triangle formed by the lines

x y + 2 = 0, x + y = 2 and x-axis is

(a) (2, 2) (b) (1, 1) (c) (0, 2) (d) (2, 0)

5. In a test, student either guesses or copies or knows

the answer to a multiple choice questions with four

choices in which exactly one choice is correct. The

probability that he makes a guess is 1/3 ; the probability

that he copies the answer is 1/6. The Probability that his

answer is correct, given that he copied it, is 1/8. Find

the probability that he knew the answer to the question

given that he correctly answered it is

24

1

29

1

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

29

9

35

7

lines x = 0, y = 0, y = 1 is

(a) e2 + 2 sq. units

(b) e + 1 sq. units

(c) e + 2 sq. units

(d) e 1 sq. units

10. Let A, B, C be any three events in a sample space

of a random experiment. Let the events E1 = exactly

one of A, B occurs; E2 = exactly one of B, C occurs;

E3 = exactly one of C, A occurs; E4 = all of A, B, C occurs;

E5 = atleast one of A, B, C occurs. P(E1) = P(E2) = P(E3)

= 1/3; P(E4) = 1/9, then P(E5) =

(a) 1/9

(b) 7/9

(c) 5/18 (d) 11/18

dx

,

11. Let S(x ) = x

e + 8e x + 4e 3x

dx

R(x ) =

and M(x) = S(x) 2R(x).

3x

e + 8e x + 4e x

1

If M (x ) = tan 1 ( f (x )) + c ; where c is an arbitrary

2

constant, then f (loge2) =

(a) 3/2

(b) 1/2

(c) 5/2

he trains IIt and olympiad aspirants.

10

(d) 94

cx + dy = 0 where a, b, c, d {1, 2}. The probability that

the system of equations has a unique solution is

(a) 3/8

(b) 5/16 (c) 9/16 (d) 5/8

(d) 2

r =1

x 0

P(6, 8). If its two directrices are 3x + 4y + 10 = 0 and

3x + 4y 10 = 0, then CP =

(a) 14

(b) 8

(c) 10

(d) 6

(d) 7/2

reflected as shown in the diagram. If u^ , v^, n^ are unit

vectors along the incident ray, reflected ray and normal

respectively, then

Incident ray

Reflected ray

Normal

u^

12

0

n^

(a) v^ u^ + n^ = 0

v^

(b) v^ + u^ 3 n^ = 0

(c) v^ u^ + 3 n^ = 0

(d) v^ + u^ 3 n^ = 0

x2 + y2 2ax 36 = 0 and the curve S : (1 + x)y + exy = y

drawn at a point x = 0 on S, then the radius of the circle

is

(a) 10

(b) 5

(c) 8

(d) 12

i =3

i =1

i =1

xn + ax + b = 0, then (a1 a2)(a1 a3)(a1 a4) ...

(a1 an) is equal to

n1

(a) n

(b) na1

n1

(c) na1 + b

(d) na1

(a) 7x 5y 1 5 74 = 0

(a) only one real root

(b) three real roots of which two of them are equal

(c) three distinct real roots

(d) three equal roots

(b) 7x 5y 1 + 5 74 = 0

(a) 5/4

(b) 7

(c) 4

(d) 2

0

(a) 3/2

g (x )

g 2 (x )

is

(b) 2/3

(c) 1/3

(d) 1/2

f (x) f(y) f(xy) = x + y x, y R and f (1) > 0, then

(a) f (x) f 1(x) = x2 4 (b) f (x) f 1(x) = x2 6

(c) f (x) f 1(x) = x2 1 (d) none of these

18. The value of a so that the volume of parallelopiped

^

^ ^

minimum is

(a) 3

(b) 3

(c) 1 / 3 (d)

+a

22. x2 + y2 + 6x + 8y = 0 and x2 + y2 4x 6y 12 = 0

are the equations of the two circles. Equation of one of

their common tangent is

12

f (x) = 0 have two prime numbers as roots and b + c = 35.

Then the global minimum value of f (x) is

183

173

(a)

(b)

4

16

81

(c)

(d) data not sufficient

4

20. If A is a skewsymmetric matrix of order 3, then the

matrix A4 is

(a) skew symmetric

(b) symmetric

(c) diagonal

(d) none of those

(c) 7x 5y + 1 5 74 = 0

(d) 5x 7y + 1 5 74 = 0

23. Maximum value of log5(3x + 4y), if x2 + y2 = 25 is

(a) 2

(b) 3

(c) 4

(d) 5

24. If A and B are symmetric matrices of same order

and X = AB + BA and Y = AB BA, then (XY)T is equal

to

(a) XY

(b) YX

(c) YX

(d) none of these

25. The solution of the differential equation

2x3ydy + (1 y2)(x2y2 + y2 1)dx = 0

[where c is a constant]

(a) x2y2 = (cx + 1)(1 y2)

(b) x2y2 = (cx + 1)(1 + y2)

(c) x2y2 = (cx 1)(1 y2)

(d) none of these

26. The slope of the line which belongs to family of these

(1 + l)x + (l 1)y + 2(1 l) = 0 and makes shortest

intercept on x2 = 4y 4, is

(a) 1/2

(b) 1

(c) 0

(d) 2

sinx(2sinx + cosx) = n, has at least one real solution is

(a) 3

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) 0

a positive integer)

(a) has infinitely many real roots

(b) has exactly one real root

(c) has exactly 2n + 2 real roots

(d) has exactly 2n + 3 real roots

29. If the tangents at two points (1, 2) and (3, 6) as a

parabola intersect at the point ( 1, 1), then the slope of

the directrix of the parabola is

(a)

(b) 2

2

(c) 1

(d) none of these

1

2 { f ( x )}

tan x

, then log e lim ([ f (x )] + x )

30. Let f (x ) =

x 0

x

is equal, (where [] denotes greatest integer function and

{} fractional part)

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) 4

n

n (log 10)

e

31. If an =

for n 0 then

!(

k

n

k)!

k =0

a0 + a1 + a2 + a3 + ... upto is equal

(a) 10

(b) 102

(c) 103

(d) 104

Section-ii

(Multiple Correct Answer Type)

type questions. each question has 4 choices (a),

(b), (c) and (d), out of which one oR moRe is/

are correct.

32. In a DABC sides b, c, C are given, which of the

following cannot determine a unique DABC?

(a) c > bsinC, C < p/2, c > b

(b) c > bsinC, C < p/2, c < b

(c) c > bsinC, C > p/2, c < b

(d) c > bsinC, C < p/2, b = c

p sin nx

dx , n N then

33. Let In =

p sin x

(a) In + 2 = In

(b)

20

I2m+1 = 20 p

m=1

(d) In + 1 = In

x 2

2 x 4

.

+ 4, x > 2

x + 2

k k 2

f(x) attains local maximum at x = 2 if k lies in

(a) (0, 1)

(b) (3, )

(c) (, 1)

(d) (1, 2)

14

(a) (1, 0) (b) (0, 1) (c) (1, 2) (d) (0, 2)

36. If a right angled DABC of maximum area is

inscribed within a circle of radius R, then (D represents

area of triangle ABC and r, r1, r2, r3 represent inradius

and exradii, and s is the semi perimeter of DABC, then

1 1 1

2 +1

+ + =

(a) D = R2

(b)

r1 r2 r3

R

(c) r = ( 2 1)R

(d) s = (1 + 2 )R

x 3 6 x 2 + 11x 6

3

x + x 10 x + 8

is

(a) 10

(b) 12

a

= 0 does not have a real solution

30

(c) 5

(d) 30

absolute minimum value?

(a) cot(sinx)

(b) tan(logx)

2005

1947

(c) x

x

+1

(d) x2006 + x1947 + 1

39. If a1, a2, a3, ..., an is sequence of +ve numbers

which are in A.P. with common difference d and

a1 + a4 + a7 + ... + a16 = 147, then

(a) a1 + a6 + a11 + a16 = 98

(b) a1 + a16 = 49

(c) a1 + a4 + a7 + ... + a16 = 6a1 + 45d

16

49

(d) Maximum value of a1a2 ... a16 is

2

Section-iii

(Comprehension Type)

paragraph, multiple choice questions have to be

answered. each question has 4 choices (a), (b), (c)

and (d), out of which onLY one is correct.

Paragraph for Question Nos. 40 to 42

A person walks 2 2 units away from origin in south

west direction (S 45W) to reach A, then walks 2

units in south east direction (S 45E) to reach B. From

B, he travels 4 units horizontally towards east to reach

C, then he travels along a circular path with centre

2p

at origin through an angle of

in anti clockwise

3

direction to reach his destination D.

40. Position of B in argand plane is

3p

i

2e 4

(a)

(b) 2 (2 + i)e i3p/4

(c)

2 (1 + 2i)e i3p/4 (d) 3 + i

plane, then arg(z) =

(a) p/6 (b) p/4

(c) p/4 (d) p/3

42. Position of D in argand plane is (w is an imaginary

cube root of unity)

(a) (3 + i)w

(b) (1 + i)w2

(c) 3(1 i)w

(d) (1 3i)w

Paragraph for Question Nos. 43 to 45

Let the curves S1 : y = x2, S2 : y = x2 , S3 : y2 = 4x 3

43. Area bounded by the curves S1, S2, S3 is

1

4

8

1

sq.u (d)

sq.u (b)

sq.u (c)

sq.u

6

3

3

3

44. Area bounded by the curves S1, S3 and the line

x = 3 is

5

13

sq.u

(a)

(b)

sq.u

4

3

8

7

sq.u

sq.u

(c)

(d)

3

4

45. Area bounded by the curve S3, y 1 and the line

x = 3 is

7

11

9

13

sq.u (b)

(a)

sq.u (c)

sq.u (d)

sq.u

3

3

2

4

(a)

Consider the planes,

S1 : 2x y + z = 5, S2 : x + 2y z = 4

having normals N1 and N2 respectively. P(2, 1, 0) and

Q(1, 1, 1) are points on S1 and S2 respectively.

46. A vector of magnitude 140 units and lies along

the line of intersection of S1 and S2 is

^

(a) 2(5 i + 3 j k )

^

(c) 2 i 6 j 10 k

^ ^

(b) 2( i + 3 j + 5 k )

(d) 2(3 i j + 5 k )

through the point (1, 1, 1)

perpendicular to N1 and N2 is

11

9

(a)

(b)

(c)

35

61

and whose normal is

10

61

(d)

7

35

N1, L2 be the line passing through Q and parallel to N2.

The shortest distance between L1 and L2 is

8

17

2

14

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

35

35

35

35

Paragraph for Question Nos. 49 to 51

A is a set containing n elements. A subset S1 of A

is chosen. The set A is reconstructed by replacing

and again the set is reconstructed by replacing the

elements of S2. The number of ways of choosing S1

or S2 where

49. S1 and S2 have one element in common is

(a) 3n 1 (b) n 3n 1 (c) 2n 1 (d) n

50. S1 S2 = A is

(a) 3n

(b) n 3n

51. S1 is a subset of S2 is

(a) 4n 1

(b) 3n + 1

(c) 4n

(d) 4n 1

(c) 4n

(d) 3n

Let each of the circles

S1 x2 + y2 + 4y 1= 0

S2 x2 + y2 + 6x + y + 8 = 0

S3 x2 + y2 4x 4y 37 = 0

touches the other two. Let P1, P2, P3 be the point of

contact of S1 and S2, S2 and S3, S3 and S1 respectively.

Let T be the point of concurrence of the tangents at

P1, P2, P3 to the circles. C1, C2, C3 are the centres of

S1, S2, S3 respectively.

52. P2 and P3 are reflections of each other in the line

(a) y = x

(b) y = x + 1

(c) 2x y + 3 = 0

(d) 2x + y + 9 = 0

53. The area of the quadrilateral TP2C3P3 is

(a) 11 sq. units

(b) 25 sq.units

(c) 15 sq. units

(d) 9 sq. units

DP1P2 P3

is

DC1C2C3

(c) 3 : 2

(d) 2 : 5

(a) 5 : 2

(b) 5 : 3

Whenever we have to find the sum of finite or infinite

series of the form

a0 cosa + a1 cos(a + b) + a2 cos(a + 2b) + ...

or, a0 sina + a1 sin(a + b) + a2 sin(a + 2b) + ...

then we will use following method

Step-I : If the series whose sum is to be found in cosine,

let this series be denoted by C. Then write another

corresponding auxiliary series in sines and denote it

by S and vice versa.

Step-II : Find C + iS, use e iq = cosq + i sinq and

simplify.

C + iS series thus obtained, converts it to some standard

series whose sum can be easily calculated.

Finally we convert this sum in A + iB.

Step-III : Now equate real and imaginary parts from

both sides to get the required result.

mathematicS todaY | april 15

15

x2

cos a + x cos(a + b) + cos(a + 2b) + ... is

2!

x cos b

cos(a + x sin b)

(a) e

(b) e x cos b sin(a + x sin b)

(a) 5 + 21

(b) 5 + 23

(c) 7 + 43

(d) 7 + 41

(a) 7 41

(b) 7 43

(c) 5 23

(d) 5 + 21

sin 2q sin 3q

+

... is

2!

3!

sin q

cos(sin q)

(b) e

sin q

sin(sin q)

(d) e

Section-iV

cos q

sin(sin q)

(a) e

cos q

cos(sin q)

(c) e

p 1

2p 1

3p

+ cos + cos + ... is equal to

3 2

3 3

3

(a) p/3

(b) 0

(c) 1

(d) eip/3

57. cos

If n distinct objects are distributed randomly into n

distinct boxes, what is the probability that

58. No box is empty

(a)

n 1

n

(b)

n 1

n

2n

(c)

(d)

2 n 1

nn

(a)

(c)

n nC2

nn1

nn

(b)

n nC2

nn

n

(d)

nn

nn

60. A particular box get exactly r objects

(a)

(c)

Cr (n 1)nr 1

nn

n

Cr (n 1)nr

(b)

Cr (n 1)nr +1

nn

n

Cr (n 1)nr

(d)

nn1

nn

Paragraph for Question Nos. 61 to 63

Let z 1 and z 2 be complex numbers such that

2

z1 4z2 = 16 + 20i. Also suppose that roots a and b

of t2 + z1t + z2 + m = 0 for some complex number m

satisfying | a b | = 2 7

61.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

16

a square with side 7 and centre (4, 5)

a circle with radius 7 and centre (4, 5)

a circle with radius 7 and centre (4, 5)

a square with side 7 and centre (4, 5)

mathematicS todaY | april 15

contains statements given in two columns which

have to be matched. Statements (a, B, c, d) in

column i have to be matched with statements (p,

q, r, s) in column ii. the answers to these questions

have to be appropriately bubbled as illustrated

p q r s

in the following example.

if the correct matches A

a r e a p, s , B q , r, B

c p, q and d s, then the C

correctly bubbled 4 4 matrix

D

should be as follows:

64. Match the following:

Column I

(A) The greatest value of

2x3 3x2 12x + 1, where

2x2 x 10 0 is

1 1 0

, if

Let

(B)

A = 0 1 1

1 1 0

A 1 = aA 2 + bA + cI, where

a, b, c R, then the value of

2a + b + c is

n n

(C) If = Cr and

r

Column II

(p) 1

(q)

(r)

(s)

30 50 N

K

= , then

+

20

r

r

K

10

r =0

can take the value(s)

30

take the value(s)

2(q + f)

can

p

Column I

Column II

angled at C, then A is equal to

(B) The angle between the tangents

drawn from the point (0, 2) to the

curve y2 4x 4y + 8 = 0, is

(C) The angle between the tangents

drawn from the point (2, 3) to

x2 y2

+

= 1, is

the ellipse

9

4

(D) If sec q cos 5q = 1, where

0 < q < p, then q is equal to

(p)

p/2

(q)

3p/4

(D) T h e n u m b e r o f p o i n t s o f (s)

discontinuity of

p p

f (x ) = [tan x [cot x]]; x ,

12 2

where [.] denotes the greatest

integer function.

68. Match the following :

(r)

p/6

Column I

Column II

(A) If w is a cube roots of unity, then (p) 0

w+w

(s)

p/4

(B)

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Column I

The maximum value of

sin(cosx) + cos(sinx),

p p

x , is

2 2

The minimum value of

sin(cosx) + cos(sinx),

p p

x , is

2 2

Column II

(p) cos(cos1)

cos (cos(sin x)) is

The minimum value of

cos(cos (sin x)) is

(r)

cos1

(s)

1 + sin1

(q) 1 + cos1

( x 1)

Column II

72 4

1

2

2

(B) If 2 f (x ) + 3 f 2 = x 1,

x

3

2

(p) 0

(q) 4

f (x ) = [x] +

, where

(r)

398

[] denotes the greatest integer

function and {} denotes the

fractional part of x, then f(3) =

r =1

1

3

p

(q)

sin x + dx = K

4

4

1

then K is equal to (where []

denotes the greatest integer

function)

n n

satisfying |z1 + 1| + |z1 1| = 4

and |z2 2| = 1 then the maximum

value of |z1 z2| is

each of the questions is a single digit integer,

ranging from 0 to 9.

69. If 15sin4a + 10cos4a = 6, then the value of

8 cosec6a 27sec6a is

70. A line passing through (21, 30) and normal to the

curve y = 2 x . If m is slope of the normal, then m + 6 =

71. The number of solutions of the equation

(x 0) then f (1) =

(C)

398 {x + r }

is equal to

Section-V

Column I

2

1 3 9

+ + +...

2 8 32

1

1

1 1

1

lim +

+

+ ... + = (r)

ln k, 3

n+2 n+4

3n 2

1

1

1 1

1

lim +

+

+ ... + = ln k,

3n 2

n n n + 2 n + 4

then the value of k is

(C)

(A) If f (x ) = 4 x + 8 3

1 + x2 p

= sec(x 1) are

2x

2

sin 1

17

1 sin3 x

p

, x<

2

2

3 cos x

p

, x=

73. f (x ) = a

2

b

(

sin

x

)

p

1

, x>

2

2

(p 2x )

b

=

a

2p

16

74. If I = sin 1 (sin x ) dx , then

I=

p2

p /2

If f (x) is continuous at x = p/2, then

anSweRS

3(x + 1)2

2 < x < 1

2

1. (b) : f (x ) = (x 1/3 )

1 < x < 1 {0}

3

1< x < 2

2(x 1)

x

1/ x

2. (d) : lim ( tan x ) + lim (cos x )

x 0+

lim

x 0+

log e ( tan x )

1

x 0+

= e0 = 1

x 0+

1

p2

p2

p2

p4 = 0

p4

p4

answer.

B be the event of copying the correct answer.

C be the event of knowing the correct answer.

D be the event that his answer is correct

P(A) = 1/3 ; P(B) = 1/6 ; P(C) = 1/2 ; P(D|B) = 1/8

P(D|A) = 1/4 ; P(D|C) = 1

P (C ) P ( D /C )

24

=

P (C /D ) =

P ( A)P (D /A) + P (B)(D /B) + P (C )(D /C ) 29

6. (c) : P is nearest to 3x + 4y 10 = 0

2a 3(6) + 4(8) 10

\

=

= 4 a = 2e,

e

36 + 64

a

ae = 8 e = 5 , a = 2 5

e

CP = ae = 10

7. (d) : x3 = 1 x = w, w2

2, if r is a multiple of 3

x r + x 2r =

1, if r is not a multiple of 3

8. (d) : 1) ad = 1, bc = 4 (a = 1, d = 1, b = 2, c = 2)

2) ad = 1, bc = 2 (a = 1, d = 1, b = 1, c = 2);

(a = 1, d = 1, b = 2, c = 1)

3) ad = 2, bc = 1 (a = 1, d = 2, b = 1, c = 1);

(a = 2, d = 1, b = 1, c = 1)

4) ad = 2, bc = 4 (a = 1, d = 2, b = 2, c = 2);

(a = 2, d = 1, b = 2, c = 2)

5) ad = 4, bc = 1 (a = 2, d = 2, b = 1, c = 1)

6) ad = 4, bc = 2 (a = 2, d = 2, b = 1, c = 2);

(a = 2, d = 2, b = 2, c = 1)

10 5

=

required probability =

16 8

9. (d) :

4. (b) :

e

1

= e 1 sq. units

10. (d) : E1 = ( A B ) ( A B), E2 = (B C ) (B C ),

(a, a2) lies on y = x2

a a2 + 2 = 0 a = 1, 2

and a + a2 = 2 a = 1, 2

18

E3 = (C A) (C A), E4 = A B C , E5 = A B C

11. (a) : M (x ) =

e x (e 2 x 2)

e 4 x + 8e 2 x + 4

dx

(Put e x = t )

(t 2 2) dt

1

t + 2/t

= tan 1

+c

4

2

2

t + 8t + 4 2

e x + 2e x

1

= tan 1

+c

2

2

12. (c) : n^ =

u^ v^

1

, | u^ v^ | = 1 + 1 2(1)(1) = 3

2

|u v |

^

Equation of normal is x + 4y = 8. (a, 0) lies on normal

a=8

14. (c) : f (x) = (x a1)(x a2)(x a3) + (a1 x)

+ (a2 x) + (a3 x)

Now f (x) as x and f (x) as x .

Again f (a1) = (a2 a1) + (a3 a1) > 0 [Q a1 < a2 < a3]

One root belongs to (, a1)

Also, f (a3) = (a1 a3) + (a2 a3) < 0

One root belongs to (a1, a3)

So f (x) = 0 has three distinct real roots.

15. (c) : F(x) = f (x)

F (x ) = x(1 + x ) = x + x 3/2

3

\ F ( x ) = f ( x ) = 1 +

x

2

\ f (4) = 4

x

0

g (x )

i.e., f [ g (x )] = (1 + t 3 )1/2 dt

g (x )

i.e., x = (1 + t 3 )1/2 dt

0

[Q g is inverse of f f [g(x)] = x]

Differentiating with respect to x, we have

1 = (1 + g3)1/2 g

i.e., (g)2 = 1 + g3

Differentiating again with respect to x, we have

g 3

=

2gg = 3g2g gives

g2 2

17. (c) : Taking x = y = 1, we get

f (1) f (1) f (1) = 2

f 2(1) f(1) 2 = 0 (f(1) 2)(f(1) + 1) = 0

f (1) = 2 (as f (1) > 0)

Taking y = 1, we get

f (x)f (1) f (x) = x + 1

f (x) = x + 1 f 1(x) = x 1

\ f (x) f 1(x) = x2 1

dV

d 2V

= 3a2 1,

= 6a

da

da2

1

V has a minimum at a =

3

18. (c) : V = 1 + a3 a,

Then a + b = b

one of the roots is 2 (Since a, b are primes and

b is odd positive integer)

\ f (2) = 0 2b c = 4 and b + c = 35

\ b = 13, c = 22

81

13

Minimum value = f =

2

4

20. (b) : We have AT = A

(A4)T = (AAAA)T = AT AT AT AT

(A) (A) (A) (A) = (1)4 A4 = A4

21. (d) : xn + ax + b = (x a1)(x a2) . (x an)

Differentiate both sides w.r.t. x

nxn 1 + a = (x a2) (x an) + (x a1)

d

(x a2 )....(x an )

dx

Put x = a1 ;

n1

na1

+ a = (a1 a2)(a1 a3) ... (a1 an)

22. (c) : Both the circles have radius = 5 and they

intersect each other, therefore their common tangent

is parallel to the line joining their centres.

Equation of the line joining their centre is

7x 5y + 1 = 0.

\ Equation of the common tangent is 7x 5y = c

c +1

\

= 5 c = 5 74 1

74

\ equation is 7x 5y + 1 5 74 = 0.

23. (a) : Since x2 + y2 = 25

x = 5cosq and y = 5sinq

So, therefore, log5(3x + 4y) = log5(15cosq + 20sinq)

{log5(3x + 4y)}max = 2

24. (c) : X = AB + BA XT = X

and Y = AB BA YT = Y

Now, (XY)T = YT XT = YX

25. (c) :

Put

dy

y2 1 1

+

=

(1 y 2 )2 dx 1 y 2 x x 3

2y

y2

1 y

=t

2y

2 2

(1 y )

dy dt

=

dx dx

dt t

1

1

+ =

t x = dx + c

dx x x 3

x2

2 2

2

x y = (cx 1)(1 y )

19

latus rectum will makes shortest intercept.

2 sin x cos x

=n

27. (a) : 2 sin2 x +

2

sin2x 2cos2x = 2n 2

5

5

5 2n 2 5 1

n 1+

2

2

x

2 x

28. (c) : sin =

2 (2n + 1)p

The graph of sin2(x/2) will be above the x-axis and will

be meeting the x-axis at 0, 2p, 4p, ... etc. It will attain

maximum values at odd multiples of p i.e. at p, 3p, ...

(2n + 1)p. The last point after which graph of

x

y=

will stop cutting is (2n + 1)p.

(2n + 1)p

Total intersection = 2(n + 1).

29. (c) : If the tangents at P and Q intersect at T, then

axis of parabola is parallel to TR, where R is the mid

point of P and Q. So, slope of the axis is 1.

\ slope of the directrix = 1.

1

2

{

f

(

30. (c) : log e lim [ f (x )] + x ) x )}

xx

lim ([ f (x )] + x )

x 0

Again, f (x ) =

x 0

3

tan x

=

x

=1+

1

2 { f ( x )}

= lim (1 + x )

x+

(1 form)

a 2 + b2 c 2

2ab

a = b cos C c 2 (b sin C )2

p sin nx

33. (a, c) : In = 2

dx

0 sin x

sin nx

is an even function

f (x ) =

sin x

In + 2 In = 0

34. (a, c, d) : When f (x) is continuous at x = 2

f (x) does not exist at x = 2 and f (x) changes sign

from + to

f (x) attains max. at x = 2 if

k 3 (k 1)2

= 0 k = 0, 1

k2 k 2

When f (x) is discontinuous at x = 2, f (x) changes

its sign from + to . f (x) will attain maximum if

lim f (x ) < f (2) as

x 0

x2

x2 2 4

+ x + ...

3 15

(log e 10)n n

n!

!(

n!

k

n

k)!

k =0

=

[2 ] =

n!

n!

mathematicS todaY | april 15

k (, 1) [0, 2)

k2 4 < 0

x2 2 4

+ x +. . .

3 15

lim x 2 1

x

log e e 0 { f ( x )} = lim

x 2

p

p

+ tan 1 (x 2 3x k 2 ) > for x = 1

2

2

2

x

+ x5 + . . .

3 15

x

(i) becomes,

20

x2 2 4

{ f (x )} =

+ x +. . .

3 15

31. (b) : an =

(2 log e 10)n

= e 2 loge 10 = 102

!

n

n=0

x 2+

tan x

lim[ f (x )] = lim

=1

x 0

x 0 x

1

2 { f ( x )}

...(i)

=3

in a circle of radius R, the length of the hypotenuse

is 2R. Then area is maximum when it is an isosceles

triangle with each side = 2R

1

\ s = (2 2 + 2)R = ( 2 + 1)R

2

1

D=

2R 2R = R2

2

R2

D

r= =

r = ( 2 1)R

s ( 2 + 1)R

1 1 1 1

1

2 +1

+ + = =

=

r1 r2 r3 r ( 2 1)R

R

x 3 6 x 2 + 11x 6

37. (b, c, d) :

x + x 10 x + 8

x 3

\ x 1, 2, 4 then f (x ) =

x+4

2 1

Range of f (x ) = R 1, ,

5 6

(x 1)(x 2)(x 3)

(x 1)(x 2)(x + 4)

43. (d) :

a

2 1

= 1, ,

30

5 6

a = 30, 12, 5

38. (a, b, c) : Even degree polynomial with leading

coefficient +ve will have absolute minimum.

39. (a, b, c, d) : a1 + a4 + a7 + ... + a16 = 147

3(a1 + a16) = 147 a1 + a16 = 49

Again a1 + a4 + a7 + a10 + ... + a16

= a1 + a1 + 3d + a1 + 6d + ... + a1 + 15d

= 6a1 + 45d = 147 2a1 + 15d = 49

a1 + a6 + a11 + a16 = a1 + a1 + 5d + a1 + 10d

+ a1 + 15d

= 4a1 + 30d = 2(2a1 + 15d) = 2(49) = 98

Now using A.M. G.M.

1

a1 + a2 + ... + a16

(a1a2a3 ... a16 )16

16

8(a1 + a16 )

(a1a2a3 ... a16 )1/16

16

16

49

a1a2a3 ... a16

2

40. (b)

41. (c)

42. (c)

1 y2 + 3

1

=

2

y dy =

Area OAB

4

3

0

3

2

44. (a) : Area APQ = (x (4 x 3))dx

1

Area LMBR

1 y 2 + 3

=6

dy

3 4

46. (c)

47. (d)

48. (a)

50. (a) : Each element S1 S2 in 3 ways

51. (d) : If S2 has r elements then S1 and S2 can be

choosen in nCr 2r ways.

52. (a)

53. (c)

54. (d)

C = cos a + x cos(a + b) +

and S = sin a + x sin(a + b) +

\

z2 (2 2i) 1 ip/2

(rotation at A)

= e

0 (2 2i) 2

z2 = (1 + i)(2 + i) = 1 3i

\

z3 = 3 3i

z4 0

= ei 2 p/3 z 4 = 3(1 i)w (rotation at O)

3 3i 0

x2

sin(a + 2b) + ...

2!

C + iS

= (cosa + i sina) + x(cos(a + b) + i sin(a + b))

+

z1 = 2 2 e i 3p/4 = 2 2i

x2

cos(a + 2b) + ...

2!

x2

(cos(a + 2b) + i sin(a + 2b)) + ...

2!

x 2 i(a +2b)

e

+ ...

2!

x2

= eia 1 + xeib + ei 2b + ...

2!

= e ia + x e (

i a +b )

ib

= e x cos b [ cos(a + x sin b) + i sin(a + x sin b)]

mathematicS todaY | april 15

21

(C) Coefficient of x30 in (1 + x)30 (1 + x)50

C = excosb cos(a + xsinb)

cos 2q cos 3q

+

...

56. (a) : Let C = cos q

2!

3!

sin 2q sin 3q

S = sin q

+

...

2!

3!

1

1

Then C + iS = eiq ei 2q + ei 3q ...

2!

3!

C + iS = 1 e e

80

C50

k

= 3, 5

10

q + f = (2n + 1)p/2

Now, equating imaginary parts on both sides, we get

S = ecosq sin(sinq)

2 p 1 3p

+ cos

+ ...

3 3 3

p 1 2 p 1 3p

And S = sin + sin + sin + ...

3 2 3 3 3

1

1

C + iS = eip/3 + ei(2 p/3) + ei(3p/3) + ...

2

3

2(q + f)

= 2n + 1, n I

p

65 A r ; B p ; C p ; D q, r, s

7

1

=

(A) tan A =

7 3

3

A = p/6.

(B) (0, 2) is the point on the directrix of the parabola

y2 4x 4y + 8 = 0

\ angle = p/2

(C) (2, 3) is the point on the director circle of the

x2 x2

+

=1

9

4

angle = p/2.

ellipse

1

3

= log e (1 eip/3 ) = log e 1 + i

2

2

1

3

p

= log e i

= 0+i

2

2

3

5q = 2np (p q)

np p

np p

q=

+

or q =

3 6

2 4

p p 3p

5p

q= , ,

and

between 0 to p.

6 4 4

6

66. A s; B r; C p; D r

58. (c) : No box empty. The no. of favorable ways = n!

n

= Cr (n 1)

61. (b)

62. (d)

a + b = z1 ; ab = z2 + m

(a b)2 = z12 4z2 4m

|(a b)|2 = 16 + 20i 4m

|a b|2 = |16 + 20i 4m|

nr

63. (a)

| a b | = 2 7 | m 5i 4 | = 7 | m (4 + 5i)| = 7

\

64. A s ; B p ; C q, r ; D p, q, r

(A) f (x) = 0 x = 1, 2

5 33

f (1) = 8, f (2) = 3, f (2) = 19, f =

2

2

22

C30 =

iq

p 1

3 2

80

(cosq 0)

p

p

f is an even function. We can take x 0, . In 0,

2

2

sinx is increasing and cosx is decreasing.

Hence f is a decreasing function.

Therefore, maximum value of f is f(0) = sin 1 + 1

and minimum value is f (p/2) = 0 + cos 1.

Let g(x) = cos(cos(sinx)). Obviously g is an even

periodic function of period p. Hence g takes all of its

p

values for x 0, .

2

p

It can be seen that g is an increasing function in 0,

2

So maximum value of g = g(p/2) = cos(cos 1), and

minimum value of g = g(0) = cos 1.

67. A r; B p; C r; D r

2

(A) 4 x + 8 3

2x

( x 1)

2 x 2

+2

72 4

3

2

2 x 3

72 2

0

0

1 1

22x 1 + 72

4 8

2x

2 64 and x 3

f (3) = 0

(B) Put x = 1 to get f (1)=0

398 {x + r }

(C)

r =1

398

398

{x } = {x }

398

p

p

As

x<

12

2

\ 0 < cot x 2 + 3

\

68. A q; b q; C r; D s

(A)

1 3 9 27

+ + +

+ ...

2 8 32 128

0

1

2

1 1

1 3 3 3

= + + + ... =

=2

2 4 4 4

2 3

4

So therefore,

w+w

(B)

1 3 9

+ + +...

2 8 32

= | w + w2 | = | 1 | = 1

1

3

p

sin x + dx = K

4

4

1

3/ 4

1/ 4

1 p

p

dx + 0dx + dx

2

1

3/ 4

1/ 4 2

p p 3

p

p

+

= K K =1

4

8 2 4

4

n 1

1

1

= .

r

r =0 n + 2r r =0 n

1+ 2

n

(C)

1

[ln(1 + 2 x )]0 1

ln 3

dx

=

= [ln 3 0] =

2

2

2

0 1 + 2x

(D) Locus of z1 is an ellipse having foci at (1 + 0i) and

(1 + 0i)

Locus of z 2 is a circle having centre at (2, 0) and

radius 1.

Max. value of |z1 z2| = AB = 5

69. (0) : From the given equation we can find that the

2

value of tan2 a = .

3

70. (1) : Equation of the normal is

y = mx 2m m3

If it pass through (21, 30), we have

30 = 21m 2m m3 m3 19m + 30 = 0

Then m = 5, 2, 3

But if m = 2 or 3 then the point, where the normal

meets the curve will be (am2 , 2am) where the curve

does not exist. Therefore m = 5.

\ m+6=1

71 (1) :

1 + x2

1 | x | = 1 x = 1

2x

72. (2) : | a | =| b | =| c | = 1 and a b = 0 and a c = 0

p 1

b c =| b || c | cos = .

3 2

\ a + b + c = 3 + 20 + 20 +1 = 4

\ a +b +c = 2

73. (8) : L.H.L. = lim f (x ) =

x

p

2

x

1

b

=a=

2

8

74. (2) :

p+

2

1

2

b

8

p

2

3p

2

2p

p

2

p

2

3p

2

I = x dx + (p x ) dx + (x 2 p) dx =

p2

8

23

10 Best Probl

th

rchives 10 Best Problems

Prof. Shyam

Math archives, as the title itself suggests, is a collection of various challenging problems related to the topics of

JEE (Main & advanced) Syllabus. This section is basically aimed at providing an extra insight and knowledge to the candidates preparing

for JEE (Main & advanced). in every issue of MT, challenging problems are offered with detailed solution. The readers' comments and

suggestions regarding the problems and solutions offered are always welcome.

1.

(a)

(c)

2.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

x , when x 2

, then

If f (x) =

[ x ] , when x > 2

lim f (x) = 2

(b)

x 2

x 2+

xn

lim f (x) = 2

x 2+

x 2

If n N, then lim x = 0

x e

when n is even only

for no value of n

for all values of n

when n is odd only

1 x 2

dy

3. If y = sin 1

, then

=

2

dx

1 + x

2

2

(a)

(b)

2

1 + x2

1+ x

2

1

(c)

(d)

2

2 x2

2+x

x = 0? Justify.

7. A triangle ABC, right angled at C, with CA = b

and CB = a, moves such that the angular points A and

B slide along x-axis and y-axis respectively. Find locus

of C.

1

8. Prove that sin q sec 3q = (tan 3q tan q) and

2

hence find the sum to 'n' terms of the series

sinqsec3q + sin3qsec32q + sin32qsec33q + ......

9. Consider a real valued function f(x) satisfying

2f(xy) = ( f(x))y + (f(y))x " x, y R and f(1) = p where

n

r =1

4

cos2(r) = 3

a cube. Prove that

r {a,b, g,d}

soLUtioNs

1 + x2 1

x 2

h0

1

with

4. The derivative of tan

lim f (x) = lim 2 h = 2

x

x 2

h0

2x 1 x 2

Hence limit exists.

respect to tan 1

at x = 0 is

2

1 2x

2. (c) : Use L' Hospital rule

n!

xn

1

1

1

lim x = = 0

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d) 1

x e

2

e

4

8

2

log

log(

e

/

x

)

+

x

3

2

3. (a) : Put x = tanq y = 2q

1

1

tan

,

+

5. If y = tan

2

1 6 log x

log(ex 2 )

d2 y

2

1+ x 1

then

is

1

4.

(b)

:

Let

P

=

tan

2

dx

x

(a) 2

(b) 1

(c) 0

(d) 1

q

1

1

Put x = tanq P =

+

2

6. Let f (x) = xe x x ; x 0 .

dP

1

Hence,

=

0

;x = 0

dx 2(1 + x 2 )

By : Prof. Shyam Bhushan, Director, Narayana IIT Academy, Jamshedpur. Mob. : 09334870021

24

...(1)

2x 1 x 2

Let Q = tan

1 2x 2

dQ

2

=

dx

1 x2

1

, Put x = sinf

8.

...(2)

sin q

cos q sin q

=

cos 3q cos q cos 3q

1 sin (3q q) 1

= ( tan 3q tan q)

2 cos q cos 3q 2

n

sin 3r 1q sec 3r q =

r =1

2

dP

2(1 + x )

dP

1

=

=

dQ 2 dQ

x=0 4

1 x2

1

\ y = + tan 1 3

4

d2 y

Hence,

=0

dx 2

2

xe x ; x > 0

6. f (x) = 0 ; x = 0

x x <0

\ f(0) = 0

h

f (0 h) f (0)

= lim

=1

L.H.D = f 0 = lim

h

h0 h

h0

( )

2

he h

sin 3r 1q.

r =1

cos 3r q

1 n sin(3r q 3r 1q) 1 n

=

(tan 3r q tan 3r 1q)

2 r =1 cos 3r q cos 3r 1q 2 r

=1

1

= tan 3n q tan q

2

9. 2f(xy) = (f(x))y + (f(y))x " x, y R

Put y = 1

2f(x) = f(x) + (f(1))x

f(x) = px ( f(1) = p)

\

f (r) = pr =

r =1

r =1

pn+1 p

p 1

( p 1) f (r) = pn+1 p

r =1

1 1 1

,

,

D.C s of OP =

3 3 3

1 1 1

D.C s of AR =

,

,

3 3 3

10.

L.H.D R.H.D

1 1 1

D.C s of BS =

,

,

3 3 3

1 1

1

D.C s of CQ =

,

,

3 3

3

Let C(h, k) be the any point on the locus

\ cos2a + cos2b + cos2g + cos2d

1

= ((l + m + n)2 + (l m + n)2

3

+ (l + m n)2 + (l + m + n)2 )

f (0 + h) f (0)

= lim

+

h

h0+ h

h0

= e = 0

\ f is not differentiable at x = 0.

L.H.D and R.H.D exist

\ f is continuous at x = 0.

CB = a = h2 + (k q)2

...(i)

CA = b = (h p)2 + k 2

...(ii)

AB = p2 + q2

...(iii)

C = 90o

p2 + q2 = a2 + b2

From (i) and (ii)

q = k a 2 h 2 , p = h b2 k 2

4

3

Y

B(0, 1, 0)

R(0, 1, 1)

P(1, 1, 1)

O

...(iv)

Z

Q(1, 1, 0)

C(0, 0, 1)

A(1, 0, 0)

X

S(1, 0, 1)

mm

mathematics today | april 15

25

JEE

their geometric mean is 2.5. The required quadratic

equation is

(a) 4x2 28x + 25 = 0 (b) 4x2 + 28x 25 = 0

(c) x2 14x + 25 = 0 (d) x2 14x 25 = 0

2. For a complex number z, minimum value of

|z| + |z 3| is

(a) 1/3

(b) 3

(c) 9

(d) none of these

3. Four couples (husband and wife) decide to form a

committee of four members. Number of different

committees that can be formed in which no couple

is included, is

(a) 12

(b) 14

(c) 16

(d) 18

4. If ax2 + bx + 8 = 0 has no distinct real roots then

least value of (4a + b) is (where a and b are real)

(a) 3

(b) 2

(c) 4

(d) none of these

5. The coefficient of x20 in expansion of

5

1

(1 + x 2 )40 x 2 + 2 + is

x2

30

(a) C10

(b) 30C25

(c) 1

(d) none of these

6.

sec2 =

4 xy

(x + y )2

if

(a) x + y 0

(c) y 0

(b) x = y 0

(d) x y, y 0

p

5p

p

7. If tan , x and tan

are in A.P. and tan , y

9

18

9

7p

and tan

are also in A.P., then

18

(a) 2x = y

(b) 2y = x

(c) x = y

(d) y/x = 4

Practice problems

Exam on 24th May

Advanced

8. General values of x for which sec x 1 = ( 2 1)tan x

are

p

p

(a) np +

(b) 2np, 2np +

8

4

(c) 2np

(d) none of these

9. If log16x2 log16x + log16k = 0 has only one solution,

then number of possible values of k is

(a) 2

(b) 3

(c) 1

(d) none of these

10. If A is the area and 2S is sum of three sides of a

triangle; then

(a) A

(c) A >

S2

3 3

S2

3

(b) A

S2

2

z 8

11. If Re

= 0, then z lies on the curve

z + 6

(a) x2 + y2 + 6x 8y = 0

(b) 4x 3y + 24 = 0

(c) x2 + y2 8 = 0

(d) none of these

12. The solution set of the inequality

log sin(p/3) x2 3x + 2 2 is

5

1

(a) , 2

(b) 1,

2

2

1 5

(c) , 1 2, (d) none of these

2 2

13. Set of values of x for which, sin x cos3x > cosx sin3x,

0 x p is

p

p 3p

(a) (0, p)

(b) 0, ,

4

2 4

p 3p

p

(c) , p

(d) ,

4 4

4

By : Vidyalankar Institute, Pearl Centre, Senapati Bapat Marg, Dadar (W), Mumbai - 28. Tel.: (022) 24306367

26

parabola y2 = 4x such that the slope of one tangent

is three times the slope of the other. The locus of P

is

(a) a straight line

(b) a circle

(c) a parabola

(d) an ellipse

15. Equation of the director circle of the ellipse

x2 + 2y2 + 2x 12y + 15 = 0 is

(a) x2 + y2 + 2x 6y + 4 = 0

(b) x2 + y2 + 2x 12y + 4 = 0

(c) x2 + y2 + 2x 6y 4 = 0

(d) x2 + y2 + 2x 12y 4 = 0

16. The sum of the digits at the tens place of all the

numbers formed with the help of 3, 4, 5, 6 taken all

at a time is

(a) 432

(b) 108

(c) 36

(d) 18

17. If A (6, 3, 2), B (5, 1, 4), C (3, 4, 7), D (0, 2, 5) be four

points, then projection of segment CD on the line

AB is

(a) 13/3

(b) 13/7

(c) 3/13

(d) 7/13

^ ^ ^

18. The ratio in which the plane r ( i 2 j + 3 k) = 17

^

^

(a) 1

(c) 1/2

23.

(b) 1/2

(d) 1

d 2 1 1

=

sin cot

dx

1+ x

1 x

(a) 0

(b) 1/2 (c) 1/2

(d) 1

x3 3x + k = 0 has two different roots lying in the

interval (0, 1) are

(a) 3

(b) 2

(c) infinitely many

(d) no value of k satisfies the requirement

x

x

(a) 1/2

(b) 0

(c) 1

(d) 1/2

n and p, 0 < p < 1. If P(X = r)/P(X = n r) is

independent of n and r, then value of p is

(a) 1/2

(b) 1/3

(c) 1/4

(d) none of these

b+c c +a a +b

=

=

,

11

12

13

then cosA : cosB : cosC =

(a) 7 : 9 : 15

(b) 7 : 19 : 25

(c) 5 : 7 : 9

(d) 10 : 13 : 19

27. If in a DABC,

and 3 i 5 j + 8 k is

(a) 1 : 5 (b) 1 : 10 (c) 3 : 5 (d) 3 : 10

28.

a (b + c) + b (c + a ) + c (a+ b ) = 0 and | a | = 1, | b | = 4, | c | = 8

| a | = 1, | b | = 4, | c | = 8 , then | a + b + c | =

(a) 7y 4z 5 = 0

(b) 4y 7z 5 = 0

(a) 13

(b) 81

(c) 9

(d) 5

(c)

4y

+

7z

+

5

=

0

(d) 7y + 4z 5 = 0

r

n 1

20. If n is an odd natural number, then n

29. p q can also be written as

r =0 Cr

equals

(a) p ~ q

(b) ~ p q

(a) 0

(b) 1/n

(c) p q

(d) none of these

(c) n/2n

(d) none of these

30. Median of 16, 10, 14, 11, 9, 8, 12, 6, 5 is

21. The determinant

is independent of

(a) a

(c) a and b

sin a

cos a

sin b

sin a

cos b

cos a

(b) b

(d) neither a nor b

1 + px 1 px

, 1 x < 0

x

22. f (x ) =

2x + 1

,

0 x 1

x 2

is continuous on [1, 1], then p is

(a) 10

(b) 12

(c) 11

(d) 14

answer Keys

1. (a)

6. (b)

11. (d)

16. (b)

21. (a)

26. (a)

2.

7.

12.

17.

22.

27.

(b)

(a)

(c)

(a)

(b)

(b)

3.

8.

13.

18.

23.

28.

(c)

(b)

(b)

(d)

(c)

(d)

4.

9.

14.

19.

24.

29.

(b)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(d)

(b)

5.

10.

15.

20.

25.

30.

(b)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

www.vidyalankar.org

27

JEE Advanced

for

1.

Given that

2 3

4

5

iz 2 = 1 + + 2 + 3 + 4 + ...... and z = n i.

z z

z

z

2.

1 1 3

1 3 5

1+ +

+

+ ......... = x , x Q

5 5 10 5 10 15

equation x5 3x4 1 = 0. Find the value of

1

r19

1 1 1 1

+ 9+ 9+ 9+ 9

r2 r3 r4 r5

for which the polynomial

fc(x) = x4 (c2 7c + 11)x2 + (18 21c + 8c2 c3)

has strictly less than four distinct complex zeroes.

5. The minimum possible perimeter of a triangle with

one vertex at (3, 9), one anywhere on the y-axis and one

anywhere on the line y = x is

6.

lim

r3 8

n r =3 r 3 + 8

SolutionS

1.

3 4

iz 3 = z + 2 + + 2 + ...........

...(i)

z z

and subtracting the original equation from (i) we get

1 1

1

iz 2(z 1) = z + 1 + + 2 + 3 + ...........

z z

z

Using the formula for an infinite geometric series,

we find

iz 2(z 1) =

z2

z 1

1

z

Rearranging, we get

1

1

iz 2(z 1)2 = z 2 (z 1)2 = z = 1 i .

i

Thus n = 1

2. Each term is of the following form :

the parabola y = x2. The normal line to the parabola at

P will intersect the parabola at another point Q. The

minimum possible value for the area bounded by the

line PQ and the parabola is

1

1

x

10. Find the value of lim (by + a(1 y))x dy

x 0

where b > a.

0

(2k 1)

k =1

n

(5k)

positioned so that DP || QB and DP = PQ = QB. Of all

configurations that satisfy these requirements, what is

the minimum possible value of ADP, (in degrees)?

2n

0

Draw the graph of the same.

k =1

(2k 1) (2k)

= k =1

k =1

(n !)5n (2k)

(2n)!

n

(n !)5 (n !)2

k =1

()

Here nr = nCr

28

10n

( n2n )

s=

( )

2n

n n

n=0 10

Now, since the result is the square root of a rational

number, lets find s2. Using the Cauchy Product (with

1

as the independent variable), we get the following

10

formula.

1 n

s 2 = n 2kk n2(nk k)

n=0 10 k =0

Now it can be shown that for all whole numbers n,

we have

( )(

( 2kk )( n2(nkk) ) = 4n

k =0

Hence, we have

1

5

2

n

4

=

n

5 = 2 = 3

n=0 10

n=0

1

5

5

Thus, x =

3

3. From the given polynomial, we have

ri = 3 and ri1 = 0

s2 =

This minimum can be obtained by then choosing B

and C as the points of intersection of the line DE with

the y-axis and the line y = x, respectively. This gives

15

us the points B 0, and C(5, 5). This will yield a

2

perimeter for DABC of 6 5.

6.

fact that the polynomial with reciprocal roots has its

coefficients reversed.

x5 3x4 1 = 0 x4 (x 3) = 1

(x 3)2

x

(ri 3)2

ri2 6ri + 9

9

ri = r = r

i

i

2 + 3 + 5 = 10.

5. Let A be the vertex (3,9), B be the vertex on the

y-axis and C be the vertex on the line y = x. Also,

let D (3, 9) be the reflection of A in the y-axis and E(9, 3)

be the reflection of A in the line y = x. Then AB = BD

and AC = CE, and thus the perimeter of DABC is equal to

DB + BC + CE.

But the shortest distance between two points is a

straight line, so

DB + BC + CE DE

9

x4 = (x 3)1 x =

= (ri 6 + 9ri1) = ri 6 + 9 ri

= 3 5(6) + 0 = 27

complex zeros when the quadratic polynomial

gc(x) = x2 (c2 7c + 11)x + (18 21c + 8c2 c3)

either has repeated roots or has 0 as a root.

Case 1: One of the roots of g c(x) is zero precisely

when

c3 8c2 + 21c 18 = (c 2)(c 3)2 = 0

and so precisely when c = 2, 3

Case 2 : The roots of g c (x) are repeated when its

discriminant is zero, so that

(c2 7c + 11)2 4(18 21c + 8c2 c3) = 0

c4 10c3 + 39c2 70c + 49 = 0

(c2 5c + 7)2 = 0

and this happens for two distinct values of c which

sum to 5.

33 8 43 8

n3 8

lim 3

................... 3

3

n 3 + 8 4 + 8

n +8

3 2 32 + 4 + 2(3) 4 2 42 + 4 + 2(4)

.

= lim

.

n 3 + 2 32 + 4 2(3) 4 + 2 42 + 4 2(4)

n 2 n2 + 4 + 2(n)

.

.............

n + 2 n2 + 4 2(n)

n 2

3 2 4 2 5 2

= lim

.

.

..............

n + 2

n 3 + 2 4 + 2 5 + 2

n2 + 4 + 2(n)

32 + 4 + 2(3) 42 + 4 + 2(4)

............. 2

. 2

2

n + 4 2(n)

3 + 4 2(3) 4 + 4 2(4)

1 2 3 4 5 6..... 19 28 39 52 63......

= lim

n 5 6 7 8...... 7 12 19 28 39 52 63......

1 2

= lim (1 2 3 4)

=

7 12 7

n

7. Without loss of generality,

let the corners of the square be A(0,2), B(2,2), C(2,0)

and D(0,0). Now let point P has coordinates (a, b); then

by symmetry the coordinates of point Q must be (2 a,

2 b). Then since DP = PQ, we have that

a2 + b2 = (2 2a)2 + (2 2b)2

3a2 + 3b2 8a 8b + 8 = 0

2

4 4

8

a + b =

3 3

9

4 4

This means that P lies on a circle centered at O ,

3 3

2

2.

with radius r =

3

mathematicS today | april 15

29

to this circle.

Now by symmetry OD makes an angle of 45 with the

4

x-axis and has length

2.

3

2

OP 3 2 1

=

=

sin(PDO) = sin(45 ADP) =

OD 4 2 2

3

1

1

This implies that 45 ADP = sin = 30, and

2

So the minimum value for ADP is 45 30 = 15

The integral can be divided as

[computed at y = 1 and y = 0]

I=

( x + 1) (b a )

I=

slope of tangent is = 2x0

1

Hence slope of normal is

2x 0

So equation of normal is : (x x0) = 2x0(y x02)

Solving it with the parabola, we get

1

x = x0 , y =

x0

2x 0

2

1

1

x0 ,

x0

So the other point is Q =

2x0

2x 0

2x x0

0

2 1 x

2

x0 + 2 2x x dx

0

30

tx

t x +1

I=

dt

=

(b a) (x + 1) (b a )

1

/2

x0

1

x

10. Let L = lim (by + a(1 y))x dy

x 0

0

0

/2

1

O

1

4

1. Finally Amin =

or x0 +

4 x0

3

Let by + a(1y) = t, (b a) dy = dt

2 8

4

1

4 x0

1

2

4

2 2 1 2 2

= n +

2

2 2

4

8

I =n

Let I = (by + a (1 y )) dy

2

= n x dx + ( x) dx + sin x dx

Solving, we get

x0 +

8.

4

1

Evaluating it, we get : A = x0 +

3

4x0

b x +1 a x +1

( x + 1) (b a )

b x +1 a x +1 x

L = lim

x 0 ( x + 1) (b a )

b x +1 a x +1

ln

( x + 1) (b a )

ln (L ) = lim

x

x 0

As x approaches 0, denominator and numerator

approaches 0.

Hence, we can use L-hospitals rule.

b x +1ln (b ) a x +1ln (a )

1

ln (L ) = lim

x +1

( x + 1) (b a )

x 0

ln (L ) =

1

bb

ln a 1

ba a

1

1 bb (b a )

L=

e aa

Exam on

4th April

JEE Main

9000 is

(a) 49

(b) 36

(c) 25

(d) 64

2. A, B are two students in a group of n students. If

the number of ways of assigning the n students to a line

of n single rooms such that A and B are not in adjacent

rooms is 3600, then n =

(a) 10

(b) 8

(c) 7

(d) 9

3. The sides AB, BC, CA of a triangle ABC have n,

n + 1, n + 2 (n N, n 3) interior points respectively on

them. If the number of triangles formed by any three of

these (3n + 3) points is 205, then n =

(a) 7

(b) 6

(c) 4

(d) 3

4. If the tangent and normal of a rectangular

hyperbola xy = 4 cut off intercepts a1, a2 on x-axis and

b1, b2 on y-axis respectively, then a1a2 + b1b2 =

(a) c2

5.

(b) 2c2

(c) 0

(d) 4c2

x2 y2

x

y2

+ 1 = 0 is

= 1 and

3

4

4

3

2

2

7

(a)

6.

(b) 7 2

(c) 7

(d)

7

2

1

1

tan x dx + cot x dx =

(a) 1 cot 2

(c) 2(1 + cot 2)

(b) 1 + cot 2

(d) 2(1 cot 2)

7.

4e x 6e x

If

A+ B =

9

(a)

35

8.

If

9e x 4e x dx = Ax + B ln(9e

(b)

(c)

9

36

4) + C, then

(d) None

f(x) can be

(a)

35

36

2x

a cos x + b sin x

(b)

then

b cos x + a2 sin2 x

9. If sin2x 2sinx 1 = 0 has exactly four different

solutions in x [0, np], then minimum value of n can

be (n N)

(a) 4

(b) 3

(c) 2

(d) 1

10. P (a, b) is a point in first quadrant. If two circles

which pass through P and touch both the coordinate

axes cut at right angles, then

(a) a2 6ab + b2 = 0 (b) a2 + 2ab b2 = 0

(c) a2 4ab + b2 = 0 (d) a2 8ab + b2 = 0

11. AB is diameter of a semi circle K, C is an arbitrary

point on the semicircle (other than A or B ) and S is the

centre of the circle inscribed in DABC, then measure of

(a) angle ASB changes as C moves on K

(b) angle ASB is the same for all positions of C but

it cannot be determined without knowing the

radius.

(c) angle ASB = 135 for all positions of C

(d) angle ASB = 150 for all positions of C

he trains IIt and olympiad aspirants.

31

12.

(a)

(c)

x7

(1 x 2)5 dx =

x8

+C

(1 x 2 )4

x8

8(1 x 2 )4

(b)

+C

(d)

x8

4(1 x 2 )8

x8

4(1 x 2 )4

+C

+C

100

f (x) dx =

(a) 5010

(c) 5100

x

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) not defined

2

dy

15. If solution of y 2 + = x is given by

dx

dx

3

x

y2 =

+ C1x + C2 , then l =

l

(a) 2

(b) 3

(c) 5

(d) 4

16. If x R, then the maximum value of

y = 2(a x)(x + x 2 + b2 ) is

(a) a2 + b2

(c) a2 + 2b2

(b) a2 b2

(d) none of these

such that x < y and z y is

(a) 176

(b) 278

(c) 276

(d) 240

18. If (1.5)30 = k, then the value of

(a) 2k 3

(c) 2k + 7

29

(1.5)n, is

n=2

(b) k + 1

(d) 2k 9/2

1

1

1

,

,

are in A.P. is given by

1+ x 1 x 1 x

(a) (, )

(c) [0, ) {1}

32

(b) (1, )

(d) [0, )

(c)

7m 1

4m 24

(d)

7m + 1

4m + 27

1 1

21. If A =

, then A16 =

1

1

256 0

0 256

(a)

(b)

0 256

256 0

16 0

(c)

0 16

(b) 5050

(d) 5000

d2 y

(14n 6) : (8n + 23). Then the ratio of their sum of first

m terms is

4m + 4

7m 1

(a)

(b)

4m + 24

7m + 24

0 16

(d)

16 0

point where it is met by the circle x2 + y2 5x + 3y 2 = 0.

The point of intersection of these tangents is

18

18

(a) , 6

(b) 6,

5

5

(c) (4, 5)

(d) (5, 3)

following system of equations in x, y and z

x2

y2 z2

x2 y2 z2

x2 y2 z2

+

=

1

,

+

=

1

,

+

+ =1

a 2 b2 c 2

a 2 b2 c 2

a 2 b2 c 2

has

(a) no solution

(b) unique solution

(c) infinitely many solutions

(d) finitely many solutions

x2 y2

24. If the line lx + my + n = 0 cuts the ellipse

+

=1

a 2 b2

p

in points whose eccentric angles differ by , then

2

a2l 2 + b2m2

=

n2

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 4

(d) 3/2

25. If F(x) = lim n2(x1/n x1/(n+1)), x > 0 then

n

xF(x) dx is equal to

(a)

x2

+ ln x + c

2

(b)

(c)

x3

+ x ln x + c

3

(d)

x2

x2

+ ln x + x + + c

4

2

x2

x2

. ln x + c

2

4

(a) 14

(b) 15

(c) 16

(d) 10

number (17)256 is

(a) 81

(b) 82

(c) 91

(d) 93

2 2

28. An ellipse of eccentricity

is inscribed in a

3

circle and a point with in the circle is chosen at random.

The probability that this point lies outside the ellipse, is

(a) 1/9

(b) 4/9

(c) 1/3

(d) 2/3

5

5 5

is V and standard deviation S, then

(a) S = V2

(b) 4(S V2) = V2

2

2

2

(c) 5(V S ) = S

(d) none of these

30. If Cr stands for nCr, then the sum of the series

(where n is an even positive integer)

n n

2 ! !

2 2 2

[C0 2C12 + 3C22 + ..... + (1)n(n + 1)Cn2]

n!

is equal to

(a) 0

(b) (1)n/2(n + 1)

n

(c) (1) (n + 2)

(d) None of these

31. The coefficient of x3l + 2, m the expansion of

(a + x)l (b + x)l + 1 (c + x)l + 2 (l is a positive integer) is

(a) l(a + b + c)

(b) l(a + b + c) + b + 2c

(c) l(a + b + c) + a + 2b + 3c

(d) None of above

32. If n is a natural number , then nn nC1(n 1)n +

nC (n 2)n nC (n 3)n + ....... must be equal to

2

3

(a) n!

(b) (n!)n (c) nn!

(d) 0

33. Three normals are drawn to the curve y2 = x from

a point (c, 0). Out of three, one is always on x-axis. If

two other normals are perpendicular to each other,

then the value of c is

(a) 3/4

(b) 1/2

(c) 3/2

(d) 2

34. If area of triangle formed by tangents from the

point (x1, y1) to the parabola y2 = 4ax and their chord

of contact is

(a)

( y12 4ax1)3/2

2a2

(b)

( y12 4ax1)3/3

a2

2

3/2

(c) ( y1 4ax1)

(d) none of these

2a

35. A normal to the parabola y2 = 4ax with slope m

touches the rectangular hyperbola x2 y2 = a2 if,

(a) m6 + 4m4 3m2 + 1 = 0

(b) m6 4m4 + 3m2 1 = 0

(c) m6 + 4m4 + 3m2 + 1 = 0

(d) m6 4m4 3m2 + 1 = 0

unlimited number of white, red, blue and green balls is

(a) 270

(b) 84

(c) 286

(d) 86

37. A five digit number divisible by 3 is to be formed

using the numerals 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 without repetition.

The total number of ways in which this can be done is

(a) 216

(b) 240

(c) 600

(d) 3125

38. The number of ways in which 7 persons can be

seated at a round table if two particular persons are not

to sit together is

(a) 120

(b) 480

(c) 600

(d) 720

39. A is a set containing n elements. A subset P of A

is chosen. The set A is reconstructed by replacing the

elements of P. A subset Q of A is again chosen. The

number of ways of choosing P and Q, so that P Q

contain exactly two elements is

(a) 9 nC2

(b) 3n nC2

n

(c) 2 Cn

(d) nC2 3n 2

40. The number of +ve integer satisfying the inequality

n+1C

n+1C

n2

n1 100 is

(a) nine

(b) eight

(c) five

(d) None of these

41. The solution of the differential equation

1

dy

= y + y dx, given that y = 1, when x = 0 is

dx

0

2e x + e + 1

(b)

3+e

x

(a) 2e e + 1

3e

e x 2e + 1

2e x + e + 1

(d)

3e

3e

42. The polynomial function f(x) of degree 6, which

(c)

1/ x

f (x )

satisfies lim 1 +

x 0

x3

(a)

2

f (x) = 2x 4 12x 5 + x 6

3

(b)

f (x) = 2x 4

12 5

x + 2x 6

5

(c)

f (x) = 2x 4

12 5 2 6

x + x

5

3

4

(d) f (x) = x +

12 5 2 6

x x

5

3

mathematics today | april 15

33

2

2

43. If f (x) = x + (xy + x y) f ( y) dy, then f(x) is

6. (c) : [tan

180

80 2

x+

x

119

119

(b)

(c)

180

80 2

x+

x

119

119

80 2

180

x+

x

(d)

119

119

over any finite interval. Also for two real numbers a, b

and for two unequal non-zero positive integers m & n

a +n

f (x)dx =

(a) 0

b +m

(b) 1/2

f (x)dx

is

dy

cos 3x

45. If y = arc cos 3 , then

is

cos x

dx

(a)

3

cos 4x + cos 2x

(c)

6

cos 4x + cos 2x

(b)

(d)

2

cos 4x + cos 2x

6

cos 4x cos 2x

solutions

1. (b) : 9000 = 23 53 32 and 10800 = 24 33 52.

a a a

A common divisor is of the form 2 13 2 5 3 , where

0 a1 3, 0 a2 2, 0 a3 2. Hence, number of

common divisors is (3 + 1)(2 + 1)(2 + 1) = 36.

2. (c) : Treating 2 adjacent rooms as a single unit,

number of ways of assigning n rooms to n students is

2(n 1)! and total number of ways of assigning rooms

is n!. Hence n! 2(n 1)! = 3600 (given)

i.e., (n 2)(n 1)! = 5(6!) n = 7

3. (d) : There are totally (3n + 3) points and if none

of them are collinear, we can form (3n+3)C3 triangles.

But by joining any 3 on AB (or AC or BC), we do not

get any triangle, hence given

(3n+3)C (nC + (n+1)C + (n+2)C ) = 205 n = 3

3

3

3

3

4. (c) : Tangent is perpendicular to normal at any

intercept on y-axis

point and slope of a line =

intercept on x-axis

and it becomes a common tangent if m = 1. Hence

common tangents are y = x + 1. The points of contact

are (4, 3) and (3, 4), hence length of common tangent

is 7 2

34

1 dx +

tan 1

cot 1

7. (b) : 4e x 6e x = A(9e x 4e x ) + B

8. (b) : f (x) sin x cos x =

(d) mn

(c) 2

0 ; 0 x < tan 1

x] =

1; x tan1

1; 0 x cot 1

[cot 1 x] =

0 ; x > cot1

180

80 2

x

x

119

119

(a)

d

(9e x 4e x )

dx

f (x)

2(b a ) f (x)

2

f (x)

( f (x))2

b2 cos2 x a2 sin2 x =

1

f (x)

1

f (x) = 2 2

a sin x + b2 cos2 x

sin x = 1 2 (since sinx is not greater than 1)

2 solutions in [0, 2p] and two more in [2p, 4p]

10. (c) : Let the circle be x 2 + y 2 2 cx 2 c y + c = 0

Since it passes through (a, b), we have

c 2 c (a + b) + a2 + b2 = 0

c1 + c2 = 2(a + b);

c1 c 2 = a2 + b2

\ 4 c1 c2 = c1 + c2 , a2 4ab + b2 = 0

C

11. (c) : C = 90, ASB = 90 + = 135

2

1

1

x3

12. (c) :

dx, Let 2 1 = t

5

x

1

2 1

x

x8

1 5

1 t 4

1

t

dt

=

=

C

+

=

+C

2

2 4 1 4

8(1 x 2 )4

8 2 1

x

x

dy

y=

1

dy dx

log

dx

256 0

A16 =

0 256

d dy

y =x

15. (b) :

dx dx

dy x 2

y2 1 3

=

+P \

= x + Px + q

2 6

dx 2

x3

y2 =

+ C1x + C2 \ l = 3

3

y

x 2 + b2 x =

b2

t

2 x 2 + b2 = t +

b2

b2

; 2x = t .

t

t

\ (2a 2x)(x + x 2 + b2 )

b2

= 2a t + t = 2at t 2 + b2

t

= (a2 + b2 ) (t a)2 a2 + b2

17. (c) : If zero is included, it will be at z, then no.

of three digit numbers = 9 C 2. If zero is excluded,

x, y, z all diff 9C 2 !

3

9

then x = z < y C2

9

x < y = z C2

\

18. (d): S =

19. (c) :

29

(1.5)r 1 1.5 =

r =0

1

1+ x

1

1 x

(1.5)30 1

9

2.5 = 2k

1. 5 1

2

2

is true for all x and it

1 x

is defined for x 0, x 1

20. (d) :

=

=

=

Tn a2 + (n 1)d2 2a2 + (2n 2)d2 8n + 23

2a1 + (m 1)d1

7m + 1

=

2a2 + (m 1)d2 4m + 27

0 8 16 0

2 0 2

4 4

21. (b) : A =

, A = 0 4 , A = 0 16 ;

2

0

of contact of required point w.r.t circle x2 + y2 = 12 is

also the common chord of given two circles. Chord of

contact of P(x1, y1) is xx1 + yy1 12 = 0

x

y

12

1= 1=

5 3 10

z2

y2

Y

X

=

,

=

,

= Z X + Y Z = 1,

c2

b2

a2

X Y + Z = 1, X + Y + Z = 1. On solving X = Y = Z = 1

x = a, y = b, z = c 8 solutions

24. (b) : Let the point of intersection of the line and

the ellipse be (a cosq, bsinq) and

given line lx + my + n = 0,

la cosq + mb sinq +n = 0 la cosq +mb sinq = n and

la sinq + mb cosq + n = 0 la sinq mb cosq = n.

Squaring and adding, we get

23. (d) : Let

x2

a2l 2 + b2m2

n2

=2

2 1/(n+1) n (n+1)

n

1/n (n+1)

x1/(n+1) x

1

= log x

= lim

1

n(n + 1)

n

n(n + 1)

n2

Hence,

1

x2

xF

(

x

)

dx

x

x

dx

=

log

=

log x x 2 + c

2

4

26. (a) : Number of zeros at the end of

60! = exponent of 10 in 60!

= min {E2(60!), E5(60!)} = E5(60!) = 14

= 128C0(11)128 + 100m, for some integer m

= 11128 + 100m = (10 + 1)128 + 100m

= 128 C 0 1 128 + 128 C 1 10 + 100m 1 + 100m for some

integer m1

= 1 + 1280 + 100k,

(m + m1 = k)

= 1281 + 100k

Hence the required number is 81.

mathematics today | april 15

35

28. (d) : Let the radius of the circle be a, then the major

axis of the inscribed ellipse is of length 2a.

The required probability =

pa2 pa2 1 e 2

pa2

8 2

= 1 1 e2 = 1 1 9 = 3

(area of ellipse = p ab = pa a 1 e 2 ,

e being eccentricity)

3 2 6

29. (c) : V = npq = 5. . =

5 5 5

36 6

6

and 5 (V 2 S2 ) = 5

S=

25 5

5

Choice

Value at n = 2

(a)

(b)

(c)

3l + 2

+ ...

Choice (b) is correct.

32. (a) : nn nC1(n 1)n + nC2(n 2)n + ....

Number of ways of districting n objects in n district

cells such that no cell remains empty = n!

1

4

If this passes through (c, 0)

t t3

We have, ct = 2at + at3 = +

2 4

t = 0 or t2 = 4c 2

If t = 0, the point at which the normal is drawn is

(0, 0). If t 0, then the two values of t represents slope

of normals through (c, 0)

mathematics today | april 15

1

AL BC

2

( y12 4ax1)3/2

2a

35. (c) : Equation of the normal to the parabola

y2 = 4ax with slope m is y = mx 2am am3. It touches

the rectangular hyperbola x2 y2 = a2 if

(2am am3)2 = a2(m2 1)

a2m2(2 + m2)2 = a2(m2 1)

m2(m4 + 4m2 + 4) = m2 1

m6 + 4m4 + 3m2 + 1 = 0

36. (c) : Let x1, x2, x3 and x4, be the no. of white, red,

blue and green balls that are selected. Then x1 + x2 +

x3 + x4 = 10. The required no. of ways

= coefficient of y10 in (1 + y + y2 + y3 + .)4

= coefficient of y10 in (1 y)4

= coefficient of y10 in (1 + 4C1 y + 5C2 y2 + 6C3 y3 + ...

+ 13C10 y10....)

13

12

11

= 13C3 =

= 286

23

37. (a) : The sum of the numerals 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

is 15. We know that a five digit number is divisible

by 3 if and only if the sum of its digits is divisible by

3. Therefore, we should not use either 0 or 3 while

forming the five digit number. If we do not use 0, then

the remaining digits can be arranged in 5P5 = 5! = 120

ways. If we do not use 3, then the remaining digits

can be arranged in 5P5 4 P4 = 5! 4! = 120 24 = 96

ways to obtain a five digit number. Thus, the total no.

of such 5 digit numbers is 120 + 96 = 216.

38. (b) : 6! 2! 5! = 480

39. (d) : A = {a1, a2, ., an}

(i) ai P, ai Q

(ii) ai P, ai Q

(iii) ai P, ai Q

(iv) ai P, ai Q

We get,

choice must be (d).

31. (b) : Given expression = (x + a) (x + a) . . . l times

(x + b) (x + b) ( l + 1) times (x + c) (x + c)

. . . ( l + 2) times

36

3

4

34. (c) : Let A(x1, y1) be any point outside the parabola

and B(a, b), C(a, b) be the points of contact of tangents

from point A. Eq. of chord BC, yy1 = 2a(x + x1)

Lengths of ^ AL from A to BC

2a(x1 + x1) y1 y1 y12 4ax1

AL =

=

y12+ 4a2

y12 + 4a2

c=

Area of DABC =

36 30

= 5 = 6 = S2

25 25 5

30. (d) : Let us test the choice for n = 2

For n = 2, the series

2(1!)(1!) 2 2

=

[ C 0 2 2 C12+3 2 C 22] = 4

2!

Now observe the table

(t1)(t 2 ) = 1 t1t 2 = 1 ( 4c 2 )( 4c 2 ) = 1

in (i) and (n 2) elements in (ii) or (iii) or (iv)

No. of ways = nC2 3n2

40. (b) : n+1Cn2 n+1Cn1 100

1

n(n + 1)

n+1C3 n+1C2 100 (n + 1)n(n 1)

100

6

2

1

n(n + 1){n 1 3} 100 n(n + 1)(n 4) 600

6

It is true for n = 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

f (x)

=1

41. (a) : Let y = f (x)

f (x)

A=

a +n

f (x)dx =

nm

f (m + x) dx =

nm

f (x) dx

= (n m) f (x) dx = 0

0

1

0

f (x)dx = 0

b = 12 / 5, c = 2 / 3

f (x) = x + Ax + Bx 2

1

(n m) f (x)dx = 0

2

2

, D = 1

3e

3e

f (x) = (Ce + D)

At x = 0, y = f (x) = 1 C =

61

80

, B=

119

119

cos 3x

cos3 x

dy

3 sec2 x

=

dx

cos y

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37

PRACTICE PAPER

categOrY-1

For each correct answer one mark will be awarded, whereas,

for each wrong answer, 25% of total marks (1/4) will be

deducted. If candidates marks more than one answer, negative

marking will be done.

five terms is 5. Then the 31st term is

(a) 13

(b) 17

(c) 13

(d) 27/2

2. If the second and fifth terms of a G.P. are 24 and 3

respectively, the sum of first six terms is

181

189

(a) 181

(b)

(c) 189

(d)

2

2

3. If two positive numbers are in ratio 3 + 2 2 : 3 2 2

then the ratio between their A.M. and G.M is

(a) 6 : 1

(b) 3 : 2

(c) 2 : 1

(d) 3 : 1

(d) 3

(a) 0

(c) 2

complex numbers such that |z1| = |z2| = 4, then

|x1z1 y1z2|2 + |y1z1 + x1z2|2 =

(a) 32(x12 + y12 )

a2 + b2 is equal to

(a) a2 + 2b2

(b) a2 2b2

2

(c) a 2b

(d) a2 + 2b

10. The equation whose roots are the squares of the

roots of the equation 2x2 + 3x + 1 = 0 is

(a) 4x2 + 5x + 1 = 0

(b) 4x2 x + 1 = 0

2

(c) 4x 5x 1 = 0

(d) 4x2 5x + 1 = 0

common ratio r. If the sum is 4 and the second term is

3/4, then

(a) a = 2, r = 3/8

(b) a = 4/7, r = 3/7

(c) a = 3/2, r = 1/2

(d) a = 3, r = 1/4

11

5

then the values of x are

(a) log54, log53

(b) log34, log43

(c) log34, log35

(d) 12, 6

formed by using the vertices of a regular polygon of n

sides. If Tn + 1 Tn = 36, then n is equal to

(a) 2

(b) 5

(c) 6

(d) 9

of x are

(a) 1, 2

(b) 0, 2

(c) 0, 1

(d) 1, 4

vertices of an isosceles triangle, right angled at z1, then

(z1 z2)2 + (z1 z3)2 is equal to

constructed using the digits 0 to 9, if each number starts

with 67 and no digit appears more than once?

(a) 335

(b) 336

(c) 338

(d) 337

13. If n is a natural number, then

n3

3

n3

3

(c) 12 + 22 + ... + n2 > n3

3

2

2

2 n

(d) 1 + 2 + ... + n >

3

(b) 12 + 22 + ... + n2 =

38

is divided by 12, is

(a) 9

(b) 8

(c) 7

(d) 6

15. If 21st and 22nd terms in the expansion of (1 + x)44

are equal then x is equal to

23

8

21

7

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

24

7

22

8

10

10 x

16. The middle term in the expansion of + is

x 10

(a) 10C5

(b) 10C6

1

(c) 10 C5

(d) 10C5 x10

10

x

17. The expression nC0 + 2nC1 + 3nC2 + ... + (n + 1)nCn

is equal to

(a) (n + 1)2n

(b) 2n(n + 2)

n

1

(c) (n + 2)2

(d) (n + 2)2n + 1

18. If A and B are two square matrices of the same

order and m is a positive integer, then

(A + B)m = mC0Am + mC1Am 1B + mC2 Am 2B2

+ ... + mCmBm, if

m

(a) AB = BA

(b) A = 0, Bm = 0

(c) AB = 2BA

(d) AB = BA

1 0 0

1 0 0

0 0 1

0 0 2

the matrix P3 + 2P2 =

(a) P

(b) I P

(c) 2I + P

(d) 2I P

20. If t5, t10, t25 are 5th, 10th and 25th terms of an A.P.

t5 t10 t25

respectively, then the value of 5 10 25 is equal to

1

(a) 40

(c) (a b )2

(b) 1

(d) 0

been defined on S by aRb |a b| 1, then R is

(a) symmetric and transitive but not reflexive

(b) reflexive and transitive but not symmetric

(c) reflexive and symmetric but not transitive

(d) an equivalence relation

22. Let f : N N defined by

n + 1

2 , if n is odd

f (n) =

, then f is

n,

if n is even

2

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

one-one and onto

neither one-one nor onto

one-one but not onto

mathematics and chemistry is 30. This represents

10% of the enrolment in mathematics and 12% of the

enrolment in chemistry. How many students take at

least one of this two subjects?

(a) 520

(b) 490

(c) 560

(d) 480

24. If aN = {ax : x N} and bN cN = dN, where

b, c N are relatively prime, then

(a) b = cd

(b) c = bd

(c) d = bc

(d) none of these

25. A box contains 100 bulbs, out of which 10 are

defective. A sample of 5 bulbs is drawn. The probability

that none is defective is

(a)

9

10

1

(b)

10

9

(c)

10

1

(d)

2

P(A B) = P(A) + P(B) P(A)P(B), if 0 < P(A) < 1

and 0 < P(B) < 1, then P(A B) =

(a) 1 P(A)

(b) 1 P(A)

(c) 1 P(A)P(B)

(d) (1 P(A))P(B)

27.

I.

II.

(a)

A is a subset of B

A B = f are respectively

1, 1

(b) 0, 1

(c) 0, 0

(d) 1, 0

9

i =1

i =1

standard deviation of the 9 items x1, x2, ...., x9 is

(a) 9

(b) 4

(c) 3

(d) 2

29. If x =

equal to

(a) x

2 sin q

1 cos q + sin q

, then

is

1 + sin q + cos q

1 + sin q

(b) 1/x

(c) 1 + x

p

, then the value of

6

( 3 + tan q)( 3 + tan f) is

(a) 4

(b) 4

(c) 1

(d) 1 x

30. If q + f =

(d) 1

cos36 is

(a) 2 x 2 5x + 1 = 0

(b) 4 x 2 2 5x + 1 = 0

2

(c) 2 x + 5x + 1 = 0

(d) 4 x 2 + 2 5x + 1 = 0

mathematics tODaY | april 15

39

equation cos(p sin x) = sin(p cos x) has a solution in

0 x 2p, is

p

p

p

p

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

2

4

2

2 2

33. If sin1x < cos1x, then

1

1

(a) 1 x <

(b) 0 x <

2

2

1

(c)

(d) 1 < x < 0

< x 1

2

34.

and

are

(a)

(c)

their included angle is 60, then the other angles

75, 45

60, 60

(b) 105, 15

(d) 90, 30

(8, 2), (2, 2) is at the point

(a) (2, 1) (b) (1, 2) (c) (5, 2) (d) (2, 5)

36. If p and q are respectively the perpendiculars from

the origin upon the straight lines whose equations are

x sec q + y cosec q = a and x cos q y sin q = a cos 2q,

then 4p2 + q2 is equal to

(a) 5a2

(b) 4a2

(c) 3a2

(d) a2

37. A circle of radius 8 is passing through origin

and the point (4, 0). If the centre lies on the line y = x,

then the equation of the circle is

(a) (x 2)2 + (y 2)2 = 8

(b) (x + 2)2 + (y + 2)2 = 8

(c) (x 3)2 + (y 3)2 = 8

(d) (x + 3)2 + (y + 3)2 = 8

38. The area of a triangle formed by the lines joining

the vertex of the parabola x2 = 12y to the ends of latus

rectum is (in sq. units)

(a) 20

(b) 18

(c) 17

(d) 19

40

6

these two vector as two sides is

15

15

15 3

(a)

(b)

(c) 15

(d)

4

2

2

42. Equation of the straight line through the point

(2, 3, 1) and parallel to the line of intersection of the

planes x 2y z + 5 = 0 and x + y + 3z = 6 is

x 2 y 3 z 1

x 2 y 3 z 1

=

=

(a)

(b)

=

=

5

4

3

5

4

3

x 2 y 3 z 1

x 2 y 3 z 1

=

=

=

=

(d)

4

3

2

5

4

3

each one of them being perpendicular to the sum of the

other two vectors, then the value of | a + b + c |2 is

(a) | a |2 + | b |2 + | c |2

(b) | a | + | b | + | c |

1 2 2 2

(c) 2(| a | + | b | + | c |)

(d)

(| a | + | b | + | c | )

2

44. The angle between two diagonals of a cube is

1 1

1 1

(a) cos

(b) cos

3

3

(c) 30

(d) 45

(c)

1

1

k

x 1 y 4 z 5

are coplanar if

=

=

2

1

k

(a) k = 2 (b) k = 0 (c) k = 3 (d) k = 1

46. The value of [a b b c c a] is equal to

(a) 0

(b) 1

(c) 2[a b c ]

(d) 2

47. The domain of y =

and distance between a focus and its nearest vertex is

3/2 units, the eccentricity is

(a) 1/2

(b) 1/3

(c) 1 / 2 (d) 1/4

(a) 0 x <

(c) < x 0

points on a hyperbola whose centre is at O(0, 0) and

eccentricity e. If PQO be an equilateral triangle, then

(a) 1 < e < 2

(b) e > 2

(c) e = 2

(d) none of these

^ ^ ^

41. If a = i + 2 j + 2 k, | b | = 5 and the angle between

a is equal to

(a) loge2

(c) loge2 1

48. If f (x ) =

2x 1

1 + ax 1

1

| x | x

(d) 1 x < 0

and lim f (x ) = log e 4 , then

x 0

(b) 1

(d) loge2 + 1

x +6

49. The value of lim

x x + 1

(a) 0

(b) 1

is

x +4

(c) e4

=

(d) e5

4 sin(x 2 )

+ 2e 2 x + 3, x 0 is continuous at

f (x ) =

x

k

,x = 0

(a) 9

(b) 1

(c) 3

(d) 5

51. A function f (x) is defined as follows for real x.

1 x 2 , for x < 1

for x = 1 , then

f (x ) = 0,

2

1 + x , for x > 1

(a) f (x) is not continuous at x = 1

(b) f (x) is continuous but not differentiable at x = 1

(c) f (x) is both continuous and differentiable at x = 1

(d) f (x) is continuous everywhere but differentiable

nowhere

f (2 + h2 ) f (2 h2 )

52. If f (2) = 1, then lim

=

h0

2h2

(a) 0

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) 1/2

53. If y = (1 + x)(1 + x2)(1 + x4) ... (1 + x2n), then the

dy

value of

is

dx x =0

(a) 0

(b) 1

(c) 1

(d) 2

dy

p

54. The value of

at x = , where y is given by

dx

2

sin x

y=x

+ x , is

1

(a) 1 +

(b) 1

2p

1

1

(c)

(d) 1

2p

2p

asin3t

with respect

to acos3t at t = p/4 is

1

3a

4 2

(a) 2

(b)

(c)

(d)

12a

3a

4 2

56. If y = sin(2sin1x), then it satisfies the differential

equation

(a) (1 x2)y2 xy1 + 4y = 0

(b) (1 + x2)y2 xy1 + 4y = 0

(c) (1 x2)y2 xy1 + y = 0

(d) (1 + x2)y2 xy1 + y = 0

57. If x2 + y2 = 1, then

(a) yy (2y)2 + 1 = 0 (b) yy + (y)2 + 1 = 0

(c) yy (y)2 1 = 0 (d) yy (2y)2 + 1 = 0

f (x ) 2

= p , then

58. If the function f (x) satisfies lim 2

x 1 x 1

lim f (x ) =

x 1

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 0

(d) 3

x100 x 99

x2

f (x ) =

+

+ ... +

+ x + 1 , then f (0) =

100 99

2

(a) 100f (0)

(b) 100

(c) 1

(d) 1

60. Let f (x) be differentiable function and f (4) = 5,

f ( 4) f ( x 2 )

then lim

equals

x 2

x 2

(a) 0

(b) 5

(c) 20

(d) 20

categOrY-2

For each correct answer 2 marks will be allotted and negative

marking of 25% of total marks (1/2) will be implemented for

wrong answers. For marking more than 1 answer, marks will

be deducted.

1

1

equation x = t 3 cos 2t + 3.5 . The distance travelled

3

2

by the particle between t = 0 and t = p/2 is

(a) 1

(b) 2

p2

p3

(c)

(d)

+1

+1

24

24

62. If f (x) = sinx bx + c decreases for all real values of

x, then

(a) b < 0

(b) b = 0

(c) 0 < b < 1

(d) b > 1

63. If the line ax + by + c = 0 is a tangent to the curve

xy = 4, then

(a) a < 0, b > 0

(b) a 0, b > 0

(c) a < 0, b < 0

(d) a 0, b < 0

x

2

64. If f (x ) = t (t 3)(2t 3) dt , then the function

1

(a) x = 0

(b) x = 3

(c) x = 3/2

(d) none of these

x +1

dx is equal to

65.

x(xe x + 1)2

(a) log

(b) log

(c) log

xe x

1+ e

1 + xe x

xe

xe x

1 + xe x

1 + xe x

+c

1 + xe x

1

1 + xe x

+c

+c

mathematics tODaY | april 15

41

log x 1

dx =

66.

2

1 + (log x )

log x

x

+c

(a)

(b)

+c

2

(log x ) + 1

x2 + 1

x

xe x

+c

(c)

(d)

+c

2

(log x )2 + 1

x +1

67. If f (x) is a differentiable function and

t2

2 5

4

x f (x )dx = t , then the value of f is

25

5

0

(a) 2/5

(b) 5/2

(c) 1

(d) 5/2

4

68. log[ x] dx =

2

(a) log 2

(c) log 5

(b) log 3

(d) log 6

p /3

f (x )dx is

p /6

(a) 0

(b) 2 1

(c)

(d) 2 + 1

2

70. The differential equation of all circles passing

through the origin and having their centres on the

x-axis, is

dy

dy

2

2

2

2

(a) y = x + 2 xy

(b) y = x 2 xy

dx

dx

dy

dy

2

2

2

2

(c) x = y + xy

(d) x = y + 3xy

dx

dx

categOrY-3

In this section more than 1 answer can be correct. Candidates

will have to mark all the correct answers, for which 2 marks

will be awarded. If, candidates marks one correct and one

incorrect answer then no marks will be awarded. But if,

candidate marks only correct, without marking any incorrect,

formula below will be used to allot marks.

2 (no. of correct response/total no. of correct options)

q

71. Let fn (q) = tan (1 + sec q)(1 + sec 2q)(1 + sec 4q)....

2

p

f3 = 1

32

(a)

p

=1

f5

128

(b)

(c)

p

f4 = 1

64

p

(d) f2 = 1

16

(xy + 1), (y + 1)2 are in G.P., x 0, then x + y =

(a) 3/4

(b) 3

(c) 5

(d) 6

42

points A(5, 1) and B(3, 5) in l : 1. The coordinates of

the points Q and R are respectively (1, 5) and (7, 2). If

the area of the triangle PQR is 2 square units, then the

value of l is

(a) 19/5 (b) 31/9 (c) 23

(d) 19

74. Let A and A are the vertices of the ellipse

x2 y2

+

= 1 , whose foci is S and S and eccentricity e.

a 2 b2

ar ( AA P )

= K,

Let P is a point on the ellipse such that

ar (SS P )

then

(a) 0 < K < 1

(b) K > 1

(c) K, is only dependent on e

(d) K, is only dependent on b and e

75. If f(x) is a differentiable function in [0, 1] and

f (0) = f (1) = 0, then f (c) + af (c) = 0 for a =

(a) 1

(b) 1

(c) 0

(d) 2

76. 1 + sin 2 x dx =

(a) sin x + cos x + c x R

(b) sin x cos x + c x R

p 3p

(c) sin x cos x + c, x ,

4 4

3p 7 p

(d) cos x sin x + c, x ,

4 4

x

1

minima at x =

(a) 0

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) 3

and lines x = 0 and y = e is

(a) e 1

e

(c) e e x dx

1

1

x

(d) ln ydx

1

is p/6, then (a b )2 is equal to

(a) 48

(b) 16

2

(c) a

(d) none of these

3

80. If A and B are two events such that P ( A B)

4

1

3

and P ( A B) . Then

8

8

11

3

(a) P ( A) + P (B)

(b) P ( A) P (B)

8

8

7

(c) P ( A) + P (B)

(d) none of these

8

6. (a) : By verification, x = 1, 2

7. (a) : (z3 z1) = (z2 z1) (cos90 + isin90)

z3 z1 = i(z2 z1)

(z3 z1)2 = (z2 z1)2

(z3 z1)2 + (z2 z1)2 = 0

8. (a) : |x1z1 y1z2|2 + |y1z1 + x1z2|2

= |x1z1|2 + |y1z2|2 2Re(x1y1z1z2) + |y1z1|2 + |x1z2|2

+ 2Re(x1y1z1z2)

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

= x1 | z1 | + y1 | z2 | + y1 | z1 | + x1 | z2 |2

sOlutiOns

1. (c) : We have, a = 2 and S5 = 5

5

\ S5 = [(2 2) + (5 1)d]

2

5

[4 + 4d] = 5 2 + 2d = 1

2

2d = 1 d = 1/2

1

Now, a31 = a + (n 1)d = 2 + 30 = 13

2

2. (d) : Given that ar = 24 and

4

ar

3

1 1

\

=

r3 = =

ar 24

8 2

ar4

=3

x2 ax + b2 = 0

\ a + b = a and ab = b2

\ a2 + b2 = (a + b)2 2ab = a2 2b2

10. (d) : Let a, b be the roots of the equation

2x2 + 3x + 1 = 0

\ a + b = 3/2 and ab = 1/2

9

5

1

Now, a2 + b2 = 1 = and a2b2 =

4

4

4

\ The required equation is

5

1

x 2 x + = 0 4 x 2 5x + 1 = 0

4

4

1

\ r=

2

1

48 1

26 48 63 189

=

S6 =

=

1

1

2

1

64

2

2

3. (d) : Given that a : b = (3 + 2 2 ) : (3 2 2 )

Let a = (3 + 2 2 )k and b = (3 2 2 )k

a +b

\

= 3k and ab = k 2

2

a +b

2 =3

Now,

ab 1

Thus, the required ratio is 3 : 1.

a

=4

4. (d) : Given that S = 4

1 r

a + 4r = 4

3

3

r=

4

4a

3

From (i) and (ii), we get a + = 4

a

a2 4a + 3 = 0 (a 3)(a 1) = 0

a = 3, r = 1/4

or a = 1, r = 3/4

Also, given that ar =

(i)

(ii)

11

5

are in A.P.

11

5

x 11

x

2

(5 1) = 5 5

5

(5x)2 2 5x + 1 = 5 5x 11

(5x)2 7 5x + 12 = 0

(5x 3)(5x 4) = 0

5x 3 = 0 5x = 3 \ x = log53

and 5x 4 = 0 5x = 4 \ x = log54

the vertices of a regular polygon of n sides

Tn + 1 Tn = 36

(given)

n + 1C nC = 36 nC = 36

3

3

2

n(n 1) = 72 n2 n 72 = 0

(n 9)(n + 8) = 0 n = 9 (Q n 8)

12. (b) : There are 10 digits 0 to 9. Now keeping fix

67 at the beginning, the remaining 3 places of 5 digit

telephone number may be arranged from 8 digits in 8P3

ways. Thus the number of telephone numbers which

can be constructed = 8P3 = 336.

n(n + 1)(2n + 1)

13. (d) : 12 + 22 + ... + n2 =

6

1

n(n + 1) n +

2

=

3

n n n

1

>

n + 1 > n and n + > n

3

2

3

n

>

3

14. (a) : 1! + 2! + 3! + 4! + ... + 11!

= 1 + 2 + 6 + 24 + 120 + ...

= 9 + 12(2 + 3 + ....)

= 9 + 12k [Q after first 3 terms all are

divisible by 12]

\ Remainder = 9

mathematics tODaY | april 15

43

Now t20 + 1 = 44C20 x20

and t21 + 1 = 44C21 x21

By the problem, we have

44C x21 = 44C x20

21

20

x

1

44

44

x=

21 20 23 20 24 23

21 23

20 24

x

1

21 7

=

x=

=

21 24

24 8

10

10 x

16. (a) : The given expansion is +

x 10

10

The middle term is + 1

2

th

1 0 0 2 0 0

\ P + 2P = 0 1 0 + 0 2 0

0 0 8 0 0 8

3

3 0 0 1 0 0

1 0 0

= 0 1 0 = 0 1 0 + 2 0 1 0 = P + 2 I

0 0 0 0 0 2

0 0 1

20. (d) : t5 = a + 4d, t10 = a + 9d and t25 = a + 24d

t5

5

1

t10

10

1

t25

a + 4d a + 9d a + 24d

25 =

5

10

25

1

1

1

1

10 x

\ t5+1 = 10C5 = 10C5

x 10

Now,

= (nC0 + nC1 + nC2 + .... + nCn) + (nC1 + 2nC2 + 3nC3

+ .... + n nCn)

2n(n 1)

= 2n + (n +

+ ... + n)

2!

(n 1)(n 2)

= 2n + n 1 + (n 1) +

+ .... + 1

2!

Applying C1 C1 C2 and C2 C2 C3

= 2n + n(1 + 1)n1 = 2n + n

n

= 2n 1 + = (n + 2)2n1

2

2n

2

+ mC2Am 2B2 + .... + mCm Bm

Putting m = 2, we get

(A + B)2 = 2C0A2 + 2C1AB + 2C2B2

(A + B)2 = A2 + 2AB + B2

(i)

2

But (A + B) = (A + B)(A + B)

= A(A + B) + B(A + B)

(A + B)2 = A2 + B2 + AB + BA

(ii)

From (i) and (ii), we get

A2 + 2AB + B2 = A2 + B2 + AB + BA

AB = BA

1 0 0

19. (c) : P = 0 1 0

0 0 2

1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0

\ P = 0 1 0 0 1 0 = 0 1 0 ,

0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0 4

2

44

1 0 0

P = 0 1 0

0 0 8

3

5d 15d a + 24d

= 5 15

= 1(75d 75d) = 0

25

0

0

1

21. (c) : For reflexive : Let a S

then |a a| = 0 < 1 a R a

So, R is reflexive.

For symmetric : Let aRb |a b| 1

| (b a)| 1

|b a| 1

bRa

So, R is symmetric.

For transitive : Let 1, 2, 3 S

Then, |1 2| = 1 1 1R2

and |2 3| = 1 1 2R3

But |1 3| = 2 > 1

So, R is not transitive.

22. (a) : We have, f (1) =

1+1 2

= =1

2

2

2

=1

2

Thus, f (1) = f (2) but 1 2

\ f (n) is not one-one.

In order to find that f is onto or not, consider element

nN

If n is odd, then (2n 1) is also odd and

2n 1 + 1 2n

f (2n 1) =

=

=n

2

2

f (2) =

2n

f (2n) =

=n

2

Thus, for each n N, there exists its pre-image in N.

\ f is onto.

23. (a) : Let x be the number of students who take only

mathematics and y be the number of students who take

only chemistry.

C

M

x

30

\ P (B / A) =

P ( A B) P ( A)

=

=1

P ( A)

P ( A)

(ii) If A B = f, then P (B / A) =

P ( A B)

=0

P ( A)

i =1

xi 45 = 9

i =1

\ xi = 54

i =1

1 9

x =6

9 i =1 i

2

Now, (xi 5) = 45

i =1

10

\

(x + 30) = 30 x = 270

100

12

( y + 30) = 30 y = 220

100

Number of students who take at least one of these two

subjects = 270 + 220 + 30 = 520

Similarly

\ bN = {bx : x N}, cN = {cx : x N}

and dN = {dx : x N}

As bN cN = dN

d = dx1 bN cN

d = bx1 and d = cx2, where x1, x2 N

d

d

are natural numbers

and

b

c

d

bc

(i)

Also bc bN and bc = cb cN

\ bc bN cN or bc dN

bc

bc = dx3 for x3 N

(ii)

N

d

From (i) and (ii), bc = d

25. (c) : Total number of bulbs = 100

10

1

=

Probability of defective bulbs (p) =

100 10

\

9

10

5

5

9 9

= 5C0 =

10 10

= (1 P(A)) P(B)

27. (d) : (i) It is given that, A B A B = A

1 9 2

1 9

xi 10 xi + 25 = 5

9 i =1

9 i =1

1 9 2

x = 65 25 = 40

9 i =1 i

\ S.D. =

1 9 2 1 9

x

x

9 i =1 i 9 i =1 i

= 40 36 = 4 = 2

29. (a) : x =

=

2 sin q

1 + sin q + cos q

1 (sin q + cos q)2

2 sin q cos q

=

cos q(1 + sin q)

cos q

cos2 q cos q(1 + sin q)

=

cos q(1 + sin q)

cos q(1 + sin q)

cos q 1 sin q

1 cos q + sin q

\ x=

(1 + sin q)

1 + sin q

\

tan(q + f) = tan(p/6)

p

6

mathematics tODaY | april 15

45

and b = cos 36 =

Now a + b =

5 1

4

cot 30 = 1

4 3

B C

(i)

tan

= tan 45 \ B C = 90

2

But A + B + C = 180

B + C = 120 [Q A = 60]

(ii)

From (i) and (ii), we get B = 105 and C = 15

5 +1

4

5 1

5 +1 2 5

5

+

=

=

4

4

4

2

5 1

5 +1 5 1 1

=

=

4

4

16 4

Thus the required equation is

ab =

x2

35. (c) :

5

1

x + = 0 4 x 2 2 5x + 1 = 0

2

4

2

p

p

\ p sin x = p cos x p(sin x + cos x ) =

2

2

1

1

p

p

cos x +

sin x =

2

2 2

2

p

p

p cos x =

4 2 2

p

p=

p

2 2 cos x

\ OA = (x 8)2 + ( y 6)2

OB = (x 8)2 + ( y + 2)2

p

4

p

when cos x = 1

4

p

.

\ The required value of p is

2 2

p

p

1

\ 1 x 1;

33. (a) : sin x

2

2

Now given that sin1x < cos1x

2sin1x < sin1x + cos1x

p

2 sin 1 x <

2

p

p

sin 1 x <

sin(sin1 x ) < sin

4

4

1

1

x<

. \ 1 x <

2

2

A

c =2 3 2

and A = 60

A

B C bc

\ tan

=

cot

2 b + c

2

46

c

a

OC = (x 2)2 + ( y + 2)2

Here, OA = OB = OC

Now, OA = OB gives (y 6)2 = (y + 22)2

y2 12y + 36 = y2 + 4y + 4

16y = 32 \ y = 2

and OB = OC gives x2 16x + 64 = x2 4x + 4

12x = 60 \ x = 5

Thus circumcentre is (5, 2)

36. (d) : p =

a

2

sec q + cosec q

a2

and q =

a2 cos2 2q

1

a2 2

sin 2q and q2 = a2 cos2 2q

4

4p2 + q2 = a2

p2 =

x2 + y2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0

\

g2 + f 2 c = 8 g2 + f 2 = 8

cos2 q + sin2 q

p2 =

sec2 q + cosec2 q

and q2 =

a cos 2q

16 + 8g = 0 g = 2

Putting the value of g in (i), we get

60

f = 4 f = 2

Required circle is x2 + y2 4x 4y = 0

(x 2)2 + (y 2)2 = 8

... (i)

38. (b) :

x2 = 4 3 y

Thus from the diagram, the area of the triangle OLL is

1

12 3 sq. unit = 18 sq. unit

2

39. (b) : Let the equation of the ellipse be

2b2

x2 y2

(i)

= 4 i.e. b2 = 2a

+

=1 \

2

2

a

a

b

Also, given that distance between focus and its nearest

vertex is 3/2.

3

3

i.e., a ae =

1 e =

2

2a

3 2a 3

(ii)

e = 1 =

2a

2a

e2 =

1

4a 12a + 9

4a 2

a2

4a 12a + 9

4a 2

2 4a2 12a + 9

[by (i)]

=

a

4a 2

9

4a = 9 \ a =

4

From (ii) and (iii), we get e = 1/3.

40. (b) : PQ = OP PQ2 = OP2.

\ 4a2sec2q = a2sec2q + b2tan2q

We have

2

b2

a

= 3cosec q e2 1 = 3cosec2q

e 1

= cosec2 q > 1

3

^ ^ ^

41. (a) : Here a = i + 2 j + 2 k

\ | a | = 12 + 22 + 22 = 3

1 1

Required area = | a b | = | a || b |sin q

2

2

1

p 15

= 3 5 sin =

2

6 4

(iii)

planes be <a, b, c>

\ a 2b c = 0

(i)

and a + b + 3c = 0

(ii)

Solving (i) and (ii), we get

a

b c

=

= = k (say)

5 4 3

\ a = 5k, b = 4k, c = 3k

x 2 y 3 z 1

=

=

5

4

3

43. (a) : | a + b + c |2 = | a |2 + | b |2 + | c |2 +2(a b + b c + c a )

| a + b + c |2 = | a |2 + | b |2 + | c |2 +2(a b + b c + c a )

Given that a (b + c ) a (b + c ) = 0

(i)

Similarly, b (a + c ) b (a + c ) = 0

(ii)

and c (a + b ) c (a + b ) = 0

(iii)

Adding (i), (ii) and (iii), we get

2(a b + b c + c a ) = 0

| a + b + c |2 = | a |2 + | b |2 + | c |2

44. (a)

45. (b) : The given lines are

x 2 y 3 z 4

(i)

=

=

1

1

k

x 1 y 4 z 5

(ii)

and

=

=

k

2

1

Now, (i) and (ii) are coplanar.

1 2 4 3 5 4

\

1

1

k = 0

2

1

k

On simplification, we get k = 0 or k = 3

46. (a)

47. (b) : y =

1

| x | x

i.e. |x| > x i.e. x < 0

2x 1

2 1

x

48. (b) : lim f (x ) = lim

= lim

x 0

x 0 1 + ax 1 x 0 1 + ax 1

x

x

2x 1

log e 2

2

= x 0 x

=

= log 2

1

a

1 + ax 1 a

lim

1+ 0 +1

x

x 0

lim

47

2

log 2 = log e 4 = 2 log e 2 \ a = 1

a e

x +6

49. (d) : lim

x x + 1

x +4

1 + 6z z

= lim

z 0 1 + z

1/ z

1 + 6z

1 + 6z

= lim

lim

z 0 1 + z z 0 1 + z

sin x

+4

Put x = z

lim (1 + 6z )1/ z

= 1 z 0

lim (1 + z )1/ z

z 0

z 0

u0

6

= lim (1 + u)1/u = e 6

u0

e6

The given limit = 1 = e 5

e

4 sin(x 2 )

\ k = lim

+ 2e 2 x + 3

x

x 0

= 4 lim

x sin(x 2 )

2

+ 2 lim e 2 x + 3

x 0

x

=401+2+3=5

x 0

x 10

x 1+0

f (2 + h2 ) f (2 h2 )

2h2

{ f (2 + h ) f (2)} { f (2 h2 ) f (2)}

h0

= lim

2h

h0

f (2 + h ) f (2)

f (2 h2 ) f (2)

1

= lim

+ lim

2 h2 0

h2

h2

h2 0

1

1

= [ f (2) + f (2)] = 2 f (2) = f (2) = 1

2

2

2

\ log y = log(1 + x) + log(1 + x2) + log(1 + x4)

+ ... + log(1 + x2n)

1 dy 1

2x

4x3

2nx 2n1

=

+

+

+ ... +

y dx 1 + x 1 + x 2 1 + x 4

1 + x 2n

dy

dx

1

2x

2nx 2n1

+

+ .... +

2

1 + x 2n

1 + x 1 + x

dy

=1

\

dx x =0

48

log x

+ x

54. (a) : y = xsinx + x = e e

1/2

sin x log x

+x

y =e

dy

1

sin x

= e sin x log x

+ cos x log x +

x

2 x

dx

dy

1

sin x

= x sin x

+ cos x log x +

x

2 x

dx

p2

dy

1 2

dx p = 2 p + 0 +

2 p

x=

2

= 1+

2

2 p

= 1+

1

2p

dy

dx

= 3a sin2 t cos t and

= 3a cos2 t sin t

dt

dt

dy 3a cos2 t sin t

\

=

= cot t

dx 3a sin2 t cos t

d2 y d

d

dt

= ( cot t ) = ( cot t )

2 dx

dt

dx

dx

1

= cosec2t

3a sin2 t cos t

d2 y 1

1

=

2 3a

4

sin t cos t

dx

d2 y

(22 ) 2 4 2

1

=

= ( 2 )4 ( 2 ) =

\

3a

3a

dx 2 t = p 3a

4

dy

1

= y1 = 2 cos(2 sin 1 x )

dx

1 x2

2

(1 x2)y1 = 4(1 sin2(2sin1x)) = 4 4y2

2

(1 x2)2y1y2 + y1 (2x) = 8yy1

(1 x2)y2 xy1 + 4y = 0

57. (b) : x2 + y2 = 1 2x + 2yy = 0

2 + 2(yy + y2) = 0

yy + (y)2 + 1 = 0

f (x ) 2

=p

58. (b) : We have, lim 2

x 1 x 1

lim[ f (x ) 2] = p lim (x 2 1) = 0

x 1

x 1

lim f (x ) = 2

x 1

x100 x 99

x2

+

+ .... +

+ x +1

100 99

2

+ x98 + .... + x + 1

f (x) = x99

\ f (0) = 1

f ( 4) f ( x 2 )

x 2

x 2

0

0

= lim 2 x f (x 2 ) = 2 lim x f (x 2 )

x 2

x 2

p3 1

(1) + 3 5

24 2

p3 1 7 p3

=

+ + =

+4

24 2 2 24

\ The distance travelled by the particle between

p3

p3

t = 0 and t = p/2 is

+43=

+1

24

24

62. (d) : f (x) = sinx bx + c

f (x) = cosx b

Since f (x) is decreasing then f (x) < 0

i.e. cosx b < 0 i.e. b > cosx

i.e. b > 1 [Q the maximum value of cosx = 1]

63. (c) : Let the line ax + by + c = 0

... (i)

touches the curve xy = 4

2

i.e. xy = 22

... (ii) at the point 2t ,

t

When t = p/2, then x =

c

t

a

1

a

slope of (i) is

=

2

b

b

t

b

b

t2 = t2 > 0 \ > 0

a

a

i.e. either a > 0, b > 0 or a < 0, b < 0.

x

1

3

f = 0

2

Thus the function will be minimum at x = 3.

x +1

e x (x + 1)dx

dx =

65. (c) :

, Put xex = z

x(xe x + 1)2

xe x (1 + xe x )2

dz

=

z (1 + z )2

1

A

B

C

Let

= +

+

2

z 1 + z (1 + z )2

z (1 + z )

f (3) = 3 9 = 27 > 0

= 2 2f (4) = 2 2 5 = 20

1

1

61. (d) : Given that x = t 3 cos 2t + 3 5

3

2

1

When t = 0, then x = + 3 5 = 3

2

2

any point on a rectangular hyperbola xy = c is ct ,

dy

dy

y

x + y =0

=

dx

dx

x

2

1

dy

Now,

= t =

dx 2t , 2 2t

t2

f (0) = 27 < 0

f (x) = 0 gives x = 0, 3, 3/2

f (x) = (x 3)(2x 3)2 + x(2x 3)2 + 2x(x 3)(2x 3)2

Putting z = 0, we get A = 1

Putting z = 1, we get C = 1

Equating the co-efficient of z2 , we get

A + B = 0 B = A = 1

dz

dz

dz

dz

\

=

2 z

1+ z

z (1 + z )

(1 + z )2

= log

= log

z

1

+

1+ z 1+ z

xe x

1 + xe

1 + xe x

+c

(log x 1)

dx

66. (d) :

2

1 + (log x )

Putting loge x = z

1 + z 2 2z

e z dz = e z

dz

2 2

(1 + z 2 )2

(1 + z )

1

2z

= ez

dz

2

(1 + z 2 )2

1 + z

=

(z 1)2

ez

1+ z

+c =

+c

1 + (log e x )2

t2

2 5

67. (a) : x f (x )dx = t

5

0

Now differentiating both sides, we get

2

\

t 2 f (t 2 ) 2t = 5t 4

5

2

2 2

4

f = f =

25

5 5

4

f (t2) = t

2

= log 2 [ x ] + log 3 [ x ]

3

2

4

3

mathematics tODaY | april 15

49

p /3

p/ 4

p /3

p /6

p /6

p/ 4

p/ 4

p /6

= [sin x ]

p /3

p/ 4

+ [ cos x ]

1 1 1 1

1 1

= 2 1

=

+ +

= 2

2 2 2

2 2

2

70. (a) : Let the centre of the circle be (a, 0).

\ Its equation is

dy

(x a)2 + y2 = a2 x + y

= a ... (i)

dx

Also,

(x a)2 + y2 = a2 gives x2 2ax + y2 = 0 ... (ii)

From (i) and (ii), we get

dy

y 2 = x 2 + 2 xy

dx

71. (a, b, c, d) : Here,

1 + cos q 2 cos2 (q / 2)

1 + sec q =

=

cos q

cos q

1 + cos 2q 2 cos2 q

=

cos 2q

cos 2q

Similarly for others,

q

Now, tan (1 + sec q)(1 + sec 2q)(1 + sec 4q)....(1 + sec 2n q)

2

1 + sec 2q =

x R.

\ When x = 1, then from (i), we get y = 2.

So, x + y = 1 + 2 = 3

73. (a, c) : Let P be (x, y)

3l 5

\ x=

l +1

1

B(3, 5)

P(x, y)

A(5, 1)

5l + 1

and y =

l +1

Now, area of the triangle PQR is

1 3l 5

5l + 1

5l + 1

(5 2) + 1 2

+7

5

l +1

2 l +1

l +1

=

By the problem,

x2

a2

\ 2(2x + y) = 5x y + x + 2y

2x = y

(i)

Again, (x y)2 , (xy + 1), (y + 1)2 G.P.

(xy + 1)2 = (x y)2(y + 1)2

(ii)

Putting y = 2x in (ii), we get (x 1)(4x2 + x + 1) = 0

50

y2

b2

=1

y

sin q

p

p

f3 = tan 8 = 1 and so on.

32

32

P(acos, bsin)

cos (q / 2)

q

= tan 2n+1 (cos q cos 2q...cos 2n1 q)

2

cos 2n q

= ..........................................................

sin q

sin 2n q

=

2n

= tan 2n q

n

n

cos 2 q

2 sin q

\ fn(q) = tan2nq

p

p

So, f2 = tan 4 = 1

16

16

3l 21

=2

l +1

19

5

74. (b, c) : Let P(acosq, bsinq) be a point on

2n

2 sin q

cos 2n q

[on simplification]

l = 23 and l =

....

= tan

2

cos q

cos 2q

cos 2n q

3l 21

l +1

A S(ae, 0)

(a, 0)

x

S(ae, 0) A(a, 0)

ar (AA P ) ab sin q 1

=

=

ar (SS P ) abe sin q e

K > 1 as e < 1

K is only dependent on e.

F(x) = eax f(x)

F(0) = F(1) = 0 [Q f (0) = f (1) = 0]

Hence by Rolle's theorem, F(x) vanishes for c in (0, 1).

But F(x) = eax f (x) + a eax f (x)

= eax(f (x) + a f (x))

\ eac(f (c) + a f(c)) = 0

f (c) + a f (c) = 0, c (0, 1)

and a is arbitrary.

76. (c, d) : Let I = 1 + sin 2 x dx

= (sin x + cos x )2 = |sin x + cos x | dx

p 3p

Now, sin x + cos x = 2 sin x + > 0, x ,

4

4 4

\ I = (sin x + cos x )dx = sin x cos x + c

2 a a a b

79. (b, c) : (a b ) = (a b ) (a b ) =

b a b b

3p 7 p

Further sin x + cos x = 2 cos x < 0, x ,

4

4 4

\ I = (sin x + cos x )dx = cos x sin x + c

4 2

t

3

5

77. (b, d) : f (x ) = t (e 1)(t 1)(t 2) (t 3) dt

x(ex

2)3(x

3)5

\ f (x) =

1)(x 1)(x

x = 2, maximum ; x = 1, minimum

x

x(e x 1) = x 2 1 + + ....

2

x = 0 is an inflectional point.

3

2

3

2 = 64 48 = 16 = | a |2

1

3

P ( A B)

8

8

3

From (i), we get P ( A B) 1

4

and

3

4

... (i)

... (ii)

3

P ( A) + P (B) P ( A B) 1

4

As the minimum value of P(A B) = 1/8

1 3

\ P ( A) + P (B)

8 4

78. (b, c, d) :

4 2

16

1 3 7

P ( A) + P (B) + =

8 4 8

Again, the maximum value of P(A B) = 3/8, we get

A = xdy = ln y dy

e

1

a

a

x

x

Further, A = e 1 e dx = e e dx

3

P ( A) + P (B) 1

8

3 11

P ( A) + P (B) 1 + =

8 8

mm

51

isi

PRACTICE PAPER

Exam on :

10th May

* ALOK KUMAR, B.Tech, IIT Kanpur

PaRt a

triangle, and a circle of radius R is circumscribed about

the triangle. Then R/r equals

2+ 2

(a) 1 + 2

(b)

2

(c)

2 1

1+ 2

(d)

(e) 2(2 2 )

2. In the adjoining figure TP

T 4 P

and TQ are parallel tangents to

a circle of radius r, with T and T

r T

O

the points of tangency. PTQ is a

third tangent with T as point of

tangency. If TP = 4 and TQ = 9,

T 9

Q

then r is

(a) 25/6 (b) 6

(c) 25/4

(d) a number other than 25/6, 6, 25/4

(e) not determinable from the given information

3. In triangle ABC shown in the adjoining figure,

M is the midpoint of side BC, AB = 12 and AC = 16.

Points E and F are taken on AC and AB, respectively,

and lines EF and AM intersect at G. If AE = 2AF, then

EG

equals

GF

C

E

A

G

F

M

B

(a) 3/2

(b) 4/3

(c) 5/4

(d) 6/5

(e) Not enough information given to solve the

problem

4. In the adjoining figure, AB

is tangent at A to the circle with

center O; point D is interior to

the circle; and DB intersects

the circle at C. If BC = DC = 3,

OD = 2 and AB = 6, then the

radius of the circle is

15

9

(a) 3 + 3 (b)

(c)

2

(e)

22

(d) 2 6

a+c b+d

(c) A

if and only if MNPQ is a

2 2

rectangle

a+c b+d

(d) A

if and only if MNPQ is a

2 2

parallelogram

a +c b +d

(e) A

if and only if MNPQ is a

2 2

parallelogram

6

B

3

D

C 3

2

and QM, respectively, of quadrilateral MNPQ. If A is

the area of MNPQ, then

a+c b+d

(a) A =

if and only if MNPQ is a

2 2

convex

a+c b+d

(b) A =

if and only if MNPQ is a

2 2

rectangle

52

diagonal and a longest diagonal respectively, of a regular

nonagon (see adjoining figure), then

a

d

2

(c) d2 = a2 + ab + b2

(e) b2 = ad

a2

(b) d = +

a+d

(d) b =

2

f (x) + f (y) = f (x + y) xy 1

for every pair x, y of real number. If f (1) = 1, then the

number of integers n 1 for which f (n) = n is

(a) 0

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) 3

(e) Infinite

9. In DABC, E is the midpoint of side BC and D is

on side AC. If the length of AC is 1 and BAC = 60,

ABC = 100, ACB = 20 and DEC = 80, then the

area of DABC plus twice the area of DCDE equals

B

satisfy the system of equations below?

x2 3xy + 2y2 z2 = 31,

x2 + 6yz + 2z2 = 44, x2 + xy + 8z2 = 100.

(a) 0

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) A finite number greater than two

(e) Infinitely many

13. In DABC, M is the midpoint of side BC, AN bisects

BAC, BN ^ AN and q is the measure of BAC. If sides

AB and AC have lengths 14 and 19 respectively, then

length MN equals

A

14

B

80

D

1

cos 10

4

(b)

(c)

1

cos 40

4

(d)

20

3

8

1

cos 50

4

1

8

10. If b > 1, sin x > 0, cos x > 0 and logbsin x = a, then

logbcos x equals

(e)

(b)

1 a2

19

N

(a) 2

(b) 5/2

(c)

5

sin q

2

(e)

5 1 q

sin

2 2 2

(a)

a

(a) 2 logb

2

1

1

log (1 b2a )

2 b

(a) 0

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) 3

(e) 4

8.

60

(d)

b2

quadrilateral ABCD are extended past B, C, D and

A to points B, C, D and A. Also, AB = BB = 6,

BC = CC = 7, CD = DD = 8 and DA = AA = 9; and the

area of ABCD is 10. The area of ABCD is

(a) 20

(b) 40

(c) 45

(d) 50

(e) 60

100

{a1, a2, a3, ...} = {1, 3, 3, 3, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, ...} each positive

odd integer k appears k times. It is a fact that there are

integers b, c and d such that, for all positive integers n,

(a) d = a + b

(c) ba

(d)

5 1

sin q

2 2

a die. Alice begins; Bob always follows Alice; Carol

always follows Bob; and Alice always follows Carol.

Find the probability that Carol will be the first one to

toss a six. (The probability of obtaining a six on any toss

is 1/6, independent of the outcome of any other toss.)

(a) 1/3

(b) 2/9

(c) 5/18 (d) 25/91

(e) 36/91

15. Find the units digit in the decimal expansion of

(15 + 220 )19 + (15 + 220 )82

(a) 0

(b) 2

(e) None of these

(c) 5

(d) 9

53

segment AD, and AB, BC and CD are diameters of

circles O, N and P, respectively. Circles O, N and P all

have radius 15, and the line AG is tangent to circle P at

G. If AG intersects circle N at points E and F, then chord

EF has length

(b) 15 2

(a) 20

(c) 24

17. The adjoining figure is a map of part of a city: the

small rectangles are blocks and the spaces in between

are streets. Each morning a student walks from

intersection A to intersection B, always walking along

streets shown, always going east or south. For variety,

at each intersection where he has a choice, he chooses

with probability 1/2 (independent of all other choices)

whether to go east or south. Find the probability

that, on any given morning, he walks through

intersection C.

C

B

(a)

11

32

(b)

1

2

(c)

4

7

E

S

(d)

21

32

3

(e)

4

18. Suppose z = a + ib is a solution of the polynomial

equation

c4z4 + ic3z3 + c2z2 + ic1z + c0 = 0

where c0, c1, c2, c3, c4, a and b are real constants and

i2 = 1. Which one of the following must also be a

solution ?

(a) a ib

(b) a ib

(c) a + ib

(d) b + ia

(e) None of these

54

is it not possible to get a rearrangement (x1, x2, ..., xn) of

(1, 2, ....., n) such that all are distinct?

2. Let p(x) = x2 + ax + b be a quadratic polynomial

in which a and b are integers. Given any integer

n, show that there is an integer m such that

p(n)p(n + 1) = p(m).

3. Let AC and BD be two chords of a circle with

center O such that they intersect at right-angles inside

the circle at the point M. Suppose K and L are the midpoints of the chords AB and CD respectively. Prove that

OKML is a parallelogram.

(d) 25

PaRt B

(a) it reads the same from left to right as from right

to left,

(b) the sum of any 7 consecutive terms is 1 and

(c) the sum of any 11 consecutive terms is + 1.

5. I have six friends and during a certain vacation, I

met them during several dinners. I found that I dined

with all the six exactly on one day; with every five of

them on 2 days; with every four on 3 days; with every

three on 4 days : with every two on 5 days. Further

every friend was present at 7 dinners and every friend

was absent at 7 dinners. How many dinners did I have

alone?

6. In an examination 70% students of a class failed in

Tamil, 75% in English, 80% in Mathematics and 85%

in Science. What is the least percentage of the students

who failed in all four subjects?

7. Determine with proof, all the positive integers n

for which

(i) n is not the square of any integer and

3

(ii) [ n ] divides n2.

equal to x)

8.

x + y = 1 z, x3 + y3 = 1 z2.

points P and Q in a plane. Let a line passing through P

meet the circles C1 and C2 in A and B respectively. Let

Y be the midpoint of AB and QY meet the circles C1

and C2 in X and Z respectively. Show that Y is also the

midpoint of XZ.

located on the line segments AB, AC respectively so

that BX AB = IB2 and CY AC = IC2. Given that X, I, Y

are collinear, find the possible values of the measure of

angle A.

swimmers and 8 weight lifters and no one is all the

three. In a certain mathematics examination 6 students

got grades D or E. If the cyclists, swimmers and weight

lifters all got grade B or C, determine the number of

students who got grade A. Also, find the number of

cyclists who are swimmers.

soLUtioN

PART A

triangle, with BAC = 90 and AB = AC, inscribed in a

circle with center O and radius R. The line segment AO

has length R and bisects line segment BC and BAC.

A circle with center O lying on AO and radius r is

inscribed in DABC. The sides AB and AC are tangent

to the inscribed circle with points of tangency T and

T, respectively. Since DATO has angles 45 45 90

and OT = r, we have AT = r and O A = R r = r 2 .

R

Hence R = r + r 2 and

=1+ 2

r

A

T

B

O

O

AP AF

, so AP = 8.

=

16 2 AF

PTO = PTO = 90, we have DOTP @ DOTP. Similarly

DOTQ @ DOTQ. Letting x = TOP = POT and

y = TOQ = QOT, we obtain 2x + 2y = 180. But

this implies that POQ = x + y = 90. Therefore DPOQ

is a right triangle with altitude OT. Since the altitude

drawn to the hypotenuse of a right triangle is the mean

proportion of the segments it cuts, we have

4 r

=

or r = 6

r 9

M

a

EG

y

diagram. The desired ratio

is the same as

which

GF

x

we now determine. By the law of sines,

a

a

12

16

16

;

=

=

=

sin a sin q sin b sin(180 q) sin q

sin b 3 .

=

sin a 4

Moreover,

y

8

16

x

16

=

=

=

;

sin a sin d sin b sin(180 d) sin d

Hence,

Hence,

y

sin b 3

=2

=

x

sin a 2

C

E

d

A

AP AF

, that is,

=

AC AE

n + 1 elements. Show that

(i) Some two elements of A are relatively prime

(ii) Some two elements of A have the property that

one divides the other.

G b

c

B

OR

Join GB and GC. Triangle ABC is subdivided into six

smaller triangles whose areas are denoted by a, b, c,

d, e, f, as indicated in the diagram. Triangles AEG and

AFG have the common vertex A, so their areas are in

EG d

the ratio EG to GF. Thus

= , and this we now

GF a

calculate.

Triangles ACM and ABM have equal areas, so

d+e+f=a+b+c

Similarly f = c, and hence d + e = a + b by subtraction.

Let x be the length AF, so that AE = 2x, FB = 12 x,

EC = 16 2x. Then

b FB 12 x

e EC 16 2 x

=

=

and =

=

a FA

x

d EA

2x

mathematics today | april 15

55

Hence

12 x

12

a +b = a +

a=a

x

x

16 2 x

16

and d + e = d +

d =d .

2x

2x

Thus a + b = d + e becomes

12

16

d 3

a =d

or 3a = 2d , so =

x

2x

a 2

H

sinM = sinN = sinP = sinQ = 1,

i.e. if and only if MNPQ is a rectangle.

E

M

a point H; see the adjoining figure. The collinear points

A, G, M lie on sides (or their extensions) BF, FH, HB

of DFBH respectively. They also lie on extensions of

sides CE, EH, HC of DECH. We may therefore apply

Menelauss theorem and find

HG FA BM

HG EA CM

.

.

.

.

= 1,

=1

FG BA HM

EG CA HM

Since CM = BM and EA = 2FA, division of the first

equation by the second yields

EG

BA

12 3

=2

= 2. =

FG

CA

16 2

4. (e) : In the adjoining figure, E is the point of

intersection of the circle and the extension of DB, and

FG is the diameter passing through D. Let r denote the

radius of the circle.

Then, (BC)(BE) = (AB)2

3(DE + 6) = 36, DE = 6.

A

D

2

O

1

1

A = ab sin N + cd sin Q .

2

2

Similarly, dividing MNPQ with diagonal NQ yields

1

1

A = ad sin M + bc sin P

2

2

We show below that these two equations for A hold also

if MNPQ is not convex. Therefore, in any case,

a+c b+d

1

A (ab + cd + ad + bc) =

.

4

2

2

3 C 3

d

M

56

c

b

N

of quadrilateral MNPQ is greater than 180 as shown

in Figure 2, then A is the difference

Area of DMNP area of DMQP

1

1

so that A = ab sin N cd sin PQM

2

2

1

1

= ab sin N cd sin(360 MQP )

2

2

1

1

= ab sin N + cd sin MQP

2

2

6. (a) : 1st Solution: In the adjoining figure, sides PQ

and TS of the regular nonagon have extended to meet

at R and the circumscribed circle has been drawn. Each

360

side of the nonagon subtends an arc of

= 40 ;

9

1

therefore TPQ = STP = 3 40 = 60 .

2

Since QS || PT, it follows that both DPRT and DQRS

are equilateral. Hence

d = PT = PR = PQ + QR = PQ + QS = a + b.

R

63 = (r 2)(r + 2),

18 = r2 4, r = 22 .

5. (b) : If MNPQ is convex, then A is the sum of

areas of the triangles into which MNPQ is divided by

diagonal MP, so that

Q

b

P

d

O

r

a

r. Since the chords of lengths a, b, d subtend central

angles of 40, 80, 160 respectively, we have

a = 2rsin20, b = 2rsin40, d = 2rsin80.

By means of the identity

x+y

xy

sin x + sin y = 2 sin

cos

2

2

with x = 40, y = 20

we obtain sin40 + sin20 = 2 sin30 cos10.

Since sin30 = 1/2, this yields

sin40 + sin20 = cos10 = sin80,

and therefore b + a = d.

7. (d) : Since the length of base AAof DAAB is the

same as the length of base AD of DABD, and the

corresponding altitude of DAAB has twice the length

of the corresponding altitude of DABD.

Area DAAB = 2area DADB,

(Alternatively, we could let q be the measure of DAB

and odserve

1

Area DAA B = ( AD)(2 AB)sin(180 q)

2

1

2

area DCCD = 2 area DCBD,

area DDDA = 2 area DDCA.

Therefore, area ABCD

=(area DAAB + area DBBC) + (area DCCD

+ area DDDA) + area ABCD

= 2(area DABD + area DBAC) + 2(area DCBD

+ area DDCA) + area ABCD

= 5 area ABCD = 50.

C

7

8

8

D

B

7

6

B

6

9

equation and solve for the first term on the right side

to obtain

f(y + 1) = f (y) + y + 2.

Since f(1) = 1, one sees by successively substituting

y = 2, 3, 4, ... that f(y) > 0 for every positive integer.

Therefore, for y a positive integer,

f (y + 1) > y + 2 > y + 1,

the above equation for f(y) yields

f (y) = f (y + 1) (y + 2)

Successively substituting y = 0, 1, 2, ... into this

equation yields f(0) = 1, f(1) = 2, f (2) = 2,

f (3) = 1, f (4) = 1. Now f (4) > 0 and, for

y < 4, (y + 2) > 0. Thus, for y < 4, f (y) > 0.

Therefore, f (n) n for n < 4; and the solutions

n = 1, 2 are the only ones.

2nd Solution: We write the functional equation in the

form

f (x + y) f (y) = f (x) + xy + 1.

Setting x = 1 and using the given value f (1) = 1, we

find

f (y + 1) f (y) = y + 2

We now set y = 0, 1, 2, ..., n successively, then y = 0,

1, 2, ..., m successively, and obtain

f (1) f (0) = 2 (so f (0) = 1) f (0) f (1) = 1

f (2) f (1) = 3

f (1) f (2) = 0

.............................

.............................

f (n) f (n 1) = n + 1

f ((m 1)) f (m)

= (m 2).

Adding the set of equations in the left column and

cancelling like terms with opposite signs yields

n +1

i =1

1

k(k + 1) and using the value f(0) = 1, we obtain

2

f (n) + 1 =

(n + 1)(n + 2)

1

2

1

(1). f (n) = (n2 + 3n 2) for each non-negative integer n.

2

The same procedure applied to the column of equations

on the right above shows that equation (1) is valid also

for negative integers; thus (1) holds for all integers.

The equation f(n) = n is equivalent to

n2 + 3n 2 = 2n,

n2 + n 2 = (n + 2)(n 1) = 0,

n = 1 or n = 2;

So there is only one integer solution other than n = 1.

Remark: The computations involving the equations

in the right column above can be avoided by setting

y = x in the original equation to obtain

f (x) + f (x) = f(0) + x2 1,

or since f(0) = 1,

mathematics today | april 15

57

Let x be negative and substitute (1) in (2) to get

1 2

1

f (x ) = ( x )2 + 3( x ) 2 + x 2 2 = (x + 3x 2)

2

2

Thus negative integers as well as positive satisfy (1). In

fact, it is easy to check that the function

x 2 + 3x 2

2

satisfies the given functional equation for all real x and y.

Remark: The technique used in the second solution

is frequently applied to solve many commonly

occurring functional equations involving the expression

Df (x) = f (x + 1) f (x); Df (x) is called the first

difference of f(x) and behaves, in many ways, like the

first derivative f (x) of f (x). For example

f (x ) =

x2

+ 2x + c

2

x(x 1)

Df (x ) = x + 2 implies f (x ) =

+ 2x + c

2

where c is a constant. The study of functions by means

of Df (x) is called the theory of finite differences.

9. (b) : Let F be the point on the extension of side

AB past B for which AF = 1. Since AF = AC and

FAC = 60, DACF is equilateral. Let G be the point on

line segment BF for which BCG = 20. Then DBCG

is similar to DDCE and BC = 2(EC) . Also DFGC is

congruent to DABC.

f (x ) = x + 2 implies f (x ) =

F

G

B

100

60

E

80

D

20

+ area DBCG,

3

= 2 area (DABC ) + 4 area (DCDE )

4

here 2 + c = 1, so c = 1.

Now a2 = 3 = b[ 2 + c ] + d = b[ 1] + d = b + d .

to find b + d here, it is easy to see by setting n = 1 that

d = 1, and hence b = 2.)

Remark: The last member of the kth string of equal

terms occupies the position 1 + 3 + 5 +...+ (2k 1) =

k2 in the sequence. Its successor is a 2 = a 2 + 2 .

k +1

sin2x

14

b2a;

1

cos x = (1 b2a )1/2 ; logb cos x = logb (1 b2a )

2

11. (c) : The given information implies that an > an 1

if and only if n + c is a perfect square. Since a2 > a1

and a5 > a4, it follows that 2 + c and 5 + c are both

58

3

= area (DABC ) + 2 area (DCDE )

8

ba ;

2

Therefore, [ k + 1 + c ] [ k + c ] = = 1

b

so c = 1 and b = 2.

12. (a) : 1st Solution: If the last equation is multipled

by 3 and added to the first equation, we obtain

4x2 + 2y2 + 23z2 = 331.

Clearly, z2 is odd and less than 25, so z2 = 1 or 9. This

leads to the two equations

2x2 + y2 = 154 and 2x2 + y2 = 62

Both of which are quickly found to have no solutions.

Note that we made no use here of the second of the

original equations.

2 nd Solution: Adding the given equations and

rearranging the terms of the resulting equation yields

(x2 2xy + y2) + (y2 + 6yz + 9z2) = 175

or (x y)2 + (y + 3z)2 = 175

The square of an even integer is divisible by 4; the square

of an odd integer, (2n + 1)2 , has remainder 1 when

divided by 4. So the sum of two perfect squares can

only have 0, 1 or 2 as a remainder when divided by 4.

But 175 has remainder 3 upon division by 4, and hence

the left and right sides of the equation above cannot

be equal. Thus there are no integral solutions.

13. (b) : In the adjoining figure, BN is extended past

N and meets AC at E. Triangle BNA is congruent

to DENA. Since BAN = EAN, AN = AN and

ANB = ANE. Therefore N is the midpoint of BE,

and AB = AE = 14. Thus EC = 5. Since MN is the line

joining the midpoints of sides BC and BE of DCBE, its

1

5

length is (EC ) = .

2

2

2

14

N

M

kth toss is the product

probability that never a 6 was probability that a 6 is

tossed in the previous ( k -1)tosses tossed on the k th toss

5

=

6

k 1

1

.

6

sum of the probabilities that she will toss the first 6

on her first turn (3rd toss of the game), on her second

turn (6th toss of the game), on her third turn, etc.

This sum is

2

5 1 5 1

5

+ + ... +

6

6

6

6

6

3n 1

1

+ ...,

6

2

5 1

an infinite geometric series with first term a =

6 6

3

5

and common ratio r = . This sum is

6

52

52

25

a

63

=

=

=

3

3

3

91

1 r

5 6 5

1

63

a = 15 and b = 220. Then using the binomial theorem,

we may obtain

n n 2 n n 4

d1n + d2n = 2 an + a b + a b2 + ... ,

2

4

of b have been eliminated in this way, and since a and

d1n + d2n

is divisible by 10.

We now apply the above result twice, taking n = 19

and n = 82. In this way we obtain

k1 and k2 are positive integers. Adding and rearranging

these results gives

d119 + d219 = 10k1 and d182 + d282 = 10k2 ,

.

1

15 + 220 3

Therefore, d219 + d282 < 1 . It follows that the units digit

where k =k1 + k2. But d2 = 15 220 =

<

16. (c) : In the adjoining figure, MN is perpendicular

to AG at M, and NF and PG are radii.

Since DAMN ~ DAGP, it follows that

MN GP

MN 15

=

or,

=

AN

AP

45

75

Thus MN = 9. Applying the Pythagorean theorem

to triangle MNF yields (MF)2 = (15)2 92 = 144, so

MF = 12. Therefore EF = 24.

passes through C is the sum from i = 0 to 3 of the

probabilities that he enters intersection Ci in the

adjoining figure and goes east. The number of paths

2 + i

from A to Ci is

, because each such path has 2

2

eastward block segments and they can occur in any

order. The probability of taking any one of these paths

3 +i

1

to Ci and then going east is

because there are

2

3 + i intersections along the way (including A and Ci)

where an independent choice with probability 1/2 is

made. So the answer is

3 2 + i 1 3 + i

1 3 6 10 21

= + + +

=

.

2

2

8 16 32 64 32

i =0

C0

C1

C2

C3

C

B

respective probabilities, obtaining the values step-bystep as shown in the scheme to the right (the final 1

also serves as a check on the computations).

1

1

1

1

2

4

8

1

1

3

5

2

2

8 16

1

3

3

1

4

8

8

2

1

1

5

21

8

4 16

32

1

3

11

1

16 16 32

mathematics today | april 15

59

thirty-five paths leading from A to B through C are

equally likely; hence answer (c) is incorrect.

18. (c) : We recall the theorem that complex roots of

polynomials with real coefficients come in conjugate

pairs. Though not applicable to the given polynomial,

that theorem is proved by a technique which we can

use to work this problem too. Namely, conjugate both

sides of the original equation

0 = c4 z 4 + ic3 z 3 + c2 z 2 + ic1z + c0 ,

obtaining

0 = c4 z 4 ic3 z 3 + c2 z 2 ic1z + c0

= c4 ( z )4 + ic3 ( z )3 + c2 ( z )2 ic1 ( z ) + c0

That is, z = a + ib is also a solution of the original

equation. (One may check by example that neither

a bi nor a bi nor b + ai need be a solution.) For

instance, consider the equation z4 iz3 = 0 and the

solution z = i. Here a = 0, b = 1. Neither i nor 1 is

a solution. [Alternatively, the substitution z = iw into

the given equation makes the coefficients real and the

above quoted theorem applicable.

PART B

1. Suppose (x 1, x 2, ...., x n) is a rearrangement of

(1, 2, ..., n) such that |x1 1|, |x2 1|, ..., |xn 1| are all

distinct. Let us show that n 0 or 1 (mod 4). Now

n

...(1)

( xi i ) = 0

i =1

Since |x1 1|, |x2 2|, ..., |xn n| are all distinct,

they have to be a rearrangement of 0, 1, ..., n 1;

therefore,

n

| xi i | =

i =1

n(n 1)

2

...(2)

we have,

(n2 + an + b)((n + 1)2 + a(n + 1) + b)

= (n2 + tn + b)2 + a(n2 + tn + b) + b

Equating the coefficients of n3, we obtain t = a + 1.

Taking m = n2 + (a + 1)n + b, it can be routinely verified

that p(n)p(n + 1) = p(m) for all n N.

2nd Solution: Writing p(x) = (x + a)(x + b), we have

a + b = a and ab = b. Now

(n + a)(n + 1 + b) = n2 + (a + b + 1)n + ab + a

= n2 + (a + 1)n + b + a

Similarly (n + b)(n + 1 + a) = m + b

where m = n2 + (a + 1)n + b. Therefore

p(n)p(n + 1) = (n + a)(n + b) (n + 1 + a)(n + 1 + b)

= (m + a)(m + b) = p(m).

3. 1st Solution: Choose M as the origin. Let A, B,

C, D be (2a, 0), (0, 2b), (2c, 0), (0, 2d) respectively.

Then

AMMC = BMMD ac = bd

(in magnitude as well as in sign).

O being the intersection of the perpendicular bisectors

of AC and BD, is (a + c, b + d). Since K, L are (a, b),

a+c b+d

(c, d) respectively, the midpoint of KL is

,

2

2

which is also the mid-point of OM. Therefore OKML

is a parallelogram.

2nd Solution: Let R be the radius of the circle. Then

in DADB, AB = 2RsinADB.

Also in DCAD, CD = 2RsinCAD = 2RcosADB

(Q In DADM, ADB + CAD = 90). Therefore

AB2 + CD2 = 4R2.

1

Now, AK 2 + OK 2 = AO 2 AB2 + OK 2 = R2

2

D

n

i =1

i =1

| xi i | (xi i)(mod 2)

n(n 1)

is even.

2

Therefore 4|n(n 1); i.e., 4 divides either n or n 1.

Hence, it follows from (1) and (2) that

n with leading coefficient 1, m, if it exists, must be of

the form n2 + tn + s

Therefore p(0) p(1) = p(s)

b2 + ab + b = s2 + as + b

s2 b2 = a(b s)

(s b)(s + b) = a(b s) (s b)(s + a + b) = 0

60

O

A

KM

B

1

and therefore OK = CD = ML (Q In the right angled

2

triangle CMD, L is the mid-point of the hypotenuse).

Similarly OL = KM.

3rd Solution: Let KAM = q.

In DAKM, AK = KM AMK = q

\ AMK = 180 2q.

By similar argument, since

MDC = q, we get OLM = 90 2q. Further,

KML = KMA + AMD + DML = q + 90 + q

= 90 + 2q

Thus, three angles OKM, OLM, KML of OKML are

90 2q, 90 2q, 90 + 2q respectively; so the remaining

is 90 + 2q and hence OKML is a parallelogram.

4.

i =1

ak + ak + 1 + ... + ak + 6 = 1 = ak + 1 + .... + ak + 7

\ ak = ak + 7.

Similarly, by using (c), we have ak = ak + 11, for all

k 5. Thus by (a), (b) and (c), we have the following

data. For all i, j 16.

If i + j = 17 or |i j| = 7 or 11, then ai = aj.

Using this, we have

a1 = a8 = a15 = a4 = a11 = a6 = a13 = a2 = a9

= a16 = a5 = a12

and a3 = a10 = a7 = a14

Now using (b) and (c) for the first 7 and 11 terms

respectively, we get 5a1 + 2a3 = 1 and 8a1 + 3a3 = 1;

solving, we have a1 = 5 and a3 = 13. Thus the sequence

which satisfies our requirement is unique, viz,

5, 5, 13, 5, 5, 5, 13, 5, 5, 13, 5, 5, 5, 13, 5, 5.

5. For i = 1, 2, ....., 6. Let Ai(resp. Bi) be the set of

days on which ith friend is present (resp. absent) at

dinner given that

|Ai| = |Bi| = 7, |Ai Aj| = 5

|Ai Aj Ak| = 4, |Ai Aj Ak Al| = 3

|Ai Aj Ak Al Am| = 2

and |A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6| = 1

Where i, j, k, l, m vary from 1 to 6 and are distinct.

Number of dinners at which at least one friend was

present

= |A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6|

= | A1 | | Ai A j | + | Ai A j Ak |

| Ai A j Ak Al | + | Ai A j Ak Al Am |

| A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 |

6

6 6

6 6

6

= 7 5 + 4 3 + 2 1 = 13

1

2 3

4 5

6

The total number of dinners is |A1| + |B1| = 14. Hence

the number of dinners I had alone is 14 13 = 1.

S be the sets of students who passed in Tamil, English,

Mathematics and Science, respectively. Then the number

of students who failed in all subjects is

100 | T E M S | 100 (| T | + | E | + | M | + | S |)

= 100 (30 + 25 + 20 + 15) = 10

Note that equality holds when

|T E M S | = |T | + | E | + | M | + | S | ;

i.e., when these sets are pairwise disjoint.

7. Let [ n ] = k . Then k2 < n < (k + 1)2. Also since

k3 divides n2 , we have that k2 divides n2 and hence

k divides n. Thus the only possibilities for n are

n = k2 + k and n = k2 + 2k.

(i) Let n = k2 + k. Then

k3|n2 k3|(k2 + k)2 = k4 + 2k3 + k2

k3|k2 k = 1 i.e., n = 2.

(ii) Let n = k2 + 2k. Then

k3|n2 k3|(k2 + 2k)2 = k4 + 4k3 + 4k2

which implies that k3|4k2 or k|4. Therefore, k = 1, 2 or

4. When k = 1, 2, 4, we get the corresponding values 3,

8 and 24 for n. Thus n = 2, 3, 8 and 24 are all positive

integers satisfying the given conditions.

8. Eliminating z from the given set of equations, we

get

x3 + y3 + {1 (x + y)}2 = 1.

This factors to

(x + y)(x2 xy + y2 + x + y 2) = 0

Case-I: Suppose x + y = 0. Then z = 1 and (x, y, z) =

(m, m, 1), where m is an integer give one family of

solutions.

Case-II : Suppose x + y 0. Then we must have

x2 xy + y2 + x + y 2 = 0.

This can be written in the form

(2x y + 1)2 + 3(y + 1)2 = 12

Here there are two possibilities:

2x y + 1 = 0, y + 1 = 2;

or 2x y + 1 = 3, y + 1 = 1

Analysing all these cases, we get the following

solutions:

(0, 1, 0), (2, 3, 6), (1, 0, 0),

(0, 2, 3), (2, 0, 3), (3, 2, 6).

9. 1st Solution: Join PQ, BZ and AX.

In circle C2, we have ZBP = ZQP; and in circle C1, we

have PQX = PAX. Thus, we obtain ZBA = BAX.

(So BZ is parallel to AX.) The triangles AXY and BZY

are then congruent, because by hypothesis AY = YB

and angles AYX and YAX are respectively equal to BYZ

mathematics today | april 15

61

is what we want.

X

Y

A

C1

C2

is a tangent to the circle passing through A, X, I at I.

Hence

A

2

.... (1)

BI

BA

BAI, IBX is common and

. Consequently

=

BX

BI

the two triangles are similar, implying (1).]

A

Y

C

CIY = CAI =

62

A

2

A

.... (3)

2

From (1), (2), (3) and the fact that X, I, Y are collinear,

we obtain

A A

A

+ + 90 + = 180 .

2

2

2

BIC = 90 +

chords of a circle. If AB and CD are two chords of a

circle intersecting at O either internally or externally,

then AO OB = CO OD.

In the figure, AP and XQ are two chords of the circle

C1, intersecting externally at Y. So

AY YP = XY YQ

.... (1)

Similarly, BP and QZ are two chords of the circle C2

intersecting externally at Y. So

YP YB = YZ YQ.

.... (2)

The left hand side expressions of (1) and (2) are equal

because it is given that AY = YB. Therefore the righthand expressions are equal. This give, on cancelling

the factor YQ, the desired relation XY = YZ.

BIX = BAI =

It is known that

... (2)

{1, 2, 3, ..., 2n} some two of the n + 1 element must be

consecutive. But then any two consecutive integers are

relatively prime and we have the desired conclusion.

(ii) We give a proof by making use of the pigeon-hole

principle. Write each of the n + 1 numbers in the form

2pq, where q is an odd number and p a non negative

integer. What are the possible values of q ? Since the

numbers of A come from the set {1, 2, 3, ... 2n}, we

see that q can be any one of the n odd numbers 1, 3, 5,

7, ... (2n 1). As there are n + 1 numbers in A, there

are n + 1 values of q. Hence by the afore-mentioned

principle, for some two numbers a = 2 p1 q 1 and

b = 2p2 q2, we must have q1 = q2. Since a b, p1 is

either greater than p2 or less than p2. In the former case

b divides a, while in the latter case a divides b.

Remark : Strangely, this problem can be solved by

induction also.

12. Let S denote the set of all the 25 students in the

class, X the set of swimmers in S, Y the set of all weightlifters and Z the set of all cyclists. Since students in

X Y Z all get grades B and C and six students get

grades D or E, the number of students in X Y Z

25 6 = 19. Now assign one point to each of the 17

cyclists, 13 swimmers and 8 weight-lifters. Thus a total

of 38 points would be assigned among the students in

X Y Z . Note t h at n o s tu d e nt c an h ave

|X Y Z| 19 as otherwise 38 points cannot be

accounted for. (For example if there were only 18 student in

(X Y Z) the maximum number of points

that could be assigned to them is 36). Therefore

|X Y Z| = 19 and each students X Y Z is

in exactly 2 of the sets X, Y, Z. Hence the number of

student getting grade A = 25 19 6 = 0, i.e. no student

gets A grade. Since there are 19 8 = 11 students who

are not weight-lifters all these 11 students must be both

swimmers and cyclists. (Similarly there are 2 who are

both swimmers and weight-lifters and 6 who are both

cyclists and weight-lifters).

mm

EXAM ON

14th to 29th MAY

FULL LENGTH

BITSAT

PRACTICE PAPER

physics

1.

2.

3.

4.

plates has a capacitance of 9 pF. The separation

between its plates is d. The space between

the plates is now filled with two dielectrics.

One of the dielectrics has dielectric constant

K1 = 3 and thickness d/3 while the other one has

dielectric constant K2 = 6 and thickness 2d/3. Now

the capacitance becomes equal to

(a) 20.25 pF

(b) 1.8 pF

(c) 45 pF

(d) 40.5 pF

A large hollow metallic sphere A(of radius R) is

positively charged to a potential of 100 V and a

small sphere B (of radius R/5) is also positively

charge to a potential of 100 V. Now B is placed

inside A and they are connected by a wire. The

final potential of A will be

(a) 200 V

(b) 150 V

(c) 120 V

(d) none of these

A motor cycle starts from rest and accelerates along

a straight path at 2 m s2. At the starting point of

the motor cycle there is a stationary electric siren.

How far has the motor cycle gone when the driver

hears the frequency of the siren at 94% of its value

when the motor cycle was at rest?

(Speed of sound = 330 m s1).

(a) 49 m (b) 98 m (c) 147 m (d) 196 m

ABCDFPA is a network of three batteries of the

emfs E, 12 V and 4 V respectively and three

resistances 2 W, 4 W and 6 W connected as

shown in the figure. An ideal ammeter connected

between F and P shows a current reading of

0.5 A. Then the value of the emf E is

D

C

B

(a) 6 V

(b) 6.6 V

(c) 8 V

(d) 5.5 V

2

F

12 V

4V

6

A

5.

6.

100 cm metal rod M2 to form an L shaped single

piece. This piece is hung on a peg at the joint. The

two rods are observed to be equally inclined to

the vertical. If the two rods are equally thick, the

ratio of density of M1 to that M2 is

5

9

3

25

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

3

25

5

9

The path difference between two interfering waves

at a point on the screen is l/8. The ratio of the

intensity at this point and that at the central fringe

will be

(a) 0.853 (b) 8.53

(c) 85.3 (d) 85.

7.

large metal plate having surface charge density

2 106 C m2 . The distance from where the

electrons be projected so that it just fails to strike

the plate is

(a) 0.22 mm

(b) 0.44 mm

(c) 0.66 mm

(d) 0.88 mm

8.

two strings OA and OB as shown in figure. What

are the tensions in strings OA and OB?

(Take g = 10 m s2)

A

30

60

T1

120

90 T2

O 150

W = 10 N

(a) 5 N, zero

(c) 5 N, 5 3 N

9.

(b) zero, 5 3 N

(d) 5 3 N , 5 N

string in the positive x-direction at a speed of

10 cm s 1 . The wavelength of the wave is

mathematics today | april 15

63

time t, the snap-shot of the wave is shown in figure.

The velocity of particle P when its displacement

is 5 cm is

y

P

(a)

3p ^

j m s 1

50

(b)

3p ^ 1

jms

50

3p ^

3p ^

i m s 1

i m s 1

(d)

50

50

10. When a certain metallic surface is illuminated

with monochromatic light of wavelength l, the

stopping potential for photoelectric current is 3V0

and the stopping potential changes to V0 if it is

illuminated by light of wavelength 2l. Find the

threshold wavelength.

4l

(a) 6l

(b) 3

(c) 4l

(d) 8l

(c)

IV (Refer figure). The refractive index in regions

n n

n

I, II, III and IV are n0 , 0 , 0 and 0 , respectively.

2 6

8

The angle of incidence q for which the beam just

misses entering region IV is

Region I Region II Region III

n0

n0

6

2

n0

0

0.2 m

Region IV

n0

8

0.6 m

3

(a) sin 1

4

1

(b) sin 1

8

1 1

(c) sin

4

1

(d) sin 1

3

universal gravitational constant (G) are chosen

as fundamental quantities. The dimensions of

universal gravitational constant in the dimensional

formula of Planck's constant (h) is

(a) 0

(b) 1

5

(c)

(d) 1

3

64

a light inextensible string passing

T1

over a fixed frictionless pulley, the T1

tension T2 is

5 kg

(a) 24.5 N

4 kg

(b) 29.4 N

T2

(c) 18.6 N

3 kg

(d) 68.6 N

14. In a galvanometer 5% of the total current in the

circuit passes through it. If the resistance of the

galvanometer is G, the shunt resistance S connected

to the galvanometer is

G

G

(a) 19G (b)

(c) 20G (d)

20

19

15. For the circuit shown in figure,

3H

8

the ratio of the voltage across

the resistor to across the

inductor when the current

t=0

in the circuit is 2 A, is

36 V

(a) 0.4

(b) 1.6

(c) 0.8

(d) 1.8

16. In a Youngs double slit experiment the intensity

l

at a point where the path difference is (l being

6

the wavelength of light used) is I. If I0 denotes the

I

maximum intensity,

is equal to

I0

3

1

1

3

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

4

2

2

2

17. Two bars A and B of circular cross-section and of

same volume and made of the same material are

subjected to tension. If the diameter of A is half

that of B and if the force applied to both the rods

is the same and it is in the elastic limit, the ratio

of extension of A to that of B will be

(a) 16

(b) 8

(c) 4

(d) 2

18. A convex lens of focal length 0.15 m is made

of a material of refractive index 3/2. When it is

placed in a liquid, its focal length is increased by

0.225 m. The refractive index of the liquid is

3

7

9

5

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

2

4

4

4

19. A particle of mass m is moving in a circular

path of constant radius r such that its centripetal

acceleration ac is varying with time t as ac = k2rt2,

where k is a constant. The power delivered to the

particle by the forces acting on it is

(a) 2pmk2r2t

(b) mk2r2t

4 2 5

mk r t

(c)

(d) zero

3

pressure to that at constant volume is g. The change

in internal energy of one mole of gas when volume

changes from V to 2 V at constant pressure P is

(a)

R

(g 1)

(b) PV

(c)

PV

(g 1)

(d)

frequency is doubled and kinetic energy is halved,

its angular momentum becomes

L

(a) 2L

(b)

2

gPV

g 1

M N

, M and N being positive constants,

U=

r 6 r12

then the potential energy at equilibrium must be

(a) zero

(b)

M2

4N

(c)

N2

4M

and 147N are 28, 52, 90 and 98 MeV respectively.

Which of these are most stable?

(a) 42He (b) 73Li

(c) 126C

(d) 147N

(d)

MN 2

4

(a) ( A B) + C

(b) ( A B ) + C

(c) (A B) C

(d) ( A + B ) + C

series to a battery as shown in figure. Capacitor

2 contains a dielectric slab of constant K. Q1 and

Q2 are the charges stored in C1 and C2. Now, the

dielectric slab is removed and the corresponding

charges are Q1 and Q2. Then

L

4

27. The wavelength of the first spectral line in the

Balmer series of hydrogen atom is 6561 . The

wavelength of the second spectral line in the

Balmer series of singly-ionized helium atom is

(a) 1215

(b) 1640

(c) 2430

(d) 4687

(c) 4L

(d)

an unknown resistance X using a standard 10 ohm

resistor. The galvanometer shows null point when

tapping-key is at 52 cm mark. The end-corrections

are 1 cm and 2 cm respectively for the ends A and

B. The determined value of X is

X

10

(c) 10.8 ohm

Q K + 1

(a) 1 =

Q1

K

(c)

Q2 K + 1

=

Q2

2K

Q2 K + 1

=

(b)

Q2

2

(d)

Q1 K

=

Q1 2

planet in coplanar and concentric circular orbits of

radii R1 and R2 in the same direction respectively.

Their respective periods of revolution are 1 hour

and 8 hours. The radius of the orbit of satellite S1

is equal to 104 km. Their relative speed when they

are closest, in km h1, is

p

(a)

(b) p 104

10 4

2

(c) 2p 104

(d) 4p 104

(d) 11.1 ohm

compressed to 0.7 litre. Taking the initial

temperature to be T1, the work done in the process

is

9

9

3

15

RT1 (d) RT1

(a) RT1 (b) RT1 (c)

8

2

2

8

30. A ball of mass (m) 0.5 kg is attached to the end of

a string having length (L) 0.5 m. The ball is rotated

on a horizontal circular path about vertical axis.

The maximum tension that the string can bear is

324 N. The maximum possible value of angular

velocity of ball (in radian/s) is

(a) 9

L

(b) 18

(c) 27

m

(d) 36

mathematics today | april 15

65

a huge wall. The driver sounds a horn of frequency

165 Hz. If the speed of sound in air is 335 m s1, the

number of beats heard per second by a passenger

inside the bus will be

(a) 3

(b) 4

(c) 5

(d) 6

32. What will be the spring constant of the spring

system shown in the figure?

k

(a) 1 + k2

2

1

1

1

(b)

+

2k1 k2

1

1

(c)

+

2k1 k2

1

2 1

(d) +

k1 k2

is non-zero. This implies that

than 90.

than zero and 180.

34. The equation of a stationary wave is

px

y = 4 sin cos(96pt). The distance between a

15

node and its next antinode is

(a) 7.5 units

(b) 1.5 units

(c) 22.5 units

(d) 30 units

35. A rod of length l slides down along the inclined

wall as shown in figure. At the instant shown in

figure, the speed of the end P is v, then the speed

of Q will be

^

^

(3 i + 4 j). The velocity of image is

^

(a) 3 i + 4 j

(b) 3 i 4 j

(c) 3i

(d) 3 i + 4 j

at angle of 45 with a magnetic field that changes

uniformly from 0.1 T to zero in 0.7 seconds. The

induced current in the loop (its resistance is 1 W) is

(a) 1.0 mA

(b) 2.5 mA

(c) 3.5 mA

(d) 4.0 mA

38. The resistance of the wire in the platinum resistance

thermometer at ice point is 5 W and at steam point

is 5.25 W. When the thermometer is inserted in

an unknown hot bath its resistance is found to be

5.5 W. The temperature of the hot bath is

(a) 100C

(b) 200C

(c) 300C

(d) 350C

39. A ball is dropped from a bridge at a height of

176.4 m over a river. After 2 s, a second ball is

thrown straight downwards. What should be the

initial velocity of the second ball so that both hit

the water simultaneously?

(a) 2.45 m s1

(b) 49 m s1

1

(c) 14.5 m s

(d) 24.5 m s1

40. A flywheel rotates with a uniform angular

acceleration. Its angular velocity increases from

20p rad s1 to 40p rad s1 in 10 seconds. How

many rotations did it make in this period?

(a) 80

(b) 100

(c) 120

(d) 150

Chemistry

dP

dV

dP

dV

=

=+

(a)

(b)

P

V

P

V

d2P

d 2V

d2P

dV

=+

=

(d)

P

dt

P

dT

the product formed will be

(a) Br2

(b) HBr

(c) HBr and Br2

(d) HBr, Br2 and SO2

(c)

(a)

v cos a

cos b

(b) v cos b

cos a

(c)

v sin a

sin b

(d)

v sin b

sin a

negative x-axis. The mirror is moving parallel to

y-axis with a speed of 5 cm s1. A point object

66

respectively are

(a) L atm2 mol1 and mol L1

(b) L atm mol2and mol L

(c) L2 atm mol2 and mol1 L

(d) L2 atm1 mol1 and L mol2

negative sign are in the order

(a) B < C < N < O (b) B < C < O > N

(c) B < C > O > N (d) B > C < O < N

45. A dihalogen derivative X of a hydrocarbon with

three carbon atoms reacts with alcoholic KOH

and produces another hydrocarbon which forms

a red precipitate with ammoniacal Cu2Cl2. X gives

an aldehyde on reaction with aqueous KOH. The

compound X is

(a) 1,3-dichloropropane

(b) 1,2-dichloropropane

(c) 2,2-dichloropropane

(d) 1,1-dichloropropane

46. Which of the following compounds of phosphorus

contain POP bond?

I. Pyrophosphorous acid

II. Hypophosphoric acid

III. Metaphosphoric acid

IV. Orthophosphorous acid

(a) I only

(b) I and III only

(c) II and IV only (d) III only

47. The order of reactivity of various alkyl halides

towards nucleophilic substitution follows the order

(a) R I > R Br > R Cl > R F

(b) R F > R Cl > R Br > R I

(c) R Cl > R Br > R I > R F

(d) R Br > R I > R Cl > R F

48. A solution which is 103 M each in Mn2+, Fe2+,

Zn2+ and Hg2+ is treated with 1016 M sulphide

ion. If Ksp of MnS, FeS, ZnS and HgS are 1013,

1018, 1024 and 1053 respectively, which one will

precipitate first?

(a) FeS (b) MnS (c) HgS (d) ZnS

and the P O bond order respectively are

(a) 0.75, 1

(b) 2, 1.0

(c) 0.75, 1.25

(d) 3, 1.25

be expected to have the highest second ionisation

enthalpy?

(a) V

(b) Cr

(c) Mn (d) Fe

52. The mass of molecule A is twice the mass of

molecule B. The rms speed of A is twice the rms

speed of B. If two samples of A and B contain

same number of molecules, the ratio of pressures

of two samples A and B in separate containers of

equal volume is

(a) 8

(b) 4

(c) 16

(d) 2

53. For the following reaction occurring in an

automobile

2C8H18(g) + 25O2(g) 16CO2(g) + 18H2O(g); the

sign of DH, DS and DG would be

(a) , +, +

(b) +, +,

(c) +, , +

(d) , +,

54. Which of the following polymer is stored in the

liver of animals?

(a) Amylose

(b) Cellulose

(c) Amylopectin

(d) Glycogen

55. Which complex is likely to show optical activity?

(a) trans-[Co(NH3)4Cl2]+

(b) [Cr(H2O)6]3+

(c) cis-[Co(NH3)2(en)2]3+

(d) trans-[Co(NH3)2(en)2]3+

56. The van der Waals constants for four gases P, Q,

R and S are 4.17, 3.59, 6.71 and 3.8 atm L2 mol2.

Therefore, the ascending order of their liquefaction

is

(a) R < P < S < Q (b) Q < S < R < P

(c) Q < S < P < R (d) R < P < Q < S

57. Which of the following will not reduce Tollens

reagent?

different groups in the given amino acid is

(c) X > Y > Z

(d) Y > X > Z

(Cr), manganese (Mn) and iron (Fe) are 23, 24,

(b) (Y) only

(c) Both (X) and (Y)

(d) Neither (X) nor (Y)

mathematics today | april 15

67

transition metals in the following complexes are

respectively

[Fe(H 2 O) 6 ] 3+ , [Co(NH 3 ) 6 ] 3+ , [Ni(CN) 4 ] 2 ,

[Ni(CO)4]

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

d2sp3,

sp3d2,

sp3d2,

d2sp3,

d2sp3, sp3, dsp2

d2sp3, dsp2, sp3

sp3d2, sp3, dsp2

ozonolysis gives a compound Q which undergoes

aldol condensation giving 1-acetylcyclopentene.

The compound P is

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

diameter 104 cm and velocity 104 cm s1. If the

error in measurement of velocity is 0.1% then

the uncertainty in its position is

(a) 5.57 1010 cm (b) 5.27 106 m

(c) 5.27 106 cm (d) 5.27 1010 m

61. The solubility of sulphates in water down the IIA

group follows the order

Be > Mg > Ca > Sr > Ba.

This is due to

(a) increase in melting point

(b) increasing molecular mass

(c) decreasing lattice energy

(d) high heat of solvation of smaller ions.

62. The correct order of ionic radii of Y3+, La3+, Eu3+

and Lu3+ is

(a) Y3+ < La3+ < Eu3+ < Lu3+

(b) Y3+ < Lu3+ < Eu3+ < La3+

(c) Lu3+ < Eu3+ < La3+ < Y3+

(d) La3+ < Eu3+ < Lu3+ < Y3+

63. The compound that does not give iodoform test

is

(a) ethanol

(b) ethanal

(c) methanol

(d) propanone.

64. A hexapeptide has the composition Ala, Gly,

Phe, Val. Both the N-terminal and C-terminal

units are Val. Cleavage of the hexapeptide by

chemotrypsin gives two different tripeptides,

68

Among the products of random hydrolysis,

one is Ala-Val dipeptide fragment. What is the

primary structure of the hexapeptide?

(a) Val-Gly-Phe-Val-Ala-Val

(b) Val-Ala-Phe-Val-Gly-Val

(c) Val-Gly-Ala-Val-Phe-Val

(d) Val-Phe-Val-Ala-Gly-Val

65. Four electrons, identified by quantum numbers

n and l (i) n = 4, l = 1; (ii) n = 4, l = 0;

(iii) n = 3, l = 2; (iv) n = 3, l = 1 can be placed

in order of increasing energy, from the lowest to

highest, as

(a) (iv) < (ii) < (iii) < (i)

(b) (ii) < (iv) < (i) < (iii)

(c) (i) < (iii) < (ii) < (iv)

(d) (iii) < (i) < (iv) < (ii)

66. Which of the following unit cells is most

unsymmetrical?

(a) Triclinic

(b) Orthorhombic

(c) Monoclinic

(d) Hexagonal

67. Which of the following amides will not undergo

Hofmann bromamide reaction?

(a) CH3CONH2

(b) CH3CH2CONH2

(c) C6H5CONH2

(d) CH3CONHCH3

68. Two weak acid solutions HA1 and HA2 each with

the same concentration and having pKa values 3

and 5 are placed in contact with hydrogen electrode

(1 atm, 25C) and are interconnected through a

salt bridge. The emf of the cell is

(a) 0.21 V

(b) 0.059 V

(c) 0.018 V

(d) 0.021 V

69. The maximum number of isomers for an alkane

with the molecular formula C5H12 is

(a) 2

(b) 5

(c) 4

(d) 3

70. Which of the following pairs consists of species

with same bond order?

(a) C2, O2

(b) N2, O2

(c) B2, F2

(d) Both (a) and (c).

71. The number of d-electrons in Fe2+ is not equal to

that of the

(a) p-electrons in Cl (b) s-electrons in Fe3+

(c) s-electrons in Mg

(d)p-electrons in Ne.

72. Orlon is a polymer of

(a) styrene

(b) tetrafluoroethylene

(c) vinyl chloride (d) acrylonitrile.

test of nitrogen will fail?

(a) H2NCONH.NH2.HCl

(b) H2NNH2.2HCl

(c) H2NCONH2

(d) C6H5 N N C6H5

74. Which of the following arrangements represent

increasing oxidation number of the central atom?

(a) CrO2, ClO3, CrO42, MnO4

(b) ClO3, CrO42, MnO4, CrO2

(c) CrO2, ClO3, MnO4, CrO42

(d) CrO42, MnO4, CrO2, ClO3

75. What is the value of 1/n, in Freundlich adsorption

isotherm?

(a) Between 2 and 4 in all cases

(b) Between 0 and 1 in all cases

(c) 1 in case of chemisorptions

(d) 1 in case of physical adsorption

76. According to IUPAC system, what is the correct

name of the compound [Cr(NH3)3(H2O)3]Cl3?

(a) Triamminetriaquachromium(III) chloride

(b) Triamminetriaquachromium chloride(III)

(c) Tetraammoniumtriaquachromium(III)

chloride

(d) None of the above.

77. The relative ease of dehydration of alcohols follows

following order

(a) tertiary > secondary > primary

(b) primary > secondary > tertiary

(c) secondary > tertiary > primary

(d) tertiary > primary > secondary.

78. 45 g of ethylene glycol (C2H6O2) is mixed with

600 g of water, what is the depression of freezing

point?

(a) 7.9 K

(b) 2.5 K

(c) 6.6 K

(d) 2.2 K

79. The concentration of hydrogen ion in a sample of

soft drink is 3.8 103 M. What is its pH?

(a) 3.84

(b) 2.42

(c) 4.44

(d) 1.42

80. A metal M readily forms water soluble sulphate

MSO4, water insoluble hydroxide M(OH)2 and

oxide MO which becomes inert on heating. The

hydroxide is soluble in NaOH. The metal M is

(a) Be

(b) Mg

(c) Ca

(d) Sr

mathematiCs

x2 + bx + c = 0, where c < 0 < b, then

(a) 0 < a < b

(b) a < 0 < b < |a|

(c) a < b < 0

(d) a < 0 < | a | < b

82. Let z and w be two complex numbers such that

|z| 1, |w| 1 and |z i w | = |z + iw|= 2 then

z equals

(a) 1 or i

(b) i or i

(c) 1 or 1

(d) i or 1

83. If a, b, c, d are positive real numbers such that

a + b + c + d = 2, then M = (a + b) (c + d) satisfies

the relation

(a) 0 < M 1

(b) 1 M 2

(c) 2 M 3

(d) 3 M 4

84. If Cr stands for nCr, then the sum of the series

n n

2 ! !

2 2

n

2

2

2

C0 2C1 + ............ + (1) (n + 1) Cn

n!

where n is an even positive integer, is equal to

(a) 0

(c) (1)n (n + 2)

n

2

(b) ( 1) (n + 1)

(d) none of these

p = number of words that do not begin with M and

q = number of words which begin with M but do

not end with Y, then p : q =

(a) 25 : 4

(b) 4 : 25

(c) < 0

(d) none of these

n

r =1

r =1

2

(a) n

(c)

(b)

n(n +1)

2

3 8

87. If A = 0

then l =

(a) 12

(c) 2

n

2

0

3

3

0 and |adj(adjA)| = l l ,

1

3

4

(b) 4

(d) none of these

mathematics today | april 15

69

q

tan

0

2

88. If A =

and I be unit matrix

tan q

2

cos q sin q

of order 2, then (I A)

=

sin q cos q

(a) I

divisible by 5 be p1 and p2 respectively, then

(a) p1 = p2

(b) p1 < p2

(c) p1 > p2

(d) Nothing can be said

a2 + 1 cos2 x

a2

+

= 0 has atleast one

cos 2 x

1 cot2 x

real solution of x then a lies in

(a) (1, 1)

(b) [1, 1]

(c) {0}

(d) none of these

90. If

91. If f (x ) =

cos x

is defined then x

1

(a) np p , np + p (b) np + , np + tan 2

2

2

p

p

(c) R np + , np + tan 1 2 np

4

2

(d) none of these

92. Find the general solution for

|sinq cos2q| |sin2q 3sinq + 3| + 4 |1 sinq|.

(a) np ; nI

(b) 2np ; nI

p

(c) (4n + 1) ; n I (d) none of these

2

(5x 1)3

,x0

x2

x

93. If f (x) = sin log 1 +

is continuous

a

3

9(log 5)3

,x=0

e

(a) 3

(b) 2

(c) 1

(d) None of these

1

94. If f (x )sin x cos x dx =

log (f(x)) + c,

2

2(b a2 )

then f (x ) dx equals

1

a tan x

a tan x

(a)

(b) ab tan1

tan 1

b

b

ab

(c)

70

1

1

b tan x

bx

(d)

tan 1

tan 1 tan

a

a

ab

ab

denotes the greatest integer function, then

p/2

p

4

p sin x g 2 dx equals

(a)

p2

16

(b)

p2

8

(c)

3 p2

16

(d)

3 p2

32

x2 + y2 4x + 6y 3 = 0 and x2 + y2 + 16x + 6y + 37 = 0 is

(a) (8, 3)

(b) (2, 3)

(c) (2, 3)

(d) None of these

97. The co-ordinates of the point on the parabola

y = x2 + 10x + 3 which is nearest to the straight line

y = 4x 7 are

(a) (3, 18)

(b) (18, 3)

(c) (3, 18)

(d) (18, 3)

98. The equation of the plane through the line of

+ 2 = 0 and ^ to r (i + j + 2k ) + 9 = 0 is

(a) r (5i + j + 2k ) = 7

(b) r (5i + j + 2k ) = 7

(c) r (5i j 2k ) = 7

(d) None of these

p

with

c = g1 i + g 2 j + g 3 k , |a | = 2 2 makes angle

a1 a2

p

is , then b1 b2

6

g1 g 2

a3

b3

g3

is equal to (n is even

natural number).

n

n/2

3 |b ||c |

|b ||a |

(a)

(b)

23

n/2

|b ||c |

(c)

(d) none of these

3 2n

100. The mean value of the numbers

30

30

30

C0 30 C2

C20 30 C21

C30

equals

,

,....,

,

,....,

1

3

21

22

31

31

(a) 2

31

213

(c)

31

(b)

413

31

71

following statement:

P : There is a rational number x S such that x > 0.

Which of the following statements is the negation

of the statement P ?

(a) There is a rational number x S such that

x 0.

(b) There is no rational number x S such that

x 0.

(c) Every rational number x S satisfies x 0.

(d) x S and x 0 x is not rational.

102. The area bounded by the curves y = cosx and

3p

y = sinx between the ordinates x = 0 and x =

is

2

(a) 4 2 2

(b) 4 2 + 2

(c) 4 2 1

(d) 4 2 + 1

103. Solution of the differential equation

cos x dy = y(sin x y)dx, 0 < x < p/2 is

(a) sec x = (tan x + c)y (b)y sec x = tan x + c

(c) y tan x = sec x + c

(d)tan x = (sec x + c)y

104. Let X = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}. The number of different

ordered pairs (Y, Z) that can be formed such that

Y X, Z X and Y Z is empty, is

(a) 25

(b) 53

(c) 52

(d) 35

f (q)

105. If p = sin(cot1x), q = cot(sin1x) and p2 =

1 + f (q)

then f(x) =

1

(a) x2 + 1

(b) 2

x

(c) x2 1

(d) none of these

2 (r 2 + r )x

1

106. If cot 1 +

= tan a, then a =

2

r =1

x

(a) x/2

(b) 2/x

(c) 2x

(d) none of these

f(x) = x 2 + bx b at the point (1, 1) and the

coordinate axes, lies in the first quadrant. If its

area is 2, then the value of b is

(a) 1

(b) 3

(c) 3

(d) 1

a +1

108. If f (a) =

dx

a 1 1 + x

(a) at a = 0

(b) at one value of a only

(c) at two values of a one in (1,0) and the other

in (0,1)

(d) at no value of a.

72

0

t [1, 2], then g(2) satisfies the inequality

(a)

1

3

g(2)

2

2

3

5

(d) 2 < g(2) < 4

< g(2)

2

2

110. Solution of the equation

(c)

f ( y / x)

x dy = y + x

dx is

f

( y / x )

x

(a) f = cy

y

y

(c) f = cxy

x

y

(b) f = cx

x

(d) f y = 0

x

day respectively. Tailor P can stitch 6 shirts and

3 trousers while tailor Q can stitch 7 shirts and 3

trousers per day. How many days should each of

them work, if it is desired to produce at least 51

shirts and 24 trousers at a minimum labour cost?

(a) Minimize Z = 350x + 450y

Subject to, 6x + 7y 51, 3x +3y 24, x 0, y 0

(b) Minimize Z = 350x + 450y

Subject to, 6x + 7y 51, 3x +3y 24, x 0, y 0

(c) Minimize Z = 350x + 450y

Subject to, 6x + 7y 51, 3x +3y 24, x 0, y 0

(d) Minimize Z = 350x + 450y

Subject to, 6x + 7y 51, 3x +3y 24, x 0, y 0

112. The corner points of the feasible region determined

by the system of linear constraints are (0, 10), (5, 5),

(15, 15), (0, 20). Let Z = px + qy, where p, q > 0.

Condition on p and q so that the maximum of Z

occurs at both the points (15, 15) and (0, 20) is

(a) p = q

(b) p = 2 q

(c) q = 2 p

(d) q = 3 p

99

, then

12

the standard deviation of 3, 6, 9, 12, , 30 is

(a)

297

4

(b)

3

33

2

(c)

3

99

2

(d)

99

12

The mean marks of the girls is 55 and the mean

marks of the boys is 50. What is the percentage

of girls in the class ?

(a) 60% (b) 40%

(c) 50% (d) 45%

115. Find the solution set of

p

2

p 5p

(b) ,

16 16

p 5p

(a) ,

12 12

p 3p

(c) ,

10 10

pe

116. If log

p /e

(a) p

x

1

dx = a 1 , then a =

e

p

(b) 2p

1

(d) None of these

p

117. If x = 1 + a + a2 + ... , y = 1 + b + b2 + ... ,

z = 1 + c + c2 + ... ; a, b, c are in A.P. (where |a|,

|b|, |c| < 1) then xy, zx, yz are in

(a) A.P.

(b) G.P.

(c) H.P.

(d) None of these

(c)

(a) 4

(b) 8p

(c) 8

(d) None of these

2 (r 2 + r )x

1

119. If cot 1 +

= tan a, then a =

2

r =1

x

2

x

(a)

(b)

x

2

(c) 2x

(d) None of these

p

3p

120. If < a < , the modulus and argument form of

2

2

(1 + cos2a) + i sin 2a is

(b) 2cos a[cos a + i sin a]

(c) 2cos a[cos(a) + i sin (a)]

(d) 2cos a[cos(a p) + i sin(a p)]

121. A quadratic equation f(x) = ax 2 + bx + c = 0

(a 0) has positive distinct roots reciprocal of

each other. Which one is correct?

(a) f (1) = 0

(b) af (1) < 0

(c) af (1) > 0

(d) nothing can be said about af (1)

is fractional part of x) is

2p

(a)

(b) 2p

3

p

(c)

(d) does not exist

6

123. Assuming the balls to be identical except for

difference in colours, the number of ways in which

one or more balls can be selected from 10 white,

9 green and 7 black balls is

(a) 630 (b) 879

(c) 880 (d) 629

124. If 12Pr = 11P6 + 611P5, then r =

(a) 7

(b) 5

(c) 6

(d) 4

x 2 2 2kx + 2e 2 log k 1 = 0 is 31, then the roots

of the equation are real for k =

(a) 4

(b) 1

(c) 4

(d) 0

(english & logical reasoning)

more difficult it ........ to breathe.

(a) Is becoming

(b) Became

(c) Has become

(d) Becomes

Direction : In the following sentence, choose the word

opposite in meaning to the bold word to fill in the

blanks.

127. Absolute control of the firm is what he wanted,

but he ended up with ......... powers.

(a) complex

(b) limited

(c) little

(d) few

Pick up the correct synonym

128. Timid

(a) Veteran

(c) Cowardly

(b) Fearful

(d) Plucky

alternatives, choose the one which can be substituted

for the given words/sentence.

129. A light sailing boat built especially for racing

(a) Yacht

(b) Frigate

(c) Dinghy

(d) Canoe

Direction : In the given question, a word has been

written in four different ways out of which only one is

correctly spelt. Find the correctly spelt word.

130. (a) Temperature

(c) Tempereture

(b) Tamperature

(d) Temparature

mathematics today | april 15

73

part of the sentence has an error.

131. If you are great at ideas but not very good at getting

into

(a) / the nitty gritty

(b) / of things and implementing them, then you

work on a team

(c) / that has someone who can implement

(d)

Directions (Question 132 134) : Read the passage

and answer the following questions.

The low unit of gas is a real temptation to anyone

choosing between gas and electrical processes. But

gas-fired processes are often less efficient, require

more floor space, take longer and produce more

variable product quality. The drawbacks negate

the savings many businesses believe they make.

By contrast, electricity harnesses a unique range

of technologies unavailable with gas. And many

electric processes are well over 90 percent efficient,

so far less energy is wasted with benefits in terms

of products quality and overall cleanliness, it can

so often be the better and cheaper choice. Isnt

that tempting?

132. The passage can be described as

(a) An advertisement for electricity and its

efficiency

(b) An extract from a science journal

(c) An account of the growth of technology

(d) An appeal not to use gas.

133. What does the writer mean by variable quality?

(a) The quality of the products cannot be

assessed

(b) Products from gas-fired processes are

inefficient

(c) The kind of products vary from time to time

(d) The quality of the products is not uniform.

134. E le c t r icit y har ness es a unique range of

technologies - What does the writer mean?

Electricity

(a) Has developed new technologies

(b) Ensures p ower for ele c t r icit y and its

efficiency

(c) Depends on new kinds of technology

(d) Makes use of several technologies.

Direction : In the following question, choose the

alternative which can replace the word printed in bold

without changing the meaning of the sentence.

74

(a) Chest

(b) Throat

(c) Stomach

(d) Molars

Directions (Question 136 140) : In each of the

following questions, a sentence is given with a blank to

be filled in with an appropriate word. Four alternatives

are suggested for each question. Choose the correct

alternative.

136. He did not register his ........ to the proposal.

(a) Disfavour

(b) Dissent

(c) Deviation

(d) Divergence

137. Will you, like the ........ gentleman and solider you

are, leave at once before he finds you here?

(a) Chivalrous

(b) Luminous

(c) Barbarous

(d) Ostentatious

138. In these days of inflation, the cost of consumer

goods is ........

(a) Climbing

(b) Raising

(c) Ascending

(d) Soaring

139. The Committees appeal to the people for money

........ little response.

(a) Gained

(b) Provided

(c) Evoked

(d) Provoked

140. The manager tried hard to ........ his men to return

to work before declaring a lockout.

(a) Encourage

(b) Permit

(c) Motivate

(d) Persuade

Direction : In the question, two figures are given to the

left of the sign : : and one figure to the right of the sign :

: with four alternatives under it out of which one of the

alternatives has the same relationship with the figure to

the right of the sign : : as between the two figures to the

left of the sign (: :). Find the correct alternative.

141.

(c)

(d)

(a)

(b)

Direction : In the following question, three words are

given. They are followed by four words one of which

stands for the class to which these three words belong.

Identify that word.

(a) Intent

(b) Interview

(c) Intelligent

(d) Institute

given followed by four other words, one of which cannot

be formed by using the letters of the given word. Find

this word.

from amongst the four answer figures that can be formed

from the cut-out pieces given in the question.

150.

143. INTELLIGENCE

(a) NEGLECT

(b) GENTLE

(c) INCITE

(d) CANCEL

Direction : In the following question a piece of paper

is folded as shown below and a cut is made as marked.

How would the paper look like when unfolded?

144.

(a)

(b)

(d)

(c)

Direction : In the given letter sequence some letters are

missing which are given in that order as one of the four

alternatives under it. Find out the correct one from the

responses (a), (b), (c), and (d) given under it.

145. b ab ab a ca c bc b a c

(a) a a c b

(b) b b c a

(c) c c b a

(d) c b a c

Direction : Complete the following series.

146.

6

8

9

12

14

(a) 19

(b) 21

(c) 23

(d) 25

Direction : Find odd one out.

18

(b) OPQ

(c) ILT

(d) GHC

Direction : One of the words given in the alternatives

cannot be formed by using the letters of the given word

in the question. Find out that word.

148. TEACHERS

(a) REACH

(b) SEARCH

(c) CHAIR

(d) CHEER

Direction : Find out the number from amongst the

four alternatives that can replace the question mark (?)

as given in a cell of the matrix.

149.

?

21

1

20

(a) 2

(c) 4

1

22

2

23

2

40

5

43

(b) 3

(d) 5

1.

(d)

6.

(a)

11. (b)

16. (a)

21. (b)

26. (d)

31. (c)

36. (a)

41. (a)

46. (b)

51. (b)

56. (c)

61. (d)

66. (a)

71. (a)

76. (a)

81. (b)

86. (a)

91. (c)

96. (c)

101. (c)

106. (b)

111. (b)

116. (b)

121. (b)

126. (d)

131. (c)

136. (b)

141. (c)

146. (b)

2.

7.

12.

17.

22.

27.

32.

37.

42.

47.

52.

57.

62.

67.

72.

77.

82.

87.

92.

97.

102.

107.

112.

117.

122.

127.

132.

137.

142.

147.

(c)

(b)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(b)

(a)

(d)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(b)

(d)

(d)

(a)

(c)

(b)

(c)

(c)

(a)

(c)

(d)

(a)

(d)

(b)

(b)

(a)

(a)

(c)

answer keys

3.

8.

13.

18.

23.

28.

33.

38.

43.

48.

53.

58.

63.

68.

73.

78.

83.

88.

93.

98.

103.

108.

113.

118.

123.

128.

133.

138.

143.

148.

(b)

(c)

(a)

(b)

(c)

(b)

(d)

(b)

(c)

(c)

(d)

(c)

(c)

(b)

(b)

(d)

(a)

(b)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(a)

(b)

(c)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(d)

(d)

(c)

4.

9.

14.

19.

24.

29.

34.

39.

44.

49.

54.

59.

64.

69.

74.

79.

84.

89.

94.

99.

104.

109.

114.

119.

124.

129.

134.

139.

144.

149.

(b)

(a)

(b)

(b)

(b)

(a)

(a)

(d)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(a)

(a)

(d)

(a)

(b)

(d)

(a)

(a)

(b)

(d)

(a)

(a)

(b)

(c)

(a)

(b)

(c)

(a)

(a)

5.

10.

15.

20.

25.

30.

35.

40.

45.

50.

55.

60.

65.

70.

75.

80.

85.

90.

95.

100.

105.

110.

115.

120.

125.

130.

135.

140.

145.

150.

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(d)

(b)

(d)

(d)

(a)

(c)

(c)

(a)

(d)

(b)

(a)

(a)

(c)

(c)

(b)

(a)

(b)

(a)

(d)

(c)

(a)

(b)

(d)

(c)

(a)

4 April

10 11 April

AIPMT

8 19 April

VITEEE

10 May

COMED K

18-19 April

WB JEE

16 May

UPSEAT

19 April

MGIMS

24 May

JEE Advanced

20-21April

Kerala PET

1 June

AIIMS

22-23 April

Kerala PMT

7 June

JIPMER

75

PracTicE PaPEr

for OnlinE TEsT

Exam on 10th &11th April

r =1

of |x| =

(a) 22

(b) 24

(c) 26

(d) 28

2. Let f (x) = x2 bx + c, b is an odd positive integer,

f (x) = 0 has two prime numbers as roots and

b + c = 35. Then the global minimum value of the

function f (x) is

183

81

173

81

(a) (b)

(c) (d)

4

4

16

4

3. Maximum value of log5(3x + 4y), if x2 + y2 = 25 is

given by

(a) 2

(b) 3

(c) 4

(d) 5

4. Statement-1 : [a b c ]r = [r b c ]a + [r c a]b + [r a b ]c

Statement-2 : (r a ) (b c ) = [r a c ]b - [r a b ]c .

Also (r a ) (b c ) = [r b c ]a - [ a b c ]r

(a) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true:

statement-2 is a correct explanation for

statement-1

(b) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true:

statement-2 is NOT a correct explanation for

statement-1

(c) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is false

(d) Statement-1 is false, statement-2 is true

5. The coefficient of x6 in the expansion of

2

x x2 x3 x 4 x5

+

+

+ is given by

1 + +

1! 2 ! 3 ! 4 ! 5 !

(a)

2

15

(b)

4

15

(c)

31

360

(d)

2

45

1

6. If f : R R is defined by f (x ) = x - [x] - x R,

2

where [x] denotes the greatest integer function,

then solution set of f (x) = 1/2 is given by

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

N, the set of all natural numbers

f, the empty set

R, the set of all real numbers

respectively. Now if a man runs around the triangle

in such a way that he is always at a distance of 1 cm

from the side of triangle, then distance travelled by

him is given by

(a) 17

(b) 20

(c) 17 + 2

(d) 17 + 3

8. The number of points at which the function

f (x) = (x |x|)2 (1 x + |x|)2 is not differentiable in

the interval (3, 4) is

(a) 0

(b) 1

(c) 2

(d) 3

9. The angle between a pair of tangents drawn to the

curve 7x2 12y2 = 84 from M(1, 2) is given by

(a) /4

(b) /2

(c) /6 (d) /3

x +1

10. Statement-1 : If f (x ) =

x + 2

x+

1

where is a complex cube root of unity. Then

/2

f (x )dx = 0 .

- /2

2a

0

(a) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true:

statement-2 is a correct explanation for

statement-1

(b) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true:

statement-2 is NOT a correct explanation for

statement-1

(c) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is false

(d) Statement-1 is false, statement-2 is true

By : Alok Sir

264, 265 Zonal Market, Sector-10, Bhilai, Ph.: 0788-6541888-6541777, Mob : 9993541840

76

through the origin perpendicular to the plane

^ ^ ^

2x y z = 4 meet the plane r (3 i - 5 j + 2 k) = 6, is

(a) (1, 1, 1)

(b) (1, 1, 2)

4 2 2

(c) (4, 2, 2)

(d) , - , -

3 3 3

12. If f (x ) = 3

9

- 1, then the value of a

log 2 (3 - 2 x )

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) 4

x

dt

0 1+ t

is an

then which of the following statement is true?

1

1

(a) g (x ) =

(b) g (x ) =

g ( g (x ))

f ( f (x ))

1

1

(c) g (x ) =

(d) g (x ) =

g ( f (x ))

f ( g (x ))

14. Statement-1 : The greatest value of the function

-4 x < 1

2 x + 2;

, is 4.

given by f (x ) = 2

4 x - 16 x + 16; 1 x 4

Statement-2 : A function which is not differentiable

at a point can have an extreme value at that point.

(a) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true:

statement-2 is a correct explanation for

statement-1

(b) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true:

statement-2 is NOT a correct explanation for

statement-1

(c) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is false

(d) Statement-1 is false, statement-2 is true

x - 2 y -1 z + 2

lie in the plane

=

=

3

5

2

x + 3y z + = 0. Then the value of + is

(a) 0

(b) 1

c) 2

(d) 3

about the line x = a and h(x) be a function such

that 3h(x) 4h(2a x) = 5. Then the value of

2a

f (x ) g (x ) h(x ) dx

2a

is

n+t

19. If

of k is

(a) 2n

[cos x] = {sin{x} } in [0, 2] are

(a) 0

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) 4

cos

and A =

5

- sin

2

3

B = A + A + A + A4 is

(a) Singular

(b)

(c) Symmetric

(d)

21. If =

sin

then

cos

Non-singular

|B| = 1

Statement-1 : (p q) (q r) (p r).

Statement-2 : If p q and q r, then p r is a

tautology.

(a) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true:

statement-2 is a correct explanation for

statement-1

(b) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true:

statement-2 is NOT a correct explanation for

statement-1

(c) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is false

(d) Statement-1 is false, statement-2 is true

If the value of f (x ) g (x ) dx - e +

f (x ) g (x ) dx

(b) 5

on a set with 3 elements is 64.

Statement-2 : If a set has n elements, then the

2

number of symmetric relations on A is 2n n.

(a) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true:

statement-2 is a correct explanation for

statement-1

(b) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is true:

statement-2 is NOT a correct explanation for

statement-1

(c) Statement-1 is true, statement-2 is false

(d) Statement-1 is false, statement-2 is true

f (0) = 1 and g be a function satisfying f (x) + g (x) = x2.

0

(a) 2

defined as (x, y) R if and only if x2 4xy + 3y2 = 0

for all x, y N. Then the relation R is

(a) Reflexive

(b) Symmetric

(c) Transitive

(d) Equivalence

(c) 3

(d) 5

value of |2k| is

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 3

e2

is k, then the

2

(d) 4

77

y2 = 8x and xy + 1 = 0 on the axis of x is

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 1

(d) 2

25. Two man A and B fire at a target. Suppose

P(A) = 1/3 and P(B) = 1/5 are the probabilities

of hitting the target by A and B respectively. The

probability that the target got hit, is

(a) 1/15 (b) 6/15 (c) 7/15 (d) 8/15

26. Two points A and B are taken on the curve y = lnx

whose abscissa are 1 and e respectively. The chord

AB is formed. A point on the curve at which the

tangent line is parallel to the chord AB is

(a) (e + 1, ln(e + 1)) (b) (2, ln2 )

(c) (e 2, ln(e 2)) (d) (e 1, ln(e 1))

27. The cubic equation 4x3 33x2 + 72x + 6 = 0 has

(a) one positive real root and two complex roots

(b) one negative real root and two complex roots

(c) all three real roots, one negative and two

positive

(d) all three real roots, one positive and two

negative

2

(a) Maxima at x = 0 (b) Minima at x = 2

(c) Minima at x = 1 (d) Maxima at x = 2

29. Consider a quadratic equation given by

n

1

1

2x = 0 . The product of

3x

2r + 1

2r + 5

r =1

roots of the equation is

n +1

n +1

(a)

(b)

6n(2n + 5)

36(2n + 5)

n +1

n +1

(c)

(d)

36n(2n + 5)

72n(2n + 5)

30. Let f : R (1, 1) defined by f (x ) =

f is

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

ex - e-x

ex + e-x

one-one onto

one-one but not onto

onto but not one-one

Neither one-one nor onto

SolutionS

6

1. (d) : As, =1

2

2

6

6 ,

Taking any one of its roots,

2

2

= cos + i sin

6

6

78

. Then

6

Now, 6 Cr r = x

r =1

x = (1 + ) - 1 = 2 cos cos + i sin - 1

6

6

6

= 27 1 = 28

|x| = 28 |x| = 28

6

then + = b

One root is 2, as roots are prime and b is odd

integer

[Q and both simultaneously cant be odd, so one

root must be odd and other even]

\ f (2)= 0

2b c = 4 and b + c = 35 (given)

So, b = 13, c = 22

81

13

\ Minimum value = f = 2

4

3. (a) : Let x = 5 cos, y = 5sin

So, given expression = log5{5(3cos + 4sin)}

As 3cos + 4sin 5

Maximum value = log5(25) = 2

4. (a) : Statement-2 : Put r a = m

m (b c ) = (m c )b - (m b )c

= [r a c ]b - [r a b ]c

Also, if b c = n

(r a ) n = (r n)a - (a n)r

= [r b c ]a- [a b c ]r

Statement-2 is true

From (i) and (ii)

[r a c ]b - [r a b ]c = [r b c ]a - [r b c ] r

[r b c ]r = [r b c ]a + [r a b ]c - [r a c ]b

= [r b c ]a + [r a b ]c + [r c a]b

... (i)

... (ii)

correct explanation of statement-1

5. (c): Required coefficient of x6 is given by

1

1

1

+

2

+

2

1! 5 ! 2 ! 4 ! (3 !)

1

26 - 2 31

= {6 C1 + 6C2 + 6C3 + 6C4 + 6C5 } =

=

6!

6!

360

6. (c) : As f (x) = 1/2

x [x] = 1, which is not true

as x [x] [0, 1)

i.e., given set is the empty set.

79

correct explanation of statement-1

A

6

(0, 0, 0)

7. (c):

11. (d) :

B

2x y z = 4

3 + 6 + 8 + ( - A) 1 + ( B) 1 + ( C) 1

= 17 + 3 (A + B + C) = 17 + 2

8. (a) : Given f (x) can be written as

16 x 4 - 16 x 3 + 4 x 2 , x < 0

f (x ) =

x 0

0,

9. (b) : The equation of pair of tangents from (x1, y1)

on curve SS1 = T2

x 2 y 2 12 22 1 x y(2) 2

\ - 1 - - 1 =

- 1

7

12

12 7

12 7

x

7 - 48 - 84 7 x - 24 y - 84

y

- 1

=

84

84

12 7

On solving, we have

(7x2 12y2 84)(7 48 84) = (7x 24y 84)2

924x2 924y2 336xy + x + y + c = 0

Q Coefficient of x2 + coefficient of y2 = 0

\ Angle subtended is /2

10. (b) : Statement-2 is the standard result

x + 2

x+

x +1

f (x ) =

f (x ) = x 1 x +

1

1

f (x ) = x 0 x + -

0

1-

1-

80

So, (6 + 5 2) = 6 = 2/3

Hence, P.V. of the point A is

4 -2 -2

i.e. ,

,

3 3 3

-1

12. (c): Given f (2a - 4) =

1

\ f = 2a - 4

2

x + - 2

/2

f (x )dx = 0

- /2

2 ^ ^ ^

(2 i - j - k )

3

1

2

9

-1

log 2 (3 - 2 x )

1

We have, f = 3 9 - 1 = 2

2

\ 2a 4 = 2 a = 3

x=

Now, 1 =

1

1 + x3

g (x )

dt

1+ t3

Also, f ( g (x )) =

g (x )

= x[x2 ( + 2 2) (1 2 + 1)] = x3

f (x) is an odd function.

\

^ ^ ^

n = 2i - j -k

So, equation of line is

^ ^ ^

(i)

r = (2 i - j - k )

Now, line (i) meets the plane

^ ^ ^

r (3 i - 5 j + 2 k) = 6

13. (d) : f (x ) =

1

x+

R2 R2 R1, R3 R3 R1

1

3x 5y + 2z = 6

Put x = 1/2 in f (x ) = 3

C1 C1 + C2 + C3

dt

1+ t3

1

1 + ( g (x ))3

g (x )

g(x) = 1 + (g(x))3

=

1

f ( g (x ))

(Q g = f 1)

Remaining elements in A A = n2 n

The number of symmetric relations

y

16

14. (d) :

= C0 + C1 + .... + C = 2

n2 - n n2 + n

where = n +

=

2

2

4

1

0

Statement-2 is false

If n(A) = 3, then the number of symmetric relations

f (x ) =

2

4(x - 2) , 1 x 4

From figure, it is clear that f (x) has a local maxima at

x = 1, but the greatest value is at x = 4 (at end point) and

the greatest value is 16.

15. (b) : The required conditions are

3 15 2 = 0

and 2 + 3 + 2 + = 0

= 6 and = 7

\ +=1

16. (d) : Q f (a x) = f (a + x)

or, f (x + 2a) = f (x) f (x) = f (2a x)

Similarly, g(2a x) = g(x)

n2 +n

2 2

9+3

=2 2

19. (d) :

= 26 = 64

n +t

n +t

n

n +t

= 2n + (- cos x )n

= 2n + cos(n) cos(n + t)

2n + 1 - cos t ; n = even

=

2n - 1 + cos t ; n = odd

... (i)

... (ii)

solutions is 3.

y

2a

0

2a

= f (x ) g (x ) h(2a - x )dx

2a

0

2a

= 3I - 5 f (x ) g (x )dx

0

2a

\ I = -5 f (x ) g (x )dx

2a

= -5

f (x ) g (x )dx

17. (a)

18. (c): Let A = {x1, x2, ., xn}

A A = {(x1, x1), (x1, x2), , (x2, x1), (x2, x2), }

For symmetric relations if

(a, b) R (b, a) R

The elements of type (a, a)

i.e., (x1, x1), (x2, x2), , (xn, xn)

n elements

4 35

2

6 2 7

21. (b) : Q B = A + A2 + A3 + A4

A(I - A4 ) A - A5

=

I-A

I-A

cos 5 sin 5

Now, A5 =

- sin 5 cos 5

=

-1 0

=

= -I

0 -1

f (x ) g (x ) h(x )dx

2a

0

1 2

2

O

0

22. (d) :

p

T

T

T

T

F

F

F

F

T

T

F

F

T

T

F

F

r (p q) (q r) (p r)

T

T

T

T

F

F

F

T

T

F

T

F

T

T

T

T

F

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

T

F

T

F

T

F

T

F

81

2

2

f (x) = 4x3ex 2x5ex

2

2x3 ex (2 x2) = 0

f (x) = ex

\ g(x) = x2 ex

1

x 2

x

Now, f (x ) g (x ) dx = e (x - e )dx = e 1

f (x ) g (x )dx - e +

0

3

e

2 2

+

0

e 2 -3

=

2

2

n

1

1

= and

=

2r + 1

2r + 5

(3x - )(2 x - ) = 0

2

y = mx +

m

and xy + 1 = 0

From (i) and (ii)

2

2

x mx + + 1 = 0 or mx 2 + x + 1 = 0

m

m

r =1

n

6 x 2 - x(3 + 2 ) + = 0

r =1

... (i)

1

r =1 (2r + 1)(2r + 5)

r =1

1 n 1

1

4 r =1 2r + 1 2r + 5

=

1 1

1

n +1

=

4 3 2n + 5 6(2n + 5)

30. (a) : f (x ) =

f (b) - f (a)

1 1- 0

f (c) =

=

b-a

c e -1

\Syllabus/

The pointFull

on the

curve is (e 1, ln(e 1))

tice Part

Syllabus

Mock27.

Test

(b) Papers

: f (x) = for

4x3 33x2 + 72x + 6

f (x) = 12x2 66x + 72

= 6(2x2 11x + 12) = 6(2x 3)(x 4)

1 4 2 1 1 1 4 2 1 7

= + + = + + =

3 5 3 5 3 5 15 15 15 15

EE Main

Since sin =

... (ii)

D=0

4

= 4m m3 = 1

2

m

\ m=1

\ common tangent is y = x + 2

\ x-intercept = 2

x = 0, 2

3

k = - | 2k | = 3

2

+

4

to http://test.pcmbtoday.com

2

in (3/2, 4)

f (4) = 256 528 + 288 + 6 > 0

3 27 297

f = + 108 + 9 > 0

2 2

4

f ( x ) =

=

=

n +1

36n(2n + 5)

ex - e-x

ex + e-x

(e x + e - x )(e x + e - x ) - (e x - e - x )(e x - e - x )

(e x + e - x )2

(e x + e - x )2 - (e x - e - x )2

(e x + e - x )2

2e x 2e - x

> 0, x R

(e + e )

(e + e - x )2

f is increasing function for all x in R

Practice Part Syllabus/ Full Syllabus

f is one-one.Mock Test Papers for

x

-x 2

AIPMT

As x , f (x ) =

1 - e -2 x

1 + e -2 x

e2 x - 1

f

(

x

)

=

-1

and x ,

Log on to http://test.pcmbtoday.com

e2 x + 1

\ Range is (1, 1) f is onto.

mm

mpt Also,

free

test

f (0)online

=6>0

to http://test.pcmbtoday.com

Log on to http://test.pcmbtoday.com

f (x) has one negative real root and other two roots

are complex.

82

83

7. (c) :

Solution Set-147

1. (d) : D = (a b + c) (a + b c) = 4(s b) (s c)

A ( s b) ( s c ) 1

8

tan =

= , sin A =

2

D

4

17

x

1 x

x

=

2. (a) : y =

4

2

2

2 x 1 x + 1

1 x

1 1

1

1

1

=

+

4 x 1 x + 1 x i x + i

2, 7, 12, 17, 22

3, 8, 13, 18, 23

4, 9, 14, 19, 24

5, 10, 15, 20, 25

The number of ways when x2 y2 is divisible by 5

2

5

5

100

1

= 5 + 2 = 100 \ Probability =

=

2

1

25 3

2

8. (d) :

1, 8, 15, 22

2, 9, 16, 23

3, 10, 17, 24

d y 5! 1

1

1

1

=

+

dx 5

d 5 y(0)

dx 5

3

planes form an equilateral prism. The planes x + y = 1

x 1 y z + 2

and y z = 2 intersect along the line

= =

.

1

1

1

The height of the prism, h is the distance of the point

(1, 0, 2) from the plane x + z = 3

\

h=

Area =

|1 2 3 |

2

8

h2

=2 2

=

3

3

3

2

4. (a) : x + ix + 2i = (x i) (x2 + 2ix 2) = 0

\ x = i, 1 i, 1 i

0

1

D= 1

2

1

1 1

|4|

1 1 =

=2

2

1 1

5. (d) : I = x 2 sin 6 x dx =

x 2 cos 6 x

6

2 x sin 6 x

2 cos 6 x

36

216 0

6. (a, b, c, d) :

(1 x)10 = C0 C1x + C2x2 C3x3 + ... + C10 x10

x9(1

x)10

C0x9

C1x10

C2x11

C3x12

2

6

C10x19

+

+ ... +

Integrating between 0 and 1, we get

1

C0 C1 C2 C3

C

9 !10 !

+ ... + 10 = x 9 (1 x )10 dx =

10 11 12 13

20

20 !

0

11 . 12 . 13 . 14 . 15 . 16 . 17 . 18 . 19 . 20

\ n=

1. 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6 . 7 . 8 . 9

= 23 5 11 13 17 19

84

1, 6, 11, 16, 21

4, 11, 18, 25

5, 12, 19

6, 13, 20

7, 14, 21

The number of ways when x2 y2 is divisible by 7

2

4

3

4 3 4

= 4 + 3 + 2 + = 73

2

2

1 1 1

\ Probability =

73

73

=

25 300

2

domain and codomain with 8 members each. They are

bijections. n = 8! =40320.

10. (c) : a1, a2, a3 are in G.P a3 = a22

a2, a3, a4 are in A.P. a4 = a2 (2a2 1)

a3, a4, a5 are in G.P. a5 = (2a2 1)2

a4, a5, a6 are in A.P. a6 = (2a2 1) (3a2 2)

a5 + a6 = (2a2 1) (5a2 3) = 198 a2 = 5

a7 = (3a2 2)2 = 132 = 169

P. a8 = (3a2 2) (4a2 3) =1317 = 221

Q. a9 = (4a2 3)2 = 172 = 289

R. a10 = (4a2 3) (5a2 4) = 1721 = 357

S. a11 = (5a2 4)2 = 212 = 441

Set-146

1.

2.

3.

D. Nandan, Hyderabad

Shreyam Maity, W.B.

4.

5.

Gouri Sankar Adhikary, W.B.

Set-147

Y U ASKED

WE ANSWERED

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answered?

Use the vast expertise of our mtg team to get to the

bottom of the question. From the serious to the silly,

the controversial to the trivial, the team will tackle the

questions, easy and tough.

The best questions and their solutions will be printed in

this column each month.

1.

= 4 + 2 2 ( 2 + 1) .

16

sin 2

16

1 cos 4

Also, sin 2 =

= sin 2 =

=

2

1 cos

16

1

1

2

=

=

2

2 1

2 2

1 + cos 4

=

and cos 2 =

2

1+

tan =

16

2 1

2 2

=

2 2

2 + 1) (

...(iii)

{ | z |2 = zz }

= (a + b)(a + b) + (a b)(a b)

= (a + b)(a + b) + (a b)(a b)

{ (z1 z2 ) = z1 z2 }

= aa + ab + ba + bb + aa ab ba + bb

= 2 | a |2 + 2 | b |2

\ 1 | a + b |2 + 1 | a b |2 = | a |2 + | b |2 .

2

2

So, R.H.S. = | z1 |2 + | z2 |2 = |( z1 )2 | + | ( z2 )2 |

3.

= | z1 | + | z2 | = L.H.S.

A man parks his car among n cars standing in a

row, his car not being parked at an end. On his

return he finds that exactly m of the n cars are still

there. What is the probability that both the cars

parked on two sides of his car have left?

Majeed (Lucknow)

2 +1

2 1

2 + 1) ( 2 2

(

z +z

z +z

Ans. R.H.S.= 1 2 + z1z2 + 1 2 z1z2

2

2

1

1

= z1 + z2 + 2 z1z2 + z1 + z2 2 z1z2

2

2

1

1

= ( z1 + z2 )2 + ( z1 z2 )2

2

2

2 1

2

1

=

z1 + z2 +

z1 z2

2

2

{ | z2 | = |z z | = |z | | z | = | z |2}.

Now, for any two complex numbers a, b, we get

| a + b|2 + | a b |2

1 + cos

1

2

2 +1

2 2

Ventakesh (W.B.)

4 ; [ = ]

2

16

z +z

z +z

| z1 | + | z2 | = 1 2 + u + 1 2 u .

2

2

...(ii)

2 +1

=

2

2 2

Using (i), (ii) and (iii), we get

=

2.

2 + 1)

2 1)

2 2 ( 2 + 1) ( 2 + 1)2

( 2 + 1)( 2 1)

4 + 2 2 ( 2 + 1)

= 4 + 2 2 ( 2 + 1).

2 1

| |

The number of the ways in which the remaining

(m 1) cars can take their places (excluding the car

of the man) = n1Cm1 { there are (n 1) places

for the (m 1) cars}

The number of ways in which the remaining

(m 1) cars can take places keeping the two places

on two sides of his car = n3Cm1

\ required probability

=

n(E ) n3 Cm1

=

n(S) n1 Cm1

(n 3)!

(m 1)!(n m 2)!

(n m)(n m 1)

=

.

(n 1)(n 2)

(m 1)!(n m )!

(n 1)!

85

86

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