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Nicolette Briglio

Last Czars in Russia

Ms. Tavani
March 6, 2015
- Liberal: the government believes that the rights and people should be equal and
will do it legally
- Radical: people who want change and will demand for it and will suggest things
- Conservative: people who hold traditions and are very cautious of change
- Domestic vs. Foreign matters: domestic matters are matters that are dealt
within the country and foreign matters are dealt with within foreign countries outside
- Autocratic: a government that holds ABSOLUTE power
- Divine Rights theory: an idea that the right to rule is chosen by God
- Russification: a program that forced non-Russians to use the Russian
language, religion and adapt to customs
- Pan-Slavism: a union of Slavic people that is promoted by Russian leadership
in the Balkans
-Emancipation Edict: a law that freed all serfs
- Peoples Will: members of Narodniks that formed a group to overthrow the
monarchy with terrorism
- Pogroms: an organized massacre done by radicals to a particular ethnic
group. Example: Jews in Russia

- Nihilists: belief that all values are baseless and nothing can be known or
- Social Democratic Labor party: a specific party in imitation of the German Social
Democratic party
- Duma: the election of a parliament

1. Summarize Ideas:
a. Explain how liberalism affected Russias domestic policy
The domestic policy that Russia had was affected by liberalism. The czars did not take
away all the rights that have to do with press and speech, but they sure did put a strict
hold them. Their idea of doing this make the czar think that the liberalism would slow
down and hopefully go away.
b. Describe two features of Russias foreign policy
Two features that the Russias foreign policy have are that the Russian leadership
promotes the gathering or union of all Slavic people in the Balkans. This is known as
Pan-Slavism. The other feature is that when the first czars were ruling they planned to
expand into Asia and move south toward the Ottoman Empire, but was put to a stop and
were defeated.
2. Organizing Ideas:
a. List the liberal reforms that Alexander II accomplished for Russia
His first move was made to help the serfs. He justified the courts. He also allowed all
levels of people to elect a council. The council could make laws, apply assistance for
peasants and anything that would help modernize Russia.

b. What did he do with regard to the serfs?

He issued an Emancipation Edict which freed all serfs. The serfs still were under a lot.
Some were given their lands back in small plots, but they called for high prices when
sold back and others were having trouble paying taxes and acquiring money to pay for
the land.
3. Analyzing Ideas:
a. Why did the Revolution of 1905 fail to overthrow the monarchy?
The army remained loyal and many of the revolutionary groups were divided into their
goals. Also the French people lent money to the government. These points are why the
monarchy was not overthrown.
b. How did Nicholas II respond to the Revolution of 1905?
Nicholas IIs response to the Revolution of 1905 was that he dismissed two sessions of