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APPARATUS

1. Continuous stirred tank reactor


2. Stopwatch

3. Beaker
4. Burette
5. Volumetric cylinder
6. Conical flask
7. Solution :

Ethyl acetate
HCl
Sodium hydroxide
Phenolphthalein

PROCEDURES
1. The overflow tube in the reactor is being adjusted to give a desired working volume
(2.5liters). The pump P1 was switched on to start on pumping 1.25 liters of ethyl acetate
form the feed tank into reactor. The pump P1 stopped.
2. Then the pump P2 was switch on and starts to pump another 1.25 liters of the NaOH into
the reactor. The heater was switched on and the temperature was set to be 30c when the
heater is fully immersed. The cooling water being run. The pump P2 was being stopped
when the 2.5 liters of volume are reached. The stirrer then being switches on and the
speed was set in the mid range (180rpm).
3. After 1 minute of reaction, sampling valve V7 opened to collect 50ml sample into three
different conical flasks. 10ml of the 0.25M HCL are immediately added into the samples.
The HCL quench the reaction between ethyl acetate and sodium hydroxide.
4. Three drop of phenolphthalein was added as indicator to see the changes during titration.
5. The mixture was titrated with the 0.1M NaOH to evaluate the amount of un-reacted HCL.
This had provided us with the information to determine the amount NaOH in feed
solution which has reacted.
6. Steps 4 and 5 were repeated for reaction times of 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25.
7. The graph ln(CB/CA) vs. t was plotted.

Reference

Levenspiel, O, Chemical Reaction Engineering, John Wiley, 1972

Robert H.Perry, Don W.Green, Perrys Chemical Engineers Handbook, McGraw


Hill,1998.

Smith,J.M, Chemical Engineering Kinetics, McGraw Hill, 1981.

Sam Catalano, S. W. (n.d.). ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING


EQUIPMENT.

Retrieved

March

27,

2015,

http://encyclopedia.che.engin.umich.edu/Pages/Reactors/CSTR/CSTR.html

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