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GracePansze

Geometry1
POW5
TheIdealSodaCan
ProblemStatement
3
A12ounce(oz)sodacanhasthevolumeof355mlsor355cm
.Theaimofthisproblem
wastofindtheidealorleastamountofaluminiumforthelowestcostofthecan.Tofindthe
answer,intermsofsurfacearea,Ihadtofindtheradius(r)andthe
height(h)ofthe12ozcan.Adiagramofthe12ozcanwithvariables
canbeseentotheleft.

Process
Iapproachedthisproblembysortingoutandseparatingthe
informationIknow,andtheInformationIneedtofind.Iknewthat
3
12oz=355mlsor355cm
.Iknewthattheequationforthesurface
2
areaofacylinderwasSA=2rxh+2r
(seegraphpapernotes).I
didntknowwhatrorhwas.SoImadeagraphandusedguessand
checktoeliminatetherpossibilitiesthatwereimprobable.Ifoundthatthelargertheradius,the
smallertheheight.Tofindthesurfacearea,Isimplyusedthemodifiedequationforheight,and
appliedachosenradiustotheequation.Whentherwasappliedandsolved,itgaveustheheight.
FromthispointIwoulddeterminewhetherornotthesurfaceareawouldbeaccurate.Ifitwas
realistic,Iwouldusetheequationabovetofindthesurfacearea.OnerulethatIusedtohelpme
decidewhetherornottofindthesurfaceareawastoeliminateallradiussthatwerealarger
2
valuethantheheight.Theoriginalequationwasv=355=r
xh.Hereisthemodified
2
equation:h=355/r
.Iusedalgebratofindthemodifiedequation.Iliketables.Thistable
helpedmeorganizemydata.Herearesomeexamplesfrommytabletohelpdescribemy
process.
r=(cm) height(cm)

surfacearea(cm)

Isitprobable?(y/n)

3.14()

XXXXXXXXXXXX No

20

.28

XXXXXXXXXXXX No(HOW?!?!?)

12.5

291.5cm

Yes

7cm

276.2cm

Yes

Ithinkthattheradiuswillnotbeanintegerbutwillbeavaluebetween3and4.Iwilldetermine
theanswerbyfindingtheaverageofallthevaluesbetween3and4.

Solution
Ifoundthatthesolutionwasr=3.9cmandh=7.4cm,withatotalsurfaceareaof
276.8cm.ThisistheidealcanbecauseIseeitasarealistic,andoverallproportional,nottowide
ortootall.Byroundingtothenearesttenth,itmaynotbeasexactorpreciseasreal
manufacturershavemadeit.

QuestioningtheResult
Ithinkthatmyanswercorresponds(oriscloselessthan1.0cmaway)tothecurrentsize
ofa12ozaluminumcan.Although,onethingIdidnotconsiderwasairforescapebubblesforair
pressure(altitude)changessoitwontexplode.Iassumedthiswasjustfortheliquidcontentand
didntconsiderwhatwouldhappenifthecanwasdentedorpuncturedinanyway.

SelfEvaluation
IthinkIdeservea25/25onthisPOWbecauseIworkedhardandwasverythoroughwith
myprocessandclearwithmydiagramsandexplanation.Ilikedthispow,especiallythenew
questioningtheresultportionbecauseithelpedmerealizethattherearemoreproblemsand
troubleshootingintherealworldthanjustfindingtheminimalsurfacearea.Therearealotof
thingstoconsider,morethanjustheightandradius.Ialsolikedhowthispowtieddirectlyinto
whatwerelearningandhowitreplicatedafinalunittestintosomethingmoreintriguing.