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WORLD WAR II

The Beginning
http://
www.youtube.com/watch?v=PCXSuaOozDE

W.A.R.

W WI and the Treaty of Versailles

A ppeasement

R ise of Totalitarianism

The Players

The Axis
Germany
Italy
Japan

The Allies
Great Britain
France
Soviet Union
China
United States

The Leaders

Germany: Adolf Hitler

Worked his way to be a totalitarian


dictator

Angered by the Treaty of Versailles and blamed


specific groups for weakening Germany

Suffered from a large number of phobias


and compulsions including:
Ironic fear of death
Fear of animals
Extremely clean
Strict daily schedule

Italy: Mussolini

Fascist Italy
Benito
Mussolini
outlaws
political parties,
takes over the
press, creates a
secret police
Suspended
elections and
established a
dictatorship

Hirohito (Emperor Shwa)

Assumed the
Throne and Japan
turned from
democracy to ultranationalism and
militarism.
Military corrupted
the government
and took over

Soviet Union: Joseph Stalin

Took over in
1924 and took
the country into
communism
Efforts to
transform the
Soviet Union into
industrial power
result in the
death of at least
10 million people

Non-Aggression Pact

10 year pact between Stalin and Hitler

Would not attack each other

Would split up Poland

Hitler didnt have to worry about a two front war

Britain and France lost USSR as an ally for time


being

Key Term: Appeasement

Appeasement in a political context is a


diplomatic policy of granting political or
material concessions to an enemy power in
order to avoid conflict

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain


allowed Hitler to invade nations to keep
world at peace
Rhineland (March 1936)
Austria (March 1938)
Czechoslovakia (September 1938)

Effects of Appeasement

Germany gained territories with much


restraint.

It gave them time to rebuild their military


and gear up for battle.

Militarization of Rhineland 1936

Under Treaty of
Versailles:
Rhineland =
Demilitarized Zone
Hitler ordered
open troop
movement back
into the Rhineland
France distracted
by its own political
turmoil, Great
Britain did not care
NO ACTION was
taken against Hitler

Anschluss 1938

Nazi Germany
takes over
Austria
Attempts to
create German
Empire
1st major
annexation
leading to WWII

Sudentenland & Munich 1938

Sudentenland was
an important
military region of
Czechoslovakia
Conference in
Munich allows
Hitler to take
landanother
example of
APPEASEMENT!!

8. Czechoslovakia 1939

Hitler invades all of Czech in 39 and


annexes the country into the German
Empire
Appeasement Failed
Realization that Hitler wanted to rule the
world
European countries feel threatened and
mobilize for war

9. Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression
Pact 1939

Hitler was preparing


to take over Poland
Did not want to fight
war on 2 fronts
The Soviet Union
agreed to supply
Germany with food
& raw materials in
exchange for
machinery to Russia

German invasion of Poland 1939

1939: Germany invades Poland after


several weeks of fighting
European countries no longer stand for
Policy of Appeasement and declare war
on Nazi Germany
Last straw

Beginning of WWII

The War Begins

September 1st, 1939 Hitler invades Poland

Used Blitzkrieg tactics

France and Great Britain declare war on


Germany
Stalin reacts with an invasion of Polandsuccessful in capturing Finland
By 1940 Hitler had captured Denmark,
Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, and
Luxembourg- he was on his way to France

HITLER YOUTH

Hitler Youth

The Hitler Youth was a logical extension


of Hitler's belief that the future of Nazi
Germany was its children.
The Hitler Youth catered for 10 to 18 year
olds.
There were separate organizations for
boys and girls.

Source A

Source B

Hitler Youth Continued

To the outside world, the Hitler Youth


seemed to personify German discipline.
Militarism was deeply rooted in the new
Nazi modified education

Wanted to prepare the boys for military life

Source C

1933 Nazi Hitler


Youth poster
accompanied by this
poem:
Whats this racing up a
storm?
The Hitler Youth four-boy
race!
Gallop! Gallop! It's the final
lap!
Each boy knows:
In games, as in life, the
winner is
Only he who keeps going to
the end!
Heil Hitler!
Source D

Analyzing Sources

How does the Hitler Youth fit into what


you already know about Nazi Germany?