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e-mail: kzeep@mail.ru
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47

UNDP, Government Collaborate on


Energy-Efficient Lighting Project
ASTANA With lighting expected to grow from 13 percent of Kazakhstans energy consumption today to 36
percent by 2015, the country is looking for energy efficient lighting solutions. The Ministry of Industry and
New Technologies of Kazakhstan and the United Nations Development Programmes Global Environmental
Facility (GEF) are working together on a project, Promotion of Energy-Efficient Lighting in Kazakhstan, to
develop electric energy, improve energy efficiency and promote energy saving. The project aims to transform
the lighting market in Kazakhstan and gradually replace outdated and inefficient lighting systems.
Syrym Nurgaliyev, project manager, and Dinara Tamabayeva, public
relations specialist, both from UNDP, spoke with The Astana Times about
the projects goals and its plan for achieving them.
Who initiated the project and why was the project
launched in Kazakhstan?
The Ministry of Industry and New Technologies decided that it was
necessary to introduce in Kazakhstan all available methods of energy
efficiencyrenewable energy, modernisation of construction materials,
modernisation of systemsand among them was the issue of increasing
lighting efficiency. In 2012, the law on withdrawing incandescent lamps
from use as non-efficient methods of lighting was adopted. Consequently,
we needed to identify what subordinate laws should be amended and
what to do in this direction. The ministry asked the UNDP to share
worldwide advanced experience and best practices and introduce them
here in Kazakhstan.
How will the project function?
The project consists of four components. The first is the
implementation and creation of policies and measures introducing
energy-efficient lighting. This includes regulatory issues. The UNDP helps
the Ministry of Industry and New Technologies amend laws regarding

48

construction rules and regulations and sanitary rules and norms and
adopt new standards. Currently Kazakhstan has light-diode lighting, but
we dont have laws or standards regulating the quality of this product.
Currently, we are working with the Committee on Standardisation to
introduce minimum quality standards for light-diode lighting. We are also
considering issues in utilisation schemes. At the moment, more people
are using energy-efficient lamps and we need to show them what to do
with them after they burn out because these lamps contain mercury and
are very dangerous when not properly used. Within our project, a joint
pilot project with the Astana akimat (city administration) was created to
promote these schemes of utilisation. The akimat bought containers and
we also held an informational campaign [and] filmed a video, which is
broadcast on the state TV channels.
The second component is the development of a market for energyefficient lighting by increasing the access of market participants to
energy efficient technologies, which may involve discount and coupon
programmes. Within this component, we show the population the
advantages of energy-efficient lamps. This year, we want to hold a
comprehensive programme, create a discount programme and introduce
pilot events with producers and supermarkets.

The third component is increasing awareness of and interest in


energy-efficient lighting among consumers. Within this component
we are developing video ads and handouts. We plan to organise big
events this year, like campaigns and flash mobs, to increase the level of
awareness about energy-efficient lighting.
The fourth component is the launch of a number of pilot projects
showing the practical implementation and commercial benefits of
the project.
In 2013, we ran a project introducing efficient lighting in schools in
the Akmola and East Kazakhstan regions. The akimats provided us with
information on schools and co-financed the project, and the effect was
very good. We changed the lighting system in schools there and children
could better see the board even from the back desks. The quality
of lighting increased. [Chair of the Mazhilis Committee on Social and
Cultural Development] Dariga Nazarbayeva took part in the presentation
of our pilot project in Vyacheslavskaya school, Akmola region.
Akmola region Akim (Governor) Kosman Aitmukhambetov asked
us to provide information about how these innovations correspond
to sanitary rules and norms. He plans to introduce such lighting in
Kokshetau schools.
This year we plan to work on street lighting. We will show how to
illuminate streets; we already have streets lighted with light-diode lighting
in Astana. We also choose one regional centre, one small city and one
rural area. We dont take into account Astana and Almaty because these
cities are very well lighted.
How do you choose the areas to introduce energyefficient lighting?
We have certain criteria: we need co-financing, we dont need
modern equipment, and we also need the support of akimats.
We have a special working group to choose the areas, [which
includes] representatives of Kazakhstans communal housing services,
the Ministry of Environment and Water Resources and the Ministry of
Industry and New Technologies.
The project is not only implemented by the UNDP and the Ministry
of Industry and New Technologies as akimats support us a lot. Without
the support of akimats, our activities would not work.
Taking into account the example of lighting school, the Ayagus
district akimat [in East Kazakhstan region] funded itself lighting of a
street children take to go to a local school. Neighbouring districts also
saw this positive example and allocated this year the money from the
budget funds for this programme.

Who is financing the project?


It is financed by the Global Environmental Facility though the UNDP.
When we talk about financing, we mean that we help create institutional
frameworks. We could buy lamps, but we believe its more efficient to
create a system to show how effective they will be. Kazakhstan has its
own funds. We need to show where to allocate the funds.
At what stage is the project right now?
We have analysed the existing regulations and what needs to be done
in terms of norms and rules and standards and this year we will implement
our results. This year, we will introduce eight standards for light-diode
lighting. We are also working with other countries within the Customs
Union so our norms can be taken into account in the customs regulations
and will be legitimate for all three countries [Kazakhstan, Russia and
Belarus]. Two years ago, when we started writing amendments, we had
no factories for producing light-diode lamps; currently we have about 18
factories and workshops. This is quickly developing, so we also need to
take into account the interests of our producers.
We are creating requirements for the supply of goods because
currently there are none regarding lampsthey are just supplied. In
order to check the quality, we plan to open a testing laboratory, which
will issue certificates.
Who is involved in writing bills?
We have a working group; weve hired specialists in this field, experts
on sanitary norms and rules. We hire companies that do analysis; we hold
tender and the most experienced company wins. The tender system in
the UNDP is not based on the lowest price, but according to experience.
We also have international best practice experts.
Who controls the introduction of new technologies
on the ground?
We monitor the lighting, conduct social research and control the
level of lighting.
What will happen once the project is completed?
We plan to create such conditions by 2016 that the work we are doing
now will continue without our participation. When the project finishes,
it will work in all the spheres. The work will be based on regulatory
documents we are elaborating now.
Rufiya Ospanova,
The Astana Times

49


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