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Basic Cycle Analysis

Based on the general observations, the volumetric flow rate of water through the cooler is assumed to
be 150 L/ hour . The temperature of water available to the cooler is assumed to be 30O C whereas
the temperature of the water coming out of the cooler is assumed to be 10o C . The evaporator
temperature is taken to be 5o C with a degree of superheat of 3o C . The condenser temperature is
assumed to be 40 o C . Based on the above assumptions, the following T-s and P-h plots have been
drawn for an ideal vapor compression cycle.
The important properties evaluated at various points are:
Point

Enthalpy, h
(kJ/kg)

Pressure, P (kPa)

Entropy, s
(kJ/kg.K)

Temperature, T
(oC)

253.3

349.9

0.9288

256.1

349.9

0.9386

278.6

1017

0.9386

46.57

271.3

1017

0.9154

40

108.3

1017

0.3949

40

108.3

349.9

0.4072

The mass flow rate of water is:


m w =150 L/ hour1 kg /L1 /3600 hours / s=0.04167 kg/ s
The refrigeration effect, the work done and the coefficient of performance are given by:
R E=h 2h6=256.1 kJ /kg108.3 kJ /kg=147.8 kJ /kg
W =h3h 2=278.6 kJ /kg256.1 kJ /kg=22.53 kJ /kg
R E 147.8 kJ /kg
COP=
=
=6.56
W 22.53 kJ /kg
For a temperature drop of 30o C10o C=20o C , the mass flow rate of refrigerant can be found by
energy balance as follows:
m w c p T 0.04167 kg/ s4.186 kJ /kgK20 K
m r=
=
=0.02361 kg/s
RE
147.8 kJ /kg
The next page shows the T-s and P-h plots for the given problem.

T-s plot

P-h plot