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Works Cited:

Adewunmi, Bim. "Despite everything, television still has an extraordinary amount of power."
New Statesman 14 June 2013: n. pag. Web. 10 July 2014.
<http://www.newstatesman.com/culture/2013/06/despite-everything-television-still-hasextraordinary-amount-power>. The New Statesman is a news magazine that's been
around for over 100 years. The author of this article has written nearly 40 articles for the
TV and News section of the magazine, many of which are opinionated pieces. The
purpose of the article was to inform about the disturbance caused by an ad featuring an
interracial family, and explain why she believed the disturbance to have occurred. It was
informative yet sprinkled with bias towards the interracial couple. This article helped me
because it gave me more insight into the way the media portrays real life, and how it
affects society.
Aimee Mullins: My 12 pairs of legs. TED. TED Conferences, Feb. 2009. Web. 15 July 2014.
<http://www.ted.com/talks/aimee_mullins_prosthetic_aesthetics#t-490719>. TED Talks
are renowned for hosting knowledgeable and influential guest speakers to discuss a
variety of topics. Aimee Mullins was invited to discuss her experience having prosthetic
legs, which I believe qualifies her to talk about it. She's an athlete, actress, model, and an
activist for women's rights and sports. Her purpose was to offer a personal perspective on
disability and how it's portrayed in the media, including the relationship between
disability and perceived beauty. This was very helpful to me because it gave me a
personal perspective and a new angle to my study of beauty and the media.
Arnold, Carrie. "What's Photoshop got to do with it?" Psychology Today 29 June 2011: n. pag.
Web. 17 July 2014. <http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/bodyevidence/201106/whats-photoshop-got-do-it>. The website and magazine Psychology
Today is run by a group of expert psychologists, psychiatrists, authors, and academics to
provide the most accurate information about the human mind. It also directs users to
trusted mental help professionals if needed. Carrie Arnold, the author of this article, has
personal experience with an eating disorder and is a freelance science writer. She's
written for several well-known publications and published several articles and books
under her expertise. Her article gave me an opposing perspective to my beliefs on the
subject and helped me get a more open-minded view.
Ballaro, Beverly, and Geraldine Wagner. "Body Image & the Media: An Overview." Points of
View: Body Image & the Media. Ipswich: Great Neck, 2014. 1. EBSCO Points of View
Reference Center. Web. 10 July 2014. <http://web.a.ebscohost.com/pov/detail?
vid=4&sid=7dfa23c9-8ee2-441f-9d9db2903dc202c0%40sessionmgr4005&hid=4207&bdata=JnNpdGU9cG92LWxpdmU
%3d#db=pwh&AN=28675178>. Ebscohost is a database trusted by many schools to
provide helpful, accurate sources pertaining to many research topics. This particular
source gave me a lot of general but helpful information about the relationship between
the media and America's body image. Beverly Ballaro is a successful author, as is
Geraldine Wagner.
Berninger, Lauren. "Stop Blaming the Media for Our Body Image Issues." The Huffington Post.
TheHuffingtonPost.com, 22 Jan. 2014. Web. 16 July 2014.
<http://www.huffingtonpost.com/lauren-berninger/stop-blaming-the-mediafo_b_4633388.html>. This article features an opinion of the author about the negative
portrayal of women and their bodies by the media. I found it beneficial because it
featured an opinion different from my own, which helped to broaden my perspective and
my knowledge. The article was found on The Huffington Post website, which is a
reputable online news source trusted by many and run by a very large staff. The author

of the post was Lauren Berninger, who is well known for her nonprofit work helping
young girls across the nation.
Bluhm, Julia. "What a Girl Wants? Fewer Photoshopped Images of Women in Magazines, for
Starters." Interview by Nadia Goodman. TED. Ed. Emily McManus. TED Conferences,
15 Nov. 2013. Web. 14 July 2014. <http://ideas.ted.com/2013/11/15/young-voices-whyteenagers-have-a-lot-to-offer-a-qa-with-teen-activist-julia-bluhm/>. TED is a website that
is well known and trusted for featuring knowledgeable and influential guest speakers. In
this article, TED author Nadia Goodman interviewed Julia Bluhm, a teenage activist for
better body image in the media. Nadia Goodman is a freelance writer who has worked
for several reputable sources. I found this source to be helpful because it offered a look
at a girl my age who has the same beliefs as I do about the media's portrayal of women's
bodies. It offered her personal experience with trying to change the way the media sees
women and girls.
Cameron Russell: Looks aren't everything. Believe me, I'm a model. TED. TED Conferences, Oct.
2012. Web. 14 July 2014.
<http://www.ted.com/talks/cameron_russell_looks_aren_t_everything_believe_me_i_m_
a_model>. Again, TED features knowledgeable and influential guest speakers to cover a
variety of topics. In this talk, model Cameron Russell talked about the truth of being a
model and how even she is affected by the media's unhealthy standards. I found her talk
to be helpful because her perspective is not one that's seen very often, but it further
affirmed what I believed to be true and offered some new ideas as well.
Chittom, Lynn-nore, and Laura Finley. "Point: Body Image in the Media is an Unhealthy Picture."
Points of View: Body Image & the Media. Ipswich: Great Neck, 2014. 2. EBSCO Points
of View Reference Center. Web. 10 July 2014. <http://web.a.ebscohost.com/pov/detail?
sid=7dfa23c9-8ee2-441f-9d9d-b2903dc202c0%40sessionmgr4005&vid=6&hid=4207>.
The EBSCO Database is supported by School District 11 because it provides students
with trustworthy sources when conducting research. One of this article's authors, Lynnnore Chittom, is a freelance writer who has worked for many reputable sites. I couldn't
find any information about Laura Finley, the other author of this article. I found this
article to be helpful because it gave me some basic thoughts and facts to start off my
research about the media's influence on body image.
"Christy Henrich- Bio, Facts, Family." FamousBirthdays.com. Ed. Andrew Ericksen.
FamousBirthdays.com, n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2015.
<http://www.famousbirthdays.com/people/christy-henrich.html>. The website
FamousBirthdays.com provides very basic information about thousands of celebrities and
historical figures. It provides information such as date of birth and death, family,
accomplishments, and other facts. Its purpose is to provide this simple information in an
easy to understand format for a variety of people. The website is run by a team of people
who write the information, ensure the accuracy of it, and edit entries. The source was
helpful in that it provided a few pieces of basic information about Christy Henrich that I
needed.
Diller, Vivian. "Is Photoshop Destroying America's Body Image?" The Huffington Post.
TheHuffingtonPost.com, 7 July 2011. Web. 17 July 2014.
<http://www.huffingtonpost.com/vivian-diller-phd/photoshop-bodyimage_b_891095.html>. The Huffington Post is a well-known online news source. The
article I read was largely an opinion piece, but it did contain many facts. Additionally, it
was written by Vivian Diller, an American psychologist and author. I found this source to
be helpful because it provided many facts about the media's portrayal of male and female
bodies and the opinions of a professional.
Driscoll, Sally, and Tamara Campbell. "Counterpoint: Body Image is Influenced by Many
Factors, not Just the Media." Points of View: Body Image & the Media. Ipswich: Great

Neck, 2014. 3. EBSCO Points of View Reference Center. Web. 10 July 2014.
<http://web.a.ebscohost.com/pov/detail?sid=7dfa23c9-8ee2-441f-9d9db2903dc202c0%40sessionmgr4005&vid=6&hid=4207>. the EBSCO database is trusted
by School District 11 because it helps students find trustworthy, relevant sources during
their research. I couldn't find any specific information about the authors, but I found this
source relevant because it gave me some factual evidence against my argument that I
could use to think about and strengthen my argument and it also gave me a different
perspective.
Graydon, Shari. In Your Face: The Culture of Beauty and You. N.p.: Annick Press, 2004. Print.
Shari Graydon is a well-known, trusted author and activist for change in the way the
media portrays women and their bodies. Her book was extremely helpful in my research.
It revealed many ways the media negatively influences society that I hadn't thought of
and backed them up with solid argument and reliable, factual evidence.
Gregoire, Carolyn. "Body Image Issues Among Young Women More Influenced By Peers Than
TV, Study Finds." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 31 Jan. 2013. Web. 16
July 2014. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/01/31/body-image-issues-foryou_n_2590719.html>. The Huffington Post is well-known for providing news and
opinion pieces on its online news site. The author of the article, Carolyn Gregoire, is a
senior writer for the website and writes about psychology, health, and similar topics. She
argued a belief different from my own, which allowed me to strengthen my own
argument but also take into account the other perspectives on the issue.
Krupnick, Ellie. "Aerie's Unretouched Ads 'Challenge Supermodel Standards' For Young
Women." The Huffington Post. Ed. Arianna Huffington. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 17 Jan.
2014. Web. 21 Feb. 2015. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/01/17/aerieunretouched-ads-photos_n_4618139.html>. The Huffington Post is a well-known and
trusted website that provides news and opinion pieces about a variety of topics. The
author of this article is Ellie Krupnick, who was senior editor of the Style section at the
time she wrote this. Currently, she is senior editor of Viral Content and Strategy for the
news site. I found her article to be helpful because it detailed one of the media's recent
developments in positively portraying female bodies. Specifically, it was about American
Eagle's lingerie brand using unretouched photos in their underwear ads.
Lloyd, Janice. "Body Image Can Affect More than Just Teens." USA Today 24 June 2012, Life: n.
pag. EBSCO Points of View Reference Center. Web. 11 July 2014.
<http://web.b.ebscohost.com/pov/detail?vid=17&sid=3e512732-ff99-4f38-985b1abd8fa2cd6e%40sessionmgr114&hid=123&bdata=JnNpdGU9cG92LWxpdmU
%3d#db=pwh&AN=J0E322432384312>. EBSCO is a database trusted by School District
11 for providing trustworthy and accurate sources for students. I found this source to be
helpful because my project is not just about how teens are affected by the media's
unrealistic standards, but about how all women are affected. This article didn't focus on
just teens, and provided good information for my project.
"Marilyn Monroe- Facts & Info." Danamo's Marilyn Monroe Pages. Danamo's Marilyn Monroe
Pages, 1998. Web. 3 Mar. 2015. <http://www.marilynmonroepages.com/facts/>. The
creator of this site doesn't, as far as I can tell, have any expert qualification on Marilyn
Monroe. He seems to just be a big fan of hers and his profession has nothing to do with
the website. The purpose of the site's creation seems to be to provide information about
Marilyn Monroe. I can't say how accurate it is. However, I only came to the website
looking for some very basic facts that anyone with knowledge on Marilyn Monroe would
probably know. Therefore, I feel that although it's not a very trustworthy source, it's
adequate for my use.
Mendoza-Denton, Rodolfo. "The 'Dumb Blonde.'" The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com,
13 May 2013. Web. 15 July 2014. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/rodolfo-

mendozadenton/dumb-blonde-stereotypes_b_3261424.html>. The Huffington Post is


trusted for providing news and opinion pieces and featuring qualified individuals to do
so. In this case, the author of the article I read was Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton, who is an
associate professor of Psychology at the University of California at Berkeley. I found
this article to be helpful because it addresses some of the stereotypes we as Americans
associate with certain groups of people. The author discussed why they're not good, and
addressing stereotypes was part of my project.
Perle, Elizabeth. "Photoshop Isn't Evil. There, I Said It." The Huffington Post.
TheHuffingtonPost.com, 30 June 2011. Web. 17 July 2014.
<http://www.huffingtonpost.com/elizabeth-perle/photoshop-isnt-evilthere_b_888169.html?>. Again, the Huffington Post is a trusted news and opinion site.
The author of this article is Elizabeth Perle, was previously the director of content
strategy and lifestyle programming at The Huffington Post. For a few years after that,
she oversaw the HuffPost Teen section after launching it herself. I found this article
helpful because it addressed the idea that Photoshop itself isn't evil. She wrote that the
increase in Photoshopping is a result of our nation's unrealistic ideas about women and
their bodies, which is exactly what my project is about.
Plummer, William. "Dying for a Medal." People 22 Aug. 1994: n. pag. People. Web. 15 Mar.
2015. <http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20103704,00.html>. People
Magazine is a publication that features human-interest stories and celebrity news, and is
known for being relatively honest and free of gossip. The purpose of the article I read
was to tell the story of Christy Henrich and her death due to anorexia. It was very useful
and provided enough information that I could write an obituary about Henrich. I do wish
the article had had more information about Henrich's career as a gymnast and her
successes in that area. The source was easy to understand and increased my
understanding of eating disorders and the media.
Pritchard, Mary. "The Media's Influence On Our Daughters." The Huffington Post.
TheHuffingtonPost.com, 17 July 2012. Web. 16 July 2014.
<http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mary-pritchard/body-image_b_1668540.html>. Again,
the Huffington Post is well-known for providing news and opinion pieces, and often hosts
qualified guest writers. In this case, the guest writer of this article was Mary Pritchard, a
psychology professor at Boise State University who has written many publications and
hosted many workshops on body image, self-esteem, and eating disorders. Her article
was about how the media influences young girls to be uncomfortable with their
appearances enough to want to change them, and what parents can do to fight it. I found
this article helpful because it's relevant to my project and contained factual information.
Rehabs.com. "Women's Body Image and BMI: 100 Years in the US." Rehabs.com. Ed. Kate
Tedesco and Michelle Guerin. Rehabs.com, 2013. Web. 5 Mar. 2015.
<http://www.rehabs.com/explore/womens-body-image-and-bmi/>. This article was
written and published by a website dedicated to offering information and help to people
with addictions or behavioral disorders. The website, Rehabs.com, has over 50 people
working to make it as accurate and dependable as possible. The website and its work has
been featured in several reputable news sources. The article I read contained information
from about 60 sources, meaning whoever wrote it went in depth to cover the topic
entirely. The purpose of it was to provide information about how the ideal female body
and women's body image has changed throughout the past century and why it needs to be
changed today. It was very in depth and contained even more information than I needed,
and it was easy to understand.
Rick Guidotti: From stigma to supermodel. TED. TED Conferences, Nov. 2011. Web. 15 July
2014. <http://www.ted.com/talks/rick_guidotti_from_stigma_to_supermodel>. TED
Talks feature knowledgeable and influential guest speakers to talk about a variety of

topics. The speaker in this Talk was Rick Guidotti, a former fashion photographer who
now works to change the way society looks at people with genetic differences. In his
TED Talk, he discussed the project that involved him photographing albinism. He told
the audience how he helped to boost the self-confidence of the young people he
photographed because he saw them not as freaks of nature but as people. I found this
helpful because my project is about improving body image and self-esteem by getting rid
of the idea that beauty has only one definition.
Roberts, Darryl, dir. America the Beautiful. Prod. Darryl Roberts. Screenplay by Darryl Roberts.
Composed by Michael Bearden. 2009. Film. Darryl Roberts is a director and writer. He
created this documentary to show how obsessed with beauty America is and how that
negatively affects society, which is the topic of my personal project. I found this to be
very helpful because it consisted of personal accounts from people of many ages and
backgrounds. It also contained facts and interviews with professionals in relevant fields.
Russell, Cameron. "WATCH: What You Didn't Know About The Modeling Industry." The
Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 10 May 2013. Web. 14 July 2014.
<http://www.huffingtonpost.com/cameron-russell/beauty-attractiveness-payequity_b_3248616.html?utm_hp_ref=tedweekends&ir=TED%20Weekends>. The
Huffington Post is a news and opinion site. The author of this article is Cameron Russell,
an American model. I found this article helpful because the author uses factual evidence
and statistics to back up the claim that the way women are portrayed in the media is
"sexist and racist", which is one of the main points of my project.
TEDx Talks. Julia Bluhm and Izzy Labbe at TEDxWomen 2012. YouTube. N.p., 4 Dec. 2012.
Web. 14 July 2014. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LOdyhEeYnJI#t=81>. TED
Talks feature knowledgeable and influential speakers to talk about a variety of topics.
The guest speakers in this Talk are Julia Bluhm and Izzy Labbe, two teenage activists for
change in the way the media portrays female bodies. They discussed their campaign to
get Seventeen Magazine to use real girls and their beliefs about the use of Photoshop and
the unrealistic expectations of the media. I found this video helpful because the girls
talked in detail about their campaign and their beliefs were similar to my own and backed
up my project.
Van Edwards, Vanessa. "I'm a Pretty White Woman." The Huffington Post.
TheHuffingtonPost.com, 9 May 2013. Web. 15 July 2014.
<http://www.huffingtonpost.com/vanessa-van-edwards/im-a-pretty-whitewoman_b_3246582.html>. The Huffington Post is a news and opinion site trusted by
many to be reliable. The author of this article is Vanessa Van Edwards, who is an author
and behavioral investigator, meaning she investigates and studies human behavior. Her
article was based on Cameron Russell's TED Talk about being a model. I found the
article to be helpful because it talked about labels and stereotypes, and recognizing those
and battling them was a focus of my personal project.
Yang, Eugene Lee, Kari Koeppel, and Mark Celestino. "Women's Ideal Body Types Throughout
History." Buzzfeed. Ed. Ben Smith. Buzzfeed, 27 Jan. 2015. Web. 3 Mar. 2015.
<http://www.buzzfeed.com/eugeneyang/womens-ideal-body-types-throughouthistory#.xiWWEMyVwe>. This article comes from Buzzfeed, which is a news and
commentary website. They have a large team of people who work to produce articles,
quizzes, and videos. The website has a good reputation among many other sites who
share their content and trust it. The video I watched and the following information was to
the point and contained information relevant to my project. The purpose of the source's
creation was to share some historical information on how the ideal female body has
changed throughout history. It contained accurate, in-depth, and interesting information.
It was easy to understand. I would say that overall, this source is reliable and the
information in it is trustworthy.

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