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CAE-

ANSYS CFX

2012

: 621.438.001.2(075)+004.9(075)
: 39.55
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Ansys CFX.
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, 2012

1. CAD/CAE-
1.1.
1.2.


1.3.

1.4.
1.5.


1.6.

2.

3.

CAE-


ANSYS CFX
3.1. CAE

3.2. CAE

3.3. Ansys CFX

3.4.

5
9
11
12

13

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26

29

32

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CFX Fluent. CFD- . 1.1.

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Detached Eddy - Simulation (DES)
Limited Numerical - Scales (LNS) [6,7]
RANS LES .
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33

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35


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0,98

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101325

424320

100310

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489,81

528,96

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1100

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36

3. CAE-

ANSYS CFX


.
,
, CFX-PRE,
, , (, , ), , .
CFX Solver. CFX Post.
CFX-PRE,
CFX-Solver :
.
, , (. 2.1 2.2).
37

3.1. CAE




CFX-PRE.
. 3.1. Ansys

CFX
Ansys CFX. ,

CFX:
Ansys 14.0 Fluid Dynamics CFX

(. 3.1)
,
(Working Directory).
CFX-PRE . 3.1.
Ansys CFX Pre . 3.2.
CFX-Pre
,

.
.
Mesh - Import
Mesh (. 3.3). 38

.gtm, .msh.

1. - ; 2. - ; 3. - ;
4. - ; 5. - ; 6. -
. 3.2. CFX-Pre

:
4812000.

: 2615000.


. , ,

. 3.3.

39

,
Transform Mesh (. 3.4).

. 3.4.

,
: . Analysis Type Steady State (). OK
Apply.
Materials (. 3.5)
(
) Air Ideal Gas ( 3.6).
. 3.1. , (, , ) -

40

, .

. 3.5. Materials

. 3.6.
3.1

28,96 /

1004,4 /*
:

273,15 110,56

110,56 273,15

1, 5

1,716 5

0,0261 /*

CFX-PRE 41

. .
,
Material Properties
Transport Properties ,
. 3.2.
3.2
Transport Properties Material Properties,

Option
Sutherlands Formula
Ref. Temperature

273.15

Reference Viscosity

1.716e-05 (/*)

Sutherlands Constant

110.56

Temperature Exp.

1.5

, Domain (. 3.7),

,
( ) , ,
; ;
. , .
, , .
, Domain Location,
(.3.7).
,
(. 3.8):
42

. 3.7.

Basic Settings (Air Ideal


Gas),

(Reference Pressure),

Domain Motion ,

(),
.

(/, /, /)

. 3.8.

43

(Global X).

,
Expressions
. CFX-Pre
, .

- Expressions, ,
.

, n.
Expressions, Functions and Variables
Expressions (n) , Definition (-72600 [rev min^-1]).
n.
Fluid Models : Heat Transfer Total
Energy.
Turbulence:
k-Epsilon, Scalable Wall Function. , ( , , , .)
.
: Inflow ( ), CBK ( ), Diffuzor (), ks ( ),
44

CA1 ( ), RKT1 ( ).
,
, , .
.
Boundary

, .
(. 3.3 . 3.9).

. 3.9.

- (RKT) (. 3.4
. 3.10).

45

. 3.10.
3.3
Boundary
in
Name
Basic Settings
Boundary Type

Inlet

Location

Inflow
Boundary Details

Flow Regime

Subsonic

Mass And Momentum Option

Total Pressure (stable)

Relative Pressure

101325 (Pa)

Flow Direction Option

Normal to Boundary Condition

Turbulence Option

Medium (Intensity=5%)

Heat Transfer Option

Total Temperature

Total Temperature

288 K

3.4
Boundary
out
Name
Basic Settings
Boundary Type

Outlet

Location

RKT
Boundary Details

46

Flow Regime

Subsonic

Mass And Momentum Option

Average Static Pressure

Relative Pressure

101325 (Pa)

Pres. Profile Blend

0.05

Pressure Averaging Option

Circumferential

(
) . CBK (. 3.5 . 3.11). ,
( RKT) (. 3.12).

. 3. 11.
3.5

Boundary
cbk shroud
Name
Basic Settings
Boundary Type

Wall

Location

CBK
Boundary Details

Mass And Momentum Option

No Slip Wall

Wall Velocity Option

Counter Rotating Wall

Wall Roughness Option

Smooth Wall

Heat Transfer Option

Adiabatic


- 47

(Interfaces). , Inflow CBK (. 3.13)



,
3.6 . 3.14.

. 3.12.

. 3.13.

, Pitch Ratio .

48


Pitch Ratio 9/13.


Pitch
Ratio 13/8.

Pitch Ratio
8/13.
Pitch
Ratio 13/23.

. 3.14.

, Ansys TurboGrid ,
(. 3.15).
.
CBK RKT.
()
, cbk int1, cbk int2 rkt int. 3.7...3.9
.

49

3.6

In to cbk
Name
Basic Settings
Interface Type

Fluid Fluid

Interface Side 1

Inflow

Region List

Inflow

Interface Side 2

CBK

Region List

CBK

Interface Models Option

General Connection

Frame Change/Mixing Model Option

Stage

Pitch Change Option

Value

Pitch Ratio

. 3.15.

50

3.7

Name
cbk int1
Basic Settings
Interface Type
Fluid Fluid
Interface Side 1
CBK

Region List
CBK:Main Blade SHROUD TIP GGI
SIDE 1
Interface Side 2
CBK

Region List
CBK:Main Blade SHROUD TIP GGI
SIDE 2
Interface Models Option
General Connection
Frame Change/Mixing Model
None
3.8

Name
cbk int2
Basic Settings
Interface Type
Fluid Fluid
Interface Side 1
CBK

Region List
CBK:Splitter Blade 1 SHROUD TIP
GGI SIDE 1
Interface Side 2
CBK
CBK:
Region List
CBK: Splitter Blade 1
SHROUD TIP GGI SIDE 2
Interface Models Option
General Connection
Frame Change/Mixing Model
None

51


, , (. 3.16).

. 3.16.
3.9

Name
rkt int
Basic Settings
Interface Type
Fluid Fluid
Interface Side 1
RKT
Region List

RKT: SHROUD TIP GGI SIDE 1
Interface Side 2
RKT
Region List

RKT: SHROUD TIP GGI SIDE 2
Interface Models Option
General Connection
Frame Change/Mixing Model OpNone
tion


, 450,
52

.
Domain Interface. , Inflow, 3.10
. 3.17 3.18.
3.10
Inflow
Name

Inflow _per
Basic Settings

Interface Type

Fluid Fluid

Interface Side 1

Inflow

Region List


Inflow

Interface Side 2

Inflow

Region List


Inflow

Interface Models Option

Rotational Periodicity

Axis Definition Option

Coordinate Axis

Rotational Axis

Global X

. 3.17.

. 3.18.

53

. ,
(. 3.19).

. 3.19.

. Solver, Solver Control


(.3.20 3.21). ,
( ), , . ,
. : Timescale Control Physical
Timescale. Solver Control
3.11.
, , .
54

.

, (), ().
3.11
Solver Control
Advection Scheme Option
Turbulence Numerics Option
Convergence Control Max. Iterations
Timescale Control
Physical Timescale
Convergence Criteria Residual Target

High Resolution
First Order
2000
Physical Timescale
1e-006 [s]
0.000001

. 3.20. Solver Control


. 3.21. Solver
Control

55


Expressions . ,
Expressions ,
3.12. , .
(. 3.22).
3.12

Expressions
Expression

Definition

G1

massFlow()@In*9

G2

massFlow()@R1 Outlet*23

Pi cbk

Pi dif

56

massFlowAve(Total Pressure)@REGION:OUTFLOW
Passage 3/massFlowAve(Total Pressure)@REGION:INFLOW Passage 3
massFlowAve(Total Pressure)@REGION:OUTFLOW
Passage 4/massFlowAve(Total Pressure)@REGION:INFLOW Passage 4

. 3.22.



. 3.23. Output
Solver,
Control
Output Control
(.3.23).
Monitor Monitor
Objects. Monitor - Points and Expressions
. .

(

), Option Expression
.
, . *.def.

57

3.2. CAE


, ,
, ( 3.1),
. :
()
, (2), (N2),
(2), (H2O) (JetA);
,
-
Eddy Dissipation.
.
;

, ;

;
;
-
,
58

Physical Timescale ( 10-9), ( 10)


Physical Timescale =10-4... 10-3.


. ,
Ansys CFX-Pre File - Open Case ( 3.1)
*.def *.cfx.
CFX-Pre .
CFX
Jet A - Air. Materials Import Library Data (. 3.24).
Materialsstandard.

materials-extra
reactions-extra JetA.ccl (. 3.25).

. 3.24.

59

. 3.25. Import Library Data

JetA Air WD1 OK. Materials : (2, N2, 2, H2O, JetA).


CFX NASA SP-273:
- :


( 3.13) . : , :
Tlower, Tmidpoint,Tupper.
: JetA Air WD1 JetA Oxygen WD1.
, .

. (, Inflow) Basic Settings
60

Fluid1 Option c Material Library Material Definition


(. 3.26). , .
Fluid Models, Combustion Option Eddy Dissipation,
Reacting List - JetA Air WD1 (. 3.27).

61

3.13

M,

O2*

31,99

N2

28,01

CO2

44,01

(JetA)

167,3

H2O

18,02

62

a1

a2,10-4,
K-1

a3,10-7,
K-2

a4,10-11,
K-3

a5,10-15,
K-4

a6, K

a7

3,69758

6,1352

-1,25884

1,77528

-1,13643

-1233,93

3,18917

1000

5000

3,21294

11,27486

-5,75615

131,3877

-876,855

-1005,25

6,03474

300

1000

2,92664

14,8798

-5,68476

10,097

-6,75335

-922,798

5,98053

1000

5000

3,29868

14,0824

-39,6322

564,151

-2444,86

-1020,9

3,95037

300

1000

4,45362

31,4017

-12,7841

23,94

-16,6903

-48967

-0,95539
6

1000

5000

2,27572

99,2207

-104,091

686,669

-2117,28

-48373,1

10,1885

300

1000

24,8802

782,501

-315,51

578,789

-398,28

-43110,7

-93,6553

1000

5000

2,08692

1331,5

-811,575

2940,93

-6519,52

-35912,8

27,3553

273,1

1000

2,67215

30,5629

-8,73026

12,01

-6,39162

-29899,2

6,86282

1000

5000

3,38684

34,7498

-63,547

696,858

-2506,59

-30208,1

2,59023

300

1000

T, K

. 3.26.
Inflow
. 3.27.
Inflow

, Component Models
(N2) Constraint,
. Apply OK.

63

.
, 3.14. (. 3.15).
- . : O2 - 0,23; N2 - 0,77. Initialization, Domain Initialization 3.16 (. 3.28).
3.14

Toplivo
Name
Basic Settings
Boundary Type

Inlet

Location

,

Boundary Details

Flow Regime

Subsonic

Mass And Momentum Option

Mass Flow Rate

Mass Flow Rate

0.000628 kg/s

Flow Direction Option

Normal to Boundary Condition

Turbulence Option

Medium (Intensity=5%)

Heat Transfer Option

Static Temperature

Total Temperature

300 K

JetA Option

Mass Fraction

Mass Fraction

64

3.15

Name
In
Basic Settings
Boundary Type

Inlet

Location

Inflow
Boundary Details

Flow Regime

Subsonic

Mass And Momentum Option

Total Pressure (stable)

Relative Pressure

101325 (Pa)

Flow Direction Option

Normal to Boundary Condition

Turbulence Option

Medium (Intensity=5%)

Heat Transfer Option

Total Temperature

Total Temperature

288 K

O2 Option

Mass Fraction

Mass Fraction

0.23

. 3.28.
Inflow
65

: Inflow,
CBK, Diffuzor, ks, CA1, RKT1.
Expressions
.
: , .
-

3.17.
3.16

O2 Option
Automatic with Value
Mass Fraction
0.23

Solver . Solver Control


3000 Physical Timescale =10-9. Output Control
: Mkrcompressor, Mkrturbine,
Sigma, Tg, 3.1 (. 3.29).
3.17

Expressions
Expression

Definition

G1

massFlow()@In*9

G2

-massFlow()@R1 Outlet*23

MkrCBK

(torque_x()@REGION:Main
Blade+torque_x()@REGION:Splitter Blade 1)*9

MkrTurb

-torque_x()@REGION:BLADE 2*23

sigma ks

tg

massFlowAve(Total Pressure)@REGION:ns_outlet/massFlowAve(Total
Pressure)@REGION:ns_inlet
massFlowAve(Total Temperature)@REGION:ns_outlet

, . -

66

*.def.

. 3.29.

3.3. Ansys CFX



Ansys CFX

CFX-Solver Manager. CFX
.
*.def ,
CFX-Solver Manager.
. 3.30.
67



CFX-Solver Manager ,
Solver Input File.

.

.

. 3.30. Define Run
Run Mode HP MPI Local Parallel


, (
). (+) (-) . . .. ,
- .
Start Run ( ).
. CFX Solver Manager .

68


(. 3.31).

. 3.31.
CFX Solver Manager

,
(Physical Timescale). ,
(

,


),

. CFX- Solver
Manager
, . 3.32.
. ,

69

.
Physical Timescale (. 3.32).
,
.
Physical Timescale
10-2 . Physical Timescale ,
10-3 .
, . : (
) (. 3.33).

. 3.33.

70

(<4%) :
.

, .
.

(*.res) CFD- Post
.
3.4.


CFD Post,
CFX . CFX Solver

.
Domain
Selector, . 3.34. Domain Selector
,

(. 3.34).
,
.
71

CFD Post
. 3.35.
CFD Post
Turbo. Turbo (
2 3.35) .

, .
.
- Turbo (ks) (. 3.36)
Initialize All Components.

1 - ; 2 - : , , , , 72

; 3 -
; 4 -
; 5 -
,
,
.
. 3.35. CFD
Post

, . 3.36.
( Turbo)
(. 3.37).

: , .
Calculate Velocity Components Turbo (. 3.36).
:

(Blade-to-Blade);

(Meridional);

(Hub to Shroud), (Inlet to Outlet),
(Blade Loading);
73


(Circumferential).

. 3.37. Turbo

. 3.38.

74

Blade-to-Blade
(. 3.38). 3.39... 3.41
.

Plot Type Color
(. 3.39), Vector (. 3.40), Steam (. 3.41).

. 3.39. (
Max Number in Stn. Frame)

75

. 3.40.

, ,

Meridional.
, . 3.42. , .

. 3.41.

76

. 3.42.


. 3.433.45.

77

. 3.43.

. 3.44.


Hub to Shroud , 3.46. ,
, .


Hub to Shroud . 3.47.

78

. 3.45.

. 3.46.


, , .
(Outline) . (,
79

).
, , .

. 3.47.

CFD Post
,
, ,
( ).


. () , ,
,
(, , ..) (
, ).

80


( ) , . . ,

, , . 3.48.
, ,
.

Location (.3.48).
, Plane. . 3.49,
, , .
3.50...3.53 .

. 3.49. ,

81

. 3.50. ,

. 3.51.
,

. 3.52. ,

82

. 3.53.

CFD Post (Calculators), , .


.
3.18.
3.18
CFD Post
area

mass Flow

area Ave

mass Flow Ave

ave

max Val

count

min Val

force

torque

lenght

volume

volume Ave

length Ave


Calculators
Function Calculator.
83

, . 3.54. , ,
, . . 3.19 Function Calculator

. Calculate, Results .

. 3.54. Function Calculator


3.19
Function Calculator,

Function
Location
Variable

mass Flow Ave



Total Temperature
84

4.

. 4.1
.
4.1

,
/
1
+
72000
2
72000
3
+
66000
4
66000
5
+
60000
6
60000
7
+
55000
8
55000
9
+
50000
10
50000

, /

0.625
0
0.575
0
0.528
0
0.484
0
0.444
0

40
40
20
20
0
0
-15
-15
-30
-30

*:
(Air Ideal Gas),
(JetA Air WD1).

85

5.
1. CFD .
2.
.
3.
CFD .
4. .
5.
CFD
?
6.
.
7.
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