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Mikele Ray

Research Guide #6.


: March 26th 2015

The Industrial Age ( b.)

Date due

1. The Art and Craft Movement.


The Art and Craft movement was both innovative and reactionary. It may be
seen of one of the reoccurring attempts to take a an analytical step back,
before moving forward, providing a solid foundation for the further
development of design in arts, crafts and architecture..
a. What was the motivation behind this movement?

(2)

It was a rebellion against the age of mass production. A return to traditional craft
methods and romantic forms of decoration. Products were to be manufactured by
individuals or small groups rather than on a mass production line.
http://www.technologystudent.com/prddes1/artscrafts1.html

b. Where did it originate?


The Arts and Crafts movement initially developed in England during the latter half of
the 19th century.
http://char.txa.cornell.edu/art/decart/artcraft/artcraft.htm

c. Name its main artists


John Ruskin, William Morris
http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/t/the-arts-and-crafts-movement/

d. Why was it important to modern design?

Research and show examples of Art and Craft Movement designs (10)

Mikele Ray

2. Ukiyo-e and Art Noveau.


The Japanese Floating World posters , prints and paintings revolutionized
Western design in the late 19th century. Research Ukiyo-e and Art Noveau
separately.
a.Show iconic examples of Ukiyo-e .

Mikele Ray

b. Show iconic examples of Art Noveau

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c. Explain their relationships and the process of cultural diffusion. (4)


:Show images of the work of the following artists:
d. Moronubo

e. Hokusai

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f. Hiroshige

self portrait

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g. Toulose-Lautrec

h. Beardsley

3. Research the History of Manga

Mikele Ray

a. What is the origin of Manga (date and place)) Describe the artform.
http://www.matt-thorn.com/mangagaku/history.html
The word manga was popularized by the famous woodblock print artist
Hokusai, but, contrary to a popular myth, it was not invented by him. The
word is composed of two Chinese charactersthe first meaning "in spite of
oneself" or "lax" and the second meaning "picture"and has been used to
describe various comical images for at least two centuries.
It was in late eighteenth-century Japan, when a growing middle class of
urban merchants had developed a vibrant consumer culture, that a mangalike medium produced for popular consumption first appeared. Printed in
book form using woodblock technology, kibyshi ("yellow covers") were
storybooks for adults in which narration and dialogue were placed in and
around ink-brush illustrations, often in creative ways that consciously blurred
the distinction between text and picture.

http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=manga
Manga, in Japanese, means "flowing words" or "Undisciplined words". It is an
ancient art that has been used for centuries as a form of entertainment. It's
basicallt Japanese comic books, which can be easily translated to English.
However, just saying manga are comics from Japan is wrong.
First of all, in the US and in Europe, most comics are addressed to young
children between the ages of 9 and 13. That is not the case of manga. There
are 6-7 major types of manga, each having its own audience. Kodomo manga
is for children. Shonen manga is for boys ages 12-18 , Shoujo manga is for
gilrs age 12-18. Josei manga is for adult ladies above the age of 20, mainly
working women. Seinen manga is for young men between the ages of 18 and
30, and Hentai manga is pornographic, adult manga.

Mikele Ray

b. Name the most important Manga Artists.


http://www.siliconera.com/2010/07/17/the-top-ten-manga-ka-thatchanged-manga-history/
1. Osamu Tezuka (Astro Boy)
2. Akira Toriyama (Dr. Slump, Dragon Ball)
3. Hiroshi Fujimoto and Motou Abiko (Doraemon)
4. Eiichiro Oda (One Piece)
5. Takehiko Inoue (Slam Dunk)
6. Shigeru Mizuki (GeGeGe no Kitaro)
7. Fujio Akatsuka (Tensai Bakabon)
8. Machiko Hasegawa (Sazae-san)
9. Hayao Miyazaki (Nausica of the Valley of the Wind)
10. Osamu Akimoto (Kochira Katsushika-ku Kameari Ken Mae Hashutsujo)
10. Naoki Urasawa (Monster, 20th Century Boys)
Read more at http://www.siliconera.com/2010/07/17/the-top-ten-manga-ka-thatchanged-manga-history/#c5DdkQudIkmEpepU.99