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Journey’s End Notes 2 February

Comprehension- End of Act One

1. What historical relationship is there between

Stanhope and Raleigh?
They have a brotherly relationship because
Stanhope has to look out for Raleigh when they
are at school together. Both of the officers have
come from a public school background.
Stanhope has a relationship with Raleigh’s sister,
Madge. Raleigh looks up to Stanhope as a hero.
Osborne describes this as natural hero-
worshiping. They are family friends who know
each other through their fathers.
2. Find evidence that suggests Stanhope is
unhappy about Raleigh’s arrival?
Stanhope is unhappy because Raleigh has
“pulled-strings” to get into the same company.
“… There are 1800 companies in France and
Raleigh might have been sent to any of those
and my god he comes to mine.” This suggests he
is unhappy because he continues to hero-
worship Stanhope, even though Stanhope feels
like he is not the same person.
3. What are the fears that Stanhope carries with
Raleigh joining the company?
Stanhope is worried that Raleigh will write to
Madge (sister of Raleigh) and tell her about how
Stanhope has changed. He is worried that Madge
won’t think the same of him, knowing that he
needs alcohol to face the Germans. Stanhope is
confident that he will be able to recover after the
4. How does Stanhope feel about Hibbert?
Stanhope feels that Hibbert is starving himself to
get out of the war. Hibbert is a cowardly
character. He is trying to find any way out of
war. Stanhope is suspicious; he has already lost
an officer (Warren) to illness. Stanhope doesn’t
want to see Hibbert having an easy ride.
5. How is Hibbert presented in the play?
Hibbert is presented as a coward. He does his
duties, but evidently unhappy. Stanhope is
paranoid because of his drinking.
6. Based on the entire act, how does the
audiences’ view of Stanhope change?