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1.

The most important part of casing


hanger is

Slip and seal ring

2.

How to get the value of reservoir


pressure?

DST (Drill stem test)

RFT (repeat Formation Test)

Well Test (Pressure Build-up and Drawdown


Test)

3.

What is the use of rotary slip?

An assembly to open the joint

4.

What are the rheology characteristics?

Plastic Viscosity, Yield Point, Gel Strength

5.

What is the function of work over?

Operations to make conditions of well production


to be normal back or stable

6.

What are the caused of SP readings?

SP readings are caused by the differences in


salinities between mud filtrate and formation
waters in permeable beds

7.

What is the correlation between salinity


of a fluid and resistivity?

Salinity of a fluid is inversely proportional to its


resistivity.

8.

What kind of tool that MWDs method


use?

MWD method measures formation properties


using special drill collar housing measuring
device at the time formation being drilled

9.

What is the function of pigging?

Cleaning the pipe from paraffin

10.Thin

laminated beds can be occurred


when

The thickness of every lithology layers is less than


the vertical resolution

11.A

radioactivity log, which also known as


a radiation log or a nuclear log, normally
consists of two recorded curves, which
are

Gamma ray curve and neutron curve

12.What

is datum pressure?

Datum Pressure is the bottom hole pressure


corrected to a specific sea or subsea levels

13.What

is the abbreviation of IADC?

International Association Drilling Contractors

14.What

is WHA stands for?

Well Head Assembly

15.What

is the meaning of continuous

flow?
An interrupted flow of the well fluid resulting from
aeration and expansive action of input gas

16.A

well with neither damage nor


stimulation has a flow efficiency value
that equals

1 (One)

17.A

type of LWD, where the tools are


encompassed in a single module in the
steering tool of the drill string, at the
end of the drilling apparatus (or the
bottom hole assembly) is

Measurements While Drilling (MWD)

18.What

is the function of Wall Scratcher?

To clean up the mud cake that stuck in the


borehole

19.A

type of log that is used in well that do


not use mud or water, but oil-based
drilling fluids or air is

Induction Log

20.Modern

resistivity logging tools falls into


two categories, which are

Laterolog and Induction

21.What

is velocity string?

Velocity string is a small-diameter tubing string


that runs inside the production tubing of a well
as a remedial treatment to resolve liquidloading problems.

22.Centrifugal

pump can be used for

Super charging pump, mixing pump, water cooling


pump, and fluid mover for degasser, desander,
desilter

23.What

is the main function of hoisting


system?

To hold the drilling and production equipment


during drilling process or maintenance at the
surface

24.Where

is crown block located?

At the top of the rig

25.A

logging tool that measures resistivity


(Rt) and best suited tool for boreholes
which contain salt water based mud is

Deep Laterolog

26.When

Rmf = Rw, it indicates that the


porosity is

0 (Zero)

27.Field

calibration could be done by


using

Magnesium and Aluminum

28.A

tool which is best suited for borehole


that contain salt water based mud is

Deep Laterolog

29.Mention

3 size of drill pipe that usually


used in oil field

2 3/8, 2 7/8, 3 , 4, 4 , 5, 5 , 6 5/8

30.How

has?
5

many liner that Quintuplex pump

31.What

is micro annulus?

Micro annulus is the space between the outside of


coiled tubing and the inside of conventional
tubing.

32.What

are methods that used to


calculate water saturation?

Simandoux, Waxman-Smith, and Ferti

33.On

what condition the pressure reached


the critical state?

When the downstream pressure is equal to the


half of upstream pressure.

34.Mention

4 (four) methods of artificial

lift..
ESP, Beam Pumping, Gas Lift, and Hydraulic
Pumping Unit

35.What

is the meaning of intermittent

flow?
Head or slug type flow, which is accomplished
primarily by displacement of fluid by
intermittent injection of lift gas

36.Acid

movement in the porous media


depends on

Acid concentration, mineral type of rock, and


layer temperature

37.Mention

3 (three) functions of
wellhead

To hold conductor / surface casing, to hang


intermediate casing, and to place the BOP
Stack

38.Which

oil?
Light oil

is older the heavy oil or the light

39.Mention

2 (two) types of Xmas tree

Single arm and double arm

40.What

is the national oil company of


mexico?

Pemex (Petroleos Mexicanos)

41.Production

packer for gas lift is used

for
For separating gas injection with productive zone

42.What

is subsurface safety valve?

A safety device installed in the upper wellbore to


provide emergency closure of the producing
conduits in the event of an emergency

43.To

drain the fluid to the surface, the


value of hydrostatic pressure must be.
.than the reservoir pressure.
(Complete the sentence!)

Less than

44.SP

log, Gamma Ray log, and Microlog


are types of wireline logging that used
to identify

Formation thickness

45.Why

doesnt Electric Submersible Pump


use packer?

So that the gas can enter the valve

46.A

tool that is used to measure resistivity


by sending electric current directly to
the formation is

Laterolog

47.What

is the name of the tool used to


control the well pressure?

Back Pressure Manifold

48.The

name of the tool used to know the


position and condition of the fish in the
wellbore

Impression Block

49.What

is the abbreviation of ECD?

Equivalent Circulating Density

50.A

tool that is used to prove the existence of


hydrocarbon in the formation on reservoir
capacity and its ability to produce fluid is

Drilling Steam Test (DST)

51.What

will happen to the well flowing


pressure if gas is injected to the well?

The well flowing pressure will be decreased

52.What

type of Electric Submersible Pump


protector that is not allowed the formation
water to enter the well?

Positive seal

53.The

most common solid added to muds to


increase density is

Barite

54.What

is the name of thermodynamic


process in which the temperature is
constant?

Isothermal process

55. Give

a scientific term: They are estimated volumes of


crude oil, condensate, natural gas, natural gas
liquids, and associated substances anticipated to be
commercially recoverable from known accumulations
from a given date forward, under existing economic
conditions, by established operating practices, and
under current government regulations. Its estimations
based on geologic and/or engineering data available
at the time of estimate.

Reserves

56.A

part of petroleum science that


provides the technical basis for the
recovery of petroleum fluids from
subsurface sedimentary-rock reservoirs
is

Reservoir engineering

57.What

is OWC (oil water contact)?

A surface separating the oil zone from the


underlying water zone. Below the OWC, oil is
generally absent

58.It

may be defined as the pressure


difference across a curved interface
between two immiscible fluids. What is
it?

Capillary pressure

59.Mention

5 (five) function of mud

To move up cutting,

cover the wellbore wall,

keep the formation pressure,

logging media,

keep the drill string,

corrosion prevention

60.At

which temperature point does steam


begin to be cloudy and changed to be
liquid phase?

Dew point

61.The

ratio of the density (mass of a unit


volume) of a substance to the density
(mass of the same unit volume) of a
reference substance is called...

Specific gravity

62.There

are 3 kinds of well stimulation,


which are?

Acidizing,

explosive fracturing,

hydraulic fracturing

63.What

is CBM stand for?

Coal bed methane

64.Conventional

, air balance, mark II


unitorque and beam balance are types
of...

Beam pumping unit

65.High-pressure

separator units handle


pressure of within range

975 1500 psi

66.Clay

swelling can be caused by

Ion exchange or changes in salinity

67.What

is the function of pump intake?

Separating oil and gas

68.In

fishing job, when a fish is difficult to


grip, what kind of pipe that we use?

Wash over Pipe or Wash pipe

69.A

common type of acid employed on wells to


stimulate production, which are useful in
removing carbonate reservoirs, or limestone
and dolomites, from the rock is

Hydrochloric Acid (HCl)

70.Law,

which applied in calculating and


predicting flow rates from the reservoir
into the wellbore, is

Darcys Equation

71.What

are the 2 (two) most common


petroleum reservoir rocks?

Sandstones and carbonates (limestone and


dolomite)

72.A

type of log that shows the permeability of the


rocks in the well by calculating the electrical
currents generated between the drilling fluids and
formation water held in the pore spaces is...

Spontaneous Potential (SP) Log

73.What

is the function of barite?

To increase the weight

74.What

is the used of packer fluid?

Packer fluid is used to reduce the pressure


differential between annulus and pipes or
between zones, which is limited by packer

75.Mention

4 type of coupling thread for


casing released by API

Round thread casing,

buttress thread casing,

extreme line casing,

vam casing

76.Mention

3 cementing program
equipment used for 2 stage cementing?

Dual stage casing collar, metal petal basket,


external casing packer

77.Crown

O- matic break is used for...

Preventing travelling block hit the crown block


in round trip job

78.What

is the different between igneous


rock and metamorphic rocks?

Igneous rocks have crystallized from a hot,


molten liquid (they are formed when a molten
melt is cooled, there is two types of igneous
rocks, which are plutonic and volcanic). While
metamorphic rocks have been recrystallized
from other rocks under high temperatures and
pressures (they are any rocks that have been
altered by high heat and pressure)

79.What

is the function of bottom plug?

To separated cement with cement slurry

80.Mention

3 (three) types of rocks, which


can make up the earths crust?

Igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic.

81

This artificial system uses a helical screw rotar to formed a


travelling sealed cavity (Progressive Cavity Pump)

82

An uncontrolled discharge of formation fluid out of the


wellbore (Blowout)

83

This is the act of pulling the drill string out of hole or putting it
in the hole. (Tripping)

84
Identify the type of well that is equipped with pressure
monitoring systems to determine the extent of propogation of
the pressure transient from the producing wells into the reservoir
(Observation Well)

85

Which continent is currently the worlds largest petroleum consumer?


(Asia)

86

The US imports about 9 billion barrels of crude oil a year. Which


country is leading supplier to the US? (Canada)

87
What is welded to the first string of casing in the well and
attaches the bop stack to the well? (Casing Heading

88

7.

How many times per year is SPE magazine


The Way Ahead published? (3)

89

7.

What is the API gravity of the benchmark


crude West Texas Intermediate (39.6)

90
7.

Containing 4% of world oil reserves and name


this country covering 1/8 of the world
inhabitable land area. (Russia)

91
7.

Name four mechanisms that cause a reservoir


to produce in it's initial phase. ("Gas Cap
Drive, Solution Gas Drive, Gravity Drive,
Water Drive )

92
7.

The measure of heat energy to raise the


temperature of 1 pound of water by 1 degree
Fahrenheit is known as what? (BTU)

93
13. With untapped easy oil and proven oil reserves
of 115 Billion bbl this country may become a
top producer and exporter alongside Saudi
Arabia. (Iraq)

94
13. "If an operator signs to pay an exact cost to a
contractor, regardless of any possible new
expenses, the transaction is known as what?
(Turn Key)

95

13. According to the standard geologic time scale,


what epoch are we currently in? (Halocene)

96
13. Name the term that is used to describe the
gas accumulated on the surface of a material,
such as the grain of a reservoir rock, or more
particularly the organic particles in a shale
reservoir. (Adsorbed Gas)

97
13. The chloride concentration in drilling fluids can
be determined by titrating with what chemical
solution? (Silver Nitrate Solution)

98
13. What are the units for the non-Darcy flow
coefficient Beta that is used in Forcheimer's
equation? (1/length)

19.

What is the name for a cut off in time that has the effect of
eliminating some kinds of noise from seismic data? (Tail mute)

100.Name the man who in 1940 drilled the first directional well?
(Robert Richardson

101.Name the special tool used by the rig crew to prevent the drill
bit from turning. (Bit Breaker)

102. Hydrates are icelike structures made of what? (Gas and


water)

103

"Refining of crude oil was initially focused on


forming this substance, used primarily in lamps.
(Kerosene)

104
19. Name the second largest exporter of LNG.
(Malaysia)

105
19. During this process natural gas is condensed
and cooled while harmful components such as
dust, acid gas, helium, water, and heavy
hydrocarbons are removed. (Liquefaction)

106. This device is used to measure the viscosity of a fluid.


(Viscometer)

107 "In drilling, this is the term used to describe the height of a
fluid column. (Hydrostatic Head)

108. This type of system is used to steer the drill bit while the pipe
is rotating. (Rotary Steerable System)

109. This procedure enhances production removing


near well formation damage and increasing the
effective well radius. (acidizing)

110. In drilling fluids, this device is used to


separate components of a used drilling fluid to
estimate the amount of fluid invasion from a
reservoir. (Retort)

111.A porosity-resistivity crossplot is a convenient method for


deriving formation water resistivity. Name one of the two
commonly used crossplots.

1)

Hingle Plot

2) Pickett Plot.

112.Name 2 principles through which heat can be transferred.

1) Conduction

2) Convection

3) Radiation

113.A fluid flow process in which the saturation of the wetting


phase increases and the non wetting phase saturation decrease
is defined?

Answer: Imbibition

114.Generally refers to any well that does not produce oil or gas
in commercial quantities

Answer: dry hole

115.Geological term denoting a break in the subsurface strata.

Answer: fault

116.Common term for wellbore.

Answer: hole

7.

Answer: monkey board

8.

Answer: plug and abandon

9.

Answer: Slim Hole Drilling

10. A centralizer installed in the drill string to center the string in the hole and to stiffen the string to resist bending and deviation.

Answer: STABILIZER

11. Drill pipe, casing, or tubing that cannot be worked in or out of the hole as desired. Answer: STUCK PIPE

12. Method of drilling in which the drill pipe is rotated to rotate a bit.

Answer: ROTARY DRILLING

13. Subsurface geological feature capable of acting as a reservoir for oil and/or gas.

Platform on which the derrick hand works during the time the crew is making a trip

Act of placing cement plugs in a hole to prevent unwanted vertical migration in an abandoned well.

Drilling in which the hole size is smaller than the conventional hole diameter, enabling the operator to run smaller casing, thereby decreasing the cost of completion

Answer: STRUCTURE

14. Any geological structure which precludes the migration of oil and gas through subsurface rocks, causing the hydrocarbons to accumulate into pools.

Answer: TRAP

15. Recording information about subsurface geologic formations; methods include records kept by the driller, mud and cutting analysis, core analysis, drill stem tests, electric and radioactivity procedures.

Answer: WELL LOGGING

16. Organic chemical compounds of hydrogen and carbon whose densities, boiling points, and freezing points increase as their molecular weights increase. The molecular structure of the most common petroleum hydrocarbon compounds varies from the simplest - methane, a constituent of natural gas - to the very heavy and complex. Answer: HYDROCARBONS

17. Free gas, separate from, but overlying an oil zone that occurs within the same producing formation as oil. Since gas is lighter, it occupies the upper part of the reservoir.

Answer: GAS CAP

18. Clamp which grips a stand or column of casing, tubing, drill pipe, or sucker rods so that it can be raised or lowered into the hole.

Answer: ELEVATOR

19. Exploratory well which discovers a new oil/gas field (see WILDCAT).

Answer: DISCOVERY WELL

20. Mixture of pentanes and heavier hydrocarbons that may be contaminated with sulfur compounds and is recovered or recoverable form an underground reservoir. It is gaseous in its virgin state but is liquid under the conditions at which its volume is measured.

Answer: CONDENSATE

21. Cylindrical sample taken from a formation for the purpose of examination or analysis. Answer: CORE

22. When production is stopped from a well that is depleted and no longer capable of producing profitably. A wildcat well may also be abandoned after it has been determined that it will not produce.

Answer: ABANDON

23. Uncontrolled flow of gas, oil, or other well fluids from a well during drilling due to formation pressure exceeding the pressure exerted by the column of drilling mud. Answer: BLOWOUT

24. Arched stratified rock structure with layers dipping downward in opposite directions from the crest.

Answer: ANTICLINE

25. Impermeable rock overlying an oil or gas reservoir that tends to prevent migration of the reservoir fluids from the reservoir.

Answer: CAP ROCK

26. Cycling of the drilling

117.Platform on which the derrick hand works during the time


the crew is making a trip

Answer: monkey board

118.Act of placing cement plugs in a hole to prevent unwanted


vertical migration in an abandoned well.

Answer: plug and abandon

119.Drilling in which the hole size is smaller than the


conventional hole diameter, enabling the operator to run smaller
casing, thereby decreasing the cost of completion

Answer: Slim Hole Drilling

120.A centralizer installed in the drill string to center the string in


the hole and to stiffen the string to resist bending and deviation.

Answer: STABILIZER

121.Drill pipe, casing, or tubing that cannot be worked in or out


of the hole as desired. Answer: STUCK PIPE

122.Method of drilling in which the drill pipe is rotated to rotate a


bit.

Answer: ROTARY DRILLING

123.Subsurface geological feature capable of acting as a


reservoir for oil and/or gas.
Answer: STRUCTURE

124.Any geological structure which precludes the migration of oil


and gas through subsurface rocks, causing the hydrocarbons to
accumulate into pools.

Answer: TRAP

125.Recording information about subsurface geologic formations;


methods include records kept by the driller, mud and cutting
analysis, core analysis, drill stem tests, electric and radioactivity
procedures.

Answer: WELL LOGGING

126.Organic chemical compounds of hydrogen and carbon whose


densities, boiling points, and freezing points increase as their
molecular weights increase. The molecular structure of the most
common petroleum hydrocarbon compounds varies from the
simplest - methane, a constituent of natural gas - to the very
heavy and complex. Answer: HYDROCARBONS

127.Free gas, separate from, but overlying an oil zone that occurs
within the same producing formation as oil. Since gas is lighter, it
occupies the upper part of the reservoir.

Answer: GAS CAP

128.Clamp which grips a stand or column of casing, tubing, drill


pipe, or sucker rods so that it can be raised or lowered into the
hole.

Answer: ELEVATOR

129.Exploratory well which discovers a new oil/gas field (see


WILDCAT).

Answer: DISCOVERY WELL

130.Mixture of pentanes and heavier hydrocarbons that may be


contaminated with sulfur compounds and is recovered or
recoverable form an underground reservoir. It is gaseous in its
virgin state but is liquid under the conditions at which its volume
is measured.

Answer: CONDENSATE