Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 623

. .

. ., . .

A uto CAD

2012

, -

2012

.., . ., . .

AutoCAD 2012. + DVD , ,


Autodesk, , AutoCAD
2012. - .: , 2012. - 6 2 4 .: . (+ DVD)

AutoCAD 2012. ,

, .
-, AutoCAD
.
AutoCAD 2012,
.
, .
:
,
, , .
.
.
, DVD
96 , 1, , 4, ,
- AutoCAD 2012.
, AutoCAD
(+ ).
AutoCAD 2012 30 .

DVD !

:
(812)412-60-25,412-70-26
(044) 516-38-66, 559-27-40
www.nit.com.ru
.. , ..
(-), 2012


......................................................................................................................................... 20

(). ...................................................... 21
AUTOCAD 2012............................................................................................................... 23
, AUTOCAD 2012
............................................................................................. 24
AUTOCAD 20 1 2 ......................................................................................25
, .................................................. 33
, .............................................33
AUTOCAD................................................................33

.............................................................................................. 34
Enter
.......................................................................................35
.......................................................................................35
, .................................................. 36
.........................................................................36
........................................37
.................................................... 37

AutoCAD 2 0 1 2 ....................................39
AutoCAD 2 0 1 2 .................................................... 40
1. AUTOCAD 2 0 1 2 ................................................................41
1.1. AUTOCAD 2012................................................................................................................ 42
1.2. AUTOCAD 2012. AUTOCAD .....................43
1.2.1. AutoCAD 2012.
..................................................................................43
1.2.2. ............................................................................................ 53
1.2.3. ....................................................... 53
...........................................................................................53
A utoC AD ............................ 56
...................................................................................57

..........

1.2.4. ..................................................................... 60
1.2.5. ................................................................... 61
1.2.6. .............................................................................62
1.2.7. ....................................................................... 64
1.2.8. ................................................................64
1.3. AUTOCAD................................................................................ 65

1.3.1. .........................................................................65
1.3.2. .....................................................66
1.3.3. . ....................... 68
1.3.4. ............................................................................69
1.4. AUTOCAD. ..........................................69

.........................................................................69
.
......................................................................................... 71
......................... 73
................................................................... 73
AutoCAD ................................................................74
.................................................. 74
1.5. AUTOCAD 2 0 1 2 ........................................................................................... 75
1.6. AUTOCAD................................................................................................................ 76

2. AUTOCAD 2012.
, .....................................78
2 .1 . AUTOCAD 2 0 1 2 ........................................ 79
2.2. .....................................................................................................................80

2.2.1. ..................... 80
A u toC A D ............................. 80
AutoCA D ............... 81
2.2.2.
(Startup)
........................................................... 82
2.2.3. ............................................ 86
.
Units ()................................................................... 86
. Limits ().... 88

.......................................................................

2.3. .................................................................................................................................89

2.3.1. ...................................................89
2.3.2. ........................................................91
2.3.3. .
..................................................................91
2.4. ...................................................................................................... 92

2.4.1. ....................................................... 92
2.4.2. ............................................................93
2.5. ............................................................................94
2.6. , AUTOCAD..................................................... 95

3. AUTOCAD 2012. ................................. 97


3 .1. 4....................................................................................................................... 98
3 .2. . ERASE ()............................................ 101
3 .3. ...............................................................................................102

Undo () ........................................................... 102


Redo ( ).......................................................... 103
3 .4. ........... 103

3.4.1. ................ 104


3.4.2. .
PAN ()........................................................................ 105
.....................................................105
..................................................................106
................................................. 107
4. ................................................................................... 108
4 .1 . AUTOCAD ...............................................109
4 .2 . . ...................110
4 .3 . .......................................................................................................... 110

4.3.1. ......................................................110
4.3.2. .............. ....... 114
4.3.3. .......... 116

.......................................................................

4.4. .
-.................................................................................................... 119
4 .5 . ............................................................................................................................ 119
4 .6 . .................................................................................. 121
4.7. ...............................................................................................125

5. -...........................126
5 .1 . ..............................................................................127

5.1.1. ()........................... 127


5.1.2. () ...................................... 128
................................................. 128
. XLine ().
............................................129

XLine ()............................................ 130
. Ray ()..........135
5.1.3. (Rectangle)................................... 136
...................................... 136
...................137
... 138
5.1.4. (Polygon)...................................... 141
5.2. ................................................................................................145

5.2.1. (C irc le )........................................................... 145


.............................................................................. 145
............................. 148
5.2.2. (ARC) ..........................................151
5.2.3. (E llip se ).........................................................156
...........................................................156
5.2.4. (Donut)............................................................... 160
5.3. ........................................................................................................................................161

5.3.1. (Point) .......................................................161


5.3.2. ......................................................................... 162
5.4. : ................................ 165

6 . ............................................................................... 1 6 8
6.1. (PLINE).................................................................169

.............................................................................. 169
......................... ........ 170
....................................... 172
6.2. (SPLINE): .................................................................. 175
6.3. (MLINE)........................................................... 178

............................................ 178
....................................................... 180
6.4. - ............................................................ 187
6.5. AUTOCAD 2 0 1 2 ............................................................................................. 189

7 . , .
..............................................................................1 9 2
7 .1. OPTO (ORTHO).................................................................. 194
7.2. (SNAP MODE).........................................................................................194
7.3. (POLAR TRACKING)............................. 196
7 .4 . (POLAR SNAP).................................................................. 199
7.5. ...............................................................................................................................200

7.5.1. .
.........................................................................200
7.5.2.
............................................................................................206
.......................................... 206

Object Snap ( )..................................................207
7.6. ,
.....................................................................................................................208

8 . :
........................................................................................................... 211
8.1. .......................................212

8.1.1. ............................212
8.1.2. Zoom () ...... 213

.......................................................................


.........................................................................................................213
8.1.3. ............................................................217
8.2. .................................................................................................219
8.2.1 . ......................................................219
8.2.2. ......................................................................................220
8.2.3. ....................................226
9. .................................................. 227
9.1. ............................................................ 228
9.2. () ............................................................. ..............................229
.......................................... 229
............................................ 230
.............................

232

.....................................................232
.......................................... 233
9.3. ....................................................................................... 234
Move ( )...................................................................... 234
- ......................................................... 236
W in d ow s ....................... 236
9.4. .................................................................. ..................237
() ...................................................................238
- ..........................................................238
W indow s ...... ................... 238
9.5. . ROTATE ()....................................... .....................241
9.6. .
ARRAY ()............................................................................................ 242
9.6.1. ,
AutoCAD 2 0 1 2 .............................................................................. 243
9.6.2. ..................................... 244
.......................................................................... 244
....................................................................................... 246
............................................................................248
9.7. . OFFSET ()..................................250

9.8. () ...............................................................................................................253
9 .9 . ............................................................................................... 258
9 .1 0. ........................................................................................... 261
9.11. .
....................................................................................................................... 266
9.12.
AUTOCAD..........................................................................................................................................268

10.
AUTOCAD 2012. ....................................... 272
10.1. ..........................................................................................273

10.1.1. . Trim ( ).........................273


10.1.2. . Extend ()....................... 279
10.1.3. .
Lengthen ()....................................................... 280
10.1.4. .
Stretch ()............................................................283
10.1.5. . Break ()............................. 286
..............286
.................................................287
- .............................. 288
10.1.6.
...........................................................288
10.2. . ALIGN ()......................................................291
10.3. ................................................................................................................................ 296

....................... 296
.
Divide ()..............................................................297
.
Measure ( ).....................................................298
10.4. ..........................................................................................299

10.4.1. ........................................................ 299


..........................................................................299
PEdit () ............................................. 299
............................................302
10.4.2. .....................................................304

10.5.
AUTOCAD 2012 ...................................................................................................................... 308

....................................................312
1 1 . ..................................... 3 1 5
11.1. ...............................................316
11.2. ............................................................................ 318
11.3. ..........................................................................320
11.4. ...................................................................................... 321
11.5. ..................................................................322
11.6. ......................... 324
11.7. ..........................................................................................................325

1 2 . AUTO CAD ...........................................................................................3 2 8


12.1. ............................................................................................................................ 330

................................................ 330
............. 331
.
................................................................332
12.2. . JUSTIFY ()..................................................... 334
12.3. . ........................................................................................336

.
............................................................................................. 336
.............................................. 337
12.4. ................................................................................... 340
12.5. ......................................................................................................................... 342

....................... 342
.................................... 348
........................ 349
12.6. . .................. 350
12.7. .........................................................................................................351

.............................................. 351
............................................. 354

............

. ............................................355
1 3 . :
, , , ....................................... 3 5 8
13.1. , ............................................................. 359

13.1.1. ..................................................................... 359


13.1.2. ()........................................................ 360
13.1.3. ..........................................................................363
13.1.4. () ......................................................... 364
13.2. : .................................................................................................... 365
13.3. .......................................... ............................................................. 369
13.4. . .................................................................... 370

13.4.1. ...............................................................................370
....................................................................... 370
................................................................................. 371
13.4.2. .
, ................................... 373
................................................................................... 373
...........................................................................373
...................................................................375
............................................................. 375
13.5. .................................................................................................... 375

13.5.1. .
......................................................................... 375
13.5.2. ..................................................................377
13.5.3. ...............................................................................377
13.5.4.
.......................................................................... 377
13.5.5.
....................................................................379
13.6. .
................................................................................................................. 379

- Properties ( ).......................379
................................... ...................................380
13.7. AUTOCAD............................................... 381

......................................................................................................................S O I

14. . .............................. ................................. 384

14.1. AUTOCAD 2012 ....................................................................................................................385

14.1.1. .......................................................................... 385


...................................................................... 385
...................................... 386
14.1.2.
Dimension ()....................................................................... 388
14.1.3. ........................................ 390
14.2. ........................................................391

14.2.1. ...........................................................................391
14.2.2. ............................ 392
14.2.3. ,
...................................................................394
........................................ 394
...........................................395
()............. 395
.........................................................396
14.2.4. ...................................397
.............................................397
......................................................... 398
............................................................ 399
14.2.5.
......................................................... 399
14.2.6. ...................400
14.2.7. .................................402
14.3. ................................................................403
14.4. ...........................................................................................404
14.5. .
......................................................................................................404

1 5. ............................................................................ 405
15.1. ....................................................... ..........................................406

15.1.1. ................................................................... 406


15.1.2. ,
............................................... 408

..........................................................................

.. 408
. Text ().... 409
15.2. ....................................................................................................................409
15.3. ......................................................................................................................... 410
15.4. ................................................................................411

15.4.1. .............................................. 411


15.4.2. .................................... 413
15.5. ..................................................................................................................................414
15.6. .............................................................. 415

15.6.1. ......................................................415
15.6.2. ......................417
15.7. ......................................................................................................................... 418

15.7.1. ...................................................................... 418


15.7.2. ........................... 420
15.8. .........................................................................................................422
15.9. ................................................. 423
15.10. ..............................................................................................................................................425
15.11. .................................................................................. 426

16. ................................................................................................428
16.1. AUTOCAD 20 1 2 ............................................................................... 429
16.2. .........................................................................................................................431

16.2.1. ............................................ 431


...................... ..............................................433
........................................................... 434
.................................435
16.2.2. ........................................................... 435
16.2.3. ..................................... 437
16.3. .......................................................................................................... 438
16.3. .................................................................................................................. 440

17. . .
........................... 442
17.1. .......................................................................................... 443
17.2. .................................................................................................................................. 444
17.3. . ................................................................................ 447
17.4. ..................................................................................................450
17.5. ....................................................................................................... 454
17.6. ............................................................................... 455

17.6.1. .........................................................455
......................................... 455
.........................................................455
. ...... 457
17.6.2. ............................................................ 458
17.6.3. ........................................................... 463
.
...........................................................................................463
.
........................463
18.
...........................................................................465
18.1. ( ).......................................... 466

.....................................................................466
................ 469
18.2. EXCEL- ............................................................471

19. ...............................................472
19.1. .................................................473

,
............................................................................ 474
.................................475
........................................ 475
19.2. ................................................................................................ 476
19.3. ......................................................................................................477

......

19.4. ........................................... 478


19.5. .........................................................................................479
19.6. ........................................................... 480
20. AUTOCAD.
.................................................................................................................. 481
20.1. AUTOCAD DESIGN CENTER
( AUTOCAD).................................................................................. 482
AutoCAD Design Center ( Auto
CAD) ..................................................................................................................482
AutoCAD Design Center
( AutoCAD).................................................................484
AutoCAD DesignCenter
( AutoCAD)................................................................. 484
20.2. AUTOCAD DESIGNCENTER ( AUTOCAD)................ 486
20.2.1. .................................................486
20.2.2. ........................................................................................................ 487
........................................................................... 487
............................................................................................. 488
() ..............................................................................490
20.2.3. AutoCAD DesignCenter
( AutoCAD)................................................................. 490
20.3. AUTOCAD DESIGNCENTER
( AUTOCAD).................................................................................490
21. AUTOCAD 2012 ..........................................491
21.1. ....................................................... .........................492
...............................492
.
...............................................................493
....................................495
21.2. ()
- ........................................................................................ 496
.................................................................................... 496
................................................................................................496
....................................498
...........................................................................................499

() ....................................... 500
21.3. ........................................................................................... 500
21.4. ...501
21.5. AUTOCAD. OPTIONS ().............................................. 503
(Files)............................................................................. 503
(Display).
AutoCAD..................................................................................................504
/ (Open and S a v e ) .......................... 506
(Profiles). ..............507
.............................................................................................. 508
22. ...............................................................................................510
22.1. ............................................................................................511
................................ 511
................................................................... 512
22.2. ...................................................................................................................... 513
.................................... 514
, .............................................................................514
.................................................... 515
....................................... 516
..............................................................................................517
22.3. 4 ....517
22.4. AUTOCAD 2012...........................517
22.4.1. ............................................................... 517
22.4.2. Layout ().
........................519
23. .
................................................................ 524
23.1.
.......................................................................................................... 525
23.2. ...................................................................................................526
23.3. . ...............529
.............529
.......................................................530

9 .................................... ..................................

23.4. ................................................................................. 531


......................................531
.......................................... 532
.
...................................................................................................... 533
24. ......................................534
24.1. ............................................................ 535
24.2. ................................................ 536
.............................................. 536
,
................................................................................................. 539
24.3. TOOL PALETTES ( )
AUTOCAD............................................................................................................. 541
25- ..............................................................................543
25.1. ..........................................................................544
..................................................................................... 544
......................................................545
25.2. ....................................................... 545
25.3. ....................................................548
26. AUTOCAD 2 0 1 2 .......................................549
26.1. ..................................... 550
26.2. AUTOCAD..................................................551
26.3. .
...........................................................................................................................553
26.3.1. .............................................. 553
26.3.2. AutoCAD........................................555
3D Orbit. .............................. 555

....................................................................................................557
26.3.3.
............................................................................. 561
26.4. ................................................................................. 562

.................................................................................

26.4.1. ................................................................. 563


................................................... 563
........................................................................................ 564
..................................................................................... 565
............................................................................... 565
..................................................................................... 566
...........................................................................................567
26.4.2.
AutoCAD 2 0 1 2 ................................................. 568
26.4.3. ................................ 569
..........................570
.
.......................... 571
26.4.4.
................................. 576
.............................................................................................. 576
26.5.
........................................................................................................................578
26.5.1. ..................................................................................... 578
. .....................................................................578
............................................................................................580
..........................................................................................581
.......................................................................................... . 582
.......................................................................................... 582

........................................................................................................... 583
26.6.
............................................................................................................... 584
26.7. ........................................................................................585
26.8. .....................................................586
.........................................586
26.9. ............................................................................... 587
.
.................................................................................................... 587
........................................................588
26.10. ......................................................................................... 588

......................................................................

27. AUTOCAD 2012...................... 59


27.1. ...................................... ............................................................... 590
27.2. ..................................................................................... 596
27.3. ........................................ 600
27.4. (INFER)................................................................................................................................. 600
- AUTOCAD 2 0 1 2 ..............................................................601

..............................................621

CS


().

,
(), AutoCAD,
(),
:
2.16.1.

()

.
2.16.2. - - ,

.
2.16.3.


.
2.16.4. - ,

.
2.16.5.
.
:

: , , ();

,
,
;

2.16.6.
:
..

() , .. ,
.

. . ,
()
, .

. :

CAD (Computer Aided Design) -


(,
)
- .
AutoCAD, .

CAE (Computer Aided Engineering) -


,
: , ,
..

(Computer Aided Manufacturing) -




.

,
, , .
()
( )
.
,
.
,
,
. , ,

.
.

. , ,
(,
), .
- ,
. ,
:
7 .....................................................................................................................


() ().
,
.
,
,
.
, .

AutoCAD 2012
AutoCAD 2012
, CAD- (
, . ).

,
(
).


Autodesk Inventor, Autodesk
Architectural Desktop ., AutoCAD .

AutoCAD Autodesk
.
5 .
AutoCAD
Automated Computer Aided Drafting and Design,

.
AutoCAD 90-
,
MS DOS. 11, 12, 13 . 14
AutoCAD
Windows. 90- 15-
2000i.
AutoCAD 2009, AutoCAD
2010, AutoCAD 2011 AutoCAD 2012.

AutoCAD 2007/2008,
, .
, AutoCAD 2004 2006, 2007 2009, 2010 2012
,
(
)
,
, .
AutoCAD ,

, , .

AutoCAD 2006 AutoCAD 2007,
AutoCAD 2009 AutoCAD 2010. (
) 2009 2010.

( Autodesk): AutoCAD 2012 18.2,
AutoCAD 2010 18, AutoCAD 2009
17.2, AutoCAD 2008 17.1, a AutoCAD 2007 17.
, 2007-2009
17- , AutoCAD 2010 .
? , ,
AutoCAD 2010/2011/2012 DWG, AutoCAD
2009, 2008 2007.
: AutoCAD 2010/2011.2012
,
.

, AutoCAD 2012

AutoCAD 2012 :

: Pentium ( AMD Athlon) Dual Core


1600 . SSE2.

:
2 .

().
1000 + 500 + 2
-.

: SVGA- 17 1280x1024.
.

19.

( ).

Windows SP2 (- 2) SP3,


Windows Vista (Enterprise, Business, Ultimate Home Premium
Edition), Windows 7.

- .

,
( ) .
! AutoCAD 2012
Windows 95, Windows 98, ME, NT, 2000. AutoCAD
2012 Windows , Microsoft Vista
Windows 7 , , AutoCAD (..
, ).
, AutoCAD 2012
AutoCAD.

AutoCAD 2012
AutoCAD 2012
.
(. . .1). .
( ,
..) .

I Accept (. .2).
( )
30- (. .).
,
(. .4). ,
AutoCAD 2012.

^................................................

. . 1.

Russja

A utodesk
0
. : AUTODESK

,

, ,

* f I A c ce pt) ,

, , ,
() Autodesk, (t)
,
( , -) ,
( ,
) , ,
8 .
,

I Reject

* ii Accept

. .2.

?,

SgS%'5>Tr -"-! 5=V3s%'*'


^ /0 1 7

Autodesk
snowm >

Two |
<?
&&3&588> &&&&& *& &4*& 2&

&

<>
, (.): 30

;
:
111 * 1 1

v"

. .. ?
J ,,I,J........................

Autodesk
>

[ *^*

@ /

1 :>

'
If - o-i
, '
1

: 1,72/ 6,01

. . 4. ,

......................................................................

W m k m ?

~ X

Autodesk
^

* , > 0 ,

:9 AutoCAD 201 2
.........

.......

................



?6|
* :

Express Took

[^ AutoCAD 2012 - Russian

() Autodesk.com
| ^

. . 5. AutoCAD 2 0 1 2

;

-& :

:
-

{ -
.V

Express Took

Autod .'
|

Q AutoCAD 2012 - Russian

) Autodesk.com

. . 6.

Autodesk Design Review


DW F-, Autodesk Inventor Fusion.
Autodesk Design Review.
, .,
DWF. AutoCAD DWG
,
.
DWF- AutoCAD,
Autodesk Design Review.
, AutoCAD
. DWF
(3ds MAX, Inventor ..).

. AutoCAD,
Autodesk Design Review .
Autodesk Inventor Fusion.
.
AutoCAD 2012
-. AutoCAD
Autodesk Inventor (
Autodesk, -).
, .
.
AutoCAD 2012, ,
AutoCAD 2012.
. ,
, :
(. .5).
Express Tools. -
, ,

AutoCAD. .
, ,
.
. ,
, ,
(. .6).
AutoCAD
(. .7).
(. .8).

. . 7.

AutoC AD 2 0 ! 2
!

Autodesk Inventor Fusion 2 0 ! 2

Autodesk Inventor Fusion p lu g -in for AutoCAD 2012

'

. . 8.

Autodesk

. . 9. AutoCAD 2 0 1 2
Autodesk

Autodesk


Autodesk (IP) ,
.
Autodesk

.

, .
(

. . 10.


- . ,
AutoCAD .
. 30
.
.....................................................................................................................

!j Autodesk' Exchange

l I

m *

,
3D

AutoCAD 201AutoCAD WS
DWG
.

* .
*

Copyright 2011 Autodesk, inc. AS

re-

* 20 30-

Autodesk

: *

Autodesk

] Show this window at stark up

. B .11 . Autodesk Exchange

AutoCAD 2012
,
AutoCAD (
,
.).
, (
) . . . 10.
, AutoCAD 2012
Autodesk Exchange (. . .11).

, .
. , (
) . ,
.

AutoCAD.
(Show this window at start up).

......................................................................


AutoCAD
,
AutoCAD . ,
. ,
AutoCAD (
,
):

PKSER - ;

ACADVER - ;

LOGINNAME - ;

LOCALROOTPREFIX -
(, C:\Documents and Settings\<User>\Application
Data\Autodesk\AutoCAD 2012 R ussian\R 18.2\rus\);

MYDOCUMENTSPREFIX -
;

PLATFORM - ;

PRODUCT - ;

PROGRAM - ;

SYSCODEPAGE - ;

TEM PPREFIX - .

,
. ,
, -
.

, :
(Draw)
(Rectangle). ,
(Draw),
(Rectangle).

,

. ,
, .

,
AutoCAD. ,
.. :
,
. :

(Text).

(Move).

(Text Style).

,
: . :
Select

ob j e c t s :

,
AutoCAD. , AutoCAD
, .
, AutoCAD,
.
, .
,
.
, ,
AutoCAD 2012.

E nter

AutoCAD, ,
(, ..) . ,
, AutoCAD .
: ,
.
. ,
Enter.
, , .
,
. , , ,
Enter, ,
. , .

, , , ,
:

AutoCAD, .
, , .
- (
) .

( ),
,
AutoCAD. ,
.

, .

,
, AutoCAD
.

. , ,
. , -

. 22. - . 15.
- . . 5 ..

,


, ,
.
(), ,
,
, , 2.001 - 93.
.


,
,
,
.
,
, :

,
;


, -
;

,
:

-
;

- ,
- ,

,
, ,
. .

2. 0 0 1 -9 3

2. 0 0 2 -7 2

, ,

2. 0 0 4 -8 8

2. 0 5 1 -2 0 0 6

. .

2. 0 5 2 -2 0 0 6

. .

2 .0 5 3 -2 0 0 6

. .

2. 1 0 1 -6 8

2. 1 0 2 -6 8

2. 1 0 3 -6 8

2. 1 0 4 -2 0 0 6

2. 1 0 5 -9 5

2. 1 0 6 -9 6

2. 1 0 8 -6 8

2. 1 0 9 -7 3

2 .1 1 1 - 6 8

2. 1 1 2 -7 0

2. 1 1 3 -7 5

2. 1 1 4 -9 5

. ,

2. 124-85

2. 201-80

2. 3 01-68

2. 3 02-68

2. 3 03-68

2. 304-81

2. 305-2 008

- , ,

2 .3 0 6 -6 8

2. 307-68

2. 3 08-79

2. 30 9-7 3

2. 310-68

2. 311-68

2. 313-82

2. 314-68

2 .3 1 5 -6 8
2 .3 1 6 -2 0 0 8

2. 31 7-69

2. 318-61

2. 320-82

2 .3 2 1 -8 4

2. 401-68

2. 405-75

2 .4 1 0 -6 8

2 .4 1 4 -7 5

.......................................................................

2 .4 1 8 -2 0 0 8

2. 4 1 9 -6 6

2. 4 2 4 -8 0

2. 5 0 1 -8 8

2. 5 0 2 -6 8

2. 5 0 3 -9 0

2. 6 0 1 -2 0 0 6

2. 6 0 2 -9 5

2. 701 -2 0 0 8

. .

2. 7 0 2 -7 5

2. 7 0 3 -6 8

2. 7 0 4 -7 6

2. 7 0 9 -8 9


.
2 .7 1 0 -8 1

2 .7 2 1 - 7 4

utoC

AD 2012

, AutoCAD 2012
, .
, - . ,
AutoCAD
. ,
, .
, ,
. .
, , ,
, .

A utoCAD 2 0 1 2

AutoCAD 2012 AutoCAD 2011,


:

Inventor Fusion,
Autodesk Inventor - ,
.

AutoCAD, .
, AutoCAD
,
AutoCAD, ,
.
AutoCAD Exchange,
AutoCAD. ,
.
,

.
, , , , , ,
( AutoCAD 2011
).
, (SNAP),
.
.
( )
.
.

AutoCAD.
.


. PSD, HDR, JPEG2000, NITF, DDS,
DOQ, ECW, MrSID, OpenEXR.

: Pro Engineer(Creo), Solidworks, ATI A, Unigraphics
(UX), Autodesk Inventor, Rhinocerus.

(BLEND),
,
.

1.

AUTOCAD 2012

1.1. AutoCAD 2012


AutoCAD 2012 :
Windows (
AutoCAD 2012 - -> AutoCAD 2012);

Autodesk


.
AutoCAD 2012 (.
. 1.1),
AutoCAD 2012,
( ).
, :
, ,
AutoCAD,
.
,
AutoCAD, , ,

(Startup). .
.

. 1.1. AutoCAD 2 0 1 2

1.2. AutoCAD 2012.


AutoCAD
1 . 2 . 1 . A uto C A D 2 0 1 2 .

AutoCAD (. . 1.2).
, , . .
. ,
, ,
, .
.
, AutoCAD
W orde .

. 1.2. AutoCAD 2 0 1 2

AutoCAD 2012 .

AutoCAD
. -
Microsoft Office 2007 2010 (Word, Excel ..),
.
(
). Microsoft Office
.
AutoCAD 2009 ,
.
, . AutoCAD
, ,

AutoCAD.

.......................................................................

.

, .
,
. , AutoCAD
( , ,
Microsoft Office). , , ,
, ,
.
, AutoCAD,
, .
.
AutoCAD 2012
, ,
. 2D .
3D
.

( ),
,
AutoCAD 2012.
, 2D ,
. AutoCAD
( AutoCAD

I
?

I f -

]
!
I
1
\

"
1 -

1
1

1
3

. 1.3.

....................................................................... 9

. 1.5. AutoCAD 2 0 1 2

,
). AutoCAD 2012 . 1.4
. 1.5.
,
.
,
.
, (.
1.6):

- AutoCAD
2012
, ( ),
,
(, , ).

- ,
. (,
) ,

.

- , / , ,
,
.

-
AutoCAD 2012,
.
.

-
,
.

- ,
AutoCAD 2012,
AutoCAD 2012.

-
AutoCAD, (,
), .

-
.

-
.

, ,
.
. ,
. , 6 ,
.
( )
.
. , ,
. ,
,
, (. 1.7).

*3
"

(?)<*&'*

d>

c j

& #^ %

As

l] * 'S ?

I .............

?) ^
- :0:
[

W w
\
L !
i8- <SJ>1
.;. =-------
-!

>

-------------

) .

|?

ABC

Standard

2,5

& Y |3 =

spp?

Express |

1" in * W h i

Standard

...
...

222322

s a /8

t_ >'
^ X ' 31

150-25

-.1

Standard

_R

. . )!

Express Tools

S?J*

* -

:

Jjb t

........

t ~ i
.

15

! !

Expres

/
;

?!
|~!

On

fx

. 1.6. AutoCAD 2 0 1 2

"

2D

W
-

2D

|
O

! 5
1

si r

- f .
*

~ 1
I
*

Express Tools

<

>

131

Express Tools

@ Visual Basic
Q f Visual LISP

VBA

E g


DWF/PDF

)
. 1. 6. AutoCAD 2 0 1 2

,
AutoCAD 2012, ,

: S

[ - ] [] 0 ]

l2 c

- '' . '- '| 4

. 1.7.


(, ,
1).
-
- (. . 1.4).

AutoCAD
(. 1.8). :
(
), ,
(View)
(Clean Screen),
Ctrl+ () .

.
.

U
....................................1.......
5

L ----------------------------- -----------------
; _1 &&&?

.1

3 eenON
[jg :

( *;

. 1.8. AutoCAD


.
.
(. 1.9.),
(. 1.9.6-).

.......................................................................

: s ^

>20

'
<3> - :

% s i #

~ t~ '

4&S8 V &

Kg*

-*

a j
*1 .dwg

{ } 2 0

'
.
.

' ; ^

{g j 2D

1 dwg

,'

! .dwg

="

. 1.9. AutoCAD 2 0 1 2

1 . 2 . 2 .

-
AutoCAD, .
,
. ,
. -
, . ,
, . ,
: , ( ,
). .
, ,
(. . 21.3).
,
.
, .

(. . 1.4). ,
.

(Model). ,
( )
.
(M odel)
1 (Layout 1) 2 (Layout 2).
,
( . 22).
1 .2 .3 .

AutoCAD
. ,
AutoCAD ,
, . ,
j | ^ j ,
, (. .
1.10). .

"0 -

; *

AutoCAD

(DWG).


.__^

AutoCAD

| j

\%,
\ I (DWT)j

f ,
1

AutoCAD

\ bm \ (DW5),



DWG, DWT, DW5
DXF.

DWG
-

5#^ |

; AutoCAO 2012

. 1.10. ,


.
( . 1.5).
, .
.

(.
1.11).

1 .2D

//

- ,

%%* %# **"&i

&
" <St
)

.* *

so. S^ctawTbW
rf;> i:w
4

* >
- 9 <

0 :


;
Hi*WRe FI

. 1.11.

,

(
, ).
AutoCAD 2012 12 -,
AutoCAD. Express,

Express Tools.
() ,
:
(File) - :
, , ,
AutoCAD.
(Edit) - :
, , .
(View) -
,
.
(Insert) - , ,
(,
, OLE . .).
(Format) -
, , ,
, , .
(Tools) - ,
, . .
(Draw) -
.
(Dimension) -
.
(Modify) - (
) .

- ,
(
) .

(W in d ow ) - ,

.
(H elp) -
AutoCAD.
,
. ( )
, .


( ). ,
- ,
.

I ...
...
.,.

: ;

1 ...
I ...

,.,
...

...

Ctrl+S
Ctrl+Shift+S

.,.
...

...

...
...
.,,

...

/...

...
...

Ctrl+Q

. 1.1 2.

AutoCAD



,
.
,

,


.
(
),

.

Ctrl+P

DWF.,,

(. . 1.12),

...(O p en ...),
: ,


,
.

- (,
(Partial Load) . 1.12). ,
.

- (, (Save)
. 1.12).
.
-
(, (Drawing Utilities) . 1.12).

(. . 1.13).
AutoCAD 201?

| ...

...

...

4epre*1.()w 5

Express

,..

..

Q j

...
...
0

Ctrl+S

,..

-SNft+S

...

"'S* e r a i- ,-.
DWG

AutoCAD WS
^

...

..,

..

,..
,..
..,

Cq ? ^

Q rl+P

...
DWP...

/...

*I
} ...

|} ...

} ..

120.*#

Z ( BA3).dwg

'0 ..

1 .dwg

4 Hekopter_MI-24.dwg

Ctrto-Q j

. 1.13.

, AutoCAD
. , -

,
.
.
. -, ,
.
, ,
, . ,
, - ,
.
-,
, ,
.
,
.
AutoCAD.
. ,
, ,
, ,
AutoCAD.
, .
, ,
. ,
.
: ,
,
.

.
AutoCAD. ,
(. 1.5).
AutoCAD -

.
. ,
, (Draw)
, (Insert) -
.

AutoCAD 2012 51 .
, ,
. , , . 21.1
.

,
,
(. . 1.14).
Au1oCAD201? *1 dwg
& ! *,

Express Tools

>3

Express

% %

,f&.,*dkk

( {*%

.1r v u * . .
3D

ACFU5ION

AUTOCADWS *

-2
_



*



-2
v*

-2

-2

i *

. 1.14.

................................................

, AutoCAD
:
.
.

,
, (. . 1.15).

.

' JQ D

-/~/

. 1.15.

, . - ,

.
.

1 .2 .4 .

AutoCAD
. (. .
1.16)
.
, .
AutoCAD
. , 0
Ctrl+3 .

....................................................................

*
,
2 L fe I *- 0 ' .
>
JL ............

'

-
;
m

. ^

*\

v*i J

*
-

. 1.1 6.

1 . 2 . 5 .

-
AutoCAD.
3 , :
. ,
, . .

.
,
. , , ,
, .
AutoCAD .
. ,

- ,

.
, - , AutoCAD
.
. ,
.

,
. , AutoCAD 2012
,
. , , . 21.

1 .2 .6 .
AutoCAD, ,
(. . 1.4 1.17). AutoCAD 2009-2012
.

. ,
. /
AutoCAD (
). AutoCAD 2012 i l f l .
/
.

. 1.17. AutoCAD 2 0 1 2

,
/ . AutoCAD
, - ,
,
,
, .
AutoCAD 2012
. , ,

. 1.18.


,
(. 1.18).

.
. 1.19.
^8161'3^^1|-[^11)^[||^181^:1^^^ | 11
. 1 .1 9 .


, ,
:
(INFER) - f i |
(SNAP)
(GRID) .
OPTO (O RTH O) L..
- (POLAR)
(OSNAP) U
(3DOSNAP)
- (OTRACK) .
(DUCS)
(DYN) I "k
JTH H

(LWT)
(TRY) [ l _ ) J
[ ^ [
(SC)

.
.
.
1 . 2 . 7 .


, (
) . . ,
X , .
, & Ctrl + 4.

1 . 2 . 8 .

,
(. 1.20). ,
,
.
,
, , ..

, . ,

5 , * *

I ,'

'

/ [-]


_____

'

m I * +'
\
I F 51 8 - &
j

[] 5 0 ]

. 1.20.



.
. , Auto
CAD (. . 1.21). - ,
.
I{^

AutoCAD 2012 4epre*1.dwg

[ - ] []

Express

,

", .

' :

..................-

| |

. 3
\ 30 Stud..
X)
30
} 3D
> X
5 3D
, 30
f X
X
1 X
> X
f X
i X
X
X
SX
\ X
1X

>X
\X
5X

}6

| ACJS.
j Align Space
ArcAligned ext
j Attach Leader to Annotation
) Attach Xdata
Autodesk. Products and Support Website
1 Automate Text Numbering

X
|

ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
EXPRESS
EXPRESS
EXPRESS
EXPRESS
EXPRESS
EXPRESS

.1 Litawwu 1

}i< j\ 5 ^ 1 2 f

. 1.21.

1.3.
AutoCAD
1 . 3 . 1 .


, AutoCAD
. ,
, ,
* ............

- ............

PAN ( ) . ,
AutoCAD ,
.
,
:
(. . 1.4).

. .
X Y
.
1 . 3 . 2 .

- AutoCAD, , ,
, .

.
.

-J

..

()

| j

| ; |

. 1.2 2.

mm


,
.
, (. . 1.22):
- ()
.
- ,
. -
.
.
- /
.
,
( ).
.
- ,
.
.
-
.
-
.
,
.
- ,
.
, .
, ,

. ,

( , ,
, . .).
() -

.
,
. ,
. ,

(, . .).
.
.

.

1 . 3 . 3 . .

,
.
(. 1.23) - AutoCAD Text Windows,

. F2 .
AutoCAD
.

AutoCAD - 4 e p T e m 1 .d w g

[.

|( |[|

_.QUICKCUX

:
:
:

_rectang

[ / / / / ] :

[//]:

:
:
:

_pline

:
0.0000

[////] :

[/////]:

[/////]:


[/////////
] :

[/////////
] :

[ / / / / / / / / /
]:

[/////////
] :

|_____________________________________________________________________________________________ <_______>

. 1.2 3.

.......................................................................

AutoCAD (AutoCAD Text


Windows) - ,
(, List
() - ).

1 .3 .4 .

, AutoCAD
.
, ,
. ,
- ,
.

.

1.4. AutoCAD.

Auto
CAD. ,
.
:
1.

Auto CAD
( ).

2.

,
, :


;
(, ),
,
AutoCAD;


Enter.
3.



( , . .
).

, ,
AutoCAD (Line).

, . ,
(Line): / 1,
(Draw)
(Line)
_line (. . 1.24).
-
. .
, AutoCAD ,

. ,
, .
Line ()


(.
)

. 1.2 4.


Enter"

,
Esc (,
). , AutoCAD
, :
Co mm a n d :
:

. ,
.

.
,
(Line). ,
,
. , .
,
.

Enter Esc.

( , )
, ,
.
, AutoCAD,
.
, .
(,
-
), -
. AutoCAD
:
1. .
.
2.

.
.

3.

4.

, .

,
.
.
, ,
.
.
,
:


Enter.

,
,
. -
,
.


. ,
.

- ,
<>. , .
,
Enter.
(. . 1.25).

S p e c if y

lo v # e r

le ft

c o rn e r

[ON / OFF] < 0 . 0 0 0 0 ,

0 .0 0 0 0

>:

. 1.25.

................................................

AutoCAD .
.
, .

ENTER. ,
. ,
Enter.
,
() - . AutoCAD
.
AutoCAD ,
.
AutoCAD,
_ . ,
(Line) _line.
, AutoCAD
.
, , AutoCAD
( ),

. , .
AutoCAD
, ,
.
.
,
,
.

, .
.

,
. ,
. -

^......................................... 9

,
: (Pan), (Zoom) . .
,
AutoCAD
.

, .
, .
, ,
( ).

, ( ) .
.

AutoCAD

, , AutoCAD
. ,
, -
. ,
, .
,
. ,
, , .
, , ,
.

AutoCAD
. . ,
SURFTAB1
SURFTAB2: ,
.
AutoCAD ,
.
.

,

................................................................................

.
, .
,
Enter.
. ,
,
.

1.5. AutoCAD 2012


, AutoCAD, .
\ / \ , (Draw)
.
(Line), .


Active Assistance ( ). ,
Microsoft Office,
.


. -
. , ,
.
. .
,
.
.
.
Enter.
, . 1.26.
- ( ) .
, AutoCAD
( . 12).
Delete (Del), .

. 1.26.

(Erase),
. 3.

1.6. AutoCAD
AutoCAD ,
:
Co mm a n d :
:

AutoCAD
. , ,
(Line), ( )
.

, AutoCAD -
,
(. 1.27). , ,
(. 2). AutoCAD ,
.

! ,dwg?

LsaaeaLJ
. 1.27.

AutoCAD ,
AutoCAD 2012

2 .

AUTOCAD
2012 .
,

2.1.
AutoCAD 2012
AutoCAD ,
.
,
,
.

, ,
.
, ,
. , ,
. . . ,
AutoCAD, ,
.dwg.
, , AutoCAD
, :

.dws - -,
;

.dxf - .
.


( ), .

.......................................................................


:
:

|4aprec2.dvig
AutoCAD 2010 (" dwg)

vj [

AutoCAD 2007/LT 2007 {'dwg)


AutoCAD 2004/LT2004 ( dwgj
AutoCAD 2000/LT 2000 dwg)
AutoCAD R14/LT98/LT97 -dwg)
AutoCAD ( dws)
AutoCAD ( dwt)
AutoCAD 2010 DXF ( dxf)
AutoCAD 2007.2007 DXFf.dxf)
AutoCAD 2004.2004 DXF { dxf)
AutoCAD 2000/LT 2000 DXF C'dxf)
AutoCAD R12/LT 2 DXF r.dxtl___________

. 2 .1 . ,

2.2.
2 .2 .1 .

AutoCAD

AutoCAD
, . :

( (420x297 ),
), .
(
).

(Startup),
,
.
, AutoCAD,
/
AutoCAD 2012 (Startup).
AutoCAD,
Startup, Enter",
S t a r t u p < 0 > : 1 (. . 2.2).

. 2 .2 . AutoCAD 2 0 1 2 .
Startup 1

, AutoCAD 2012
(Startup).
, AutoCAD 2012.

(Startup), .

AutoCAD

AutoCAD,
g j
.
( (4 2 0 x 2 9 7 ),
),
(C rea te N ew Drawing),
(Startup), ,
.
(File)
(Create).
*

..........................................

2 .2 .2 .
(S tartup)

, (Startup)
(Create New Drawing).
, .
(Startup),
(Startup).
%

&


acadiso dwt

LQj.-j Laaa&J
. 2 .3 . (Startup)

Startup ( ) (. . 2.3)
, :
*****

r v 5
(Open a Drawing) -
.
(Startup),
AutoCAD.

(Start from Scratch) -


.
.
: ()
(), , .
(U se a template ) -
.
c m


(U se a Wizard) -
.
, (Startup)
: ,
( ,
, ),
.
:
(Quick Setup) -

().
(Advanced Setup) -
.

,
().

(A dvanced Setup):
1.

(. 2.4)
(Units).
.

. -
(Decimal),
(Precision) ,
. , (Next).

2.

(. 2.5)
. ,
. (Decimal Degrees)
0 ( ).
(Next).

3.

(. 2.6) ,
.
(East), .
(N ext) .

(. 2.7)
(Angle Direction).
(C ounterClockwise), .
(N ext).

15.5000

00000

>

| [

. 2 .4 .

//

90

<

|| >

. 2 .5 .

5.

(. 2.8)
( ) - (A rea). (W idth)
, (Length) - . -

.
. (Finish).
.

< ~)|

>

j [

. 2 .6 .

<*)

< '

>

j [...

. 2 .7 .

(Quick Setup),
(Advanced Setup),

: .

. 2 .8 .


(Quick Setup).
,
.

2 . 2 . 3 .

(, ,
) ,
.
Limits (
), - Units ().
. ,
, .

n it s

( )

Units ()
(Format)
(Units),
_units.
(Drawing
Units) (. . 2.9). , ,
, .



(Length),
-
(Angle).


(),
-
-

(Precision).

[
:

.........

j 0.0000

:
0

1.5.2.0039.0
3<45,0



(Decimal).
,

, . -

jv .j

. 2 .9 .
(Drawing Units)

,
. (
0).
,
- . ,
, ,
(Clockwise).
,
,
,
... (Direction...)
(Draw
ing Units).

(. 2.10)
(Direction Control),

.2 .1 0 .
(Direction Control)

............................... 9

^
(Drawing Units), , Cancel (),

L im i t s (


Limits ().
.
0,0,
.
.

. , 4 210,297, - 420,297.

2.301-68.

Limits (),
. (Format)

(Drawing Limits). ,
_limits Enter.
Limits () AutoCAD
:
Specify lower left corner or

[ON/OFF]

[/]

<0.0000,

<0.0000,

0.0000>:

0.0000>:

0,0
. .
, ,
Enter. .
.
:
Upper right corner <420.0000,
<420.0000,

297.0000>:
297.0000>:


(420x297 ). -
Enter, -
Enter.

,
:
Command:
:

2.3.
2 .3 .1 .

,
, AutoCAD
. ,
, ,
, , - ,
.
, -,
, -, ,
, , .
,
.
.
, , ,
, - ,
. .
, AutoCAD
.dwg.
, (Word, Excel . .).
:
(File)

(Save);


);

: _save.
, A utoC A D
(Save
D raw ing A s), . 2.11. ,
,
.

^ ...................................................................... 9

: ' _a

. 5

i j i Autoftun Pro Enterprise II Pro.,


Camtasia 5tudio
L u My Adobe Captivate Projects
i_, Snaglt Catalog
L.jj The KMPIayer
! ,

.
i '
'

l i l _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ '13


$:

[ AutoCAD 2007 ( dwg)

i AutoCAD 2010 ( dwg)

V ( -

. 2 .1 1 . (Save Drawing As)

(File name)
255 , . . ,
0 1 , 0 2 . .,
.
, ,
(Folder) .
(Save Drawing A s)
.
j=>j .
, ,
.
,
10-15 , :
, - .
(Save Drawing A s) ,
. ,
,
:
(Save Drawing A s) .
*
.....................................................................................................................

2 . 3 . 2 .

,
.
, :
.
.
, .
,
(File) -> (Save as) ( _saveas).

(Save Drawing As) (. 2.11), /
.
,
.

2 . 3 . 3 . .

(Save Drawing A s)
- .
AutoCAD
, AutoCAD 2006 AutoCAD 2002,
, AutoCAD 2009, AutoCAD
2004 .. , AutoCAD 2009/2008/2007
,
2009/2008/2007 AutoCAD 2010/2012. ,
AutoCAD 2010/2012,
AutoCAD 2010/2012.
, , :
1.

(File)

(Save as).

2.

(Save
Drawing As), (Files of type),
(Save).

AutoCAD 2012 ()
AutoCAD
. , -

AutoCAD
( Autodesk).
( ),
AutoCAD 2012 (File) ^ (Export).
(Export Data),
. 2.12.
, (Files of type),
(Save).

:

..

AutoRun Pro Enterprise II Pro...


Camtasia Studio
US My Adobe Captivate Projects
\ 5naglt Catalog
The 1Player
uS
5:

'

24.02.20t0 12:(

24.02.2010 12:08

24.02.2010 12:5-}

10.03.2010 19:

22.02.2010 19:3(

21.02.2010 23:2:}

21.02.2010 12:5::

10.03.2010 20:0

21.02.2010 12:5^

<i

!1.<

13D DWF f.dwQ

>< f-dxx)
(*.bmp)
f.dwg]

. 2 .1 2 . (Export Data)

2.4.
2 . 4 . 1 .

(File) -> (Open);


,
;

......................................................................................

: open ( ).

(Select file),
(. 2.13).
(Preview)
, .
. ,
(Open).

:
1 X
----------------------------------------------------------- --------

; AutoRun Pro Enterprise II Pro...


i_j| Camtasia Studio
..J My Adobe Captivate Protects
Qt SnagK Catalog
The KMPIayer
; .ji
.
uJ

_________

:

I_____________________________

! -dwg)

. 2 .1 3 . (S elect file )

AutoCAD Startup ( ),
.
2 . 4 . 2 .

AutoCAD .
, ,
- .

( . . 13).

(Select file). ,
, ,
(Open),
(Partial Open).

(Partial Open). ,
(. 2.14), .
'i l i

..

2dTransB order
2dTransTitleBlock
Center Mark
Centerline
Dimensions
Hatch
Leader Lines
Section View Lines
Symbols
Text
Title
Visible Edges

[~ ]

{~

| | (~~~0~~~) [~ "]

. 2 .1 4 . (Partial O pen)

2.5.

,
AutoCAD 2012, :
-
(File) -> (eTransmit).
(
)
(, . .).

(File)
(Publish to Web).
web-
.
AutoCAD
.

. (Line),
.
, : ,
,
( , , ).
.
4 .

2.6. ,
AutoCAD
AutoCAD ,
. AutoCAD 2012
.
.
(. 2.15).
- ,
.
.
( ).
,
.
1-1

. 2 .1 5 .

,
, ,
- (. 2.16).
, AutoCAD,
, .
|

_........ ______

__1,

. !

4_

11

___

. 2 .1 6 .

jIL-

[ . i +'
si I
/

3.

AUTOCAD 2012.

3.1. 4
AutoCAD , , .
( ),
. ,

.
. , .
,
. .
4 (. 3.1),
, (Line).
:
1.

, ( )
(DYN). (Line).
\
(Draw).
, .
C r e a t e s s t r a i g h t li n e s e g m e n t s (
LINE).
.

. 3 .1 . 4

Specify first point:


:

:
, 0. Enter.
2. .
:
Specify next point or [Undo]:
[]:

2 1 0 ,0 Enter.
.
3. .
( ) :
Specify next point or [Undo]:
[]:

210, 297 Enter.


..........................................-.........-................................... ..........................

4.

.
( ) :
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
[/]:

: 0, 2 97. Enter.
5.

, .

, (Close):
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
[/]:

(Close),
.
Enter ( ,
, ) .
. ,
. ,
. ,
, . 3.5 . - ,
. !
: .
,
3.2. :
- 20, 5;
- 205, 5;
- 205, 292;
- 20, 292.
4 .
, .
, ,
( (Line)).
,
? F2,
AutoCAD.
,
AutoCAD ( ,
).

4e{nKl.dwg

5*

Paiwe

/ - -3 *8 'BOCI % ^ # ^ ^ 4 ^ %--
-L @ S
< J - V * e f 0
<?_* 13 'Pe^

J ^

.>! \ *

**

rt*:oxjMMnHeiicc<wvpe*e *

I : _ l i n e : 2 0 ,5
^ [ ]: 2 0 5 ,5
[ ]; 2 0 5 ,2 9 2
[ / J : 2 0 ,2 9 2
I [ / ] : 3

:' " ' i^ liy w

d :T

'V i

. 3 .2 . 4

3.2. .
Erase ()
(Erase)
.
:
(Modify) -> (Erase);
(Modify) ;
_ e r a s e ( )

(Erase)
:

......................................................

Select objects:
:

,
. :
.
(. 3.3). ,
Enter, .

. 3 .3 .

! !! !

: (),
Erase (). ()

.

Del

3.3.

ndo

(Line), (Erase)
(Undo),
:

(
,
);

;
_undo ( ).

(Undo) - .
, :
Nothing

to u n d o

R edo (

:
(Undo)?, ,
? , AutoCAD
(Redo),
:
L * l
(
,
);
;
_redo ( ).

3.4.

, ,
( ), - .
, .
- . :
,
.
, ,
( , ).
,
, .
, .
,
. . 9.

.......................... .......................................................................................... 9

3 . 4 . 1 .

-
.
. .
,
:


(,
(
));
(V iew ) -> (Zoom)

(Realtime).

(Realtime).
. 3 .4 .

f v '


...
0

0 ^ ...

...

) ,

(
). , ,
. , ,
- .

, ,
( ) .
, Enter Esc.

,
.
.
.

3 .4 .2 .

.
P A N ( )


(PAN).
,
.
(PAN) :
(View)
(Realtime);

(P an ) ->

_ ( );
,
, .
(PAN),
( ).
. - ,
, ,
.
,
. ,
(PAN), , .
(PAN),
Enter Esc. ,
.
*
................... .................................................................................................

,
PAN () ,
.
MBUTTONPAN, 1,
( ).

(PAN)
, , .
(Realtime). AutoCAD
,
- . (View)

(Pan) (. 3.5). :
(Realtime) - ,
.
(Point) -
:
, ,
AutoCAD 201 /

iyj*^

[ 3

" ^ ^

(f

[ 4 5

I
[ 3

(2D

< 3

^ ^

* 0

^

.,.
2



...

...

. 3 .5 .

.
, . ,

. (Point)
-pan.
(Left) -
, 1/8 .
PAN .
(R ight), (U p), (D ow n) -
, .

Windows-
.
AutoCAD
.
:
, ,
.
,
.
(Tools)
(Options)
(Options),
(Display), (Display scroll bars in
drawing window) (. . 3.6).
i

!'* :

...

!.dwg

( : / / < i >

: j
<^

vj

{1000

lk

0 ^
L j

8
0.5

']
J
.j

. 3 .6 .

I
___J

4.

4 .1 . AutoCAD


AutoCAD ,
.
- ,
. ,
.
. ,

, .
.
AutoCAD 2012
,
. , ,
AutoCAD,
.
AutoCAD :
.
.
.
.

.
9
.....................................................................................................................

4.2.
.
.

.
.

.

, ,
. 7.

4.3.
4 . 3 . 1 .


. ,
.
X Y ,
Enter ( ).


4 . 3.1.


.
, X
Y.

, (0,0).
X, ,
, Y (. 4.1).

.....................................................................................................................

-Y
. 4 .1 .

.
.
180x210 (-80, -20):
C o m m a n d : (
:) (Line),

: -80, -20.
: 100, -20.
: 100,190.
: - 80,190.
,
: -80,-20.
Enter .

.........................................................................

,
Enter,
. , .
. 3 ,
(. 4.2).

. 4 .2 .

2.


(0,0), (190,20) (120,150). :
C o m
( :) (Line),

mand:


. : 0,0. Enter.
: 190,20.
Enter.
f l l

.
,
: 120, 150.
.
.
(0,0)
Enter.
Enter .

. 4 .3 .

3.

- . ,

,
. ,

( )
. ,
.

4 . 3 . 2 .


, X u Y
, (. 4.4).

:
. , ,
, X Y
.
@1,3

. 4 .4 .


@, .

.
: @20,10.

............

2 .

1.

120,
, :
C o m m a n d :
(
:) (Line),

.
: @ 0,120.
Enter,
120 .
(Line)
Enter.

/
<2>-' ;

% - | # ^

fb x L n ,

<&

'

* * * * * .

-1 S3

| ;

Q ' 9*1.0

*!*

-/
:
LJ

]
--'

t V ! _/ /

11:
:
j j j : _ I i n e :

^ [ ]! 8 0 ,1 2 0
[] :

l-

:_____________________________

............................. ^ l l i L j g l o O Z l L

<
> "k*.

iv

1____ ^ , ~^<S.ia..-5b-g3:.s

. 4 .5 .

>

4 . 3 . 3 .


- () :
;

, .
,
.
.
,

( )
.

: @ <. : @ 20 < 4 5 .
@ ,
.
< , 45
.
20 - ,
.
. 4.6
150 , 30.
,
@150<30. .

,
. @ (
, 70 < 45), .

.

,
- () :

,

cm

.
, .


@ 150 < 3 0

. 4 .6 .

: ,
, 200 , 170
55 .
.

:
C o m m a n d :
(
:) (Line),


, .
, 200 .
@ 200 < 0 (. 4.7.) .


-/

J
13
.'

1Kor
W

:
j j :
: _ :
[ ]: 200<0
[ ]:

. 4 .7 .

2.

170 ,
55 . @ 170 < 145.

! J 2 /

:
:

l i n e :
j j [] : 02<
{] : 017<145
^ [ /) :

<

' *
i l k 1+10
. 4 .8 .

3.

.
(Close) (Line)

(. 4.9):
Specify next point or [Close / U n d o ] :
[ / ]:

I:
[ : __line ?, Q ^
I [ @
{ [*:
.___-

-~ --

___

| [

. 4 .9 .

4.4.
.
-

,
, . (
) ,
() .

4.5.

,
. (. 4.10),
:
(Absolute)
.
(Off)
.
, .
(Relative)

......................................................................

. ,
, .
(Geographic) ,
.
.

[/]:



. 4 .1 0 .


( )
.
,

(. 4.11).

. 4 .1 1 .

AutoCAD
. ,
, .
.
, :
Coords off:
:

,
.
. Line (
) \ / \ . ,
.

Line (),
- .
.
:
Specify next point or [Close / U n d o ] : <Coords on>
[/]: < >


.
. , ,
,
.
.

4.6.

, ,
, .
. ,
, .
.
.
:
F7;

;

| (GRID)

(Tools)

(Drafting Settings) ,
(Snap and Grid),
(F7) (Grid On (F7));
( _grid)
(X) [// ///
//] <10.0000>:

( _) , ( _off)
.
(),
^. 4.12. - X,
.....................................................................................................................

Y. , 10,
,
.
,


, ,
.

-

,
,
.
,

,
,


.

. 4 .1 2 .
*

ii 3D i < i >

(F9J


:
Y:
] X Y

(F7)

:

2D

noX:

Y:

(*)

*
!
0



]
0

[__2L -J

LiSggfL

. 4 .1 3 . (Drafting Settings).
(Snap and Grid)

m m

,
(Tools)
(Drafting Settings).
(Drafting Settings),
(Snap and Grid) (. . 4.13) X
(Grid X Spacing), X, Y
(Grid Y Spacing) Y.
AutoCAD ,
. AutoCAD 2012
. (.4.13)
AutoCAD 2012 (Grid style).
,
, :

2D (2D model space) - ;

(Block editor) -
;

(Sheet/layout) - .

(Grid behavior)
. , (Adaptive grid)
, ,
.
(Display grid beyond Limits) ,
.
,
(
, - ).
4 .

20.00 (
X Y 20).
:
(Tools)
(Drafting Settings).

(Drafting Settings),
(Snap and Grid), 20 X
X (Grid X Spacing). 20
Y Y (Grid Y Spacing).

................................................................................ )

_J
# * W ei
30 . <!..
fF-9)

(F7}

>4

2D
no V:


X:

Tiffi

20


0
[ 3

( 3
CD

/
. 4 . 14.

2.

, , .
(GRID) ,
. .

. 4.15. 20

(Line) - .
(. 4.15).
10.

4.7.
AutoCAD 2012
. ,
,
,
(. . 4.16).
,
- ,
,
. . .
.

,
3 (DYN) AutoCAD
F12 .
. (
), .

........................................................ 9

5.

5.1.

5 . 1 . 1 . ( )

(Line) ,
.
, .
,
. , ,
.

( ), ,
PLine (), (. .
6 . 1).

(Line)
:


(Draw) ;
(Draw)

(Line);

: line ( ).

, ,
( ),
Enter.
(Line)
(. 3.1).
. :
Specify first point:
:

.
, . ,
, . 4.
,
. (Line)
.

. (Line),
Enter Esc.
(Line) :
(Undo) - ;
(Close) - ,
.
,
.

5.1.2.

( )


, :
,
, . .
,
.
AutoCAD ,
: (XLine) -
(Ray) - . (XLine)

, .
Ray ( ) ,
- ,
.

XL

in e

).

(XLine) :

(Draw) -> (Construction Line);



Draw (
) (
);

: _xline.

(XLine)
:
Command: _xline Specify a point or
: _xline

[Hor/Ver/Ang/Bisect/Offset]:
[////]:

() ,
, .
-
. ,
.
:
Specify through point:
:

, ,
. ,
(XLine) ,
,
, . .
,
(. 5.1).
Enter.

..................................................................................................................... f g )

%
+ -! *

M !

[: _ x l in e [ / / / / ]:
[ :
| :

. 5.1.

X L in e ( )

(XLine)
, .
.
() -
.
,
.
(Ver) - ,
.
(Ang) -
,
. ,
.
:
<

Enter angle of xline (0) or [Reference]


(0) [ ] :

- , AutoCAD

, .

Reference ().
(),
. ,
, ,
( ,
).

(Bisect) -
, .
,
:
1. Specify angle vertex point:
:
2. Specify angle start point:
:
3. Specify angle end point:
:

(Offset) -
.
:
Specify offset distance or [Through] <Through>:
[] <>:

- .
,
.

,
.

,
.
, ,


. .

5 .

(Line)
(. 5.2).

. 5 .2 .

(XLine) (D raw )
(Construction Line). :

Command: _xline Specify a point or [Hor/Ver/Ang/Bisect/Offset]:


: _xline [////]:

: 50,50.
Enter. :
Specify through point:
:

,
.
, 50,50 (. 5.3).
(XLine), Enter.

. 5 .3 .

3.

(XLine),

(Draw). :
Command: _xline Specify a point or [Hor/Ver/Ang/Bisect/Offset]:
: _xline [////]:

(), ( _h).
:
Specify through point:
:

120,120.
, (. 5.4).
(XLine), .
4.

(XLine), _
xline.
. (Offset),
( ). :
Specify offset distance or [Through] <Through>:
[] < > :

. 5 .4 . ,

10. :
Select a line object:
:

,
.
:
Specify side to offset:
:

,
(. 5.5).
(XLine), Enter.

. 5 .5 . ,

5.

If

(Ver), (Ang)
(Bisect). , .

R ay (

,
AutoCAD
. (Ray).
, (XLine),
(. 5.6).
(Ray) :

PncoBaHHe(Draw) -> (Ray);


: _ ( ).
/

' -

"s % - 4 & .

- D.I rfl)emr & --***

' >-
/
a a cvjxj
&@

' & -

. 5.6.

,
(Ray) .
, :
Specify start point:
:

,
,
. ,
. :
Specify through point:
:

, .
, ,
. (Ray),
Enter.

(Ray) ,
, .
. ,
30 ,
(Ray) . ,
,
@10<30. 30 .
, ,
.
.

5 . 1 . 3 . ( R ectangle)

AutoCAD
Rectang (),
:
(Draw)

(Rectangle);

p i
(Draw) ;
: _rectang ( ).

Rectang ()
:
Specify first comer point or [Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width] :

[////]:


, .
, ,
( ).
AutoCAD .
:
Specify other corner point of

[Area/Dimensions/Rotation]:

[//]:

-
(. 5.7).

. 5.7.


.
.
, 60
40, ,
( ) @60,40.

AutoCAD
,
.
D im e n sio n s ( ) .
(, ( _d)
), ,
.
,
. , ,

(. 5.8).
,
.
,
(

).
()

,
(Area). , ,
( ) . ,
,
, .
(Rotation)
.

Rectang (),

.
(. 5.9):
(Chamfer) -
.
,
.
.
(Fillet) -
.

.
.
(Width) - ,
.
(Thickness) (Elevation) - ,
.
,

, (Chamfer) (Fillet)
.
, (Chamfer),
(Fillet), (Width)
, (, 15)
, .
,
(,
0).

.
Chamfer ()

.
Fillet ()

,
.
Wigth ()

/ ------------------------------- \

__ _________ /

I_____________ I

. 5.9. ,
Rectang ()

1.

- 200x300
20x20. Rectang ()
(Chamfer) (. 5.10):
Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width] :

[////]:

,-.

rJ

~
CJ
-**U

----- > X

V:
.f;

:
:
:
:

wsT~

^ recta n g

>

. 5.10.
2.

, .
. 20x20
20 20:
Specify first chamfer distance for rectangles <0.0000>:20
<0.0000>:20

Specify second chamfer distance for rectangles:20


:20

3.

200 300.
:

Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width] :


[////]:

.
:
Specify other corner point of [Area/Dimensions/Rotation]:

[//]:0 2 0 0 ,3 0 0

@200,300

(. 5.11).
.
, 20x20.

&
81.1&

-V
-^

.1S3 *i 9

MMj
f>
0 I

| | f

*!*

. 5.11.

5 . 1 . 4 .

( P olygon)

Polygon () AutoCAD
, ,
( ) . :

................................................................................

1.

(Edge) .

2.

(Circumscribed)
.

3.

(Inscribed)
.

. 5.12.
,
- .
.

. 5.12. () ()


. 5.13.

5.13.

Polygon ()
:

(Polygon);

(D raw )



(Draw) ;
: _polygon.

;
, :
Enter number of side <4>:
<4>:

:
Specify center of polygon or

[Edge]:

[]:

,
.
,
- .
.
,
,
- . ,
, . ,
, Enter.:
Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle] <I>:
[ /
]<>:

:
Specify radius of circle:
:

,
, .


, -
, -
.

7 .

1.

7
120. Polygon ()

(. 5.14).
:
Enter number of side <4>:
<4>:

:
Specify center of polygon or [Edge]:

[]:

, .

!, -

/ ^
L

# ^ 1? - 4

*/ *

8&&#&^&

?.

3 -

* :

^[oj Z Z


trrw j 3

CJ

F1

. 5 . 14. Polygon ()
2.


:
Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle] <I>:_C
[ /
]<>:0

, 120:
Specify radius of circle:
: 120

120

. 5.15.

,
, .
, /
.
,
. ?
, S p e c i f

r a d iu s

of

c i r c l e : ( : )
,
.
.

5.2.
5 .2 .1 .

(C

ir c l e )

(
) ,
(, ).
....... .............................................................................................................


.
AutoCAD
Circle (),
:

(Draw) -> (Circle);

^
(Draw) ;
: _circle ( ).


, . Auto
CAD :
1. , (Center, Radius) .
2. , (Center, Diameter) .
3. 2 (2 Points) ,
( -
).
4. 3 (3 Points) ( ,
).
5. 2 , (Tan, Tan, Radius)
.
, , .
6. 3 (Tan, Tan, Tan) .
, .
(Draw) ->
(Circle), - . . 5.16,
Circle ().
.

,
. . ,
Circle (),
Draw (). :
Specify center point for circle or

[/ 2/

[3P/2P/Ttr

(tan tan radius)]:

( )]:


, , .
:
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter]:
[]:

- ,
- .
,


: /


(. 5.17).
0
,

/
1-

2 ,


D iam eter ( ),
AutoCAD
-
,
:

. 5.1 6.

Specify diameter of circle:


:

:
:
e r a s e : 1
:
:
: ^ c i r c l e [/2/ ( w* ) J :

[] :

-jJfLJ iD U *4+J s

" *

' 1 !

. 5.17.

........................................................

, ,
, ,

- .
(). AutoCAD
,
.
.
, 2 ( _2)
.
, (. 5.18).
:
Specify first end point of circles diameter:
:

:
Specify second end point of circles diameter:
:

, .
.
, ( _)
.
, (.
5.19). , -

. 5.18.
2

,
( ).
,
, .
, :
Specify first point on circle:
:

-
.

.

(. 5.20).
,
( _Ttr) .
:
Specify point on object for first tangent of circle:
, :


,
.


-
AutoCAD.
,
.
. 5.20. 2-


,
.
:

Specify point on object for second tangent of circle:


, :

, .
, ,
^ :

................................................................................ <9

Specify radius of circle:


:

,
. ,
,
. ,
, ,
.

,
. ,
Specify radius of circle.
. ,
, - .
.
,
.

(. 5.21).
, Circle ()
(D raw)
(C ircle) 3
(Tan, Tan, Tan).


,
, ,
.
,
,

. 5.21. 3-
.


- ,
()
(. . 5.22).

. 5.22. 3- (. )

5 .2 .2 .

(ARC)

, .
AutoCAD Arc (),
:

(Draw) -> (Arc);

If_

(Draw) ;
: _ ( ).

AutoCAD .
(Draw) -> (Arc)

(. 5.23). , ,
.
:

3 (3 Points) - ,
: , .
.

, , (Start, Center, End) -


, .
.

% % /
-/-
- 9 frof

<

, ,

, ,
, ,

, ,

' , ,

, ,

7 . , ,
/*, ,
, ,

-I

, , (Start,
Center, Angle) -

(
).


,
.

.

,
.
, , (Start,
Center, Length) -

, , ,
.
.
180 (
).
, , (Start, End, Angle) -
,
,
.

, , (Start, End, Direction) -


,
.

, , (Start, End, Radius) -


.
,
180 ( ).

, , (Center, Start, End) -


, , (Start, Center, End),
.

, , (Center, Start, Angle) -


, , (Start, Center, Angle),
.

, , (Center, Start, Length) -


, , (Start, Center, Length),
.

(Continue) -
, .

.

. 5.24 ,
, .
,
. ,
.

. 5.24.


:
3 (3 Points)
.
, , (Start, End, Direction)
(Continue) -
.

,
.
8.
Arc ()
(Draw) :
Specify start point of arc or

[Center]:

[]:

3
(3 Points).
Arc () (Draw).
,
(Draw).

8.

. ,
, . Arc

fE

(),
(D raw ) .
:
Specify start point of arc or

[Center]:

[]:

30,40. :
Specify second point of arc or

[Center/End]:

[/]:

60,90, ,
, ( ).
,
(. 5.25).

. 5.25.

2.

, .
.
Arc (), _.
:
Specify start point of arc or [Center]:
[]:

, ,
350,200. :
Specify second point of arc or [Center/End]:
[/]:

C enter ( ),
( _ ) Enter. :
Specify center point of arc:
:

, , 400,250.
:
Specify end point of arc or

[Angle/chord L e ng th ]:

[/ ]:

(Angle),
( _).
45 (
(
(DYN) ) . . 5.26):
Specify included angle:
:

, .
, ,
. ,
, .
; .

. 5.2 6 . ,

3.

, .
AutoCAD
, , (Center, Start, Length) (. 5.27).
,
, .

!> . . %
- :*

O '

<?* <>

. , ,

MHCfooposHtow

, ,
, ,

, ,

, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,

, ,

! I J w rp , ,

&

I ,
4

!
| F1

. ,( .. /.2 /

. 5 .2 7 . , ,

5 . 2 . 3 .

( E l l ip s e )

AutoCAD Ellipse (),


.
,
.
Ellipse () :

(Draw) (
,
(Axis, End), (Center), (Arc));

(Draw)
(Ellipse).
: , (Axis, End),
(Center), (Arc);
: _ellipse ( ).
Ellipse ()
:
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or

[Arc/ Cente r] :

[/]:

:
.

.


.
.
,
, .
. 5.28.

, Ellipse (
) (Center).
, (Arc).
-.


. 5 .2 8 .

9 .

1.

200 100.
. ,
Ellipse () :
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/ C e n t e r ] :
[/]:

2.


, , 200.
.
( )
, 20.0000<0 (
,
).
.
@200,0 ( @-200,0):
Specify other endpoint of axis:

0 2 0 0 ,0

: @200,0

3.

.
50:
Specify distance to other axis or
[]:50

[Rotation]: 50

Enter,
200 100 (. 5.29).
50, 100,
, (
).


(Rotation) .
,
( XY). : 0 89,4. 0,
, .

. 5.29.

.
, ,
.
- (start angle) (end angle) (. . 5.30).
, .
, ,
.

Ellipse ()
, (Draw),
.

5 . 2 . 4 .

(D

onut)

Donut () -
, ,
(. 5.31).
, 0,
.
Donut ()
:


( )
(Draw) -> (Donut);
: _donut ( ).

. 5.31.

, , :
Specify inside diameter of donut <10.000>:
<10>

:
Specify outside diameter of donut <20.000>:

<20.000>:

,
( ), ( ).

.

,
:
Specify center of donut or <exit>j
< >:

, Donut ()
,
, .
Donut () Enter,
.

5.3.
5 . 3 . 1 . ( P o in t )

AutoCAD ,
. ,
AutoCAD.
,
,
. ,
. Point
().
:

(Draw) ;
(Draw)
(Point),
().
(Single Point).
- (Multiple Point).
Point ()
, Esc
;
: _point ( ).
Point ()
:
Current
Specify

point inodes:
a point:
:
:

PDMODE=C)

PDSIZE=0.0000

PDMODE=0

P DSIZE=0.0000

,
(PDM ODE = 0) (PDSIZE = 0).

, .
. ,
Point () Enter Esc.
( ) ,
(Format) -> (Point Style).
(Point Style)
(. . 5.32). 20 ,
.
.
(
(S et Size Relative to Screen)),
( (Set Size in Absolute Units)).
(Point Size).
- 5% .

1+| || 1 4
! ] | | I&I [1

5.0000

...i

Lt t maJ

. 5.32.

5 . 3 . 2 .

AutoCAD
(blips).
. ,

- ,
, . . ,
,
, .
.
, .
,
- .
,
, Point
(). .
blipmode ( ).
Enter, :
Enter mode [ON/OFF] <OFF>:
[/] <>:

, ,
( _). , ,
blipmode ( _off).

. (View)

(Redraw). ,
_redraw.

,
View () -> Redraw All ( ).

, /
( ZOOM),
Pan (). ,
.
1 0 .

1.

.
_blipmode.
( _).
Line () ,
(. 5.33).

, ()
.
2.

Erase ().
, .
, ,
(. 5.34).
3.

.
blipmode
( _off). , ,
. , (View)

(R edraw ) (. 5.35).

& & &\

J\... ] /

[ J J
[ (

2 /

[ / ]
[ / ]
[ / ]
[ / ]

:
:
:
:

Jiff V.1 - jJ
. 5.33. blipmode

Fij

-/
.
J

iMoee;

/ ? /

. 5.34.

gvtcoeaw

/ - ^>OD
0 - -

: v

A AI '

% 4 ;

0% ^

/ -

* .4.

|
,-,

| v
V

'

j f f


0


] 5 j ...

;
|

..

. 5.35.

5.4. :

(. 5.36) ,
, .

( ).

-,
, .

. 5.36.

,
:
(Draw) ->
(Revision Cloud).
(Draw)

: _revcloud ( ).
,
, .
, .

:
Minimum arc length: 15
Specify start point or

Maximum arc length: 15 Style: Normal


[Arc length/Object/Style] <0bject>:

: 15 : 15 :

[ //] <>:

:
, (
15), (Arc length).
, ,
(Object).
.....................................................................................................................

-
(Style).
.
. 5.37.

. 5.37.

: (Normal) -
, (Calligraphy).
. 5.38.

. 5.38.

6.

6.1.
(PLINE)

AutoCAD ,
. , ,
Line (), . :
,
.
.
.

AutoCAD . ,
,
.
Line (),
.
.
. 6.1.

AutoCAD PLine
(). :


(Draw) ;
(Draw)

(Polyline);

: _pline ( ).

PLine ()
. :
Specify start point:
:

, :
Current line-width is 0.000
Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
0.0000
[////]:


- ,
. ,
. , ,
Close ():
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
[/////]:

,
, .
, :
(Arc) -
.
(Close) - ,
. PLine
() .
, .

(Width) ,
.

- (
).
.
, (. 6.2).
(Halfwidth) -
,
(. 6.2).
(Length) -
,
,
( ,
).
(Undo) -
.
(Width)

(Halfwidth)

. 6.2. (Width)
(Halfwidth)

. 10.8.


Arc (). ,
,
PLine () (Arc).
:
Specify endpoint of arc or [Angle/CEnter/CLose/Direction/Halgwidth/
Line/Radius/Second pt/Undo/ Width]:
[/////
////]:

-
, .
(Line) -
.

:
(Angle) - .
(CEnter) - .
(CLose) - ,
.
(Direction) -
, .
.
(Radius) - .
(Second pt) -
.
(Halfwidth), (Width), (Undo)
.
PLine ()
,
.
,
.

, PLine
()
. , . 6.10
. , :
PLine () 95, 85.
245, 85.
.

(Arc) (. 6.3).

>

Q .

I
I

()

*
_ p lin e

5
rnmmmmmmmmmm
; 9 5 ,8 5
0 .0 0 0 0
(////]: 2 4 5 ,8 5
( /////];

. 6.3.

Cm

2.

:
245, 151.

. (Line).
245, 205.
190, 205.

190,135.
.
, . 6.4.

. .
, ,
, - .

. 6.4. ,

. :
245, 118 23, 95,110
10 (. 6.5). .

6.2. (Spline):

, - ,
.
. ,
(
).
- NURBS (. Non-Uniform
Rational Bezier Spline) - ,
.
.

.
. . 6.6.

, , . .
[6]:
spline. ,
.
, , ,
, ,
. ,
(. 6.7).

. 6.7.



.
AutoCAD Spline
(), :

(Draw)

(Spline);

1
(Draw) ;
: _Spline ( ).
Spline ()
:
Specify first point or [Object]:

[]:

:
Specify next point
:

,
,
. , :
Specify next point or [Close/Fit tolerance] <start tangent>:

[/] < >:

,
, :
(Close) -
.
Specify tangent: (
: ). .
Enter, ^
.................................................................................................................................

,
.
(Fit Tolerance) -
. .

.
.

Enter,
(S tart tan
gent). , ,
, .
, ,
( ,
).
, Enter.
,
, . 6.8.
,
.

. 6.8.
1 2 .


Spline ().
. . 6.9.
1.

. 6.9. , Spline ()

...................................................................

5
6.3.
(Mline)

( )
, .
, ,
2 16 (. . 6.10).

. 6 .1 0 .


, , . .
AutoCAD
Mline (), :

(Draw)

(Mline);

: _mline ( ).
Mline ()
:
Current settings: Justification = Top, Scale = 20,00 Style = STANDARD
: = , = 20,00, =
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/Style]:
[//]:


, ( ),
, :
(Justification) - ,
, (. 6.11):
(Zero) -
(
, );
() (Bottom) -

.
(Scale) - ,
.

.
(Style) -
( - ).
(Zero)

()

--------------

(Bottom)

. 6.11. ,
(Justification)

STANDART,
, ,
.....................................................................................................................

0,5 . Style
:
Enter mline style name or

[?]:

[?]:

(
).
, ? (
). AutoCAD STANDART.
.


MLSTYLE (), :
(Format)
(Multiline Style);

: _mlstyle.
AutoCAD
(Multiline Style),
(. 6.12).
S**

: STANDARD
:

STANDARD
[ .'"I
( ...

{ ... J

: STANDARD

,.,

j j

,
.
, . ,
(Add)
(. . 6.13).
.
: STANDARD
I

...

*-*

: STANDAf

OK

<

"}

"!

&

. 6 . 13.

(Continue),
(. . 6.14).
, (Elements),
(-), .
- -,
.
* :

.:

Q
Q
:90.00

.,

90

(0500

:
:

5
! 05

'

rZ K T i

...

I I

I
|

-
(Add), - (D elete).
, 16 .
(Offset) -
. , -
. STANDART
- 0,5
( 0,5 -0,5).
Color)
.
-
(S elect Color),
,
(. 6.15).
V.
,
*

AutoCAD:

. 6.15. (Select Color)

(Linetype).
(Select Linetype)
(. 6.17).
( ).
() , (Load).

(Multiline Style) ,
.
*

jContinuous

< j ________

---------------------- SoMSne

_____
......1

U is a ia s s s J

L fia a K *

. 6.16. (Select Linetype)"


* /
...

ACAD
ACAD

ACAD

IS002W100
IS003W100
IS004W100
IS005W100
ISQ06W100
IS007W100
IS008W100
IS003W100
IS010W100
IS011W100

ISO
ISO
ISO
ISO
ISO
ISO
ISO
ISO
ISO
ISO

____________________
(. )__
/. (. )____ . ____
/. {. ; 2 )__
/. ( , 3 )__
................................
(. . )__
[. 2 . ).
/.__ . ___. ___ . ___. ___. ___
/. [2 !

. 6.17. <
*

, (Fill)
, - .
,
, (Color),
.
. 6.18.
, .
.
, (Multiline Style)
(Save).
acad.mln. .
- .mln.

,
Display joints ( )


Line () Angle () = 90

Line () Angle () = 45


Outer arc ( )


Inner arcs ( )

. 6.18.
(Multiline Properties)

, , ,
(Load) (Multiline Style).
, acad.mln.
, (File).

1 3 . ( )

, .
, .
1.

W'-

MLSTYLE ()
. (Multiline
Style) (Add)
, _01.
(Continue).

IJ J T

-D

<

*!*

QD

I)

'-'

I,

LJ

. 6.19.

(Mul
tiline Properties) (Add). ,
(Elements) -.
- (Offset)
0.000 ( ).
(Color) .
.
(L in etyp e).
(S elect Linetype)
(Load) (. 6.20).
. (Select Linetype)
.
(M ultiline Style)
(Save)
acad.mln.
(Save) (. 6.21).

i e i
ft

tp-

.8

:
*

(.1/1

I* * * : 0 1

190 00

:
:

\ 0.5

...

...

: 0
! 0.5

1[]

3000

&

: STANDARP

* /
' *

acadboin

Continuous

(.5)
[2) __

{ 5)
(2).

?
2

-
2
2

. 6.20.


STANDARD
.
|

...............

! ? ;B


U Support
-*
i; Actions

iJh AuthorPatette

: _1

u i Icons
IS Prof*
wMftegwteredTocis
1 TooPaiette
Jjacad.mln

~~









1 ...

'*

10.03.2010 18:4<;
14.03,2010 13:4?!
10.03.2010 18:4(|
10.03.2010 18:4f;
10.03.2010 18:4;
10.03.2010 19:5*1
14.03.2010 20:4tj

30.11.1995 6:17:

&

.jC.


AutoCAD
:

: wi-gty;s

:
:

4.

.
(Draw)
(Multiline)
(. 6.22).
| & &^
-

)//
//

: 0.0365 < ' ' _

lJ l

. j J

[ /]
[ /0*]
t /]
[ /]
[/]

- *
. 6.22.

6.4. -

AutoCAD
.
,
(. . 6.23).

- Boundary
(). ,
(Draw) -> (Boundary),
(
).
(Boundary Creation), . 6.24.


I v j jt% |

I ..
. 6.24.
(Boundary Creation)

(Pick Ponts)
. (Boundary Cre
ation)
, -.
, , Enter,
.
.

(Region).
, ( ). -
, - .
:
, . .
, .

.

,
(Boundary Creation), (Object type),
(Polyline) (Region).

6.5.
AutoCAD 2012
, , .
- .
.
AutoCAD? , , .
( )
AutoCAD Sketch ().
, _Sketch ( ).
,
, ,
:
( = Lines Increment = 1.0000 Tolerance 0.5000)
Specify sketch or [Type/Increment/toLerance]:
= = 1.0 00 0 = 0.5 00 0

[//]:

,
. , ,
, AutoCAD,
( ,
, . 8),
.
. AutoCAD
,
.
,
.
,

.
, . .

, .
SKPOLY:
0 - , 1 - .

, . ,
.
. 0.1,
.

.
.
,
.
Sketch ()
(. . 6.25).

&

~~

'

% * % &

' ':

1 .0 0 0 0 * 0 .5 0 0 0
[ / / ]:

9'

% ^

^ -

[|\ I 1?27

BjK:
oj
! :
*
:

? ....

\ \

W
|

-!

. ,
, ,
Esc .

, . Enter
.

7.
,

.


, , .
. .
, ,
(, - -
), 0.1 ,
:
, . .,
,

.

- .
.
,
, , ,
. .
. ,
.
, . ,
,
.

, .
*
..................................................................................................................... (

7.1. *
OPTO (ORTHO)

OPTO (ORTHO).
,
.
OPTO (ORTHO) :

OPTO (ORTHO) ,
;

F8.

,
.

7.2. (Snap Mode)


.

, . .
.
- (
),
.
(Snap
M o d e) - (SNAP) | |
( ).
.
F9 /
.
( . 4) ,
(Grid). ,
(Grid), ,
(Snap Mode), . (
), .

(Snap Mode) :
I

.................................................................................

(Tools) -> (Drafting


Settings);
,
(SNA P) | | | ,
(Settings).

(Draft
ing Settings),
(Snap and Grid), . 7.1.
B icti.(F9) (Snap On (F 9 )) . (F7)
(Grid On (F7)).
.
,
(Snap ty p e)
(Grid snap) (R ectangular snap).
*

| 3D < ! *
0 (F7)

0 (F9)

X:

10

V:

10

0 Y

:
0 2D
0
0

X:

____

Y:

[...]

0
0

0
~|

L.'-...I

. 7 . 1. (Snap and Grid)


X (Snap X spacing) Y (Snap Y spac
ing). ,
, . .
, AutoCAD 2012 ^ . 2012.

7.3.
(Polar Tracking)
,
,
, .
, 60,

.
: 59, 61, -.

,
AutoCAD.

. ,
, -
, .
AutoCAD ,
, (Polar
Tracking). , ()
- (PO LA R ) \ & .
. F10
.
, ,
,
,
. ,

(. 7.2).
, 90, 0, 90, 180
270.
.
(Drafting Settings)
(Polar Tracking) (. 7.3). :

(Tools)
Settings);

(D rafting

,
- (PO LA R)
,
(Settings).

17^\^5 -------------------- -----s e : 1


:


. 7.2.

(Increm ent angle)


, . ,
45, 0, 45, 90, 135, 180, 225, 270
315. (Increm ent angle)
: 90,45,30,22.5,18,15,10 5.
*
] /<^

X
3D <' >

0 (F10)

W"

li i

He , -
(, 146).
(Additional Angle),
(New)
. ,
(New).
- ,
* (D elete) (. 7.4).
X

tf *

] ) * S>
(F10)
:

I z r r z j a

0
i |
: T4S

| H'je-

[ ]

b J L J LjjasaJ ^ |

. 7.4. (Polar Tracking):

,
. ,
60, (120, 180, 240 . .) .
60. , ,
.

.
,
(Polar Tracking) : (Abso
lute) (Relative to last segment).
,
( ).
AutoCAD
.
I

.......................................................................

(Track Using all polar angle settings)


(Track orthogonally only)
, (. . 7.5).

7.4.
(Polar Snap)
. 7.2 7.3
.
,
.
.
, 45, 10,
45 10.

.
, ()
- (POLAR) (4
,
Drafting Settings)
(Snap and Grid).

. (Snap type & style)
(Polar Snap) (. 7.5).

*

(F9)

& -1

0 (F7)
?
;

2D

0 X Y

|6

X:



0
(*)

, (Drafting Settings)
(Tools) ) (Drafting Settings).

(Polar Snap),

. (SNAP)

, .
, :
,
. :
(SNAP) . ,
,

. , ,
, - ,
.
.
, , , .
, ,
. ,
(Polar Snap),
(Snap and Grid)
(Polar distance).
(. 7.5).

7.5.
7 . 5 . 1 . .


. ,
. ,
. : ,
, .

. , ,
, . ,
, , ,
.
, ,
:
. ,
-, , -,
, ,
, .

, AutoCAD
(Object Snap). (
),
, .
.
, - , AutoCAD

, .
, () (SNA P) Q
.
. /
F3 .

, ,
. ,
, -
, .
(,
).
. 7.6.

(Drafting Settings), (Object
Snap).
, ,
(Object Snap),
(Settings) ,
(SNAP) \Q \ .
.....................................................................................................................

I
: 14.7490 < 305 |

| : < 0, : < 52^

. 7 . 6.

(Object Snap) . 7.7.


,
.
,
.

(*
!
0

- "......... -

;. !

(F3)

3 0 &

* 1 1

(F11)

fa.

| j

SS

/ /

,
.
.

[ ,., |

1 3 L j i M m J U s B jg jJ

. 7.7. Object Snap ( )

,

. . 7.1.
, ,
, .
7.1.

(
)

(End
point)

, ,

(Midpoint)

(Center)

(Node)

S5


(Point)


,
().
, 0,
90,180 270

(Quadrant)

...................................................................... D


(Inter
section)

(Exten
sion)

(Insertion)

(Perpen
dicular)

(Tangent)



,

. ,
,
, .



,
+.
,
.

1

. 2.
.
AutoCAD

, ,
,



.


.
,

,




, .


(Near
est)

(Apparent
intersec
tion)

(Parallel)

1.

.

.


2. ,


,


.

: ,
()
,
,
.


,
+.


.

,
.
,
,

AutoCAD 2005
- (Mid Between 2 Points),
(Object Snap).

(. . 7.5.2),
:
, a AutoCAD
.


. ,
,
(
(SNAP) F3 ).

- .
, , (Object Snap)
, ,
.
, AutoCAD
(. 7.5.2).
7 . 5 . 2 .

.
AutoCAD 2012 :


(Object Snap).

.
,
. ,
Line ()
,
.
,
.
. .
, ,
,
(
Line () ).

Shift
, (. 7.8),
.

X .

_-

Sb 1
/

. ...

. 7.8.

, ,
.
,
AutoCAD 2005,
(Mid Between 2 Points).

O b j e c t S n a p (


Object Snap ( ) (. . 7.9).
. ,
,
Object
Snap ( ).

1-0 / / X X - 4|- ;

. 0

. 1

. 7.9. Object Snap ( )

();
,
:
(Endpoint);
_ (Midpoint);

(Center);

j j

(Node);

(Quadrant);
X

(Intersection);

(Extension);
(Insertion);

(Perpendicular);

(Tangent);

(Nearest);

(Apparent intersection);

~ (Parallel);
( ).

( ).

1.6. ,


, .
, ,
.
, - ,
. , , ^

.
,
, .
,
.
- AutoCAD - .
,
(Options) (Drafting Set
tings),
.
(Options), (Drafting) (. 7.10).
,
.

1 dwg

J <

| / | /

0
0

Shift

'I '


@
~1 Z

. 7.10.

*I

(Marker) - , ,
. ,
.
, .

(Display AutoSnap tooltip)


.
, .

(Color),
. .


(AutoSnap Marker Size).
,
.


.
.

8.
:

8.1.

8 .1 .1 .

AutoCAD
. ,

.
AutoCAD ,
. ,
,
.
,
: .
, AutoCAD

, , .
- AutoCAD
.
.
:
Regenerating model

( ),
.

,
. ,
.
,
- .
,
.
. ,
,
, , ,
. ,

. , ,
.
Regen () RegenAll (
), - Redraw (). RegenAll
( ) Regen () ,
(
).
Regen () RegenAll ( )
:

(View)-^ (Regen)
(View) -> (RegenAll) ;

: _regen () _regenall
.

Redraw ()
:

(View) -> (Redraw);

: _redraw.

8 . 1 . 2 . Z o o m ( )

Zoom ().

.
9

........................................ ........................................

Zoom ()
(real time)
(Zoom Realtime). , ,
, Zoom () ,

.
:

(View)
;

(Zoom);

_zoom ( )
;


(. 8.1).

.

(. 8.1).
( ),
,
Zoom (). , . 8.1,
.
< g j2 D *

* LL21S .*
fck.LiLi - o sa -s
-
avm'

<>

>/

w Q

8.1. ZOOM ()

(W indow )


,
- .
,
. :

:
:


()


( E x te n ts )

<

(X

(Scale)

(In)

(O ut)


Zoom ()


, ()

,
()


.
( Enter, ),

.
X,
.
:
Enter a scale factor (nX or n X P ) :
(nX n X P ) :

1 ,
1 . , , 2

, 0,5


. Scale
() 2

.
Scale () 0,5

,
( )

*0*

(Center)

,
.
( Scale(MacuiTa6)),
.

:
Specify center point:
:

Enter magnification or height <297>:


<297>:

(Previous)

,
() .
AutoCAD 10
() ,
Zoom, Pan View.

.

, .
:

-
(
);

-
;



(D ynam ic)


.
.
,

.
.

, . ,


.
,
.
, Enter .

Zoom ()
:
Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nX P) , or
[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window/Object]<real time>:

(nX

nXJI) ,

[///////]

< >

,
Window () ,
,
.
.
. , , -,
(Zoom Previous) , -, Undo ( ).

8 .1 .3 .


.

. ,
, -
. . 8.3.

. 8.3.

.....................................................................................................................f Q

AutoCAD ,
. ,
,
(View) -> (Viewports)
:

1 (1 Viewport) - .
2 (2 Viewports) -
.
,
.
3 (3 Viewports) -
.
4 (4 Viewports) -
.

,
.
-.

(
(V iew )
(V iewports)

... (New Viewports)).


(V iew
ports) (. 8.4.), (New Viewports)
.
,
. ,
(. 8.4.6)

jpSjBI
2D

fSjjjjj

# -&
S3:
/'-;?....
*
* \ :

&

1lillt

:
:
:
:
:
:
;
:

. 8.4.

j } .....................................................................................

,
, ,
.


.
.

- ,
.


. .

- , .
. .
,
,
, . ,

.

8.2.
8 .2 .1 .


. ,
, (4, . .)
. ,
(
, ) .
,
.
, , ,
. ,
- (
).

.
( ),

......................................................................

. ,
(4, . .). ,
, ,
,
.
.

8 .2 .2 .

-, AutoCAD .
,
. .
,
. , 4
. .
(File) -> (Save
as).
(Save
Drawing A s), (Files of type), . dwt
(. 8.5). AutoCAD.
(File Name) .

jjjjjj > 0 X

u j

--------- ------?

| .
83

j4epreac3.dwg
| * AutoCAD 2010 p.dwg)
AutoCAD 2010 f .dwg)
1 AutoCAD 2007.2007 (* dwg)
AutoCAD 2004/LT2004 dwg)
AutoCAD 2000.2000 dwg)
AutoCAD R 14/LT98/LT97 -dwgi
AutoCAD . dwsj
AutoCAD
AutoCAD
AutoCAD
AutoCAD
AutoCAD

2010 DXF ( dtf)


2007200? DXF (* d*f)
2004.2004 D XF .
2000.2000 DXF (* d*f)
R12/LT2 DXF f.d x fl


(. 8.6),

.
- ,
- .
.

W*

1....SL-.

|
() .
1 .

L&BgBi,

j

. 8 .6.

.
.

.
.
..

1:1

..

. 8.7, 8.8 8.9 4,


, (. .
).

. .

.
1:1

.
..

. 8.9 . 4 ()

14.

, ,
4 . ,
, , . 8.10.
. 2.
........................................................................................................................... )

. 8.10.

2.

. ,
. ,
Line ().
. ,
, .
, , (. 8.11).
4 ,
.
(File)
(Save as).
(Save Drawing As)
(Files of type) . dwt, (. 8.12). ,
, ( , . .
8.6), .
9

. 8.1 1 .

v|

<1=

- ---

6 l X

"

\
| ; J PTWTemplates
SheetSets

; ygaci D.dv*
IdJijacad -Named Plot S tyt.3D .d w t

iso ;
150 Kl

fe fja c a d -Named Plot S tyle s.d w t


: y ^ e c a d .d n A

49 Ki
49 K;

: jjg (ja c a d e o 3 D .d n t
jc^ia cad lS O -Named Plot 5ty le s 3 ...
ja J s o a d lS O -Named Plot S tyle s.d w t
! jeJia cad iso .d w t

150 Kj
149
49
49

: ( ^ I n i t i a l Setup-A rchite ctura l-lm p ...

56

: In itial 5etup-A r chite ctu ra l-M et...

56

j ^ I n i t i a l Setup-QvU-Imperial.dwt

m r Initial Setup-Civil-M etric. d w t

56
5 6 KK2

(
AutoCAD (' dwt)
.AutoCAD 2010 f dwg)
AutoCAD 20072007 (" dwg)
AutoCAD 2G04/LT2004 (*.dwg)
AutoCAD 2000/IT 2000 (dwg)
AutoCAD R14/IT38/LT97 r.dwg)
AutoCAD i*dwsl

__________
AutoCAD 2010 DXF f.drf)

AutoCAD 2007/LT27 DXF (*.<fctf)


AutoCAD 2004/LT2004 DXF f.dxfj
AutoCAD 2TO0/LT2000 DXF (*<M)
AutoCAD Fi12/lT20XFr.dxll

V 1}

8 . 2 . 3 .


(Startup) ( (Create
New Drawing )
h i-
(U se a template) (.
8.13).
L3

:
|Acadiso.dwt
>Acadiso3d.dwt
j utorial-iarch.dwt
{ Tutorial-imfgdwt
; T utotial-mafch dwt
ST utorial-mmfgdwt
a4.dwt

_____ __m

..

| [

. 8.13.


(Startup) , ,
. 2.11.

9.


. : , .
- , , - , -
. . AutoCAD
.
(Modify),
- .

9.1.

, AutoCAD :
1.

,
, .

2.

,
.

, ,
( ),
Select objects: (
:) .
.
,
.
.

,
.

9.2. ()

() :
,
( )
.
, .
, -

,
.
.
, Enter .

.
, ,
.
,
(Window) (Crossing Window).
(Window) ,
, .
, ,
.
.
(. 9.1).

Q
-G-B

... -...

V''*

.'Ov.
?/

[j

-- -

. 9.2. (Crossing Window)

(Crossing Window)
,
, , .
, ( ,
) .
-
.
- . ,
,
.

,
.
.
:
.
Select objects ( )
,
.
:

(Window Polygon) - ,
(Window). ,
, .
, ,

.....................................................................................................................

, .
(Window Polygon)
_wpolygon _wp.
.
Enter.

(Crossing Polygon) -
(Crossing Window)
, ,
.
_cpolygon _.

(Fence) - ,
. ,
(. 9.3).
(Fence),
fence f.

. 9.3.

(Last) -
.
, _last _1.

(All) - ,
.
all .

(Previous) - ,
,
.

, .

, p r e v i
ous _.

( )

, . , ,
, :
, - ,
- .
(Remove).
, _remove _
.
(Remove)
(Remove objects).
-
.
,
(Add), _add
_.
(Select objects)
.
(Remove) ,
,
.
,
Shift .
Shift,
.
,
.

AutoCAD
. , - , ,
. . ,
(
) Ctrl, *

,
, .
. (Cycle on). ,
, ,
, . ,
Enter ( ),
Esc.

AutoCAD
, , , .
(Tools) -> (Options),
(Options) (Selection).
f**

I :

<< >>

4epre*1.dwg

/ i 3D :

;!:

---------------------------------


@
0 *
[ ; .,- j
;

Q Shift

0
0 +
0
0

,100

L--------j

| j

. 9.4. (Selection) (Options)

( ) .
(Pickbox Size), , .
.
, ,
(Cancel) .

(Selection) (Options)
, .
. -, AutoCAD,
-, , ,
.

9.3.

ove

Move ()
.
:

(Modify) -> (Move);



(Modify) ;

: _move ( ).

, ,
. ,
:
Specify base point or displacement:
[]: <>

, ,
:

- ,
( )
. ,
10,15, , (
) 10 15.

/
( ),
, ( ).
,
, . :
;
, , .

......................................................................

.
. ,
20 25.
20,-25 Enter.
:
Specify second point of displacement or <use
displacement:
< >:

first

point

as

,
/ . Enter.
() .
, ,
. ,
, . ,
30 45 ,
30<45.
/ .
:
Specify base point or displacement:
[]: <>

, .
, .
:
Specify second point of displacement or <use
displacement:
< >:

first

point

as


, .
(. 9.5).

. 9.5. /


. ,
.
,
.
,
. ( ),
. , ,
.

1.

2.

. 9.6. -

,
- .
:
. , ,
. ,
,
. .
. 9.6.

in d o w s

AutoCAD ,
Windows.
................................................................................................................................

:
, . ,
.

- .
AutoCAD . ,
;
(C ut) (. 9.6).
...................

^
[ Q

^

Ctrl+X
Ctrl+C
Ctrl+Shift+C
Ctrl+V

5) .

J+
O j
]

. 9.7.

.

(P aste). AutoCAD
, .
.
, .

9.4.

, .

. ,
,
,
. .

opy

()
:

(Modify) -> ();




(Modify) ;

: _ ( ).


Move ().


.
, -
Ctrl.
,
+.

in d o w s


(Cut) (Paste),
() (Paste).

.

1 5 .

.
.
. . 9.8.

. 9.8.

.
,
. ,
: ,
. ,
.
Ctrl , ,
.
, .
3.

,
().
*

(P a s te ).
. (. 9.10).

. 9.9.

9.5. . Rotate
()
(R otate)

( ). ,
,
, .
,
.
(R otate) :

(Modify)

(Rotate);

() ;
_rotate ( ).
, ,
. ,
:
Specify base point:
:

, ,
, .
- ,
.
, ,
- ,
(. 9.11).
:
Specify rotation angle or [Copy/Reference]< 0 > :
[/ ] <0>:

,
.

. 9.11.

(Reference)
. ,
. 0,
, .
.

9.6.
. Array
()

, .
.
, , ,
.
. ,
.
Move () R otate ()
. ?


Array () ARRAYCLASSIC,

,
. ,
.
Array () :

(Modify) ->

(Array);

: _ ( ).


. , ,
. 9.12.
, .

. 9.12.

AutoCAD 2012
.
,

AutoCAD 2012. ,
Service Pack 1 AutoCAD 2012.
ARRAYCLASSIC,
.
.

9 .6 .1 .

AutoCAD 2012

, AutoCAD,

( , ),
, .
,
.
,

*

,.6 .
Enter.
%&Q
& 9 0

^?,
( -
).
.

igft*

" (' / ' - + i- d.


^
L - 4
- *.*
a- a a e - a . t

/
!-

-5 o r*z t i w .

**. **

' S O ' *

**

--
-].!](*-]

*[-3 [] ]


,
.

,

. ^

( )

sa

AutoCAD 2012

*
: S3s1353.8798

g l

295.3434

|1

295.3434

; 353.8798



.
.
, Enter.

4epre*1.dwg

+
i

Express Tools

DO

?0

9 . 6 . 2 .

ARRAYCLASSIC ( Service
Pack 1). , . 9.13.
R ect
angular Array ( ). ,
. Array ( )
Select Objects ( ) I, I , ^

................................. ...................................

,
.

] ]

: 4

, -

|(|

: 45
: 4

1.00

1.00

0.00

1

.

.

. 9.13. (Array)

(Row) (Columns)
,
. , ,
, . ,
, .
( )
.

,
. (Raw
offset), - (Columns offset).
, (Angle of array), ,
. 0.

. [
, ,
.
:
, .
*% .

, -
.

,
, (Preview).
.
, , - ,
(Array) -
Esc .
: _
: : : 4
:

| Esc * >:

. 9.14.

( ),
ARRAYCLASSIC
(P o
lar Array).
,
(Center Point) (. 9.15).
.
ggggj

"*

j j g y
: 45

X: 125482

Y:

2167.00 J |



'
:

360.00

1; %

<

. 9.15.

, ,
, .
9
....................................................................................................................

(Select objects).
.
, ,
,
. :

(Total number of items) -


, ( ).

(Angle to Fill) - ,
.
.
360, ,
.
, 180,
- 90. ,
, ,
- .

(Angle Between Items) - ,


,
.


.
, . ,


.

.

. .
, ,
AutoCAD .

(Method):

(Total numbers of items & An


gle to fill).

(Total numbers & An


gle between items).

(Angle to fill & Angle


between items).

,
,
, .
(Preview ).
ie


. . '

. - Rq ^,1' jg


, , j*
1 6 . .

.
. ,
, , .
. ,
( ). .
. ,
. 9.16.

. 9.16.
2.


. .
.
. 3 4 (. 9.17).
, .
. :
.

<%0 % :
V

[__ J

EZH

:,,
2
=-----

L_J

I I

. 9.17.
3 .


. ,
,
. : ,
, .

( ), (
).

. 9.18.

.................................................................

4.


(. 9.19).
( )

. , "DD
: 360, 9.
.

a ' * 0 h ' #
Cl>

,
J

{ \

^~ ~ ,

a a |ggH&

! ^^0',01

[ - ] []

4
------> X
. 9.19.

9.7. .
Offsef ()
Offset ()
.
, ,
Line (), PLine (), Circle (), Arc () .
Offset ()
,
.

I ....

, Offset ()
,
.
Offset () - ()
, .
Offset () :

(Modify)

(Offset);



(Modify) ;

: _offset ( ).

Offset ()
:
Current settings: Erase source=No Layer=Source OFFSETGAPTYPE=0
Specify offset distance or [Through/Erase/Layer] <Through>:
: = =
OFFSETGAPTYPE=C)
[//] <>:

, ,
Offset () .
,
.
, (. . 9.20).


. :

-

, ;

,
.

,
(Through).
, ,
(Through), ,
.
,
. :
Select object to offset or [Exit/Undo]: <Exit>
[/] <>

, .
,
- (Through), -
.
,
:
Specify point on side to offset or [Exit/Multiple/Undo]:
, [//
]:


. ,
, ,
.
(Through),
:
Specify through point or [Exit/Multiple/Undo]:
,
]:

[//

,
.
t

(Multiple)
(. . 9.21).
(Undo)
.

. 9.21. ,
(Multiple)

9.8. ()
AutoCAD Chamfer (),
,
(. 9.22). ,
.
.
, Chamfer (),
, Line (), ,
.

. 9.22.

, ,
. , , . 6.1.

.
: ,
( ),
(. . 9.23).
, .
, .
Chamfer () :

(Modify)

(Chamfer);


(Modify) ;

: chamfer ( ).

(TRIM mode)

Current chamfer Distl=0.00,

Dist2=0.00

Select first line or [Undo/Polyline/Distanse/Angle/Trim/Method/mUltiple]:


( )

1=0,00,

2=0,00

[/////
/]:

. 9.23.

AutoCAD ,
()
0 0.
0 ( ).
,
.
(Distance).
, .
,
. . :
,
.
(Distance),

(
):

(Angle) -
.

(Trim) ,
.
(Trim), .
(No trim) - ,
.

(Polyline) - ,

.

(Method) - ,
, . ,
: (Distance), (Angle).
(Distance).

(Multiple)
Chamfer (). ,
, ,
. . , Esc
. Chamfer
()
.

,
, ,
.

1 7 .

PLine ()
- .
(. . 9.24).
2.

Chamfer ().

(TRIM mode)
S e le ct

first

Current chamfer Distl = 0.0000,


lin e

or

Dist2 = 0.0000

[U n d o /P o ly lin e /D is ta n s e /A n g le /T rim /M e th o d /

m ultip le ] :

( )

1=0,0000, 2=0,0000

[/////
/] :

(Distance)
. ,
, (Polyline).
. ,
(. 9.25).
, .
,
.
, . ,
,
,
, (Close).

. 9.25.

9.9.
AutoCAD
Fillet (). ,
, .
(Line), (Arc), (Circle)
(Pline). . 9.26.
Fillet ()
:

(Modify) -> (Fillet);

Il J I
(Modify) ;

CTpoKy:_fillet ( ).

Fillet ()
Chamfer () .
,
.

C 2J

. 9.26.

Fillet ()
:
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 0.0000
Select first object or [Polyline / Radius / Trim /multiple]:
: = , = 0.0000

[////
]:

,
. ,
: ,
. ,
, ,
:

(Radius) - .

(Polyline) - , ()
.

(Trim) ,
.
(Trim), .
(No trim) -
, .

(Multiple)
Fillet (). ,

,
, . . , Esc
.
Fillet ()
.

,
AutoCAD .
.
, , .

, ,
, .
.
. 9.27.
-------------------

------- s

*
. 9.27. ()

, . , ,
, , .

9.10.
,
. ,


. AutoCAD , Mirror (
). . 9.28.

. 9.28.

Mirror () :

(Modify) -> (Mirror);




(Modify) ;

: _mirror ( ).

.
, .

. AutoCAD ,
, , .
, :
Select objects:
:

..................................................................................................................... 2 )

,
. ,
Enter .
,
. .
:
Specify first point of mirror line:
:

:
Specify second point line:
:

,
. , ,
, (. 9.29).
.
.

. 9.29.

......................................................................

Delete source objects? [Yes / No] < N o > :


? [/] <>:

,
( _Y), ( _N). ,
, .
, Enter .
No (), ,
.

X Y
OPTO (ORTHO).

.
, . 12,
, , .
MIRRTEXT,
0 1.
,
. 9.30. MIRRTEXT=0.

',

MIRRTEXT=0 ( )

MIRRTEXT=1

. 9.3 0 .
MIRRTEXT

, , ,
Enter.
.

.....................................................................................................................

1.

:.


( , ).
XLine (
). . . ,
, (.
9.31).

. 9.31.

2.


M irror ().
. Enter,
. :
Specify first point of mirror line:
:

, .
. :
Delete source objects? [Yes / No] <No>:
? [/] <>:

( _No), .
(. 9.32).
. 9.32 -
. , , .
.
.

. 9 .3 2

9.11. .

,
.
. AutoCAD
Scale ().

:..................................................................................................................... 1

He Zoom (),
(
).
, Scale (),
.
.
, , ,
, .
.
Scale () :

(Modify)
(Scale);

D -
(Modify) ;

: _scale ( ).


, ( ):
Select objects:
:

. , Enter
. :
Specify base point:
:

- ,
, (. 9.33). , ,
:
Specify scale factor or [Copy/Reference]<1.000 0> :
[/ ] <1.0000>:

,
, - .
, ,
.
,
, 1/7?
(Reference), .

. 9.33.

, ()
( 7):
Specify reference length <1>:
<1>:

,
( 1):
Specify new length:
:

: ,
, ,
.
() ,
,
.

9.12.
AutoCAD
,

AutoCAD. .
9.34 . . ,
.

, .
(. . 9.35): , ,
( , . 13).
, - ,
.
,
. 9.36. ,
.
.
, (
QO

(D raw )), ,
, (.
9.37). .
0 9

. 9.34.

Line ()

(. 9.38).
,
.

................................................................

. 9.35 .

. 9.3 7.

. 9.36.

. 9.38.

, . 13.

Erase () j@L \
.
(. 9.39).
4 20 .
,
.
,
( , 45 ),
(Intersection).
Circle (). ,
45 ,
(. . 9.40).
. (. 9.41).
,
,
(. 9.42).

, . 9.43
. . [5].

. 9.39.

. 9.4 0 .

. 9.41.
20

. 9.42.

10.


AUTOCAD 2012.

10.1.
1 0 . 1 . 1 .

T r im (

,
., . , ,
. AutoCAD
Trim (),
.
, , ,
, , .

,
. -
, .
,
(. 10.1).


'

,
.
.
.
,
. ,
, .
, Trim ()
:

( M o d i f y ) (Trim);
"
(Modify) ;

: _trim ( ).


:
Current settings: Projection=UCS, Edge=None
Select cutting edges ...
Select objects or <select all>:
:

= =

...
< > :

, .
AutoCAD .
(Projection)
, .
- (Edge).
,
. , ,
(None).
,
( ), - ,
.
, , .
, .
.
, .

, Enter.
:
Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or [Fence/Crossing/
Project/Edge/eRase/Undo]:
(+Shift-- )
[/////]:

, .
, ,
. .
.
. Trim ()
Enter Esc.

(. 10.2).

*

,

. 10.2.


, :

(Fence) (Crossing) -

(Fence)
(Crossing). ,
.

(Project) - ,
(Projection), , ,
.
.

(Edge) - ,

. _ ,
:
Enter an implied edge extension mode [Extend/No extend] <No
extend>:

[ / ] < >:

( _ )
( _) ,
. ,
.

(Undo) - ,
,
Trim ().

(eR ase) - -
, (
, ,
).

- ,
.

, ,
.
.
Trim (), AutoCAD.

Trim () ,
, AutoCAD 2002,
Extend (),
(. 10.2). , Trim ():
Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or [Fence/Crossing/
Project/Edge/eRase/Undo]:
(+Shi ^ --)
[ /////]:

Shift,
,
.
t

1 9 . .

1.

,
, . , ,
.
.
(11 ) 5 (. 10.3).
, Offset ().

.............- .....
...............

5 .

. 10.3.
2.

,
.
, 7
. , ,
Offset () ,
10, 23,15, 10, 70 . ., .
, . 10.4.

. 10.4. Offset ()
3.

Trim (),
.
,
(. 10.5).
Erase ().

(+Shitt - )
*5// /^^' )
(+Shift ) &
6>1^6^^.-^:^0)

. 10.5.

................................................................

1 0 . 1 . 2 . . Extend ( )

, ,
.
, , -
.
Extend ().
Extend ()
, Trim
(): -,
, ;
; ,

,
.
/ Edge () .

. 10.6.

, Trim ()
,
Extend ()
. ,
AutoCAD .

Extend ()
:

(Modify) ->
(Extend);

(M odify)

: _extend ( ).

Extend ()
, Trim
(). ,
Extend ()
:
Select object to extend or shift-select to trim or [Fence/Crossing/
Project/Edge/Undo]:
(+Shift --)
[////]:

Extend () Trim ()
, , Extend (),
Shift,
, .

1 0 .1 .3 .

. L engthen
( )

AutoCAD Lengthen (),



. ,
.
( ).
,
.

Lengthen () , ,
-
.

Lengthen ()
:

(Modify)
(Lengthen);

: _lengthen ( ).

f g j D .....................................................................................................................

, Lengthen
() .
:
Select an object or

[DElta/Percent/Total/DYnamic]:
[///]:

, ,

. - ,
:

(DElta) -
( )
.
( ).
,
, - .

(Percent) - (
) .
100%. 100
, 100 - .

(Total) -
( ). ,
.

(DYnamic) -
,
. ,
. - ( )
, .

, (DElta) (DYnamic)
.
, ( (_de) (_dy)
). .

,
.
.
, (D Elta).
:

Enter delta length or


[Angle] <0.0000>:
[] <0.0000>:

.
, .
:
Select an object to change or [Undo]:
[]:

(
),
.
Lengthen ()
Enter Esc.
,
(DElta) (Angle).
:
Enter delta angle <0>:
<0>:

.
, .
,
( + )
360 0. -
, 360.
360 0,
.
invalid angle ( )
.
.
Lengthen ()
.
, .
,
. , -
, .
. . ,
, ,

. ,
.

1 0 . 1 . 4 . .

S tretch ( )

S tretch ()
.
- .
, , ,
.
.
.
- .
,
- .
Stretch ()
- ,
( !) . ,
, ,
,
. .
. Stretch ()
, ,
.
. 10.7.
.
S tretch () . ,
, .
,
.
, ,
, ,
. ,
(. 10.8). S tretch
() ,
.

. 10.7.

, . 10.8 ,
, .

. 10.8.

Stretch () :


(Modify) ;

(Modify) -> (Stretch);

: _stretch ( ).

Stretch ()
. -
, .
, , ,
.

.
.
.
, ,
, .
-
, .
Stretch (),

.
, Stretch ()
:
Select
objects
p o l y g o n ...
Select objects:

to

stretch

...
:

by

crossing-window

or

crossing-

, .
, .
Stretch () . -,
(Crossing
Window) (Crossing Polygon). -,
,
,
. ,
, , .

, (Crossing
Polygon) Select

objects : (
:) _ .

:
, . . ,
Enter.
. ,
, .
,
:
Specify base point or [Displacement]:
[]:


.
.
, ,
:
Specify second point of displacement
or <use first
displacement:
>:

point

as

,
,
.

1 0 . 1 . 5 . . B reak ( )



. ,
, ,
, .
,
,
.
AutoCAD
B reak ( ). :
,
(. 10.9).
t

. 10.9.

- Trim
(), .
.

Break ()
: , , , , , , (xline)
. .
Break () :

(Modify)

(M odify)

(Break);

: _break ( ).

Break ()
:
Select object:
:

.
:
Specify second break point or [First p o i n t ] :
[ ] :

, .
(First point),
( _f) .

-
(Specify first break point). -
(Specify second break point).
AutoCAD ,
Break () .
Break
(). ,
(Select object)
- ,
.
[ ] (Specify second break point or [First point])
.

,
. , ,
AutoCAD
, .

AutoCAD -
. ,
. , . .
.
, ,
.
.
, ,
(Modify) (Break
at Point) . ,

____ .

1 0 . 1 . 6 .



.
, . 10.10.

7 9 ,9 5
R33

. 10.10.

AutoCAD?
, .
,
. .
?
, .
, ( ,
, ), . 10.11.
, (
)
.

. 10.11. :

, . 10.12.

, .

, Fillet () -
- .
100, 200.
Trim ( ) - - ,
(. 10.13). I
Trim ()
(. 10.14).

10.2. .
Align ()
AutoCAD
-
. ,
. ,
,
. , -
: , ,
-.
, ,
Scale ( ), Move ( ), R o ta te ( ),
- .
AutoCAD
AutoCAD , Align
().

.
.
( ), ,
( ).
.

(. 10.15).

1-

1-

2-

. 10.15.


. ,
.
.
Align () :

(M odify)-^ 3D
(3D Operation)-^ (Align);

: _align ( ).

, , - ,
( : (Select
objects)). ,
.
Align () .
, .

:
Specify first source point:
:

, .
.
,
.
:
Specify first destination point:
:


.
. . , Align ()
, .
, ,
. ,
, :
Specify third source point or <continue>:
<>:

Enter.

,
( ).
:
Scale objects based on alignment points? [Yes/No] <N>:
? [/]<>:

, .
,
.
,
.
2 0 .

1.

,
. AutoCAD
.

. .
,
(. 10.16).
'
3'

-h -i

>

; v

A Ai *

<

> 15
|

/ \

( )

ffl---- 1> X
1 / 1 / 2 7

**
[ / / / ];
: *

. 10.16.

.
Align (). ,
_align. (Select objects)
(), Enter.
:
Specify first source point:
:

1- . ,
. 1- .
(. 10.17).

3V

jOhpiI"I,

:
:
:
:
<>:

? /] <>

. 10.17.

3 .

.

(. 10.18).

10.3.

AutoCAD ,
.
, .
,
.
(,
).
. ,
. , ,
,
.
.

. ,
AutoCAD ,
. ,
.
,
.
. : ,
(. 10.19). AutoCAD
,
.
, .
,

- - - - - - - - - - -

. 10.19.

(2 D

Point (), . 5.5.


, ,
. .

: , , , , ,
.
.
D iv id e ( )


AutoCAD Divide ().
:

(Draw) -> (Point) -> (Divide);

( )

.

: _divide ( ).

Divide ()
:
Select object to divide:
:

Divide ()
. - ,
.
,
:
Enter the number of segments or
[]:

[Block]:

, 2 32767.
AutoCAD
Divide ()
.
Point ().
, Point ()
( ), .
, .
(Format)
-

(Point Style)
(Point Style) (. 10.20).
L3

[ ] [ ] [! [ ]

j5.0000


. 10.20.

OK

|(

) (

(Block)
(Point), .
, . ,
, . 17.
. M e a s u r e
( )

,
AutoCAD Measure ().

Divide (), ,
.
:
Specify length of segment or
[]:

[Block]:

Measure () :

(D raw) -> (P oint) ->


(Measure);

: _measure ( ).

( ) .

10.4.
10.4.1.

, ,
: .

.
, -
.
, ,
, . ,

. AutoCAD ,
PEdit ().
:

,
;

PE

d it

PEdit () :

(Modify) -> (Object)


(Polyline);


-2 (
);
: _pedit ( ).

-2 (Modify II)
. ,

.

PEdit ()
, .
, :
Select polyline or [Multiple]:
[]:


:
Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/Decurve/
Ltype gen / Reverse / U n d o ] :

[/////
/ ///]:

(Close) (Open). (Close)


,
(. 10.21).
, (Close)
(Open), ,
.

. 10.21.

(Join).
( ) ( ),
. ,
.
(Join), .
()
.

. (Join)

AutoCAD .

.

(Width).
, .
(W idth)
,
:
Specify new width for all segments:
:

(Edit vertex) - ,
.

.
.

(Fit).
,
(. 10.22).

. 10.22.
Fit ()

. 10.23. Spline
()

(Spline) - ,
( ), -

................................................................

.

(. 10.23).
Spline (),
, (Spline).

(Decurve) -
(Fit)
(Spline). , .

(Ltype gen).
, ().
.
, ,
, .

(Reverse) - (
) .

(Undo) -
. ,
(Undo) .

,
, (Edit vertex).
X
(. 10.24)
:
Enter a vertex editing option
[Next/Pr ev ious/Break/Insert/Move/Regen/Straighten/Tangent/Width/
exit] <N>:

[////// /
//]<>:

, :

(N ext) (Previous) - ,
X . ,
.

(Break) -
, .
, ^

( Q .................................................................................. ...................................

-;

. 10.24.

.
, X (N ext)
(Previous) Enter.

(Insert) -
.
,
X.

.

(M ove) - ,
, X.
.

(Straighten) - ,
( ) (.
10.25). X
( ). ,
, .

...................................................................... CES

(Tangent) -

,


(Fit).
(Width) - ,

,
.

,
.
(Width)
(Regen),

.

X-

. 10.25.

(Regen) - , .

(Width).
(eXit) - ,
.
PEdit ().

10.4.2.

16
.
, ,
.
Break (), Chamfer (), Extend
(), Trim () . .
AutoCAD Mledit
(), :

(Modify)
(Multiline);

(Object) ->

: _mledit ( ).


(Multiline Edit Tools),
. 10.26. 12 , 12
.
,
. - ,
.

(Multiline Edit Tools) . .
, (
), :

,
;
- , -
;

,
,
(
);

, ,
.

,
.

U Lt
t r io

OQi

p n |

III \\\
llf c i

HI III

II 11

ill

. 10.26.
(Multiline Edit Tools)

, (
), ,
.

2 1 . .

.
, ,
(, ,
. .).
,
, ( ), ,
Mline (), (. 10.27).
.

( Modify)
(Object)
(Multiline). ,

(Multiline Edit Tools),
. ,

.
, 1
2 (. 10.28).


(Multiline Edit Tools)
(. 10.29).
.
Ill
I------------------ 1

I----------------------- 1

III
i

. 10.28. .

. 10.29.

10.5.


AutoCAD 2012

, . 10,
. , . 10.30.
. ,
.
, ,
(. 10.31).
(. 10.32),
(. . 10.33).
.
,
-
.

]||& ............................................................................................................................

. 10.30.

. 10.31.


.
Offset () Trough () ,
,
.

Trim () , (. 10.34).
,
(. 10.35 10.36).

, (. 10.37).

Fillet () -
, Radius
() .

. 10.34.

. 10.36.

. 10.35.

. 10.37.

iff!


, . 10.38... 10.40.
. . . [5].

11.

11.1.

, , ,
-
.
( Grips).

, ,
.
: ,
, .
(. 11.1),
.

..... ..

...........................


. .
,
, , .

, ,

. ,
. ,
, . ,
,
.
,
Shift.
, ,
.
( )
. , ,
, Stretch
().
(
) .
Enter .
Stretch ()
Move ().
E n ter R o ta te
( )
: Stretch (), Move (), Rotate
(), Scale () Mirror ().
, ,
, . ,
.


, ,
(. 11.2).

d|b

(J

//] ^ "

[
// ]: "*

Ctr

. 7 7.2.

,
, , ,
, . .

11.2.

,
. , . 10.4.
.
, .
, ( )
.
. ,
, :
** STRETCH **
Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]:
** **
[ ///]:

( ;) .....................................................................................................................

,
, Stretch ().
,
. ,
.

(. 11.3). ,
,
.

. 11.3.

, ,
. , Base point ( )
,
.
, .
() ,
.
.
(Undo) (eXit) ,
.
!
, . ,
, ,
. AutoCAD
, ,
.
, . , , ,
Stretch (),
. ,
. , 9
.....................................................................................................................

.
() .
,
.
.

11.3.

.
, ,
, Enter
Move () .
:
** MOVE **
Specify move point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]:
** **
[ /.//] :


( ).

.
,
(. 11.4).
, ,
.
, ,

(Stretch ()), .

11.4.

.

.
.
. , ,
- ,
.
,
Enter Rotate ()
. , ,
:
** ROTATE **
Specify rotation angle or

[Base point/Copy/Undo/Reference/eXit]:

** **

[ ////]:

, ,
.
(. 11.5). ,
, .
.

/ -

'

u % %*1 $ % * 1%= ^
i*cwm
UJ^ ^* -/-* * *
^ #
,,7
f4sjaa*crMpoeeHe *

_9??XifS9SfJ. 11 .5.

, ,
(. . 11.2). - (Reference).
,
. 0. ,
(Reference) (Refer
ence) (Rotate) (. . 10.5)
. ,
,
.
, ,
, . ,
, :
, .

11.5.

,
-

. ,
Enter
Scale () .
:
** SCALE **
Specify scale factor or
** **

/]:

[Base point/Copy/Undo/Reference/eXit]:

///

. 1
, 1 - .
,
, .
, ,
.
(Reference), .

(R e fe re n c e )
.
1. , , 2,
2 , 2 - .
, ?
. , , ,
(. 11.6).

11.6.

,
AutoCAD ,
.
,
Enter Mirror ()
.
---w

8
J
,
?
*:
> '8 8 - v - f t - H f B 0

Id

< , ga fb

*r

-/-

-/

[ ////]:
**
| [ ////):
**
/
///

]:

. 11 .7.

.......................................................................

:
** MIRROR **
Specify second point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]:
** **
[ ///]:

,
.
. ,
AutoCAD
(. 11.7).
, ,
.

11.7.
AutoCAD
. ,
, , , , .
, ( ,
).
(Selection)
(O ptions) (. 11.8). ,
(Tools) -> (O ptions).
fc*
I

1.6

\ /-: ! 3D :

Q


1|

......

______

0
.

(51

( }
* Bfcitfopa

jv ]
v

( 3

/ Shift


{ 3 *
13
0

[

L------ i

&/

, j

b t'

| |

Cm.**

j
~ |---
--------- ------------

! I
1

. 11.8. . (Selection)
(Options)


1. ]
.
, . ,
, !
-;
, ( ) -|
.
2. .

, .. ,
.
1:1,
, :
,
.
4 4.
, 4

, : ) 6,5
; ) 18,5 ; ) 6 ; ) 8,5 .

,
( ).

,
.
( ),
-
,
, .. 5 [10].
3. (
),
, .. 1:1,

.

,
[10].
4.
.
(
, ,
),

[10]

12.

AUTOCAD

, ,
- .
(, - ).
, , , ,
,
(
2.304 - 81). , ,
AutoCAD.
,
. AutoCAD ,
.
.
.
, AutoCAD 2012
.

.
AutoCAD
, Windows-,
. ,
, ,
. .
Windows-
- .

.......................................................................

__________________

12.1.

.
,
.
. ,
A utoC A D
Text () DText ().
. .

AutoCAD
- Text ().
.
Text () : DText
() MText () -
( ).
Text () . DText () MText
() , Text () .
. , AutoCAD Text ()
DText ().

,
:

(Draw)
(Single Line Text);

(Text)

_dtext _text ( );

, (
)
(Text). .

,
.
:
Current text style:
"Standard"
Text height:
2.5000 Annotive: No
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]:
. :"" :2.5000 :
[ /]:


. (

a m .....................................................................................................................

Standard (), . 12.3)


.
. ,
-
.
.
:
Specify height <2.5000>:
<2.5000>:

(
) Enter,
.

X. 0,
. , En
ter, - :
Specify rotation angle of text <0>:
<0>:

, ,
:
Enter text:
:

(. 12.1).
Text ()
( ^)), Enter.

, ,
Enter. Enter
:
Enter text:
:

,
, .
. Text () DText
() ,
9

......................................................................

f ' s--

* 3

"

<2>*

Express Tools

- -i

ED<& 4 V:' * '***

"****** ^ < B

j-

9-0

M-

/.

'

*0

p5i
;
;

4. s ___ .__

'VI '

--------------

[
!

AKHCT3ti-W

-a -^ 4

I
.5000

^ . ^
. 12.1.

,
. ,
, ,
.
, Text ()
1() .
.
.
Enter
, .

AutoCAD
, , ,
- . .
. -
.

................................ -.............. -

.....

-............ -..................

%%.
- Windows.

:

%% - / ;

%% - / ;

%% - ;

%%d - ;

%% - -;

%%% - .

, ,
%%, : %%
%%. ,
%% .
. 12.2.
, %% ( )
,
DText ().
|

::

a;

^ :

0-

"}'

, ___ _______ ^ _ J

12.2. . Justify
()

. .
, ,
. . , , ,
/ Move ()
. .
,
. AutoCAD ,
Justify ().
:
Current text style:
"Standard"
Text height:
2.5000 Annotive: No
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]:
. :"" :2.5000 :
[ /]:

,
:
Enter an option [Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR//
BC/B R] :
[///////
/ /////]:

, , (Left).
. (. .
12.3).

(
)
(
)

( )
(
)

(
)

( )

( )

U (
)
( )

. 12.3. . ()

(middle center)-^
(top left)-------------

/ (top center)

n TR (top right)

ML (middle left)--------------------------------------------------------------MR (middle right)


Left ( )

I a------Right

BL (bottom left)-

----- BR (bottom right)

Center----------BC (bottom center) -

Middle:

. 1 2 .3 .b . ()

,
: (Align)
(Fit) (. ; 12.4). (Align),
,
. ,
.
.
.
, (Align) ,
, - , .
, ( )
.
, X.

/
ViT,

,
( Fit)

,
Align ()

. 12 .4. Align ()
Fit ()

(Fit)
(Align), , , ,
, .
, -
. :
,
, .

12.3. .


, .
,
AutoCAD. ,
, , ,
. , AutoCAD,
.
, . AutoCAD?
, .
AutoCAD .
,
, , / .

. , ,
,
. .
.
.
Standard (). ,
(Style) (Text
() DText ()):
Current text style:
"Standard"
Text height:
2.5000 Annotive: No
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]:
. :"" :2.5000 :
[ /]:

Style (),
, :

Enter style name or [?] <Standard>:


[?] <>:

Enter,
,
.
, .
,
. ? (
, ).
AutoCAD :
Enter text style(s) to list <*>:
<*>:

Enter,
.
, AutoCAD
Standard ().
, . ,
, .

AutoCAD .
,
, 2.304 - 81.

(Text Style). ,
.
(Text Style) :

(Format)

(Text Style);

: _style ( );

,
( ) (Text).
, .

,
(Text Style) ...(New...). ^ ,

. 12.5. (Text Style)

(. 12.6). 255
($), (_) (-).
.
(Preview),
.
, .

.
, ,
(Apply), .
(Text Style) ,
(Close).
.

X
|

OK

(Font Name)
, .
AutoCAD . shx, Windows- (
True ) .

,
. ,
, . 12.6,
, .

Windows-,
(Font Style), :

(Bold) - ;

(Italic) - ;

(Boldltalic) -
;

(Regular) - , - .

Windows-
. , ,
.
. Windows- (Times
New Roman Cyr, Arial .).
.
(Height) .
- 0,
. AutoCAD
. (Height) 0,
.
, .
, (Width factor),
.
1, . 1
, ,
. , 1,
.
(Oblique angle) .
0.
, - .

(Upside Down) -
;

(Backwards) -
;

(Vertical) - .

, .
, .
AutoCAD
. , ,
( . 20), AutoCAD Design Center (
AutoCAD).

AutoCAD
, .

12.4.
( )
: (,
) ( ,
). .
, Text ()
DText (), .


.
,
/


(. .
12.7).

. 12 .7.

9
c m .......................................................................


Text
() ;

_ddedit;

(Modify)

(Object)*^ (Text)

(Edit).

, .

,
. .
( ),
(Properties).


,
(Style)
.
(Style)

(. 12.8).

(Properties),
X .

..

1?.________ ______ J
| -------------
I

j
...
;

LL _
______
{

! ------------

3D

Jo

: ____ [

1 ... j

1
j

fS ta n d a rd
Standard

(
!

\ . . . ji
j

________________ j
.. j o _________________ I

: .. ................. "

"

s .. [

j X

;55.204

I:
I : :
I:
{:

. 12 .8.


,

(Text
Style) (. 12.5)
.


(Apply). ,
(Text Style),
.


,
.

12.S.

AutoCAD
.
, ( )
.

, . ,
AutoCAD ,
,
. .
, ,
, , ,
. .
AutoCAD
MText ().
:

(Draw)
(Multi Line);

(Text)


( ) ;

: _mtext.


, .
, -
( ). MText ()
:
Current text style:
Specify first corner:

"Standard"

:
:
:

Text height:

2.5

"" :

2.5

.
,
, .
,
:

Specify opposite corner


Style/Width/Columns]:

or

[Height/Justify/Line

spacing/Rotation/

[// /
///]:

,
.
, (. . 12.9).
,
, .
.
,
(. 12.10).
,
.
,
(, Word).

. 12.9.

..................................................................................................................... 9

. 12 .10.

X ( ),
.
.
X ()
Ctrl+Enter.

. . 12.11,
. ,
Word ..
,
, True .

|,8&1
!............
1

'3 * . *
j jj 5
1

;
"

jg m o w
0

<
-

S
:
. ___,

_ __

m
.
453
Ot<e?4F-srae fVjne

-:? ; k te a
; s*ewa { t

* - ,

*?

. 12 .11.

.......................................................................

,
( , ,
. .).
.
().
(
/ #, 5/8) AutoCAD
(. 12.12),

, /.

. 1 2 .12.

,
:

(Enable AutoStacking) -
, , / #,
.

(Convert it to diagonal fraction) - ,


, .

(Convert it to horizontal fraction) .

......................................................................

, ,
(. 12.13).

...

..,

. 1 2 .1 3 .

, (.
12.14),
, .
(First line), -
(Offset). (Right).
(Tab Stop Position)
. ,
.
(Add).

(Set Mtext Width),
, , .
(Set Mtext W idth) ,

(. 3

0
1

|0

:
:

___ i
1

OK

i
---------------

. 1 2 .1 4 .

L f ie g n a J
I

L3

...

fxj

. 12 .1 5 .
(S et M tex t Width)

. ,

.

,
, . 12.16.

(Justification),

(. 12.16).
:

(Find and Replace) - ,


(Replace),
,
.
(Remove formatting) -
(, , )
.
(Symbol) -
. ,

.



-

!

(Others).

,
/

Orl+V
,

.

+
-
CW+C

...

..

...

X
. J ! / 2 j

* :
[ /
/ ///
---- ----- ----------- ----- --------------------

,..




...

'*'

. 12 .16.

(Combine Paragraph)

.

(Change Case) -


(UPPERCASE)
(lowercase).

,
: - ,
.
,
(. . 12.14),
(Line spacing),
(Rotation).
:
Specify opposite corner or [Height/Justify/Line spacing/Rotation/
Style/Width/Columns]:
[// /
///]:


(Line spacing) :

(At least) - AutoCAD


.

(Exactly) -
,
. .
,
.
. , 1.5 ,
.
, , 1.66.
0.0833
(0.25) 1.3333 (4).

,
(Columns).

,
.
,
.

, .
, ,
, .

: (, ,
, , . .)
(Properties), . 12.17. ,
,
(Properties).
X
>

0
- |


... i

---------------

................

3 0
j

. .4.4

\...

Standard

557.1478

... 1____ __ ____ ______


... 928.5797
,..

,,,
... 7238.9759
,.. 0

L-

. 12 .17. (P ro p erties)

,
. ,
.
1. (Import)
,
(. 12.18).
(Select files),
. . t x t . r t f .

111| 11 1| 11 (
[

6 /9

1 L[|

| ........................ * - -------- *-

11 1| 111| 11 1| 11 1| 111|

Ctrl+A


...

Ctrl+F
1

...


...

. 1 2 .1 8 .

2. AutoCAD Windows.
,
, , .
, . t x t . r t f .
3. Windows.
- ,
. Auto
CAD (
] ).

12.6.
.
, ,
simplex.shx romans.shx.
AutoCAD, -
2.203-81. ,
( . .).
2.304-68,
2.5, 3.5, 5.0 7.0 ( ,
-

. 75
; Oblique Angle
15.
Width factor.

: s im p le x . shx, 5.0, 15,
1.

12.7.

AutoCAD .
:

(Draw) (
);

(Draw)

(Table);

_table ( ).


(Insert Table), 12.19. ,
(Table Style Name),
.
, .
Standard (),
,
(Specify insertion point)
(Specify window) ,
.
,
.
, .
(Column&Row Settings)
( (Data Rows)) (
(Columns)), .
- ( Row Height) -
- (Column Width).
,
(Insert Table).

...................................................................... D

V*

(?)

ffl

0 >

I 63.5

(
4 )

I ________

-?
*

-?

-?

1
-?

j .

153

.,

. 1 2 .19. (Insert Table)

. ,
: (. 12.20), .
,
. ,
,
.
(. 12.21).
- . ,
:
, Shift + Tab .
, ,
.
-
.
- - ,
.

, AutoCAD, /.
-
- ( . 17).
,

. 12 .20.
-dw g

1
;

5
6
7

ABC

i .

at

, ,
(Insert)
(Formula).
(Insert Block in
a Table Cell), , .

2006 AutoCAD
, .
, .

(Insert)
(Formula), (. . 12.22).
, (Insert) -> (Field).
(Field), (Field names)
(Formula). /
, :
,
, .
* >- *
11

<

14

...

...


...

51
*

5craftm>

- J

AutoCAD
. , ,
.
(,
..) AutoCAD 2012 ,

( , ..).
. 12.22.

(Table Style) (. 12.23), ,
(Format)
(Table Style),
_tablestyle ( ).

. 12 .2 3 . (Table Style)

(Styles) ,
.
(Current Tablestyle) ,
. (List)
(All), (Styles in use),
(Styles)
, .

:

(Set Current) - ,
(Styles);

.......................................................................

(New) - ;
(Modify) - ,
(Styles);
(Delete) - , .


, (New
Table Style) .
(New Table Style),
(Cells Style) ,
. (Data), . 12.24,
, .
().
(Cells Style) (Column Heads)
(Title), ,
.
,
. .

,
. , ,
. ,
.
:

; ]


*
*
*

.*

VJ

;V j

**

15

15

/)

~~) |

~| j

"

. 12.24. (N e w Table Style).


(New Table Style)


(, , ). , .
12.25 . 12.26.
S** :

[ ] *

vj

1Standard

45

jv ]

-*-*


"

".*"" ] j | !',]
. 12.25. (N e w Table Style).

; j

::

..3

-4

+4

:
:

----------- !) V ;

v j

-/

,
.


L sosskJ

~j

. 12.26. { N e w Table S tyle).


13

:
, , ,

13. ,

1 3 .1 .1 .


. AutoCAD
0.01 , 0.25 (
). ,
- .
AutoCAD ,
. , ,
(, , ),
. ,
2.303-68,
,
, 0.3 1.4 .
. ,
0.6 , - 0.4 , - 0.2 .
,
. , ,
,
,
, . ., , ,
( , ).
, .
, .
, , . .
9

.......................................................................


(Properties), . 13.1. ,
,
(Format) (. 13.2).
^

I______







..

. 13.1.

(Properties)

...1
0.00
0.05
0.09
0.13
0.15
0.18
0.20
0.25
0.30
0.35
0.40
0.50

1 3 . 1 . 2 . ( )


(Color Control),
(Properties) (. 13.3).
.
7 .
,
g g i .....................................................................................................................

. 13 .2. (Format)

(Select Color). Select Color


( ),
(. 13.4).
(Index Color) 256
. (True Color)
16 .
, (Color Book)
.

. 13 .3. (Color Control)

.................. ............................................

L3

AutoCAD:

R .G.B:

|j

)
(Index Color)

0,0,0
| )

][

L3

():

S (): L ():

'

HSL
RGB-
:
R ():
G ():

0 .

():

)
(True Color);

L3
{

11

)[

:
j DIC COLOR GUIDE(R)
RGB'S
R ():
6 ():
():

DIG 1
DIC 2
DIC 3
DIC 4
DIC 5
DICE
DIC 7
DIC 8

)
(Color Book)

DIC 9
DIC 10
:

11

[(

- , ,
- (
), .
.

,
.
. , (Color
Control) .

1 3 .1 .3 .


(Linetype Control)
(Properties)(pHC. 13.5). ,
.

. 13.5. (Linetype Control)

,
, (Linetype Control)
.
,
(Other).
(Linetype Manager) (. 13.6).
...(Load...)
, (. 13.6).
, . ,

( ).
, , ,
.....................................................................................................................

. 13.6. (Linetype M anager)


(Linetype Manager) .
(Show details).
,
.

(Linetype M anager)
,
(Current) .

1 3 . 1 . 4 . ( )

( AutoCAD )
(Lineweight Control)
(Properties) (. 13.7).
, ,

AutoCAD ? 0 1 !
-5*;

4 e p r e * 1 .d w g

I&*taaeafa

I * J*. ?.vo& ft C*v.*6bi

. 13.7. ()
(Lineweight Control)

- ,
.
,
. AutoCAD
,
.
, (LWT) j \
(LWT) gj (),
,
.
,
, .

13.2. :
, ,
, ,
(Properties), , ,
^ . ,
........................................................................................ -..................................

, - .
, ,
.
.
.
AutoCAD
.
, .
.
.
, ,
- . ,
. ,
.
AutoCAD .
, :

.
;

, (,
);

,
, .
, :
1.

AutoCAD .

2.

, .

3.

,
.

4.

5.

, ,
, .

, . -,
.

!................................................................................

, (,
),
. -,
. ,
,
. .
-,
.

,
AutoCAD
.

,
, , ,
. /
/ .
-: (
) .
(By Layer),
.
.
, .
.
.

(Layers), . 13.8.
- (+
). .
V W 2 5 2 - 0 2 - 1 0 0 0 .dwg,
C : \ P r o g r a m F i l e s \ A u t o d e s k \ A u t o C A D 2 0 1 2 \ S a m p l e \ S h e e t S e t s \ M a n u f a c t u r i n g . ,
AutoCAD 2012.

*;
:

<2> ;
-

a ---

&

-/- '

'&

- ; 9

$ -!#
*

\
*-

; I\ i

, V W 2 5 2 - 0 2 - 1 0 0 0 .dwg ,
(. 13.9). Dimentions
(. 13.9).
.
, ,
.

. 13 .9.

. 1 3 .1 0 . V W 2 5 2 -0 2 -1 0 0 0 .d w g

,
, (.
13.10). , .
.

Text. ,
.

13.3.
, .
, , ,
.

0 ( ), / .
(Continuous)
Default (0.01 0.25 .). ,
.
, AutoCAD 2012 ,
,
. :

./. (On/Off).
. , ,
().
- ,
.

/ (Thawed/Frozen). ,
, ,
() .
.

/ (Unlocked/Locked).
.
,
.

/ (Plottable/Not
Plottable). ,
.

, ,
.

13.4. .

1 3 . 4 . 1 .

Layer ().
(Layer
Properties Manager), /
, .
Layer () :

(Format)
(Layer);

|~
(Layers) ( );

: _layer ( ).

.
; ,
,
(Layer Properties Manager), Layer
().

, ,
1.1, (Layers)
( ).
(Layer Properties
Manager).
(. 13.11)
.
- 0.
.
,
(Layer Properties Manager) (New)

(New).

. Layer 1, Layer2 ... . .
( 1, 2 . .).
.
1 1

ik m ,

&

U 0

..

,.

..

,..
0.05... 0
6e... Continuo... _

ne...
?

/ 1

...

..............


4 ...
...
Z7
4 '
? !*

4
!
4 7 '
& '
& !*


8


J0CH08H...
--- 0
Oefpoints
pics
SHTAMP

2
.
1
1
i
et

4
$
*
*
*
5
5
S
$

of

of

of
of
Hr
o f'

r
Hr

of
of
oT

*
of
of

it

251

6e...
8
6e...
6e...
6e
6e...
6e...
6e...
6e...
5e...
6e...
6e...
9
150
6e...
6e...
6c...
6e...
6e...
6e...
6...

Hr
of

Continuo... ----- 0.00 ... 0

61... Continue... ----- 0.18 ... 0


Continuo...
Continuo...
Continuo...
Continuo...
Continuo...
Continuo...
Continuo...
Continue...
Continuo...
Continuo...
Continuo...
Continuo...
Contmuo...
Continuo.
Continuo...
Continuo...
Continue...
Continuo...
Continuo...
Continuo...
Continue...

----------------------------_
-------------

--------------

----------

...
0,05...
0.00...
0.05 ...
0.05 ...
...
....
035...
0.05..,
...
0.15...
0.05...
...
0.00 ...
...
..
...
...
...
0.00...
...

0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

*_251
IfeCtj
User 7

J
*#!,?
.7
UeerJT
**. ;,
,?
*_7
U nerJ
User.;/

7
.7

ft
tfl

.7

.7

<1

Pi
&
ft
*h
&

5
4.
Pi
*&

&
4

s
*&
>

: - 25, 2S

. 1 3 .1 1 .
(Layer Properties Manager)

.
,
.
.
, Show
details ( ).
,
.
.
Layer Properties Manager ( )
.
, ()
- Layer Properties Manager (
). , Lock ()
L...(B...).
. . ,
:

(Status) : ,
, .

(Name) - , ,
. ,
.

..................................................................................................................... I B 1

(On) - : On
(.) Off (). ,
, ,

(Freeze) - , .
,

,
( ).
, , ,
.
(Lock) -
.

, - |

(Color) - ,
,
(ByLayer).
.
(Linetype) - .
,
(ByLayer).
. .
(Lineweight) - .
,
(ByLayer).
. .
(Transparency) - ,
AutoCAD 2012. ,
.
0 , 90
.
(Plot Style) - ()
. . 22,
.
(Plot) - ,
. ,

. , .

.....................................................................................................................

,
.

(Freeze...) -
.

,
.
1 3 . 4 . 2 .

,
, .
,
,
(ByLayer).

,
(Layer Properties Manager)
(Color).
(Select Color) (. . 13.4).
,
. ,
.
: (yellow), (cyan), (red),
(green), (blue), (white) (magenta).
, ,
.

AutoCAD
Continuous ( ).
, (Layer Proper
ties Manager)
(Linetype).
(Select Linetype), (. 13.12).

.

ACAD IS004W100
ACAOJSOQ9W1QO

--------------------------------ISO lorta-dash do!


--------------------------------ISO long-dash double-shoft-dasl

<1

.....................
{

'

>

[~ ~ " ]

[ ... |

';

. 13.12. Select Linetype ( )


['

'.

[ 5 3 5 155


| T
AC A D
ACAD
ACAD
ACAD
(ACAD
ACAD
iACAD
ACAD
IACAD
ACAD
<

IS002W100
IS003W100
IS004W100
IS005W100
ISOO6V/10O
ISOOA'/IOO
ISCum '100
ISOOSWIOO
IS01CW100
IS011W100

ISO
ISO
ISO
ISO
ISO
ISO
ISO
(SO
ISO
ISO

|. )__ __ __
/. (. )____ . _____ . _____ . _
/ ( , 2 )____ .. _____
/, (. , 3 )____ ...____
.........................................
( )___________
(. 2 )__________
/.............................................................
/ 12 |
v
.

....

.1

01

. 13.13. Load or Reload Linetypes


(/ )

, (Select Line
type), (
Continuous ( )),
. (Load...),
/ (Load or
Reload Linetypes) (. . 13.13).
,
. l i n ( a c a d . l i n
a c a d i s o . l i n , - ).

, / (Load or
Reload Linetypes) ,
(Select Linetype)
.

AutoCAD 0.010 ,
0.25 . DE
FAULT. - ,
(Layer Properties Manager)
(Lineweight).
.
, AutoCAD
. , . 13.1.

AutoCAD 2012
. ,
(T R Y ) 1 1 .
0 ( ) 90 ( ).

, . 0,40
& *
[
, /
,
/
.

13.5.
1 3 .5 .1 .

, ,
, , .
.
, ( ), -
- .
- ,
.
(Layers)
(Layers).
. .

(o}2Dati&yraw#

%- % #
if f i

V " '!

-
9 -of ,!T0HWI
9-frnfB iiraravwKAt# |

/*

*'

^ -j

9 'P cf '(

9 *? 6
9 9 d"* ,^

9 6 t ,<^

S lZ lL ^ Z Z Z li

9^-csf n0Qil4woil

9 !!*
9 of

9 fi-Q?

9 !!TEKCT
9 &-? '!
IF

< *sss**s:::ss:

lli?f?*ll?''bsss5ss5SBS5ssesssass3?5s;5S||||||

. 13.14.

-
(Layer Properties Manager).
(Current).

( ) (Layers)
.
.
: ,
. ,
Esc, .
AutoCAD ,
.
,
.
-:
, ( Layers ( )),
, , .

1 1

1 3 . 5 . 2 .

,
( Layers ()).
(Layer Properties
Manager)
, , .
(Layer
Properties Manager), . ,
AutoCAD .

1 3 . 5 . 3 .

, -
. , .
, -
, - .
, rfe , , .
,
,
( Layers ()).
(Layer Properties Manager).

(Delete Layer).
(Layer Properties
Manager), . , ,
.

1 3 . 5 . 4 .

AutoCAD ,
.
, - -
, , ,
. ,
, ,
. .

Purge ().
:

(F ile)

(Drawing Utilites) ->

(Purge);

: _purge ( ).

(Purge) (. .
13.15). ,
, .
- ,
Purge () ,
+. , ( ),
, + .

(Purge) , .
, (View items you can
purge). ,
(View items you cannot purge), , . ,
.


,
(Purge)
(Purge A ll).
/ -,


(Purge). Purge
( )

(Confirm each item to be purged),

,
, :
I
j


5$

^0

|^
; |


^
|||
fP
f a

,

.

,


.
i f f i i ............. -.................. .....................

-
Q
=

f gee]

1, j

LficMBfeJ

. 13.15.
(Purge)

1 3 . 5 . 5 .


. ,
(Layers)
(Layers).
. .

13.6.
.

r o p e r t ie s

, ,
. ., ,
.
.

UrJ

. 13.16.

3D

I___

527,73

475.58

...
...

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

8147.79

376.53

AutoCAD


.
- (Proper
ties),

. 13.16. -
(Properties)


,

.
(Properties)
,

.
:
,

, -
.

(Properties)
.
.

(Properties)
. ,
(Prop
erties).

(Proper
ties), , ,

(Properties) . , ,
.
, , Proper
ties () .
, .

AutoCAD 2012 .
()
. ,
, , , , ,
. M A T C H P R O P (),
:

(M odify)

(M atch Properties);

_matchprop ( ).

M A T C H P R O P ()
:
S e le ct

source

o b je ct:

,
. , ,
,
, :

Select destination object(s) or [Settings]:


() []

.
, .
(Settings), ,
.
(Property Settings).
. 13.17, /
.
1

1.0000

L S L -J

0.0000

0
0

0 0

. 13.17. (Property Settings )

13.7.
AutoCAD
AutoCAD 2012 (Form at) ->
(Layer tools) -2 (Layers ).
,

. , ,
:
1.

(M a k e O bjects Layer C urrent) -

(
LAYMCUR ( ));
^

2. (L ayer Previous) -
( LAYERP ( ));

*8 -0

L* <&\9
.1 g:*
-*



T.

...

^ ...

geca ,..

,%| . ..

Ptf ...

...
"

...

, ^

? >
,

..,
...

9 3 ...
*

I
/

; * D : ^

<&

ss ^
^

"/

-*-

V ^ ^
; -

03

. ;

/
0

& * Si

* ...

50

. 13.18.

3. (L ayer W a lk ) -
, ( LAYWALK
( ));
4. (L ayer M a tc h ) -
( LAYMCH
( ));
5. (Change to C urrent Layer) -
( LAYCUR ( ));
6.

(C opy Objects to N ew
Layer) - ,

(
COPYTOLAYER ( ));

7. (Layer Isolate) - ,
( LAYISO ( ));
8. (Isolate Layer to
Current Viewport) -
, (
LAYVPI ( ));
9. (Layer Unisolate) - ,
(
LAYUNISO ( ));
10. (Layer Off) -
( LAYOFF ( ));
11. (Turn All Layers On) - (
LAYON ( ));
12. (Layer Freeze) -
( LAYFRZ ( ));
13. (Thaw All Layers) -
( LAYTHW ( ));
14. (Layer Lock) -
( LAYLCK ( ));
15. (Layer Unlock) -
( LAYULK ( ));
16. (Layer M erge) -
.
( LAYMRG ( ));
17. (Layer D elete) -
( LAYDEL ( )).

......................................................................

14.
.

1 4 .1 .1 .

,
.
(. 14.1).

9
..................................................................................................................... f E >

, , ,
.
,
.
.
AutoCAD .
, (,
, . .), ,
.
. , , ,
, ,
.
, AutoCAD ,
. ,
(. 14.2).

. 14.2.


.
1..3 .

: .
, , ,
, , , .
.
.
. ,
, ,
().

! .....................................................................................................................


,
(, . .),

.
,
, [1].

.
2.307 - 68.

.
, . ,

.

,
,
.

, :
1.

10
.

2.


7.. 10 .

3.


1..5 .

4.

,
.

5.

()
. ,
, .

6.

,
, ,
( ).

7.


1,
S.

8.

2..3 .

9.

,
. .

10.
() R.
11.
.
12. ,
.
13. .
14. ( )
.
,
.
15. , ,
,
.
AutoCAD
.

14.1.2.

D im e n s io n ( )

AutoCAD
(Dimension).
(Dimension)
( ).
,
( ).

(Dimension).
(Dimension)
. 14.3. ,
,
. , ,
, AutoCAD
:

Q T' Q d i i? Ml 1* SB fcl

(Linear D i
mension) -
MMor-3<-Tpo--i*W?

X Y.
.

! ; iso-zs

P:+ieptJ

}-----*|

-
3

JSO-25

* L J
^ >

;-3

. 14.3. (Dimension)


(Aligned Dimension) -

, ( )
X Y.
.

- (Arc Length) -
.
X

(Ordinate Dimension) - ,
X / Y
.
_ _ (Radius Dimension) -

?> (Jogged).
(Diam eter Dimension) -

.
1 (Continued Dimension) -
.

. .
(Baseline Dimension) - ,
, ,
.
.
(Angular Dimension) -

MX0l

-

.
,
, ,
. [1].

(Tolerance) -
.

(Center Mark) -
. ,
.
, a AutoCAD
.
X (Quick Dimension) - AutoCAD
, , ,
.
-
.
.
, 0,5000,
0,5000.
J- _ -
,
. ,
, ,
.

-
.
,
.

1 4 . 1 . 3 .

,
.
. ? :

1.

- Dimension
(), .

2.

,
. -
,
.

3.

. ,

.
.
.

4.

,
( ). ,

.
AutoCAD , ,
, (
,
).
ISO. , ,
.
.

14.2.

1 4 .2 .1 .


.
,
( ),
.
.
.
AutoCAD
.
,
, , . ,
, .

1 4 . 2 . 2 .

,


(Dimension).
(Dimension Style Manager) (. 14.4).
, _dimstyle ( ).
*

: IS0-25

'AntJOO
!Ant_1002
!Ant_0BM
ANTON

Standard

Sssssim

e :

ISO-25

55
. 14.4.
(Dimension Style Manager)

(Dimension
Style Manager) ... (New...),
, (New Style Name) (. 14.5),
, (Continue).
.
*

:
j |

.... I

is

j ISO-25
0

w a j

(D

:
!

L J im m lJ

i|g|

Continue (),
: (New Style Dimension: ) (.
. 14.6). , , .
:

(Lines) - ,
, .

(Symbols and Arrows)


.
, .
,
, ,
.

(Text) -
, .

(Fit) -
,
, ,
.

(Primary Units) -

.
X

:
,
-
:

1&9

}v

;v j
v

:
.
:

1-

;.
2-


:

1:

2

vj

j ---------

vj

I ---------

vj

j 1 2500

------ 0.18mm

0.0000 :>*

vj

LI!

1-

[1.0000

[1]2-
I

~1

. 14.6.
(New Style Dimension)

~~|

(Alternate Units) -
,
( ).
.

(Tolerances) -
, .

,
.
.
.
(New Style Dimension)
.
!

.
,
, . -
. ,
, .

,
.

14.2.3.

,
- (Lines)
(Symbols and Arrows). (Lines),
. 14.6.

, (Dimension Lines),
,
.
(Color) (Lineweight)
.
, ( (ByBlock)).
,
*

. , ,
.

,
. (Color)
(Lineweight) (, ).

(Extend beyond ticks) ,


. ,
, (
3 ).

. (Extend beyond ticks)
, .
, (Symbols and Ar
rows) .
. (Baselines spacing)
()
.
7.. 10 . : 10.

,
(Extension Lines).
, .
(Extend beyond dim lines)
,
.
1..5 . 1.25.
(Offset from Origin) 0.
,
. 0,
.

( )

,
, : .
(Symbols and Arrows).

(C enter
M arks) :

(N one) - .
,
.

(M ark) - .

(Line) - .

(Line),
.
(Size). , , 5.
, .

.
(Symbols and Arrows). (Arrowheads) ,
,
. (Arrow size)
. , , 3.
. ,
. ____________________________________________ _
:


:
;

*/

:
: 3.0000


1.5000

:
: 3.0000

~ '

j 45.0Q


:
j 1.5000

'

. 14.7. (Symbols and Arrows)

< tn

1 4 .2 .4 .

(Text)
(. 14.8) (New Style Dimension).
,
.
(Text Style). ,
, ,
.
. ,
.
(Text height) .
, ( 0)
.
,
(Fraction height scale)
. ,
, , 1.
:

:
:
:
:
:

:v- j

;v j

:v j

"

ISO

Ok

j'~~

. 14.8. (Text)
(New Style Dimension)

.
(Draw frame around text).
.

, (Text
Placement), , , :
(Vertical)
, (Horizontal)
.
. 14.1 14.2.
14.1.

(Centered)

,
. ,
, ,

(Above)

(Outside)
JIS

14.2.

(Centered)

,
.

1- (At Ext Line 1)


( )

2- (At Ext Line 2)


( )

1-
(Over Ext Line 1)

2-
(Over Ext Line 2)

(Above),
- (Centered).
(Offset from dim line)
. ,
.

, (Text)
(Text Alignment), , :

(Horizontal);

(Aligned with dimension line);

ISO (ISO Standard).

, . Aligned
with dimension line ( ) .

1 4 . 2 . 5 .

,
.
, ,
-, , -,
.
, , ,
,
.
. AutoCAD?
,
(Fit)
(New Style Dimension) (. 14.9).
.
AutoCAD.
, :

, (Either the text or arrows, whichever fits


best) - ( )
AutoCAD ,

, ()
0




0 ,

(f )



{3

| | | ] | Cf^gt^a
. 14.9. (Fit)
(New Style Dimension)

:
, . ,
, .

. .

(Place text manually when dimensioning)


-
.

:
(Always draw dim line between ext lines),
.
.
1 4 . 2 . 6 .

- , AutoCAD,
,
. .
(Primary Units) (. . 14.10)
(New Style Dimension).
:
(Linear Dimension) (Angular Dimension).

.

i|: *|; ^.^;

-------- --------
1.00

- -

F I

[


:

*
:

i OdOO*

&&

.v ]

......- . -

!0><*

. 14.10. (Primary Units)


(New Style Dimension)

. 14.3,
- . 14.4.
14.3.


(Unit Format)


, .
Decimal (),
.

,

(Precision)

,
.

,

, .

.
(Decimal separator)

(Round off)
(Prefix)
(Suffix)

(Scale factor)

. ,
0.1,
,

,

,

14.4.

(Unit Format)

1 4 .2 .7 .

AutoCAD
(Tolerance) (New Style
Dimension) (. . 14.11).
(Method) ,
. :

(None) - .

(Symmetrical) - ,
.
.
(Upper Value).

(Deviation)
+ (Upper Value),
- -
(Lower Value).
:

10.00

'

{ ^

10-

jsgj I

1 .
j

(_LsaaaJ

LfissL,

. 14.11. (Tolerance)
(New Style Dimension)

(Limits) -
,
.
,
(Upper Value).
,
(Lower Value).

(Basic) -
.

(Precision) ,
.
.

14.3.

AutoCAD
, .
.
,
.
, AutoCAD
.
, ,
. , ,
(Dimension)

|, (Dimen
sion Style Manager) ...(New...),
, (Continue).
( ) ,
(. 14.12).
(Continue).
.
, ,
.

01

:
!

:
j T
j IS0-25

!(
~[

. 14.12. -

14.4.
,
(Dimension Style Manager)
(Modify).
.

14.5.

.


( ) ( Dimension)
, .
, .
,
.
. ,
,
(Dimension).

(Dimension)
(Update).

15.

, , .
, . 14.1
. ,
, (Dimension).
. ,
.

, AutoCAD 2012.

15.1.
1 5 . 1 . 1 .

, X Y.
X
Y. ,
. ,
X, Y. AutoCAD
(. 15.1).
, (Dimension)
(Linear Dimension).
,
:
Specify first extension line origin or <select object>:
< > :

......................................................................

. 15.1.

, (
) ,
:
Specify second extension line origin or <select object>:
< >:

Enter,
,
.

(
), AutoCAD :
Specify dimension line
Vertical/Rotated]:

location


/]:

or

[MText/Text/Angle/Horizontal/

[////

. ,
.
,
.

15.1.2. ,


:
Specify dimension line location or [MText/Text/Angle/Horizontal/
Vertical/Rotated]:
[////
/]:

,
.

MText (),
.
.
(. 15.2). j
.
I
|

-*

' tjlfa W a t ss

..

|1 _ *

% we*
- U

? *

- & ;

0 3.

is

!< ffl t*

B S :
111
[ / / / / / ] :

L 2

&. ! m / .

. 15.2.

ASseu

T e x t

( )

Text ().

:
Enter dimension text:
:

15.2.
X Y,

.
.
,
( ),
( ) (. 15.3).

,
(Dimension) \ (Aligned
Dimension).
, , . 15.1.
(MText) (Text) ,
. ,
, (. . 15.1.2).

15.3.

. X Y
(. . 15.4).
, (Dimen^

sion) (Ordinate Di
mension). , -

. 15.4.

m m .....................................................................................................................

.
( ),
.
, , ,
. ,
, .
, MText () Text
(). . 15.1.2.

15.4.

1 5 . 4 . 1 .

, ,
(. 15.5).
R8

. 15.5.

AutoCAD . ,
, (Dimension)
' (Radius Dimension).
,
:
Select arc or circle


. , ,

1. dwg

Standard
(

2.5

jofleqb / ^'!
> :
; 3
13 [//]

. 15.6.

. ,
. . 15.6.
, (MText)
(Text). . 15.1.2.
, ,
(Dimension)
(Diameter Dimension).
. 15.7.

", \ * .

T
*! V
*1t. * 7!
| \

&* ?* 4 l 1 |=

tel V ^ A ^ l i

Q
- i s

I50-2S

/ 1 I 2 /

ii- L g s
. 15.7.

1 5 . 4 . 2 .

AutoCAD
. ,
. ,
.
,
(Dimension) (Center Mark).
:
Select arc or circle


.
*

15.5. *

.
(. 15.8).
(Dimension)
1 (Angular Dimension).
:
Select arc, circle, line, or <specify vertex>:
, , ,
< >:

,
:

,
, (
).

. 15.8.

GE

,
, ,
, .

.

(
, ),
(), . ,
. , ,
.
.

, ,
,
, .
. ,
10, 10. ,
+ ,
10.
, (MText)
(Text). . 15.1.2.

15.6.

1 5 . 6 . 1 .

, ,
.

. . (. 15.9).
, ,
, .
.
(Dimension)
h i (Continue Dimension). AutoCAD
:
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>:
[/] <>:


. , -

"

.iduns

ABC

;
*
Muofocr

Standard

_
\#
-. - ............... 2.5

? 0 -1

---- 4

150-25

8t*as?ne

1
1
1 ]
;| 1

1 131

'

| " .

4e pT cs 1.iiw g

*.

*i

SB t a ^

I * 2 2
I [/] <>:
I * 26
*
a

. 15.9.

. ,
.
, Esc.
, ,
,
(Select).
,
. , ( ) , (
) .
(Undo)
.
,
(. 15.10).

. 15.10.

1 5 . 6 . 2 .

AutoCAD , ,
.
,
(, ).
Dimension ()
( Baseline Dimension).
,
:
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo / Select] <Select>:
[ / ] <>:


. , .
.
. 15.11.

. 15.11.

15.7.
1 5 . 7 . 1 .

.
, .
.
. 15.12.
AutoCAD 2012 : QLeader
() Leader ().
, ( 2008- )
. ,
QLeader () .
, (Dimensions)
(Multi Leader)
.


I1

\'iii

'
I

( *> ^
]5 |
J
; ..

^

;

? d feiI? m f 8 A A hgi

. 15.12.

,
:
Specify first leader point, or [Settings] < Settings>:
[] <>:

, ,
( ) . Specify text width <0.0000>:
<0.0000>:

:
Enter fist line of annotation text (MText) :
():

,
, (MText). -

,
Enter, Enter . .
, ,
Esc.
, ,
, . 12.5.
, ,
,
, .
, , .

.
.
,
( ).
AutoCAD 2012
(Multileader).
1 5 . 7 . 2 .

AutoCAD , .
, (Settings)
/:
Specify first leader point, or [Settings] < Settings>:
[]
< >:

, (Settings),
(Leader Settings),
.
:

(Annotation) - (. 15.13, )
,
. MText (),
.

(Leader Line & Arrow) - (. 15.13, )


, : (Spline)
(Straight). ,
.

(Attachment) - (. 15.13, )

L3
...........
5 ;


0
Q

<*>

)
(Annotation)

__.__ .__ ______________ ___ ____ _____ _


!

________ *__ _____ !


[ 1
I
US
j | [ ;

)
(Leader Line & Arrow)

-
(*}


: j

: [

L 3
| 4

)
(Attachment)

i .... . " I

. 15.13. (Leader Settings)

.
.
, , - ,
. ,
(Underline botom line)
(. 15.13, ).

, , .

, .
.

15.8.

(Quick Dimension).
,
, .
AutoCAD ,
.
, ,
Dimension) (Quick Dimension).

. 15.14.


:
Select geometry to dimension:
:

, Enter.
,
, :
Specify dimension line position, or [Continuous/Staggered/Baseline
/Ordinate/Radius/Diameter/datum Point/Edit] <Continuous>:
[////
////] < > :

(. 15.14),
, .

15.9. *


.
2.308 -79.


.

, .
,
- ,
, - .
. 15.15.

. 15.15.

AutoCAD
(Tolerance).
(Dimension), -

(Geometric
Tolerance),
(. 15.16), ,
. - () ,
, .

X
1

. 2

L . . . 0K

] 1.52 .J

. 15.16.
(Geometric Tolerances)

. 15.17.

(Sym) .
,
(. 15.17). . 15.1.
15.1.

.........

//

/*
&

Tolerance 1 ( 1) .
, Tolerance 2 ( 2).
,
,
. , .
,
.
,
.
, ,
( ), AutoCAD
. , ,
.

15.10.
AutoCAD - .
[*_ ,
_dimarc () (Dimen
sion) -> (Arc Length).
.
1& , . 15.18. ,

, (Symbols and Ar
rows) .

. 15.18.

15.11.


(Dimension)
Dimedit ( ).
,
.
:
Enter type of dimension editing [Home/New/Rotate/Oblique] <Home>:
[// /
<>:

, :

( ) -
, ,
.

(New) .
,
.

(Rotate) -
.

(Oblique) -
.

, ,
.
. ,
.
AutoCAD, Dimedit ( ),
Dimtedit (^

, ,
(
). .
Dim tedit () ,
.
j 'I Dimension ().

.
:
Specify new location for dimension text or [Left/Right/Center/Home/Angle]:
[////
]:

(L e ft) - .

(Right) - .

(Center) - .

( ) -
,
.

(Angle) -
.

, Dimtedit ()
, .
,
,
.

>


i f j )

Ctri+X
Ctrl+C
O rl+Shtft+C
CtrJ+V



,


(. 15.19).

^,


O j

1>

. 15.19.

16.

16.1.
AutoCAD 2012

(. 16.1).
.
,
, . ,
,
. , , .

1
1/
/
1/

1
3-3

. 16.1.

1.
2. ,

(),

3.
4.
5.

6.

/ / / / / /

7.

,'/,
' , '

8.

9.

|^7777^|

. 16.2. 2 .3 0 6 - 68

, , ,
. , , ,
.
AutoCAD ,
.
, , ,
. ,
, ,
() 2.306 - 68
(. . 16.2).
AutoCAD :

,
AutoCAD;

, ( );
, .

9
m m .....................................................................................................................

AutoCAD :

-
( ) .

.

-
(
). .

16.2.
1 6 . 2 . 1 .

,
:

(Draw) -> (Hatch);

Draw () -

_hatch ( ).


, . :
[ /]:
Pick internal point or [Select objects/seTtings]:

-
, .
:
. -
, .
( ),
(
). -
,
. ,
.

. 16.3.

,

(Hatch and Gradient), . 16.4.
, , -,
, -, AutoCAD
.
,
.
(Hatch and Gradient)
(),
: (Hatch) (Gradient).
,
, ,
. .
( j .....................................................................................................................

8
^

__

AR-B816

v | 0

:
** *

vj

[C x i

(5

(,i)

0
j
*

|
:

: I ]

| i v j

jgBSSL

"

(> )

. 16.4. (Hatch and Gradient).


(Hatch)

(Hatch) ()
:

(Predefined) -
.

(User Defined) -
.

(Custom) -
,
.pat.

. , ,
.

...................... ..............................................................................................

(Predefined),
(Pattern)
. (Swatch) ,
.
Pattern () .
. ,
Q I, . Hatch
Pattern Palette ( ) (. 16.5).
. ,
.

, AutoCAD
: 45(ANSI31)
(ANSI37). ,
.
- ,
, .
*
ANSI

"ISO

.;
-L.LL
-L L L
-L L L

AR-B88

AR-BRELM

AR-BRSTD

AR-CONC

AR-HBONE

AR-PARQ1

AR-RROQF

AR-RSHKE

AR-SAND

BRICK

. ...
.QagttJ L..
. 16.5.
(Hatch Pattern Palette)

(Custom),
(Custom Pattern).
, (Pattern), ,
.

(Angle) (Hatch)
. , ,
, . , (
) .
,
.
(Scale).
1.
, ,
1. (
) (). , , ,
,
1. , , , (Scale)
2, ,
0.5 - .
1 6 .2 .2 .

()
. , .
AutoCAD :
,
.
(
),
(Hatch and Gradient), (Hatch),

: (Pick Points).
( ),
. ,
. ,
.
, () .
. ,
, .
,
, Enter.
(Hatch), .
*

................................................


, : (Pick Points)
: (Select Objects) [* ]
(
). ,
.
, . AutoCAD
(. 16.6).



, @
.
* -

.
,
.

(v

. 1 6 .6 .

, Enter,
(Hatch).
(Draw Order) .
, . :

(Do not change)

(Send to back)

(Bring to front)

(Send behind boundary)

(Bring in front of boundary)

,
(Hatch and Gradient) .
, () .
,
( ) , - . (Hatch and
Gradient) (Preview).
, , ,
, (

iH

l .......................................................................................................................

ter).
, Esc.
(Hatch and
Gradient), .
!

AutoCAD 2012,
( :
(Pick Points)), .

1 6 . 2 . 3 .



(Hatch), ,
(. 16.7). ,
, ,
: .

5*

..........

f l l :
a4J

1 AR-B816

_^-.

\ :

. *

(
j 15051)

io

' f,peCT'HaKM

f j


0
!

J0

v [

! , (

:
j

; >

(?)


LJ

&

v ,

. 16.7. (Hatch)
(Hatch and Gradient)
\

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

, , ,
.

, ,
. .
, ,
, ,
(Remove Islands) Lj< ,
. ,
, () .
, . 16.8.
, , .
Normal

Outer

. 16.8.

16.3.
AutoCAD .
.
,

.

,
:

(Modify) -> (Object)


(Hatch);

-2 (Modify )

_hatchedit ( ).

AutoCAD .
(
), .

(Hatch and Gradient). ,

(. 16.7 16.9).

**

\
!
;
.
|
;

__

iC T ^ ^T H b M

[-95483.6283
123171.9107

:
;

[ H :\D o c u m e n ts a n d S e t t i n g s \ A d m \ l o c a l
[se ttin g s',te tn p '\M K A _ l_ l_ _ 1256.s v $ . . .
[:

. 16.9.

........................................................ 9

16.3.
(
) .
.
(.
. 16.10).

. 16.10.


. | j! f
.
(Gradient) .
. (
)
.

!
:

\
16 4^

I I

(J )

1

:

:v j

. :

0.00

[( 3 * I

1... -Q IS-..J

udmmkA

. 16.11. (Hatch and Gradient).


(Gradient)

,
(Gradient) (Hatch and Gradient),
. .
16. 11.

,
. ,
, Angle
().
- .
, (
, ). Select Color (
), .

. , . Two colors ( )
.
,
.

17.
.
.

17.1.
(, , )
, .
, ,
, , , . .
, , ....,
, .
: ?
, ,
, ? , , AutoCAD
.
AutoCAD ,
. , - ,
(. 17.1).

,

.

v
**9 ------ & - -
.--

. 17.1.


. , .
,
, .

17.2.

. 17.3. ,
, .
, .
:

(Draw)
();

(Block) ->

( )
(Draw) \ ,

Jblock ( ).

(Block
Definition). , , (. 17.2).

:

\)

X:

Y:

2:

/;\

.)

,

l

.I

-----

. 1 7 .3 .

(Name)
.
255 , .

'"-r | (Select Ob
jects).
(Block Definition)

,
.
, Enter,
.
, , .
-
,
.

,
.

0, 0 ( 0, 0, 0
).
(Block Definition)

X, Y, Z (
), [ ] (Pick Point)
.

-
. -,
,
-,
-

. 17.4.

(. 17.4).
.
,
(Select object), ,
:

(Retain) -
, .

(Convert to block) -
.
; .

(D elete) -
.

(Drag-and-drop units)
,
.
(Millimeters). (Description)
, ,
. .

:
\

0
j

kSJyj

&

23 95357730636437

Y:

143 3296587063671

0 0000

(D

[[ 1
'------ '

0


: 2

1C

. 17.5.
(Block Definition)

.
, .
(Block Definition) . 17.5.

17.3. .

, ,
. , -
, , . ,
, .
-
:

(Insert)

(Block);


( ) (Draw);
_insert ( ).

........................................... 9

(Insert),
(. . 17.6).
(Name).
, .
, ,
, (Browse)
.
_______

X
-

I-------------

... . .

~~1

'/

X:

; 1
2:

,:

L 1

11

. :; 1

?) [ j

. 17.6. (Insert)

, , .

(Insert) ,
. (X,Y,Z),
(Scale). 1,
.
:
(X), (Y) . . , (Angle)
, .
. 17.7.


( )
X = 1
Y = 1
=

X = 1
Y = 0 5
= 0

X = 0 .5
Y * 1
= 0

X = 1
Y = 1
* 45

, ,
.
. , .

(. 17.8). (Specify OnScreen) (Insertion Point)
(Insert). ,
.
.

X, Y, Z.
(Insert)
- (Explode). ,
.
, .
(Explode),
(Modify).
, .
. ; * *

ABC

'

STYIE1

>2,5

-dwg

11

&%<

ISO-25

W 1^1

1*1

* -

17.4.
,
. AutoCAD ,
_wblock ( ) Enter.
(Write Block)
(. 17.9).
(Block Definition), , . 17.2.
, .

<

0 0000

|[fc |

& (0.0000

1.

[ P . j

-------

::::::

2: 0 0000

: 23

j 0 ADocuments and SeUirtgsWiminVMon \ block

| v 1Q

|*|

. ] 1

] (

. 17.9. (Write Block)

(Write Block)
(Source) . :

(Block) -
.
.

(Entire drawing) -
. (File) ->
(Save As).
(Objects) -
,

. , , ,
.
, ,
(File Name).
, , (
) .

2 2 .

1.

(. 17.10)
, ( ,
, ). . .
i

'

n ^L cr*
<> .

S3 &

'/

Express 1 o o h


< ? $

' Q

*0

> X

1 /

2.

,
, .
.

.
(Block Definition), (. 17.11).
(
) , -
().

'

31

<3>,-

> /* ,

. :

Q"*

? W

<!

'i "0 ^

\ :

43

Express Took

"i

, Ckl

'

eS)

ferSL
!
4

sJ Q.

QM

-----

noc

1 01 &

--

ZZZS3

{ 3

.......

>-........ ........ * -

[]

[1
X: jo
Y:

0
uSfcJ

Z [...

(1

[( ................... ~1

~1

! 3 87 ""
j ]

. 17.11.
'

.
_wblock ( Enter).
(Write Block)
(Block) 9

. , (.
17.12). ,
.
___

- J>
> .

*
& &
1
*

jli

:

<>

:
1 ),'|; and Seltinas'AdmsiSMoH - 3 1

1
.....

3
,

J [ . 1

! /

. 17.12.

4.


3 .
(Insert).
(Browse)
, (. 17.13).
(Insert),

( (Rotation)).
.

&$

rm

0.~.


( 3

I i_ J A utoR un Pro Enterprise I I P ro ..

[j ii Camtasia Stuck
; i J i M y Adobe C ap tivate Projects

| ;, j | S n ag lt C atalog
: _u TheKMPtayer
| l j

^
1 *
^

T7

1 1 6 3 9 5 .sv5

<1.
\ 3 , dw g
; (* dwg)

iJfewsJE)
|

. 17.13.

17.5.
:

,
;

, .

, , :
. ,
.

, .
, ,
.
.

,
. AutoCAD Design
Center ( AutoCAD), . 20.
,
.
AutoCAD, .

17.6.

1 7 . 6 . 1 .

AutoCAD
. ,
, . .,
.
,
. ,
( ,
- , , . .).
,

.

. , ,
. .
, .
, .
, -
.
, ,
, .

:
>_ ( )
(Draw)
(Block)

(Define Attributes);

_ attd ef ( ).

(A t
tribute Definition). , ,
(. 17.14).



Q
on

t Standaid

0
:
:

OK

. 17.14. (Attribute Definition)

(Mode) ,
.
. 17.1. ,
.
17.1.

(Invisible)

(Constant)

(Verify)

AutoCAD
,
. ,

(Preset)

.

.

(Attribute) .
(Tag) .
. .
(Prompt) ,
.
, , 256 .
(Value) ,
.
Text Options ( ) ,
.
(Justification), (Text Style), (Height)
(Rotation).
X, Y, Z .
, (Pick Point)
.
(A ttribute Definition) . 17.15.
JJI

: i____

Standard

[~~] : i
:
:

;2.

. 1 7 .1 5 . (Attribute Definition)

, .
- .

, ,
. ,

(Draw)
(Block) ->
(Make) ( %
(Draw)) , .
,
, .
, ,
,
(Block Definition), (Name),
.
, ( ),
.
,
. .

1 7 .6 .2 .

, .
AutoCAD ,
. , .
, .

2 3 .

1.

,
. .
, .
. (
), (, ..).
, .
(. 17.16).

2.

(Attribute Definition)
, . 17.17.
(Justification) (Center).

cm-

. 17.16.

, ,
. (. 17.18),
.
. , (. . 17.18).

. Q

%O Q %
1 #
s? 4 ? ^
/ | : ' / "

<>88

- 9

ft o f

| %

"

'^
,

1 t=r 1+1 t*

S3 tel

A h>!

iso-25

. 17.18.

4.

.
,
.
(Block Definition)
(. 17.19).
, .
, .
5.

, (Block Definition)
,
(Edit Attri
butes) (. 17.20). .
, .
.......................................................................................................................

. 17.19.

6.

, (Edit A ttributes)
, .
.
.
,
.

. , ,
, ,
(. 17.21).
,
. ,
.
.

% # % % ^
*
3 A 4k tlX

A OD ! 9

"

LayouOI Layouts/
I : _ i n s e r t
I [ / H acniT a6/X /Y /2 / ] ;
I

1 7 .6 .3 .

,
_eattedit ( ) Enter.


( )
(Modify)
(Object)
(Attribute) -> (Single).
,
.
(Enhanced Attribute Editor) (. 17.22).
, .
(
, . .),
, .
, -
( , . .), ,
.

:
:

j :; ;
:

-3 {...

: ("1'J

OK . 1

[."

""]

. 17.22. .
(EnhancedAttribute Editor)

,
, .
9

.......................................................................................................................

,
.
,
:

(Modify) -> (Object)


(Attribute) -> (Block At
tribute Manager);

(
-2 (Modify II) )
c f

_battman.

(Block
Attribute Manager) (. 17.23), ,
, .
,
,
Edit (
).


(Edit
Attribute),

(. .
17.24).




,
.

|?>
jtflfrl
i
;

v'j

:

-3 ("

..
L

...

<;! ........

.............. ..

[ >:

: 2

: 2

jj

. 17.23.

(BlockAttribute Manager)

:

------- V

[ j

: (
: |

__I

: j -3 f ")

0 -

. 17.24.
(Edit Attribute)

18.

18.1. *
( )

AutoCAD
.
, , ,
- .
AutoCAD :

BMP;

GIF,

JPEG;

PNG;

PCX;

TARGA, TGA;

TIFF ( LZW-);

PICT, FLIC, CALS-1.

,
(Insert) -> (Raster Image)
_imageattach ( ).
(Select Refe
rence File); ,
(. 18.1). (Pre
view) .

: j t j

..
lr

iijjss

....

|v j

, Adobe
Camtasia Studio
Corel User Files
| DVD Architect Pro 5.0 Projects
iiii Files Copied by AnyReader
Ui gegl-0.0
Lii My Parallels
[ jj My Virtual Machines
iS The KMPIayer
1
|
.....

Li

. 18.1. .

f**

ij

X: W ~

&.

1 .~ ] j

~|

. 18.2. <* (Image)

, (Select Reference File)


, -
(Image) (. 18.2). ;
(Insert) (. 17.4),
( ).
(Image) ,
. .
(Specify on-screen). , (
, ) .
.
^ m a g e ) ....................................................................................................................... !

, (. 18.3);
. .

. 18.3.


: , ,
, . .
.

-
AutoCAD Design C enter ( AutoCAD).
,
.

,
(Draw) (. . 18.4).
-

s +*

Q >

e g

:
s

* )
*

-dwg

JSSSB SSSSSSM

Js, . :

| % ^ :? O T ' Q d

*SfIL

^
)

It IIm

tel *V 1^ ^ iso-zs

3
..6
5
L.S
.

* AutoCAD j

<514306
F1

. 18.4.

AutoCAD
, . :

: ,
, .

( ).

,
( ).
,
.
.
(Image Adjust),
(. 18.5).

. 18.5. .

(Draft) (High)
, (Modify)-^
(Object) -> (Image)-> (Q uality),
.
.
AutoCAD
. ,
(Modify) -> ( Object)
(Image) -> (Frame).
IMAGEFRAME (1 , 0
). ,
.
,
.
t

................................................

18.2. Excel-
*
Excel . Excel
, .
Windows ( % ).
(Tj .
, .
, , . .
,
( ).

( ).

19.

AutoCAD ,
. ,
. ,
. ,
, .
.

. 19.0.

19.1.

, AutoCAD
, . ,
,

, .
, ,
:

(Tools)
(Area);

(Inquiry)

(. . 19.1) (Inquiry)

, (Inquiry)
;

_ ( ).

:
[/ / ] :


:
, ;
, ;

, .

. ,
, ,
:
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract] :
[/ / ] :

,
. , ,
. .
, Enter.

(. 19.1).
Y

. 19.1. .

AutoCAD ,
, .
, (,
). , :
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract] :
[/ / ]:

(Object),
, .
,
.

.
,
.
. ,
. ,
.
,
,
.

.
, ,
:
Specify first corner point or [Object/Add/Subtract] :
[/ / ] :

(Add).
, ,
:
Specify first corner point or [Object/Subtract] :
[/]:

(Object)
.
,
:

Area = 14578.1662, Perimeter = 504.9233


Total area = 64422.7798
(ADD mode) Select objects:
:14578.1662, = 504.9233
= 64422.7798
( ) :

, ,
. ,
.
.
, Esc.
-
( ), ,
Enter.
:
Specify first corner point or [Object/Subtract] :
[/]:

(Subtract),
(Object). , ,
.
,
:
Area = 14578.1662, Perimeter = 504.9233
Total area = 49844.6136
(SUBTRACT mode) Select objects:
:14578.1662, = 504.9233
= 49844.6136
( ) :

, ,
. ,
( Enter)
(Add). ,
Esc.

19.2.
AutoCAD
. dist ();
:
f

(Tools) -> (Inquiry) ->


(D istance);
( )
(Inquiry) l " !.
, (Inquiry)
;

_dist ( ).

,
. :
Specify first point:
:


.
:
Specify second point:
:

, ,
:
Distance = 191.8983,
Angle in XY Plane = 332,
Angle from XY Plane = 0
Delta X = 169.7984,
Delta Y = -89.4062,

Delta Z = 0.0000

= 191.8983,
XY = 332,
XY = 0
X = 169.7984, Y = -89.4062,

Z = 0.0000

, XY (
, , X),
XY ( XY ,
). 0
, .

.

19.3.
- ,
:

(Tools) -> (Inquiry) ->


(Point);
( )
(Inquiry)

IS

_id ( ).

,
. , , .

19.4.

,
.
(Time), ,
:

(Tools) -> (Inquiry) ->


(Time);

_time ( ) Enter.

, ( )
, :
Current time:
Times for this drawing:
Created:
Last updated:
Total editing time:
Elapsed timer (on):
Next automatic save in:

15 -2012 . at 10:44:28:430
15 May
15 May
0 days
0 days
0 days

2012 r. at 9:47:15:983
2012 r. at 9:47:15:983
00:51:13.400
00:51:13.290
02:12:11.114

:
15 2012 . at 10:44:28:430
:
:
15 2012 . at 9:47:15:983
:
15 2012 . at 9:47:15:983
:
0 00:51:13.400
(.):
0 00:51:13.290
: 0 02:12:11.114

,
. , .


. , AutoCAD
, (Options),
(Tools) -> (Options).

, :
Enter option [Display/ON/OFF/Reset]:
[///]:

/ (ON/O FF)
.
(ON), .
, , (Reset),
, .
, Esc.

19.5.
- ,
Status () :

(Tools) -> (Inquiry)


(Status);

_status ( ).

AutoCAD

4 e p ie m 1 dwp,

|-)| !|

: _circle [/2/ ( )]:


[]:
: 1 status 130 !.dvg
0.0000 ()
- : X:
0.0000
:
X: 420.0000
: 297.0000
-
X: 2S8.8867
Y : 504.2782
X: 2427.0479 : 1404.0693 **

X:
-1.7226
: 398.3223
X: 3157.3353 : 1582.9690

X:
0.0000
0.0000 Z;

X:
10.0000
10.0000

X:
10.0000
10.0000
: -
:
Hodel
:
""
:
7 ()
:
"Continuous"
:
"Global"
:

0.0000 :
0.0000
:

:
, , , ,
, , , , ,
____________ -

- - -

AutoCAD (. 19.2)
,
, ,
.

19.6.

(List)
. ,
, . :
(List),
, Enter (. 19.3).
, (List).
:

(Tools) -> (Inquiry) ->


(List);

(Inquiry) -

_list ( ).
AutoC A D

09

4epte>i<1.dw |>

I
: 2 9 2 4 .S ( 3 9 38.8).
ENTER :

''

:
;
:
: : 1
:
LVPOLYLINE

: *0"
:
1 0


0.0000

433177.5079

2763.0234

X- 288.8867
X-1189.323 6
-118.323 6
X* 288.8867

Y-1404.0693
Y-1404.0693
Y- 922.9945
Y* 922.9945

Z22

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

<

"1> ~

. 19.3. , List ()

,
:
, . ,
, Enter
. . . 19.3
.
^

20.

AUTOCAD.

20.1.

AutoCAD Design Cenler (
AutoCAD)

A u to C A D Design C e n te r (

A u to C A D )


, AutoCAD :

. ,
- ,
.
,
17 . , , ,
,
.
AutoCAD (AutoCAD Design Center).
AutoCAD (AutoCAD Design Center)

: , , , ,
. ,
.

................................................................... ....................................................

& * * + - ; Q. \
^ ^___

a { .ii
tf U i Vitoptex 100 2x1750
! 6-210-140
. | -220-100
V 3-35-40-3
-420-140
. { -US .3-500-140
: $
-50-
j .
> 375-39
*
-50
: ''
--14
? \ -16-14-
i
-25-14-225-
.
-25-14
# { $ -4-14-

'

- 10-13

!.J -13

000601.052
.*

00.8022.648
.

00.8022.646
.

|0 8072 646
I
1 4.dwg

.V

.
... ...

..

-23

-
j

- -20-13-250
i * U ' -4-13

.
) AutoCAD DesignCenter ( AutoCAD)

) AutoCAD DesignCenter ( AutoCAD)


-
. 20.1. AutoCAD AutoCAD DesignCenter
( AutoCAD)

A utoC A D D esign C enter


A utoC A D )

AutoCAD Design Center :



( )
;

Ctrl + 2.


AutoCAD DesignCenter ( AutoCAD) (. 20.1);
AutoCAD.
Windows.
AutoCAD DesignCenter ( AutoCAD),
,
.

A uto C A D D e s i g n C e n t e r
( A uto C A D )

AutoCAD DesignCenter ( AutoCAD)


.
, .
:
(. 20.2).
AutoCAD DesignCenter ( AutoCAD)
. , ,
,
, , ,
.

AutoCAD DesignCenter ( AutoCAD).
, .
AutoCAD DesignCenter ( AutoCAD)
,
( ),
, ,
.

................................................^

' *? *4

X ;

I S AutoCAD 2009 ~
*>CER

==^

'

- 66

152

| aoDrv
j 3 Exacts
j 3fort
j Help
I ^
j
j

!{

!: -..

Sample

...

. .

a-^ ActiveX
& {^3 Database Connectivity
CD DesignCenter
Analog Integrated Circuit
J p AutoCAD Textstjrtes and
Baste Electronics dwg

>*

* *

8 CMOS Integrated Circuit;


Electrical Power, dwg
ftfc Fasteners Metric, dwg
m Fasteners - US.dwg
Home - Space Planner d
House Designer dwg

p


^



; ...

<>

J s r1

...

...

O s*

.. 5

"


C:\Program FifssSAutoCAD 2009\Sample\DegnCenterSHouse Designer. ^ ( 20]

. 2 0 .2 . AutoCAD DesignCenter ( AutoCAD)

AutoCAD DesignCen
ter ( AutoCAD),
, .
. 20.3.

Preview ( )
Up ()
Load ()

\
Back ()
Next ()

Description ()
Find ()

Tree view Toggle


( )
Home ()
Favorites ()

. 20.3 . AutoCAD DesignCenter


( AutoCAD)

20.2. AutoCAD DesignCenter


( AutoCAD)
AutoCAD DesignCenter (
AutoCAD)
.
.

20.2.1.

, . ,
,
( ).
. ,
, ;
,
, (,
. .); - (
, ),
, .

(Open Drawings) (H istory) AutoCAD DesignCenter
( AutoCAD). ,
(Open Drawings),
.
(History) 20
.

, .
, AutoCAD .
, , ,
( ).


AutoCAD DesignCenter ( AutoCAD).
(Find) (. 20.4).
() .
(, , -),
(Looks for).

Si

v [

...

1
|

[ ;; !
j

_________

[... .... 1

__________________

\]

V j

)
[' ""]

. 20 .4 . (Find)

(In) ,
. ,
,
.
.

(Add to Favorites). , fjdgf
AutoCAD DesignCenter ( AutoCAD).

2 0 . 2 . 2 .


.
.

AutoCAD DesignCenter ( AutoCAD)


.
. , :

1.

, .
, , ,
.

2.


(Insert as block)
(. 20.5).
^ q ^ 4
,

*4

# - I

.. ..... '
:

f f li& C E R

:
: -Q Capets
:- Fon,s
.

ffi

Help
lU'RU

& Sample
- g j ActiveX
ffl f e t Database Cor

;
j

ActiveX

Database
Connectivity

DestgnCenter

Sheet Sets

VBA

___ ___

Sheet Sets
G ji VBA
3Q House d**

bay6.jpg

"...

i - Blocksand
i | Blocksand

M echanical
Sample

m
o
i

House dwg Architectural


Annotation..

S Q DesignCentet
f * i Durtaroic Blocl
ffl
Mechanical S>

- Aichitectuial

Dynamic
Blocks

s "

...

ip.dw g

Linew eights.

cokxw h dw g

S| db_samp.dwg

ffi p4 Uneweights.d
Plot Screen
ing
tt-jp Tabtetdwg
PS| TrueType.dw$
* ' *S

J C:\Program FtesVAutoCAD 2Q09\S ample ( * 22)


. 20.5. AutoCAD DesignCenter
( AutoCAD)

(Insert),
( . 17.3).
,
( . .). ,
. .

, ,
(Insert). ,
.

(Insert)
, . , ,
, ,
,
(Blocks).

(Insert block) (. . 20.6).
(Insert), . 18.3,
.

-8 |0 |> < 9 # I

$> \

4 ; I & 1

; \ | | -

1 *

Database Connectivity
j-Ql| DesignCenter
I Dynamic Blocks
Mechanical Sample
Sheri Sets

; ARCHBDRD

j r g

; f j 3D House, dwg
j
Architectural - Annotation Scaling and
| Blocks and Tables - ImperiaLdwg

'Z*\

Bathtub

Door

f*

rv l
; Door French Faucet front

Faucet top

\ Range_0ven

Refrigerator

A
Door - Bifold

Ik

Receptacle

1 : /


|

' Blocks and ^ Metric dwg
cojorwhdwg
; H j cto_samp.dwg
j lineweights.dwg
] 4 Plot Screening and Fi# Patterns.dwg
j Tablet dwg
*

1 \ DOC

C:\Program FiesSAutoCAD 20Q9\Sample\Blocks and $ lmpenaidwg\ E

{ :

. 20 .6 . AutoCAD DesignCenter ( AutoCAD)

. ,
, ,
. ,
, .
, ,
.

....................................................................................................................... f H J

( )

, .
, .

2 0 .2 .3 . A utoCAD
D esignC enter ( A utoCAD)

. , AutoCAD .
, :


, , .

,
( ) .

20.3. AutoCAD
D .s lg n C .n t e r

( AutoCAD)
AutoCAD DesignCenter (
AutoCAD)

.
,

,




(Open in Application
Window) (. 20.7).

.

. 20.7. AutoCAD DesignCenter


( AutoCAD)

21.

AUTOCAD 2012


AutoCAD (, ).
: ,
AutoCAD
.
: ?
, , - AutoCAD
,
, , ; ,
, ;
, , - ,
.

21.1.

** IO Q %-)%
j^
:
- *

8 <*'9##1
!
'

-*
Q

3D
Web

*,
<23 ,



, ,
. ,

.
,
,
.
,
,


(. 21.1).
,
.

.

.

. ,
Windows: -

-2



/
-2

-2

I !
I
*
I
I *


...

. 21.1. ()

, ,
, . ,
AutoCAD.
. ,
- .

, ,
.
. , ,
, , .

.
, (Standard),
, (),

. . ,
. ,
. , ,
( ).
AutoCAD
. , AutoCAD
.
, ,
- .
, , :
1.

(Cus
tomize User Interface) (. 21.2).
(Tools) -> (Customize) -> (Inter
face) _cui Enter.

.

2.


(Customization in All CUI Files) .
,
.

3.


, .
(D elete),
.

....................................................................................#

/
; ): _ _
:

"

*
*

S i-

%
C I

&
- C

-2

!+i f

-.dk ^ 4"?"

X
Y

;V

: j

3D Studio

ACAD
ACAD
ACAD

3D
1 3D

ACAD

3D

ACAD

! , 3D
I 8 3D

ACAD
ACAD

j -fl1 3D

ACAD

3D

ACAD

I 3D

ACAD

|_

->rs

ACAD

I %

j f?

^ #

1 3D
] 3D

TB.DRAW.Dfaw

__ ___ .

JIBSSL,

. 2 1 .2 .
(Customize User Interface)
L3
j ^
:


*
i t .

fa
f(

i(

!
;
i f
::
3
I

it

fc

jltuCnate

..
,,

1.


(Customize User Interface).

2.


(Customization in All CUI Files) .

3.

,
- ,
.
.

, ,
AutoCAD 2012
, .

(Customize User Interface),
(Toolbars)
-
(. . 21.4).

} ;

__ftj

ft

|!

I [/^___________________ 0 3
|
I

8 *5 ACAD
S % *

__

20 (*

30
AutoCAD

..............].__jftdB SL
...

"
,
.




,
,
,

. 21 .4 .


.
. .
,
.

21.2.

()

AutoCAD
.
AutoCAD
- World Coordinate System WCS.
X , Y ,
X. ,
, .
AutoCAD . ,
.
.
AutoCAD ( - User Coordi
nate System UCS).
.

.

.

I *5?

' ...




.
,
, 0,0.

g f

a
11| ...


^

^..

^>...

AijtoLIgP

QCK.,.

( 3 ..

1*

L?0
\

.,.
.

{ / ,

LuZocfe

{*? ,..

11V
11I

AutoCAD

(Tools)
(New UCS)


.
(. 21.5
. 21.6).
. 21.1.
,

. 21.5.


. Face
(), X Y


.

" *

$>

1V

' -

*?

L S

L .

15 2

L .

Id

2D

AutoCAD;

L i

; 8


(U CS) (.

. 21.6.

21 .6 ).

21.1.

(World)

(Object)

(View)

(Origin)

3 (3 Point)

:
, -

1-


.
XV
,
(
, -
. .). X
(
. .).
X

,

,
: X - ,
- ( ,
)

.

. ,
,
,
.



.
, -
X, -

.....................................................................................................................



.

( Z,

, )_________________________________

,
(View)
(Display)

(UCS Icon). ,
(. 21.7):

. (On) - . (On) ,
, . (On) ,
.
.

(Origin) -
,
, , . ,
,
.
,
.

)
: '

;; Smjsk

!
il

'" -
-
:

3 0
*

I *


&

:=
fJ

5 ^ ,.
2D .
&S

S
;

<0*
&

..

..

* I* }

* U? ..


PH

. 2 1 .7 .

020
30

{1

vj

<N

--------------J --------------

50

.......

| 160

0
...
.
I.--
...............1----~ ........ .....

]
------------------------ 1

. 2 1 .8 . UCS Icon ( )

(Properties) -
(UCS Icon) (. 21.8),
: ,
, , .

,
.

, .

,
. ,| | ;1*;

:
?
_____
(31
?
. Auto
CAD

.
,

(Tools) ->
(Named UCS)
. 2 1 .9 . (UCS)


(. 21.9).

. (UCS)

(Unnamed).

.
. .
( )

,
(Tools)
(Named
UCS). (UCS) (. 21.9)
(Set Current). ,
, .

21.3.
, AutoCAD,
.
,
. 4. ,
.
2006 AutoCAD
, .
- , .
, ,
.
, ( )
. .
,
, , AutoCAD

. .
(. 21.10).
.
, , .
, - ,
.
.

/

V /
.

v>

<
v>

V
V

/ (+0)


...

. 21.10.

21.4.


AutoCAD 2012 ,
.
, . ,
-
, AutoCAD.

. 21.12.

.



(Transparency).

(Transpar
ency), . 21.11.
,

.
, .

00%

100%


()

. 21.11 . . (Transparency)

" TW
USH8"5W
ra*UST-

2. VEWFY AU. CWENSIOMS AND CONDCnONS


But owe or s rm w c construction. no

oesigwr or m dscw

M
O*OFHOUSE870PAHTEDW \

4.
M
E

ynm m .

3. VERFY ROUGH 5 AND FRAMING Rl


TO .
OAK BASE BOARD (SEE DCTML) 4" QA
ALL JUNCD0W8
WALL ft CE1UNG OR 86AW3 * COUNO (Si
3. AIL EXTERIOR W tL ARC TO BE 2*X0T FW
1 5 ARC TO 4 * FRMM6 ANO
ARE MO LOC BARRWC UM.ESS OTHERYASf
MX HEWERS ON FIRST FLOOR ARE TO 86
AD ALL HEA0ER3
SECOND FLOOR ARE TO BE C*L 2>".

}g k
**

OVtRHWO S TO BE . CS,
7. STUCCO S C M TO BE QUWTE QUK*
FBERCLASS REWFORCED STUCCO {FR3) ?
UCATWN 15 TO MttT ALL LOCAL GOOE

,
.

e. roormcsystemi$n
.

B, MCPL TO BE MCEIROYWETAL,
MWERL0K-9O STRUCTURAL STANDING SO
STSTEW.

fc
W

CJ

AutoCAD 2004

.
) Auto C A D

BULWNC STANDARDS.
&
VERTf ALL DIMENSIONS AMO OOWffWNS *
BULONC OR STWrnWC CONSTRUCTION. MO

THE DESIGNER HMQMTILY Of ANV OfiCW

VMSATON.
VWFT ROUCH OPENINGS AND FHAMNG Rl
TO rRAMN6.
WEftOfl OF HOUSE IS TO BE Wl
OAK BASE BOARD (SEE QETAt) Jt 4 OA
ALL JUNCTIONS 9ETOEN
WALL GEtUNC OR SEAMS & CQLKG (3
ALL EXTERIOR WALL ARE TO BE 2*1(8* fW
WALU5 ARE TO 2*X4* FftAMNG AHO
ARE MO LOAD BARRING UNLESS OTWERWSE
ALL HEADERS ON FIRST FLOOR ARE TO BE
AND ALL HEADERS ON
SECOND FLOOR ARE TO BE D6L 2**.
ROOFING SYSTEM fS TO BE ) TT
OVERHNW TO BE 2* AT ALL EVES.
STUCCO SUNG IS TO BE OUKRETE OUKJA
FIBERGLASS REWFTJRCED STUCCO <FRS) f
AmJCATCN TO MEET AU- LOCAL COOC
REQUIREMENTS.
MEWL ROOfWC S TO BE MCELROYVIETAL,
fc5TERLOK-eQ STRUCTURAL STAND!NC SO

^ AutoCAD 20
&>j- .
-j

? , ; :
AutoCAD . <

159.00
310 00

15*5

1.
iNDEPSEN
"
-
AHBEPSEH t 1 ' 2>.<'
ARDER3EN I ? " 1,00

21.5. AutoCAD.
Options ()
AutoCAD 2012
(Options). (Tools)

(Options) A d -> . 10 ,
.
.
(F iles)

(Files) (. . 21.13) (),


AutoCAD : ,
, , , . .
, +.
*

X :

>>

: 5( :

-dwg

/ / ! X < I ^
, :
^

z J to K B m

..I

3
{
8 ^

0
^

If)

. 21.13. (Options). (Files)

, (Automatic Save
File Location), ,
, . .
, , ,
D:, : .

(D isp la y ) . A utoCAD

(Display)
AutoCAD (. 21.14). :
,
(Options) . ,
, (Apply) , .
.
(Display scroll bars in drawing window)
AutoCAD.
, .
, .
.
. (Display screen menu)
.
(Colors)
(Drawing Window Colors),
.
(Interface element), -
(Color). (Interface ele
ment) (. 21.15).

>>

) / ;! :
|

: j

v |

1000

[ 3

: 5|

0
j

0 / , OLE
% 0

>

| ; (23
i


12

..

.
i ;

....................--------------------------- -----------------

0 " ""
0
S
I :

0
0

_50

----- {|EiaaaaJ

. 21.14. (Options). (Display)

6 9 .........................

i3D
13D
;
|

;
j
I
j
j
I
.

j


!
j


jto^TaHOBHTbT^ywHii ]


........

. 2 1 .1 5 .
(Drawing Window Colors)

(Layout elements) (Display)


, :

(Display Layout and Model


Tabs) Model (
) Layout () .
.
, .

(Display Margins)

. ,
. ,
, .
. 22. .

(Display Paper Background)


(Display Paper Shadow)
. /
, / .
.

(Show Page Setup


M anager for new layouts). ,

.

(C reate Viewport
in New Layouts)
.
.

(Crosschair size)
, .
, 5% .
.
,
.
/ ( O pen and S ave)

, ,
(. 21.16).
. , , (Save as)
,
.
*
:

. * / / /

:

[ AutoCAD 2010 (" dwg)



'

vj
.--.
' '

0 (1)

150

'<

;v

0
10

j ,

0
Q

**

ObtectARX
ObjectARX-:
: ]
- * :

- ,
]
0 -

O w eba

i '

j f

. 2 1 .1 6 . (Options).
/ (Open and Save)

Inpaca.a

(Thumbnail preview)
,
.
,
/ ,
(

)
(Automatic save)
. ,
, ,
.
AutoCAD .
(Create backup copy with each save).
, , ,
: , . bak.

.
( P r o f il e s ) .

AutoCAD,
. .,
.
. . ,
.
-
( AutoCAD), , AutoCAD
. .
, ,
AutoCAD, (Profiles) (. 21.17)
(Add to List) .
(Apply&Close), .
AutoCAD.
,
(Profiles) (Set current).
,
(Export).
(Export Profile)
, , Save ().

P*
:

>>

/. I ' ! 3D . : |

:
[

j ^.. j

'***"

i..................... .................... J

. 21.17. (Options). (Profiles)

( ,
) .
(Profiles)
(Import) .

,
.
.
. :

/ (Plot and Publish)


. 22.

(System) ,
.
AutoCAD Windows.
, .
, -
(, ).

(User Preferences)
, , ,
. , -

.....................................................................................................................

. - ,
.
(Drafting).
, . 7.
(Selection)
.
3D
AutoCAD 2012.

22.


,
. . , ,
- . . ,
, . :
.
.
, AutoCAD
Word. .
, .

22.1.

AutoCAD :
(Model) (Layout).
(Model),
. Layout ()
.

| .
AutoCAD .

(Model) (Layout)
-,
(. 22.1). : 1
(Layout 1), 2 (Layout 2) . . .

.
.

(Model). , ,
.
(Layout)
,
. , ,
. , ,
.
, (Layout) ,
(Model).
(Model)
. ,
, .
, .
(Model),
.

, (
), .

. , (LWT),
, ,
.
, , ,
.
:

,
;

22.2.
, ,
(Model). ,
.
:


;

(File)
;

(Plot)

_plot ( ).
(Plot),
(. 22.2). ,
, ,
, . .

CD

:

<>

...

/
Scitex Dolev80G PSM L2

:
:

...

Scitex Doiev80Q PSM 12 - Wind,..

_ |-.

:
:

: ,

( )
X; j

; ; .
| ? ^ ]

j~

. 22.2. (Plot)

AutoCAD
: . , Windows
( ),
AutoCAD . .
,
. AutoCAD
.
(Tools)
(Wizards)

(Add Plotter). , ,
(. . 22.3).

.
:


1#-
Autodesk,
.

[ < )t > | (

. 2 2 .3 .

, ,
. (Plot)
(Name) (Plotter configuration)
. ,
: ,
.
(Properties),
. .
,

(Plot) (. 22.2),
(What to plot), , .
:

(Limits) - ,
.

(Extents) - .
. ,
,
,
.
.
, .

(Display) - ,
.

(Window) -
() , .

, .

, Plot
() .
- (. 22.4).

(D

v' LfefeyiS.".:-.
/
;
:

~ '

Scitex DolevSOO PSM 12


Sdtex DolevSOOPSML2 - Wind,..

g.54 ^

2J

\v j

:
:

( )
. 10.00

1.133

, , :
(Portrait) (Landscape).
, ,
mm (), , ,
.
X Y
. - ,
( ),
( ). ,
. ,
(Center the plot)
.
(Plot scale) ,
.
(Fit to paper), , ,
(Scale)
(Custom).

,
. -

, ,
- . AutoCAD .
(Plot)
(Preview). ,
(. 22.5).
, Esc
Enter, (Plot). ,
.
: - - ,
.

,
. ,
(Plot) . , , .

22.3.


4
, ,
. ? -
.
4,
.
(, 1) 4,
(Window) (What
to plot) (Plot). ,
,
. ,
, .

22.4.
AutoCAD 2012
2 2 .4 .1 .

(Plot)
(Plot style table) (. 22.4).
, -

.....................................................................................................................

. ,
.
AutoCAD :
.
, ,
.
.


.
, : , . .
.ctb,
- .stb.
(Plot style table) ,
. ,
.
,
:
1.

(Plot), .

2.

(Tools) (Options).
(Options) /
(Plot and Publish).

3.

(Plot Styles)
,
(Default plot style behavior for new drawings),
:

(U se color dependent plot style)


-
.

(U se named plot styles) -


.


(Default plot style table) ,
.
4.

(Options) .

(Plot)
. , .
(Edit).

2 2 .4 .2 .

L ayout (

).

, Layout ()
, ,
.
, . ,
A uto
CAD, .
(Layout)
1 (Layout 1), 2 (Layout 2) . .

(Page Setup) (. 22.6).
,
(Page Setup),
-

L J

210.00 x 297.00 ()

,
.

. 22 .6 .
(Page Setup)

]()

, . .
(O ptions), (D isplay) (. . 21.11):

(Show Page Setup Man


ager for new layouts) - ,

Page Setup ( ).

Create viewport in new layouts (


) -

. ,
.

, ,
. - -
(M odify).
(P lot).
,
(P age Setup) (C lose),
,
, . ,
.
.
, ,
(. 22.7).
, , .
, .
, , () ,
.
, , .
( ).

. ,

. .
,
. :
,
? - , ,
. , -

. 22.7 .

,
.
. ,
(. 22.8).
, (View)
-> (V iew ports)
1 (1 Viewport).
,
. :
, .

,
. :
1.

(PAPER)
(MODEL).
,
.

.....................................................................................................................

[ M j \ X L a y o u T I/

: _ fljg j

. 22 .8 .

2.

, ZOOM, PAN . .,
.

3.

(M ODEL)
(PAPER).

4.


.

Display Locked (Yes) (. 22.9).

,
,
, .
() .
.
, ,
. . ,
(PAPER), (M ODEL)
.

CTR1+X

CTRL+C

CTRL+SHIFT+C

CTRU-V

CTRI+SH1R+V

*$


...

QuidsCatc
...

bXjLasiLT


111

...
.. J

. 2 2 .9 .

,
.

.
AutoCAD.

. 8.

.....................................................................................................................

23.

,
.
,
.
,
.
, .

23.1.

, AutoCAD .
, AutoCAD DisignCenter
( ).
.
.
AutoCAD
. ,
,
. , ,
,
. , -
.
( -
) ,
, .

.......................................................................


,
- -. .
, ,
,
. ,
.
.
, (
) ,
, .
( , ,
, ), ,
, , ,
.

23.2.
(
) .
__ ( )
(Insert) -> DWG (DWG Reference).
(Select Ref
erence File) (. . 23.1); ,
.
S


v]

- AutoRun Pro Enterprise II Pro...


[; _j Camtasia Studio
|US My Adobe Captivate Projects
|;j Snaglt Catalog
i 8 The KMPIayer
. *
j
! US;
[

desktop.ini
3 , dwg

j t jt fTTl H it

|4epTex2.dw(

\f '

I dwg

: *

44
58

(**
:

L a ts ^

X:

Y:

1 00

2:

'"'

[{j

..:

^ j

L&_j U&s&J Ussm,

. 23 .2 . (External Reference)"

, ,
(External Reference),
(. 23.2).
(Reference )
. :

(Attachment) - ;
, ,
.

(Overlay) - ,
-, ,
(Overlay),
.

(Path type) ,
.
- (Full path). ,
.
(
),
(Relative Path).
,
.
,
.

(Insertion Point), (Scale)


(Rotation) ,
, . ,
.
, (External Reference)
, ,
.
, (. 23.3).
,
. ,
.

OIRAdwg

" [ 1 ] " : : \ \ !070311\

(1>

. -

AutoCad

1 1 3 .dwg

[ / X/ /1// / / / 2/ ) :

. 2 3 .3 .

, AutoCAD 2012
(.. ).
( ) ,
.

C D .....................................................................................................................

23.3.
.


AutoCAD (External References).

(, , . .).
:

(Insert) -> External References (


);

);

(-

_xref () _externalreferences.

..
'

V
|

L5

15. -

fc! - L i L i

i IS |

> '

0
*

'
w

,
-

iij

^
: _adjus

:
:
:

s a a

1
~ s

;
"
| 8 ;

-210-2

177

Twi

09.03.2011 11:48:36

:\\! 070311\\6-210-140\ BK3-210-2.dwg

<&

0
4 -J
.
-

(External References) .
23.4. ,
.
, .
, , . 23.1.
23.1.

(Reference Name)


,
. :

(Loaded) - -
.

(Unloaded) - -
.
(Unreferenced) - -
(Status)

,
.

(Not Found) - -,
, .

(Unresolved) - -
, .
(Orphaned) -
, , ,
-,
-,

(Size)

()

-,

: (Attachment )
(Overlay).
, . 23.2

(Date)

-,


(Saved Path)

, -,

(External References)
,

,
. :

(Attach) -
.

(External Reference), .
(Attach)
.
,
.

(Detach) - .
.

(Reload) -
. , -,
, .
, ,
. ,
, , .

(Unload) -
.
, (Reload).

(Bind) -
.

23.4.
,
. AutoCAD
. ,
.

,
.
(Reference Edit), . 23.5.

L3
I )

%
1
% 1 -
1
S% ! [
1

C:\Documents and 5\\ \1 ,dvjg

Q)

(Automatically
select all nested
objects)
,


,

. 23 .5 .
(Reference Edit)



, .
(Prompt to select nested objects)
.
, (Reference Edit)
.
.
(. . 23.6).
, .
.


.
:

, : ,
, .

.
, , , .

/i.dwg

.sera

&

^& ^

. 2 3 .6 . (Refedit)

(
- ). (Refedit) ! ,
Enter.
.

, .
(Refedit)
Enter.

,
, , .

, ,
.
.
, -, ,
, , , ,
.
.


.
Command: ( : ),
, - .
, , .
, a AutoCAD ,
.

,

. ,
REFCLOSE ().

24.

24.1.

AutoCAD 2012 -
(Tool Palettes), . 24.1.
jj
.

(Tool
Palettes)
, ,
.
(Tool Palettes)
,
.

,
; ,

, .


.

ISO

(Tool Palettes),
, ,
,
, .
(Tool Palettes) AutoCAD 2012
21 .
. 24 .1 .

i *(


(Tool Palettes)

.
,
, . ,
, , .

24.2.


(Tool Palettes) , .

(Tool Palettes) (New Palette).

(. 24.2), .


1
1

-- . !

-]

2
i

. 24 .2 .

. -
AutoCAD Design Center (
AutoCAD). , ,
.
Ctrl+ 2.

, , ,
AutoCAD Design Center (
AutoCAD) (. 24.3).
.pat.
,
:

,
.
AutoCAD Design Center ( AutoCAD) -

. 24.3.

, ,

(Create Tool Palette of Blocks) (. . 24.4).

,
.
AutoCAD Design Center (
AutoCAD),
(Create Tool Palette).

, . ,
.pat.
, AutoCAD
Design Center ( AutoCAD)

(Create Tool Palette of Hatch Patterns)
(. 24.5).

f A <* :

a*

Sample

Qi Actives
X2bDatabase Connectivity
DesignCenter

Analog Integrated
AutoCAD Textstyte
Basic Electronics.
CMOS Integrated (
Electrical Power ck
Fasteners - Metric.
Fasteners US.dw
Home Space Pis
House Designer.
HVAC Heating V<
Hydraubc Pneum.
Ktfchens.dwg

Bh

/V Crj

...


... ...

..

...

if

...

...
"
"".


S
V-I

||

'

CAProgram FfesSAutoCAD 2009\SampleVDeagnCenter\Kitchera.dwg\5 ( - 21)

. 24.4.

a 2

WebServrees

AutoCAD
Data

?, -Dlv

!"pw;

b-S-(u-Rti-

...
"
"".,.

ANSI35

"

ffi Q Sample


ANSI 32

I
L Fonts

ANSI36

support
Template
Textures
UserDataCache
r g | WebOepot
1'" WebSeivices
S Q Autodesk

BRTorient
Common Fies
CommTraffic
ComPtus Applications
I Q CybeiLink
-gS DivX
DVD Shrink

ANSI37

ANSI38

:\Program Fles\AutoCAD 2CD54acad,pat {*: 70)


. ,
(. 24.6). :
-
(Delete Palette).
-
(Rename Palette),
.

(Auto-Hide), (Transparency),
(View Option). , , . 24.3.
.
,
.
- ,

(Delete Tool). (. 24.7)
,
X


<
!

.
W4..

- 1



...
,..






,..
,..
__,..

*
. 24.6.

. 24.7 .

, ,
,

L3
:

((

...

-
[c:\Program Fites\AutoC 2009\5... I
'

L3

11

BRICK

i
...

... 1.00
-

. 24.8 .
(Tool properties)

--

. 24.9.

w (Toolproperties)

(Properties).
(Tool properties),
.
.
. 24.8 (Tool properties)
, . 24.9 - .
(Tool properties)
, :

(Name) - (, , ).

(D escription) - .

(Source file) - ,
( ).

(Scale) - ,
. 1
, 1 .
1,
.

(R otation) - ,
.
0.

( Q D .....................................................................................................................

(Explode) - , , ,
. ,
Yes () No ().

, (General),
, , ,
.

(Scale)
(Rotation), -
.

24.3. Tool
Palettes ( )
AutoCAD
(Tool Palettes)
,
. , ,
(. 24.10).
, ,
.
(Tool Palettes) ,

.
, (Tool Palettes)
, ,
.
(.
24.6) (Transparency). ,
,
.
(
) (Tool Palettes)
,
(View Option) (. 24.6).

(View Option), . 24.11.

. 2 4 .1 0 .
(Tool
Palettes) "

,
(, -

. 2 4.11. (View Option)

, ) . -,
(Image Size) . , (View style) ,
:

(Icon Only) - -;

(Icon with text) - -, ;

(List View) -
.

(Apply to) ,

.

25.

25.1.

, ,
, .
, :
, -
(. 25.1).

: X
30, Z 90, Y 150. ,
,
.

,
(Tools)
(Drafting S et
tings). (D raft
ing Settings), (Snap and Grid) (. 25.2),
(Grid Snap),
(Isometric Snap).

. (Grid on), -
. (Snap on). .
13

;X ;

| 5 :
0War8Kfl(F9)

0 (F7)
...........................


'

: X:

no Y:

Y:

: 5

...........
{ 3

[J


[... |

](

j [~

. 25.2 .

.
.

25.2.

. , ,
^ - .............*...................................................................................................................

LINE (), Rectang () . .


( )
.
Ellipse
(), Ellipse Arc ( ).
Isocircle (
). ,
.

.
F5 (
), isoplane (
).
(. 25.3).

. 2 5 .3 .


. , Ellipse () -


. :
S p e ci fy axis e n d poi nt of e l l i pse or [ A r c / C e n t e r / I s o c i r c l e ] :
[ / / ] :

(Isocircle).
, .
:
S p e ci fy cen ter of isocircle:
:

S....................................................................


:
Sp e c i f y .radius of i s o cir cle or [ D i a m e t e r ] :
[]:

50 Enter.
.

. ,
F5.
50. .
(. . 25.4).
.
(Circle ()
Arc ()) -
, -

. 2 5 .4 .

25.3.


.
.
,
.
:
30 -
;

-30 -
.

,
, - .

(. 16.2).
(. . 25.5)
, (.
25.6):


30;

-30.

.
/
/
/

. 25.5.

. 2 5 .6 .

26.

AUTOCAD 2012

26.1.

AutoCAD 2007
,
(. 26.1).

.g} 2D
ZD

_____

1 .dwg

20
3D

n ts

a n d S e t t in g s '^ A d m in \ l o c a i
3D

AutoCAD
...

.
...

. 26.1. 3D
AutoCAD 2012


AutoCAD 2012 , ,

(W orkspaces) (. . 26.1).

AutoCAD ,
: X
, Y - , Z - .

26.2.
AutoCAD
.
.
. - ,
AutoCAD
. ,
.

AutoCAD. , AutoCAD
(. . 26.2).
, . AutoCAD
: , .
, :
,
, .
,
. ,
,
. , , ,
, - (, ).
, ,
.
, .
, , - .
. ,
, .
.

( ). ,
.

V ilo p te jf 1 0 0

30ca
TEXMAP

[:
[: _WSCURRNT
: CURRENT <"2 D
[:

4WAY BAR
PATTERN

AMOEBA
PATTERN

"> ,

. 26.2.
AutoCAD 2 0 1 2

, , ,
. ,
. ,
.
: ,
? ,
. , ,
, , -,
; -, ; -,
.
, ,
.
,
, , .

,
.
.

: ,
.
.
,
.

26.3.
.

2 6 .3 .1 .


.
. ,
,
.
( ). :
Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width]

[////]:

20, 20, 30. :


[,

]:

: 70, 100.
50 80,
XY 30 (. 26.3).
, ,
. ?
, -
, .
, ,
, 20 .
:
-

. 2 6 .3 . ,
XY 30

().
Paste (). :
Sp e c i f y i n se rti on point:
:

20, 20, 50 Enter.


.
- (.
26.3).
? . ,
20, , ,
.
, ,
. .

2 6 .3 .2 .

AutoCAD

3 D O r b it .

. ,
, , , , ,
AutoCAD .
, (View) -> (Orbit)

(Free Orbit)
. ,
3D Orbit.
(. 26.4). ,
,
(. 26.5).
3D Orbit, Enter.
.
______

/
/
[>

\
\

/
/
\

,

3D Orbit, . ,
, ,
. -
.

. 26.4.

, 3D Orbit
:
.
, .
, (
) .
0
Sphere and Lines.
,
.
, (
) .
<^>

................................................................ 9

* 15

*>

*>**

a s -

-
|

-1

.0
|

&

Henpepi

I---------------------- 1 e 3D ^-?***

| .

'---------------- -------j

F1

|1[|\

/! 2 7

. 26.5.

.

, ,
,
. ( * >
"1
.

, ,
,
.
,
, .
, -
, , , ,
- . . , ,
3D Orbit, .
. .
& -

AutoCAD 2012 10
,


.
,
,
. , ,
.

(. . 26.7).

.

(S

)} <h
8m J
/( 1

12 L

2D

LS

j g l

( f j
^
| |

<)
..



View (),
(. 26.5).

L_ LS

~7..

. 26 .6 .

:
.
(. 26.8, ).
% .
(. 26.8, ).

. 26.8 . .

. 2 6 .8 .6 .

. (. 26.7, ).
. (. 26.7, ).

. 26 .8 . .

. 26 .8 . .

.
, (.
26.7, ).
riff . - (. 26.8, ).

L_l

I I

' \

czz


. 26 .8 . .

. 2 6 .8 . .

- .
.
-
, .




(. 26.8, ).

. 2 6.8.3. -

.................................................................................................................

^2

- .
,
.

,
(. 26.8, ).

. 26. . . -

- .

,


- .
, ,
(. 26.8, ).

26.3.3.


, ,
, .
: ,
, , ,
. ,
, .
, ,
, .

. 26.9.

26.4. 061
()
AutoCAD 2012
3D
(
3D )

30 !

**


!;! & &
0

*? 0jfl

1"

C on e()

Torus ()

Polysolid ()
Pyramid ()
Box ()

Sphere ()

Cylinder ()

. 26.10. (Modelling)

(Modeling), Draw (
)
Modelling ().

2 6 .4 .1 .

AutoCAD BOX ().


(. . 26.11):
1.

.
-
.

( 3D )
(Modelling).

2.

:
Specify first corner point of box or
[]:

[Center] :


. , , ,
.
3.

:
Specify other corner point of box or
[/a ] :

[Cube/Length]:

,
,
. (Length)
- X.
(Cube),
, .
4.

:
Specify height of box or
[2]

[Cube]:

Z ( ).

3D Orbit (. ), ,
_hide.

.......................................................................

3u /

[
08
\/

>3D

0
!

3
- S
^

(
-
' / 0
a G) -;g

?
j*i

"

? 0 * - &

* . . .! \\
lfj]S3[

~1___________________


j ^

. - j

I **
I
(* ). ^
j &**- Z Mosaic <=
I *.

F1 * ^

. 2 6 . 11.


.
,
.
.

(Wedge) - ,
(. 26.12). AutoCAD ,
. .
,

Cube ().


(
3D )
(Modelling).
. 26.1 2 .

. 2 6 .1 3 .

AutoCAD ,
(. 26.13).
, .
,
.
Diameter (), , .
, :
Specify radius for top of cone or [Diameter] <0>:
[]<0>:

, ,
. ,
Diameter (). ,
, 0.
.
(height).
, ()
() .
.

AutoCAD 2012
. ,
.
, .
. . 26.14 ,
AutoCAD.

:
Pyramid ()
. ,
. ,
(
):
Specify center point of base or

[Edges/Sides]:
[/]:


,
. , ,
.
:
Specify height or [2Point/Axis Endpoint/Top radi us ] :
[2/ / ]:

,
(Top Radius).
.

(. 26.15) AutoCAD :
( ).

(

):
Specify

center

point

or

[/2/

Ttr ] :

[3T/2T/KKP]:

--
:
Specify radius or [Diameter]:
[]:.


AutoCAD.


4 .
,
ISOLINES. ,
, , .
, /
AutoCAD.
. 2 6 .1 5 .

- , (. 26.16). AutoCAD

( 3D )
(Modelling). ,
.

(
(D iam eter)). ( )
.
Specify radius of tube or [Diameter]:
[]:


, . ,
( ).

2 6 .4 .2 .

AutoCAD 2 0 1 2

,
, , :
- . , ,
.

^ " 5

rautfSi

Z ,


i *

Li

a m

f c . k . l d t *
-r

-pwmrdwg

2D

\ * 0

caporoi

t2dr,aprac//////
/ ///] <21>:
ShadesofG cay
:

. 26.17.

. 26.18.


, ,
", ,
..

,
3D .
,
(. . 26.17).
2D ,
3D .

2 6 .4 .3 .


. ,
.
^ : ,

......................................................................

. 2 6 .19 . , 3DFace (3-)

, . . ,
, .
AutoCAD
.

AutoCAD
3DFace ().
.
, ( )
. ,
(. 26.19).
, 3DFace ()
, /
.
, _3dface (
). , ,
. :
Specify fourth point or [Invisible] <create three-sided face>:
[] < >:

Enter,
.

.

.
, ,
, .
. .

:
Specify third point or [Invisible] <exit>:
[] <>:

Enter,
. ,
. ,
.
:

, , .
.

.
(
).
.

()
. ,
.
, -

. 26.20.

.....................................................................

(0.4)

. 2 6 .2 1 . M =5, N =7

.
, ,
3DFace (). ,
, , ,

(. 26.20).
3DMesh (3DCen>).
,
.
3DMesh (3DCeTb) ,
_3dmesh ( 3DCETb).
:
Enter size of mesh in M direction:
:

:
Enter size of mesh in N direction:
N :

: -
N - . ,
AutoCAD :
0,0, 0,1,
1,0, 1,1
. . , M*N . 0,
(. 26.21).
, N,
. -

.................................................................................................................................

. ,
:
Specify location for vertex
(0, 0):

(0, 0):

:
Specify location for vertex
(1, 2):

(1, 2):

. ,
, .
- .
.
: (
), ,
.
, .
.
, ,
. ,
. ,
.
, , ,
.
, - .
,
.
AutoCAD .

, 3DMesh (3-),
(. 26.22) PEdit (). , ,
PEdit (),
(. . 10).
.
:
Enter an option [Edit vertex/Smooth surface/Desmooth/Mclose/Nclose/Undo]:
[, , .///
] :

, Smooth
(), . 26.1.
,

. 26.2 3 .

,
( N 3).
.
(
), .
, .11, .
, ,
Stretch (). (
(.
. 26.23)) .
Enter .
Stretch ()
Move ().

26.1. PEd.it ()


. ,
(0, 0),
:

Edit vertex
()

Next (), Previous (), Left (


), Right (), Up (), Down () -
;

Move () -
;

REgen () - ;

eXit () -

Smooth surface
()

.
,
,
( N 3)

Desmooth
( .)

Mclose
()

Nclose
()

N.

Undo
()

Enter Rotate (),



: Stretch (), Move (), Rotate (), Scale
() Mirror (). ,
, ,
.


. ,
- .
. , .
, ,
. ()
:

......................................................................

@0, 0,
- .

2 6 . 4 . 4 .


. , ,
, (. 26.24).
,
. , .

. 26.24.

. ( ),
. s~!
nJ Extrude () ( 3D )
( (Modelling))
.

( ).
,
,
.

, (
..). , ISOLINES .
.
( 3D ) ^

. 2 6.25.

(Modelling),
Revolve ().
, , - , , ,
, , (. 26.25).
, .
,

:
Current wire frame density:
Select object to revolve:
:

ISOLINES=40

.
:
Specify first point the axis of revolution or [Object/X/Y/Z] :
[/ X/Y/Z]:


, ,
, ( (Object)).
,
.
, , - ,
.

360 , ,
Enter:
Specify included angle <360>:
<3 60>:

+ ,
- .
,
.

26.5.

26.5.1.
.

SLICE ()
.
, (. 26.26).

UNION ().

. 26.2 6 .

SLICE () ,

. ,
, (Modify)
3D
Operation ( ) -> Slice ().
(
) . ,
:

Specify first point on slicing plane by [Object/Surface/Zaxis/View/


XY/YZ/ZX/3points] <3points>:

[ /
//////] < > :

.
- 3points ().
.
. 26.2.
, - ,
AutoCAD ,
. , , :
Specify a point on desired side of the plane or [keep Both s i de s] :
[ ] :

. ,
, keep Both sides
( ).
26.2.
SLICE ()

()

Object (
)

.
, , ,

Zaxis (Zocb)

X.
, Z

Surface
()

,
.
.

View ()

,
( )

XY

, XY

YZ

, YZ

YZ

, YZ

3points ()

,
.

AutoCAD
- ,
. , -
(. 26.27).
SECTIONPLANE ( ),
, I
1

(Draw) ->
(Modelling) -> (Section Object).

. :
Select face or point to locate section line or [Draw section/
Orthographic] :
,
, [ /]:

XY .
.
(Draw section)
, XY
, , ,

XY.


(Orthographic)



,

.


,

.

. 26.2 7 .

, SECTIONPLANE (),
,
. ,
, .
.
, ,
, ,
.
AutoCAD
SECTION (). AutoCAD 2012,
.
, .
2 6 . 5 . 2 .

(, ,
, , . .)
.
.


,

. ,
,




(Solids Edit
ing) (. 26.28).

|(

) <xd @

\ 3 &

** %;

-'%0*
-- ^
(V
J
-.*
^ nrtooeT*
! ______ i
^

<>|;

.. *

rja w

+Q Q 010 is) 3 j

. 26.28. (Solids Editing)

(Solids Editing)
[* , Union ().

. , ^ , Enter, (. 26.29).
.....................................................................................................................

. 2 6 .2 9 .


SUBTRACT ().
ID

Solids Editing ( ).

SUBTRACT ()
, ( ), ,
( ). ,
, .

. 2 6 .3 0 .

AutoCAD (.
26.31). INTERSECT (),
,
Solids
Editing ( ).
,
. Enter,
,
.

CD-

. 2 6 .3 1 .


, . .
Solids Editing (
):
Extrude Faces ( ) -

.

Move Faces ( ) -
.

Offset Faces ( ) -
.
,
- .
? Delete Faces ( ) - .
, . ,
, .
Rotate Faces ( ) -
. , ,
AutoCAD .
Taper Faces ( ) - , ,
. .
Copy Faces ( ) -
.
Color Faces ( ) -
.

1
Copy Edges ( ) -
.
- , , , .
1 Color Edges ( ) -
.
Imprint () - ()
. .
Clean () -
, ,
Separate () - , Union ().
Shell () -
.
Check () - ,
.
, Solids
Editing ( ), ,
Modify () -> Solids Editing ( ).

26.6.

,
(
), , ,

, .
. 26.3.
26.3

3DArray (3 -)

Mirror3D (-)

Rotate3D (-)

Align ()


. ,

Modify () ->3D
Operation ( ), .

26.7.
,
, . , ,
, ,
,
.

'

Sfsats

*
*

'<

. 2 6 .32 . (Render)


,
(Render), (. 26.32).
, ,
lO |

.............................................................

* mi .




2-

.
,
.


.
.
,

...

(&,*12-*000

. 26.3 3 .

(Render) .
, ,
. . 26.33.

26.8.

AutoCAD
, -

1
<<4
1
0

26.34.

< ......................................................................

. ,
. , ,
.
,
Render ()
(. 26.34).
,
(. 26.34): Point Light ( ), Distant Light
( ), Spotlight ().
,
. .
, Properties ()
.

26.9.

,
:

( 3

-, I!50

100

' 1

:
0:

jQ------- lR

:
, . .

[................... ]

^.

0
:

.................

j
0

[....................


( )
,
.
AutoCAD 2012
(
),
.
,


(Render)

.
(Materials), .
26.35.

. 2 6 .3 5 . Materials ()

,
. ,
.
, .
,

,

(Materials). ,
.

26.10.

, . AutoCAD
.
( )
(Render)
.
(Background) (. . 26.36),
.

128,128,128

...

0.0000

... 100,0000
...

0.0000

... 100.0000

. 2 6 .3 6 .

27.

AUTOCAD 2012

2010, AutoCAD
,
AutoCAD.

- , ,
, . ,
,
. , .
,
,
, .
. , ,

, ,
.
, .
, AutoCAD 2012
:

- -

,
( , ,
..).

- () ,
.

,
AutoCAD 2012.

27.1.
(Geometric constraints), ,

, ,
(constraint point) .

, ;

- ,

, ;

- :

, ;

-
;

, , , , ,
-

1
1

^ . ' 1, \ __1_1^_93 5Ci. s v $

......................................................................
31

AutoCAD 2012
(GEOMCONSTRAINT GCON),
.
:

[
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/]
<>:
Enter constraint type
[Horizontal/Vertical/Perpendicular/Parallel/Tangent/Smooth/
Coincident/CONcentric/COLilear/Symmetric/Equal/Fix]< Coincident >:

,
. .
,
,
. (GEOMCONSTRAINT)
,
.
,
AutoCAD 2012:
(Coincident) * -


.


/
.

, ,
, , ,
, .



*
- ,
,

(Perpendicular)
,
. ,
,

.

(Parallel)
-
,
. ,
,
. ,
,
. ,

( ).

- Kacatme

.
,
,
, , ,

N \ 1* /Z '
\
j
. , //
/
........ ^
1 \
1
&* }

/
, \
v '
\ 4
!
,
, .
(Tangent)

(Horizontal)
-

X
.
,
- ,
.

^
',
X
s
.

(Vertical)
-
,

Y .
(COLilear) - ,

.
.
(CONcentric) 3 -
, .
,
,
, ,
.

'9

(Smooth)
-
, .
(
) , , ,
.
(Symmetric)

.
,
, ,
.


(Equal)

,
. ,
.

(Fix)


.

.
,
, , ,
.

,

,
.

,
,
, - . , ,
, ,
. , ,
.
, .
AutoCAD . ,
. , .
.

.
( ),
- (. 27.2).
, (. 27.3).
, , ,

. 27.2.

. 27.3.

J 1 /

. 27.4. ,

. ,
,
.
, -
. ,
, , (. 27.4).
. ,
/
.

27.2.

- ,
- . , ,

.
,
.
AutoCAD 2012
(DIMCONSTRAINT DCON),
.
:
: =
[/
/
/
/
/
/
/ ] <>:
Current settings: Constraint form = Dynamic
Select associative dimension to convert or [Linear/ Horizontal/
Vertical /Aligned /ANgular/Radial/Diameter/ Form ] <Aligned>:

.
,
.
,
AutoCAD 2012 :
1.

2.

,

.

a m

............................ .........................................................................................

3.

(,
- ).

,
AutoCAD 2012:


( ) (
, ).

(Linear)

(Horizontal)

.
, , , ,
.

(Vertical) |fl_i -
, .
(Angular) - ,

, ,

.
,
, ,
,

.
(Radial) \&j\ -

-
.

- ,
-
.
(Diameter)

flo

,
#
,

.^

i
t

1\.- '-*

\ -

\
\
1
/

t
*.0.2

7 ~ f 1 ~ C 2C 0 0

ft

(Aligned)
- -
.
( - )
.

. 27.5.

. 2 7 .6 .

, (. 27.5),
, ,
, , (. 27.6).

(. 27.7).

.

C D .....................................................................................................................

Express Toob

ExpfesS

V'@ ^
,

<^v 'V !

* 2 | 1
-

see

lo 8 *^ Cl $'

& . .

Mtaienb 1 /
j [///////
.-.; <>: Horizontal
I [] <>:
I :
I :

. 27.7.
d1~ 15.0

-Sj

. 2 7 .8 .

,
(. 27.8).


.


.

..

AutoCAD
.
, ,
(. 27.9).
,
.
.
,
.

Express Tools

. 27.9.

,
.

27.3.

(
, ) , .
.

.

27.4. (INFER)
AutoCAD 2012
. /
(INFER)
.
AutoCAD
.

-
AutoCAD 2012

(.)


(.)

3D

3D

3DALIGN

3DARRAY

3DMACCMB

3DCLIP

3DC0NFIG

-

.


.

DWF

3DC0RBIT

300

3DDWF

3DDISTANCE

3DPACCT

3DFACE

3DFLY

3DF0RBIT

3DMESH

3DCETb

3DM0VE

30

3DORBIT

3DORBITCTR

3DPAN

3DPOLY

3DPRINT

3DR0TATE

3DSCALE

3DMACLUTAB

3DSIN

3DSWIVEL

3DLUAPHHP

3DWALK

3 D Z 00M

3DflOKA3ATb



(30-)


3D Studio


()


AutoCAD. acad.MSG

ABOUT

ACISIN

ACIS- .

ACIS0UT

, . AutoCAD, ACIS

ACTBASEPOINT


(.)


(.)

ACTMANAGER

ACTSTOP

ACTUSERINPUT

ACTRECORD

ADCCLOSE

AutoCAD Design Center (


AutoCAD)

ADCENTER

AutoCAD Design Center


( AutoCAD)

ADCNAVIGATE

AutoCAD
Design Center ( AutoCAD)

ADJUST

ACTUSERMESSAGE

AIMLEADEREDITADD
AIMLEADEREDITREMOVE

AIOBJECTSCALEADD

AIOBJECTSCALEREMOVE

AI_BOX

AI_CIRCTAN

AI_CONE

ALIGN

ALLPLAY

AMECONVERT

ANIPATH
ANNORESET
ANNOUPDATE
APERTURE
APPLOAD


(AutoCAD R12) AutoCAD 2000


AutoCAD

ARC

ARCHIVE

AREA

ARRAY

ARRAYCLASSIC
ARRAYCLOSE






Service P ack l.
( )

.....................................................................................................................


(.)


(.)

ARRAYEDIT

ARRAYPATH

ARRAYPOLAR

ARRAYRECT

, ARX

ARX
ATTACH

ATTACHURL

ATTDEF

ATTDISP

ATTEDIT

ATTEXT

ATTIPEDIT

ATTREDEF

ATTSYNC

AUDIT

AUTOCOMPLETE

AUTOCONSTRAIN

BACKGROUND

BACTION

BACTIONSET

BACTIONTOOL

BASE

BASSOCIATE
BATTMAN

BATTORDER

BAUTHORPALETTE

BAUTHORPALETTECLOSE

BCLOSE

BCYCLEORDER

BEDIT

BGRIPSET

,

,

BHATCH

BLIPMODE

(/ )

BLOCK

.....................................................................................................................


(.)


(.)

BL0CKIC0N

,
AutoCAD

BLOOKUPTABLE

BMP0UT


bmp

B0 R R 0 W LIC E N S E

BOUNDARY

BOX

BPARAMETER

BREAK

(
)

BREP

BROWSER

BSAVE

BSAVEAS

BTABLE

BTESTBLOCK

BVHIDE

BVSHOW

BVSTATE

CAL

CAMERA

CHAMFER

CHANGE

CHECKSTANDARD

CHPROP
CHSPACE

, , , ,
, , Z

CIRCLE

CLEANSCREENOFF

CLEANSCREENON

CUP

CLIP

CLOSE

CLOSEALL

COLOR

COMMANDLINE

KOMCTP



AutoCAD

,


.


C O M M A N D U N EH ID E

COMPILE

(, ,
..)

------------------ ----------------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------

......................................................................


(.)


(.)

CONE

CONSTRAINTSETTINGS

CONVERT

CONVERTCTB




AutoCAD (13),

CONVERTOLDLIGHTS

CONVERTOLDMATERIALS

CONVERTPOLY

CONVERTSTYLES


( )

CONVTOSOLID

CONVTOSURFACE
COPY

COPYBASE

COPYCUP

COPYHIST

COPYUNK

COPYTOLAYER

CUI

CUIEXPORT

CUI-

CUIIMPORT

CUI-

CUI LOAD

CUI-

CUIUNLOAD

CUI-

CUSTOMIZE

CUTCLIP

CYLINDER

. ,

, ,
, ..
.

D
DASHBOARD

(DASHBOARD)
(DASHBOARD)

DASHBOARDCLOSE
DATAEXTRACTION

DATALINK

DATAUNKUPDATE

DBCCLOSE

DBCONNECT





dbConnect Manager,
AutoCAD


(.)


(.)

DBLIST

DDEDIT

DDPTYPE

,

,

DDVPOINT

()

DELAY

DELCONSTRAINT

DIM, DIM 1

,
1

DIMALIGNED

DIMANGULAR

DIMARC

DIMBASELINE

DIMCENTER

,
,

DIMCONTINUE

DIMDIAMETER

DIMDISASSOCIATE

DIMEDIT

DIMINSPECT

DIMJOGGED

DIMLINEAR

DIMORDINATE

DIMOVERRIDE

DIMRADIUS

DIMREASSOCIATE

DIMREGEN

DIMSTYLE

DIMTEDIT

DIST

.
.

.......................................................................


(.)


(.)

DISTANTLIGHT

DIVIDE

.
,

DOMJOGLINE

DONUT

DRAGMODE

DRAWORDER


( )

DSETTINGS

DSVIEWER

Aerial View,

DVIEW

, ,

DWF-

DWFADJUST

DWFATTACH

DWFCUP

DWG PROPS

DXBIN

EATTEDIT

EATTEXT

EDGE

EDGESURF

ELEV

ELLIPSE

ERASE

ETRANSMIT

EXPLODE

EXPORT

EXTEND

DWF-
DWF-
,


,
( DXB).

- ,

(, )


(.WMF; .SAT; .BMP; .3DS).

EXTERNALREFERENCES

EXTERNALREFERENCESCLOSE

EXTRUDE

......................................................................


(.)


(.)

FIELD

FILEOPEN

FILL

FILLET

FILTER

( )

FIND

FLATSHOT

FOG

G
GEOMCONSTRAINT


web-
()

GOTOURL
GRADIENT

GRAPHSCR

GRID

.
,
. 10

GROUP

HATCH

.
,

HATCHEDIT

HELIX

HELP

AutoCAD

HIDE


()

HYPERLINK

HYPERLINKOPTION

ID

IMAGE

IMAGEADJUST


Image Manager (
),
: , ,
..

. ,
, ,

......................................................................


(.)


()

IMAGEATTACH

IMAGECLIP

IMAGEFRAME

IMAGEQUALITY


: ( )

IMPORT

AutoCAD .

IMPRINT

INSERT

(.BMP; .TIFF;
.PNG; JPG; .GIF; ..) .

.


.
Insert

()
INSERTOBJ

INTERFERE

INTERSECT

ISOPLANE

JOIN

JOGSECTION

OLE-


(
),

JPGUOT

JUSTIFYTEXT

LAYCUR

LAYCDEL

LAYER

.jpg


Layer
Properties Manager ( ),
/
,

LAYERP

LAYFRZ

LAYISO

LAYLCK

LAYMCH

LAYCUR

LAYMRG

LAYOFF

LAYON




()


..................................................................................................................... f D


(.)


(.)

LAYOUT

LAYTHW

LAYOUTWIZARD

LAYTRANS

(
Layuotl ( 1)
..). , ,
..

LAYULK

LAYUNISO

0 0 0

LAYVPI

LAYWALK

LEADER

LENGTHEN

LIGHT

LIGHTLIST


,
.
LIGHTS IN MODEL ( )

LIGHTLISTCLOSE LIGHTS IN MODEL ( )


LIMITS

LINE

LINETYPE

Manager Linetype (
),


LIST

LIVESECTION

LOAD

LOFT

LOGFILEOFF

LOGFILEON

LTSCALE

LWEIGHT

MARKUP

MARKUPCLOSE

("")

,
(.SHP)

()

MASSPROP


(.)


(.)

MATERIALATTACH
MATERIA LMAP

COOTB

MATERIALS


MATERIALS ()

MATERIALCLOSE MATERIALS ()

MATCHCELL

MATCHPROP

MEASURE

MENU

MESH

MESHCREASE

MESHOPTIONS

MESHREFINE

MESHSPLIT


.

,

MINSERT

MIRROR

MLEADER

MLEADERALIGN

MLEADERCOLLECT

MLEADEREDIT

MLEADERSTYLE

MIRROR3D

MLEDIT

MLINE

MLSTYLE

MODEL

(Layout)
(Model)

MOVE

MREDO
MSLIDE

MSPACE


(.)


(.)

MTEDIT

MULTIPLE

MVIEW

MVSETUP

N
NEW

NETLOAD
NEWSHEETSET


. , .NET

()

OFFSET

OLELINKS

OLESCALE


,
OLE-


OLE-.

OOPS

OPEN

OPENDWFMARKUP

DWF- ()

OPENSHEETS

()

OPTIONS

Options (),
AutoCAD

ORTHO

OSNAP

/
,

P
PAGESETUP

PAN

PARTIALOAD

PARTIALOPEN

PASTEBLOCK

PASTECLIP


Windows
Windows

......................................................................


(.)


(.)

PASTEORIG

, (
) .
,

PASTESPEC

Windows

PCINWIZARD

PEDIT

PFACE

PLAN

PLANESURF

PLINE

PLOT

PLOTSTAMP

PLOTSTYLE

PLOTTERMANAGER

PNGOUT

POINT

POINTUGHT

POLYGON

POLYSOUD

PRESSPULL

PREVIEW

.
,


. .2
.
AutoCAD. .




png

PROPERTIES

PROPERTIESCLOSE

OKHOCB3AKP

PSETUPIN

PSFILL

PostScript, acad.PSF

PSOUT

PSPACE

PUBLISH

.dwf

PUBUSHTOWEB

.eps

.....................................................................................................................m


(.)


(.)

PURGE

, ,
..

PYRAMID

QDIM

QLEADER

QNEW

QSAVE

QSELECT

QTEXT

QUICKCALC

QUIT

RAY

RECOVER

RECTANG

REDEFINE

.
,
,
/ ,


AutoCAD

REDO

Undo ()

REDRAW

REDRAWALL

REFCLOSE

,

,

REFEDIT

( )

REFSET

REGEN

REGENALL

REGENAUTO

REGION

REINIT

, ,
AutoCAD

RENAME

,
(, , ..)


(.)

RENDER

RENDERCROP

(.)

RENDERPR ESETS

RESETBLOCK

RESUME


( )

RETURNLICENSE

REVERSE

REVCLOUD

REVOLVE

( )

(
)

REVSURF

, AutoCAD

RIBBON

RIBBONCLOSE

, AutoCAD

ROTATE

( )

ROTATE3D

3-

RPREF

RSCRIPT


( )

RULESURF


( )
,

SAVE

.
, .
,

SAVEAS

(
)

SAVEIMG

SCALE

SCALETEXT

SCRIPT

SECTION

SECTIONPLANE

SEQURITYOPTIONS



( )
.
,


(.)


(.)

SELECT

SETIDROPHANDLER

SETUV

SETVAR

SHADEMODE

SHAPE

SHEETSET

SHEETSETHIDE

SHELL

SIGVALIDATE

SKETCH

AutoCAD ,

SLICE

.
,

SNAP

SOLDRAW

,
SOLVIEW

SOLID


( / )

SOLIDEDIT


()

SOLPROF

SOLVIEW

SPACETRANS

SPELL

.
,

.

( 10).


( )
,
.
,

SPHERE

SPUNE

SPLINEDIT

SPOTLIGHT

STANDARDS

cm................................................


(.)


(.)

STATUS


, , , ..

STLOUT


ASCII

STRETCH

STYLE

STYLES MANAGER

SUBTRACT


( )

SWEEP

SYSWINDOWS



AutoCAD.
, ,
..

T
TABLE

TABLEDIT


, TABLE ()

TABLEEXPORT

TABLESTYLE

CSV-

TABLET


( , , )

TABSURF

TEXT

TEXTEDIT

TEXTTOFRONT

TEXTSCR

TIFOUT

TIME

TOLERANCE

TOOLBAR

,
.

TOOLPALETTES

(Tool
Palettes)

TOOLPALETTESCLOSE

(Tool Palettes)

TORUS

AutoCAD
.tiff

.....................................................................................................................


(.)


(.)

TRACE

TRANSPARENCY

TRAYSETTINGS


Windows

TREESTAT

TRIM

(
).
. ,

ucs

UCSICON


: ,

UCSMAN

UNDEFINE

-
AutoCAD,

UNDO

UNION



()


( )

UNITS

UPDATEFIELD

UPDATETHUMBSNOW

V
VBAIDE

Visual Basic

VBALOAD

VBA
AutoCAD

VBAMAN

(, , .
.) VBA

VBARUN

VBA-

VBASTMT

VBA-
VBA
AutoCAD

VBAUNLOAD
VIEW

VIEWPLOTDETAILS


(.)

VIEWRES


(.)



, . ,
, .
, ,

VisualLisp (
)

VUSP
VPCLIP

VPLAYER

VPMAX

VPMIN

VPOINT

VPORTS

VSSAVE
VSLIDE

W
WBLOCK

WEDGE

WHOHAS

WIPEUOT

WMFIN

Windows (.wmf)

WMFOPTS

WMFIN

WMFOUT

.wmf

WSSAVE

WSSETTINGS

XATTACH

XBIND


(, , ,
)

XCUP

XLINE

XOPEN

XPLODE

WORKSPACE

()


,

.....................................................................................................................c m


(.)


(.)

XREF

XEDGES

Xref Manager ( ),

ZOOM

:
( )
. ,


1.

AutoCAD 2009.

2.

. . AutoCAD 2008. . .: ,
2008. 224 .: .

3.

. ., . . AutoCAD 2008. .:
, 2007. 704 .: .

4.

.. AutoCAD. -. .: -,
2003. - 353 .: .

5.

.. , . . .
3- .,
. . .: , 2004. 355 .: .

6.

. . KOMnAC-3D LT.
.: 2001. -

7.

. . AutoCAD 2009. .: -, 2009. 1184


.: ( )

8.

. . AutoCAD 2010. .: -, 2009. 800 .:


( ).

9.

. AutoCAD: ,
: . . .: -, 2008. 640 .: .

10. .. AutoCAD . .: ,
2010.
11. . . AutoCAD 2011. .: -, 2011. 752 .:
. + CD-ROM ( ).

:
. : ..
: ..
: ..


000350 23 1999 .
198097, . -, . , . 29.
20.02 .2 0 1 2 . 70x100 1/16.
. . 39 . .
2400 . 144.


180004, . , . , 34.