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Where is it?

Where is it? Machu Picchu was built on a plateau that emerged halfway out of a
Where is it? Machu Picchu was built on a plateau that emerged halfway out of a

Machu Picchu was built on a plateau that emerged halfway out of a mountain. The terrain is undulating and abrupt. It featured many housing units scattered all over the site at different altitudes, separated by precipices and linked by dangerously steep paths.

It is most beautiful and impressive ancient Inca ruins in the world. Machu Picchu was rediscovered in 1911 by Hawaiian historian Hiram after it lay hidden for centuries above the Urubamba Valley. It is invisible from below and completely self-contained, surrounded by agricultural terraces and watered by natural springs.

Before you go…

Where is it? Machu Picchu was built on a plateau that emerged halfway out of a
Weather: There are two main seasons in Peru: the rainy season and the dry season. The
Weather:
There are two main seasons in Peru: the
rainy season and the dry season. The rainy
season runs between October and April,
with the dry season usually running
between May and September.
Temperatures during the dry season run
from around 50 F at night to the upper 80s
F during the day. It can get quite hot in
Machu Picchu, and at its elevation, the sun
is strong!
Five Interesting Facts:
The Incas performed successful skull
surgeries.
The Incas created a highway and road
system in Peru with over 18,000 miles of
roads.
The Incas were the first to cultivate the
potato in Peru.
The Incas believed in reincarnation.
Did you know that one study found no sign
of deficiency or malnutrition in Inca
corpses?
Bibliography:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inca_Empire
http://incas.mrdonn.org
http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/plai
ntexthistories.asp?historyid=ac84
http://www.peru-machu-
picchu.com/history.php

AMES Travel

Where is it? Machu Picchu was built on a plateau that emerged halfway out of a

Machu Picchu

Where is it? Machu Picchu was built on a plateau that emerged halfway out of a

How on earth did they do that?

Where is it? Machu Picchu was built on a plateau that emerged halfway out of a

By: Joshua Nguyen

The Incas

The Incas History The Inca Empire started as a small tribe who lived in the village
The Incas History The Inca Empire started as a small tribe who lived in the village

History

The Inca Empire started as a small tribe who lived in the village of Cuzco,

high in the Andes Mountains of South America. One day, a tribe conquered them. Lead by Pachacuti, the Kings son, the Incas won. That was the beginning of the Inca Empire.

Food and Argriculture

The Incas grew corn, potatoes, and quinoa. The Inca grew more food than they needed. Stored food was dried and kept. The Inca invented terrace farming. They lived in the mountains. Flatlands were rare. So, they simply created flat land by building steps of land for agriculture down the mountainside.

Clothing

gold such as masks, sculptures, figurines,

Clothing was an important aspect in Inca society. Just looking at the dress of a person, status of that person in

pots, etc. The Inca preferred simple functionality over ornate decoration in all cases except for their textiles Rather than

that society can be readily perceived. Inca and Nobles always wore gold jewelry.

create aesthetic paintings, the Inca preferred to sculpt religious figurines and create architectural wonders like Machu

Religious Beliefs

Picchu.

Inca believed in many gods. They

School

worshiped many deities and sacred

The nobles had a chance to go to

places. Viracocha was the creator of the Sun, the Moon and the Stars. They believed Sun was the most important

secondary school and then college. The common people almost never had the chance, instead they were laborers.

servant of Viracocha. To the Inca, Sun

Language

was the life saver. Sun was the father

Quechua was the language of the Inca

of Inca emperor.

empire. They had no writing system.

Artifacts

Architecture

The Incas were fascinated by gold and

had many of their objects made from

The Incas History The Inca Empire started as a small tribe who lived in the village

The Incas were wonderful builders. They designed their cities to blend with the landscape around them. They built to last. The cities were safe. Cities were built around a central plaza.

The Incas History The Inca Empire started as a small tribe who lived in the village