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-

-
2005

681.3.06
32.973.26
65

. .
65

BIOS. 2- ., . . .: -,
2005. 480 .: .
ISBN 978-5-94157-664-7
BIOS: , ,
. ,
- . , . , .
.

681.3.06
32.973.26

:

.
.

02429 24.07.00. 29.07.05.


70 1001/16. . . . . 38,7.
5000 .
"-", 194354, -, . , 5.

" ""
199034, -, 9 , 12

ISBN 978-5-94157-664-7

. ., 2005
, "-", 2005


................................................................................................................ 7
............................................................................................................................... 7
............................................................................................................................... 9
............................................................................................................................ 10
.............................................................................................................. 11
............................................................................................................. 13
................................................................................................................... 14

I. BIOS ........................................................... 17
1. BIOS ................................................................ 18
BIOS .............................................................................................................................. 18
BIOS..................................................................................................................................... 19
BIOS ...................................................................................................... 22
BIOS ............................................................................................................... 24

2. , ................................ 26
........................................................................................ 26
POST- ............................................................................................................................... 27
POST- AWARD BIOS ........................................................................................................ 29

3. BIOS ................................................... 33
............................................................................................................. 33
................................................................................................. 35
........................................................................................ 38
...................................................................................................................... 42
AWARD BIOS ............................................................................................................................ 43
AMI BIOS ................................................................................................................................... 43
BIOS .................................................................................................... 43

II. BIOS ..................................................... 47


4. .................................................................................. 48
................................................................................................................ 48
.................................................................. 49
.................................................................................................................... 56

5. .................................... 62
6. .............................................................. 75
................................................................................................................................................. 75
.................................................................................................................... 80
- ........................................................................................................... 92

........................................................................................................................... 97
............................................................................................... 114
................................................................................................. 117
"" ................................................................................................. 125

7. ........................................................129

ISA.......................................................................................................................................... 129
PCI ......................................................................................................................................... 133
AGP ........................................................................................................................................ 143
PCI Express ............................................................................................................................ 147

8. / ...................................................................148
9. ..........................................................................159
10. ..................................................................182
11. - ........................................................188
12. , , ......................................199
13. ..................................................210
14. CD-ROM ..........................................234
15. ..............................................................260
16. ............................................................................291
17. .................................................................296
18. BIOS .....................................................................306
III. ............................................311
19. .................................................................................312
................................................... 312
AWARD BIOS ................................................................................................... 313
AMI BIOS .......................................................................................................... 314
Phoenix BIOS..................................................................................................... 316

20. .............................................................319
........................................................................................................... 319
, BIOS.......................................................... 320
.............................................................................................. 320
.................................................................................................. 342

21. BIOS .................................................................348


BIOS ......................................................................................... 348
....................................................................................................................... 349
.................................................................................................................... 351

IV. BIOS .................................353


22. .................................................................................354
BIOS ....................................................................................................... 354
, .................................................................................... 355
BIOS ................................................................................ 356
........................................................................................ 358

23. .............................................................................359
BIOS ............................................................................... 359
.............................................................................................................. 361
Award Flash.................................................................................................................... 362
AMI Flash ...................................................................................................................... 367
, BIOS ............................................................................. 371

24. BIOS ...........................................................................373


BIOS ................................................................................................... 374
BIOS....................................................................................................... 375
1 ................................................................................................................................... 375
2 ................................................................................................................................... 375
3 ................................................................................................................................... 376
4 ................................................................................................................................... 377

V. ..................379
25. ...................................................................................380
26. ...............................................................................385
................................................................................................. 385
BIOS ........................................................................................... 386
............................................................................................ 387
.............................................................................................. 388
..................................................................... 391
.................................................................... 392
................................................................................................... 393
....................................................................................... 394
................................................................................................................................ 394
.................................................................................................................. 395
................................................................................................................ 397
...................................................................................................................... 398
................................................................................. 398

27. ....................399
Intel ................................................................................................................. 399
Pentium II ................................................................................................................................. 400
Pentium III ................................................................................................................................ 401
Celeron ...................................................................................................................................... 402
AMD ............................................................................................................... 404
Athlon/Duron ............................................................................................................................ 404
Athlon XP/MP .......................................................................................................................... 407
.............................................................................................................................. 407

28. "" ...................................................409


29. .......................................................................412
...................................................................... 413
....................................................................... 416
......................................................................................... 417
.................................................................... 417
.................................................................................................. 418

VI. ..................421
30. ..........................................................................422
31. / ..........................424
............................................................................................................................... 424
........................................................................................... 425
- .............................................................................. 426
IDE .......................................................................................................... 428
SCSI ......................................................................................................... 432
.................................................................................................................... 434
Socket ......................................................................... 434
Slot 1/A ............................................................................... 436
....................................................................................... 436
SIMM ...................................................................................................... 437
DIMM ..................................................................................................... 438
RIMM .............................................................................................................. 439
............................................................................................................ 439
ISA ................................................................................................................................ 440
PCI ................................................................................................................................ 441
AGP .............................................................................................................................. 442
PCI Express ................................................................................................................... 442

. ................................................443
... ............................................................................. 443
.................................................................................................................... 444
........................................................................................................................... 446
......................................................................................................................................... 449
..................................................................................................................... 449
............................................................................................................... 450
................................................................................. 467
......................................................................................................................... 468
..................................................................................................... 469
............................................................................................ 471
............................................................................................................. 472
.......................................................................................................................... 472
.............................................................................................................................. 473
................................................................................................................. 475
................................................................................................................ 475
........................................................................................................................... 476
....................................................................................... 478
........................................................................................................................ 479
............................................................................................... 479



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BIOS
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BIOS (Basic Input/Output System, /)
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19

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"BIOS" . ,
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BIOS "", .
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BIOS, , . .
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BIOS, "" .
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BIOS ,
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, , . CMOS, FLASH, EEPROM .


CMOS (Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor) ,
. , "" , , 510 .
, "CMOS" , .
ESCD (Extended System Configuration Data) , CMOS.
(

1. BIOS

21

). .
" "
FLASH- . ( BIOS), .
NVRAM (Non Voltage) .
ROM (Read Only Memory) , ( ).
PROM (Programmable ROM) , , .
("").
.
EPROM (Erasable PROM) , . , , , , , .
EEPROM (Electrically Erasable PROM) , , FLASH ROM.

, .
PnP BIOS (Plug and Play BIOS) BIOS Plug and
Play.
RTC (Real Time Clock) ,
, , ( .).
FLASH , , ,
. ?
, , . . , .
Firmware "software" "hardware" (
"") , . BIOS, -

22

I. BIOS

, , .
, BIOS , . , ,
, AWARD BIOS,
AMI BIOS.
Phoenix Technologies. -,
. (Award Software
Phoenix Technologies) ,
, . AWARD BIOS
, . http://www.phoenix.com/.
http://www.award.com/, "" ,
.
American
Megatrends Inc. http://www.megatrends.com/.
- : BIOS, , , . , AMI BIOS , .
, ASUS
Intel, BIOS , , , , ,
. , ,
, .
BIOS ,
. , , , .

BIOS
BIOS .
, (28
32 ) , BIOS (, Phoenix). ,
, ("") . . 1.1
, .

. 1.1. BIOS

1. BIOS

23

BIOS . .

, , .
: . , .
FLASH
,
BIOS.
,
FLASH-.
FLASH BIOS
.
. 28 29, , , FLASH-. , FLASH.

CMOS- - , CMOS (. 1.2).
.
10 . , ( , ) ,
.
CMOS
. . Dallas (. . Dallas Nov-RAM) ODIN. ,
, .

. 1.2. "" CMOS-

24

I. BIOS

BIOS , (. 1.3).

. 1.3.

BIOS , , Gigabyte Dual BIOS. FLASH BIOS, .


, ( ) .
Main BIOS, Backup BIOS.
, Normal Flash
ROM, Rescue ROM. Die-Hard BIOS.
AOpen.
, BIOS,
DIP-.

BIOS
BIOS , ,
.
.
,
(), , : , -

1. BIOS

25

, . ,
. Boot Block.
,
SCSI, " "
( , . .).
, .
( , , ,
). Main Block.
, Suspend Sleep Mode, MS-DOS . .
, ESCD . , , , (. 1.4).

. 1.4. BIOS

,


: " ,
".
. ?
. , , .
, . 0,10,5 .
RESET.
, Reset, . , , , , . ,
,
"Power Good" (" ").
. , ,
, , , .
, .
,
. , ,
, , .

2. ,

27

, ,
. , .
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POST-
86-
/ (BIOS)
.
POST (Power-On Self Test,
" ").
POST ( 00h FFh), POST-,
80h, IBM
PC.
(""), POST-, , , .
POST- BIOS
, , , . ,
.
, , AWARD ( Phoenix
). , .

28

I. BIOS

0080h. POST-
,
(. 2.1).

. 2.1. POST-

, 0080h. , EISA 0300h.


, , .
POST-:
 "" POST-, ,
. ,
. ,
, , . .;
 ,
(, PHD PCI).
, ,
. .;

2. ,

29

 , BIOS
, , , . , Lite BIOS. , , POST-. , ,
.

POST- AWARD BIOS


POST-, AWARD
BIOS 6.0. , 4.5x, , . ,
.
, ,
. ,
, ,
.
, POST-,
.
 C0 ,
, , /
. , ;
 C1 ,
64 ,
;
 C2 ;
 C3 ( 1 ),
. Cyrix , -;
 C4 , ,
;
 C5 Shadow Memory;
 C6 -;
 CF CMOS-;
 B1 .
, "Press F1 to disable NMI, F2 reboot";
 BF , "
" (Default Values);

30

I. BIOS

 E1-EF , E1 1, E2 2
. .;
 01 ;
 03 Super I/O;
 05 (),
;
 07 ;
 08 ;
 0A ;
 0B ;
 0E BIOS;
 10 BIOS,
0F000H;
 12 CMOS- ;
 14
CMOS- ;
 16 ;
 18 ;
 1B ;
 1D , ;
 1F ;
 21 HPM (High Power Microwave), ;
 23 , CMOS . , ;
 27 ;
 29 ;
 2D , BIOS
;
 33 ,
PS/2;

2. ,

31

 35 DMA (DMA channel 0);


 37 DMA (DMA channel 1);
 39 DMA;
 3C ;
 3E 1
;
 40 2
;
 43 ;
 47 EISA, ;
 49 256 640 1 ;
 4E 256 640
1 . EISA
<Esc>;
 50 USB;
 52 1
, ;
 55
;
 57 Plug and Play;
 59 ;
 5B , ,
AWARD FLASH;
 5D /, Super I/O;
 60 CMOS Setup Utility;
 63 "", ;
 65 PS/2;
 67
ACPI;
 69 -;
 6B BIOS
;

32

I. BIOS

 6D - (FDD);
 6F -;
 73 IDE;
 75 IDE;
 77 ,
;
 7A ;
 7C ;
 7F , ,
;
 82 ( , );
 83 CMOS- ;
 84 , NMI
;
 85 BIOS ,
C8000h EFFFFh. , F7FFFh;
 93
;
 94 ;
 95 Num Lock (
BIOS);
 96 INT19h VIA;
 FF .


BIOS
BIOS ,

, , . . BIOS
, .
CMOS Setup Utility ( ,
CMOS-).
BIOS.
. ,
, . , . , " " ,
.
, , - .
BIOS (AWARD AMI) , (Phoenix) .


CMOS Setup Utility . ,
"" , , . , -

34

I. BIOS

, , , , ,
- .
"-", . ,
(,
.), "" Windows , .
, "" BIOS?
. BIOS
. ,
, 833 336 ! , (,
). -,
, "" CMOS-. -, ,
,
"" .

( <Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Del> Reset),
.

, , Press Del to enter Setup.
<Delete> (<Del> , ) CMOS Setup Utility, . <Del>
Num Lock . ,
<Num Lock>.
, , ? :
 BIOS ,
(,
). -

3. BIOS

35

<Delete> ( 600
700 ). , , .
.
, (
);

. , Compaq
CMOS Setup
<Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Del> . , . . . :
<Ctrl>+<Esc>, <Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Esc>, <Ctrl>+<Alt>+<S>,
<Esc>. , <F1>, <F2> <F10>.
 ,
, "".
- (, ) .
, , ( , ). ,
-
( ).
BIOS
( ). , -, .


CMOS Setup Utility
- , , . 3.1 3.2.
. , , .
, .
, -

36

I. BIOS

. ,
- BIOS.

. 3.1. AWARD BIOS 4.5

. 3.2. AWARD BIOS 6.0 (


Pentium III/4)

AWARD BIOS 4.5 :


 <> <> ;
 <Enter> ;
 <Page Up> <Page Down> , , ;

3. BIOS

37

 <Esc>
;
 <F10> ;
 <F2> ,
.
AWARD BIOS 6.0 , . :
 <b> <d> .
,
<> <>;
 <m> <o> (
<> <>);
 <Enter> , .
-
<Enter> .
<> <> <Enter>;
 <Esc> Exit ();
 <F1> <Alt>+<H> ;
 <> ( ) ;
 <+> ( ) ;
 <Home> <Page Up>
;
 <End> <Page Down>
;
 <F5> , ;
 <F10> .
AMI BIOS :
 <> <> ;
 <Enter> ;
 <Page Up> <Page Down> ;

38

I. BIOS

 <Esc>
;
 <F10> ;
 <F2> <F3> , ;
 <F1> , .
-
, .


BIOS, , .
, .
,
,
, . , .
BIOS AWARD BIOS 4.5x. , , .
BIOS.
 BIOS Features Setup
.
: ,
( ), "", -
. Boot.
 Chipset Features Setup
. ,
.
( ). Advanced Chipset Setup Advanced BIOS
Features.

3. BIOS

39

 Frequency/Voltage Control

.
 Hard Disk Utility
, . ,
, SCSI. BIOS HDD Low Format. ,
. 10 BIOS - ,
, - ,
.
 HDD Auto Detection
,
IDE.
500 , . .
. (
-
).
 Integrated Peripherals
,
. BIOS ,
-
.
 Load BIOS Defaults
" BIOS ".
BIOS . , , .
. , ""

. " " BIOS - , . ,
,

40

I. BIOS

. . Restore BIOS Defaults,


Load Fail Safe.
 Load EEPROM Defaults
CMOS (
).
 Load Setup Defaults
- . <Enter>. BIOS , .
. :
Original, Auto Configuration with Power-On Default, Load Performance
Defaults, Load Optimized Defaults.
 Load Turbo Defaults

BIOS. . ,
,

. .
 MB Intelligent Tweaker (M.I.T.)


. . Gigabyte.
 PC Health Status
, .
 PnP/PCI Configuration
, (,
DMA, /).
 Power Management Setup
, .
"" .
Power.

3. BIOS

41

 Save And Exit Setup


<Enter> .
.
Write To CMOS And Exit.
 Save EEPROM Defaults
CMOS . , .
 Select Language
.
 Set Supervisor Password
, . , ,
, BIOS. Supervisor Password.
 Set User Password
, ,
,
. User Password, Change Password.
 Standard CMOS Setup
.
( , ), . , . BIOS ,
, , .
, CMOS-,
, , .
.
Main
. ,
.
 Top Performance
, . Enabled .

42

I. BIOS

 Exit Without Saving


.
,
,
.
<Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Del>.
Do Not Write To CMOS And Exit.
II ,
.


, CMOS Setup Utility
, (
) BIOS
, . .
.
.
, , , ,
. ?
: " ! , .
". , ,
-? . ?
,
. BIOS
.
<Ins>.
. ,
(
Load Defaults BIOS ).
.
, "" , .
, , , ,
. , , , BIOS.
BIOS ( ).

3. BIOS

43

AWARD BIOS
 2.50:
AWARD_SW, j262, TTPTHA, 01322222, KDD, ZBAAACA, aPAf, lkwpeter,
t0ch88, t0ch20x, h6BB, j09F, TzqF.
 2.51:
AWARD_WG, j256, BIOSTAR, HLT, ZAAADA, Syxz, ?award, 256256,
alfarome, SWITCHES_SW, Sxyz, SZYX, t0ch20x.
 2.51G:
g6PJ, j322, ZJAAADC, Wodj, bios*, biosstar, h6BB, HELGA-S, HEWITT
RAND, HLT, t0ch88, zjaaadc.
 2.51U:
1EAAh, condo, biostar, CONDO, CONCAT, djonet, efmukl, g6PJ, j09F, j64,
zbaaaca.
 4.5x ( ):
AWARD_SW, AWARD_PW, 589589, PASSWORD, SKYFOX, AWARD SW,
award.sw, AWARD?SW, award_?, award_pc, ZAAADA.
 6.0:
AWARD_SW, lkwpeter, Wodj, aPAf, j262, Syxz, ZJAADC, j322, ?award,
TTPTHA, KDD, HLT, , , 01322222,
ZAAADA.
, 4.51PG
, , 23.

AMI BIOS
AMI, SER, A.M.I., AMI!SW, AMIPSWD, BIOSPASS, aammii, AMI.KEY,
amipswd, CMOSPWD, ami.kez, AMI?SW, helgas, HEWITT RAND, ami`,
AMISETUP, bios310, KILLCMOS, amiami, AMI~, amidecod,
<Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Del>+<Ins>
<Ins> ( AMI_SW).

BIOS
AWARD AMI BIOS,
/ .
BIOS , -

44

I. BIOS

. . :
 AMPTON BIOS Polrty;
 AST BIOS SnuFG5;
 BIOSTAR BIOS Biostar, Q54arwms;
 COMPAQ BIOS Compaq;
 CONCORD BIOS last;
 CTX International BIOS CTX_123;
 CyberMax BIOS Congress;
 Daewoo BIOS Daewuu, Daewoo;
 Daytec BIOS Daytec;
 DELL BIOS Dell;
 Digital Equipment BIOS komprie;
 Enox BIOS xo11nE;
 Epox BIOS Central;
 Freetech BIOS Posterie;
 HP Vectra BIOS hewlpack;
 IBM BIOS IBM, MBIUO, sertafu;
 Iwill BIOS iwill;
 JetWay BIOS spoom1;
 Joss Technology BIOS 57gbz6, technology;
 M Technology BIOS mMmM;
 MachSpeed BIOS sp99dd;
 Magic-Pro BIOS prost;
 Megastar BIOS star, sldkj754, xyzall;
 Micronics BIOS dn_04rjc;
 Nimble BIOS xdfk9874t3;
 Packard Bell BIOS bell9;
 QDI BIOS QDI;
 Quantex BIOS teX1, xljlbj;
 Research BIOS Col2ogro2;
 Shuttle BIOS Col2ogro2;
 Siemens Nixdorf BIOS SKY_FOX;

3. BIOS

 SpeedEasy BIOS lesarot1;


 SuperMicro BIOS ksdjfg934t;
 Tinys BIOS tiny, tinys;
 TMC BIOS BIGO;
 Toshiba BIOS Toshiba, 24Banc81, toshy99;
 Vextrec Technology BIOS Vextrex;
 Vobis BIOS merlin;
 WIMBIOS v2.10 BIOS Compleri;
 Zenith BIOS 3098z, Zenith;
 ZEOS BIOS zeosx.

45

46

I. BIOS

II

BIOS
4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

, ,

13.

14.

CD-ROM

15.

16.

17.

18.

BIOS


, ( , ), .
,
.
, , ,

(RTC, Real Time Clock).
, RTC, ( ), - ,
. . , , BIOS.


 Date (mm:dd:yy) and Time (hh:mm:ss)
, Standard CMOS Setup, , , . , BIOS
. , BIOS , .
,
CMOS Setup Utility. (
) BIOS.

4.

49

BIOS
System Time System Date ( ).
 Daylight Saving
BIOS
.
:
Enabled . MS-DOS;
Disabled . , . .
(, Windows 98) .
 System Date
Date (mm:dd:yy) and Time (hh:mm:ss), .
 System Time
Date (mm:dd:yy) and Time (hh:mm:ss), .



 Drive A
,
.
:
None ;
360 KB 5.25" 5,25
360 ;
1.2 MB 5.25" 5,25
1,2 ;
720 KB 3.5" 3,5
720 ;
1.44 MB 3.5" 3,5
1,44 ;
2.88 MB 3.5" 3,5
2,88 .

50

II. BIOS

 Drive B
,
.
:
None ;
360 KB 5.25" 5,25
360 ;
1.2 MB 5.25" 5,25
1,2 ;
720 KB 3.5" 3,5
720 ;
1.44 MB 3.5" 3,5
1,44 ;
2.88 MB 3.5" 3,5
2,88 .
 Floppy 3 Mode Support
-. ,
.

1 /.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Floppy 3 Mode
Floppy 3 Mode Support.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Floppy Disk Drive

(Drive A, Drive B).
:
None ;
360 KB 5.25" 5,25
360 ;

4.

51

1.2 MB 5.25" 5,25


1,2 ;
720 KB 3.5" 3,5
720 ;
1.44 MB 3.5" 3,5
1,44 ;
2.88 MB 3.5" 3,5
2,88 .
, , , (Drive A) 5,25", (Drive B)
3,5". "". 3,5". BIOS , . . ,
Windows 95
. ,
CMOS-. , - ""
.
, .
, .
BIOS Legacy Diskette A (B) ,
: :.
 Hard Disk

IDE ( EIDE). ,
SCSI-, (SCSI-) BIOS.
IDE
,
IDE ( ).
( ) Primary, , , "" Secondary.
IDE- (Master) (Slave).

52

II. BIOS

, ,
( ).
TYPE.
( ).
:


Auto BIOS . .

, . ( 500 )
, . . . , ,
;

None - , IDE. SCSI- ;

User (0-46)
. 0 45
. ,
. 46 .
,
. HDD Auto Detection
CMOS Setup Utility
;

CD-ROM BIOS, IDE -. BIOS


ATAPI, CD-ROM.

;

LS-120 LS-120;

ZIP-100 Iomega ZIP;

4.

53

MO
,
;

Other ATAPI Device , , .

CYLN. ,
IDE.
HEAD. , IDE,
.
PRECOMP. ,
IDE ,

, , .
, .
65 535.
LANDZ. ,
"", ,
.
, "".
SECT. , .
SIZE.
. , ,
. LBA
.
MODE. IDE- , . :


Auto
.
,
.
;

Normal . BIOS 63,


1024, 504 ;

54

II. BIOS

LBA , 1 . , .
LBA,
, . . . BIOS
8 ;

Large IDE, 1 , LBA. 32, .


1 , Large ( -
). UNIX
;

MPT , IDE
.
, ;

None SCSI-.


, . .
ATA,
, . ,
Integrated
Peripherals .
 IDE Primary Master

ATA , Primary Master.
, , , UDMA . .

, . 4.1.
 IDE Secondary Master
IDE Primary Master.

4.

55

. 4.1. , AWARD BIOS 6.x

 IDE Primary Slave


IDE Primary Master.
 IDE Secondary Slave
IDE Primary Master.
 Report No FDD Win 95
Windows 9x (ME) -. Onboard FDC Controller Windows
IRQ6, -,
.
:
Yes .
- (, )
Windows 95;
No . .
IRQ6
.
 Set Device As...
,
.

56

II. BIOS

:
Auto ;
Floppy -;
Hard Disk
.
 Swap Floppy Drive
. ,
, (3,5").
, ,
- . , .
:
Enabled : : ,
,
:;
Disabled ( ) .


 BIOS Flash Protection
Flash
BIOS. , WIN.CIH, BIOS, , ,
.
:
Auto ( ) ;
Enabled .
 Boot Virus Detection
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
Boot Warning.
BIOS -

4.

57

Flash- .
boot-
. , .

, .
 Change Supervisor Password
, BIOS .
.
 Change User Password
,
BIOS .
.
 Clear User Password
,
.
 Flash BIOS Protection
BIOS Flash Protection.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Flash Part Write
BIOS Flash Protection.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Flash Part Write Protect
BIOS Flash Protection.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Floppy Access Control
-.

58

II. BIOS

:
Read-Write ( ) - ;
Read Only - .

, ,
Flash- .
 Floppy Disk Access Control (R/W)
Floppy Access Control.
:
Read Only - ;
R/W - .
 Floppy Disk Access Controller
Floppy Access Control.
:
Enabled - ;
Disabled - .
 Hard Disk Access Control
.
:
Read-Write ( ) ;
Read Only .
Read Only R/W.
 Hardware Reset Protection
Reset,
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
,
-, ,
/ .
 Password Checking Option
, .

4.

59

:
Disabled ( ) ;
Setup
BIOS;
Always .
"", ,
, ,
BIOS "".
 Password Check
Password Checking Option.
:
Setup ( ) BIOS;
System .
 Processor Number Feature
Pentium III
.
BIOS , Pentium III.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Processor Serial Number
Pentium III
. BIOS , Pentium III.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Security Option
Password Checking Option.
:
Setup ( ) BIOS;
System .

60

II. BIOS

 Supervisor Password

BIOS . <Enter>
, ,
. ,
<Enter>, , .
.

Security Option, , .
:
Not Installed ;
Installed ,
.
 User Password
Supervisor Password, .
.
:
Not Installed ;
Installed ,
.
 User Access Level
.
:
No Access ;
View Only ;
Limited ;
Full Access ( ) .
 Virus Warning
(, ). , , .
-

4.

61

. , , , - .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
,
boot-. Windows 9x
, ,
, . . BIOS
. boot- (
, . . ,
boot-).
:
;
FDISK/MBR;
;
OS/2 (OS/2
Boot Manager);
,
boot- " ". SCSI-, BIOS .



: (, )
. , ,
, , , .
 ATAPI CD-ROM
, CD-ROM .
:
Enabled .
CD-ROM.
<Enter> CD-ROM, ;
Disabled .
 Above 1 Mb Memory Test
.
:
Enabled
1 ( XMS);
Disabled . ,

5.

63

- HIMEM.SYS
. .
 Boot From LAN First
c ().
:
Enabled
- ,
.
;
Disabled . . .
 Boot Sequence

. -. , LS-120 Iomega
ZIP. , C, D, F, E ( , D . .), . ,
, D: " ".
:
A, C .
:. - ,
( ) .
, , . ,
;
A, C, SCSI , , ,
SCSI- ( , CD-ROM);
C only :,

.
;

64

II. BIOS

C, A
;
C, A, SCSI : IDE, -, SCSI. ,
SCSI,
IDE
;
C, CD-ROM, A : , CDROM, -;
CD-ROM, C, A
-. ,
. - , ;
D, A, SCSI IDE.
(, , slave);
E, A, SCSI ,
IDE ;
F, A, SCSI IDE;
LS/ZIP, C
, LS-120
Iomega ZIP;
SCSI, A, C , SCSI;
SCSI, C, A ,
SCSI IDE.
BIOS Boot Sequence

. : First Boot Device, Second Boot Device, Third Boot Device Boot Other
Device. :
Floppy -;
HDD-0 IDE (Primary Master);
HDD-1 IDE (Primary Slave);

5.

65

HDD-2 IDE (Secondary Master);


HDD-3 IDE (Secondary Slave);
LAN ;
SCSI SCSI;
LS/ZIP LS-120 Iomega ZIP;
CD-ROM -;
Enabled , (
,
);
Disabled .
AMI BIOS , : Floppy, Floptical (LS 120), CD-ROM, SCSI Device, Network, IDE0,
IDE1, IDE2, Try Other Boot Device Yes
, .
System Boot Sequence.
 Boot Up Floppy Seek
.
,
-. 80 40 (
).
, 1993 40
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled . .
BIOS Floppy Drive Seek
At Boot.
 Boot Up System Speed

.
:
High (
). ;
Low
- (

66

II. BIOS

). , .
BIOS <Ctrl>+<Alt>+<+>
<Ctrl>+<Alt>+<>.
BIOS System
Boot Up CPU Speed.
 Boot Warning
, , . , , .
. , , , - .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
,
boot-. Windows 9x
, ,
, . . BIOS
.
boot- ( , . . ,
boot-).
Boot Warning :
;
FDISK /MBR;
;
OS/2 (OS/2
Boot Manager);
,
boot- " ".
SCSI-, BIOS .

5.

67

BIOS ChipAway
, Enabled, .
"ChipAway Virus Enabled". .
Virus Warning, Virus Protection, Anti-Virus
Protection BootSector Virus Protection.
 Boot Virus Protection
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
Boot Warning.
BIOS Flash- .
boot-
. , .

, .
BIOS BootSector Virus
Detection.
 Delay On Option ROMs

BIOS, .
:
Enabled . ,
,
;
Disabled . .
 Deturbo Mode

Pentium Pro (, Pentium II).
( ).

68

II. BIOS

:
Enabled -
;
Disabled ( -). .
AMI BIOS , :
Deturbo, Turbo ( ). Turbo
Switch, Turbo Switch Function, Turbo/Deturbo Switch,
/
Turbo .
 Display Mode at Add-On ROM Init
, BIOS .
:
Force BIOS ;
Keep Current
.
 Fast Decode
,

. BIOS Intel 286.
386 .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 HDD Sequence SCSI/IDE First
, (SCSI IDE) .
, .
:
IDE IDE-;
SCSI SCSI-.
, SCSI- ,
IDE--

5.

69

. IDE-,
SCSI IDE-,
.
 Halt On

. , .
:
All Errors . , , ;
No Errors ,
. . , -
;
All But Keyboard
, . , , ;
All But Disk , .
, -
, ;
All But Disk/Keyboard
,
.
BIOS Error
Halt, POST Error Halt POST Errors. ,
:
Halt On All Errors
;
No Halt All Errors
.
 Hard Disk 47 RAM Area
, ,
.

70

II. BIOS

:
DOS DOS;
BIOS ,
.
DOS-,
, -
.
 Hit <Del> Message Display
,
( <Del>).
.
.
:
Enabled .
;
Disabled .
BIOS Setup
Prompt.
 LAN Remote Boot
, .
:
BootP BootP;
LSA LSA;
Disabled . .
 Memory Test Tick Sound

.

.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
.

5.

71

 Option ROM Scan


/ BIOS, . BIOS .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
, , SCSI-
BIOS, SCSI-.
, BIOS
.
 Overclock Warning Message
, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
, . .
BIOS
.
 Quick Power On Self Test

. BIOS ,
( ).
,
. , - IDE .

.
:
Enabled ( ).
;
Disabled .
, .

72

II. BIOS

BIOS ( AMI BIOS)


Quick Boot, Quick Boot Mode.
 RTC Y2K H/W Roll Over

2000 . , 1998 , , BIOS
- .
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Removable Device
, .
:
Legacy Floppy ;
ATAPI CD-ROM - IDE;
LS-120 LS-120;
ZIP-100 Iomega ZIP;
ATAPI MO , IDE;
Disabled .
 Scan User Flash Area
, BIOS
Flash-, POST- OEM- .
, , . , .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled . .

5.

73

 Speech POST Reporter


POST. , ,
.
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled . .
 Summary Screen

.
BIOS.
.
:
Enabled
;
Disabled .
BIOS Boottime Diagnosis Screen.
 System Performance
,
.
:
Standard
. ;
Fast
BIOS, .
.
 Wait For If Any Error

.

74

II. BIOS

:
Enabled

<F1>. Yes;
Disabled
.
, . No.


.
, (, , -, ) BIOS , ,
. ( 10 %) . ,
, . , ,
,
, , . .

. ,
.
 AGPCLK/CPUCLK

AGP.
:
1/1 AGP ;
2/3 ( ) AGP 2/3;

76

II. BIOS

 Auto Configuration
. ,
(,
).

.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Burst Copy-Back Option
, , , - "", ( burst-).
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Chipset I/O Wait States

/. ,
.
:
2WS ( 2T) ;
4WS (4T) ;
5WS (5T) ;
6WS (6T) .
 Chipset Special Features
, 430-
Intel (HX, VX TX) FX. 430FX.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .

6.

77

 Drive NA# Before BRDY


NA# BRDY# /,
ADS# BRDY# .
BRDY# (Bus-Ready) ,
, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Extra AT Cycle WS

. , .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 ICH Decode Select
, .
:
Subtractive ;
Positive .
 LOCK Function

Bus-Master.
LOCK, ,
master- /.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 MD Drive Strength
""
.

78

II. BIOS

:
Hi . ;
Low . .
 NA# Enable
/ NA#.
:
Enabled ,
, , ,
. , ;
Disabled .
.
BIOS NA# Pin Assertion.
 PCI-to-DRAM Prefetch
BIOS ,
, PCI-, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled . .
 PIIX4 SERR#
BIOS System Error.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Pipelined Function
, ,
,
. .

6.

79

, . .
.

.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
BIOS CPU
Pipeline Function, CPU Addrr Pipelining.
 Single ALE# Enable
/ ALE#.
ALE# - ISA- (
/ ).
808,
.
:
Enabled .
;
Disabled . .
BIOS ALE During Bus
Conversion :
Single ;
Multiple .
ISA- (. . /
).
,
ALE#
.
Extended ALE# : Enabled Disabled .
"" BIOS Quick Mode.
 VIO
/
"" .
. ,

80

II. BIOS

. ( ) 3,3 .
BIOS
I/O Voltage.


, , . , , .
.
 Athlon 4 SSED Instruction

SSE Athlon XP.
:
Enabled ( ) , ;
Disabled .
 BIOS Update
P6 (Pentium Pro, Pentium II, Celeron) , " ",
, / . BIOS
POST.
BIOS .
:
Enabled .
;
Disabled . .
BIOS
CPU Microcode Updation, Pentium II Microcode CPU
Update Data.
 C.I.A.2
CPU Intelligent Accelerator 2.

6.

81

:
Disabled ( ) ;
Cruise
3, 5 7 % ;
Sports
5, 7 % 9 % ;
Racing
7, 9 11 % ;
Turbo
13, 15 17 % ;
Full Thrust
15, 17 19 % .
.
 Command Per Cycle

, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Cool NQuiet
, . , , . . BIOS ( 64-
AMD).
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
,

.
( ,
Pentium 4).
 CPU BIST
,
Intel Pentium III (BIST, Built-In Self Test).

82

II. BIOS

:
Enabled , , ,
;
Disabled ( ) .
 CPU Clock Ration Jumpless
, .

.
:
Enabled ,
BIOS;
Disabled ( ) , (
).
 CPU Drive Strength
, .
, .
:
0 ( ) , , " ";
1 ;
2 ;
3 .
,
, .
 CPU FSB Clock
, .
BIOS. , : 66,
75, 83 . .

6.

83

, ,
66, 100 133 , .
 CPU FSB Frequency
, , .
BIOS.
 CPU Fast String

Pentium Pro (, Pentium II),
, . ,
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled . .
 CPU Host Clock Control
.
:
Disabled ( ) ;
Enabled .
CMOS Setup Utility, 20 . . , . . " ".
, CMOS-.
 CPU Hyper-Threading
Hyper-Threading.
,
Pentium 4,
800 . .
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled , , ,

84

II. BIOS

-
.
 CPUID Instruction
, . . , (OEM-, Overdrive,
Dual), , , ( ).
- 86 .
,
(
). ,
Cyrix.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 CPU Mstr Fast Interface

, Back-to-Back. Bus-Master.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 CPU Mstr Post WR Buffer

Bus-Master.
:
N/A ;
1 ;
2 ;
4 .
.
 CPU Mstr Post WR Burst Mode

Bus-Master, .

6.

85

:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 CPU Operating Frequency
.
:
Auto
;
User Define .
 CPU Ratio
, .
, , "" CMOS-.
:
Auto ( ) ;

, , 6 12,5;
 CPU Priority

master-.
:
Always Last ;
CPU 2nd master-;
CPU 3rd ;
CPU 4th .
, ,
,
. :

86

II. BIOS

Enabled ;
Disabled .
BIOS
PCI Masters Priopity, :
Rotating ;
Fixed .
 CPU Speed
.
:
Auto
;
Manual
.
 CPU Type
/ .
, ( ). , . , , CPUZ.
 CPU Name Is
, .
, Intel Pentium III MMX, AMD Athlon XP 2500+.
 CPU Operating Speed

, ,
BIOS, .
:
Auto ( ) ;
User Define , .
, ,
.

6.

87

 CPU Power Supply



.
:
Default ( ) ;
User Define (, Core Voltage)
.
 CPU Vcore Voltage
/
,
. , ,
.
:
Auto ( ) " ", ;

, , 1,4750 1,6000 ;
0,025 , ,
0,005 .
 CPU Voltage Adjust
, , ,
.
:
None;
+0.2 V.
:
+1.5 %;
+2.3 %;
Normal;
+0.8 %.
 CPU Voltage (Volt)
.

88

II. BIOS

,
.
:
Default ( ) ;
Default+0.3 V 0,3 ;
Default+0.2 V 0,2 ;
Default+0.1 V 0,1 .
,
, .
 Command Per Cycle

, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Cyrix 6x86/MII CPU ID
Cyrix
BIOS.
:
Enabled .
Cyrix;
Disabled .
.
( ) .
 Hyper-Threading Technology
CPU Hyper-Threading.
 I/O Recovery Time

/.
:
Enabled . ,
;
Disabled . .

6.

89

 Linear Burst
Cyrix
Socket 7. , Cyrix III, VIA , .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) , Intel AMD.
,
Cyrix M1 Cyrix M2, , .
 Linear Burst (LINBRST)
Linear Burst.
 M1 Linear Burst Mode
Cyrix
Socket 7. , Cyrix III, VIA , .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) , Intel AMD.
,
Cyrix M1 Cyrix M2, , . ,
Cyrix M1, Cyrix M2,
, BIOS.
 M1/M2 Linear Burst
M1 Linear Burst Mode.
 Master Retry Timer
,
, PCI-, . PCI-.

:

90

II. BIOS

10 PCIClks ( );
18 PCIClks;
34 PCIClks;
66 PCIClks.
 Multiplier Factor
,
.

,
BIOS.
 Numeric Processor Test
. . , 486DX, ,
(
).
:
Enabled .
,
;
Disabled . 386SX,
386DX, 486SX, 486SLC, 486DLC
. , , .
 Processor Number Feature
Pentium III
.
BIOS , Pentium III.
:
Enabled .
;
Disabled , , , .
Processor S/N, CPU Serial Number (Phoenix
BIOS) Processor Serial Number (AMI BIOS).

6.

91

 Speed Error Hold


.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Stop CPU at PCI Master
, PCI- .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled . .
BIOS.
 Stop CPU when PCI Flush
, FLUSH
, PCI .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 System Processor Type
, . BIOS , .
 System Type
, . BIOS ,
.
:
UP . ,
,
;
DP .
 Turbo Frequency
, 2.5 %,
BIOS .

92

II. BIOS

:
Disabled ( ) ;
Enabled .
 Vcore Voltage
. ,
.

( ). , Auto , .
BIOS CPU Core
Voltage, CPU Voltage.
 Weitek Coprocessor

Weitek. Weitek
, -
, , 23 Intel.
:
Enabled . Weitek ,

;
Disabled .
.

-
- , , , -.
 Burst SRAM Burst Cycle
/ -
Burst-. , .

6.

93

:
4-1-1-1 . , ;
3-1-1-1 ,
.
 Burst Write
Burst - .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Cache Early Rising
-
.
:
Enabled ,
;
Disabled .
.
 Cache RD+CPU Wt Pipeline

- . .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Cache Read Timing
Wait-States.
:
0 WS . ;
1 WS wait-states.
- Wait-States.
Cache Read Wait States.

94

II. BIOS

 Cache Timing Control


/ - .
:
Fast (Turbo) . -;
Medium . , - ;
Normal /. .
 Cache Write Cycle

- .
:
2T ;
3T .
 Cache Write Timing
-
Wait-States.
:
0 WS . ;
1 WS . - Wait-States.
Cache Write Wait States Cache Tag Hit Wait
States.
 Cacheable Burst Read
, -
Burst.
:
1T (1CCLK) 1 ;
2T (2CCLK) 2 .
Cache Burst Read Cycle.

6.

95

 Cacheable Range
BIOS BIOS
.
0 8 0 128 BIOS.
 CPU Internal Cache, External Cache
, , -, , -,
. -
, . - .
:
Disabled -
;
Internal -, ;
External -,
;
Both -. .
Cache Memory.
: External Cache Memory Internal
Cache Memory ( Enabled , Disabled ). -
.
 CPU Level 1 Cache/CPU Level 2 Cache
/ - . , , ,
.
:
Enabled - . ;
Disabled - .
 CPU Level 2 ECC Checking
-
. ,

96

II. BIOS

Pentium II 333 . -
,
.
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled .
, ,
.
CPU Level 2 Cache ECC Check, CPU L2
Cache ECC Checking.
 Display Cache Window Size
,
.
:
32 MB 32 ;
64 MB 64 .
 L1/L2 Cache Update Mode
-
.
:
WriteBack - ;
WriteTrhu -
. , .
Cache Update Policy Cache Write Policy.
BIOS Cache Update
Scheme W/B/ with dirty WriteBack tag- dirty-.
 L2 (WB) Tag Bit Length
L1/L2 Cache Update Mode, - .
:
7 bit ( 7+1) ;
8 bit ( 8+0) .
Alt Bit In Tag RAM.

6.

97

 L2 Cache Banks
, .
:
1 Banks - ;
2 Banks - .
 L2 Cache Latency
-
.
:
Default ( );
0 15.
 SRAM Back-to-Back
- Back-to-Back,

.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 SYNC SRAM Support
-, .
:
Standard -;
Pipelined -.
 Sustained 3T Write
-,
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .



, . , , . -

98

II. BIOS

, PC133 100 , , ,
.

, .
 Auto Configuration
""
.
:
Auto . . ,
, ;
60 ns
60 .
(70 ) ;
70 ns
70 . 60 ,
.
BIOS DRAM Auto
Configuration Auto Configure EDO DRAM Tim.
 Bank 0/.../5 DRAM Timing
. (,
).
 CAS# Latency
CAS (
)
. ( 12 %),
.
:
2T ( 2 Clks) .
SDRAM 10 ;
3T ( 3 Clks) . .

6.

99

BIOS CAS# Latency Clocks.


SDRAM
SDRAM CAS# Latency, SDRAM CAS# Latency Time.
 CAS# Pulse Width
CAS# .
:
1T ;
2T .
BIOS Write
CAS# Pulse Width Read CAS# Pulse Width .
 CPU-to-DRAM Page Mode
,
. ,
.
:
Use Paging No Paging, Always Open Closes, Page Closes, Stays Open
Closes If Idle, Normal Disabled
BIOS.
BIOS DRAM Page
Mode, DRAM Paging, DRAM Paging Mode, SDRAM Page Control ( SDRAM).
,
, CPU-to-DRAM Page
Mode. ,
.
DRAM Enhanced Paging, Enhanced Page Mode,
Enhanced Paging.
 CPU/Memory Frequency Ratio

. BIOS
, .
:
Auto ;
1:1 ;

100

II. BIOS

3:4 100 133 .


 DRAM Clock
.
:
Host CLK
. ;
66 MHz .
BIOS DRAM Speed.
 DRAM Data Integrity Mode

.
, .
, ECC.
:
ECC .
, , .
, , . .
. ;
Non-ECC . ,
, .
BIOS ,
, : Parity ( )
ECC ( ).
 DRAM ECC/Parity Select
/ .
BIOS ,
(,
440HX/FX/LX), .
Data Integrity (PAR/ECC) .
:
Parity
, . ;

6.

101

ECC ,
.
.
3 %.
 DRAM Interleave Mode
"" .
, .
. .
:
Banks 0+1 0 1;
Banks 2+3 2 3;
Both ;
No Interleave .

SDRAM Bank Interleave : Disabled, 2 Banks 4 Banks.
 DRAM Page Idle Timer
. FPM- .
:
1 ;
2 ;
4 ;
8 .
, . .
BIOS Paging Delay
DRAM Idle Timer.

102

II. BIOS

 DRAM R/W Leadoff Timing



. ,
.
:
8/7 ;
7/5 .
BIOS :
5 EDO DRAM
50 ( SDRAM
10 );
6 EDO DRAM
60 .
 DRAM Read Burst Timing
.
, 4 8 .
, . . ,
, . x-y-y-y
Normal Burst, x-y-y-y-z-y-y-y Back-to-Back Burst.

.
.
, , .
:
x222 x333 EDO DRAM;
x333 x444 FPM DRAM;
x111 x222 SDRAM.

, . , Triton
TX HX "" , Triton FX. , TX HX , FX. . 6.1 Intel.
DRAM Read Timing.

6.

103

6.1.
Intel


FPM

EDO

SDRAM

430FX

7-3-3-3

7-2-2-2

430VX

6-3-3-3

6-2-2-2

7-1-1-1

430HX

5-3-3-3

5-2-2-2

430TX

5-3-3-3

5-2-2-2

5-1-1-1

440BX

x-1-1-1

440EX

x-1-1-1

440GX

x-1-1-1

x , .

 DRAM Read Latch Delay



. , .
:
0.0 ns ;
0.5 ns 0,5 ;
1.0 ns 1 ;
1.5 ns 1,5 .
 DRAM Speed Selection
.
:
50 ns 50 ;
60 ns 60 ;
70 ns 70 .
,
, ,
.
 DRAM Timing
/
. ,
.

104

II. BIOS

:
Auto
;
70 ns 70 ;
60 ns 60 ;
50 ns 50 .
 DRAM Write Burst Timing
DRAM Read Burst Timing,
.
 Data Integrity (PAR/ECC)
/ .
DRAM ECC/Parity Select.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 EDO CAS# MA Wait State
CAS# EDO.
:
1 .
;
2 . .
 EDO RAS# Wait State
RAS# EDO.
:
1 .
;
2 . .
 EMS
EMS (Expanded Memory Specification).
286.

6.

105

:
Enabled ;
Disabled . .
 EMS Page Reg I/O Base
/, EMS.

BIOS.
 FSB/SDRAM/PCI Freq. (MHz)
,
PCI, , FSB: SDRAM: PCI. .
 FSB: SDRAM: PCI Freq. Ratio
, PCI. BIOS
,
(, Intel i815e).
, PCI:
66:100:33;
100:100:33;
133:133:33;
133:100:33.
, 100 , , 133 .
 Fast EDO Path Select
EDO DRAM , .
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled .
, . .
.

106

II. BIOS

 Fast MA to RAS# Delay


RAS# MA
(Memory Address). FPM.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
BIOS Fast MA to RAS# Delay CLK :
1 CCLK ;
2 CCLK .
 Gate A20 Option
20,
,
1 . . , MSDOS (, VDISK.SYS) , HIMEM.SYS,
.
:
Fast , OS/2 Windows;
Normal .
Fast Gate A20 Option
Enabled Disabled. BIOS
LowA20# Select ( , 20
).
 MA Wait State

.
:
Slow . EDO DRAM;
Fast .
SDRAM.
BIOS MA Additional Wait State
: Enabled Disabled .

6.

107

 Memory Hole At 15-16M


, ISA, .

.
"" , , /,
.
, BIOS
.
:
Disabled ISA-,
. ;
14M-15M 15M-16M "" 14 15 ( 15 16)
.
: ,
(, ). ,
BIOS .
BIOS Memory
Hole :
None ;
At 512 KB ""
512 639 ;
At 15 MB "" 15 .
Local Memory 15-16M, Memory Hole at 15M
Addr.
 Memory Parity Error Check
.
"Parity Error at
XXXX:XXXX System Halted" (" :,
").

108

II. BIOS

:
Enabled .
;
Disabled . . - ,
, ,
"".
Gravis Ultra
Sound, ,
Sound Blaster.
 Memory Parity/ECC Check
,
.
.
:
Auto ,
.
- ;
Disabled .
 Memory Read Wait State
. ,
. , .
. , , , .
:
0;
1;
2;
3.
 Memory Write Wait State
, Memory Read Wait State,
. BIOS DRAM Wait State.
, .

6.

109

 RAMW# Timing
.
:
Fast , ,
;
Normal , , . .
,
.
BIOS
FPM/EDO RAMW# Timing, RAMW# Assertion Timing.
 RAS# Pulse Width
RAS# .
:
1T ;
2T .
BIOS Write
RAS# Pulse Width Read RAS# Pulse Width .
 RDRAM Pool B State
""
Rambus.
:
Nap "";
Standby
"".
 Read Around Write
.

, .
, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled . .

110

II. BIOS

BIOS DRAM
Read Around Write Extended Read Around Write.
 SDRAM Bank Interleave
""
SDRAM. ""
, .
:
2 Bank .
32 ;
4 Bank . 64 ;
Disabled . .
 SDRAM Banks Close Policy
.
440LX - ,
,
.
430TX , . . .
:
Pare Miss ;
Arbitration .
.
 SDRAM Capability
.
.
.
:
PC100 , 100 ;
PC133 , 133 .
.
 SDRAM Configuration

6.

111

.
Auto Configuration.
:
Auto ;
7 ns BIOS,
7 ;
8 ns BIOS,
8 .

.
, .
 SDRAM Cycle Length

SDRAM.
:
3T .
;
2T .
.
 SDRAM Cycle Time (Tras, Trc)
(Tras)
(Precharge), (Trc) RAS.
:
5T, 7T 6T, 8T ,
.
,
.
 SDRAM Operating Mode
. . BIOS, . . (, ) .
:
PC100 , ,
100 ;

112

II. BIOS

PC133 , ,
133 .
.
 SDRAM Precharge Control
,
SDRAM .
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled . .
 Speculative Leadoff
,
, ,
.
. , , .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled . .
SDRAM Speculative Read.
 Super Bypass Function
DDR
SDRAM.
:
Enabled
- , DDR-;
Disabled . .
 Super Bypass Wait State

Super Bypass.
:
Enabled 133 ;

6.

113

Disabled
100 . .
 Turbo Read Leadoff (TRL)
, , , .
:
Enabled . , ;
Disabled . .
 Turbo Read Pipelining

, ,
.
:
Enabled . ,
;
Disabled . .
 Turn-Around Insertion
,
/ ( ).
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Vmem
,
DIMM.
BIOS.
3.5 V.

114

II. BIOS


, , , , .
 640KB to 1MB Cacheability
384 .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Cache Read Option
-.
,
.
BIOS SRAM Read Wait State.
 Cache Write Option
, Cache Read Option,
-.
BIOS SRAM Write Wait State.
 Cacheable RAM Address Range
.
, , . . .
 Initialize Display Cache Memory
-, , .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Non Cacheable Block-1 Base
.
/.
"-

6.

115

" , ""
.
, 0.
 Non Cacheable Block-1 Size
.
,
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
BIOS Block-1 Memory
Cacheable Yes No .
 Non Cacheable Block-2 Base
Non Cacheable Block-1 Base,
.
, 0.
 Non Cacheable Block-2 Size
Non Cacheable Block-1 Size, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
BIOS Block-2 Memory
Cacheable Yes () No ().
 System BIOS Cacheable
BIOS, . . BIOS - . , . .
- ,
(Celeron, Duron). , BIOS
, , ,
, ,
,
.
:
Enabled . .
MS-DOS. -

116

II. BIOS

. - , BIOS, ;
Disabled . .
.
System ROM Cacheable.
 Video BIOS Cacheable
BIOS , . .
BIOS - .
MS-DOS.
. ,
,
.
:
Enabled . .
- , BIOS,
;
Disabled . .
Video BIOS Area Cacheable.
 Video Memory Cache Mode
.
Pentium Pro (, Pentium II). Pentium Pro
, Memory Type Range Registers MTRR.
:
UC .
- ;
USWC . PCI
( 90 / 8 /).
, A0000H BFFFFH
(128 ) .

6.

117


, , . .
 Burst Refresh


. 15 ,
4 60 .
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled . .
DRAM Burst at 4 Refresh.
 CAS Before RAS Refresh
, CAS RAS. , . , .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
.
 CAS-to-RAS Refresh Delay

.
, CAS Before RAS Refresh.
:
1 ;
2 . .
, . ,
. . , . .

118

II. BIOS

 CPU Cycle Cache Hit WS


- .
:
Normal -;
Fast . -, .
 Concurrent Refresh
,
.
, . ,
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 DRAM Ahead Refresh
,
. ,

.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled . .
 DRAM RAS# Only Refresh

CAS-before-RAS. BIOS , , . .
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 DRAM RAS# Precharge Time
( ), RAS -

6.

119

( RAS).
. ,
, ,
, .
:
0T, 1T, 2T, 3T, 4T, 5T 6T , , RAS.
(3, 4 . .)
(3 Clocks).
: DRAM RAS# Precharge Period,
RAS# Precharge Time, RAS# Precharge Period, FPM DRAM RAS#
Precharge, FPM RAS# Precharge, RAS# Precharge, EDO RAS# Precharge,
EDO RAS# Precharge Time, EDO RAS# Precharge Time.
BEDO SDRAM BEDO RAS# Precharge, SDRAM
RAS# Precharge, SDRAM RAS# Precharge Time. , 3 3 Clocks BIOS : Same As FPM FPM-1T, Fast Normal,
Fast Slow. , Slow
, . Fast
.
 DRAM Refresh Method
.
, ,
- .
:
CAS Before RAS, RAS Only, RAS Before CAS, Normal, Hidden , .
Refresh Type, DRAM Refresh Type, Refresh
Type Select.
 DRAM Refresh Period
, . , . BIOS .
BIOS, ,
. :
For 50 MHz Bus, For 60 MHz Bus, For 66 MHz Bus, Disabled;
50/66 MHz, 60/60 MHz, 66/66 MHz;

120

II. BIOS

15.6 us, 31.2 us, 62.4 us, 124.8 us, 249.6 us, Disabled;
15.6 us, 31.2 us, 62.4 us, 125 us, 250 us;
15.6 us, 62.4 us, 124.8 us, 187.2 us;
1040 Clocks, 1300 Clocks;
Disabled, Normal;
Fast, Slow.
, ,
. ,
.
: Refresh Cycle Time (us), DRAM
Refresh Cycle Time, Memory Refresh Rate, DRAM Refresh Rate.
 DRAM Refresh Queue
,
4 . , .
:
Enabled . ( );
Disabled .
BIOS
DRAM Refresh Queuing.
 DRAM Refresh Queue Depth
"" . , .
:
0, 4, 8, 12 ( , ) .
BIOS -
Refresh Queue Depth.
 Decoupled Refresh

ISA. -
ISA-,

6.

121

-
. .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
.
 Extended Refresh
EDO.
125 , 15,6 , . .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Fast RAS-to-CAS Delay
RAS CAS ( ).
, ,
.
:
2 ;
3 . .
DRAM RAS-to-CAS Delay.
 Hi-Speed Refresh

, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled . .
,
, .
 Hidden Refresh
.
IBM AT,
. -

122

II. BIOS

, . .
: ,
, , (IRQ0), .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
, ,
Suspend.

, . .
, .
 Optimization Method
.
, .
:
Normal ;
Turbo 1
;
Turbo 2
.
.
 RAS Precharge Control
. , .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .

6.

123

BIOS Precharge Closing


Policy.
 RAS Precharge Time

.
, ,
"".
 Ref/Act Command Delay
.
:
5T ;
6T . ;
7T ;
8T .
 Refresh During PCI Cycles
, / PCI.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Refresh RAS Assertion
RAS .
:
1T, 2T, 3T, 4T, 5T ( ), 6T, 7T, 8T, 9T 10T .
, .
Refresh Assertion, Refresh RAS Active Time.
 Refresh Value
,
.
, ,
.
BIOS Refresh Divider.

124

II. BIOS

 Refresh When CPU Hold


, "" .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 SDRAM (CAS Lat/RAS-to-CAS)
CAS RAS CAS .
,
, . , . . .
:
2/2, 3/3 ,
CAS RAS CAS.
 SDRAM CAS-to-RAS Delay
RAS CAS . , .
, .
:
3 .
;
2 .
 Slow Refresh
4 , .

, .

. .
.
.

6.

125

:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
DRAM Slow Refresh, Slow Refresh,
Slow Memory Refresh Divider, Slow Refresh Enable.
:
Yes ;
No .

""
"" , ,
MS-DOS. Windows .
 Base Memory Address
,
- PCI- .

BIOS.
 Extended ROM RAM Area
,
: , 639- , , BIOS.
AMI BIOS.
:
RAM
;
BIOS BIOS.
,
. . . "" BIOS, "" .
BIOS RAM
Area.
 PCI Master Accesses Shadow RAM
PCI . .

126

II. BIOS

:
Enabled ;
Disabled . .
 Shadow C800H
C800H EC00H (16 )
BIOS .
.
 Shadow CC00H

.
 Shadow D000H
.
 Shadow D400H
.
 Shadow D800H
.
 Shadow DC00H
.
 Shadow E000H
EMS,
.
 Shadow E400H
.
 Shadow E800H
.
 Shadow EC00H
SCSI, .
 System BIOS Shadow
BIOS
( , ). -

6.

127

MS-DOS, BIOS, . . .
:
Enabled . -
"" , ;
Cached , , .
;
Disabled . ,
.
 VGA Type
"" .
:
Standard ""
;
PCI "" , PCI-;
ISA/EISA , ISA- EISA-.
 Video ROM BIOS Shadow
-BIOS . MS-DOS. .
Flash ROM, "" , . .
,
.
:
Enabled . . -
, BIOS, .
EGA VGA;
Cached , , -

128

II. BIOS

. ;
Disabled . .
BIOS
"". , ,
- . , , SCSI-, , BIOS, .


, ,

(, ),
, ( Bus-Master).
,
, .
,

,
.

ISA
 16 Bit I/O Command WS

.
, ,
. , -
, /
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled . ,
,
.
, ISA.

130

II. BIOS

BIOS ISA 16 Bit I/O


Wait States.
: 0, 1, 2, 3.
 16 Bit I/O Recovery Time
(
) / 8- . ,
/ / , .
1 4.
1,
- 16- .
 16 Bit ISA Mem Command WS
16 Bit I/O Command WS,
,
ISA- /
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 8 Bit I/O Recovery Time
(
) / 8- . ,
/ / , . , 8-
( ) , , 16-.
1 8.
1,
- 8- .
 AT Cycle Wait State
ISA. , ISA- PCI-.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .

7.

131

 Back-to-Back I/O Delay



/. ISA- .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 CPU Dynamic Fast Cycle
"" ISA-, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Extended I/O Decode
16 / 10-, ISA.
PCI- ISA-, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 ISA Bus Clock
ISA. ISA- 8,33 .
( )
PCI- " ". , , PCI-. , ISA- ,
, . ,
,
( ).
. PCI- -

132

II. BIOS

, :
25, 30, 33 . .
:
PCI/2 ( PCICLK/2, CLK/2), PCI/3, PCI/4, PCI/5, PCI/6, PCI/8,
PCI/10, PCI/12 PCI. , 4.
: ISA Clock, ISA Clock
Frequency, ISA Bus Clock Frequency, ISA Bus Clock Option, ISA Bus Speed,
ISA Clock Select, ISA Clock Divisor, AT Bus Clock, AT Bus Clock
Frequency, AT Bus Clock Selection.
ISA Clock Select Enable,
, ISA : Enabled , Disabled .
 ISA Mem Block Base
, ISA.
:
No/ICU
.
ISA Configuration Utility,
MS-DOS
;
C800H, CC00H, D000H, D800H, DC00H ,
, .

ISA Mem Block Size, : 8 Kb, 16 Kb, 32 Kb, 64 Kb.
ISA-,
.
 Onboard ISA Bridge
ISA . , ISA.
, , .
:
Enabled ISA- ;
Disabled ISA .

7.

133

PCI
 Bus Mastering
,
PCI, master-. ,
, .
:
Enabled . ,
- (,
);
Disabled . .
BIOS ISA , , Master ,
.
 Byte Merge Support

PCI.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
BIOS
Byte Merge, PCI Write-bite-Merge, CPU-to-PCI Byte Merge.

 CPU-to-PCI 6 DW FIFO
,
PCI- 6-
. " ".
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled . .
 CPU-to-PCI Bridge Retry
, PCI ,
"" .

134

II. BIOS

:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 CPU-to-PCI Burst Memory Write

PCI.
PCI- ,
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
BIOS CPU-toPCI Write Bursting, PCI Burst Write Combine, PCI Write Burst, PCI Burst
Write Combining, CPU Burst Write.
 CPU-to-PCI IDE Posting
PCI/IDE .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 CPU-to-PCI Read Buffer
, PCI 4- , . ,
.
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled . , , PCI
.
 CPU-to-PCI Write Buffer
CPU-to-PCI Read Buffer, . . 4 PCI
PCI-.

7.

135

:
Enabled . ;
Disabled .
, PCI-
.
BIOS CPU-toPCI Buffer Enabled ( ) Disabled ( ).
 CPU-to-PCI Write Latency

( ).
,
. .
:
1T ;
2T ;
3T .
Latency For CPU-to-PCI Write.
 Delayed Transaction
BIOS ,
32- PCI.
:
Enabled PCI 8- ISA. , . . ISA
5060 PCI. PCI 2.1;
Disabled , PCI 2.1.
PCI Delayed Transaction, Delayed Transaction Optimization Delayed Transaction Timer.
 High Priority PCI Mode
PCI . , , -

136

II. BIOS

IEEE 1394 (FireWire).



PCI-.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled . .
 Host Bus Fast Data Ready
,
.
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Master Enabled
,
PCI Bus-Master.
:
Enabled . BIOS PCI- Bus-Master;
Disabled . Bus-Master .
 Master Prefetch And Posting
master-.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Master Priority Rotation
PCI-.
:
1 PCI PCI
PCI-. ,
PCI-;
2 PCI PCI
PCI-;

7.

137

3 PCI PCI
PCI-. .
 P2C/C2P Concurrency
,
PCI
.
:
Enabled .
, ;
Disabled . .
 PCI 2.1 Support
2.1 PCI.
2.0 66 PCIPCI,
, 4- .
:
Enabled 2.1 PCI. ;
Disabled 2.1 .
PCI-.
BIOS PCI 2.1
Compliance.
 PCI Bus Arbitration

PCI .
:
Favor CPU .
;
Favor PCI ,
PCI.
BIOS : Rotation
Fixed. Arbitration Priority.
""
:
PCI First master- PCI-;
ISA/DMA First master- ISA-.

138

II. BIOS

DMA/ISA Master Before PCI:


Enabled master- ISA;
Disabled , master- PCI.

PCI Arbiter Mode, PCI Arbitration Mode, PCI Arbit. Rotate
Priority.
 PCI Bus Parking
PCI.
"" Bus-Master.
"" PCI-
, . ,
. .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 PCI Clock Frequency
PCI.
BIOS Pentium,
486- AMD PCI. .
:
CPUCLK/1.5
1,5. ;
CPUCLK/2
2;
CPUCLK/3
3;
14 MHz PCI. ( ).
 PCI Clock/CPU FSB Clock
,
PCI-.

7.

139

:
2/3, 1/3 1/4 PCI 33 .
, ,
. PCI- (. .
).
 PCI Dynamic Bursting

PCI. , .
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled .
 PCI Dynamic Decoding
, PCI, . , PCI-.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 PCI Latency Timer
, ( ) Bus-Master PCI-
PCI, PCI-.
, PCI-
. ,
.
16 128 , 8.
, PCI-, , .
, PCI-, Bus-Master
(, SCSI ). , ,
Bus-Master. , , SCSI- ,
PCI-, . -

140

II. BIOS

,
. , , PCI-, BIOS, . , - .
BIOS PCI Bus Time-Out, PCI Master Latency, Latency Timer, PCI Clocks,
PCI Initial Latency Timer.
: Disabled, 16 Clocks, 24 Clocks 32 Clocks.

( ) PCI- ISA-. ISA


master-. , , . PCI master. , ,
master- PCI-
ISA. -
ISA,
, . . . , AMI BIOS 0 255 . 66 , PCI- .

 PCI Master 0 WS Write


master- PCI .
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled . . BIOS.
 PCI Mstr Burst Mode

PCI master-.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .

7.

141

 PCI Preempt Timer


( ),
PCI-, Bus-Master, , .
, master-
"". , PCI Latency
Timer.
:
No Preemption ( Disabled) .
, , ,
Bus-Master;
5, 12, 20, 36, 68, 132 260 , . (5LCLKs
).
BIOS PCI Preemption
Timer.
 PCI#2 Access #1 Retry
, PCI ,
, .
, ""
.
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled .
PCI-.
 PCI-to-ISA Write Buffer
, ,
,
.
PCI
ISA.
( ) , ISA- PCI , PCI , ISA- .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .

142

II. BIOS

 Passive Release
,
PCI, , ISA,

PCI. , PCI-
ISA-.
ISA-. BIOS
Intel Triton VX/HX
master- - .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled . ISA, DMA (, , Arvid),
ISA- .
BIOS PCI Passive
Release.
 Peer Concurrency
, PCI-. /. PCI- ,
.
. PCI-
ISA-. , PCI ISA-,
DMA- Bus-Master.
:
Enabled . ,
;
Disabled . ,
.
BIOS :
PCI Concurrency, Bus Concurrency, Peer Concurrency & Chipset NA#
Asserted. ""
IDE. PCI/IDE Concurrency PCI-to-IDE Concurrency.

7.

143

 Preempt PCI Master Option


, /, master- (
), , , , .
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled . .
 Snoop Ahead
PCI . .
- .
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled . .
 System/PCI Frequency (MHz)
(
PCI). ,
.
BIOS.

AGP
 AGP
AGP.
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled .
AGP.
 AGP 2X Mode

AGP. 75 .

144

II. BIOS

:
Enabled . ;
Disabled AGP 1X Mode.
.
 AGP Aperture Size MB
,
.
.
:
4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128 256
. AGP-
16 .
 AGP Capability
AGP-.
, .
:
1X Mode AGP-.
, , ;
2X Mode
AGP ( , ).
, .
;
4X Mode ( )
AGP-.
 AGP Drive Strength P Ctrl (When AGP 4X Drive Strength Set to Manual)
AGP, . Manual AGP Signal Driving.
0 F.
,
, .
AGP Drive Strength N
Ctrl (When AGP 4X Drive Strength Set to Manual).
, N-.

7.

145

 AGP Data Strobe P Ctrl (When AGP 4X Drive Strength Set to Manual)
, AGP Drive Strength P Ctrl, .
AGP Data Strobe Strength N Ctrl
(When AGP 4X Drive Strength Set to Manual),
N-.
 AGP Driving Value
AGP.
, .

AGP .
.
, . . AGP-.
00 FF ( ).
DA.
nVidia GeForce 2 ,
, EA.
 AGP Master 1WS Read

AGP.
:
Enabled 1. AGP,
;
Disabled 2. AGP .
 AGP Master 1WS Write

AGP.
:
Enabled 1. AGP-, ;
Disabled 2. AGP .

146

II. BIOS

 AGP Parity Error Response


AGP.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 AGP SERR#
, -
AGP SERR#, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 AGP Signal Driving

AGP. - AGP 4.
,
AGP Driving Value.
:
Auto AGP ;
Manual AGP.
BIOS AGP Driving
Control.
 AGPCLK/CPUCLK
AGP
.
:
1/1 100 ;
2/3 100 .
 Vagp
AGP-.
BIOS.

7.

147

:
3.5 V , 2X;
1.5 V , 4X.

PCI Express
 PCI Express Slot x
(x).
:
Auto ( ) ;
Disabled .
 PCI-E Compliancy Mode
, .
 PCI-E OverVoltage Control
PCI Express.
:
Normal ( ) ;
+0.1V, +0.2V, +0.3V .

/
IBM-
. , .
:
 PS/2
"",
, . , .
"" , ;
 ,
,
"" , ;
 , . .
USB-;
 USB , 127 ,
, .
BIOS,
Windows
.
 COM 1/2 MIDI
COM1 COM2
MIDI.

8. /

149

:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Duplex Mode
.
:
Half Duplex . -
;
Full Duplex .
, . .
.
 Duplex Select
.
:
Full . , . .
;
Half .
- .
, UART2
Mode Select HPSIR.
 EPP Mode Select
EPP
LPT.
:
EPP 1.7 EPP 1.7;
EPP 1.9 EPP 1.9.
, Parallel Port
Mode EPP ECP+EPP.
 Infra Red Duplex Type
.
:
Full . , . .
;

150

II. BIOS

Half .
- .
, UART2
Mode Select HPSIR.
 Integrated USB Controller
USB.
:
Enabled , ,
USB. ;
Disabled . , USB.
USB-. , ,
.
,
USB (, , ).
 IR Duplex
.
:
Full . , . .
;
Half .
- .
, UART2
Mode Select HPSIR.
 IR Function Duplex
.
:
Full . , . .
;
Half .
.

8. /

151

, UART2
Mode Select HPSIR.
 IR Transfer Mode
.
:
Half-Duplex . ;
Full-Duplex .
, . .
.
Disabled, .
 IR Transmission Delay
/
.
:
Enabled "" ;
Disabled ( ) .
 IrDA Mode

IrDA1.1, .
:
IrDA1.0
IrDA1.0;
IrDA1.1 ( ) IrDA1.1.
 Onboard IrDA Port

, .
:
Disabled ;
2E8H, 2F8H, 3E8H, 3F8H, 3E0H, 2E0H .
 On-Chip USB Controller
USB.

152

II. BIOS

All Disabled USB ;


All Enabled USB ;
1&2 USB Port USB;
2&3 USB Port USB;
1&3 USB Port USB;
1 Port USB;
2 Port USB;
3 Port USB.
 Parallel Port EPP Type
.
:
EPP1.7 EPP1.7;
EPP1.9 EPP1.9.
 Parallel Port Mode
Parallel Port Mode (ECP+EPP),
.
:
SPP . ,
;
ECP . DMA;
EPP ;
ECP+EPP EPP+SPP BIOS ;
ECPEPP 1.9 1.9 .
,
IEEE 1284. ,
, ;
ECPEPP 1.7 1.7 .
 Parallel Port Mode (ECP+EPP)
IEEE 1284.

8. /

153

(,
Iomega ZIP Drive LPT).
:
Normal ;
ECP , . DMA (
DMA3). ,
/ (
2,5 /);
EPP .
ECP,
DMA. , . . /;
ECP+EPP .
 RxD, TxD Active
.
,
.
:
Hi, Hi, Lo, Lo, Lo, Hi, Hi Lo ( , UART Mode Select
Normal);
 Serial Port 1/2 MIDI
COM1 COM2
MIDI.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 UART 1/2 Duplex Mode
.
:
Full . , . .
;
Half .
- .

154

II. BIOS

, UART2
Mode Select HPSIR.
 UART 2 Mode Select
IrDA ( ). RxD, TxD Active, IR Transmission Delay.
:
Normal COM2;
Standard RS-232C-,
;
IrDA 1.0 ,
1.0;
IrDA SIR SIR IrDA- IR-;
IrDA MIR MIR
1 /;
MIR 0.57M
0,57 /;
MIR 1.15M
1,15 /;
IrDA FIR FIR IrDA- Fast-IR-;
Sharp IR
1 /;
HPSIR
Hewlett-Packard;

Disabled .
 UR2 Duplex Mode
.
:
Full . , . .
;
Half .
.
, UART2
Mode Select HPSIR.

8. /

155

 USB 2.0 Controller


USB 2.0.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 USB 2.0 Controller Mode
USB 2.0, , , .
:
Hi Speed ( ) USB- USB2.0
(480 );
Full Speed USB- USB 1.1 (12 ).
 USB 2.0 Driving
USB.
:
00 FF (11 ).
 USB Controller
USB.
:
Enabled , ,
USB. ;
Disabled . , USB.
USB-. , ,
.
,
USB (, , ).
 USB Controller Resume
USB.
:
Enabled , ,
USB. ;

156

II. BIOS

Disabled . , USB.
USB-. , ,
.
,
USB (, , ).
 USB Function
USB.
:
Enabled , ,
USB. ;
Disabled . , USB.
USB-. , ,
.
,
USB (, , ).
: Disabled, 2 USB Ports, 4 USB
Ports, 6 USB Ports 8 USB Ports ( ).
 USB Interface
USB.
:
Enabled , ,
USB. ;
Disabled . , USB.
USB-. , ,
.
,
USB (, , ).

8. /

157

 USB Mass Storage Reset Delay


,
, USB.
:
10 Sec 10 ;
20 Sec ( ) 20 ;
30 Sec 30 ;
40 Sec 40 .
 USB Passive Release
, , USB, ,
, Bus-Mastering.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 USB Speed
USB.
:
24 MHz 48 MHz
.
 Use IR Pins
.
.
:
IR-RX2TX2 ( ) IR-RXTX.
: IR-Rx2Tx2 RxD2, TxD2.
 Use UART2 Pins
COM2.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ;
 x IR Transmission Delay
, .

158

II. BIOS

:
Enabled . ;
Disabled . . .
 x RxD, TxD Active
/ (RxD , TxD ). ,
.
:
Hi,Lo, Lo,Hi, Lo,Lo, Hi,Hi .


, . , , , .
 8-bit DMA Cycle Wait States

8- DMA. , .
:
1T ;
2T ;
3T ;
4T .
 16-bit DMA Cycle Wait States

16- DMA.
, .
:
1T ;
2T ;
3T ;
4T .
 Allocate IRQ to PCI VGA
, ,
, .

160

II. BIOS

, , .
:
Yes ( )
PCI ;
No , , , .
, .
 APIC

.
.
:
Disabled ( ) ;
Enabled .
 APIC Mode

.
.
:
Disabled ( ) ;
Enabled .
 APIC Interrupt Mode

.
.
:
Disabled ( ) ;
Enabled .
 APIC Select

.
.

9.

161

:
Disabled ( ) ;
Enabled .
 Assign IRQ For USB

,
USB, .
:
Enabled ( )
USB ;
Disabled USB .
 Assign IRQ For VGA

.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Assign IRQ to PCI VGA

.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Assign IRQ to PCI VGA Card

.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 BIOS Auto-Config PCI IRQ

, PCI. .

162

II. BIOS

:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Boot with PnP OS

.
:
None BIOS ;
Other
Plug and Play, Windows;
Windows 95 ( )
Plug and Play,
Windows 95, .
 Configuration Mode

.
:
Use PnP OS ;
Use BIOS Setup ( ) "" BIOS. MS-DOS,
Windows NT , Plug and Play.


:
Use ICU
, ISA Configuration Utility;
Use Setup Utility ( ) "" BIOS .
 DMA Channel for IrDA1.1
, DMA
.
:
1 DMA 1;
3 DMA 3.

9.

163

 DMA Clock

DMA.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled
.
 DMA Clock Select

DMA.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled
.
 DMA Clock Speed

DMA.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled
.
 DMA Line Buffer Mode

,
PCI.
:
Standard ( ) ;
Enhanced , . ;
Disabled . DMA ,
.
 DMA n Assigned To

DMA n .
:
Legacy ISA DMA n ISA, Plug and Play, ,

164

II. BIOS

. ,
, . ;
PCI/ISA PnP Plug and Play. .
.
 DMA n Used By ISA

DMA n Assigned To.


:
No/ICU
.
, MS-DOS ISA
Configuration Utility.
Intel , BIOS.
;
Yes DMA n
ISA, Plug and Play.
.
 DMA Wait States

DMA. ,
.
:
1T ;
2T ;
3T ;
4T .
 ECP DMA Select
DMA,
ECP ECP+EPP.
:
1 DMA1;
3 DMA3.

9.

165

 ECP Mode Use DMA


DMA,
ECP ECP+EPP.
:
Channel 1;
Channel 3.
: 1 3.
 Extended DMA Registers

DMA
16 .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled . , , ISA.
 FDD IRQ Can Be Free
, , .
:
Yes BIOS ,
;
No ( ) BIOS
-.
 Force Update ESCD

"" ,
.
.
:
Enabled "" ECSD.
;
Disabled ( )
.
 Installed O/S

, ACPI.

166

II. BIOS

:
Other ( )
BIOS ;
PnP OS ACPI (, Windows 95).
Win 95;
PnP ACPI ACPI (Windows 98 ).
 INT Pin n Assignment

n
PCI-. , , , , .
, .
:
Auto ( ) ;
3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15
, .
 Interrupt Mode


, 24 16-. , ( Windows 2000
) , , , .
, , , .
:
APIC ( )
;
PIC .
 IR IRQ Select
, .
:
IRQ3 IRQ3;
IRQ4 IRQ4;

9.

167

IRQ10 IRQ10;
IRQ11 IRQ11.
 IRQ n Assigned To

, IRQ n , Plug and Play.


:
Legacy ISA , Plug and Play (,
). , ,
, , , .
;
PCI/ISA PnP ( ) BIOS
.
 IRQ n Used By ISA

IRQ n Assigned To.


:
No/ICU . , MS-DOS ISA Configuration
Utility. Intel
, BIOS.
;
Yes IRQ n
, Plug and Play.
 IRQ to PCI VGA

, PCI.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Modem Use IRQ

, . , "" .

168

II. BIOS

,
, , .
, ,
USB, , USB.
Windows IRQ,
. ,
, .
N/A.
 MP Version

MPS 1.4 MPS 1.1.


PCI-,
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 MPS Revision

MPS 1.4 MPS 1.1.


PCI-,
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 MPS 1.4 Support

MPS 1.4 MPS 1.1.


PCI-,
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .

APIC Mode.
 MPS Version

MPS 1.4 MPS 1.1.


PCI-,
.

9.

169

:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 MPS Version Control for OS

MPS 1.4 MPS 1.1.


PCI-,
.
:
1.4 MPS 1.4;
1.1 ( ) MPS 1.1.
 n IRQ Resources

, IRQ n , Plug and Play.


:
Legacy ISA , Plug and Play (,
). , ,
, , , .
;
PCI/ISA PnP ( ) BIOS
.
 n Memory Resources

.
n Reserved Memory Base n
Reserved Memory Length.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 n Reserved Memory Base
,
.

170

II. BIOS

:
N/A
;
C800, CC00, D000, D400, D800, DC00 .
(, , ).
 n Reserved Memory Length
, .
:
8K, 16K, 32K, 64K .
.
 Onboard Parallel Port

. () .
:
378H/IRQ7 ( ) ,
;
278H/IRQ5 ,
;
3BC/IRQ7 ,
;
Disabled .
 Onboard Serial Port A/B

COM1/2 .
:
3F8/IRQ4 COM1;
2F8/IRQ3 COM2;
3E8/IRQ4 COM1;
2E8/IRQ3 COM2;
Auto ;
Disabled .
 Onboard Serial Port 1

COM1 .

9.

171

:
Auto BIOS / , ;
3F8/IRQ4 ( )
;
2F8/IRQ3, 3E8/IRQ4, 2E8/IRQ3
;
Disabled COM1 , ,
" " , .
 Onboard Serial Port 2

COM2 .
:
Auto ( ) BIOS / , ;
2F8/IRQ3 ( )
;
3F8/IRQ4, 3E8/IRQ4, 2E8/IRQ3
;
Disabled COM1 , ,
" " , .
 Onboard Serial UART 1/2

COM1/2 .
:
3F8/IRQ4 COM1;
2F8/IRQ3 COM2;
3E8/IRQ4 COM1;
2E8/IRQ3 COM2;
Auto ;
Disabled .

172

II. BIOS

 Onboard UART 1/2



COM1/2 .
:
3F8/IRQ4 COM1;
2F8/IRQ3 COM2;
3E8/IRQ4 COM1;
2E8/IRQ3 COM2;
Auto ;
Disabled .
 Parallel Port DMA
DMA,
.
:
Auto ( ) ;
N/A DMA ;
3 DMA 3;
1 DMA 1;
0 DMA 0.
 Parallel Port IRQ
, .
:
Auto ( ) ;
5 IRQ5;
7 IRQ7.
 PCI Device Search Order

PCI, .
:
First Last ( ) ;
Last First "".

9.

173

 PCI IDE 2nd Channel


IDE, , " ",
.
:
Enabled ( ) , IRQ15
, ;
Disabled , .
 PCI IDE IRQ Map To

, IDE PCI, , . IRQ14 IRQ15 .


:
PCI IDE IRQ Mapping ( ) IDE ,
IDE;
PC AT (ISA) . -
IDE.
, Plug and Play.
 PCI IRQ Activated By

,
PCI. ""
.
:
Level ( ) . , ;
Edge .
 PCI IRQ Sharing
,
,
PCI.

174

II. BIOS

:
Yes IRQ Sharing ;
No .
 PCI Slot IDE 2nd Channel


IDE, , " ", .
:
Enabled ( ) , IRQ15
, ;
Disabled , .
 PCI Slot n IRQ Priority
PCI n ,
.
:
Auto ( ) ;
3 PCI n IRQ 3;
4 PCI n IRQ 4;
5 PCI n IRQ 5;
7 PCI n IRQ 7;
10 PCI n IRQ 10;
11 PCI n IRQ 11.
 PIRQ_0 Use IRQ No. ... PIRQ_3 Use IRQ No


PCI- AGP-. , , , ,
.
, .
:
Auto ( ) ;
3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15
, .

9.

175

 PnP BIOS Auto-Config

.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) ""
BIOS. MS-DOS, Windows NT
, Plug and Play.
 PNP OS Installed

.
:
Yes
;
No ( ) "" BIOS.
MS-DOS, Windows NT , Plug and Play.

-
, .
 Plug and Play Aware O/S

.
:
Yes
;
No ( ) "" BIOS.
MS-DOS, Windows NT , Plug and Play.

-
, .
 Plug & Play OS

176

II. BIOS

:
Yes
;
No ( ) "" BIOS.
MS-DOS, Windows NT , Plug and Play.

-
, .
 PS/2 Mouse Function Control
IRQ12, " "
, PS/2.
:
Enabled ( ) ,
,
;
Auto PS/2. , , PS/2.
 Report No FDD For WIN 95
, , .
:
Yes BIOS ,
;
No ( ) BIOS
-.
 Reserved Memory Base

Plug and Play.


:
C800, CC00, D000, D800, DC00, D400, N/A.
 Reserved Memory Length

,
, Plug and Play.

9.

177

:
8K, 16K, 32K 64K.
 Reset Configuration Data

"" ,
. .
:
Enabled "" ECSD.
;
Disabled ( )
.
:
Disabled ( )
;
ESCD "" ESCD;
DMI "" DMI;
Both "" .
 Resource Controlled By

,
BIOS.
:
Auto ( ) .
Auto (ECSD);
Manual .
- .
,
PNP OS Installed . BIOS.
 Route PCI IRQ to IOAPIC
PCI
"" ( 0 15). , APIC.

178

II. BIOS

:
Enabled "" ;
Disabled .
 Slot 1 IRQ

,
BIOS. ,
PCI ( AGP).
:
Auto ( ) . Auto (ECSD);
Manual .
- .
,
PNP OS Installed . BIOS.
 Slot 2 IRQ

,
BIOS. ,
PCI ( AGP).
:
Auto ( ) . Auto (ECSD);
Manual .
- .
,
PNP OS Installed . BIOS.
 Slot 3 IRQ

,
BIOS. ,
PCI ( AGP).

9.

179

:
Auto ( ) . Auto (ECSD);
Manual .
- .
,
PNP OS Installed . BIOS.
 Slot 4/5 IRQ

,
BIOS. ,
PCI ( AGP).
:
Auto ( ) . Auto (ECSD);
Manual .
- .
,
PNP OS Installed . BIOS.
 Slot n Use IRQ

n
PCI-. , , , , . ,
.
:
Auto ( ) ;
3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15
, .
 Trigger Method

PCI.

180

II. BIOS

:
Auto ( ) PCI-, Plug and Play. , PCI- ;
Force
.
 USB IRQ

,
USB, .
:
Enabled ( )
USB ;
Disabled USB .
 Use An IRQ For USB

,
USB, .
:
Yes ( )
USB ;
No USB .
 USE IRQ12 For Mouse Port
IRQ12, " "
, PS/2.
:
Yes ( ) , , ;
No PS/2.

, ,
PS/2.
 Use Multiprocessor Specifications
MPS 1.4 Support.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .

9.

181

 VGA Interrupt
, ,
.
, , .
:
Yes ( )
PCI ;
No , , , .
, .
 x PnP OS

, PnP OS .
:
Disabled ;
Other PnP OS ,
Plug and Play, Windows 95;
Windows 95 ( ) ,
Windows.

10


, , . ,
, , .

- .
.
 Display Cache Window Size
,
.
:
32 MB 32 ;
64 MB 64 .
 Assign IRQ For VGA
(IRQ9) .
:
Enabled IRQ9.

, ;
Disabled . ,
, , .

10.

183

3D-.
, , , . , , MPEG-
( DVD-).
Bus-Master,
.
BIOS
IRQ to PCI VGA.
 Graphics Aperture Size

AGP.
:
4 MB, 8 MB, 16 MB, 32 MB, 64 MB ( );
128 MB 256 MB , , .
, 50 25 % ( ).
.
 Init AGP Display First
, AGP-, . , , PCI- ISA-.
:
Enabled AGP;
Disabled PCI ISA-.
BIOS Init Display, :
AGP , AGP-;
PCI , PCI-.
""
Graphics Adapter : VL Bus VESA PCI Bus PCI.

184

II. BIOS


. , ,
. ,
PCI- .
 PCI Pipeline
. , , PCI-.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
BIOS PCI
Pipelining.
 PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
, VGA.
, MPEG (
).
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
.
 USWC Write Posting
, . , . ,
. BIOS
, , Pentium Pro (, Pentium II).
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
, . .

, .

10.

185

 VGA 128K Range Attribute


, ,
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
VGA.
: VGA Performance
Mode, Turbo VGA (0WS at A/B), VGA Frame Buffer.
 VGA BIOS Sequence
, BIOS
AGP PCI. ,
.
:
AGP ( AGP/PCI) AGP. , BIOS .
;
PCI ( PCI/AGP) PCI. ,
BIOS .
.
 Video
Standard CMOS Setup
() . ,
, BIOS .
:
Mono (-) ;
MDA - , ;
CGA 80 ,
80 ;
CGA 40 ,
40 ;
EGA/VGA , EGA, VGA SVGA. .
VGA/PGA/EGA.

186

II. BIOS

Primary Display :
VGA/EGA, CGA40x25, CGA80x25, Mono, Absent.
(, ) LCD&CRT :
LCD ;
CRT - ;
Auto ;
LCD&CRT .
 Graphic Adapter Priority
,
.
.
:
AGP/PCI ( ) , AGP;
PCI/AGP ,
PCI.
PCI .
 Init Display First
Graphic Adapter Priority.
:
PCI PCI;
AGP AGP.
 PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
, VGA.
, MPEG (
).
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 VGA Boot From
Graphic Adapter Priority.

10.

187

:
AGP AGP;
PCI Slot ( ) PCI.
 Video
. .
:
Mono (-) ;
MDA - , ;
CGA 80 ,
80 ;
CGA 40 ,
40 ;
EGA/VGA , EGA, VGA SVGA. .
VGA/PGA/EGA.

11


-
(FDD) . FDD
,
.
 Onboard FDC (FDD) Controller

-.
:
Enabled .
;
Disabled .
- .
 Report No FDD Win 95
Windows 9x (ME)
-. Onboard FDC Controller Windows IRQ6, -, .
:
Yes .
- (, )
Windows 95;
No . .
IRQ6
.

11. -

189

 Swap Floppy Drive


. ,
, (3,5").
, ,
- . , .
:
Enabled : : ,
,
:;
Disabled (
).
: Floppy Drive Swap, Onboard FDC Swap
A&B.
 Drive A
,
.
:
None ;
360 KB 5.25" 5,25
360 ;
1.2 MB 5.25" 5,25
1,2 ;
720 KB 3.5" 3,5
720 ;
1.44 MB 3.5" 3,5
1,44 ;
2.88 MB 3.5" 3,5
2,88 .
 Drive B
,
.
:
None ;
360 KB 5.25" 5,25
360 ;

190

II. BIOS

1.2 MB 5.25" 5,25


1,2 ;
720 KB 3.5" 3,5
720 ;
1.44 MB 3.5" 3,5
1,44 ;
2.88 MB 3.5" 3,5
2,88 .
 Floppy 3 Mode Support
-. ,
.

1 /.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Floppy 3 Mode
Floppy 3 Mode Support.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Floppy Disk Drive

(Drive A, Drive B).
:
None ;
360 KB 5.25" 5,25
360 ;
1.2 MB 5.25" 5,25
1,2 ;
720 KB 3.5" 3,5
720 ;
1.44 MB 3.5" 3,5
1,44 ;
2.88 MB 3.5" 3,5
2,88 .

11. -

191

, , , (Drive A) 5,25", (Drive B)


3,5". "". 3,5". BIOS , . . ,
Windows 95
. ,
CMOS-. , - ""
.
, . , .
BIOS Legacy Diskette A (B) ,
: :.
 Report No FDD Win 95
Windows 9x (ME)
-. Onboard FDC Controller Windows IRQ6, -, .
:
Yes .
- (, )
Windows 95;
No . .
IRQ6
.
 Set Device As...
,
.
:
Auto ;
Floppy -;
Hard Disk
.

192

II. BIOS

 Swap Floppy Drive


. ,
, (3,5").
, ,
- . , .
:
Enabled : : ,
,
:;
Disabled ( ) .
 Boot Up Floppy Seek
, , ,
( ,
). , . . .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Diskette Access
-.
:
User ( ) ;
Supervisor .
 Diskette Controller
( ) -. ,
, , , , " " FDD
( , IRQ 6).
:
Enabled ( ) FDD ;
Disabled FDD .

11. -

193

 Diskette Write Protect


.
. ,
.
:
Enabled , ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Floppy 3 Mode Support
"" -.

1 /. ,
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Floppy 3 Mode
"" -.

1 /. , .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Floppy Access Control
.
. ,
.
:
Read-Write ( ) - ;
Read Only - .

194

II. BIOS

 Floppy Disk Access Control (R/W)


.
. ,
.
:
Read Only , ;
R/W ( ) .
 Floppy Disk Access Controller
.
. ,
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Floppy Disk Controller
( ) -. ,
, , , , "
" FDD, ( IRQ 6).
:
Enabled ( ) FDD ;
Disabled FDD .
 Floppy Disk Drive
- ( Drive A
Drive B).
:
None (
2- );

11. -

195

360 KB 5.25" 5,25"


360 ;
1.2 MB 5.25" 5,25"
1,2 ;
720 KB 3.5" 3,5"
720 ;
1.44 MB 3.5" 3,5"
1,44 ( 1- );
2.88 MB 3.5" 3,5"
2,88 .
Floppy Disk Drive , .
:
Normal ( ) ;
Write Protect , ;
Write Protect Boot Sector , .
 Floppy Drive Seek At Boot
, , ,
( ,
). , . . .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Floppy Drive Swap
- (Drive B),
(Drive A). ,
, , ,
, "" A:.
,
.
:
Enabled : : ;
Disabled ( ) .

196

II. BIOS

 Floppy Interface
( ) -. ,
, , , , "
" FDD, ( IRQ 6).
:
Auto ( ) FDD ;
Disabled FDD .
 Floppy Status
,
(
).
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Floppy Write Protect
. . ,
.
:
Enabled , ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Legacy Diskette A (B)
- ( Drive A
Drive B).
:
None (
2- );
360 KB 5.25" 5,25"
360 ;

11. -

197

1.2 MB 5.25" 5,25"


1,2 ;
720 KB 3.5" 3,5"
720 ;
1.44 MB 3.5" 3,5"
1,44 ( 1- );
2.88 MB 3.5" 3,5"
2,88 .
 Onboard FDC ( FDD) Controller
( ) -. ,
, , , , "
" FDD, ( IRQ 6).
:
Enabled ( ) FDD ;
Disabled FDD .
 Onboard FDC Swap A&B
- (Drive B),
(Drive A). ,
, , ,
, "" A:.
,
.
Enabled : : ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Report No FDD Win 95
"" -. BIOS , .
, ,
, -
.
Yes ;
No ( ) .

198

II. BIOS

 Swap Floppy Drive


- (Drive B),
(Drive A). ,
, , ,
, "" A:.
,
.
Enabled : : ;
Disabled ( ) .

12


, ,
, , . .
 Boot Up Numlock Status
,
.
<NumLock>.
:
Enabled
.
( NumLock);
Disabled
<Insert>, <Delete> . .

System Boot Up
Numlock Status, Boot Up Num-Lock ( AMI BIOS) Numlock.
 KBC Input Clock
. , , . ,
.
:
8 MHz . , ;

200

II. BIOS

12 MHz . ;
16 MHz . , .
: KBC Input Clock Select,
Keyboard Controller Clock.
 Keyboard
,
-, ,
.
:
Installed ,
. ;
Not Installed . .
AMI BIOS System Keyboard
Present ( ) Absent
.
 Keyboard Reset Control
<Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Del>.
:
Enabled .
;
Disabled .
 Typematic Rate Setting

.
:
Enabled "" ,
;
Disabled .
 Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec)
.

12. , ,

201

, 6 30 , . . . , ,
MS-DOS. Windows
.
:
6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 20, 24, 30 ,
.
Keyboard Auto-Repeat Rate.
 Typematic (Rate) Delay (Msec)
,
0,25 1 .
:
250, 500, 750 1000
.
Keyboard Auto-Repeat Delay.
 USB Keyboard Support Via
, USB, BIOS,
.
:
OS USB- (, Windows 98);
BIOS USB- BIOS (, MS-DOS UNIX).
Phoenix BIOS
. USB BIOS Legacy Support
Enabled () Disabled ()
USB- ()
BIOS. USB Legacy Support
( Enabled/Disabled) .
 USB Keyboard Support
USB.
USB-, .

202

II. BIOS

:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 USB Mouse Support
"" USB. USB-,
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Boot Up Num-Lock
Num Lock,

.
MS-DOS, . . Windows
.
:
Enabled ( ) Num Lock , ;
Disabled Num Lock , <Insert>, <Delete> . .
On Off .
 Boot Up Numlock Status
Boot Up Num-Lock.
:
Enabled ( ) Num Lock ;
Disabled Num Lock .
On Off .
 KBC Clock
, .
:
8 MHz ,
;
12 MHz ( ) ;

12. , ,

203

16 MHz , , , , .
 KBC Clock Select
KBC Clock.
:
8 MHz, 12 MHz ( ) 16 MHz.
 KBC Clock Source
KBC Clock.
:
8 MHz, 12 MHz ( ) 16 MHz.
 KBC Input Clock Select
KBC Clock.
:
8 MHz, 12 MHz ( ) 16 MHz.
 Keyboard
.
:
Installed ( )
,
;
Not Installed
, , , -,
.
 Keyboard Auto-Repeat Delay
,
,
, .
:
250 ( ) 0,25 ;
500 0,5 ;
750 0,75 ;
1000 1 .
BIOS , .

204

II. BIOS

 Keyboard Auto-Repeat Rate


Keyboard Auto-Repeat,
.
:
6 30
,
Windows ,
MS-DOS.
 Keyboard Controller Clock
KBC Clock.
:
8 MHz, 12 MHz ( ) 16 MHz.
 Keyboard Reset Control
<Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Del>. , Windows 2000/XP
, "".
:
Enabled ( ) " " ;
Disabled .
 Legacy USB Support
BIOS
"", USB BIOS.
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
Auto. , USB , .
 Numlock
Boot Up Num-Lock.
:
Enabled ( ) Num Lock ;
Disabled Num Lock .
On Off .

12. , ,

205

 Port 64/60 Emulation


,
USB Windows NT.
:
Enabled , ;
Disabled ( ) .
 PS/2 Mouse Function Control
, , IRQ12 PS/2. "" PS/2
.
:
Enabled ( ) , ""
PS/2, IRQ12;
Auto IRQ12 .
 PS/2 Mouse
PS/2 Mouse Function Control.
:
Auto Detect ( ) , "" ;
Disabled "" , IRQ12 .
 PS/2 Mouse Support
PS/2 Mouse Function Control.
:
Enabled ( ) "" PS/2 ;
Disabled "" .
 System Boot Up Numlock Status
Boot Up Num-Lock.
:
Enabled ( ) Num Lock ;
Disabled Num Lock .
On Off .

206

II. BIOS

 System Keyboard
Keyboard.
:
Present ( ) ;
Absent .
 Typematic Rate Setting
,
Typematic Delay, Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec) ( ).
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Typematic Delay
Keyboard Auto-Repeat Delay.
:
250 ( ) 0,25 ;
500 0,5 ;
750 0,75 ;
1000 1 .
BIOS , .
 Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec)
Keyboard Auto-Repeat, Typematic Delay.
:
6 30
,
Windows ,
MS-DOS.
 Typematic (Rate) Delay (Msec)
Keyboard Auto-Repeat Delay.
:
250 ( ) 0,25 ;
500 0,5 ;

12. , ,

207

750 0,75 ;
1000 1 .
BIOS , .
 USB BIOS Legacy Support
Legacy USB Support.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 USB Device
Legacy USB Support.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 USB KB/Mouse/FDD Legacy Support
Legacy USB Support.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 USB Keyboard Support
USB BIOS.
:
BIOS BIOS ;
OS ( ) .
, USB , .
 USB Keyboard Support VIA
USB Keyboard Support.
:
BIOS BIOS ;
OS ( ) .

208

II. BIOS

 USB Keyboard Legacy Support


USB Keyboard Support.
:
BIOS BIOS ;
OS ( ) .
 USB Legacy Support
Legacy USB Support.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 USB Legacy Mode Support
Legacy USB Support.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 USB Legacy Mouse Support
Legacy USB Support.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 USB Mouse Support
"" USB BIOS.
:
BIOS BIOS ;
OS ( ) .
 USB Keyboard/Mouse Support
Legacy USB Support.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 USB Keyboard & Legacy Support
Legacy USB Support.

12. , ,

209

:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 USB Keybd/Mouse Legacy Support
Legacy USB Support.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 USB 1.1 Legacy Support
Legacy USB Support, , .
:
Disabled ( ) ;
No Mice BIOS ,
"";
All Device BIOS .
 USB 1.1 64/60 Emulation
Port 64/60 Emulation.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 x Port 64/60 Emulation
Port 64/60 Emulation.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .

13



. ,
, ,
. , , ,

( ).
 Audio Controller
, .
:
Enabled . . ;
Disabled . , , .
.
BIOS Audio, Audio
Device, Onboard Audio, Onboard Audio Chip.
 Graphics Mode Select
,
.
:
UMA 1 MB 1 ;
UMA 512 KB 512 .

13.

211

 Init Display First


,
.
:
Onboard ;
PCI Slot , , PCI-.
 Local Memory Freq
, .
BIOS.
 Multiple Monitor Support
, .
:
Motherboard Primary ,
, ;
Motherboard Disabled , , ;
Adapter Monitor ,
, .
 On-Chip Video Windows Size
, .
:
64 MB 64 ;
32 MB 32 ;
Disabled
.
 Onboard AC97 Audio Controller

97.
:
Auto
;

212

II. BIOS

Disabled
.
 Onboard AC97 Modem Controller

97.
:
Auto
;
Disabled .
 Onboard Display Cache Setting
-, , .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 x 16-bit DMA Channel
16- DMA, .
:
DMA5 ( );
DMA6;
DMA7.
Audio DMA Select.
 x 8-bit DMA Channel
8- DMA, .
:
DMA0;
DMA1;
DMA3 ( ).
 x Base I/O Address
/, .

13.

213

, ,
, , 220.
Audio I/O Base Address, Onboard Audio Address.
 x Interrupt
,
.
:
IRQ2;
IRQ5 ( );
IRQ7;
IRQ10.
BIOS Audio IRQ Select.
 x MPU I/O Address
/, ,
MPU-401 (MIDI Processing Unit).
.
:
300-301 ( 330);
330-331.
BIOS MPU401 Configuration, MPU-401 I/O Base Address.
 USB Controller
USB.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 USB 2.0 Controller
USB 2.0.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .

214

II. BIOS

 Azalia Codec

Azalia, , ,
.
:
Auto ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Onboard H/W 1394
IEEE 1394.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Onboard H/W SATA
Serial ATA.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 H/W SATA Function
Serial ATA.
:
RAID ( ) RAID;
ATA ATA.
 Onboard H/W LAN1
1.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Onboard H/W LAN2
2.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .

13.

215

 Onboard Serial Port 1


1
, IRQ3 IRQ4 ( ).
:
Auto BIOS ;
3F8/IRQ4 ( ) IRQ4 3F8;
2F8/IRQ3 ( ) IRQ3 2F8;
3E8/IRQ4 ( ) IRQ4 3E8;
2E8/IRQ3 ( ) IRQ3 2E8;
Disabled , ,
, .
 Onboard IrDA Port
-
, IRQ3 IRQ4 ( ).
:
Auto BIOS ;
3F8/IRQ4 ( ) IRQ4 3F8;
2F8/IRQ3 ( ) IRQ3 2F8;
3E8/IRQ4 ( ) IRQ4 3E8;
2E8/IRQ3 ( ) IRQ3 2E8;
Disabled , , , ;
 UART Mode Select
-.
:
IrDA ( ) IrDA;
ASKIR ASKIR.
 UR2 Duplex Mode
-.
:
Half ( ) ;
Full .

216

II. BIOS

 Onboard Parallel Port


, IRQ5 IRQ7 ( ).
:
Disabled ;
378/IRQ7 ( ) IRQ7 378;
278/IRQ5 ( ) IRQ5 278;
3BC/IRQ7 ( ) IRQ7 3BC.
 Parallel Port Mode
.
:
SPP ( ) ;
EPP Enhanced Parallel Port;
ECP Extended Capabilities Port;
ECP+EPP .
 ECP Mode Use DMA
DMA,
ECP.

.
:
3 DMA3;
1 DMA1.
 AC97 Audio
, , .
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Audio
AC97 Audio.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .

13.

217

 Audio Controller
AC97 Audio.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Audio Device
AC97 Audio.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Audio DMA Select
16- DMA,
.
:
DMA5 ( ), DMA6 DMA7
.
 Audio I/O Base Address
/, .
:
220H ( ) 240H
.
 Audio IRQ Select
,
.
:
IRQ3, IRQ5 ( ), IRQ7 IRQ10 .
 Audio High DMA Select
Audio DMA Select.
:
DMA5 ( ), DMA6 DMA7
;
Disabled 16-
DMA.

218

II. BIOS

 Audio Low DMA Select


Audio DMA Select, 8- DMA.
:
DMA0, DMA1 DMA3 ( )
;
Disabled 8-
DMA.
 Build CPU Audio
. ( , MS-DOS).
:
SB16 SB16;
SB Pro SB Pro;
Disabled ( ) .
 Game Port Address
/, .
:
201 ( ) 209
;
Disabled , ,
, .
 Game Port (200H-207H)
.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled , , , .
 MPU-401
MIDI.
:
Enabled MPU-401;
Disabled ( ) .

13.

219

 MPU-401 Configuration
/,
MIDI .
:
300-301 330-331 ( ) .
 MPU-401 I/O Address
MPU-401 Configuration.
:
330H-333H ( ), 300H-303H, 310H-313H 320H-323H

.
 MPU-401 I/O Base Address
MPU-401 Configuration.
:
300-301 330-331 ( ) .
 MIDI Port Address
MPU-401 Configuration.
:
290, 300 330
;
Disabled ( ) MIDI .
 MIDI IRQ Port
Audio IRQ Select,
MIDI, ,
.
:
5 10 ( )
.
 MIDI Port IRQ
MIDI IRQ Port.
:
5 10 ( )
.

220

II. BIOS

 Onboard AC97 Audio


AC97 Audio.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Onboard AC97 Audio Controller
AC97 Audio.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Onboard AC97 Codec
AC97 Audio.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Onboard Audio
AC97 Audio.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Onboard Audio Address
Audio I/O Base Address.
:
220H ( ) 240H
.
 Onboard Audio Chip
AC97 Audio.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Onboard Game Port
Game Port (200H-207H).

13.

221

:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled , , ,
, , .
 Onboard Game/MIDI Port
Game Port (200H-207H),
MIDI, .
Disabled , MIDI;
200/300, 200/330, 208/300 208/330 .
 Onboard Legacy Audio
AC97 Audio.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 SB I/O Base Address
/, SB .
:
220H-22FH ( ), 280H-28FH, 260H-26FH 240H-24FH

.
 SB IRQ Select
IRQ,
SB .
:
IRQ5 ( ), IRQ7, IRQ9 IRQ10 .
 SB DMA Select
DMA,

SB .
:
DMA0, DMA1 ( ), DMA2 DMA3
.

222

II. BIOS

 Sound Blaster
SB.
, MS-DOS.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 VIA-3058 AC97 Audio
AC97 Audio.
:
Auto ( ) ;
Disabled .
 x Base I/O Address
Audio I/O Base Address.
:
220H ( ) 240H
.
 x 8-bit DMA Channel
Audio Low DMA Select.
:
DMA0, DMA1 DMA3 ( )
.
 x 16-bit DMA Channel
Audio DMA Select.
:
DMA5 ( ), DMA6 DMA7
.
 x Interrupt
Audio IRQ Select.
:
IRQ3
3,
( );
IRQ5 ( ) , Sound Blaster;

13.

223

IRQ7
7, , ECP (
LPT (SPP, EPP));
IRQ10 .
 x MPU I/O Address
MPU-401 Configuration.
:
300-301
;
330-331 ( )
.
 Add on ROM Display Mode
, BIOS .
:
Force BIOS ( )
;
Keep Current
.
 Cacheable Range
BIOS BIOS
.
0 8 0 128 BIOS.
 Display Cache Windows Size
, .
:
64 MB ( ) 64 ;
32 MB 32 ;
Disabled
AGP . ,
.
,
.

224

II. BIOS

, , 128 64 , ,
64 . 256 192 . .
 Graphics Aperture Size

AGP.
:
4 MB, 8 MB, 16 MB, 32 MB, 64 MB ( ), 128 MB
256 MB , ,
.
, 50 25 % ( ).
.
 Graphics Mode Select
Display Cache Windows Size.
:
UMA 1 MB 1 ;
UMA 512 KB 512 .
 Graphic Win Size
Display Cache Windows Size.
4 MB 2 GB BIOS.
 Init Display First

.
:
Onboard ;
PCI , , PCI. ,
, , AGP;
AGP ,
AGP,
" " "" CMOS.
Onboard/AGP AGP/Onboard.

13.

225

 Initialize Display Cache Memory



, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled
.
 Local Memory Freq
, .
BIOS.
 Multiple Monitor Support
, ( ). .
:
Motherboard Primary ,
;
Motherboard Disabled , ,
, ,
;
Adapter Monitor ,
, .
 Onboard Display Cache Setting
Initialize Display Cache Memory.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled
.
 Onboard TV-Out Format
,
TV-Out .

226

II. BIOS

:
NTSC ( ) , . . ;
PAL .
 Onboard VGA Memory Clock
.
:
Normal , , 50 ;
Fast , ,
60 ;
Fastest , , 66 .

, BIOS.
 On-Chip Frame Buffer Size
, .
:
8 MB ( ), 16 MB, 32 MB 64 MB BIOS.
1 MB 8 MB ( ).
 On-Chip VGA
.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 On Chip VGA Frame Buffer
Display Cache Windows Size.
:
8 MB, 16 MB, 32 MB
BIOS;
None .

13.

227

 On-Chip Video Windows Size


Display Cache Windows Size.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Primary Frame Buffer
,
, PCI. ,
.
:
1M, 2M, 4M, 8M, 16M
;
Disabled .
 TV Standard
Onboard TV-Out Format.
:
NTSC ( ) , . . ;
PAL .
 VGA Frame Buffer
,
A000H BFFFH .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
Turbo VGA (0 WS at A/B).
 VGA Performance Mode
Turbo VGA (0 WS at A/B).
 VGA 128k Range Attribute
Turbo VGA (0 WS at A/B).
 Video Memory Size
On-Chip Frame Buffer Size.
( , 8 128 ).

228

II. BIOS

 UMA Frame Buffer Size


On-Chip Frame Buffer Size.
( , 8 128 ).
 AC97 Modem
, AMR CNR.
:
Auto ;
Disabled .
 CNR LAN Control
,
CNR.
:
Auto ( , Enabled) ,
CNR;
Disabled .
 LAN Remote Boot
, .
:
BootP BIOS,

BootP;
LSA BIOS,

LSA;
Disabled .
 Onboard AC97 Modem Controller
AC97 Modem.
:
Auto ;
Disabled .

13.

229

 Onboard LAN
.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Onboard LAN Boot ROM
.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Onboard LAN Chip
.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Onboard LAN Control
.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Onboard LAN (NVIDIA)
.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Onboard MC97 Modem
AC97 Modem.
:
Auto ;
Disabled .
 Realtek LAN ROM Initial
Onboard LAN Boot ROM.

230

II. BIOS

:
Yes ( ) ;
No .
 VIA-3043 OnChip LAN
.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Delay For SCSI HDD
,
, SCSI,
. ,
, ,
POST BIOS .
, .

, .
:
Disabled ( ) ;
15 sec ( 0-15) 15 ;
30 sec ( 0-30) 30 ;
60 sec ( 1-00) 1 .
, .
 Embedded SCSI BIOS
, SCSI BIOS , ( ).
,
. ,
(, ,
, BIOS ) .

13.

231

:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 NCR SCSI BIOS
SCSI.
:
Auto ( ) ,
Enabled. ,
BIOS,
, , . , Enabled,
Auto;
Disabled . , SCSI, .
 ONB AHA BIOS
NCR SCSI BIOS.
:
Auto ( ) ;
Disabled .
 ONB AHA BIOS First

SCSI ( ).
:
Yes ,
, , ,
.
, Delay For SCSI
HDD;
No ( )
.
 ONB SCSI LVD Term

SCSI, ,
.
LVD .

232

II. BIOS

:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
On Off .
 ONB SCSI SE Term
ONB SCSI LVD Term ,
, SE.
 Onboard AHA BIOS
NCR SCSI BIOS.
:
Auto ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Onboard PCI/SCSI BIOS
NCR SCSI BIOS. PCI
, .
, ,
ISA.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Onboard PCI SCSI BIOS
NCR SCSI BIOS.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Onboard SCSI
NCR SCSI BIOS.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 SCSI Parity Checking
, SCSI. . , -

13.

233

, ,
(, ).
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 SYMBIOS SCSI BIOS
NCR SCSI BIOS.
:
Auto ( ) ;
Disabled .
 ATA100RAID IDE Controller
RAID.
:
Disabled ;
Enabled ( ) .
 Onboard 1394
FireWire.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .

14


CD-ROM
, CD-ROM, , ( , ATA Serial ATA).
Serial ATA
ATA Parallel ATA. , , ,
.
 On-Chip Primary PCI IDE
ATA ,
IRQ15.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled , ,
.
 ATA RAID/AHCI Mode
Serial ATA .
:
RAID ( ) Serial ATA
RAID;
ACHI "" ( Windows 2000 Windows XP);
Disabled Serial ATA ATA.

14. CD-ROM

235

 On-Chip SATA Mode


Serial ATA.
:
Disabled ;
Auto ( ) BIOS
Serial ATA;
Combined 4- : 2- Serial ATA
2- Parallel ATA;
Enhanced 6- ;
Non-Combined Serial ATA
Parallel ATA. .
 PATA IDE Set to
Parallel ATA.
:
Ch.1 Master/Slave ( )
Parallel ATA Ch.1 Master/Slave;
Ch.0 Master/Slave ( )
Parallel ATA Ch.0 Master/Slave.
 SATA Port 0/2 Set to
0/2
Serial ATA.
On-Chip SATA Mode PATA IDE Set to. PATA IDE Set to
Ch.1 Master/Slave,
Ch.0 Master/Slave.
 SATA Port 1/3 Set to
1/3
Serial ATA.
On-Chip SATA Mode PATA IDE Set to. PATA IDE Set to
Ch.0 Master/Slave,
Ch.1 Master/Slave.
 IDE Detect Time Out

IDE,
.

236

II. BIOS

:
0 35 .
BIOS.
 Maximum LBA Capacity

, LBA- .
.
 OnChip IDE Channel0
IDE.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 OnChip IDE Channel1
IDE.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 On-Chip IDE Controller
( ).
, IDE- . , .
:
Enabled , , , ;
Disabled IDE . , , SCSI.
 On-Chip Secondary IDE
IDE, , .
IDE.
:
Enabled IDE ;
Disabled IDE .

14. CD-ROM

237

 IDE Port Setting


Serial ATA.
:
Primary P-ATA+S-ATA;
Secondary P-ATA+S-ATA;
P-ATA Ports Only.
 On-Chip Serial ATA

SATA.
:
Disabled ( ) ;
Auto ;
Combined Mode Serial ATA "" ATA,
. . SATA
ATA;
Enhanced Mode Serial ATA "" ATA, . .
;
SATA Only Serial ATA .
 Serial ATA Port0/1 Mode
Serial ATA.
( , On-Chip Serial ATA
Combined Mode):
Primary Master Serial ATA ATA, Primary Master;
Primary Slave Serial ATA ATA, Primary Slave;
Secondary Master Serial ATA
ATA, Secondary Master;
Secondary Slave Serial ATA
ATA, Secondary Slave.
 32-Bit Disk Access
, IDE-
16- .
PCI.

238

II. BIOS

:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled . ,
.
 32 Bit I/O
, IDE-
16- .
PCI.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled . , .
 32 Bit Transfer Mode
, IDE-
16- .
PCI.
:
On ( ) ;
Off .
, .
 Anti-Virus Protection
, , . , , .
.
, , ,
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
,
boot-. Windows 9x
, ,

14. CD-ROM

239

, . . BIOS
.
boot- ( , . . boot-).
Boot Warning :
;
FDISK /MBR;
;
OS/2 (OS/2
Boot Manager).
,
boot- " ". SCSI-, BIOS . , ATA.
BIOS
ChipAway , Enabled,
.
"ChipAway Virus Enabled". .
 ATA 66/100 IDE Cable Msg
, ,
CD-ROM 40- 80-.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Boot Sector Virus Detection
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
Anti-Virus Protection. BIOS

240

II. BIOS

Flash- .
boot-
. ,
. , .
 Boot Sector Virus Protection
, , . Anti-Virus Protection.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Boot Virus Protection
.
Boot Sector Virus Detection.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Boot Warning
, , . Anti-Virus Protection.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 CD-ROM Drive DMA Mode
DMA
, CD-ROM .
:
Auto ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Delay for HDD (Secs)
,
IDE.

14. CD-ROM

241

, .
:
Disabled ( ) ;
0-15, 0-30, 1-15 .
.
 Delay IDE Initial
,
IDE.

, .
:
Disabled ( ) ;
0-15, 0-30, 1-15 .
.
 DMA Transfer Mode
, IDE
DMA.
:
Standard ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Hard Disk 32 Bit Access
, IDE-
16- .
PCI.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled . ,
.
 Hard Disk 47 RAM Area
, , .

242

II. BIOS

:
DOS MS-DOS,
. . 1 ;
BIOS ,
(Shadow Memory). DOS-, ,
- .
 Hard Disk Pre-Delay
,
IDE.

, .
:
Disabled ( ) ;
0-15, 0-30, 1-15 .
.
 HDD S.M.A.R.T. Capability
, .
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 IDE1 Conductor Cable
, ,
40- 80-. ,
, UDMA 66/100/133, 40- ,
. IDE.
:
Auto ( )
;
ATA66/100/133 ;
ATA33 ATA33.

14. CD-ROM

243

 IDE2 Conductor Cable


, ,
40- 80-. ,
, UDMA 66/100/133, 40- , .
IDE.
:
Auto ( )
;
ATA66/100/133 ;
ATA33 ATA33.
 IDE1/2 Connector Cable
, ,
40- 80-. ,
, UDMA 66/100/133, 40- ,
.
:
Auto ( )
;
ATA66/100/133 ;
ATA33 ATA33.
 IDE 32-bit Transfer Mode
, IDE-
16- .
PCI.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled . ,
.
 IDE Block Mode

. -

244

II. BIOS


.
:
HDD MAX ;
.
 IDE Buffer for DOS & Windows
, ATA.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
.
 IDE Bursting
,
IDE,
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 IDE Burst Mode
,
IDE, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 IDE Data Port Post Write
, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .

14. CD-ROM

245

 IDE Data Post Write


, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 IDE DMA Transfer Mode
, IDE
DMA.
:
Standard ;
Disabled ( ) .
 IDE Fast Post Write
, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 IDE HDD Block Mode

,
.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 IDE HDD Block Mode Sectors

,
.
:
HDD MAX ;
.

246

II. BIOS

 IDE Multiple Sector Mode



.
64.
 IDE Prefetch Mode
IDE-.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 IDE Prefetch Buffer
IDE-.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 IDE Prefetching
IDE-.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 IDE Recovery Time
, .
:
1 Clocks ;
2 Clocks ;
3 Clocks ;
4 Clocks .
 Maximum LBA Capacity

, LBA- .
.
 Multi-Sector Transfers

. -

14. CD-ROM

247


.
:
HDD MAX ;
.
 Offboard PCI IDE Card
IDE, PCI.
:
Auto ( ) ;
Slot 1 , PCI;
Slot 2 ,
PCI;
Slot 3 ,
PCI;
Slot 4 ,
PCI;
Slot 5 , PCI;
Slot 6 , PCI.
 Onboard IDE-1 Controller
IDE, ,
IRQ 14 .
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Onboard IDE-2 Controller
IDE, ,
IRQ 15 .
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .

248

II. BIOS

 Onboard PCI IDE Enable


, IDE .
:
Primary ;
Secondary ;
Both ;
Disabled .
 Onboard Ultra ATA 133

Ultra ATA 133.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 On-Chip IDE Channel 0
IDE, ,
IRQ 14 .
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 On-Chip IDE Channel 1
IDE, ,
IRQ 15 .
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 On-Chip PCI IDE Primary
IDE, ,
IRQ 14 .
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .

14. CD-ROM

249

 On-Chip PCI IDE Secondary


IDE, ,
IRQ 15 .
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 PCI IDE Bus Master
Bus Mastering IDE.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 PCI IDE IRQ Map to
IRQ14 IRQ15 IDE, ISA.
:
PCI Auto IDE;
ISA IDE, ISA.
 PCI IDE Prefetch Buffer
IDE-.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Primary IDE Prefetch Buffer
IDE.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Primary Master PIO
PIO , IDE. ,
Primary Master.

250

II. BIOS

:
Mode 0 3,3 /;
Mode 1 5,2 /;
Mode 2 8,3 /;
Mode 3 11,1 /;
Mode 4 16,6 /;
Auto ( ) BIOS .
 Primary Master UDMA
UDMA
, IDE. ,
Primary Master.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Primary Slave PIO
PIO , IDE. ,
Primary Slave.
:
Mode 0 3,3 /;
Mode 1 5,2 /;
Mode 2 8,3 /;
Mode 3 11,1 /;
Mode 4 16,6 /;
Auto ( ) BIOS .
 Primary Slave UDMA
UDMA
, IDE. ,
Primary Slave.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .

14. CD-ROM

251

 Secondary IDE Prefetch Buffer


IDE.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Secondary Master PIO
PIO , IDE. ,
Secondary Master.
:
Mode 0 3,3 /;
Mode 1 5,2 /;
Mode 2 8,3 /;
Mode 3 11,1 /;
Mode 4 16,6 /;
Auto ( ) BIOS .
 Secondary Master UDMA
UDMA
, IDE. ,
Secondary Master.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Secondary Slave PIO
PIO , IDE. ,
Secondary Slave.
:
Mode 0 3,3 /;
Mode 1 5,2 /;
Mode 2 8,3 /;
Mode 3 11,1 /;
Mode 4 16,6 /;

252

II. BIOS

Auto ( ) BIOS .
 Secondary Slave UDMA
UDMA
, IDE. ,
Secondary Slave.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 S.M.A.R.T. for Hard Disk
, .
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 SMART Device Monitoring
, .
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 SMART Monitoring
, .
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 UltraDMA-66/100 IDE Controller
IDE,
Ultra DMA 66/100.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .

14. CD-ROM

253

 Virus Protection
, , . Anti-Virus Protection.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Virus Warning
, , . Anti-Virus Protection.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Embedded SCSI BIOS
BIOS SCSI- ,
BIOS. BIOS SCSI- .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 ONB AHA BIOS First
BIOS Adaptec SCSI- ( ).
:
Yes . SCSI- , BIOS ;
No . BIOS SCSI.
 ONB SCSI LVD Term

SCSI- LVD- .

254

II. BIOS

:
Enabled . SCSI-;
Disabled . .
 ONB SCSI SE Term

SCSI- SE- .
:
Enabled . SCSI-;
Disabled . .
 Onboard AHA BIOS
SCSI- Adaptec , ,
BIOS- ( , . .).
:
Auto SCSI- Adaptec
BIOS ;
Disabled
SCSI-.

SCSI- Adaptec
BIOS (, AHA-2940AU),
BIOS
.
 Onboard PCI/SCSI BIOS
SCSI, PCI-.

SCSI.
:
Enabled , SCSI-;
Disabled . IDE- .
BIOS SCSI <Ctrl>+<A>.

14. CD-ROM

255

 Onboard SCSI
SCSI-, .
:
Enabled .
SCSI;
Disabled .
 SCSI Parity Checking

SCSI-. .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Symbios SCSI BIOS
(, ASUS SC-200) SCSI NCR 810.
:
Auto . , BIOS;
Disabled SCSI- .
NCR SCSI BIOS.
 32-Bit Disk Access
, IDE-
16- , PCI.
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled . Windows NT 4.0, . .
32- .
 Delay IDE Initial
( ),
IDE BIOS

256

II. BIOS

.
,

. AMI BIOS ,
.
:
Disabled . ;
0-15, 0-30, 1-15 .
. ,

Western Digital 430HX .
Hard Disk Pre-Delay, Delay For HDD
(Secs).
SCSI- Delay For
SCSI/HDD (Secs) 0 60 .
 HDD S.M.A.R.T. Capability
, .
.
:
Enabled . ,
66 ;
Disabled . .
 IDE Buffer for DOS & Windows
IDE-
.
IDE, .
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled . IDE.

14. CD-ROM

257

 IDE Burst Mode


,
IDE, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
BIOS IDE Bursting.
 IDE DMA Transfer Mode
DMA- IDE.
:
Standard ;
Disable .
 IDE Data Post Write
,
, . IDE.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
BIOS IDE Data
Port Post Write IDE Fast Post Write.
 IDE HDD Block Mode Sectors

IDE.
.
IDE-.
:
HDD MAX ;
.
Multi-Sector Transfers.

258

II. BIOS

 On-Chip PCI IDE Primary



IDE, .
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled .
SCSI IDE.
BIOS On-Chip IDE
Channel 0 Onboard IDE-1 Controller.
 On-Chip PCI IDE Secondary

IDE, .
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled .
SCSI, IDE, .
BIOS On-Chip IDE
Channel 1 Onboard IDE-2 Controller.
 Onboard PCI IDE Enable
, IDE .
:
Primary ;
Secondary ;
Both ;
Disabled .
 PCI IDE IRQ Map to
IRQ14 IRQ15 IDE, ISA.
:
PCI Auto IDE, ;
ISA IDE, ISA.

14. CD-ROM

259

 Primary Master PIO, Primary Slave PIO, Secondary Master PIO, Secondary
Slave PIO
PIO
IDE.
:
Mode 0 3,3 /;
Mode 1 5,2 /;
Mode 2 8,3 /;
Mode 3 11,1 /;
Mode 4 16,6 /;
Auto BIOS . .
BIOS PIO Mode
Master/Slave Drive PIO Mode.
 Primary Master UDMA, Primary Slave UDMA, Secondary Master UDMA,
Secondary Slave UDMA
Ultra DMA IDE.
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled .
IDE, . . .
BIOS
UltraDMA PIO Mode Master/Slave Drive UltraDMA.
 UltraDMA-66/100 IDE Controller
IDE, Ultra DMA 66/100.
BIOS ,
.
:
Enabled . , ;
Disabled .
.

15


 ACPI Suspend Type
ACPI.
:
S1 (POS) ( ) Power On Suspend;
S3 (STR) Suspend To RAM.
 Soft-off by PWR-BTTN
Power
( ATX -).
:
Instant-off ( ) ;
Delay 4 Sec. 4- .
.
 PME Event Wake Up

PME. ,
5VSB 1 .
:
Disabled ;
Enabled ( ) .
 Power On By Ring

.

15.

261

:
Disabled ;
Enabled ( ) .
 Resume By Alarm

.
:
Disabled ;
Enabled ( ) .
, :
Date (of Month) Alarm (1-31);
Time (hh : mm : ss) Alarm ( : : ).
 Power On By Mouse

"".
:
Disabled ( ) ;
Double Click .
 Power On By Keyboard

.
:
Password
1 5 ;
Disabled ( ) ;
Keyboard 98 ,
.
 KB Power ON Password
, . Power On By
Keyboard Password.
<Enter> ( 1 5 ), <Enter>, , <Enter> . -

262

II. BIOS

<Enter>, - . "" , .
 AC Back Function
.
:
Soft-Off ( ) ;
Full-On , , ;
Memory , .
 ACPI Function
ACPI.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled , ACPI
, , .
, Windows 2000/XP ,
. . . Windows 9x
Plug and Play.
, ACPI ,
APM.
 ACPI 2.0 Support
ACPI 2.0.

.
:
No ( ) ACPI 2.0 ;
Yes ACPI 2.0 .

15.

263

 ACPI APIC Support


, 24 16- .
:
Disabled , ;
Enabled ( ) .
 ACPI Aware O/S
ACPI Function. , ACPI .
:
Yes ( ) ACPI ;
No ACPI .
 ACPI Control Register
ACPI Function.
:
Enabled ( ) ACPI ;
Disabled ACPI .
 ACPI I/O Device Mode

ACPI .
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled ( ) .
 ACPI Suspend Type
"" .
:
S1 (POS) ( ) Power On Suspend;
S3 (STR) Suspend-to-RAM;
S1 & S3 .
"" Suspend To RAM, Windows 98 ( )

264

II. BIOS

,
, .
.
 AC PWR Loss Restart

. , , ,
,
,
. ( ) . , .
.
:
Enabled ( ) . ,
(,

) , ( " ");
Disabled . .
 Advanced Power Management
APM.
:
Enabled ( ) APM ;
Disabled APM .
 After G3 Enabled
, "" . ,
, , . .
:
Yes . ;
No .
 APM
Advanced Power Management.

15.

265

:
Enabled ( ) APM ;
Disabled APM .
 APM BIOS
Advanced Power Management.
:
Enabled ( ) APM ;
Disabled APM .
 Automatic Power Up
. , , . .
,
.
:
Everyday . Time (hh:mm:ss) Alarm
: , , ;
By Date . , ( , Everyday)
(Date On Month Alarm);
Disabled ( )
.
 Auto Suspend Timeout

Suspend.
BIOS. , , ,
"" , .
 BIOS -> AML ACPI Table
.
:
Disabled ;
Enabled ( ) .

266

II. BIOS

 BIOS PM on AC
. .
:
On ;
Off .
 COM Ports Accessed
, "" , .
:
On ( ) ;
Off .
 COM Ports Activity
,
"" ,
.
:
On "";
Off .
 Conserve Mode
SMI- ""
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 CPU Sleep Pin Enable
""
, (
, ).
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .

15.

267

 CPU FAN In Suspend


, Suspend.
:
On ;
Off ( ) .
 CPUFAN Off in Suspend
, ,
Suspend.
ACPI.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 CPU THRM-Throttling
.
:
25.0 %, 37.5 %, 50.0 %, 62.5 %, 75.0 % 87.5 %.
 Data Alarm
.
 DMA/Master
,
DMA-.
:
ON ;
OFF ( ) .
 DOCK I/O SMI
DOCK I/O SMI.
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Doze Mode
,
(Doze),
33 .

268

II. BIOS

:
30 Sec, 1 Min, 2 Min, 4 Min, 8 Min, 20 Min, 30 Min, 40 Min, 1 Hour
"" (, Sec ,
Min , Hour );
Disabled .

"".
BIOS.
 Drive Ports Accessed
, "" .
:
On ( ) ;
Off .
 Green Switch
Green Switch . ( ).
:
Yes ;
No . .
 Hard Disk Power Down Mode

"" .
:
Standby "" Standby;
Suspend "" Suspend;
Disabled "" .

.
 Hard Disk Timeout
, ( ) -

15.

269

. IDE.

BIOS. ( Disabled), . .
.
 Hard Disk Time Out (Minute)
Hard Disk Timeout.
 HDD Off After
Hard Disk Power Down Mode.
 HDD Ports Activity
,
"" .
:
On "";
Off .
 HDD Power Down
Hard Disk Timeout.
:
Disabled ( ) ;
1 15 min
BIOS.
 Hour / Minute / Second Alarm
.
 IRQ8 Break Suspend
, , IRQ8 ( ), Suspend.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 IRQ 8 Resume By Suspend
(, -
). -

270

II. BIOS

Alarm Time, .
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled .
 Keyboard Wake-Up Function
""
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Keyboard/Mouse Power On
,
.
:
Disabled . ;
Password x KB Power On
Password, , ;
Hot Key x KB Power On Hot
Key, ""
;
Mouse Left
;
Mouse Right
;
Any Key ;
Keyboard 98
<Wake Up> ( Windows).
, (
Windows 98- ). , , ,
Take Wake-On-Keyboard/Mouse (
).

15.

271

 KB Power ON Multikey
. <Enter>
.
 KB Power ON Password
. <Enter>
.
 Keyboard Power on
.
:
Power Key ( )
Power, ;
Multi Key .
 LPT Ports Accessed
, "" , .
:
On ( ) ;
Off .
 LPT Ports Activity
,
"" ,
.
:
On "";
Off .
 Modem Ring On
PWR Up On Modem Act.
 Mouse Wake-Up Function
Wake On PS/2 KB/Mouse, , . .
"", , AT.

272

II. BIOS

 On PME
,
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 PC98 Power LED
Power LED in Suspend.
 PC98 LED
Power LED in Suspend.
 PM Control By APM
APM.
:
Enabled ( ) , APM, ;
Disabled APM . ACPI.
 PM Events
, , "" . - ( Enabled)
. ( Disabled)
"" .
:
IRQ3 , , ,
COM2 (,
);
IRQ 4 , COM1 (,
);
IRQ 5 ""
, LPT2 (,
);
IRQ 6 "" - (, , -

15.

273

);
IRQ 7 "" , LPT1 ( , );
IRQ 8 , . , , "" ;
IRQ 12 "",
PS/2;
IRQ 14 "", , IDE;
IRQ 15 "",
CD-ROM ,
IDE;
Serial Port ;
PCI Bus ""
, PCI.
IRQ . .
, , :
IRQ 3 , -
, COM2;
IRQ 4 , -
, COM1;
IRQ 5 , -
, LPT2;
IRQ 6
-;
IRQ 7 , -
, LPT1;
IRQ 8 , . ,
""
, ;

274

II. BIOS

IRQ 9
, IRQ9;
IRQ 10
, IRQ10;
IRQ 11
, IRQ11;
IRQ 12 , PS/2,
"";
IRQ 13
;
IRQ 14
, IDE;
IRQ 15
CD-ROM ,
IDE.
 PME Event Wake-Up
,
"" .
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled . .
, , : PME Events, Wake-Up Events Reload Global
Timer Events. BIOS
, IRQ DMA.
 Power Button
Power
.
:
Disabled Power ;
Green Mode Power
"".
 Power Button Function
, Power .

15.

275

:
On/Off Power / ( );
Suspend , Power Suspend.
( 4 ) .
 Power Button Over Ride
Power .
:
Enabled ,
, Power
46 ;
Disabled ( ) Power.
Soft-Off Delay 4 Sec.
 Power LED in Suspend

LED
Suspend Standby.
:
Blinking "" ;
On ;
Off/Dual .
: Enabled Disabled.
 Power Management/APM
Advanced Power Management.
:
Enabled ( ) APM ;
Disabled APM .
 Power Management
.
:
User Define ,
;

276

II. BIOS

Min Saving (
, . .) 40120 ,
BIOS;
Max Saving (
, . .) 3060 ,
BIOS;
Disabled .
 Power Management Mode

APM ACPI. (AT ATX).
:
APM
APM. ,
Windows 95.
AT ACPI;
ACPI ( ) ACPI. , Windows 98;
Disabled .
 Power On Function
, .
:
Hot Key "" ;
Mouse Left ;
Mouse Right ;
Any KEY ;
Button Only ( ) Power;
Keyboard 98 Windows.
 Power On By PS/2 Keyboard

.
:
Disabled ( ) ;
Enabled .

15.

277

 Power On By PS/2 Mouse



.
:
Disabled ( ) ;
Enabled .
 Power On By RTC Alarm
, .
:
Disabled ( ) ;
Enabled .
 Power On by PCI Card
, , PCI.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Power On By PCI Devices
, , PCI.
:
Disabled ( ) ;
Enabled .
 Power On By External Modem
.
:
Disabled ( ) ;
Enabled .
 Power Up by Modem
PWR Up On Modem Act.
 Power Saving Type
.

278

II. BIOS

:
Pos Suspend;
Sleep
;
Stop Clock ;
Deep Sleep "".
, , .
 Power Supply Type

ATX AT. .
:
AT AT, APM;
ATX ATX,
ACPI.
 Power Up by Alarm
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Power Up By Keyboard
- .
ATX.
( ). ,
+5 Standby
300 .
:
Power Key ( Disabled) . Power . ;
<Ctrl>+<Esc> . , . .
;

15.

279

<Space Bar>
<>.
 PCI Master
, , PCI.
:
On ;
Off ( ) .
 Primary INTR
, .
:
On ( ) ;
Off .
 PS2MS Wakeup From S3/S4/S5
""
PS/2.
:
Disabled ( ) ;
Enabled .
 PS2KB Wakeup Select

. <Enter> .
 PS/2 Mouse Power on
"".
:
Disabled ( ) ;
Db Click .
 PWR Button < 4 Secs

Power, .
:
Soft Off ( ) . Power
"" ,

280

II. BIOS

;
Suspend Power .
46 ;
No Function Power , ""
.
 PWR Lost Resume State
AC PWR Loss Restart,
.
:
Keep Off ,
Power ;
Turn On ( ) . "" ,
,
.
;
Last State
, .
, . .
 PWR On After PWR-Fail
PWR Lost Resume State.
:
On ( ) , ;
Off ,
Reset;
Former-sts . Power
, .

15.

281

 PWR Up On External Modem Act


,
. , .
:
Enabled . ,
.
, , ,
, ;
Disabled ( ) .
 PWR Up On Modem Act

, ( ) . ,
, , .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Resume on PCI Event
"" -
PCI- ( ). Wake-Up
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Resume By Ring
PWR Up On Modem Act.
 Ring Resume From Soft Off
PWR Up On Modem Act.
 Resume On LAN
Wake On LAN.
 Ring Power Upt
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .

282

II. BIOS

 Ring Power Up Control


.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Repost Video on Resume
,
""
BIOS;
No ( ) ;
Yes .
 Restore on AC Power Loss
.
:
Power Off ( ) ;
Power On ;
Last State .
 RTC Alarm Resume (From Soft)
, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
:
x RTC Alarm Date ;
x RTC Alarm Hour ;
x RTC Alarm Minute
;
x RTC Alarm Second
.

,
.

15.

283

 RTC Wake Up
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 RTC Wake Up Timer
RTC Alarm Resume (From Soft).
 RTC Alarm Function
RTC Alarm Resume (From Soft).
 Run VGABIOS if S3 Resume
, ""
-BIOS.
:
Auto ( ) ;
Yes ;
No .
 Save To Disk

Suspend
. "" .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Sleep State
:
S1/POS ( ) S1;
S3/STR S3.
 Soft Power Off
(, Windows).
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .

284

II. BIOS

 Standby CPU Speed



"" .
:
Max ;
High 1/4
;
Medium
1/8 . ;
Low 1/16
.
 Standby Mode
,
(Standby), .
:
30 Sec, 1 Min, 2 Min, 4 Min, 8 Min, 20 Min, 30 Min, 40 Min, 1 Hour
(, Sec ,
Min , Hour );
Disabled .
 Standby Time Out
.

Disabled ( ) ;
1 Min 60 Min BIOS.
 Standby Timeout/Suspend Timeout
Standby Time Out.
:
Disabled ;
4 msec 16 msec BIOS.
 State After Power Failure
, 220 .

15.

285

:
Off
;
On
( );
Auto , .
.
 Stby Speed

Standby. BIOS.
 Suspend Mode
,
(Suspend), .
:
30 Sec, 1 Min, 2 Min, 4 Min, 8 Min, 20 Min, 30 Min, 40 Min, 1 Hour
"" (, Sec , Min , Hour );
Disabled .
 Suspend Power Saving Type
"" Suspend.
:
S1 , - (
"");
S2 ,
"" .
 Suspend Switch

(Suspend) . SMI

286

II. BIOS

Sleep. Turbo Suspend .


.
:
Enabled .
Suspend Sleep;
Disabled .
Suspend .
 Suspend Time Out (Minute)
,
Suspend.
:
Disabled ;
1 60
BIOS.
 Suspend-to-RAM Capability
, ""
, . ( STR) ATX.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 System After AC Back
, 220 .
:
Memory , ;
Soft-Off ( )
;
Soft-On ( ).

15.

287

 Throttle Dute Cycle


"" Doze.
BIOS.
 VGA
Video Off Option.
:
Off ( ) ""
;
On "" .
 VGA Active Monitor
Display Activity.
:
Monitor ;
Ignore .
 VGA Activity
,
"" .
:
On "";
Off .
 Video Detection
Display Activity.
 Video Off After
Video Off Option.
 Video Off In Suspend
,
"" .
:
Yes ;
No .
 Video Off Method
"" .

288

II. BIOS

:
Black Screen ,
. , ;
V/H SYNC+Blank ,
. ;
DPMS Supported DPMS, ;
DPMS Off ;
DPMS Reduce ON ;
DPMS Standby
;
DPMS Suspend .
 Video Off Option
,
.
:
Always , ;
Suspend-Off Suspend;
Susp, Stby-Off
Suspend Standby;
All Modes
.
 USB KB Wake-up From S3
, ,
USB, "" .
:
Disabled ( ) ;
Enabled ;
x KB Power On Password ;

15.

289


. Keyboard/Mouse Power On Password. <Enter> , "" .
, . .
.
 Wake On PS/2 KB/Mouse
<>
, PS/2, PS/2-.
ATX, +5 Standby
300 . , ,
220 , . . (, Windows).
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ;
x KB Power On Hot Key .
""
.
<Ctrl>+<F1><Ctrl>+<F12>.
 Wake On LAN Use
Wake On LAN.
 Wake-On-Lan on WAKEUP-link
Wake On LAN.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ) .
 Wake On USB for STR State
"" - , USB (,
). ( ).
, 2 +5
Standby.

290

II. BIOS

:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Wake On LAN or PCI Modem
,
PCI-.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Wake On LAN
""
.
, ,
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 ZZ Active In Suspend
ZZ,
Suspend ( ISA). , ISA,
"" .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .

.

16


 Auto Detect DIMM/PCI CLK
BIOS
PCI DIMM-. , PCI-,
.
. ,
. .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled . .
 Clock For Spread Spectrum
.
:
Disabled . ;
0.5 %, 1 %, 1.5 %, 3 % ,
.
 Flash BIOS Protection
Flash BIOS
.
BIOS ( ).
CMOS Setup Utility, ,
.

292

II. BIOS

:
Enabled .
;
Disabled . .
 Floppy Disk Access Control (R/W)

. ,
, .
,
.
:
Read Only , ;
R/W /.
 Hard Disk Access Control
Floppy Disk Access Control (R/W)
, IDE.
:
Read Only , ;
R/W /.
 Hardware Reset Protection
. , ,
(, ).
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Language Support
.
:
English (US) . ;
Francais ;
Italiano ;

16.

293

Deutsch ;
Espanol .
,
.
, , .
.
 MPS 1.4 Support
BIOS , . ,
, .
:
Enabled MPS 1.4,
,
PCI-.
(Windows NT, 2000, Novell Netware);
Disabled MPS 1.1.
Windows 9x.
MPS Version Control For OS.
:
1.4 MPS 1.4;
1.1 MPS 1.1.
BIOS
MPS Revision, MP Version, MPS Version, Use Multiprocessor Specifications.
 OS/2 Onboard Memory > 64 MB
64 OS/2. .
:
Enabled 64 OS/2;
Disabled . .
 Security Option

. , ,
AWARD BIOS.

294

II. BIOS

:
System CMOS Setup Utility;
Setup .
AMI BIOS Password Checking Option :
Disabled ;
Setup CMOS Setup
Utility;
Always ,
.
 Smart Clock
AGP, PCI
SDRAM , (,
"").
.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled . .
 Spread Spectrum Modulated
( 6 %). ,
, , SCSI.
:
Enabled .
.
Disabled . .
Spread Spectrum.
 Supervisor Password
()
CMOS Setup

16.

295

Utility.
<Enter> - .
 User Password
CMOS Setup Utility.
<Enter> .

17



, , - .
, . .
 3VDUAL Voltage
.
.
 3.3 VIN
.
3,3 .
 +5V
.
+5 .
 +5V VIN
.
+5 .
 5V
.
5 .
 5V SBVIN
.
+5 ( ).

17.

297

 5VSB(V)
.
+5 ( ).
 +12V
.
+12 .
 +12V VIN
.
+12 .
 12V
.
12 .
 12V VIN
.
12 .
 AGP Voltage
.
AGP.
 AUX1 FAN Speed
. , AUX1.
 AUX2 FAN Speed
. , AUX2.
 Chassis Fan Speed (xxxxRPM)
. , .
:
Enabled .
BIOS
;
Ignore .
-

298

II. BIOS

. .
 CPU Alarm Temperature
, .
, ,
.
 CPU Shutdown Temperature
, .
 CPU Fan Speed
,
. , .
:
Enabled .
BIOS
;
Ignore .
. .
 CPU Core Voltage
,
.
 CPU Critical Temperature
, , Thermal Slow Clock
Ratio.
:
45 C, 50 C, 55 C, 60 C, 65 C, 70 C 75 C , (
, , 50 C/122 F);
Disabled , . . .

17.

299

 CPU Fan On Temp High


, . , , (F) (C).
 CPU Fan Speed (xxxxRPM)
, .
 CPU Temperature
. .
:
Monitor (Enabled)

;
Ignore .
 CPU Voltage
,
.
 CPU Warning Temperature
, , Thermal Slow Clock
Ratio.
:
Disabled ( ) ;
50C/122F, 53C/127F, 56C/133F, 60C/140F, 63C/145F,
66C/151F, 70C/158F.
 Current CPUFAN Speed
, .
 Current CPU/Chassis FAN Speed
, .
 DDR VTT Voltage
, DDR SDRAM.

300

II. BIOS

 DDR Voltage
, DDR SDRAM.
 FAN1 Speed
,
, FAN1.
 FAN2 Speed
,
, FAN2.
 FAN3 Speed
,
, FAN3.
 Fan Control
,
.
:
Enhanced Cooling
;
Auto ,
;
Silent
, , . .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled ( ).
 Fan Fail Alarm
,
.
:
No ;
Yes .
 Fan OFF at Suspend
, ,
"Suspend".

17.

301

:
Enabled "Suspend" ,
, ;
Disabled "Suspend" ,
, .
CPUFAN Off In Suspend.
 Fan Speed
, Fan Control.
:
Auto ;
Full .
 Fan State
. ,
: ,
. ,
.
, :
OK ;
None BIOS. , ( );
Fail .
 Hardware Monitor
() .
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled .
 MB Temperature
. .

302

II. BIOS

:
Monitor (Enabled)

;
Ignore .
 Memory Test Tick Sound

.

.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
.
 Power Fan Speed
.
,
.
:
Enabled .
BIOS
;
Ignore .
.
 Show H/W Monitor in POST
Show PC Health in POST.
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Show PC Health in POST

" ". ( )
. , , . .

17.

303

, , , , - .
:
Enabled ( ) ;
Disabled .
 Shutdown Temperature
,
- .
60C/140F 75C/167F 5.
 Shutdown When CPUFAN Fail
, .
:
Disabled ( ) ;
Enabled .
 Speech POST Reporter
POST. , ,
.
:
Enabled . ;
Disabled ( ) .
 System Thermal

.
:
Monitor .
, CPU Critical Temperature.
,
Thermal Slow Clock Ratio (, 5062,5 %);
Ignore . , . . -

304

II. BIOS

,
.
: Disabled (
) Enabled .
 Temperature Alarm
, .
:
Yes ;
No ( ) .
 Temperature Monitoring

.
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .
 Thermal Sensor State
. ,
: ,
. , .
, :
OK ;
None BIOS;
Fail .
 Thermal Slow Clock Ratio
( ) .
:
012,5 %, 12,525 %, 2537,5 %, 37,550 %, 5062,5 %, 62,575 %
7587,5 % , , CPU Critical Temperature;
Disabled .

17.

 Vagp
AGP.
 Vcore
.
 VDIMM
.
 Vio
/ .

305

18

BIOS

BIOS ,
, .
 COM Port Address
,
, . ,
. , MS-DOS .
:
3F8 COM1;
2F8 COM2;
Disabled .
 Clear Event Log
.
:
Keep .
;
On Next Boot , Keep.
 Critical Events in Log
, .

18. BIOS

307

:
x Single Bit ECC Events . ,
;
x Multiple Bit ECC Events . ,
;
x Parity Error Events ;
x Pre-Boot Events ,
.
 EMP Access Mode
, EMP (Emergency Management Port),
, ,
, .
:
Pre-Boot Only . POST ;
Always Active EMP .
, ;
Disabled EMP . .
 EMP Direct Connect/Modem Mode
, .
:
Direct Connect
-
;
Modem Mode
.
 EMP Escape Sequence
, . -

308

II. BIOS

, . EMP
Direct Connect/Modem Mode Modem Mode.
 EMP Password

(EMP) .
:
Enabled . ,
. A...Z
0...9;
Disabled .
BIOS EMP
Password Switch.
 EMP Restricted Mode Access
/ .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled
.
 Event Count Granularity
, .
, .
, 0.
BIOS
Event Log Count Granularity.
 Event Log Capacity

, .
:
Full
;
Not Full .

18. BIOS

309

 Event Log Control


. System Event Logging.
:
All Events ;
ECC Events .
 Event Time Granularity
,
,
, .
, 0.
 Flow Control
.
:
CTS/RTS ;
XON/XOFF ;
CTS/RTS+CD
( ).
No Flow Control .
 IRQ 3/4
, COM Port Address.
:
3 IRQ3;
4 IRQ4.
 Mark Existing Events as Read

" ". ,
.
:
Mark
" ".
;
Do Not Mark .

310

II. BIOS

 System Event Logging


, .
:
Enabled ;
Disabled .

III

19.

20.

21.

BIOS

19


BIOS
.
. , , , (,
) .
.
BIOS. , , .
POST
- ,
( ),
. .
( 30) . .



, , , , ,
.
(, Elite Group K7VTA3)
, -

19.

313

, , . , ,
. ,
.
: - , ,
.
, , . !
.
. ,
.

AWARD BIOS

, .

. .
 1
. .
 2
- . , ,
CMOS Setup Utility .
BIOS ,
.
 3
.
Reset . , .
 1 +1
.
. , .

314

III.

 1 +2
. ,
. , ( ). ,
.
 1 +3
.

.
 1 +9
. Reset
. , ,
"" ( )
.
 1
. . , .
 1
. , .

AMI BIOS
 1
. .
 2
. Reset .
. ,
, .
 3
(
64 ). Reset . . , ,
.

19.

315

 4
.
Reset . , , .
 5
. Reset .
.
 6
. Reset . ,
, . . , .
 7
.
Reset .
.
 8
.
.
 9
BIOS.
. , , ( Flash-).
 10
CMOS-. Reset .
CMOS .
 11
- ( ). Reset . -.
 1 +2
.
Reset . ,

316

III.

. , .
 1 +3
.
Reset . ,
. , .
 1 +8
, . .

, .

Phoenix BIOS
 1-1-3
/ CMOS. Reset /.
, CMOS- .
, , CMOS.
 1-1-4
BIOS.
, BIOS "" ( Flash-).
 1-2-1
. . , .
 1-2-2
DMA.
Reset . , .
 1-2-3
/ DMA. Reset .
, .

19.

317

 1-3-1
.
Reset . , .
 1-3-3
64 . Reset .
, .
 1-3-4
64 . Reset .
, .
 1-4-1
. . , .
 1-4-2
. . ,
.
 1-4-3
.
Reset . , .
 1-4-4
/. , .
 3-1-1
DMA.
Reset . , .
 3-1-2
DMA.
Reset . , .
 3-1-4
. . , .

318

III.

 3-2-4
.
Reset . , ,
.
 3-3-4
. , . .
 4-2-1
.
Reset . , .
 4-2-3
20. . .
 4-2-4
. , .
 4-3-1
.
. ,
.
 4-3-4
.
Reset . , .
 4-4-1
.
, .
 4-4-2
. , .
 4-4-3
.
Reset .
, .

20



.
. , , ,
.

, , , , .
, .
, CMOS-. , ,
10 , , ,
,
. ,
.
. ,
CMOS- , .
, ,
.

320

III.

BIOS
, , , . .

,
BIOS
, . . , : BIOS ( , ) .
Windows NT , . . MS-DOS,
, BIOS, . - , , .
, , .
POST,
( ) , . , Windows. ,
,
,
(. 20.1). , ,
, ,
- (. 20.2).
, , ,
BIOS, .


 8042 Gate A20 Error
( 8042
, ). . , , .

20.

. 20.1. BIOS

. 20.2. BIOS

321

322

III.

 Address Line Short


.
. , ,
.
 BIOS ROM Checksum Error System Halted
BIOS , .
Flash-, ( BIOS). .
 BIOS Update For Installed CPU Failed

. - BIOS
. BIOS ( BIOS Update
) .
 Bad PnP Serial ID Checksum

Plug and Play.
. .
, , , .
 Boot Disk Failed
, , - bad- ( ).
 Boot Error Press <F1> To Retry
.

. CMOS Setup Utility , .
 Bus Time-Out NMI At Slot X
, , . Reset . EISA.
 CH-2 Timer Error
. , -

20.

323

. . .
 CMOS Battery Failed
, CMOS- ( , -
). . , .
 CMOS Battery Has Failed
, CMOS- ( , -
). . , .
 CMOS Battery State Low
, CMOS- ( , -
). . , .
 CMOS Checksum Bad
CMOS-.
, - , CMOS-. ,
CMOS Setup Utility . ,
BIOS ( Flash-).
 CMOS Checksum Error
CMOS-.
, - , CMOS-. ,
CMOS Setup Utility . ,
BIOS ( Flash-).
 CMOS Checksum Failure
CMOS-.
, - , CMOS-. ,
CMOS Setup Utility . ,
BIOS ( Flash-).

324

III.

 CMOS Date/Time Not Set


/ .
CMOS Setup Utility /.
 CMOS Display Type
BIOS . CMOS Setup Utility
.
 CMOS Display Type Mismatch
BIOS .
CMOS Setup Utility
( ).
 CMOS Memory Size Mismatch

. CMOS Setup Utility , , , .
 CMOS System Options Not Set
CMOS- . ,
- , CMOS. , CMOS
Setup Utility .
, BIOS (
Flash-).
- .
 CMOS Time And Date Not Set
/ .
CMOS Setup Utility /.
 Cache Memory Bad, Do Not Enable Cache
-,
.
Reset . - ( -).
 Checking NVRAM
. ,
, -

20.

325


BIOS .
 Disk Boot Failure, Insert System Disk and Press Enter
. CMOS
Setup Utility (
). - .
 Disk Boot Failure
, (MBR).
FDISK /MBR.
 Diskette Boot Failure
: (
). .

, BIOS .
 Diskette Drive A/B Error
. CMOS Setup Utility
.
. ,
, .
 Diskette Drivers or Types Mismatch Error Run Setup
, , , BIOS. CMOS Setup Utility
.
 Display Switch Is Set Incorrectly
BIOS .
CMOS Setup Utility (
).
 Display Switch Not Proper
BIOS ( ). CMOS Setup Utility
(
).

326

III.

 Display Type Has Changed Since Last Boot



. CMOS Setup Utility .
 DMA Error
DMA .
.
, , .
 DMA #1 Error
DMA . ,
, (, ).
 DMA #2 Error
DMA . ,
, (, ).
 DMA Bus Time-Out
- ( ) DMA . .
 Drive X: Error
: .
.
, CMOS Setup Utility
( HDD Auto Detection).
. .
 Drive X: Failure
: ,
. ,
. ( EIDE, IDE
, . . ).
SCSI- ,
BIOS SCSI.
 ECC Error
,
ECC.

20.

327

ECC ( ). .
, , .
 EISA CMOS Inoperational
/ CMOS- EISA.
, ,
CMOS-. , EISA Configuration Utility .
 EISA Configuration Checksum Error
Please Run EISA Configuration Utility
BIOS EISA. EISA Configuration Utility
.
 EISA Is Not Complete
Please Run EISA Configuration Utility
BIOS
EISA . EISA Configuration Utility
.
 ERROR Cant Write ESCD
ESCD. ,
FLASH- BIOS.
, , .
 Error Encountered Initializing Hard Drive
IDE.
,
BIOS (master,
slave).
. , , (
).
 Error Initializing Hard Disk Controller
IDE. Power .

(master, slave).

328

III.

 Expansion Board Not Ready At Slot X


X. .
, , (
).
 Extended RAM Failed At Offset: XXXX
. .
, , .
 Fail-Safe Timer NMI Inoperational
.
.
, , .
 FDD Controller Failure
-. .
, , ( ).
 Floppy Disk Controller Resource Conflict
, .
, (. . ) . , ,
. ,
.
 Floppy Disk(s) Fail
-
.
Reset . .
 Floppy Disk(s) Fail (40)
-.
( -). CMOS Setup Utility
.

20.

329

 Floppy Disk(s) Fail (80)


BIOS -.
 Floppy Disk CNTRLR Error or No CNTRLR Present
.
CMOS Setup Utility , FDD.

.
 Hard Disk Install Failure
. . CMOS Setup Utility
( HDD Auto Detection).
 Hard Disk(s) Diagnosis Fail
( ).
. CMOS Setup Utility .
HDD Auto Detection.
 Hard Disk(s) Fail (20)
. . , , .
 Hard Disk(s) Fail (40)
IDE ,
.
Reset .
 Hard Disk(s) Fail (80)
BIOS .
 Hard Disk Error
.
 Hard Disk Absent/Failed
.
 HDD Controller Failure
IDE. Power .

330

III.

,
(master, slave).
 Invalid EISA Configuration
Please Run EISA Configuration Utility
BIOS
EISA . EISA Configuration Utility
.
 Incorrect Drive A/B Run Setup
. CMOS Setup Utility
.
. ,
, .
 INTR #1 Error
. . , IRQ0
IRQ7. , , .
 INTR #2 Error
. . , IRQ8
IRQ15. , , .
 I/O Card Parity Error at XXXX
( ) , . . .
 Invalid Boot Diskette
, :, (
).
 Invalid Drive Specification
.
. , , , .
FDISK.

20.

331

 Invalid Media In Drive X:


, : . . FDISK
.
 Invalid System Configuration Data
CMOS-,
Plug and Play. CMOS
Setup Utility Reset Configuration Data ( ) Yes. .
 Invalid System Configuration Data Run Configuration Utility
Press <F1> to Resume, <F2> to Setup
CMOS-,
Plug and Play.
<F1> , <F2> CMOS Setup Utility
ESCD.
 K/B Interface Error
. , .
.
 Keyboard Error
. ,
.
. ,
. AT XT. ,
.
 Keyboard Error or No Keyboard Present
, .
, All, But
Keyboard Halt On .
, - .
.

332

III.

 Keyboard Failure, Press [F1] To Continue


.
"" - (, <> <Enter>),
, . ,
. , ,
(
).
( Typematic Rate Typematic Delay).
 Keyboard Is Locked Out Unlock The Key
"" - . <> <Enter>. , - (, , . .).
 Keyboard Is Locked... Unlock It
"" - . <> <Enter>. , - (, , . .).
 Memory Address Error at XXXX

. .
.
 Memory Parity Error at XXXX

.
, .
.
 Memory Size Decreased

. CMOS Setup Utility , , , .
 Memory Size Has Changed Since Last Boot

. CMOS Setup Utility -

20.

333

, , , .
 Memory Size Increased

. CMOS Setup Utility , , , .
 Memory Test Fail
.
. CMOS Setup
Utility .
, , .
 Memory Verify Error at XXXX
. .
, ,
.
 Missing Operation System
.
.
FDISK
( , ,
).
- .
 Monitor Type Does Not Match CMOS Run Setup
BIOS .
CMOS Setup Utility
( ).
 NVRAM Checksum Error
(NVRAM),
Plug and Play (ESCD). .
, BIOS.
 NVRAM Cleared
- - , Plug and Play, -

334

III.

.

, .
 NVRAM Data Invalid
(NVRAM),
Plug and Play (ESCD).
.
, BIOS.
 No ROM Basic
.
-
.
 Not Boot Device Available
. , , ,

. CMOS Setup Utility .
 Off Board Parity Error
, .
, ( -).
.
.
 Offending Address Not Found
( /).
, Plug and Play,
PnP OS Installed . ,
,
BIOS.
 Offending Segment
( /).
, Plug and Play,
PnP OS Installed . ,

20.

335

,
BIOS.
 On Board Parity Error
,
. IDE, PCI . .
. , , .
 Onboard PCI VGA Not Configured For Bus Master
, , "" PCI. CMOS Setup
Utility Bus-Master (
, ).
 Onboard Parity Error XXXX
, ,
, . . , ,
BIOS .
 Operating System Not Found
. CMOS Setup
Utility ( , , ). -
. - .
FDISK.
 Override Enabled Default Loaded
,
BIOS.
( -), , , Load BIOS
Defaults.
 Parallel Port Resource Conflict
, ,
, . CMOS Setup Utility
. , ,
, (, DMA
/).

336

III.

 Parity Error
.
. .
, CMOS Setup
Utility , . , . , .
 PCI I/O Port Conflict
PCI
/.
CMOS Setup Utility . , ,
,
.
 PCI IRQ Conflict
PCI
IRQ. CMOS Setup Utility . , , ,
.
 PCI Memory Conflict
PCI
.
CMOS Setup Utility . , , ,
.
 Press a Key to Boot
, . . , ,
, .
 Press ESC To Skip Memory Test
,
Quick Power On Self Test . <Esc> .

20.

337

 Press F1 to Disable NMI, F2 to Reboot


. , , . NMI ( <F1>)
, ( <F2>).
 Press F1 to SETUP, F2 to Resume
<F1> CMOS Setup Utility
<F2> .
 Primary Boot Device Not Found
.
BIOS, . ,
, . CMOS Setup Utility .
 Primary Master Hard Disk Fail
, IDE (primary) master-. Reset .
,
.
.
 Primary Slave Hard Disk Fail
, IDE (primary) slave-. Reset .
,
.
.
 Primary/Secondary IDE Controller Resource Conflict
IDE .

. CMOS Setup Utility
.
, , IDE,
.

338

III.

 RAM Parity Error Checking For Segment...



. ,
. , CMOS Setup Utility
, .
,
Reset, . , , .
 Real Time Clock Error
. CMOS Setup Utility . , , .
 Real Time Clock Failure
. CMOS Setup Utility . , , .
 Scan Devices, Please wait
, , .
 Secondary Master Hard Disk Fail
, IDE (Secondary)
master-.
Reset, . , . .
 Secondary Slave Hard Disk Fail
, IDE (secondary)
slave-.
Reset, . , . .
 Serial_Ch0 Master: No Device
,
Serial ATA.

20.

339

 Serial_Ch1 Master: No Device


,
Serial ATA.
 Serial Port 1 Resource Conflict
COM1 (, /).
CMOS Setup Utility . , ,
,
.
 Serial Port 2 Resource Conflict
COM2 (, /).
CMOS Setup Utility . , ,
,
.
 Should Be Empty But EISA Board Found
Please Run EISA Configuration Utility
EISA , BIOS, . EISA Configuration Utility .
 Should Have EISA Board But Not Found
Please Run EISA Configuration Utility
EISA . EISA Configuration Utility .
, , .
 Slot Not Empty
EISA.
EISA Configuration Utility
.
 Software Port NMI Inoperational
NMI. .
, , .
 State Battery CMOS Low
, CMOS- ( , -

340

III.

). . , .
 Static Device Resource Conflict
ISA, Plug
and Play, , . PnP- .
 System Battery Is Dead
, CMOS- ( , -
). . , .
 System Battery Is Dead Replace And Run Setup
, CMOS- ( , -
). . , .
 System CMOS Checksum Bad
CMOS-.
, - , CMOS-. ,
CMOS Setup Utility . ,
BIOS ( Flash-).
 System Device Resource Conflict
ISA, Plug
and Play, , . PnP- .
 System Halted, (Ctrl-Alt-Del) to Reboot...
. <Ctrl>+<Alt>+<Del> ("
"). , . , .
 System RAM Failed At Offset: XXXX
.
-

20.

341

. , , .
 Type Display CMOS Mismatch
BIOS .
CMOS Setup Utility
( ).
 Uncorrectable ECC DRAM Error
DRAM , ECC.

ECC (
). .
, , .
 Unknown PCI Error
PCI. .

PCI- . ,
, .
 Update Failed
Plug and Play . , . . , .
 Update OK!
Plug and Play . .
 Wrong Board in Slot
Please Run EISA Configuration Utility
EISA .
EISA Configuration Utility
. , ,
.
BIOS
:
Error at [code]

code .

342

III.


. 20.1.
. 20.1.

01

02

(MDA, Hercules)

CGA

LPT1

10

LPT2

11

COM1

12

COM2

13

(,
)

14

17

18

30

74

VGA

85

EMS


, , . , ,

20.

343


BIOS. ,
, .
- ,
.
, :
 - ;
 - .
, ,
,
.

:
1. Defaults CMOS Setup
CMOS Setup Utility. ,
-
.
2.
, ( ).
3.
, .
, .
4. " " (, - - ),
.
.
.
5.
SiSoft Sandra Pro, Dr.Hardware . . . ,
- .
"" .

344

III.

6. ,

.
( ), :
1. (, , , , .).
2. . , , , , , . . .
3.
. / ,
.
4. . , .
5. "" CMOS-. ( IRQ, DMA / I/O).
6. - ,
, . : , , , , .
. ,
, .
, ,
, .
: . .

().

20.

345

,
: ,
, ,
. .
.


.
, ,
, (
). ,
Power Good, ,
. , Flash-, BIOS.
POST-, ISA PCI
.

, . , / .
, , .
.
 , CMOS-
.
( 286486). ,
3 . 2,72,8 .
, CMOS- "".
 COM-
.
, . .
.

346

III.

 LPT-
Windows, MS-DOS -
. ( ) ,
. ""
. ,
.

,
( ), .
,
180 . .
, (
).
/ .
 IDE-
IDE
. IDE , - .

. , , /
, . .
( ). / ,
(100
200 ).
(. 20.2),
.

20.

347

20.2.



,
,

,
-
,


220 .



, ,
,

,

,



.
,



"Keyboard Failure"
"Keyboard Error"


.
,
-



,
"NonSystem Disk Or Disk Error"


"Boot
Failure", "Insert the System
Diskette and Press Any Key"



- BIOS,

,

.


, .





21

BIOS
BIOS
BIOS
. , , , BIOS.
. ( "") ,
,
, .
,
,
Power ( ). ,
. ?
, .
BIOS , - .
:

ATX AT (,

BIOS);
 , -
(,
, . .);
 , ,
( -

21. BIOS

349

,
);
 BIOS (,
, . .);
 , CMOS Setup
Utility ;
 , .
, ,
, .
BIOS
, :
. , .


BIOS . , , , CMOS- . 100 % .
,
. ,
. , , BIOS , : , , .
.
.
,
CMOS-,
BIOS.
Load Defaults BIOS CMOS Setup Utility.
.
,
Dallas Odin ( CMOS- )

350

III.

.
: ,
(, ), , , (
). 24 ,
. , BIOS
"" .
, . , CMOS , . , ,
,
CMOS ,
. ,
, . .
.
,
BIOS.
, .
 P82C206 Chip
, .
AT: DMA-, ,
, CMOS RAM. CMOS-
12 32 74 75 ( ). 1 ( ).
 F82C206 Chip
. AT: DMA-, , ,
CMOS RAM. CMOS- 3 26 ( ).
 Dallas DS1287A, DS12887A, Benchmarq bq3287AMT
.
CMOS-, 10 . . CMOS- 12 21 ( ).
 Dallas DS1287, DS12887, Benchmarq bq3287MT
. CMOS, 10 . -

21. BIOS

351

.
CMOS- ,
.
 Motorolla MC126818AP, Hitachi HD146818AP, Samsung KS82C6818A
. CMOS-
12 24 (
).
CMOS (
6818).
 Dallas DS12885S, Benchmarq bq3258S
. CMOS-
12 20 12 24 ( ).


CMOS-
. , , MSDOS. , CMOS Setup
Utility , , BIOS.
, ( ,
). , ,
BIOS.
CMOS- ,
, .
.
, .
 1
(Pascal, Assembler . .)
70H 10H 2FH,
71H , . ,
Borland Pascal 7.0, , , :
Port[$70]:=$10
Port[$71]:=Port[$71] xor $FF


CMOS-. ,

352

III.

BIOS , - . ,
CMOS Setup Utility , BIOS.
Turbo Pascal, :
Begin
Port[$70]:=$2E;
Port[$71]:=$00;
Port[$70]:=$2F;
Port[$71]:=$00;
end

 2

DEBUG,
.
CMOS-.
AWARD AMI BIOS
:
DEBUG
-O 70 17
-O 71 17
Q

 3
,
CMOS Setup Utility , .
-
NC, DN, VC FAR, , ,
killcmos.com. <Alt> ( <Alt>, ,
<Alt> . .).
178, 112, 50, 246, 176, 46, 238, 66, 50, 192, 238, 205, 32
.
 4

BIOS. .

IV

BIOS
22.

23.

24.

BIOS

22


BIOS
, BIOS.

, , .
( ) . BIOS, , . ,
Pentium II,
Pentium III. BIOS.
,
, BIOS. , ,
BIOS. , BIOS (, Pentium 8 ), CD-ROM,

BIOS . .

, BIOS
Windows 95, Plug and Play. -

22.

355

PnP- BIOS.
PnP-BIOS,
. , , Windows 2000 BIOS
ACPI.

BIOS - ,
,
.

BIOS .

. , BIOS
(,
. .).

BIOS ,
Intel ( Pentium II, Celeron, Pentium III). , , BIOS Update,
,
, .
BIOS .
.

,
BIOS ,
, . ,
. .
, 1997 ,
Flash-,
. ,
, .

356

IV. BIOS

, Flash-BIOS,
. BIOS
, . , , BIOS.
 , .
, .
BIOS .
 27,
Flash-.
,
. BIOS .

. 28 29 , ,
, Flash-.

BIOS
BIOS, , .
? :
1. BIOS, BIOS .
, ,
BIOS.
2. . BIOS,
,
.
3. BIOS , , .

/.
(, BIOS ""), . . "" BIOS.

22.

357

4. BIOS.
BIOS (
, BIOS).
. , . <Pause> .
BIOS (. 22.1).

. 22.1.

BIOS , , .
AMI BIOS :
61-0414-008031-00111111-071595-440BX-CRBX014-H
BIOS.
, BIOS
( 15 1995 ). 440BX ,
.
AWARD BIOS
:
02/15/2000-i440BX-ITE867-2A59CQ1CC-00

358

IV. BIOS

9 (2A59CQ1CC).
( 2A59C) ,
(Q1) ,
(CC) .
, .

( ,
PCI).
, BIOS ,
.


Flash-, , BIOS . ,
, /. , , Windows,
BIOS .

BIOS.
? Flash-
MS-DOS, Windows.
. , BIOS, . , , , , ,
, .
, BIOS
MS-DOS. , BIOS .
100- .
Flash- .
MS-DOS ( BIOS
).
. .
(
).

23



BIOS
BIOS
, . ,
,
BIOS .
, , .
.
DOS- FORMAT
/S. DOS.
ScanDisk Bad-.
BIOS,
(, award.exe) .
, BIOS
(, new.bin). ,
BIOS, , , ,
old.bin.
. ( autoexec.bat) :

360

IV. BIOS

@echo off
if exist old.bin goto old
award.exe new.bin old.bin /py /sy /cc /cp /cd /sb /r
goto end
:old
award.exe old.bin /py /sn /cc /cp /cd /sb /r
:end

@echo off
if exist old.bin goto old
ami.exe new.bin old.bin /b /c /d /e /g /i /l /n /r /v
goto end
:old
ami.exe old.bin /b /c /d /e /g /i /l /n /r /v
:end

, , BIOS old.bin
( new.bin).

BIOS old.bin, (
) .
,
. ( ) BIOS. ,
, .
MS-DOS,
( ,
. .).
<F8> .
, ,
autoexec.bat config.sys (
Safe Mode Command Prompt Only). .
BIOS,
.
, -
. ,
, ,
. Flash BIOS Protection.
Disabled,

23.

361

BIOS.
, /
Flash-BIOS (
). ,
,
BIOS. BIOS ( System BIOS Cacheable),
-BIOS ( Video BIOS Cacheable) , "" (Shadow). ( Power Management Setup).
BIOS , , ,
(, , . .). , , , . BIOS , . .
MS-DOS. BIOS
.


,

. . , . ,
.
Flash-
.
BIOS (Award AMI BIOS) MSDOS BIOS. "" , BIOS .
Flash- Windows. .

"" MS-DOS.
Windows NT (2000),
Windows 9x (ME).
.
, . . , -

362

IV. BIOS

Windows 2000/XP, ,
( , Windows 9x)
.
BIOS . ,

BIOS. DOS-
Flash-BIOS Award AMI BIOS.
Award BIOS 6.0 Flash-, "" BIOS. "Press Del to enter Setup"
<Alt>+<F2>.
: BIOS,
.

Award Flash
AWARD BIOS, Award Flash,
MS-DOS,
. , . . BIOS
, .
,
BIOS , . ,

.
Award Flash
:
Award.exe [file_1] [file_2] [/key] [/key]...]

:
 file_1 , BIOS
( );
 file_2 ,
BIOS ( );
 /key , .
DOS-, Award Flash
,
. :

23.

363

 /? . .
. >file_name.txt (
file_name ,
);
 /py /pn " BIOS ?". /py . /pn , BIOS (,
), .
,
;
 /sy /sn BIOS.
(y n). /sn
"" BIOS , (
autoexec.bat);
 /cc CMOS-. BIOS. , ;
 /cp ESCD,
, Plug and Play.
(
Reset Configuration Data);
 /cd DMI, ( , . .). BIOS
(, "" )
;
 /sb Boot Block. ,
, . , BIOS. ,

364

IV. BIOS

Boot Block,
;
 /sd DMI
.
BIOS, ;
 /r
"" ( Reset
). ,
. ,
,
. " BIOS" ;
 /tiny . BIOS
. , ( );
 /e MS-DOS .
, . .
, BIOS ;
 /f ,
BIOS ( BIOS
Flash-). , Award Flash

"" BIOS;
 /ld "" CMOS-.
BIOS. , . /cc , "Press F1 to continue or Del to
Setup";
 /cks (XXXXH). /pn,
Flash-;
 /cksXXXX
, . BIOS
. "The Program
Files Part Number Does Not Match With Your System!";

23.

365

 /qi , BIOS, ,
;
 /bw Boot Block.
, BIOS ( , BIOS);
 /count
awdflash.txt, Flash;
 /device Flash ROM.
, .
:
1. , , AUTOEXEC.BAT CONFIG.SYS, , AWDFLASH. , , . .

,
EMM386, QEMM HIMEM.
, AWDFLASH.

2.
, , AWDFLASH ( ,
), <Enter>.
(. 23.1).
3. (File Name to Program) , BIOS, , NEWBIOS.BIN.
, ,
, . ,
.

,
.

4.
BIOS,
(. 23.2).

366

IV. BIOS

. 23.1. AWDFLASH,

. 23.2.

, . .
.
5. <Y>, , ,
, , ,
OLDBIOS. , , , .
6. BIOS , <N>, .
<N>, . BIOS, ,
.

23.

367

<Y>, , . , . .
, ,
BIOS.
7. . ,
<F1>, , , BIOS.

AMI Flash
AMI Flash AMI
BIOS, BIOS .

Flash-. BIOS

Award Flash . ,
- , AMI Flash .
-,
DOS/4GW,
command.com. :

( "" MS-DOS
640 );
 ;
 (, PCI-to-ISA ), BIOS.
, 32- /, . Flash-BIOS /
.
AMI Flash
BIOS . , . .
Flash-.

368

IV. BIOS


, BIOS .
, 500 BIOS (
1,44 ).
AMI Flash
:
Ami.exe [file_name] [/key] [/key]...]

<> . AMI Flash


,
.
AMI Flash, , , . , ( Award Flash).

.
:
 Main Menu ;
 Go Ahead , ;
 Information
Flash-, . . Unknow ,
. BIOS , ;
 Help/Message .


.
, . :
 Go Ahead .
,

23.

369

BIOS, , , ,
;
 File
, BIOS,
, , ,
;
 Switch ,
Flash-BIOS. ;
 Part List
Flash-. , ,
, ;
 Chipset List . ,
, ,
;
 Auto Detect ;
 Module : , .
, MS-DOS, AMI Flash
,
.
 /b Boot Block.
,
BIOS .
, . . Boot Block
BIOS . Boot Block Programming ;
 /n ESCD,
Plug and Play. , .
NVRAM Programming ;
 /c , - .
Defaults CMOS Setup
CMOS Setup Utility. Load CMOS
Defaults ;

370

IV. BIOS

 /d CMOS Setup
Utility (. . -).
/c. Clear
Passwords During Loading CMOS Defaults ;
 /r
"" ( Reset
). ,
. ,
,
. " BIOS".
Re-Boot After Programming Done ;
 /v
BIOS. "The BIOS ROM File Checksum Is Bad".
BIOS File Checksum Verify ;
 /i , BIOS, .
, DMI ,
BIOS.
BIOS, . BIOS File Tag Check ;
 /e CMOS-. BIOS. , . Clear CMOS After
Programming Done ;
 /g , .

( ). GPNV Data Area Reserving ;
 /l USB. BIOS.
Disable USB ;
 /a [+] BIOS
.
Flash- . <+> ,
.

23.

371

, BIOS ( ). ;
 /t[n]
BIOS , . /a. n
0 65 535;
 /q BIOS
;
 /x Flash ;
 /p ( ), ,
;
 /u [file_name] file_name.

,
BIOS
Flash-BIOS , , , BIOS. , .
. .
BIOS
MS-DOS, . . .
, .
Flash- :
 Insufficient Memory
.
-BIOS, ""
. (autoexec.bat config.sys)

, . . , ,

372

IV. BIOS

rem ( ). /tiny.
 The Program Files Part Number Does Not Match With Your System
, BIOS, , . /py (, ),
. , BIOS, .
 Unknown Type Flash
Award Flash
Flash-. ,
.
BIOS .
 Program Chip Failed
Boot Block, . ( ), , Boot Block.

24

BIOS
, Flash, , ,
. BIOS - , (,
. .). , . ,
, . ,
.
, ,
.
? BIOS . - , . . , , ,
.
BIOS.
 Boot Block .
(,
). : :
Award BootBlock BIOS v1.0
Copyright 1998, Award Software, Inc.
BIOS ROM Checksum Error
Detecting Floppy Drive A media...

374

IV. BIOS

, PCI- AGP- ISA- (. . BIOS


-BIOS ).
( . " BIOS" 23). ,
( ). , , BIOS, .
 Boot Block , .
BIOS . .

BIOS
, :
 BIOS. , BIOS .

( , bad- ). , ;
 220 (
). BIOS (, , , . .), . .

.
(UPS),
;
 . , Intel
, Flash Recovery.
BIOS. , BIOS (
Flash-). BIOS .

24. BIOS

375

BIOS
, BIOS , . "" BIOS
. .

1
, ( )
, BIOS.
,
, :
1. Flash Recovery Jumper Recovery Mode ( ). .
2. : ,
.
3. .
4. BIOS , Boot Block .
, . , ,
.
5. .
6. Flash Recovery Jumper .
7. .
, , Boot Block.
, .

2
, Boot
Block , . Award BIOS.
.
1. (PCI AGP). .

376

IV. BIOS

2. ISA- ISA
. ISA-,
, .
3. ,
BIOS ( ,
. " BIOS" 23).
4. , Boot Block, :.
5. BIOS BIOS ( , ).
6. .
7.
PCI- AGP-.

3
, Boot Block ,
BIOS, , .
1. BIOS
BIOS .
-, ( , BIOS "" , ).
2. BIOS ( ) . ,
.
3. , . 24.1.
4.
( "" BIOS) ,
, . ,
.

. 24.1. ,

24. BIOS

377

5. .
, . , ( ) .
6. BIOS Flash-. ,
( ) .
.
7. BIOS .
8. ,
(
).
, , , BIOS.
: , BIOS ,
, .
.

4

, "" Flash-. - . , .
, Flash-,
Flash-BIOS .

378

IV. BIOS



25.

26.

27.

28.

""

29.

25


Intel 386. IBM PC ( 286-),
. ,
(,
Intel 386 20 Intel 386 33 ). .
, .
.

. , - , . , .
( ) ( .
overclocking, ).
,
( Intel 486). , .
,
( ), . . -

25.

381

.
PCI VLB
( ).
(, Intel 486DX4).
, .
- , ,
. ,

(10
). ,
,
.

.

.
2030 %, 50 %. ,
.
. . , .
,
.
,
. , ,
. . ,

.
,
.
 1
.

.

382

V.

, .

1015 . 510 .
, .
- , ,
, .
,
.
, . , ;
 2 , ,
,
( , ).
.

. ,
500 , 466 , 466 400 . .
"" . , , ;
 3 ,
.
. , .
,
. : - ,
,
BIOS.
. , , , .

(,
) ( ).

25.

383

, :

;
 ,
. .;
 (
);
 "" (,
).
, :
 ;
 (, );

;
 , ;

;
 .
, , .
.
,
.
,
.
, . , . .
PCI 33 .
, . 66 99 PCI
2, 100 132 3,
133 4.

384

V.

AGP : 1
66 , 2 133 , 4 266 . . 66 100
AGP , 100 132 2/3, 132 2.

.

26



, / . BIOS,
.
:
1. :
CMOS-, ( )
, , , PCI AGP, , AGP, .
,
- .
BIOS. .
.
2. (
, , ). , .
.
.
3. (, . .),
,
( , SCSI
IDE-, . .).

386

V.

4. BIOS, - . , , IDE . . , .
BIOS .
.
5. ( )
, . ,
(, , . .).
6.
, , ,
AGP. 0,10,2
.

BIOS

/. , BIOS, ,
, .
, :

: , , - (
"" ). , ;
 : , (, ).
. , ,
"" BIOS. ,
.
, -

26.

387

(
, ).
, BIOS, ,
, , . ,
. .
. , , , . .


, . , . , , "" 3ds max, , , (
).
,
. ( 533 )
128 .
( , ).
IDE. , .
HDD Auto Detection
.

. - , .
, . BIOS "" , - CD-ROM.
- - , -

388

V.

,
.
, .
, BIOS, ,
.


. , . .
: Intel Pentium III 700 , 128 , 32 . .
, , "" .
.
BIOS.
? , " "
. , , , . ,
.
, , . .
:

, , . . . , .
" ",
, . ( ,
- ).
,

26.

389

.
, . . , , , ,
.

, ,
. .
, -.
-, , -
. -
:
, ;
-
;
/ . -
,
.

. . -
.

;
, ;

, ;

390

V.

,
.
,
. .

, .

.
.
( ) . /
(, ).
Bus-Master, , , .
, , . Bus-Master :
 Intel 430FX, 430VX, 430HX, 430TX;
 Intel 440FX, 440LX, 440BX;
 SiS 5511/5512/5513, 5596/5513, 5571, 5581, 5582, 5597, 5598, 5591/5595;
 ALI Aladdin III, IV, IV+, V;
 TXPro, HXPro, VXPro.
Bus-Master , . Bus-Master:
 ,
DMA;
 , IDE, , SCSI;
 IDE-, PIO.

26.

391



,
, (
) .
,
, (. 26.1).
26.1. FSB, PCI
AGP,
FSB

66

75

83

100

103

105

110

112

115

120

133

140

PCI

33

37,5

41,6

33

34,3

35

36,7

37,3

38,3

40

33

35

AGP

66

75

83

100

103

105

110

112

115

120

133

140

,
, , .
.
SCSI-, ,
.

, , PCI AGP. ,
66 83 PCI 33
41 , AGP 66 83 .
,
. , .

PCI/AGP. ,
.
, "" ,

392

V.

BIOS. AGP, ,
:
 1/1 FSB 66 83 ;
 2/3 100 133 ;
 1/3 133 .
( ), ,
. - 3D-.
100
.
:
 , ,
66 . ;
 PC100 ,
"" ,
66 . PC100
125 .



, , .
- .
,
-
.

, . ,
. .
(
Pentium II) ,
.
: -

26.

393

.
.
, , ,
.
, .
, . . , ,
. , ""
.
.
, ( ) .
.
,
. , , .


,
: PCI, AGP, , .

.
,
.
, . , ,
, .
, , 1,75 1,85 ,
. , -

394

V.

, , - , .

, .
-
. , Soft-Off , .
AGP
. AGP
, .

,
, .


, . , ,
"". :
 ;
 ;
 .
:
 ;
 -;
 ;
 ;
 SCSI.

26.

395

:
 OEM
. ( )
;
 Retail ( Boxed) ( , , OEM-). , ,
, .
, , ,
, .
,
. , , :
 , ( ).
,
;
 . .
,
;
 ,
, ;
 "".
, .
. ,
, .
,
.


:
 Asus, Abit . . Intel,
;

396

V.

 440BX ;

, - .

BIOS.
, , (. 26.2):
 BIOS
;

;
 AGP ;
 ( , ).
26.2.

100



100

AOpen AX64 Via 133A


Pro

Asus Cusl2

i815

Asus
P3C2000

i820

Asus P3V4X

1,3 2,1
0,05.
2,1 3,5
0,1
+0,3
0,05

+0,4
0,05

Via 133A

+0,3
0,05

Chaintech
6ATA4

Via 133A

+0,2
0,1

Chaintech
6OJV

i815

EpoX
EP-BX7

i440BX

+0,3
0,05

26.

397

26.2 ()

100

+10 %

Gigabyte
Via 133A
GA-6VX7-4X

+40%
10 %

MSI MS6301

i820

Soyo
SY-7ISM

i815

Soyo
SY-7VCA

Via 133A

+9 %
1,5
10 %

SuperMicro
370SSM

I815



100

EpoX
EP-6VBA2

Via 133A

Gigabyte
i815
GA-6OXM7E


, , , PC100 (. .
100 ). 66
83 , , .
PC100
. 8 , ,
, 125 , 7,5 , 133 . : , ,
,
(. 26.3).

398

V.

26.3. SDRAM
,

12

83

10

100

125

133



.
.
(
)
. - , .
, .


,
:
 , , WinRAR
.
.
( 500700 ) .
 ,
, , Program
Files. MP3-, .
 .
(, Arc).
 , . .
( , ).

27




.
,
.
,
, .
, , IBM-,
.

Intel
Intel , .
FSB (
).
, 66
(. 27.1). , Intel , 66 .
, Celeron
Pentium II/III.
27.1. Intel
()

66

Pentium II (Klamath)

Pentium II (Deschutes)

100

133

400

V.

27.1 ()
()

66

Celeron (Covington)

Celeron (Mendocino)

Celeron (Coppermine 128)

100

133

Pentium III (Katmai)

Pentium III (Coppermine)

Pentium 4 (Willamette)

Pentium II
Pentium II 66 100 .
233, 266, 300 333 , 350, 400 450 . , ,
440BX Intel.
Pentium II ( Klamath)
,
Deschutes ( 333 )
Intel . Pentium II .
- .
, , , ,
-, , . ,
, ,
-.

Pentium II Klamath, .
. 27.2 Pentium II Klamath,
. , ,
.

27.

401

27.2. Pentium II
Klamath

233

266

300

4.0

75

300

3.0

100

300

3.0

112

336

4.0

75

300

3.0

100

300

3.0

112

336

4.5

75

338

3.5

100

350

3.5

112

392

4.0

100

400

, 112 .
, , .
Pentium II 300
,
,
.

Pentium III
Pentium III:
 Katmai 100 ;
 Coppermine 100 ;
 Coppermine 133 .
. , Intel Pentium III 600 ,
Katmai 100 , Intel Pentium III 600E Coppermine 100 , Intel Pentium III 600EB Coppermine 133 . Katmai 600 ,
Coppermine.

402

V.

100133 .
, .
. , PCI AGP.
Pentium III 550600E.
Coppermine
133 ,
.

Celeron

Celeron:
 - (266 300 )
66 ;
 - (300, 333, 366, 400, 433, 466
500 ) 66 ;
 100 ( 800 ).
Celeron
Pentium II - . . -, , . -,
,
.
Celeron 800,
100 , "" Pentium III, , , .
Pentium II,
Celeron ,
(. 27.3).
, , ,
.
, 300 366 . 100 ,

27.

403

, , . (. 27.4),
Celeron .

27.3. Celeron

Celeron 266

300

333

400

Celeron 300A

338

374

450

Celeron 333

375

415

500

Celeron 366

413

457

550

Celeron 400

450

498

600

Celeron 433

488

541

Celeron 466

525

581

Celeron 500

563

623

27.4.
Celeron

75

83

100

103

Celeron 266

XXX

XX

Celeron 300

XXX

XXX

XX

Celeron 333

XXX

XXX

XX

Celeron 366

XXX

XXX

XX

Celeron 400

XXX

XX

XX

Celeron 433

XXX

XX

XX

Celeron 466

XXX

XX

:
XXX ;
XX , ;
X ( ).

404

V.

,
. , ,
Celeron 366 :
#L9180597
:
 L , ( ), ( );
 9 1999;
 18 . : ,
.
FC-PGA-.
Slot 1 PPGA .
Slot 1,
FC-PGASlot 1, ,
, .

AMD
Intel, AMD
, Pentium/Celeron.
, .

Athlon/Duron
Athlon/Duron .
AMD (
L1), .
Athlon Slot A,
Pentium II. , , ,
Athlon.
. , .
,

.

27.

405

(, ATHLON tm)
37 , ,
. ,
10 ,
.
, , .
, ,
,
. ,
.
, , ( ,
) .
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, .
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(. 27.1). . , .
"" , , - , . ,
. .

. 27.1. Athlon

406

V.

( Duron 600/650),
L1 . ,
AMD , . , Duron

800 .
Athlon
. 27.5.
27.5. Athlon

500

1,6

700

1,61,8

920

1,82,0

550

1,6

750

1,61,8

906

1,82,0

600

1,6

750

1,61,8

1025

1,82,0

650

1,6

750

1,61,8

1060

1,82,0

700

1,6

800

1,61,8

1080

1,82,0

750

1,6

850

1,61,8

900

1,82,0

800

1,7

900

1,71,8

960

1,82,0

. , ,
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AMD, . . (. 27.6).
27.6.

Athlon
Duron

650850

1,6

1,7

1,8

900000

1,65

1,75

1,85

550700

1,4

1,5

1,6

27.

407

Athlon XP/MP
, ,
AMD .
( Athlon/
Duron) , L1, , . , Athlon XP ""
L1 1 (
Athlon, ). , ,
.

, , L1
(, ). -
.


, 3D-.
. ,
, .

.
,
Direct X Open GL,
.
. nVidia
Riva 128/128ZX , , ,
Matrox Mistique.
, .
, ,
:
 "" , ;

408

V.


, , .
3D-
Quake-3, Unreal. , .
. , . True-color (24- 32- )
, .
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. , ,
, .
,
PCI. ,
, .
. .
, ( ).

28


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, . . ,
. .
, , /,
. . , ,
,
.

. ? :
 ,
, . ,
. .
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. ,
. , ,
. , ;
 ,
. , , (

410

V.

). ( ) . 83 , , , . 100 , PCI (
);
 , . ,

( ). 0,10,2 .
, .
PCI AGP.
. ,
, ;
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, . . SCSI
PCI;
 , BIOS , , " " ,
. , . .

. , . PC100
PC133;
 , .
, . Norton Disk Doctor
,
. ,
PCI,
IDE-, "".
.

28. ""

411

. -
:
 . , Celeron 2,52,6 ;
 ,
. , , ;
 . ,
;
 . (, Duron)
, .

29


, , . , ,
. ,
.
, IBM PC,
, . , ,
, . , (. 29.1).
29.1.

Intel Pentium

13,017,0

10,115,5

Intel Pentium II

16,843,0

16,5923,7

Intel Pentium III

27,834,5

25,333,2

Athlon

32,448,7

36,154,3

Intel Pentium 4

66,281,9

48,971,8

Athlon XP

68,376,8

60,072,0

29.

413




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, , , . . ,
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414

V.

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".
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29.

415

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. , "/"
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 , ;
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 .

416

V.

:

, ;
 (
6 ),
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;
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. ;
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.



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. , Pentium III , .
, .
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, ,
.
AMD ,
, . 400 , , , .
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.
. .
, .

29.

417


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, , , .
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, , , .



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418

V.

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,
. , -

29.

419

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. . .
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, ,
.
:
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, , , , ,
, - .

420

V.

VI

30.

31.

30


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). , :
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30.

423

. , , ;
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,
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CMOS-) . .;
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31


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31. /

425

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).


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426

VI.

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31. /

427

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1. . , -. ,
.
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5. . . ,
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6.
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428

VI.

8. .
9. .
10. -
.

IDE
IDE 40-
60 . ,
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45 . ,

, .
IDE :
1. . , .
,
.
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. , ,
, . . .
, .
3. (
, CD-ROM, Iomega ZIP).
(
AT).
4. .
IDE ( , ), master-, slave. . IDE, ,
(

). , , master-

31. /

429

( :).
BIOS, , D:. , BIOS. slave- master-
.
IDE- Cable Select.
master- slave- , . :
Cable Select;
28
;
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28 master-,
slave-.
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.
4 .
, CD-ROM ;
6. . ,
, , , .
7.
( ).
. , ,
.
, ( ,
).
8. , .

430

VI.

9. IDE .
10. .
11. HDD Auto Detection
CMOS Setup ( BIOS
, CD-ROM).
: master-,
CD-ROM slave-.
, . .
. , IDE
. ,
master- ( ).
IDE BIOS. BIOS, BIOS.
ATA/33, ATA/66, ATA/100 IDE (
, ) . /100
/33 /66, .
(
). , , , . ,
, , - ,
( , ).
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.
60 . 40- IDE
,
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31. /

431


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 180;
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.
,
. , , 180.
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. .
. master/slave
, "" , , BIOS.
IDE
.

432

VI.

SCSI
SCSI
12 ( , IDE). SCSI
SCSI, ISA, PCI. 16
( SCSI ) (. 31.1). , . (
, ). SCSI . ( CD-ROM, ) , ( ).
31.1.
SCSI-



Single-Ended
SCSI

LVD

SCSI-1

25

Fast SCSI

25

Fast Wide SCSI

16

25

16

Ultra SCSI

1,5

25

Ultra SCSI

25

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16

25

16

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16

1,5

Wide Ultra SCSI

16

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12

25

12

Wide Ultra2
SCSI

16

12

25

12

16

SCSI
:
 .

;

31. /

433


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LVD Single-Ended ,

(Single-Ended).
, (, ),
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715). , ,
( ) ( ). ,
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.
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 SCSI
ID7;
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, ;
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;

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. .
.
SCSI :
1. . , .
,
.
2. - ATX, ,
. , ,
, . . .
, .

434

VI.

3. ,
, , .
4. , SCSI-. .
, .
.
5.
4 .
6. ,
, .
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( )
.
7. , .
8. SCSI .
9. .


,
.
. ,
, , , .

Socket
:
1. . , , , , .
, .

31. /

435

2. - ATX, ,
. , ,
, . . .
, .
3. ,
,
, - , .
4. ,
, , . , . , , , - AT.
5. .
, , , .
,
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6. (
).
, "" . , , .
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7. .
8. ,
( ).
9. (), , .
10. ,
, . .
Socket T, LGA 775. . , . Intel Pentium 4
.

436

VI.

Slot 1/A
:
1. . , , , , .
, .
2. - ATX, ,
. , ,
, . . .
, .
3. . ,
.
4. ,
. ,
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5. , ,
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.
6. .
7.
.
8. .
9. .


, (, 64 )
, .
, . ( ) , ( ),

31. /

437

. . , .

SIMM
30- 72- SIMM 1- ,
, .
72- SIMM, ,
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30- . 30-
. ,
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, . , .
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72- .
72- 30- .
: Pentium , , SIMM ,
486-
. ,
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1. . , , , , .
, .
2. - ATX, ,
. , ,
, . . .
, .

438

VI.

3. SIMM .
, .
4. , 45,
. , (
) . ( ).
5. .
6. .

DIMM
DIMM SIMM, , , ( 84
),
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" , SIMM.
,
, , DIMM1 (,
DIMM1 66 , DIMM2 100 ).
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:
1. . , , , , .
, .
2. - ATX, ,
. , ,
, . . .
, .
3. DIMM .
, .
4. , ,
. .

31. /

439

5. .
6. .

RIMM
RIMM DIMM,
.
RDRAM .
, "".
RIMM
:
1. . , , , , .
, .
2. - ATX, ,
. , ,
, . . .
, .
3. RIMM .
, .
4. , ,
. .
5. .
6. .



( ).
.
:
1. . , , , , -

440

VI.

.
, .
2. - ATX, ,
. , ,
, . . .
, .
3. . ,

.
4. ,
.
.
.
AGP, . .
, .
5. . AGP , PCI ISA
.
6. .
7. .

ISA
ISA ( )
. 8 16 20 24 .
: 8-
62 16- 36 . 8 ,
1013 , 1625 (,
).
8- 6
IRQ, 16- 11.
ISA,
. ISA
8- DMA ( 16-
16- ). 16-

31. /

441

,
Bus-Master.
, ISA,
. - Plug and Play, . .
.
8-
8- . 16-
( , 8-) .
8-, 16- .
ISA : +5 , 5 , +12 , 12 , 0 (, , ground).
8- , +5
"" .
ISA . , ,
.

-
Plug and Play.

PCI
PCI . Pentium
. (
). PCI-. ,
. PCI
, . . / ISA/EISA MCA. 33 66 .
PCI MCA/VLB,
124 .
5 3,3 ( ,
). ,
PCI .
(/ ) PCI-
( ) ISA-. , / PCI
ISA.

442

VI.

PCI ( ISA) .

Plug and Play.

AGP
AGP , PCI, .
AGP , 32 .
AGP- ,
"".
AGP:
 AGP 1.0 1X/2X, 266/533 /, 66 , 3,3 ;
 AGP 2.0 4X, 1066 /,
133 , 1,5 ;
 AGP 3.0 8X, 2133 /,
266 , 0,8 ;

PCI Express
PCI Express ,
, PCI AGP. : . Serial ATA , ,
, ,
USB.
PCI-E:
 PCI Express x1 200 / ,
0,8 ;
 PCI Express x4 800 / ,
0,8 ;
 PCI Express x8 1600 / ,
0,8 ;
 PCI Express x16 3200 / ,
0,8 , ;
 PCI Express x32 6400 / ,
0,8 .


...

,
IBM- . " ".
?
IBM PC, .
. , , , , , .
, IBM : , ,
,
. , , , ""
.
,
"" IBM PC. , , .
:
 ;
 ;

444

 ;
 "";
 .
.


: ,
. (,
. .).

, , ,
. .
:
 AT (Advanced Technology, ).
, ,
, ,
.
Intel Pentium II (
- ATX) AMD Athlon
( ATX).
- AT:

;
,
,
;
, . . -
( AGP);

. , , - - , . .
.

445

 ATX (AT Extension, AT).


.
- AT,
:

;
,
- ;
" " , , -,
, - ;

.
- .
: "tower" (""), "desktop" ( " "). - ,
,
, , ,
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.
"", , "" ("tower"), ("midi-tower") - ("mini-tower"). , . .
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.
, . . -
AMD "" . ,
, , .
,
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. , , ,

446

( ) , , . , , - ,
, - .


. Motherboard System Board.
.
: ,
, . . , "" ,
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:
 -. , , , . . -
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, (full-ATX, mini-ATX micro-ATX), BTX ( micro-ATX);
 ,
. "" ( , , . .).
: , , ( ),
. . ( ),
.
Intel i845PE, SiS651 .
. South Bridge (
) , /, PCI-to-PCI PCI-to-ISA. North Bridge
( ) , , PCI AGP . .
"" , "" .

447

, . .
: , , , , . .
.
:
 ISA 8- 16-. , . ,
.
,
, ,
ISA. ISA , - BIOS;
 EISA ISA.
4 . - .
ISA-,
;
 MCA IBM PS/2 ISA. ISA/EISA.
. PS/2;
 VLB . .
. 486, . . ;
 PCI , Plug and
Play. .
.
, (PCI 2.0 PCI 2.1).
PCI ATA SATA ;
 AGP .
. (AGP 2X, 4X, 8X);

448

 PCI Express ,
, PCI AGP. , , (PCI Express x16) ""
(PCI Express x1).
.
,
, , ,
. . USB FireWire.
.
Intel,
Via SiS. ,
. ,
. :

. , , ;
 , (, , ""). ;
 , "".
, , , , AGP
. .

.
 Intel http://www.intel.ru/;
 SiS (Silicon Integrated System Corporation) http://www.sis.com.tw/;
 VIA http://www.via.com.tw/.
:
 ASUSTeK Computer http://www.asuscom.ru/;
 ABIT Computer Technology http://www.abit.ru/;
 ACORP Electronics Inc. http://www.acorp.ru/;
 Chaintech http://www.chaintech.ru/;

449

 ECS (Elitegroup) http://www.ecs.ru/;


 EpoX http://www.epox.ru/;
 Gigabyte http://www.gigabyte.ru/;
 Intel http://www.intel.ru/;
 Jetway http://www.jetway.ru;
 MSI (MicroStar) http://www.microstar.ru/.

, "".
, , /. :

, ;
 ;
 , ,
, BIOS,
, , ;
 , "" BIOS, ,
.
,
.


, ,
: Intel AMD.
: Via Transmeta, . , , ,
, Cyrix, Centaur Rise.

Intel, , "" . Intel Celeron,

450

- ,
66 . . Intel AMD Athlon
Duron. Intel. Intel

RDRAM, . AMD Intel .
" ". Pentium III 1,13 -
AMD . : Intel, AMD , , .


.
,
IBM PC, , , , ,
.

.
,
. ,
.
Pentium III/4,
Athlon, Celeron, Sempron. .
, . , , ,
. , ( ).
,
.

451

Intel
1968 . http://www.intel.ru.
4004
108 . . . "
" Intel IBM PC. ,
Intel, - IBM-
. ,
.
?
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IBM PC. . IBM-
, Intel. , .
,
.
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(AMD, Cyrix . .)
. ,
. , , Intel .
,
.
Intel, . . ""
. , , Intel.

IBM PC Intel
. -
. , , , Intel. , ,
. Intel -

452

. ( AMD) .
Intel
IBM PC
. Intel ,
.
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86 ( 86).
, . .
.

Intel 286. , 80286, 80 . ,
. , ,
.
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.
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. 386-
Intel (
) . Intel , , 486- ,
"" .
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386DX. SX "", DX . ? SX
16- , , ,
DX. , "". , 386DX
-.

453

32-,
32- (, Windows 3.11). SX DX. Intel 386
, , .
Intel 486 ( 1989 ),
-, .

.

.
486- SX DX
. SX ,
DX . SX
DX ( ,
DX
). SX
, .
SX DX,
.


SX2, DX2 DX4 (,
). ,
- .
. . DX2-66 DX-33 -
. 486- Windows,
, .
1993 Pentium. , Intel 586,
Intel .
Pentium. 486 ( 1994 Intel 486DX4),
Pentium.

454

Pentium ?
(
).

.
Pentium 64- , -
.
32- . , 16- ,
32-.
Pentium
: 75, 100, 120, 133, 150, 166 200 . .
, (, ).

( Windows 3.x, Windows 95 NT
Windows XP/2003). , Pentium,
Intel, :
 ;
 ;
 ;
 - ;
 ;
 ;
 ;
 ;
 API.

, . . , Pentium .
.
Pentium 166 ,
66 .

455


( )
. ,
MMX (MultiMedia eXtention). Pentium MMX.
1997 .
Pentium MMX 166,
200 233 . ,
MMX, . 233 - : ,
, .
:
 Pentium ( 1020 % 60 % , MMX
);
 MMX;
 Pentium;
 ,
Pentium, Intel 486 Intel 386.
, ,
. , . .
Intel Pentium MMX ,
Tillamook.
133 266 . Pentium MMX.
1997 .
Intel () Pentium Pro. .
: 150, 166, 180
200 .
, .

456

Pentium Pro :
 ( ).

(, ), ,
. , . ,
;
 32- ,
32- ;
 , , , , , , ,
. Intel
;
 - ;
 4
;
 : (ECC), .
- 256
512 1995 , ( 1997 )
,
1 -, .
86 Pentium II.
1997 . , Pentium Pro
, 16- MMX. , Pentium II .
. 233 266
,
300 . Pentium II
Windows 95 Windows NT, .
:
 Pentium Pro MMX;

457

 Pentium II 266 ,
, 1,6 2
Pentium-200;
 32-
;
 - ;
 64
;
 - ;
 ,
.
Pentium II, .
Klamath.
Pentium II
. Pentium II
Deschutes.
450 , 100 ( , ).
Pentium II
, . Tonga. 233 300
66 .

, . .
100 Katmai. Deschutes.
Katmai 450 600 .
1999
133 533 600 .
Intel
.
Pentium II Xeon.
Deschutes. - . Xeon -

458

400 450 100 .


.
Pentium,
"" Intel 486, , ,
, .
Intel Celeron, .
, Covington. ( , Intel
). Celeron
Deschutes - , . .
Pentium II -.
266 300 66 .
Celeron 1998 . Celeron Intel
. -,
, . -,
Coppermine,
Intel .
, , - ,
Celeron Covington.
- . Celeron
Mendocino. -
128 , .
300533 ,
66 . Celeron 1998 . 300-
,
( Celeron-300A
Mendocino).
, .
Celeron . 300 500 .
Dixon.

459

, Intel Celeron Timna.


Coppermine 128
SDRAM.
.
Celeron:
 Pentium Pentium II, - . Celeron Pentium II , Pentium MMX;
 ;
 SSE, - , ;
 Coppermine Celeron,
, AMD.
IBM- , . ,
66 , 100 . 86 Pentium III. Katmai. 450 600
100 133 . 256 - , . 600 Katmai, Coppermine.
( 500
1 ) , .
MMX, , ,
. SSE (Streaming SIMD Enhancements SIMD).
Coppermine
Celeron. Coppermine 128. , Pentium III. -

460

Celeron Coppermine 128 ,


533 . 533
Mendocino, (Celeron
533A Celeron Coppermine).
SSE.
Intel Celeron 100133 ,
Pentium III. , -
, ,
, ,
""
, . , 66
Celeron, Intel
100 .
Celeron 800
1,2 . Intel 2 .
, - Celeron Coppermine 128
, - Pentium III. ,
Celeron Pentium III, - , . .
.
Pentium III, Intel , . Tualatin 256 ( - ).
Pentium III.
1,13, 1,2, 1,3 1,26
133 . Taulatin 512.
, Pentium 4.
, Intel Pentium III Pentium III Xeon.
Tanner ( Katmai ) 500 550
100 .
Cascades (,
Coppermine) 600 (
1 ). -

461

133 . .
IBM- Intel ,
.
Pentium. ,
Pentium 4 ,
2000 . 1,4 1,5 . , ,
Intel Pentium Pro. ,
400 .

, SSE2.
Pentium 4
Willamette.
Pentium 4 . (, - , ),
, , Athlon .

,
.
"" Pentium 4,
Northwood. : -
512 , 533 . ( 800 ) "" ( Hyper-Threading),
Pentium 4,
Intel .
Celeron Northwood,
, - .
""
Pentium 4, Prescott. Intel ! -
LGA 775 Socket T.
, ,
Intel - / . " " .

462

SSE3,
, (L2 = 1 ).
800 ,
Pentium 4, 533 .
Celeron Prescott, 256 533 .
, " " AMD ( Intel
).

,
( : , -, ,
).
, 7xx, 5xx 3xx. (, Pentium 4)
. (
) , ,
. , Intel.

AMD
AMD (Advanced Micro Device) 1969 . http://www.amd.ru. AMD Intel x86.
. , AMD
Intel ,
1999 AMD " 25 % Intel".
, AMD Intel,
386- . , "" .
AMD , 486SX, ,
, , Intel.
.

463

86 AMD ,
AM5x86. AMD. Krypton-5 , , 5.
.
K5 Intel,
. " "
. Pentium
.
.
586 SSA/5 , 75, 90 100 ,
5 - ( AMD K5-PR75,
AMD K5-PR90 AMD K5-PR100 ).
K5 90, 100, 120
133 .
5 .
Divide overflow ( 0).
, , AMD, "
". "
" , . , , . ""
5 , ,
. ,
, , 0, - . ,
, , . , .
5 ( , Intel,

):
 ,
Pentium.
;
 5 100
Pentium 133 ;
 AMD , Intel, AMD;

464

 Pentium .
AMD
6. MMX. K6
166 233 . 266 300 66 . Intel, ,
5.
Pentium MMX.
K6:
 ,
MMX, Pentium Pro,
Pentium II Intel;
 - ( ) ;
 - AMD Intel , ,
;
 ;
 Pentium Pro, AMD K6 16-
32- ,
, -
Windows DOS;
 , Pentium II,

Intel.
AMD
6-II. 200 550
66 100 . -
. AMD 3D Now!, . PowerNow!,
.
Intel,
AMD - .

465

K6-III (
Sharptooth). - .
350 475 100 . ,

Intel.

K6-II. K6-II+. 6, - , 450 100 .
K6-III+,
- .
Athlon . AMD ,

.
Argon (K7).
.
Athlon - , 400 .
Athlon Duron ( ) ThunderBird ( ). Intel, AMD , , .
Duron Athlon . 550
100 . Spitfire,
,
Duron Morgan.

SSE,
Intel. 3D Now! Professional. .
:
 ,
Intel;
 , Celeron,
Duron - ;

466

 AMD Intel ;
 SIMD- 3D Now!
Thunderbird Athlon . ,
Duron, - 750
( 2 ).
:
 Athlon, - , .
2 ,
, ;
 Athlon, SIMD 3D Now!
AMD Athlon XP
Palomino. Athlon 4.
1,5 .
:

,

Intel;
 -, ;
 3D Now! Professional, SSE;
 PowerNow!, , , . . .
" ".
Thoroughbred .
Barton, (512 ) 333 .
Sempron, Athlon XP Thoroughbred
(333 266 ). ,
Intel, AMD 64-
. , 64- ,
.

467


IBM
, ( ,
.) ( )
. ,
. , IBM .
286- . . . , -, , ,
- . , . . , ,
,
. , , ,
.
,
. .
 Socket ZIF (Zero Input Force, , ) , ,
:
Socket 7 ZIF 296 .
5- : Intel Pentium, Pentium MMX, AMD K5,
K6, K6II+ K6III+, Cyrix M1 MII, WinChip C6;
Socket 8 ZIF. 387
Socket 7. Pentium Pro;
Socket 370 ZIF ( Socket 7,
Socket 8). 370 Socket 7.
Celeron, , Coppermine;
Socket FC-PGA (Flip Chip Pin Grid Array)
Socket 370, , , .
, Coppermine (Intel Pentium III, Celeron);
Socket 423 Pentium 4;

468

Socket 478 Pentium 4;


Socket T .
 Slot , . , , Intel
- , :
Slot 1 Pentium II
Celeron;
Slot 2 , Pentium II Xeon;
Slot A Slot 1.
Athlon AMD.


, .
. ,
, , , .
"" "". . , ( , . .). ,
( ,
,
). , ,
. . , ,
.
? , . , , ,
.

469

IBM PC .
, . , , . ,
. .
,
, ,
(,
).
IBM-
. . ,
, .


Page Mode DRAM.
. ,
, .
, . , .
, , Fast Page Mode DRAM
(FPM DRAM). . .
Intel 486 .

, Pentium II .
EDO DRAM
(Extended Data Out DRAM). ,
FPM DRAM. 1995 Pentium 90 . ,
1015 %, FPM ( ). -

470

66 . , , 100 133 .
SDRAM (Synchronous Dynamic
RAM). , SDRAM
. . 100 .
. , SDRAM EDO DRAM,
. ,
SDRAM Intel,
Via Acer. ,
100 133 . SDRAM 66 .

SDRAM BEDO DRAM (Burst Extended Data Output
DRAM). ( ), .
BEDO DRAM 66
SDRAM, , BEDO.

VRAM (Video RAM). , . WRAM (Windows RAM),

Windows. 25 %.
SDRAM
DDR SDRAM (Double Data Rate SDRAM) , ,
SDRAM II. SDRAM,
, .
. , ,
NVidia GeForce 256.

471

AMD Athlon.
:
 PC2100 ( DDR266) , 266 ;
 PC2700 ( DDR333) , 333 ;
 PC3200 ( DDR400) , 400 .
Direct RDRAM (Direct Rambus
DRAM). , . Intel
1999
Direct RDRAM. RDRAM
,
, DDR SDRAM.
Direct RDRAM , ,
Pentium 4, . ,
, Direct RDRAM, , Direct RDRAM, Pentium 4 .


, Micron, Texas Instruments, NEC,
Samsung, Motorola Toshiba.
. .
-
.
(. 1.).
1.

Fujitsu

MB

Hyundai

HY

LG

GM

Mitsubishi

M5M

NEC

Pd

472

1 ()

Samsung

KM

Texas Instruments

TMS

Hitachi

PDC

IBM

IBM

Micron

MT

Mosel Vitelic

Oki

MSM

Siemens

HYB

Toshiba

TC



:
 SIMM , . SIMM 30- 72-.
Pentium . FPM, EDO, BEDO;
 DIMM , SIMM,
. . SDRAM, BEDO, EDO
FPM;
 RIMM , RDRAM.
: .


, . , , .
() .
, . - ,

473

IDE SCSI, ,
- . . , ( ,
).
. (,
IC80+ PCI POST- PCI).
ISA/EISA . - ,
Plug and Play.

. ,
SCSI- (CD-ROM,
). , . . BIOS . ,
SCSI,
. , - .

, , . . IBM PC, . ,
,
.
. ISA,
IBM PC, . .
,

. , ,
BIOS. ISA

474

, , PCI AGP.
.
, .
"",
. .
,
,
, , . , , ,
.
, "" "" .
. - ,
.
-:
 ATI
, Rage 128 .
Voodoo 3 TNT2. http://www.ati.com;
 S3
PCI. ,
Savage,
. http://www.s3.com;
 3dfx , . NVidia, 3dfx. Voodoo Velocity,

. http://www.3dfx.com;
 NVidia
. Riva, . http://www.nvworld.ru/.

475


,
- , , . .
, .
,
.
. , .
Sound Blaster. , .
. ,
.
ISA PCI.

( , - ),

.
.
:
 Creative
Sound Blaster.
. http://
www.creative.ru/;
 Yamaha
. http://www.yamaha.com;
 ESS .
ISA,
,
. http://www.esstech.com.


, , -

476

, .
:
 , Flash-, BIOS
CMOS-;
 , (-, Iomega ZIP
. .) ;
 - ;

.


"
" ().
, ,
"", HDD (Hard Disk Drive)
, .
. , . .
,
, , , .
.
:
 ATA (Advanced Technology Attachment) ,
. IDE-
- (Integrated Drive Electronics, );
 Serial ATA , ATA. ;
 SCSI (Small Computer System Interface) ,
, , .
, : , , ,
.
: IDE SCSI.

477

. SCSI ,
. , ,
, .
IDE USB .
, ,
. , , . : 5400 7200 /.
,
, , ,
.
(10 00015 000 /), (, ).
PIO.
.
IDE. :
 PIO0 3,3 /;
 PIO1 5,2 /;
 PIO2 8,3 /;
 PIO3 11,1 /;
 PIO4 16,6 /;
 PIO5 33,3 /;
 DMA MW-1 13,3 /;
 DMA MW-2 16,6 /;
 UDMA0 16,6 /;
 UDMA1 25 /;
 UDMA2 33,3 /;
 UDMA3 44,4 /;
 UDMA4 66,6 /;
 UDMA5 100 /.
, . , .

478


 Western Digital http://www.wdc.com;
 Seagate Technology http://www.seagate.com;
 Quantum http://www.quantum.ru/;
 Samsung http://www.samsung.ru/;
 Fujitsu http://www.fujitsu-siemens.ru/;
 IBM http://www.ibm.ru/;
 Maxtor http://www.maxtor.com;
 Hitachi http://www.hitachi.ru/;
 Toshiba http://www.toshiba.com.


-
-
. IBM PC
, 5,25 3,5 .

. -
. ,
. .
.
Iomega ZIP
. ( 250 ).
IDE, SCSI USB, , .
- .

CD-ROM
CD-ROM (Compact Disk Read Only Memory) . , . (CD-R) (CD-RW) -.
CD-ROM IDE SCSI.
IDE-to-USB.

479

- ( , ). .

CD-ROM
 Acer http://www.acer.ru/;
 ASUS http://www.asus.ru/;
 Creative http://www.creative.ru/
 HP http://www.hp.com;
 Mitsumi http://www.mitsumi.ru/;
 NEC http://www.nec.co.jp;
 Panasonic http://www.panasonic.ru;
 Ricoh http://www.ricoh.ru/;
 Samsung http://www.samsung.ru/;
 Teac http://www.teac.ru/;
 Yamaha http://www.yamaha.com.


, . ,
.
IBM PC
, ,
.
""
.
, 286 Pentium 4.
( 5-) . .
IBM 386-
,

480

, PS/2.
.

.
USB , . , . .
.

.

""

. .
. , . "" ( ,
"").
COM-
PS/2. . , USB,
.