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2008

681.3.06
32.973.26
50
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ISBN 978-5-94157-998-3

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681.3.06
32.973.26

02429 24.07.00. 31.10.07.


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11.11.2004 .
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ISBN 978-5-94157-998-3

. ., 2008
, "-", 2008


2- .................................................................1
.......................................................................................................................3
1. ..........7
1.1. ................................................8
1.2. ...........................8
1.2.1. ...........................................................9
1.2.2. ......................10
1.2.3. ...............................................11
1.3. .................13
1.3.1.
......................................................................................................13
1.3.2. .....................................................18
1.3.3. ..........................................19
1.3.4. -..................................................20
1.3.5.
................................................................................................................24
1.3.6. .............................................................25
1.4. ...............................................27
1.4.1. .....................27
1.4.2. BIOS .....................................28
1.4.3. BIOS? ...........................................29
1.4.4. RAID- ..........................................................30
1.5. ................................31
1.5.1. .....................................................32
.............................................................................33
[3] .........................................................36
............................37
1.5.2. ? ...............................................38
1.5.3. ...................................38
1.5.4.
...................................................................................................40

IV

1.5.5. ..............................41
1.5.6. ..................................42
1.6. ...........................................43
1.7. ...........44
1.8. .............................................................49
1.9.
..............................................................................................................51
1.9.1. .............52
1.9.2.
...........................................................................................................52
1.10. .............58
1.11. Serial ATA ...................................................60
1.11.1. ...........................................................................................61
1.11.2. SATA
........................................................................................................62
1.11.3. SATA ...............................................................63
1.12. ...........................................................................66
2. ....................67
2.1. ...........................................67
2.2.
................................................................................................................69
2.3. S.M.A.R.T. ...............................................................71
2.4. S.M.A.R.T.
..........................................................................................................................75
2.5.
CD-ROM .......................................................................................93
2.6. ..........................................97
2.7. .....................99
2.8.
.......................................................................................................101
2.9. ................................................................103
2.9.1. .................................................103
2.9.2. , .........................107
....................107
................................................108
...........................109
...............................................110
...............111
2.10. .............111

3. .....................115
3.1. PartitionMagic 8.0 ......115
3.1.1.
5.0, 7.0, 8.0 .........................................................................................115
3.1.2. .......................................................................118
3.1.3. .............................................119
3.1.4. DOS ...............................................120
3.1.5. Windows .........................121
3.1.6. PartionMagic .....................................122
3.1.7. PartitionMagic Windows.....................123
3.2. BootMagic 8.0 ...................................................124
3.2.1. BootMagic DOS ...................124
3.2.2. BootMagic Windows ....................................125
3.2.3. BootMagic .......................................131
3.2.4. PQBoot ..............133
3.3. PartitionMagic 8.0............135
3.3.1. DOS .......................................135
3.3.2. DOS .............................................139
3.3.3. Windows.........................................146
3.3.4. Windows
Linux .................................................................................................................151
3.4. Windows Linux...............................154
3.4.1. ...................................................154
3.4.2. ................................156
3.4.3. ..................................158
3.5. CD-ROM
.................................160
3.6. ...................................161
4.
...........................................................................................................165
4.1. Ghost DOS ......................................................................166
4.1.1. ..............................................................166
4.1.2. - ......................................176
4.1.3. DOS ................................177
4.2. Ghost
- ..........................................................................181
4.2.1. ............................................................................182
4.2.2. ............................................................186
4.3. Windows - DOS ............191
4.4. .....................................................................193
4.5. Ghost 2003 Windows 9x/XP .........................................196

VI

4.6. Ghost 2003 ..........................................201


4.7. DataKeeper .............................209
4.8. Ghost32 v8, Acronis True Image
SelfImage? ........................................................................................................211
5. ........217
5.1. ....................................................................217
5.1.1. ...............................................217
5.1.2. Windows ...................................219
5.1.3. .......................................226
5.1.4. ........................................................228
5.1.5.
............................................................................................231
5.2. PartitionMagic ...................................................234
5.2.1. ................................................234
5.2.2. .................................239
5.2.3. ............................................240
5.3.
Scandisk...............................................................................................241
5.4. Ghost ....245
5.5. Windows.......................248
6.
..................................................................................257
6.1. ...........................................................258
6.2. ......................................259
6.2.1. Windows.......................................................259
6.2.2. Windows .......................................262
6.2.3. .......................................................................265
6.2.4.
..................................................................................................265
6.2.5. ...................................266
6.3. ......267
6.4. .............................................269
6.5. Mandrake Linux
..............................................................................................................270
6.5.1. , ............271
6.5.2. .................................................................................271
6.5.3. Mandrake Linux ....................................272
6.5.4. 40 ............................273
6.5.5. Linux 200 .............................275
6.5.6. Mandrake Linux .........................277

VII

6.5.7. Mandrake Linux .........................................281


6.5.8. Linux- .........283
6.6. .....................285
6.7. , ........290
6.7.1. .....................................................................291
6.7.2. ............................294
6.7.3. ........................................299
7.
...........................................................................................305
7.1.
...................................................................................................305
7.1.1.
........................................306
7.1.2. , .....307
7.1.3.
............................................307
7.2. ,
...........................................................................................309
7.2.1. .........................310
7.2.2. ...............................311
7.2.3. ..................................313
7.2.4.
...............................................315
7.3.
..............................................315
7.3.1. Western Digital....................316

.....................................316

.................................................318
7.3.2. Seagate .......................................322
....................................322
...........................................................325
.....331
....................................335
7.4. ,
................................................................................342
7.5. ...........................................................................................347
.............................................................................................................349

VIII

.......................................................................................................351
1. .........................................353
2. - ........................358
3.
.....................................................................................................367
4. ...................................372
5. - .....................................................377
................................................................................................................379
..............................................................................................391
...........................................................................393

-
8.
BIOS .....................................................................................407
8.1. RAID-
BIOS .................................................................................................408
8.1.1. RAID- ...............................408
8.1.2. ..........................................409
RAID 0 .....................................................................................................410
RAID 1 .....................................................................................................411
RAID 0+1 .................................................................................................412
JBOD ...................................................................................................412
Normal .................................................................................................412
RAID- ......................413

IX

8.1.3. Windows
........................................................................................................413
8.1.4. RAID- .......................415
8.1.5. ....................................................................419
8.2. DOS Windows RAID .........................................................................................................424
8.2.1. PartitionMagic DOS Windows ................................................424
8.2.2. BartPE ......................................................................429
RAID- ...................................429
RAID- BartPE ................................430
, ...........................................431
Total Commander ..................................................................434
XPE ..................................................434
8.2.3. .....436

RAID- .........................................................................................436
...............................................................440
8.2.4. S.M.A.R.T. RAID- .......................440
8.3. Ontrack Disk Manager .............441
8.3.1. BIOS. ? ...................................................................441
8.3.2. Ontrack .................................446
8.3.3. DDO Ontrack Disk
Manager ...............................................................................................................450
8.4. Data Lifeguard Western Digital ...........................................451
8.4.1. WinDLG ....................452
8.4.2. DDO ......................................456
8.4.3. DDO .................................458
8.4.4. ..................................................461
8.5. DDO ..................461
8.5.1. PowerQuest
DDO ............................................................................461
8.5.2. Ghost DDO .................462
8.5.3. DDO Mandrake Linux ......................................................464
8.5.4. Paragon Partition Manager, RAID-
DDO ...................................................................................................465
8.6. BIOS ..............................................................471
8.7. ............................................................................................................472

9. .......................474
9.1. ..........................474
9.1.1. ......................................................................475
9.1.2.
..........................................................................................................475
9.1.3. ................................483
9.2. ....................................................................488
9.2.1. .................489
9.2.2. .........................490
9.2.3.
...........................................................................................491
Work With Registry .....................................................................491
System Inspector ..........................................................................493


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: Master- 0, Slave- 0, Master- 1, Slave- 1 2 3, ;


 -

: Master- 0,
Slave- 0, Master-
1, Slave- 1 . .;
 , FAT (, Linux Ext2/Ext3),

,
() Windows;

37

, . , MS-DOS 6.22
FAT32, . . .
,
.


, , ,

, Windows Linux.
1. -

.
2.

,
, , ,
.
3. Linux

, Windows.
4. LBA.
5. 8 -

CHS.
6. BIOS, -

( ).
7. ,

( ). .
, .
, . , .
8. -

38

, , . , ,
,
, BIOS.

1.5.2. ?
, , .
.
, .
, ,
.
:
. ( ) .
, . , , ,
.

1.5.3.

- ,
S.M.A.R.T. .
.
- , .

. , , . . , .
.
DOS,

39

(). DOS, Fdisk , Format


.
(MS-DOS 6.22, PC-DOS 7.0, DOS 8,
UBD . .). Fdisk
, .
Format,
. - , Windows 95.
1000 Windows 95
30 . , . :
 "

";
 - Windows 95 ( ).

Windows 95 Microsoft.
: DOS 6.22 PC-DOS 7 . DOS ,
DOS Windows.
, ,
. .

DOS
, .
:
1) ;
2) , - Windows, ,
.
, -
Windows. Windows , .

40

1.5.4.

.
Fdisk .
,

,
. .
1. BootIt Next Generation v1.61, -

.
. .
, .
2. Paragon Partition Manager 5.5, -

(c
Windows) XPE Web.
, . Windows,
. Paragon Partition Manager 6 .
3. Acronis OS Selector, ,

, 100 . . .
4. PowerQuest -

PartitionMagic 7 8.
BootMagic , , Windows Linux, ,
, , , ,
RAID-. DOS ( ).
-, . Windows (, , 3.10
3.11) . Symantec
Corporation PowerQuest, Norton.

41

, PowerQuest (Symantec) 8 8.05.

1.5.5.

"" PartitionMagic BootMagic 7 8 ()
DOS. : ?
: - Windows,
PartitionMagic, .
. ,
. ,
.
- 130240. 500, . ,
, .
150200. . ,
.
130 Windows 95
, PartitionMagic 7 8.
"" 86 .
Create Rescue Diskette ( ).
c PartitionMagic.
Windows BootMagic,
BootMagic. .
:
1. DOS.
2. Windows 95 -.
3. 130500 .
4. PartitonMagic BootMagic -.
5. 1,44 ( -

).

42

- .
. .
DOS .


. . ,
. , .
,
. ,

-, , , , .
, , , ,
.
. 3.5 ( . 2.5)
- XPE Web. -
PartitionMagic 8.0 BootMagic 8.0,
-
DOS. , Paragon Partition Manager 5.5,
.
- XPE Web 1- 5-,
. CD Herin's BootCD,
-, .
- . 2
- ,
, PartitionMagic 8.0.

1.5.6.

, PartitionMagic ,
. , 3.

43


. PartitionMagic
Check partition ( ).
, .

. , 6.

1.6.

.
, .
,
, Windows Linux.

,
. 1.5.4, PartitionMagic BootMagic.
:
 -

, , Windows;
 Windows,

Microsoft (,
Vista); ,
,

;
 ,

, .
.

44


.
.
.
, Linux.
, :


(, , ,
, RAID- . .);
 Linux -

,
Linux;
 Linux

DDO, - , BIOS.
? Windows,
"".
- Linux.
, , ,
,
DOS, Windows Linux.
, , ,
.

1.7.

, ,
DOS. ,

45


DOS.
 Fdisk , -

. DOS, , , .
Linux . - ,
.
 Format, ,

Fdisk.
 Scandisk -

, .
.

,
. CD-ROM , , CD-ROM. , , Intel 386.
Windows
. .
, 700 .
Windows, .
, , ,
.
, Windows
.
:
1. , .
2. , -

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46

,
.
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.
.
.
, 40 . , .
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1. , -

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2. -

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3. , -


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4. .
5. ,

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Windows,
Microsoft .
6. -

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47

, ( DVD) - , .
,
. BIOS 137 ,
Pentium III Celeron, 2002 .

. , , Pentium II .
!
. . .
- , , , .


.
1. Windows XP,

BIOS .
.
(, 1000 ). .
2. BIOS , ,

BIOS .
3. DDO, -


. DDO
, , . - , . ,
, DDO . -

48

, DDO . , , BartPE, - (Bart


Lagerweij). , XPE Web.
,
- Windows XP.
4. RAID-, BIOS

137 . RAID- .
, S.M.A.R.T. .
5. , PCI -

.
Promise Ultra ATA 100
XT2, , RAID ITE IT8212.
, BIOS.
S.M.A.R.T.
BIOS. - , RAID-.
6. -

, BIOS 137 .
, , , , .
, . , , , ,
.
,

.
( ) , , :


, -;

49

 RAID-

-;
 , IEEE 1394 USB 2.0;
 IDE IEEE 1394 USB 2.0;
 RAID-
Serial ATA.

- Intel 486. RAID-


IDE,
RAID- . ,
750 ., ITE IT8212 . RAID-
Serial ATA.

,
.

1.8.

(Primary)
:
(Master), (Slave) .
, ,
: , .

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. IDE ,
80- .

50


.
. .
1. (Secondary) -

. , (Master)
- , IDE. ,
(Slave),
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-, .

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2. RAID-

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/ 5 12 .
3. Maxtor

IEEE 1394 USB 2.0. , IDE. 80


300 , .
7200
.
IEEE 1394 USB 2.0,
. . .
4.

IDE IEEE 1394 USB 2.0, , PCI .

51

, :
.
, RAID. , , , RAID-.
5-
( ) .
5. -

RAID- . SATA (Serial ATA).


,

.
IDE - .
,
RAID- .
.

1.9.


,
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, , .
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52

. 1.7
.
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1.9.1.

,
. , , .
. .
, .
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,
.
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,

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1.9.2.


-

53

: PartitionMagic BootMagic 8, Ghost32 7.7 8,


BootMagic ,
. . Paragon Partition
Manager 5.5, PartitionMagic, :
 ,

Scandisk,
; Paragon Partition
Manager ;
 , -

.

. 1.10.
. DDO. . 1.10 , .
1.10.

Partition
Magic 8.0

Boot
Magic
8.0

Ghost32
v8

Paragon
Partition
Manager 5.5

2)

3)

3)

1)

2)

54

1.10 ()

Partition
Magic 8.0

Boot
Magic
8.0

Ghost32
v8

Paragon
Partition
Manager 5.5

4)


S.M.A.R.T.

DOS, Windows

DOS,
Windows

DOS,
BartPE,
XPE Web

XPE Web,
Windows,
DOS8)

9)

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RAID-

, DDO

5)

10)

12)

6)

7)

11)

55

. 1.10
1)

Paragon Boot Manager.

2)

DOS,
Windows, Linux.
3)


PowerQuest.
4)

PartitionMagic 8.0
,
DOS, Windows, Linux.
5)

Total Commander
BartPE.
6)

Paragon Partition Explorer.

7)

S.M.A.R.T.
EVEREST, -,
XPE Web, Paragon Partition Manager. .
8)

DOS Diskette Build Wizard


( ).
9)

DDO
( Int 13h ) .
10)

Ghost32 , RAID-, BartPE


RAID-.

11)

Paragon Partition Manager XPE


Web.

12)

, DDO,
Ghost32
BartPE.

. 1.10 , . 24 , . 1.10,
, .
. 1.10 , Ghost32,
Paragon Partition Manager EVEREST BartPE XPE Web.

56

, ,
:
 Aida32 EVEREST S.M.A.R.T.;
 SpeedFan, Drive
Temperature . .

2.
,
,
. 4.

. 6 , . ,
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1.11.



Ghost 2003

1)


DDO


DDO

4)

Ghost32 v8

BartPE CD
1), 2)

5)

Ghost 2003

Windows
3)

3)

57

1.11 ()


,
RAID-

Ghost 2003

6)

Ghost32 v8

BartPE CD
7)

Ghost 2003

Windows
3)

. 1.11
1)

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2)


, RAID-, RAID-.
3)
RAID, .
.
4)
,
DDO.
5)

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RAID-. DDO .
6)

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7)

, RAID, ,
.
. RAID BartPE.

,
. 1.11.
. 1.11 , , , , RAID-.

58

, . 1.11. Ghost 2003


, . Ghost
2003 Windows .
1. ,

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2. , Ghost 2003,

, , RAID-.
, ,
(, ), RAID-.

BartPE -.

1.10.

, .
, . .
 , BIOS
. BIOS ,
S.M.A.R.T. , ,

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. , .
 " ".
, RESET

.
.
,
, , ,
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59

, .

.
, , , .
, -.
XPE Web (, Windows,
).
S.M.A.R.T., "". ,
. . .

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.
Acronis Drive Cleanser () BootIt NG,
-. Paragon Partition Manager , . ,
, , .
EVEREST
. ,
,
.
.
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,
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60

. -

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XPE Web,
BIOS.
,
(Windows) XPE Web.

-
. ,
.
. . , . ,
. , .
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.

CD . , Herin's
BootCD, UBCD4Win, -,
.
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1.11.
Serial ATA
2003 . SATA,
Seagate. 2004 . Maxtor Samsung,
, ,
Western Digital. 2007 . SATA 750

61

Seagate , , , ,
.

1.11.1.
. 1.12 . ,
IDE (. . 1.1 1.2). SATA
24 . 10%
IDE.
1.12. SATA1 (SATA150)
SATA2 (SATA300) 7200

, .
,

2003 .

2003 .

2004 .

2005 .

2007 .

80

4000

2517 2,6%

1909 8,6%

1450 2%

120

5431

4704

3190 4,7%

2547 2,9%

1713 1%

160

4300 7,4%

2813 2,9%

1815 1,9%

200

5970

3326 3,3%

2110 1,9%

250

4057 1,2%

2205 1,8%

400

8990

3785 1%

750

9490

. 1.12
.
.
,
.
2007 .
SATA2 (SATA300).

62

1.11.2. SATA

,
SATA,
IDE
(ATA). IDE SATA
(, IDE, SATA IDE SATA . .). S-RAID, SATA.
SATA, S-RAID-.
IDE 80- . SATA ,
, , ,
.
80- , SATA . S-RAID-, .
, , .
SATA: , . , , SATA. IDE
, ,
SATA.
!
SATA , ,
. (, Seagate)
, .

, IDE. ,
.
, . 1.9.

63

1.11.3. SATA
SATA
150 300 /. . 1.13 1.14.
1.13. SATA150,

1600JD
WD

2000JD
WD

2500JD
WD

6B120M0
Maxtor

160

200

250

120

120

120

8,9/10,9

9,0

8,9

8,5/9,5

8,9/10,9 8,9/10,9

SP1213C 3120026A6
Samsung
Seagate

7200

7200

7200

7200

7200

7200

3 (GMR)

748

748

748

840

683

0,8

1/1,2

FDB

,
rpm



,
/

S.M.A.R.T.

,


,
()

33

34

34

27

27 ( )

25

, /

150

150

150

150 c
NCQ

150

150

64

1.13 ()

1600JD
WD

2000JD
WD

2500JD
WD

6B120M0
Maxtor

30 g,
2

30 g,
2

30 g,
2

60 g,
2

60 g

63 g,
2

250 g,
2

250 g,
2

250 g,
2

300 g,
2

350 g,
2

350 g,
2

0,595
()

0,664
()

0,617

7,1

9,5

12

0,615
()
12,8

0,615
0,615
() ()

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Samsung
Seagate

. 1.13
Western Digital Seagate
.
, .
5
55 Maxtor.
Seagate (MTBF) 600 000 .
Western Digital IDE .
1.14. SATA300,

1600JS
WD

2000JS
WD

2500KS
WD

HD120IJ
Samsung

160

200

250

120

8,9/10,9

8,9/10,9

8,9/10,9

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16

7200

7200

7200

7200

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65

1.14 ()

1600JS
WD

2000JS
WD

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WD

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Samsung

748

748

748

880

0,8

(FDB)

(FDB)

(FDB)


,
()

26

26

28

27 ( )

,
/

300

300

300

300

65 g, 2

65 g, 2

65 g, 2

63 g, 2

350 g, 2

350 g, 2

350 g, 2

350 g, 2
(
ImpacGuard)

0,471
()

0,483
()

0,6

0,627
()

9,5

9,5

9,5



,
/

S.M.A.R.T.

,

,
,

. 1.14
SATA300 Samsung
9,5 8 , Western Digital 12,5 9,5 .

66

Western
Digital 34 26 ()
SATA150.
Western Digital SATA300 . SATA300 2 30% .
Western Digital
5 55 .

. 1.5, 1.13 1.14 ,


SATA300
, .

1.12.
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1.

40
7200 .
2.

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68

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.

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.
.
S.M.A.R.T. (,
) "HDD1:S.M.A.R.T. is bad,
backup and replace" (1: S.M.A.R.T. ,
). BIOS Western Digital 80 .
, , " ".
189 9 .
, .
- ,

69

, , .
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, . , .

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.
,
.

.
,
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.
,
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- . CD/DVD-ROM. ,
. , -, -

70

, , -,
CD-ROM - - .
, CD/DVD-ROM
. (-) , - .
- Nero Express 6 2.

-.
(Bart Lagerweij, http://www.nu2.nu). -
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Windows XP Home/Professional SP1, Windows Server 2003 Web/Standard/
Enterprise Edition. Windows
, . Windows NT/ME/9x. -,
, BartPE
Windows. , , . . PE Builder Windows
2000/XP/2003/BartPE.
- PE Builder
http://www.nu2.nu/pebuilder.
(. , 512 /).
v. 3.1.10 v. 3.1.10a 17.02.2006
ZIP.
BartPE ,
:
 Ghost32 v8 , -

; ;
 Ghost Explorer, -

(FAT, FAT32,
NTFS, EXT2, EXT3);

71

 Total Commander , -

;
 A43;
 McAfee AVERT Stinger v. 2.0.0;
 Ad-Aware SE ( ,

);
 Drive SnapShot , .

BartPE ,
- -.
BartPE.
.
CD-ROM
XPE Web, "Windows XPE", .
.
RAID-,
. XPE Web , BartPE, , BIOS
DDO (. 7), (. . 1.10).
CD (Herin's
BootCD, UBCD4Win v2.6 v3.04), , .

2.3. S.M.A.R.T.

S.M.A.R.T., . S.M.A.R.T., - (BIOS).
, , AMI BIOS AMI (American Megatrend International) BIOS
(BIOS Setup) <DEL> -

72

Hit DEL to
enter SETUP ( <DEL>, ).
<DEL>
BIOS.
BIOS Features Setup ( BIOS)
Enable S.M.A.R.T. for Hard Disks (S.M.A.R.T.
). BIOS
<Esc>, <F10>. SAVE to CMOS and EXIT (Y/N) ? Y (
CMOS (/)? )
<Enter>.
,
S.M.A.R.T. .
BIOS [15].
S.M.A.R.T. , .
Self Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology. , .
.
.
, .
S.M.A.R.T. ,
. ,
Western Digital Seagate.
S.M.A.R.T. SMARTUDM (HDD S.M.A.R.T. Viewer) , (freeware),
Western Digital Seagate.
S.M.A.R.T. , , :
 Raw Read Error Rate

;
 Spin Up Time , -

73

 Reallocated Sector Count ,


;
 Spin Retry Count

,
( );
 Calibration Retry Count -

,
(
);
 Write Error Rate ( -

, ,
);
 Seek Error Rate

( , , );
 Reallocation Event Count

.
, ,
:
 - (Start/Stop Count);
 (Power cycle count);
 , (Power-on

Hours Power-on Time Count);


 CRC -

(Ultra ATA CRC Error Rate), , , ,


;
 (Current Pending Sector

Count), ;
;

74

 (Off-Line Uncorrectable Sector

Count), /
;
 (Temperature) ,

.
3540
, .
, . ( 5560 )
. - ( , ,
).
.
. - - .
.
S.M.A.R.T. . Western Digital,
(2,53 ).

. , ,
.
- .
, , , , S.M.A.R.T.
:
 , ;

75

/, , , ;
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; ,
, -
;
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S.M.A.R.T., , , ,
S.M.A.R.T.
, , . ,
S.M.A.R.T. .
PartitionMagic unallocated, . . , . , ,
,
.
, . -
( 3 ) , Aida32, .

2.4.
S.M.A.R.T.
, . . 2.1
S.M.A.R.T. . , .
RAID-,
.

76

2.1.

S.M.A.R.T.

Aida32, ver. 3.20

Active SMART Monitor, v. 1.11, build 142

16

Active SMART 2.3,


build 701

Drive Temperature
Version 1.0, build 34
(RC8)

SpeedFan 4.07

C
F

EVEREST Professional, v. 1.10.106

WinDLG WD, ver. 10

16

. 2.1 ,
S.M.A.R.T., .
.
Aida32.
(freeware) . Aida32 .
.
S.M.A.R.T. ,
, , .
. . , BIOS. , , .

77

S.M.A.R.T. ,
. 2.1. , Aida32 , SMART. S.M.A.R.T. .

. 2.1. S.M.A.R.T. Aida32


( ).
200 Western Digital EIDE 8 . . 2.1
( data,
"") . 16-
ID. S.M.A.R.T. :
 341 ( 09);
 /

316 ( 04);
 309 ( 0C);
 316 309 , , , -

, ;

78

 (-

07);
 4708 ( 03);
 ( 01, C7, C8);
 (

05, C4);
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, );
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140 ; Western Digital 80 , .


S.M.A.R.T. ().
(, , ) , , .
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Raw) 16-
, S.M.A.R.T. . ,
raw .
. 2.2 S.M.A.R.T. , . 2.1, 14 .
1972 ,
:
 170 ( 05);
 99 (-

C4);
 1457 ( 0C);
 / 1488 (-

04);
 -

9 ( C7);

79

. 2.2. S.M.A.R.T.
14

 32 ( C2);
 4708 4541 -

( 03);
 :

( 01 C8);
( C5);
( C6);
( 0A);
( 0B);
( 0A).
(. 2.2) :
 ( 1972 :

: 14 = 140,9 4,7 ),
1972 : 1457 = 1,4 ;
 ;

80

 -

, .
S.M.A.R.T. . ,
05 .
SpeedFan.
S.M.A.R.T.
SpeedFan. S.M.A.R.T.
, . (
) , . ,
. , .
. 2.3 S.M.A.R.T. SpeedFan 4.07. Aida32 . 2.3
134,2 BIOS
GIGABYTE 6VTXE F5. , 16 , Raw (. 2.3).
, S.M.A.R.T., (Raw). OK (. . 2.3) , ,
. - , .
S.M.A.R.T., Aida32 SpeedFan. 16- (. 2.3) (. . 2.1)
, :
 Power on Hours Count ( ) 341 342 ,


SpeedFan;

81

 Temperature () 31 28 ,

Aida32, . 3 .

. 2.3. S.M.A.R.T.
SpeedFan 4.07

SpeedFan ,
, ,
SIV (System Information Viewer), -

82

GIGABYTE
6VTXE F5. ,
,
,
.
. 2.4 2.5 ,
SpeedFan SIV. , , , ,
.
2.2.

,

CPU

SysFan

SpeedFan

4219

2766

SIV

4115

2766

. 2.2 , ( CPU,
SysFan), SpeedFan SIV
. 2.4 2.5.
. 2.2 , SysFan ,
CPU 3%. .
, SpeedFan SIV,
,
SpeedFan ( )
.
, SpeedFan ( ), ,
. S.M.A.R.T.
16- ,

83

. Aida32 SpeedFan.
, , . 2.5, , BIOS
SETUP. , Hardware Monitor. ,
, , - (, - ) . BIOS Windows. , SIV.

. 2.4. SpeedFan ,

84

. 2.5. SIV ,

Active SMART Monitor. , .


-
S.M.A.R.T. ,
: , ,
, -. ,
Aida32. SIV.
. 2.6,
S.M.A.R.T. . 2.7.
,
Windows 2000 SP4.

85

Windows 98/ME/XP 07 (. 2.7)


(Seek Error
Rate). , Windows 98 T.E.C. .
, , , , 2000 .

. 2.6.
Active SMART Monitor

S.M.A.R.T.
T.E.C. (. . 2.6).
. ,

S.M.A.R.T., Aida32 SpeedFan.
.

86

(. . 2.7)
T.E.C. , . .
, .

. 2.7. S.M.A.R.T.
Active SMART Monitor

, S.M.A.R.T.
Active SMART 2.3.
. S.M.A.R.T. . 2.8, ,
. S.M.A.R.T.
, . -

87

.
, ,
,
. , S.M.A.R.T.
.

. 2.8. S.M.A.R.T.
Active SMART 2.3

, S.M.A.R.T. .
- .

(
). , -

88

. 2.2
:
 09 September 2005 12:40:41 :: ALERT

[WDC WD2000JB-00FUA0] S.M.A.R.T.-:


: C4 Reallocation Event Count
: 200
: 101
 09 September 2005 12:40:41 :: ALERT

[WDC WD2000JB-00FUA0] S.M.A.R.T.-:


: 05 Reallocated Sector Count
: 200
: 189
, .
,
( , , , ).
137,4 ( 200 ),
77,4 .
,
(. 2.9), .

(. 2.9) 31 . , .
41 .

, Active SMART 2.3 .


: English, French, Italiano, Russian.

89

. 2.9.


, .
, S.M.A.R.T.
.
,
1 . , .
S.M.A.R.T. (Aida32, SpeedFan, Active SMART Monitor).
Drive Temperature (DTemp).
.
S.M.A.R.T., . 2.10.

(. 2.11) (. 2.12).
S.M.A.R.T. (. 2.10) 16- .
16-
,
Windows . S.M.A.R.T. -
Aida32.
. 2.10
. CR Attribute flags ( ) (*)
Attributes (). , -

90

. . : OC, PR, ER, EC, SP.



, : / S.M.A.R.T.
. 2.12
. , ,
(. 2.13).

.

. 2.10. S.M.A.R.T.
Drive Temperature

. , , .
:
 Drive Temperature

S.M.A.R.T. Aida32, Drive Temperature;

91

 ,

. 2.11. Drive Temperature

. 2.12.
Drive Temperature

EVEREST.
Aida32 ,
.
WinDLG WD 10.
, . 8,
Western Digital DDO .
- S.M.A.R.T. .

92

Norton Utilities Integrator , S.M.A.R.T.


5 8.
,
S.M.A.R.T..
. ,
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. 2.1):
1. .
2.

.
3. -

S.M.A.R.T.

. 2.13.
Drive Temperature

Drive Temperature Active SMART 2.3

93

. , ,
S.M.A.R.T.
.
, Linux.
Linux Windows .

2.5.

CD-ROM
CD-ROM . CD-ROM .
CDROM, XPE Web ( Windows). . , , S.M.A.R.T.:
 DTemp ( Drive Temperature -

),
, ,
S.M.A.R.T.;
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DTemp, S.M.A.R.T.,
.
, :
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94

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(, 51,2 /
, 1), (35,1 / ), (13,2 );
 Paragon Partition Manager 5.5 -

;
 Norton Ghost Ghost

, Ghost Explorer ;
 Ontrack EasyRecovery Ontrack

;
 i.Disk , -

, Norton Protection.
, - , .
- c XPE Web:
 C:;
 Scandisk;
 XPE Web;
 Linux Life-CD ( );
 :

(Boot Manager):
PowerQuest BootMagic 8.0 (Eng);
Acronis OS Selector (Rus/Eng) (Russian
v. 8.0 build 917 English v. 9.0 build 508);
:
PowerQuest PartitionMagic 8.0 (Eng);
Acronis Disk Director (Rus/Eng) (Russian
v. 8.0 build 292 English v. 9.0 build 508);
BootIt Next Generation 1.61 (Eng);

95

:
Ontrack EasyRecovery 6.04 (Eng);
Acronis Recovery Expert 1.0 build 132 (Rus);
HDD Regenerator v. 1.41 (Eng);
Active Partition Recovery v. 2.1 (Eng);
/ :
PowerQuest Drive Image 6 (Eng);
Acronis True Image (Rus/Eng) (Russian v. 7
build 627 English v. 8 build 764);
Norton Ghost (Eng);
:
PowerQuest Drive Copy 4 (Eng);
Acronis Migrate Easy 6.0 build 397 (Rus);
:
Acronis Disk Editor 6.0 build 360 (Rus);
:
Acronis Drive Cleanser 6.0 build 383 (Rus);
:
Antivirus Toolkit Pro v. 3.0 build 133 (Rus);
v. 4.0.0.1;
Dr. Web 4.31 (Rus/Eng) ( FAT
FAT NTFS);
F-Prot v. 3.15 (Eng);
 -:

:
Ontrack Data Advisor 5.00 (Eng);
MHHD v. 29 (Eng);
IBM/Hitachi (Eng);
Maxtor (Eng);

96

Western Digital (Eng);


Samsung (Eng);
Seagate (Eng);
Fujitsu (Eng);
:
Memtest86 3.1a (Eng);
:
Astra v. 4.13 (Rus/Eng);
Astra v. 4.21 (Rus/Eng) Shareware;
Bios Agent Award (Eng);
Check CPU (Eng);
 :

Internet Suite, (firewall) ;


DOS CD roast;
Norton Commander v. 5.0 (Rus);
Volkov Commander NTFS (Eng);
EditBINI;
Windows WinNT/2K/XP Change Password Utility;
CMOS off;
 .

- XPE Web
.
Windows XP,
. RAID- ITE IT8212, , RAID-.
BartPE,
CD-ROM, Ghost Ghost Explorer
. BartPE -

97

,
RAID-.
Wind
Live CD ( DVD), CD/DVD, Windows.
CD (Herin's BootCD
v.9.1, UBCD4Win v2.6 v3.04,
-, ).

2.6.

, .
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, , , 120 , 75% , 65%
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98

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Bell Labs (), :
 87%;
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100

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101


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103

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2.9.
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? , BIOS
S.M.A.R.T. , , : "HDD: SMART is bad, backup and replace".

104

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.
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S.M.A.R.T.
0,1% .
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.
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105

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9 24 , . . 2.3, 0A
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04 0C. S.M.A.R.T., . 2.14 ( . 2.1 ).
2.3. S.M.A.R.T.

16.10.2004

17.10.2004

18.10.2004

18.10.2004

04:25

02:34

02:43

15:43

09
(Power-On Time
Count)

385

400

408

409

04
(Start/Stop Count)

330

331

334

337

0C
(Power Cycle Count)

321

322

325

328

0A
(Spin Retry Count)

, S.M.A.R.T. -

106

, .

. 2.14. S.M.A.R.T.

05 (. . 2.1), .
. 2.1 , 140 , . ,
140
80 BIOS
"HDD1: SMART is bad, backup and replace",
. 05
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107

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109



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11.
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http://www.consultant.ru. http://www.plyushkin.fromru.com,
ZIP
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2.10.

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112

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. , , PartitionMagic,
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.
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?
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- Acronis Drive Cleanser,
- , . ,
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Cleanser
, .
Format,
Scandisk.
BootIt Next Generation
,

113

, , . .
. ,
BootIt NG, BIOS . .
, ,
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. 1.10 170 (. 05
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BootIt NG.
, . ,
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. 7.3.2 . . (
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114



PowerQuest PartitionMagic BootMagic,
, .
.

3.1.

PartitionMagic 8.0
PowerQuest Fdisk, , .

3.1.1.
5.0, 7.0, 8.0
PartitionMagic
.
,
.
. ,
, 7.0

116

80 .
. , 8.0 160 .
200, 250, 400 750 , PartitionMagic . :
? , .
. 3.1 PartitionMagic 8.0
Western Digital 200 . ,
. . 3.2
, 7.0.
(152 )
80 .
.

. 3.1. PartitionMagic 8.0 200

, 5.0. . 3.3 200 ,


5.0. ,

117

. . 3.3 5.0
200 , .
, . 3.13.3
Windows ME/2000/98 ,
.

. 3.2. PartitionMagic 7.0 200

. 3.3. PartitionMagic 5.0 200

3.13.3 , ,

118

. . ,
8.0
.
Paragon Partition Manager
, .
(
PartitionMagic).
PowerQuest , , . ,
.

3.1.2.
, Pentium ( )
150 M Windows 95, 98, ME, 2000 Professional 233 Windows XP.
,

.
.
, . ,
- - .
Windows PartitionMagic 8.0
70 . 800600 . Windows 95, 98, ME
32 , Windows 2000
64 , Windows XP 128 .
NTFS
120 256 . (User Guide).
, .
, Windows

119

, ,
.
,
, PartitionMagic (.
1).

3.1.3.
PartitionMagic ?
. . .
1998 .,
. , DOS. 200 ( ). .
Windows 95, PartitionMagic 7.0.
.
8.0 ,
( ,
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- DOS,
PartitionMagic
Caldera DR-DOS. DOS, ,
.
, ,
, - . .
( ) , 40, 80
200 ,
( : , 200
200 ). ,

120

DOS
.
, DOS . . .
, Windows. ? ,
DOS.
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200 Windows 95, PartitionMagic 7.0,
, DOS.
, 200 , 200 (
BIOS ). ,
7.0, 8.0,
DOS, Windows Linux.
- PartitionMagic ( PM) 8.0. ,
Windows, PM 8.0.
PM .
, PartitionMagic - Windows,
Windows 95
(, ). Windows
.
, [10]. 200
Windows 95, PartitionMagic 7.0 8.0 - , Windows Commander 5.11. ,
.

3.1.4. DOS
, PartitionMagic
DOS. Windows 95
PartitionMagic 7.0, 200 .

121

(Start) Windows 95 (Programs),


PowerQuest PartitionMagic 7.0.
PartitionMagic 7.0 Tools (
PartitionMagic 7.0). ,
Create Rescue Diskettes ( " , ").
"". PartitionMagic DOS.
PartitionMagic 7.0
1 :. DOS. , 2, PartitionMagic.
. 2 / . PartitionMagic 7.0
, , ,
. 8.0 / .
PartitionMagic 7.0 DOS . BIOS Floppy ( ), 1.
Caldera DR-DOS, 2 . 2
,
.

3.1.5.
Windows
, (Windows 98, ,
-) ,
1 2
:
 , ;
 , ;

122

 , , ;
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);
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PartitionMagic
. Scandisk
( ), DOS. Scandisk , , ,
Windows .
( ,
) Chkdsk, DOS.
Windows
, - . Windows
,
, Ghost.
, PartitionMagic 8.0 Windows .
Scandisk Chkdsk,
Windows. , .

3.1.6.
PartionMagic
PartitionMagic 7.0
. ,
, . , , , LS-120.
-,
( -

123

-), .
- (CD-ROM)
. CD-ROM c XPE Web, . 2.5 . CD-ROM PowerQuest PartitionMagic 8.0. ,
XPE Web Paragon Partition Manager 5.5.

3.1.7. PartitionMagic
Windows
? PartitionMagic Windows? ,
. Windows
. Windows, DOS,
Windows. PartitionMagic Windows
, DOS , Create
Backup Partition (C ), Install Another
Operating System ( ), .
, PartitionMagic Windows . Slave "", , ,
, Master "", .
, DOS.
, , .
Windows, Apply () ,
. Apply
Windows .

124

3.2.
BootMagic 8.0
, PartitionMagic , ,
,
. , ?
BootMagic,
DOS, Windows.

3.2.1. BootMagic
DOS
PartitionMagic, BootMagic Windows DOS. . (Start) Windows 95, 98
(Programs), PowerQuest
BootMagic 8.0. ( ).
BootMagic 8.0 Tools.
,
Create Rescue Diskette ( " ,
"). A: ( , ).
DOS,
BootMagic 8.0 DOS.
.
.
, , , BootMagic, . ,
, . -
,
.

125

. Windows
,
Windows, Windows , .

, .
BootMagic DOS,
:
 -

;
 ,

, Windows.
-
.

3.2.2. BootMagic
Windows
,
BootMagic, Windows.
. ,
( 8.0)
( 7.0). , , <Enter> .
, , .
BootMagic Windows.
.
BootMagic.
BootMagic Windows .
, BootMagic Windows
PartitionMagic. -
-
BootMagic ,

126

Windows . ,
, . , ,
BootMagic.
, BootMagic. . , C:
C:\Btmagic.pq. , C:\Btmagic.pqa. ,
,
.

BootMagic, .
, BootMagic,
(, 7.0 8.0).
BootMagic Windows. . 3.4
3.5 , Windows BootMagic. , . 3.4, .
Windows
(Start), (Programs), PowerQuest BootMagic 8.0, BootMagic
Configuration. BootMagic Configuration .
, (. 3.4)
, . ,
. 3.4 , :
 -

Windows 98 Windows 2000 SP4;


 Windows XP

SP1 SP2;
 Windows ME.

. :
 ( -

) Windows ME, Windows XP;


- ;

127

 Windows 98,

Windows 2000 Windows XP;


Windows ME, .

. 3.4. BootMagic 8.0

, . . ,
(DOS),
( 300
400 ). DOS Windows 3.10, .
- Windows. DOS
, (Slave). Windows .
3.5 .
(. . 3.4) BootMagic Enabled
(BootMagic )

128

.
. Properties (), , . 3.5. Name ()
. OK, (. . 3.4).

. ,
(label) . ,
,

(16 11). ,
, .
, .
? (. . 3.4)
, , Set as
Default ( ).
Yes (). (. . 3.4) Timed () .

( ) ( ) ? , BIOS .
, .
, . <Enter>,
. ,
<Enter>
. .
. , (MBR) . Save/Exit
(/), . 3.4.
.
Add ()
Delete (),
(. . 3.4).

129

. 3.5.

. Set Password
, .
. Help ()
.
.
, BootMagic Windows :
 ,

(. . );


(. . ).
BootMagic, , , ,

130

BootMagic Windows,
.
BootMagic DOS.
DOS. . , DOS PartitionMagic
. DOS , BootMagic
Btmagic.pq, CONFIG.BAT. . DOS . ,
, Windows,
FAT32. DOS , ,
FAT, .
:, Windows, DOS. Windows FAT,

. FAT Windows - . ,
FAT, Windows 95, .
PartitionMagic BootMagic 8.0
Windows XP Caldera DR-DOS, FAT,
FAT32. Windows 98
Windows ME, ,
DOS 8, FAT32
. , , BootMagic DOS PartitionMagic,
. .
BootMagic 8.0 Windows 98,
DOS ,
. 3.4, , . 3.4 3.5.
Windows XP,
( Caldera DR-DOS) , Fdisk.
.
(disabling) BootMagic. , , -

131

, .
, , , . , .

Windows
,
.
. (.
. 3.4) BootMagic Enabled (BootMagic ). . Save/Exit (/).
: "BootMagic will be disabled. The operating
system Windows XP SP1,2 in the partition the volume name: Windows XP type:
FAT32 will be bootable operating system" ("BootMagic .
Windows XP SP1,2 : Windows XP,
: FAT32 ").
, .
BootMagic, .
, , BootMagic.
BootMagic ,
. BootMagic
.

3.2.3.
BootMagic
. 3.2.1 3.2.2 BootMagic,
.

132

,
, SCSI
(Slave) , USB- ( BootMagic) USB- ( BootMagic).

,
ReadMe, . .
, , .
1. ReadMe 28.08.2002 BootMagic 8.0

: "You cannot install BootMagic on NTFS partition".


: " BootMagic NTFS".
1
, , ,
FAT32.

2. BootMagic Windows 2000 Windows XP

FAT16.
FAT32, BootMagic
FAT32. ( , . 3.2.2 .)
3. BootMagic

, BootMagic PQBoot, ,
, Fdisk.
Windows,
. ,
Windows XP (
Windows 98).
BootMagic.

133

NTFS. FAT16, .
FAT16 :
 8 ;


FAT32 ( FAT16 216 = 65 536,


FAT32 232 = 4 294 967 296).

, (, Windows XP) FAT32,


:
 BootMagic Caldera

DR-DOS ( Windows XP);


 BootMagic BootMagic

FAT32.
. 3.2.2 (.
BootMagic DOS).
- .
,

. DOS PQBoot
BootMagic ( ).

3.2.4. PQBoot

PowerQuest 8.0 Windows,
. PQBoot,
PartitionMagic,
BootMagic.
, BIOS . ,
, 30

134

.
,
BootMagic.

. 3.6. PQBoot
Windows

PQBoot . 3.6. (Restart Now ) (Restart Later ) . Windows :


 , ;
 "" "";
 OK <Enter> .


, .
. 3.6 OK . ,
, OK . .

135

,
.
BIOS .
, .

3.3.
PartitionMagic 8.0
,
PartitionMagic DOS Windows.
, .

3.3.1.
DOS
BIOS
: Floppy, CD-ROM, IDE0(1). ,
BIOS ,
- , , .
AMI BIOS
BIOS Features Setup ( BIOS). ()
-,
. BIOS .
. PartitionMagic
BIOS
1, 2.
, . 3.7.
. 3.7 , 40 , .

136

:
 () (DOS 7_0, WINDOWS ME, WINDOWS_98,

WIN_1 . .);
 (FAT, FAT32);
 ( -

Size MB, Used MB Unused MB);


 ( Active Hidden -

, None ).

. 3.7.

. .
Operations (),
.

137

.
PartitionMagic. , (. 3.8).

. 3.8. PartitionMagic 8.0 Operations

, . 3.8,
. , PartitionMagic .
- . ,
. 3.8 , . ,
, .
. 3.8, , :
 Resize / Move / ;
 Create ;

138

 Delete ;
 Undelete ;
 Label , ;
 Format ;
 Copy ;
 Merge , ;
 Check for Errors () ;
 Info ;
 Convert

(FAT FAT32 , FAT NTFS , NTFS


FAT32, , , , . . );
 Advanced () :

Bad Sector Retest ;


Hide Partition ;
Resize Root ;
Set Active ;
Resize Clusters .
.
: .
. , ( ,
).
PartitionMagic. (. . 3.7)
,
Apply (), Exit (),
. , . .
Apply, -

139

. .

3.3.2. DOS
.
, . . PartitionMagic . . , , , , . ,
, ,

. .
Resize / Move
. . 3.9.
,
.
New Size ( ) Free Space After ( ). Cluster Size
, . , .
,
.
.
Free Space Before ( ) Free Space After.
, Free Space Before ( )
, 1 . PartitionMagic
1 .

.
(Format) . 3.10.
. 3.10, , , Linux (Linux Ext2, Linux Ext3, Linux Swap). Linux

140

, ( ).
, PartitionMagic DOS ,
Linux.

. 3.9. Resize / Move Partition

OK
Type OK to confirm ( OK ). OK, Cancel ().
, , .
. 3.11.
Merge Adjacent Partitions ( )
. , , .

141

:
 WINDOWS ME C:DOS 7_0;
 C:DOS 7_0 WINDOWS ME.

. 3.10. Format Partition

, OK
.
() .
(. . 3.7), , PartitionMagic, DOS
, .
. , .

142

. 3.12.

(, ).

. 3.11.

Check Partition For Errors


( ) (, ).

Close (). Help ()
.
. Info . . 3.13 Cluster Waste
( ) Partition Properties.
, -

143

8 . -
, . ,
16% 305 . . 3.13, , 47,7 . .

. 3.12.

, Cluster Size ( )
. 3.9.
. Create, Delete,
Undelete.
,
.
,
200 .

144

Delete. ,
. . ( ,
Apply). unallocated (),
.
. ,
Undelete.
PartitionMagic :
 , -

( , ,
, . 3.7);

. 3.13. ,

 , ,

;


145

 ;


.
, .
, . ,
Delete . Check for Errors.
Create (). .
, . ,
:
 ,

;
 ,

;
 ,

.
Create , ,
:
 Delete;
 , -

.
.
. , 1220% .
.
.
.
(. . 3.9), , , . -

146


, .
, .
, ,
.
?
PartitionMagic
.
, . , .
, , .
.
Delete.

3.3.3.
Windows
PartitionMagic
Windows. , , . ,
.
.
DOS. , Windows, , DOS (.
. 3.8). , Partition
Windows, . 3.14. . 3.8 3.14 ,
.
Windows PartitionMagic 8.0 . , DOS. -

147

, , PartitionMagic. . .
.

. 3.14. Partition,
PartitionMagic Windows

(Create Backup Partition). BACKUP, .


DataKeeper 5.0,
PartitionMagic. BACKUP ,
.
BACKUP
, .

148

(File Browser). , PartitionMagic, , (hidden) ,


(FAR, Windows Commander). , , , , , , : FAT FAT32, NTFS, Linux Ext2/Ext3.
, Apply.
Apply Changes ( )
General (). , .
PartitionMagic DOS. () Operations Pending ( ) View ().
(Undo Last Change). Undo Last
Change General .
<Ctrl>+<Z>.
. Discard All Changes ( ) General
<Ctrl>+<D>.
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167

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176

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177

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4.1.3.
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Ghost 2003 , ,
Ghost32 8 7.7, Windows. - DOS Ghost 2003
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 Disk ( ):

To Disk ( );
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To Partition ( );
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Image File ( );
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178

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179

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180

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Ghost 8Ghost32

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184

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186

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187

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Destination Drive
Details ( ). -

188

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FAT16Ext, Linux Ext3, Linux Swap), (, DOS_6_22,
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Scandisk, ,
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Windows CheckDisk Check for Errors


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4.2. Destination Drive Details ( )
Part

Type

ID

Description

Label

NewSize

OldSize

DataSize

Primary

16

FAT16(H)

Diskload

376

376

259

Primary

1B

FAT32(H)

Diskload

3 176

3 176

2 710

Primary

0B

FAT32

Diskload

2 416

2 416

1 943

Logical

0B

FAT32ext

Diskload

9 350

9 350

8 521

Logical

0B

FAT32ext

Diskload

7 499

7 499

4 613

Logical

0B

FAT32ext

Diskload

6 895

6 895

4 428

Logical

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FAT32ext

Diskload

2 667

2 667

1 867

Logical

83

Linux Ext

2 800

2 133

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82

Linux Swap

141

10

Logical

83

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133

11

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2 800
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133
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, . 4.30: "Unable to find a free MBR slot
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199

, 200 .
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() , (. 4.30). , Windows.
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(Clone) - 200 .
Peer-to-Peer ( ) - , .
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Ghost.exe / .
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, . , . DOS, -

201

CD-ROM, . 4.2 3.5.


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200 Windows XP , Ghost 2003.
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203

DOS, , , FAT16 2,04 . . F: (. 4.31 4.32).


, FAT32, . 4.32
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Ghost 2003

. . 4.33 4.34.
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OK". OK
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PC-DOS.

204

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DOS

Dir C:\
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.

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DOS
Windows.

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. 4.35. C: G:

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207

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Disk 1 200 (. . 4.31), D: 1
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208

4.3. Backup, Run Ghost Interactively


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Run Ghost
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Ghost32 v8

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VXP.gho,
Vxp00001.ghs

Wixp.gho,
Wixp0001.ghs

D200_2.gho,
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gho,

2 147 480 965

2 147 461 456

2 147 457 537


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175 382 790

174 541 148

2 322 592 205

2 322 844 246

2 321 998 685

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4.7.
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PartitionMagic 8.0 DataKeeper 5.0. " ".
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210

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211

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4.8. Ghost32 v8,


Acronis True Image SelfImage?

. , Ghost ( 10
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Ghost32 v8 Acronis True Image Enterprise Server. Acronis True Image
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Acronis True Image :
 Windows;
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212

Ghost32 v8 (
9 10) , DOS,
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CD, Acronis True Image.

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256



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259

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268

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273

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276

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 CPU (Fan 1)

(Fan 2);
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(CPU 0), 100%;


 (Case),

(CPU), HDD0 (Sensor 3) HDD1 (Sensor 4), 21, 30, 31 32 C, Sensor 3


Sensor 4
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1. Sensor 3 Sensor 4
MBM 5 S.M.A.R.T.
, , (. . 7.21) , . ,
. 2.4 . ,
, DriveSitter, HD Tune, Astra32.
MBM 5 .
2. , . 7.21, , MBM 5. , Windows 2000 Sensor 4.

(. . 7.21) ,

.

347

7.5.
,
, .
1. .
2.

. , . .
3. -

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, .
4. ,

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,
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5498 . 8519 ( ).


, . , . , , .
, .
Linux Windows ? Linux . , , , ,
. .
Linux ,
CD-, DVD-.
, Windows Linux ,
.
PartitionMagic
Ghost.
Windows ? Windows
, . ,
,
.
, CD-ROM.
.
() . .
- DOS? DOS
-. ,
.

350

BIOS , Windows
, .
DOS.
, Windows 98/ME MS-DOS, DOS Windows
.
. , ?
, (
). . .

, . Ghost 2003
( , . .).
- .
, -
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(notebook), , USB IEEE 1394.
.

-, RAID- . . . .
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. .
. ,
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.
,

.


, . , .
.
, , ,
, .

:
 768 ;
 SDRAM;
 , , 40

200 Seagate, 80 200


Western Digital;
 :

DVD-ROM Toshiba CD-ROM;


Pioneer
CD/DVD;
 1,44 ;
 Intel Celeron-S c 1000 :

L1 32 , L2 256 ;
IA MMX, IA SSE, CMPXCHG8B,
Conditional Move;
1823 , 26
35 ;

354

 () GIGABYTE GA 6VTX:

:
62-1001-001199-00101111-071595-V694V686$GA6940156VTXE F5;
GIGABYTE Technology Co.,
Ltd;
BIOS AMI, 22.08.2001;
BIOS 137 ;
S.M.A.R.T. ;
 :

1;
1 ISA, 5 PCI, 1 AGP, 1 AMR;
3 DIMM 512 ;
- ATX;
200 300 ;
EasyTune III;
 FSB:

Intel GTL+;
64 ;
100 ;
100 ;
800 /;
 :

SDR SDRAM;
64 ;
100 ;
100 ;
800 /;
 VIA VT82C694T Apollo Pro 133T;

1.

355

 :

PCI;
32 ;
33 ;
33 ;
133 /;
 NVIDIA 64 ;
 C-Media CMI8738 Audigy SB1394;
 - 3Com U.S. Robotics 56k Voice Winmodem, Models 2974,

3529;
 ARRIS CM550B - ;
 PCI FM 801 Radio Media Forte;
 300 , Power-

man;
 Samsung SyncMaster 755 DFX

1024 768 ;
 Back-UPS CS 500 APC;
 RAID- ITE IT8212 ATA, BIOS v. 1.4.1.6, F/W ver. 02093030;
 PIXMA iP2000 Canon.

:
 40 Primary Master

;
 200 Primary Master ;
 80 200 Western Digital, -

RAID-,
;
 200 Seagate, RAID-,

- .
80 200 , RAID-,
.

356

Secondary Slave 2.
, - CD/DVD-ROM.
. 40 :
PC-DOS 7.0, Windows 98/ME/2000 SP4/XP SP1 SP2, Mandrake Linux 10.0.
200 : Windows 98/ME/2000
SP4/XP SP1. 80 Windows XP
SP1.
Windows ,
. , , . , ,
MathCAD 2001, AutoCAD [7, 9], .
:
 Windows Commander 5.11, Total Commander 6.03;
 !Quick Screen Capture 1.2.0, Mr. Captor Home

v1.3, ScreenHunter 4 Free;


 Nero 7 ( Nero Express 7)

CD/DVD
;
 ScanCD v. 2.03, CD-R Diagnostic v. 1.7.2 build 305 CDCheck

3.0.1.43
CD-ROM ( ) CD/DVD-ROM (3- );
 - - ABBYY Lingvo 7.0

10 ;


PROMT;
 Virtual Daemon Manager v. 3.47 -


CD-ROM;
 TweakNow Power-

Pack 2003 Professional 1.0.1, ; ,

1.

357

, ;
 Techfacts XP v. 2.60 ;
 Dr.Web v. 4.33 ;
 WinImage Version 6.00.6000 ;
 xp-AntiSpy 3.93

.
,
DOS (MS-DOS, PCDOS, Caldera DR-DOS).
Scandisk
. UBD 3.60 (Universal Boot Disk) DOS 8.0
(Windows ME).
UBD 2002 .
, NTFS FAT32,
( DDO),
640 DOS
525 , (XMS) , ,
, Windows.

Scandisk. UBD , , , .

:
 Ghost 2003 / ;
 Acronis Disk Editor ;
 Acronis Drive Cleanser BootIt Next Generation

;
 Ontrack Data Advisor v4.10 .


-
,
, 1,44 , . , , , , PartitionMagic
DOS. B:, DOS, .

.
, CD-ROM.
- ( CD-ROM),
700 .
- , Nero.
, . ,
CD/DVD-ROM. Nero.
,
CD-ROM. - , 1996 . , , CD-ROM.
El Torito [3],
Phoenix IBM 1995 .
-
. , , CD-ROM ( -

2. -

359

).
MS-DOS, PC-DOS, Caldera DR-DOS, DOS Linux.
(Bart Lagerweij)
BartPE. , .
CD-ROM , .
. , , .
,
,
.
CD/DVD-ROM , .
.
, , RamDisk XPPro v.
6.0.0.1. , ,
S.M.A.R.T. (, Aida32 .).
-
, Windows 2000/XP ( ). ,
.
. , , Nero
CD-ROM, ,
1,44 . 650700 . ?
,
, CD/DVD-ROM,
. Nero
-. , 700 ,
CD-ROM. , DVD-ROM,
.
, , , ( , , ), , -

360

100, 200 . CD-ROM.


Secondary Slave. :
, 5 12 IDE. , ,
, LS-120 ZIP A:
ATAPI ZIP C:.
USB Flash Drive.
-. : -
CD/DVD-ROM? : -
, , , , CD.
. , . - ( ) , , .
, - . -
.
, , -, .
CD-ROM. - CD/DVD-ROM Nero, Nero Burning ROM Nero Express,
.
. 2.1 CDROM. CD-ROM
, .

Nero 7 - Nero Burning ROM.

2. -

361

,
, - CD-ROM.
, CD-ROM.
A: B:, ,
CD/DVD-. ,
- . , -. .
-
CD-ROM, .

. 2.1.
- Nero Express

362

-. , , -,
.
- . .
Nero Express.
, :
 Ghost 2003 Ghost32 v8, -

Ghost Explorer, , ;
 Acronis Disk Editor,

;
 Ontrack Data Advisor v4.10,

1,44 ;
 BootIt Next Generation v1.61 -

, .
. 2.2 CD-ROM Ghost32 Ghost Explorer.

. 2.2. CD-ROM
Ghost32 Ghost Explorer

- Ghost 2003. Ghost Ghost.exe


Ghost32.exe BartPE. , -

2. -

363

Ghostexp.exe (Ghost Explorer) Ghostsrv.exe (Ghost Server),


Autoexec.bat, : Ghost.exe Ghost32.exe. "" 1,44 ? -
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.
Ghost32 c . .
- ,
CD-ROM. ,
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DOS, Windows. El Torito!
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CD-ROM A:. ,
?
, ,
, , .
.
, -, - . "" -, , ,
. , (. 2.3) -, ,
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, -, . -
Nero Express 6, .
( ),
- . , , PartitionMagic 8.0 Acronis Drive Cleanser .
PartitionMagic,
- CD-ROM. . 2.4 -

364

,
. . 2.5 , - CD-ROM, PCDOS 7.0 PartitionMagic 8.0.

. 2.3. - CD-ROM . 2.2

. 2.4. PartitionMagic 8.0


(a: 1; b: 2)

. 2.5
130 , -. PC-DOS 7.0
CD/DVD- Volkov Commander DOS Vc.499. -

2. -

365

Autoconf.
,
CD-ROM, .
10 . CD-ROM 130 , -.
.

. 2.5. PartitionMagic 8.0


-

CD-ROM
Disk1. Disk2 ,
PartitionMagic.
El Torito.
-, A:. .

366

-. CD-ROM, ,
, CDRW Nero Express 6. -
.
CD-RW , ,
. CD-R, .
. - , - .
(, ).



Windows


Windows 2000.
, . . 2- (. . 6.6)


Mandrake Linux,
99 99 99

Mandrake Linux , Linux


Ext2.
99 99...
(. . 6.5.8)

c
Western Digital
BIOS : "HDD1:
S.M.A.R.T. is bad, backup and replace"



S.M.A.R.T. . ,
(. . 2.1, 2.3, 2.4 2.9)



.
?


RAID-,

(. . 8.1, 8.2, 6.7.3
1)

368

()


().

Windows Commander Total Commander


.

BIOS

BIOS . DDO
(. . 8.3, 8.4 8.5).
RAID (. . 8.1 8.2)

BootMagic

BootMagic
(. . 3.2)


,
RAID-?

.
RAID- Primary
Master, BIOS Features Setup IDE0

SCSI


(. . 2.4
2.7)

S.M.A.R.T.
,
RAID-

BIOS RAID-
S.M.A.R.T.

BootMagic

, BootMagic, . BootMagic.
(. . 3.2)

3.

369

()

Windows

Norton System Doctor ( ). , Norton


Utilities Integrator, , WinDoctor. . 5.1

Windows

(. . 5.1.4, 5.1.5 8.2.3)


Norton System Doctor


, Windows

MS-DOS (PC-DOS)

DOS Primary Master


Primary Slave,
- DOS

,
Ontrack
Disk Manager


Ontrack Disk Manager,
Data Lifeguard
Western Digital.


Data Lifeguard Western Digital
BootMagic


BootMagic
DDO Ontrack (. . 8.5.1)

BIOS RAID- ,
Windows

Windows
RAID Manager
BIOS RAID- , Windows (. . 8.1.3)

DDO
Mandrake Linux

Mandrake Linux

(. . 8.5.3)

370

()

DDO
PartitionMagic

PartitionMagic

BartPE , RAID-

BartPE

RAID- (. .
" RAID BartPE" 8)

XPE Web - ,
RAID-

RAID- XPE Web


-
BartPE Total Commander

BartPE. ,

Windows XP ,


, . .
Windows

S.M.A.R.T.
,
, Windows?

, S.M.A.R.T.

Windows,
S.M.A.R.T.

(. . 5.1, . "

RAID-" 8, . 5.1
. 8.15)

RAID IT8212.
BIOS
<ESC> . ?

BIOS RAID IT8212.


-

3.

371

()

,
PartitionMagic 8.0, .
?
Windows?

PartitionMagic 8.0.
Windows,
.
Windows


Paragon Partition Manager 5.5
PartitionMagic 8.0?
?

PartitionMagic 8.0

Paragon Partition Manager
5.5.
,
(,
,

. .).
Paragon Partition Manager.
PartitionMagic , . Paragon Partition Manager
, , ,

, ,
RAID-,
. BIOS
SCSI.

,
.

RAID-?


BootMagic
. 8.1.5.
BootMagic ,
,
, RAID. ,
BootMagic ,

!Quick Screen Capture 1.2.0

6.7.1, 1

ABBYY Lingvo 7.0, 10.0

6.7.1, 1

Acronis Disk Editor, v. 6.0


(build 360)

2.5, 1,
2

Acronis Drive Cleanser

1.10, 2.5, 2.10, 7.2.1,


1,
2

Acronis OS Selector

1.5.4, 2.5, 6.3

Acronis True Image


Enterprise Server,
8.1 ( 945)

2.5, 4.8

Active SMART 2.3, build 701

2.4, 8.2.3

S.M.A.R.T.

Active SMART Monitor,


v. 1.11, build 142, freeware

2.4, 6.7.1, 7.3.1

S.M.A.R.T.

Ad-Aware SE Build 1.06r1

2.2

Aida32, 3.20,
freeware for home use

1.9.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5,


6.7.1, 7.3.1, 8.4.1

S.M.A.R.T.

BootIt Next Generation,


v1.61

1.5.4, 2.5, 2.10, 5.3,


1,
2

4.

373

()

CDCheck 3.0.1.43

6.7.1, 1

CD/DVD-ROM

CD-R Diagnostic, v. 1.7.2,


build 305

CD-ROM

Data Lifeguard Version 11


Windows

8.2.3, 8.3, 8.3.2, 8.4,


8.4.1, 8.4.3, 8.4.4,
3

DDO

Drive Temperature Version


1.00 build 34 (RC8)

2.4, 2.5

EVEREST Professional,
v. 1.10.106, Lavalys

1.9.2, 1.10, 2.4, 2.5,


8.4.1

Aida32

Ghost32 v8

2.2, 4.1.3, 4.2, 4.3,


4.6, 4.8, 5.1.3, 5.4,
6.3, 6.5.6, 6.5.8, 6.7.3,
8.2.2, 8.5.2, 2

Motherboard Monitor 5
(MBM5) v5.3.7.0

7.4

Mr. Captor Home v1.3

1, 4.2,
4.2.1

Nero Express 6

2.2, 1,
2

CD/DVD

Nero Smart Start 6.0.0.20

6.7.1, 1

CD/DVD

Norton Ghost 2003,


2003-775

4.1, 4.3, 4.5, 4.6, 6.3,


6.5.8, 6.7.3, 8.2.2,
8.5.2

Norton Utilities 6.00.20g

2.4, 4.4, 5.1, 5.5, 6.4,


6.7.1, 8.2.3, 8.2.3

Ontrack Data Advisor v4.10

2.5, 8.3.2, 1, 2

374

()

Ontrack Disk Manager v4.0

8.1.5, 8.3, 8.4.1, 8.4.3,


7.5.1, 7.5.3

DDO

OS BartPE

1.7, 1.9.2, 2.2, 2.5,


4.1.3, 4.2, 4.6, 6.7.3,
8.2.2, 8.5.2, 8.7, 2, 3,

- CDROM

OS Blin 1.3 Gnome ED Rus

6.5.6

Linux
-
CD-ROM

OS Blin Linux Life-CD, v. 2.0

2.5, 6.5.6

Linux
-
CD-ROM

OS Herin's BootCD v9.1

1.5.5, 1.10, 2.2


CD

OS Mandrake Linux 10.0

3.3.4, 3.4.2, 3.4.3,


3.6, 5.4, 6.2.1, 6.5,
6.6, 6.7.1, 6.7.2, 6.7.3,
8.1.1, 8.1.4, 8.2.2,
8.5.3, 1,
3

Linux
CD DVD

OS XPE Web,
CD-ROM TYCOON
SOFT

1.3.3, 1.3.4, 1.5.4,


1.5.5, 1.7, 1.9.2, 1.10,
2.2, 2.5, 3.1.6, 3.5,
4.1.3, 4.2, 5.1.3, 6.3,
6.5.6, 6.7.1, 8.2.2,
8.5.3, 8.5.4,
3

-

CD-ROM

Paragon Partition Manager


5.5, 6.0

1.5.4, 1.5.5, 1.9.2,


1.10, 2.5, 3.1.1, 3.1.6,
3.5, 7.3.2, 8.2.2, 8.5.4

PE Builder, v3.1.3, freeware

2.2,

4.

375

()

PowerQuest
PartitionMagic 8.0

1.5.4, 1.5.5, 1.5.6, 1.6,


1.9.2, 2.3, 2.5, 2.10,
3, 4.1, 4.2.2,
4.4, 4.7, 5.1.3, 5.2,
5.3, 6.2.1, 6.2.5, 6.3,
6.4, 6.5.1, 6.5.4, 6.5.5,
6.5.6, 6.5.7, 6.5.8,
6.7.1, 6.7.3, 8.1.4,
8.1.5, 8.2.1, 8.2.2,
8.2.3, 8.3.2, 8.3.3,
8.5.1, 8.5.4, 2,
3

PowerQuest BootMagic 8.0

1.5.4, 1.5.5, 1.6, 1.9.2,


2.5, 3.2, 3.3.3, 3.3.4,
3.5, 3.6, 4.1, 6.1,
6.2.5, 6.3, 6.5.1, 6.5.4,
6.5.5, 6.5.6, 6.7.1,
8.1.5, 8.2.2, 8.3.3,
8.4.3, 8.5, 8.5.1, 8.7,
3




(
)

PowerQuest DataKeeper 5.0

3.3.3, 4.7, 6.7.1

PROMT 6.0.0.36

6.7.1, 1

RamDisk XPPro, v. 6.0.0.1

RAM

ScanCD 2.03

6.7.1, 1

CD-ROM

Scavenger 1.1.1.55,
2.2.0.115b

9.1

SeaTools Desktop Edition,


v3.0

7.3.2

SIV, GIGABYTE

2.4

376

()

SpeedFan 4.07, freeware,


1.9.2, 2.4, 6.7.1


S.M.A.R.T.

System Inspector v1.1.546

9.2.3


, ,
cookie, ,

Total Commander 6.03a

1.9.2, 2.2, 7.2.2, 1, 3

WinDLG WD, v. 10

2.4, 8.4.1

S.M.A.R.T.

Windows Commander 5.11

3.1.3, 3.3.3, 3.4.2,


4.1.1, 4.2.2, 4.4, 5.2.2,
6.7.1, 8.2.2,
1,
3

WinImage Version 6.00.6000

6.7.1, 1


CD

xp-AntiSpy V3.93


Windows XP

UBD 3.60

1.5.3, 1

DOS 8.0

UBCD4Win v2.6, v3.04

1.10, 2.2


CD

Work With Registry v. 3.2

9.2.3

Zero Assumption Disk Space


Visualizer v1.0

9.1.3

-
- :
 Chapters 8 and 9 8 9 ;
 Description OS on CD

(), CD;
 Programs (. 5.1), -

CD ,

GNU GPL.
CD
, Windows. CD :
 Hiren's BootCD v9.1 81 ,
 UBCD4Win v2.6 ( Benjamin Burrows)

180 .


, . , ,
.
CD. .

378

5.1. Programs

BestSoft

-
, .

14 000

DriveSitter

S.M.A.R.T.

DTemp

freeCommander


Total
Commander


Windows,
29

Scavenger

SelfImage

GNU GPL Ghost


Acronis True Image,

Volkov Commander

DOS

1, 2

WindUpdateList

, Windows

Windows,
1

WinKeyFinder


Windows Microsoft Office

Windows,
1


ActiveX ,

.
ACPI, Advanced Configuration and Power Interface ( ) .
,
- ,
. APM. ,
.
APM, Advanced Power Management (
)
. Windows 95. ACPI.
AT, Advanced Technology ( ) IBM PC 80286 (
XT 8086).
ATA, AT Attachment ( AT) IBM AT.
ATA-2 IDE,
IDE/ATA. PIO3, PIO4, DMA MW1,
DMA MW2, LBA .
ATAPI, ATA Packet Interface ( ATA)
IDE, ATA-2. , (CD-ROM, MO). BIOS
ATA-2 ( PIO4
DMA MW2).

380

ATX, AT Extension ( AT) , .


BartPE, Bart Preinstalled (
Bart) - , (Bart Lagerweij)
PE Builder Windows XP c SP1 Windows.
BIOS, Basic Input/Output System ( -) ,
.
Block Mode ( ) ( IDE). , , ,
.
,
.
CAD, Computer-Aided Design ( ) .
CAM, Computer-Aided Manufacturing ( ) .
CD, Compact Disk (-) .
CD-R, CD Recordable ( -) -.
CD-ROM, CD Read Only Memory (-,
) -.
CD-RW, CD ReWritable ( -) , .
CHS, Cylinder-Head-Sector (--) .
CMOS, Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor (
- , ) , -

381

. , .
CRC, Cyclic Redundancy Check ( )
, .
DDO, Dynamic Driver Overlay (
) ,
, Int 13h
BIOS .
Disk Striping ( . stripe , ) , , , RAID- ( 2 32),
, , -.
DLL, Dynamic Link Library ( )
,
( )
dll. , .
DMA, Direct Memory Access ( )
.
DOS, Disk Operating System ( ) ,
,
IBM , 700. ,
. Microsoft. MS-DOS 5.0 6.22, . MS-DOS.
DPI, Dot Per Inch ( ) , , . 2,54 .
DVD, Digital Versatile Disk ( ) .
- (CD)

382

, . ,
. ,
17 .
DVD , . DVD 4,7 .
. DVD
635/650 ( CD 780 ). DVD CD.
ECP, Extended Capability Port (
) LPT .
El Torito, El Torito Bootable CD-ROM Format Specification ( El Torito -) CD-ROM, Phoenix
IBM 1995 .
EPP, Enhanced Parallel Port (
) , LPT.
EIDE, Enhanced IDE ( IDE) IDE,
ATA-2 ATAPI.
EPBR, Extended Partition Boot Record (
) , . EPR, SMBR.
EPR, Extended Partition Record ( ) , . EPBR, SMBR.
Fast ATA-2 IDE,
Multiword DMA Mode 2 (13,3 /) PIO
Mode 4.
FAT, File Allocation Table ( )
, .
FAT.
FAT32 FAT,
LBA.
, .

383

FDD, Floppy Disk Drive ( )


().
File Sharing (file , share )
,
.
Firewall (, " ") - .
FireWire ( " ") IEEE 1394.
Flash Drive ( ", ")
, BIOS, . ,
BIOS,
.
Freeware (" ") , .
GND, Ground () .
GUI, Graphical User Interface .
IBM PC XT/AT, IBM Personal Computer XT/AT ( IBM- XT/AT) 16-
IBM 8088, 8086/80286, .
IDE, Integrated Drive Electronics ( ) , ATA. .
IDE/ATA IDE
IBM AT. 528 .
ISO, International Organization for Standardization .
JBOD, Just a Bunch Of Disks ( " ") RAID-,
.

384

HDD, Hard Disk Drive ( ) ().


Host (, ) 1) ; 2)
, -; 3) ; 4)
.
HPC, Heads Per Cylinder ( )
.
LAN, Local Area Network ( )
, .
LBA, Logical Block Addressing ( ) ,
528 . BIOS . .
LILO, LiLo, Linux Loader ( Linux) ,
Linux.
Linux
UNIX.
LPT, Line Printer ( ) , (LPT-), (LPT ECP EPP).
LS-120, Laser Servo 120 MB 120 .
1,44 . BIOS , .
MBR, Master Boot Record ( )
, (MSB),
(PT) 16- AA55h.
MOS, Multioperating System ( )
(), ,
,
.
MS, Microsoft ,
IBM PC PS/2,
MS-DOS, OS/2, Windows.

385

MSB, Master System Boot Master Boot ( ) , (C), (H), (S), . .


CHS (0,0,1).
MSB, Most Significant Bit ( )
.
MS-DOS Microsoft. DOS , . DOS.
NTFS , Windows.
,
.
OS, Operating System ( )
.
Peer-to-peer ( , )
, .
PC-DOS 7.0 DOS IBM PC.
PCI, Peripheral Component Interconnect ( ) 32-
64 , . Plug-and-Play.
PIO, Programmed Input/Output ( ) ATA (mode)
: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4. PIO
mode 4 (16,6 /). Ultra DMA.
Plug-and-Play ( ) Microsoft, Intel
.,
, .
POST, Power On Self Test ( ) BIOS, .
PT, Partition Table ( ) MBR, .

386

RAID, Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks ( ) , ,


RAID-.
( ).
( ).
, .
ROM, Read Only Memory ( ) .
SCSI, Small Computer Systems Interface ( ) ,
ANSI, , .
Serial ATA .

, ,
, .
S.M.A.R.T., Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology ( , ) ,
. Western Digital Data Lifeguard .
.
SMBR, Secondary MBR ( MBR) , . EPR, EPBR.
SMP, Symmetrical Multiprocessing (
) ,
, .
SPT, Sectors Per Track ( ) .

387

Standby Mode ( , ) , , ,
, . .
Suspend Mode ( , ) , Standby, : ( ,
), .
T.E.C., Threshld Exceeded Condition ( ) S.M.A.R.T.,
, , ,
.
UDMA, Ultra DMA ( DMA)
(mode)
, : 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ( 133 /).
UNIX , Bell Laboratories
- . .
USB, Universal Serial Bus ( )
. 1,5 12 /. USB 2.0
480 /.
VNC, Virtual Network Computing ( )
. . ( . : VNC, ,
http://yandex.ru).
VNC, Voice Numerical Control ( ) .
Windows ("") Microsoft, MS-DOS.

388

Xenix Microsoft
UNIX .
Zip-drive
100 .
***
(Byte) ,
.
(Bit) , .
: 1 0.
. : 1) (, ); 2) , , (,
, ).
.
, (Winchester disk)
. IBM . .
(Virtual memory) ,
.
.
, .
.
(Memory capacity, storage
capacity) , . , , ,
, (), (), ().

: 1 = 1024 , 1 =
= 1024 , 1 = 1024 . 1 = 1 073 741 824 .
, 1 = 109

389

( ).
.
,
. ,
Windows , .
, .
,
Windows , .
,
.
.
, , .
(Cache) ,
.
(LAN) .
, (Multioperatig System) (), ,
,
.
.
.
.
( . option ) , .
( ) , . MSDOS, PC-DOS, Windows, Linux, UNIX.
.
, -
( , , . .).
, . -

390

. (word) 16 . (double word)


32 .
(quad word) 64 8 .

( . tray , , ).
- ()
(, AT ATX).
. Host.
() .
,
16. 16- h.

[3, 8, 15],
Windows -/
- ABBYY Lingvo.


1. . .

Linux, . 2-, . .:
, 2004. 448 .
2. . . -16. :

, 1990. 256 ., .
3. . IBM PC. , 2- . .:

, 2002. 928 ., .
4. . BIOS. -, 38 (222),

2000.
5. . . . .: ,

2002. 768 ., .
6. . . . 3- . .: ,

2004. 700 ., .
7. . ., . . .

Accel EDA / P-CAD 2000/2001: . .


.: - "", 2002. 140 ., .
8. . ., . ., . . . -

. .: , 1993. 96 .
9. . ., . . AutoCAD 2004. .:

-, 2004. 640 ., .
10. . Windows 95 /Windows 98 . .:

, 1997/1999. 250/340 c., .


11. . . -

http://www.rom.by.

12. . BIOS .

http://www.rom.by.

13. .

BIOS.
http://www.rom.by.

392

14. / .

. . , . . . 2- . 1. .: , 1977.
504 ., .
15. . . BIOS. .: -, 2004.

400 ., .
16. . . .: --

, 1998. 208 ., .
17. Acronis Disk Editor 6.0. Users Guide ( -

Acronis Disk Editor 6.0). ,


20002002. 31 ., .
18. Nero Express 6. User Guide ( -

- DVD).
Ahead Software AG, 2002. 116 ., .
19. PowerQuest PartitionMagic 8.0. Quick Start Guide ( -

PartitionMagic 8.0).
, 2002. 26 ., .
20. PowerQuest PartitionMagic 8.0. User Guide ( ).

, 2002. 167 ., .
21. RAIDExpress 133 RAID. User Manual. Preliminary Specification 0.2. -

ITE, 2002. 94 ., .
22. Symantec Norton Ghost 2003. Norton

Ghost 2003.

!Quick Screen Capture 1.2.0, 3.0.2

http://www.etrusoft.com

Acronis Disk Editor, v6.0, v10.0

http://www.acronis.ru

Acronis Drive Cleanser

http://www.acronis.ru

Acronis OS Selector

http://www.acronis.ru

Active SMART 2.3, 2.42

http://www.ariolic.com/ru

Active SMART Monitor, v1.11,


build 142, freeware

http://www.panterasoft.com

Aida32, 3.20

http://www.lavalys.com

BootIt Next Generation, v1.61, v1.81

http://www.terabyteunlimited.com

Data Lifeguard Version 11 Windows

http://support.wdc.com/download

Drive Temperature Version 1.00,


build 34 (RC8), freeware

http://private.peterlink.ru/tochinov

EVEREST Professional, v1.10.106

http://www.lavalys.com

Hiren's BootCD 8.0, 8.4, 8.8, 9.0,


9.1, 9.2

http://www.9down.com
http://files.9down.com:8080/
Hirens.BootCD.9.2_www.9down.com.rar

Mr. Captor Home v1.3

http://www.fox-magic.com/mrcaptor.html

Nero Express 7

http://www.nero.com

Norton Utilities 2002 6.00.20g

http://www.symantec.com/nu

Norton Ghost 2003, v2003-775, v12.0

http://www.symantec.com

394

()
,

Ontrack Disk Manager v4.0

http://www.ontrack.com

OS BartPE ( CD)

http://www.nu2.nu

Paragon Partition Manager 5.5, 6.0,


7.0, Paragon Partition Explorer 1.0

http://www.paragon-software.com

PowerQuest PartitionMagic 8.0, PowerQuest BootMagic 8.0, PowerQuest DataKeeper 5.0

http://service1.symantec.com/SUPPORT/
powerquest.nsf
http://www.powerquest.com/download
http://www.symantec.com/

RamDisk XPPro, v6.0.0.1

http://www.superspeed.com

SpeedFan 4.0, 4.32, freeware

http://www.almico.com/speedfan.php

UBCD4Win v2.6, v3.04

http://www.ubcd4win.com,
http://www.ultimatebootcd.com/
download.html



BIOS
Windows XP . Windows 98/ME, BIOS [12]. BIOS
.
RAID- [3, 16] DDO [3, 4] . , .
!
.
BIOS ,
[13] ,
, .
BIOS
, ,
, , , . , ,
BIOS
200400 .

RAID- DDO.

408

8.1. RAID-
BIOS
RAID, ,
BIOS, .
RAID-
IT8212 ATA RAID Controller v. 1.4.1.6 ITE (Integrated Technology Express, Inc). .
IT8212 80- . SATA. Primary ( ) Secondary ( ).
: Master ()
Slave (). , (Primary Master, Primary Slave, Secondary Master Secondary Slave), PIO mode UDMA mode. , DOS,
. ,
ATAPI (, CD-ROM). . PCI.

8.1.1.
RAID-
,
, , PCI, IDE .
, , ,
.
BIOS, ,
Windows.

BIOS

409

ATA-6,
PIO modes 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, DMA modes 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
PCI,
v. 2.2, PCI
.
, Windows 98SE/ME, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000/XP, Linux
v. 2.4.1.0, Mandrake Linux 9.0, Linux Red Hat 7.3.
CD-ROM, , Linux .
, RAID- ITE .
IT8212 , .

8.1.2.

IDE,
, .

. 8.1. RAID-

410


(. 8.1) , . 80- : Primary () Secondary ().
Master () Slave
(). : Primary Master, Primary Slave, Secondary Master, Secondary Slave.
, BIOS. (RAID-).
RAID- .
, . 8.1.
,
. 8.1.

RAID 0
RAID 0 disk striping
( , ).
, RAID- ( 2 32), ,
, -.
, , 0.
(stripe , )
(, 64 )
. RAID 0 (
)
.
8.1. , RAID- IT8212 ATA
()
RAID-

RAID 0

Disk striping ( )

2 3 4

BIOS

411

8.1 ()
()
RAID-

RAID 1

Disk mirroring (
)

2 4

RAID 0+1

Disk striping + mirroring ( )

JBOD

Disk concatenation ( )

2 3 4

Normal

None ()

1 2 3 4

RAID 1
RAID 1 disk mirroring (
, " ").
,
, ,
,
.
RAID 1 (""), .
, RAID 1, (Primary Secondary)
Master Slave. 0 , , Primary
Master Secondary Master (. . 8.1), , , 1 , , Primary Slave Secondary Slave,
.
,
Primary Master Secondary Master, . , , .
, , , .

412

RAID 0+1
RAID-,
0+1 . RAID 0+1 (""
"") ,
RAID 0 (Primary Master Primary Slave, Secondary
Master Secondary Slave). RAID 0+1
.
RAID 1 RAID 0: Primary
Master + Primary Slave Secondary Master + Secondary Slave. 0.

.

JBOD

. .
JBOD ,
, RAID. 2
4.
.
,

.

Normal
RAID- .
, , .
. .

BIOS

413

RAID-
RAID-
Normal.
.

, .
, RAID- RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 0+1 JBOD
.
.

, .
, , Normal,
.
RAID-
, RAID-, , ,
. ,
- .
, RAID-. ,
, , , ,
(, ,
20%).

8.1.3. Windows

BIOS
BIOS . :
1. RAID-, <Ctrl>+<F> <Ctrl>+<E>
.

414

2. , , <Esc> <S> . <Esc>


<S> ,
( ).

,
[21], CD-ROM, . BIOS
Windows. , . , RAID-:
1. -

, .
2. Windows ,

Driver&AP
ITERAID.EXE,
.
3. Windows

BIOS .
Windows .
BIOS . , , BIOS ,
.
, ,
RAID-.
. 8.2 , Windows Normal. ; ,
(Boot Disk No) RAID- (Raid
Type Not In Array). (Version 1.4.1.7) ( ITE).
Normal,
, . ,
(State Active). ,
.

BIOS

415

. 8.2. RAID- Windows

Device Status ( ) ,
BIOS (Create, Delete, Rebuild
Disk Array , , ),
(User's manual
) ,
(Activity Records ). Close
(), Refresh ().

8.1.4.
RAID-
Normal JBOD. IDE,

416


.

. ,
, , PartitionMagic.
, BIOS IDE, , IDE0.
IDE0. , , RAID-,
. . 8.3 PartitionMagic 8.0, ,
.

. 8.3. ,

Disk 1 Disk 2 200 40 ,


. Disk 3 ( 80 )
, RAID-,
Normal. , . 8.3 ,
( Windows XP,
C: Disk 1)
.

BIOS

417

: , , RAID-, . . Disk 3?
,
FAQ ( ) RAID- [21]. BIOS
SCSI. , Disk 3 SCSI .
. PartitionMagic 8.0
. 8.4. ,
RAID-.

. 8.4. , Disk 3,
RAID- Normal

Primary Master ( ).
, . 8.3 8.4, :
1. (Disk 1, Disk 2, Disk 3) .
2. (Disk 3),

, (
).

418

3. 8.4 , -

Disk 3,
C, , . 8.3,
D.
4. 8.3 ,

Disk 1,
C.
PartitionMagic 8.0
, . 8.5 Disk 3.

. 8.5. Disk 3,
RAID-

: (3),
(76 316 ), , :
 Skip Bad Sector Checking on this disk

;
 Mark this disk as Read Only .

BIOS

419

,
, .
.
.
8.5 , 40GB_hda9, Mandrake Linux 10.0 hda9 40 . hda9
, Linux. Linux , :
 hd ;
 a b HD0 HD1 BIOS

;
 N .

N = 9 , , Ext,
, 5.
1 Disk 3 ,
, Disk 1 Disk 2.
- .
Disk 3 PartitionMagic
:
 C: Disk 1 (.

. 8.3);
 C: Disk 3, -

RAID- (. . 8.4).
8.5 , PartitionMagic
, RAID-.

8.1.5.
.
, . ,

420

. - , .
. ? - . , - - ? . ,
. , , ( BootMagic) .
, , - , 200 ,
. ,
, 10% , . 200 ,
,
RAID-.
(. 8.6) : Disk 1, , Disk 2, RAID. Disk 1
DDO
Ontrack Disk Manager ( )
BIOS. DDO
, .
, Disk 2
200 , RAID-, Disk 1 200 ,
.

. 8.6. Disk 2

BIOS

421

8.6 , C:
Disk 2, RAID-. BIOS SCSI.

. 8.7.
Disk 2

. 8.7 Disk 2, RAID-. WINDOWS XP


, Active
(. 8.7),
.

Disk 1,
(. 8.8).
. 8.6 8.8, :
 T: (. . 8.6) C:,

, Disk 1, ;

. 8.8.
Disk 1

422

 C: (. . 8.6) (. . 8.8), -

, .
Disk 2,
Disk 1 (. 8.9).

. 8.9. Disk 2
Disk 1

,
. 8.7 8.9. :
 Windows XP

WIN_XP_RAID, Disk 1 Disk 2;


 Disk 2 (Hidden), -

(. 8.7) (Active).
, Disk 1
BootMagic,
. Disk 2 .
Disk 1
RAID- , ,
Disk 2 BIOS SCSI. Hidden
Disk 2.
,
. Disk 2 ? BootMagic , . ,

BIOS

423

BootMagic, RAID-
. RAID-
:
 BIOS SCSI, ;
 BootMagic RAID-

,

.
Disk 1, , BootMagic c
RAID-. RAID BootMagic
Disk 2, . , . , Hidden Disk 2 (. 8.9) Active (. . 8.7),
, , BootMagic IDE0
SCSI .
, PartitionMagic BootMagic
.
.
RAID- BootMagic,
.
,
Disk 1 ( )
BootMagic.
, , .
RAID-,
.

424

8.2. DOS
Windows RAID-
, , RAID-,
() ,
, . ( )
, , BIOS, .

, , .
. . , .

8.2.1. PartitionMagic
DOS Windows

RAID-.
, , , , , RAID-. , ,
,
, RAID- (. . 8.1.4).
, Normal RAID-
BIOS .
,
.
, .
, , -
. :
1. , RAID-, -

Int 13h BIOS RAID-.

BIOS

425

2. , , -

Int 13h BIOS .


, , RAID-
IDE , RAID-. .
, :
1. BIOS 137,4

BIOS
200 .
2. RAID- 200 .

.
. BIOS Features Setup
( BIOS) AMI BIOS 1-, 2- 3- (1st/ 2nd/ 3rd Boot Device), : Floppy / Disabled / Disabled
( / / ). AMI BIOS Integrated Peripherals ( ) On Board IDE ( IDE)
Disabled ().
. , , RAID-.
, .
RAID- 200 .
, . . , , Acronis Drive Cleanser
Paragon Disk Wiper. (
200 .)
, PartitionMagic (. . DOS)
200 .
?
DOS, . ,

426

PartitionMagic 8.0. , 200 :


 Type () Unallocated ();
 Size () 190,779.7 MB (190 779,7 );
 Used () 0 MB (0 );
 Unused ( ) 0 MB (0 );
 Status () None ();
 Pri/Log (/) Primary ().

, . ,
RAID- ( BIOS ) .
, Info ():
 Partition type ( ) Unallocated ();
 Serial number ( ) None ();
 First physical sector ( ) 63 (Cyl 0, Hd 1,

Sect 1), . . 63 ( 0, 1, 1);


 Last physical sector ( ) 390 716 864

(Cyl 24 320, Hd 254, Sect 63);


 Total physical sectors ( )

390 716 802 (190 779,7 );


 Physical Geometry ( ) 24 321 Cyl, 255 Hds,

63 Sects ( ,
).
, RAID- 200 .
, RAID- , .
BIOS . BIOS Features Setup (
BIOS) AMI BIOS

BIOS

427

1-, 2- 3- (1st/ 2nd/ 3rd Boot Device), :


Floppy / CDROM / SCSI ( / CD-ROM / RAID-). AMI BIOS Integrated Peripherals
( ) On Board IDE ( IDE) Both ( ).
RAID- 40 , Windows 98/ME/2000/XP, .
40 (Primary) RAID-.
BIOS ( SCSI). 200
IDE0.
. PartitionMagic. 200 .
. 8.10 PartitionMagic 7.0
Windows 2000. Disk 1 131 069 , 200 .
(Unallocated). : 131 , 137 ,
BIOS ?
.
- , .
1 = 1000 , 1 = 1024 . 1 000 000 1024 1024 = 1 048 576 , 1 000 000 000 1024 1024 1024 =
= 1 073 741 824 . , 1000.
. , 1024. 131 069 , . :
131 069,3 1 048 576 = 137 436 122 317 ,
137,4 BIOS .
Windows 98
Windows ME.
BIOS . -

428

PartitionMagic 5.0 8.0.


Windows XP,
, . 8.11.

. 8.10. , PartitionMagic 7.0


Windows 2000

. 8.11. , PartitionMagic 8.0


Windows XP

. 8.11 , 200 ,
190 779,7 .
, ,
190 779,7 1 048 576 = 200 047 014 707 , 200 . (Western Digital) !
. 8.10 8.11 , , ,
PartitionMagic 8.0 Disk 2 40 .
: BIOS

BIOS

429

RAID- - , BIOS . BIOS


, .
.
. , ? .
, BIOS RAID-
BIOS , Int 13h ,
. , , ITE IT8212

.

8.2.2. BartPE
, BartPE -
Ghost32 v8, , .
RAID- ,
,
, . BartPE , , , - .

RAID-
- CD-ROM,
IT8212. ( Windows Commander 5.11). . 8.12. , , Driver
- CD-ROM, , A:.

430

. 8.12. RAID-

(. 8.12).
100 .
txtsetup.oem. . .
BartPE Win2k_xp, Windows XP.

RAID- BartPE

, BartPE, RAID-.

.
:
1. -

<F6>.
2. ,

<S>.

BIOS

431

3. A: .
4. <Enter>.
5. ,

: ITE IT8212 ATA RAID Controller


(Windows 2000/XP).
6. <Enter>.
7. -

.
8. <Enter>.
9. BartPE .


RAID-:
 Total Commander,

, , RAID-;
 Ghost32 , -

RAID-, .
, .
BartPE .
, RAID-
IT8212.

,
. ,
. , , . , .
, .
: DVD . ,
DVD

432

. , ,
. ,
, RAID.
. , CD-ROM. ,
, RAID-.
, .
. , .
,
.
, RAID- .
,
. ( 5
12 ) . ,
.

().
, RAID-
, .
. ,
. ,
, .
. ,
:
, - .
, ,
, . - CD-ROM

BIOS

433

. , , .
.
Ghost 2003
. , , ,
Int 13h BIOS , , , .
, Ghost 2003
,
.
(DDO)
.
Ghost - CD-ROM
, ,
Windows XP. - Windows XP, . Ghost CRC
. , ,
Ghost Explorer.
,
Ghost Ghost Explorer. BartPE, CDROM. RAID-, .
, .
,
,
. DDO ( ),
( ). BootMagic PartitionMagic.
DDO, ,
. MBR (
) , -

434

,
. .
BootMagic .

, ,
, RAID-.
, Windows MS-DOS. . 8.5.3
Mandrake Linux 10.0.

Total Commander
BartPE.
,
. , BartPE. , . , ,
.
Ghost Explorer.

XPE
Bart PE XPE Web
RAID- 17 ,
XPE Web. RAID:
1. Adaptec ATA RAID 1200A.
2. Adaptec Serial ATA HostRAID.
3. Adaptec SCSI RAID 2200S, 2120S, 2020S, 2025S, 2410SA, 5400S.
4. Adaptec I2O RAID Adapter.
5. ASUS DA2000 Series RAID Adapter.
6. Intel(R) 82801ER SATA RAID Controller.

BIOS

435

7. Intel BNU31 RAID Controller.


8. Compaq Smart Array 5x and 6x Controller.
9. ITE IT8212 ATA RAID Controller.
10. LSI Logic MEgaRAID & HP NetRAID Controller.
11. IBM ServeRAID 4M/4L/4Mx/4Lx/5i/6M/6i Controller.
12. Promise FastTrak133 Lite Controller.
13. Promise FastTrak TX4000/S150 TX Series.
14. Silicon Image 3x12 Serial ATA RAID.
15. SiS 180 RAID Controller.
16. VIA Serial ATA RAID Controller.
17. 3ware Escalade 7000/8000 Series ATA RAID Controller.
RAID-,
XPE Web. ,
, ITE IT8212 ATA
RAID,
.
, RAID-.
, XPE Web /
Ghost 7.7
IT8212. , Ghost32 v8,
, BartPE, IT8212.
, Paragon Partition Manager 5.5
IT8212,
XPE Web ,
RAID-.
, RAID, ,
BartPE, XPE Web
.

436

8.2.3.

RAID, Norton Utilities Integrator ( )
Windows. ,
.


RAID-
, RAID, , ,
?
,
Norton Utilities
Integrator.
, . 8.13.
C: Disk 1, .
Disk 2 RAID-
N: 1.

. 8.13.
: Disk 1 Disk 2

BIOS

437

Norton Utilities Integrator,


Disk 1, .
Norton Utilities Integrator
. 8.14, :
 ,

, Disk 1, S.M.A.R.T. Disk 1;


 N: ( Disk 2)

, 82%
,
.
, Norton WinDoctor Disk 2, RAID-.
?
,
.
. 8.15. , () , - .
,
. (. 8.14),
, N:. ,
N:, PartitionMagic (. . 8.13).
. Disk 2.
Norton Utilities Integrator
, (. . 8.14).
N:, (. . 8.15)
Disk 2, RAID-.
, N: (. 8.14), .
(. 8.16). N:,
(. 8.17),
. 8.15. (. 8.18) N: ("Drive N: is too
fragmented").

438

. 8.14. Norton System Doctor


, . 8.13

. 8.15.

. 8.16.
N:

. 8.17.
N:

BIOS

439

(. 8.18),
.
. , . ! N: , .

. 8.18. N:

Windows ,
(. 8.19).
,
.
RAID? . , , .
Int 13h BIOS , -
. Active
SMART 2.3.
" , " , ,
.

. 8.19. , Windows

440


RAID-, - . ,
, ,
. , ,
Windows.
,
, BIOS.
, . . 8.2.4.
Data Lifeguard Tools 11 for Windows,
, RAID,
Microsoft . , RAID-, , . .
, Data Lifeguard Tools 11, .

8.2.4. S.M.A.R.T.
RAID-
RAID-
S.M.A.R.T. , . . , , BIOS
. ,
.
,
, - -

BIOS

441

S.M.A.R.T.
. .
RAID-.

8.3.
Ontrack Disk Manager
, RAID ,
. , BIOS , .
, : Ontrack Disk Manager
Data Lifeguard.

8.3.1. BIOS. ?
,
BIOS,
,
. , ,
. , .
:
1. ( ).
2. ( Int 13h,

).
3. BIOS ( Int 13h).
4. (MBR), 1.

442

5. , ()

, / RAID-,
PCI.
6. ,

.

BIOS. , , BIOS.
. , .
LBA-,
: 28 48 .
512 . LBA
:
512 228 = 237 = 137 438 953 472 = 137,4
512 248 = 257 = 144 115 188 075 855 872 = 144 115,1 .
LBA 48 , , Western Digital 200 250 . , (1012 ),
, .
(MBR). . 1.8,
LBA
4 , . . 32 ,
: 512 232 = 2 199 023 255 552 =
= 2199 . , MBR

LBA. .
CHS-, . 1.8, C,
() H S 10, 8 6 .
512 210 28 (26 1) = 227 63 = 8 455 716 864 , 8,45 .
, , .

BIOS

443

, .
. IDE (ATA) C, ()
H S 16, 4 8 , :
512 216 + 4 (28 1) = 229 255 = 136 902 082 560 = 136,9 .
. ,
, , . . . , DOS Windows,
64 , 512 64 = 32 768 . FAT16 32 768 216 =
= 2 147 483 648 = 2,148 . . FAT32, 32 768 232 = 140 737 488 355 328 ,
140 737 , 140,7 .
, 64 ,
.
, 2, 4, 8, 16
.
, Linux ,
128 .
. BIOS. 137,4 ,
:
 Windows XP Home SP1;
 Windows XP Professional SP1;
 Windows 2000 Professional SP3;
 Windows 2000 Server SP3.

444

137
Windows XP/2000 Microsoft :
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;ru;303013
http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;ru;305098.
Int 13h. BIOS
C, H S 10, 4 6 .

512 210 + 4 (26 1) = 223 63 = 528 482 304 = 528,4 .
, BIOS ,
. " BIOS" " BIOS".
, 528,4 [12] 1993 .
( 10 )
,
.
, , ,
,
.
. BIOS
C,
H, S. .
, BIOS, ""
. ,
,
. ,
. BIOS
C, H S. BIOS , , () ,
255. .
,
CHS

BIOS

445

.
LBA . .
, LBA 28
137,4 . 1999 . C/H/S LBA-28 16/4/8 , 28 . BIOS : 24 = 16 26 1 =
= 63. 16
41,2 . Pentium II. , 33,8 .
16- [12] LBA ,
79 778 C/H/S = 16/4/6 ,
16- (216 = 65 536). 1999 . 16- 32-.
, : LBA- 216 16 63 = 66 060 288, 255. AWARD BIOS 1999 .
2000 . 65,5 .
- , 16- , .
216 1 = 65 535 65,5 .
: 64 ,
64 .
, 137,4 ,
2002 , 160 200 .
ATA . , Maxtor UDMA133.
BIOS .
2001 . BIOS, C/H/S 16/4/8 LBA-28.
, 2001 . GIGABYTE 137,4 , , BIOS.

446

, BIOS , , Int 13h .

8.3.2.
Ontrack
BIOS
Ontrack, Data Lifeguard.
DDO.
,
Int 13h .

. 8.20. DDO

,
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BIOS

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Ontrack Disk Manager v4.0.
, , 40
. Western Digital
.

. 8.21. Ontrack Disk Manager Windows XP

BIOS

. 8.22. Maintenance Options Ontrack Disk Manager v4.0

. 8.23. DDO

449

450

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Ontrack Disk Manager
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Disk Manager v4.0 Windows.
DOS , . 8.23.
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Western Digital
DDO
Western Digital .
2003 .
, free, . .
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452

8.4.1.
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:
 WinDLG10.exe ,

Help.doc SMART.doc ;
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Windows Data Lifeguard


Tools 11;
 desktop.ini DLGsetup11_dos.zip, -

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DDO.

, DDO.
Western Digital, Ontrack Disk Manager,
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Data Lifeguard Tools 11
Ontrack. (
Windows) :
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Maintenance
(. 8.24), - ;
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100 200 , ( 2003 .);


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BIOS

453

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Microsoft
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( Maintenance DDO)

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( Western Digital Data Lifeguard Diagnostics
DLGDIAG for Windows). , , ,
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454

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BIOS

455


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8.4.3.
DDO

DDO Western Digital:
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BIOS

459

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. 8.29.
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460

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Western Digital 200

BIOS

461

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8.4.4.
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[20] , BootMagic
PartitionMagic DDO , . Ghost
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8.5.1.
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. 8.2
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462

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Western Digital, v9.85

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BIOS

463

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464

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8.5.4. Paragon Partition Manager,


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466

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