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:

2012 . . , . .
, .
29.09.2011
2005 2006 . (Rana ridibunda
Pallas, 1771) . , 

.
: , , , .

1.

,
[2].

,
. 
Rana ridibunda
Pallas, 1771 
[16],

.
,
Rana
(
striata) [23]. 

, R.
ridibunda [21] R. arvalis [20].
R. arvalis

. 


[19], (
) [18], 90 ( 5
), ( 3,5 ), ( 5 ), 
( 4 ), ( 2,5 ), ( 2,5 )
[3],
[11],
( 3 ) [2].
,

[2, 4]. 
, 
.
Email: amvolga@inbox.ru
, .
Email: prirodnick@yandex.ru

, 
,
[22].


[1, 6, 17].



[6, 10, 14, 16].

striata

(Rana ridibunda
Pallas, 1771) 

.
2.



20052006 ., 5 

. .
20 30 
. 136 .



. . ,
, 
6, 4,9 ,
12 ( 
, . ).


 
, . ( . ).

829

, . 14, 1(3), 2012



. 

.


. , 
, . . 

,
.

( ) 
. . 
()
. , .
. .

. . , . . 
(1979): 1. Striata (S). 
; 2.
Maculata (M).
( 23 ) ; 3. Punctata (P).

; 4. Burnsi (B). 

.
(striata) 
(nonstriata) .

. .
[5]:
, h , M 
, Hh
,
r I, 
2 m1 
, m 
. 
S, Sh S r.

, 

[5].
3.


. 1.
, (
65 %)
, 

, 45
%. ( 15 %)
.


, (P<0,01;
F=17,48), (P<0,01; F=13,50), 
(P<0,01; F=7,65)
(P<0,05; F=4,78).
, ,

, 
[2, 3,
4, 8, 12]. , 


 ,
[9].
striata
[7, 13, 15].

. 1.
. 1 , 


.
6 , S+M,
S+M+P, M+P, M. 
6 , S+M+P,
M+P, P, S+M, S+P M.
Striata (%)

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

. 1. (striata)
830

1.

n (.)
PSp (%)
n (.)
PSp (%)
n (.)
PSp (%)
n (.)
PSp (%)
n (.)
PSp (%)

S
1
5,95,7
0

()
S+P
S+M+P
M
0
2
2

11,87,8 11,87,8
1
5
1
6,36,1 31,311,6 6,36,1
0
12
3

30,07,3
7,54,2
0
6
14

12,54,8 29,26,6
0
9
0

60,012,6

S+M
9
52,912,1
1
6,36,1
4
10,04,7
0

1
6,76,4

, 

. 

M+P. 
S+M+P, S+M,
M, P.  

S+M+P, P.


S+M+P, 
M+P, S+M.
. 1 ,

6
, 3 . 


().
. 2. , 



M+P
2
11,87,8
5
31,311,6
20
50,07,9
25
52,17,2
5
33,312,2

, 
. , ,
, 
,

.

. 
[16] [14]. 


2.
(r > 0,89)
a c 
, . 
(7< r < 8,5) 
,
.
(<0,01) 
, ,
.
(< 0,01)
, 
0,8

P
1
5,95,7
3
18,89,6
1
2,52,4
3
6,33,5
0

0,7

0,6

0,5
4
0,4
3

0,3

0,2

0,1

0
1

. 2. ) (S) )
.
: 1. , 2. , 3. , 4. , 5.
831

, . 14, 1(3), 2012

2. (r) (I)
Rana ridibunda

9,95
18,37*
25,49*

0,7560,090
0,7930,083

0,9170,049

6,11
-

9,95
14,49*

6,29
5,31

0,6140,061

0,7560,090

0,8910,042

18,97*

0,6150,121

0,8200,075

0,9140,056

0,6910,098

. 
(r > 0,85)

, .
, ,

, 
, . 

, 
. , 
, ,
.

striata 
.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

4.

1. 
6 
3 
.
2. 
, 


.
3.

(), 

.
. .. 
() .. ()
.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.


1.

2.

.., .. 
, 
, , 
Rana lessonae //
. 
. 89. ., 1979. . 1854.
.. 

14.

15.

832

8,46*

. 
. . . . . , 1997. 47 .
. . Striata 
Rana //
, 2004. .396, 2. . 280282.
.. Striata
Rana (Amphibia, Anura)
// . 2008.
. 69, 1. . 6571.
.. 
// 
. .: , 1982. . 3844.
.. 

// .
2002. 2. . 163165.
.., .., .. 

Rana ridibunda Pallas, 1771 (Anura, Amphibia)

// 
. . 1. 1. 2009. . 7882.
..
(Rana ridibunda Pall.)
: . .
. . . : .
, 1999. 18 .
.. 
(Rana ridibunda)
// :  IV
. . ., 1990. . 151152.
.., .., ..

// .
: . 1989. . 139140.
..

(Rana arvalis Nilss.): .
.... . . . , 1990. 18 .
. .
. :
, 2001.
160 .
..

// . . 1976. . 228, 3. .
756759.
.., ..
striana Rana ridibunda, R.
lessonae, R. esculenta // .
. 2005. . 84, 6. . 699706.
.., .. , 


//



: . . . . 4. , 2000. . 4955.
16. ..  

: . . . . . :
, 2004. 19 .
17. .., .. 
(Rana ridibunda) 
// . . 1101. 
, 2001. . 314318.
18. .

: . .
. . , 1980. 24 .
19. .., .. 
// .

. . . . 73., 1968. 4. . 127134.


20. ..
// 
. 
: , 1977. . 36.
21. Berger L., Smielowski J. Inheritance of vertebral stripe
in Rana ridibunda Pall. (Amphibia, Ranidae) //
AmphibiaReptilia. 1982. Vol. 3. P. 145151.
22. Faizulin A.I. Adaptive strategies and assessment of
tolerance to anthropogenic impacts on the territory of
the Volga River Basin // Types of Strategy and not only
(Materials of the Fourth RussianPolish School of Young
Ecologists. Togliatti: Kassandra, 2010. . 1114.
23. Hoffman E.A., Blouin M.S. A revier of color and pattern
polymorphisms in anurans // Biological Journal of
Linnean Society 2000. 70. 4. P. 633665.

AMPHIBIANS AS BIOINDICATORS OF ENVIRONMENT CONDITION


IN THE MIDDLE VOLGA REGION: PHENETIC STRUCTURE OF POPULATION
2012 A.I. Faizulin, .. Kuzovenko
Institute of Ecology of the Volga River Basin RAS, Togliatti
In 20052006 years phenetic structure of marsh frog (Rana ridibunda Pallas, 1771) population was studied
in Middle Volga region. It was established that in the conditions of high anthropogenic transformation
intrapopulational diversity decreases and the proportion of rare phenotypes increases in most populations.
Keywords: phenetic structure, population, marsh frog, human impact.

Aleksandr Fayzulin, Candidate of Biology, Chief Research


Fellow at the laboratory of Population Ecology.
Email: amvolga@inbox.ru;
Aleksandr Kuzovenko, Postgraduate.
Email: prirodnick@yandex.ru

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