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2007

2007

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Coli de tipar 4.0.

Formatul 60 x 84 1/16
Tirajul 50 ex.
Comanda nr.

U.T.M., 2005, Chiinu, bd. tefan cel Mare, 168.


Secia Redactare i Editare a U.T.M.
2068, Chiinu, str. Studenilor, 11.

,
,
, .
II U IV
2102, "
".
,

.

.., ,
.

: .., ,
.
:

.., ,
.

, 2007

1.

.
:
.

1.
, u(t) c
:

a0
u (t ) = + (an cos n1t + bn sin n1t )
2 n=1

(1)

a0 =

T
2

2
u (t )d (t );
T T

an =

(2)

2
T
2

2
u (t ) cos n1t dt;
T T

(3)

bn =

2
T
2

2
u (t ) sin n1t dt ;
T T

(4)

, u(t) [-T/2, T/2],


(1) (3)
(2); u(t)
,
(4), (2) (3)
. ,

, ,
(U = =a 0 /2)
Un ()

n =n 1. 1 =2/T ,
.

, U0, u
(.1).

u(t
U0
t

-u/2 0 u/2

.1.
u(t) ,
0
.

U= =

u
2

u
2

u
2

a0 1
U0
U0
U
U
=
t | = 0 u = 0 ,
u (t )dt =
dt =
T
T
T
q
2 T

u
2

u
2

u
2

q = T/u - .

an = U n =

u
2

2u 0
2u 0
cos n 1t dt =
cos n 1t d (n 1t ) =
n 1T
T
u
2

u
2

u
2

u
2

2u0
u0
n 1 u 2 u 0
n
sin n 1t | =
sin
=
sin
.
2
n
n
n
q

u
2


U0 q.



u(t) (.2)
Ui

U1

U2

U=

U3
0

U4

U5
5

n/1

.2.
2.
1.
.
2.

u(t) (
).
3. 1.
1
U=
U1
U2
U3
U4
U5
Ui
qi
q1
q2
q3
q4
4.

u(t)
q i (i = 1,2,3,4).
5

3.
1. Word .
2. Electronics Workbench
.
3.

.
4. ()
.
4.
1.
2.
3.
4.

.
.
.
.
5.

1. ?
.
2. ?
3. ?
4. .

2.

.
:
.
1.

.

Y(t)=E 0 +Y m cos n t
X(t)=X m cos n t, ..:
U AM (t) =Y(t)X(t)=(E 0 +Y m cost)X m cos n t =
= E 0 X m cos n t+Y m X m cos n tcost =
=E 0 X m cos n t+0,5Y m X m cos( n ++)t+0,5Y m X m cos( n -)t
= E m {cos n t+0,5Mcos( n +)t+0,5Mcos( n -)t},
E m =E 0 X m ; M=Y m /E 0
.
,

-
(.1)
n,
( n +) ( )
( n -) ( ).
Em
MEm/2

n-

MEm/2

n+

.1. -


(1, 2, , max), ,
- ,
:
=( n + max )-( n - max ) =2 max ,
..
.

,
, ,
. .
U (t)=E m Mcos n tcost=0,5E m Mcos( n +)t +
+0,5E m Mcos( n -)t.
- ,
(.2).
U(t)

-1

AM1

V1(t)

-1

V3(t)

+
U(t)
AM2

U(t)

V2(t)

.2.
.2,
, .
-
.3.

m
-
Mm/2

Mm/2

a)
Mm/2

Mm/2

m
)
m
Mm/2

Mm/2

Mm/2
-

Mm/2
+

.3. -
) - V3(t);
) - V1(t);
) - V2(t) ;
) - V(t).

2.
1.

- .
2.

.
3. -
.
3.
1. Electronics Workbench
(.4).
R1
E0
+

R3

DA1

R2

~ Y(t)

kXY

X(t)

.4.
R1=R2=R3=10K
2. - ,
.
3. ,

.
4. Electronics Workbench
(.5).

10

R3

R1

VD1
R2

DA1

VD3

R7

R9

T1

DA3

R4

DA2

VD4

Y(t)

R10

VD2
R5

R8

R6

.5.
R1=R2=R3=R4=R5=R6=10K; R7=R8=R9=R10=300K
5. - ,
.
6. - .
7.
.
5.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

.
.
.
.
.

6.
1.

- ?
2. -

)
?
3.
-?
4. SSB- ?
11

3.
.
:
.
1.

,

, ; ..
U HEC (t)=U m cos(t),
(t)= HEC t+kU (t)= 0 +kU cost.= 0 +m cost.
,
:
U (t)=U m cos( t+ m cost),
m - .
-,
:
(t)= (t)= HEC - m sint.
,
.
- ,

, ..
(t)= HEC +cost,
=SmU , Sm-
.
-
:
(t)= (t)dt= HEC t+/sint= HEC t+m f sint,
mf .
12


, :

=S m U
,
,
m f =/ =const(U =const)
;
m =kU
,
.

,
.

,

, ,
.
-
:
=2(m +1) max .

:
=2=2m f max =2/ max ,
.. max,
mf, ..
, .
-
:
F 2F max (1+m f +m f ),
, , ,
, .. N1+m f +m f (.1).

13

H-2

H-

H+

H+2

.1.
mf
; mf
HEC
.
2.
1. ( )
.
2. ,
m f << 1.
3.
1. Electronics
(.2)

Workbench

R1

~
ui

R2

C1
U(t)
+

VT1

R4

Vi

R3

.2.
14

,
, .
,
R.
DA1
:
U t +(p) =U HEC (p)pRC/(1+pRC).
DA1
(K + =(1+R2/R1)=2). UHEC

(K - =R2/R1=1), . ,

U ()=2U +()- U ()= U ()(RC-1)/(RC+1)
:
()=(RC-1)/(RC+1)

(1)

p=j,
:
K(j)=( 2 R 2 C 2 +j2RC-1)/(1+ 2 R 2 C 2 ).

(2)

1,
:
=2arctg(RC).

(3)

,
RC-

00 1800
(R=Var). R (
)
, (3) .

15

2. Electronics Workbench (.3).

R1
VT1
R2
U0

- +

.3.
U0
3. IDEAL
4.
4. U0 0.4
R .
5. (3)
R (U0=0,2,4)
(.2),

U0.
6. ( )
.
4.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

.
R U0.
.
().
.

16

6.
1.
?
2.
?
3. ,
m f < 1.

17

4.

.
:
, .
1.
,
,
,
, ..
, .

,
U(t) U(t)
:
U (t)=f(U ,t).

(1)

, ..

.
, (1)
t.
.
.
,
,
(/),
u, - i,
/ -
(...). , ... / ,
,
/, ...
, .
, ,
,

.
18

, /

-
/.

UH S,
(.1):

i (u ) =

0,
u < U H ,
S(u - U H ), u U H .
i

(2)

2
UH
U

.1. -
1- ...; 2 ...
,
,

i(u)=i(u c , U 0 ),
uc , U0 ...
, /
, :

i(t ) = I 0 + I n cos n t
n =1

(3)

, /
, ,
I0
19

In (n=1,2,3,).
:

1
I0 =
i (U m cos t , U 0 )d t ,
2

(4)

1
I n = i(U m cos t, U 0 ) cos n t d t

(5)

(4) (5)
Um,
U0, .
/, ... -

u=U0+Umcos t (.2):

i
U0
0

UH

2
2

Um

t
.2. /
, /, (2)
:
i(u)=S (U - U H )=S (U 0 +U m cos t-U H ).

20

(6)

.2 , t =, / ,
(6) :
cos =(U H -U 0 )/U m

(7)

, (4), (5)
:
i(u)=SU m (cos t-cos ).
(8)
(8) ,
S
Um , ..
. ,
:
1
1
1
i(u )d t =
(cos t cos )d t = (cos t cos )d t =
0
2
2
=

(sin cos ) = 0 ( ),

(9)

0 ( ) -
/.
/
:
I 0 =SU m 0 ( ) .
(10)

1 ( ) =
:

( sin cos ) ,

I1 = SU m 1 ( )

(11)

(12)

(n>1)

:
21

n ( ) =

2 sin n cos n cos n sin

n (n 2 1 )

I n =SU m n ()

(13)

(14)

2.

1. (I0, I1,
I2) ()
:S, U0, UH, Um.
2.
Electronics Workbench.
3. (I0, I1,
I2) (),
...
.
4. .1 .3.
3.

1. Electronics Workbench
, .
2. ,
(.3).
+E
RC
VT1
U0

~
Uc(t)=Umcost

.3. ,
22

3.
Ic.
.
4. Electronics Workbench

I0, I1, I2.
.
4.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

.
.
.
.
.

6.

1. ...

?
2. ()

.

3.
?
4.
?
:

1. .. :
. .: ..
1988-448 .
2. .. .
. .: .., 1987. 207 .
3. . ;
. .. - .: , 1989. 248 .
IBM PC.
4. ..
Electronics Workbench . .:
-, 2001.-726 .
23