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THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 2008

INTRODUCTION

To lead a peaceful life,one must follow the sastras which are the rules of the almighty that cannot
be changed by passage of time(i.e.kruta,thretha,dwapara&kali yuga).The almighty says,

Shruthi smrithi mamaivaagya yaasthaam ullangya varthathe|


Aagya chhedi mamadhrrohi math bhaktopi na vaishnavahah||

Which means,vedas and sastras are my commands and one who surpasses these rules have
breaken my laws and cannot be considered as my bhakta or a vaishnava.

So everybody who seek the grace of lord must follow the smrithis(dharma sastras) in order to get
rid of sins and to attain purity of mind.

It is said that so many sastras which binds every humanbeing in this world is meant for purifying
the mind(chitta shuddhi).Aadi shankara in his viveka-choodamani says,

CHITTA SUDDHAYE KARMA NA TU VASTHU UPALABDAYE|


VASHTHU SIDDHIRVICHARAENA NA KINCHITH KARMAKOTIBIHI:||

Which means, rituals are meant only to purify the mind and not attain almighty but he can be
known only through vichara(introspection) &not by doing a crore of rituals.

Even if a person attains the knowledge of the almightys by his grace he should perform
karma(rituals) for the sake of loka sangharah:(welfare of the world). Lord krishna in shri
bhagavath geeta says,

yath yath aacharathi shrestahah thath thataeva etharo janahah:|


Saha yath pramanam kuruthae lokahah thath anuvarthathe||

i.e.the general public is used to follow whatever the elite(jnani= self-realised) does.for e.g. if he
doesnt perform karma ,others stop doing karma.

So,in order to safeguard the world Lord Krishna orders the elite to be an ideal for other people by
doing karma.

It is said in mahabhashyam that

Brahmanaena nishkarano dharmahah shadango vedhadhyeyo gayyashcha (patanjala


mahabhashyam)

Which means without asking reasons &questioning a brahmin must study the vedas with its six
angas(parts) and follow the dharma sastras.
we should follow the sastras without asking reasons

40 SAMSKAARAAS
Every brahmin must complete the 40 samskaaras within his life time.what are those 40
samskaaraas?
1)garbhadaanam
2)pumsavanam
3)seemantham

4)jaathakarmam
5)naamakaranam
6)annaprashanam

7)chowlam

8)upanayanam

vratham:

9)praajapathya vratham
10)aagnaeya vratham
11)sowmya vratham
12)vaishvadevam vratham
13)samaavarthanam
14)vivaaham

saptha(7) paaka yagyam:

15)aupasanam
16)ashtaka shraadham
17)anvashtaka shraadham
18)sarpa bali
19)eeshana bali
20)aagrayanam
21)sthalipaakam

pancha(5) maha yagyam:

22)brahmayagyam
23)deva yagyam
24)manushya yagyam
25)pitru yagyam
26)bhootha yagyam

saptha(7) havir yagyam:


27)aadhanam
28)agnihotram
29)darshapoornamasa isht
i30)pashubandham
31)aagrayanam
32)sowthramani
33)chaturmaasyam

saptha(7) soma yagyam(samsthai):


34)agnishtomam
35)athyagnishtomam

36)ukthyam
37)shodashi
38)athiraathram
39)aptoryaamam
40)vaajapeyam
POSTED BY DHARMA SHASTRA AT 10:33 AM NO COMMENTS:

EXPIATORY RITES FOR SINS


LET US SEE SOME OF THE PRAYASHCHITAS FOR SINS AS SAID IN
VAIDYANATHA DEEKSHITIYAM(THE COLLECTION OF VARIOUS SMRITHI
VAAKYAS,AN ENCLYCLOPEDIA OF SMRITHIS OR DHARMA SHASTRA).
NOTE:
I HAVE GIVEN FOR THE TIME-BEING ONLY THE CONTENT OF THE WORK SO
THAT PEOPLE MAY KNOWTHE VARIOUS SINS.TO EXPLAIN THE
PRAYASHCHITTAS IT WILL TAKE MORE TIME.IT WILL BE PUBLISHED LATER
AS THE WORK IS VOLUMINOUS.
THE CONTENT OF THE BOOK CONTAINS THE BELOW CHAPTERS,
1. THE MEANING OF PRAYASHCHITTA(EXPIATION)
2. PERSON FIT FOR EXPIATION
3. NOT PERFORMING EXPIATION LEADS TO 21 TYPES OF NARAKA(HELL)
4. AFTER SUFFERING IN NARAKA GETTING BIRTH IN ANIMAL & PLANT SPECIES.
5. 9 TYPES OF SINS
6. MAHAPAATHAKA LIKE BRAHMAHATYA
7. ATHIPATHAKAAS
8. SINS EQUIVALENT TO BRAHMAHATYA

9. SINS TO DRINKING OF ALCOHOL


10. SINS TO STEALING OF GOLD
11. SINS TO COHABITION OF GURUS WIFE
12. UPAPAATHAKAAS
13. SINS DONE DELIBERATELY AND UNDELIBERATELY
14. EXPIATION FOR SINS DONE PUBLICALLY AND SECRETELY
15. EXPIATION FOR BRAHMAHATYA( KILLING OF A BRAHMANA & COW)
16. IF TRIED TO KILL
17. BRAHMAHATYA DONE BY KSHATRIYA AND OTHERS VARNAS
18. ABOUT USING WEAPONS
19. FOR KILLING SACRED COWS
20. FOR KILLING OTHER ANIMALS
21. FOR DRINKING ALCOHOL & THE LIKE
22. FOR EATING EXCRETA AND URINE
23. FOR DRINKING WATER PRESENT IN CHANDALAS POT
24. FOR DRINKING WATER IN CHANDALAS POND ETC
25. FOR DRINKING PROHIBITED MILKS
26. FOR STEALING GOLD
27. FOR STEALING GOLD FOR KSHATRIYAS
28. FOR STEALING SILVER
29. COPPER
30. BRASS
31. MONEY & GRAINS
32. FOR GETTING LAND FORCIBLY
33. FOR STEALING DRESS
34. ANIMALS
35. ITEMS USED FOR POOJAS LIKE SALIGRAMAM
36. EARNING BY GIVING JUDGEMENT AS A JUDGE
37. FOR COHABITING GURUS WIFE
38. FOR COHABITING A GIRL OF SAME VARNA
39. FOR GIRLS RELATED TO FATHER-IN-LAW
40. A WHO IS AT FREE WILL
41. IF FOETUS IS FORMED IN OTHER CATES

42. FOR COHABITING A CHANDALA LADY


43. FOR A THURUSHKI & PULKASI
44. AN ACTRESS
45. FOR THE 16 TYPES OF GRAMA CHANDALIS
46. A BRAHMAN CHANDALI
47. A WOMEN IN HER PERIODS
48. A WIDOW
49. A DASI
50. FOR MOUTH CONGRESS
51. FOR COHABITING A COW
52. FOR DISCHARGING SEMEN
53. FOR BRAHMACHARIS WHO DISCHARGE SEMEN
54. IF SURPASSES THE PERIOD MEANT FOR COHABITION ( FOR MARRIED)
55. IF FAILED IN AN OATH
56. IF A KSHATRIYA COHABITS A BRAHAMANA GIRL
57. IF A LADY COHABITS WITH OTHERS OTHER THAN HER HUSBAND
58. TO ABONDON IF A GIRL BECOMES A PROSTITUTE
59. IF ANYONE AMONG THE HUSBAND & WIFE ARE SEPERATED WITHOUT ANY
GENUINE REASON
60. IN DANGER IF A BRAHMIN GIRL UNDERGOES COHABITION DONE FORCIBLY
BY A SHUDRA
61. IF A WIDOW DEVELOPS FOETUS SHE SHOULD BE OUT-CASTED TOTALLY.
62. IF THERE IS SUSPISION ABOUT ONE OF BEING A PROSTITUTE,THE NECESSARY
REQUIRED ACTIONS
63. EXPIATION FOR HUSBANDS IF HER WIVES GOES OUT INDEPENDENTLY
64. IF ENTERED THE HOUSE OF A PROSTITUTE
65. IF A BRAHMIN GIRL COHABITS A CHANDALA
66. IF SHE COHABITS WITH A MLECCHA OR RAJAKHA
67. IF ONE IS ABOUT TO BEAT A BRAHMANA WITH A STICK
68. IF ONE HUMILIATES A BRAHMANA
69. IF ONE BEATS A BRAHMANA
70. IF ONE DISOBEYS HIS GURU &PARENTS
71. EXPIATION FOR TRAVELLING ABROAD( FOR PREVIOUS YUGAS)

72. FOR WORKING UNDER A WICKED PERSON


73. FOR WORKING UNDER A SHUDRA
74. FOR DOING ABICHARA & GIVING CURSE
75. TEACHING & LEARNING VEDAS FOR MONEY
76. FOR FORGETTING THE LEARNED VEADAS
77. FOR NOT BEING IN VARNA ASHRAMA
78. PROHIBTION FOR MARRIAGE ABOVE 50 YRS OF AGE
79. IF A GIRL GETS MARRIED AGAIN
80. FOR MARRYING ONE OF THE SAME GOTRA
81. FOR TRAVELLING IN CAMEL & DONKEY
82. FOR BEING IN A JAIL
83. FOR LIVING IN A VERY REMOTE PLACE
84. FOR GOING TO NISHIDHA(PROHIBITED) COUNTIRES
85. IF BEING BITTEN BY A DOG OR FOX
86. IF WORMS DEVOLOP IN BODY
87. FOR EATING IN DHUR-BRAHMANA HOUSE
88. FOR EATING THE FOOD OF A KING
89. FOR EATING FOOD THAT HAS BECOME SOUR
90. FOR EATING IN VYATHEEPATHAM(AUSPICIOUS DAY FOR PITHRUS)
91. FOR EATING IN A FEAST OF 1000 & 16,000 PEOPLE
92. FOR EATING IN DHEERGA SATRAM
93. FOR EATING IN A SHUDRAS SATRAM
94. FOR EATING SELF COOKED FOOD IN THE HOUSE OF A SHUDRA OR A
PROSTITUTE
95. FOR EATING FOOD SERVED FOR A BIG GANG
96. FOR EATING FOOD THAT IS PURCHASED
97. FOR EATING FOOD IN A YAGA
98. EATING WITHOUT HAVING BATHED
99. FOR EATING WHEN THE BODY IS IMPURE
100.

FOR EATING OLD FOOD

101.

FOR EATING VADAAMS AND APPALAMS

102.

FOR EATING SEASUME AND PAYASAM IN UNPRESCRIBED DAYS

103.

FOR EATING THE FOOD OF VRATHYA AND KUSHTA ROGI

104.

FOR EATING IN A VILLAGE CONTAINING A DEAD-BODY

105.

FOR EATING IN CHANDRA & SURYA GRAHANA(ECLIPSE)

106.

FOR EATING IN BROKEN UTENSIL

107.

FOR EATING THE FOOD PREPARED BY WOMEN IN PERIODS

108.

FOR EATING TWICE IN PROHIBITED DAYS AND FOR NOT DOING

BRAHMA YAGYAM
109.

FOR NOT DOING SAMSKARAS LIKE GARBHADHANAM IN TIME

110.

FOR BATHING IN HOT WATER

111.EATING WITHOUT YAGYOPAVEETHA


112.

FOR NOT HAVING SHIKA (TUFT) AND YAGYOPAVEETHA

113.

FOR YAWNING ,SNEEZING ETC.WHILE EATING

114.

FOR EATING SHIVA NIRMALYA PRASAD

115.

NO PROBLEM IF SHIVA IS WITH SALIGRAMA AND OTHER DEITIES

116.

FOR EATING WITH WIFE,SON & BROTHER

117.

FOR WEARING BLUE CLOTHES

118.

FOR EATING BY WEARING BLUE CLOTHES

119.

FOR EATING OTHERS FOOD & FOR SERVING PARTIALLY

120.

FOR EATING IN NAVA SHRAADHA

121.

IF BRAHMACHARI EATS IN SHRADDHA

122.

FOR EATING IN KSHATRIYAS SHRAADHA

123.

FOR EATING IN NAANDHI SHRAADHA

124.

FOR EATING SHRAADHA SHESHA

125.

FOR EATING IN SAMSKARAS LIKE CHOWLAM(TONSURE CEREMONY)

126.

FOR SELLING PROHIBITED ITEMS AND LENDING FOR HIGHER

INTERESTS
127.

FOR DOING VRATHA BY BORROWING MONEY

128.

FOR SELLING BRAHMANA,WIFE,SON,NITHYA KARMA,DAUGHTER AND

SERVANT MAID
129.

FOR SELLING VEDA,SMRITHIS AND SALIGRAMA

130.

FOR RETURNING AFTER BEING DECIDED TO DIE IN WATER OR FIRE

131.

FOR RETURNING BACK FROM SANYASA TOLOWER ASHRAMA

132.

FOR CARRYING A DEAD-BODY OF ONE WHO HAS DONE SUICIDE

133.

FOR TELLING LIE

134.

FOR LEAVING THE SHRAUTHAAGNI

135.

FOR NOT BELIEVING GOD

136.

FOR SERVING PARTIALLY IN A FEAST ROW

137.

FOR INCLUDING THOSE WHO ARE UNFIT FOR FEAST,SPEAKING WITH

PATHITHA,FOR EXCREMENTING IN WATER


138.

FOR EXCREMENTING WITHOUT YAGYOPAVEETHA IN RIGHT EAR

139.

FOR SLEEPING IN PALASHA

(BUTEA MONOSPERMA)TREES WOOD


140.

IF ONE COMES LATE FOR A SHRAADHA

141.

FOR DOING ABHIVAADHANA (SALUTING)TO A KSHATRIYA

142.

IF A SHUDRA HEARS VEDIC CHANTING

143.

ABOUT GETTING PRATHIGRAHA(CHARITY)

144.

FOR SINS DONE IN SECRET

145.

CHARACTERISTICS OF VARIOUS KRICHHRAAS

146.

NUMBER OF MAHAANADHIS

What are the dharmic rules for SANYASIS?

1.Should always have a dhanda(bamboo staff) and kamandulu(used for


abulations made of wood).If he is without these two he cannot be considered
as a sanyasi but a chandala.
2.Should strictly observe celibacy.
3. Must not travel in vehicles.Should travel by foot only.
4.Must shave once in two months only.
5.Must take biksha and eat.
6.Must not travel abroad.

7.Should not indulge on wordly affairs.


8.Must not stay in a town more than three days.Must be in continous travel.
9.Must bathe thrice daily in cold water.
10.Must not save money for personal use.
11.Must concentrate only in doing sharavana,manana,nidhidhyaasana of
vedhantha.
12.Should do the karmas like japas and poojas as said by the guru.
And many more.
For more information see a scanned book called paarmahamsya dharma
mimamsa written in sanskrit.You should download ALTERNATIFF to view
the scanned book.It is available at,
http://www.new.dli.ernet.in/scripts/FullindexDefault.htm?path1=/data/upload
/0051/944&first=1&last=115&barcode=1990030051939

What are the dharmic rules for brahmacharis(unmarried)?

1.Should study vedas with its shadanga.(six angas).


2.Should do samidhadhanam daily twice.
3.Must have a palasha dhanda in hands.
4.must wear mounji (munja grass made into rope) in his waist.
5.Must wear krishnajina maekala (deer hide as upper garment) .

6.Must observe celibacy strictly.


7.Must not use perfumes,tambulam,sandal paste,flowers,scented oil.
8.Must take bisksha (food alms by saying BHAVATHI BIKSHAM DHEHI)
twice daily.
And more