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PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353) I. Introduction to petroleum system 1 Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering,
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)
I. Introduction to petroleum system
1
Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
1. INTRODUCTION TO PETROLEUM SYSTEM
AND EXPLORATION ACTIVITY
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353) I. Introduction to petroleum system 2 Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering,
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)
I. Introduction to petroleum system
2
Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
HYSTORY OF OIL FINDING
4000 BG; Seeps in Euphrat River as glue.
1000 BG; Seeps in Egypt as Mummy balsam.
2000 y.a.; oil as raw material for lighter & heater.
1859; First drilling, Titusville (Pensylvania, USA) by Col Edwin L. Drake,
about 21 M.
IN INDONESIA,
Century in Sumatera as burning material.
Si
nce
8
th
1870, Oldest exploration by P. Vandijk in Purwodadi, Semarang.
15-6-1885, First drilling by Aeilco Janszoon Zylker, Telaga Tunggal,
Pangkalan Brandan (North Sumatera), about 400 Ft.
At the end of 19 th C, there were 18 petroleum company in Ind.
1902, RDC (Royal Dutch Company).
1907-1911, RDC + Shell = B.P.M.
1912, STANVAC (Standard Oil + Vacuum Oil)
1930, BPM + Netherland: NIAM.
1935, Caltex, NNGPM.
1945, PTMNRI---TMSU (1954)---PT. Permina (1957)---PN. Permina
(1961). In 1961 also formed PT. Pertamin.
1968, PN. Permina + PT. Pertamin--- PN. Pertamina
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353) I. Introduction to petroleum system 3 Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering,
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)
I. Introduction to petroleum system
3
Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
HOW FIRST OIL WAS FOUND?
OIL SEEPAGE
OIL SEEPAGE
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353) I. Introduction to petroleum system 4 Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering,
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)
I. Introduction to petroleum system
4
Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353) I. Introduction to petroleum system 5 Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering,
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)
I. Introduction to petroleum system
5
Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
PETROLEUM SYSTEM
Source Rocks,
Definition : rocks that has actually generated & expelled hydrocarbons, usually
fine grain sediment rocks.
Major types of source rock : shale, marl, carbonate, coal.
Reservoir Rocks,
Definition : permeable & porous rocks which is filled by hydrocarbon & water in
its pore.
The rocks could be :
• Sandstone.
• Carbonate rocks.
• Other rocks such as shale, volcanic rocks, fractured basement etc.
Cap Rocks,
Definition : impermeable rocks medium that isolates a reservoir and retains
petroleum.
Example : shale, anhydrite, gypsum, marl, etc.
Traps,
Definition : geologic features in which petroleum can accumulate.
Structural, stratigraphic or combination.
Migration,
Definition: the moving of oil & gas from its source rocks to reservoir rocks.
Primary or secondary.
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353) I. Introduction to petroleum system 6 Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering,
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)
I. Introduction to petroleum system
6
Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
RESERVOIR
COMMERCIAL
TRAP
SEAL
HYDROCARBON
ACCUMULATION
SOURCE ROCK
PROPER TIMING
OF MIGRATION
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353) I. Introduction to petroleum system 7 Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering,
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)
I. Introduction to petroleum system
7
Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
EXPLORATION ACTIVITY-basin delineation
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353) I. Introduction to petroleum system 8 Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering,
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)
I. Introduction to petroleum system
8
Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
EXPLORATION ACTIVITY-surface mapping
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353) I. Introduction to petroleum system 9 Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering,
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)
I. Introduction to petroleum system
9
Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
EXPLORATION ACTIVITY-seismic survey &
interpretation
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353) I. Introduction to petroleum system 10 Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering,
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)
I. Introduction to petroleum system
10
Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
EXPLORATION ACTIVITY-drilling
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353) I. Introduction to petroleum system 11 Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering,
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)
I. Introduction to petroleum system
11
Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
LOGGING
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353) I. Introduction to petroleum system 12 Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering,
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)
I. Introduction to petroleum system
12
Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
CORING
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353) I. Introduction to petroleum system 13 Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering,
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)
I. Introduction to petroleum system
13
Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
GEOCHEMISTRY ANALYSIS
ANALYSIS OF KEROGEN TYPE
ANALYSIS OF VITRINITE REFLECTANCE
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353) I. Introduction to petroleum system 14 Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering,
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)
I. Introduction to petroleum system
14
Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
SYLLABUS
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG -353)
WEEK
LECTURING TOPICS
PRACTICE
I. INTRODUCTION TO PETROLEUM SYSTEM & EXPLORATION ACTIVITY
DRILLING & MUD LOGGING
II. HYDROCARBON COMPOSITION, GENESIS & SOURCE ROCKS
CUTTING ANALYSIS
III. RESERVOIR ROCKS-1 (PHYSICAL PROPERTIES)
CORE DESCRIPTION
IV. RESERVOIR ROCKS-2 (SILICICLASTICS)
LOG ANALYSIS-1 (QUALITATIVE)
V. RESERVOIR ROCKS-3 (CARBONATES)
LOG ANALYSIS-2 (QUANTITATIVE)
VI. CAP ROCKS, TRAPS & TRAPPING MECHANISM
INTERPRETATION OF SEISMIC DATA
VII. MIGRATION & ACCUMULATION
ANALYSIS OF DIPMETER & FMI
VIII. MIDTERM
RESPONSI-1
IX. EXPLORATION STEPS
WELL TESTING
X. FORMATION EVALUATION-1
CORRELATION & SUBSURCACE SECTION
XI. FORMATION EVALUATION-2
SUBSURFACE MAPPING & RESERVES CALCULATION
XII. LEADS, PROSPECTS & RESERVES CLASSIFICATION
RISK ANALYSIS
XIII. PRODUCTION & DEVELOPMENT
ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY
XIV. PETROLEUM GEOLOGY OF INDONESIA BASINS
FIELD TRIP PREPARATION
XV. FINAL EXAM
RESPONSI-2
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353) I. Introduction to petroleum system 15 Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering,
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)
I. Introduction to petroleum system
15
Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
ABOUT LECTURING
To be planned about 13 times lecturing
1 middle examination
1 final examination
Absence max 3 times
Final mark = 35% final exam, 35% middle exam, 30% practice,
Mark (A>=75, 65<=B<=74.9, 55<=C<=64.9, D<=54.9).
No re-examination both middle & final
No remediation
Bonus for active students both asking & answering.
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353) I. Introduction to petroleum system 16 Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering,
PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)
I. Introduction to petroleum system
16
Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
REFERENCES
Dickey, P.A., 1979, Petroleum Development of Geology, PPC Books,
Tulsa.
Gluyas, J. & Swarbrick, R., 2004, Petroleum Geoscience, Blackwell
Science Ltd., Oxford.
Koesoemadinata, R.P., 1980, Geologi Minyak dan Gas Bumi, ITB,
Bandung.
Koesoemadinata, R.P., 1998, Petroleum Potential of Indonesia, IAGI,
Jogjakarta.
Link, P.K., 1987, Basic Petroleum Geology, OGCI Inc., Tulsa.
North, F.K., 1985, Petroleum Geology, Allen & Unwin Inc., London.
Perrodon, A., 1983, Dynamics of Oil and Gas Accumulations, Elf-
Aquitaine, Paris.
Selley, R.C., 1998, Elements of Petroleum Geology, Academic Press,
London.