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4Name: ______________________________

We The People

Period: ____________

Unit 1 TAKE HOME Test

Matching: match each term on the left with its definition on the right.
Lesson One
1. Founders
a. the people and institutions with authority to
make, enforce and manage disputes about laws
2. government
b. the political leaders of the colonies
3. subject
c. being under the rule of a monarch
4. consent
5. social contract
6. natural rights
7. state of nature

8. civic virtue
9. direct democracy
10. representative democracy
11. factions
12. republican government

Lesson Two
a. the rights to life, liberty, and property
b. to approve of something
c. a condition in which no government or laws
existed at all
d. each individual should agree with others to
create and live under a government and give
that government the power the create and
enforce laws
Lesson Three
a. citizens have the power to govern and they
elect delegates. Citizens and delegates work
together to promote the common good.
b. the people themselves control the
c. when you set aside your personal interests
for the common good
d. the people choose leaders to make and
enforce laws
e. interest groups

Multiple Choice: select the best answer from the possible choices.
Lesson Four
13. This term means that there are limits on the powers of the person or group running the government.
a. monarchy
b. constitutional government
c. dictatorial government
d. common government
14. This term means a government of unlimited power.
a. limited government
b. constitutional government
c. dictatorial government

15. What is the part of a persons life that is not the business of the government?
a. personal business
b. private domain
c. imminent domain
d. private business
16. What is a set of laws that establishes and limits the power of the government?
a. higher law
b. ruling law
c. monarchy
d. private domain
Open answer: fill in the chart to describe what powers each branch of
government has.

17. Legislative

Lesson Five
18. Executive

19. Judicial

Matching: match each term on the left with its definition on the right.
20. bill
21. separation of powers
22. checks and balances

a. some power is given to each branch of the

b. the powers of the government braches are
balanced no one branch has too much power
c. a proposed law

Multiple Choice: select the best answer from the possible choices
23. The Founders were the
a. people who opposed the Articles of Confederation
b. political leaders of the colonies
c. British governors of the colonies
d. people who supported the king
24. The Founders believed that natural rights meant the right to
a. education, privacy, and security
b. life, liberty, and property
c. clothing, food, and shelter
d. freedom, work, and protection

25. An agreement to create a government and follow its laws is called a

a. natural agreement
b. constitution
c. social contract
d. declaration of intent
26. Citizens who put the common good above their own selfish interests demonstrate
a. democracy
b. separation of powers
c. balance of powers
d. civic virtue
27. A constitutional government always includes
a. a strong executive
b. a limitation of powers
c. a written constitution
d. the idea of judicial review
28. A constitution is considered a higher law if it
a. must be obeyed by the government
b. can never be changed
c. comes from a divine source
d. keeps the government above the people
29. Dividing the government into different branches is an example of
a. federalism
b. constitutional government
c. separation of powers
d. private domain
30. The system of check and balances was established to
a. prevent political parties from being created
b. provide government officials with unlimited powers
c. prevent branches of government from abusing power
d. guarantee that peoples rights are never limited

What was the name of the philosopher whose ideas greatly influenced the Founders thoughts
concerning the way people should be governed in our country? (Two Bonus Points)