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Allusion:

An allusion is to reference a person, place, thing, etc in a way where the reader is
expected to know what it is referring to.
Ex: "I have been used to consider poetry as the food of love," said Darcy." (46)
Like many great authors, Austen has taken references from several works of literature.
Anaphora:
The repetition of the first part of a sentence to create a more artistic feel to the text.
Ex: The banter between Elizabeth and Darcy
"To yield readily--easily--to the persuasion of a friend is no merit with you."
"To yield without conviction is no compliment to the understanding of either." (pg 44)
Not exactly an "artistic" feel, but it makes the the relationship between them at this point
much more interesting.
Aphorism:
Generally Aphorism is a statement spoken in a fun or witty manner, often related to
moral or philosophical texts.
Authorial Intervention:
Generally when the author of the text speaks out to the reader, almost forcing the reader
to be a part of the story.
Ex: Elizabeth Bennet
Balanced Clauses:
A sentence consisting of two or more clauses that are parallel in structure.
Bathos:
A term used to explain all of the mistakes created by amatuer authors, later becoming a
way for comedic writers to create content for their readers.
Ex: A good example of Bathos would be the scene where Mrs. Bennet is more worried
about picking Lydias wedding dress than her well being. And tell her not to give any
directions about her clothes, for she does not know which are the best warehouses.
Caricature:
When a traits or aspects of a person are exaggerated for comedic effect.
Ex: Mr.Collins
Center of Consciousness:
Generally when the writer forgets, or ignores punctuation, and instead allows the
monologue to flow freely.
Circumlocution:
A rhetorical devices where a character may want to say something, but not directly. An
example would be when the speaker is incapable of choosing the right way to
expressing something.
Ex: Mr.Collins and how he is not quite verbally adept
Coquettish:
To behave in a way that is somewhat playful or flirtatious.
Ex: Lydia

Didactic:
A word describing a want to teach, generally a moral lesson.
Epistolary Novel:
The general format involves the chapters being written out like journal entries or even
letters between characters.
Ex: The last chapters are comprised of mainly letters written back and forth between the
characters.
Euphemism:
A polite, or misleading expression used to mask a harsh or impolite comment.
Ex: Any comment made by Caroline Bingley
Horatian Satire
Satire spoken in a pompous and somewhat witty manner, generally in a way where the
speaker is looking down on someone.
Ex: Again any comment made by Caroline Bingley
Hyperbole:
A figure of speech that is used to exaggerate or emphasize a point.
Ex: Oh my nerves
Irony:
Used to express words that mean something different than what is being spoken.
Dramatic Irony:
Similar to situational irony, except only the audiences knows what is about to happen to
the character.
Ex: Darcys proposal to Elizabeth despite her feelings towards Mr.Darcy.
Situational Irony:
Irony found when the one character may be mocking the situation of another, when the
same situation could be happening to him.
Ex: Lady Catherine went to see Elizabeth to make her promise to not marry Mr.Darcy,
which in turn solidifies the idea for Elizabeth to Marry Mr.Darcy.
Verbal Irony:
Found when the character verbally responds in the opposite way of the situation at hand.
Ex: Elizabeth scolds Charlotte for the idea of marrying Mr. Collins on the basis of social
security over love, yet Elizabeth refuses to question Wickhams claims out of appeal.
Metonymy:
To replace the name of something with another that is closely related to it,
Motif:
Motif is an object or idea that repeats itself throughout a literary work.
Neoclassicism:
(Meaning new and classical) Is intended to mimic the writing style of the Romans and
Greeks, which emphasized logic and reason.
Ex: Pride and Prejudice
Novel of Manners:

Work of fiction that re-creates a social world, conveying with finely detailed observation
the customs, values and mores of a highly developed and complex society.
Ex: Pride and Prejudice, or look up satire
Parody:
The imitation or exaggeration of a writer, artist, or genre, generally for comedic effect.
Ex: Lady Catherine Du Berg is a parody of the high class women in the society
Participatory, Subjective Narrator:
A character who is telling the story through their eyes is a subjective narrator, where they
can give their own opinions.
Ex: Elizabeth
Pedantic:
When someone tries to make a big deal of showing off their knowledge or skill.
Ex: Mr. Collins
Romanticism:
A type of writing that has an emphasis on an individuals expression of emotion and
imagination.
Ex: Darcys proposal to Elizabeth
Sarcasm:
A type of speech used when the character wishes to mock something with a satirical or
ironic mark without expressly saying it.
Ex:for, as you are as handsome as any of them, Mr. Bingley might like you the best of
the party Mr. Bennet pg 2.
Satire:
Used to expose or mock events happening in one's life, generally using humor, irony, or
exaggeration.
Ex: It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good
fortune, must be in want of a wife.
Sentimental:
Generally it is used to describe something or an event that holds a lot of meaning or
feelings with it.
Ex: Darcys explanation for the events that transpired because he chose to keep his
mouth shut about Wickham.
Theme:
The main idea or an underlying meaning of a literary work that may be stated directly or
indirectly.
Ex: The theme of the novel is the idea of an ideal marriage, and the satirical side of just
how ridiculous we make it seem.
Three Volume Novel:
A way of dividing a story into three separate books, creating demand for the series.
Ex: Pride and Prejudice
Tone:
The attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience.
Understatement:

A figure of speech employed by writers or speakers to intentionally make a situation


seem less important than it really is.
Work Cited:
http://literarydevices.net/
http://study.com/academy/lesson/neoclassical-literature-definition-characteristicsmovement.html
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/362568/novel-of-manners
http://examples.yourdictionary.com/pedantic-examples.html

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