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socna ocnaqerrbr Bhrconotrpou3Bo,qnTenbuhrM{ r(oMtrirercaMs Mamsa E
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36 fa,re

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tueK)rcfl peMoETHHS UOApASAeneEEff,cnJra[lt BoopyxeEuff, doetrptrnaooB E BOeEEO-TexEFrecKoro EMjrrqecrBa, Macepcxtre f,8MepuenEo


u l{P.
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ItilCC
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XXVII
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coBepruerrcrBoBanrruu yrpenJreunu Boopyxeuunx Cu.u.
B rgixenme roAht rpaifinancno sonhr r{ uuocrpanno soeuno untepBeHqrru, Korp,a pe[aJrcb cygr,6a Mono4oro Conercxoro rocygapcrBa,
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opylntre B rbrny. B aru roA6r [prn.s Jlenuna 6rr.na noucrune cpararoqecn uapruefr. B 4oxra4e <Beccueprnr,rft nognnr c.onercxoro HapoAaD
8 ua.s 1985 r. M. C. lop6auen orusqaJr: <Itouuyullcrbr rrurrr rra caMue
oflacrrhre, cMbre orBercrBerrubre yqacrrrr 6opr6m, 9ernepo rra xa]fiAbrx
trflrrr KoMMyHacToBEaxo[r{Jrr{cb B re robr n socxax trJrr,rHa o6opouHhrx rrpeuprrflrrrflx. Tyga 6n,ru HarrpaBJrerru qJrsnhr I{enrpalnuoro
Kouureta, nyqurue uaprunue r(aApbr. Tpu uu.u.rurona r(oMMyHrrcroB
uoru6ru s 6o.sx c SaurucrcxuMr{ aaxBarqrnr{aMr{.Eo.neerrflTr.rMr{irJrrrouoB
qenouer Bcryrrrrrro B rraprrrp B re repousecxrre ro4hr> (lls6p. pequ u crarur. M., 1985. C. 49). PyxonoAs crpauofr u apnrue, raprr,r.E rrpnBeJra
B ABrrlr(enns Moryque cnrrr Cosercfforo rocyAapcrna, flatrpaBr{,rra H
Aocrurrrerrrre uo6err Bcro cooro perJor:rror1noxHyroanepruro, ycnJrrr.fl pa6oynx, Kpecrb,nn rr rrrrreJrJrurenurr[ crpanu,
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-o6nacrs
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oco6ennocr.Mu, cB.flBaHnbrMrr
c aarquro coqr{aJrcrr{qecxoro OreqecrBA B BeK .flAepHOfOrr [pyrux
BrrAoa opy,Iirr.fl MaccoBoro yHurrTo]fieuIrrr.
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paSMelr{eHbr aMeprrKrrcx[e cpeAcrBa .sepnoro Hauaeurr.fi. B
aToM oTpaSrrJrocb cTpeMnerrue c,loMar, cyqecTByroqee IIpr,rMepHoe
parrnoBecr{e ctrJr B Enpoue rre}r{Ay HATO u Bapnrancxuu ,{oronopom. Bcae4crnue ororo Hr{norAa B rrporxiroM Tar{ ocrpo rre croffr'ra
aaAarra npeAorBpaqenrrff nofiuril, o6ya4arura ar.peccopon, coxpaHcHrr.EMHpa. II Hur(orAa He 6r,rna ranoii: orporuno orBercrBerruocrr [tfICC Hax upannqe traprnu Ba odecneseure 6eaoracuocru

ltrcc. M., 1986.C. 161).


uaprno;rurpa6ora 39

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cnonecuyx) npooepxy pa6oru> (Ilolu. co6p. cou. T. 40, C. 76).
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e[r{Eorraqanue Ha trapruiinoft ocrroBe - Brraqrrr ctrcreMaTr{qecxr4o6yvarr, o{nqepoo trpanruxe uoJrrrruxo-Bocrrr{TareJrbnopa6oThr c JTUIIHtrM COCTaBOM, rrCIIOJrf,Syr{

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3HaHu.EMr,I,OrrbrroM) (o rouuynucrrrqecr(oM BocnrfTarruu u BorrHcr(oM
onre. M., 1967. C. 625).
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45

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47

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rtoMuynncruseoro MopaJrtr, IIarpzortrrleoxoe u trErepnaqtroEaJlbuoe
aocrrtrTEue,trpaBoBoeBocutrTEue,argEcrtrIlgcKoeBocunlauue, 6opr6a
rrportrB 6ypxryaexo u4eonorrn, yctrJreuneB ,ntrBEEo6qectra auaqeur.E
cpelcrB uacconofr unifopuaquu E rrpouaraugx.
<B n4eno-BootrurareJrrnofru trpouaras[Ecrcrofi pa6ore,-roBoptrrcfi
n llporparrnne ItfICC,- ueo6xo4nuo peururonbuo uoropeufirb rrpofiBneEEfi trycrocnonufi, trapa[Hocru, rfopua.uuana.Bce ee opwr E cpegcrBa
rlouorarb uodunusaqrn Macc E BrIronEeEEe
cro-Eqnx trepeg
oJr?r(Fr
orpauo Ba4arr, o6ecue.rurafirrrrpoayx) rJracuocrb pa6orn uaprnrnrx,
rocygapcrBeuurx oprauoB, o6qeornemru opraruaaqu, trpffMory
u orftpoBeEEocrbo6qerun c nnnMr, trpaBrnbuoe rfopuuponasue o
qecTBeFEofo MEeEug u pocT ero BJrtrrIEtrfiEa trpaBTtrqeoftueIenaD
(Marepuaan XXVII cbeaga HIICC. C. 166),
flrnsscr cocranso tracrbro EAeonorqecroft 4erreJrbrooru HIICC,
eoJrorurrecna.E,troJrtrTnxo-BoclrurareJruarpadora n Boopyxeunru
Cunax EatrpBJrffercnua {oprrrpoBautre y coBeTcnrv BotrEoBMapxcucrcr(o-JrentrEcxoroMtrpoBooaperrufi
, Boclrurauue y Etrx KouMyrtrcruqecxo
ooaEareJrbrocrn, Mopanbuo-uoaurnqecxo crofrxocru, Briroonzx 6oeBtrt

aaqecTB.

B apurau u na {aore geficmyer serxar, aif$exrrruan ozcreMa rroaurrqecno yue6u Bcex Kareropu noemoonyxtaqux. Tar, naupuuep,
ray6oxouy oBJra4eutrroMpncEaMoM-JreEEEtrBMoM,
BceM 6orarcrsord
uge napruu aKTEBEocuoco6crrysr ilpncu.qnato-rleH,urtiln,
noeomoatn o$u4cpcnoeocoqnaaa. Ee cogepxaEuo uocrosuno coBeprtreuoroyercf,,
ona trpoBopTc B ocnoBxou Iro 4nyu TeuarrrrecrtrMrrJrauaur o6ecuequaaer my6onoe Eayrreuueoifuqepauu arryanbuux upo6neM coquanbuonolursxu HfICC B opranrrecroil e[trEorBeo Botrpocautr
DKoEoMEqecno
lanrnenrero ynpennegtrfi Boegroro Moryqecrsa Conercr(oro rocyAalF
oraa, 6oeroro troeqr{traaa Boopyxexor"x CEr, Bceuepnoro ycunertrs
[K Bocrrrrareltbsofr ponu.
B cucreue KoMaEEEpcnono1roroBnu Anfi ofrlrqepcxoro cocraBa
,oprauuyrcTc.EBau.f,Ttrflno BolrpocaMBoeEEouegarorrru tr rrcuxoJre
ruu, rpodneMau Bouucr(oro BoctrETaEn.E,ynporuregrfi rozrcno rcqtrtrJItrEr U trO COBeTCKOMy
3AI(OEOAATeJIbCTBy.
yvn6a npa,nopu4uta6, Jnttwwilroe u soeunncrlvwail4rr:r
ffotumulcma
caeprcpouHnfr. ctytc6ut crpotrrcfl B ocEoBEoM tro rntry uapxclrcrcxo-

52 rrasa

rropafl
Ilapnsorrrlla6ora

53

nengrrcfio troAroroBxrl o{trqepoB. Ipyuul,l rrortrrurrecno y.re6n aro


rareroprrn coagarorcr s Macura6e qacrrr, fiopa6fi.g, a rarofie s 6aranroEilx, l{trBnarronax r{ rrM paBrrbrx rrogpagAenentrffx. Sargrus negyr nau6onee troAloroBJrennbre, o6nagaroque otrrroM rrponaran4trcrcxo pa6orrr
o$uqepu, xax upaBr.rno, troJrtrrpa6otnznu, o{uqepr,r ura6on, HaqanbHtr(n cJryln6 uonxonoro, Kopa6erbuoro BBeEa.
OAuo rra Balnnbrx rfopu uolurtrqecxo troAroroBr(n Jrtrqnoro cocaBa
Boopyrrenunrx Cun flBJrflrcTctr not,urLuttacttL{eao,rrfltrlus, c coa1amaxu u
Jilnmpoca.il,u, Apc&Hnxanu gue6nttx nopaaenenufr., ceplrcaH,rn&ilu u
cnxapuuH,all,u. Onu trpoBoqflrcff tro eAEErrrMAns arofr xareropnu yre6EI)rM trJraEaM, yrBep]HnaeMbrM HaqarbstrnoM Inassoro
troJrtrTrrqecxoro
ytrpaBJreHufl.
fpylun
rroJrtrraarr.Tr,r
coa4arorcfi o6brsuo Bo BgBoAax rr paBnbrx EM
nogpaaeJrer{ff.ffx, a c ceprfiarrraMtr u craprrrtrEMn cpouno c.nyx6rr B porax, dara.nronax n paBuilx rrM no4paageJrerruffx. IIpx arorrr rpyrrnhr
Ire onlfiEbr 6rTb crrnr(oM MaJroqucJIeEEbrME
ll.un, uao6opor, trpeBrilmarb
25-30 treJroBer(.
Pyxoeo4urcJrrruu rpyrrtr troJrtrraaunrs naasaqrorc.E o{rqepu r(oMaHAEprBaBoAoB,por, acxagpu'lu,, 6oeshrx sacre xopa6na, troJrtrTpadorurnu logpasgerenu, faqaJrbuur(E cnyrx6, a raxx(e nau6o,nee
tro4roroBnenEre ttpatropquxtr tr MusMaEbI, BarrrMarorq,ue o{uqepcxue
AonrfiHocrrr. ?Is qucra rroJrnrtrrrecnu rpaMorErilx tr trprrMepnnx n yre6e
u cryxde cep)fianToB, crapruuu, cor[T E MarpocoB - noMMyEEcroB E
I(OMCOMOJII'qeB
rog6npaloTcff trOMOrr{}IuKtrpynoBo4llre.ne rpytrll IIOJTuTaasqru.
floJrursausrrr B aaBuctrMocrr or o6qeo6paaoBareJrbnoii no4roronxu
cryruarene uporio4rrcx nenqtrouno-ceMrruapcruM MeroAoM trJru MeroAoM paccKaaa u xuso paaBeprryrofi 6ecegu. Ognaxo u B Tex rpytrtrax,
rge rrprrurrr Jrexrlrronrro-ceMunapcxtr uerog, p.flA TeM yye6roro rrJraEa
uo perueur{rr r(oManAupoRu nonrrpa6orxrrxots qacre u ropaGle Morr(er
uayqarbcfl MeroAoM paccr(aaa u rxuso 6ecetrrr. Baxno 4o6unarnca nrrcofforo KqecrBa u a{Senrmuocrtr trontrrr{qecxofi yue6rr. Sqecr Muoroe
BaBtrcrrr or caMocro.flrelluo rroAroroBxtr K Banrrrtr.su Jrer(TopoB,pyxonoglte.nefi rpytttt, trx rroMoqnrrr(ol,
a rar(?rte caMtrx caSrmarene.
llponogxrcx rroJrraauffrrrfl [Ba paaa B rre4enro rro ABa qaca B yrpennee BpeMff B rerreuue ro4a (r BMO - o4no 3-uacoBoe Barrflrtre n ne4e.nro).
lloauropranau
trpeAocraBJrerro trpaBo caMocro.flTenbuo trptrEtrMarb pe!enu.s o aaMene rIoJrI{TBaEflTr,r
uonurqacou B Tex cJlyqagx, ftorqa
)To Bbrar,rBaercqo6ctaronro - Haxolr{AentreM Jlqtloro cocraBa BIre
KaaapMerrnoro pacrroJrolfieuus, flonursac trpaxTuxvercff Taxlr{e nfr
ynysrrrerug troJrrrruqecxoro un{oprufipoBanu.fi Boennocny{aqux trptr 86rtroJIIreHtrtr yye6no-6oeurx BaAarr.
<.Bocuurare.nrno pa6oto,- roBopulcrr B trocranoBJreH[r{ qunapcnoro (1987 r.) Il.lenyua l{enrpa.rrnuoro ftouurera rraprnu <O uepecrpoKe r{ Kapono nonurnfte rrapruuD,- AoJr?r(EI
rloBceArreBnoBagurarbc.E
pyxoBo[flqtre fiagpbr, aKTEB rraprr{u, Bce KoMMyurlcrbr. llgeonornuecKue yqacTr(rr cJreye nopyrlaTb JrroA.flM,noAroToBJrerrHbrMreopeTr{qe54 r.rana nropas

TIyBCTByI9TIIUM
nyJlbc BpgMeCfirr tr upo{eccuon.Ilbgo, B IIoJIEofr Mepe
l\enrpa(I\{areqrlaJr,bl
II{9II"q
pa6orarb
rBopqecxu'..>r
u",
"tro"6"brM
ltorrrurer tttICC, 27-28 t{HBapn 1987 r' M', 1987' C' 91)'
ni"o"o

pa6ora n0 Bbln0nHeHHill
tlaprnfiHo-n0nilTfi'{ecKaf,
x ax
x
saiaq 6oeeor or ouH oor l B C y x onl r r nbl Boc
naprue Kypc Ha ycKopeHIIe coquaJlIlo-afioEoMuqeonpegeneunn
cKoropaenzruxcTparlbl'trpeAIloJlararcqeeI(opeIIHyIo'troI{cTI,IEepeBoxtr.rauu, BbIxoA
nepecrpory
Jrroq[orrEyro
-XOnri ncex cfrep o6qecrneunofi
ypoBellb, CooTBeTgTtsyroqnft tpe6onauuau
gX Ha r(qeCTBeHIIO

CTetreHb IIOAEOeeAA ?on'L\el,O)fnb - ATO COCTOffIIUe' oupeeJlflIoqee


HI{x dOesmx
IIa
Bo3JIoEteHIIbIx
rOToBJIeHHOCTUsOCx K BnIIIoJIIIeHtrIO
coe[tryKoMIIJIeKroBallHocrb
otrpeAeJIeIIEyIO
upeAnoJlaraer
BaAaq. Ona
u 6oeuenu, qacte tr troA,pasgenenn JruslI;IM COCTaBOM,BoopyTfieuneu
CpgACTB'
MaTSpIIaJILIII{X
SatraCoB
BOfr TeX11KOfi, naluuue EeO6xOAI4MbIx
coAep)I(aEl4sBucilpaBEoMIoToBoMKIIpIIMeIIeIIunc.ocToIluuopy}Ituff
Bbrco*yro 6oenyro IIoAroroBRy nocx, trpe*Ae Bce''o
u 6oso rex'u*u,
coe4raneuu,
IIOneByro BbryrrKy JrtrqHoro cocTaBa, doenyro cJIalI{eHIIocTr
KaApoB
xoMaE]IHI'Ix
IIoAIoroBICy
neo6xoEMylo
uacre, uo[pa3eneuu,
COCTaBa'
u mTa6oB, TBepAyIo Aucrltrtrnr4Ey rr oprarrr4SoBaHEOCTbIl4rIHOfO
EecerrEe 6oenoro Aelr{ypcrBa'
a raK?fie 6Aurelrnoe
y BotrEoB HayqHo-ro troHrrOcesr BilnEbrM flBn.gerc.E {opullponaHrle
MaEIIflBotrpocaopOJIIIseiloBexauTeXEIIKI(BcoBpeMeHIIoI(BotrEe'Bocfrr4Tarrue coSHreJrbHoro oTrroffelrrnfl n I4SyqeHUIO OpyEttrg, crpeMJleEriIfl
bHOCrro rlbrCIITb K JIaCCIIy111KB a JIIIEKaqIrIo' OBJIaAeT b cMe)fi IIIMII CtreqIIaJI

n 6oennrx RaqecrBax opy'ilrur Ir rexulrnu'


nofrcr
trMerb B BnAyr qro ycllex Aecrsn cyxonyrurrx
Ileooxonuuo
pelnaeTca coBIecTIIIMn ycgrilu.nuE MOTOCTpeJIKOBbIX'TaIIXOBIX' apTI{JIBotrpocbr'
rroApaaleJreull' Snas[r'
unll{egepnlilx u lpvrux
iepr'lfrcxrx,
BEaIIMOAe0TBU,g'
oJI]I(III
TecHoro
I[x
cBflSaHrrre c opranuaaquo
flaprno.rlttrpa6ora

oo

BautrMarb BE.qEoe Mecro B troBceAEeBEo pa6ore


TIIIHIM
COCTBOM
Bcex pogoB nocx.
Pemenzro BaAaq uoBrruerr'.E 6oeso roroBnocrg oJrylKET rretrpeprBEaff, recrro cB.EBaHHaflc )r(uonbro sacre E rrogpaB4etenu napmu_
Iro-norLutn'ucnaapa60m,Q,.OUa negercfi tocroEHo u BeBle - B r(a3apMAX, B IrOJre,Ha crpens6r,lrqe, IroJrEfolre, TaEr(oApoMe,B XOAe TaKTI[qecrilx aau.flrn, no BpeM.fl6oesoro AerfiypcrBa, B fiapayJre. Ogua na trepBo_
crellerrHrx BaAarr trapTtoJrrrrpa6orrr - ModnnuaoBarb nusHr cocraB
EA TOIIEOE I{ trOJIHOO BbIIIOJIEEEEE

trJIAEOB

E trPOfPAMM

6OEBO

E.

BOtrEOBO narxnemux co6r'rru.nx, trSMeEeEtrEXB laKTUqecKOO6CCanosaroro uctronbayrolcfi trptrBaJIEI, AEeBftu, KpalKoBpeMerrHhre


Ke. !,rr
tray3br trptr trepexole or ognoro BrAa gecrau r( ApyroMy. Baxuo no_
Bperufl noAAep)fiaTb trHur{uatrBy R clapalltre BOtrEOB, OTMe?Urb trx
ycepAue B JrrlcrHe-MoJrEtru, coooqntr o AocTurrryroM yctrexe tro paAEo
E B KOpOTnO6eCe4e, KorAa Anff ATOro trpeAcraBurcff BoBMolKEOCrb.

IIO-

ruruqecxo trolroroBKu.
ltax upanu.rro, rrpu cocraBJre'utr trJraEoB traprrrontrTpa6orrr Ea Mecsq
yrrurblBarlrcfl ocEoBEbIe BaAarrrr 6oeso tro[roroBrttr, Koropro Itpe[_
crotrr peuarb BoEEaM. B uaaae cnenyer trpeAycMalpEBarb rrpoBeeHtre
Mepouprlflru, cuoco6crBynqrur 60nee rny60xouy ycnoenun yue6nr
trporpaMM' B ToM lIEcJre Berlepa BorrpocoB E orBeroB tro lexHtrr(e, o6MeE
()IIbITOI

OTJIfrTIEtrI(OB,

I(JIaCCEIX

CIIe{UAJItrCTOB,

y16qsr.r cocraB Ea rorlrroe u KaqecrBegEoe BhrtroJlMo6rnraon"16


EeEtre trJIAEOB 60eSo troAroroBRu - EEarmr MaKcuManbEo trctroJrb3oBarb BpeMfi, OTBe[er:rEOe
na orpa60rxy yue6mu 3aaq u odc.tSnxunauue
TexEur(tr. crenest 6oeso roroBEocrE troApa3[eJreHz uporepxercff Ea
TaKTEqecKax 3aEfiTfi.flx, yuednr,rx n 60esrx crpenrdax, Bo BpeME Bo]fieuzs 6oesux Mrrrsu. lloarorvry rJraBuarr qenr upruo.nurpa6rrr BAec], odecneszrn Bhrconyro cJralfiegnocrb E Baauuogectoue rge.rreura, paclleroB, fiunxte, IroEpaSAeneruft, cnoco6Eocrb BOuEoB Becrtr aKTEBEbre
4EftCTNNg

BbICOI(OM

TEMIIE,

YtrPE}I(AAT

trPOTITBEtrKA

OTKPbITIIT

orHfl' nopa)fiarb ero r{eJrE c trepBoro BrcrpeJra, c trepBoro gaJrrra,


trepBoro trycKa.
flaprufiuo-uoiltrruqecftax
pa6ora tro pems'rrro aaEaq uoreso BbrwrtU O6TTSO [EJItrTC,fi

EA TP

ATAtrA:

**""

EAJII3MA,

BEPEOCTtr 6OESEIM IPAAUqNflM,

XUACCOSOfr EEEABIICTE

K ITMtrE-

pr{aJrucraM, HetrpuMrpulrocru x 6ypxyaaHo u4eotorlru.


aKrnssofi
rxuaneunofi troatrrlrru u nucoxo rrsnofi
orBercrnenHocrrr Ba saqury
coquanrrcrr{rrecxoro Oresecrna.
Ha aro EarrpaBJr.Erorctr
Bcff cr{creMa uAeoJlorrlqecnoft. no.nurur{o-Boc-

trPU NOATOTOBKE R BEIXOAY B IIOJIE, B

xo4e yqeutr u crpe.nr6 vt npn trogBeenur rrroroB. Tan, r tro4roroBtrtelrsrr


trepuoA uolnHo trpeycMolperb rrsJllreEtre cooraercrByK)r\x
crarefr ycraBoB, IlaM.aroK, trpoBeAellEe lerrlu, AoKJra[oB, B[rcrytrJleHEfl BouEoB-orrtrqEl[ItoB u I(naccElrx cuequaJl[croB, paHee yqacrBoBaBmEx B TaKTrrqecxtrx )rrleEtrflx' a TaKlr(e trpoBepKy cocroflErrtr TexErrKr{,
Boopymeun.s. B arot ffie trepno4 rrpoBo4fircfl ceMrruapu cexperapefr nap_
rrrtrx
E KoMcouoJrbtr(trx oprauuaaqrafr.
Ocodesuo BeJrtrKaponb traprtrftsoro r,nv.fl.larr B xoge cautrx yveru,
rcorAa orrcrpo MsE-Eerc.fiodcranonra, Bo3pacraer EallpfllfteEsocri. B rar(oe Bpeu.fl oco6oe BEqeHue upuodperaer urlsurtr trpuMep KoMaEAEpoB,_rroJltrTpa6orunxor, Bcex KoMMyEncroB B paruoM Tpyge.
9to6u aKrrBHo BeJracbtraprtronrrrpa6ora s noae, neoioAtrMo Bapasee uoaaoorurbc.s o paccrarroBne raprunbrx u KoMcoMoJrbcKnxcun. xTtrBucrhr AoJr)r(rrhrrBep[o BEarb, KTo u Ba rITo orBeqaer, xax Ao6urtc.s
s{Sexrunuoro
trpoBeAenus gansru. flpogyur-ronerc.E Tarur(e Botrpoc,
r(aK opraEr[SoBaTr' copeBEoBaHtreB xoAe BhrtroJrEeErrflItocraB.rreEErrD(r(oMAFrrpoM 3aAAq, xax uepe40no onrr cAerarb AocrofiHueM BCex.
3gecr, uoxno coo6qurr no qeun o6 orrusur
u*or, upouurfopu[poBarb
56-";"r"

B eAuHoM trpoqecce Mopanbno-no.''rlrtrqec*o u ucuxoJrornsec*o


troAforoBxE OtrpeeJr.srorqefr,qexrpalrno
.ssrsercn u4efrno-rroJrr{rfllrecxafl BaKanKa rtrrrnoro cocrana. I.rrasna.E ee qeff - SoplrupoBaEtre
y BoeHHO_Cny'I{Arqtrx
Mpr(cfic1cfto-neEuEcr(oro, EarrEoro MrrpoBosspe_
uur, rry6oxo uqeuo y6ex4enrocru, 6esrpanrqsofr upegaraocm Po4une, Houuyrrucruqecxoft uapruu, Conercxolry [paBtrTeJrbcTBy, cBoeMy
Eapo[y, coBelcKoro traTptroTESMaE cor{UAruoltrqecKoro r{HTeplraquo_

Mecrax 6rr.nrrx cpaxenu rpantgaucxo u Bennno Oreqecrnenwo


non, uoceqeuu.E KoMrrar u MyaeeB 6oeso cJraBbrtr Ap.
B recuou e4trIrcrBe c MopanEo-uoJrurtrqecxoft upono4rrrcff rlcuxororurlecnafl trororoBxa. Ee cep4qeBuuy cocraBJrsror paBBrrrtre rr yfipenneEtre y nurrEoro cocraB llcuxorortrsecxoft ycrouurocru, lnrpa6orfia yMeEu.tr4ecrronarb xiraAEonpoBHo ocosEaErro n callo cnoxno
u ouacno o6cranosne. Bce augnr 6oesofr troAroroBKu, TaKTurrecxEevqenu.r, 6oennre crpenndnr, Becb ynJIA nouncro Nrtrgrr op"4o"au"rr"ro,
caMbre dlaroupnnrnhre BoaMornnocru glr
{opuuponauun y BoeHEocny'I(aqux BIcoKtrx MopanbEo-trorurtrqecfiux rr trcExoJrortrqeoKux xaIIECTB.

Eo.rmrofr arfSerr, fi rpuMepy, trpnuoc.ar raxruqecxze Ban.Erufl E yseEu.E, trpoBoAuMbre Eoqbro, o6nama raEKaM[, o65rvenue gecrnurlr uprn
crpenrde vepea doerbre tropqEKu nofrcx, IIprMeEeHrre 3a]firlrareJrbrrbrx
Ilapruonnrpa6ota

57

[eeaECpeACTB, EbrMOR, rrphrlKKr4 B BOAy C IIOJII{O 6OenOfr nlrnnarO'


C TaHKoB IIa xOAy' 4efrCrnr4X
rrrpgagrre u"rlu cileuluBalllle MOTgCTpg.TIHOB

B noCrax

r111po11oepaCtrpOCTpaEeIIue trOJIyTII{n11CtreqEan},IIIe IIO-

yMenoE
IIpE ycJIoBUI
AeficrBoBaTb ycIIeItrHo B xoAs el.o Mo?nHo TOJIT,XO
npuuepy,
K
rex'r4*o.
BrAHrrs
rr Macrepc*oro
o6ctnosxu
uq"r*"
yCBOuTb' Cfta]I{eM' MexaHI{It-Bo[tr'
o6ten EHOpMaUu1a, ItOTopyIO AOJI11SH
paaa,
reJr, B HacToflrrl,ee BpeMrr npeBbrrtraeT AoBOeHIIbI YP-OneUr n 2-3
pa3'
/
B
ca no IreHoTopbIM pyrfiM ctreIIaJIbIrocTflM
cypoBblM
K
foroBIIoCrI{
ycnoBrre sopullponanun
Heupeuennoe
ucllbrraul1ffM coBpeMellnoro 6os - Kperrfias Apy'/fi6a u 6parcroo BotrEoB
BCSX HaIIUOHaJI6IIOCTS, KOJIJISI(TIIBEAMTTOBapI4qeCTBO U BBaIIMRafl
BbrpyqKa. cro nanino eqe u rroroMy, sro cyxollyTEr,re BoficKa, KaI{ n ApytrOnbrrle Brr4rn BOOpyxennbIX Cuil, OC11aqeIIhIopy1{ueM ROJIJISKT7BHOTO
BoBarrufl, Tpe6yrcquM CorJIaCOBaIIIIblx ,qeCTBE11eTOJI6KOBC9X IIoMepOB
pacseTa, Ho n nopasAe"rleEtrff B qenoM.
oAHOTO
''
BhrcoKoro doenoro MacrepcrBa, rBepofi BoilIn, satrqeflpuirepoM
CKofi BaKa;1Ku, MyXteCTBa, BbIAep711KI{II oT3a1'u [pIISBaH CnyTIiETb AJI.E
[OArrr{EeHHIx ortqep, oftaBLIBatI Ha tsouIIOB 6.narorrOpuoe BOBAefrCTBUe
BoeEIro cryffi6r,r. Ocouu roro trepeHocrrrr, rpy[Hocr'
n1 nouoras
6eg11o Balr(eg TaKo trpgMep B xOAe yceHLI B IloJIe' trpoBOAIIMbIx B
cJroxrlloft o6CraHoBKe u Ha H;snanoMo MeCrIIocTIl c 6oesrrvu CTpeJIr,6aME.

fiaK M0]KEO
rrroroB 6oeso yse6br neo6xonuo
nogre[eHrru
IIpn
He11a
yfiaaarb
AoIIyqe11HhIe
o6fl3aTe,'1bgo
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Ilaprnoaurpa6ora 63

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Borax! na prunJrepucxzx rroauqnflx. Caauep paccxaaan, Kar( oE yuzsro]fitrr


rrrecrbec.arBocbMoro uo ctreTy ruTJreponqa, trBJrolKEBcno ueroA tH6opa noauqu,
Macr(upoBr(8, rrporraBo4crBa Bf,rcrpena. Paanegvnx - EeuaMeaatl ysacrunx aorEbrx noucKoB, KoTopreoE [poBoAlrn B lpytrtre SaxBaTa, IIoAe.rIEJIcE,r{al( BhItroJrEJrE
souur,r 6oesue Ba4asr4ff. Caoso 6uao rrpeAocraBJlenorafir(e EaBoAqEryopytrff, IIyIeMeTquKy, aBloMaTrl[fty, cDflgrlcly.

.. Bonpoc x^Aonnar{Ky: Cyqecruyror nE yBrr{Elenbnretrptrsnu}d yxoAa c orueso noauusn?


Orser: Ha Ecex onpaBAareJrbErxtrpnrilta ToJrbr(oogua 6y4er ptrErrMarbc.s Bo
BErrMAErre- cMepTD.
Bangy ravaaurecr 4rena4qaro a aror AeEb nouTparar(E EeMqeB Ao6naArrnn

OT

3AI(JIIOqtrTEJIbEOTO

CJIOBA

OTI{A3AJICfl.

rrecraff pa6ora u n o6opoue. f;rassa.fl ee qenb - troAeprr(arb n yr{pentrTb y .lrltsgoro


cocTaBa yBepeEEocT B cBotrx cltJrx, cronocTb' yopcrBo'_ EeycItrnyn nurelrB KOpOIr(lle CpOKITCOsAaTbycrovrnyro o6opony, cnoco6ayro ycEOCTI,,IOTOBEOCTb
trerrrEo rrpoTfiBocToflTb-\{accoBrMyApaM aBEaqEtrt aTKa}l TaEHoB rl xexorr trIrcTnBstrfia, odecueqntr boenyro rtTuBuocrb fisroro cocraBa' roroBtrocrb rIoApaBAeaesn n trpoBo4eutrr crpeMntenbnhrx RoETparaK tr trepexogy B perrlllrenbtoe EacryrrJIEEUE.

Bo npeux Bennno Oresectsesso nofurr, oco6erso B nepBhl_eee ABa ro4a' r(penocm o6oponn, ee ycrounBocr ao MEoroM otrpeAensnrcr cnoco6rocuro o6oponrnmtxc trpoTtrBocTo{Tb MaccIIpoBaEEHM yAApaM TaEr{OB rr aBnaqtru trpoTEBuuKa.
floarouy nofi sa rJraBrbrx aagau naprnEo-rlonnrlrqecrofr pa6orm qaJlffJrocbBocrrnlaEtre y BonEoBBepbl B Cnny n Moq cBoero opy)r(ufl, rjpeoonerrEeTaEfio- tr caMoaeto6osasu y cacn{ 6oiqon. BsMatentso llayqancfl lr o6o6qa;rcx ouur 6opr6tr c
Tarrr(aMnfl caMoJreraMtrtrpornBrruxa. Vm6u cAenarb ero AocrognueM Bcex BolIEoB'
npoBoAr.rnrrcb6ecegnr tr pactrpocrparxJrucb traMsrnu: (CMenoMy rarx Ee crpaltrerD'
<VqsBuMrre Mecra rarrxoB>, <VcrpofrcrBo Ir rropffAon trptrMeEeEIrfl trpornBorEroBrx
rpauarr. Ha arcrosxax <ftax 6oporrcr c rarr(aMrr BparD BocrrpouaBoAunc,sp[cyrron
seMeqfioro raEHa c yxa3aEneM MecT, ygaBriMhrx nE tryJrtr' cEapsAar oyrbrnRE c roprove xugxocrbro, rpararu. B uo4roroBr{e Jl,I,IqorococraBa r( BeAenr{rcorrt npoTflB cauoireroB nporllaunra r{crroJrlgoBa.rucr 6pomropa E JIncroBKa (Cltnbnee trexornu orosr uo cauoaerau rparal>. flo4repxun6;1ocb, tITo B Llrose 7942t. Ha xprtoBOrEeM oHJIO
r SeEUTEO-IIyIeMeTE[M
cKoM EAtrpaBneEuII rpyutroBbrM BEEToBOqIIIM
c6nro 25 amr.rctcrux caMoJreroB.
BceMepgotrpotraragAupoBaJrtrotrrtT, yMenhreAecrBrrff JrrqEoro
fioarirpa6orrrrR
cobrara.raru nru troApaBAeneuui n o6opounreJrbuoM 6oro. Tar, B oAEo ua qacre
6uro oprasnaoBaxo coneqanue 6oesoro ar(TBBatro o6Meny otrhlToM,trpnceMtrptrrnacsremihre 6r.neru 6u.ru apyrexbr BoIrEaM EetrocpeAcrBeuxo B oxorrax, 6auu4afitax,
M

roara

6onee pesyJrbrarrrBubre opMbr tsJrrr.snr,rfi


Ea DotrEoB.
K npuuepy, ManeBpenuu xapaxrep coBpeMerruoro 6oa', oncoHue
TeMtrbI rracTynJreHtrfi Eerr3MeprrMotroBhrcEnrd SEaqelrue Maprua. IJrasrag
SaAaqa uaprtronurpa6orrr Bo BpeMfl ero trpoBeAeHEfl- o6ecue.rurr
cBoeBpeMerrnoetrpr{6brrue trogpaaAenerruB rrasxqennu paou B troJrno doenofr roroBuocrrl. B ernx qeJrrrx ftoMarrgrlp ll uonrarpadorrrux coBMecTrro c aI(TtrBOMrrprr3BaHhrcBoeBpeMenHopaSbflcHnrb SaAarry, trocTABJIEIIHYIO HA COBEPruEHUE MAPMA,

5
"topr"

O6flSASHOCTII

BOIIHOB, YCTAEOBJIEII-

rrbre crrrnaJrbr,Mephr 6eaouacxocrn. InaBEoe aaxnloqaercfi B ToM, rlTo6b[


xax[n coJrA,arcrporo co6nroAan AEcqunJrr{Ey Maprna n 6ul roroB lr
ar(trBErilM AeCTBU.flM,
r(aK TOJTbKO
nOrpe6yer Toro odcTatroBl(a. BEtrManre odpaqaercfl trpex(Ae Bcero rra Bonnrene. llrrr rrylnf,o rratrountrrb
Saxas 1662

Ilaprno;rur1ri.,)ora 65

EETpBa"IILrABUMamtrE B IOJTOEEaX,yCTaHOBJreHHbre
trpaBuna B0?+(AoEEE
paccKasarb
o6 oco6ennocTsx MapupyroB, o npo{u.rre nyru,
)r(eEufi,
BOSMOlr(Ebrxtrpetr.sTcrBflsx, co6aroAeuuu 6.qnrenrnoctu, o neo6xoguMocrrl cBoeBpeuenuoro npu6rrrtrff B EaauaqerrflErfrpaou.
Ha uarmx trprrBanax (n xo4euapma) roaraugtrpu r{ uo;rurpa6ornurn
IroAlo,qflT r{Torr{ upofigeuuoro oratra Mapma, or}teqror orruqnBrultxcfl
Ha Ee[ocrarrl{ I.r Mephl
BonEoB, nogurene MaIrr[H, a raxx(e yHaBBarcT
rro Ex yclpaEeEEK).
Ha 6olrrusx trprrBanax BEEMaEReo6paqaercx Ra rqareJlbsll ocMOrp lexEuxr{, Ee cBoeBpSMeHsyIoAoSa[paBr(yF ycTpaEeHEe BbrflBJreHOco6oe }rscro Sauultaer, KaK tr trepeA MapmeM, pa6ora
nux ge{exror.
c MexanunaMu-Bo4ureirrrMtr TaHKoB, BMfI u BoAnreJrHMr{.C nulrr eqe
pa3 yTorrEflrolcfl rrpaBrrna Bo?rieHtr8MarlrtrE, ESyqaroTcfl cneqqanblrble
trauflrKtr. Jlyuuurr Bpyqarorcn BHMtreJrhI.
9acro Mapmtr coBepmarorcfl Horlbro. B amu cnlr.lae paabffcnflnttfl
oco6enrocrri Bolr(AeHIIf MarrrtrH Hoqbro, trpaBtrJIa co6lrcgenufi caer$- r
sByr(oilacKnpoBrtE, [trcl{ErrnuHbr B xoAe ABu}r(eHEfl, CoO6rqarotca crarIIAT5I

ONOBEtrIEEtrfl.

B paone cocpeAoroqeulrtr B saBncuMocrtr or .rrocJleAyrlqux Ba4aq


uger trogroroBxa nalluono cocraBa R EoBoMy, 6onee ArETenbEoMy Mapruy, upeoAoJreEtrK)BoArrI{x trperpa UJIE r( BElxo,qy Ea EcxoAEiletro3trqEr.t
AnE EACTJrtrJTeH[fl,cMeHe [ecruyroqqx qacre u rlopasl{e;resr. Sgecl
Bce ycuntr.ff EatrpBJlflIorc.E Ha ro, uto6r'r lro6unqgosarr .rrusxufr cocTaB
ra 6rlcrpoe npnBe[euue opyx(trtr u rexnur(E s 6oeuyro roroBxocrb.
npoBeAenue troJrtrTqaca rrJru
Hpoue roro, B To BpeMg opranlraylortfl
uonurtrqecxux rnifopuaqn, gocranxa ro-lrbr, deceAnr Ral(oporxe c JrrrqEru oocralou Eetrocpe,qcrBeurro y 6oenHx uarrrgu nJItr B y6e,xntr{ax,
ecJrf, oHtr lro4roroBJrenu (n aanucnuocru or o6cranosru). Ilponnnfiercfl
aa6ora o cBoeBpeMeIrHoMutrTalrns BorrnoB u oprantrBaqun or4brx.
Ho no Bcex cnyq.sx o6ssarenbrro passcnflrcrcfi I{eJrE E sagarru lrpe4croflqrx Aecrnufi, npI{EEMaIorcs MepH Als odecueqeElrfi sucoRofi 6o
roroBnocrf, u 6oecuoco6noctu KatfiAoro tropagAenerrtrs.
Cyrqecrryror r Apyrqe HatrpaBnentrfl, Merogbr E cpe4crBa traprtro;rurpa6oru, upuuerrfleMrre s 6oeso o6craxoaxe.
B nepnyro oqepelb BalKrIo cBoeBpeMeEEo [oBotrEr], Ao BotrEoB s
paabflcrffTb trpuraabl NoMarroBaEE,o6paqenux Boennoro coBera.
Tau, r4e trogBonfler o6ctanonxa, raxae -AoKyMeErhIrle.tecoo6paano trprrBoAETb rer(cTyaJlbuo c paabncueutreu, B atux qenffx Molr{Ho nctronbsonarr codpaurrfl, rpytrtroBre u uEAEBEAyaJrbEbile6ecegbl, a B TbrJloBbrx
u Barracnbrx rracrgx - MrtrTrrrrfE. Heo6xouuo o6rnatrca, uto6u xarx4rr co.ugar rly6ono ocoarran coAeplnauue AoI(yMeEra fl oBolt aa,4arrtr
a 6oIo.
rropl'IOguofr ua gecueuuux Qopu troBblltreurrfl rracrynarelbuoro
na socx sBJrgxlrcrr MurEErn. Onu orsocsrcff K qtrcny oltepTurnbrx
u arr[raquourro-MaccoBo pa6oru. Ha
Qopu uapruso-uoturrqecno
rrEx pasbgcE.grorcfl BaJr(Heil[e co6rrrufl, .nn.{Hbl cocraB uo6u.ruayercfl Ea odpaaqoaoe Bbrrroraelrtre Aonra uepe4 Poguno. Ocnoenrrll ycG6 fnana srcrra,r

JroBlgtr, otrpe4enflntqtrt{ yctrex Marurrra, ffBJrffercff Brcor(aff u4enar


EattpaBnennocrb Brcynnenu - KpTKtrx, cTpacrnblx' Boo4ymeBJrflIoqnf nrone Ea KoEKperHrIe EeJra. Taxofr me xapKrep Aorrrrirrhr Eoctrrlr
E nptrEErdaeMhre perrlEtrtr.
Eourmyro poJrb B rro6rauaaquu xoMMyEEcroB tr noMcouonbqeB Ha
BrrorEeHse trocraBJreEEErxT'flAaqn doeaofr o6cranosre nrparor uapruEbre u RoucouoJrbcxue codpaunn. Osu uoJDItEbI 6rutr roporKtrMu, pemes.frfl. - ItOEKpeTIIrMt B gBysTb Kar( r(JrtrTBa RoMtryEffcToB tr KOltcOuonbqeB uepeg 6oeu.
Hecouueuuyn tronbay lrprruecyr coBerqarufi 6oeaoro annaa, nrrcTJrtrJIoEEEOrJrtrrruBrrruxct BoEEoB. llg qucra doesoro aKlaBa qenecoodpasEo coSAaBarb ctreqlranHbre rpytrtrhr. B nnx Moryr Bxo4urb uacrepa
paaJrtrrrnhrx 6oesux ctrequaJrbuocre n epeEaBaTb cao onblt B rlepBylo
oqepeAb conEaTaM EOBOTOtrOTIOJTHeEUE.
BcerAa troJregEa r a{ifentnana uHAEBrrAyanbEaH 6eceAa. Ee uoxno
rrpoBecrE Ea trptrBaner Do BpeMff rrpueMe trEqE! trepeA araxofi. ,(,ua
qeJroBena, trAyqefo n 6o, no6poe cJroBo, coB, ErIyrcTBEe, oco6enRo
noAKpenneEEtIe JrtrIIEErM trptrMepolr, MEoroe Brraqar.
Iaaera - Bcrga godpas ctryrutrqa coJrqara. flucatenr{ponrosxn II. flannenxo BauertrJr, uro Ea aone osa ueo6xogr{Ma, KaK aBToMar, Kar rpaara, ona ror o6gsarerlqrr uaen 4yxonno urqR, 6ea
nor'oporo cosercxn congar ne o6xoEuncn B rff)r(eJrrrx 6oennx qclrbrraqffx. 3naqnr, xeo6xo,qruo, uto6u ragera cBoeBpeMeEEoAocraBnflJracb
n 4efrcrayroq,Ee troApaggenrenws.,BooqylueBn.fls Jrusnbr cocraB Ea HoBhIe
rro,4Brrru. Iloaurpa6orrrnn, aftTtrBEcr ,4onlnrrbl rro4cnagarb Borrly, Ea rlro
odparzrr BEEMatrEeB trepByn oqepegb, KorAa otr paaBepner csexu
EOMep raBeTE[.
Heo6xogauo tro4.repruyrb, qro trallrtrontrrpa6ota n 6oeno o6cranonKe Ee reprrrlr rua6.nosa. B gasucruocr or BbltronnfieMo aagauu ee
opraEEBarophr EcrroJrBByrorr {opuu, GpeAcTBaE MeroAI, norophre EarIO4uano BcerAa u BcnAy Ea trepBoM
6onee qeuecoo6passrr r a{{extnrnn.
trnaEe y ftoMaEAEpa, tronElpadotnnxa, coxpetape uapruuo tr KoMcouolpxo oprauuaaqqfr AoJIlr(Ha6rrrr xunas pa6ota c .nrogruu. BaxtEo trpaBEnbxo orrpe4enfiTb, rrro rnaBnoe oeroEsfl, trpe4Brt4erb xo4 co6rroxaarBarb rIoBceAEeBEoe r(TEBHoe
tu, pa6orarr c trepctrerttBo,
BJtufiEEe ta nuqgu gocraB.
Heynocnurenbno Aolrrnrr co6nroAarbcfl JIeEEEcKEetrptuqtrfiil uaprufrEo-tronT[rrecxoi pa6oru: KoMuyntrcruqecrafl 4enoctt, uapruuocrr,
nayyurr tro4xog, rtounperra.E troJrtrl.rrecmgEatrpaBneuuocrb, Tecnafl
cBfiab c ?r(EBEbro, EetrpephlBuocrb, orlepartrBuocrb, y6egntenrnocrs.

Ilapruo:nurpa6ora 67

MorocrpenKoBbte
h TAHKOBHE

noaPa3AefleHDrf,
e cidLqebbcroBorl6oro

E o ri - oro opranuBoBanrroe Boopy}Iielrlloe cToJIKHoBelrue coequnenrafi, vacre


H rro4paaAeJreuunorororqux
cropoH, upeAcTaBJr.Eroqee
co6o cornacoBarrlrbre tro qeJrn, MecTyrr BpeMerlrryAaphr,
oror{b 14 MaHeBp B I{eJr.flx
yHnrrroifienua (pasrpoua)
IIpOTTIBITITKa E BbIUOJIIIeEIIfl
TaKTUlreCKr4X 3aAAq B Olpe;IeJrerrHoM pafrclue B Teqerrr{e
BpeMeIrIr. Eo
Kopor$olo
,bopocucelro
flr,rflercfl
qectnu
-lro raxtusecxux
nocx, BcecropourrrlM r4crrbrTaErreM MopaJrbnbrx r,r {raauqECKUX

TIIJI

JIIIqHOTO

COCTA-

na, Vcnex s 6oxl Bo MItoroM


gatsr,rcrlToT Mylr(ecrBa, croBOJITT
KOCTE,CMeJIOCT|4,
X rO6e4e, r,ropalbHrx KaqecrB E
ypoBnfl tro4roroBnrr ;rro4e,
uoopyifieur{n rl 6oeso rexIII4K I[.

I{enr 6on - yxurrro}ileHrIe uJrtr lrJrelreur{e xuaofr


cuJrbl rlpoTrrrlHl[fta, yHuqToErerrlller[ SaxBaTero Boopy'ienrrs. 6oeno Texrrr{Klr yl
rro[aBJregr{e cnoco6nocru x
gam,nerueuy conporlrBJreunrc. Ona ocrl{r'aerctr Morqubllrrd yAapallrlr Bcex Br.rAoB
cBoetspeMeHHrM
opylnr4fl,
trcrroJrbSoBaIrIleM
I4x peSyJrbTaTOB,afiTrrBlrblMr{r{ peuuTeJrbEr,IMUtreCrnuguu qacre u rrogpaa4eJrenu.Bo
Molr(er 6nrrr odrqeuocnotrpOTrrBOBbIM, BOSAyIlrHrM,
Bo3yrrrrrbrMn MopcntrM,
Odqenocxoao 6o opralru3yercfl rr BeeTc.ffcoBMecTHbrMEycEJruflMtr Bcex
yrracrByroqnx B EeM aofrcr
c nprruerrenrerr rannor, 6oe*
Bbrx Marrruu nexoru (6poerpaEcnoprepon), aprsJr-

neputr? cpeAcrB trpornBoBoa4ymnofi o6oponr, caMoJreroB, BeproneoB


u 4pyroft 6oeso rexntrKu rr Boopy)fiens.s,. Ott Mo?fierBecrlrcb c rrpuMeHeEueM f,[epEoro opyx{Irn u Apyrux cpecrB tropa]KelrEtr vtirv c
nptrMerreuueMToJrbKo o6nrqnoro opyrfir{ff.
Ocnosur,rM[ BrlAaMLr od4enocxonoro 6os xsrsrorcn o6opona u
HacTyIrJIelrue.
npeAIraMepelruoB
06 oporua trro)fier ocyqecrBJIff rbcfl BbIHylnAeHIroTIJITI
r{eJr.sxorpa'rierlr.rfi HacrytrJleHrrff(yapoB) IrpeBocxoqrqFx clrrl nporl4l]Hrrra, yAepffianufl saHultaeMofi Tepplrropuu (paonou, o6rexrou) u
coaqaurrs 6raroupr.raurbrx ycJroRl{fi grn trepexoga cBorrx nocr s HacTytrJreHrre.
Hacmyn.nenue aaxrloqaercs B orueBoM nopax{entrr[ trporul]Huxa,
pemrre.urnofr araKe, crpeMureJrblroM rIpoARIrE{enr,rurocH, BaxBare
Balr{Hbrx paonor (py6exte, o6rerton). Pemnre.rr'Roe IracrvuJIeHLIo.
o6ecnesRsael
npoBogrrMoe B BrcofioMTeMrreu na donruryxr uy6uny.
uonuufi paBrpoM lrportrBnrrxa.
B cmpewtutfr. 6 o. npepcraBrqer co6ofr paalroBugrrocrr, Hacrynare.IlT'nr,rx 4eftcrnrafi, xorga o6e ctoponbr crpeMrrcfi BIrIoJrIlurL rrocraBJrelTrrbre Bagaqu HacryrlJrelrueu. Xaparreprrayercff 6r'rcrpr'rrvrc6.nuxesrau
croporl r{ BcryuJIeHI,IeMB 6o c xogy.
Bugn o6qenoficxonoro 6os recso cBEBaEbrMe?r(JIyco6ofr. R xoe
6oeubrx [ecrsu MorocrpeJrroBr,reu raHKoBIeuogpaa[eJrenrln ts BaBIrcr4Mocrl{ or o6ctaRosHu, yltoMrIJIer{ToBar{Hocrr{,[ocraBJIeIrHbIx BaIIaq
Moryr nepexo[r{rr' or oHoro suAa 6os K ApyloMy.
FtamAuft su[ 6os trMeer csou oco6esuocrrr. Bvecre c reM RMtrptrcvnln o6qne qeprbr, xapar{repuayroqne coRpeMenxbrfr6oii: lrroq,nnfr oroub!
pIIII{TeJIbHOCT,,

MaIIeBpeHEOCTb'

traIIpfl}I{eHHOCTb

CKOpOT0TIIIOCTT,.

odctanosxu, paanoo6paerrerrpuMelrstlMblx
6r,rcrpr,retr peaxr{e rrsMeueHrr.fl
cnoco6os nx BeeRr{F,pa3BeprbrBaRnedoesblx 4efrcrau Ha BeMJIen r'}
DoBAyxe, Ha mfipoxoM ([ponre, Ra 6onruryro ray6uny, BeAeIrrIeflX R ttrrrCOKOM TEMIIE.

Ocnonur,ruu npuHl4unamu r,ep.err.fl coBpeMelrnoro o6qenocnottoro


6oq .flnrsrorcfl: rrocroflHuafl Bbrconaq 6oenaq roroBrrocrb cptnrE cpe[crl],
axTr,rBuocrr,, perur,rreJlbHocrbI{ HelpepbrBnocrr, BeAeHrIa 6on; BrresarrEocrb; trocrogHuoe tr qernoe BgauMogecrBrre;cocpe,4oroqenueocsoarnx
ycramafi rloApaB[eJreuu na rJraBHoM HarIpaBJIeIrIrI{B Hytnnoe BpeMfi;
COTTETAHUE OTHfl C ,qBR}I(EHNEM, IIIUPOKOE IIPI,IMEHEHIIE MAEEBPA CIiJIAMIT
tr fICI'IXOJIOU CpACTBaMI4; trCIIOJIT,SOBaEHe MOpaJIbIIO-IOIItTUqeCKOIO

ruqecxolo $artropon B l{ETepecax Br,rrronnennff trocraBlennofi Baarrtr;


Bcecroponnee o6ecneqenue 6on; rroAeplfiaHReIr cBoeBpeMelrnoeBoccrarroBreHr{e 6oeclocodnocru sofrcx; rBepoe n HeflpepblBuoe ytrpanneHlre
troApaSAeJreHr{EMr.r.
Ourrr noxaabrBaer, qro ycflex Bcer4a r{a cropoHe roro, xro cMeJIB
6oro, nocroflrrno rrpoflBJrfler rBoprrecTBo, pByMrryrc trHrrqrrarrrBy, trptrnpueMbru cuoco6nrgecrnraft,[IrKTyer cBolo BoJIIo trporl{IrMeHfler rrotsre
rrtrK-y. Vnpexa BacJry?(r{BaerHe ror, r{To B crpeMJlerrut yHurlTo}nlrrt)
IfotrpiJexeHHtr I

itorc 69

Bpra ,IIe iiocTsr cBoefi qenE, a ror, KTo lrporrBqn 6esAeflreJrbHocTb, rreIlemlrTeJrbHocTb r{ Ire IrcfroJtbSoBaJr tscex BoSMorr(EocTe An.fI BriluoJrHerru.fl trocraBneHlro 3a[aqE.

il

nonpasenexH
n 6oro
flpnmenenile

BeAeHIre6og c trpuMenerrreM r(ax flAepxoro, Tar( E ToJIbxo o6msuoro


yqacrlro n 6oo orneBf,rr cpe4crB n troruoe EctroJrbopyr{tu.ff; na6orruee
Boaarrue 6oennrx Boauorr{Eocre uo4paa4e.uenu; 6Hcrpoe ncilqnbaoaaHrle pynbTaloB flAepEoro, orrrgBoro nopa(eHltfl IIpoTrBEEffa r[ BHroArrhrx ycJroBrr uecrnocru, EapaqsBaxue ycrrJru r xoqe 6on a ocyqecrBnenrre MarreBpa; ycrou-nrocrr v. axTrBuocrb a o6opoue; EatrxEbluyro y.saBrluocrb uoApaa4enenu or y4apoB Bcex BrrAoB opylfirla;
HetrppbrBnoro Baarlilo4ecrsus u y4odcrso ytrpaunetrogeplnasue
Hl^g.

Moroctpe,rxoolre rr rarrnoBre IroApas4eJrerrr{Moryr uprnMerr.srbc.ff


Bo Bcex Brr4ax o6qenoficnosoro 6os u peurarb cno)riubre n paanoo6paaHbre BaAtr, ,4eftcreyr B cocraBe rroJrna (6ararrona), a nnor4a rr cauocronrerr,Eo. O6raAag Moqrrr'rM orlrM, sblcoxo lralreBperrHocuro, 6poneuo sanluro r yctouunocrblo x soaAectBlrm opyx(trrr MaccoBoro
fiopa(entrs rrporrrBurrr(a, orrr crroco6nu conepmarb Mapruu na 6onrrurae
paccronusff , 6uctpo rctroJrbooBarb peayJrbrarlr ffAepulrx yAapots, yctre[Ho Becrfi lracrytrxexlte r| y,q,epx(llBarb ganrrMaeMrepaouu r o6opone na
paa;ruuno Mecrrrocrr E rrpn nro6o troroAe, a rar{}r{e ynnrrrox(arb BoB.ltyruHhle ecaETbr, caMoJreTI,BepToJlerrrr pyrue EsSKoJleTfiqrle qeJrE
rrporunrrlrfta. Tecno osauuo4ecrByfl Me)fiAy co6o, c apran4epueft,
[oApaa4eJrerr]r.flMr4
pyr]tx po4oB socx rr clequanbnnrx nocr, oEtr BrIroJrrr.ErorocrroBnylo 3arry tro HetrocpeAcTBeHrroMyyHuqroifieEnro npoTnrocro.ffqero trporrrBlruxa n 6nulxneu 6oro.
llo -Bcex clyqax uogpaaAeneflIrfi AoJuKIrhrrrelpepbrBrro Becru pa3BeAfiy, yIIHqTO(arb IIpoTnBHUT(aorrreM cBof,x, nIttrAaHEI'rx rr rroAep?fisBar-lqux cpeAcrB, a ranlxe 6ucrpo uco.rrbaoBarbpeaynbrarr .flAeprroro
tr orHeBoro op}Iterrrrfl trpoTnBHEKa.
IIpu nnuo.nuguulr 6oesrrx BaAq rrogpaaAenenufl B BaBucr{Mocrlr oT
o6crauosxu odrrsso 4ecrnyrot B lroxo4nbrx, npe46oeaux ra 6oesbrx nopHAr(ax.
IIorottur,. nopaon - ero trocrpoeuue uo4paaAenesnii A,rn repe4Bslfierrr{fl B HoJro}ruax. Ou Ao.nmen o6ecueqnBarb: Bbrcoxyru cxopocrb ABn7fienu.au drrcrpoe paaBeprbrBaullea npeg6oeno u 6oeuo rropflAox, HarrOT Opylltufl MaCCOBorotrOpalHeEE.s,orIIff apltrnMeflr,rrryK)y.sSBIrMoCTb
,'reprlrl u yAapo aBr{aqrlu [porr.rBnrrxa, rloAepxiauue ycrovrlrocrrr
,vupaBJrerru.trrroApaseneErrflMr[.
Ilpe6oeeofr.nopn1on - ero nocpoeurre tro4paagenenn g;rx nepeBr{(eurrrrs roronsax, pacqnenenrrbrr uo rfponry ra n ury6uuy. Or
crporrrcfl p0THETMEanrr BsBoAEbrMr4KoJrorrEaMrr, a MorocrpeJrKoBofo
6ararroua (porr,r), 4ecrnyrorqero B tremeM rropflAr(e 6ea doeunx Marur{H
rrexorr (6pouerpaucuoprepon), RpoMe roro, rr KoJrorruaMrror4eneuufi.
llo;roxtexue por (naoo4on) n upe46oeBou tropflAxe 6aranuona (poru)
uolxer 6nrr n Jrrrurrx), yrJrou Bnepe4, yrnoM HaBaA, ycrylrou Btrpano,
ycr)i'uoM BrreBo. Ono uorasano rra puc. 1-6 (pncyuxu H gauuo. rJraBe
troMerr{eurna qrernofr nrt.lrexe).
Eoeaofr.nopnon - aro rrocrpoeutre rroApaa4exeuu A.nqne4enua 6ox.
On Aoemen ornesarb Ba4aqe, BaMrcny6og u o6ecuequsarb: ycuertrEoe

Boeno rropflAox daranlosa cocronr trB qo4paalenerrr uepEoro


SrueJroHa,BTopofo oruenoEa snn peSepBa, ofEeBbrx cpeAclE ri cpeAcTB
rrporuBoBoa4ymxo o6oponu, ocrarcqrxcff B EeuocpeAcrBeEnou trogrruHerrrru r(ouanArlpa 6aramona, tr TbrJIa,
Eooso nopffAor( porrr cocrorrr ns rroqpaageJreuufr neproro, a B
o6opoxe - E Bloporo ameJrola, oraeBbrx cpe4crB porhr tr trolpaa4enenu ycuneuun (pnc.7-10 na ax;r.).
oeao tropffAon MorocrpenroBoro BaBoA,a,Eacrytraxrqero na 6o
BIx Marrnruax uexorhr (6poaerpancuoprepax), E ranxoBoro BaBoAa coclotrT trB 6oero Jr[rrng doesnx Mamgrr c rgTepBanoM Me)r{Ay rrnMu Ao
100 u E cpsAcrB yctrJreEtrfl, A,ecrByro[Bx s 6oeno JTEEEEruru aa se.
Eoesofr nopffAor MorocrpenftoBoro BBBoAa, Eacrytrarcqero B tremeu
trop.sqxe, cocroxr EB qrrs, doenrrx uamtrE trgxorr (dponerpanctroprepon) u cpeqcru ycf,neurfl (pnc. ll-14
na oxn.).
B uocrpoeuun uoxoAsoro, upe4,6oeBoro s 6oeroro tropfiAKoB Ee Aonxino 6rrrl ma6roxa.
!,na ae4,enus 6on 6aranloxy (pore) odHsf,o trpf,Aarcrc.ff tro4paageneHIr.s Apyrux poAoB nocx E ctrequaJrbxHx socx. I(o.rrusecrno trpnAaBaeMf,rx troApaaAereuu saBricrrr or xapar(rpa Brrtronnreuo 6aranbouou
(poro) BaAarrEn yc;rorn o6cranorrr.
Morocrpoanonouy (rarnonouy) 6araaroxy Moryr trptrAaBarbcff aprunneprftcxu rynuauon uirtr 6arapen, tro4paa4enenne nportrBoraExoBrx cpegcrB, BeEETsafl 6araper (ranog), a rax)r(e troqpgAenexrr.E uff)Keflepubrx rr xuunqecfttrx socx. MorocrpelxoBouy
6ara.rrrony Mor]ru
trprAaaarbcfl ?ax)fie raflKoBrre, a raEKoBoMy daralrrony - MorocrpenKOBilerroAp3AeneEEff.
Morocrpe;rxono pore Moryr trpu,qBabcf, aprrlnnepucxa.s 6arapefl, rroApaBAenBurretrpoTEBoraEr(oBlrx cpeAcrB,. rpaEToMeToB.,.3eEtrTEOe, rrHrfieHepEo-cauepEoe u orIIeMeTrIoe lloApaSAeneglil.fl,a trprl BacTyII,rreruu s oco6ux ycJroBtrsx (r ropoge, B ropax, n necy) r n odopone u rauxoswfi BEBoA; ranxono pore - apruaaepucxaa 6arape, Mor(F
crpenHoBoe E r(Elxelreprro-cauepEoe troApasAeJrqHr.
EaraJrrou (pory) s 6orc, Kpoue roro, Molr(er rrogep)rsBarb aprunnepucru AtrBg{ttron (6arapex).
flpug,anane troApaaAeJrennfftrocrynaror B ilonuoe troArrr[rrentreKoMaEgupa 6araarona (poru) u nuuo:raflror uooraBJrennbreuu aagaru. flpr
neo6xo4uarocrr oEtr Moryr npuBnexarbcfl K B[rnonxextrrc Ba4arr no trJlaEy crapmero r(oMan4trpa (nauamunxa).
IJojlpaseitenurr u 6orc 7l

floggepxurarotrlr{e rloApaagenelrun ocralorcr B tro,qqunelrrll crapuetrocraBnexlrbre uM SaAaqI'r,


ro r(oMangr{pa (nauanrnuxa) u BbItroJIEffK)T
raK)fie BaIIaqu, trocraBJleHrrlJeKoMaEAtrpou datanrona (potrr), noropu
oHn troAep{uBaIor.
attnortbsolaH'ue opyilcun u 6oecofr tnerH'unu ,qJIs Halrecenrrn
lnetoe
trporuBrrr{Ky rropax{eHr{fl ffBJIflercfl HetrpeMeIrEbIMycJroBseM ycflexa B
nro6ou rrage 6o.a. .[,na ynuurox{enq.g [porlrBuur(a MorocrpeJrnoBbrer.I
B 6oeeux
lrpuMer{.sroTopyx(ue, ycTaHoBJrerrHoe
rropa3eJleHl{fi
TaHKOBL,Te
Tarr'fiax; fipoMe roro [pr/rMeMarrrnHax rrexorr,r, 6ponetparcloprepax,
HffrcT IpaEaTOMeTLI' IIpOTtrBOTIIKOBbIe yUpaBJIffeMbIe paKeTbI' tryneofHs
Merbr, aBToMarhr, a raKlfie pyqnhle rpaHTbI. fleficrnutenhEocrb
trpIrMeEeHtrfl,
MaccupoBaBrreSatrIlocrbrc
MeTr(OCTIO,
ero
AOCTIITAeTC
EqeM, a TaKtr{e qeTKtrM ytrpaBJreHueM.
Morocrpe.rrnoBhre u rannoBbre tro4paa4eneulrfl AJrfl tropaxtenlltn lrau6onee saxrnbrx rlene Motyr Becrtr cocpegororrenlrhr oroRn poto u
BSBOAOM,trptrBJreftaff AJIfl Aloro n nptrAaHHble cpeAcTBa.
Maccuponauue ornfl tro orAenbnbrM yqacrxaM tr rIeJrsM trogBoJlfler He
ero
TOJTbHOHaEeCTlr trpOTI{BHtrKy oonlmue rlorepltt Ho t [apaJltSoBarb
BoJrro x corrporltBJreHilIo. Oronb BB TaHXos u 6oesblx Mamrrn rrexoocranoBox r'r c
negercx c xogy, Koporxnx
ru (6ponerpanctroprepon)
Mecra.
Orneu uB TaIrKoB u doesnx MaIrr[H rrexorhl yrl{rrro?fiarcTcfl TaEKtr,
Apyrue 6pomrponauur,re qeJlrr, orrreBbre cpegcrBa E )r(trsafl cr{Jla lrpornBa raxx{e fioIrr{Ka, pagpyrrralorctr ero fopruQl{Kal{IronHr;Ie coopyx(enra'
pa)fiarorc.E caMoJrerr;r, BeproJlerl I{ Ap}'rue Boaqyrrrlrbre qenu. Orneru rae
clrJra' orneBbre cpeAcrBa Ir
yuutlTotr{alorc,a,r{I{Bas
6ponerpancloprepoB
rrpe4uasuaqeua
qe.nu.
6araper
JIff yntrrlro?r(eutr.s
MuuoMernaff
Apyrrde
orueBblx cpegcrB u mrlsofr clrJrr,r trpoTuBIrI'IKa.
flo4pasAeJreuufl ycranoBor( uporlrBoralrr(oBblx yrrpaBJlreMr'rx paner E
IIpOTI{BOTaIrKOBr,rx rpaHaToMeToB IIpeAHaSHaqeHIrr Jln yflurITo?I(eHug
Onu Moryr trpllrnnos lr Apyrux 6ponuponaulrbrx rlene rrporlrBnuna'
MeH.flTbcg TaK?r{e Airfi yHurITO?r{eHr{Fero orHeBbrx cpeAcTB, R ToM qrIcJIe
ooopy}r{eur{flx' a B or4erbnhlx cnyIraxogtrrquxcr n Soprn{uraqlrourrblx
qaflx - ff ero 6oesllx BeproJleroB.
flBilflercfl MoqIrrM orEeBbIM cpegcrrpauaroMeroB
flo4paa4eneHne
upeHasllaqeg6 AJIH IIOpaIKeIII4H '+tIiIn
6ara.nr'Oua
BOM MOTOcTpeJTKoBOIo
nOft Crlnr,r U OTHeB6IX CpeACTBIIpOTI{BEtrI(, paCIIOJIOTI(eHHI'IXBIre VKpLIru, n orxpr,rrblx ofiouax (rpanmenx) rr 3a cx.rlagxaMu Mecrnocrl{.
3enurnrre rro4paa4eJlelrltff npegraauaqel{bl Ars yuuqro)fi eurrfl caMoJIeroB, BeproJleroB, 6ecnralornhlx cpe4crB I4 Boa[yrrrullx
AecaHToB rrpoTIIBITTTKaHa Ma.[bIX tr cpeHl4x BbICOTaX, A TaI(X(e MOIyT llptrBJreHa'I|bcfl
glx 6opr'6r,r c HaBeMHr,IMurtreJlflMl{ u uexotoii trporl{Burrra.
rlopaagellerrmfl, flpe4xaauarleHril,qJr.a yuurlTo]fieHrrfl rr
Ilyneruernue
rrollaBJreglrfl ?r{rrRoft SLIJILIu orrreBlrx cpegcrB rlporrl3rrl{Ha s rlerRx o6ecrreqeHrr ycrrerunoro rrpo4Buxtenr{fl MorocrpennoB}nx rrogpaa4eJreunft s
yep?fianlrtt rIMIr uoaraqn B o6opone'
HacryrrJrentrr.r vr yrropnoro
AJIn
Itporrae TOror IIIJTOMeTHIr IIopasneJIeHI{ MoryT npI{MeIIgrbcfl
1

yHurrroft{eEufl ErrSKoJleT.flqrrx qeJreu IIpOTTIBHEXA r{ elo AecarrToB B Bo3Ayxe u Ha seMJIe.


- EarlpaBneurro HarrpaBJrenriIro Molr(et 6nrtr QponralrnnrM
Orour
qeJIIr,
qenu, t[rauroBlrM - EarIpaBreHHhIM no t[ranr
HrM r( ifpoury
rrepenpecrubrM - Be4yqnMcfl c Atsyx u 6onee rrarlpaBJlelrnft uo o4no
qenu. Oroub us rIyJIeMeroB H aBToMaroB, orKpLIBaeMLI nnecauro c 6nugKrrx paccroqHn n oHoM lratrpaBJreHlll{, HaBhIRaeTcfl r(IrH}1(Jr.bHtIM.

V n p a e n e n Hneo f i p a B e n e i { H R M U
xapanrep 6oeBrrcoKaq rroBr{TnuocrbtroApaaeneRu,MaEeBpeHHbr
Bbrx [ecrBu, pesHue u8MerreHuflo6cranosxn rpe6yror or KoMaHErrpoR
BCeXCTerreEefropranuaaqurr noAroToRr{r{6on n xopoTnue cpoKrr, ycrorrr{Bofo Il HellpepbrBHoro ytrpaBJleHl{fl.
Ynpaettenue e 6on Bar(.IlroqaercflB rrocroflrruolt pynoBol{crBe
lrogqlrHenuhrMr4floApaaeJrenrrgMtltro rro4[epmarlulo r{x lucoHoii
6oeso roroBnocrrr, TrqareJlbuoii rto4rorosxe trx K 6olo u HarIpaBJreurirrrycwttwt tropggeJrenuiina Bhlrloirr{enue 6oesux aaq.
Ono crpourcfl rra qeurpaJrr.rsaqtru pyxoBogcrBa tro4paa4eJlenrrffMrlco
cToporrbr cTaprfiero KoMarrI{pa rI IIInpoKoM IrpoflBJIeHI{I{ rrHr{qr{aTuBLI
trorrr,ruenur,rMr{
flpu BbrrloJluerrufi6oqrux BaAarI. ]touaugupl't rloApas[enenn Hecyr ruquyro orBercrBenrlocrb Ba yctremuoe BblrroJlrrenue6oeso
aaarru, Ouu 4o.nxnbr trocrolulro Buarb o6cranoBry, cBoeBpeMeHHo
npI{HUMATb

peIUeHtrE

tr CTaRI/tTb 8a[aq[

IIOACUHOHHLIM'

OpIHnSOBIIIBTb

seaqMo4ecrBr{e, Bcecropolruee o6ecueseflue 6os rr Baqrrry or la?I{IrtroApa3eJIe*


rareJrbrroro opy{utr, TBopo yrrpaBJIf,Tb rroAquIreHHhrMLI
Hr{fllU,

O6uBaTbc.S

HeyKJIOITHOTO BbITIOJIHeHtrfl

rrOCTaBJreIrHbrx

3aAaq.

oprarrtrBaropcnllx ctoco6nocre, curl'uo


3ro rpe6yer or IrI{x RTTICoKI{X
BOJrrr, caMocroflreJrbr{ocrtrr, 8HaHI,Iff xpaRTepa coBpeMerrHoro 6on,
cpeAcrB lr cnocodon ero BeAelrrrs.
Vnpanrenrae rrogpaageJreuut{MrrBKJIIoqaerrlo4lep}fi anue nocto gnuo
6oeno roroBnocrrr K BbIrroJIIreHuIoflocraBJleurrrJx doenux BaAarI; HeIrpepbrBHoe rr3yrreHrre IlpoTr{Rlrufia u ApyIIrx eJIeMeIrToBodcranonxn;
cBoeRpeMerrHoe
flprrHflTr{epemeHl{fl n [oBeAerrle EaAarIo rroAqrrIrellHblx;
rloAl'oroBopraHrrsarlrrrou rloAepxtaHr{eIIerlpepIBIroroBBar4MoJ[eftcrnun;
Ky no4pasenenufi n 6oenuru AecrBuEMu r{x Bcecroponlree o6ecueveuue;
KOHTpOJIb

3a

BLIIIOJIHOI{uM

IIOCTBJIOHHITIX SaAarI

l!

OI(ABAIII{0

IIOM{}IItrU

UOtrSI'IHeHHl,IM,

1l 6oro r(oMaEIIqp flo,qpaa4eJreur{flodflBalr ua6nro11atr aa xogou f,ron,


CBOeBpeMeHHO CrBI{T}r 3A[aqI4 II0A{II'IHIIBCTII paBBeAKy IIpoTI[BHI{fia'
IIbIM' yMeJIO ICIIOJILSOBaTL BCe mTaTIILIe II IIptrAaHEble OIHOBI'IO CpeACTBa.
rIporI'IRIrrTKa'
nopa}fieHprfl
1I orrleBoro
a TaKX{e peSyJIbTTbr .gepEoro

Or olmeu Haxo[rrrr,c-B na nan6onee Ba]r(HorllrlrrpanJrentrE rr cBoefi,:r:[I,rrr]irr-:tltlttt: rr tlori, 7l]

npeueHflo oxaohrBarb .nJII{rlHI{eHa xo 6orr nceuu nMercqr{Mltcg B ero


CI{TAMIIII TPEACTBAMII.
UIIOrA E II,ISHbIMtrPI{MEPOM,
PACIIOPJI'T{CHI{H
rI porrB.rr.r]
crreJrocrb,rrHr44uarrrBy, Heuonoore6uMyropeurrrreJrbrrocrb BhrnoJrnurt 6oeoyrc 3aairy.
Fiolrau4lrp 6ara;rloua lporu) y[paBJrfler uogpasgeJreu]rrrMn [yreu
orarrH ycrHHx 60eehrx rlpufia30B, pacllopflifieEu, a raKrr(e HoMarrA
tr c:r.rrrrairoB.lJpnnaelr, pacuopfffieurr.fl r.t KoMarrAbJ[on]fiHbr or[aBarrc.s
r{paTKo rr peleJrr,Ho trcllo.
Pa6ory uo opraurrcaquu 6on KoMaHAfip6ara;rlona (porur) rpoBo.qur,
KK IIPABUJ'IO,
HA MECTIIOCTIIT
A HOTAAOdCTAUOUKA
HC IIO3tsOJI,flET
BbIEXATb
tra Mecrrrocrb, 3ra pa6ora trpoBoAr{rcfl Ha Kapre (Ua nraxere necrnocru).
o4nano rl a ?ToIcflyrre orl i1o,lr?rieu
r4a6lcxarr' BoaMolrtnocrb ,q;ta yroqrreH[[ 3aAac rroApasAet-reHr{flMa. opraHrrsaqr{rr BSarrMoAecrBu.EHa
necTrIocTlr.
llopa4oH pa6oru ro opraurraaqull 6on xarm4u paa BaBrrcrrror rcorxperuo o6c:ranosKfi, rro.'IyqeHEo aa4avu rr rraJrurrufl BperweHrr.Padory
o oprarrtaaqlru 6oa HoMarr[Ep 6ara.lrona (poru) HaquHaer, KaK trpaluuJro, c [oiryqeur[eu 6oesoro rrprrxas (6oenoro pacrtopnrxegrn) ulu
upeABap-6Teirbrroro6oeooro pacuop.ErrieHrrfl,
c uo;ryvenuen doeuoro trprrxaga u,cu 6oesoro pacnopnineHrrfl Houarrxnp dara;rtona (porn) yfl.ct{flzmaadavy, o[peAeJrfler Mepotrpu.qrrrfl, xoopbre ueo6xo4lruo trpoBecrr{ rrere[Jrerrno4nr 6ucrpernreft lo4roronKtr rrogpaaAe;renufr K BbtrroJrrreurrronolryvenno sa4aqu, uponaBoiu,rr parqer Bperlrenu,aer yxaaarrqff Haqa.{buury rura6a tro tro4roroBne
rloApag4eileun n BhrrroJrHeHI4Io
IrpeAcrorrtr{ux aAaq, tro opraur{Baqrun
paaBeAxr[, o BpeMerr[ r{ tropnrne padoru Ea Mecruocrrr, o{eur{aaer
o6cranoany, rprrnrrMaer perrreur4e,onJraghrBaerero crapueuy KoMaEAupy, AoBoAr{TAo cuorlx aaMecrr{TeJre.
n xouauqrrpoB troApaa4elexr, gaer
r.rMyr(a8ar{trrrl opra.ErraarltrEBcecropouflero o6ecuesenuR dor, yupaBJreulnfl lr uo.u{Tutrecnofi pa6oru, upooo4ar penoruocr{uporny, oraer
ycrnu 6oeso trpuxaa u oprannayer Baar(Mo4ectuue, areM ocyrqecrBJrrrer KorrrpoJrr, 3a IIoAforoRKo uopaaAenenu rr B yoraHoBjreHrroe
BpeMfl ol{nar'rBaeTcTapIIIeMy KOManAnpyo roToBflocTu K Br-rlrorHeHux)
6oeeo Batraqu.
IIpu yncueuuu rroryqenuo ragaru Ko]ra]rgrrp rroApaaeJreurrr{
AoJr-

coceAe n tropflon uaaulro4ecrBrrfl c rrrrMrr,a raKlKe tspeM.sr.oloBHocrrl


K BtfIOJtEeHItIO

SaAaqU.

()qenueaa o6cmanoeny, r(oMarrAr[p troApas4eneurrrr


onifierr uByqr{rb:
cocraB, troJrorr{eErre,cocrofEEe, cHirbHhleu cna6rre cropoHbrrporrnBHur{a E Bo3Moxunrfr xapaKTep ero qecrnu; cocran, rroJroE{eHrre,cocroEHr,re,tso3Mo)+(HocTE
Crlorrx, flpr{Aanrrhrx r{ troAep}ItrlBaK)q,rrx noAp3Aenenufi; cocran, rroJro{eur4e, rapaxrep
4ecrnu coce4e fr, ycnoBxf
lt

lrltii

i l,r'IIt,l

c HuME; xapaKTep MecrHoclE E ee BJrnsHEeHa 4ectr)3ar{Molleiicr&I,.fl.


rlrrfl rIoApaS[ei-rEE, TaK]fie naudo,nee BepoflHlile EatpBnellux 4ecrnlr calro;reron, BeproJleroB It Apyltrx Boagyrulrbrx qenefi uporlrnrrlrxa
rra }raJrr,rx rr IlpeAenbHo MaJrb{x BbrcoTax; paIrarluoEEylor xl[Mllqecxylo
u 6anrepraonoruqecfiylo odcrauonny. Itpoue roro, trpu oqelrre o6ctaHOBKT4
K0Mar{rrp yqurbrBaeT cotTo.flrrlte troroAhlr BpeMtr roAa E cyToK.
B peaylnrare yflcrrerurr BaAaqn, ollenr(rr o6ctauosxu KoMHAIrprIoApa3Jrerrrr.E
uponanectuueo6AoJririeH cAe,rraTbtrpaBnnbErile BIBoAI)rr
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Ha Br,IABrKerrue,Mapur r{ trpulr.flTb Jrr4qrroHalooireer{enecooopaSrroeperueHrde.
B petuenuu orr olrpe4enfler: BaMrcea6ofl, 6oeelile ga4aqn rro4paaeJrerr[rrM, ocHoBrreBoupochr BSaIrMo[ecrBI{s [ tropflAoK BcecTopoEuero o6ecneqeu[.8 6ox, opranr,Iaaqrrn yilpaBJleuu.fl. O4uonpeueulro orr
AOJr?r(eEOnpeAenETb ocrroBrrbre SaAarrE rlo troJl[Tllqecno pa6ote u ee
oco6ennocru.
Ocnony pelrrenran.cocraBJrfler aail,btcerl6on, t Koropou otrpeAenflrorcfl:
naupaBrerrr4e cocpeorosenug oclroBrllitx ycll.uuft (uaupan.teu[e cocpegoToqeHE.gocuoBlrbut ycluu u yqacrxtr Mecrnocrr,. or yAepffaurrfl r(oropbrx SaBucur ycroYuaocrb o6opoHu), xanoro llporualJuKa,' r{aHuM ctroco6ou u s xaxofi nocne4oBareJlblrocrrr paarpoMlrrbr rroptr4or( noparterrrrfl rrpornBr{lrxa orlreM rurarnblx rr trprrAaulrblx cpegcrB, 6oe-Bo tropflAOn rroApaseJrcEufi.
Peruesue noMarrrprro4paageJrenun orfopuJrfler ua cBoe padoseft
fiapre. Eoesble Ba[aqrr noApsAeneHrrM 06rsllo AoBoAsrc.fl: rrepeA
6oeu - 6oesn trprrxasou,- B xog,e 6os - 6oenu.l.ru pactropff'fieIlUflMU.

flpunan peurerrre,noManAup dara;rroua (poru) or4aer 6oeaoit'npu,aar


KpaTnrre BbrBo[hlE3 or{eIII(EIIpoTrrBB KOTOpOrr,Kaft rrpaBuJro,yr(a3rBaeT
Hrrfia r[ xapaxrepa ero AecrBu; 6oenyro saAarry 6aranrona (poru),
odrexrrr rr qeJrrr, yuurrrolfiaeMbre u lro4aBnfleMbro dpegctnalru craprntrx
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traqu; MecTa pasBeprnrBarrur{ }r HaupaBJIeHIrfi trepeMeqeHrlfi tropaSAe;renufr rexrrnqecroro odecueqeurrfl rr rrxa; BpeMfl roroBrrocr r{ BbrlroJrtryHftTa E SaMeCTIrrreHr4roSaAaqu; uecTo ftoMarrAr{o-HaoJrrcAaleJlbEoro
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yroquner Ba4aqr{ orgeJreurrtrM(raunau) rr yr{a3rBaerMecra clreltruBaurrff
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n tloro 75

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e KoManrrp r{orocrpeJrnor}oro BBBoA,KpoMe toro, cnauepy rt crpe"rrK BbItrOJIIIOHITX)
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B c;ryuae neo6xo[raruocrr{ ftoMar{Arrp, orgaBrtrufr npuxaa,. Mo}r{er [orpe6osarr or tro[qtrHerrnoro rroBTopeurrfl nonyuennoft Ba[aqr{.
gecrrun,
B xoe 6on s cJryqflx, r(or;1a tpe6yrcrcn HeMeJrerrubre
noMaElEp rropaSAeJreEtrfl
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CUIHa.TIaM!I.
IEO! IO"TIOCOM
flocae or4arrrl 6oeuoro rrpnfiaae r{oMauqr{p rroqpaa[eJlennfl opralrwByer aaauoeftcmeue.
Optayr.raarlr4fiBaar{MolleficrBr{rraaltl4ctrr or Bria
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tr rrpr4arrnbrx rroApaB4erennfi o ilopAre ecr:sfifi cBorrx lro4paae.[eF.uft npu BrrroJlnelrfir,I[ocraBJrennr,rx Ba4aq c poal'rrpblmeM ocH(]t]Irbrx
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Oprannayn ynpan.nenue. noMarrflp rro[paBAerIeHlLs yxaBhrBaer:


rr]rHKToB
Mecra rr BpeM.E pBneprhTBaullfi KoMaHHo-na6JrIo[areJIL'Irhrx
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tryEnroB a rropff4oK r4x oxparrbr.
Mecmo fioil,aH,Aup&e 6on otpe4eJrerro 6oeBr'rlrlr ycraBaMrr. B 6oesoft
o6cranosre RoMarr4up rroApaBAeJIeEIr.soJrlr{eu Haxo4lrrbc.fl B Taxol
Mecre doesoro trop,EAKa,r{oropoc o6ecnesunaer eMy xoporuee sa6,nroeCBOI{Xlr0ApAseJresnr.r cocee
HIe 3a IrpoTtrBHtrHOMr.I eCTBAffMIT
r(ax rro r[ponry, rax rr n rny6unl'.
R xo4e 6on nolran4np 6ara.nrona (potr'r) .r/fipaBirfier nopaai{eirerryr{KTa, Haxo[rlr'b o6trguo R 6oerru,aMl{ c Kouanrro-Ha6JrloJ1areJrblroro
noft uanrnne [exorr'r (6pouerpaucnoprepe), ralrne lionauluo'na6.,tnarerr'nrrfi yrrKT nr,r6r,rpaercnB TafioM Tlrecre, orny;Ia o6ecnequsae'rcri
HarrJryqreena6.nro4enueBa Mecrnocrblo, ilporr4BLrur{oM,
4ecrnurvu cuonx
tro4paa4eJrenuftu coce4e, a rarxre Herlpepr'ItsHoeylpaBJrenne, C)rr nuqeM I{e AoJI}fieEBbIAeJIfirbcfis 6oesolr rropl4Ke, a An.fl ero pctroilo]rtelrl{tl
;lt

r : i,,.r'r:irntr,rl

rr trepMeqenrrs Heo6xoArrMoyMeJro r{crroJrbaoBarbBarqrrrrhre csocrra


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:roro rropaaAeirenlrff,r(oropoMy upr.r4aubr(nog4epxunaror), unu s6ruau
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Konan[no-na6.nroqarenrnnft uyunt KoMaEAupa BaBoAarraxo4uTcfl B


6oesorr{ rropffArte BBBoAa, a trpu 4eftcrnuax B lrerrreM tropflAne - Ba
r(errbrc BsBoAa.
ltoiuauqup or[eJreurrfl (rauna) Haxo4r{rcfl B qerru (6oenou uopn4ne).
Bce Holrau4upbr rro4paereresu o6.saaum rrocro.flHuo uMerb upx ce6e
cpeAcrBa cBfSu Il yMerb pa6orarr, Ha Hfix.
;l[;rx o6ecueqerr,rff ynpaBirerrurr npr4Merrrrx]rcfl paArro-, rlpoBo,qlrble,
noABulnHbrg, cldr.rraJlr,rrbrecpeacmea cfl3u. PaAuo .flBJrfieTc.EocHoBrrbrM cpe[crBoM. B 6oro Bce xo]ranAhr tro paArdo rrepearorcfl orKpbTl{M Ter(cToM, rrprr aToM HarrMerroBaHr/r-s
troApaSAenenu lr AoJrx{HocTn
KOMalrArrpoB yKahIBaIoTc-EfIoSIBErirMrr, a rryHKThr MecrlrocTrt - oT
HauMelroBaopEeETr{poB, a raK?fie ycJroBrrbrur{ (noguponanuuuu)
ItlrMIt.

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irfl rrepeAarrll pacnopflrnenu r1 AorreceHllfr so scex BIrAax 6ol, a raft]fie
rra Mprue E trplr pactroJlox(eHuu Ira MecTo.
Cnraarrurre cpegcrRa cDxau rlplluerflrorcfl. JIfl trepeAarltr gptrTeJrbCIITIIaJIOBOtrOBeqeEIIg' yilpaBneIIILfi E
LIX, SByKOBbIXI4 CBeTOtsbIX
BSaftMOAecrBr{fl.
f{na ynpaurer{r,rfl no4paaAenenrr.flMr{tr orneM Hasnaqarorcfl euHbre
opueH,mup w, no4rrpyrorca touo rpatfuqec Krre Kaprhl u Mecruble trp eAMerhI,
ycrarraB,rrtrBarorc.ff
ueo6xogunnre rloahlBrrldeoJllt(HocrrlblxJrErI tt curnaVrfiarrocffTc.EouoaHaBaTenIlhleSrraHIrrI yCJID[, a Tafi{e OtrpeAenffr.)Tc,fl,
JroBubre r{oMepa Ha 6oeso TexHr4Ke.
B Kaqecrne oplrenrupoB Brr6uparorcrr xoporuo BuAIlMbIe ArreM rr
Iroqbro u uaudo,lee ycto'runr're or pagpylneuuft nectuIe rrpeAMerbl.
Opnentupru HyMepyrcrc.fl cupaBa rlaJreBor.rno py6exaM or ceds B cropoHy nporrdBrrqna. O4lrn r4Bopl{enrrrpoB HaalraqaercrrocrroBnhrM.Ilouepa
opueHTr4poB 14 crrrHaJrbr, ycTarloBJreHrrblecTaplulrM KoMaHAI4poM, L{3venflrb aatrpeqaercn. IIpu neo6-rog*luocrr{HoMaHAup 6ararboua (pocBor{ opuerrrrrpbl 14 crrrualrr,I.
rn) uoxret r{aa}rqllTb ,qotroJlrrr{Te,:Ibllo
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cuapflAaMrr, crrrrraJrbnr,rMncpe4crBaMl4 rr rraBeAeI{I{eMupradopon u noopy)fienr{.fi B qeJrb.
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xEMr4qecKoro ra 6axrepr{oJroruqecftoro opy}firr.fl, a rafite o paArroafiTIIBEoM, xrrMuqecnou u darrepuoJroruqecr(oM aapalfteutr ocyqecrrJl.aercff
rlocrorrHrro 4ectayxlqnMtr crrrHaJraME, ycraEoBJreEEbrMI{CTapruuMr(oMarrArrpoM. llx qonxen Buarb Becr' JIuqEr cocraB.
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llotr,paatlc.rielrun n f,t,n

77

r(oxns['rltr

nepepffiJ;IIar
!,ra

f, tro[paalereurs 6o10

conar

<Ilpe4oxparnreJrb - CTABbr.
rPago:aouy llerpory ua py6ex Aoporu, uepe6exraruu - BIIEPEII.
rErfpefr'ropy llranory repetronaru B rparmero - BIIEPE,].
orAeneEtr.fi
Iux
(npn gecrrnrx B trertreu uoprgxe)
Paaeepmuanuc I t+enbl
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<Orqe;reure, B EarrpaBneEnn 6yrpa, raupanarnqnfr

F( EOIO, BIIEPED.
(Or[enerue, aa uuo - H OtrO].

e{penop A.irexceeu -

Onotpenenxoe nepeeunetuue Venui


<Orge.ueEue, B EatrpaBJreuuu orerrbsoro Kalrn.s, 6erou - BIIEPEIIU
*Oreaerne, aa uro - BIIEPEr.
IIepe6e*ru u nepeno.rr.san/ue.:
<OrAe:rerue, ua py6ex oBpara! uepedexro - B[IEPE,{r.
<Or4eaenue, Fa py6err BeJreuoro KycrapEnxa, uepe6exxo, ctrpaBa (c.nera,
crrpaBa E cJre8a) ilo o}{RoMy- BIIEPEIr.
(OrAeneutrer Ea py6ex( RaEaBbr, trepe6exrxo uo rpyrtrau: trepBa rpyrtra prnoBbre Ceueuor, Tponrm, Marregon; Blopa.s rpyuua -pflAoBlre 3aftqen, ?ItyKoB, l(oBanorko; uepBax rpyrrtra - BIIEPE/{>.
(Orgeneuae, rro fiaxaBe Ea py6ex( Aoporn, rroJrBKoM,ea uxo - BI1EPE,(*.
tOrgeaeulre, B EalrpaBnentrE or4eJrbuono AoMa, Ea py6ex uacwnu, rroJrBXoM,
ctrpaBa (eaera r cnpana) uo ognoMy - BIIEPED.
rOtleaeEue, a EatrpalJrEns 6errrgu, na py6ex aa6opa, troJrsr(ora[o rpy[[ax:
trepBafl fpyrrfla - pfloBhre BoanoB, Ceueuou, ]Iaauor; BTopa.EfPyrrlla - pfl,qonhre3aqes, Ps6on, Huxuruu; repBaa rpyrtra - BIIDPE,{1.
Ecpenena nan paate nut .Sponma qenu:
(OlAeneEBe, BrrpaBo (ueno), B EatrpaBireEulr 6yrpa, ErrpaBnrnoqufr - pxgoroi Cuupnon - MAPIb.
fiauxenu,c qenu naaa:
<Ore;reuue, otofiru ua py6ext Eacuuu, cnpana (cneBa, ctrpaBa u cnera) uo o;1EoMy - MAPIlb.
Ilepecmpoenue us qenu noi,oturtA:
<Or,qeaexze- a rmo, B KonoEEy no oEoMy - MAPIIb.
B a B o I a
A r s
(upn gecmqnx B rremeu uopxgxe)
Pdaeepmuaanue I Venbl
(BaBoA, B EatrpaBJreEEIrorAenbnoro AoMa, EarrpaBnxroqe - l-e or,qenerse I( EO0r.
<BsBoA, aa r'ruo - It BOtrO, BIIEPE,(I.
sBaso, Ea py6et$ EacLlnE - It 6OIOr.
Onoapexennoe nepeau*enue ece qenu:
<Banop, B EatrpaBnealrlrorAenEoro aAErlfi- BIIEPE.{1. "
rBanoA, E Earrpaanerlrtr orAeJrbxoro sAanufi, Ea py6err Eacrrru - BIIEPE{r.
Ilepe6ex*u u nepcnornavual
(BaBoA, B EnpaBJ,reErrEorAenEoro'AepeBa, E py6erfi KaEaBbr, uepe6exnofi
(uo;raxorr)n ctrpaBa (oreaa) no or4eneurM - BIIEPEIIT.
II epexena H,anpaetew,u&fi pou.ma qenu:
(BBBoA, BtrpaBo (n.ueno)B EarrpaBnestrr{ orAenbaoro AepeBa - MAPIIb.
?Li I'.u,ru. tT'rtot

Etre - MAPIIb.
nopaxa e ho.noilrtuno mPui
ua npe6oeeoeo
flepecm,poeruue
<,8noA,'nnanpaubrRrt cyxom epeBa.R xonoEsy Ito rpn - MAPIII;'
I ( o . u x * , -n e p e 0 a a a e x u , e N o i l . a u u p o J 48 3 e o 0 a n o P a '
d u o :
-Omeaenwo; <Axa[us-l , s - Axaqufi, na py6ex oporu - I{ EOIO' f
Axaqua, trpEeM).
- AraBaeoy; <Beep, s - Axaqus! B Eanpauneulrrl Bbrltrfin- lt EOIO- fI
qrrE, IrpEeM>.
<Berep, R - Axaqna, 555, 555, a - AnaquR' rrpneM)).

BH AGoes or cofi es neqeul ta


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Bhrx Martrlrn. Hosnrc r{ B pyr[x ycJroBE.ExorpaHuqeurrofr nu4urrocru


trpr{Meu.erorca upu6opn Hossoro Rrr4eur{.ff u cpecrBa ocBeqenu.ff, a
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If oucn BanJrroqaerc.B c(pnrrrroM uoAxoAe rro4paaAenenua (rpyuuu)
ft BapaHee rraMeqeurrorrryu rrayrreuuoruy o6tenry trporrrBnuxa, Br{eaarrrrou rralraAeHrrrdHa Helo u BaxBare trJIeHHbrx, ,qoxyuel{Ton, o6paar4on
Boopylr{eHnr u cuapflrttenr{.fl. O6oexrauu [or{cna Moryr 6nru o4urro{rrbre uoeHrrocJryx{rqrre vlru ne6onrruue rpytrtrbr trportrBrruna,
pacqerbr orneBrJx cpeAcrB a 6oeso Texrrrrxrr, floucn
opraHrr3yeTc.fl B ycJroBasx HerrocpeAcTBerr[oro cotrptrKocHoBerru.sc trpoTr{BHrrFioMtro yKa3arrtrI() cTaprxero HoMarrArrpa.
Iatem gal{nroqaerc.fl Bo BuegarrrroM }ratraAenrru Ha rrporr4Bur{Ka B
r{eJrrrxBaxBara rrJrenubrx, ofiyMerrloB, odpaaqon Boopy}fierrun u 6oeno
rexHuKrr, a ramlxe BbrBoAar{a crpo.fl (yurmroxienun) cpe4crBfleprroro
rratraAerrrrfl,tryrrxToB yrrpaBneuu.Err Apyrux Ba)r(Hrxo6renron. O6nqno
oH rrpoBoAnTc.spaSBeAbrBaTeJrbrrbrMrn
opraHaMrr trpu BeAenllu paSBeAffE
B

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,,

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3p

J00-600,

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Sacaa xax cuoco6 paBBeAKr,rgar(JrroqaercnB aadaaroBpeMerrrroMtr


cKphlroM pacllono]HeHurr pasBer,rBaTerbr{oroopraHa rrJrrr rropa3eJreuux (rpyunr'r) aa nyrax ABr{}r{eHr.rfl
rrpoTr,rBnuHa
Jrfl BHe8atrrro.roHanaAeflrrn IIa rrero B rIeJrEx gaxBara frJrerrrrbrx,oHyMeHTon,o6paarlon Boopyiltellnfl, 6oeso TexHur(u tr cHapfl]r(eEr{8. Aog ycrpocrna BacA}r
(raxxonnr) BBBoA, orAeJrentre (raux)
Haarraqaercfl uorocrpennonu
r{Jrrrrpyntra cneqr{aJrbnono,qo6panrrbrxcoJrar rr ceprilarrroB.
flprn nocrauoBxe BaarrnuoApaa4eJrenr{ro,HaaHaqeHHoMyB aacay,
yxaalrBarorcn cn4errlrfl o trporr{Buuxe, Mecro, BpeMq aacabl, BaAasa,
rrop.flAoxgefrcrnu [ocJre ee BrnrroJrHerrrfi,
a npu ueo6xo4rrMocrrr - trop.flAOK IIOAAeptItE OIHeM, CrrrHaJrhrOtrOBerqeHlr,fi,yrrpaBJrellr^fl.r.BSarrMogefic.nur, rrpouycx u orabrn.
Paaeena 6oem nponoqfrTcfl.B I{eJr.Exyroqnerru xapaxrepa o6oponrr
trporrrBunna, Bcr{phlTr{fl crrcreMhr ero orrrfl rr Barpa}riAenn, a ranrxe Hailratrufr BocK ua nepro fioarrqflu. Paene4na 6oelr npono4rrrc,rr roJrbno
ror4a, Kor lrer BoaMorr(Hocrrrgo6nrr paaBeAhrBareJrbur,re
Aar{HhreApyrr,rMr{ cuoco6auu. ,{,nn pasaegxlr 6oen Haarraqarorc-sMorocrpeJrnoBlre rr
rarrnoBble noApaa4eJrelrufl. fieftc"rnua ux [o4ep]nrrBarorc.s yAapaMu
aBrrqrlr{, olrreM apTr{JrJrepru{r.r Apylux cpecrB.
yqeau.a pa3BeAhrBareJrbnbrxcne4eun o
Elarxunruu r{croqrrrrnaMu rro.rr
trporuBrrnfie .flBn.srorc-EtrJreurrrire, rrepe6ex(su]ru, aaxBaqenrrhleAonyMeErEr, o6paaqr,r Boopylxeurrs u 6oeno rexrrurtr.
B 6aranrone rr pore Begercfl nocxonaa, paArraquonrra.s, xtrMuqecKafl, Hectrequ{rvecxar
6aHrepuolorslrecnaff (6uonoruyecraa)paeregHa, r 6ara.rboue, r(poMe roro,- aprunnepucxaff, a B pore - paAtroJror(aqtroEEa.fi pasBeAKa.
UU l'.rlrr;rirlierlg

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p OTll,blJttv

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Donorcenue porAcrynot! 6rle6o (BapEaHr)

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,iaJLotl)IItu:lU.

IIpedoeeo nopaon VcuteilHoeo


nue por - e ,t utrurc (uapuaur)

6arattona

eaeouu,ilu

oiovilaxu.

,.orocrpeJtto1oporu. IIoaoenue eaeo|oa IIpe6oeeo& nopaon Vcu.nettrto,


o tunuto otovv (naPnarr)

mp
600-1200n
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If ototteuue por - yer.oJtt naaa (tapnayr)

porrr,uJtru koJlor-Lnail,u.

IIpe6oeeo, nopao.n ycu.oenruo rannoeo' porw.


enepe (rapuatrt)

n c0

Ilo,notcevue lseoAos -

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po'rbt,t Hacrynalou4e'
Eoeeo nopa7on ycu,rerun'oti ltorocrpe&noloil
nopane. iloaoeruue eaeooe - e rurtuto (napnanr)

e netueil

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nopane. Iloaoenue eaeooe - Acrynoil enpaso (rapuaur)

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.(.rx oeqexuff patraqronrro,xEMEqecKo n necrequ{uvecxofi 6axpagBeAr(u EaaHaqarorcff xurlrtrgeTepsonortrqecxo (6uonorrtecno)


cfir.re HdnloaTenbHSretrocTI tr xtrMlrqecfiae EadnloaleJllr R3 ooclaBa
clleqrranbHo troAroroBJreHHbrxAnfl aroro oTeneHu (aftstra;fie rarrnoB).
Apru;r.rrepucxas paaBeAxa BeAerc.HrurarurrMtr u trprrannrMa aprrarepuftcxul,la
rrogpaaeneEr,rrME.
,{,.nx ne4entrfl BocnoBo paaregxu Eagnarrarcrc.E: B daranboue pasBeArBareJrbHf,re
g.rtff
Aosop, a rar?r(e rroApaaAanentrfl (rpynnu)
ycrpofrcma Saca, AoBoprrre o?AeJreHrrr{ (ranxu}, Ha6nroEarenbEEre
trocrlr (na6nroqarenu), B pore - Aoaopuhre orAJrerrtr.fi(ranxn), H6nroareJrn, a trEorga n 6oeao paaBegblBareirbxr'rAoaop, Bo BBBoe
na6nnarefib.
Eoeeo, pas*eusan'r.etbnu osop Brcbrnaercfl culo o BBBoAa.
B ero cocraB upu ueodxo4trMocrtr Mo)fier Bnnroqarbcrr trrrlmerrepuo-carrepuoe orqenenue (catepu).
B xoge 6oa 4oaop 4ecrryer odnsuo uepe4 {ponrou EJrrr Ea $laxrax 6ata;rrona (poru)
Ha yAaJreurtr, odectrerrtrBarotrleMnadlrogeuue
aa HrrM u nofl,{epxxy orHeM, a qpu oTcyl'crBf,tr rretrocpe,qcTBorrEoro
cotrprrxocuolerrrrfl c trporuBrrtrr(oM - Ea yaneurru Ao 10 xu.
Saqauu 6oeso paaBebrlarenbrrtr Aosop BbrrroJrrr.ser
EadrroAeEEeM,
a trIrorAa BacaAMEE EaJreraun. B 6o oH Bcr5maer B cnlruasx, xorga
EeBoguo)r{Horrox1 rurr ueo6xo4urf,re cBeAeEtrff o rrporuBrrufte tryreu
sa6aroenn.s.
IIpr nocrasoBr(e BaAarrE 6oenouy paanerBarenbuoMy Aoaopy yfta8f,rBalolCff: CBeAeFtrfi O rrpoTg.Brrf,r(e, coclaB Ao8opa, EaIIpaBJreEtre
(o6rexr) paonegfttr, xafiue cBe4eutrff f, R xar(ouy cpoxy4o6rub, Bpeils
Eaqana paBBeAKEu cuoco6u Aecrlnfr, uopflAor trogep?r(arnfl. cugn n
oxnaAa o peoynbrarax paaBeqxf,, a raxxie gefrcrnu trocJre Br'rnoJrEeHufl BaAaqEr cf,rnann otroBeqentrfl, Jmpanneuufl EBaarruoAecrltilfir
cuocodH BBauMEoro otroBrraBaHu.s,IlporrycK tr oraf,rB.
flo.nyvun ga'qaqy, xouanup EBBoAa,Hasrraqenuhr n 6oeno paaBsAIIBareJrbx]r goaop, yqcx.Eer aaAarry, oqenrilBaer odcmro8x y, Eaueqaer
reporrpurrrns,
Koropne ueo6xo4nno trpoBecrtr, E otrpeAenfler uop.trAor
EeeEufi pasBeKtr.
B 6oenou trptrKaae r(oMaxtrp BBBo odrrquo yfiaahrBer: cocraB,
lroJlolmenue tr xapaxrep AecrBtr trIxrrEBEuKa, pctronox(enue ero
orueBhrx cpe4crB n pesepBoB, EarrpaBnetrue(o6oexr) paBBe,qKEE Bagarry
Aoaopa, Baaqtr orerreutrfiM (rauxau), BpeMfl uaqaJra paaBeAr(u, cBoe
recro E aaucrtr"ers. flocne oraqtr doenoro nptrr(asa r(ouauAtrp BsBoAa
ynaablBaer cnocodu 4ecrnd, uop.flAor{trogepffiauufl cBflB[, curuJrrr
orloneqeuufi, ylpaBnesEfl n nsauuo4ecrur.fl. v nopflAon geficrnu ro
EtrM.
B uacryuaerau rrpu trpop[Be odoporn trporuBntrr( 6oeno paaBegurarenrrn
Aosop gecrnyer odrrsuo n 6oerou uoprnxe 6araaroxa
(poru), a c [popr'rnou uepno ltoarrqtru o6oponu trpoltrBntrxa' f,crroJrb8ys trpouerfiyrrn tr paapr'rRu n ero 6oesrr tropgAxax, cueno tr perulr

Saxae 1662

Itrotrpaeeaerxn e 6on El

TeJrbEorrponur(aer B rny6utry o6oponrr E.alr^EBJrser EaJrrrqe trporilB-'


EEKa repeA {ponmu n ua fuaurax dara.rrrona (poru), otrpe4enser xapaftrep ero gefrcrnu, pacno.uolreutre oruesrrt cpecrB Ha rroatrquffx,
SaEr{MaeMrxEporEBrrIrKoM, ycTarrasntrBaeTrrpoMe}fiyrr(u, cla6o o6opoEfieubre Jrlracrl(u, a raxrr(e Bafparr{AentrflE rlpetrfiTcrrnfi. flpz nenoalroxocrn upournrryrr r rlydnny qepea 6oenue uopfiKrr uporunnuxa 6oeao paane,qnrnarurrnrr oaop, trptrMex.EflcbK Mecrrocrtr, Be4er paBBeAry ua6anxea[eM, upu udxo4truocrn Bruy?ffAaerrrporuBrruxa orxpbrrb
oroEb, ylorlEffeT pactronolKeEse efo ouoprrrx tryHnToB E orEeBrrY
cpecrB.
Bo Bcrpequou 6orc 6oeno paaregunarenrurr oaop BrsBnfie
EarrpaBJreuueBrirl{Burfi
enufl rrporuBrrtrKa, ero cEJrErE pydemu paaBeprrBaElIfl, A TarOKe XapaKlep MarleBpa.
B xo4e o6oponurerruoro 6on 4oaop orrpegeJrter curr trporuBurxa,
rirt.ilunzsmerocfi B o6opony, u ero EaMepeutrff rro coBeprtrentrm r,raueBpa.
orxo trporaButrr(, Ao;op EeueAJreEEo oxna4llBaer o6
O6napyxun
gTord, rrtrrcpf,lBaeTcfi r( ero fJraBEbrM cEJraM,onpeAenfler rrailpBnerrEe trx
B xo4e rrpecJregoBanuff rrportrBatrRa
E xapar(rep geiicrwm.
orxola
6oeso pagBeAlBarenluufi Aoaop 4ecrnyet rax rfie, ftaK tr paaBerBarenrsrl# Aoaop.
Paaeeu.aarnetonw oaop cutrofr. Ao BsBoAa BhrclrJraercfl or 6aranboua (poru), a orAeJrrrrbrpaare4rraarerrnpfr
Aosop - pactropflrr(eurreu
crapruero KoMaEAupa. Bano4y Moxrer rrptrAaBarcfl trHlrenepno-catrepuoe or4enenue (cauepu).
Ann Be4errufl paBBeAKtr euy yr(abrBaerc.E rratrpaJretue fiJrrr nouxpernrr o6bexT.
3aaqu paaBe,qrrBare.nrrrr (or,4enrnw paaBe[HBarenrnr) Aoaop
artroJrrr.Eerna6uro4eureM, BacaAaME, EaJrerauu, a upu neo6xo4uuoctu
r 6oeu. Kouangrp BBBo,qapaaBe,4ny ua6lroqesuelr Be4er auvuo. ,{,rn
ocMolpa MecTrrocTE tr MecTEbrx trpeAMeToBB rlallpaBneEtrr{ Bu}IieEns.E,
B cropoxe or Eero oE BrctrrJraerAosopnble orAenenrrx (rannu).
Bano4 B Aoaope 4ecrayer, r(ax trpaBano, lra 6oesux MamtrEax.
rrexorr, TaEKax (6poaerpancuoprepax). .{oaopuoe orAeJreutre Mo?r(er
BIuoJru.rrb ga,qaqy ua 6oeeo Marrruno trexorlr, Tarrxe (6pouerpaucuoprepe) r,nu B tremeM tropflAr{e, a auuo rra rrr}Kax. Begn pasne4xy BAanu
oT rrpoTuBrrtrKa, KoIAa BcTpeqa c HUM ManoBepo.ETHa,,qo3op ,qBtr,l(ecfi
o6nrsno rro ,qopore Ea uaxcuMa.rrno cxopocr[.
B paone sosuoffino
BcTpeqtr c trpoTtrBEEnoMoE trepeMeqaeTcfl cKpbITHo, fiaa rrpaBEno, BHe
lopor, oroEoro y4o6noro g.ux na6nro4eEqs tryEKr K ApyroMy. Ec.nr
B xoAe ABElKeHuff Aosop o6napyxur uporuBnxra r pefroue, B r(oropoM
oE lre trpeIronaraJlcfl, KoMaHAr{p EeMeJrerruo oKJrablBaer o6 arou
u u 4anruerrreM B BaBrrcrMocrtr or Eoryqerruhrx yrtasanu Epo4oJDfiaer
paBBsAKy o6napyxenuoro trporr{Bnlrna trJru BbrnoJrrrffer parree trocraBJreErry() 8aarry.
Paaae4xy tr troxoAnoe oxpauenne trportrBnnr(a pagBe4brBarenrnru
(ot4elrnru paaBer-rnarenruu) o3op odxo4ut, trpoggfiafl K ero rJrBEblM caJIaM. B cayyae sneaalno Bcrpeqtr c uportrBntrxoM, KorAa HeBoa82 raaea rperrx

lrolr(Eo ynJrorrtrTbcfl or 6or, Aoaop orrpf,rBaer ororrb, cuglro HauAaeT


Ea trpoTtrBEEr(a E, EcnoJrb3yfi ero SaMemaTeJrbcTBo,3xBTrBeTtrJrer{Ebrx. uocJre qero trpoAoJrlftaer BbrtroJruflTb Bagarry. B qeaax gaxBar
trJreunbrx, Aor(yMeEToB, o6paaqon Boopyrrteuug u doenofi Texrrrlnu trportrBEtrKA O3op ycrparrBaeT BacaAy, a Anff yEErrro?fieEr.ff ero cpeAcrB flAepEofo tr xuutrqecxoro HatraAenuff E Apyrux Br(Hbrx o6beKToB npousBoET EaneTDr.
B nacTyrrJreEtrtr paBBeAr'rRare.rtnu (or4e.irrnrrft paaBeAbrBareJIbxnr) aoeop, rctroirbayq trpoMe)r{yrr(E rr ornphrrHe ([.nauru n 6oesoil uopfiAKe trporuBntrr(a, cueJro trponnxaer n rny6uny o6oponn, Br.ffBJrget
pacuonoil(eHlle otropErJx uyEKToB, orEeB}[x cpeAcTB, HaJlUqIle u xapaFrep {opru{trKa{uosutr[f,
@opy)r(eurr u aarpaxrgeunfi, B rou rrucne uecra
ycTaEoBKu sAepEI{x rqE, onpeeJrfleTrrosEqEtr E KoopEr{aTbrcpecTB
fi,4epH0ro tr xMrilrecKoro HatraAeE[fl, orEeBEre tro3rrqEtrapTtrnneptru,
uecTa pctronorr(eHtrfi THX()B, tryEKToB JmpaBneHtrs rr pa{EoaJreKTpoEErx cpe,qcrn, pafronrr pacrroJror{euu.fi BTophrx rrreronoB (peaepnon),
aorrhr BapiDr(eurfl, paftourr paapyEerru, uoxapon u BarorrJreun, uyru
nx o6xo4a trntr EtrpaBJreulrfl trpeoonerrufi.
[Ipu pasne4ne orxo4flqeno rrportrButrr{a Aosop o[pegeJrser Etrrpalren[e ero orxo4a, cocraB KoJronE, troanqutr u py6exir, nororaBntrBaelrbre An.a odopourr n rny6uue.
(orgentnu
Bo Bcrpeqrrou 6oro pasBeAhrBarelrnu
paaBe4hrBarelrnu) Aosop ycranaBJrtrBaer cocraB rr rratrpaBJreuue ABEIHeHI-fi rnaBE6rX CUJrtrIlOTtrBrrEKa,UeCTaB HOJTOHEaX
CpeACTB
.EAepHOrO
E XtrMUqeCXOro Eatr4qcnu, HaqaJro u py6exu paaBeprhrBanufl, trosuqrtr cpeAcB
ff4epEoro tr xtrlf,ErrecKoro Hatra,qeHtrfi E apTunJreptrE, MecTa tryEr{ToB
ytrpaBneHns, cocTaB E naqpaBJreEtre Br/{Btr}fieErrfl BTopEx orrreJroEoD
(peaepnon).
B odopone trptr orcyrorrtrf,
HerrocpegcrBennoro cotrptrKocuoBentrfl c
trporEBHtrKoM Aoaop on fieE cBoeBpeueuuo o6napyxurb ero BHABrrlr(eEne u paSBepTHBaHEe,tro3qtrn cpeAcTB fiAepHoro tr xrrMlllrecKoro HatraeEurr E apTurnep[E, MecTa pacuonoxtetrufi tryrrftmB ytrpaBnerrtrfl,
BTopHx arfle.rronoB,peaepBoB tr Apyrtrx o6renros.
flpn paanegxeeono.npeapaaAooopycralaBJrntaer EaJrfirrrre,
tr xapar{ecraB
rep gecrnntrporrnBxrxaEa cBoeutr trpornnotroJro;xroM
6epery. O6uapyxrr upoTEBEr{xaa rrogcrytraxx rogro trperpae,goaopo6xo4nr ero EJIEnpourrnaerx BoAroft nperpa4esepearpouerr5rrxn B 6oenorropffIlre. Brrfts n ao4uoftuperpae,oB
orrpeAenfleree trfipuny, ray6rxy, cftopocrl rrerrertrf,,oocroflEuenofrmu. rpynT.qna
aarpaxgennfrna 6eperaxn B BoAe,uecra, ygo6uue
n 6eperon,ux xpyrr{BEy,EaJrEqEe
qln rfopcupoBaunx,BaJrEtrHe
nepenpaBff nx cocmlune. Ilcnonsy Ee BanflTrrre
rrpoltrBErrr(ouyqacrr(lr, EosoptrepenpaBJrflercrr
Ea rrpornBonoronsrr 6eper r BrlEBJrffeT ero otropEhre nyEKThrr pactronorlEue ofEeB[rx cIteAcTB,EanEqRe E xapaKlep Barpaxgexu.
IIpn reuosuo?r(Eocrn rrepetrpaBnrbcr Et trporrBorroJroxru 6eper
paane.qftao6oponxnqerocff Ea EeM rrportrBrune Be4ercf ra6lro4eunem co croero 6epera.
Paane4xa H.aicte&noeo nVr.Rma EacEnaercfi ocuorpoM eno oKparEH goaoprbru
orgeJreurreu (raxxou). [o oxorvanuff ocilorpa Aoaop pacuonaraecr BEe EaceJreunoI\o tryEKTa, CnpIrqo, EaroAsc B rol\oBEoclE troeptr(arb Ao8opEoe orAereEEe
(raxr) orueu, a rro tronyqennu cnrnana <Ilyrs cno6o4eur 6ucrpo BHABErarLcff B Ea-

0.

Ilogpaage-'renns n 6on &3

sa eAlEtrrI y
Odpaqaercr
Jrfire ocO6oe Bsmlasao
o&trelrlr rrygfiT. B aaceneuton
uepenpecTr(oB, BepxEtre oTatKE AoMoE E ApyIlE MecTa, re MoIyT OIl yc.ItrFOBJIeEE
orEeBbre cpecTBa IIpOTUSEET(a.
B aopa AoBop obrrlro Aafl,r$ercs BAon qopor' AoJrs' rPeiroB s Bo[er ptaoe4Iry uyTerr uoC.ueAoBaTeJIEOrOOCroTp& KOil&EAEtdX BIICOT II na6nrOgeauf C XnX. ,(O-

aDgax fi a lroBopolaME AOpOr'


ocDrorpoM ero OtryrI{E AOEopSIIM oTAenEEeM (arPaaaegxa *eca saqrEarcE

rrrfi paox uJrE Ea ynaaaxmri py6ex cEoeBpoMeEEoE B uonso ForoBsocrtr rt BbruonEeEnro 6oeaoii saaqff. BaffiuemnM lloKagargneM Mapltra
gBJrfieTcff cKopocTb ABtr}KeEITfl.
Ilpr corepmeuau Mapma no noporau cpeEnfi- cnopocrb ABnrfieEEfl
cueltraEEHx E TAEKoBrXKOJIIIB MOII(o 6Uffi 25-30 XU/r, anmuo6narnr-rx - 3040 xu/s
n 6onee. IIpn neperoane rEfioB Ea rfl)aeJrr[r
cpe[EsE cKopocrb Ex ABurr{eErrn Morfigr Aocrurarb rlo mocaBTOtrOeBAAX
ce 20-30 xrr/u, uo rpyEroBLIM Aoporalvr- 10-15 xu/c. IIpu eonepuermu Maprua B tremeu IropEAKe cpIIHEfi cnopocrb Morr(er 6urr 45 nrrr/Y,
a sa nDnax - 5-7 KM/s.
B ropax, trycrurrnx, cenepnlilx paiionax, n necucro-6olorucro uecrEocrtr D Apyrux nednaroupuflrnIx ycnoBxrrx cpeAEEs cr(opocrb ABtrqo 20 Krtiq. Bo Bcex cnyqafix Mapm AonrrcontrE lolr{er yuodrmarrcn
x{en coBeprnarbos c uanctrMaJrbuo BoBMo?r(Eon 4arnux ycnoBf,fix cr(opOCTITIO.

Melrt4y nogpaa4eneunf,M E MamEEaMu s onoune 6arcraqrn


tro uInIrr{M Aoporrd,
TaJrbora Moryr 6rrrr 25-50 u. IIpu grrxeuutr
B ycnoBugx orpauurrenno nu4uuocrn, B roJIoJreA' tro Aoporam, trMeloqI[M

llepelorxoillto nolpestromilxl
MorocrpenxoBrrro E Taar(onno trolpag4eneru.E Moryr ocyqoornnfiTb
trepeurnsEue cBonM . xoAoM .(uapmeu) trnt flepBo8urbcf, rfienesEoAopolrinrn r MopcREM (pevxrnc) rpaxctroplou. MomcrpenxoBxe tro4pasAonesrui,- xpolre Toro, MoryT trepeBo3ErboE BoSAyrtrElrM TpaEcnoproM'
a ragr(oBre flo[paaeneg6g. - Ea rfi?fieJrrrx aBTorIooBAax. Tor Entr EHo
cnocod trepeBn}fiellrfl trptrMeEfiercff B BaBEcnMocrE or qe.rlE' paccTofiEE.s, BpeMeEr, oTBoAEUOIo Ea lrepeBrur(eEEo' cocTo.EEEg I{O_riMyEUr(AOcnonrrnr
4E, iailusfrr. It Eoauo?xnocre Tpaxcrlopr*rx cpeflol.
cuocodou rlepe4Butfieuu.F troApaagenesn sBJlserc.f, Mapm.
trepegBzx(ese nogpaaAe.rleuu
9ro oprartrBoBanuoe
MaptutrO AOpOraM u noJroEErlt rIyTfiM B qenflx cBoeBpeMeEB ROJTOEITA-X
noro upn6urus B nasnaqesshli pafior trnE Ea yxaaanrn pydex
r uorxo 6oeno roroBgocrtr.
Ou uoxer coBeplllarbcfl B npeABtrAeEEtr Bcryfinonus s 6o uan Bse yrpoar cronr(EonextrE c trpornBntrxou. Mapm Molr(er ocyqecrBn"ETbcfi
x $poury, B4onr' {porta trJIE orrfpoura B TbrJI.Bo scex cnyqa.ExMapm
coBepmaerc.ff cr(prTEo, KaI( trpaBEno' EoqbK), a B xoAe 6oeawt gecrnufr
z n r;rydoxou THJIy clolilx noor - tr [Eeu.
B nrodrm )-cnoBuffx trorpaAenexzr Aolrrl(Eril npzdum B Eaaraqu&l ro"ra rpet"a

KpyIbIe

IIOIIreIfbIr

CIIyCKtr

I{ trOBOpoTbI'

a TAfiN{e

llpln

ABII]ROEtrE

c lroBblmeEnofr cnopocrbro trcTalrquE MelKAy MAruIfHAME yBeJIUTIUBAK)Tcfi.


Earraira Mapur n perltJlupoBautr.fi cnopooru
fl,na croerpeuexroro
ABulftentrg lrogpagAeneutrffM yxaabrBaloct ucxo4nu ITyEKT E IIyHrITbt
perynupoBnun. klcxo[srr tryEKr E rr5rxrcrbr perynupoBanlrfi no4pao[enenf, tI]oxoAT roaoso NoJIoIIEI B ycranoBirgtrgoe BpeM..
,{ln coxpauenun cuJr JIEqEoro cocraBa' H Irpe}I(Ae Bcero Bogtrlene,
trporepr(E cocroflEus BoopJDrteruf,, 6oeso u 4pyro fsxflnl(tr, trx
rIpEeMa trrqrf E orbfxa r{aTexEEqecKoro ocMorpa n o6c;ryxuBaElfl,
Eaauaqarorcfi
oman. llplsanu
Buatrarorcn npuaalL&, rev'o,(nwn)
qepea Rex(Anre 3-4 .raca ABBtr(eHEfl npogo.rtnTenbnocbrl
o oggofo
qaca E oflun trpnBax tpogoJDr(ureJrbuocrro ro AByx qacoB Bo nropo noB $oEqs
roBtrEe cyrorrEoro trepexoAa, a ['resuofr (uovxo) orErirx uapna
Ea
6onbmoe
conepmelrua
trepexoga.
flpx
rtalr(oro oJmowroro
pacoronrue qepea Eecr(onbfto trepexo[oB upr neo6xoEuocru tfio]fter
EASEArralbCn C5ruOVXnOTblx.
(norroro)
orggxa, a rafi}fte rrpnBnoB qpoIoJI?nE,{nx 4rerxoro
TeJrbuocrbrl Ao AByx qacon uuduparorcn paorn o ycnoBuflMu, 6l&totrpEfiTFhrMtr B OTEOItroETEr[&cntrpoBr{E u aaq,ufH or gAepEoro opyrnEf,t
A TAK?KE

C ,IOCTATOITEIM KOTETIEC.TBOH BOAI.

Ha upuna;rax, a paonax AEeBEoro(rouroro) orgwxa nocrpoelruo


KOIOSE trOqpa3ggneun

Se EapymAeTtfl,

EA
lArrtrIII OCTAESBJITrrIgIOTCff

upaao o6oqrge roporu se 6rnxe l0 u osa or Apyro EJrE Ea lucrsErttrflx. ycraEoBJIeHBrx l(ouanapou. IIpu Bbrnytr{Aenuofi ocrasosxe orIenbE}[:r MAIITEEOEt olBoAflrcH xa trpaByn cropoEy Aoportr, rAo yoTpaE.Erorc,a EeuctrpaBxoctr. flocrte ycrpauelrtrf, EenclrpBnocre MEuEI
trprcgepllg.EmTttr It 11poxAqe XonOuUe. Csoe uerO ogs AsnMaIOT
EA rrpEBAne.
llolpagAereaua

r 6olo 85

JItrErJ oocraB BrtatngBagrtf, .4 6oerro-t MarrrFF flsxomr (6poueTpaEctroprepon), rauxoB tr pyrm uarrrnrr roJrbno rro RoMaEAe cBoqr
r(ouan[poB u pactronaraerc.a clpaBa or Aoporr. B urmwaax ocTilrorc.E
na6nrogare.nz, [exypEue nyneMertruxn E paEcrbt, crpeJrftE-aenqrrluxl
pactronararctcg s6ruar MarrrEE B roroBrrocrq K yrqroil(enrro BoaAyrtrmrx qe;iefr trporuBuur(a. Sxxnaxr
6oeshrx urrrnn (pacveru, ro4grcnn)
trpotrBBo[.sr ocMorp BoopJDr{ogt.r, 6oenofi u 4pyro ToxEEKE u coBilecrEo

C EaBEarreEEhtM

EM B trOMOqb

JrlIIEbIlf,

COCTBoil

BhlrroJrEflroT

qecxoe odc.nyxtunarue E AoaatrpaBr(y lopnquu.


Iloxorcwfr. nopaon rur napuw Bftnloqaer cnelyroque
MeETb[:

KOnOEry

TJIaBrfHT

CEJI, IIOXOAEOe

OXpaEeEAg

TeXEE-

ocEonrrnre aJre-

E KOJTOEEy TbrnG-

Brx tro4paa,qe.nenufi. Bara.uuog Ea Mapme Molnor Eaxo,qrrbcfl B trepeAOBOMOTpgEe,aBErapAe EJrE B ftOnOEEerJrABEr.rXCnrt A pola - B r
.iroruo, 6oxooo, rulrso
noxo,qsofr ilacraBo [Jr[ B coc,TaoefionoEEH
6ara:rrosa.
floxo4ru
tropflAor{ 6atalrora
(poru), naauarreuroro n lepe4ono
orps4 Eiru aBaurapg (rononnyxl troxoEyro sacraBy), crpourcn c yserou drrctporo paaBeprbrBarqff tro[paa4enesr e 6oeso ropffAox E
Bcrytrnonufl -rx s 6o, Or cocronr EB KoJroEEbrr.lraBnrrx ctrJI E oxpauenux (puc. 15 sa ux.rr.).
fto.nonsa FraBqr;x cun 6atalrona
(poru) B saBtrttrMocr' or ycn*nurfr gf1u"oBrn Morfier Eurrb paanrilrrnoo trocrpoenne. Tannonoe noqpaaAe.rreEue, trpr,qaEEoe MorocrpenftoBoMy oara.urony (pore), cneAyer
o6uqso B roJroBe KoJroEElr, a MorocrpenftoBoe noApa4exene, trprrAanEoe ranftoBouy 6aranrony (pore), pactrpeAen.Eercff Mexrtry raunoBbruf,
poTaMfl, BSBOAaIIEtr CneyeT B trX trOXOAErXtrOptr[KAX 3A TaEr(Ar[u EJrtr
ffaauaqaerc.F B noxo[uoe oxpaueutre, apru]rnepufrcxoe no4paaAeneatre
cne4yer a 6oenrruu no4paageneun.srfln. flporunorauroam
BaBoA
tne4yer aa ronoBno uoxo4no aacraro EJIE sa roaosso poro rnanErrx cEJr 6ara;rrona. Ipauaroueruwfi
saso,q cnegyer oduquo aa roJtolno porofr riraBxlrx cn.n daranron, a nyleuerwr.rfi (upornnorauxoaouy.neuernrr) nsnog porlr - B ronoBe r(oJronubr poru. 3euarubrs rro4paa,qenentrs, trptrAannlre 6aranboxy, Bo Bcex cnyqa.Ex cnegyror 6.rrxe
K roJroBe Konongbr rnanurx cEJr, a BeEETHr'rfrBBBotr6ara.rrroua - c r(F
nonsoft roxoAsofi gacraso trJrE B cocraBe r;rlaBrrbrx cll.u 6ara.rtoua.
3a doesuMn tro4paaAenennfiMtr B troJrEoM GocraBe cnelyror troApaaAeneEEff TrrJIa tr Texgwreoxoro o6ectreqesns. MeAuquncxu nynxr 6araxbona cne4ysr o6uwo B ronoBe arux tropaage:rennii, a B trpeABEAoErru Bcrpevn c lrportrBggr(ou - oa doenwvr tro4paa4enegtrflMg, trpeAgagEaqenurlutr Ans Aecrsn.r B trepBou ame.rroue.
firln otparuenun, norlotulu, tur .n&pwe or 6ara;rtosa, cneyroqero B frepe.qoBoMoTpffAe JrE aBaErapo, BbrcbrnaroTcfi: B HatrpaB,'rerrtrEARrriKeIIEfl - roJroBEafftroxoAEaff aacTaBaB coclaBe B3BO4AEirE poTbr COCpeAcTBaME ycunentrfi, a ua {rnaaru E B TbrJrnpn ueodxognMocltr - ,qoaopEbre ore.lrenufi, TaEr{. Ioaossag floxosa-fl gacraBa culfo Ao porrr
BhrcInAeToT ce6fl ronosHofi Aosop B cocaBe BBBoa,a ro-,roBsa.flIIoxoAnafl sacTaBa cuno Ao BsBoAa u ro;ronuofr Aonop - osopnoe orAe8 rrra"a tpetu"

JIeEtre (raux) Ea yAaneEEe, odecllequBaroqee EadnroAellre aa EqM tr no[Aeprr(Ky ero orEeM.


floxoAxoe oxparreuue 6aranrosa AoJrlxrro o6ecuequrr decupennrctBeIIIIoe ABtrfieEtre rJraBsbrx cuJI, Ecr(JlrorrtrTbBse3trEoe EatraeEtre trpoIgBHUKA, O6eC[equrr BuoEnre ycnoBlIs Anfl BcryrrJreHa B 60, a rr,ITE IIO IOUYCTIIT trPOEtrITHOBEEI{'r
I( EITM EA8EMIIOfrPAANE4XIIIIPOTUB.
Etrr(a. Ha noApaaAeirelluff oxpaEeEtrfi Ea Mapme Bos.rraraercff rar(?r(e 3aAasa Be[eEufl pasBer(n.
flpn octauosHe daranbos Eg trp'B.n opra*.. trxoEro oxpareEtrfl OCTAEaBJruBarorcrrra BlirroAEbrx py6exax, opraHr!3yror nadarofteuue
tr EaxofiTcg B IIOCToffrnofr rorosEocrtr H OTpatr{eEr[Io trporEBEEr(A tr
o6ecuecenzro pBBeprbrBauuff darallona.
B paoue otqr-"a troxorroe
oxpaflesEe BrtronH.fie BaAaqtr clopoir(eBoro oxpaHeEufl. WV 3MeEfl_
eTcrr uM.

EeaEbrlr, noETponlo tr oKaSaEtrK) rrM troMorqtr.


flo.nyvnn Ba4arry Ea_Mapru, KoMaEAEp 6aralrona (porn) trpu yffcne_
Etrtr SaAarIua oqeHr(e o6cranoaxu xpoMe o6H.rnHX BOtrpoCoBusyqaer tro
r(apTe Mapnrpyr ABrD(efftrfl' ero upor.fi7r(eHrrocrb r{ trpoxoAl{tr{ocrb, ycJroRtr.a coBeprtreEEfi Mapma; pyoexu tr BpeMfl aepoxTlro BcrpeqlI c rrpoTtrBEr{KOMtrJrtr r(aKrM 4eCrnrau 6blrl rorosbM; Mecra a BpeM.flnpnBaJIOB' a rar(}Kg rdecra' BpeMfi E lropflAoK [oaaupaBX[ TexsuKtr, trptre]ta
JtrrqHrMcocraBoM rrn{tr u trotronEeEtrff SalracoB MareptranbH}ilx cpe,qcrB,
pacxoyeMhrx B xoAe Mapma; oqeEEBer MApmeBeBOsMorr(EoCTtr
mrarErx u nprAarrEbrx troApaBenenil; onpeAeJrser AotrycrEMbre cxopocrE
ABIDffEEII.flIIO YqACTKAMMAP]IPYTA E PACCqIITEIBAET
EPEMfl ABIDfiEIIUff
tro xa?r{AoMytrB Hnx; orleErrBael xapar(Tep MecrEocru n paone AEeBHOTO
(nounoro) orhrxa..(cocpe4orouenun), oupe4e.n.aer o6ru Eulnerrepnoro
ooopyAoBaHurr paEoEa E trpoEsBOAIrr Apyrre neo6xo4nur,re pacqeTbr,
a rar{ie ollpeeJrfler rropEAoK ua6lrcgennfl rr rroAAeprr(aErr.Ecr]ff3E B xOAe Mapma..
Vscnrs Ba4arry q oqentrB o6crauonxy, KoMaEAEp 6aranrosa (poru)
trptrrrtrMaer pertreHtre, B KoropoM otrpeerrfler: BaMbrcenqecrnu, aa4aqy uoApasAeJreHE.flM,CpeACrBaMycEneEtr.E rr opraErrsaqzro
naauuoge_
c?Btr.s u ytrpaBneEtr.fi.
B aaunrc.rre4ecrnu Ea Mapm onpeenfler: trocrpoe'rre troxoAroro
IlopflAr(a; cocraB, 3aatM u ylaneHue rroxoAEoro oxpaEeEtrfl; cKOpOCrb
ABUifieErr.E trO yqacTxaM Mapmpyr u AEcraEqEtr Mc)r(Ay troApa3,qe_
JretruqMu tr Mamr{HaMU; trOpfiAor( OTparr(eEEt yAapoB caMoJreToBtr Bep_
TOJIETOB
IIPOItrBIIEI(A, A B trPEBUAEHUtr
BCTJruJIEEtr.E
N 6O C trPOTEBEEr(oM' r(p0Mo roro, Eop,Egox gecraE roronno noxo4nofi aacraen (roJroBuoro goaopa), troaopabrx or,qe.nenu(raxxon) tr rJraBrrx cu.n, locrpoeutre 6oenoro tropEAKa E, BuF,MaEeBpa.
IloApaaAenern.q s 6orc 87

B doenou Irptrfiaae Ea Map KoMaEAtrp 6araaroua (poru) ynaarEaer: cae4euufl o uporunuur(e; sa4arry 6aranrosa (porrr); Mapmpyr
ABulKeHEff unu rratrpBnenue Eectuu daramosa B trepe[oBoM orpflAe;
Mecro B rroxo4noM rropfl[Ke troJrr(a (6aranmua); paon cocpeloroqenus
uln py6ex, BpeMfl upu6nrun (muo4a) B EaBIrqeEnHpaon uJrrr H
5rnaaannrr py6ex u K KaKUM gectnnxu 6urr rotostlu; ucxoqnn
IryEKl, tryflr{Tr peryntrpoBaEu.E tr BpeMfi Ex npoxoxr[eEtrff, Mecra tr
BpeMff rrpEBAnoB;AaAarrEcocee; 8aMrcenEa Mapm; BaAatu iloApa3[eJlerrrrflM 6arannoua E tropag4eJlenurm yctrnelufl (uecm u uoxogso
noJronue tr gagasu, n BbrtroJrreEuro Roropux 6urr rgl6s*lM); Mecra tr
nopsAoK osBtrpaBKE TexsEnE ropx)rrEM B xo4e Mapma, B trpeABaAeutrtr BcrytrJrexus B 6o, xpoue roro, pacxo4 6oeupuuacoo tr foprrqero Ea
BhrrroJrneHue6oeno aagrrtr; Bpeus roronrocrn K Mapty; uoprr4or( H6nro4errux E cBnau B xoAe uapma, uecro KoMat[no-na6.nnAarnbuoro
trJrEXTa B ftOJIOTEen aalrecrure;refi.
B yxaeaxrnx tro BcecroporlneMy o6ecneqesuro KoMaHAEpdata.nrona
(porru) ftpoue odtlsnux BonpocoB otrpe4elfier: uopffEor( trpeogoneutrfi
Barpax(Aeur u paapynrequfr sa Mpmpyre: o6reu u tropfiAor( EE?r(eEepnoro o6opy4oBauurr paoua EEeBEoro (nounoro) orqrxa (cocpe4ororenun); uepotrptr.ffrufl tro aaqure or Balr{urareJrr'Eoro opya(nfl; rropfiAon
noJlbaoBanufi upu6opauu Horrnoro Brrgerrufl (ocneqenur)
n MacxupoBntr, a ramrr(e uepu 6eaouacnocrrr pr troAepifiarufl Illrcrltrtrngglr
uapma.
flpu no4roroBr{e ft Mapmy trpotrBBotrrcfl trotroJruerrEe aatracos 6oetrprlfiacoB, ropKrrrero u Apyrux MaleptranbErx cpe[cTB Ao ycraEoBJreErtbrx EopM, ooyqecrBnsercfi Texaurlecfioe o6cnyxturanne Boopylr(eutrff,
6oeno n gpyro rexnEKE, gBar(yaqufl paneubrx u 6onrnux, a rKlfie
EAJIUmeClByrOqerOEMyqeCTBa U EeECtrpaBEOrOBo()pyil(eEtrfl U TeXHUT(U,
noropre Ee lroryr 6r,rrr orperrortsponauhr K naqny Mapma.
ltouang,up 6arasrona (porrr) opranr{Byer trponepr(y roroBuocru
troApaBAeneuu r Map[y tr ocyqecrBnqer Ko[rpoJrb Ba Bllxogou rro4pasgeaerufr paaoogr(f, rr oxpanerrrrfl.
floctpoeure RoJroEEbrrJraBrrbrx cun 6araarona (poru) co cpe4crBM )rcEnerrrrfl trpor.raBo4artn r pafrone pactronorrtenufl.
C nasaflon npooeex,waJ,rdpu pora (nano4), uaanayentrafi B roJroB*
EJilo troxo4uylo aacraBy, B ycrarroBJreuuoe Bpeua trpoxo4uT ucxoqnu
rryunr E ABuraercs tro rrapupyty 6aranboxa c ycranoBneuxo cnopocrbn. I[ouaugup poru (nsnora) cne4yer B roJroBe r(onox E cJre.qur
tro r(pre aa Mapupyr()M ABs?KeEus. Tecsrxr'tr, ToEEeJTEu Mocrbr ro.rroBEaff troxoAEaff aacraBa trpoxo,qtr 6egocrasosoruo. Paapymeupr,re yqacTr(u opor, Moclr, SaBaJrrEa MaprupyTe ABr|ir{eHEE E SaMnHUpOBAEEhIe yqacrxu pora (aano) o6xogut, o6oanasas ynaaxaMrr Mecra paspymeus (umupoaarrn)
u EatrpBnera.s o6xoa. O aarpax4enufix, aapaxterrubrx lrqacrr(ax, paapyuentrflx E EaIrpaBJIeEEffx ux o6xoga, a rafi,fie o Bcrpeqe c trporEBEuRoM r(oMaHEEp porn (uaro4a) orlarJBaet
BrcJraBueMy ero RoMaEAEpy.
88 rnasa rperss

f.rra.sure culrr 6aranbona trpoxoRr ncxo4rrr rryfixr ro,rouro xoJrorrul B ycrarroBneunoe BpeMff tr c BaArrHocrcopocrnro. KouaHgup
6aralnoua o6usuo cJre4yer B roJroBe NoJrourrtrtr,a KoMarrrrp porr BCerAa B fonoBe r(oJroIIEIpoTEr, cDepffeT Irc r(ApTe lfapmpyT Brr]KeHtrff,
GrrelJtrr aa gecrnuflME troxorHoro oxpaEelgnfr. n crporo rroAAeplr{trBaer
ycranoBneunrl uoprgon Maprtra.
flo4pasgeaeutrs Antrrrcrcfi ronbfto uo npanofr cropoue Aoporu, codnnAaq ycrarroBJrennrecxopocrr{ ABR}KeHuE,ucranqtrs Merfty nrrurrEaMu rI -Mepu 6esonaogocTtrABDfteHII.E,rcr{Jlmqaroque BaropI Ea Maprunpudopon rrosnor\o
iryre. Hovlxl MarrrrrunrABuramrcfi c r{etroJrbaoBEneu
yCrpnCrn rrJrrl c lroJrEocrbrc Bblx;rrruBEAeEES, CBeTOMAC,ftUpOBOqET-rx
treHErMcBeroM (npu6opauu Eoqrroro nugeunn).
Orpaxenue yAapoB Boal{ymnoro trporrrRnur{a Ea Mapme ocytr{ecrBn.flETC.E CI{NAMIT IIITATIIbIX

tr trPI{AAIIITbIX

SEITITTIIITIX IIOAPASAEJIEUU,

A TAIUfiE

orrreM Bbr4eJrenrrilx rurfl roro Morocrpenxorux (ranxonux) flo[pBgeaegn B ,qBull(elrr{EuJrtr c Koporxux ocrarroBon.
flo cnrgalaM otrouerqetru.Eo paAnoKTuBHoM,xrMuqecxou x daxreptronorEsecxon (dsoJroruvecxou) BpalKeHrrr 6arannon (pora) trpo,qorr,fiaer rtrrnenue. B 6oenrux Marunnax rrexorhr (6ponerpancnoprepar) u
laur{ax rrepe trpeogonentreM aon Bapax{eutr.EJrronrr, ,qBeptr, 6onuqr* u
tfianroatr BanphrBrcTcfi, BxJrtroqaercfl crrcrelrfa lrportBoTouno aaqlrTu, rruuu cocrB rrpu cneoBaxuu B rremeu tropn4r{e tr Ha orxprrbrx
ilrrunax HaeBaeruporuBorBu (pecuupampr).
Sonu c Blrcor(ruu ypoBurMrr pAffaUnrr, paoux paapymeun, noxapoB u garoulenu Ha Mapmpyre [Blr]Ker{trs 6araaron (pora), fiaH trpanN.no, o6xoglrr, trpfl HeBoaMo]nuocrr odxoAa aoubr Bapa(enug trpeo4oireBarorcfl c MaKcEMaJrsnO
cXOpOCTbIO
C nCIIOJT3OBEIIeM
CrlCTeMbr3amurr or opyxtu,q MaccoBoro uopax{errufi, urrercqecfl rra MartrtrHax. u
cpe4crB ru4unrgyanruo
BarEurbr. tlacrnsua.E ctrequaJrbHRr o6pa6orxa trpoBonrc.EtrocJre BirxoAa u3 BoH paAqoKTEBHOTO
AapaineErrfi,
a nps uptrMeEerrtrE rrpoTr{Barrr{oMorpaBrfi roqux DetrIecfB - rreMel(Jrer{no. floanas ctrequaJrbuan o6pa6orxa rrpoBor[rcs, xax trpaBnno, u pafrone eBuoro (novuoro) or4rna rrJrr{uo upr6uruu B Hauassau paoE.
flpu aauecestrE trpornnrur{ou .ffepnrrx E xrrurirsecxux ygapoB tro Rononne rnu n6.ilsau Mpmpyra ABtririeurr.sr{ouarrg}rp 6ara.uroaa (poru)
ttpr{uuMaer Meprt r( BoccrarronJlextrK} doecuocodnocril, JrtraBtrAaquu
rrocJregcrB r{ ygapor E trponoJr}fienuro ABr.r}fienrr.s.
B oryuae trpulreueuufi trporsBnurot BixtrrareJrbnoro opyffu.fl. a
rarofie rrpu BrEylneFrroM trpeooneusu pafiouon rroniapoB Jrroftrtr, 6ofi'Eurlr tr ,r{arroBrr rar{xon u doesux }rartrr,rrrrrexorr (6poxerpanctroprepon) aaxprrnanrc.fi. ltouangnp 6araaroHa (poru) 6rrcrpo BrrBoBr nonouxy ua paona flo]Rapa Btrepe trJru B HaBerpeEEyKr croponyr ocraEaB"Tr.rBaer
ee, oprafltrByer rymeuue oqaroB orlrff Ha Boop)';fierl{lr, 6oero u 4pyro rexurxe, ctrceure nalroro cocraBa E ofiaaarue euy trepro uepuquncxo trouorqtr, uocJre qero daraaxrn (pora) rrpoAoir]r{aer
BTDftEIIITE.

floApastreaegns

n 6oro 89

IIpu conepmesun Mapma c tecv B trpE AEsrrEEu e zopoe yganeEre troxoqnoro


B KoJIOEEeCORpAqaI(/rCfl.Ha Uepexpecroxpa.EeEu.gtr AucraEqEr{ Merft/Iy MaITIEEaMtr
rax, re BTpyAEeEoopEesrtrpoBrue, BrcTaDrsKrrcgxopomo BEAUMIeyKaBaTenE
snt opfa.E[3yeTcfl peryJrnpoBa.Etre ABtr}I(eEsfl.
B eopax oco6oe BEEMaETeygen.Eerc trpoBopxe trctrpaBnocrtr xogono sacr E
!{exaElrsMoB ytrpBneflEE }ramnE, E3yrleEtrroTpynFollpoxoAlrMbrx yqacTKoB MapEpyTa, otrpee.qeHaroropfiAfia trx ilpeooneEllfi Il opraEEsaqtrIl Ileryntrpo8ilrrE Ea $rEx
yrlacrfiax, Ha scex MarrrrrgaxAonlr{Hbl 6rurr aapauee rloAroroBireuu AotroJrgrTeJrlgrte
trptrorroco6neur{fi An ygeptfiaflrr Martrrru Ea ocra.EoBxax, Cropoctr ABnTKeEEEEa
rloA'beMax, cllycfix a Apyrtrx Tpy4ronpoxoAtrM6lx ycacTxax MotfieT yMeEbluTbc.fi,
a Aucraxr{trfi Menqy MamHaMnyBennstrBarctrcffAo rrpe4enos 6eaonacsoro Anntr(erlrs.
Ocraqonxn cJre/Iyer Aenarb r{ poBgr'rx yqacrnax 4opor, o6uwo B Mecrax, 6egouaoEbrx or RaMEerraAoBr{ cFe}KE6I-riJraBtrE. Henran ocraganJrqBTb Konorsy B pycnar
B[CoxmrrxpeR, Ea BoAocronax, Ea Kpylbrx noAbeMax E crrycRax, a raftD(e EaA o6prBOM ENU

trO EEM.

Itrepeeosnn socn ?,cettuoAopox.ttbrn,, .nopcnun Qte'ttt'utx) mpav,cBO3nopnxoil ocyqecTBn.EeTc.s oAHtrM-AByM.EBO[rrcK[ME SmeJIOrlAMU,


r(oMaHAautr,
TE]KeJIr'rY
HecxoJrbKtrMu
Ea
aBTpaHcrloploM
Aymrrb[M
rotroeaAax - oAuo KonoErro.
fina coxpaqeuufl Bpeuexrr Ea oprarruaaqurc uepeBogxlr rcoMarrEp
6aranrona oJrtr(enEMerb roroBre Bapuarrrbr pacqeroB Ha rrepeBosr(y
SaranroHa paaJrnrrrbrun Btr,qaMlrrpauclropra. Pacset Ha neperoar(y cocraBJrflercfl c yqeloM coxparreErrfi opraHr{aaquoHrro qenocrlrocrtr uopaaqeneuu f, odecllesellu rD( roToBrrocrl{ K BeerrEru6os uocne nuDpyBr(8.
fiux norpyaxu (uocagxn) na unarrbopurr, B BaroHI, H cy4a, B caMoJrerhr (aepro.retu ) 6atarron y yfi as BIorcflcrIrquff , uopr(upuc ta ur )
Exrr aepopou (uaoqaAxa) uorpyaxu (uoca4xu). ,{o uorpyanu (uocagrl)
troApaaAeneutrs EaxoArcfr, B paone ornrl{antrs, a trocJle Burpyar(E
Bbrxo4.flTr paon c6opa. Bpeur trpedblBaxua n paone olnul{r{trs Ecrronbayerc.E An.fl troAroroBr(tr x rrorpysfie (uocagxe) r uocneAyrc4tru
lecrBtr.flM.
flpn uepenosr(e )Keneano4opo)r(Huu (uopcxuu, peuunu) rpanctropTOM ftOMaHAUp6aranroEa, KaH lrpaBrrJlo, EaSllqaerc. EaqaJlbnuHou
BoHoxoro arrrenoua. Conuectso c BoelrrrbrMKoMeEAarrroMXenearrogopox(rroro (nognoro) yqacrra r{ crarrqru (uopra) oH yrorlu.fler pacqer Ha
rrepeBo:|Ky nrflrHoro cocraBa, BoopyifieHrrx, 6oenofr r gpyro rexlrllHtr,
EuyqecrBa tro4pa:r4eneuzuo BaroHaM, nearQopuau, cyAaM trnu cygoBrMtroMeqeuuflM, cocraB"'rffer unau trol'pyaxt (uoca4xn) uogpaa,qe.uenu, oupegeJrfier BpeMff EarIaJIatr oxoxrlanus ee, otrpeeJlffer lropflAor
BbrABrrx(eHnffrroApaaAeneutr K MecraM trorpysxr[ (uocagru)' upoBoAur pefiorocrlupoBr(y paoua o?ilEAanu"ff, craqquu (uopra, upucranra), MapmpyroB Bl'r/{8tr)fieur4n uoApBAenennfi I( EEM H rr Meorau
trorpysnn (uoca4xN) r,r craBr{T BAarrErrogpaseneurrflM.
Llpu ueperoaxe BoBAyIrrrIbrMTpanctroproM KoMarrAlrp Morocrpelrxosoro 6aramona (potr'r) conuecrno c r(oMalrAspoM rlacru (uogpaa4elenun) eoeuuo-rpaucrroptno (apuecxo) aBtrqutr EJItr RouarrArrpou orpx4a. (rpyuurr) rpa;xgancxo aBzaqutr yrorln.aer rrop.fi,qox uorpyann
90 raasa rperrs

(uocagru). uecra croflEori u 6opronrre HoMepa cauonroB (neprrxeroa);


cocrBJrfier pac,ser Ha rrepeBoaxy nu.lnoro cocraBa, Boopyrxeuu.r, 6oeno u lpyro Texnur(u, doeupmacoB, ropxxrero, Marepuanbrril(cpeAcrB
BepronerM, uJrarr trorpyaxu (nocapnn)
trolpaageJrenr no cMor-rprM1
u ctrrrcxtr KoMarrA na xarx4u caMorer (reproaer); oupee.rr.flerorrepe,qHocrb r[ tropfl,qox rrorpyaxu (nocagxu) E BbrxoarroAps4eneuu, npeun
EAIIAJIA

E OI(OIrIIAEtrfr

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TPOBOAET

PCftOT]IOCqTPOBKY

PAOUA

O}Ktr,qA-

Etr.fi,aap()tropta (uaoqagon), uapupyroB Bbr-xoAatropsenenr x uru


E ri MecraM cror{rxrr cauoJreloB (repto;reror), crarnr BaAaqurro4paaeJIEEIT,flM.

B upunaee Ha rrepeBoaft.yr(oMannp daralnona yraahrtseer: cBegeflufr o trporuBrrufie; Ba4aq]' 6ara.nroua, rroMep Borfrrcl(oro arrenoua (xouangu), rruuenonarrrie cyr{a (c,y4on), dopronrre HoMepacaMoJrerou
(reproneror), crarrqrrp (uopr, trpucrarrb, aapo4pou EnE uaoqa4xy)
trorpyanu (uocagxu), paou o?fiuartr.E tr Mapflrpyr]r B]rxoAa r ErrM; BpeMfl Earlana rr or(oErrarrufl trorpySKn; SaMErcenHa trepeBoSKy, pacnpeAeireurre [o4pa3i1eneur, ;rnuHoro cocrana, Eoopyffierrtrfl E TexEtrxE tro
BotrEcxr{u artreJrouaM(xorrlaugau), BarorraM, trrraropMau (cy4au,cy4oBbrMrroueqe.Etrsu, caMoJreraMann BeproJrerau), osepe4Hocrr, u tropn[ofi
rrorpyaxa rropaBAeneuuft, oprantrBar{Ero rrporrBoBoa4ymso o6opouu
(naanavennre elffypubre rropaaerrerru.a,rrop-sAox Ae]Kypcrts, ornp]rTna

II BeAeIIEfl

OIIttr

IIO RO3A]rIIIIIbIM

qeJl.fll',

I(OntrqeCT]BO,

C.OCTaB E MeC-

ra na6nxrlareJrbnrJx trocroB, IrocroB Bogyruuoro na6nro4euug nrx sa6.nrogate.'re); cocraB cyrotrnoro Eapr{Aa a trorpyaoaruo-Bhrrpysorrur-rr
fiouarrg; aaaqa iloApaaAenentr.flM; KoJrngcrBo BarorroB, u;rarfopu,
uoMepa caMoJreroB,BeproileroB, Kaxtr, naly6, rpIoMoB tr,qpyrux troMerqenlr, nouepa Borrncr(u:( xourrA trng paaueulennfi nrqlroro
cocraBa,
Boopylxelrtr.fl r,r rexurrr(rr, oqeper{ocrb tr nopr4or( trorpysxr (noca4xn),
Mecro n noxono xoJroHge 6ara.nrona (auelona) trpn Bf,rBnrr(errtrE EB
paorra oxtrrauu.ff r( MecrM trorpy:Jr(tr (noca4nu) tr tropror qecrnufi
trocne BrrpysKu; seH.ErEbrMuopaeenerrE.fllf - 3aarr4 tro rrpuHplrraf,l
B uyru cJreAoBaHEtru upu Dl,rrpJisfte, cocraB KoMaHA (uapa4a), ax aaArrrr tr BpeMff roToBEocTE r( BriltroJrnelltrIo, BpeM.s roToBEocTE ItBrABtr?rientrK) ua pafiona orfiE4ar{tr.a u foroB}rocTrr r( trorpyar(e; onr(Eocrurx
JrEq arflenoua, Mecro rax Haxo?fiAeutrff B ameirorre (ua cy4ne) rurr EoMep
caMoJrera (oepto,rera), B r(oropou oEtr cJreAyT, cnrrraJltlorloBeqerruf
tr ytrpaBneE.ff.
floc.re or4aqr trpur(aaa Ha nepelosr(y ffMarrup dararuoua (navanrEtrx BorrHcr(oro rrreJrorra)Aaer yr(a3aHtrfi o trop.EnrcetroroToBKrl troDu;nuoro cocBa An.E rrorpysffu arneJrona, o cuoco6ax pasMeqeutfl n
nperrnentr.E Boop)nt{eutrfi rr rexEnn H no4Bnx<rrou cocraBe (cy4re),
o6 opraursaquu oxpaxlr B rtreJloue trnE Ha cygrre (yrouaaer c,ocraB
cyroquoro Ep.sAa.BpMrr n tropflAon ero cueanl, Mecra trocroB, o6ssaulrocrtr qacoBr.rr E tropr{Aoa cBr{BE c nuur), o Mepax 6egouacgocrt lrptr
trorpysxe (anrpyaxe) r B ro4e trepeBoar(a, o uop.EAXe4ecrru rro ctrrEanaM otroBeqeHEfl E )"npBneEtr.E,a TaRfie AaeT yftaaaElt.E tro oprIlutaqtrE 6oeroxr, I'exuwrr:cr(oro u rrilJroBoro odecneqeuufi, Baqrilru or BaIloqpa3Aeneuils

r 6oro 9l

,RrrraroJrbroro opylnnfi , rrportrBotrorfiapuo oxparrlr (anapnno-cnacaTeJrbnf,rxpa6or).r [o.rr[rtrrrecno padorbr Fa rropuo trepeBor(u.


BHgnnrenue us paoxa o)fttrAauufi ocyqecrBJrs.ercfi. B trop4grte tr B
cpoxu, yclarroBJlerrrrre r(oMaHAEItoM troJIKa.
Iloepyarca soopyxewr,fl.t rnetH,tr,ttL
u nocana uv&oeo cocrnaaa,trIrcEBBEqrc.s B crporo yrtaaarnoe BpeMfi, cnprrrro, c codnrogenueu uep 6eaotrcuocrr u rrpeltorBpaqeuuff rronoMon Boopyxentrx, 6oeao TexEEKrr
tr rpaHcrropTrr[rx cpecrB.
B uepuyro oqepeb rpyascff Boopyrftor{Ee, 6oeB&s n Apyraff rexxtrH, aatraJrbtr
6oerrpnuacor, roproqero tr ,qpyrnx MarepllanHbrx cpe4cru.
flpu arortr Doopy)ilentre, doenar n Apyfan rexHEKa paaueqarorcn c yrreTOld OIIEPEAHOCTU I{X BbITPYAKtr,

A 3EIIETHf,IE

CPCACTBA -

Bcrpernufi6ol

C YqETOM BO3-

Mornuocrn Berruff ornff tro BoagymrrflM r{entu. fhanaroqan rexnur(g


u BeHtrTHbrecpe4crBa, Br'r/Ieneunbre[nff trpnxptr[TFfi paona trorpysrlu,
e raxlne rffraqu, upegnassaqenuhre 4rr odecuerreus 6ucrpofr'uorpyattu (nnrpyanu) ryceuusro rexnaxrr, {pyanrcn na nnarifopuu (cypa) n
toc,'IerrroK) oqepeAb.
Boopyxenue, 6oerar rr Apyrafi Texnrrxa! Marepnanr,Ebre cpe4crBa,
trorpylxerrurr H uognrxno cocraR (na cyga, B caMoJrerr,ueproteru)o
Hae}I(Ho3aapetrJlflIoTc.E,a Marrrr4Hb[,
KpoMc TOfo, cTaBTcffHa TopMoEatr
Hrrmyrc fiepeasy. flonoporurre Mexanrnauu 6amen 6oenux Mamnx BacrotropxBarorc, crotropru uaoudnpyrorcfl .
Sanacrr dcleupuuacon u roproqero, Kr{ trpaBuno, rpyaflTcr B paarrble Broubr (xa paanue cyga, B paanrJg caMoJrerrr, neptoreru).
floca4na Jru.rnoro cocraBa B Baroxr (na cy4a, B caMolrerf,r, Beproaerrl) rrpouaBo4nTcfl.rro oxorrlrarrun trorpysxa Boopyrr(enrla, 6oero [
gpyro Texaur(tr, a raroKe amyrqecrBa, o6r,rvuo HetrocpegcrneflHo trepeg
ornparxo BonEcxoro alrrsrrona (rouangu) ffJIn Btrxoa cyAHa B Mope,
rlo He IIoBAHeeqeM $a 10 unx o orrlpaBJrerrr{f;.
Ilorpyana rexnur{r{, rpyaon tr rrocAxa Jrr{qroro cocraBa B caMoJreru (aeproaeru) oc yqecrBJr.srorcf; rro yfi Bannro rioMarrAupaaonaquonuofi
rrcrn (uo4par4eleunn).
Vnpaenerute s sotntcral.n ililelrov,e (na cy4ne) ocyqeerBnrrerc.* c ucrroJrBorantreu'uponognnrx cpe.ncrB cBfi ar[, nurrnhtr{ odqennen, cBfi gnbrffff, a raxllie oneroBhrxr{ r{ g}yr{oBlrMtr curnaJrauu. Houau4up 6araarora (potH) co mradorc (rava.'rrrruxo!{ Bounrxoro amerona) upn uupeuoeKe rl{eJleaHoAoporr(Rr,rM
TpaEctropToM pa3MeqaeTcs, fiaK trpaBuJro, B
cpp.qfirre ameJrora, uuex rereQouuyxr cBffBb c HaqanbutrHou xapyna,
ua6.uru4are.rrbr{rulrtrocraullr Tarofte c Mrrruructonf retrJroBoaa (enexrpouoaa), upu uepenoare Mopcnrru (pe.runrrrl) TpHcnoprou - B o4no
uB r(aror r.trr B orAeJrbuou cyAoBoM trouetrIeutrrr. flp* trpeBoaxe qosyrrrbrMrpanctroprou fioMaugup 6araltona (poru) N tlra6 cneAyror B
eocTaBeBotrEcntrx KoMaIr,{.
B uyru crreoBanufl a galrrclrMocrtr or cJroxtrismec.s odcranonxs
6aranron (pora) ,qonffien 6rrm roros r( E[rpyBKe B HerrororonJrerrubrr
Mecrax, GrrAoBaEEroMaprueu r( Mecry rrasHarreEtrfi a o6xo,q Borr aapa(elru., pa.ouonpaap5rmensfr, norftapot r samureurr, BcrylJrentrro n 6o.
92 rrr""a.perrs

C upudnrreM B l(oueqnrrft uynxt nepeBoanrr datalron (pota) nurp)'rxertrr c ccrdlro4enneM lrlep 6oenoro o6ecuesenu.E E BlxoAET B
pafrou c6opa a roroBuocru It BrxoAy n paon cocpeAororrelrus IIJIU It
BbrtrJruegrrro6oeso arIE"

Bcrpevur,r 6o uoxet BoBIrr{KEyrr' uu*u4a Mapltr, rrptr pagBI{TEE


r{acryrilreus.ff, a rafi?fie upn [poBeleurrrr Konrparax B o6opoHe. B uacryrirenua ncrpevnra 6o daranr,ou (pora) Mo)fier Becrx c peaepBaMlt
ilporr.rBxsna, BbrABtrraroqtrMucff ra raydlrur r{,{u ue-aa tfnauroB A.n
rrpoael{errufl Kourparaxu trnE salrffxn o6oponu. B o6opone rctpeuun
6o uoxer Boarrrrxffyrb rrpu Dl'r4arr?r{enr{u6atanrona (potu) Bloporo
srfienoxa Jls trpoBe4enu.eHollTparar(lr trJrtrAJIfl Barrqrlls o6oponH Ha roM
EJru EHoMpy6exe upll ilpopbrBe trportrBlrtrna n rly6uuy.
Bcrpevnu 6n xapanreptrByerc.fi 6uctpHre cd.rruxenreu crolnr tr
Rcryrrneur{eM rdx B 6o c xogy, Htrpfl?r(eulro6opl6o 3a Brtrrpxrlr BpeIreHft, SaxBar E yAepHiaHuetrEItqI{alrIBI, peSKuME E qacrrMlr llSMefleHuflME odcrauosxu, paaBeprrnauueMecrnn Ha rtrupoftou Sponre u
qx cftoporequocrbro, EaraqaeM oI(pbrrrn( {.ranron u trpoMe)fiyrnoB' Aotrycnarorqux cno6ogy MaEeBpa.
Peuraroqee Buaqeurre B ocrlrlxer{Err paBlpoua uporlrBntrKa Bo
BcrperruoM6oro umeer yupe?r(Aeutreero B orHeBoM troparl(euulr n n qecrBr{ffx troApaagelenn. flo,qpaege.lenrq 6ara;roona AoJl}nrrf,r ynpe4flrb
trporuBrrrrta B slaxBare BblroAHbrxpy6exe s [epBb{MIr Haxecrtr Blresatrun y4ap BceMtr ctrJIauE tr cpe4crBaMtr, a Aocrtrrnyru ycrrexcBoeBpenerrHoEcroJrbSoBarbu paSBuBarb.
Baranrou Molr{er Becrlr acrpevnrr 6o cauoctoflTeJrblro' 4ecrnyx
B rrepeonoMorpflAe (ananrap,qe) Irnrr B cocraBe rJIaBHriIx ctrJr' a pora s roronuo (6onono) uoxogxo sacrare trJrE B cocraBe rJIaBrIr'E cEJI
daranrona. flepe;1ono orpflA go py6exa, roropu oH <ulrr{etr saxraTrrrb, ne{er ncrpe'rulr 6o ;rurur B rou cryqae, ecluo6oru nporlrBlrtrxa rreRoauorr(floJru ueqe;recoodpasuo.Anaurap4 Bo Bcex cnysa.ffx yntrsT0rffer rroxo,qEoe oxpaEerrae trporllDrrux, cf,ieJlo trpopbrBaelcff x efo
rJracrrbrMcuJraM, orHeu, Aepar(trMurr pomfiTeJlbnbrun gecrnurur H.aEocrrt rrM uopalxenlre Enu paaBeprrBaercfiEa BrJroAEou(4octuruyrou) py6erte, orrreM Bcex cpe4crB rr aHTrrBIrbrMu,qectnurun croBf,rBaertrpoTEBEufta ua rtrEponou {ponre r odecuesqsaet 6naroupuflrnble ycnoBl{ff
An.fl paaBeprraHqfi rr BcryrrJrenns r 6o TJIaBErxcrrJr.
Bo ncrpevnou 6oro 6atalrou, xaff rrpaBEJIo,Eanocur yap tro oAEoMy rr3 $nanron trporuBsl(xa. IIpu HeBoSnolnEocrEnpoBeAeEtrs MaEeBpa
(oxnara ogrroro ua {nanroa) uaxocurcs cunrur, nueaaunu y4ap c
Iloalras[eregng

s 6on 93

t
Ea Meorxocru,gocrynuo
4:ra
{poura. Haupaanentre ygapa nu6rpaetcr
gectnu rar{KoB n BMII (ETP).
saarla
Earanrony (pore) Bo Bcrperruou 6oro craltrrca dnnrafrmas
x ynBrnaercfl EarrpaBJrertre ga;rrnefimem EacrJrIrJreEE.E.
(potu), 4ecrnyroqero
B c,ocraBe
Ennxauraq aa.qaqa 6aralrona
rJraBrrrx cl[n, EaKnx)qaercfl B pa8lpoMe Ha cBoeM HarrltaBneEEu ocEoBtrporaBurrr(a, yrru.rr]tteuuu trJru gaH[x crrJr nporuno4eficrByloqero
xrare aprtrJrneplltr rr oBJIaAeHEu py6exou, o6ecueynnaroquu BE{r$AEeycJroBHtr An. yHrurolr(eEtr.E troxoAffqtrx pesepBoB tr pa3BtrTEtr EacTytrJrerrnfl.
crpotrrcs, rtaft trpaBuJlo, B
Boenoft rropflor( 6atamona (poru)
oAE aruenor{ c Br'rIeneuueu peaepna. Baralrou odrilmo 4ectnyer coauecrEo c trpEl{arrHbrMrr raEr(oBhrME troApaaerreEf,flME, aTaKa ocyqecrBJr.fierc.s, xafi lrpaBtrno, na 6oerr'rr rda[Euey uexorhr (6pouetpauctroprepax).
Houangup 6arannona (porrr), 4ectnyroqero B aBanrap4e (ronoruo
uoxogno aacrane) uJrE B c,oc?aBe rJraBrr[x c[Jr, NaR rrpaBuJro, tronyrraer na ncrpevurr 6o 6oesoe pacrroprfieuue. C uonlreuueu Ba,qaqnEa
rcrpeunry 6ofi xouaunp, BcecrotrX)rrEeoqerrtrR o6crauonry, otrpeAarrffer cftJrbr u cocraB Br-r/{Buraloqerocs trporlrBnur(a, nepontuu py6ent
ycnoBufl AJrfl MrreBpa,
Bcrpeqfi c HEM, HanpaBJre]rueero 4ectnd,
Blrrorrhrepy6exu Antr pailBeprllBarrufl, py6ex uepexoAa B araxy, ilapurpyrr r[ BpeMfl Bf,ryoa Ea E[x, EapaBJIerrEeEacryrrleuug 6ara.lrr'oga t
IX)r, sareM orrpeenner saMhrceJr E oTAaeT 6oeno trptrr(a3 troApa3eneEEffM.

C aansaro 6os rorosuo uoxo4xo aacraaofr rouautrp 6atalroua 6rrctpo orlextrBaer o6cranorry, trptrrrtrMaer pomene ua rctpeunrui
6ofr, craur
aa,qarrf, rropaBAeJrerr[fiu tr BbrnBuraerc.s x roroeno uoxo4uofi :|craBe. Ha ocnone peaynbraron 6o.r ronosno uoxo4no aactaBhI, Jlr[lrlrr.rr ua6.uro4enr 114rrpblx paBBeAKtroE Ea uecT'ocltr yTorrEfler cBoe pementre tr AoBonETyroqueunrre BaAarrr[Aoro4paaAeaenu, gaer
yfiBaEtrfl tro Bauuoecrnrro I ocEoBHf,[MBotrpocaMBcecropolruero
o6ecueseunr 6oa, a rafi?r(e flpuurrMaer Mephr r( Boctrperqennn o6xo,qa
trpornBrrnroM cBorx {nanron.
Bcrpevnu 6o 6aralr,oua, gecrayroqero B aBanrap,qe, EaqEEercfl 6oeu ro.ronsofr uoxo4no sacranbl c noApaaeJlenrrgux rroxoAHoro
oxpauentrfl rrporuBrruna. flpn Bcrpeqe c Meur'ItruMtr E paBrrrdMu tro cure
tro[pa3Aerrer{trflME rrpoTtrBEEr(a mJroBEafi troxo,qHafi EacTaBa pertrETeJrbErMtr4ecrnnnrru c xo4y ynrYTo?r(aer Ex tr trpo4oJrrfiaer BbrrroJrnffTb trooraBnerruyrl Bagarry, Bcrpernn upeBocxosqero tro crrne nportrBrr[Ka,
ona Bauuxaer BErroAEbrpy6ex; HalroctrT tropalmerrtre trporuBntrKy orEeM E O6ecue.runaer ycnoBufi Anfi pasBeprrBarru'I tr BcrylrJler{ns n 60fr.
6ara;rnona. JIrsnH cocraB rdorocrpenxoBrilx por nptr arou ctrerntrBaercs. C trepexoou B araxy rJraBEElx cun 6araflr'oua ronoBlrafi troxoEax
BacraBa Eacrytraer B yragalruou e uaupan.lreutrE.
Batamon, gecrnymqnfr r nepe4oBou orpflne, EaxBarEB yr(aaaurrsfr euy py6ex, yAeprr(EBaer ero Ao troAXoAa rJraBEr'rY cru. Ecau upo94

aJasa

1tq16r{

rtrBrrtrR lrupeguJr nepe4oro orpffI D BErxoAe E yxailaExu py6ext, netr T}rJr Ha.Eocur trope4ouo orpsg pBBeprr'rnaercfl, ygpou no {laur
parfienue trportrBl{Elty E oBJrageBaer I{aBrraqeHE}rM euy py6eiou.
B ycnonnnx, KorA uporuBrrr( ytrpeguJr 6araurou B pasBeprhrBantrE E trepexoe B EacrytrneEEe, ftoMaEup 6aralroua (potu) opraEuayeT orpa"meHEe ero yAapa qacTIo cfrJr c MecTa, a rnaBElrMuc;tran{fr.
EarrocET yAap Bo saanr E TbrJrEacTJmaloqero trpoTtrBEEKa.
flpn uour'rtxe trporzBlruxa uepern x odopoue ocrronnre ycrrJrtr.E
daranrona (potu) EaupaBnfirlrcff Ea to, utodtl rre Aotrycrurb oprutraoBrruoro saE.flrtr odopoxute.ubuoro pydexa, c xoAy BopBarbcrr Ha aasnlraeurr py6ex uru o6oftrs ero, y4apaMr ro Slanr tr rhrJr ynnlro}KETb rrpoTrrBErrr(a tr trpoAonlr{arb BbrrronEfiTb rrocTaBneHHyK) 3aAasy.
O6napyrrm orxo,q trporr{BrrtrKa, datanrox (pora) treuegneurro trepexoAur B pemtrTeJrbHoetrpecne/{oBaEtre.
flo4paagenenrrq rexntrrrecnoro odecneqenrff u rErJIa 6ata.nroua c
aassexo Bcrpeqnoro 6on paaneprIBalorcfl aa doenuuu uopngxauu 6alanboEa tro BoSMo)r(EocruB TEKoEeAocrytrnoM paone D roToBlroctr K
Eeme4nerruouy o6ecueveullo lrogpaa4eneuufr 6araltoua 6oenprnacaun,
E or(aaannlo rexlrtrqecfto u ue,ququncrofi troMoqtr.
mpnqru
Baramonuu ueAsqrscxq tryur(T Etryur(r rexutrqecnoro rradJrnAeEtrg trepeMerq,arorofl Ba rropaa4eJleurrffMrt 6aralrona B roroBnocrrr r(
trOMoqtr pAEeHIlM, ABAKyaquu,peMOHTyAaCrprnme U Br'rrneAOI(aAaHtrIO
mefr ss crlloff TxHERlt.
Kouan4up 6ara;rrona B xo4e Bcrperlfforo 6on uaxogurcg Ea r(ouanAno-na6JrroarenbrroM trynxre 3a poraMu trepBoro ameJlona u ytrpaBnner qefrcrBufi Mn troAqtrHexultlx KoporlttrMu 6oes uun paotrop fi)fi ntrfl Mu
rro pa{Eo.

n xr aH KoBbl x
Hacr ynnex tr em oT oGT per KoBH
n0[pa3[eneHHfi
Hacm,ynaeu,uer.art nu4 6on trpoBo4trrcs B qenflx psrpoua trpoTEBEEKa tr OBnaAeHUEBA,$HIMUpaOnaun (py6exauu, o6rentauu) uecrRocru.
Ouo Bar(rroqaercs B troparftenuril trporltnnur{a BceMu uMeloqtrMtrc.E
cpeqcrBaMtr, pertrtrremno arano, crpeutrTeJrIEIM trpoABfilr(entreM
SOfrCXn ury6UUy efg pagngng;Cegtrfi, B yHtrrITO)+teHtrIIE IIJISHSHIIE
rXUsO CIrJrbI, BaxBATe Opyfitgg, gOeHxOfr TSXHqI{E E IIaMeqeEH[ilX
paonor, py6emefr Mecrnocrr. Hacryuxeuue BeAercE c ilorsblu lratrpfirKgEtreM cuJI, IreilpepIBrro,AHoM tr Eovblo, n lro6yro troro4y' trpII TecuoApasgeJlestr ncex pogoB socx t crrequanbuoil Baaauoecrsrl
S51X soCx. IloApaaAOueurx 4ot56EI yMeno trCllonbgoBarb MeCrEocTb
IloIlaatrexerrrs

s oro 95

nff MarreBp B {r'rflx 6Ectporo BffxoA& na Snaxrr f, B rJr trportrBrrunyr Hanec.enurr pemureJrbnrx yapoBt pacqnenoxu.s ero 6oesoro
trop.EKau yEuqro(eEtrff rro qacTEM.
B sasuc[rdocrrr or o6craxosxu tr trocraBnonubrx aaAan EacrytrnEue r{o}fier Becrucb na o6opoxaloqetoc.E, Hacrytraroqero IrnE orxoEqeI'o trporlrBrruxa . I{a crytrneurre Ea rrac rytraroqero trportrBrrzxa ocyrr1ecrBJlrrerc.f, nyTeM Bclperluoro 6ofl, na orxoA.fftr{ero trporrBrrun - tryrM ero upecneAoBaHsff.
Hacryu.reuue E o6oponaroqeroc.EfiporrrBrrtrxa Mo]r(er ocyrqecrBntrTbcfr c xoy wru fr3 troJro{eHEfl EerlocpeAc?BeEHoroconplIxocrroBerrrrfl c HuM. ftpoue roro, ono Molr{erocytrIecrBJrfiTbcfllra Mecr nocro.rurro
Arrcitonr{tru (paonor c6opa).
Ec.nu nacrytrJreHue ocyrqecrBn.aercff c trpuMenenuelr o6r,rsnoro opy)nrrfi, Ir0aBJreExer{ ynl{sTorl(efitre rrpolEBrrnr(a AocTIIraeTc.syAapaME
aBuarlr{u, orHeM apTtrnneplla Il perutrTenr,ElMrn
4ecrnuxuu aTaKyK)rqux trogpaa4elenuft.
flpu nacrytrJreflrn c trpnuereutrerfi .sAepuoro opyrr{nff ycuJrtrr troApaagerena Aon)fiEhr 6nrru naupanJrerrbrHa MaxctrMaJrbxoe trctroJrbgoBaEEe peayJrbraroB flAepubrx yAapoa u ducrpoe BaBeprtrentre paarpoMa
rrporaBuur(a. B arux ycJroBrisx 4ecrnua trogpBAeJrennraoryrpaaBeprbrBarbcfl na 6oree IIIupoKoM {ponre, uo EtrpBneEtrAM c ocyq,ecTBJreIrEeModxogon E oxBaroB.
B aanucuuocrtr or trocraBJreEHoaa4auu daranron Morrier Eacryrrarb B cocraBe lrepBoro atrreJlolra, cocraBJl.flTb nropo gmeJIoE uJrE
o6qenocxono peaepr, 4eficrnorarb E xaqecrBe anHrapa, trepeAonoro, pefr4oDoro, mrypMoBoro, o6xogaqero orpffAa, Mopcxoro unl
B0sAyruHonoAecaEl, a ralfie BrrtroJrHflrbApyrtre aIaqE.
Morocrpelxolaff
tr rrrr{oBa.fl porrr Moryr Eacrytrarb B trepBou
amenone 6araarona, cocrBn.g.Tr'ero rropo. glrreJrouEntr peaepB, AecrBoBarb n rorosHo uoxoqHo sacraBe, o6xo4nqeu
E paaBebrBaTe.IIHOUOTp.flAaX,a Tar{ixe BrrroJrllflThApyrr,re SaAaqII,
Morocrpe.uronn (ranxonnr) BBBo Hacryrraer B cocraBe porf,r, a
B peaepBe 6ara.nroua, B rrrrypMoBofr rpyuue u doenou paaBeAf,rBarenbEoM Aoaope Molr(er gecrnonarb u caMocro.Ereirr,uo. Morocrpenxonrr
BBBoA,npouo roro, Molr{er;1ecrnonarb B rrepeoro rpyune or rafirtrqecfioro Bostrynrlloro AecaHTa.
MorocrperxoBrre trogpaa4eneuurr raHRoErx sacre B Hacrytrnenr{rr
rrpEarocff rarrr(oBrMrropa3AeneErrflM, a TaEftoBbre lloApasAeneHlts MoTocrpennoBnrx qacre - ilorocrpenr(oBIu rroApaaAenerrraM.
Morocrpe.uxoBa.fi pora, rrptrAarlnaff rHKoBoMy daranrouy, trptrAaerc raHKoB[Mporlfi. Tanxosas pora, trprrgarr]ias Morocrpenxonouy 6aTnbouy, 4ecmyer, fiar{ trpaBtrJro, B noJrHoMcocrBe, a npu HacrytrJIeHtra B ropoqe, B ropax, B necy u Ha yr{penaenxr,r paou Mo}fier
IIOBSBOAHO rrpEAABAlbCfi

MOTOCTpeJTT{OBbIM poTAM.

Munouersas
darapeR, rpauaroMernufi
E BeutrTrrrlft saso[ 6aTaJIbOrra, xax trpaBtrJIo, ocTaloTc.g B EetrocpeAclBerrEoMtroAgrlrreHtrE
xoMaFAEpa daraJrrosa r{ uctronbayxrrcff B troJrrrou cocrBe Anfl trog4ep96 r:ru"" rpetuo

xrn (upuxpuru.a) Hacrytratoqtrx troApaAeneHun HatrparJreur{u cocpeAorotrenux ycunrfr 6ara^nrona. lluorqa oHI[ noBsBoAxo (uo orllcnenua u) Mor yr rrprraBarbc.fiuo rocrpeJrnoBhru porau.
flporuroranxoail BBBoA 6araarosa o6nrsflo rrttronbayercfi n.g
6opr,6n c raHKaMr{ E Apyrrrutr 6pouuporaurrbrurr qeJrsMrr, o6ecueqeHrlfl BbrBrrlaeHufltr paBepT[BaEE.fl
poT lrepBoro arueJlorraAnfl alaHEr
tsBoAaB 6o poru BToporo DrueJrouan rrpnxpbtrua {.nanron daralrona,
a rar{(e orpa}Kenn xoHTparaft TxoB trpoTnBrrltfta.
(uporurorarrfi oBo-try.neueruu ) Bano po rlr rrpEMeHfl flyreuerurr
eTff, ftar( trpaBEJIo, B rroJrlroMcocTaBe rra HatrpaBneHus cocpeoToqerru-ff octroBuux ycnan.

tDponr HacryrrneHufl n 6oeRr're BaAaqu uo4trnaqerenu


(Dponm HacnLA
naeH,ur MorocrpeJrxoBrxlr raur{olr,rx no4paage;rennfi
BaBrroE or rrx ponrr B pertrerrrrn ga4aun u Mecra n 6oenou rtopnKo,
figsxrx BoBMot{tuocreft, cu.ntrrcorrporrrBneuu.fitrporntsnHHar rrptrMeureMrx cpegcrB rropa)fieulrrr x yc.TroBrruecuroctu.
flpu nacryunerrau c trprrMeuerrueM.fl[epfloro opyin rfi r{]ru fla c.ta6opaaBurylo r HeOcraroqno HacrnxqerrHyrcrrporlrBoraur{oBbr}ru cpAcTnauu o6opouy trporrrBrruxa {ponr uacryuneuu.ff MoTnor 6mrr 6o.ur,ure,
qeu npu Hacryrrnenr{ c rrpuMerrexrreM odn.ruoro opy?riurr.
C yverou coBAaHtr neodxo4rauor.otrpeBocxogcrBa B crlrax u cpeAcrBx HaA rrporr{BHtrxoM r{ otrrEMaJrbHrxHHTepBnoBMe}fiAy rropa3AeJrerrrflMtr (uarnunauu), a rarofie coaAarru.s 6.laroupuaruxx
yc.nonu
AJrff ocyqecruneur{.fl MarreBpa Morocrpenroauii (rauxotsHfi) BBBo,qHacrytraer ua poure qo 300 M, a MorocrpenxoBoe oreJrearreB rrerrreMrrops,qxe - ua Sponre 4o 510M, aMe.ff rrnrepBanhr MexrAy co.n4araura 68 u (8-t2 ruaron), ulrrepBaJrr MelfiAy 6oenr*vu ilaIuuuaMn - gu 100 u.
Illnpnna {poura HacryuJrenr{n dara;rloua (porn) 6yler BaBucerb
or doenoro cocrara, r(oiruqecrBa cpeAcrB ycrdJreulr.fi,uocrpoerrra 6oeBoro rroprHa q ycironu uecrnocrq.
Baranrouy rrepooro errreJroHayxaahrBrorcfl tuxataaa
Baav&,
noctegnu4an aaava u H,&npaerrenue)atttHe,ueeo ltacnt7naeH,ultrpore,
gaAaqa E Hatrpana Klfie 6ata.lr,ony BToporo grue.Irona- 6.:rrmafrnrarr
JIenEe,qartnernero lracrytrnele'rfl.
B,ruinaruarr gagaqa daranr,orra uepBoro gmenona rrpu rrcrytrirerrntr
ua odopounrcrqerocs trporrrBnuxa ganJ:troqaert.EB yuuqrolr{eurrll uporr{BHnHa n pafione o6oponrr 6aranrona treptsoro atrrenofia Ha cBoeM
Spoure Eacryrrirelru.E tr ornaenxu uepno troar{rdrie,rrocneyrcrqa saAarra - B paSBrrTrIIl ffaoTylllerlE.E, pas.fpoMe Bo BSarlrMogecrnuuc coceguui,rz 6ara"rr,onaull 6pura4uux (uonxorrux) peeepnon uportrBxrrr{a u
oBiraAerrnrr ux py6exou.
Haupanleune aJrHeruero Hacryrurerrr.rlr
orrpeAengeTtff c TaKUM pacqeloM, sto6hr odecuequsaJrocbBbrtro"Trrlerlr{e
nocne4yrorqe aaaqrl troJrr{a.
7

3anaa 1662

no4paaenegu.s s 6o10 97

porbl
uepBoro
(tanxorofr)
a,qaqa uoroctpelrono
Bnuxarimaq
BO saaUMOAeCrnUu
AmeJrOHa OdrrsHO EAKJIIOqaeTC.EB ynlltlTorfiegtrE
cc0ce[HI{MunoApasAeJIeHI,IflMIItrpoTEBEEfiaBolroplloMIIyHKTepoAaJlr'He1ero
TbI rrepg6r6 eIIIeJIoHa U OBJIAAeIIuII IIM. Haupannerrne
qTo6bl O6ectreqI'IBa.11C.E
Ea6TyrrJregr{fl OIIpeAeJIfleTCfi C TaI(I{M pACqeTOM'
paoua ofiOpourl $ara;rrona uepBoro
pasrpoM nporrrrtrrr{Ra B rny6une
AItrEJIOIIA.
ranxy)
B HaMorocrpe.nnoiloMy (tanrouor'ry) nanogy (or4enenurc'
HaIrpaBJIeHIIe
tr
aTaKIl
O6r,eXT
yRaBtIBaIOTCfl
AaJlHemero
CTyrrJreqr{rr
rracryrrJrenrrq. O6texrOM TaXII o6l'rsuo flBJIflIoTCfi nporEBHIlK B onotrax
COOpyXeIrErrx ouopEoro tryrJxTa' a
ifopru{uHarluoHlrl'Ix
rurE B Apyr[x
Tar(}fie oTAeJIbHO pacllono?I{eHllble Ha HatrpaBJIeHI{E EACTytrneHIIfi TaHKq' OpyAIIs' tryJIeMeTbI tr Apylue OIHCBI'Ie cpeACTBa trpoTIIBEIIfia'
IIpu npopuBe Sa6naroBpeMellr{o uoAroroBJler{Hoft ff paaRqroft B trIrX{eHeprIOM OTHOItreHtrtr OfiOpOnru qpoTIIBHIIKA, ygpetrneHgorg paOga u
uepBaAarra 6aralrona
BOAHOtrperpar,r 6nuxafruraq
{opcuponarnrr
BOI'O SIIIeJIOEA SANJIIOqaeTcg B yHLIIITO;IieHI{II IIpOTIIBTHI{Xa B OtrOpHIX
rryrr11Tax pOT trepBOrO SIIIe.nOHa lra cBOeM Sponre HaCryIIJIeIItrfl tr B OBJlaAerruu trMH, fIOcJIeAyIOqag saarla - B paBBIITIIII HacTyIIneIIEfi'pa36aTay1bOsMUB rnyrp6Me 11po]iBlIufta BO BBaI{M64eCTBtru C COCSIII{MI,I
Ha6-uue paona odoponur 6aranrona u oBJraAennrr trepBo iloar{que.
pagqeraXI{M
ConpeAeilfleTgfr.
HaCTytrJIeHIIfi
IrpaBnegqe AaJILHemeIO
TOM, rrTO6EI ofieCneq11BAJIOCbBbItrOJIHeIIne trOC;;eAylonqeu SaAATIII troJlfta. POTa ygr{qTgtfiaeT trpOTEBIIUKa B OtrOpHOMIIyHI1TO BBBOAa tr oBJIaeBaer I{M.
BaAaq 6ata,nr,oxa (poru) Broporo eilenona trptr BBoAe
E.ruxamas
er'o B 60 MOx{eT BaI(JIIOqaTLCaB SaBepLtreHIIq paorpoMa COBMeCTIIOC 6aTaJlborraMrr trepBoro aIIIeJIoEa AuBIIStroHHhIx trJIII 6pnrannnrx (nonrOnnx)
pesepBoB trporHBEuKa tr oBJraAeHnu ux pyfis?I{oM. HaupaBJreHrle AaJrr,Hemerg HaCTytriIeHI{g 6ata.nrOna (pOrU) BTOpOro SIIIeJIOHaSaftJIIor{aeTCfi B paBr{rI{II HacyIIJIeHtrfi B rJIy6IIHy o6oponhl IIpoTIIBHtrI{a B qeJIEx
BbIIIOJIIIEHI,Ifl trOCTABJICHHOBAAATI.
yxaahlBaercfl raKafi
(pole)
ttovbto daranrony
IIp"
IracryrlneHlru.
SaAaqa, rrro u B cgerJloe BpeME. ftpoue roro' daranbony
xte uo rly6uu
MO)fieT JIotOJIHuTeJIbHO 6blrb HaBHaqeH py6elri, I(OTOp6IM OE AOJIIKSII

cIIeIIrIrBaEIIff JIIIIHOTO cocTaBa trJItr B I]eIUeM troprlKe BCJIeA3a ?aHKaMR.


Amana Saxilroqaerefl B c?peMuTenbnoM u 6esocrauonorlHoM ,qBntfieg1ttr TaHROB6IX \r MorocrpeJrnoBblx rIoApaSAeneHI',I ts foeBoM
rropflAKe B coqeTaEtrrr c nrrTeHouBrrbrM orr{eM tr3 TarrKOB, 6Oea uo Mepe c6ruxtenus
Bsrx MarrruH trexorrrr (6pouerpanctroprepoB),
Bt{AoB opyx(rrs B qeJrfix yHI{sc rrporl{Blrur(oM - rr I{3 Apyrux
rolfi eHI{fl (paerpolrla)
98 Fnasa nperls

upollrB}lrrKa.

Amxa MorocrpeJrnoBrxtrogpasqeneutrfr Ha EMII (6TP)rpulrenqe'r'cfl Tof,{, KorAa odoporra trporEBHuKa EaIe)ItHo tropa'Itaercfi ffepIrbrM trJrE o6r,r.IuhrM opyll{EeM c yntrtlTox{eEtreM 6olr'me qacTlt ero
trpoTrrBoralrHoBrxcpeAcTB Ea yrlacTe trpopBaE, KaK trpaBuro, Ha
HArrpaBrerrrrr rJraBHoro yapa, a raKrr(e trpE EacrylrreHlrE Ea HeAocTaO6OpOHy.IIpU 9TOMTarrKU
TOqHOpaSBUTyrOB IrH?rieHepHOM
OTITOIUeHUU
aTaKyroT BcJre 3a paspbrBaMr{ cBoe apltrnJreptrt, a MoTocTpeIIKoBEre
no4paa4ener'lafl.- tra EMII (ETP) s 6oeaofr JrI{rrnE aa ralrr{aMn na ygaJIerrEE 100-200 u, BeAfl orol{b tr3 Bcex orrreBnllt cpeAcrB.
Arana MorocrpenftoB[rx tro,qpaageneHuD trerlreu tropfixe trpuuerrfierc.fl rrpu [popbrBe Sa6naroBpeMerrEotroAfoloBneHHo tr p3Bf,rofr B
uE)fieHepHoM o TfrorrreFun o6opoEE[ trpoTEBE uKa, yHpetrneEEbrxpafroEoB,
rrpE HeocTaTKecpecrB orrreBoro uopatr{eErlfl, a raK?r(eEa pesr{otrepecetreuuoft rr rpyqno,qoctyuno ,qnfl rarrxoB E EMn (TP) Mecruocltr.
Jlqrnnr cocraB IroApaseneHntrpE rou aranyer trpornBxur(a B qeuu
EetrocpecrBeHEo 3a doeBoi nuHEefi raEKoB Ha yAaneHnu, o6ectreq[BarcqeM rrx 6esonacHocrb or pasp[rBoB cl{apflAoB cBoefr aprEnnepuE tr
troepx(xy raEKoB orlreM crpeJrKoBofo opy{tr.s. EMII (RTP) e amu
Glyqae, uctronb3yff cxnaAKrr MecrEocrE, cKarlKautr or pyoe?I{ax py6u(-v
(or yxprrrufl K yr(plTtrro) 4efrcruyror s cBoEMf, lro4paaAenenriflME tra
yAaneEtrtr, o6ecneqnnaruqeM rra,qerltEyK)tronepxtKy orEe}f cBoero opyrHr(oBErx u Morocrpellr(oBbrx troAp3[eneHu, a
'r(rifi araKyroqrrx
rrHora u Eetrocpe,qcrBeErro B rletrtr cBoux tropaseneEff.
Ilocre cneltrfiBEuff Jrtrttgorro cocraBa u 6oerrx uartrtrEax rrexorf,r
(6poxetpancroprepax)
HaBo4rrnfts-oueparopw (nano4unxu
ocrarorcff
uyreueron), MexaIIIrNE-BoAEreJrtr(aoguteln) E BaMecrtrTetrEKoMaHEpoB B3BOAOB.
B rex cnyrraflx, RorAa Morocrpelrftonlre tro[paaelenuf, AefrcrByror
Ea aBloModu.Jrflx, agrouo6nau trocne cllelrrf,BaHEfl Jrrrqlloro cocraBa
tx r( cBOEil trOAoTBOAfiTCgB yKp[{TUg E pactrOnalarcTc.EtrolrcEo. BETSOB
pa3eneEtrsM oc yuecTB JtrfleTc
s. I(OMaE/ItrpaMtr pOT c paBpertreEf,fi NouaHAtrpa 6aranoEa uIE KoMaEAupoM 6ataatona.
Eoeno tropflnon 6ara:rrona (potH)

Boeno tropffAon 6aranrona B rracryrrJreuf,tr crponrc.tr B oslr f,ntr


BA AruenoEa, IrcTbr - B O,4EEAmelIOH.
IIpn ognoaureJrounol[ uocrpoentrtr doesom trop.ffnxa 6arannona rnAelrflercff peSepB B c,()craBeEe ueEee BSBoAa.
II ep ei, eueaon 6a ta.nr,osa upeAna Bnaqaercfl AJIfl ylrf,.Irorl{en Efl )I(trBo ctrnEI tr orEeBbrx cpecrB trportrBrluKa Bo BBBoAErrtr IrcTEhrn otropEbrx uysftrax E BruoJrEenE.fl6twxann'r|efr.aa,qa{E. on Aoarxen 6rrrn ran,xe ctroco6en pasBxBarr' EacryllnerrEe B rny6f,Ey. floarorry B cocraB
uepBoro amenona Brrloqaercfl 66arma.s qacrb ctrn tr cpeAcrB 6araanoEa - IIe MeEee AByx ycuneHEbrx por.
7.

Ilo4paaenenns s 6orc 99

pAnaEarraercff
Bmopo atae&otu daranroua (cuno Ao poru)
o6rrsso Anfl paaBtrTlrff yctrexa uepBoro gmeJrou&, pacrutrpensa yqaclfta rrpophrBa B croponhr Srauror trnE An.E orparfienus Konrparaxtr nporuBnrrr(a, a rrptr neo6xo4uuocrrl-Anfl. Bauenbr lroApaBAeneuu, notepxamx 6oecuoco6nocm.
Peeepa upe4naauasaercfr AnA pemeHE.EsaAall, BoBEEKaroqEx B xo6oenux
4ecrnufr. C nno4ou a 6o Broporo etrrenora (peaepna) on
4e
BHOBb cosAaercff 3a cqer rroApasAenenr uepnoro FenoHa. Bropoft
Drrrenou (peaepn) trpo4ntrragrcn Ba porautr trepBoro Drtrelloaa.
tr upsAauuhre rroApaaAeJlen[ff orteBhrx cpeAcrB ycureanfl.
Illrarnue
trepBoro SrueJroHau HaxoAffqnecs. B EetrocpecTBerlnoM rroAqEHerrlr[ l{oMaHAr{pa 6aralrona trpE Bhllronuenutr orueBr.rr SaAaq B BaBtrctMocrlil
or o6crasonru gecrnylor B 6oesblx tropflAftax.
Boeso ropflAorc rpaxaroMerrloro BaBoAa,gecrnyruqero Ea BMn
(BTP), - JruHus MarrrtrHc trrrrepBanou Mor{Ay nuuu 4o 50 u.
Boeno uopqAon trportrBoranr(oBo-tryneMernoro BBBoAa,qectnyroqero na BMil (BTP) u uoanou cocraBe, - 6oesas Jralnflfr.MnfltrE ctrETepBanaMuMe)I{AyMarrEEaMn ao 150 rtr.
Boero uopffor( rpauroMerrroro . (upotnnoranr(oBo-tryJIeuernoro)
BgBoAa, 4ecrnymqoro B trertreu rlopffAr{e B troJIEoM cocraBe, cocrouT
na 6oerux uop.ffAr(oBorAenerlrl c urrrepBanaMrr Me]r{Ay nurtru 4o 50 u.
Boeso uop.s4oft rparraroMernoro tr rrporlrBoranfioBoro or4eaenn,
4ecrnyrorqux B trerrreM nop.s4l(e, cocrotrr' tro pacqeroB, paaBepHyrb.
uo {poxry
c EnrepBanaMtr Me}r(y rpauarouerauu 10-20 M! Me}fiAy
ycrarroBfiaMr rrporEBoTarrxoBrirxytrpaBn.fleMrilxpar(er - Ee MeHee15 u,
z doenofr uamunr trexorbr (6ponetpaxcuoprepa).
(perexurrecr(oro uadnrr,qenrlff, peMoHTHo-aRaKyar{uo}rnaa
Ilyuxr
uontuar) rpytr[a 6aranroua, MeAEqHEcr(trnyunt 6ara.nrona tr tryHr(Tr
Texgrrlecxoro nadnroAerrrrfipor B xoAe EacrytrJrerrtrs nepeMeqarorcfl Ba
6oesbrlru [opflAr(aMtr por rrepBoro meJroua, a rryHr(r 6oenoro utrTantr.fi
6ararrona, aatrpaBoqrrf,rn npogoaoJrbcrBexrrlnfiuynrtru - aa BTopbrM
orrreJrorron(peaepnou) 6aranrona.
flpuqanxu
aprun.nepucxn 4unuauon u Mr.rHoMernadaraper
6ara.nrona BaEllMaK)T orrreBEre trosuqru Ba porMt trepBoro grugJIOHA.

Ilepel trepexoAoM nofrcx B Hacryunenu tr B xoAe ero Moryr rrauocnrbcff sAepu[re yAphr. Iepeg araxo MorocrpenxoBbrx E rarrxoBrx
rropBAerreuuuporo4urcfl orEeBa.E troAroroBxa arar(tr, a B xoe rracrytrneHuff - ofHeBff troAeprxRa aTr{tr tr orEeBoe cotrpoBotr{AeEEe
rracrytrnenn.fl troApaage.rens r r.uy6uue. IIps Hacrynnenrru c xoy
Ao HaqaJIa orneno tro4ro"oBxtr araxu Mo)r(er ttpoBo4lrrbc.E orneBoe
o 6ecueseure BrIIBtrlrerrrff .
B uepuo4 oaxeeo,noaomoenu &tnafiu antraqnfl tr aprunnepnfl [oaBJrffror E yHtrTrTofi(arcrcpeAorBa flAepHoro tr xtrMnqecxoro HatraeHE.ff
rrpoTuBrrufta, apTJInnepulo, trpoTIrBoTaEKoBHeu orfleBble cpeAcTBa,x(trByru ctrny B orropn,Ix tryHKTax ero o6oponu n BEe Ex, a rarofie
trynr(rr ytrpaRnerrufi n Apyrue o6rexrrr. Ornesas rrogroronr(a arar{E Ba100 1y1sss 'rps'r52

ftaHqtrBecfl c Br'rroAoMtropaseaesnftuepBoro ameJroEaEa py6ex


nepexoaB araKy.

Hacryu.renue 6aranrona (poru) na odoponnroqerocfi trportrBwxa


c xo,qy o6r,rsuoocyqecrBJrflercfr.fis ucto1noeopa,ona. On npegnaanaqaerc.EAnfl rroAroroBr{uu oprauuaarlu6on.

yKpI'[TIIfi.

BbrABsrftefltrn ua qcxo4uoro paona. Ero yaJrentreoJr]r(HoodecueqrBar6 Br,rrnrtrBaHEer{ trocrpoeune r(oJroHF6ara.urcxa co cpecrBMrrycnJlerrtrff R HqaJIol{Bu?fienn.s c sa4anro cfiopocrbro.
Py6exr paaBeprbrBaur{fl B por}rbre (oano4rrne) xoJrouur Hasnarraercff
Ea clorr HIrpBrrerrfr,.On 4oaxen 6urr nrre
Arfi Hsa,ranx BLrABrrlffeFHE
locfiraeMocrn 4eficrnnreJrbuoro orua (4anrnocrr.r npflMoro nrrcrpe.ua)
trpoTr{BoTaEr(oBLrxcpeAcTB trpoTEBHtrKa.
Py6ex trepexo4a B arar(y nn6upaercr KaK Mo)nuo 6ruxre H rrepe/IHeMy Kparc o6opourr.[porr{Brrrrxa, vro6nr BuABn}Kenue K neMy rarxoBbrx R
MorocrpeJrxoBbrxrroApaagelenu coBeprrraJrocb
crpnrrrro, a ygaJrerreero
o6ecnecnnaJroBeAeHtregecrnure.nbnoro orrrff uB ocrloBnrx RsAoBop)',rinff tr rroanongno rroApaal{enen[alc 6esocranoBoqr{o Ea uaxclrua.nruofi
cftopoc.rrr ocruqb trepeHero xpan o6opoubr trportrnntrfia B yraaarrHoe
BpeMff ((qD). On uorxer rraanaqarbcfi lra ygnennr4 Ao 600 u or rrepetrero ftpa.Eo6opour,r uportrBnr,rna, a RrrorAa u 6olee.
Py6ex ctremrrBantrfi Eaauaqaercrr nK lroxrrro 6ruxe fi ueperreMy
xparo o6oporr trportrBHuxa, o6rrvno B Mecrx! ynpbrrbrx or orufl ero
tryJreMeroBr,rnporuBoraxxoBhrx cpe4crR b.unxscro 6oa.

Ilo,qpaarerexsq

"

666 lOt

Ilo4rororxa

tracrytrrexf, f,

flogrororxa f,acryrrJreuf,r n 6ara.nrone (pore) Haqf,Haercf, c rronyqeH||ern 3a,qaqf, o1 craprueno r(oMarr.qnpa (naua;rrnuxa) n Bxnroqel. p.sA
uepotrptrErui (cu. pasg. rVupaBJreuxe rro4paaAeneunauz>).
llayrxn trporrBntrxa, KorilarEp otrpeAeJrflersan6onee otrcnEreqenu
f, xaxue crrJrrtr cpeAcrna Heo6xo4rauo trpnlJreqb Anfl Bx ynntrrozfierrtrfi,
trocneAoDaTeJrbrrocb yrrtrlrTo)r(el|nfl npoTtrBEtrr(a, ero orneDbrx cpeAcTB
B xoAe rracTyrrJrerrtr.s,ctrJrbEreIt cna6trIeMecTan ero o6opoue, qenecoo6paanu 6oeno ropflAor(, EatrpaBnerrue cocpeAoroqenu.s ocHoBrrx ycnru, noeuoxnrrfr xapaxrep Aecrsn u (poprr MarreBpa troApaaAeneun s xoge BhrnoJrrreunflsa,qaqll. ltpoue roro, oqerrilRar{ xapaxrep Mecrsocrn, qelecoo6paarro Eauernrb HnpaBJreutrecocpeAoroqerrn.flocrroBErx ycnnr[, paon nnrr tryur(Tbr, BaxBar Koroplx trpuBeAer r( peaxot[y
curnil{eutrro ycrovrnocrr o6oponrr trporEBEEKa, BogMo}r{lbre pydexn
aran eno trporunoraurtoBr,rr BeproneroB, py6exr pasBeprhrBaatr.sB pornrre (nano4nrre) xoaourrr, trepexoa B arar(y, aaAarry uogpas4e.neuu,
py6ex BBoAaB 6o nroporo arueJrona,Mecro HHII 6arailrona (poru) r
rratrpaBJreErreero uepeMeqeEtr, Mecl pacuono)IteHufl hrJroBhlxtroApa3ge.nenr, Mepoupnsrqff tro Macr(upoBr(e,aaqtrTe or opyrntrfi MaccoBoro
tropalnenr.rff, BarfiErareJrbroro opylr(E.E E Baarluuo trHx(enepnouy o6ectreselttrx).
Ha ocuone Blrno4oB EB yficuerrr.s BAarrrlu oqerrxtr o6cranosxu xoxanArrp 6ara;rrona (potu) trprrrtrMaer perueflrre, uocne or(na4a pertrentr.a
xo.rrfE4trpy troJrxa (6aralrona) tr AoBeerrus ero Ao HoMaHAtrpoB tropaa4e,rena trpoBogur pexoruocqllponr(y nff yrorrlrenu.fl peruentrg, orAaer
6oeno trptrr{aa, oprarrtrByer aaauuo4ecrBtre n Bcecropourreeo6ecne'resue 6os.
llepe4 BbreBAoMila percoavocquposnuorr BuarioMtrr yqacrutrKoB ctropffKoM ee upoBeAeH[rr, yKaSuBaeT MaprupyrDr uepeABnilrerrtrfl, tryHXTr
ocranoBon, pa6ovyro roqny,BpeMff pa6oru na nefr u orpa6arunaeuue borrpocu, cpecrBa tr trops4on ABrilr(entr.s, a raxx{e noupocuo6ectreqentr.s tr
MacKEpoBK.
rro Mapupyry pexor.nocqtrpoBnu, rpyflrra tra] raer ero
,(nurarcr
ocodennocru, ncxognrr rryur(r, py6exz
(nyuHtu) paaBeprbrBarrtr.E,
yrorrtr.fler uyrr o6xo4a, Mecra treperrpaB qepea BoAHrre trperpAtrr B cnyrrae paapymenr.fl MocroB qepea nux, nrrdnpaer rilecra pactronox{erra.ff
(paareprunaxua) Bcex gJreuegron 6oenoro rropflKa, a ranrfie yroqu.ael
H Mecrrrocrra Nrfi por (nanogon) py6exn trepexoAa B araxy tr ctretrrrrBaxnn. C Bbf,r(oAoun paon tropaa4eJrennx, o6opou.sronlerocs BtrepeAtr
B troJroce rracrytrneuus daranrona, rpyrma ycraxanaznaer cB.sab c ero
r(oMag,qupord, Koropfi oxaalrBaer noMotrl,b E E3yrreuratr trportrBgrirfia E
MECTIIOCTtr.

ltouangsp 6ara;rroua (poru) rpoBoAtrr oplenrspoBautre, yroqrrrer


rapaxrep o6oponH rrpollBrruxa B rratrpaBJrensr rracryrrner,nfl u na {rnanrax, pactronorffeEtre otropEf,ry lryHr(oB, orrreBr,ry tpeAcTB E SarpalxAe102 rrsss 1p.15t

xufi, Hauepraurre uepcAHero xpafl, a rarixie o6rexrrr (qeru), tropaxiaeMble cpeAcrBaMlr crapmux KoMaHArrpoB. IIp" aroM ugyrrarcrcfl troAcrytrhr H trepe4ueMy Kparo o6opouur uporunutrn rr Mecruocrb B natrpaBJregaupaB"{eHne cocpeAoTorleHr{flocrroBHEtr HAcTytrJrefrH.fl,yTOqHrrIOTCrr
rrhlx ycnJru, paaaeprlBarrrres 6oenofi nop.I{on, 6oesble Bq4arrr[ rroApaa4ereHr{.sM, orrpeAeJrnrorcs BoaMo}r{rrbreHatrpaBJrerrrrara py6ex gecrnu BeproJreroBtrporr{Br{r{Hauo Mepe upogBrrierrrlrr 6ararboua (poru)
n r;ry6uuy ero o6opouhr.
B peay.nrra?e pefi oruocrlrrpoBrirr fi or{arrAup 6aranrona (porr'r) BaBeprtraer trpuunrue (yrouuerure) penenr{a rra Hacrytrreulre, or4aer ycrurl
6oeno spr{Kaa rr. yxasanufl rro aaar{MoAecrBuro.
flpa nocm.avoaneaaAar r(oMarrgrdpdara.nloua n 6oenolr trpraxaae yr(aSLIBaeT:

- poTaM uepBoro srueJroHa,B ToM qrrcrre lIpnAanur)ft rannono (uorocrpeJrnoBo) pore, - cpeAcrBa ycuJreur4.a,6.nraiHauryroBaAarry r{ rlatrpatsJreutreAaJlr,HerrreroHacryrrJrenlrx, py6ex rrepexo4a B arar(y, Maprupyr BhrABrrHieHrLs,
BpeMrr BrrrxoAaua py6extu paaBeprrlrnaHrr.flBo BTJBoArrle NoJIoIIr{rn u trepexoAa B aTaKy, KTo [oMepr{rrrBaeT;
- HarrpaBnerrueu tropflAoK rrepeMerrleru4fl
- poTe BToporo ErrreJrorra
R xoAe lracryuireHr{.fl, BoBrrroinurrepy6exu BBoAan 6ofr, dlluraruyro aaAarry u HarrpaBJreHueAJrr,HerlreroHacTytrJreHI{.,cpeAcroa ycr,rJreH[rr
trpu BBoe n 6o; peaepBy - rranpaBJ:rerrue
rr tropson treperrerqeutrr{B
XOe IIACTyIIJIeHI,I.g,

SAAaqI{,

It BLUIOJIIIeIIqIO

KOIOphIX

HaAO

6Urr,

fOrO-

BbIM;

- trpuAalrnhrM rro/qpaaAeleur{sM prrrJrJrepurr r{ MtrrroMeruofi 6arapee - qenu Anrr ynrfrrro]Heuntr tr rrogaBJrenrr.gB rrep]ro orueno lroAroToBKrtrarai(q, c HaqaJroMarar(E rr Koro nogAepx{nBarr,, BaAaquno o6ecuetteurro BBoAa n 6oft nroporo DrueJrouarr orp)fieur{ro KorrrparK [porlrnHr{KA, Ofr{eRbrerfoatrqurr, MaprilpyT r{ rrt)prroKtsBrABtr}rieHrrfl,
BpeMfl roTorrrocTu K orr(plrrrrlo orrr.fl, rropnAox rrepelreqenrrtl n xo4e 6or;
- opyAtr.gMtr TaHftaM,IpIraTOMeTHOMy,
npOTflBOTaHKOBOT\ry
BSBOaM,
BrAeJreEHhrM
AJrr{crpenr6rr upauo nanolxo, - qeJru AJr.sflopa;{ier{nfl
B treptroA orneso tro4roroBxr,r arar(u u c Haqarou ararilr, orrrenrerroal{quu u BpeMfl yrx BalaflTafl.,rropflAon BhtAurrienurl rd AecrBrrfl noc.rre HhrtroJrr{eHl{ff SaAarIE;
- serruTHoMy BSBoAy- E KaKrrx HatrpBJleHrl.flxDeCTLTpasDeAKy
flpoTuBrrrrfiA u XaHrre troApa3enella.E trpur(pbrrb or yAapoB
BOSAymEOTO
t BOSAyXatrptr BhrBu]fierrI{,pasBepTrBaHl{tr,aTAXe trepeAHer0 Hpaff
o6oponu trporrlurrufia rr Hacrytrirc,Hur,ra rny6uue, Mecro B noJrouue trpu
Bbr4Bu?rterruu
u s doeroM tropf,Ke 6aranroua, tropflAon upeMeqeurrtr B
xo4e 6on, BpeMtr Ir crerrenn roroolrocrlil;
- rIpI{AaHrroMy H?rieHeprro-ca[epHoMyrropasAslerrr4rc- Mocra u
BpeMrrtrpo4eJruBarrrrffrrpoxo4oB B aarpaxgeHrdflx u ycrpocrBa trepe)ioAoB sepeB rrpetr.flTcrBufl rrepeA rreper{}rMKpaeM o6oponr,r uporrrlurrna,
HarrpaBfleuqe uepeMeqeurr.EB xoge 6or u flopflAon upo4eirbrBar{ufirrpoxoAoB B BarparfierrtrflxnporrrBrrrura u ruy6nne ero o6oponrr.
Ilogpaap,erenlrr

"

6e16 103

Ilocne uocraronr(u doesbrx aa4arl KouaEAEp darenrora (potrr) opao,Huauernaaaunoermaue. Baauuogecrnue opraxusyercE tro BaAerIaM,
pyGemau rr Bpeuerrtr. Haudoree tronno oPrannayercff Baauuogectnne
na rry6r.ruy 6.irnxameft Baga.ru 6aransoua.
flpn rr,rgnu]neHutr r[B trcxo,quoro paoua BnatraJre I(oMaHAup 6aranr,ora (poru) orAaer ynsalrtre Ira Bril4trtr{entre uoApaa,4e.ueuufi ua py6ext
trepexoa B araliy; ollpeAeJltrer tropff[OK BbIABII]KeEUf,raEI(oBLL{ tr tr{OrocrpeJrnoBhrx trogpagAerreuu; uocrpoeutre r(oJlorrflbl datanrona (porn);
Mecro rialrioro trollpa3eJrerrEfiB IIoxo[HoM trop.EAKe;pasBepThIBaHEeB
npe;16oenofr floprrAon; ropfrAor( Xofrcrnu ttplr .ffAepuou E xu]ruqecxoM
rranaAerrr{r{ trporsBrJsfia E Meprr 6egouacnocrr B onJrqae IrpEMeHeIrEE
trgepuoro opy)r{Hs EamrrMunocxauu; yfias[ilner cuoco6n 4ecrnu no4paa4e.neur rrpr trpeo4oneurtr trperfircrBs, aarpaxtgenuii, oco6exno
rrr{HrrrrrXuoneft, KoTopble Moryl orrrrcoagauhl trporEBrruKoM B lreprroA
BI'IItI{?XeIIu.fl,C[Jl}[ U CpeACTBa'BIAeJLEeMbIe
Anfl trpOI{eJIbIBAIrur{trpoxoAoB B aarpriAentrqx, Oco6oe BHIrMaIruey,qenflercfl 6opr6e c rruamoJrerstrIrrMn caMoJreraMr{u BeproJleraurr trportrBuuxa. ,{na sroro oupeAenrcrca Mecro crre[oaantrfl rroApaaAenenufrIIBO, trop.Eon BeAeHufl ornq
u3 crpeJrnoBoro opylnEIr, Mecr u cpeAcTBaIrocraHoBHE MacKtrpymnrnx
AbrMoBrx3aBec.
ItouangnpaM ogpaseresuii coo6rqaetcr py6erx, tro Aocrtr?r(enur(fi oToporo Haqnuaercfi orrrenaff troAroronxa arafiE. Sareu corJlacoBrllaruTcH yclr,rr,rfi troApaagenenufr npu Br'rtroJlueulrrt 6.nuxarue aa4aqu. VnaSbrBarorcg tropsAox trepexoqa trogpasAerreru s arany, Begelrl{ff ornfl rl
ilpoxor(Aeuurr qepeB 6oeur,reuop.e,qnn o6opoxamrquxcs tro;1paagereua,
xoJrEqecroo u Mecr trpoxooB B Barpalr{Aerl(sx, troptrAox ux o6ossaqeEu.s tr IIpeoAoJreHE.ff.
Oco6oe BHtrMaEtreygeJrfiercf; corJlacoBasuroorlrfi E ABtr;KeuufirEr{oBrx, MorocrpeJrnoDhrx, aprunuepncnux tr Apyrax rrogpaaAeneuraft.a
Tar(x{e coce4e rro BpoMeHEu py6emau. Onpe4enrncspoJrb r[ ]recro,
tropflAofi gefrcrrlrfr xarrAoro uogpaseJrenr,rffB doenou nopflAne rrpn
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fJpu nacrynJrer{flu B HaupaBnenuu gecruufi raxrn.recxoro BoayruHoro Aecanra (gecanrncr-urrypMonoro tro4paaeJrenrx) Houan4up 6aT"rrborra(poru) yxa8hrBaer uopfiAox coe4unenfis c HuMl cnrHaJr]J BBl4IrIHOrO Ofi.OAHaBaHUE I1 p[ItOAaHIII'Ie

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BeAeEsfl 6or, gotraaIrBaer o roroBuocrn R Bbrtronuenuro 6oeso aanastr
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aTalto SaBepmaer epo )rgnq.1o;fiegue.
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BaAtr rroApa3AeneHtrflMIr trpecneAoBanuo. O trepexoAe ft lrpecneAoBaEEIO oH Aor(nAbrBaercraprlleuy r(ouauAupy u coodqaer coceAsu.
Eatarmos (pora) \pn npecfleoeanuu Molrier qecrnooatr r 6oeaou,
upe46ogg6[ tnrr ItoxoAlroM rlop.fl,qxe, a rax?r(e B pasiluqgbrx costrauuflx
erl4x ocrpoenufr. llcuo.lrayx Bhroofiyro upoxoAlduocrb u MarreBpeHuble
BoSMorgsTrrtroApaaAeleuu, 6aralnor (pora) ygurlrotriaer uns o6xoAET IloApaaAenenug trprlnpblTffff' crpeMETeJIbIroooroHfler trporuBlrru(a
IIo lrapanireJrbHbrMMepmpyraM, BhrxoA Ir lryrtr ero orxoa E pemtrreflbEo araxo no {naur u rblJr Bo B3aMoectsuuc nopaaAeJreHrrsMu'
AecrgyrcqsMg c Apyrtrx HaIrpaBJIeun,ynuutox(aer ero tro sacrffM.
Ecru uaparrefibgos trpecJleAoBalruoHeBoauorr(uo, 6aranro
(pora)
K
IIPEKPbITT' trPOTtrBIII{XA'UPOPbTBAETCfl
YHUTITox(aeTIIoApSAEJIEEEff
elo rJrqss6lu cr(JraM,pemurenBuhlur gectruxuu EaEocHT trM uopalxeutre.
Bcrpelssmrroo"ff B lioAe rrpecJreAoBalrufi otroprr''re lrygrtrr u aacaAru6alaJIboR (pora), HK IrpaBIIJIo,o6xogut u ]rnurlToll{aer B Htrx IrporlrBaru(a
O

1["\6.

llpu ycsemuou paaBtrrun rracryrrnegs.E tr npecnsoBanuu 6atanrox


B 3Bkcuuoclu or odcrontenrcrB uolr(er 6ntr raasaqeu B uepetono
uaz pe4onrr orpa4 An.EaaxBara Balnursy py6exe n o6rerron I r.ty6nEe, rrepelpaB qepea BoAFr'Ie Ilperp84r tr Ans BbrtroJrseHuffApyrux 3aa{.

Ilo[paalenefffit

r 6orc l{D

Ilacrynaenne xa tronoil{eHff EenoepencTBeEE0ro


eorrpnKocHoBeH[fl e trpoTHBnr{ft0lu
Ha trpornBlruna uB IroJroinerlq-ff EetrocpeAcrBelrHoHacryurenne
ro coilprrKocrroDclrl{g c HI{M Mo}fier OcylqecrBJrfiTbcfftroApa3eneEEflME
B Bapanee cos4anrlorl 6oesol{ rropfl/Il(e tr3 troJroienun o6opoubl rrocJre
ueo6xo4lr,lro neperpynllupoBltl{ rIJIrr trocJle BbrABlr}fielrrlrua rny6untr u
Cyqnoctt eroro ctrocruexr,ro6opouxnrquxcs Btreperl rroApasAe"rrenu.
co6a aan.nrcqaercs B roru, tITo troApasAeJlegl{flaa6naronpeMeulro u cxprrHO sarrr4rlrarorucxogur,rfr paou 1{ uocJre uoquo ornesofi toAroToBKu tr
yapoB aBrraqllrl llepexoAqr B araKy.
Ilo4rororxa ucroruoeopaou,a rrpoBo4l{rc.s, HH rlpaBu;ro, o6oponanoficxault c yqeroM rrocrpoeHufl 6oeaoro tropflAl{a Anfl Hcryrrrorqr{Mrrc.s
JreHlrfi. B llcxogHou paorre o6opy4yrorc r.tcxotrbrelroatrI{uu Anfl MorotroSuqrrn Ans ranr(oBIx
crpeJrnonnx [opaaeJlenufr, uut]HuAareJlrrhre
otuenrle troal{rlut{ /(.rrs aprrl"rrJrepr[tr,coopyrxensfl An.E
rro4pasAeJreHra,
nyHlrroB ynpaB,rlelll{fl, Mapllpvrbl Bl'I,qBrrifieHilfl,xoAbr coo6qerur.
Bcro pa6ory uo opraH?IaIIrIn Hacryrrilentrfl KoManAr,Ip dara;rroaa
(poru) npoBollrrr rra MecrHocrl{ aHa,TorlIrIHoopraHtrSaqn HacryrrJrenufl
c xo[y.
Ltpoue BorrpocoB, pemaeMbrxupu opraul{sarltru rracr}'trneutrtr c xoy,
r{oMa}rr{pdara.nroua (poru) onpe.qeJlaer poraM (nanogau) ucxonnoenoJIOteII[Ie tr Ilop.flOl(eIO SaIIETBS' IIpOXOA]'IJ:IfltrpotryCKA TAEI(oBE [x
o6oBHaseHtre.
6aralloRa (porrr), 3Hfirl{e r{cxoAlroro paona rr cueBweuprceu,ue
flpol{sBo/lfiTcfi B Hoqnoe Bpel,Ifl EJrE B ycnoBr{flx or'Ha rro,qpaaAe;leraufr
pauuuenno Blr4nuocrrr c co6rlogeuueM Mep MacxrrpoBrtr. flpuqaunan
pora cKprTlrosaHrrMaersbDKrr/{&oaraJlboHy Ta}IHOBaE
MOTOCTpeJTKOBO{y
Tenbrryro IIo3I{IIurc.
Morocrpe.nxoBbre porr'I trepBoro aureJrora B r{cxoAlroM trono}Kenl{u
pacrroJrararorcx n o4no Tparrmee c trpuMhlxaroqnMrr n ne xoAauu coodqennrr. Pora ntoporo allreirolta (peaepra) pacnonaraertfl aa poraMn
rrepBoro oilreJroHan paftoue, o6ecuesusapqeM cnprruoe paaMe4enrre,
Ipauarouernu neno4 BaHEMaer orrreBbre troanql{E Ba poraM trep.
BOro DrrreJroHaHa yAaJreHrrtr4o 300 M, tryJleMernnr(upornBoraERoBorryneMerrrbrii) ranog - Ha o4Honf r.rs (branrou porbr, B o4no rpaumee c
MOTOClpeJrr(ORblMrl

B3BOAaMtr.

Sernrnr,r BBBoAaarruMaer orneBble troanqutr s 6oesblx uopfl[r(ax MotroApasAenenu Ea HarrpaBJIeEuI{,c Koroporo BoSl{orftEbr
TOCTpeJrKOBr,rx
yapH Bos,qyrtrHolo trporEBttuKa.
[Iporunoranxonlrfr EsBoA pacrroJraraerc.fiBa poraMn trepBoro amenoEa BMecre co BropbrM ?IrleJrouol{ (peaepnou) 6aralrona.
C eau.srueu ncxo4lroro rroJroxtelrrrffKoMaHAr'Ip6ara"tlroaa (potn) opraHtrayer aa6rrogenne, craBtrr aagarlrr porau (nanogau) tr orEeBhIMcpeAcrnaM ua c.rryuaftsoar4oxno araxu uporrlBnrrna, a rax)fie tro yxtrrlrorrteHEro ero caMoJleroB,BeproJleroB tr Apyrux Bea4yrulrblx qele, trpoBepfier
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sHaHue doenlrx saarrKoMrrAnpaMnpor (aanoAot) r4 Aer yHaBaHHrrtro


uH'rI{eHepr{ouyo6opy4cBarrnro rrcxoAHoro pafiona, <l6paqan oco6e tsHutuaul{e Ha Trrlareirrrryro lracnrrponxy r BhlrroJrneor,re
Mepotrpu,arn uo aatr{I{Te OT opy}rir4,EMaCCoBcroflopair{eHr,rfl.
HacrynneHlrro 6ara;rr,oua (porrr) rpeArecrBy ror oeH,ela&no aomoena
u fiepuhre y/laphr, ec,rfi 6oeshre4eficrrun BeAyrcs c trprrMeueur,reM
.sAepIIOIO

OpyErr{fl.

Ilepe4 HaHecenrreMsepnhrx yAapoB tro olopnbrM nyrrfiraM Ea rrepe4rreM Kpae o6opouu nporrirBrrr{Ka,nusubrcocraB rro4paaAenenufr, n roM
qr{cJre tr fioilIoAareirrr, Ba}rlrMaroryxpr'ITllfl, a trprr }IaxorfiAeHrru n 6oeBbIX tlratlDrlrax trexorhr (dponerpancuoprepax) n raHfiax BafiphrBaronronu, 6oftuuqbr, rria,lrro3lr,cuorpoBbre qeJrtrr otrTr{qecfiueupndopnr, paanopaqnBaror 6auRn B cropouy, rrporr{BorroJro]firryro BgprBy. Cucreuu
SaII{I4TI'I or opy}i(H.q MaccoBoro Doparfienrrr{ trpr4BoAsrcfi n 4ecrBIIE.

flocne .rrAepr{oroy[apa rurrHr.rcocraB rro fioMaue (curua.rry) RoMaHAItpoB poT Bl,r.rour r4g yr(pbrrufi u rasroranJrr{Baerc.sK araxe. Bo npeun
ollrego ro.qrorosxr{ opyrrn, r}brgeJrerrr{hre
AJr.Ecrpe.nr6rr trp.EMoHanoqxofr, a TaHHre
raHKn n uporrrBoraHKoRbre
cpecrBa,HaxoHcbr{a orHeBLIX IOSIIIII{flX,

yHI4qTOiIiaIOT

yKaBaItI{bIe

UM I{eJIU B OIOpIITTIX [yHI{TaX

rrpoTuBunHA.
Tannouag pora, rrprlgarrnafl MorocrpeJrr{oBoMy6aranrouy, Haqunaer
Bbr,qtsuffieHHe
c Bbt?r{uare;rtHotrosr{r{Ittrn pydenty flepexoa B araffv Bo
rrpeMs orueno rroAroroBnrl tro ycranoB"TrexnoMycr{ruany (xor,aange),roropuii no4aercff c raxr{nf pacrreroM, sro6u o6ecuequrr BrxoAEa rrepeAnlrft Hpa odcponr,rflpornBrrr{Ha B ycrauoBJrenHoeBpeM.E{<9>o4uorpelrenl1o c Morocrpe.nnoBrMrr
ro4paaeJrer{r{flMu.flo uepe rro4xoqa n py6emy
lepexoa B araxy TaHr(oBarrpoTa trocJreoBaTeJrr,rro
pa3BepTbrBaeTcflBo
BBBoqIrbIeKoirorrnr,a Barers 6oesofr nopflAon rr Ha Mar(cuualrno criopocTrlt, AoycHaeMofi yc.rronunuu rrecTlrocTtr, trepexouT B aTar{y, yHr,rsT0lf{aa [poTrrBHrrHa orEeM c xoy.
flpn arn.anerra 6oerux rrarrruuax nexorbr (dponerpancnoprepax) uolocTpe.rrKotsble.uoApaAAeJreHlrrr
IIOCAXyrr{rrHorO COCTaBa
OcyqeorBJr.flroT
Bo BpeMorlreso rroAroroBr(rr aranr{, o6r,rqg.oAo troxoa rarrnoB n I{x
trcxoAnoMy troJlo)fieHrTroArr.fr rracTyflJreHrrfl.
Ecnu araHa rrpoBoglrrcfl B rreureMrrop.EAne,To Dpr{ trogxoqe ra}rxoB
K IICXOIIOrtry
po uepBorr] gtrreJtoHaKo}faHIloJr()rffer{ul0MoToCTpeJrnOBLr>i
trphl por (nsoo4ot) tro4aror xoMaHAy: <flo4roronurbcfl r{ arane)), trocne rrpoxoxtAenr{fi Tar{KMrr ucxo4rroro troiroifieur{.a- <B araxy - BtrepeAD, uo Horopo .rruqnrr cocraB BrcxanuBaer ua rpanrue (oxouon)
tr BcrIeA 3a rHHaMrr araxyer rrporrrButrx. EMII (BTP) gecrryror conMecrlto c MorocrpeJrKoBErruur.r ranKoBrMrrtroApa3AeJreHrr.EMrr,
floInep,r(r{Ba.EIrX cBorrrilroIHeM. flplr anauureJluoM yAaJrerrutrtrepeArrero Hpafl
o6opourt nporrlrBur{I{a or ucxoHoro rroJloTfierrnrrMorocrpeJrnoBbreu uyJreMerlrhle(upourooralrr{oBo-rryJreMornne)troApaa4eJrenrlrlB Batsr4crrMocru
or obcrauosnrr r[rrora Moryr rrepexogr.rrbB araxy sa BI\III (BTP), a aaTEM CIIErtrIIBATbCfi.

ilopageneglrg

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Boauoxes ip.naronr,r
ororr c nuc. <[.nnrranr. He paaBegaEbrMecra pacnonoxesns llTP.
C sa.raro{ tr B xoge Eacrylneslrfi cJrellyer oxrtgarb artrr{Bnux 4ecrnu anraquu n 6oeur,rxBeproJrerol c EnpaBJrearrnflro;1nnii, lec <.{,antulr1.
Br'rnoan:
1. trlcxo1a IrB Easeprauu rrepeArero npan o6opourr rrp-xa rr pacrroJro]r{eurrs
ero
orueBr,rx cpe4crB, ocrroBrbre ycfiilLlfr cocpeAoroqtrTb B EatrpaBJleurrlt Brrc. <ElungamEasr.
2. Han6oree oflacxbre qentr B EatrpaBnesur EacryrrJrerrrs BBBoIIa:IITVP, 6eBorl(arroe opy4l{e u rIyJIeMer,riorophre Bo BpeMfi otaenoil tro4roroBnrr araxlr neo6xoprrlonoatsnrorrer B3Bo;Ia,a BareMyuxrrrotrillrb pernrrelruo araxo.
3. O6renr arar(tr: rpaBotpr-raEroBoMjoreneEr{ro- 6eaorxarnoe opyArro, nyJreMern exora y org. Aepena, r[exTpaJrbnoMyoreJrenuro - IITyP rr rpy[lra nexorln y op. 2, renoifranroBoMy orAenexlrro - IITP, [yneuer a rpytrfia rexorbr y aaMne.
4. EMII orneM c uecra o6ecnerrrrb rtpeogoneur.re aarpatr<4eun, troeptRarr
rrepeEeroxpar o6oponbr rr yuurrrox(erue trp-xa Ea Brc.<B.nugaxaraxy BBBooM
Eafl), B trocneymrqeMrrpoABur]arbcx sa 6oenbrrurropr{omB roroexocrrr R ynusro,r{enuro BuoBL noB.rrgrcqr{xcfi qe.lre lr orpax(esnrc Rolrrparaxrr trp-fta c EatrpaBneErrfi Jrec <f[a.nrrnrr, op. 3.
5. Munno-naprBsreBarparr{euntrpeogoneBarbrro [poxo4y N 2 n cocraBe
BSBOa

Bcire

3A

rnqss 1pt.t

EOTO BJIITffEUff

EE ONASI{BAET.

PemeEEo E& EacryuneEtre


l, llcuonueyn peayJlraru orEE aprrJrnepzu tr usEousloB' oraeu BBBoAec oxoEorro trono)fieEntr tr arar(o E trefreM tropEAKe ao raaruogecrBtrE c l, 3 nca n
I rn yrnuroxnrb txuByrc cnny E orneBrecpegcrBa Ea Brc.<Blnnanrgaff, oaJragerb
ero, B AaJrbuefirrreuEacrylrarr, B EatrpaBJreunupoqa eBepeaonarl, .flroggrrfi. Eoeroft
rropffAor( - qoub.
2. Boegrre BaAasE orgenexrrffM otrpeenrrrb:
- l-uy orgenentrxl c Ecxognoro uonor(esafi (ucx.) xaprep, Rycrapuuri arar(oBarb
to seanlrogeficrBrru c ranxor[ N- 124, yErrrrotr(ETb 6eaorraruoe opyue, tryneuer s
IpyIItry trexoTrtrpaBee op. 2, E anbEeEreuEacr]rtrarE B ErrpaBneEEEoT. AepeDo,
polqa (Eepe3oBa.E);
2-uy orgeleutrxl c ncxo[Eoro [oJrotr(erun (ucrt.) KycrepErr(, oBper araroBarb
coBMeclso c raERoM J.li 123, yxnuroxurb tITyP, uyneuer tr rpymry rrxorr Ea rorr(8.
cnarax Bf,rc. (nr,trAarr(Eaflt, n anlrefrmeu Eacryrrar a EatpEJIeEEn op. 2, porqa
<Eepeooranr;
- 3-r"ry orgeneunro c trcxoJ[Fofo troJrorr(eruf, (ucr.) orpar, RaMErrarar{oBarr Bo
BBanItoEecrBEIrc raur{ou J,,li125, JrElttlTornsrb trporrtBorelr(oDoe py(e, tryneuer u
rpyufiy trexolbr tra 3arr. cr(arax nuc. rllpugopotr(EaFD, r anrxemeM Eacrytr& B
airpailennu poqa (Depeaosaqr. Jlenr{ $.narr aanoga o6ectresurb orEe}r rryneMera
u EMII.
MII orxeu c Mccra c orEeBrrx nosnqn fiapbep, xarxr rro44eprr{uBart arary
EBBoIIa. flepeMeqesnc rlaqrgaror c BblxoAou BBBoAaEa Brlc. <Ennrgarxuanr.
3. B xnqe orneno troAroroBr<u arann rro uoeii xouau4e BBBoAyornpwrb orot
no uepeFeuy palo, yEffrrTolr(aff x(IlByrc c[ny tr orEeBrecpeAcTBatrp-Ka.
qeflffM lrp-Ka Becrtr Ea xo4y E c r(oB xoge EacrytrneEl{.t oroEb rro BrflBJreEEHM
porr(Ex ocraEoBon caMocroETeJlbEoE no fioMaEAaMxoMa.EAlIpoB'yEEqrot$aE B lrep-

TaEKAMI{.

6. loroanrr BBBoAx crpear$e rro Errartorrorar4aMcaMoJreraMn 6oeBhruBeproneM Up-r(aCaou nopaseret,u&,2 ucs JrrrqtrrrucocraBoMn 6oenofr rexsunofr yxoutrner(ToBaE rroJrEocTr,w,70o,/oflIlrrEoro cocaBa nlreror 6oeno onnr. TexgnqecRoe cocroqEBe
EMII l-ro u 2-ro orge.nerlrft xopouree, EMII 3-ro or;1e.nerur rpedyer reryqero peMoETa. B qe.rrx rrogroroBrrr rc EacryrrJrentro reo6xo4nMo trpoBecrn rourpo.nr,rn
ocuorp ncex BM[I, An peMonra EMII B trouoqr, BoArrrJrro
3-ro or;1elennfi rprrBJreqr, BoAuTeiIa 2-ro ore;renna,
Baaog yaurroffaer nporrrBnr.r(a Ea uuc. r<Eaurgarr(Eaffrno raanuo;1ecrBunc
I ra, oro yBen[qlrBaer 6oenrre Boario]Krrocrr,lno ynlttrrot(eruro trp-fia B xoAe EacrytrJreuufi. oenpnnacor Bo BBBoAe- 0.7 6x, fCM - 0,7 aaupaann.
BHnotrr,r:
1. lloeno rropffAoftBBBoAaofipe1ennrb: B qerTpe - 2-e or4elexue, ctrpaaa -l-e otle;res.He, creaa - 3-e orue.nenue.
2, lioeupunacn u ICM rronoJrxrrrbx 22.00 9.6.
Coce?u. Cnpana R cJrenaEacaytranr BBBohrrarue *porx, o6rexrr ararrr coegecornagaror rro ray6une c o6rerrou arnlr BaBoAa.B nauparaenau EacrytrneEf,rr BBBo/Iagecrnyer I rn.
Burognr:
1 IIpU brlrronuerrn BaAatrEneo6xoglruo troAeprr(EBarr uau6onee recroe Baarrxo,qecrune c rExourlr BaBoAoMrr coceAou crrpaBa.
2. Ilpanrr {ranr o6ecneqnrb orxeM Mll, .resbr Saanr - orneu tryre}rera.
Mecmnocmu. B rcxo4rou florotr(errrr Anff Eacrytrnenr{fi - orttpuTaff. Bucorn
<,(ruurar:r, <<E;ruu4arxnart roctro4crByror EaA oxpy:nanuleii Mecrnocrbro rr Aaror
BoaMotnaocrb trp-fiy xoporo opraunaoBart ra6nro4erue n cnphrrb orneBbre cpecrBa or Busyanrroro ua6nrogerrin. flpe;qycrvarpnaaeuuftupoxo N! 2 a aarpaxgeurrnx
np-xa 6y4er cpaay ,r{e Barreqeuu 6yger pocrpenrBrr,ca. ftycrapnnn <Sererur R
Ea ro)r(8, cr(arax anrc, <B;rurgalrcnasD cnyx(fiT yl(pr,ITlre]r gnn xzno cnnrit rr orreBbrx
cpegcrB rrp-Ka rr troaBoJrsereny gefrcrnonarb BEeBarrEoB xoge Eartrero EacrytrneEltfl.
Busonhr:
l, flnurrtexne BEe rpaxmen tr xoAoB coo6qerufi Baupelar. Co6;rrcgam Macr(EpoBny B xoge pa6or AEeME Eotrbro.
2. o BBBoAaEa Brrc. <Elnrgaxtnasr BMII qeaecoo6paoxo troAAeprrtuBarbc
BaEIIMgMbrxnosrqn, c BbrxooMBBBoEaua rpe6eur, nrrc. <Erlrngarrsa-) paapemtrTb
rrpoABnrr(eurreEMII ruepeg.
3. /{.nr EaAe?KForoo6ecneqesns rfnauror, or(aBaERErrouoqtr cocegfiM u nogaBJreEEff BEOB6BrffBnegE6IXOrEeBrXCpeACTBB RyCTApEtrr(eEa nrrcE. CKaraX BhrO.
ll4

{EnnagatrcEaar, <SerenHrl na illarrax BBBoAaneo6xogaxo rrrerr lryJreMeru u EMII.


4. Har6onee Bepoflruoe EatrpaBneEtreAecrBtr cauoJleroB E BeproJreroBrrp-Ra
- pOIqA (Eepe3OEAflD,Brc. (6nEsAarI(EAfft.
EA MAJTHXBTTCOTAX
Bpeun cyror( - I{eEb, troroga peailbxaff E Ea BrlronueEueaagastr cJEecrBeE-

rqe araxoii BaBeprrrsrb ero lEnqrorr(enlre.

Boeso npERaB Ea EacrYtrJreEtre

1.

Opuexrnpu:

l- -

srilmfta, z-ft -

ftyprx,

3-ft -

paeraanru

goua, 4 -

vugoMerr nano.
2.2vrcp c I rB E MEEBc lrcxoguoro uonorr(Earrc yrpa 10.6 nepexoAnr B FacrytrJreREeB trertreMIIopAe c aagavefr yEErrrolr(ETb ]r{EByrc Crlny tr orEeBile cpeAcTBa
up-Ka B orropxou nyErtTe n paone arrc. <,{.nzunaq)t' nycrapnRx <<3e:resr'rft0,poqa
(BepeaoBar)t n oBna4eBaer py6erftoM Rycraprnr( <Tlte.trrrrr,paaBnnna Aopor' B AanseroeM Eacrytraer B EarrpaBJrelruEpoqa (EepesoBaE , Ilrogur,r.
8r

Ilopaalenensq g 6olo ll5

2 xcs - Eatrpaunsronp. C ucxopporo tro.rorr(ou[n (ucn.) fiapbep, aMsE arano r ueurerr tropAr{e no naarno4ecrButr c I rn yanrroxaer rrpxa Ea Brc. cEarnAalr(Hafi), B a;rrbEemeMsacTytraeT B E&trpaBneaun Bsc. rEtnsAaE(EasD, IloIa (
pe3oBaflD.
3. B uepnog orssnofr trogroroar(E araxtr trogaBnrnTcff orneo[re cpe4crDa E tntrBaff cnJra np-Ka sa Brc. (Arfllrgaf,), Bbrc. tEanrganmanr,
Cnpaaa I rrcr araxyer yxnsrontaer rrIFKa Ea BHc. (nugEagt, r ga;rruefimeu
Eacrynaer B EatrpaBnexun r(ycraptrnfi (lltenrt.
Caesa 3 McB araxyer E ynr{erorftaer np$a a paone r(ycrapnru( (3eneEri},
n 4anrxeureu Eacryrraer B Earrpalnexxr paaBsnftE Aopor.
2-e orge.ueuue - sapaun.firorqee. Atarofr B tremeu tropfl.qr(e Es ncxo[Eoro rroJroxenn r(ycrapEtrr{, (tcx.) onpar ynrrrrrrorxsrb IITyP r rpytrrry trexorbr sa K)tr{u.
crarax nuc. rEanxga?r(Eaff, B Aanbgemeu gacrytrarb B garrpaanetus poqa {EeIx}
3044.fiD.

l-uy or4e.ueunro ataxo B lrertrex tropsgxe trB trcxolsoro trororfiexs r(apbep,


(rcx.) xycrapxun 5rxusrox(urr 6eaorxaruoe opyAlre, uyneuer E rpyrury nexoru Ea
rornE. crtarar rHc, rEarmga)Kna.sr, B Aanbxeurex Eacryrrarr B EarrpaBJreEIrEpoqa
*Eepeaonanr.
3-uy orgelenuxl arar(oii B netrrerdtroprgxe tra Rcxopor troJror(e{E (ncr.) oapar, KaMEn y:EtrqrorrtuTPIITP, [yneuer E rplry rrexorr E rorr(8. cr{arr Br'rc,
nEauugaxrraat, a gaarreIrreM Eacryrrarb B EaflpaBJreEtrEporqa rEepeeonaar. JIearr rf.ranr BaBoAaodecueqtrr orxeu EMII.
CgalBepy Eacryrrab ctrpaBa or Megff, aecrr ua6nngesue _aauoaeu 6ot, srlsgJrrrrb qeJrn, uo uoe KoM&EAo caMocroffTenbro yntrrn\olxarb oiluqepon, Ea6nrogarere, cxauepoB, paclrern orueBrrx cpeflcrB.
Crpeary-canurapy ua6.rro4arb aa rrosBJrenueu paEenrr Ea rroJle 6or n goxaaIFrBaTb MEe, ONaEErBarbtrM nepByro"MeAsquEcr(yn troMoqb.
4. Iorosuocrb r( tracrynneEntr) -- 8.00 10.6.
5. fl raxoxycb
caa,qrr2-ro orgeaeutr, Baxec?Eronb - urrarurfi E KouaEAP
2-ro orgeaenur.
O p r a E t ra a q E

Bs a tru o Ae ficra E t

1. C ruxogorr raEKoB Ea py6ex ftapep, orA. narffiE o6oauaqarb Beraxl Mecra


poxooB TaEKoB rrepe3 uosaqEE oTgeneElrf,,
2. Araxy Earrarb rro ctrrxiury par(era Kpaclono orr.fl, tro paao - t555r rcaeg
qenflM gIFfia Becrn Ea xoAy caxooroflTeJraa raEKaMI{. Ororr uo BtroBr,BH-EBJIeH-Fru
so tr ro KoMaEaMKoruAEAEpoB,yEEqTorfiafl B trepByrc oqepeAb orEEBErecpeAcTBa'
aa,qeprrtrBarcr4tretrpogBnrr(eEtreBaBoAa. EMII npopnurrncfl co cBoEMEorAeJreEEExE, trcuonb3ytr cfin{xE MeclBocTE, cr(aqRSMEoT yr(plilEff K yr(pbrruKr' troAeprrcEBa orEeM aTar(y raEr(oB Il JltrqEoro cocraBa,
trp-xa trpeogoneBarr no rpoxoAy Js 2 scneg aa ranron J 123
3. Sarpaxgern
B rioJronse rro ABe. t-e a 3-e or4enelu upogoneBarr sarpalx,qesur actre4 na 2-u ol"
AeJIeEEeil.
4. flpeo4oaer aarpa{Aenas, BBBoA6Hcrpo paaEeprrBaerca B qetrb' BeA.florroE
Ea xogy, c rroAxogou Ea paccroEne 25-30 u aa6pacuaaer npxa rpaxarauu tr araxyer rpeguft npa ero o6epoau. Vxnqroxrs trIFr(a Ea uepeFex xpae, nano4 6e"
SocraBoBoqEo trpoon?RaelEclynneEe B EatrpaBneEntr poqa tEepeaoaanr'
5. Boagynrnxe qeJrE trp-fta ystrrrror(arg orseu MlI E garpAgrenbnril orgeu
BaBoa no rioei KoilauAe.
o6oporx aBBorroJlaanf,er orloll Bcr cpe,qcrB
Ouaru couportrEJrennff a rlyfrre
n araxo no if.uarr u rbrJr.
C or.la4enueu axc. tE;rrmganoarr 6rrm B roroBrocrz K orpatfteEuro KoETparanE trp-Ka c EarrpaBneutr nec (,q,anbxnr, paaaalmu. Otpaxieuue Konrparfxtr ocyrqccrBtrTb orner c Mecra c D[rroAEoro py6exa, aarex araroft ao Bl]auuo4ecrssq c
c,ceEruu aaBepmETb yEEqllolrtEf,e rrp-x.
6. Cnua;ru:
orroBeqeEsff - nocToEqr{e;
ytrpaBJreEEs:
116 raara rpczra

- paBBeprHDaEre a doeaym JrEEElo- <100r;


- trepe:(og B arary - t555r, paxera KpacEoro ornfl;
- ctretrgarne - tSeu;rgr;
- troca[fta na 6MII - paxere BeJIeEoro ornfi;
qeneyKasaErre - Tpaccupy(,qmlu trynsxtr tr cEapAMIrB ganpaBrestrE qenB.
'
6oeBoro o6ectrerreEfl
OpraEBBaqEn
B ncxogxox rroJro;reElt 4:rff EacrJrlrJternff B orgqtrennf,x oprrFuaoBar na6.nroeEr,reBa Ea?gvErME BoayrnErru trp-Kou. c aro qerx) EasEarrrr xa6,nrogateae.
B xoge EacrytrneEgff na6:rngeune Becrr! BcMy nErIEoDry oocraBy, AoxnaArrsan cl6
qensx cBonri xolrar;{Epau.
o6napyxeruux
Itorran4upau or.qeneun Aoxnagr{Barb xre EeueAJreEEotrpE o6rapyxernu uognooar{E tr upu lepexoe rrlFfta B r(oETparaKy, o6 ero orxoe, a lafixce o6 o6aapyxenElm cllecTBax EAepEoro, xElrtrlrecfioro sarraAeEEfl, orEeBltx rro3tr4Ef,x aprEnnepEE, MItEoMemB n EporlrBoragxonf,rx clleAcrB. .Iluwony cocrany 6rrrr s r<yft)arocru
gecrsonarr rrpr rrpnxexenutr rrp-Kor opyrrtnr xacooBoro troptnexnq. .[,lr amro
rrpoEepElb cpeclBa trEAnBf,[yanbEo aa"I[sftr tr EMers llr EaromBe. B ucroArou
rro.Jrorr(eEEE
Anfl rracTyrrneBHfl ,qo6pyAoBatb rrosEqEE, crpono co6:rro4ar ![ep[I rracKf,IloBRE.
Opraf, traeqEn yupaDreEEfi
ocrrof,tf, -- 21t50:
aarracnar - 22209.
llosirrrHe:
RoxaE/IEp 2ucp - cEepeaar;
KouaEAEp 2 wcs - rAxaqrn;
r(ouaEgrpn:
l-ro or4enerrr - tAra4rn-lr;
2-ro oreneEEff - tAxaqrr-2r;
3-m ore.nenna - eAraqun-3r.
uogsnso -- <Bypn.
{xpxyarpnr
.[o nepexoga B arary pa,qnocraEqrru pa6oraror roJrr(o Ea pseu.

Pa6oqan tracrora:

(Dopcrponanue

Bo[Eofi

Eperparr

Bo4nue trperpAhr r(afi ecrecrBerrErre upetrflTcrBtrfl AnE Eacrytraroqtrx


Bocft xapanrcptrByrorcfl rtrEpuxo, rny6nuo, cxopocrbro reqeEtrfi Bo,qI,
cBocrBaxz 6eperoa, AEa E r. g. 9rn ocoderuocrs ro4no uperpa4u
B KoMrrnexce c xapaxrepou o6opoHH a Ee oKas[ilBalor cyqecrDenHoe
BJTEfiEEeua {OpcupoBaEEe.
(Dopcupoeaw - sro rrpeogonenue c 6oeu ro4no trperpa4tr,
rrporEBorronoHiHrJ 6eper rompo o6oponae1\cs tporEBEEr(ou.
ffpn paarurnu EacrytrJrexld.E tr trpE trpecJreAorartrE Morocrpenr{onue
r(aK rrpaBtrJlo,
OCyqecTBJrflroT {opcuporau[e,
E TATTKOBETe
trO,qpAse.]IenEtr
c xoAy'. Ecnu SopctrpoBauue c xo4y Ee yanoc unr Kor4a ero BIar'rc ptsBeprbrBaBaercfl ycJroBtrffMtr odcraronnn, oHo ocyqecrBnfeTcfl
EEeM rnaBEbrx ctrJr y BoAHo Eperpabr rroc.re AoIroJIrIETeJrbHotroAroIOBKu B KopoTKtre cpoKu.
Eara,'rros (pora) {opcnpyet BoAEyro trperpaAy B cocraBe rJraBurx
cEJr Uirtr caMocrofiTenr,Eo, AecTByE B uepeAoBoM olptAe EnE aBaErapge (ro.nonno uoxo4ro BacraBe), BBBoA- B roJroBEoM trJrtr pasBeArBaTleJrbEoMAosope.
Ilopaaqeaenns r 6or" li?

NlorocrpennoBble noApaaAenextrfi Bonrle rperpaAr trpeoonegaror


na doesbrx MamEEx rrexorhr (6pouerparcuoppax), plraunar aprtrn- Ea ryceEtrnHbrx unaBaroqEx TpaHctropTepax, TaEnE * Ha rJA-"lepu
poMx, ndpoq Eiru uoA ao4o.
Eoeawe eaavu 6ara.nrouy na 1fopcupoBaufie craB.flrcff trptr opranugaqnrr rracrytrnentrfl u yroquflrcTcfr trps troxo,qe r( BoAHo nperpage
nopornuMrr 6oennur pacuopff?fienr.flMutro cpecrBaM cBffBE. flo caoeuy
lar(TtrqecxoMy coAep?fiaHErooHR orrpeAen.ErcTc.ffTaR Nte, xaft rr nptr Eacrytr"rrennrr. O6rrsno dara.rurouy (pore) JrfiaahrBarcrcs: Jruacron rfopcupoBanr.s r{ Mecra rrepe[paB, Bagaqu Ha trpornBotrono)r(EoM6epery (6nunocireAyrorqafi tr EarrpaBneutro ga;rruemero Eacryrrnonra),
xaiiruax,
ycuxcfitre uepetrpanorrn[rMrfi cpecrBautr, trcxoguuft py6ex, paou uocaAxr{ (uorpyaxr) Ea trepelpanoqxo-Aecarrnre cpecrna, paox repuorr{Bar{su raxr(oB, rropflAox BrrxoAa x aogno uperpaAe.
Earanrony, gecrnyroqeMy Bo Btopou aureJrorre,JntagrBarcrcfrtncxo4nu paon, Bpeu.f, u rropsgor( BrABuiKeEExx noAso nperpaAe E treperrpaBbr rrepea Hee, BoBMo)rtHbIega4arrtr Ea rrporuBotroJrorr(EoM 6epory.
Pore yrcaarrBarcrcff 6uruxamas Ba4arra tr EatrpaBneurilo AaJrbncfimero
Eacrytrneuu.E, BsBoAy (or4erreuuro) - o6xr.
flpeo4onenue no4uo
uperpa4ru 6y4er cocraBJr.Erb rracrb coAeprxanrfi 6nuxrafrmefi aa4asr 6aTa.rrborra rr polI.
Ocnosro aagauefr daranrona, 4ecrnyroqelo B trepeAoBou orpfle,
sDrfleTcfl.3axBTuepeupaB u BErroEoIoyqacTKa peftr, a B aBaHrapAe ynnqror(euse uporuBsrrfia Ha tro4crytrax x no4no trperpaAe, upu 6.narorrptr.nrrrhrx ycJrontr.fix - {opczponantre ee, o6ecueueuue BlilABrrrr(enu.fl
r rfopcnpouaurr.s rnaBrrhlx ctrn.
Eararrony 4nx {opcupoBantr.ff Eaauatraercs yqacrox, noroprr BXJIToqaer ocuoBnr,re rr Batracnbre rrepeupaBlr Anr por rrepBoro oureroua. IIa
yqacrxe fopcupoaaulr.s daraarora o6opy4yrorc.s AecauTnhreu traporrghre
treperrpaBhr, a rax]r(e Monyr o6opygonarc.s uepetrpaBlr rarfioB n6pog
trJru tro4 aogo (puc. 18 na nrn.). Pore u BBBoAyEaBuaqaroros Aecaurlrbre reperrpaBhr - oclroBEafl tr SarracEafi.
flpr oprauaaaqtru {opcrporauNx ao,quouperpa4hl c xo,qy xouarArrp
6ara.rrrona (porn) ,qoJrxen aa6aaronpeuerruo Ao troAxo4a ft per(e EucJrarb
pasBeAKy, trptrrr.ETb perlreEtre rro Kaple, uocraBulb aaAaqtr rroApasAeJloEEffM, ynaaarb trop.sAox saauMoecrBl{ff tr o6ecue.reaur.
llpr rfopcnpoBaxntr c paaBoprbrBautreM TJIaBHrxcun y no4ro uperpa4br KoMaEAtrp daranroua (porur) erqe o tron5rrrerrrfl BaAaqtr Aen?fieu
oprautrBoBarb paaBeAr(yu noAroroBxy x SopcnpoBaann. C uoa5rueuueu
6oeso BaAarrEoH ocyqecrBJrrer opranuaaqnro B ycranoo.rlelluolr rrop.r4xe B KopolREe cpoKu.
flo4pasgenenu. B]rxoAffr n Borro uperpage B xo4e paaBlnrtr tracrytrnenrrfi Ea Maxcr{Maarso cxopocrrr B roroBuoctu x SopcupoBauux)
es c xoAy. ftrogroronxa rexEnr(u u JrElIEoro cocratsa x {opczporaruro
rrpouaBogtrrc.E B xo4e BbrABElKerrRx.flogroronr(a ranr(oa Anfl rreperrpaBr
uo4 ao4o aaBepmaerca n paoxe repuersaaqutr.
118 lrasa

rperrq

Boeno uopsAon 4.nx {opcllpoBa}ru.E 6ara.nron o6usuo crporr B otrrr


peaepBa or yctrnenHoro
eluenog c Br-reneutreM odqeaocxonoro
BBBoAa Ao porbr, rrprr no.qxoAe K BoAHo uperpa4e Bhlcbrnaer 6oeso
paaBeAhrBare.nrumAoaop. Tanxr, trpu4arrlrble daranrony, ABurarorc.s
B roJloDe KoJroErrhr,a rurarrrafl r{ trpu,qalrHafl aprrrnnepu.s - 3a raEKauE
rrJru roJroBuo poro. lluxenepune troApaB,qeJIeEI{8,
Aecanrrro-treperpaBosrbre cpecrBa uB aantrMaeuux paouoB BbrABnralorcrl x uo4paa4eJreHrrffM, trepe[paBnrlroquucfl lrepBblu peficou.
Havaaon Sopcupoaanun (.qr>csrraercfi MoMerrr orBana or csoero 6epera uo[paa4eaeuu neproro ertreJrorra.O6xo4n trpoTnBIrI{Halr npu neo6xoAuMocru yurrqro)fiafi ero, oaranboll SaxBarblBaer MocrEr u Apyrue
EMeroq,trecntrepeupaBr,upeoAoneBaer BoArryp trperpay na BMII (BTP)
CpeACTBax'BOA.EOroHI' Ha trJIBy' tro trptrE trepeupaBOqIIo-AeCaHTIIbIx
6epery.
r(pbrreu ArMoBaraxyer nportrBnrlfia Ha lrporlrBolroJroTr(rroM
TanHosrre rrogpaaAeneul{.fl
, trpuannr'le 6atanbor{y, paaBeprbruarorcff
Ha EcxoArrou 6epery, orueM upauo uano4xo ynurlroxiarcT rIporEBEuKa
Ea rrpornBotroJrox(rroMdepery q o6ecnequnaror rfopcupoBanne c xo1y
MorocrpeJrKoBrx por (nanoqor).
Aprunrepu.ff E Apyrrre orrreBIecpeAcrBa c B]xoAoMn no4no rperpa[e SaEqMaX)TOIEOBI'IOtroAIIquU q flOpa?I(arcT trpOTtrBIIUKa' OKaSIBAroqero cuporun.ueHEer troAep)fiEBaffsopcuponanne u 6a. uopaBAenenu E rrporrBotroJrotlroM 6epery.
Seuurune cpencrBa paaBeprblBalorc.EEa ucxo4l{oM 6epery E ocyqecrBnrrror trptrr(pElTEeoT yapoB BosAymHoro uporEBErrKa.
r[ aerrrrrhre troApaa,qenenraso6uquo uepetrpaBJrsAprulrepucrue
roTctr IIa trnaBaroqtrx MaIIIuEax E cMoxoAEbrx uepetrpaBorlso-,qecarlTrrIx
cpeAcrBax c rar(rrM pacrreroM, qto6nr o6ecuequsanacb netrpephrBrrocr
(upuxpnrrux) nacryuaroqtrx uogpaa4enenu Ha trporlBouonogeprxrr
Jro?nnoM 6epery.
Taurn [epeupaBJrflrorcfi Ha rycenuqubrx caMoxoAHhlxrrapoMax EcneA
troApasAeJlelruflMrr.flepeupana ux troA nogo o6rrssa MorocrpeJrr(onrMr{
trOApasAeJreEUEO OCyqecrBJrfleroff trOCneOBJraAeEsflMOTOCTpeJIXOBbIME
pagBeAH BoAflME trportrBorroJro)nnbru 6eperou, a rafirr(e tqarontno
noi uperpagu. Ilpeo4oJreB BoAEyrouperpagy, TaEKoBbrenoApaageJleuuff,
Ee aaAeplrffiBaflcb, BbrxoAfll Ha QBorrllatrpaBJreHrr.Eu BrIro.JIHgrorlrocraBnellrreSaAarrE.
,fl,ecrnun noApaaAenesn daranroua rra uporlrBolronoxnou6epery
EocflT xapKTep o6nrsnoro Hacryunerrua. Araxyn Ea 6oeBblx MamtrHax
rrexorr (6pouerpancuoprepax) trJrtrB rremeM tropffAr(eBcneA Ba lallfiauu,
oApasAeneEEff yErrrrTorr(aror )r(trBylo cxJly n orlreBhle cpeAcrBa nporEBEtrfia B otropnhrx nyERTax E ycrpeMnflrorcff a r;ry6xny.
B xoge rfopcuponauu.E KoMaIrAtrp 6ara.nrona (porn) ytrpaBnffer tro4paaAeneHu.Euuc r(oMalr4uo-ua6.nronarenblrorotrynr(ra (I{HII), EaxoA.ffcb
Ea cDoe 6oeso MaltrtrEe. B6;ruau Eero HexoAErcfl KoMalrAtrphr trpuAaEEbrx E rrogepx(uBarcqux lrogpaaAenenu. Mecro g.nr ItHfI andupaetcr
raM, rAe cocpegororruBalorcff ocuonlrhlg cunu 6aranrona (pornr) u o6ecuerrBarorcff rranJl)nrrtrEe ycnoBrrfi cxpbrrqocru u ua6nrogenu.fl 3a lrpofio4paageaeuus n 6orc 119

TtrBEEr(oME opcnpoBanneu cloEx rro4pasgenenu, a taxlne EetrpeprlBEOe ytrpaBneEf,e.


_ Korra,n4np MorocrpenxoBoro (rannonoro) B:rBoAa yrrpaBn.ffer us cnoe
6oeno uam''*f,r(rauna, ETP), EaxoAflcb s 6oerou uopn4re nsno4a. Ha
rrporrrBouorro;xurr 6eper KHII 6araanona (porrr) trepetrpaBnflercs Ba
poTarflr trepBoro artreJroEa.
(Dopcupocaxue conux npcepa su.to lrofrer ocln4ecrllrrcff
tro EeAflrrru
rrepetrpalax. To;r I na rEAa Ao I x rxgepxxBaer
f,rr(eEtre r&rrKa r 4pyro 6oero rexunnr. Frr r()rqEHa rAa He rrogBoJrfier rnrnexofi TexE|Ifte llpeooneBarb
trperpaAy tro JrbAy, ee cEa{ara opcrpyror B trernerl tropfi[Ke xoTocrpeJrRoBf,re
troIra5AeneHf,fl, a rerErEa rlepetrpaBnffercf, Ea rrlx]rf,Borroromnrr
6eper uocae
ycf,[ernfl
rrelDerrpaBax, o6opygopax_
_nLAa rro rralx)vrr{tq AecaETEHL f, rocloanr
nru r xefiuar, a rarume tro xocrau.
B uepuo4 trtxrencf,rEofo re.qoxo[a BoAEHe Eperpa4rr trpeonof,eBax]Torr, Rax
rrpaBrno, tro aarnatreEunr
rocrar
r uepedpocnoft uopae4ereru
no Boslgrry.
Be4eme

Etery[letrf,r

r ooo6rrx

ycrorrrx

r o p o 4 e

Hacelennue tryur(rrr ropocftoro rrrra B KoporKf,e cpoxtr xoryr 6Hrn


rroAroronnerr.r upor[Bnf,r(ou Anfi o6oponu. rleu rp5rnnee f, BatKEee ropo, 6onbue Barnraerrrre [u trJroqa4E, Trgu 6olee rn-rr6oxoeueJronf,ponaunofi 6y4er o6opoua.
Bennsrna ropo4 otrpeAenflercrr rro KonEqecrBy EaceJrflxlqrx ero
)fitrTene. B coornerrrnur c artrrr paarnqarorrcfl uaJrbre ropo[a (go 20 tuc.
ven.), cpe4rrre (no 100 rHc.), 6ornrrne (4o 5O0 tlrc.) tr xpynnrre
(cnume 5O0 ruc.).
Ha re4esne 6oesHx gefrcrrn oxaa.rBarcTBJrf,flrr[e uecrrrocrb, Ea
noropo pacrronorr{en ropog, non{arypaqaa
(ropo4a MoiJir Euerb rrpfliloyfoJrbuyro Errtr BrrflEyryo, renTorrnyro Qopvy, crpotrTbcn B BBfie
Kpyra trnE nnurrca), crpyxrypar rrnaunpoBxa ropo4a. uocrpoxu, rro,qSeMEEreCOOpy)fieEEA,aa6eronupoBaEEre depera peft E r(asaJroB, [Mex)quecfl B ropo4e BooxpagnJruqa u r. A. B cB.ffBEc arEM rracrytrneaf,e
D ropo,qe sarpy4rrero, rpedyer 4po6.nerun rronpaa4eneuu u cuequa:rrsofi
Ex tro4roronnu. Kpoue roro, 6oenue qecrnur B ropo4e EMeK)r pr4 oco6ennocre, ocEoBErM[ ua r(oropbrx EBnrorcfi: TpyAEocTb opEeHTEpoBrrEr, EaJrtrqtre 3a![acx|[poBaEEErx orEeBEy cpeEcTB trpOTEBrrEr(atr uX
pactronolKeHtre 3a trporrErrrrE yKprTtrfftrE, rrJroxaf, BE/{EuocTb Bo Bpeug
6or (uoxtapbr, AbrM, rruJrb tr T- A.), cJrorr(Eocrb Baauuo[ecrBf,flr orpaEuqeuuocrb uaueBpa raEKoB n EMII (BTP) B BEy 6onrmoro KoJrsqecrBa BaBanoB, aarpaxt4eun, a raxrr(e BarpyAEeEFFre ycnoBsff rJrfl BeeEE,E OTIIfl.

Vcnosu.s BeAeEtrff 6oesux 4ecuu na trocrytrax K ropogy E B ropoAe B Brratrf,Tenrro crerrenn BJrErrcT na cnoco6H paarpoua rrporuBnsxa,
Sopuu 6oesHx gefictrnfr, mnprgy tronoc Eacryrrnerru! coAeprfiarrrre
6oesD[x Ba4arr E Terrril EacryrrJrern. IIpn BeAeEEu Soenux 4emn n
ropoge repfixlrcff TaKEe 6oesue KaqecrBa MorocrllenrcoBhrx E TaHKoBbrx
tl

f:raua rperrn

uoApas[enenn, ftafi BrcoKafl rroADrlxtHocrb E MalleBpeHlrocrb, a ero


pe3KO Crruxraer eutrr rracTyrrJreHna. floarouy lfaHeBp n o6xog doarurux
ropooB EBJrEercfl nau6olee qerecoo6pasrrlru.
B p1x" cnJrrraeB Morrier ocyqecrrn.firtcs.
autaenue aopoox c zoy.
^
Smuy 6ynyr cuocodcrsoBar B'eaatrHocrr', crpeMnrenb'bre E MaHeBpeEnue geficrnufi, a raxxie Eocrrbre ecrssn.
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noayeftcrnae rop na pa6ory paAuo- E paAtrorexnrrqecr(Ex
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paspextennocrb BoBAyxa E trontrlneutre arMoc{epnoro AaBnerrtr.Ec yBentrqellueM Bbrcorr rraA ypoBEeu Mopg.
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Hacryureutre B ropax tro4pao4enentrrr BeAyr rJraBEhrMo6paaou E,qoJrb
ocrytrrrux rratrpaBnenu, na unocftoropbflx, BAoJIb AontrH tr tronorn
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flpu ractyuJrerrutr qepea ropnbr xpe6er 6oenue 4eficrnux 6ygyr paaBEBalbCff BAOnb CxBosrrbrx Aopor qepes EepeBaJrbrHa rrportrBorronoffir{y0
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ao Snanr E Trrrir trportrBnnna sepes rpygnoocryrrHrlo yqacrxu uecrxonoApaaaenegrs g ooro 123

garene. O6ecneserns orfipbrrnx S.nanroa daraaroua (poru) Aocrlrraet


cs rrocrpoesse [ 6oenoro uopsgra pot (nono4oa) ycryuou, yc]rnenneu
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c xoAy c BbrllBu)r(exueu EB ucxo4uoro paoxa tr a)fie c uapua.
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E 6010 l'15

N rreMv BETCoTf, yflUtlTotnerrtrfi trportrBlrtrfia Ea cxarax, odpaqeHHbrx ff


reperany Enu yqenn. Earanrou (pora) trocne oBnaextrfi rrpunerarcquMr{ BbrcoraMu (nucoro) uacmro cflIr Q aroro py6exa (uaupau"renra)
coBbrBaer uportrBllufia, rreuocpe4crBenxo o6oponrroqero trepeBan tr
yqenbe, rJIaBrIrrrMI{clrJraMtrataxo no tfuanr TbrJIytrFITo}KaeT ero
tr oBJrAeBaeruepenaJroln(nwcoro) Irnu yqenbelr. Tasxu u doenne uartrEnbr rrexort (6ponetpaucuoptepu) trpu arou Alrrrarorc.ff uo goctyuno
USCTITOCTTI, yHnrITOlKafi

pACIrOnOtI{eElIf,Ie

HA IIepeBAJIe,

rpe6HAX

Bf,ICOT tr

cxTax, o6paqerrnnx K IrnM, orneBbre rorll( tr trpo rtrREtrKa, trpetr.ffTcrByrcque po4Bnx(enrrrc 6ara.nr,oua (porn), a ran)fie rrpoBur{euun troApaaqeneun, o6xo4nrqux uporritBrruxa c {uarron.
flocle oBJlaenufirrepeBanoMunn yqenbeu oprauxayercx oxpara u
odopona no4xol{oB K rrepeBany, Barr{HbtxyqacrnoB Aopor, MocroB, ToHuereEBxoAoBByqenbe.
Kanronu, trepecexaloqne EarrpaBneutre HacrJruJreEE.E'npeo'qoneBarorcff, ftafi trpaBuJlo, C xoy tro axBaqcHEbrMrrepexoAM.
Ecau c xogy lrepexoA BaxBartrTb Ee ylanocb' MorocrpenxoB[re tro1pa3AeJrerrufl, ctroJrb3yff IIe SaIr.EThIerrporuBrltrKoM yrlcrr(tr' upeo/IoJreBror nanboubr, BIitrxoAErno {ranr rIJrtrtIJrtrporuBurxa, o6oponRroqero
trepexo4, u trpu troqAeplxxe orrlfl TaHKoRs aprnnnepru Brreaanso aranofi osiraeBaror [M.
B rex cryrraflx, xorAa o6orrr uportrBnnxa, o6opoualoqero trepexon'
EeBosMolnrro,6aralton (pota) oBJraeBaerurr araxo c rfponta. l arou
cnyqae. RarrboH trpeooneBrorB rlepBylo oqepeAb MorocrpenxoBre tropaSenellrrfl
rloA upufiprrl{eM ofnfi aprunnepErn rr raHnoB.
Pasnnrue uacrynnenll.a R ropax BBoAoMn 6o nroporo aueloua (peaepna) nandonee qacro ocyqecrBJrserct treper{arou n rpedyer HagerfiHofo orEeBoro uopalKeuufl trpornBrltrxa.
B

Jrecy

B sanncuMocru or paauepoB Jlecnf,rx MaccI{BoB, tropo,qu AepeBbeB


tr r),crorbr Jreca, KJrnMarrrrecnux tr rroqBenr{o-rpyrrroBbrx yclonu, naJrrqug peg, o3ep, Aopor, trpoce1, rIoJIflIr u orrpy$ox Jrecgcrfi Mecrgocrb
M()lr{ertro-paSHoMy BJIUffTbIrA OprAHUBaqtrrOU BeAerlue EacryrrneHu.
JIec aarpy4lrfier MarreBp, ocodemro 6oeso rexnlrr(R' radltoqenne,
trOAPASI{EJIEIIEfiMtrtr IIOAAEP}(AOPUEIITflPOBAHtrE' A IAK'I{E }TUPABJIEHITE
MaccllB
necg
Orpagtr1llBaer trpIIMeIIeftpyunrr
Etre BaatrMo4ecruun.
(BTP). nu6op orrreBIx uoeuqu apruJlnepurr s Koprrtre rarrKoB, BMII
peKTtrpOBaIItrff O1gfl. BueCte C TeM neg yMeIIbIIIAeT noTeptr Or o6nrqnUX
MacKEpoBKe, cnprroMy pactroJlox{ecpeAcrB troparfioEzff , cnoco6crryer
B EcxoAIroM paoue.
EEro rrogpaagereur
Jrecnllx
trpoxo4nuocrb
Becn u oceublo yxyruaercs
4opor, 6ocyxoe,
}fi aprtoe
y4notrpoxo,ql{Mbrurr.
B
rp
yqcrxu
crarroB.ETc.E
Jlorucrrre
neTO rrOBbIruaeTC.EupoxontrMocTb BHe AOpOr It qepea Aa6OIO.IeEHLIe yqacrfirf, Ho yBenurluRaercfl orraonocrb necubrx ttox(apoB. Surtlo VJIYqrua126 Inasa rperrs

rcTCfl yCnoBEE llpe{)Onenufi oSep Il peft, Ho }zx}'AlUarocfl yc.IoBr[ffMacKrrpoBntr or na6lro4enu.E c Bos4yxa, Barpygnrrerc.ff ABarficnlre Drre Iopor.
floerouy Hacrytrnefirle B necy Beerc.Etro EatrpaBJreRtrfiMtrpeuMyqecTBerrHoBAOnbl{Opor u npocex tr tro peAr(onecbroB correTaHHtrc oXBaTuu n o6xo4auu.
Morocrpenxonrde rroApas4eneutrr rracrytraror B trepBoM omeJroeu,
Rar( upaBlrno, B uettreM rroprl4ne. TarHosa.fl pora u uunoMerrrax 6arapen
o6rrsHo rroBBBoAHo,r])naroMernu naao4 tro orAenexufiM npuAanrcg
poraM treploro DrueJron&,a rryneuerrrnrfr (upornnoraunoBo-trylerrrerrufi )
BSBOAtrO OTAeJreEnrrM
rrptrAaeTcEBSBOAaM,EAcTytrar0rqtrMtro EAIIpABneEE.EMcocpe,qororreH
r{E ocrroBHbrxycnn n 6araeroua (porn).
Eoesbre Baarnr flo4pal]Aenerrrr.sMB necy rro r;ry6uue uoryr 6urr
MerrbrrruMu, qeM rra orxpnro Mecruocrtr.
EoeBo uopqAox 6ara.rrr'ona crpotrrcff B Ba DrtreJroua.Ha rropo
IIrenoH l(poMe pa8BtrTI|.Eycrrexa MofyT BoSJraraTbc.fl
3aAaqtruo [poTuBogecrnuxr oxBaraM u o6xo4arunporrBr{sxa, 6opr6e c BoBAymEbrMAecanroM tr /{pyrEe 3aalrfi.
flpn opeanusat+uuruacmunrlevu.ea necy r{oMaHAEp6araurona (porn)
KpoMe BorrpocoB,noropue pemarorc.Errpu Eacrytrneur{tr B o6rvnr,rx ycloB[flx, otrpeenfler a3uMyr EarrpaBneHrr.sHacrytrneldu.fr.Arrs.por trepBoro
srrrenoua (naaogon); ycraHaBnuBaer nopflAor rrpeoloneur{.n Jrecnf,rx BaBaJroBtr TpyHorrpoxoAEMrlx yqacTKoB MecTrrocru; HaMerraeTMepoupnfiTtr.Euo 6opr6e c necrrbrMu trox{apaMtr; otrpe4eJrfler rrop.s4on yur[rrro]Kerrrfi
rrpoTrrBrrrrKa,Beyn{ero oroHb c AepeBbeBE oclaBmerocfl B rblny Eaclytrarcqrx trogpaaenenu. oerue BaAaqE tro4paaAeJrerruffMorr onpe4eJrer, r(ax trpaBnJro,no Rapre. Opranuaya naanuo4efrcfnlre, orr ocobenrlo
IleranbHo corrracoBr,rBaer,qecrrtr.E uoApa8Aenenufi, EacrytraroEnx c
r[poxra, tro BaxRary reperpecrnon ,qopor, upocex, 4e{ule tr Apyrux
BAlr(Hbrx o6rerron c o6xognqEMa uonpaBA-enerrtrflMn.
Hacrynnenue E rrecy Eaqurraerc.E c rrpoDeneHtrffaprtrnnepacno
rroAroToBKR aTarilt, B xo,qe noropo rroABJrfiIolcfl otropHbre tryHr(Tr tr
6arapeu rrporuBnur(a.
aprur.repucrue
Aprru:repucxas uogep)ftKa B BaBtrcnuocrtr or xaparirepa o6oponn
trpoTEBnufta B necy ocyqecrBnffeTcs MeroAoMtrocneAoBaTerrbHofo
cocpeqenfiM.
OfrreM trO OTAeJIbHbTM
AOTOqeHtrfiOIHfi UJItr COCpeAOTOqeEEIM
C navaaox a.tnaruB rrepnyro esepeAb BaxBarhrBarorcsBhrcrynrr Jreca,
qro nnmaer rrportrBrrnxa BogMornuocrrl Becru Qaanronrrfi ororrb BAoJIb
oqymnrr rr coagaer rracrytraloquM troApaBAeneEEffM 6.naroupnxrxrre
ycJroBlrf 4nx 6ucrporo trpontrnroBeutr n rny6uny.
Iaunu o6nrsrro 4ecrnyror B qetrtr MorocrpeJrroBbrx troApaaqe.neuuft
yurrrroilraror rrporrrBoraufioBbre cpe4crBa
trJrE sa HtrMrr. Morocrpelru
rrpoTrrBEEr(a E coBMecTEo c trEr(eHepEo-carepElrMf, rroApa8eneHtrffMtr
o6ecuequnaror raEftM rrpeoonenue necnbrx aaBaJroBtr Apyrux Barpalr(4enu. Eoesue Marrranr uexorbr (6pouerpaucuoprepnr) gecrnyror aa
Tarrr(auu II ofueM cnoebo opyrr(trff ynrrlTolnarcT qenu trporuBunxa, trptrtrTclByloqtre trpoABrrlrceHrtrcarar(ynqrx
no,4paa4eaenu.
lrogpaanenenuR a ao:"o 127

,[;rx ynuuto?r(entrfi IrporuBlrtrfia' Begyqero ororb c AepeBbeB'Eaarraqalorctr cnauepu, anToMarqlrxtr E uyneuerqnK[.


B rny6rue .Ileca arana nporuBlrl{rta rrpoBogurc.E c 6onee 6ruaxn*
3rpa?HAegtrfiII oqaru JICII6IXtrOX(IloB'
paCCronnn. JIeCnue BaBA.IItr,
KaK llpaBuxo, o6xoAflTcfl.
B

Bo npeua orHeBo trogroroBr(u arar([, Koropafr rrpoBoAurcfi o6r,rsuo


tro orenrrbrMoqaraM o6opoHhrtrotropEhrM tryEKraM, Anff yErqToil(eEEfl
tr rroAaBneE[.EorrreBrx cpecTBtrporuBEuKa, ocooeErro trpoTEBoTaEr(oBbrx, ruupoKo trpuMeH.ErorcEopyAtr.EE TaEKtr, BIAeJIeEEtrIe
nfl CTpenb6I
rrpff Mofr rraBoXofr, a Trofie ycTaEoBKu trpoTEBoTaERoBbrx yupaBJlff eMr.rx
paxel s trpoTtrBoTaHr(oBbre
rparraToMeTr.
O6ecneqesue orxpf,rrhrx abnauroBupu 6oe B rnydure odopoun gocrrraercff BeAeEEeMpaSBeAHEtr ycuJreEEeM rra6nroAeEtrEayrpoxaeMrx HarrpaBJreHqflx, a ralt)Ke trpoABtr)r(eEEeMBToporo gtrrelloEa (peaepna)
6nuxe H yrpox(aeMoMy naury.
,{,rx nuxoqa B TErJrrrporuButrr( E yEErITo}neEE ero cpeAcrn ffApEOIO tr XUMErrecfiOrO HatraAeEuff, tryEKTOB ytrpaBnerrEff, gaxBar oaSEcoB, ySJroBAopor, EcroqEuKoB BoAhrq Apyrtrx Ba?r(EhIxoobexToB, a laRlKe An.E coAeficrBE.a troApasAeJreEuflM, EacryrraroqtrM c ilpoEra, B or(py)r(eHutr u yHtrqrolfieEuff rrporuBEtrr( 6aTanboll (pora) Morr(er AecTBoBarb
B r(aqeclBe o6xo,4sqero orpffAa.

ycrrrrre

flycrrrna trpeqcragx.Eerco6o paBIIsHIIylg EJIE xoJIMscrylo Megrgocrb


ysa6lfiax C COJIOUIIaK9BI1{I
o upeo6lag,al1geM treCKoB,a Ea OTAeJI6HIX
or'paEErIeHIIIMIiOnBcer{ rJrtrrr[CTut rp yETaMn. Oua xapaKTepI[3yeTC.E
OTBOM IIaCeJIeIIUbIX tryEItTOB, AOpOIt, trOqE IIOJIIIbIM oTcylcTBueM pacTtrTeJIbHOCTE, ECIOIIHI{I(OB BOAbI, TOtrJItBA E ClpOETenbIIbIX MaTepEaJIoB'
CuJTLRrMuBeTpaMu, o6pSyIOqEMII trIJIb E JICC9Byrc AIMI(y, a rAKE(e
BaCyrrrn4Bbl]r X.IIIMaTqM tr pe BI( I{ MII l{one6ann.aMu TeMtrepa r ypbl BoBAyxa

Hoqrro
Jrnrrrroro coctaBa. Itpoue Toro, B rrycTrrue aarpyArrsloTcuoco6gotTb
cfl MacKtrpoBl(a, opEeHTEpoBaIIUe n BblAep,ItfiBallue saAalrHoro uaIIpaB:rIeEJr,At a ctrJIbHafi SaIIIJIeIIHOCTb BoSAyTa orpaHlasuBaeT IIa0flIOAeHUe'
II BpgAIIO BJIII.g6T Ha pAfiory BoOpyX{eHIIfl'
BeAerrue trpuqen6rrofg orgf
BpeMelreM An'E
Han6onee 6naroupuarnuu
6oeno u pyro rexrrllru.
BeAeHE.A 6Oenrrx AecTBn flBJrflIOTCrr ROqb, yTper{HEe ff BerrepHue
qacbr.
r(afi lrpaBl{no' c xogy
B tryc.Thllre ocyqecrrJrflercfl'
Hacryunenl{e
c mupor(1rr trpIIMeHeHtreM MaHeBpa Anfl. o$xoAa tr OxBar OTItpITbIx
rf.[auron trporEBErrr{a n IraHeceEtrfl yAapa c rrJra.
Eoeso uopflAolt fiatarrrona (porn) crpof,rcfl c yIIeroM Boslltollt11ocrg
I'rr AeCTBE.
CardOCTO.gTeJrr'II
a
Pa6ora r(oMaEAupa troApa3AeneHtr.fl tro troAI.OTOBKe rracTytrneEut
c
xoA,y
EecTyrrne-flnr[
trprr
pa6oTe,
trpoBoAl{uo
aEaJrortrIIIIa
uycrrrHe
yCiIOBIIgx, C yqe'1gM OCO6eHEoCTei tryCT11HHoMeCTsOCTu.
B ofbrsght
(poru)
rrp|'- op?&ilu$aryral H,acmvllLeruur B tryItoruaugup 6aranrona
saIIpaDJIenE.a Hag"yuyI(ABIIBaer:
aasuyt
BOtrpoCoB
O6q6r
C1bilrre Kp6ue
Maplupyra An.a EIxoAa lra py6ell{ [epexoJregnfl; tropflAolt ofoasasenuff
rro o6ectreqeHro tbnaEroB I TIna, troAroToBAA B aTar(y; Irepollpq.ffrEff
Bo Bpe*.s trecqa'rx 6ypb;
n upu*e'err'ro
rex'Er(r{
|e 6oeno"r lpyro
rteDbl rro lloBbiltref,uK) trpoxoAI{MoCTII I(OJIeCIIIX lf,aIIIf,E tr IIO OfipacKe
rexsnnn troA fuH MecrrrocrE. Itpoue roro, fioual{Atrp noErpoJrfipyel Merro 3aqnle JIEIIIIOIO cOcTaBa trpll pe3xtrx ssMeHIltr,Ix MeTeopouptrflEfi
ycnoBtr u trpeyrrpelriAeEtrK) TerrJroBr,rx yAapoB, tropfl,qoK
ponorffiecHEx
o6ecrrrenn.s troApagenegs uo4o & ToIInIIBorf,' a TaX(e trO IIoAAepCoCTOsH;4ff Ha IIyHKTaXB9AOCITa6,fiagffto callq1ap6o-r11ruegll11ecfiOrg
'xeHlrfl E B Mecrax pacrronox(eHE JlElrlroro c,oc?aBa.
[2E 1,rr*a .f,*,tu,t

Hacryu;renne Eoqblo Mo)r(er Earlarbcff c trpoprrBa odopouu trporf,Btr(a tJru fBfTbcf. tpoAoJDfeHteM AEeBErx AecTBt.
Haupannenxfl Eacryrrnentrs BbrdtrparcTcff Ea Mecrnocru c EatrMenbIIPEIISTCTBEU XOPOItrOtsUAEMIMf,B
ECTECTBEHHbIX
ItrtrM KOJIETIECTBOM
TeMrroeBpeM.EoptreETtrpaMu. 3ru HarrpaBneEEflAon)nE[r BhrBoAtrTbr( saMeqeEEhrM o6rexrau fiparrrartrEM tryreM tr trcKnroqarb Eeo6xoAEMocTb
cnorr{Eoro MaEeBpa.
Oponr EacryrrJrenr.s E BeJrnqtrEaJruacrr(a trpopIBa6aralrosa (potu)
trpu EacrytrJreEnE Hoqblo, a Tar(?fiernyoEEa 6oesoro tropffAfta Anff BeAeBBBoArE orAe.IreEtr.E
secRoJrbxo cofipaqarorct.
rruff 6oeBbrx gecrufr
reMEo Eoqu EErepBaJItrr
EacryEaror 6ea upouexcyrKoB. B ycloadrx
Melrqy coJrAarMtrB qetrtr MoryT 6nrrn 4o 4-5 u. OAnaxo Bo Bcex cJryqasx 6desofr nopffAor( 6ara.rrrosa AoJIII{eH crporrrbc.fl c ral(trM pacqeroM,
sro6hr odecnesusaJrEcbEaEeceEre ctrJrbEoro uepBorraqanbEoro yAapa Eo
upo rEBEtrKy, caMocroff TeJrbHocrb rroApasAeneEU^fr.x BhlrronEeHtre 6oeno
aaaqtr6ea uepecrpoentrff u BBoAan 6ofr ntoporo oltreJrona(peaepna).
Faranronyo pore (BBBoAy) trpq Hacryuneuutr Eoqblo yxasllBaerc.E
Tar(a.fl)fie rro uy6uue 6oenag SaAarIa,KaR tr rrptr EacryrrneHEtr AIreM.
flpu erou 6aranrory AotroJruurenbno Mo?r(eryfiaabrBarbcn py6ex, xoropruu neo6xoAEMo oBJraAerb I{ paccBery.
Eoubro trpoBoAtrTcff B cBerJroeBpeuff
Iloaornoena h H,a,cmAnJleH,uto
cyron. ftortrau4up 6aranroua (poru), opraEEayfi EacrytrneHtre Eoqblo'
fipoMe o6qux BotrpocoB opraEtr3aqtril 6ofl yKagbrBaer KoMarrAtrpaMpoT
(rano4on) BrruMreEoqblo opuenrupbr, asuMyr EatrpaBnenu.EEacrytrneEnfl. rt Hasrraqaer EatrpaBnflIorqyro poCy (naro4); ope4en.ser tropfforc
odoarasenufr. caoax troApastrenernfi, pEMeEeEEft EpE6opoE Eorruoro
paaBeAKE; yrorrrr.ffer
BtrAeutr.a, pa4uoJror(aqtrouubx cranqu 6luxse
trop.EAonocBeqeEtr MecrEocru tr o6DeftToBalar(E' troclaEoBntr cBeroBrrr
I

Saxaa 162

nopagEeneru.fl s 6e!o 129

SOBATb CpeACIBA OCBeqeEtrfi MoCTEOCTE, A Anff ocnunegrff trpf,dopoB


trOIIEOTO BUTEEIff trPOTEBEEKA _ ATTMI E aapoaonE.
oco6oe BEIMaEEe AoJDr(Eo6rmr y4eneuo BeAeB xoge EacrJrnnetrEl

opgeuTr1poB (crnopon) 4lR o6oanauenrA EalpaBlertj.r EaCTJnIJIer1trfi


orEeM aprEJrneptrE tr ApyrnMrr cpeAcrBMtr' uop.EAono6oasaseruff py6ex{e, ocrtlrEyrDtrx troApaaAeJreEusllr, ux naEroB E MapmpyToB BbrBulKerrus. Hpoue ToI'o, oII trpeAycMarpuBaer Mepotrpu.ffrus uo Baqure
sBnyIIeEE.fi flepEblx BSpbIBoBu opraEucocTaBa oT CBeToBOIlO
JTFTHOTO
CpgACTBAME'
OCBelqeIIuffU CIII11aJI6EI14U
CpeACTBaMU
AyeT O6e611erlegue
tryrpacctrpyrcquME
c
rr
rlarpoEaMf,
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uno paane4rs o6ectreqeutrronanroB.

n raHKoBbrx
nolpas06oponaMorocrpenKoBbrx

ITflMg.

[C'IEHfi

O4nonpeueuuo c pa6olo KoMaEArpoBtro4paaAeuenfruo oprar{Eaaquu 6ofi t"uto B uolpaageneg[fix IIpoBoAtrrCfi troAIOroBI(a ft EorIEIrrMAerexEEcBrfiu. ocodoe BEtrMaEue ptr rroroToBxeyAen.Eercff trtrX)Bepfte
qecrcoro CoCToflsErI rpE6opOB lloqgor.o BEAeIItrfl, BHyTpeggero E llapyt-

O6opou,a trMeer qenbro orpaatrrb Eacrytrnertre (ypap) upeBOCXOtrflqEX CtrJr ITpOTtrBEtrRA E EaEeCTtr eMy BEarIETeJrbB[e
trorepE, yAep?r(arb Bit r(Ebepafroru (py6exu, o6terru) r,recrEocrE
x reM caMr[M cosarb 6.rraronpunrElre ycnoBr[fl Anfr uepexoAa B pemf,IlenbEoe HacTylrneHtre.
ycrofivuBo tr aRTaEEo, ctroConpeueunarr o6opona AoKEa 6utr
co6no orpa3trrb yAap[ trporqBEEKa c trptrMeEeEtreM Bcex BuAoB opy-

EOrO ocBelqeuEfi MaItrUH, IIOIIOJIEeHIIIO cBeTOoEItEaJIbEDIX cpeAcTB' EaEeceHulo IIa MaItrUHIiI OIIOSI{ABaTeJIbHbIX AHAI{OB' A TaK}Ke OtroSEABATeJIbEbrx aHaItoB nff Jr[qHoro cocTaBaEoqblo o6f,tsHo B IIetroApaB,qenelttrfi naCryIIAIOr
MotoCrpelroBIe
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uoApasAeJrerrE.fflr EAe)r(EOe trOpAHacrytraroquM
odnerqurl
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trpoTtrBgulia B xoge IIaCrytrJIeHus oCyqeCrBJIAeTcE no trnAHy
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a TAXx(e Ans ofio3gaqegtrfl
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nux rcapua-nnrrx sonape,
(poTbl)
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poM6rd)
(xnagparnr,
EapyKaBEbIe rroBfl3KE, 6enue cser.sqEecfi r(pyr[

Ea 6oprax rarrr(oB, EMII (ETP).


Mapmpyrrr BbIIBtfieEEfl rogp34eneutr Ha py6ex aranl( u trpoxo4br
o6brsgo o6ognasarorc' cBerffqtrMucff aEaKMu,(yKas*an aarpi,fi[egufix
uu), b6paqe'ErM' B cropo'y cBotrx BocK. Bm4auxeuue 6aranbo'a
(potn) x py6exy araxu oc)EootrBnflercfl c co6nroqentreu Mep MacftEpoBBtrAegtrff u CBSTOMaCKEpOBOIInpufiOpOe HOTIHO1'9
NE, C uCtrOJIbBOBAEteM
ycrpocrr'
rru
cBeroBb[Haupan.neutre EacrytrJrentrfl troApaBAeJIeEu o'o'Eaqertfl
(cr'opauu). IIpu ara*e trepe^Eero Rpafi o6opo'trr trpoME op'e;rapaM'
TtrBEr{Ka Il paSBUTtrII HacTyIIneEEs troApaBAeJIeHUgAoJITItHbIToqEO BilAep,IMBaTb yftaaaEEl'e EM EaIIpaBJIeEtrfl' ycTaIIoBneEHbIM tropflAKoM
o$auaqatr Csoe uoloxegue Ea lIocrtrrgyrlilx py6e6ax' yMeJIo Ectronblfl)

rnara

rperlg

il(sfl.

u arcrtrBuocTb o6oporr ocrnraercfi: Brrgep?r(Ko,


Vcrosunocrb
crofiRocrbro tr JrtropcrBou o6opoEffrorqtrxcfl troApa3Aenenu, nucorEu MopanbErdM AyxoM JIErrEoro cocraBa; yrrelo opraEEilaqEe ctrcrM[ orB CorreraEntr C SarpaXCAeEUfl}.rU;EaEff,.OCO6eEEOITpOTtrBOTaEKOBOTOI
MaEeBpoM orAex(Eo trportrBoBo34ymno o6opoEo; cBoeBpeMeEErM
Eeu'. cEJraMtr u cpeAcTBaMu Ea yrpo'ItaeuDle EatrpaBneFrrfi; trpoBeleEEynnlrrorr(entreu rrporEBEEKa,
eM peruureJrbnbrx nouTparan, drrcrptlu
BRJrrFEBrIrerocff B o6opony,- u ero BIca[EBmuxcfl AecaHToB; yuenbru
trctronbaoBaxreu uecruocrn, ee trEKeuepnbru o6opygonEneu tr Tqarenbuo rracxupoano; BllrronuenueM lrepotrpunrufr uo Baqure or sarr(nraTeJrbnoro opylrus tr trororoBxo no4paage.rrenu x Beenuro 6off Ea
aaparrennofr Mecrnocrtr B TerIeEEenJrffTeJrbnoro BpeMentr; qernuu BaatrMoAecrBueM; Bcecropous[M o6ecneqeEueM 6ox; mepAr,ru u EenpeprBEM JrupaBneEueu troApa3eneHtr,EMtr.
B aamcnuocrtr or odcraxosxn o6opona uolr{er tro4roraBJrtrBrbcff
ea6raronpel.reuuo trnu opranuaoBtrBarbcff B xoge 6or, upn orcyrcrnur
EetrOcpeAcrBeEEOfOcotrpr(OcEoBeE[fi C trpOTtrBEEKO]rtr B yCnOBtrffx COtrpEr(ocEoBeEu.flc Etrrf.
Baranrox (pora) nepexo4f,r n odopore o6usno B cocraBe nonra
(6aranroua), nnorga tr cauocroqreJrbno, B qenflx orparfiegqfi KourparKr trpeBocxo4firqsx crn trportrBrlr(a, ygepx(arua BaxBarrerrgoro pydexa
u odecneqenux {naaroB Eacrytraxrqtrx troApaa4ereun. B ue6raroupu.ET.HO
CJrO,ItUsmeCs
O6CraEOBfteB pesynbTaTe EeyEaqEOrOECXOIA Bcrpeqxoro 6os 6aranronuorr(er trepexo,qnrb x o6opoxe Ans odecueqeEtrE B[xoAa aa 6os. u orx4a rJraBElirx cEn,. AecrByff B KaqecrBe apbepraP.,:
pora Morr(er gecrnonarb B rlJrbno noxoAno sacraBe trJrtr B ftarrecrDe
troApasAeneEEfi trpEKprrtrfl.
9.

loapaaenesls

"

6ep l3l

Baranrou (pora) Molr(er odopon.arrcrr B trepBou EJrtr Bo BropoM artreJrore, Becru 6o n troJroce o6ocuesenufr. tJrt, E trepeAono uoauqrr,
oocraBJrffrb o6qenocrono peaepn trnE EaxotrTbcfl B uporuBo4ecaETEoM pepBe. Baao4 o6oponnercff, rcar trpaBuno, B cocrBe porbr, Morr{er
Eaxo4nTbcs B peaepBe6atanrona, a rarore saanarrarbcg n 6oesoe oxpaEeEtre rr sacaAy.
Qponm u a.ny,6unapa.ona o6oponu dararrrora ycraEaBnnBarcrcff B
coorBercrBurr c BoaMolr(rrocrrrMtrrro4paaleJresu ro Eanecentrrc rropaxcerrrrfl trporrrBurrry Ha otrpe4eJrenrolr {pouro tr y4ep}ftanuro paouoa
(py6exe, o6rexton) Mecrrrocrtr.
,(.nr o6ecueqenuff ycroumo o6oporrl tryreu coAaEEfl Aocrarorrsofr urornocrn orrr.fl Bcex BEAoB, ocoderRo trportrBoranxoBoro, c yqerou neo6xo4rrMocrrr paccpe4oroqeutrs 6oennrx tropffAr(oB E orneBbrx
cpeqcrn orAenerr{ro u odopoue onpe4enflercfl troarqu.E no {poury 4o
100 u. ,{,.nn rauxon, doennrx MamtrH rrexorbr (6ponerpancnoprepon),
rrogroraBnrrBatorc.s ocnoBrrhretr Batracnhle noauqutr. Onn nnr6upaIITyP
rorcfl c raxrru pacqerou, qrodrl o6ecnequnanucr na6rroAenue aa trporxBErrnoM, Beelrue oru.ff Ha lrpe4enbfre aJrbnocrtr, KpyroBa.fl o6opoua u
cnpntr,r MaEeBp c oAxo trosrrqEu Ea Apyryrc.
Banog o6oponaer ouopurr tryunr qo 40O u uo {ponry tr Ao 300 u
a rny6nny c yserou coagarufl Bauacrbrx uoazqu, EMerr trpoMerfiyrnu
Mex(Ay orAeJreEE.sMuqo 50 u. Ouopnu rynxr BBBoAacocrour EB IroBEqu orgeneuu, ornenbrx troanqn EMII (BTP), trptrAauEbrx orueBbrx
cpegcrn, a ouopnu nyEr(T Tanr(oBoro BaBoa- trg orEeBIx uoanqu
raEKoB E nptrAarErx cpe4crB. Tanxn z EMII B otropuou tryuKre BsBoAa
pactronaraxtrc.s o rfpouty r rny6uuy c trErepBaJIaMEAo 200 u. B 6oeBoM oxpaxenrru BaBoAoxpanser rloatrqtrrc Ao 500 u no rfpoury. Ilpu4anpactronaraercfl
Eoe BBBoAy tryJreMerrroe orgenentre (or4ereure IITyP)
Ea lroanquffx oreJrentr, a rpararoMeruoe oreJlentre - B npoue)fiyrKe MerfiAy HtrMtr EJrs Ea oAEoM na {nanron otropuoro tryERTa BBBoAa.
Pora o6oponser otropur uynnr. Oropnn tryunr tuotocrpe.nxonofi
porbr cocrotrT rra onopnhrx nynrcroB BgBoAoB, uoauqufi ofrreBhrx cpe4crB
porr tr trpugarrrrbrx troApaaAenenn, ouopru uyurt tanxono porr cocronT Ea olropnbrx tryrrxToB TaENoBrx BBBoAoBz uoazqn trpuAauublx
tropaagenenu. Ilpr4anubre rarrnono pore MoocrpenxoBbre tro4pB4eJreutrg aaurMaror troaur{Er o6rrsno BrrepeAu raERoB, a rarone B trpoMe?fiyrre Me?r([y rauroBhrMtr BBBoAaMEu na {.narrax.
,(ur xpyrono odopoubr pornoro ouopuoro tryuxra BBBoAaMEaauaqarorcff Aotronxtrenbnbre cexropm o6crpena, tro4roraBJluBarorcfl orcotrEil
r Batracuretrogrrquu. Ha rfnanraxr B upoMe]fiyrxax Me?r(AyBaBoAaME,
B rbrny ouoproro uyEr(ra ycrparnarorc.s Barpalr{Aennn. Ilpouex(yrntr
MerfiAy poTEbrMtr orropEbrMu IryEKraMtr Aon)nEr Eaxo[uTbC.s troA EetrpepbrBubru ua6nro4enzeM, npocrpeJluBarbcfl S.nanronmr s trepeftpecrEhrMorreM Boex cpe4crn, oco6euno trporsroranr(oBbrx, a ralone trpar(pblBATbc.Asrpa}fiAeEtrgun s orEeM apTtrJrneptru.
Pora nroporo amenona aauuMaer ouopnn trynr(r n rny6nre o6oponn 6aranroua u uogroraBnuBaer r(ourparar(tr (ornenHe py6exu).
132 1.11ssx1psa5g

Bara.nrou o6opouner paon. O6opouy oE crpour B trpe4enaxogro


troBErIEu,ocnoByxoropo cocraBJrflrorotroprretryEKTbrpor, trogroronJreuubre
n npyrono o6opoue.Oporr u rry6nua pafronao6opoum6aranrona 6yqer BaBucerbor 6oenoro cocraBa cpe[crB ycunexuff u yclonu
MECTEOCTU.

Baranlos BToporo grtrenouaBaEEMaerpafror o6oponn,_KaK trpaBtrJro,


Ha BalKHemeMEatrpaBJrenl{u, Eaxoffcb B roroBnocrn K ynurlTorfientrK)
BrJrtrrrtrBmerocfl B o6opony trporuBurrxa trJrn K trporrnoMy y4eplr{autrK)
BantrMaeMoropaoua, a ranlr(e K ycnJrertrro (aauene) rro4paaAenenufrnepBoro alreJrona B cnyqae trorepu uuu doecnoco6nocru.
Boeeoftnopn1on 6ararron crpotrr B ABa trnr{ oArrn arrreJron.IIpu AByxartreJronrrou trocrpoenur{ 6oenoro tropffExa ABe porbr pactroJrararorcs B
rrepBoM,oAEa pora - Bo BropoM arueJrone.flpu uocrpoeuutr B oAEE aueJroE Bhr4eJl.ffercflpeaepB B cocraBe Ee Meuee BBBola, Pornr a dara.rrsose
Moryr uMerb caMoe paartrrrnoe paclono?fieuue. OAna trB por
Mo)r(er
caa4r[ unrr BIIepe[E ocraJrbrrhrx, odpaaya orneno Merrror, a Ha
6nrl
orxpbrrou rfnaure BoBMornEopacnono]Kerrtre ycrytroM.
Munoueruan 6arapen tr rpaHaroMerstr saso[ darantona o6nrqno ocarorc.E B tro4rruneur{rrKoMarrAnpa6aranroua u rrctroJrbsyrorc.E,KaK rlpaB[Jro, B rroJruoMcocraBe Anff rrogAepxxu 6os por nepnoro aue;roRa. l[nor4a rpauaroMersbr BBBoAB troJrrroMcocraBe Mox(er trptrAaBarbcfi pore,
o6oponnroqecn ua EatrpaBneEutr cocpegoroqenrr.E ocuoBubrx ycu;l.ufr.
6atanroua, trJrE tro orgeneutr.EM nptrAaBarbcff poraM nepBoro artreJIOEA.

flporunoranHosufr BBBoEpactroJraraerc.ffga trepBrMrtreJronouEa ranEaupaBneHtrEu trCnoJrbsyeTcflqeHTpanEsOBaEEO


KOOtraCEOM
Anfi OrpameEEff arar( TaHKoB, o6ecueqegnfl BrABtr?r{ennfl,
u psBeprhrBauufl BToporo
arrreJroua(peaepna) daranrona, Anfi KoHTparKEu trptrKpbrru.Eorxpbrroro
S.uanra. Ha aaxpuro u nepeceuesso Mecrnocrrl BsBoAB troJrrroMcocraBe ulrz rro orgenenrl.EM Mo]rier trpugaBarbcl poraM trepBoro eue.rrona. IIyneuermr (nporuroraur(oBo-tryJreMerun) BaBoA tro or4enerrtrflM pacuonaraeTc.a B otropErx nyEKTax MoToclpenKoBrxBSB0AoB,B trpoMeEryTr(ax Me)fi[y EEMU uJrtr ua (p.uanrax.
flpuganurue 6aranrouy raunu rfctroJrbayrorcfl B orropubrx rlyur(Tax
Anfi BeAeHtrfl orEH c llogroroBnenwr'rx uoeuqu, a ral(il{e Ar.s Aecrnq
trB 3Acatr.
Illrarrrre tr trpugaunbre 6aranrouy BeHETEretrogpaaeJrenufi pacfloJrararcrcff n paone RHII 6ararboua rr B orropnhrx rryrxrax por ran,
sro6r o6ecuesusanucb EaAe)fiEoe trprrrphrrre trogpas4e.rreuufr c BoBAyxa, KpyroBo o6aop r o6ctpen Boa4ymnoro uporrButrr(a, MacxtrpoBna r(
cB.EBbc r(oMalr4trpou 6aranrosa.
I(ouau[no-na6nrogarennunfi uyuxr RoMaEAtrpa 6atanrosa o6opyAyercs Ba uo4paageJreru.ffMtr nepnoro smeJrorra trJrE B paoue orropuoro
trynrra porbr Broporo arneJroa(peaepna), KHII xortran[trpa porbr n rnyduue orropnoro trynr{ra porbr.
Cuttnena oaH,a,B o6opoue oprautrayerc.E B ooorBercrBun c BaMbrcaou doesux gecrnnfr u 6oesilus cnocrnauu cpegcrB tropatr(entrfl.
[o4paageaenra

n 6oro 133

Baranror (pora) Morr(er o6opourtrcff B rrepBou aJr! Bo Bropou artreJIoEe, Bscrtr 6o n tronoce o6ecueqenufr wrr Ea trepeAoBo uoauqur,
cocrBnflTb o6qenocxono peaepu trnE EaroAETbc.E B trpornBonecarToM peoepBe. Bano4 o6opounetc.E, KK IrpaBEJro'B coolBe porbr, Mox{er
EaxoArrrbc.EB peaepBe6araltoua, a rarolto Eaanaqarbcs s 6oenoe oxpaEerrne rr sACAAy.
Qponrn u e.ny,6un'apanna o6oponu 6ataarona ycraxaBJluBnrc.r B
tro4paagenesz uo Eaueceuuxl tropilfiecoorBercrBurr c BoBMorr(Eocr.EME
Hr{ff trporrrBurrxy Ha orlpe4eJrerno}r Sponro E ygepffiatruro paonon
(py6eme, o6rexroa) Mecrlrocrtr.
,[,nr o6ecueqentr.E yctoftvunofr o6oporn uyrM coBAaEEff Aocraroqso unornocru orrr.E Bcex BEoB, oc,o6enno trportrBorExoBoro, c yrr'
rou neodxo4uMocrtr paccpe[oroqeutrs 6oenrrx tropflAKoB tr orneBbrx
4o
cpegcrn orgenertrro n o6opone otrpe[enfiercff troauqnfl no {ponty
t0 rtr. ,{,rr rauron, 6oenux MmtrE rrexorhr (6ponerpaEcnoprepor),
[9IITOTaBJIEBaIoTCflocEoBIIIile tr saIIacEIetroagqtrtr. Oru nnr6npaIITyP
rlrcfl c rafttrM pacqerou, sro6n o6ecneqrsa.rucr ua6.uro4enre 3a rlporuBrrrrxoM, BeAeHrreorH.E Ha trpeAenbEbre AaJIbEocTE, RpyroBafi o6opona u
cxpmrmfr
-Bsaog MaEeBp c oguo troatrqutr Ea Apyrym.
o6opouxet ouopnu trynnr no 400 u uo Sponry u Ao 300 u
n rny6uny c yqerou coBAaEE.Eanacnbrx uoazqu, EMes lrpoMexyrru
Me?r(Ayor4eneuuffMu go 50 u. Olopnuft tryEKr BBBoAcocrotrr EB toEquft orAerenu, ornenbrx troatrqa EMII (ETP), trpEAaEEilx orxeBhrx
cpe4crB, a ouopnnfr tryEKT TaEKoBoro BBBoAa- uB orueBru .noauqu
raEKoB tr trpEAaEEbxcpegcrB. Tanxu u EMII B orroproM tryExre BBBoIa
pacrooararorcfi Iro rfpoiry n rny6uny c EErepBJIaME Ao 200 u. B 6oeBoM oxpaueuuu BaBoAoxpau.ser rloatrqtrro no 500 u go {poury. IIpuAaupactronaraerc.ff
Eoe BBBoAy tryJleMerlroe or,qenerrue (otge.leure IITyP)
B trpoMerfiyror4eJrenue
rpanarouernoe
a
Ea troBuqusx orgeJrerrtr,
Ke MerxAy EEMu EJrE E oAEoM ua $.rauroa oilopnoro tryEKTa BaBoAa.
Pora o6oporrffer onopuru uyurr. Ouopunft uyrrrr uoroctpelxoao
porbr cocrotrr IrB otropnhrx tryEKroB BgBoAoB, noauqr orreBbrx cpegcrB
porr tr trpAanrrhrx uoApaa4enenu, ouopunfr nyxnt tannono porbr cocTour uB orlopEr'rx tryIrKToB TAEr(OBbrXBSBOAOBU nOeUqn rrpEAaEEbrx
trogpaageJrenu. Ilpuganrrbre raur(ono pore MorocrpenroBrre tro4paa4e'
JreEEfl BEtrMaK)Ttroaurltr o6llqno Brrepe4q raurtoB, a rarone B trpoMe]r{yrr(e MerfiAy raur(oBbrMtr BBBoAaMEn na Qnanrax.
,{nr xpyrono o6oponbr poruoro otropxoro nyuftTa BBBoAaMEaBEarralotcs AoIIoJIEuTenbErecerlopnr o6crpe.rra, rlogroTaBntrBaroTcff oKoIIhI
s Batrcnbre noglrquz. Ha Qnauraxr B trpoMe?fiyrr(ax Me?ftAy BBBoAaMU'
n nny onopnoro trynrra ycrpauBarcrcff sarpalr(enun. IlpoMetfiyrnu
MerftAy porEbIME otropEblMu tryEKaME AOJII(EI EaXOAETbCStrOA EetrpepbrBrrbrMnadnro4enueMr rrpocrpeJltrBarbc.fl {.nanronrnc E trepeKpecF'
ErrM orueu Boex ope4crr, oco6euno trporuBoranroBhrx, a rafftfie trptrRphrBarbc.E Sarp)KAeEEflldn v orEeM apruJrneptru.
Pora nt-oporo arreJlora Bauuuaer ouopru tryHKr r rnydune o6oponu 6ararnou u nofroraBJrrBaer Kourparar(a (ornerne pydexn).
132 Inasa rpe15s

Baranros o6oponxer paou. O6opouy oE crpour B rrpe4enaxo[no


uoatrrlnu, ocnoBy noropo cocraBJrflIorotroprretryEKThrpor, IroAroroBx npyroro odopone.(Dpoxr u rny6nua paonao6oponu 6aranlJreuEhre
ora 6yAer sucetr ot 6oesoro cocrBa cpegcrB ycuJrennffu ycnonufi
MECTEOCTtr.

Bara.rrros DToporo ameJlouasauuMaer pafiou o6opouu,- KaR trpaBuno,


El BalKEefrnTeMEaIrpaBJIeHrrx,.HaxoAcb B roroBgocrn K yEuqTox{eHEIo
BxrurrrBrrrerocs B o6opony uporuBnlrr(a uJrE r( trporrnoMy y4eptr(Eulo
BautrMaeMoropaona, a rarone K yctrnennxl (sarrleue)nogpaAeJrennuepBoro altreJrona B cnyqae lrorepu uun 6oecuoco6nocru'
Eoeao nopn1on datalrou crpotrr B ABa uJrt oAIrH arllenon' IIpu AByxameJrOEEoMtrOCrpOeEttr $oeaoro r1OpgARa ABe porhl pACIIOJIarax;Tcfr B
trepBoM,oAEa pora - Bo BropoM amerone. flpu uocrpoeutrtr B oAEE amenOE BrgenseTcfipe3epB B CoCraBeEe Megee EaBoAa.Porn n fiaranrone
Molr(er
Moryr uMerb caMoe pasnuqEoe pacuonox(esue. oAna u3 por
A Ha
MeIIIofi,
orueso
Odpaeyr
Btrepela
OcraJIbEbIx,
uJIl
CAaAE
6115
BoBMo?nEopactronoxelrre ycrytrou.
orxprrroM flanre
illunouersan 6atapen tr rpagaroMetsufi BBBSA6atanlona o6nrsno OcTaIorcE B llo[qarreguu KoMaII[Epa 6ataaroEa ll trctoJlbayrorcfi' r(aK upaB[Jro, B troJIHoMcocTaBeAnfl IlogAepxnn 6og por IIepBoIo aroelona. I'|sorAa rpauarouetnnfr BBBoAB IToJIHoMcocraBe Mo)r{er trpugaBarbc-Epore'
O6Opo"ttoqefrcs sa EaIIpaBneEEu COCpeAoroIIeRItfl oCIIoBIIbIx yCu;ru
6aranroua, trJIE tro orgeneuuffM trptrAaBarbcfl porau trepBoro ameiroHa.
IlpOrgOrannOnrrft BaBo[ pagtroJlaraercff Aa trepBbIMaueJIoEoM11aragEaIIpABneHtru tr EctroJlb3yeTcfl qeErpanEBoBaEHo Anfi orpx(eKOOtrACEOM
pBBepTbIBaEUfiBTOpOTO
EEf TaK TAEftOB,O6eCUeqegnflBhIABtr)KeEWA
E trpa1phlrqs orxpITor.o
ftorrrpaTAftE
(peaepna)
fiatanrona,
AnE
ameJrqga
rfnanra. Ha aaxprrro n repecevexuo MecTEoCrEDaBoAB IIqJIHSMcocraBe trnu tro orgeneuurM Mo)rier trpuaBarbc poraM lrepBoro ameloua' IIy(npotuooranr(oBo-tryJreuerum) BBBoA tro or[enenu,nM pacnelrerrn
BSBOAOB'B trpoMeffiyTrroJltaeroff B otropErx tryHKTax MOTOCTpeJIKOBrX
Kax Me)fiAy EtrMu'u.IrE Ea Qlaxrax.
Ilpuganuue dara.urouy ranxn trctroJrbaylorc.F B otropnbrx trynl(rax
lnfl BeAeHuE org.ff c trogroroBJrelrghrx noauqu. a ra1l6e A.rrs eficrsu
tr3 AaCaA.
Illrarnrre tr trptrAaEEhIe 6atantouy BeIIETEhIetrOApa8eJleHufipactroII B otropgblx trygl(rax por ra'
n paoue ITHII faralbgga
Jrara11;Tc.E
tro4pas4enenufi c BoBAyllpunprdrue
sro6n odecuequnanucb EagetfiEoe
r{
xa, KpyroBo o6aop r o6crpet BorlAymlloro npoTtrBExKA,MACr(trpOBKa
cB.flBb c Kouar[upou 6ata.nroua.
uynrt KoMaEAupa 6aranroxa o6opyKouangno-na6nn4arenrrrwfi
emerorra lnu B paoue otropnoro
trepBoro
trogpaa4eilenxfrrr;s
Ba
Ayercs
trynxra porbr Broporo aterlona (pesepna), ITHII xonrauupa porbl
porbr.
a rny6uue oropnoro tryurra
catmexa o?H,n B o6opone opraHtrSyerc.E B ooorBeTcrBau c 8MrcaoM 6oesux Aefrctsnft u 6oesiluu cnocrnaun ope4crB tropalr(enufl.
IropaaAerregltg a 6on 13ll

Cncreua orng 6araarona (porH) n o6opone Brnroqaer: Jrqacrnf, cocpe4oroqeuxoro E pydexn sarp[Erenbnoro orufi aprtrnneptru E t[rrnoMeroB, rro4roroBnenxhre Ea trogcrytrax x o6opoue, trepe4 trepeAurru xpaeM, rra Qaanrax u a r.ny6ure o6oporrr; Bor{roruff trporuBoranxoB[ilx
cpeAcrB tr crrnomnoro Mnorocnofinoro ornfl Bcex BrrAoB oppfius trope4
trepeAuuu Kpaeu, B npoMe)ffyrxax, Ea Slanrax n e r.ny6uue odoporx q.nx
yrrtrqro?xenufl B rlepByro oqepegb raEKoB E lpyrnx dpounporaunbrx MaruqH rrporuButrr(a; rrororoBnexun uanerp orueM B rlenflx ero cocpe4or(F
rreuufl B Kopornue cpona Ea nro6ou yrpox(aeMoM EatrpaBnegrf, trJru Ea
scex BEAoB
Jrrracrxe. Oua crporrcfl c J rerou orueBhrx Boauolrrocrt
opylnlr.E 6aranrona (poru) tr trpuaug'rx orneBrx cpglcrB, rrx recEoro BgatruoAefrctsug B coqeragE c trElr(euepgbrutr Barpstr(AeutrflMtr tr
ECTECTBEEEI'TMtr

trPetrflTcTBtrflMtr.

Ocsono ctrcreMr'r orsg 6aranrona (potu) xn1xerca trporgBora'I(oBhI oronb. Tqatenruas


rrpor-EBoragrtogoro orgg opragqaar[rfl
Ba)r(Eefrrnafl o6xaaxsocrb Bcex KoMaEtrpoB uoEpa3Aeneuuft. flporunorasxonnr oronb Aonx{eu odecnestrrr uopa}fienrre raEKoB tr Apyrux
dponuponaxrnx qele ilporEBEtrRa Kar( trepe4 rrepelunu r(paeu, rax tr B
rny6ure paona o6opoow 6aranrosa (ouopnoro tryrfira potrr).
.{ar orparxer[E MaccnpoBaunrrx ararc rauftoB E trexorbr rlporuBxtrKa
coSAaroTc.flaoEcnnolnEoro orE.E Bcex BrrloB opy?nHfl trepoA rrepeArruu
r{paeM u n rny6une o6oponH nyreu opraur{saqun cocpeloroqenuoro, BarpaAtrTenbEoro oIE.E apTtrnnepEtr E MtrEoMeToB,rpaEaToMeToB, orEff
TarrRoB, EM[I, cuequaJrbxrrx trportrBoranr(oBhrx cpe4crB, a raroxe ortrff
aBTOMATf,qeCKOfO
Crpenr(OBOTOOpyXf,.r.
Vsacrxr cocpegoroqexuoro orufi Eaorraqaror'c.s tronpaageneursu 6oeBrx Marunfi trexoThr, TaEr(oBbrMpoTaM, TaEoBhrMBSBo[aM, rpaEaloMeTEoMy BsBoAy. Ans a(ffiexrunuoro tropax(eutrr{ upornBuuna lrogroraBJrtrBaerc.E{ponranrrH,
{.rrauroru, ueperpecrnrri a RUE)r(aJrbEriroronr.
[o4roronra

u Belerre

o6opom

flogrotosfta o6oponu n dara;rrose (pore) EaqtrEaercs c noJrJnIeFmeM


6oeso Bagarru or craprtrero r(oMaEAEpa (uauanruuxa). Oua Br(Jlrurraer:
oprEuaaqtrro 6o.s (npnnxtue peltrentrfl, trocrauoBK 6oenr.r\ BaAaq mrarHbMtr trptrAaEEhrM tro4paa4eJrenuffM, oprauuaaqnfl Baanuogefrcrsufl. m
c[creMbr orEE, Bcecroponrreeo6ecueqerqe 6os u yflpaBnenuff); aannrre
o6oporu, coaautre6oeaoro tropflAxa E ctcreubl ornfi; unlnexepnoe o6opyAoBautre paona o6opoxrr (ouopnoro nynnta); paspa6orxy cxercnrpaoua o6oporn 6araarona (ouopuoro nynxra); trogroroBry no4paa4enennfr
x 6oro; r(oErponb roroBnocrs o6opo-*r tr rro4paaAeJreusft K Bhrrronuertrn
6oeso BaAarrE tr pyrre Mepotrptrflrtr.E.
floc;re4onareJlbuocrb t co4epffiaaue padoru KoMaEAI{pa 6ara.nloua
(pomr) tro oprarrtrsaqun odopoun 6yqer BaBucerb ot ycnonufi uepexo4a
x o6opone tr EaJrEqtrfl BpeMeEE. O6cranonna Morr(er 6utr cauo paaxo-

o6paauo. B o4gou cnyqae uorpefyetcg ocrago6trTbgfl u IIeMeAJIeIIEo


- trpo4oJlll{arb Easa1petrrrrbcs Ea ,qoCTErHyroM py6exeo B ApyroM
srilroAHoro pysaXBaTa
6onee
E
trOJrox(enufi
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clytrneEtre Anfl
6exta.
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H,OAO
rrser ee, potrsBoAETpacqer BpMeEtr,opraEusye/I SaXBar tr saxpetrJleHue
py6exa, Eaueceuue orueBoro nopAl6eu6fi
y6a3auuoro (nnrolrOrO)
elto' a Tal$fie oTAaeTJrfiaSaHr-EEaqJIbOCTaHOBtrTb
C
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trpoTuBEtrKy
mra6 o oop"4*e pa6oru no opra'trBaqrr o6oposu. B xone sa*"iry
petrneggs py6exa oE ollegggaet o6ctasonxy' uplrguyae1 peltreglle' JIEqEO tr qepe3 EarIanbEInI(a mra6a 11OpAAtrO CTaBtrT3a[aqtr IIgAqUESHII6IMtr
trprrAaglrblM tro4pagC;1eg[flM, opraIIEByeT BaaItMoAeCrBue tr cgcreMy
orEflryrIpaBJreEEe,saqr{TyoTBr(EraTeJrbEoroopy(tr'E'AaeTyKaSaHtff
o6eCueqeflug' OpragtrSyeT unXteBCeCTOpOEEeTo
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trO OCEOBHIIM
(ouopnoro nyrxra)'
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o6opoanr
o6opy4onnze
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Ea
trpufta8
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6nrcrpo noCrtu"u BaAaIIu orAeneIItrEM(tanxau) E sangrue uoarqu n
yKasaEEoM BsBoAy oIIopEoM uyIIKre, opraEusoBarb HadxloAeEue trepeA
,ppor.o^n u na iflnrax otropuorg IIyHI(ra BsBoAa' BaaIIMO[ecTBEetr cEcreuy orn.a, 6oenoe o6ecneqentre' ytrpaBnentre' Saq,rrry or aa)fiunareJrbnoro opylr(trff E uH)fieEepuoo o6opyoBaEue ouopHoro r[ylrKra'
Ii"o" Bbrxo4a nogpaagenenn s sagsxqssirr're paogbr, Kar( roJrbxo
fataurosa (potu) trpoBoAur pe1orgorroaBoJrur o6crasOpxa, HoMa11AEp
cqqpoBny, B xoge noropofr upu reofxog1lMocrq yrosEfiOr cBoe peluegte'
aa4aqtr tr6[pagleJleguflM, IIopsAoI( B3atruogefrc1Bufi fr Apyr'Ee BoIIpoCbI.
BOSAeBcro p"6oty oo opraEtrsarluu o6opoam B ycnoBEflX aKTtrBEOI'O
crBEfl rrpoTBIIEfia KoMaEAEp6atanrona (por}) IIpOBoAETEa cBOeMI(oMau4no-sa6nrogareJrbnou rIyEKre.
flpu nepexoe K odopore sH,econputtocrroseH,unc nponxuaHuno,rt'rroMAEAup 6aranrosa (pornr) trpuEtrMaer pemeEr{e, AoBoAEr ero [o cFotrx
pe,I(O1goc!,trpoB,aauectsrene n xolrangrrpoB trogpasqenenu, uponoAIIT
r(y, B xo[e noropo"yroqHser cBoe pemeEle, orAaeT 6oeno trpIIKa3' opranu3yer saauMoAeriTrlluen CnCreuy orggr BCeCopoEIIeeO6ectreqegue
6ox, ytpanJlenrre tr SarqtrTy or Salntrrarenbrroro opyilttr'fl' BareM oE Bhrrogur 6raJrroa (poty) n yxaaaunr,r paou (ouopnr'l nynxr) Ir oprarruByer ero Eur(enepuoe o6opygonanue.
B srou cnyqae llepe, trepeIEsM KpaeM trepBolo alIeJIOHa Mo]fie
troAro1aBJrrrBaTbcg Slrarrg1enbgag tro ray6une troJlo6a. Ofiecueqenug.
oaa, xar trpaBrJro, cocToETtrB Eecr(onbKtrx lroanqtrfr, paouoa o6opourr
nJru otropgblx tryg1.roB. B Hefi o6opy4yercfl lar11fie paaBtrTafl cIICTSMA
qu)fi euepxblx aarparxgenu'
B nxoropux ycnoB'flx o6crasosxu trptr orcyrcrB'E lroJrocn o6ecIIgqeEEqIIepeAtrepeAEuMl(paeMMo?I(eTco3aBaTbcfltrepeAoBaflIlosu.
\uflflepegoraa

tro3trqtrfi

aa6ny4enue or'ocarerb'o

trpeAEasEarraelcfl

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trporEBEtrI(a

rrocrpoeuun o6oporbr E B trE)fie'epgoM or'oIroApaaeneslda s 6orc 135

134 rna". rperrn

rTreuutr o6opy4yrcfl rn, qro6rr oE Ee ornsqaJracb or Apyrrx o6oponureJrburx uoauqufr. !.ln


o6opoum uopegono troauqntr B[AeJrffrorcfl
rrogpaa4eJreuuqcuro or porhr go 6ara.ntoua. B raqecrBe ycrrnenun 6aranrouoxer uoJrytlur 4o ranxono poTbl, aprEnJfepEcRoro AtrBuBuoEA, UEfieEepso-CatrepHor()BSBOAaE trpsxpbrBATbcs SeEtrlEbrMrrnopaEAeJrextrflMu?a raxx(e trog4ep)nuBarbcff aprul.uepue u anuaque.
B ealrncne 6ox xolrangup 6aralloua (porrr) otrpe4enffer: EanpaBJreHue cocpe4oroqeErrfl ocaoBubrx ycnnnfr. u yqacrnu Mecrrrocrn, or ygepxautr. Roropbrx BaBtrcur ycrofruunocrr o6opounr; 6oeso tropffAox u rrocrpoeutre paoua o6opourr (ouopnoro nynxra); uopfiAor tropalr{enu.EtrpoTUBEUT(AOfEeM rrrTaTEbrxE rIptrAAEHbrXCpeACTBtrpu troAxoe ero R rrepeEEeMy rparo o6opoubr, paaBeprbrBaur rr uepexo4e B arar(y, rop.ffor
yutrrrrolfieEu.fl BKJIuHuBerocs n o6opony tlporuBulrxa r lratrpaBJreuu.ff
Konrparax; tropfiAor umr(enepnoro o6opygonanua paoua o6opounr
(onopuoro nynxra).
flpn uocranoBfte BaAaqRoMaEAtrp6ara;rrona (poru) s 6oesou trptrKaae yxaabrBaer: poru (nanoqau) - cpecrB yctrJrentrff, otropnbre flyrrxTb[ u HarrpaBJleHtrflcocpeoTorrefiugocnonErx yctrnufi, sa4aur.r,'HarrepTaEr[e uepe[rrero xpafl u rpanuefi,
rroJrocbr orE.fl, AotroJrrrtrTeJrbEbre
ceftropbr o6crpe.na tr yqacrxtr cocpe4oroqenuoro orrff; pore Broporo eme.uoua (peaepaa), rpoue roro,EarrpaBnerrna ll pyderru paaBeprhrBaurs
trpnAanrrrM rro4paageJrerrs.Eu apEJrE r(ourparaK, orneorre py6exu;
TuJrJreputr tr MunoMerrroft 6arapee - BaAarI rro orneBoMy nopalxelrtrro
trporuBEuKa, troeprnKer(oHTpaTaKtrBroporo DrrreJroEa,ocEoBHbre 3atracHreorEeBbretro3trqErr, BpeMq IoToBEocTu, curEanhr oTKpbrTrs, trepeEoca u upexpaqennn
orrfr.i tro4paaAeJresuro 6oeaoro oxpaneurr.fl - tro3trqtrro, SaAaqy, ftar(ue orEeBbre cpeAcTBa BbrenfiroTcs n.s uoAAepx(I(E,
rrop,sAor(BbrSoBaux orEfi tr rlopffAor( oTxoa, BpeMfl foToBHocTtr n BErrIoJrEenuro BaAaqE E BarrflTufi o6oponrr, roroBnocrb ctrcreMnr orrr.q, oqepegHocrb tr cpoxu rrulr{eEepEoro o6opygoBautr.flpaona o6oponn (onopxoro
uynxra).
Baanuo4eftcrBue KoMaa4up 6ararrona (porrr) oprauuayer tro sa4arIaM, Bepo.ETErM
EatrpaBJrerI[.EM EaCTJrtrJTeHEff
rrpOTABHqKaE EatrpBJreEuflM r(ouTparr( cBorx trogpaaAenenu. Opranuay.s BaatrMoqecrBrle,
orr corJracoBbrBaeTAecrBu.ffpor (nanogon) uexgy co6o, c AecrBnfiMtr
tro4paaeJrenuaprun.nepuu, Apyrux orneBbrx cpecrB tr c coce4.flMrruo
yEErrTolfieEtrro upoTtrBl{trr(a Bo BpeMfl BhTABU}fteEtr.gero K trepeAEeMy
rparo o6opoubr, pasBeprlrBauuq u trepexo[a B araxy (n ucxo4uou uono;KeHEu Anff Eacrytrneuua), rIpE orpmenuu arartr TaHr(oBu rrexorr trpoTtrBErrKarrepeg uepegnrrM r(paeM u rrpu BKJTzEeEEEqx B paonu odopouu
(onopunr uynrr).
Cucreuy orE.E KoMaEAEpdararboua (pornr) opranuayer B xo4e pexorEOCqEpOBT(u,
a rar(Ere trpE rrocrEoBeaAaq tro[paSAeneErr.sMtr opraEuBaqEE raauuogecrnun. Oprantrayff ctrcreuy orns, oE otrpe4enffer BaAaqa pruJrJrepufrcxuu, TaEr(oBbrME MorocrpeJrnoBrMuoflpaaeneuuflM rro
rropalneuuro rporuBnuna Ha tro4cTyrrax x o6opone, npu paaBeprhrBautrE
u trepexoge B arr(y, npu 6oe aa troarquro 6oenoro oxpaneurfl, Ba y4eplfia136 rra"u rpetra

HEe poHa o60ponrr (oropnoro

uynxra)

tr trpu EaHeceHtrrrr(oHrpa-

TAK.

flpu uepexoAe r( odopoae troApaaAeJreutrfl [oJr?r(Hrr 6nrrr roroBbr r(


orpalKeHmo BHeBarrEoroEatraAeHu.EtrporEBrrnHa' yap.oBefo caMoJreroB
u BepToJIeToB,a TaK)fie K yHrrqrotfieEtrro Bo3yrlrEbrx AecaEToB A AUBep_
ctrorrfo-pSBeEbrBareJrbErx rpytrtr.
Opranusonan o6opony, KoMarrtrp 6aramosa (poru) paapa6arunaer
Ea KpyruoMacrtrra6no Kapre cxeMy paftora o6oponrr 6aralrona unu
otropHoro nyEKra porbr (puc. {9 na nrn.), Koropa.E frr,rilercfr trJrarroMBeo6oporrzrenbHoro 6og, n B Br.r[e oHecerrEE.trpeCTBJrtrercfl
ae}c.u-fl.
Ko-

c.Eraurn, 6oesbreMarrrunbrtrexorr (6poHerpancnoprepu) u Apyrne mneBbIe cpeAcTBa'

RoTopbler

SaHuMafl

3ancEIe

UJIII BpeMeHEbIe

oIIIeBbIe

IIo-

3tr4u8, IraxoAETc.EB trocTo.aHrrofirotonrocTrr K yHrrtrTo]fierrurooreJrbrrr,rx


rpytr IIpoTuBrruKa, trbrTaroquxcfl BecTr{ paSBe/IKy, npoAeJrErBaTr,
IIpo_
xo4br B Bappa'fiAertrsx uJru rrpoutrKnyrb n rny6uny o6oponnr. OcranrEIOtrOApaSAeJreHU.s,
IIOAAep?nr{Bafl
roToBHoclb K oTpr(eHlrroaTaH IIpo_
rrlBnrrxa, coBepmencrByror nnrfienepuoe o6opy4onanue uoauqu, trpoBoAffr rexuuqecxoe o6c.rryxunanue Boopy)fieutrfl ra 6oeso rexnuxu. .I[e,r(ypnbre crpeJrrr{-aenurqnntr u nusnbrft cocraB Apyrux orueBbrx cpe4crB,
Br,qeJreHnbrx
An.E 6opl6u c Boa[yrunbrM rrporuBuunoM, EaxofiTcfl B roTOBTTOCTtr
r( OTr(pbITnrO
OrHfl rro ero caMoJreTaM,BopToJreTaM
tr ApyruM BoB_
J(yrlrrbrMqenflM. Cnaueprr yuuqro?fiaror orfuqepon, cnafinepn,. na6nrogare"re, pacrrerlr orrreBbrx cpecrB u Apyrue qentr rrporuBur,rna.
,{,ln naneceurrfl trporuBnrr(y ypona r Ba,qep}Hnrrero Br,rgBn)fierru.E
ygapbr rro HeMy Eanocr{r aBr{aqufl. C nnrxo4olr trporr{Burrxa na py6em
[ocflraeMocrrr aprrrJrJreptrq cocpeAoroqellllr,rMu MaccrrpoBarrlrblMorHeM
Eauocur eMy MaxcrrManbno aoenrox{nryqep6.
Ec.nu nlepeqra paftona o6oponxr BrcraBJreuo6oesoe oxparreur{e, c rrepexooM ITpoTEBEKaB EaCTyIrJreHUe
OHOnperrTcTByeTAecTBII.sMero
paBBeAKurn yfiopnbrM cotrporuBJrerrtreMBacraBJrfler paaBepnybcs n 6oeno ropxqox rJraBnrecrrnbr.nportrBrrrrna. B xo4e 6os xouan[up oxpaEerrtrs BrffBJr.Eercvrlrrt a HatrpaBnerrue 4ecrur trporuBnuna.
Eo 6oeeoaoorpauev,ufl. tro44eplfitrBaerc.fl orneM aprrrJrneprru, ooope,qororleuulrM orneM Tarrr(oBbrxu MorocrpeJrxoBbrx [o4paa4eJrenu, orHeMrpauaroMerroro BBBo,qa.Orneryro tro4eplriny rparraroMerntrft nasoA
ocyqecTBJrfleT c BpeMeEEbIXOTr(pbmLrxtrJru tronySaftphlTblx OrEeBbrx troauqnfi c Bagaqe BrreBanEErM
cocpeAorotrerruhrM,orneMtro gapanee trptrcrpeJrffHnbrM py6exau EaHecrE troparfientre rfitrBo cJre IrporEBEuKa,
oco6enno na py6exax ctremtrBauun. flpu orxoge 6oesoro oxparoutrfl
rpauaroMernufi ranog Earoctrr ypon paaBeprunaroqeftcs xuso cure
npoTuBIIr{Ka.
[Iogpaa5eaenrn s 6o10 137

flouurnu trporuBnrrxa paaBe4arb 6oeu repegnu npa oboponrr n


arana ero uepeqoBbrx tro,qpaag,eJreuuorpaxarurc.E orneM Eaanaqenrrblx
orueBbrx cpe4crB n o6oponxrcquMrrcfl Ha arqx BaupaBnertrflx lroApaa4eJIEEEEMIT.

flocre opa]r(elrtrfl aranr{ o6napyxunmue ce6s orrreBbre cpe[crBa


tro yHaaarruro KoMalrAupa 6atanroua (porn) ,qon)ftHhrcKpblrEo cMeEurb
orneor,re troaurlrrrr. flpoxogu, upoAenauubre B lrartrEx Safpalr(Aexu.flx, Eetro rruM IroAMeAneEEOeaKpbrBarorcg, a ecJlE ero c,EenarbEeBoSMo?rtEo,
roraBJruBaerc4 oroHb aprEJlneptru E Apyrux cpeAcTB.
Ilepeg trepexo4oM B araxy uporuBlruff Mollier l{auecrtr no odopoue
fi,qepHbreyAapbr E rlpoBecrlr orneByrc tro[roToBl(y.
(poru), BeAfl rreupepr{Buoe nadlroAenrae aa
ltouangup 6arallosa
4ecrnuRuu trportrBlruna, yroqu.fler 3a4aqll tro4paaAenenunrrutarso n
tr ApyruM orlreBbtM cpeAcrBaM tro Iropa?fienulo
rpugauHo aprsrrepurl
nrrrnresuo aprunneputr, rarrr(oB, Apyrux 6ponuponaunmx qele r nexorb, Bbr4Brrraroqlrxcfl uJrrr RaroroBl{Brutrxcff Anfl araftt. Og,nonpeueuno
oE orlegrrgaet o$ctanonxy o paonax gAepsblx y[apoB, IIpItHI{Maer Mepbl
ynpaBJIeHEff'.
K BagpbrTr{ro6perue s 6OesoM IIOp.fiAI{e,BoCcTaIIoBJIeEnIO
csgTeMbr

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trOCneACTBU

flAepEoro u xuMuqecnoro HatraAesEfl trpoTrrBrruKa.Jlnqsufi cocraB Morocrpennono (ranxonofi) potrr u trptrflaunbrx e


tropasAeneuuyrrparnaercs B qerr.sx, 6altsAaxax, y6exuqax, 6oenrrx
Marrrrnax trexorbr (6ponetparcuoprepax), ralrxx' Ha AHe ororloB E
rpasme B roroBuocrn 6nrcrpo 3an.ffTb cBoE Mecra Ea trostr{trflx Anfl or
palaeguff aTaKrI. B Cnyuae trpuMeEeEIIfl trpOTtrBEtrI(OMOTpaBJIffIOIqtrXBg.rq,egrB a 6axrepraJlbgIx cpegcrB ntrrIEbI cocraB EaAeBae cpe[cTBa uEAEBrrAyanbEo saqurlil.
C nepexoon nponxusH,una s arnanu oE lropaE(aerc.s aprEJrnepuefrr
U pOT Ea EanbHocr.sx 3SaI'paAETenbEhrMofrreM TaEKOBIXBSBOAOB
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BeAeTCfl
trexore
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c lroAxo[,oM trporrBHEKa K sarpa}I(AelltrsM. flo uepe troxoa IIporuBHEKa
r{ trepeg,EeMyr{parc oronb Bcex cpe4crn 6atanloRa AoBoAtrrcfl Ao EauHatrpfl)Hegtra. [Ipu nOAxOAetrexOTbItrpOTtrBHI{XaK IIOBUIIUUHa
BrC1rIerO
paccroEEue 30-40 u Morocrpennz ea6pacunarcr ee I'paEaraMu, yHqrIlO}fiax)T OrEeM B yIIOp U OTCeKaroror rarrltoBuporuBnuna r paou o6oponu nouan4up 6aB cnyxae BNJruEeErr.s
ranboga (poru) AonlKeH orIIeM Bcex cpeACrDocralloBltrb ero trpogBl{(eEue, SaKpeuurb cBou {nanru Ea yrlacrxe BfiJrtrEeEItsE oAaBtrTbtrporEBEtrKA

OTEEM.

flpopaanmnecr n rny6uny o6oponu raEKE rporrrBrrafia yllutlrotfialorcff orgeM TaEr(oB,6oesbrx MarIruEtrexorBToporo elueJrorrac SaEI{MaeMEIx
uMtr o1geBbrx uosuqu uJru orgeBhrx py6exe, a Ta1lfie oIIIeM npx*ro
nasoAxo trporuBoraHKoBbrx cpeAcrB, npngauuo u lloAAepE(usaloqe
aprrrJrnepErl. c aro qenbro troApaa[eneEtr, oxa8aBrrruecfiB rbrny Ilpop-

138 1,13s,1r'pqtrt

BaBmeroc.fl trportrBHxr(a, trpoAon)naK)r ytropHo yAep}I(uBarb saEtrMaeMbre uo3urtrEtru cTpeMflTc.EcKoBaTb MaKcrrMJrbHoe


KonuqecTBo ero cr{n.
Haudo.rrmero yctrexa n 6opr6e c BxJrunuBrurrMcflrrpornBurrnoM Moryr
KoTopbre BeyTcfi Ao ItoJrHo\aTID anmuEH,ble,peulutneJlbH,blenoHnlpafT&nu,,
ro yEETIToE(eHrrffa BoccraEonJreurano6oposbil. Kourparafta BToprM
aurenouoM (peaepaou) o6uqso trpororrrcff coBMecrrroc Apyrrrurr trolpaaAeneEll.sMtr. TaK]He c coceAflME.
Itourparaxy
cne4yer roroBtrrb cnpr,rrno, trpoBoAETb Bneaalrro Bo
rtnu.
rbrJr
BxnxnrrBrnerocfl trporrrBuur(a. llepen upoBegenueil
$aarr
r(oETpaTanu trpoTqBHtrr(y HaEocqTt.tr tropalfieEEe orEeM Bcex cpeAcTB,
Eueloqrrxcff B pactropllnenuu r(oMangupa 6ara.nroua.
fI po runnux, Br(JrlrnrrBrrrucns trpoMe)fiyror( MerfiAy o6oponrloq nwuc fr.
6ara.nronou tr coceAflMs, ynurrrox(aeTcfl Bo raauuo4ecrButr o coceAou
orueM Bcex cpe4crB E pertrtrre.ntuo xorrparaxo.
flocne orparr(enrrfl arar{rr tr BoccrarroBJreuus odopoHnr 6aranron aar(petrnfleTcfl, BOccTaHaBJrnBaeT
cECTeMy OrEff, trE?fieEepEbrxSarpAtr(Aexu, norolnaer 6oenptruacbr u roroBuTc.g r( orpa?fiertrxl troBTopnbrx arar(
trporrilBEur(.
Eara.rrros (pora) Ee EMeer trpaBa 6ea upuraaa ocraBirfirb aaRnuaenmfi
paou (py6ex) o6oponn. On Aolxen necru 6ofi Aarr{eupu trorrrroMonpy)I(EEEtr.
Pa6ora EotatrIlpa torocrpelroBoro BBBoa
rro oprEEBAqFE
odoponnrB ycnoanffx
Eerrocpe[cf,Bef,noro

coupf,trocEoBeHf,fl c uprualtEr(oil

(rapnaur, prc- 23 ua nxa.)


T a r r r q e cfi a n o 6 c r a E o Br(a
ft 15.00 22.6 2 ucn oBJIaAeJIsxc, tllJrocxar rr BfiperrtrJrcaHa neii. Itorrrangap
BaBoAa n 15.30 22.6 uo,nyrar or fiouagspa 2 xcp 6oesoii trpEKaB, yxaoarrllff rro
aaanuogecrnaro, 6oenouy o6ecueqerulo tr ytrpaBneurro, Eg r(oroplrx euy crno
uSBeCTEO:
l.. Opueurzpu: 1- - RMHE, 2- - uocr, } - orA. Aou. 4fi - or4. poqa,
_
5- - sHmxa.
2. IIp-x, BeAcgeprrnBarcqe 'gecrnur, uepeuren r o6opore Ea aapauee troropy6exe c trepeAuut[ r(paM rotrtu. orryrrrxa neca <Eepeaonrrr, rycrapnnH,
ToBJreEEoM,
pouqq, ,(y6ua, gAEoBpeMeEEoBrdgBtrraerpesepBhr na ray6unu. flogxo4 ux na py6er*
oa. Cuuee, /{y6aa u neperofi B rracrytrneur,rc BoBMo]r(eEtrpea cyrn.
3. I ucp c I rn I rp, MuEB 6ara.nrosa epexo,qrrr x o6opoue otropuoro nyrr(ra Brc.
<I[pyr.naar, <IIpugopoxna.sD, Aaqtr c aagaueorpaourb arar(y raur(oB rr trexorbr rrp-Ka
trepeA trepe4nuu ftpaeM n Ee Aotrycrrrb ero rpoprrBa B EatrpaBneun op. 5, Aaw.
Pory uog4ep)r(trBaer 6arp 122-uu ray6nq.
2 uco odopouaer onopuu uyaxr (ucx.) fiMbr, orII. AepeBoi r(ycrapuur( c ea4are
ao noalruogecrBtru c I ru orpaaurb arar{y raur(oB E trexorar trp-Ka rrepeg trepe4uqu
KpaeM E Ee AOnycTtrTbero trpoprrBa B EatrpaBneEtrEop. 4, AaqR.
Ilo.noca orE.E: crrpaBa - .suttr, oa. Cunee, cJreBa- org. AepeBo, yron Jleca
<,(,anrurr, otronfiTenbxu cenrop o6crpura - nnpano op. 2.
Vqacrox cocpeororreuuoro orufl - r(ycrapnun, op. 4. flpouexyror
c I ncn
o6ecueqnrr oruen EMII.
4. Cupaaa Ea Brc.<Itpyrnao trepexoArr n o6opone I Mcs. Ero neBaff rpauuqa
troJrocrornfl - Batr. cxaru nnc. <KpyrlarrD, op. 3. Ilpouexyrofi co 2 ucB o6ecueqrsaer orseM EM[I.
Cresa 3 rucr o6oponaercff Ea anc. <flprgopo?rcuaffr. Ero npanar rpaxtrqa tronofloqpa.tge.resqrr

g Oorc 139

troJrocn orus - Bocr. cr(arH nrrc. <Ilprgopo{satr), op. I. Ilpouex5ruox co 2 ucr


odectrequBaer ornen EMII.
Iororsocrs - 17.00 22.6. lloenq'uu or4enena o6opy,qonarr x 23.@ 22.6.

co 2 rrcn o6eeueqrsaer orueM


cr orE - Bocr. cl(afin Bblcorr, op. l. Ilponexyror
BMTI.
I rs aaxruaer orueBrre rroaffquu: oAEEM TaEr(oM- c3aAE ffM, BToprM- 200 u
ga KycraputrKoM, rperbtrM - y Aoporu ctrpana. Vcacror cocpegororreunoro orns PaBBrnI(a AOpOr.
trp-Ra B PaoEe
5. Aprulreprr Boctrpeqaer cocpeAoroseEEetr paBBeprEnBaEEe
oa. Cuuee, ,{y6ua, Bugxoe, Ee Aotrycxaer ero arar(E B EatrpaBnenl{n op. 5, nuc.
<flnocxas>, yuuqrox(aer trp-Ka, Br(JIr{FIrBIrIerocffB trpoMetr(yror c I Mcs.
B uosl ra 23.6 canepu ycrauaBnrlBaror MtrEEbre[onff trepeA lrepepuu Kpaeu
o6oporn porn.
6. Orgenrurle rpytrrrbl trp-fia, trrraroquecff Becrtr paaBe4ny EntrtrpoAen[rBarb
trpoxoAhr B sarparr(AeEtrEx, yElrtlTo)r(arb orEeM elr{ypErx orEeBblx cpeAcrB c aatracELTX

OTEEBilX

Oqesxa

IIO3trqI,IIT.

IIpu nxlureuuu rrp-R B trpoMetfiyror( c coceAoM crrpaBa BBBoAqacrxl cEJr g


cpeqcrB aaunMaer xo4 coo64eul{F tr orneM ro {aarr no naauuogefrcrBtru c I rrlcs u
t rn ynnwoxaer trp-Ka.
C upoprrnou [p-Ka B rbrn E rlpll yrpooe oxpyrr(enu.tr BaBoAaaxtuaer r{pyroByro
o6opony, orueu Bcex-cpecrB EiIEocEr eMy tropatr(erne u obecnestrBaer trpoBeAertre
OarAnOEA.
r(oETpaTaRECtrJraME
7. Iomrrocr crcreMrr orEE - 17.00 22.6. lloauqnu orgeuenn o6opy4ouatr
r 23.00 22.6.
Cnrnarni
n 6oro - roJrocoME parera Kpacroro orrff;
onoBeqeEu - corJracEo raonfiqe;
qeneyRasaErre - TpacctrpylorqtrME trynflMtr tr cEapfAa.Ms B EarrpaBJreEtrEqenE.
Iloausshre:
RoMEtrpaI ucP - <EePeaar;
RoMaEAupat ucn -<Araqus-lr;
KoMaEAr{pa2 wcs- <Axaqur-2r;
KoMaEgEpa 3 Mcs - <Ara4ux-3r;
r(oMauEpaI rn - <yxer>.
I{upxy.rrrpru uoarilssoit - <Eypxr.
8. Bauecrrrenb - ftoMar4up 2 r'rcn.
Cocromre 2 Mcs ra 15.00 22,6. Jllrwwu cocraBou BaBoIIyxourrnertfoBaa Ea
7596, EMII 2-ro ot4e,rernn rpe6yer rexyqero peMorra'-^Boerpnracon - 0,6 6r
xa xax4nr sEA opyrnrn. Cpegcrna Baqrrhr ot OMII - l00s/o ' Pywrrx rpaxar EerB l-u orgeneuuu EerlcnpaBeu tryJreMer, B 3-u - rpaEarotvrer.
VgcneErre BaIIarrE
I rucp c I rn, Munn 6araltosa o6opoufler orioprr tryEKT BIdc' (Ltpyrnax , (flpr[opoErEasD, Aaqtr c saAaseft ue 4ouyirurr trpopr,rBa trp-I(a B EatrpaBneEtrtr oP. 5,

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l. Hacryn.rerre rrp-Ka orr(Egaercfl c EatrpaBJrerun Ba4roe, poqa, Aastr. flogxog


ero [epe4oBr{x- troApasAeneuz soauoxes c ytpa 23.6. .(,eicrnr.a paaaeAuBarenbgrrv
troApasAeneEunp-xa BoaMorr(ErB nroooe BpeMfl.
flepe4 $poarou orropxoro tryurira BaBoAaBoaMoE(EoEacrynnenrre Ao AByx Morotrexorrrx BBoAoBtrp-$a c 8-10 tasxaMr. IIp-x panee rrpuueusn Eeproe R xuMEqecftoe opylnxe. C.uegonarelruo, BoaMolKEo trplrMererrre ero epe trepexo[ou B
EacryrrJreurre. Iloamuy Eeo6xo,qtrMo ycunsrb na6,nro4eune, trpoBeprrrb antrqtretr
EctrpaBEocrb cpeAcrB garqrrrr, ycftopnrb odopygonaune otropEoro tryEfiTa B trErr(eEepEoM orEomeElrn.
Bnnog: Eeo6xoAtrMo trororoBrb ysacron cocpeAoroqexroro orn BBBoAanycrapnar(, poqa. IIpr opranusaqutr na6lrogewrr oco6oe BsEMaEIreygenzrb necy
<Sepeaonurl, rpoMerr(yrrr{ c cocegou ctrpaBa tr cJreBao6ecnequrr orneu EMII. PaAnaqrronEyro E xrrMutrecnyn pasleAxy Becrr treprro4urrecruM BnJrroqeurreMupu6opa
'II-3 sa BMII 2-ro orgelennx.
cocraBoM sa 75o/o, 6oenoft rexsuro - ra
2. Banog yr(oMrrnexToBax JTEIIBrM
100%, 6oenpflrracaMtr - 0,6 6r. Heo6xognnro x rlcxoAy AEff lrotroJlntrlr 6oenpnnacrr
Ao EopMhr, opraunaoBarb rexyqz peMoET EMII 2-ro orAeJreEE,cporrno BrlaBar
-pylxeEoro Macrepa Anff peMoETapyrruoro rryneMera rr rpanaroMera.
O4rm raEK, rpu EMII u ?prr rpaxaroMera ctroco6rr yErlsrornrtb 9-13 rasxos
(EMn) [p-Ra, crpeJrxoBoe opytxtre BaBoAa troaBoJrger yrlrqtorr(trTb rrexory Irepe
ifpontou o6opouu.
Brrnog: xMeroqaffcff 6oesas rexruxa tr Boopylr{enl{e BgBoAA,a rartrfie EaJrlrqtre
ollsoro raEKa B otropEoM tryEI{Te rIoBBoJIrIor trpotlEo yAepmrrBarb ouopswft ayEna
tr ycEeltrEo BbrtroJrErlTbtocTaBneEEyro aaAaqy.
3. Cupana o6opourercr I ucr, xotoprr ue gonycxaer trpopbrra raurtoB rr uexoru
n ranpannenull oa. Cuxee, or4. AoM, c.neaao6opouaercs 3 uco, xotopufr Ee AotrycRaer trpop6rBa rrp-Ra B EatrpaBneEtru [y6ua, Ilosusra. Orasasre orqeno troMor4r
coceAy cJreua BoaMornEo otueM 3-ro orgeaearn.
Brrnog: AnE o6ecueceuns trpaBoro E JreBoro ifrauror BsBoAa trpeAycuorperb
c r(oMau4upou3 lrcn, oco6esso
ororr EM[I, corJracoBarbnonpocu BsaI{MoAecrBE
c KoMaEAEpou{ ncs.
4. Mecrsocm trepeg a[porrolrr o6opourr BaBoA paBErIEEafi, upocuarpaBaertfl
trp-Ra
ua rny6uuy 4o 3 xu, sro rroaBo.lraercBoeBpeMeuro o6uapyxr'rrb BrABR?fieEIre
tr Becrr oroub r.{aBcex orreBblx cpegcrB Ea Aanbnocrb 4ecruurenruoro orss. Jleca
<Eepesormr u <,[a.urru> BarpyAlrror ra6.uro4enue aa trp-RoM E trosBon.Elor eMy
cxprTEo coBepmtrTb M{IseBp n orJcTpo BItrTEEa pyoe?r( aTaKtr.
Brrao4: MecrEocr B pactroJlox(enutr BBBoAaornphrraff, xopomo trpocMarpsBaeMefl co cropouhr np-xa. Ero rpe6yer or Jrurluoro c,ocraBa co6nro4enufl MacxspoBnn
E rrE)r(eEepEoroooopyAoBaEnE rrosEqull.
5. I{cxo4x ua peJrbea Mecrxocrn, Earrlcra JrecoB' Mo)Itso rrpegtronorrtut' qro
sau6o.uee.Bepofitrrr geftctnur 6oenrrx BeproneroB rrp-Ka co clopoutr neca (Eepeaonrr> n neca <,[alrsu> s EarrpaBnerutr Brrc. (flnocraffD.
Bpeux cyrox - AeEb, troroga rracMypna c npoffcrexqMn, reurleparypa Boagyxa EeDr 20-22", rosrro 16-18o.
P e m e s n e

ET OTEEM BMII.
ctera 3 MCBO6opoEfier onopxilfr tryEr(r a BrC.(IIpuAopoJREafl] c aaavefr re
flosusra. Ero upaaax I'paEl{qa
fiotrycrrr1.IIpopEIBa trp-a E xaupanaernu [y6ra,
140 rrxsx

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E a

o 6 o P o E y

Itlcuomoyn oros eprzr&psn 6 MIrEoMeroB' ytropEo o6opoEflT ouopr-nft


tryEKT BBBoAa. Orxeu EMII, crpelxoBoro op5rtrffff E rparalouerB EaEegrE IroP*r(ycrapu[R' poqa Ee AolrycrtrTb rrpoprBa
lr(erae rrp-xy Ea py6e*(e pBBa.IrEEr,
ero raEKoB ll rrexorr B Eatrpanneulru suc. (flnocxaffE' Aastr.
Eoeno rropn4or(: xa nparon Qranre - l-e ot4e.neurer B qerrpe - 2-e orgeJreErre tr Tasr(, Ea JreBoM$aarre - 3-e orgenerne.
flopaaeteguff

n 6oro 14t

l-xy or4e.neruro o6oponnrb troaEqED f,lru, oBpar c aagale Ee AonycrBTE rrpe


pbrBe
rrp-Ka B EtrpaBneEEEr(ycrapuur( <Ban*trn1, 4alz.
'
Ilo,-.roca ornxi cnpana - FMEr, oa. Cmee, cJrena - oBpaf' I(ycrapuur. flonoa-

Horrparaxy Eamux rroApaBAenernft noggepxarB orneu c Mecra, a B cry.rae


reodxoguuocrs uo Moe ftouaEge coruecrso arao BoccraEoBETl yrpatrerrbre
troaqtrE E ctrcrrgMy orEa.
P e r o r E o c q E p o B R a

- B EarrpaBneEEE Rycrapxur(a.
"otronnnoJrbxrl
I(ycTapEEKa' 50u s;1eso.
.CoCpe4orOseEE1;OrOEb IIOArOloBtrTb B EAIIpaBJTSEEE
rr1lo
2-15y n $-uy Or4e.nerlrflM aaggqu ynatblBApT.tr s m Xe trOcneAOBATnbEocTtr,
E l-My orAeneunro.
.rreca.r6epeaorn1.,
Py6ex;
orftpblrtrE orss: IITVP EMII - sa. otrytrfil
y"on .ieca *[,aarinftr;
raEna - paBB.' xrtrcr. orrJmta neca (AaJrbunfrr; ua opy4qu
bUn - org. AepeBo,!,y6ra; tra nyneueroB EMII s orPnroloro opyx(us - op,2.
o 'forossocrb:
P. l.
l?.N 22-6, or(otroB gnn crpenr6u cmfl -23.00
ctrcreMhlorEs22.6, noanqn otgurerur u BMn - x 5.00 23-6.
Cursarm:
x 6oro - ronoc,ot{ E paera xpacEoro orff;
[yJrElrE B EanptBJroEEtr
oroEb rro yqacrxy co naro,qa - lpaccEpy()qEilE
lnlacTKa.
BaanMorleficrsne
OronrorxprrBaTb IIo noe rouau4e tr tro KoMaEAaMloIaEAEpoJ or4eneunnpu
trotBJreEEE np-Ka B troroce orE E ,qocTurr(eEEnnu py6e;xa op. 2, prrfr. orrymr(a
poqtr.
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cgrgaJrau <rPo4aqRosraf, o11acEocrbr n <Xlursec6afl TpeBorat c HHII noporrr aurrr'l cocraB aaEruaer yrtprrEfi E EaAeBaer cpecrBa Ban{qrrr.
[axpa
'b'cnyrae
nEqE oocran
rrp-Kou ffAe.puoro opyxrr
Bneaalrroro trprueuerut
nOrr(ETF Ea Aso oKOIIa 11C poxorl(Aegueu ygapnO BO1EIEaAeBaeTCpgACTBAaarqlrTlil.

Bo npeur ornenofr trororoBrtu rrp-Ka BcerynEqEoMy cocraBy' Ba Ecr(Jlrcqenueu


sa6nrogaftireft, yfrrn Byrptlrlte, arutralrttr laxxa tr EMII ynn.morl(atrr BIffBJIoEEEIe
,qnE
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ATAKfl.

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p-Ra Ea py6ex Bl'lcry[ Jreca (Eepesonur, op' 5, paar. gopor
C suxolox
oroEb orr{Dsant-[TVP EMfI, ua py6ex oa. Cuuee, ,{y6na - raEK' Ea py6ex(
orn. Aepen, y6na - EMn na opy4ll (uymex)' C py6exa rycrapntrK *Blnxxrfir,
aaws rogb o1r{prBarrBclecpegcTBa, c upu6auxeruex r1IFa Ic otropgouy IIyEI(1y

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u o c r E o c r u

B uanpaueuutr op. 5 - cenep. Mrr saxogmcr Ea Bri[c. trllaocrasr. Cnpana


500 u src. <Itpyr.lraar, Aanee 3 ftil ilec (BopetoBrrr, trpffrdo 5 ru Bu,i6oe, JreBeo
Aopopn r 1,5 xu or Eac nec (Anbntrftl, r.lrero 500 u rrrc. <flpugopoxuar, cBa.qn
xacs2rtutraqtr.
flo4paage.nexus 2 rlt6 trp-fta treperrlJrnx odopore Ea aapaEeo rronoroBJrenlou
py6erre, Ilepegnufr Kpa o6oporbr trpoxoAur rorrfi. otryrrrxa Jreca (EepeBoBrr,
KycrapntrK, poqa, ,{y6ra. flepe4 trepe,qnnMxpaeu o6opour ycragonJrosrir utrEuoEaprrBEbro SarparKAeEr{fl.
gou, 4- - porqa, 5-fr
OpreurrpH: l- - xauxn, 2- - uocr,3- -org.
(ocxonno) - Bbrrrrxa.
l. Hau6onee Bepogrgoe EatrpaBnense EacryruregEn trp-aa - BqI[Eoe, 4aru.
Ilogxo4 ero trepo?qoBrxtrogpBAeneuuft u uepexo4 B EacrJmneEne olr{n4aercr c yrpa 23.6.
Boauo*sue p16exu uepexoga B arary: neparrfr - oa. Cnse,el ,[,y6ua, rropo og. 2, op. 1.
2. Ilepelpu xpa o6oporu I rrcp - c8.cxarn Brc. (Ilpyrnaffr, rMr,/oBpar,
or4. AepBo, ceB. crarlr nuc, <Ilpn4opoxsarl.
Ouopnm uynrr 2 uoB - flMbr, org.
Aep@BorrpaBoe Aoporn, nycraprnr(. Ouopru tryEKr cocega ctrpaBa - Ea B6rc.
rrf(pyraanl, onoprH tryEKr cooepa crreBa - Ea BLrc. <Ifpugopoxxaar.
3. Ilo;roca org BBBoEa:trpaBa - EMrr, oa. Cmee, cJreBa- orA. AepeBo, yron
aeca *,(aaruur. ,{,ouoaxule;rrsH oerrop o6crpena - EMr,tdoor.
Ilepe4 rfpoumn o6opouu BsBoAa cuJraMu Eg2r(euepEo-canepro porrr 6y4yr
ycrrgoD;reurr rdruno-BapbrBrrle aarpalrlenus.
B trpouerr(Jrrftar Metrqy oooeou
crrpaBa E cJrea6ytryr ycrasonneEu upoBonornre aarpatftAeEtrf,.
4. l-uy oreneEuro o6oporxrr trouqtrxr ff!ftr, oBpar c Ba4aqefi Ee Aotrycrnt
upoprBa np-Ka B EarrpaBneFEr KycrapEar( <E:rnr*rrr, garn.
Iloaoca ortr: cupaBa - prx, oB. CtrEee, cnena - oBpar, op. 3. fiouonuxlem''
rwfi cexrop o6crllena - B EatrpBJreEuE op- 2Sauacnas uoduqun B ro4e coo6qeunn - ifponmn Ea Bhrc. (Hpyrrrafl].
Ilonoca orE: ctrpala - r(ycraprax, org. AoM, cJreB- RycrapEEK, BFrc.
rHpyriranr.
,[,ononunre.nrnn cexrop o6crpena - B EatrpasJIeEEE nycrapEura.
Iloouqun BMII J.l! 110: ocxossas - B onoe neuee M. Cexrop o6crpeaa: ocEo4:-.
noi - oB. CREeo, op. 3, AouonEurenrsr - B EatrpaDneEtrEop. 2.
Sanacnaq uostrqns 200 u caagn ocEoBEo. Cexmp o6ctpena: ocEoBEo - org.
Aou, Bhrc. <ftpyraaxr, AorronEnTnbau : B arrpaBJreluu Kycrapunxa.
Cocpegorovenurr oroxr ororoBtrrb - r{ycrapuur (BnEraEEt, Bneao 50.
2-uy a 3-rry oreaennffu Baatru yrtasrBarlrcfi n ro xe uocregoBarenbEocrn, lmo
E l-My orgeneEtrKr.
5. Oronw Ea orAeneEdr, orneBrirerroauqn EMII u ragra o6opyAosarr x 23'00
22.6,6nnrgarr E rprlueu Bo BaBoAe- R yrpy 23.6. tt yrpy rrqarnbxo sauacfttpoBerb Bce rrororoBnenrre aa Eotrb o6oponnreasrtre coopyrr(ennfl.
6. Mecm KHfI ronargtrpa BaEoAa100 n aa oBparox.
Boeso
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1. Hacryu.neuue trp-Ka ox(EAaercn c EatrpaBJreEEff BtrAEoe, Aarlt. flepoxoA
D araKy c pydexa op. 2, op. I noanoxes c ytpa 23.6.
2. I up c { rr, xrsc-daramoua
o6opouxer ouopxxfr uyaxt ouc.rKpyrJraD'
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142 rnasa rpeu,n

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B xo4e o6oponnrenrsoro 6o.s ua6rngeuue Eecrtr BceMy nnrruoMy cocraBy.


or4e;renuii Aor{JragruarbMEe rre}reAnenuo o Mecrax pactroJrorxelfouaxlnpav
aprrra.lepufrcfirlx, [pornloraxrioBbrx tr Apyrnx orrrenbrx cpegcrB trp-Ka, o ero
n a onoprH nyrrr porH, o trorrHTr(ax o6xona onopEoro rryurtTa BaBoAa,
l8Kx(o o troAxoAe pesepBoB.
Aas gaugrrbr Jrr{rruoro cocrala or opyxnff MaccoBoro [opatr(err{fl rr Batftura,
cpegcrB EctroJrbaolarb oxorrbr, trelleRprrre yqacrrtn rparme, qe.ru,
Ittbnbrx
llunalx rr cpeAcrBa rrnAuBflAyanbnoaarqnrH. ,{o 18.00 9.6 npouecru lrx trpoloPr(y, a Taxx(e trpoBepKy AoauMeTpoB,nepeB.ffsosErxrr [poTnBoxr{Muqecr{Ex traLo10B.
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Ha6.nrogeuuesa BoBAyrtrErM
trp-r{oM Becru c EMII u ra6;uogareaxrr.
.Il;rx uacnuporxn EMII, ofiorroB, rparurei n HHII lrctroJrbaoBarb rropyrrxre
cpeAcru. B xoge o6op-ornrenrnoro 6os xaEelp ocyqecrBnffTb cnpbtrrto, rrctronby
lpalrlllerr II xoArd cooorqeEtrfl.
rexuuqecxoe
H 19.00 BMfI aanpansrr ICM Ao Eopur, npoBecrrr erKeAEeBEoe
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6opr6r c raEKaMtr Ea
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xarr(oe orAeneElre IrMeTb tro rrT npoTEBoraEI(oBbIx rpaEal.
Ilepryro MegrroMorrlbpaaerbrM E rroparfternbrM aarrtnraroJrbgrMopyrfiseu o$aBuaarb B trop.E4re EaaflMotroiloqn, llcrroJrbayff MeAt,lrtaMenTbr
u rrepeB.EaoqEuftuatJprran. Txxe.rropaxerhrx nocJre oftaaaxrs nepuofi Me4noMorrg oBaxyrrpoBar tro
rogy coo6qeur4fi Ea I{HII xouauqnpa BaBoAa.

O6opona

6oonoro

o6ece!teEEf

sero E Ka'KAoM
Paane4ry Ao EaEaJIa arar(E IrPKa secru na6arogeutreut Anfl
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Bo4uue trperpar B aaBuctrMocru or rtrtrpnnlr u rnyduxu rroaBoJrflror


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flogpaa4e.ueutrff o6brtruo BanrrMaroro6opony rra cBoeu 6epery. Opea,tuaAn o6opony BoArro trperpaghr, r(ouax4trp daraJrrosa (porrl) Kpoue
trpoBeAeEtrfi o6IsHbrx uepollprrflTE rayvaer cocronHrre ee 6eproB, oIIpAcntrer rtrtrpuEy, rny6uEy, cKopoclb retreHrrfl xapaKTep AEa, a rax,fte flarErrtre 6po40n tr yqacrKE, y406nne gna {opcnpoBasu.fl no4xo
nperpaAbr.
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xar( ToJIbKorIoSBoJIurodclalloBKa, Bce arE Botrpocbl KoMaEAEp6aranroxa (poru) yroqurrer rretrocpeAcrBenuoEa Mecrxocru B xoAe pcxoruocr{upoBxu.
Ilepegnufr rpaft odoporbr Morr(er rrpoxoAnrb EetrocpeAcrBerruo rro
6epery, BoaMo?nuo6.uuxe x ypesy BoArxnn tro BbrroAnouy pydexy na
Irexoropou yganentrn o Hero. Ha 6epery ycrpatrBarorc.ffaarpalrAenrrfl. u
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xa6.nro4atr aa troffBnertreM pnreErx Ea troJre 6os n Ao5, Crpenxy-caxntaqy'o.xaailsari
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1662

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rrfllcrBtrs Anfl. r{acrynroqero trporrrBEEl(a odopoHa daranrona (poru)


opraunayerca rra 6ouee urupoxou rfiponre. Boesofi nopagor 6aranrona
peaepBa Ao ycrneEHoro
crpollrcfi o6LtsHo B oAHE gtrIerroHc BbrAeneEI{eM
BBBO4.

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rrport{BHr{Ka trpII rroAxoAe x soAHo nperpAe B EtxoArrIx paonax g.un
r[opcrpouannfl E Ea cBoeM 6epery.
flogcrynu n no4noft lperpage, BepKaJIo no4nr, oco6euno yrracrxu,
ygo6nue g;rn rfopcllpoBaHnff, AoJr]r(rrrllpocrpeJll.rBatrcn {aanroBbrM E
nepexpecrubrM oruelr. Ha uosr qacrb rannon, 6oenntx MmEE llexorbr,
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BpeMonr{rleorneBiletroatr4rrtr, 6nuxe x 6epery, a K paccBery, orBo,qurbcfl EA OCHOBHre
Orr{eBf,retro3trrlnE.
Ha yuacrxx, rAe BoBMo?r(Ho$opcuponauue trportrBrrxorr no.qao
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EMII, ycranoBxtr IITyP E Apyrue orueBbre cpe4crBa.
l\nn paaeerca nportrBnnra B o4paaAenenrffx opralruayercr HenpepbrBnoena6rrogeuue, oco6eRuoBayqacrxMH, ygodnrMngnr SopcrpoBrruq, E 3a troAcTynaMr(K nurrr. flpu oTcyTcTBnuHellocpeAcTBerrEoro
cotrpuKocrroBerruflc trporEBEtrKoMHa fiporrrBouonoxnrr 6eper nopno uperpa4u or 6aranbona o6rqnorncu.rraercs 6oero paaoegurareurnrrfi goaop .
oLH,outeHuunaa6oJlee troJnro o6opygyrotcff otropnre
B itntceu,epH,oJtr
uyrrnrbr, trprlxpbtBaroque ygo6nbre Anff Sopcupoeantrs yqacrr{t.
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trpoTtrBrrf,r(4,trpoBoAnrcfi MrrnrrpoBanue 6eperon. [Ipu odopone trnaq4apMa r,r MocroBIx trepetrpau B orroprbrx rrynrrax ycrpar,rBanrcfl oxorrhr Anfl rauron, EM[[,
IITyP rr yxphrrnfl Arfl rtrqxoro cocraBa, 6oenpunacoB E Apyrrx MareplraJlbHbrx cpeAcrB.
BaaruoqeficrBrre opranuayercfl na o6qnx trptrHqtrnax. [Ipu arou oco6oe sxnuanse yAeJrffercfl corJracoBanuroAecrnu uoqpaaeneru c orEeM ApTEJIJrepm IIO yEErITOrfieEHrOHacTytrarcIqer0 trpOTUBEUKEa yqacrrax, y4o6unx gla {opcupoBanrrfl.
Begenue o6oponrr r ocodux ycJroBufix.
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E B odllcrrx yc.rroBrrflx.HenocpegcrBenuo B ropoge o6opoua coo4aerc
Ea Bcro ero ray6uny.
146 rn"ua

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Morocrpe;rxonu 6atanron o6rrqno o6oponner paou o6opoutr,
lx;rrcuaroqufi oAIIE unu Eecr(onbxo KBapraJroB, unu oAEo-Ana oco6o
trporrnhrx u HpytrIrbrx BAaEEfl.Pota o6oporrffer otropxrr uyuxt, xotopn
Ernroqaer KBapraJr, oqrro trnu Eecr(onbxo r(pyrrnbtx a4auu, trptrctroco6lonnr,rx x rpyroaoft o6opone. BsnoA o6opouaer oAEo-ABa sAaIrIr.
ts or4enbnbrx cJryqaflx 4nn odoponrr orropnoro trynxra uoxer 6urr
EASHAqeEycUi-rerrHbrfrMoToclpeJrKosraanoA.
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EepeKpr;rBanuMarEcTpaJrblrbreynrrqH, trnoqaAl{, Moorhr tr T. A. ,ll;rn CoaAanurr otropnIx tryEKroB rrctronbaylorcR oco6o ilpoqnbre yrJroBbre 3Anvrn c noJrytroARaJrbHbrMnE IroABaJrbEbrMEIrOMeqeHtrffUI,IrO6eCUeqEsamtrlRME BoaMornnocrr o6crpena ynu4 tr uroqage. Ouopurre tryEKrrI
troAroraBntrBarorcff r xpyrono o6opone u AoJr)r(E[trMerb orHeByro
cBsab Me?fiAy co6o. B nux coaAarcrcfi AouoJIEErenbELreBatracu 6oeu Apyrux
trpntracoB, trpoAonoJrbcrBus, rrnTbeno no4nr, MeAtrKaMeEToD
uareptranbEbrx cpeAcrB.
B uponexyrxax
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,{nn uanenpa troApaBAeJreEtrflMEBuyrptr RBapraJroB ycrpf,Balorcf;
trpoxoAll, a Tarcffie EctoJrbSyroTcfi troASeMEreCoopy)Iteflug. n NoJrJIer(Topr. B rro4aeMarxcoopyrr(euuflx, Ee f,ctronbayeu[rx Anff MaEeBpa, ycrptrBa()rcfl Sarp?fiAeFtrE,a rro B[ilxoAaMtr3Eux troroTaBJrtrBaerctofoEb.
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AJrfl crpenb6u npauoi saaoAxo, raxr(ol, EMII, a raxr(e ornn IITVP,
rpalraroueroB, orreMeroB u aprtrnnepllu, pactronoil(enno xa Sanprrblx
ofEeBbrx uoSrrrlnflx.
flogpaage.nerrufl, aaguuaroquo odopory B lrrrorosra?r(Eritx aAantrfix,
oronb opranuavror B rrecxoJrbxo flpycoB, c rex qto6u Bc,e trogcrynhr
x otroprrhrMrrynxrax (aganunu) pocrpeJruBaJrf,cb.IIpn aro*r 66.nruras
rracrb orHeBhrx cpeAcrB, B ToM sEcre orleJrbEbre opyAufl, paaMeqarcTcs B rrronuux aralr(ax aganufr tr tronytroABaxoB.
uctronbayrorcfr \nfl, Aectau rra
Tauftu, trpzganuhre 6atanrony,
EacaA uJrtr B orropEr,rx tryrrr(Tax MorocrpenKoBbrx por.
Orneshre uoanquu rarrxoB, BMII (ETP) u opygnfi, Brlgenerrtrbrx;Ins
crpelr6rr upnrrro sasoro, noAroraBJruBalorcr odLrsuo 8a KaMeHHbTME
aa6opauu E crerraMa, B KoropHx rrpoAerhrDarorct E rqarenbrlo Macl(Ilpyrcrcn au6paaypbr.
Oruesue noauqntr IITyP E rpauaroilerou nu6nparorcfi B ranrlx lrec,Tax, orr(yAa odecueqrBaercf, BoauoTriuocrb BeAeEsff orEfl B4onb ynuq
u nroqa4e.

lo.

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a 6on 147

nepeBairoB, yBJroBAopor tr ;1pyrllx BarfiEbrx yqacrKoB Mecrrrocrr{. Ouop, HhrerlyHKrbr AoJrTr{H[r


uMerb xpyroByK) o6opony. B upouexyrKax Meifirry
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ycTparrBaroTc.sMlrHEo-BSpbrBEbre
SarpatItAeIII{q.
o6opy oeanuu otropnhrx nynr(roB {opru{unaqr{onllpu un uceuepH,oJrL
HbrecoopyEreHEflB cKaJrbrrbrxrpyHrax ycTpaqBaroTcfirrpeEMyqecTBeHHO
uo.nysar.ny6Jrenrrororr Haclrrrnoro rrrna c upr,rMerreur{eM
KaMH.Er[ trpr,rrpbrBarorcn cJroeMrpyflTa u MerrrxaMrrc ae{ne.
Oxonlr, yrpbrrr{f tr ApyrrTe coopy(errr,rn
o6opy4yrorc.E ran, qro6r,r racNJlloqrrrb BoaMoEtlrocrbBareKaEI{.aB Hr{x Ba?{tlrrareJlbublxcrueceE Bobr.
.[nx saqr,rrbr or opytrrfl MaccoBoro rtopa]rienr{fl npracnoca6ntrtsaorc
roprrbre nnpa6orxu, ueqepbr u [pyrue ecrecrr]enrrr,re yr(prrr{.{.
Ocnonnrre ycr.ilvfl cocpelororrr{Barorcs ua yeptcanuu swcom, pacIroJrox(enHbrxHa rroAcrytrax K nepeBaJrM.9acru cr{JrBanrrMaero6opouy
Ha rroAcryrrax K trepeBany, qacrr' - fla rrepeBane. Ha Aopofax, II0Axo[flqEx n nepeBaJry, ycTpatrBaroTcffSarpaE{Aerruq,rroAxoAbrK KoTopbrM
trpocrpeJruBaroTcfl rrepeKpecTHbrM orEeM.
[Iepe4uu xpa odoponrr ueo6xo4uMo Haanasarb rro cKnoHaM ropnbrx
xpe6ron; Bbrcor tr orporaM .rop, o6ecueqr.rBaroquM xopourn o6crpe.n
\
trogcTyrroo K Hr,rM.
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npocrpaHcrB rr cKpbrrhrx rrocrynots.
Ornesbre cpe;1crBapacrroJraralorcs flpycaMtr fiaR Ha cxarax Bblcor,
o6paqeuunx fi [porr{Bxrrr(y, TaK rr rra o6parnux cr{arax, o6ecne.ruua.E
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Aprurnepucxue rroApageJre'aflBagrrMaroror'eBrro trogrrquu B rrap


ftax, fla unoqa[flX, CraAEoEax u B ApyrEx MOCTAX,OTI(yaO6ecnesu_
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BeAeEI|EOrEg.
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c BoaAyrlrrrbrlr rrporrrBEurcoM, paaMeqarorcf Ea Kpbrrnax sgauu, rAe AJrfl
uux o6opy4yrorcfl trnoqaAKn. Ha6;rrc4arenbEre rrocrbr (nadrroAarenu)
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Opranuaya. o6opony B ropoe, H,oMaHAtrp6ara.rrroua (poru) xpo_
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O6oponume.oaHwfr6o na troAcrylax K ropoAy Be4ercff ra6 x(e,
KaK tr s o6rrsnbrx ycnoBusx.
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opy?r(ufl c trrr{poKr4MnptrMerreHneM orEeMeToBq p)rqHrx rpaEaT.
IIpu y4epxaurru otropuoro tryunra (aqauun) araryroqu trportrBEEK
AoJr)I(eE6rrrr aa4epxaE rra rrHr(eEeprrbrx BrparfiAeEEqx n yHtrrrrorr(eEEa
IloAcytrax K oIIopHoMy tryEKry orHeM Bcex cpeACrB IIoApaBAeJrerrE.E.
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Bo negercn Ba y4epxanr{e xa?fiAoto BaHrrF,aa xarx4uft ora}ft r{ Ka}fiAyn
KoMHary Aa?r{eB ycJroBEflx oKpyx{eHrrfi. flpu arou raEN[, EMII, opyAnr
rr Apyrue orHeBre cpeAcrBa, Eaxo.ffqr{ecs BEe 3AaHtrfl, Boctrpeqa()T
troAxoA K IIeMy pepBoB rrporEBHrrr(a.
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orEeM BCeXCpeACTB
u yHrrrrTolxeTcs peruErenrno KoHrparar(o aroporo aruenoua (peaepna) 6aranroxa.
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IIpu o6opone B ropax Ba?r(Eoeanarrenue upnodperaer upovrroe yAetF


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O6opona B ropax crporrcff rryreM coa4arrrrfl pornhrx E or4enburx
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148 f""""

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trcnoJrbSyrorc.EB otroplrrJx IIyrrKTax.
flpu o6opoue n yano ropuo AoJrrrue (yqenre) orHenbre cpe4crBa
pacloJrararor Ha trpr{Jreraroqnx crarax rop, o6ecueqtrBarorquxpocrpeJr
oJrnubr ( yqenra) trepexpecrur,rMorrreM. Ha u6oaee crrrrbnoyxp euJrffrorcs
Bdcorbr, odpaayroque BxoA B AoJrrry (yqe.nre).
Ilo4cryu rr K rocrrocrByroqr.rM BbrcoraM npr{Kprnarorco rHeM ap rr{n Jrepfirr, Mr{HoMeTrrr,rxu rparraToMeTHLrxuoApaaeJreEuu,a TaHTr{eIIpoTHBorau KoBbrx cp egcrB . Ap rranneprrfl rur4ponotrp uMerr.sercflAJrfl crp eJrr,6u npnuo nano4rco.
Hacryu.n enue upo rr{BHnxa o rpa}Kae rc.E Bc eMtr o rneB brMrrcpecrBaMn
c fur{poKrrM rrptrMerreHr.reM
rparraroMeroB. Tauxn trporr.rBHr{xanara6o.;rcc
qenecoo6paarro ynurrrorriarr Bo BpeMfl rrpeo4orenlrn nvrlz,trotrJreMonJoc()6enno rrit cr'ptrauTnnax.
flpu nxnunexrrr,r flporr{Brruxa n odopolry 6ara.lr,on (pora) loJrifieil
ytropHo yAepEirrBaTL3arrrrMaeMbre
[o3r,r4r4rrIt HaHocr.rrbrrpoTftrr14KyaLil:rMorr{Hodo.rrmrae trorepu. Hourpataxa fipoBoArrrcfl crepxy B]rr.ra" rrAo.rr)
xpe6ta uru rro oJrune. Odxognrqero trporr.rBrruxadara;rlou yuurrrolriaer
ornenr aprnJrnepr.rntI Apyrux cpe,qcrB, a raft'fie pemr{TeJrr,rrrrungecrnlr.gMr{ tropaaAenenr Bloporo eirre.]rona.
flopse.rrenu)s 6o11 149

r r e c y

O6opona B rrecy opraHuByerc.E trpetrMyqecrBerruo na AocryrruoM AJr.fi


HacryuJreur{.ffrrporrrBrruna IIa[paBJIelruu rr IrocET .EpKoBrrpax{enurr osarosnr xapar(rep.
Eararrony o6u.Ino JfiaablBaercx paon odopourr, pore (uarogy) Onopur'r tryHK1.
()6opona B ;recy crpol4TcEor4eilbHbrult porHrJ-luu tssBoAflritMn
o[opr( Kpyrotsri.ii
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rqr{Mn Aoportr, npocertr{, a rafi;rie ge{une Me}Iiy oacpaMr,Iu 6o.lotaltu.
B upouexyrKe Me}fiy orroplrr'rMtr tryHfiTaMIr ycTpal{BaroTc.ESarpa}r(EeHufi, opranrrayrorctl Jacagrn rI uarpynapoBarrtre. B ltaqecrne trH?fieucpr{r,rx Barpaxigeunfi uplr}{cHqrorcs MrrIrHbleuonn, SyrachI, MrrHrtpoBarrlrrre
sarpa(rrporrrBoraHnoBbre6aprepnr u paBirErIHbIerIpoBoJIoqrTble
BaBaJrhr,
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flepe4nn rpa odopouu nr'r6lrpaerc.aBuepe,quortyflrex Jleca uJrrr orEocurcff n r.ry6rauy.


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pesepBa ento 4o nano;1a. BtoB [Ba cureJrouarr,rrr B oArIH c BEilAeiIeIrtreM
po arueron (pesepr) 6atantona pacuoJlalaerctr B olropHoM uylrxre
s6rnau opor r{ rrpocex B roroBlrocrrl K trpone4euulo Horrrparaxn I{Jrr{ ft
MaHeBpy Ha yrpo?fiaeMoe rlaflpaBJrellue.
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Ilplr no4roronne odopoulr B necy KpoMe o6nrsurrx Botrpdcon r(ollauAtrp
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rroro ecarrTa u aepolro6IIJIbHhIX TaHTIIqecXux Ipyuu, a Tafi)Ke IIO JIIII{DEAaquu JrecHrx to}ItapoB.
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Ilpopnanrnuec.E rlepea uepe4nufr xpa rpyuubl trpornBrrtrfta yErrlroorlleM Bcex BEA0B.
xaruTcff cocpeAoToqeEHf,rM
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aca tr ofoHb Bcex BrrAoBcpe/IcrB c dnuanux Ascmnqra.
f(onrpararu trpoBoAflrc.Eo6usuo Bropru strreJrolroM(peaepnou) 6aI{afi
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rrpaBnno, BAoJr/{opor tr npoceft. IIpn upoaeelfutr KoHrparar(E ocodoe
BHHMarrtreyen.Eercfl odectre.renrlrl BrxoAaKoErprar( yroqero nonpaAeJrerrnfl rra py6ex paaneprnnaHlrfi, IroAroroBr(e orrrff aprrrnnepaf, u MrIrIoMETOB.

t r y c r b r H e

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Ocnosure ycrrJlufl rroApaageJlesu n odopone cocpeAororrlrnax)rcff
Ha ygepxtafirrrl ]r(ualreurro Ba]fiHbrxpaonon o65exloB (oa8ucoa, naceJregHbrx

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tryHKr. B nexoroprrx cnyqa.f,x BsBoAMOrfieTuonyqtrlb saAarly o6opourrr
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E IIyCThrEe, KaK rrpaBuno, 6orbtrIe, seu n o6brslrbrx ycJloBrInx. Sro o6ycTeM, uro o6opoua crporrrcff tro rratrpelnex.au' orAeJlbrruJIoBJTllBaerc.E
Mr{ oqaraME co 3ErIurerbHhIMEupoMe}ffyrRaMuEoTxplilrulru {lanrauu,
A TAK)fiE C HANUqI{EM YIIACTKOB MECTIIOCTtr C PYAIIOUPOXOIIMIME
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qro E B o6uqsrrx ycnoBnflx. Ha uecrnocrtr, RcroAyAocryuuo
aJreMeHToB,
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Paou o6opourr daranrona u otropule tryur(rbr por trororaBJrtrBarolcE Arfl. BeAerrl xpyrono o6oponH tr rqareJrbuo Macxrrpyntcn. B lpoMCln yTI(e

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Oeneawecpecmaa B otropntx uyuxrax por, BgBooB' Ha troaurlrlflx
orgenenu pactronaranrcfl Taft, sro6H o6ecuequnanrrcb lraAe)ltuoe [purilopa3eneru s 66rc l5l

purtre rrpoMe)r{yrltoB u Hpyrouafi odopoua. floAroranJrl{Baercfl S.rranroanfr n repenpecruu orolrb ranxoB. B MII, IITyP u crpenxoBoro opytss.
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uopalnerrue trpornonuxa Ea uogcryuax x o6opoue tr Ha ifaaurax, a laxx(e
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6or npc4ycMarptBaer BeAerrne paaBeAKrI na drumyro, qeM s o6HHbrx ycnoBrrRx, r.rry6ury, tropalfteHtre trportrBrrtra orHeM npnuo nauepn
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ux pacxogoBautreu n cod:rrcAeuxeM rrtrTbeBoro pe)fir{}ta.
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rrycrrrrtr trporrBnnK rlaq,e Bcero epexoAtrr B rracTyuneHue c xoAy.
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Itpoue roro, odoponutenrnu 6o uoxer Hocrrrb u osaronrr xapar(Tep.
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cpeAcrB E co3arb BbrroAIrEIeycnoBrrff Anff trpoBeAeHrr.ffr(oHlparax Broprru
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H o . r r n
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152 1;1ns2 1ps1s5'

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s 6o10 153

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Ctopocrr B aror MoMeEr cocraBJrfler trpuMepuo 3/4 daqamxo cxopocTv..
Brnopoit, nepuo Nrvrcfr or MoMerrra troJruoro cropauufi Bap.EAaAo
(cuapr4a) ua RarraJracrBona. Cxarnre tr EarpeMoMerrra BrJreralylu
TbIe ra3br, xoTfi trpuToK ra3oB E upexpaTr{ncff, pacmtrp.ffIoTcfl tr, oRaabrnafl ABneHue Ea nyJrro (crapx4), yBeruqtrBaror cxopocrb ee ABulKeaua. Cra4 AaBJreErffrrpotrcxo4trr dnrcrpee, qeM B Koqe rrepBoro treptro4a. .{y.rrrnoe aBnextre cocraBJrffer y opy4uff ll3, y crpeJlr(oBoro opyx.as ll5 Mar(crrMalrbnoro AaBJresz.s. V
Hoporr(ocrBoJlbuoro opyx(nfi
(rarpuuep, y trucroneron) nropo trepo4 upar(rruecfiE orcyrcrByer,
rR ftaft tryn.fl Bbrneraer tr3 opylaus parrbrtre,qeM cropaeT necr uopoxono
3apflA.
B mpernunepuo (ueprog uocre,4efrcrnuR) raau, trcreraff uB KaEaJra
crBoJra co cropocrbro {200-2000 u/c, upo4onrr{ar)r aoagecrnoaarbrra
rynro (cnaps4) Ao rex trop, uoxa ctrJraux AaBJreEtrnne 6y4erypaBuoBemena cu.rro cotrporrrBneuuq Boayxa, ;1ecrnyroq,efr na nyrro (crapn4).
B eror [eprroA uo4 4ecrnueM nopoxoBrx raaoB tryJr.ffHa yqacrrte B uee'KoJIbKoAecffrxoB cauruMerpoB, a cnapsA na yqacrxe 5-10 M IrpoAoJIfi(aeT

paSIOH.ETbC.S.

flocre trpoxo?fiAenu.EAynbuoro cpeaa opyxru.E uynr (cuapxg) urrleer


MAKCuMaJrbHyrO
CftopOCrb.
Cuostrentreu reMrreparyphr tropoxoBoro saptrAa yBentrquBaerc.s
cftopocTb ropeEtr.s tropoxa, a rrosToMy yBenrllrtrBarurcff MaKcuMaJrbrroe
aBneEEe E EaqaJrbrrafi caopocr.
Eaua,noruaa cnopocmb - aro cxopocr ABzlfteutrff uynu (cuapn4a)
y yJrbEoro cpeSa crBona.
3a nee trpurruuaercff ycnoBua.E cr(opocrb, noropaff troflyrraerc.E pacser160 1s2pu rrerBepraff

f,HM nyreM. Oua r.rsMepflercflB Merpax B cenylrAy (nic). HavaJlbnafl


cxopocrb xa.ru6epnrrx tryJIb Ir crapflAoB cocraBJlfler 700-1000 rtlc, uogNaln6epHr,rx cuap.ffAoB- 1400-1600 r,ric n 6oree. Snaqenue naqa.nr,so
cKopocrr.rAaerc.s n ta6nraqax ctpe.nr6u E TaKTr{Ko-rexulrqecnlrx xapal(TepncrnKax.
llaqarnHatr cftopocrb sBJlflercs o4no ua nfinemux xapaxreptrcTnK op)'x{r{fi, Koropafi onaarBaerBJIrrsHtreHa ero 6oenr'recaocrna. flpu
yBoJrHrreutrn naqalrHo cfiopocrtr yBerlrquBarorca aJlblrocrb lroJrera
u y.nu (cuapxga), uactuJlbnocrb rpaeft ropl{r{, uopaxtaeMoe upocrpaucrBo'
6polrenpodnBaeMocrb cflapfloB yAaprloro 4ecrnua, y6ofrnoe u upo6unBrremHlrx ycnonu
uoe Aecrnr,relryJrtr, a rax)r{e yMerrbllraercfl r,Jruflraure
xa roJler uynr (cHapnga).
Ue.rrrrsufla saqarunofr cnopocrr{ uyau (cnapa4a) aanucur or AnErH orBoJra, Maccbl uylu (cnapr4a), reuueparyphl u BJla?fiHocrtrtropoxoDoro aap.Ega,cnofrctr uopoxa. 9eu Arurunee crBoJr, relr 6onrmee BpeM.ff
tu uy,rrro(crapr4) qecrnyrot uopoxoBrre raabr reu 6oarme EaqaJrblraff
c,r{opocrb. llpu uoctonnno 4.urauecrBoJIa r{ trocro.ffrlrrouacce tropoxonoro BapffAaHaqaJlbnaffcxopocrb reu 6o.nrrue, qeM MeHr,me racca tryJrtr
(clrapnqa). ?lgueuenr,re Maccbr tropoxoBoro aap.AanplrnoAlrr n uaMelrelI K rrSMeHeEuroBera3oB, a cJreAotsareJlbrro,
IrOpOXoBbIx
ilHru KOJII,IqecTBa
JttrqfirrbrMar(crrMaJrbrroro
AaBnelrl{g B r(anaJrecrBoJIa rr HaqJrbuo cxopocTll.

.(an.irenne uopoxoBbrx raaoB, gecrnyroqe Ha tryJlro (cuapr4), o6ecnortr{Baer trpuAaEDe e uoctyuare,nluo cHopocrE' a raK}xe cKopocrE
gecrnyroqee B rrporlrBonoJlornflyrccropony'
$paqeulrff.,(aueHue,
coSAaer cIIry orarlr{.
opyrr(ufl l{aaa4 (n opyAlrlr orr(arr{brx vacte) iloA
/lnuxenlre
gefictnueu curbl orgarlrr HaarilBaercs omave (n opy4zu - onlnarnon).
ilpn crpelrl6e na ctpenroBoro opyxtrfff clrJra orAaqu oqyrqaercfl pyl(oE'
Sneprux ora.lu reM
IlJrerIoM, 4eftcroyet Ha ycrarroBr(y nnlr rpynl.
6o.nrme, qeM Moquee opyx(ue. V pyunoro crperxoBoro opyxcns orAsa
odhrqno He rrpeBblmaer 2 nr/u u BocnprrunMaercfl crpeJr.flrorqnrrl6ea6oJICSIIEIIHO.

Cs.rra AaBJreEu,r rropoxoBbrx raaon (cuna o.rqavu) rr cEJIa coupo(yflop llptrHnaAa' pyrt|nJreHlr.s or,rlaqe, B opyArrflx - orHary
Norrrxrr, qerrrp rfl)Kecrt opyxtlr.fl u r. A.) pacnoJlolmeHhlHe rra oAsofr
npnuoft
uanpan.trelrbrB nportrBouoJlox(trble croporlbr. O6paayloqarcn
"
eToM
npu
AuHaMllqecxafl trapa cr,IJrupr,rBoAr{Tn Bo3rrnKlroBerrtrIoyrJIOEoro trepeMeqenufl oppfiu.s. Otr.tlouenufl Molyr rar(a{e upoucxo4uTb
rfcJrcllcrBue Bilvrfllanfi gefrcrnun aBToMarI{Ku crpeJlnoBoro opyxttr.s rr AtrltMnrrecxoro lrsru6a crBoira rrpr{ AB[HeHr4r{ rro HeMy IryJIrI r4Jrlrcuap.flAa'
Uru upuunuI 11puBog.srH ofipaaonarullo ylila 1{e2fiilyHIIpaBiIeHI{eMocll
|{sllaJra -CrBoJIaAO BIcTpeiIa II ee HanpABJIeHIiIeMB MOMelIr IlbI.'IeTa IIyJIU
(crraprga) rrB KaHaJr crBoJra. Sror yro;r rraBlilBaercl AarloJlr sd1ren1a'
Crpell6rr).
(lro.nnurana e1o B Beprllxanruo
trrlot11ocrl4 Aaercfl n radluqax
lllrunnue yrJra BbrJrera Ha crpeJrbfiy y fiat'fiAoro eli3eMlrJr.fipa opyx{u.E
Ilpasuaa

ctpensdr,r 16l

ycrpanf,erc.E rrpn trpEBeAeEtrE ro x EopunBnroMy 6oro. O4uaxo upu


EApyIIIerl trE rrpaBtrn trp EKna,qKu op ylK r{.8, EcII()JT6
BOBAEU.E
JruOpa, A Taftrr(e
rrpBEJr yxoAa aa opyrnf,eM a ero cdepexenna rraMerrsrorcfl Bennrruua
yrna BbrJrera n 6o opy)r{ufl. ,{,ar yuenrmenuff yrna BrJreaB crperrxoycrauaBJruBarbcfl ycrpocrna - KoMtrerc.Topbr.
BoM opylr{f,u uoryr
Ea KarraJra crBoJra rasbr, ]'apflffcb o crenr(tr Koutrencarollcrexaroqne
p, EecKonbKo otryc,fiarcT AyJrbIIyIo qacTb cTBoJtaBJTeBOE B83.
flpunquu pe&renursH,oaoeaxeruta Ectronbayercfl B srrMopeKTf,BEoM opyx(ntr, B arTtrBno-peaxTf,Bnux 6oeupruacax tr B yrrpaBlfleuux
peaxltrBEf,rx cHapsIax.
Braro4apr
trctroJrbaoBantrm peartrlBrroro In!ryeegfr
a crenftoahrx
tr pyqEhrx rparraToueTax tro.EBaJrocbMoqEoe opy}Ittre, KoTopoe ne EMeeT
or4a{s. B rpanarouerax o 75o/6 topoxoBbur raaoB B[rer(aer rrepea cotrJro rraaa4, E nff troJrJnreurrflocraroqno ua.raJrrnofr cxopocru rpanarf,l
rrptrxotrTcff B EecxoJrbr(o pas yBenf,rrtrBarb Maccy 6oenorc spala rro
cpaBnenulo c aapflAou o6rrsnoro opy(tr.n.
Anrunno-pear(TuBfl bre doeupruacu trosroJrsror rron1'.rutb uptrpaqetrEe cr(olrccTE (go 50o/s u 6o.nee) tla rroJrere Ba crrer peaxrtrBHoro nBf,rareas. B peaynbrare yBenrrrtrBaerctr Aanbrrocrr crpelr6u.
B ynparnreMbfi. peanTunnlrx cuaprAax rrptrMeuflercfi, KK trpaBuno,
ABtrIATenbEafl yCTaHOBKa,COCTOflqaffs3 CTapToBoro rr MaprlleBom pear(TllBrrhrx 4nurarure. rs Btrrarenu pa6orarcr Ea rBepou Toruruse. B (aqecrBe rouJlsBa trptrMerrflK)rcs ceqtrenbrrbre uopoxa.
Pa6ora poaxruBuoro Aourarenfi ecrb coBoxyrrnocrb ABy4 BsaulrocBffsaunbrx trpoqeccol - ropextr.fi tropoxoBoro aapflAa, rrpuueufleuoio
a Bn/{e ruamex paa;rnuno Sopurr, s ucreqenufl npo4ynroB cropanuq
trs ABurarerrr. Iopenue tropoxa upoucxoAtrT B Kalrepe cropautrfi, Koropafi aar(arrrrrBaercfl oAEEM EJrtr rrecnoJrbxuuu corulaMu. Coura rroaBo:
Jrfiror yBenurrzrb
cr(opocrb tropoxoBrx raaoB Ao 1500-2500
ulcrropoxoBoro BapfiAa B Kauepe cropanut
,{nn nagexnoro SrrcupoBatuf,
ycragaBJrtrBe rc.E 4naQpa rua, o6ecu e.sunaroqa.fl n ]rqmee ropentre uopoxo Bf,rxmartrenEtronuoeAoropaxtre Ex qacrrrq 6ea nu6poca uB ABtrrarene.

yIJroMeDry yr.nonyro eAffrtrrtry HasbrBaroleaeruuena erl1,itep a..Aenenre


geleru
npu6opon
mran
Eapear(e
trpE
rrtepo
pu sBnflerc" ta"-r"iioofi
qro IlcE
ia6.rro4enufi, trparleJruBanun n crperrl6nr (lqc, Z;' Ecnu yuecrb'
:
6,rt.\,^'o
Anrrrra onpylr(Eocrr cocraBJr.EevZrR
fi:",-.P.u;5"to
:
1?' Oxqacrb,
a EMeHEo ayta AEC : ffi
orneqaer 1/6000 ee
n*
pyrJrerrEo rrpul{l'MaK)r, qro Ayra AEC patva xope AC voId'IlI cocraBiltlyrnoMep
il, IIOOO pa4uyca R nrru AaJrr,Hocrr{.{. Iloarouy ,qeJrenl{e
mwcn+tt'oii.
IIpocTo
o6rr.rno HaabrBaroTrtrc.ssno Aa"rrbnocTrrlrJru
Tlrcsquag IIoSBoJrfieT Jrerfto lrepexoAaTb OT IISMepeHI{fi yrJIoBbIX
Benuqr,rgH ruge11bry u o6patno, Tar( KaR A.IIrlHaxopgbr' coorBercrByloqa yrnono egruurle rucqsnofr' H. Bcex paccrorrtrgx cocraeJlfler
lll000 Antrrlbl pa4tryca (rouuee, 1/955)'
up"*t"*ec*a

4-'-'
-'

grn"out
ABC -

vzrtoilepa u mulcfl,,,rafr:
Yta', AC - xop,a

xopAa,_ BeInrIREa xoropoit


yrny B oABy lbrcfirrE-\'Io COOTBeTCTByeT
Hanpuuep,
Eaooopor' xop/la'
I u sa pccronugu .t000 r'r, 0,5 u Ia paccroffErtlt 500 M I.t r. A.-Ll
1000 tu no/{ yr'iMerorqaE JrltErrEbtl{ paBMep B : I i, 6yger onAua Ea l{anbsocrlr
Qopuy;rauu:
ItoM B oAEy rhrcflrlEyro' ara aas[cnMocrlr BrJpt*iaercfl cneyrcquulr

fly

A: ffi,

Cseflerrnilg Enellrnefi
dannrcrrxrl
Bwu&cfl
daaarcm,ttxa - aro Ea)ma, Eayqaxrqa.E AEDr(eEEe
uyrn (cnap44a) E BoaAyxe.
Ily:rr (cnap44), n*ryqeEgaf,
trB Kaga4a craoJta c olpeAerrenso sasenrso cnollocrro, JrerET B BoaAyxe uo trEepqtrtr. Bo rpeun Eorera B
BoBAyxe Ea Eee 4ectnyror ABe urr: cuna-rmr(gcrr. u cnra oonportrBrsEEff Bosyxa. uua r.sofiecrtr BacraBnfler trynro (c".psg) Bce Bpeus
orrycRarbcf; BEES tro EepTEKantr, a csJla corrpoTEBneEtrff BoSAyxa
Eelpep[[BEo SaMenf,er ABtr;;meEtretr clpeuETcfi olrponEtryrb ee.9ra cqf62

g.'1s63 rrergepra'

unu!-

8.1000

^8'1000

' anv'Y ----T-,

rge B - Brcora (urupuna) flpeMera r'rr[ qeJrl4' tr;


,[ - ga;llocrl Ao qerrrr (trpe4Mera)' . M;
Jr' - yrol, on xolopbrM BIIAEa qenb (rrpeuer)' TI'lc'
vurnr s thrc.EqHbrx MolnHo usMepfirb c troMorqbro upuoopon plqennEAHtrff n na6nrohenu.E: oflT11sec1orotrpfiqena, 6unoxna, cTepeoTpy6r,r' 6ycCOJrtr,aBuMyTaJIbIIO1.qyKaBaTeJIfl , fiOnoaOrO ypOBEfI' KOMaEAI(pCROIOtrp[6opa' na6nAegl{fl,. trepgc6otra,. I{eJItrKa trpIII{eJIar MexaEuBMa 6onosnrx
Kpyla (na rapre)
trpEqeJra, aprqJrJrepucroro
cuaftuepcKoro
ooopu"o^
yTJIOB
C IIOMOqLIO TorO
tr3yepegufi
TOsnOCrr
trpeAMeTOn.
E UOpyr{EIx
EJrtr unoro upradopa SaBEcIrr or rorrrrocrrr oro mfian'
BbIpa?fieHIIbIe B TbIC.flrIHbtX? EaIInchIBIOTCff U 11poltsgocflTc.fl
vrnu,
AK, ftAX OrO yftaSarro B la6Jrr4rle.
flpaBllna crpenrdu

165

"

rrurrc'

J:*".,

045
G30

30
90
100
{50
t225

0-s

1-00
,l-fi
r2-25

qEraTcfi

Ho.rr goar nars


Hoar rprgqarr_
.htoJlb

[eBflEOClO

Ognu uoar uoar


Ogxu urrrpecnr
Bea4arbABaAqarb

ntTb

IIpoEsEocf,Tct
{rpf, qeneTxeaartrE)

IIsd'r
Tpugqam
.{eanuocro
Ogan uonr
Ognu uaugecnr
.(reuagqarr ABaAqaT
II-gTb

flpu pemenuu orueBrx aagarr EEorAa rpe6yercfl trepeTs or rpaAyc'oro tr8uepoEtrff yrnoB K rrcfiqEur f, Eao60por. Iroorouy xeo6io.quuo Euerb B BuIy, sro oAno rucssnofr (o4nouy AeneEErc yraouepa)

coorBercrByer
3',6:
#
=17 rwc.

:8,,6.

B o*Eou rpaqyce
#s;

Xaparrepncruatr
aJreueurol B rpaeftropau trynu (csapsla) B BosgyXE OUPEAENEETI
OtrIITEO-TEOPETtr.IEOKf,M
METOAOIIE trPtrBEAEEIB EACTABJretrnflJ( rro crpenxoBouy Aeny r r ra6luqax crpJr,b6u.
Harolra

opyxsf,

(upqemrame)

Tpaexropun ryar (cnapr4a) r BoaAyxo trpeAcra'nser co6o xprBy*,


Jruuf,ro. ,(,an roro qrodll uyax (cnapag) 4oaere.tra o qenn E trotraJra B
qeHrp trJrtr B 'r(enaeuyn rotffiy, ueo6xo4uuo [o Bhlcrpena rrpEarb ocE
KArraJra crBoJra opJDnEfl OtrpeeneEEoetrono)r(eEEe B trpOCTpaECTBeKan B
Beprtrrcanbuo, rar ril B ropf,aoflTanbno trJrocxoorn.
flpr4aure
ocf, r(auaJra crBoJra opyilrl,
ueo6xoprroro
[nE
crpeJlb6rr troJrolr(eErff B IrpocrpaEcrBe- EaSHBAer}n naeono, ttttu
nput4catafitnx.
C_5qecrnyer rpx BtrIa EaBo4rcx: rrpflxafl, Eetrpffuas f, tron)rupnuafl.
Haoogxa EagrdBasrofl npnxtii, xorAa ropsaoETaJrbuff, E BeprE_
KaJrbf,as EaBo[xa upof,sBoflflTc.fl trO roqr(ai EaxoAsqecn neuocpegcr
BeEEOEA qentr nan a6auar qenf,. Taras roqKa EaabrBaercfl mxrofr rpuqenf,Bagf,ff san rosxo EaBortf,. Ilpmran EaBoAr(a ocjqecrBnrercn
c
trouoqbrr lrptrqenoB (upu4earrrrrx
npuctrocodneru)
n MexanuauoB
EaBeAeEtrfftr BbrtroJrngetcfl B ABa aratra. H a n e p e o x, ? tn a n e crpo_
-rroJroilretrotr cxeMa yrnoB B trpnqene llyreu trptrAaEE.EOtrpeAenOEEOrO
Etrs upnrlennnofr lnnnr oTEoctrTeJIbEoEaIrpaBneEEg ocd r(aEaJIa crB(ts
na opylr(EE. flpr arou B Beprrr(anbHo ulocxocrE
ycraEaBntrBaeT|g.fi
yron up4eJrtrBaE[.8,- A B roptr3oElAnbEo - yron, panxH 60xoso
rrotrpaBXe.
Ilput4eaw,o aumte B o[rrrqeoxoM trptrqene EasbrBasncfi trpff(ajrr coeArtrflroqafl trpEqenbEy() Mapr(y (uprqe.rrrxrrfi ueEer(, rrF
pexpecrre untr Apyryn ro.nty Ea cerr(e npqeaa) c qenTpou o6rox_
TEBA.

166 rna"a .rerEIrraa

trororricrce rrpuqexbuofr nxrnu ourtrqocfioro upuqena 6yflparunrroe


Aer rrpu4alo rorAa, rcorAa ycrEoBr(a trprqena Eauarrena(ycranoalona)
cornacEo AanbEocrtr Ao qenlil tr G Jrqerou c)rMMapFrxtrotrpaBor( AanbEocTE Ea ycnoBuff crpe.lrl6ll, a nprrqenbsas uapxa ycrarroBnena tro EarrpaBneurrxr nnu au6para tro mr(aJredoxonurx uotrpaBox B coorDerc?Buu
c cyuuapno uoupanxo nanpannesu.s. V ornpxroro (uexauruecxoro)
trprlqena flptrqexbnafl Jruflfr.fl.trpe4craBn.Eer co6o trpsMyror coequusroqyrc cepeAnEy rrpopesE c BepltrEuo rr1mxu,. u sBJrsercfl rexErrr
cxo xapaxreprcru;roi
opyrfinfl. Ee uonoxerue ortroctrreJrbuo opyturl
EaaeTcfl trepeMeqeEEeM xoMJrrtrxa tr qentrKa orKpHrolo trptr4ena.
H a snopon,
? t n a n e E a B o A r ( Ec o a M e r q a r r rt r p r u { o n b r y x l J r t r Eqxl c rosxofr trpraqenuBanng c trouoqbrc MeraEtrBMoB EBoARf,. IIpr
aroil opyx(src trptrAamrcfl yron BoBBbrmeHsfl E EallpaBneEtrc Ea Toqxy
trprr\enuBarqs. ToE(a trptrqennBauun nn6npaercfl F qerrpe geJrtr, ecntr
Bce trotrparxtr Ha ycnoBus crpeurdn yqronbr. Ec.ns xe B trptrqene rrotrpaBrffi Ea ycnotstrfl crpenr6u yqecrb HeBoouornno, Ex JErETrBarcTBr[6opou ro.rr(Ia trpuqentrBasn.ff Bbrme (uuxto), trpaBee (.neoee) qenrpa qeJrtr Ea Bennquny arqx rrotrpason. Vqer flopanor( Ea ycJroBE.Ecrpenb6r{
B OTAeJIbEbTX
CnJ IA.SXMOx{eTBeCTECbqaCTASEOnBMeEeUf,eMUor()rfieFqg
upuqearao
JrEEtr[, tracrtrqf,o - aSMeEeEtreu trono]r(eEtrfl otII(E npEIIENEBAETfl.

flpr crpe.nr6e na opy+xsg, rMercqero trocroflEnoe troJroxteutre trpf,qe.nrno JTtrEEE,(uaupuuep, trB trricronera), Bce trotrpaDr(E Ea ycnoBtr.E crponb6u neo6xoprdo I rtrTrilBtb llrrrocou rorn(E trpuqenuBagng.
Ha rroporr aratre EaBoIr(u {opunpyercff JrtrEuff trptrqenBarus.
- JrnEtflffe npoxo4aqas
Jfunua npuq,etu.ea.t+u,a,
or rJraaa crpenxa (uanogrzxa) vepea trpopesb rr Mymr(y (upuqenrxyro uapry) r
roqKy trpEqenEBaEEfl.
[Ipu crpe.urde ua paaanquux BEoB opyxus lrr.nilE rrpuqenutsaxtrfl, r;r'
er cBotr oco6eusocru. V crpe;rxoBoro opyffis.ff c orxprTrMIrprqenou oEa
coagaercs tryrcr natrpaBnerrf,.E trpaqenbuo rusqq (npopear - uymna)
B rorrry rrpuqentrBagrsr rrpu crpe.nl6e tra BMII tr raENoB - tryreu coBMeqeuf,.E npuqeruno ldapr(s c roqxofr trptrqenxBalu.E.
Jknus pr4enuBagrf,
Mo)r(cr pactronararlca
nrrme(n"nx(e), upaBeo
(aenee) crBoJra opylnufl, tr rderfiAy se z ocbrc r(anaJra crBoJIa Bcer[a
Euoec.fl otrpegenerrnoe cMeIqeEEe. Bnzsnse cuerqexuff na rperudy Morret 6xrr Ecftnnrreuo BBoAoM coorBercrByroqgx rrotrpaBor. Itpoue tofor qacTuqEoe ucKJrloqeEqe BJTEffEEfl cMeqeErilff AocTtrraeTt.E corJlacoBanEeM xyreno upnqearuo Jrnnus c ocbro KasaJra crBona rrptr BIBoIF
Ke rrpqena o y4anerrno rosxe (1000-1600 u.Infl trymex s 400 M Anff
nyleueron).
Ilasoqxa Ea$rrBaerc.s nenpnxo, Korga opyrr(rrl ueo6xoAsuoe no.llo)r{eutreAnrr crpenb6H ycrauanntrBaercl no ropf,aonty c trouoqbxr aaf,Iryranbuoro yr(aaareng (yraouepa), a tro Brcore - c uouoq,nro 6oroBoro ypoEn.s. Taxas EaBoAxa trpmdeEserc trpu ctpearde c saxplrrrtrr
orueBrrx noaxt[r, Eonbrl rn B Apyrtrx ycJroBn.En, Kora qenb Ee Bf,[a
crpen.sloqeuy.
Ilpeotrna crpear6H

167

Ei rex cnyqaffx, xor4a ropnsonrarrbnyro rraBoAny rrpotrBBoAar c rroMOtqbIO flprlefla HetrocpecTBeHrrono qeJrtr, a BepTrrftanr,Eyro_ c
noMoqbrc 6onosoro ypoBufl, EBoAKa HaaBaercffnotynp*uott. IfpuueHfiroT ee, Kor,qa rIeJrL Bnrra B trpr{qene Eo tro anbEocTtr Ao Eee trpeBbr_
Itraer HapesKy rtrxaJr trpr{qe,]ra.

Xapamrepucrnra

rllaerTopnr

flpra crpelr6e uo qenrM, Brcrytraroq[M HaA troBepxuocrbrr seMJrn,


BA)r(HyropoJrb B troJryqeEtrn rrotraAarrEfl B qenb trrpaer nacrrinrgocrr,
Tpaentoprru. Bcne4craue fipuBuanbr rpaerTopuu ouudru r{ orr(JrorreEvtfl, D,oaJrbnocrn BbrBErBaIoromu6xu rro Bbrcore, Korophre rrpEBoAT
K TOMy, rrTO CpeArrflfl Tpaer(Toprrs Mo)rieT oKaaaTbc.ErruEte trJru Bbrme
qeuTp rleJru rr .4ax{e Brre qenn. ,II,na rroJryqeurr.EMerrbrrrux ornnoneuu
Iro Bhrcore ua-sa oun6or{ AaJrbrrocrrrrra4o nMerb cEaps4br c BhrcorrrMu
EaqaJrbHbrMEcr(opocrflMa u rpaenTopnu 6o,ree Eacrr(Jrbrrle.
H acmut ortocnxb mp aenmopuu xapaft Tepugyercn naudoJrbrtrtrM
ee rrpenr,rmeurreMuag lunze qetu (nunuefr npuqenunaHun) .
Tpaerropzn 6onee Hacrr,rJrbrra,ecJru ona Merrbrtretro4uuMaercfl HaA JrErue qenu, tr qeM Merrr,me yroJr rra4erruq, Hacru.nbnocrb rpaer(Topuu
BJII{fieT Ea BeJII{IIUHy

AaJIbEOCTU Up.SMOIO BErCTpeJra, a Tax)Ite

Ha BeJtuqu-

Ey flopfiaeMoro r{ MeprBoro upocrpaEcrBa.


flpu npruoM BbrcrpeJrerpaenroputr uynu (cnapa4a) xa BceM cBoeM
IIpOTfllfieIII{E O rleJrrr He rrOAEUMaerC.E
Bbrrtreqentr u fle ollycKaelcff Hr.rxre ee ocnoBarrtr.s. On uomer 6rrrr,
rrpr4 pa3rnrltbrx ycrarron,uolyuen
Rax uprlqeira, troJro?fientrflx qenu (oruocureJrbrro roptrBoura opyxua)
r roqnu lrpuuenrrBanus. Ero Ee cnegyer rryrarb c trou.flTueM (aJrbEOCTbtrp.EMOrOBbrCTpeJrD.
fiananocmu npfl,Loaoablcrnperla- aro raftarr AaJrbrlocrb crpen6r,r, upu xoropofi Bhrcora rpaenropnrr paBua Bbrcore qenu.
Ee lrontno otrpe,qenurb nan nalr6orbrrryrc Aanbuocrb ,qo qenu, trpE ltoropo erqe BoilMo?rtnorroilytrenr{e up.flMoro BbrcrpeJra(prc. 3).

c'
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npf,,xoao eecrnpelta

Snaserse AaJrbrocru trpflMoro BbrcrpeJrcocrotrT B ToM, qro B peAeJrax To AaJrbHocru npu trpaBr{nblroM EasuaqsEuu ucxoAHrx ycraHoBofi o6ectrqqBaercfl Bf,rcofiafl Beposrrrocrb trotraAaHEfl B qeJrb c trepBofo BbIcTpeJIa,a B cJryqaetrpoMaxa upfi trpBoMBbrcTpene- BoSMo?nEocl
168 rrspq qerBeprafi

trorraAaHErrB rree uptr llocJrelymqax BbrcTpeJraxc oguo ucxo4no ycraEOBKOfrrrpurleJra.


Haxo,4flquMcfi Ir paccro.flrrtru,. 6o.nrmeu
flpu crpenn6e no qe.Ir.flM,.
Aanbuocrtr rrpfiMoro Bbrcrpena, TpaeftTopufl n6rugu ee Bepuraulr rronEtrMaercfi BbrrtreqeJru tr Ha naKoM-Toyrrcrxe rleJrb nc 6yuer ilopafi{arbcn
upu to ?ile ycrauoBxe. O4naxo oxo,tIo qenra 6y4or raroe npocrpaucrno (paccro.Enuc), Ea Koropou rpaexropr[fl Ee tro4rrrrMaercfl Bblme {eJrrr u qenb 6yget nopa(arc.a.
If op atrae,u.wn np ocmp&H,cmeox (r ty6nnofi uoparxaeMoro trpocrpancrna) Haahrnaercrr paccrognrre Ha Mecrnocrtr, Ea rrpor.Erfie,EEU KOTOpOTO
BeTBbTpaeKTOptrUHe lrpeBbrruaeTB[rEECXOAEqA.S
eoThr qejlu.
Iay6uua tropa)fiaeMoro trpocrpancrBa (puc. 4) aatsrrcnr or BrcorI
qenu (rryduna 6yget teu 6onrue,. qeM Bbrrrreqeal), or EacruJlr,Eocrln
Tpaoxroputr (rry6uua 6y4er teu 6o,rrure,. qeu EacruJrbEee rpaenropua)
tr or yrJra Ear(JrorraMecrEocru (na uepegneM cKare oHa yMerrbrtraeTcn,
na odparuoM cr(are yne.rruuunaercn).

/1 flopo*o"*oe
npcctilpdx,crneoi
o - B aarlEcnxccrrr or Brco?ErqeJrn; 6 (yrna tralcrutr)

B BaBnclf[ocrE or acruJlbHocru rpael{foplltr

Iny6zua trop)KaeMoro upocrparrcrBa otrpe4eJlserc.E tro ra6nurlaM


trpeB[ilmeEtrff rpaeKTopufi nag nEEne trptrqeJruBaEtfl cpaBEeHueM rrpeBrmeEEs Eucxo.Eqe sernu lpaeKTopuE fla coorBercrBylorqyro aJrr,EOCTbCrpeffi6n c Brcoro qeJrtr,. B ToM cilyrlae,. ecJrrr Bbrcora r{entr
MeEbrrre1/3 nucorr'r lpael(Toptrtr,- [o Sopuyne tnc-squo:
rr
rrnP

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-T-,

rAe IfrD - rnydnna nopfiaeMoro ilpocrpaEcrBa, M,


Bo-- nucora qenu,. M;
0c - yron rraqeru.H, Tbrc.
npocrtupavcrnsorL HaBrtBaercfl
IVIepmeu,n. (nenopactaenwn)
qacrb rrpoclpaEcrBa, B HoropoM [aErra.E qeJI Ee Motfier 6mtl uoprr(eHa IIpflMIM rIoIIaAAHuelr CEapfiAA.
IlpaBrna crpenr'6u 169

fle,rssusa MeprBoro trpocrparrcrna (yracrxa uecrnocru) BaBEcur or Brrcorbr tr rurlpEEhr yr(pbrE.E, KpylrisEbl rpaer(roptrtr E paSMepoB qenf,.
Oeo6ensocrn

fintrrtegnfl

pear(TEBEDTxcnaptrnoB

Peanrnsnr[o cnapsAb, IleJrffrcn Ea rreytrpaBnneMne tr ytrpaBnfieMrde.


fleutrcenue neVnpa*nnend,r peanmunHntr cnapadoa ( IIy PC ). Itpoue
crrJrbrrflrfiecrut fr conpornBnerrrrfl BoBAyxa Ha peaxTursHfr cnap.a4 gecrnyer cuJra rfirtr peaxrtrBrroro ABtrrarenff Bo BpeME ero pa6ornr, Cn,ra
T-srrr cqrrraerc.s trptrnoxeuso K qeutpy r.Elr{ecrrr u EanpaBneuuo no
upo4onr,uo ocu cnapsla B cropony ero ABE?r(eRus.Peaxrurrrne crraprr4r,KaK trpantrno, rrMetrorcra6unuaupypqee onepertre, E rrx cra6trnrrgaqrrfl rra troJrere ranatr rxe, KaK u oduqsnx otlepennbrx cnapagon. Baaroqapfl Aeiicrnsro peaxtnnno ctrnu cr(opocb llBurfieutr.fl pear{ruBnoro
clrapn,qa g xaxo-o rorrxe rpaenTopuu l{oxrer 6nrr 6onune, qeM B ToqKe orapra. iloc.ne trperpaqenuff pa6orbr pear(TnBuoro ,qBr{rreJrfl.culra
Trrru ucseaaer r cxopocrb cnapflAa 6yqer yMerrbrrrarbc.fl,KaK y o6u.rnoro crrapffAa. lloarouy HaqaJrbrrafl cr(opocrb pear(TtrBuoro cuapffA oco6oro arra.renrrfl rre rrMeer. l[la I{VPC pagn}rqanr craproBylo tr MaKcuaJrbnyxl cxopocrb. Maxcuuanrnag cxopocrb nocrrrraercfl B Konr{e pa6ornr uaprneBoro BtrrareJrfl. nq yMerrbruenq.E aapoAsuMrrqecxoro
B;rv,flrarrtricrrJrbr rfl?riecru rr crrJrrrsru FIVPC trpn4aror Bpaqenue c rrer5o;rrurocxopocrbro Bor(pyr upogonrno ocu.
Tpaexropuro HYPC (rpanarru) B BosAyxe Molnno paa4eJlrrrb Ha ABa
yqacrr(a: axrnnun yqacrox, Ea r(oropou pa6oraer peaxturuu ,qnuraTeJrb, E raccunnu, Ea Koropou cnap.E[ Jrerar tro trEepqnn (puc. 5)
Anrusnbr ) racror( TpaefiToptrtr orrroctrTeJrbno rreBeJIEn MocraB.'raer
uo t-5o70 MaKcEraJrbEoAanrsocru crpe.nr6u HVPC c Eopoxorblrdn
peaftTqBnbrMu ABrnareJrnuu. Ognaro oH oraalJBaer 6o;rrmoe BJrtrflHEe
ua daa.nucrtrKy peaRTEBHrxcnapflJ{oB, oupegerflfl ux pacceqBanue, 6or(oBr{eornJrorreurrffnoA,qecrsneu Berpa, a B pflAe cnyqaeB E Aanbnocrb
crpenrdn. Ha naccusnoM yqacrr(e ABrr{eurre HyPC raxoe x(e, r(ax Ir
o6uquoro otreperrnoro cHapEAa.

flouenue Vnpaer,nexd,r pealrrnusrru.ltm,apa1oa (yPC). Cyqnocrr

ytrpaBneEqff
cEapflAoM SaKJrl{)rraeTcfi B ToM, qTo cEapffA c troMoqblo
cEcTeMbr ytrpaBneEsff
BEarraJre BbrBo,4trTcrr Ea JrtrEro BuSEpoBaErnfr urrn
Bbrrrre ee, a SaTeM otrycKaelcfl
rr yAepTKEBaeTc-E Ea JTUEEE qenn Ao Tex
trop, rlora ne uporaoAer
ero Bcrperla c qenbro.
(nuuun qe.nu)
flpu
orr.ronenEu
cEap.EAa or nEEEu BuaupoBannr
cucreMa yrrpanJreunfl nogeer KoMaEAy, 6aaro4apn
xoropo
cHap.EA
BOBBpatqaeTc.E K JrrrErrE BuaEpoBaEtrff.
llpurnrrr
cneAyrorqre troETu E orrpeAenegtrfl aapoAEaMRr(ErroJrera E rre.*eflLoampaermopuu lPC.
Tovxa crapra - Toqxa, o roropofr Eaxoglrrc qenTp r?r{ecrE cxaps4a B Mr>
MeET

EaqaJla

ero

BE'ReEES,

CrapronH ropnaosr (ropnsonr opyxnn) - roptrBoxTanbxa.ff trJrocxocrb, trponoiltrlas qepes rorffy cTapTa.
fl.uocxocrr rErarta - Beprlrxanbrafl trrocxocrb, trporo4Rqa.s qepea trpoAonbEyro oc cEaps/Ia.
ll;rocxoctl fiypca - rrJrocnocrb, rrpoxo4flqa.E rrepea Epogoxbuyxr oc cnapAa
a ueprreuArrnynflpnax rrnocxocrr ratrrax(a (pnc. 6).
q

llpoercqun
nflocKocmu
Kgpca

0
6

6
yrn* ornroHcvrlt npocaauo ccu pdaem-i
xypca (no sarlpl.BJreHnlo);
6 - B nJrocHocrrraHrala(tro slcore)
s - B lrno('L:ocrn

Vro.n ranraxa Or - yron Merr(Ay upogo.nrxo ocbrc cuapffAa E craproBbrn


ropaBosloM.
Vron araxu @am- yron uerr(Ay upogoarxo ocbro cEap.EAaE trpoenqne srTOp

Ea

IIJIOCROCTb

TaErAXa.

Vrol pucraxr'fr q - yron rex([y upogonuo ocp crapffJla E trJrocrocrbro


crpear6rr (nepruxaarxa u.'rocrocr, trpoxogfl4an sepea Tosxy crapra tr Toqr{y
qena).
Vroa cno:rrxceaun p - yrox Merr(Ay upo4o.nrno ocbro cxapffAa u npoexquei
Bexropa cKopocTtr Ea rrJrocftoclb r(ypca,
yPC - cnolxnafi fipnBas, r(oropyp
Tpaermopua
otrllc[rBaer qenrp
$

Tpor**opu*

170 151sa qer'elrra.E

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(epanamu)

crrapffAa trpu tronere

B BoBAyxe (puc.

7). Vcnonno

oxa Aentrrc.s Ea ABa


flpanwaa crpe.rrs

171

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opy?r(Hfl 750 ruu

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irHBaEU.

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7

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Ea ropEsoErg Opy'firIff;
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(xpE EMII' rauxa) orcyrcrryer'
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EaMeEflrorcfi IIoJIolfteERe
or ropua,rtuhrx
crireirr6r,r
y"o.irirli
orx,rore"ufl
flpn
ne-o6xo4tnuocrb orrpe1eJreE
noasnriuyrr'
lioxtet
ilosroMy
rpaefilopnfi'
rr rlopua
rr EaupaBneune crpenr6r'r'
rr BBoA IropaBor a 4alnuocri

Tporr^opua VPC

npn Grpenbdo
Paccetnanlenynb(cuapnnon)
B o4rruafioBblx ycJroEcnn qe oquoro tr Toro x{e opyiltu'fl uparTtrrlecxu
n oguoo6pa3trfl HaBo[KE
Burrx rrpr rqarenbuou co6uro4ensu Toquocr
qTO trpo6otrHr'rHa MtrTO On?fieToff'''
rrporrsBecTt rrocKoJrbr(oBbICTpeJroBt
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(cnapnn)
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rpaexroptrroEtrMeercBorororlKytraeE'aiffecoBlraroqylocJIpyrEMt.

JIEMOM YIIACTKE

TPAEICTOPIIU.

rroJrera 4o qeJrrr Ha onpeAe.reHllyrc I{aJIbBpeun rroJrera l."pe*"


- BpeMrr[oJreTa YPC na MnctrMJrbE]rO
tronera
BpeMfl
EOCT;. flO.nuoe
IaJIbEOCL'

trpE crpeJrbde us
fln.nesue paa6pacr'roantrtr rlyirb (cnapr4on)
flasbrBAercfi
ycnoBEfx
otrHOrOU TOIO me opyxz" B oAI{EaKOBbrX

tronvrle'Ebrx
tpaexropu trvJIb (cuaprson)'
Eaa6lBAercff cEotroM TpapacceuBaEutrt
ocrecrBengbro
x
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trpoxo[fiqafl B cepe4nne ororo cuorra' EBr'IBaoi.to?"t-rpaexroptrfl'
pacqernbre Aalrlrbre' fic,pu*top"
luce ra6nu.rnne tr
roJIbI(O K CpeJlnefrrpaeK"i*"'"pul""ii
rroJrbayeMreflptr pemenuu BaAAq, orIIOCflrcff
r o p-u u ) .
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n^n,d
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IIjIOCXOCTT'IO' IIOJIyqIIM

IIJIoqaIIb

pACCetrBaHnff

COOTBOTCTBeEE0 B Ka?fi O

paccer.r8anus o6r'rqso rrMeer Qopuy elnoocttocret. flloqagr


;;-il;
rpaenropl4u c BeprrrftaJrr'EouJru
cpenne
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(CT[D orpegerrfierca crloco6oM rlocrleOpeguar roqra 1""n""""
rrpflOTpeSKOB'
!,;rn eroro cHaqaJra coerrlr'.flror
AOIlareJrbEOrOJ(eJIeHEg
3areM
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172 rraue qerBepralr

ilpaBltxa crPe;t6u

!73

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cpe4ne Torrre rrepnbrx gnyx upo6onn, coeArrnflror c serBepro upo6onso u paccroflEne Merr{yEuMr{ Aenflr Ea qerbrpe qacru u r. A. Tow(a
u 6y4er cpe4re roueJrenufl, 6asxauras K trepBhrrfrtper,r npo6olrav,
no uonagannfi rrerb{pex upo6oun (puc. 8).

o 8

cpetlveti
Onpe7ea"nue
o - tro rpeu npoGonsan;
ryrofioHu

mo+nu nanaauun:
6, e - uo qer!.rptlt npo6crxax;

z
-

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lrorlrqeclEi

Baarrruo ueprlenul(ynffpffbre JIlEuu, rrpoBeAeggr-re qepea qeuTp


pacceuBatrtrs (cpeIlroro' TotrKy uouaganua), EasbrBaK)rcfi. ocs,tu pa.cceua&H,ufl,.I{parvamre paccroEus or qenrpoB npodorn (rovex uagerua)
o oce pcceEBaEns EasbrBarorcfl. onxwnH,eH,us,rtu.PaarEcaror orKnoEeEtrrr tro Brcore (y), uo AanEocrn (c) u no 6oronouy EatrpaBnentrro (z).
II p u \. u tr, br p a, c c e u e d H, u a,. Pacceusauue uy.rrr (cuapxgon)
qtrcJra paauoo6pasHrx uptrqs, Ko,.flBngercs peyJrbrarorrr 6onrmoro
Topsre MOrr(HOo6reAunrtr B Tpu rpyullbl.
flepran rp5mtra - aro flpnuuuu, BhrabrBaxlqtre paaroo6paatre EasaJrbEbrx cxopocre (neo4unaxoBafl Macca tropoxoDbrx 3ap.sAoB, pa3EEqa B reMtreparype sap.sgoB, paortrqnff B xnuuqecnoM cocraBe, {opuc
E trnoTrrocrE rropoxa, orr(JroEeEeB uacce cEapEa u t. g.). 9rn upuvuur,r
trptrBoAflTK r(oneoaErlfiMB EaqJrbHbrxcxopocTsx f, tropo)Karor pacce[BaEue rro flanbEocrn (nucore).
rpytrtra trprrutr - BIremEEe ycJroButr, BhrgIBarcEEe paaBropar
xoo6paaue ycnonu rronera uy.nu (cuapa4a) n BoBAyxe (ualleRenuc reurreparypbr, trnorEocrE BosAyxa, HalrpaBneHufl u cl(opocru Berpa, pa8JIEIIITfl

N SOPUE

KA}KAOTO CII{IP.EAA

U B trOJIO'ftEEUU

ETO qEETPA

Tfl)fiECTE

tr qenrpa cotrporuBJrenna). 3ru trpurltrErl trpqBoArr ft ylenuqeuuxl pacceEBaEtrff rro Bbrcore, EaupaBJIeEEIo tr AaJrbEocTtr.
'
It rperre rpynue orxoc.trrcn trpuquulr, BbrauBaxrque paauoo6paBue
yrnoB 6pocauun ia nanpannenu crpenb6u (paanoodpaare B naBor(e,
pasnElrue yrJroB BbrJreraIIptr Hat$Eou BhrorpeJre,a TaK)fie cMetqeEtrtr opy,r(Efl, rreprBbrx xoAoB B lrpEqenbHIx trprlctrocodneldE,frx u uexEtrauax
uaBeeFEfl, Anfl crpenKoBoo opyius - EeoAEoo6pasEe E3roroBnu ft
crpe:rr6e, Ko.qedax.fiopytfiufl trpu crpenb6e c xo4y). 3ru upuuuubr trpnBO,4.ET
ft pacceuBaHtrrotro Bbrcore (4anrxoctn) n uo EaIrpaBneEEn. onn
oxaahrBarcTuaudommee BnEEEtre Ea crelrenb pacceunanEfl rpaextopu
174 frraea qerBepra.s

tr B oclroBnold BBtrcgr or yc;ronu ctpenrdu u BHyrrKu crpenIoqero.


rroJrnocrbtrotrpuqf,Er paccenBaaufl Eenoauorr(uo. OgRaxo,
Vcrpaautr
anafl grrr rrpuqnrrbr, Motr(Ho yuerrbrrrlTb BJrntrrae narxo Eg Enx u reM
caurM yuexbrunTb paccerrBanrre, T. e. tronilctrTbKJ rnocrb crpe.ur,6u.
(Vuenrroeutre pacceqaaxrr.s Aocrrrercr
upanuarnofr nogroronxo
opy(trr u 6oenpunacoB K ctperude, uog6opou BhrcrpenoB tro rraprf,flM
E BecoBhrMBHaKaMcuapfioB, co6nroenneu o4roo6paanff nptr BlrtronreHtrU trpEeMOBEaBOAT(trI{ trpOnEBOACTBa
I(arr{AOfOBrcTpena,EaAJre,ItAXqrrM
yxogou Ba opyx(ueM u 6oeupunacaMtr, or.lrrnro nnryvxo auquoro cocraBa B gecrounx npu opyxuu.)
llo upuyrrarr, paocMorpeanln Bhrrrre, Ka?{igafl uyna (cnapffE) BaFEMaercnyqafrEoe Meoro B trpeenax unoqagu pacceuBarrf,R,oEano Enfl
coBoxytrEocrtr Bcex Boauolr(Eb{x orraonenu.xapaxTepn otrpe[enenuaa
aaronouepuocrb, Koropafl cocrour B cnenyroqeM: rorrxu na4enun (upo6ounu) pactronararorcff Ea otrpeAenennofr u.noqafiu, orparruqenno a.lJItrtrCO}.IpaCCeEBAEEff,rrOflBJreHUedTKnOEeUU Aa llpeAenaMu SJrJrErrCa
pacceEBaHtrg HacTonbKo ManoBepoflTEo, so trx r{o}r(Eo cqETaTb EeBoSMox{EbrMtr;Ea trnoqanrr pacceEBaEus Morr{Eootrpeenurb roqKy - qeHTp
paccetrBantrtr, ornoctrTenbflo Koropo pacupegenenue or4eJrbnIx rorrex
traAeEEfl (upo6ouu) ctrMuerpurrno; rotrxu lra.qeutrfl (upo6onnu) Ea trJroqaAu' pacceuBaHtrfl pactrpeenflrocfi EepaBHoMepEo- ryqe K qeErpy paccetrBaur.E q pe{e r( ueprverpy (puc. 9). 3ru rroiro?rieatrflxapfiTepnayrcT aafton pacceuBanux, roropu
flr,ilfrercfl, rracrnhrM cn)^raen
Eopuanbnoro Baxoaa omu6ox. flpn paslutrnrx ycnonznx crpem6u
xapar(Tep 3ar(ou pcceEBaEE.flocTaeTcqfleuSMeHHbrM,
Eo BeJrEqtrEatrroq,a4u (a.rrnunca) pacceuBaxrrr rraMeunercs B BaBtrctrMocru or trptrMenffeuoro ctroco6a crpenr6u, B[rJ rr(tr crpcJrflpqero, BqA opyx(u.E q 6oeIrpnuacoB, Aa.rrbllocru crpe.ur6u rr r. tr.
uaMepentrfl 'ReJTETTEEHtrnorq,qu pacceuBautrfi, cpaBrrerran
Ao"
pccetrBaEnfl tryJrb crrapsoB pa3Ebrx BUAoB opyrr(ufl, a rxxte nn
oqenntr pacceuBanufl rryJrb (cuapngon) oHcro tr roro x(e opylrrua rrpu
paanrrqrrbrx ycrroBtrsx crpcer6u rrpnMerrsrorcff cne[ynque nepu (eguEtrr{br trBMeperna) paccenBaunfl: cpeAEEEoe orxnouene, cepAqeBEEEan
troiroca u paAtryc ftpyrat BMeqamqero nytrmylo tronoBEEy trotraanEx
ENE

BCE IIOtrAIIAEtrfl.

Cpeufurce (eeponrnuoe) omanonenue - sro raxoe orxJronenne, xoTopoe B ps4y Bcex orr(Jrouenu, Bhrtrtrcauublx uo a6co.rrorsoft BeJrtrqtrHe
B Boapacrarorqeu u.uu y6urarorqeu rropfl.qxe, BaHtrMer cpegnee Mecro.
Cpe4nnnue (repoxrnrre) orruouernff
odoaflasarcrcr.. 80 - cpeguunoe
orKnoHeEEe lro anEoctai Ba - cpeAEEEoe orKJIoEeHue uo Bbrcore;
B6 - cpe[trEuoe orxJronenue no 6oKoBoMy rratrpaBnennro. Ha rrpar(rnMOTIEOIIpnEEMaTb UOJTOBtrEy
mUpUHr,r
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qeErpanbEo no;rocu, Br[eJreEnos8 finorqaAtr pacceEBaEu.s u BMeqaruqefr 50p( Bcex trona4axr (ilpo6orn d.'rq rorrex uggexrx).
Oqenxa pacceuaaxEfi cpeEnulr{rrornJronenuruu ygodua E uoaBonEel trpoBoAErb cpaBEeEEe KarrecTBa p3rtrqHrrx o6paaqoB opy?nEfi!
6oenpuuacon, npu6opor crpenr6u tr cyAETb o roMr r(an EaMenxercfl pacflpaBana crpe:rrdu li

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flpu ctpenb6e tra crpeJrr(onoro opy?rt.uq E crraperruf,rx rryJrMerou


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trnoqaAE (ua qute), ftar( npaBuno, uMeer r[opry Kpyra. floarouy gnn
oqeHr(II BeJruqtrHhlpaccerrBaEEs BMecro AByx xapafiTepEcrr{K Ba u 86
MoErer rrpuMerrfllbcE oArra- paAuAc npv?a1 BMeqarcquft 50,80 utmL000/o
rrorraaEE.Paguycrr eTux xpyfoB o6oSHasaroTcfl cooTBelcrBeEEo 50'
*0, firoo. Mexgy r{EMrr cyrqecrByer cneAyrorqafl BaBucrrMocr:-roo:
== 1,7 eo : 2,6 .R50.,(na uponeprn Hyqrrocrn 6oq rlyJreMerog trprrueE,fleTcfl xapaKTeptrcTEl(ft36r l(oTopaff cBflSaEa co cpeAsIrEIMoTKJroEeEIreM coorllolueHueM eo : 2,7 Be(86).

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160

flpn crpenb6e EB crpenr(oBoro opyxrtr.F, rparraroMeroR, BMII u


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ocrr{rEyrr,r pasnEqHbre pesynbTarbr. nrs BbrEBJreErlflu rudopa Eae6onee aexrr{Brroro crroco6a BbrtroJrxexrr.flolrreBo BaAatrE Heo6xoAEMo
IrpoBecrrr oqerrxy crpeirb6hr, T, e. otrpeAeJrETbee AecrBTenbEocrb.

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A:1i - ocb lraccerJBaIr.I'fino Bhrcore; .6.Er -

licnBaIIIIe,
trpeJrb6br,

2yo

oo], pacceuBar{ur tro 6o:ioBhr}rEiinpaBflelrld.fflr

a SIIaqI{T, AefrCTBETeJIbEOCIb
quc.rreuunrlr
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OrHfl B SABtrCUMOCTU OT yCnOBU


gaHorra
pacceuBaEr{g,
fr&ilfr.eT'fl.

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Cep)qeeuu,nafl,norloca - 3To troJroca,.cuMMerpurrrro pacnoJrox(euua.fl
uo o6e cropoHrir paccenBarrnff, B Koropo cogepxlurcn 70o/o Bcex uouaarrf, (upo6onn).
Cep4qenunnrre uoJrochr 06oaraqarorcfl coorBercrBerrno CA, Ce
w C6" IIlupla.ua BrEx troJrocpaBua 3,06 cpe4unnoro orKJroEeEE.s.IIpu uepeceqeHun Byx cepqeBtrEEbrxrro.[oc o6pByerc,EnpflMoyroJrEuK, Ha3brtsaenhlff
cepArIeBnHopacceunauEfl . OHa BMerqaer50/e lcex nouaAarru.
176 r;12sr qergepi:n

fiecmeumerrbnoctnbro crnpenb6e HaabrBaror cren-enb cooTnercTBfl.flpeaynbTaToB cTpenbobr troclaBJreEEon orEeBou SaAaqe.


PIa gnyx crpeJrr,6 a{Sexrunne ra,'trprl xoropo B paBrbrx ycnoBu.flx tropalfieHo 6o.urure rleJre; BarpatreHo Me'rrbrueBpeMerrrrHa crpeJrb6y u u3pacxo,qoBaHoMeflbrrre.doeupunacoa. !,efrcrnnreJrbrlocrb crpeJr6BrotrpeAeJr.serc.flrro peBynbTaTaM. B IIpaKTrrKe ee Heo6xoArrMoSHaTb SapaEee.
f{ecrnure.nbnocrt, crpear6r,r Mo}r(er6mr-u onpegeJreuapacqerurMtryreM
E.Jryrfio pe8ynblaraM orrhrrHbrxcrpe.rr6.
B aanncuMocru or yc.nonufi [efrcrBnrenbnocrb oqeuuBaror:
- llp npoBeAeHur orrf,rTrrhrxcTpeJrb6: qrrcJroM cHapsoB, trotraBrtrr{x B rleJrb rrJrq HaHocrtrEx efr tropXteEtre ocnoJrKaM[, yracEbru unE
ApyrrM AefrcrBueM; rltrc.rrgMuopa71ellg6lxorAeJIbH6Ix IIeJIe (r[nryp) n
rpyuuonofr qentr; npogonlr(trrenbqocrF,rucrpenr,6n; paoxo4oM 6oeupuuacoB;
- npu pacqerHoM ctroco6e: BepoflTrroclbro uopalKeEus oAtrHorrno
qenll; MareMarucecxEM ox{rraHneM(cpeAEIIM aEaqeHueM)sr,rcra uoraAanu B uenb; MarelrarrrqecKtrM otr(qAaHrreMqr{cJra tropaTrieEHhlx oTAeJrbrrbrxrlene (""yp) B rpyutroBoft qe.nu; MareMaltrqecxnM orfiuaHueM pacxoAa doetlplltracoB nnq BpeMeHeMrra pemeEtre orHeBofr 3a,(arrE.
flpu rponellenrrn orrbrrEbrx crperr6 qr{c,rroB},rerroxaaareJlu EaxotrocrreToMrrJlr{ uaMepeEr{eM. oAnaxo ator
[\frrcr HerrocpecTBeHrrbrM
nyrb He BcerAa BoSMo)r(oFu rpe6yer 6onrursx MalepEaJ{bErxSarpar,
roaroMy qanle trpuMerrserc4 pacqerthr croco6.
12 3axaa 1662

IlpaBlna

cepetrolll

177

Paccuorpnu uoprAon pacsqr E ycnoBEE trpnilesern* Rarr{Aoro tr3 EEx.


Bepoamnocmo nopdxex.ufl ler,u npu oAEoM ErcrpqJreMorr{Eo otrpegeJrurb tro
$opuyre

w,, _:P'\.
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rge Wo - Bepoxruocrb nopatr(enlrff qenn trpn oAEoMBblcrpene;


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o - qucJroBo xoar[Ququert, xapaxTpl{Bynuln aaxor rropa]Keu&ff qexr{.
B aasllclrMocrlt or Bar{ora rropax{enrq qenlt cyu{Eocr}, tr anaqeuue rrEcJrotsol'o
xoo$$uqlreur o Moryr 6utl paanuuuuutt.
B rou c.nyraej r(orga Anfl rlo:pr{ennq qeJln EeAocrarorluo o4rofo trpsMoro rrona4aurr B qenr,, roeSSrrqaeur rrt trpeAcrBnner co6o cpeguee qnclo nonaasrtii
u \e.rr, neo6xo4unux AnE Br,rBoAaee IrB crpofl (yxnvroxexRr). Be.nutrlny to orrpeen.sror orrr,rrro-Teoperr.rqecxrM rryreM. Ee gsaqenv.f, trpIltoA.fiTc n _ta6.nrqax.
flpr crpels6e rro ranr(aM n Apyrr.rm 6ponnponauxhllrr qeJrfiM 6poue6oiinsrnn
cnapfiaurt,
cxapafiaurr, rro fipyrrxbrM EaBeMErMqeJIEM ocronovno-(pyracnuull
a raxlr(e no .nerno6ponflpoBarilrbrM.qen.qMua xpynuoxa.uu6eprr'Ix tryneueroB Bejl,lrrlr-rrao B oaBtrcrrMocrll or yflBBuuocru qenlr E AaJIEocrtr Ao Eee uoxer 6nrr l--lJ
ropa)Keulg
u 6onee. llocro.mxy B sreM c.[ytrae al) l, uocroarxy Bep_o.argocrb
qefitr, opeJleJrffeMafirro Bre upnregexro {opuyre, ncerga 6yger {eubrtre,{eM BePu.
poxluocrb rorraAaurrfl B qeJrl,, r, e. Wrr{
flpn crpenr6e rro raERM r{yMyJrflTnBEhlMt crapffAaMn' no ooeBhlM MartrIrEaM
r 6ponerpanc[oprepaM ocxonouxo-$yracrrrMtrcuapflAaMll (ocxolounuuu u [polnBoranxoBbrMrrrpararaMn), a uo xnsofr clrJreE pacqerau orueBbrx cpegcrB rrynqf,in Berrlslruy o flplttrnMror panno'e4lluuqe u cqTarorB gToMcJryqaeBepoflTnocrb
tropatr{eusg, qrrcJlenuo panroft Beposrrocrn rrotraEl'IsB qenb, T. e. Wo : Pr,.
Ilpu nocrorrno neponrrocrrr rronagarnfi B qeirb An otrpegeneuls Ecrroir3yercrr $opuy.na
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Ilpnuep, Crpe.nr'6a Be4erctrJro rpynnoao q,eJI' c,ocroffqe na rlflT,rr pocroBhrx


qucra tropatreuunx Quryp, ecrtr
Suryp. Oupe4erurr Mretruqecxopotr(uArrue
E xarxllyru r{s Eux trporrsBo/InrctroAEa oqepegb na PfI}t, npn roropofr Beposrnocrb
tropalrEn.s $rlryprl cocraulrer 0,11.
Au : N- : 5'08 : 4 rlrrrrypr'r
Pemesue.
Sror nonagareJrb rrptrMertrercl AJrn oqeur(r'l ycneuruocru peurentrq orrenorl
aa4aqrt flprr BeeHrrtroru.s rro nexore lt oruelrrM cpeAcrBaM. Crntaercx, rrro rpyrrtroEafl qeJll yrllqro?r{eH, ecrl+ Br,rBeAerroua crpofl 50-70ot6 mrnori cEJrln orEeBhtx
cpeAcTB, fl nol:IBneE, ecJrr{ BhrBeAeEou3 crpofl 20-30sio orqeabEurx qeaeii.
M ameuamuuecnoeocr.udanue pacroa 6oenpunacoe u spe.nevu na cmpe,n'a6y
n o6u{ell cni,'qae opeennerca no Sopruyne

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orr(H4anr4c BpMeRrr Ea peflrerr.re orsenofi 3a4arrn rrpnMensercq
ycnonrflx,
uo oco6oe aHaqerr,re oxo r{Meer rrpu oflpegenenpaxTnrrecxn s rrc6nx
Errn orreBbrx RoaMolr(Eocre tiMll, rauxa ro 6ops6e c ranr(aMlr s nporlrBorExonhrMr{ cpeAcrBMr{ rrporr.rBrrr{na. B yc:ronuffx 6oebo noAroroBntr oso Aaer BoBMox(crpenl6.
EOCrr, OilpeAenflrb EopMaTnBbr BpeMeEIr Ea BhIrroJIEeERe yrrpaxen

flpnemu H npaBnltanopax(enrf,qenn
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BepoRruocru nopatr(euufl qeJrn BJrffercff trofiaaareneM Ealetr{xocrr crpelr6u


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pemeullfi OrresO aa/{Aqn fipu OTCyTCTBI{II
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trIarnexamuvecnoe oxuanue qucrla nonaauuri s l+enb llptrureEEerc ,qJrff oqeuqe.nn rl oupegenfferca uoQopuyae
no nera6lrogaelro
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B Kompyro
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Frr : 0,5. Onpegeantr, cpeIlee o(raeMoe Ifcno tronaaEllu n qenb' eonu Dy[er
por.r3BeAeHo 4 BIClpeJIanPu:
4'0,5 : 2 nouaAasrn.
P e n e na e. Qn:
qc&
otuau,ue vtrcrta noPaNeHH.&r' omenanar
Mamexarrtuqecxoe
uops?Kerrrfi xax4o {nrypu:
a zpynnoeo rye.u paufro cyrrt|e.Bepofirsocf
AP .: 1V<l'
r4e . 17- MareMarurlecfioe o'ItFAaErIe qncna tropa(ernrtx
qe'n-n;
rV -- qncao rcex {nryp u rpynlono
fiax(Ao rfurypu.
tropalxersl
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Haaemnute qenu - aro rarrnrr, caMoxo[Ehre opyr{fl, boeabre MalrrnEbr rrexoTr,r, dponerpaHc[oprepbr, trycr{oBbre opyrrr{ a x pacqeTr'r,
tryrlRTbr yrrpaBJrerruq, cpelcra ffAeprrolo fiarlaAerrEfl, o6opHuTeJrbEbre
coopytt(errrrfl, peaKrrrRrrbretrporrrBorarrKoBbrepyrnb.E I{ IIpoTEBOTaHKoBbIe
rpaHaToMeTbr,tryJreMerll, lKrrBatr cr{Jra rrportrBHr{r(a u T. A.
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ftaepa, 6apxu), cyAa [oAep]Hr(rr [ecaHr.
Roaywnwe qeflu - ero caMoJrerbl,-Bepro.nerhl,decurrrorrllle paBBeI[qI{Kn, cHrr'}Itarcqflect{ Ilapaurlorucrl, ocBeTrITeJIbrrhteaBua6o&{6br.
Haaevnr,le rlellu Moryr 6mrl Hetro/IBrrxtul,rMr{(IroflB.TlaruqnMrrcn)Id
ABr.rlHyqrrMrrcfl,naBoAHbrer{ BosAyrrrEbrerlenr4 - BI{HyIquil{I;10'.
Orosr, trB crpeJrxonoro opyx{rrfl, trporuBoralrxotsLt-\ rpaHaroMerol;.
a raHlr{e uB EMll (tsTP) rr rarIXoB Be[erc.s, HaK rrpaBrrro, fipqMoii Hal]oilHoii (B or4eirbHbrx oflvqasr r4BTaEKoBbrxrryuer{ oronb Bel{erc.srloJt-vilptrMo tr HetrpflMoii rraBollxori).
Ilpnlraa u rroJrvrrpflMarr HaBoAKa rrpr{Menflerca nptr crpeJlb6e tro
Ea6flIoaeM6rM
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BIlflX OrpAHUqeHHOftBr4nnMOCTrr
rr C SAKpr,rTbrxOrrreBbrx rrosuuEi.
124

IIpaBIrna crpe,urou 179

B sanucznocrtr or 6oeno odcranosxu u trpuMexfleroro Ba opyrr(uff


trpe4ycMarpnBarorcff paanuqnhre cuoco6rr Be4errufi ornff trpffMo uanono.
flpu gecrnu.Ex Morocrpenr(oBbrx noApaaenenu n trelueM nop.Egr(e
oronb.uB aBToMaroB, pyqnrx tr porubrx tryJreMeroB ftanamnunoB Beercfr.L Mecra (n tou qucile rra oronoB, rpanme, xogoB coo6qenua) ua
uonoxenufr Jrexra,c noirena E crof,, Ha xq[y (c xoporxux ocraEoBor( tr
6ea ocrauosxu), uB nportrBoraanonhrx rpanareMeroB - c Mecra Jrera, c
Konea tr croq. Orosr upnuofr naoo4xo na BMII (ETP) E ranna Belero.Ec Mecra (ocraaonxn), c ropornux ocranoBor( tr c xo4y.

BI{P {BI4P' r BIIP') cquraetcn rloJro)fttrreJrl,no,ecln paocroflEtre


o qeJItr yBeJltrrrEBaelcfl'' tr oTpuqareJrbHo, ec.Ilu paccrofiHne yMeHbItrAeTCf,.
B rou cJryqe, Korga cyMMapnaq BIIP uesome 50 M, AaJrHocrrr
Ao rleJrrr cquraercfi EgsaMen.flroqecn.
flpurvrepno B rarux ?reycJroBtrrrx BeAercfl orpe.ul6a uB crpeJrxoBoro
opylxufi Il rpalraroMeroB trpr{ ecrnuax JrlqEoro coclaBa B IIerueM flop.EAr(e.

O:reuenru
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- ftorAa Aanbrrocrb Ao rleJrtr tr HatrpaBnexue crpenb6u se EgMeHErcrc (crpe.nr6a c Mecra (ocraronmn) uo netogrux{Eo qenu, crpeJrb6a c xogy E r(oporxtrx ocrauoBon tro Bur(yrqefic.a qelu, Korga MamEEa
E qenb ABuIr(yrcfl B oAEoM naupanlenuu);
- r(orAa AaJrbHocTbAo qenn He u3MQE.fleTcg,
a EaupaBJreEtrecTpenb6nr ualren.sercr (crpe.nr6a c uecta tr ocraxoBr(E tro qeJrrr, coBepltralorqe
crpe.nr6a c xo4y E c Koporxux ocranoBox tro Ee{;ranronoe ABu?r{eHEe,
uo4nrxuofr qeJrr{ trpu Snauronou ABE}neHtruMamrlnbr, a rax)r(e togBEtfiyq,ec.fl qenE, Kora qeJrb tr MarrrtrEacoBeprtraror{rauroroe ABtrrfieEtre,
T" e. ABElnyTC.ffE rrApaJrJreJrbrrhrx
Kypcax B paSrrErxEarrpBJreEufixtrJrE
B oArroMrratrpaBJrenfftr,Eo c paauo cropoctrro);
- KOrAa AanbEocTr, Ao rIeJrE uSMeHgeTcfi, a EallpaBJrenue cTpeJlb6lr ue uaMsnflercfl (crperuda c Mecra (ocranonnu) no qeru, coBepmarcqe {pouraJrbfloe ABnrfientre.,crpe.nr6a c xoy rr c Koporrnx ocranoBox
rro Helo4Brrrxno qe.ru upu {ponraJrbnoM ABu}Ker{uEMarrrffHbr,a rarofie
rro ABElfiyqeficr qenn, KorAa rlenb tr MartruEa coBeprtraror sponraJlbnoe
ABUlneHUeB p3Hbrx HatrpaBneHEfll{ I/Jrvr B OAHOMEatrpBneEtrU, EO c
paarofr cxopocrrro);
- Hor[a [aJrHocrb Ao rleJru tr HatrpaBnenue crperb6u usMeg.fiIotcr (crpe.rrr,6ac Mcra (ocranonxu) rro r4e.nu,coBeparoqefr rocoe AnuHerrue; crpenr6a c xo4y rr c Koporr(ux ocrarroBor{ rlo EetroAuxruo qeJrtr npu KocoM .qBu?fter{tu Marrr[rrht, a rax?fie Ilo ABtrtr{yq,ecg qeru, Kora MrtrtrEa coBepmael {poutanrnoe ABrrrr{eEtre,a rleJrb - {;ranronoe
EJIE Kocoe, ra nao6opor).
Be.tuvuny u,til,erueH,.Ls,
paccrLonH,un(BI4P) Ao qenu sa BpeMfl or MoMeETA OnpeEeneHEffAnbHocTEo npo[3Bo[cTBa rrepBoro BbrcTpenafr.Jru3a
BpeMfl MeH(Ay AByME BbrcrpenaMr{ coKpaqeHHo odosEasaror:
- BI4P' - eclrn paccrorurre rlaMerrflerc.sB peayJrbrare ABulr(eEEE
qeJr[;
- BITIP" - ecJru paccro.Egue uaMen.fferc.fiB pegyJrbrare qBE?fieEE.E
crpeirffroqe u4ruunu;
- BI4P - ecrrr paccro.anr{e rraMenffercr B peayJrbrare ABU}r(eEuff
qeJr{ u Marrrurrr(BI4P : 1| B?IP' ;[ BI,IP").
180 r"ara

vertsepra.E

peruenu.fl orneno Bnaqrl

Ilpoqecc rroparxerruff qeJru orneM r4B roro untr Epyroro BtrAa


opytr(trfl HaabrBaercff peweH,ueil, oeneao aaartu.
!,nr ycuemnoro peruenufl orneBbrx Ba4arr rpe6yercx, qro6hr rnqEbI cocraB rrpe?r{AeBcero npaBtrJrbuo rro[flMaJr, TBepo BEan tr yMeno
IrptrMeEflJrtrpaBrrn crpenr6u ua cBoero opylnux.
Hecuorpx na paanoodpaar,re BEAoB orHecrpenbfforo opyil([.s, EeI(oropbre paaJruurrfl B Buaqeulltr n cuoco6ax ero uptrMer{eur{fl, a ral(lxe
EMeroqtrecf, paaJrrlqtrrrs 6arrucrnqecxrlx xaparTeprrcrrrxax uyur (cnapffAon, rpanar), ycBoeur{e [paBuJr crpe;rr,6rr o6nercaercs reM, qro orEeBaff Saarrau3 Bcex BrrAoBopy}Ittr.s BbrrloJrrrfleTcfltro rrpuHqurrtraJrbHo
olusaxoso cxeMe. Peuenue orReno BaAaqu crperr6o trB nro6oro
BEAa opyx(u.fl odbrrrno BxJrroqaer tro4roroBny crpe.nr6rr r,r crpe.ur6y uo
qenu. B Henoropblx cJryqaax rrpu BeAeHr{u ornfl Ea 6orbmue AanbuocTE Morocrpe.qxoBhrMrrJrr'rranfi oBr,rMuogpaBAeJreHueM
upxlro, troJryflpsuo n neuprnoft nanogxo perueutre onreno Ba[aqu BxJrroqaer rro[roToBKy ctpenr,6rr, prrcrpeu(y u crpe;rr6y Ea troparrenue (crpenr6y uo
qenn).
cmpe.na6w
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r . r M e eB
r a 4 a r r yo 6 e c u e q u u B
nparvamra cpox roroBHocrb orrreBbrx cpeAcrB K orr(pbrrurc ornf.
B nogrorou(y BXoAflr Bce MeponpvflTurr c trpe4Bapure;rrno u fletroopeAcrBerrnofi no4rororHo crpe"rr6u.
IlpeeapumeflbHan noeontoenq cmpetow Bxrrosaer rexrruqecxvr)
IrogroroBny, Koropa.ff obecuesfisaer rralelr{Hocrl u 6egornasuocrr 4eficrBnfl Boopymerrufl rrpu perueur{r.rorHeBbrx Ba[aq. Oua upegycMarprrEaer trpoBegenfie pefJIaMeHTHr;rxupoBepoH 6oenpunacoB, TexHnsecxoro o6cnyxuBarrrifl 6oennrx Marrruntr EX Boopylfientrg, troAgap.s,qxyrrcroqEEr(oB trETarru.Etr troAroroBny K crpeJrb6e 6oeupuuacou, opylnufl, rrpq6opor crpenl6nr ra na6nroqeru.E, trByqenue Mecrrrocru, orr6op pactronor(enrrfl, BarrETRetr, ecilyt neo6xoAuuo, o6opy4onarr{e orrreBbrx noauqlr,
a rax?r(e tro4roroBny rrcxo4nbrx anrrbrx ,qn.ffcrpeJrbdnr uo yqacrxaM ll
py6e?fiaM Bepo.ffrEoro tro.qBneHug rrporrrBrrr.rK.
Henocpe1crnoevlrafl noA?onxorna cmpea.u6w Baxilrcrraerca n nrr6ope
qenu, cpeAcrB [JrE oe fiopa)fieHtrtr r{ oupeAeJreHrrrrucxoAnblx ycTaHoBoK AJrE orrpr,rruq oru rro nll6parnofr qenu. Ona Br(Jrroqaerto6napyIlpaBuna ctpera6u

l8l

KOBbrMrr u TAEKOBbIME trOApAAAeJIeE.TflM.I' BICOKIIX TeMIIOB EAClyIIJIelItrff .


Ha ocEoBaEE oIIeEHtr
tlw6op qetu F,trfl tropalfienq,n ilpouaBo4lrrtn
ee Balrurocru u oIIaoHocTE,. yAJIeEI{.fl rl y.fi3BI{MOCrIl. flpeXtge ncero
oqeHIIB&IOTCfl Ba?I(IIOCTbU OIIACHOCTbqeJIII, T. e. IIaCKOJIbItOOEa MeIIIaeT
BbrrroJrgeHrrrOfioesofi BaAaqI,I u ylpolfiaeT I{enoCpeCTBeEIIOCTpen-srotrIeqeJrb ilIo]Rer 6uu
6poMy, [o,qpasAeJreHEro lrJln coceAy. [Io xapanrepy
Hr.rpoBarrHo I{JIrr He6poElrpoBaEHofi, or4lroqHofr IrJrIl rpytrrroBo' a tro
c-BoeMy cocroflrrrrK) oHa lllolKer Bectr4 orBerHbl oroEbr 6r,rtl neuonuxIIpu oqenl(e HeoKoJIbKHx rtrelefr AJrs trQpalrrcHtrE
o rr,ru 4ourxyqeficn.
Hau6orree Balr{Eylo E orlacnyro B [aHHr MoMeIrT
cnegyer nru6uparr
[r Jlerqe yfl3BuMyn.
fleirb, a H3 oAultanoBo Ba]fil{brx - 6;ruxauryro
qe;rffx
rIoAqI,IHenHbIe
O eaMeqerrahlx
AoKJrabIBaIor KoMarrgupy orqerrerlrrrfl (ranxa), a r(oMaHluphl or,qeJleHt (ranroo) o Ba?r(Hbxu otrcHbrx
uerx AoKnaAhrBaK)T KoMaHAupy BsBOAa.
[J [ox.naax o aaMeqeurrhlx qeJr.flx AoJI?I{Eo [auarbcn
4eJreqnq;tcmue
(yHaar,ruaerc-s Mecro trono?fi euufl qenu). L{e;reynaaanue rar(xe ocyqecrBJIflCTC,EOT KOMAE4IIPA OTEJIEHUN'(TATTXA)K CTPCJIflIOTqEUY.IIPU ATOM
KOMarrAUp lre Tonbxo yHasliBaer ry uJIr{ pyryro rIeJIb, rro u noAaer KoMaEAy Jr'I olr{pbrrrrE orHs ITJIII CraBrrr oflreByro saAarly.
Morocrpe"rr(oBblx rloApaa4eJlerrlrii Kar( B rIeItreM tollpr,r geficrnurx
or oplrpfl.(Ke; rafi rr na EMII (ETP) IIeJreyKaBaEI4e ocyqecrBrlflercfl:
or HatrpaBileflultr ABuir(enrrfl,. crpe.nr6o
arupon (ueornrrx npe4ueton),
IIaTpOEaMII C TpaCCtrpyrcqUMtr IIyJIflMIIf CI{IIIaJIT,HLIMU paI(eTaMU' BbIrrvc6aeMbrMrr B HaIIpaBJTSIIIII qe.nu. ltpoue roro, IIeJIyKaaaErIe BoBMo?I(rro rlaBeelrrreM opyxtt.E B qeJrb.
r.Ipu qeneyr(aaanutr
o BaMeqEHofr rlerq Buaqare yfiaabrBaercfl, B
npeAMera) uJItr B KanyK)
EatrpaBrreEtrtr fiaKoto optreErtrpa (uecrnoro
yToqEfleTcE
cTopofiy cneyeT H.a6"'rloarbi SaTeM; ec,,ra fieo6xoAtrMoi
rroJroE(errne qenu Ha MecTEocTIrr coo6qaeTc.s HasBaErre IIeJITI tr AaJIbflocTb ,qo Hee.
rrpotr3BotrTqg rlo 60ilono(eurr.fl qenfi Ha Mecruocrll
Vrosueufle
r(oBoMy HatrpaBJreHulo (BupaBo, aneno) B AeneHrrflx yrnoMepa (B Tbrcflrl<Opunnrx), a rro AaJrbrrocru (ga.nrrue, 6lume) - B rerpax. Halplluep:

lfieHtre E Bbl6op qeJlq, onpeeneHae ,qaJlblrocrlr (pacctonnnr) 4o qenu,


nu6op opyxrtr.E, cnapflAa (rpanatrr), 3apffAa r,I ycralroxu BBpIBareJrff,
3apfl)r{aErie opy}ItI,IR, orrpeAeJrerlEeIrailpaBJIeEtrfl' cr(opocru ABrr)fieEu.g
qeJrr{u BeJrr{qr,IB
rro[paBolt Ea ee ABu?rienre, r6op cuoco6a BeAeHI{florufi, oupe4eJrenue rrarrpaBJlerrus rr cnopocru ABrl)r(euus csoe Marrraubr

fiR"TIflETCq IIASIIAqEIII{E

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rrpor]Inorallxol]oro
rauxono
nyurxl{,
ro B[,rCTpeJra I{B opyIlx MII,
rpanaror{era (nepno oqepel{ u"Iu flepBoro BhlcrpeJla I{3 crpeJlnoBoro
opyixirn). [,Icxognue ycrarrooKn r{aauauanrctr, KaK trpaBtrno, KoMarIAugr.H.E t'lJlrr
poM or[eJler1uR (ranra) npu no4aqe fioMaHAbI rra or6phlrtre
HaBoAqI{KoM-otreparopoM'
orrpeAeJr-fiK)rcr crpeJrrIIorqI,IM (nanoguuxolr,
caMocro.areJlbHo, I{cxoAHhIe ycTalroBK'I IIpE CrpenbrpaaloMeTvuxou)
6e saso4oM u poro ynaablDarorcrl HoMaHArrpoM troApaaqeJrexlrff B RoMaEAE AJIS OTKPI,ITEff OTIIfl.
II p u c nx p e t n a. BariJrrottaercfl B orbrcxarruu crpenr6o ycraHooox
IIJrrr uepexo4a H crpeJlb6e na uoparxetue r{eJrrl B cocraBe trogpaS4eneHr{n.
CyrqnOcrn trprrcirpeJlxll CocToItT B roM? srO6bl Ha OCEOBeIIoJIygeIIHLIx Ha6.nro[enufr Ba Mecrou [aAenu.s cHapqoB (rpauar) otrpeAentrrb lroJrox(eEtre ltenTpa paccel,IBaqqfl oTHocrrTeJIr,EO IIeJIg E EaTZ ycTaHoBI(I{ AJIff
crpe,nr,6rr Ha llopairienne. 3tu ycraHoBKII IraBbIBaIoT IIpucTpenflIrELIMII.
Cmpeav6a no ryeruu Br(Jrloqaer HaBo,(r(y u upolrSBocrBo Bhlcrpena
Ona seAer(ouepegu, uycxa), sa6nro4eune Ba peayrrbraraMlr ctpe.nldu.
qerloAaBJlerrr{fl rrJrl{ paapyurenun)
cq o [opa?fieHutr (ynuutoxtenl{-8,
KoMaHuo
npexpaqeua
Moxer
6rrts
ru. B orgenblrIx tJryrlaxx crpenr,6a
Ae Ko"Maugrrpa or,erleHua (tauHa) I4nE xoMan4lrpa noApaBAeJIeHtr.E.
I{eru 4orxIrbI nopail{arr,c.ff c flauMenbrulrM pacxoAoM doeupuuacon u
K ctpenlde
nMerb noAroroBnelrnoe
BpeMerrn. ,{,,trr atoro Heo6roAuuo
Boopy2r(egrre, cBoeBpeMeuuo o6napyll{sBaTb IISJIII, roqHO u 6r'rctpo uepeAaBarr, qeJley6asarrue, yMeJro oIIeHI{BaT}, Ba}firrocTb qe.qe, trpaBrrJlbgo
opyx{ue n 6oeupranacbl Anff nopa?r(egrr.fl rIeJItr, a rar(xte c11oco6
nufiuparr
Be[egnfl OrHfl, roqgo O11pegeJlfl1uCXoAHbIe yCTaIIOBI( [nff Ctpe.irl6lr,
a rK?fie trplrMeIIflTL nalrfioaee 4eaecOofipa3llble rIpI{eMbI IIaBSAKI{ tr
trpor,r3BoACTBa BbICTpeJIa (ouepegu), CBoeBpeMeHHo OTI(pbIBaTb Oronb IIO
rteJrr{ tr BecrII ero B BI'IcOKOM reMIIe, Hetrpepblugo Ha6nrc[aTb 3a peByJIbTaraME CBoerO orIIfl E xpaBIIJIbHo KOppel(rl{poBarrr CTpeJIbby.
[e.nu o6napyrrutsarcr Ha6ilIoAeEueM rro rlx orlepralrllrc u AeMacKupyrotr yHutlqrrM lrpr{3rraxau. B flepBylo oqepeAb AoJrTr(HbIo6napyxtuuarbc.fl
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To?r(abcfl opyAlrfl, rlpllMeH.sloque
cKtre MaItruHbI, n0ABIIX(HI{e IIyHI(TbI ytrpaBJIeHI,Ifl, trycKoBble ycTaHoBKE
tr Apyrqe trporlrBorarrxoBble cpegcrBa (a :rolr sacrre rarrxa u ApyIITyP
cpegcrBa
rue dpogrrpoBannbre uamranr,r) ilp 6TIIBII11Ka. flpotunorag1oBIe
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rpaerrrtrp sropofr, BrrpaBo20, 6.rnxe 100 a xycrax trporBorauroBr


EaroMer700D,(30-00 B Kycrax nymna 800>.

o r{eJru o6hlqno otrpeAeJlflercfl AanbnoMepoM, rJIaSoIlarr,nocm


Mepno rr uo yrJroBo BenEsIIEe rIeJIn. I,IuorAa ,qaJlblrocrb ,qo qeJItr onpeAeJrflercfl tro r(ape.
oltpegeJlelrue AaJrbuocru Mo]r{er rrprrMen.flTbca B JrK,f;raaouepnoe
flp"
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uJru Iro
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qeJrll,
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cogeTaEueM
a
BeJIIrquEe
Ir
KA)fiyq,ecfl
Btr4uMOCTtr
cTetreHrr
3Ttrx trpreMoB.
,qo rlerlr uo ee yr.nouo BeJlrrqr{He otrpeAcn.ercs rlptr
f[a.nrnocrl
crpeur6e c Mecra rr c ocralroBxu. ,{.nx aroro EcrroJrbSylorcE cerru otrTqexoro trpnr{eJra (yctanonnesHoro
CBA)
ranne, PIII-7,
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trIpaBfina crpe;r166 183

182 ln2ga qeracpra'

EJrtr trpu6opa Ha6Jrro4eurlfl, a rartrr(e trptrqerlbFIe rrptrcuoco6renus


crp.rrxonoro oplDxufl . ltpoue roro, Moryr lrporraBoAlrrbc.fiBhFrtrcJrerrrg
uo fopuy.ne rucnqno (cu. paa4. 2 4anno r.nanu).
Bw6op opA ?rcufl.,a+apaa ( epan'arnw) u, ecJrrfEyTnHo,apa4a n ycraC yqeToM y.EsBaMOcTuqeJItr' ee yAAFC)BKBBpI'IBaTeJIflIIpOIIsBOAflTC.s
oruego SaAarlrru nalnqug 6oeA TaHlKeBpeMeHrrHa BblrroJrrreHze
JreHI4.g,
trpntracoB.
Ecnu o6cranoBfia rpe6yer, qro6rr ue.lrr 6rrna tropazr{era B r{opornufi uporwenryrox BpeMeHr{,cJreAyet arr6uparr, opy}t{ue c 6o.neennrcoxo
6oeso cftopocrpenbnocrbro wlu cocpe,qoroqunarbno ueft oronb rro4paa,qenelrun (uecxonrxo 6oennx cpegcra).
Sapnttaruue opy?tcufl. trpolraBorrrcn, I{aH rlpaBlr.[o, rro KoMaHaM.
B ronrange AJrff dapflrnanr.rff opyAlafr Ha EMII u ftoMtrneftca IITyP,
rannoso tryrtrRr yfiasbrBaercfl rurr (4ecrnue) cHapflAa (rpauaru).
(xyuy.natruHaupuuep: (Ocxoloqnrru (ocxo.rtouuo)...ltytuyJr.ErrrBuhrM
q o ) . . . u n 4 x a n u 6 e p n r M . . .y [ p a B n . s e M l r Mc u a p s , u o M . . . D
,{.ur rroporo n rtocJle4yroqnx BbIcrpeJIoBBapfflrianrre rlpolraBoAr4rc.E
SApfl}Italolqtru (nano4vl;H0M-Otreparopou) cauocro.ETeJrbHo,ecJItr Ire froclytrrrJra ApyraE KoMarrAa.
,{la aapnxar{un rryneMera, ycranoBJlenuoro Ha raune (EMfI lrnu
BTP), rro4aerc.fi xoMaHAa <Ilynenetu (<Hano4uraxy ua tryneueral).
q
,I[nx aap nrHantr.a c rp eJrnoBoto op y?fiIt Moroc rp eJrHoBbIxlro4pa sAeJreHtr ynaabrBaercs, KoMy rlpe4crol{r crpeJlatr. Haupnuep: <flyleuerqnKy... aBroMarqr{fiaM JreBoro (uparoro) 6opra. . . fparraroMerrrr4ny...
OTIIEJICHUIO...0

flpu crpe.rrr6e uparraonasoKo Hasnarlarorcfl cJreqyroque ucxonwe


Vcrnaruorriu:nprrleJr, [pfiqeJlbuafl Mepna (ycraHonHa IIeJII{Ra, ecJII{ oE
rrMeercfl Ha orKpLrToM trpr,tqeJle, rlnu 6oHosoro 6apa6ausl{I{a Ea otrrnqeonoM trpuqene CB), rorlna npnllerrBantr.s.
flpn crpenr6e uouyupauo naaoAxo ucxo4HuMr.t ycrauoBnaMr{ EBJr.flrorcfi: rrpuIIeJrbHEMapxa, Toqxa trpraqeJrananl{fl, ypoBeHb (ycrauonxa 6oxonoro yponnn).
flpu crpemde uenparuo nano4no ucxo4rrblMr,IycrarroBnaMu flBrrflyra3areaa), yporeur, (yc.rarorcff: yrJroMep (ycrarronHa aar,rMyraJrr,Horo
HoBKa 6oxonoro yponur).
C m p e t, a 6 a. flopaxenl{e rIeJIr{ orHeM neo6xognlro go6unarr'cr
c neproro BbrcrpeJla (ovepepu). OAnaHo cnegyer EMerB B BrIAy, qro
trpoqecc Herrocpe4crneuHoft rroAroroBr(r{ crpenl6lr trporenaer B orparruqenrrtrrecponr, rraMepseMre
MprHyrMI,I,
a rrHorga cenyrrAaMr{.flpu erou
BoaMolnnr;rorur,rdxu, ocodeuuo B onpeAeneHl{r{AaJrblrocrrro r{enu, a raxFre notrpaBox ,qaJlbuocrn rr rlalpaBJrerlqq ctpenr6rr. Ec.nu aru ouru6xq
gHaqrlreJrbrrblrr flprl nepBoM BbrcrpeJle (osepeAu) He flonyqeHo totraarlue
B qeJr6, B r4cxorllJe ycrarloBnn Blloc.src^s rrotrpaDHrr, T. e. ocy'nlecTBrrflercfi Hoppefiruponarllre crpelr6rr.
flpu crpe.rmde ua crpe;rr(oBoro opy'fir4.s c orr(phrrblu trpurleJroMA,II.t
H,aaonu u n,puqenus&t{un Hal\o aainMyprrrb tenu rila3' a [paBbIM cMorperb arepeaupopeab nprrqena (qe.ruxa) H Beprul4ny Mytrrnn rax, uto6u
184 rnasa qerBepran

Mymxa HaxoAunac trocepeAurre trpopesu, a BepI[sHa ee 6lrna HapaBTe


c BepxHrIllr{ xpfiuu rpI,IBfiIr npltqear,uofi rrrarXrr (qe;ruxg), T. e.B3firb
poBHyro MyrnKy, AaleM, salleplliaB [rixaHlre Ha BbIAoxe, trepeMelqellrroM
noxrefi, a eoJrrr rryzfiIlo, Kopnyca It Hor noABccrr[ poBHyro MyIrrHy r( ToqKe
trplrqeJruBaHnn. OgnonpeMelluo c arIIM rrJlaBrro Hax{uMarb lra ctrycxoraJlbr{a upaaofr pyxrr.
no nprouox trepBhlM cycraBoM yftaaare.rltHoro
llpu npnqe.[r,rBallur{ Haqo cne.qnTl, 3a rclll, sto6u rprlBr{a upuqenruofr
BaLIHMaJTaroprlSorlTanbnoe uoJloxienne 6es, cBaJrr'IBatr,qauru (qenrna)
Hr.I.fl opytfirrfl B cropoHlr.
yqepffilrBafl
l{a4o, uposso
Kypna (aaroopnofi paulr)
cuycxa
,Illa

qaerc.s Hy?r{Hatr rlpHl{eJlb}Iafl MapHa.


flpu crpe,nr6e ua opy4lrs MII rrJrr4raul(oBoii nyrunu n cuapel{Eoro
tyfieMera c Mecra, ocraHoBttll Ir Koporr(r,lx ocraHoBoK, r{orAa HaEpaBneHRe rra qeilr, He r{3Mel{flerc.fl, rrpHrIeJrLIIA.fi'Mapna coBMeqaeTcfi c Tosxo upuqelr.rBaHttfl nanoqxo c.rrena l{alpeBo n curray BBepx.
IIpu crpenr'6e na Bcex BnoR opltna rro ABIrTKyqnMcfl r{e.TrqM EareO'qou (cnoco60u) cnerneuu Ba rleJlbrc (coupoBOr(a ocy4ecrBJlsercfl
qeln)
BtI}tr4/IalIIlfl .
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BolfiAeHuE
Ilaso4na MeroAoM cteuceruun 3a l+ellbn Safirrcqaerc8 B ToM' qro crpe.rraroulrrft, ssqs rreofixo4ilMoe ypelrienue Fa BIrHte11Ire qeJrrr (tryTeM
AeJIeBr,rHOCarorrKlr IIpuqeJII{BaI{YIE DJITI yCTaIIOBKI{ IIa COOTBeTCTByIOIqee
Hr{e r(eJry6a OTItpbIroro npuqeJla, 6oxoBOrO MaXOBtrTIKaOETqeCKOrO 11puupurleJra
4ena CB.Id, nu6opa donono upuqe.nrno MapKII otrrrrsecroro
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BhrabrBaer
Orx.noneuue reutreparypbr BoBAyxaor ra6nuquo ( t 15
yBeJrI[qrIBaE
crpear6e
ee
rrprr
trBMerreurrellaJrbrrocrtr troJrera rpararhl,
B nernr.rx ycnoBrrsx r{ yMerrbrtraa amluo, rroarouy lrpu reMtrepafypc
BoaAyxa suure 0 "C Maxosusoft reuueparypno uotrpaBxu HaAo ycrarraBJruBarr,rra auar{ "*", a trpu reMrreparype BoBAyxa xnrne 0o C - ua
g1gay

_ Ilpruep. Crpe;rr6a Begercflna PlIfi no 6eryqe rlurype ua 4aarrocrr 600 lr"


,{aRxerre qenr cneBa EatrpaBoQ.nanronoe.Onpe4e.nnrrBerrnqlryytrpe}fiAear{.s.
P emenN e. Vup : tlp -= 6 rfnryp atrpaBo.
flpu nncon (o6.auuecnon) eu.enuu qeJru rrarrpaBJrentre crpenr,6u r,r
paccroflr{Ee,qo qeJru rrenpephrBHo traMerrrrrorc.fl, uo.gTouy rreo6xo4r,ruo
yrlr,rrllBarb Ee roJrbxo 6oxosoe ytrperr{Aeutre,Ho I ytrperr(euuetro AaJr],EOCTI4.

190 l;rana

,reraepraa

" -"

:
Crpenr,6 y c qctroJrbaoBaHqeMMexarrurlecfioro trpuqeJra trpotrBnogtrTr,
trprr reMtreparype BoBAyxa Blre0a C uo ouo.unure.nrRofrIuyrtrne, a rpu
leMtreparype BosEyxa HErfie 0o c - no ocnoello MyruKe.
Bcrpevuu Berep yueubmaer, a uouyturr yBelrrrluBaer Aallbnocrb
uoJrera rparrarr. flpu cnnruoM Bcrperlnou Berpe cJreAyel rrpuqentrBTbcs r nepxunfr Kpa qentr, a upa caJ-IbHoMrlotryruoM - s uuxHrd.
Eoxono Berep oftaarrBaer BlraqnTeJrbroeBJrnffIrrleHa troJrer rpauarhl.
ornJrorr.sfl ee B cTopoEy, olKyAa yer Berep, EarrpEMeptrps Belpe ctrpaBa rpaHara olHroEflerc BtrpaBo, a IIptr Berpc cneBa - BJreBo. Tanoe
TeM,sto 6onoso Berep, 4ectnya E craduruaa,rBJrerrueo6rrcssercfl
IlpaBnna crpemon

l9l

TOp rpaEaTr, noBopaqr4BaeTee roJroBr{yrcqacTb Ha Belp E trOA AeC_


Br,reMpeaKTuBHo cr{Jrr{, rrapaBJreEH<l
ngotr ocn, rpaara orltJrol{.E-

FtoppcxrnpoBanue orH.E fipotraBoA]rrc.s uo 6rixoxriuy Eaiipar;-renrro


E rro Aa.rrbuocrn. flo 6oxonouy HanpaBncuuro Kopper{ruponanr{e ornfl
ocyrqecrBn.serc.fl BhrHocoM Toqr(r{ pnqeJrnBanun u $urypax qenu rlnlr
B enenuflx rur{aJru 6oxosux trotrpaBon. Itoppexrup<lDanne orrrfl rro lanbrrocrn ocyqecrBnflcrc.rr Rhrrrocorurolllru llpnqenr.rBarrtrfl tro B]rcoreI|JItr
nu6opou rroBoro AeJrenufl mxaJrr rrpn4ena. flpn uedo.nblrrrx ort{JrofigIlrrsr tro Aanrll{ocTrr ToqKa lrprrqeJrflRarrlrflAnfl cneAytr)qero BIcTpeJrs
Bhlxocrrrc.fl na uol$urypbr Brrrre rrJru HHlKe.

91nX UOtrpaBoKHaAOtrOMHIrrb,UrO 4AOEa.e


BepruriaJrbfraEJrnrrsfl B trone
Sper{ufl trprrr{eJra coolBercrByer HatrpaB.rreHK) clBo.rla rpaHaroMer.
Ee ncer4a rraAoBrnocr{Tbtro Berpy (a croporry, r(ya Ayer nerep),rar
KaK rpaEara troJreTtrr EaBcrpeqy Berpy.
oco6ennocmro crpenr6bl rrg rpauaroMera flBJIEercf, a'aqtrTerbrafl
xpyrrSHa rpaeKTopn ronera rparrarLl rra AaJrbEoclu cBbrruetrp.flIroro
Bhrcrpena, qro rrpr4BoAtrrx pesr(QMy corpaqeIInro rly6nnn uop(aeMoro
trpocrpaEcrna. flpu crpenrde c trprrrleJroM5 r.rryduna uopail{aeMoro npocrpaHcrBa rrpE trpuqeJruBarrnu troA Hurr{Hnfr xpa rleJru cocraBJt.fler
50-60 lr, a trpr{ trpuqeJrr.rBaurrrrB cepeny (qHrp) qerru - 25-30 u
no _o6ecropoHbr or qerrrpa tropaxiaeMofo rrpocrpaHcrsa. floaroMy . A{e
ne6o.rrnruueouru6xu B orrpeeJreHrruAaJrbuocru 4o qe.uu (uene 5o uy
B ATnX ycnoBr,r.sxMoryT trpEBecTtr It upoMaxy.

Crpeaada rro AEf,ncyquucfl

Crpem6a

rro EetroAltrx(Eru qeJrflDl

Crpeln6a r{B rparraroMera tro EetroArrr}r(Eoqe.rruBeAercfi c Ienenr{sMrr cerr(u otrTuqecxoro npnrleJra (ycranonxaurl Mexaunqecnoro upuqe_
.ira) n rouno upuqeluBaur{ff, au6paunuuu coorBecrBerruo [anbnocrtr
Ao qeJrrr, a ranrfie cxopocrtr E rr[paBneuuro Goxosoro Berpa.
- - - Ecln paccroffHrne Ao qeJrrr paBrro qentrrM corrr.sM MerpoB, Hanprruep
400 u, An.s trpulleJrrrBarrll.trnar6lrpaercR AeJrenuemfiaJrbr trprrqeJra, coorBercrByloqee aroMy paccloflEurc, T. e. ropH3oHTaJrbrra.ff
JtrF-rtrs.,
o6oanaqeurrafl qrrpg 4. flpa crpelr6e c MxarusecxnM trpqqe.rou nrl6upaercx upr.rrleu 4.

rrorrpaBxeHa Berep. flpn crpurr6e c ruexannqecn[M rrpzrlenoM TorrxatrpurlenraBaun.rlBlrnocErcfl n @urypax B cropoHy, r(ya Ayer Brep, lra Berrutu4ny uotrpaBxr{ Ha 6orono Berep.
192 rrasa qerBepra

qemM

flpr {pgnradrrb}roM ABtr}r(eur{n rleJrrr AeJrefir{fl cernrr orrrrrqecxoro


npnqena (ycranoaxa Mexanr{qecxoro spurleira) u rovxa upuqeJrr{Baxr{s
nu6upanrc.s coorBercrBexHo roMy pccroffrrr{K), ut }ioropoM r(enMoE(er oxaaarbcfl B MoMerrr Bhlcrpena, a rax'fie c yqeroM Bnu.atrll.a 6oxoB0ro BeTpa.
floupaaxa na 6oxono Berep Eno4rrrcff rro reM lr(e uparrrnau, qro
E npfi ctpelrde tro Hetro,qBulxnbrMqenffM.
flpn fliauroloM ABulnentru qenu ycranoBxa rrpilIena au6rpaercx
cooTBeTcTBerrHo
AaJrbHocTr{Ao qeJru, a loqlta llptrqennBannfl - c yqeTou
ytrpe)fienus ua ABrrffienue qenll. Flaupuuep, nan6onee ruurrsno 6oeno cxopocrn ranr(a (12-15 xu/v) na Bcs Aanbnocru crpe.nr66r ytrpeffiAenue upu SaauroBoM ABulKeHr{llqenr{ peBno AByM AeneHtrflMmftanbr 60l(oEbrxIIotrpaBoK. Ec;ru qe,rr ABr{ercff c 6onbure rr MerrbrrrecKopocrb(),
Jmpe?fiAeutre trpouopqfiorrarrbuo yBenrrqr,ruaercff rrJrtr yMerrbruaercn . IIpl
r(ocoM ABrrrfieurru rleJrrr ytrperrteuuo cJreAyer 6parr B ABa paga rrerrbrue,
treM upq {.nanrouou.
Orcqer yupex{Aerrnff Bo Bcex cnyqarrx uporrsBoAurc or cepeArruhr
qEJIE,

B npaxrure crparrdu
trB rpauarouera rrptr $.rranroaou tr KocoM
ABrlrr(eHtrr!qenrr rrpr{ueHHnrcfl ,qna cuoco6a HaBoKtrrr BeAerrrrfl orrr.ff:
cuoco6 cne)fteutrs (couponox4ennn) n cuoco6 BhDfiRautrfl.
IIpu Reenuu orHE cnocodou cnerfienr{fi (conponox4enux) quu
rpaHaro uerrrufi , Ilepe Meqa.s rpaua roMer, coBMetrtraer
ondpauuoe geJreuue
cerxr,r npuqena c cepe4rruo qe.rlu Hnrr yAepx(lrBaer JrrrnuK)rrpur{ennBaEr{ff Brrepegnqenlr rra BeJrrrqlruy ytrpe}r{Aerrvrflrr B MoMeHTnau6o.neenpanrlrno rraBoAKHrparraroMera uporraBoArrr Bbrclpen
IIpu ne4euuu oru.s cuocodolr DhrlrrrAanu.ffr{enu rpanaroMerynx rptr;
qerrBaerc.E qeuTpa.rrbnoruxfie trrxaJrhr6oxoaux rronpaBon D TorIKy,
nu6paxHyro BtrepeAq ABtr)HelrnqrleJrr{,a c troAxooM qeJrrrK aro roqne
IIa lrerrlsuny rry]r(Horo yrrpex{enx.flB eJrenu.flx cerxn uau {nrypax
qeJlr{ [porraBoAr{T r}hrcrpen. Ec.nrl r1e;rr ona}fiercff rretropfienuo, ot
KOpper(rr{pyel ororlb.
IrInor4a rr'pu crperrbde coqeraror o6a cuoco6a, ucpexoAs or oAHoro H ApyFoMy B aaBucrrMocrll or y4o6crna Bbrtrorrrnntrflr{aBoAnlr rl xa13 sax.aet66p

Irpaau.na crponr6u

l9E

par(repa ABtrrr(ernfiqeJrn. Itoppexrupolantre orr.s trptr crpelr6e tro ABrlrtyquucfi qensu oc1flqecrBJlfiercrtro xa6ln4enuff]r Ba rpaccawstroJrera
rpanarn E uecra ee paBprlBa. Ilonpama rro AaJrbrocrx oc5uecrBJrfierToqfiurrptrqentrBautrgrro Bucore: trptr ue6onrmux orrJrocfi uBMeEeEtreM
Eeuuffx - na uo:r{urypu, upu 6onrmux - Ea oEy rfrrypy. Iloupaaxa
uo 6oxosorry HatrpaBneunro6epercf, rro reu x(e upaBrnau, qro x rro Ee-

cETenHo qeJrtr tr xapaxrepa qenu (uo.erllnloqa.Ecfi trnE ABurr(Itqancl).


Haupaurerne nBurr(euua dporerpaucrroprepa oruoclrre.Ilbuo rlelrtr
Bo BpeM.Ecrpelr6u Motr(er 6urr: SporraJrblrutt (BTP 4anxercff Iro yrJroM He 6onee 30o fi EarrpaBneuuro Ha 4ear), ftocIM (BTP gnuxercn
uog yrnoM 30-60'), {aanroawu (BTP 4nuxercfl troA yrJrou 60-120').
flpu crpenr6e c xo4y trocroflHno trBMerr.ffrorcfiAanHocrb o qeJru
E yton rroBopora crBoJra rryneMer oruocureJrbuo trpo4oJlbno ocu 6poEerpallnoprepa.
' llaMenerrue AaJlbnocru rrpu crputrde He )nltrTblBarb, a Ea rronopot
tryJreMera oruoclrreJlr'Ho trpogonbuo ocn BTP, raunnafi c yrua 30' (go
150"), BnocnrrrotrpaBxrf Br,IHocoMToqr{trtrplrqenrrBarrlrflB oropouY, upoTtrBorroJroTnHyroABtrrr(eHr,IrcBTP.
IIpu diaanroBoMABurrenuu 6ponerpEctoprepa AJrs lroBrlmenuq uerNocrrr crpenrdnr c xo,qy seo6xo4quo yrlurhlnarb notrpanny Ha [Btrx(errne
BTP, r. e. Blrnocnrb Ea oupe4eneHuyrc Beruqnsy roqny trptrqeJlulanu.s
B cropony or qeJru, rportrBotroJrorr{EyroABE}I{eHrrrocsoe Mamunu. flpn
crpem6e uepea 6oxuqn c trpaBoro 6opra roqr(a trpuqe.rluDnlrf Dbrlrocrlrcff BrrpaBo or rlentr rr BJIeBoDpr.r crpenb6e c nesoro 6opra. Bo npeua
Snauronoro ABurfierruff TP (riru upu BeeIItrtrorus aa tryneueror], ycraxoauennrrx na FTP, troA yrnoM 60-90' x HarrpaBnennroAllnx{eann) co
cropocrbro 10 xr*r/s trps crpenb6c ua anlouara tr tryJreMeroB tro HeqenflM Ea Kallibre 100 u aJrlHocrtr
troABDnErrM (uoaalxroquucn)
crpelr6ru rorrfia rrprqeJr]rBauuff BIHocErcfl rlpliMepro Ea oArry nrypy

rIo[BEr(EbIM 4enflM.

llpaonnacrpenbdbrrs 6TP, EMtl x rauxa


Cnpe.m6a us- 6ponerpanctroprept
Crpear6a ua 6ponerparcuoprepa trpotrBBoAtrrcn trB xpJmxoftanudepnoro tryneuera KIIBT, cuaperuoro nyneMera fIItT u crperr(ororo
opyrr(trfl trepeB6oxuqrr uo nernodpouupoBanrbru qen.su, xuso cfrlneE
olEeBIM

OpeAcrBaM trpoTrlBEEKA

C MeCTA, C ftOpOTKtrlt

OCTaEOBOT(E C

xoAy.
Cmpe-m6a c il,ecrna Beercfi r o6opoae, upu 4efrcrrtrfix B Saca4e' a
rarrfie B Hacrytrneutrtr uptr orpa;fientru r(ouTparar trporBrtrKa. flpu
arou crroco6e segexus ornrr c oguo srsesofr troatrqutr (ueom 4nn
Morr(er tropa'fiarbc.ff Hecr(oJrbro qeaefr. Vcrauorxa trptrqeila
crperr6u)
rn6upaetcn corJracflo rauepenro ganHocrtr Ao qelrE tr trotrpBr(auAanbEocru'Ea orr(Jrorerg yctornft crpelr6rr ot Eopuanburrx. Tosxa'nptrqe:ntrBartrf, tro Bblcore nndupaercr Ea Etr?rtlreu r(pam EJrtr Ea oepegure
qeru (qentp qerz).
c nopomnoit' ocmarroenu tro paanuqufu qeJIEM
flpasula
cmpettfw
Te r(e, qro tr lrpaBtrna ctpe.rrdn c Mecra. Vctasorra rlpuqena otrpe4eJrrercff coorBercrBenuo paccrotuuxr or trpe4tronaraeuofr ocraEoBKE o
qenu. Mecm AJrfi ocrarono:K MartrtrEIcneyer ru6upatr uo nogiloxuocTE aa yxprrrfrvrn (n cxla4rax Mecruocrtr' aa Kycrapntrr(oM EJIE MecTEcln Mecrrocrb orxprraff, ocrauolr(E Aenam 6o'
ErrMrr nplueratu).
nee ftoporr(trMtr, tro8Bon.flroqtruE rlpouBBeclr,qBe- TpE r(oporRtre oqepelu. PacmffIrze Mex(,qyocranoBnaMu BaBtrctrr or ycnoBuo6cranosxn,
MecrEocTtr, peaynbraroB orH.F tr roroBHocTE CTllenffK'qero K trpousBoAMamnnrl Metr(Ay r(oporr(EMu ocrauolrautr
crBy Brcrpeua. ,{nrxenre
ooBeprtraercfi c MaKcEMaJtbEoroauoxuofi cxopocrbro.
Crnpeao1a c roy a3-Ba a'arrtrTenb'"n)( tr trocros'Epx xo.ne6auufr
dtrronetpaxctroprepa Beqerc.s, ftar( upaBf,Jlo, B rrpegellax Aanbnocru
trpsyoro B[rcrpena. Ilpuqea trpE arou ycraflaBJlgBaerc gornacno aro
AaJrbrroorf, ril B xoAe crpe.tr6n lrotrcer Ee lrexfiTbcfl.
NI( trp&BuJIo' Ea
rro Erilc,ore ru$upaerca'
Tosxa nptrqennBtxufl
ypoBuo flDfisero Kpaff qentr, a uo 6ororouy EalpaBnenulo - B saBf,ctrorgoMocru Or cxopocrtr E EatrpaEnefitrrl ABDI(OE1g fipofetpagclloprepa

TIEJIOBEKA.

flonparxy s ,qszxeune cBoero 6ponerpauctroprepa Mox(ffo y.IurbrDarb c troMotrrbroqenrrfia. Haupnuep, Bo BpeMtr {nanroaoro /IBr{}Kerrnfi
ETP co cnopocrbro l0 rM/.I upu crpenb6e ua nyleuera F .rrro6yro4alrEOCTbtrOIrpaBKApaRrra qeTf,rpeMTblcflgEbrM, trnlr ByM e.rIeEEtM rlrfiaJrbr qeJrtrKa. flp" sroM qeJIuK trqpel{Brrraercs trptr crpe"ur6e B cropouy
BJretrpanoro 6opra BrrpaBo, trpH crpenb6e r cmpony neBoro 6opra BO.

Ecru conepuraercfi ltocoe BElKetrtre EJru crpelr6a trB rlyJreMeroB


na BTP Be[ercn troA yrJroM 30-60' K EatrpaBlenulo ABanfienufl, trotrpaBKr[ HarrpaBJreHr.rfi
rra Bn]r{ense cnoe MamuEDI yMeEbIIIaIorcs B ABa
pa3a.
qacro
VIs rryJreMeron, ycranoBrennrx Ea 6porerpaucloprepax,
BeAeTCffOrorrb B rlpoMer$yfitr, trs-Ba suauron E rloBepx cBotrx II0Apas4enonu, Hacrytrarcqux (odopotrff rorqtrxct ) nuepe4n.
Oeox,as npoileilcyrn.u tL ua-aa finaxnoa BeAercH, I(aK upenuno, c xoAy, c ftoporntrx ocrarroBor( r c Mecra upu co6.rrro4enur cne4yroqux Mep
6esouacxocrrl:
- Toqr(u tranenzs rryrb oqepe4u AoJrrr(nu 6urr galrure cBoffx troApae4eaenu, ,[.nn aroro paocronnne Me)r(Ayqenblo rI FarntrMtr troApasAeJreEtrrME Aonx(Ho6nrn ne Merreo500 u;
- ue)r(Ay xpafrunuz EatrpaBJrentr.ffMuorus n {;raurauu cBoux troApaa4eaenu 4oJDften 6urr upe4oxpannrenburu upouexymx
(yrol 6eBotracrocrtr). Illupuna aroro trpouerr(yrr(ar uauepffeMs B Tlrctrqn[x,
IIpaBItna crpe;rros

194 r;raaa qer*eorarr

t '

195

nyneyergB o
oJIlr{EA6grr npu yAaJIenEn cgotrx uo,qpasgeJlenn ot
- Ire Meuce
yaneHsl,I
6o.nrureu
trptr
200 u Ee Menee 80 mrcs.rsbrx,
40 mrcnenbrx.
6u6 uuxaxlx [peIIflTCTBI4'
B uarpaolegrrn CTpenb$rr se ASJIII(HO
MemarotqrrxtroJreTyoy{Iu.
flpu cmpeao1 ua' nyrteilenzos nosepr c^ou,r noApaaAerreH,uti,Haxoyron 6esouacHocrll paAffqr4xcff rra yAaJrentru 200 u H 6oee or BTP,
15, xoropyro Ha3hrtsarcTIlauMeHr,IUI,IM6e3gtragBen ycrarroB1e np1111ena

ROrrrRy EAIIO OIKIOEUTb rra Ce6H, eL;'v Tpe6yercs onJ,crtrTb cEAps,


pyxofiTr(y cJreyeTort(JroEtrrb or c6fl.
ltouangrr rro KaHaJraMKypca Ir raurata Molrixo lroAa.BarsK paaAeJrbFo, TAX s oAHoBpeMefitro,ornJlol{fiff pyKofiTKy ylrpg,B.;ieEtr.ErryJrbra
orreparopa cpasy B trpoAonbHou nouepeqlloft r"trocKocrax.
Ft nouqy cnx&prnosoeo A\,acmwa nxpaenmopuu HBolrrrr-otreparop
o6saan oqeEETb Be;rr.IuEf,[ orxJroEerrtfi cuaprt1laor JrHErttrBrrgnpoBanH.s
tro Bbrcole I EarrpaDneEtrX)B raprunro IlrocKocTu (u;rocxocrr, nepDeHArKynspHas rnF:rlur ensuponauur). 3ro nantuo An.q troAaqs uepno
ROMAI{,4bI

JNIPABNEIIff

flpu nnaxou crapre cnapfia rroasrcrrpeaxafi r(ouarrg <Brepxr


B uryvae 6o.rrrmux orrtuorenu -or r(ypc rrptr HopuaJrboucxoge rro
Brcorereo6xouua trepBafipeBKatIr(oMaEAaB HatrpaBnenfitr,trporrrnouonorlsou nad.nrogacuoMyorKJrolrerrl{FocHapr4a. llocnc oqeEr(r{ uoJro-

Crpeunda uB 6oeBofi Marrrnnbr trexorbr


IITyP'
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nyneMoT
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a
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xoy, c KoporKrrx oclaHotsoK lr c Mecra.
- ocHoBIIotr .ctrooaou,u c may E3 OpyArrff u ctrapenHoro IlyneMela
trponpecneoBaHuff
co6 crpe,rrdI so tspeMrr araxtr, r(oHrpranH I{
TIBHRHA.
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KOrAa oroHb c xoy u3-sa 6orbtrro AanbnocBeAeTCfl B rracrylr,reHllll,
Tr4AO r{CJrrrunu pesKr{x KoJredaHr.txoprryca MaIII.EHbI {aIOAOCTBI{TeJIeIIBe.lrusnHa cxasKa orrpe/IeJrfieTCn ycJloBugMr{ o6cTaIIOBHE I{ Mecl}Iocrtr'
rradnrulleHrrfl a HaJrEqrreM RpellreHrr Ha rroAroroB]iy n npoESBOAClBy Oqeu.
penoro
Bbrcrperla u cocrallJr-ffet 50-150
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flparnna

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( c H a p f f A a )B I I e J I b

(n ocprllna.rrbHo rr.rlocxocrH) upor{sBoAurcs oTHJIOIIeHIIeM pyKo.srl{u


Ha ce6rr r{ or ce6fi. Eenu neo6xoArrlr{o uc.llrfffrb 'HpsA' pyyopa"ieou"
196 rrssn

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qenu. Ilerecoo6paauo Ea anbrrocrx cBbrltre1000 lr rraBe4eutrecEapflAI
crpenr.6e
cnarraJratro (ypcy, a BareIrr tro ralrraxry. IIp"
rrtrxttrBBorrrr,
rro qenfiM Ea AaJlbEocrflx Ao 1000 u HBeAeHueno fiypcy u Tallraiy
rrpoEsaolrrcff oAEoBpeMeEIr().
Ha yuacmne eeoa otapaa e rconmypqeau cne1yer B Kopornoe BpeMR
(r aarucr*rocru or ,qaJrblrocrtr crpenLdhr) BbrBecrtr cuap.fl B naupaB(naregeuua)
JreHErr H qerrb, godmrscn yclaHoBrlBrtrefocff Br{?r(eIIr[.E
cxapsa, BareM BBecrtr cuaps B r{olrryp r{eJrn. ItouaIrAu eroMyrracrKe AOJrlriH[rtroAaBaTbtf Ee6onbIIIgM no yrJry R rrJraB]rbrMntrepeMeqeB.nflr{u pyKofirKrr ytrpaBJreEEt tryJll'ra orreparop. flpu uoavc pesr(r4x
6o4rmux KoMarr;1cos,qanrcn ycJIoBEflnn (pacfiasrirrD crrapflAa, r{oropbre
o6r'rsno rrpBofi x Dpeaalrnn ero B BeMnro
flpu crpear,de na cpegnrre u 6o.nlmne . AaJrbnocr (1000-3000 u)
BBO,4CnApfiAI r(OrrTyp qeJItr AOJIII{eHAAfiallsrrBarbcfi B Cepe.(nrre AaJrbEocrtr Ao qeJru, a fipu crpelr6e rra MaJIhIeAanHocru (go 1000 M) BosMOH(arrnoporxr cpon.
B MAKCUMAnbrro
Ha 6oeeox Uqacm&e mp&eqmopui? Baaqa HanoAtrtrfta-oueparopa
I(OPPEK,TgPOBAHEtr
IOJIO}I{EE
U.q CEAP,EA
OTHOB CBOEBPEMErII{OM
CiOCTOET
cnTenbBo rolrftu IIpuqenIIBaHEfl (qeHrp Kolrrypa qeru) B rrJlocHocrFx
Kypa r raHralKa. flpr atou oco6oc Rrrr.rMaHEeueo6xoguMo yeflflrh
EABeIoHUIOCHaprrAarro Trrrray.
llpn cm,pe.no6eno nenoeuucno ryeau.nycn crrapffAa trFoxsBo4urcl
ToJrbnotrocJrer{aBe4enntr rrurnrrcro uepexpecrus Asesuo BerBrrrrpnlexa
paaMepbrHetrognrlxrrofr rlern lle6oflr,B qerrrp qe;ru. Ecnn Beprr.rxaJrbrrbre
ItrEe, qeJrecoo6paaHo KoMaHAhruo xypcy u TaHralr{y uoAaBarb p3Ae'IbHo, TaR Kaft oAEoBpeMerrEfltroAatrA RoMaE Moxier lrprrBecrlr K
rr Aairie rt BpcSaHrrn cEapflAt D 3eM"TrIO.
cEUIKeEUIOlotrHocTrr IrABe,qeHIr.a
flpu crpemde uo neuogBulnubrMqenffM B ycnoBsflx orpantrqenl{o uugnMocrn (gorrtgr, rrlrJrb, cncr, TyMar.r) na,qo Hmr{Hce rrepexpecrrle trpflqena trepeA BErcrpeJroMcoBMecrErb c rler{TpoMqeJrn, a cHap.sJIB trpo{ccce
EaBeAeHr;rf,
coBMeqaT rre c xorrTypoM qeJrr.r.a c rrepeKpecTr4eMtrpuqen.
IlpaBrna crpenlou

19?

euyu4eca qetu llycr caaprrAa


fi;ll cmpeto6w no fiponmatwo
rrponsBonrb roJrbr(oocne roro, KaH Hrr(Eee trepexpecrtre upnqela 6yAer rraBe4exoE qenrp qentr. flpr crpenr6e uo qe.uu, coBepmarcqe r[.ranroBoe RirE Kocoe ABElReEtre,rrpuqeJr EaBoAETbrax, uro6u qeru 6runa
BEArra y }ipa.E ero troJr Sperrrf.ErEo Ha oAEoMypoBrre c HUII{HEMlrepeHpecTtreMcerKE trptrqena firrepeMol{anacb Iro HtrI}aB,'IeEH()r( aToMy treperipecrtrrc. Ecaran xoAe yupa8.,rcHuflcl{ap.ffoMllenh lraquHaer BrxoIilrb
lr3 rroJr.Esperrurr rrplrqena, He trpeftpaqas ytrpaBnentrff crrapffAou ogno
pyxofi, gpyro pyxoii AoBepuyrb c lroMoqbro tr)Jrbra ytrpaBJrenuff IIpErleir B croporry Brrlxerrr{.grleJrn rax, uro6u oua Borlr.ila B uoiro ero 3perrEEr trocJle qero BrroBbBecrtr ytrpaBnelrEe cHapsAoM AByMfl pyrcaMu.
Ii xo4e 6os nroxer BoaHIrKHyrr neo6xorMocrb B tepeuaqeJtuBantrtr
crrapflAa. Haupuuep, Moryr 6urr c.nyuatr, xorAa Do BpeMfl rloJrera cnaprrga r{eJrbcxpoerca aa cxnaxaMr,lMecruocrvr uJrfr6yger nopa]Keuaorueu
pyrux cpeqcrn. B arux crysaflx, ecJru B non Bpelrtrfl BtrAEa pyratr
r{enb, HaBoAvuK-ouepatop peaxo uogave r(oMan1bron}Kerr ocyqecraurr Heodxognur,r MarreBpciiapflAa u BbrBecrrrcro rla iluIrtroBtrilupoBaEr/rfitro nosoft qe.f,s. f[a.uneruee y[paBneHue cHapsAoM ocyqecrBJrffoTcs o6r,rsuxM rrop.sqxoM.
Cmpena6a I H,owtoe6pe,Na'BoBMoifirIaupu ycnoBnr{. BnArrMocru qentr
B HeBHyxlBerBb upqqeJla, T, e. crpeJlb6a uoxer Becrrlcb lro ocBeqeuxbru
rIeJrEM. Haurnro4xeruse ycJroBlr.ffodecueqnnarorcff lrpr[ ctpenr6euo
cfinyeraM qe.re, r. e. ftorAa qenb rrpoequpyerc.EHa ocBerqennou Qoue.
Ctpe.rr6a

ua

opyAEfl

flpu crpear6e ua opyI{,a c necrn& Anff trporIsBoAcrBa Ir-epBoroBhrcrpeJra oupeenflrorcE ncxoAEIe ycraHoBftx: nptrqeJl - Bbror{paercrlTa
l4ill{ ApyfAff lopIISoHranbIIafl UIKaJIcerftI/t trpuq,ena; trptrqenIlafl Mapl(a
-- cu6upaercfi Hy)r{Hbryro;rrnun uJIE llrrprlx, Bepluuna (ocuonaHue)
r(oroporo AoJrlKHacoBMetrIarbcq c roqxo npilIentrBaHrrff rrpl lraBoAr(e
opyrrfl B rleJr;Toqr(aplrqeJluBalrna - nr,r6npaeTc.flotrpeAeneHHafl TorIKa Ir rIeJIrrrfJruBHe ee.
Ilpr.r nrr6ope [pnqena, upnqe,nrno MapKId s rosftn rrpnqentrBantrff
xeo6xo4nuo ytrurIBarb cxeAyroqee: reMtreparypy ofipyffiaxrqero BoBAyx, nooroMy uepe4 crpenr6o Hy?r(Honponeprrl rrpaBrrJlbnocrb ycralroBriE pyKo.srxr,r MexaHuSMa leMueparyplrhlx trospaBoK trpal{eJla' xoropff
ycraxaBJlr{Baercfl rrpn reMrleparype or 0 4o + 10'C B cpeAree tronoxieurre
(0), upu reMtreparype or f {0qo * 40'C - n xpanee Hr{)ritee troJlo}Kenue (--20"), trptr relltreparype or -10 go -40" C - s npanee Bepxnee
troirolneuue ( -20") ; upogorru r Derep, oxa3lrBaroqa' ntssnue Ha Aa JIbrrocrb rro"'rera rpanarbr rI paccroffHrtflx Ao qe"qtr cBblrue 1000 rr'r' flpu
Bcrperlnou Berpe AaJlbnocrb troJler rpanarbl yMeHbrllaercR, uoarou)r
TOtrKy rrpurleJrrrBalrurrcJIeIIyer ar,rdnpatr Ha BepxHeM o6peae IIeJrI4' rrps
IlotryTrroM Belpe - yBexuqilBaeTctr, I](fToMy TorII{y trpuqeJlrfBaHsfl rraAo
au6uparr Ha rrux(IreM o6pese qelu. IIpu ctpell6e B ropax arbrrocrb
troJreTarpaIITI yaeJlallEBaeTcfl, trOaTOMynptr BbIcoTeorEeBo troBIIqUtil
198

f31ng1 qernsprafl

or 500 u r 6oree neo6xo4nuo trBMeHflrb tronorr{euae roqr(tr rrprlqenular{u.r


rro Bhrcore; 6omono Berep orxJroxfler rpaxary or trJrocxocru crpe;rr6ru
upr BeAeEEf,orrrr go 1100 M E ry cropoxy, ornyga Ayer Bsrep, a uptr crpe.,rr,6ena 1200 u 1300 u - B cropony, fiyAa Ayer Berep. 9eu 6o.nrme
jlaJlbrrocrb o qeJru, a rrofie cxopocrb .qBtrrteuu.ffqeirlil, TeM 6onrme
onlxrra 6rrrr seruqtrrra ytrpexteuuff, rtoropafl geBllctrT Tarofie or HarrpaBneErrfi ABtr)Kenuff qentr.
IIpu oflpe,qeneuru trptrqsna u roqntr uprr\e[trBautrff
tro Bneore
ueo6xo4uruo yqtrrbrBarb trpeBrrnrertrfi cpegutrx rpaenropu naA aunue
upllqenB&Hnfi.
no ueno1euxtuexqe&exucxogunnpuqeJr,r(art [paBnJro,Ea[rl,n cm.peau6u
paccroffatrxlo qen. B xanpaxeuqr"e
BuaqaercooorBercrBerro otrpegenesnoMy

MoMeETH6oq s aanlrcnMocrtr or pacoroEn.EAo qene orotb uo rauxaM, caMoxo4aoaprn;raepucr(Ril ycTaEoBXaM u ;tpyrttu bpounponaatbru qeJrrl(, s]relotrFr{ Bhrcory
Ee Meuee 2 x, ra paccroffErre go 800 lr BeAeTcc EcrroJrbaoBaxneunptrqera 8 upa
EaBoA$eopygtrfl r unrruz xpa qenn. B xasecrne Rcxopoft ru6xpaercn qenrpanEa uapr(a cooTBeTcrayloqero npnqena, ecJlr{ Ee BBoAnTcffuollpaBr(a EatrpaBJIeEtrr.
Ec;rn xeo6xoArruo BBecrtr norrpaBfty EarrpalneEuff sa 6orosoft Berep E ra Q.nauroaoe (xocoe) ABn)fiexrre qenu E ara rrorrpaBfta yqnTuBaercfl E Aeneutrffx mraau 6oxoBlrx uorrpaBofi, B xaqecrue ncxogro au6npaercn otrpeAeneuna 6oxonar npnqeJrbEafl Mapr(a.
llcxoggax ?osrra pnqeJrEBaEEIro af,rcore nrr6npaerca B oepegrrne qeJrn, ccJru
Ee BBoAtrTcffuotrpaBxa Ea orruroEeEue rerueparypf,r BoBAyxa (BTpeila)or EoMsnaar,uo.
Ecrn rerrueparypa onpytfiaroqero BoBAyra orJrrrqaercr or EoMtrEaJrr,no,f,eodxoguuo o[pe4enrrrb rrotrpaBr(y u ysecrb Ty rronpaBxy npu nn6ope roqfitr trpnqerrrBirru ilo Brrcore. Ecan rpe6yercs BDecrE trotrpaBRy satrpaBJIeEEua gecmne
6oxonoro Berpa rl ara uonparr( ytumrBaercfl r lpnrypax qeJrtr, EaAo, ctrorbsya
nff EaEoI(tr qeETpanbsyro npnqenbEyx) MapRy, BbrEecTtrTogKy trpllqentrEaf,gt no
6oxonoxy EatrpaBnetrrrc. flonpanxy EarrpaBJrenusa 6orosofi aerep, gyrott\r co
cftopocrrc l0 nr/c noA yr.rou g0? n trJrocxocra crpe,rr6u. Moxcno rrpnuflrl parrofr:
1 ;leaernro mxaJrf,r6oxosrrx trotrpaBor(npu crper66e Ea ansocrb or 400 Ao 1000 u,
a rar(E(e xa 1300 u n r/r 4eaerufl - trpE crpear6e Ea Aanblocrb ll00 n 12ffi r',r;I Surype 6oxonoft trpoexqrn rauxa trpE crpear6e sa 1300 u n ri, i[nryphr - rrprd crpenb6e or 400 no 1000 u.
flpr xocou Berpe-onpalr(y yMelbruarcr B ABa paaa. Ilplr cxopocrtr Berpa MeEbnre (6onrure) 10 m/c sernqusa 6oxoso trotrpalxn trporropqnouanbno yMeubruaercs
(yne.rurnaaerca).
i]ax crpear6rr uo 6poueqenu, DEnytrlecn uog yrnou r( nJrocxocru crpe;rl6r,r,
yupexAesae) Ea trepeueo6xogullo BEoAtrrb trorrpaafty EarrpaBJreuffff (yrnrwnarr
Meqexrre qenlr ga BpeME Ironera rpana?tl, a raxl(e yrlnhrBarb BJrrrFEEo6orosoro
eerpa. VnpelKexne xa (pnarroaoe Bnrr{entre qenq co cfiopocrrc 10 xnr/c panso
I geaeanro ilftaJrr 6oxouux flopaBor( Ea Ece anbuocrtr crpenrSrr wurf"
tfrrypu
Ea paccrarnfl.or 400 lo 900 u u 1 r[urype raxfta Ea 6oarmux paccroxuuax. Ilpn
xocom Autrx(enrrrr qeJrrr 6epercr ytrpex(Aexlre, a ABA paaa Menbmee, uerr npr ipaarroaou Brrterur. VupexAeauo B ipnrypax orcqrrrrBaerc.n or oepe4nEbr qenr.
Crpenr6a
rra opygnfl
c noponnrut octnaH,olon BeAercfi B ocrroBr(ou
tro reM )fie trpaBunaM, rtro lr c Mecra. Oguaxo AotroJrxurenrno
neo6xoyqErbrBals
($rarrono
cneyK)qeo:
ecnn,qanbrroclb
HerroBrDfi
Afir,ro
Ao
qe;rr yroqreua
Bo ABnlfiyqefica)
crpem6o
rrnu orrpo4enerra roquo E

trocJrearoro EMII uepeMeqaercfl r( rlentr (orxogrr or uee), yro6u cgenarb Koporr(yxrocranoaxy 6oneerreMqepea50 u, ucxogxnrupn4en naAo yMerrbmurr (yneruunrr) na 100 u o orromenrrro n otrpe,4enenno
IlpaBnra

crpe.rii'6r,r 199

Crperr6a

co cHrDKerrreM cr(opocrE ABE)fieEtr.ffgO l0 XU/V, a EA rrJraBy - AO6 xuis;


noJre BpHuff rrp[qena HaBoAurb Ha qenb rax, vro6u trpE Beprrlr(aJrEbrx
no.neSanunx MarrrrrE[err6paunax rrpEqenbrrafi uapxa croe nepnruuoft
trepecefiana qeJlb; lroMeHTorr(phrrEfl orrr.E otrpee.lrfllb c ytrerM BpeMeilf,
EA SAtrASAIJBAETE

BEICIPEJIA;

BbICTPENbT IIO BOSMO}I(HOCTU IIPOESBOUT

trpE saryxasqs xo;re6axua. flpu crpenrcc trs opyrrE B cropoEy rrp.Boro


qernocrn crpe.nrdu uaao yrrtr"EBar
(aenoro) 6opra AJrfl noglme'rfi
tr_otrpagfiyErrpBJreuxfi Ea,qBtr?r(euuecsoe MamtrEr. 3ra roupauna trpE
Sranroror,r {BEftengrr rarrrurl (orxocxreaano qeln) co cftolxrcrmo
l0 nv/s palFa I ge.uennn firfta,Trr dononr,rx uotrpBor(, a trpr nocorf.qBEtr(enuu - V, Aeleurn.
Itoppexraporerae erpenr6H rro AaJrEEoicrR
E EilpaBJreEEFnFousBoRrcq,
nil{ IlpaaEno, oEolperExo.flaeraocrr .qo qeJrur ro4e crpe.nl6rr uo,{rr ocrBATG'CR
nOCrOrUrOtrJrr traueg-Frror Brrrcfpe.ilan rucipelyilroenosago so scx

uB

.ctrapeEEoro rryJreuera

Orors trB ctrapeurroro rryJreMera no rffuno ctrne E oraeBf,ru cpegcrlaM rrportrBurrxa odrrquo nptruexercn Fa Arrbnocr.Ex no 1000 u.
Crpemda fiB crrapenrroro uyneMera tro EerroAnulnxh[M rr BDKyrqtrMc
qenflM c Mecla, c fiopoKtrx ocTarroBortrc xoAy trJIn H uraBy, a laKlfte
KOppeKTEpOBAHEeOrrrff BXyrcff B ocHOBrroM TA il(e, KK ES Opytrfi
KyuyJ{ETUBHbIMUrpauaautr, C yseToM rrBJro}r{eHrloroEEI{e.
,{.nn aanognn cuapeunoro tryrreuera B qenb trrroJlbByrorcs re ,fie
upfiqenbEre Mapfir{ trpuqeJa, qro u ntr rraBoKn B qsfi cpyAff.s trpE
crpem6e r(yMyn,flTxDno rpaualo
flpu cmpeau6e c x.ecma rro Herroltr'Kno qenu ucxo4xr lprrlen rraaEaqaercfl, Kafi Anff crparr6rr trB opy4nff. flpn erou oqna rrpflqeJrtrBrrufl
Bhr6trpaerc.s: JreroM rra [anbnocrflx o 500 u - n neprne qacra r{qrrtr,
Ea Anbuocrsx 600-800 u - B qexrpe qeJrrr, rra ,{aJrbrrocrsx 900 u x
6onee - B rrnnrre qacrn qen[; arxo fla Aanbrrocrsx Ao 600 u - u
qenTpe qeJrtr, rra Jrbgoctnx 7ffi *r n 6onee - B nurnrre qacrs qeJrrir.
f[onpanxr rrarrpaRnenufl tr .qanbrrocru BBoATc.sBrnocou rorrxrr upu-

cnJruaEx cqglerct a.rbEocfbr r{ora oEa Ee ugMeEgelcff f,JrE BeJrrqEEA U8|ileEeElIE


paccfosErm ol Bsrcrllena r Brcrpeiry Ee trpeDbrmter 50 u. Ecrs,qaJ|'bEocr o qe.Trff
ISMeErIelc{' Jlrquga aueEeExfl paccTogrrrl cl(naF{Dagrcg uB tenltqtrqld trsu-

flpu crnpeat6e c xoy neo6xo4nuo ylrffrbrBarb trorpaBfty EtrpBneERg Ha,qBn{euue csoe Mamgrrlr, 3m uonparfia rrpu r(ocoM,qBmr(eusu

uamr{Ehr(orxocure.nuro 4enu) co cnolrccrbrol0 nuls paBua:trpu crpear6e


nr6e ra rry;reMerltaramar,rxona (tIH) - 2 rncssgbru.
fiqublu, upu
rrDtr crpelnc
crpenn6c

Ec,Tn senfisnga ornJronegrrs llegpflBa or qenrr tro laJrrgoorn oqgEeua B Merpax,


ItoppetTyBa-Alrq eJre,qrprrlero ar{crl}era f,assaqaerc.s: parro nce re.nrqsue orr(JroEeEEs, nora pftccrorEe ,qo qeJI[ Ue filureEfiercff, unn paero EeJrtrqEgeorKJroEernx, usxexeuxo. E rle,rrwruy EtrlreEeuxrtr paccronsgrr, ftola ltaccrofisne Ao qentr
rr8reEaercir- ornnosesn.s IIo [rJrEoctr B rorE lx xerpoB J rIIT[IBax)TCn EAMffieEUeM
qpBqeJra' a paBEire trpulrepEo 50 u_5ruuranasrcfl
Eroco.MTosr{u rIpuqeErlBaEEE
Eo Drircole re'/r tDsrylrrr upn crpe;rs6e tro sIIcoErrM 4errnM rr na t srrjpy uo qnru
opeFllx paspo8 {rarx n offotlo, tr]olEtsoraEftoBoeopyArre u r, u.)1. Ein ne;luvur5r
rriJreEEff uo nantrtocrn lrorne ucpBoro BrcfpenaoqeEur6 Ee yanocb rr arbEocrb
I(o qeJrE Ee ElueErnt.tt, utr)g{e.E Alrs BToIro$o BrcrpeJr EBMeEffTcr sa 200 u, Eor-

EeEUfl B gro?Osy,

200

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rrprrrrcnorof,El/]p

Olr{.rosef,ffm rpaaalr.

Bo aropou

cryqae

uB aaTouara - 2,5 Trcfirlnbrx.


flocxonrxy Ra?rioeAenentro rtrrarhr rryneMera coorBercrByer 2 rucsrrfif,ru AJrbxoorrr ctpe.nr6nr, trorrpaBxa rrarrpaBnerrnrr Ira ABtrlKeHtre
csoe xartrrrrrr trpu Kocolr ABEr{enrru co cxopocrbro l0 xu/u parra
oEoly eneuurc mfiaJrr qenur{a. flpu arou, ecJrtr crpenrda negercx r
coIXtEy trparom (aeuoro) 6opra, nfl ytrera rrotrptBr(tr rra ABr(erre croe Mam{rrrr qenr( EaAo rrepeueqarb Btrparo (rreno), a up -r{exnBalrfie uporraBor{TbfetrocpeAcrBeHno B qc,Jrb(riora Ee FrurErBarorcfl
rlorrpaBr(u, HatrpanJrerrnr na doxosofr nerep n Rnxierre qe;ru).
IIpr c m p e a. t 6 e
rr. a
a s m o rrl & tn a trotrpaBxa rratrpaBnerrtrff Ha ABrDfierrse csoe MaurEHryqnbrBaercn BrrrocoMToqxu
trpnqeJruBaEEfi OT qeJrn 3 COpOEy, trpOTEBOrrOnOniIIyIO
llatrpaBner{trrc
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r'rartrrrtf,r cocrEr{r 2 $nrypH (r/, Surypu H r(lr,qyrc corrm r.rerpon).
IIpu crperr6e a yclonr,flx oapaH,uverun.suumocmu (uovrlo, B ryuan
u r-.), ec.nu nad.ilroAerreBa troJrolnentreMrpacc tryrrb y r{eJrurreBosMo)rtIlpaauaa crpe:r6u

)l

HO' rroc.rreoAno-lpex
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oqepee roqxy upfiqentrRatrufl uo rraEpBreHuro

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trpnqe.-rbnyxt uapxy Ha 100-200

BJIEBO U IIO BbICOTE tr3MEII,flb

u r 66lrmyxl

rr Meubrtryro cropony.

Crpemda rla Tanna.


Ctpenr6a rIB Tarrna BeAerc.EHg rryltrxrr, cnpeHrroro rr aenurnoro rryJreMeroB,r{afi rrpaBtrJro,upxuo nanoArb c xoAy, c HOpOTTCUX
OCTaITOBOT(
r{ c Mecra. B nexoropnx cryqa.gx oronb Moir(er Becrucb uolyupnuo u
ueupxuo naao;1xo.
Oeona c oy - ocnosno cuocod Begentrfi orrrr Bo BpeMff araxtr
r{ KoHTpararu. flpu erou nartrdoJreerroJrHo rrctroJrbsyrorcfl Bce 6oesrre
xacecrBa raHr(oB, odecuecusaerca Bbrcoxn reuu trporBn?fieHus 6oeBoto nopsAr(a raHfi oBhlx rI MorocrpeJrr(oBblxtropaBAeJreunii,ylleRuuarorcg
6ocarre troreptr r+ Aocrrrraerc.r uonrrr,r pagrpoM trportrBrrufta F fioIDTKUe CpOHrr.
ozcna c nopomnug ounav,osotilpuMe'fferc.E B cJr)rqasx, fiorAa orogb
c xoEy na-ga 60;urofi ga.nr'noerr.rAo rleJrrr, MaJrbrx ee paSMepoB ut{rn
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flonpaaxra na 6oxoao Berep yuururraror AoBoporoM opyxiufl R ry
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paccl\orrEHff.
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qenu traMepeEa rJraSoMepEoi
P e Ine s n e. BHIt + BIIP : (+200) + (-f 00) : +100. VcranorBrCrpeJraEAAO yBenEqaTb Ea oAEo AeneEtre.
fiy Anff BTOpOTO
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IITVP) Ea ,qoJrEoclr Ao 1600 u
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clopoEy Ea rroJroBEEy trpe4;qyqe KoppeRrypil.
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loqxy trpu|{cJrr{BaEErl aaEaqaloT ncxosyrc, a ycTaEotKy trpnqena nocne AByx
legonemn (nepelemn) yBenuqnBapr (yueurmaror) sa'400 (200) u, r- e. BBonT
grofuyro fiopper(rypy, so c trtMeEeEtreMycraroBrn upnqela.
B rex cayuanx, KorAa Aaflbro'crb Ao qnu uaMeurercff, B ycrarounn rrptrqexa
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,rn crpenr6u uz tyneMera rIpEMeHfprcf L2,7-1MrIaTpoErc 6pgner
a
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no 1500rrr.

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- tro rpaccaM - xoMaEA,Ep (EApt,I(anqu) naupaBJrEr tryneMer
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xaEuaMaMu EaBoAKA;
- SArpaAETeJrbrrrMclroco6oM - uyneMery uptrAaercfi Ea trpeErronar1eyoy rryrtr trponerq caMoJlera (Bepronera) yrol BoBBbImeEtrrItrpuMepro 45a nno KoMaEAeorrprBaercn oforb [nEEEofi oqepeAblo.

oIEs Torll(y BAAEpoBaEufi Ea I(oJIbIlpu'segenutr COtrpoEoAuTeJIbEorO


qe ceTr(E trptrqena nrr6uparOr 1AK, qTOfibI trpoAOn?I(sEEeoOtr Qroaennxa
upomro qepeB llepeKpecrue celKtr IrpEqena.
flllaBnrra crpeatu

207

llpr crpe.nrde uo cntr)Karoqlnucx (uogunuarcrqnucx) Bspronerau


ytrpe)fiAeEuHa crycx (uoqseu) 6epyr paBEhrM 0-20, uo trapamrorrrcrau - 0-10.
flpu crpe.rr6e no neproJrerau E rroJroxerrntrsaBscaxtr.aE tro ocBern*
trepexpecrtrecerfi[
Te.lrbrrhrM
aana6ou6arrytrporr{Aelruere 6epyr, rraBoA.Er
trpurlena B qeurp qeau (n cBerflq,yrocr rouxy).
cmpeta6* rro Bbrcoreu EatrpannennxrrrpoEBBoAffT
Itoppenm,upoa&tutc
IpACCAM,
BbIITOCOM
TOIIIIII trptrrlenl|BAHllfl B CTOpOHy,rrpOTUEOtrOnOtfiHyIO
Ha BeiltrqEEy orxnotrenu.E qerrrpa rpyuuuponauu.s rpacc. Oronr Iro rpac.
caM nprMelrflerefr TorAa, Kor,qa aer BpeMelru Anfl otrpeAeJreHlr.sBeJrrrqtrHbr
yupe?fiAeHxs Ea ,qBtrlxefltrs Aenf, fr Alrfl. ocyqecrBneH.E HaBor(rrB l{enb c
troMoqbro reonnuMTopnoro trpuqena. Crpclarc.(o orripIlaer orogb,,
HarrpaBJrffr cTBon nynoMTArrecftonbKo BtrepeAtro EarrpaBJreEEro
ABtr)KeEufi qeJrrr,. ua6arogaer aa tronortenneu Tpacc trynb orrocureJlbrro qertr
tr, He trpexparqa.s crpenr6u, uoaopaqrroaer tryneile tax, rtodH Tpaccu
trpoxog,ffnE qepoo qenb.
upxueu,Il;r,n uaqexrnoro na6.rnoAenns sa peBynbrarautr crpelr6u
Iorcs IIaTpoEhI c TpacctrPYrcTl{uuu tynffriu E orEoItrEUII ft IIaTpoHaM c
Eerpacclpyroqnutr trynqilE re nesee 1:4.
Oco6onsocrr crperrr6r Eotrlrc. Crpear6a tB rt-snoB torrbx) no sa6aroaexxn
qenau BeAercff upauo ranogro c xctrorbgoDarrneMAxeBroro trJrE Eolrnofo
pnqelre.
qeJrfltt,
npuqer.eBeAercstro ocBqeushrM
Crpear6a c trcrronbaolaltaeuneenoao
a rafitfte no qeJrffM,o6rapyxnnaror{nu ce6s EctrrIlrutatrrl Brcrl]noa.Ilpauuaa
ctpell6u npnuexflrorcn Tarne E(e, RaI( E Areril.
IIpu crpear6e Eocbroc upu6opann Eoqsoro BrAeEtrnA&nrrocrtr odrapyxexna
qere aanncrr or rxurrqecxgx BoaMoxtrocreupn6opoa, creuegtr ocBeqenf,ocrtrr
paaffepoBE r(oETpacrEocrtrqeJrn, oT ETp'edtrpoBalrEocrtr
E trEAtrBuyaJrbBrr
ftacecTB EaEoAgtrfia.
fitrlr now+ux nput4eaoetpa6oraroulnx c uogcnerxo, nbuocr crpear6rr B cpegEeM pasua 800 u. flpr crpenl6e c Eotruux rrpnqenou npuqenbuyro Mrpr{y traanarralol corracno uaMeperEo gaaruoctrr Ao qsntr, Totrr(y trpur{eJluBalufl - qerTp
qenu u loql(y B peAenax r(oETypa qeJlu, ecJra yql|TblBaercfl otrpaBr(a EatrpaBneEIrff Ea ABrrlr(exue qenn Bbruocou mqxlt trpnqeJrtrBauua. IIpn ctpear6e cnap.sAt!a
c sasarrrsoi cftopocrro 6oarure l00O u/c uo[pBfty EatrpaBnetrua Ea ABurReEuoqeJIN II

CBOETO TFRA

gE

YqINHBAIT.

Ocsonso oco6esrocrr crpear6u c EoqEbrM rrp[qeJrox flBJrflercff BacBorr(a


non.s Bpennfl trpuqena ilptr Bucrlrene {s trynu(tr. Ilocae nHctpeJla aftI{tra( B upr6opu uovxoro BBeEsr cBooro ranxe, NtR upBrrJlo, Ee BuAur paprBaE Mecra uaAexr.rr crapsgt rrpq trpouax, rroaroMy uadnrogerue at peaynbrarauu crpear6u
cneAyer aecrn no coco4nero ranxa rrJru c xa6aro4areabaoro nyEI(Ta c noMorqbro
npn6opon Foqnoro ByAeEa, llanrepntr Bernsngy orRJroEeEnEpaapbrBa rrJru Tpacca
tro Brcoro6rrwo se yAaercfl. B arou cnyqae otrpAeJrflercx BEar( paspuna (orxnoueuue) u crpear6a Koppexrupyerc rlo ra6aro4erun anar(oB paBpHBoB. Ecau orr(Jrouerrre ne ua6lro4aaocb, qeJrb Ee troparrcora, ctpeardy rrponoJlxralor rrouepe-

TEJIEI{.

208 ruasa qerrelvrag

nymKIT R odecrresexufl ftopa?fienufl r(ef\rn yveur,menuq omlt6or crpenr6n BB


all sqtro c 11epBoro Blrcrpena ueo6xo4nuo rrrlarenblro rt ttpaBnnbuo corJraeoBbraarb
u noqnoft, n 4ueauoli nprir{eJlln"

EA8o;{qr B IIeJrb trpfi CJre,Iylonle orlcpeIl.

B 6oxt
YnpaanenneGrns*l noflpasAerlegmfi
Opranuaaunfl

clrcreMbr

oFEfl

Orour' trogpaageJreflH snltflerc-fl ocHoBITLIM cpegcrBoM Yuuqro?fie'


l1{fl rrpoTIIBIIIrHa nplrt Bbr IIoJIIIeHIIu 6oesrrx aaaq s 6OrO. 3{SeHtunuOCrn
OIHfl [OCTHIaeTCfl: IIpaBIInbHr,IlI UOIIOJIbAOBIItrMOtHeBhIX CpegCTB B
CooTBeTcTBa c VIx 6oesbrMu BoSIIolItHocTflMq, BlIeaaIIHoCTbIo npllMelreBe[err11e[ ero c trpeeJrr,Ho [JroTtrocTblo a
EI[q, MeTfiOg1bro orgtr,
MaKCITMaJrblr0 aHTeIrCuIlHOCTblO,A Tafi7fie yMeJIr;IM yrrpaBJrenrdeM.
corJlcoyilpaBJIeHE.E orneM 3ar(Jlloqaerc.s B nounperno
Cyqnoclrl
BaHrrr,rx E opraHr.rsoBarrrrbrx ccrBuffx Bcex orlreBhlx cpeAcrB no,qpaSAeJreHr{fl rro yEtrtllo)rieHrrlo npoTtrBHur(a. cor.nacosaHHoe u yMeJIo oprarrrrsorlaHr{oe trpIIMeIIeIII{e IIITaTEIiIX U [pIIAaIIIIbIX OTHetsIJXcpeAcTB IIOApa3eJreHrrfi, yirounnoe rI fletrpepbrBlroe ypaBnenue uMu B 6olo nosuoJrrrroT coSAaBaTb orlleBoe rlpeBocxoAcrB0 HaA IIp0IIIBHIII{OM II B KOpOTfiIIe
cpoKE HaHocr{Tb ellry Ilopaxetrae.
f npaetenue oat'eJn,- ero coBonyflHocrb Mepotrprrgrl4' trpoBoAr4MhIX r(OMarrArrpoM IlopaSAeJrerlu.fl rlprr noroToBxe rr ts xoe
Be4eurrs 6oenr,rx Aectsra B r{ennx nau6onee IIoJrEoro [cIroJIbSOBaHlrfl OrrIeBr{X BOSMO)XHOCTeuo4paa4eJlelrrrfi rr cpeAcrB
ycrlJreuus AJI.E rlopax(euufl orneBbrx cpegcrB z lrrnsoft curr
trporrrBlrufia.
Ono snaloqAeT KOMtrJIeI(c Mepotrpllnutfr , uponOAIIMLrx KOMaII[ttpOM IIopaaAeJreun.fl rIpE oprautraaqurr oruff r{ B xo4e ero l}eAell[fl. B coorsercTBtrr.r c aTr{M ytrpaBJrerrue orHeM Mo}nHo pa3AeruTb Ha oprHl{3aqr{ru
cHcrerrhr orHtr K ylrpaBJrerleorrleM,
irecrnocrlr;
oI{eIrKy
Br(rro9T]
orufl
crlcreuhr
Oprarruaaqua
MecrHhix npeAMeToB; oprarrasHaqeHrte opueETrrpoB rr lto[upoBaflHbrx
rrr{3arlup pa:}BeAKu qerle Hafir1o[egl4eu; nu6op r'r o6opy,4onagrre orgenoauqll;
IIocTaIIoBKy or]reBhlx SaAaq tropaseJreHlrgM' dOennnr
rgx
MArrrrrHaM, orneBhlM cpeAcrBaM; troAroToBr(y ucxoAHhrx AaHHrx AJrfi
crpe;rr6r,r ; ycTaHoBJIeHrre currraJl0B ynpaBJreHr4.s orHeM.
14 garas 1662

llJrag:lra crle;u6a

209

I{ayuznun u otlcnna tzcrnruoernu B EnTepocax peureunn orneBtrx aarr


EBJTETCff qACTbrO OqeIrRE OdCraROeXU.

B ee XOAe OlrpeeilflIOTCR:

5ztv1g911t

Atrrgna6lroAeHrrfl R crpenrdu; uecra (yracrnu) pacuo.noifieHrrfl,BoaMoHiEoro no.flBJrerruaorrreBhrx cpeAcrB trporrlBrrura, oco6euno uporrrBoranxoBblx, TaEr(ootracrreHanpaBneftr.s, Eau6onee BepoflTnbrerrtrparJrenr{rt
gbcrnu caMoneroB n upolhnotarrxoBbrx BeproJreroB; trpe4ronaraeur{e
B Cnyqae Epr{MeErru.s
finepHoFo opyrr{trE; Hannllue
tr8MeHelltrfiMeCTIIOCTTT
trpetrfircBn, aarpax4euu u rrop.fl,qoxorrreBoro odecnesenu.stro4paailelenu trpu rx trpeonoJre-Hrru;rr KaKnx EalrpaEneEnrrx, py6exax, yvacrrax, ftar(tre BtrAr ctrocodbr Begetsn.sorufl rlenecoo6paano trprrMennfli;
A.rrblruerpaHUqI 3oR orKprTtrEorHff E rlopfiEor( BeerrEflorrr uo TaLKaM trporuBnuma [rB rarrxoB, EM[I, C[II, P[II, rro rrexore nB crpe"rrnoBoro opyrr{ufl; BoaMo}r(Eocrr{Begerrns orrrx B trpoMe)r(yrKrr, r.ra-Ba$.uauron
tr troBepx cBoux uogpaale.renu.
f\nn ynparJrennfl tronpaa4eneruflMu q orneM Bo Bcer Brax 6or xonauqnpou 6ara.rrrona (poru) Eaanatrarorcfl euv,e opuerNnl,upd.
tr Moryr
noupoeambcn omettuu,ue recLu,ue npexcntw. B xasecrse opllerrrnpou
urr6nparorpff xoporuo Bu4trr\threAHoME Hoqbrou naudonee ycrovurnre or
paapyrneufl Mecrulile upe4Merhr. Opueurlrpu Hyuepyrorcff cnpaBa rTaJrero r{ no pydexrau or ce6s B cropony rrpornBur{Ka. OnH as opu.er.TfrpoB Eaaxqercrr oclroBnnu, o6uuno H Aanbnoctn 2,5-3 KM B cepegune
(oruc). IIo r;ry6nne opEenrEpbr rraaHqarorcfl Ha
IroJocbr HaoJIro,UeHnn
AaJrbuocrsx - 3000-35@ u. B erax npegeJrax neo6xo4uno Ererb opneElflprir! cooTBelcrByroqEe AanbHocrsM trpflMoro Br{crl}eJra tr trpeAenbEbrM AaJrbnocrsM 4eficrerrenbnoro ornfl raHxon, BMII (BTP).
opneutnpu o6uuno nrrbuparur
,{na uorocrpenrorrux rropaa:Ie"lreun
xa py6exax 500-600 u 800-10t
r, a AJrn IITyP - na py6exax 500
r 3000 u. C yueroTrr aroro trepo4 {ponrou Eacryrrneutrfl porrr }ro}fter
6rrrn raanaueuo 3-4, a B cropoue 4-6 opuerrrupoB Ea 1Byx-rpex
pydexax. Opnexrnprr o6u.rno Haauatrarorcfl c trErepBaJroM,paBEbrMBefiErrtrEe frr:ra 3-00, sro obecuetllrBaer ocrarorrHyro rorrEocrb n ducrpory
qeJreyr(asanna. flpu xeodxogruocru r{oManEpbrpor r{ BBBo,qoBMoryr
gaSHaqaTb AoIrJrrIqTeiIbHre
opEenTrrpbr, I(oTopbrMllpr{uuchrBarcTc.Eyc.IIOBEhIE EAEMI{OBAE'I.g .

Or[e.rr'nuu
)rracrr(aM Mecruocru ({opuaar pe.rseQa) u Mecrnbru
trpe4![erau gnn 6ucrporr opuerrrtrponanuff tr cxpbrrHocru ynpauJrenr.rfi
Moryr AaBarbcfl ycJroBnbre (xoqnponaunne) rauuenoBannflr rrauprruep
.nec <Teuurr:r, nrrcora <fl;rocnag> E T. tr.
Ha6tn0enuc aa npornueH,unolr opranuayercff Bo Bcex BEAax 6o.s u geercE HenpepbrBuJrrlqno r(our{Anpauu rro4pa4ereuu, na6lro4are.ubnbrMu
.IIocraM u na6nro[are,Tf,M. Hadnn,{areJrrrre rrocrbr odrrsHo Eaggaqarlrcn: B MorocrpeJrnoBou E Tarrftoaou 6ararrosax - IBa-Tptr trocra, B pore - oArrE-[Ba na6.nrogatenff, Bo BBBoAo u orl{enenuu (axunafi(e) -- tro oAEoMy na6nrcAare.nro. HadaroAarerbflr{M trocrau B cocraBe
AByx-Tpex rIoJIoDeKsBuaqaercfi. IIoJIoca na6;rrogexnfl, Ir6nro4aroJrrocenrop radlrogenus. Ha 6oenxx ualrrru rrexorlr (ETP) tr raul(oB Bo Bcex
cJryqaEx BeAeTc.sxpyro8oo rao.nroAeune 8 MecrEocTbro, BoS.qyxoM ril
210 rnana qeraerJa'

curtraJraMr Kouan[npa. B ranxax (EMII) cexrop Hadaroqerns o6usuo re


upeabrtraer uoJrrr Bpenr{n npu6opa ctpe.nl6u na6aroerurs E cocraB.rrfler
yroJr Ao 3-00. ,(nn y4o6crna na6nro4enufl a rarrra, EMn (BTP) uecrBocrb B troJroce na6.uroenus o6mqao paageJrflercfi Ea rptr Bor{hr:
dnzxtnroro - no 10ffi u, cpgnroro - 1000-2500 u, 4anruroro - cBbrrrre
2500 u. Ocrrrorp lrecbnoctu Begercff no pj6eniau or ce6s ft trpornBrrr.txy,
ctrpana HaJreBo.1l noqse BpeMs r.uy6ura BoHf,ryMeHbrrraercs.
noaut4uu nrr6uparorcff TaK, qto6u osu o6ecueqnBairr4: xoOew,eebte
pomrrii o6aop tr BogMoznnocrl BeeHtrorlrfi B ocrroBnolr u [otroJrutrreJrbEoM cKropax o6crpera; BoaMolnnocrr crpenr6r Ea trpegeJrbrryn Aan,rrocTb B SalarrHhrx HarrpaBJreHr{sxE llopax{eHr,reilpoTuBHrrKacocpeAoroqeHHbrMorHeM; rraAe;fiHoe yKpr,rrr4e oT orlreBbrx cpe[cTB IrpoTuBHnKa;
cKprTrrre
tryTs IIoAxoAa tr BbrxoAarra 3rracHbretro3uqrlr{, MacfinpoBKy or
raSnrolpnufi trporuBufrKa; BaarrMrryroorneByro trogepxny rr Be4eurreot'Ue-aa s;ranra IIoBepx cBotrx noApaSAeJrennfi.He
EE B trp0Me?r{}*Tr{U,
cneAyer nn6uparl orneBhre troarrlr{n s6flusu pear{o BbrgeJrfiroqaxcfl
rlecrxrx tpe[Meror, Koroprre Moryr o6aersurr trporr,rBr{uxy o6napyixeEtre u upucrpeJrltty, a raKlrie na rpe6nax Bhrcor, Ea Korophlx ouu 6y4yr
upoequpoBarbcrr Ha froue neba.
Oruenne rroarrrlun tro cBoeMy Eaanarrennro troApsgen.Erorc.E
Ea ocEoBHbre,8tracHbre,BpeMerrEbreu Jro)r{Hble.
Ocnonnue orneBbre trogrrqutr trpeguaaHaqIorcn AnR Bblrronneulrfi ocEoBErxdoennx aa4aq s 6on. Ouu nnr6uparclcfl aa rpe6nruu Bt{cor, Ea
Hlrx orprBarorcfl onotrr, o6ectrequBaroqfie ilarqury or rrpnMbrx uonaganu
cnaprrgoB (ny.rrr) rr saqury or opylr{uff MaccoBoro tropatr(entrfl: Ocsosnble
tro3rrqur{ nfl Ra?r(AorGorHeBoro cpeAcTBa yKa5}blBaroTcflHoMaHAupoM
poru (nano4a).
Sauacnrre orEeBhre troasrlu upegnaanarrarorcfl Anfl ocyqecrBnenufl
MaEeBpa I toAe 6ofl, a raroilo na cn5rra EeBoaMoir(Eocrtr BhrtroJruerrtr.Euocretnenrro aagaqu c ocnosno troatrqr{tr. !,an raixgoro BEAa opyx(tra
rn6uparotcrr oAHa-Ane Barracnfle troatrquu. flepexo4 fia sarractrhretrostrqtr u rx BaHflTue trporrEBoAETcflToJrbKotro [pr{Ha3y noMHAtrpa troApa3[eneEuq.
Bpeveunrre orneBre troatrr{trtr HaBnarramrcfi JrrrBbrIIoJrEeHEflqacrnrrHhrx orueBbrx saaq: uoAAep?r(KE[ecrar rrogpas4eneuu, o6oponaroqux rrepegoByro troar{qfiro, [Jrrr 6oeuoro oxpEenu.E, Be4etr.sorur{ Ha
6ourmue AanbrrocTnu Hoqbro.
Jloxsrre orneBble troatrrurn cosgarorcs Jrff BBe4euufl trportrBrruxa B
sa6;ryxgeune oruoctrToJrbno r{crnnuoro Mecronaxoxigennfl ofueBbrx
cpecTBtr AJr.strpuBJleqeEurrEa Etrx ero ofHr{.
B aanucuuocru or cretrerru )'r{pDrrEfl or ua6alo1elrufi r{ orufl upTHBErrK orrreBbre rro3urltru ror]-T 6urr ornpnrr{}rn E Bampblrr,rurt.
Orrprmue orueBbre'aoaurluurIpeIIHaBnatrarorcflgnn crpelr6u upavofr
u ronytrpflMo nanoArco. PIx BarrnMarorrarxtr, EMII (BTP), upotunoTaEI(oBbrecpe4crBa. C ornprlrnx orrleBblx uoauqu Moryr Becru oronb
BCe BtrAEr aprEJrnepEu.
i41

npaa$;ra

crperslw

217

yKpbrrr{ AJrfl JrrrsHoro cocTaBa.


Ilocmax,oena oerre*btr aaav nopaa)eaenuan rrpotrBBoAurcfl 6oeBhrMrrprrKaaoM, a B xoAe 6on - 6oenlru pacnopfl?fienzeu (uo4ase Honrau4rr). ornenr.re SaAarInB rreptro opfarrtrSar{un 6on BKJrroqrorHaBEase}trI{erroJrocorEfi, ceKToponoocrpe.na, yqacrKoB cocpeAororlerrHoroorHE
rr nopflAox ero Be4errtra, pydexrefr ornpbrrtrff ornq tro4paaerrenurrun,
a ArrE aprrrrnepr,rcxrax (lrnnolrernlrx) noqpaage.nesra- yqacrnoB cocpeororreEHoroorHfi r,rpy6exe HerroABrr)r{Eoro
SarparrreJrbFroroof Hs.
' lfonoca orn.fl yxaahrBaercff rra Mecruocru (ua
xapre) verr,rpru.s rrecrHr,rMu trpeMeraMr (opr.reurnpaMr,r,roqKaMra) cupaoa rraJreBoor ce6fl r(
rrporuBnuxy. Hanpulrep, <ilepnolry BaBoAy odoponnrs ouopnu [ynr(r
yroJr rreca, oBpar, nuc. <<[tpyrna.s>.floaoca orHfl: cnpaBa - HycrapHrrfir
rpr4 oreJrHbrx[epeBa, cJreBa- oBpar, orAeur'ur,rgoirlr>.IIIupuHa rroJrocr{ [oJr]rina 6n:rn qe MeneeSpoara rro4paa4eJreuua,r.ny6ra]ra - Ha [anbEOCTb4eCrnUre.rrbrroroorlrff rlopa3eJregug.flo;rocr orHff ooeAHrrx
troApaa4eJrennftgorNruhr rrepexpbrBarbc.aEa ganbuocru 5ffi-600
u or
rlqpe4nero Hp,aq, qro odecuesunaer trpufipnrrue crbrxoB ri rrpoMolmyrxoB
MelfiAyrro4paa,qenenurrMa-.
flonoca oru.fl - orl{eJreruro tr cer{ropruo6crperra - orrrerbrM cpe[crBau (E$fI,
.ETP, raan, .I]TyP, Pilf, iltt) "yraBb!BarorcflctrpaBa HaJrenoAByMff Mecrnr,rMr{rrpeMeraMrr(opr.leurnpauu).
Renr.tquna cexropa He Aorrlfina npeBr{trrarb Berurruuy yr;na .3-00. flonocrr
orrrff R cexrcfpro6crpe.na, r(aK rrpaBtrJro,yr(aar,rBarorc.rl:
porl{ - ftoManArrpoM GaraaroRa, BBBoaM- KoMaHAupoMporbr, rHfiau, BMII (.TP),
tryreMeTrrurtaME rpaEToMeTlruHaM, I(OMaEArrpOM
BSBOIA,OTAeJreEU.fl.
,I{rn pemenrrrr orneBr,rx BaAq tropaaAeJreuuflMEaBuarrarorc.Eyqacrxtr cocpe4ororrennoro olx.fl. Cocpegorouensu orour, BeAero.E AJrfl
uopa)fi eHufi BarfiEbrx qele (paxerur,rx ycraEoBon, uyHr(roB ytrpaBJreEE.fl
,
raHRoB, IITyP, rpyutroBr;rx {Bre) rra EaJrbuocrrrx, rpe4ycMorpennbrx
rrrxaJraMn npuqenoB. Cocpegoroueusu ororrb npauo uauogxo (4.ua
raHKoB - n florryrrpnuo) BAercfl rro Ronftperno o6napymeuno qetu
r{Jrrr rpytrtre qenefi.
Paauepr.r yqacrft oB orrpeAeJrsrortflornenhrMrrBoaMolnHo
cr trwvrnoqpaBgeaenu: IIJrff crperrxoBoro opyxrtrq MorocrpeJrnoBoro BBBoAa yqacroft
cocpeAoroqenrroro olnfl c rrJroruocrbro 70-12 ilynb Ea 1 u uoxer cocratsJrffr-bqo 100 M; AJrfl BBBoAaEMII yyacrox CO tro mEpEEe - Ao
75 r'r (uo 25 u na opy4rre), ro rny6uRe - go 50 l.r; 4ua raunonro BBBoAa
(3 ranra) y{acrox CO uo mupune Mo}Ker cocraBlflrb lo 120 u (no 40 rrr
na opy4ze), uo rny6une - no 100 u.

IIpu eocpegoroqeruoM oflre Mo]fier 6nrrr paanuunu uopnAox: MeroAuuecttu oroub,6ernrr oroub u aJlrraMrr.flpu ne4enurl Meto4uqecxoro
ornfi crpeJrxrcq,Ee EMn, Talrnn rrponauo,qtrr BblcrpenI n onpegenenno
trocnegoBareJrbnocrtrrlepea ycranonJrernble trpoue)fiyrnra npeuenu. Ilpu
Be.qenr{n6er.roro ornq EMII (ranxra) [por,IaBo[trr BblcrpeJrblrro Mepe rTeMUOU.IlpU BeAeHr{r{OrHrr BaJrrraMUBCe
OOCTuC MaKCtrMAJTbErM
crpen.s.rcrque rannu (BMII) npouoBo4.r BbtcrpeJII'I oAHoBpeMeHHotI('
rtoMaEAeKOMaIrArrpaIIoApaSAeEeIru.
Cocpegoroueunnr oroub rrs crpenxoBoro opylr(Efl Iro rraBeMnhrMr{e'
JrflM Be,qercfi: uB aBroMaroB r[ rryJleMeroB- [o {000 M, EB ftpynnoxa'
go 2000 lr. I] qeaax
nndepurrx tryJreMeron, ycratoBnealrbrx [Ia ETP,yBeruqefi fi fl aQfenrnrnocrtr rropa?fientr.rrtrpornBHr{Ka rro,qroraRJruBaerc}l
Sponrarrrnn, t[nanronr,r, uepeHpecturr rr nIrHiHa.nbnnrorour,. Oponranlsmfr ororrb -oloHr,,
naupan.uenurr neprreHI,IKyJrflplroSpouty
qeru. On 6onee 4eficrBurerreu uo r;ry6oxuu I{eirrrM.(Dnanrorr,rfr oroul, -'
orolrr,, HarrpanJrenrrHiiso {naur r1e.nu.Dror BraAornfl nau6onee qeficrnu*
TeJrer{uo ruupoxo r1enu. Ilepenpecrnu oronr, - oronr,, negyqucx ucr
qenu Ee Menee qeM c AByk HatrpaBJreutr.f(uuxtanrnr,r oronr, (ro;rr,xo
Anfl crpeJrxoBoro opyrafl) - orr,Hb, ornphrBeMbr$uegauno c 6rllsnlrx
paccroxuuft n oqnou EanpaBJrenur{.
B aasrcuMocru or xapaftTepa qeJrr4,ee Ba)ftnocrz tr ycJroBtrodcraEolnrr crpe;rr,6a Ha rropan{enrrerleJrn EB raEXoB, EMII, opygu (uunomepaapyrueus.
ron) negercfi c Ba4aqc yauqronienllr, rroAaBJrenv.fl.ur
VEsroxenae rleJru Baxrroqarctr B Earreceuan efr,TaKtrx troBpen{Aenr (uorepn), npu Koropbrx ona rroJrrrocrbro repfler 6oecuoco6uoctr,.
floAasnen[e qeJrr{BaxJrroqaerc.flB Earreceunu e raxux rroBpe}fiAerru(norepr), prr Koropbrx ona BpeMeEHoJr[trIaerc.s 6oecnoco6nocrtr, orpauuqllBaercq ee MarreBp r{ru Hapyrtraercfl yrrpaBJreune. Paapymenue qenu
B llptrBeAeErruee B IIeroAIIoe cocToflr{r{e.
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lIs crpelnoBoxo opy?firrfi oronb rra tropax(gntre Beqerc.s o aagarre
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rpauaroMeroB - c Baarrefiyuurrro)fierrtrrru pelxo Ea paapyrueurre r{eJrlr.
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I(OTOpbre
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npauo uano4xofi B rrepr{og orneno tro4roroBl(q arnz E c Barpr,rrhlx
orHeDbrx noauuufi.
flpu opraru,raar{[n orrrfl B odopone AaHHbreroroBsrclr no py6extau
(opuenurpau). rge o'fiE4aercfl rroflBJrerruetrporuBurrxa, a rarorre rro HaMeqeIIEIM

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cpecrts.
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212 l;rasa cergDrrn


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orIoSEaB&EEr U qeneyHaaaflnfi An..EcBoEx' caMoJreToB.E BeIITOJISTOB.
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ocyqecTBnflTbcE roJrocoM.
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orr{pbrrrle orxs rJrr{ uocranoBKy orneahrx aanq, na6lrogenue Ba peaynbraTaME OIrlfl rr efo HoppeHTlrpoBatrIle,MaeBporEeM, r(orrTponb 3a pacxoAoM 6oetrpEflacoB.
Poaaena Haaetn*x u aoaywnua qene., opraurraoBannaa qo 6oa,
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tr{ne trpllsrraHr xapaKrepHrx rlene, xoropb{e ileilflrcfr, rra rpu fpyrrtrEr 3prTenbEbre,cBeloBres sBjrftoBr..o6uappxnB qeJrb, r(oMaH[up noApaaaneEtrff otrpeAenfreT e 3arrsEne, xapaftTep,.MecTotonoE(eEtre E yA&,rrenne. Ha ocsonarsu arux AaEHhrx o qenn E trpurruua.ff Bo BEEMaEue
o6crauonxy r doenylo saga.ry crogro no4pasqeneu[s, KoMaEAEptrpouaBoAET orIeEXy qeJrrr ll pnrruuaer peruenue Ea orr(pbrrue orax. I{ear
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r{JrbMeruaer BhruoJrEeEE-Io
locraB.uenno 6oono BaAsE E yrpo]Kaer
no4pasenentrro Eirll cocegy), tsoaMolriuocrrr ee troprtexu-E orueu trMeKF
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{elu ua uoae 6os Mo}r(Eo paagerrtrTbEa.o,qtrHotrulre E rpytrnoB}re.
flo creneEu yflsBf,rocra qeJrb Morr(er 6rrrr y.r(pFTo.uorxpuroft, a uo
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YHI{rITOrltlITbD.
<<Otqereuue,opr{erlr{p 3-, rpynna ncxorbr! nocrosunnii, r.} llor{u, l{..ruErrr,ruu - OIOHl,r.
Ioxan}u t* omxpamua,oeHi
<fparartxrervury, ro rpanoMy raury 3, B cepeltruy - OI'OHi;r,.
217
rupatsrflac,r.pe:rr661

(flyneuerqurry, opnerrrr{p 3-i, n:reno 10, ny.nerrer 5, uo rlenb - OfOHr.


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aBroMarrufiaM neBoro 6opra uepeo 6oiissr{H, nflsrr,run -- Ofo}trbr.
po66,n
u.n oevai
Kon,andu nn rcoppexmu
- ro 6oxoaolry narpabaenuro:
<,Croii, ra rplr flryprl BrrpaBo-- OIOHlrr;
<Cro, qerux BJreBo2 - OfOHbr;
-- rro ,[anbgocrrr:
<Croii, npuqe.'r 5 - OI0IIbr.
Iloxanu, ,nn .uaneepa oanex:
''- rrprr cocpeloTorrcfin ornfl:
<Or4eleuue, opnerrrrrp 2-, rupano y orAeJrbnoro6yrpa - fiexora, 4, r, ot4c,
rioporxlrun - 0IOHt'r;
<Ore.nesne,no aproMarrfle, 3, B cepeJlnny- - Of OHbr;
tOr;1e.'renue, cocpe4oroqerunii, lo BTopoMy, IrocrofiErrr,r. JrREEr,rMu
Of 0Hbr;
-- r1pfi p3encHrln orEff:
<AnrouarrnxaM flerpoBy, Cn;topony, Cnupnoay, oplrerrrnp 1-fr. nnpano 20,
3a,{erllraexoTa, 3, noA ue.nr,,[y,'reueTqrrfiy il ilrrr(]uaTqtrfiau Eropon.'r',llaauony,
rro rrepe6eraroqe uexore B r(ycrapnure, 3, B rrosc, r{oporr{uMH- OIOHbT;
- ;lnfl flepeEoca orH.:
,rily;reverqllx, cro, oprrenrnp 2-, B!'reBo 80, /IanIe 204, flyxeMer llOi{AI}I{Tbr;
rrorAenenne, croii, oplrenrnp 1-ii, BrrpaBo 2(), 6nuxe 150, rpylrta ilcxorbl,
rrocroxruu, B noflc, HoporlorMrr-- OI'OHbir.
; \ ; r n

v 0 T o c r p e i r f i

o B o r o

(IleproMy orgerrea${y, nd repe6eraroqe nexo B r{ycrapulxe, 5, B nosc,


AIEEEITUII; BroIX)My OTASIEEIOrro saJlerme trexole B JroqnEe, nocroauaN, nog
qenr,, KoporKr4Mlt;TllerbeMy oreneEnrc, tro arar{ypqe rexore, noctorrurrfr, B noqc,
AirEsEbrME- ofoHbr;
-- AnA epeocaorEf c o4uofr qeru sa Apyryro:
(BaBoA, cro, opneuTnp 2-, BIIpaBo20, dlnrxe 200, rpyrna rexorhr, B norc,
rioporxrur - OI'OIIbI.
I t o u a E A h l , t r o A a a a e M r eK o M a s R p o . r r B B B o A a r r o p a r { o
-- fipfi rroAxoAe r( fiepeAlreMy r(paK):
*Axaqraa-2, s -- Axaqns. Oprenrnp 2-, 6.nuxe 200, tasr B oKotre, c xoAy !'rrr{qm)r(firr,. fI. - Axar{un. flpneur;
<Llponc6ofinuu, 30-00, ralrl( B oxore, 800, c xoAy -- OIOHbT;
<Anartus-3, n - xaqux. flprlto B rparmee rlyneue tr ilexora rrportrBurrna,
c xoAy - yunqroTr(rrrr. -fl -- Axaqtlx. flpneur;
<Ilyleuer, opnetlnp 4-, r.uero 40, ny;reuer a rexora uporlrBrrnliar 400, c xoiry -'Of0Hbu
- sa !'HrrrrroE{eErefITyP:
<Axaqss-3, r -- Axaqur, oprerrrrp 1-, ureuo 100, IITyP, 1200, c Kopornoii * ysutlTox{nrb. lI - Axa4n'a. Ipueu>;
(OcxonoqrruM,30-00, lITyP, 1200, c Koporxo - OlOHbr.

I t B B o A a

ll otm anoena oe n,etata ea} aqi


-Vr{aAaIIlle II()JIC}C},1OI'fitl:

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ce}irop o6crper -- tsrlpBo Ea r(aMsl);
orryilRa porqr{, oloJrnnrentnuii
- \'Ha3aElre cefiTop o6crpela:
tllepnolry
pacqery poruoro [y,'roMera, orueuaJr Irosrrrlufl - cyxoe epego.
t)csounoii cerrop o6crpeaa - or;1e.rrr,nu o.ll, Ba AepeBa, olroJrnrrrenau cexTOp Oo0Tpexa - ErrrraBo Ha Hrnu).
It eaellxaaantte:
uT OpueETfipoB:
200 - nyr'tever:r;
<Oplreurup l-ii, s,reno 50, 6luxe
-- rlenb pacrroJroil{eHa 6;rn3xo H .scHo tsnAna:
<llpnvo _- ry;reuer), <Clena - rarrx);
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<(l;reea or4c:rrnuii
rr.ycr, BtrpaBo 20 -- rra6nrogareirbt;
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- rlenb yaneEa 01 opuetlrfipa uJlrr llaxonrcB rra flepeceucEHorr lecruocrll:
r<Opnenrup 1-i.i, s.rero 40, ae:rrenu 6yrop, :renee B r{ycra, ta rrpan[ru - tryneM10;
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- lpaccllpyroqnMtr
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Ea otryrlrrc porqs - raxr{, HadnrcAarb a rpacco).
nn xaxeapa oaruexl
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- ns olKpriTrlfi
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219

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rpex 6arapeff, no4pasqenenufi odecreqenun
u o6c;lypactr{nBaHrrri.,ltunuanon
tro.TlaraeTct Ha oII{eBbIx II03r4rlrrflx, KaH IIpaBuJro, II06arapeffno n Molr(er uoplfiaTb orroBpeMeHHo orry
ujrrr Hecftonbl{o rleJre"

Earapen (aprunrepucxafl,
ivrIrI{oMeTHafir poafitunuoii
aprra"rrrrep[u) runx,
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u
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opy4n (ruunoucron, 6oeBbrx Marrfarr) u nanoqa (orgerenur) yrrpaBrrerrun.


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troSarlrru r{JrrrHecKoJIbIoqele, s BaBr{caMocruor r(onu.rrecrBa opy4nfi n 6arapee,
orneM npnuo nanogxo.
flpn nuuonHerrtru orreBrJx
Baarr 6arapea, KaK rrpaBUJIO,pCnOJraraeTcg
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trntr

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6a-''noaaepxtunaroqee
lro4pasgenenue ([unuauon,
aprnalepucnoo
aprgJlJlepucxoro
Tape.E, naoog), ocraBa.flcb B 11o;1qggegsu crpuero
aralrx 6os BIiIIIoJIEfieT saAaqu
Ha orAelbgblx
tto-ru"g"pu (uvanruura),
tro ofHeBoMy IIOparfieHqlo IIpoTEBIIqKaJ trocTaBJIeHHIe ftoMall[npol(
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uJrlr trplr4aercfl o4lro I'ra por.
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pearrnono
aprEJrrreptrE AecrByer, KaR trpaBEJIO, B COCTABe
Barapex
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BIII9JIIIflST
E
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ou
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Ornesofr BsBoA Br'rnonufleT orneBbre gtraqn B cocrayorarroBor( ilTyP)'
ne 6ataper uJru caMocroTeJrbno.
n 6oro AeIITyP)
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Opyue (unnouet,
ux auqurufr
cTByeT, KaH rrpaBtrJro, B CoCTaBe 3BOAA. o6C.lymunaroqu
pacllerou
pacuerou
IIrIE
(vuuouetunu)
cograp IIehIBercJI opygunuu
6oeso Malrrunt (Ycrauonnn).
Bano4 ynpaBnenuff
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p""u"lxi,,
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"""
ytrpaBneEu.fl cocToEr EB orAeneEtrfl paaBoIKq u orAoJreEu.tr cBflBtr'

cilGre'
xaparrep,cr'Ka apHJtr,epilHc*ttr

B sasucuuooru or x{panrepa qene A.n.s 6olee oSrfexrnnnoro prrreggfl fioenrrx Bagaq Ea Boopy?Keguuaprllrlnepucrnx no4paagelenl
Iraxo.srcfl opyAur{ paSrtrrlHr'rx xalropon E BtrAoB'xoropbre trrdepT EeoAtrHr(oBr,retro KpyrEsHe rpaefiropuro E MoqEocrb cEapfiAa.

OTItpbITLIX

DOBIIIIII.EX.

Eatapcn gecrayer n cocTaBe

AUBLISIIOHa, EaBEaqA-

erc.a [Jrn tro[Aep]fiKn 6araJrborra (porn) uJrE trpugaeTc.fltrM.


flpugaunoe aprunuepucxoe uopsAeJreEue([unuanonr.6arapea, rano,q)IIocrytraeT B troArllrnerrue o6qesocKosortl fioMaHApa u

TOpUU, a UO Xpyro. cuaa ygapa B AatrEoM cflysae rroBrmaeTcr He Ba c,qeT yBenEqeEg cxopocrtr cEapfl4, a 3a oqer_yBerEseEE ero MaccI u paaprlBBoro aapsAa.
Sry aagavy nerqe tsHrroJruum ray6uqe.
IJpEileEeEEo aprur*re;lru

221

Aprun;repun xaaccu(puq[pyercr{ tro paaJrr.rqnbrM


[pusnaxaru. flo cnoco6y coo6qefftrr crrapfiAy Haqarbno cxopooru aprnnJrepufi nogpaaeJr.fiercnHa crBoJrbrryror4 pear(rrrBrrvro; no ycrpocrBy xaraJra crBoJra tra rrpeauyro r{ rrra[KocrBonbnyrc; uo ranu6paM - rra opygrrfi Mairoro,
ope[Hero rr rcpynnoro xanu6pa; tro Mecry gecreua u xapaxrepy rlele Ira HaseMuyroi BenuTrryro, TaHXoByro, anr{aqrrorrnyro, bepetonyxr, xopadenrxjrro u roprryru; no cuoco6y rrepeBoar(E- Ha Boatrmyrc u cauoxo,qByro; tro opranxaarluonno trpulra4Jrelr(uocrr - xa sofrcroByn, Koroparr
Ha 6aranronnyro, IroJrnoByn u uBuaouuyro.
tro4pag1eJrrrerc.E
Crsorr,sas aprr{JrJreps rroApaa[eJrffercfl Ea cnegynrque ocnoBrrbre
opyrfr: nyurxu, ray6uqm, MnnoMerr. Ha roopymenrtr rroqpaa"strhr
ge;relrufi nocxosofr HaBeMEofr aprr.rJrJrepr{hr{Merorc Tar{x{e 6oesrre
Marullfibr peaNrneno aprnJrJrepur{Ir ycraHoBffu IITVP"
IIyunu,pe4naaFaearorcfl Anfl cfpeJrb6u uo orrptrrofi xuno cu,'re,
paapyrrrenlrs trpoqnbrx naaoMrrlrx coopyrfierru u crpenrdu uo 6ucrpoABlrEiyqr{Mcn I{e.[rrM.flylrxu EeaaMerr[Mhrupu odcrpene [aJrbrrux qereft:
6ampefi, paner rexTgqecnoro EaarrqenuR, rura6oB, TbrJroBn RoJronlr
sa Maple. flyruxa coo6qaer cHapflAy 6oaw;rro Harrarrr'HyrocKopocrl
(600-1000 M1c u 6oree), uoarouy rpaenropun ero troJrera ilpr Ee6orl'ruoM yrrre BoaBbrrrreuun6y4er ornoro. Vre.ruqenne Eqarbuo cnopoctr cHapflla AocTnraeTcfl a crreT yBertrqeHu,fi MacchrrlopoxoBoro 3apfiIa tr AJrrrEBrcrBoJra. Macca rropoxoBoro BapsAa y trymen cocraBnflet
25-30o/o i{accrrr cnapffna, a gntrHa crBoJra trpeBr,rurer ero rnyrpernu
AtraMerp (xa.uu6p) s 40-70 paa u 6oarrue. Tsxtenu crron donnruan
Moqrrocrb Br,IcTpeJrayBnnrrtrBaroT nponnocTb E Maccy ocroBnbrx qac"e
opyr(ff, noaroMy tryIIrKn -- caMbre Trrrr(eJrbreopyAtrfl trp AaEHoM n:rr6pe. Onu npenocxogxr Bce opy4nq Apyrux rurroB tro Aanbnocru
mpem6r,r E y4apnouy geficrruro craps4a.
f ay6ur4u (puc. 1) cnyr$ar Anfl rropax(enr{E yrtpurrx qene u paapyy6emnq,
coopl'xenn:
H6nmAarenbgblx
ItreHtrff o6oponureatnrrx
rryHxroB, 6lnu4axrefi. Cuapnq, runyqRxufi ua ray6uqbr, Jrer[T tro npyto rpaenropnu, Koropar obpaayorca rrpu yMerrbrnerrr[ EaqaJrbuofi cnopocru cEapEAa E yBenuqoutru yrna Boanhrmerltrfl,yueubrtreuue cfiopocTU CHAPflAA IIOCTIII'ACTCff IIYTEM YMEHbIIIEIIEfi

MACCI trOPOXOBOTO 3APq,4

u Airnnr,r crBoJra. Macca sap.E4a y rayduqn He trpeBriluaer 75o/s Maccbr


cEapflAa, AJIr{Ha crBoJIa - 22-30
na;rn6pon, EarraJrbHafl crcopocb
cnap.sa - Ee 6oree 500-600 ru/c. Iay6uqhr trMeror uepeueunsr aapflA, Aorrycxamrqr;fi cocraB.relrue 8-12 paartrqnrrrx tro Macce Bap.flAoB.
Ernu ilocrnraerc-s trMcnerrtreKpyrrraErnrpaerToplrrr n AanHocru crpeJrb6u npu nocrosunonr yrnc BoaBr{meutr.s-.(a.nruocrr crpenn6u ray6url

- 10-15 xu.

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qa B ABa-rpa pasa
Maccbr, ro xaau6p
6oree Morquhre.
Ha noopyxsnuu
222 tnana wras

trymfiy u ray6uqy o4f,HaxoBoro xann6pa, to ray6u.Trerqenymfiu. Ec.nu rrymxa u ray6rqa o[trHaxoBoft


ray6n4tr 6o.nrme, a cJle4oBareJrbrro, tr txapn4br ee
aprrrnneputr Eaxo4flrcfi opytr.ff, coqeraroque cno-

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Cxopoctpenrsocrb, Bhrcrp./xtrE
Vror solsuruerl.s, rpeiq:
sandonrmrr
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Rpeux trepeBoga s 6oesoe troJrox(eEne, MHE

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Eoee.flJtcawuH,apeanmueno apmurtepuu (puc" 2) upe4cranJrfler co6ofr cuonrnponannyrc rra MoqrroM, r(aH trpaBr{Jro,TpexocuoM asroMo6ure
rloBhrrtrerrrofrnpoxo4uuocrq trycno Bylo .ycra HoBxy. il ycxolbre ycranoBrn
D aaBecquocru or,ycrpocrna u HaBEaqeHtrR.peaxTnBubtx
cuapfiAoB Moryr 6nrl paanoft r(oncrpyKrluu. O4uaxo, EecMorps na paanoo6paarre
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sBellelrrr rrafiera B roprrsor{Taar,nofi flnocxocru. Ha uogpauauxs rtperlrrrcr{ Bce eraru tr r{exauuaMhr apruJrnepncno qcru, a c ero rlouorrtrrrfi)Bcr aprun.nepracxafl qacrb -KpelrnTcfl x asroMo6ufiIo.
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peantnuuo pruirJrpur{.
Paarr,rqnue KJraccbr6oesxx MarfiH peaxtunuo apruJrrepffE Moryr
ilpou{}Becrrr BaJrrrBa 7_-10 c, qro Bnasurrr,Eo troBhrrtraera{ftexrnnuocm
ux orrrrr c rosnu gpeur{E BnegatrEoclu rropa?Kerrtrx.,I{a.nauocrr ctperr,6i,l
cotpeMeuuo peaxrunuofi ap'runneptru Aorntaer 20 xu u 6onee.
l1 pomaoornannsure
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salrycna llTT/Ir ne rpe6yorcs crroxrrrrx,nycxonhrx ycrauoBox. Ouu lroryr BarrycKTricr{caMbr}r pa3Jrr{qHrltcuoco6ou: Ea KoETeEepo,Sgtro-

panenrnwil.
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ocxonoqnoe [ecrBse (upuuepuo B paBHoM KorlnqecrBe), no 6ponetpancuoprepaM - ocKoJloqEo-Qyracunruu cEapEAaMn co BspI'rBareJIeM'ycraEa oCr(oJIoqHOeAeCTBEe.
ROn,'reHIrr,rM
IIpn nepeuun IISO oronb orxprBaror B MoMeI{r lroAxoga lanr(oB (ETP)
K rtepnoMy py6exy rr Begyr ,qo BbrxoAaocnonno Inx Macchrr{3 sonn pa3pr,rBoB,trocJreqero oroub trepenoctr Ea cneyroqu py6ex. flepelocnr
oroHb IIo I{oMaEAexo}raEAEpa nItBIiSEOEa.
Ilpu otxnonelrulr EaIrpaBJIeEHflaraxrl (xourpararu) ranxon (BTP)
or rro4rorotJreurrrtrx pydexe IISO nnoAsr neo6xouure fioppeTypu.
(ilCO) (prac. 11) rrpuMeu.sercr
oaH.a'
cocpeomovcHue
If octeoeaenbvoe
Do BpeMfl aprunnepuficxo noAepr{Kl{ arann, Kar{ trpaBuJro.,Ha rny6uny
o6opourr 6atanr,onoa nepBoro arueJronatrporuBuur(a (no 3-4 xu), fICO

oeonr, Tttausuona

Cocpe4orouensrr oronb fitrBrratronoM(usy]rs 6a.rapexun) no yrpuro


xrrno ctrne u ornerhrM cpeAcrBaM rrporununr(a, pactrono?{reunblM B Ea6nro,qaeuux BgBo.qnbrx oopnr.rx Ir\rEKTax EJru Ea BBBoAEbrx o6opoxureJrbu{x uoatrr{trax, Be[]rr Ee Meqe qeu AByMff 6arapex*ru. Cuocod o6cTpena HaSEalIroT,ucxof [s peanbErx paaMepoBq9nE - BEar(JIaAHy
EJrr{ c pactrpeAenenneu )rracrftoB qeirs (rsno nuparxeuxbrx rpytrtr qene) uexr4y 6arapexuu.
Henoeututurt aaepaumenwtw oaonu (H3O) (prc. 10) npuuerxror
EJIfl orpax{efluf, araxtr (xonrpataxu) uexorr,r E TaErtoB rrpornBntrr(a Hetrocpe4crteuto Ea rrepe,queMr(pe cBotrx socx. Illupuuy yqacrra H3Q
Eaaxaqaror trB pacqera xe 6o.nee5O ra xa opy,qne. Pydexan H3O upucnauBaror ycnoBE[re aatrMeEoBaEurr tro EasBaHtrflM ,(epeBeB, EatrprfMep
<Eepeaa>, e[y6r.
cEp.EAaME c ycraxonno
Crpelr,6y Begyr ocxo.romo{yracnruu
B3pbilBaTeJrffEa OCr{OJrOrfHOe
EeCTBEe,a IIpn OTpA?fi8EtrtraTAHtr (XOUrparaxu) rrexorbr u crrerruBrrrefrc.s lrotouexorr, ftpoue roro, rr cEapflAaMtr
c Atrcranqtrosnofr rpy6xo (repnnare;ren) na Bosglrmnux pasprrlax.
Orour orxpbrBaror E MoMeEr trofixoa [exorbr E raHr(oD x py6exy H3O
tr se,{y" o rex rrop, troKa trexora ue 6yger oTceqella or TaEXoBs Ee uper(parur arary (xourparaxy). Ecnu trexora trporuBnllna odxo4ur py6ext
H3O, ssog.Er o6rr{ue An.r Bcex 6arape xoppexryphr E lrepeuocflT oronb
aa HoBoe HatrpaBJrerrueero arar(Ir (xoutparaxu).
IIosuttcnwti aaapa1um,enwtwtioeona (fI3O) roroBfir Ea Eecr{oJrbxux
py6exax, pactroJro?fi
eHHErxEa tryrr ABEIr{eEEf,TaEKoD (6pouetparctropnepon) porEBEEKa. Aos BeAeE.sIISO upnnaexarr aprunnepuro xa.rrn6pa {00 nu rr Kp}'IrHeo. Paccrosuue ue)fifiy pydexauu IISO n aaBtrcuuocTtr o1 cKopc1Tn,qBrur{eBsfl trporEBErrHa Mo}Ker cocraBJlflTb 40092 pra6a rslsn

':,1,"::::,iln"'"ou""nua aaepaum'et'uuat't)t'
ouH6nr'u onpawetruu'toumpa'

OrHeM
8{rKnIOqAeTCf, B tOCneAOBaTeJIbHOMIIOAaBJIeHEE COCpeAOTOTIeIIALIM
aprr{nJreprrn rxunO Ctr.rIE[II OrEeBbIx CpeACTBtrpgruBllufia EA oTAeJIbHbIx
yqacrKax rr B olropEbrx tryrrKTax, trepeA {portorrr u Ea naHrax Hacrytrax)qnx noftcx. Py6erxu fICO saasaqaror c yrleroM rrocrpoeEut{ o6oponrt

rrporr{Burrxauepee300-1000 u oAuE or pyroro. Py6exau IICO lputro HaSBaHr[flMxEqEbrx anepe, uacltaHBaror ycJroBEbreEaEMeEoBaIrtr.E
upHMep <Jlen>,<Turp> u AP., IIx rryMepyror B uopAKe orrepeEocrltBe,loHHH orrlr{ ro rruM, EaqEEas c 6nu?ItEero py6exa' Ifelu na py6exar
llO() nyuepylor rpexsxaqnl{Mtr HoMepaMtr' IrepBafi r{E$pa KoropIx tlaIr&qaer HoMep py6exa, a Bropa.E tr rperb.E - HoMep rlerru rra py6exe
( r : r r p a n au a u e n o ) .
IIpuMcEtHlre

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i l,rrurleltrtH

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I

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E o c " r . e o t a n z . e . o a n oceo c p e c c n ! o l i e H u eo e l &

Ha pydexe IICO 4unuaudny uaauarraror AJr.stropalnenus o[Ey rpyntroByro rleJrb unrr [Be-rpu oreJrbErrreqenu. Paauepbr rpyuoBo rlentr
rre AorrxrEbr rrpeBhrrnarbi E\rrfl,l8-opygufiurrx
AuBrrsEorroB (nanu6p go
100 r'ru) fi !,iltr nrtrEoMcloB Bcex r(arru6por - 6 ra,
Anfl ig-opyi"_
rrrx AuBr{Brrouon(Ha.uu6pcBbrrtre100 lllr) - 9 ra.
Ealapel BeAer orogr, B cocraBe AuBlrauorra uqrrl caMocroflTeJrbgo.
llpra cauocro.rrreJrr'HoMBeerruuorna 6arape lragnarrarcTr{eJrb, pagMepril
noropo He AoJrlXrrhrupeBErmarF: gnx 6-opygnfrno 6arapeu xanu6pa
Ao 100 MM - 2 ra, xann6pa cnbrrrre100 rrru - 3 ra.
EcnH rronucecrBo opyAn n guauauoue (6arapee) ornuuaercfl or yr(a3arrrrbrx Brrrrrre,MaKcEMaJrbErrre
pasMepbr rpyuuono qeJrE trpouopqaoIIA JI6HO

I-ISMEII,SIOTC'I.

crpe.rr,6y ro qeJrflMra l-M py6eme IICO negyr Merorilrecfir* or'eM


c ycraEoBJreEHbrM
rerl1lloM,rra pyrllx py6extax crpe;irdy HarruHarol SaJTuoM r{ trpooJr}r{apTMeroAr4secKuMorHeM.
Ecnlr ilo r4creqeuurr BatrJraur{poBarruoro BpeMenrr Be/Ientrrr orE'I
rro r{errsM Ea AaErroMpy69xe c{rrraJra (xouau4r,r) [Jrs treprroca OIE'I
rra oqepegno py6ex IICO ne [ocJregoBaJro,[pogoJrrr{aror Becrrr Me10grauecrn ororrb ycrauoBJrerrnoro reMrra 6a c-uenr,rycrarroBox
Ao troJryqerrr{fl ftoMarrAr{ (curna.na).
oeneao eaa (pnc. 12). Aprutrurepucxaa rro4Aeplxfia arar(u orrreBbru
BAJIOM MO}I{ET trPIIMEII'ITbCfl,

I{OT4A

N O6OPOUE IIPOTtrBIIIIKA

I{MEETC'I

qacrarr cerb rpaErue n xo4on coo6qenua, ero o6opoua Heocrarotrgo


PASBEAAEA U EEJIbS,g TOqEO OtrPEAEJIIIT IIOJIOE(EIIUE OtrOPShIX IIYEITTOB.

Aprun,repucxan rroAAep(ftaaraftE orrreBhrMBaJroruupoBo4trrcfl, r(aft


rrpaBrrJro,na rny6uny go 3-4 xu.

12

or,r"toi

I
+

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Oeneeo Ba"L -- oro crlJroltrHa.s ou{eBaff aaBecai nocireAoBareJlbralrRoBblx E


Eo trepeHocrrMafl tro py6e;nau BnepeIr Eacrynarcnlux
MorocrpeJrnoBnrx rlollpaa4elenu
AJr.fi rroAaBJIeHEq rxrlBo cuntr

""rpoMe)nyrounr'r'py6ema'.oco"nn#aotu"::o""ll"it"""n"#JJ"ff
EoBHr,repy6entu Eaalraqaror vepea 300-1000 u o4urr or Apyroro, a trpoMex{yroqubre - qepea 100-300 rvr.
Ocnosuhr[{ pydexau orlreBoro BaJra rrplrtBal{BarcTc.sycJroBIIbIeHarrMerroBaEus fro HasBar{r4flMritrqHhlx 3Bepefi, Harrpr{Mep<Eapcl, <Jluca>
I4 [P., rrx HyMepyror B trop.flAKeoqepeAHocTl{BeAeHI,tfitro HIIM or}rfi, }IaqEr{afl c 6rurxuero py6exa.
lIa py6elte orrreBoro BaJranBrrar{onyIraaHarlarcro[uu y'racton. ,I{urlrrauorru-breyqacrnr{ Ha ocuonurx py6extax Ey}repyror rpe\SrraqublMu
qlrspa Koropblx o6oeuaqaet uoMep py6exa, a Irropafl
rroMepaMrr,rrepBa.
u rperbfl - rroMep yqacrxa ua py6eixe (cnpana ualcno). Ilporreiriyrovnrre pydeniu rryMepyrcT orlerblro or ocnoBrrr'IxI4 rrlle.ylor: 1-ii npoltextytounmft, 2- upouexyrounnrfr r{ T. A. fdnruanouult yvac, oH orlreBolo BaJIa [eJrrrr na 6arapeEhre ysacrnu. Paalrepnr [l{BlrSuorrnoro lr 6arapeliuoro JiqacrnoB otrpegeJr.ErorIrB pacrlera: ne 6o;ree 15 u - AJItr oHoro
opyJu4rr Hanudpa go 100 MM Bnirrosr{TeJlbHofl lurrtroMeroB -Bcex Ka;ru6pon, 25 v - Arr opyArrfl xann6pa cBLrIIre100 uu.
j{ xr:nanon Deer oronr, oc,Ko.rtoquo-Qyracut
tr c yAapuI'IM
rrtu cua p.EAaM
rla ocr{oJrorruoe4ccrl}ue. IIo
BSphrBare.lrelrnpu ycTaHoBXeIlSpblBareJr.ff
ocuonrrrrM py6e;xau ororr, Re4yr [o cl{rrraJla (nouaxgnt) rla rrepcuoc orHfi, rro [poMe]fiyrorrrrr,rMpy6emaM - I] TerreFrlleilJralIupyeMoro ]tpeMeHE
(2-3 nun).

234 l"xaBa flrrrln


iI])riMclisrrrtc

aprHr.repllr

235

O r u e g H eB o e Mo xH o GTHHGoenof,
tlopnoltaprnnn e p n f t c xn x(u u n o u e rn u r) noApas[enerr
ocuono 6oesoro trpuMe'e'trfl aprtrnneptrtr B coBpeueu'ou 6oro
fiBJlflercfl MaccupoBannnr cocpe4oroqesu61.froro5b, mupoxr MaEeBp
rracr.sMu (uo4paa4e;reuuaur) E orueM Ra uone 6o.a.
Maneep apnlu,r.epucnunu wrcmfr,ru,. (uo4paa4enennarru) aaxnro_
qaercfi B rrepeMeqeEtrtr ux uo
{poury n uo r.uy6uEe B rlenfix oo3.qallr{fl
uaudoree BbrroAHbrx ycnonu AJr.ffBbrtroJrEeE{fluocraBJreEHbrx Baaq.
Maneep ou{et, apnxu^,,epuu Ba*Jrloqaercfl B oAncBpeMeEEoMrrJru uocJrAOBarenbEoM
MaccupoBaEEu (cocpe4orovenru) ornx uo naxnerurnt
TPYNtrIIPOBKAU

rA O6IETTAM

trPOTNBHEI(A trJItr B PACNPEAEJIEEEU OIEfl

[n.E Bbrtronueu[.a uocraBJlenur;r aagaq. Eoeso noprrqon 4onxeu o6ecfleqzgarb naufionee fimcrpoe u Ea[e]KEoe BbrtroJrgeggenocraBJ1Errrirx3a[aq, nagJryqmee EcIIoJIbAoBaEEe no4pa3geJles4fr u CooTBgTCTBEtc EI
Boopyx(elrlreM t rrpe4uaanaqentreu, detrpepbrBuoe Baaauo4ectsne c
o6q,enocnoBhrMu rro4paageJrerrlrflM.u, ycrouunoe ytrpaBnextre trogpasEeJregtr.sM,BoaMo?ngocrr$rrcrporo MaEBpan 6oro, a rar(?T(eEa'uJryqruee
EctroJIbBeBaEIleSaqurnbrx rr Macr(trpyrcq,x cnofrctn Mecrnocrtr.
Eoeso ropff,qox aptulJrpucnoro ATBEBEoEa(6arapeu) (puc' 13)
cocrorT sa doeanx tropsgnoB 6arape (orneurrx naaogon) E trpfiaxxf,rx
pasBeIRE, I(oMaE4no-Ea6nroAare;6aprrrrnepucxo
uogpaa4elerr
yrrpaBnenuff orueM AtrBEBtro(6arapeu),
tryur(ra
trysr(Ta
Eoro
AsBEauoHa
trynr(ToB - rrepeAoBoro
Ea, a trpE ueoxogruocru E sadrrolarerbnbrx
u 6onosoro.

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fpytrtrupoBoK s.rr[ odtexron.
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Jlflercfl fletrpeplJflocrb
B3atrMOAeCrrua oe c r&Er(oBrME E MOTOCTpen_
r(oBrMu qacrrrMu u no[pa3AereEuFvu,
,qpyrtrME poAaME socn tr aBua_
que.

13 Baraol, nupnoniiueuauoua

EaAAqrr B yKa3arrHoe BpeM.E.

OTIIEBIX SAAAII AEBESUOE U 6ATAPCA


,II.AE SETUOJTIIEEtr.E
PASBEPIbTBArorcfi B 60eeofr- nopnon, xoroprr cocraBJr.sror rtrTarEbre u upuAararre
cu_
nbr u cpecrBa' pagBep'yrbre
B coorBercr'un
c pemenuelr Kolra'A'pa
236 f.naga nlran

Eoenofr topflAolt orneBoro BsBoAaoctorr ua opy4n, pacnonoxenErrrx Ha orueso troatrqxx. [lx paaneprblBaE4fl aptu.lnepuc6oro AtrBIIar{ona (6arapen) a 6oeso nopflAox Eaaurlalor pafton orr{eBIx uoauqx
(ocnonnofi u aauacno), a rarxe Mecro (oMau4ro-Ea6nro,4atelnnoro
rryHxra. B paoue orneBblx uoauqllfr Ans Kalr(Ao 6atapel nn6uparcr
OIBeBbIxuOSuqU.Y4anesue Me?IiAyIIUMtr AOJIS{EO
oAEy r{nu EeCXOnbI{O
6nrr se Megee 500 u.
ao, noaut4ueri EagbrBaercfl :y'rlacror(Mecruocrtr' eass rr urr
OaH,e
6oeamuu
troAroroBJleuxu x gag.artrro opyAu.Mtr (Mfl.ous1qtt,
MarrrEEaM[, rrycKoB]ilMu ycraEoBItaME IITyP) AJrrr EeAeEuff ornfi.
Oruennre noatrquu nogpaaAeJr,arorc.sHa ocnoBnhre, BpeMerrnIetr 3aIIACE}IE.
o aveaclfl noauqun trpeAua3narr aero fl nnfl EhrtroJrneutrfl orAenr,O cH,oeH,afl.
B uoJroEhrx orueBhrx Ba[aq: troAeplxxu rropagAeJrenu, Aeficrnyrlqux
nepe4oByrl troau4trro, tro44eptnxu 6oe'
ce o6ecuesemnfr u o6opouaroux
flpruererlue

apraurcpuu

237

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Boro oxpaHeErr.fl' BeAeEEfi orE.E Eoqbro tr no AanbrrtrM qeJr.flMrrporuBrrE^
Ka.
C epenenu,wr oaH,ebr,fr
noauq,u BrrtroJrt.Erorcfl Bagarru KoqyroqtrMr
apruu.nepucKuMlr rropasAeneHrr.fl
Mtr. 9ru noauqutr o6brrrHo.Bbr6rparorc
6lume K uepegnelry Kparo.
Sanacx,aa oaH,eeoa.
noaut+u.n trpegHaauasaercfl An.E MaHeBpa 6arapeu
f,ntr trpE B[ilHy]xfierrnoM ocr&BJTeEEEocEoBEo orsenofr noatrquu u o6opyyercfl BaoJraroBpeMeEHo.
Manenp Ha aatracEyro tro8ruluro, NaK rrpaBUJIO,CoBeprlaelcfl Ail.fl lloAeprl{r(tr KoETpaTaH unu AJrff perneE.Eor._
EeBbrxBaasB rrHTpecax cocee, Bnrnyrngeunoe ocTaBJIeEueOCsOsso
orxeBo rrogtrqnu ocyrqecrBJrflercfl rrpu orxoqe uJrtr B cn)rqae HeBoBMoN{Eocrn BbrrroJrrrenr{fl
orneBbrx Bagarr c ocnosxo or.HeBorroarrrltr[ BBtry
ee o6crpena apru;rlepue trporuBuuxa, raJtera aBuarlutr rlJrrrBapalr{enufi
paftona orpaBnffroqanl,tr DIID. pauoaHTuBEEMrrBeqecrB&ME. 3auacnag
OrIIeBafl IIO3trIIUfl SaIIIIMaeTCflTaI$(e B TeX CJIyqaflX, I(OrAa EaUMeHr'mUe
trptrqenbr c ocEoBHofi orneso tro3trr{tru He troSBoJrflroTBecTn oroE,.
,{,nn naegenus trportrBnuna B aadnyxtqenue ornocureJrbxo pacrroJro,r(eEEtr orEeBbrx trolpaSAeneuu uo trJraHy craprtrero KoMaH,qtrpaMoryr
o6opygoBarbc.E Jlo?nEbreorrrenbre rroarrqur,r.
Moryr EaauasTbcfl Bblnu4areJrrrurrre
,II,.nn uo4paa4enenu IITyP
.troauqr{r{, Aprurnepuftcnue rflraqll 6arapell pacrroJrararcTcfi caa[u orneso noar{rlr.rnno 800 M, sro odecue.runaer nx 6egonacuocrb npu o6crpene orrreBo [oBuqEE, Ea4e)r(Eyrc cB.EBr,c opyAtrsMrr (unnor.rerauu)
u 6nrctpoe Br,rBr{}fieuue
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orxpLrryro orueByro troarqqro Arrq crpeJrb6nr upauo nano;1xo Mori/r
BarruMarb opy4u.s, BBBoAhr 6arapeu aprua.rrepucxoro loJrna.
Ouresas troatrqrfl Aon?KEa o6ecueqnsarb rraAe?r{EyroMacrrdpoBr{y,
pactronararbcfl tro BoSMolnEocTuga ecTecTBeHHhrME
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flpu urr6ope oruenofi rroauqrrl ua4o o6paqarb BrrrMarrue Ea xasecrBo


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Sanpwmoft EaabrBaercflorrreBafl troauqr{fl, Koropafl yr(punaer or HaBeMEoro Hadrro4ennfl nportrBrrrrna Marepnanbnyro qacrb u cr(pr,r*aer
upu BeAerruEofHg.
AbrM, I.IhrnbI BcfrbrrrrKnBErcTpeJroB
Omnpwrno HaabrBaercfltroarrr{tr.fl,na xoropo MarepuaJrbuafl qacrb
Ee JrKpr,rTaoT rlaSeMHororra6nro4eHrrfllrporuBrruHa trJru, 6ynysq yaplilTofr u BaMacxrrpoBaHHo,crauoBTcfl Ha6rro4aeMo upra rle4errr{Rornrr
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II0BEqnfi o6rr.rrro aaHEMerc,r opyguflMr{, trycnoRbrMu ycranoBHaMrt
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trpu
troSuqEro
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tr orprBarorc.fl xo^br coo6rqe6oeop"traco'
(nuuu)
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IIpuMeHcrrilc

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!39

B uecrax pactrono)fieggrr aprrinnepucxnx rsraqe s anrouo6s.uefr


ycrpaEBarortff yKpbrrEfi Enfl ntrqEoro cocraBa, tqraqe n anrouo6nle.
B gunuauore u 6arapee nrr6uparorc n n.olopygyrorc.c rrcMag4'o-Ea6nrogarenrnrr rryrlr(, a trpu neodxo4ruoclu E BCtrOMOTATeJTbET{e
ga6nrcra_
reJrbrrhre nynr(Tll - ilepegoBo n 6oxoroft.
It ox'an'no- n a6an 0amea,anwti ny n nm trpeAnaanarraercfl AJrrr ytrp aBJreEE-s orrreM u MaHeBpoM'Anfi paBBeAXtrtrporEBEtrKa Ir uectnocrn, na6nroAeEnff aa 4ecrnnanrrr cBotrx nocx. Ha geu Eaxotrfc.E r(oMaEEAp
AuEaEOEa(6arapeu) c xeodxo[frM+rME Arff yrrpaBneEE.s JrEtrErMcocraaou, upndopau E cpe4crBr[E or'rgvt.
II epe 0oeo H,a6r.o ameaanw, ny n nm trpeEaauaqaerc.fi nfl pa' EeAr(E
trpornBrrnxa, trpocMorpa 6luxsnx
trocrytroB K trepeAgegy xpam cBorrv
nocn, troAAeprr{agtrs 6o.nee tecso cnfia& c o6qerofrcxorrrn"'oo4pasAeJIEEEflMTtr, A TAI$ffE

[JI'

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MbrM c KoMas[IE0-Ea6;rrc4arenrnoro tryEr{ra. Ha nepegonorr na6nroqaTenbEoM tryEr(Te AtrBuBtroBa Mo)fier EaxoArrrbcff EaqaJrbHrrr(pBBeAItu, a
IIa uepeoBou nao.uro4areJrbEoMnyEXTe darapeu - roua"A[p
B3BOAA
C UEO6XOgIIMbIM
YNPABJIEEtrfl
CB.ff3U .IIEqEIM COCTABOM.

A.]I,E BEAEEE"fl

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tr

trOAEP}I{Eq.

Bonoeo ruatn1ametonw ny%nmrpeA'a'Earre'


Anfi paaBeAr." trpoTFBEtrr(a u MecrHocru n paouax, ueua6:rnAaer.rrx c r(ouanEo_na6.rrnEalnbEol'o rr]rEr(Ta, x.s sace.Iftu qe.refi (compaxreunoe na6nrc4enre),
na6.nrcqeuuff B pe3ynbraraMlr crpe.undu E KoppeKTqpoBaEtrs orEff.
flpa opranusaq'tr B AuBu'uos,e cotrpfirfie'Eoro uadrbnesnfl 6oxoaofr
tryEKT ero, KaK trpaBuJro, coBMeqaelc.ff c KOMaE4UO-radarcgareJrEIM
n)'rrKroM r(oMaHAtrpao4no ue 6arape. ftouau4xo-na6.nrolare.rlnrrfr u
nepegono na6nroareuruwfr u;mlcrsr uoryr 6utr uoArraxmum,. 3ro
ocodenxo Ba)fiEo B MaEeBpeEEbrxycnoBqfix coBpeMeugoro 6o.s. Hanu.rse
troABAlKEbrxnad.nro4arenbEhrxuyEr(ror n 4unuuoEe s darapee o6ecuequBsr yrIpaBJIeHEeorlreM E MaEeBpoMc xoAy rr
c xoporaEx ocraEoBor(,
A TAI$KE

IIAtrJIYIIItrEE

YCNOBAg AN.g IIOAAEPT(AHUS

HEtrPOPbIBEOTO

BSAUMO-

gecrau.a aprurue_pucxux KoManqnpon c rouarg"pau"


6araJrborroBq por.
Itoaaau4uo-aadnroarenrglle rr BctroMorarenrutle na6nloqarenruue
nyrrKTlil o60py4ylrrcff B trE?treEepEoMorsorueEEr rr MacKtrpyrorcE.

Taxrtxa aprlnn-epuforrxlto4paalenexnf,
B pas-

,{rx

uetogrtqecxrt upanu.nluo orpa6otrtx

grllx tso[pocos ueoOxo-

AtrMO COClaBJr.flTb TeXEOJIOTUqeCfiIIe XapTI, B KOTOpEIX JrfiA3blBaelofl IIAtrMeIrOBanIre Meponpr4flTr/r, cpox sqafla tr oltollqaHua pa6ol B trpaHTF
qecxo ttocneAoBareJrbrrocrtr.
flpa nogroroxe I{ BeAeEro ornfl nonauup opyun o6aaan: o}rorperb opyne t{ rrpoBepnrr padOty MexaEI{aMOBiIIyJIeBhIeycTaEoBI(n[pllqena, AABneEueB safiaTllnr{e u RoJlirqecTBox{ufiocTr{ B TopMOSeoTr{aTa (coaMecTEoc apTnnnepnrlcr(EM
Iracrepom), rpoBepuTl cocTosalIe n pa6ory npnfOpon oc3elllouq, IIyJIeBLTeJIqEIIE
rpnqennBansr (no rqurarr lr yga;rerno. tovxe), cEffTb ocaJror( co cuap.sAop BoBE-'
Moro Barraca, flporeperb sacyxo fia.EaJrcroona, paaofiparr, Bacyxo lrporeperb n roEXIrM cJlOeM CMaSATLSaTBOp' flpoBep[Tb BbIxOA OoEKa.
BEa
Baerrrrero
ocMorp
Bxot":
paaeetuna-nada'mamena
B o6naarsocra
trPoEsncflpannocrefi,
npoctefrmlrx
pacctanonxa
6ycco.nu, ycrpsenue
npn6opa,
MeprBoro xoAa' tllapoBoro
ilarEETEo crpenxn,
RepKa trpBrrJrbEocrrl-floxaaaEuE
ocBetr{eE.EypoBag?
rrePEcxoua
oyeeonHr
paAr{ocranqrln'
flponePauom.e.terSoHucm i\or)r<et: cBoeBpeMeEEo paasepnyrr'
ycraEoBIITb aEreIIEy II EacTpoI{TL paIrocTaEpr.trb Eailprfi{eEHc
al(I(yMynffropoB,
yxoMtrnefimraptrrrrypy'
qsxl ua ocurrBnyxl tracrory, rrponepltrb paguoreaeiporuyro
satracghle afir{yMynflTopu.
u ocBenregle'
Bagocr ctasrJun, 3lIfI
pa6my EotftEoro E pys(eoume'ta)
odasat flporepr'rrb:
Mezanux-eoumeta
xu4Eoro ropMoaon, EaJraque roprcqero, cMasox It MaceJr, a raxtr{e oxna}fiAarcqe
r{ooTll, SBynoByro 11eBeToByIo cHrflaJlrrSaqnlo, EaTffr(e,Eue peMEfl BellTrrJrflTopa, KoMpyJl.g, coqneEeBrle pyJleBrx TEr TopMOSOB' EX
npeccopa, Hacoc, rl4poycnnlrlenb
gr,nerre
B I(OJIeCAX, aK.IIIOqAs II SaIIacEbIe, EantrIlEe
ripenrrerrle Ir rutrJrllsToBRy,
u sx Rperuexlle B rses1ax' cnet r {a6atapefll
oJrexTpoJrnra B axxyuyJrf,Topuux
yxaaarenll rroBoporoB I{ llcnpaBpax, log(fapnufiax,
aaEsx Sonapax, clotr*ourxaJr,
oxna)fiarorqe xa4xosocrr CMV-, upoBepurb, Eer irlr B coeAlruesrr-flx uontexaru
crltr roproqero, cMaBoK n roplroano xilrr{ocrrr, saJrlr.nre I{ yKnaAKy oAlrlenbcKoro
pa6ory goliuponepurt
rtpnnaAne]r(Eocre,
E Apyrnx
H rrrflqeBoro uucrpyMenra
faTenfl HA paEr,rx O6opOraX I(OJIeETITOrOBAJIa, cI(eIIBf,Ie yCTpOtrcTBa, BaIIOpbr E
Ea cBoe Mecrg E K<>
6opra xyaoea. Sareu or o6saas trocraBsr txrar.(qnrouo6nlr)
JIOHU s yTOqstrTl' SAAaCy' IIOJTySEEyIO OT CfApIIIer0 atIaJIbEIlftA.
s ro{ cnyqae' ecntr Marepur pear6e
nororoBJleunrru
pygfle
cqnraerca
goxyrxgnrrecxo
(nco -xapaxrelttrcrfinrr
coorgercrByr/r
aJrl,Han rracrr, [ctrparua
ueuraquu),
ecJtn Ea r(anaJra crBoJra noJtEocrbro y4aneua cilaara' npuqenbsuertpnMexaEuAM
cUoCO6aenttn BbIBepeILbt, MeXaHIIBMII EaBeAeEtrE E ypaBnoBefllynarOntF
otrperynrrpoRaEH TaKr rrlo maTxocTb cTBoJIa, MepTBHe XOAH E yCAnAfl. EA MaXOBtrKaI
rpe6onaauxu,
a rnll{e ecnrr orrpeAeJtenr r.r yqreur troMexanu3lroB coorBercrnyror
DpaBKn sa yBoA nl|Euu upEqeJrEBagE.ff, EAsAenFhre c troMoqbro TeoAontrTa (IIpE
Kpyre [paBoE rr (trpE Kpyre neBot llpu ropusoETJrEolt rroJrotesEtr opyAn-s' Ir Ea
yrnau EOSBIIneEtrff eTBOta.
EeCOOTBelGTEffe yCTaEOBOI( flpyqena TpfrCrn1re1ru.xy

Aprr,nneprfrcnnfi

Asnnauon (6araper)

r Eacrlrureaatr

nHqHHXBH[,ax 6on

..8 conpeue'Ehrx ycnoBtr.sx BDrcoKu rpedonantrfi r( trocrosxno 6oeao rorossocru aprtrJrrepucrux nogpage.trerr. Ilpanruxa 6oeso
rlomoroBKr trOKa3rBaer,,
rrro lBopqecxu troAxoA rouarigupon E Bcero
JrErrEorococraBa n pemeEEroBonpocoB 6oeso roroBEocltr QdeCUeqqnaer
peanbEyro BosMolr(Eocrb Anff coRpaqeEtrff cpoKoB rrptrBeAeEtrfl 60enoro
opyrr(rff u rexEERtr n 6oro.
240 r.nasa 11aras

B nactyn.nenflH Anunsrou (6arapea) ro raauuogectnnu c -qpyruMu


cpecrBME tropa)IteEq.s Br{rroJrE.Eer eneyK)q,Ee SaAarrtr: IrpEKphrsaer
BrABrrcentre rr paaneprrBarltre qacrefi E nogpas4enens Ant EacrytrJretr IIoAAep]ItEBaeTux aTal(yi BOCIIpeqaeT BLIABE]I(eHE.fi, UOAIOTaBJItrBAeT
H-uepeeepBoB rrportrBnnr(a I{s rny6flnr o6opourr r[ orprfiaer rrx Konrparaxr, rrogelDr(uraer BBoA r 6o BToprlx ruerrosoB (peaepnon) u 4eftcrBEfl, TaftlErrecxoro Bo3yltrEoro AecaFTa, rroAept$EBael 06qeno=
trpE
BoAEr'rx ilperpaq'
cKoBEe rroApa:rgeneuu.tr upu rfopcnponanun
16 Saxaa 1882

Irpnueuetrre aprnnaepsu 241

oBnaerf,E lrpouelr( yrorIErHE o6oponurenbulrM troauqufi Mtr (py6ex artrn)


E rrptr trpe,cneAoBaEtrtrtrporEBEtrRa.
Br,ruourss arn Ba,qaqu,uBtrauor (6araper) tropax(aer cl)crRa flAeps
EOIO tr XUMErreCrOrOEAIra[eEtrC trpOTtrBFnKA, ero aprnnrrepdcxrle
utrEouerrr.re 6atapeu, trportrBoraxnoBbre, BoEETEE[en pa,{troaneftTpoEEf,re cpegcrBa, tryEr(Tbl ynparnexrfl, Tanr(tr u 6porupoaaEqwe uamEEhI,
coo)nf,Byro ctrny f, orEeBHe cpegcrBa, paapymaer {opru{nraqronnbre
pyrr(exu,r. Sa4aqu tro orneBoMy tropax(enuro lrporBuur(a B EacrytrJlenun
AtrBtratroH (6araper) BrtroJrufier I Eepuoq apturnepucxo uogroroBr(E
arar(u, aprunneprcxo uo44epx(xu araxtr u prunnepuftcxoro coupoBor(AeEEfl EacrJmneEER n r.rry6nne.
fl,nrnsuou (6arapen), KaK trpaBuno, AecrByer B cocraBe aprrrnrrepncxo rpytruu (grrnauoua). ,{unuauou (6arapen) uB cocraBa uonxoso
rpyrnrr uoxer 6r'rrb EaBEaqeEAnfi tro[epxxu 6araaroaprnrreprcxo
xa (poru). B xoqe 6os Aunuason Molr(er 6rnr upu4as 6aralrouy (pore) .
Ha uepuog, apruulepncxo uo[roronr(R E B xo4e Eacrytrnenu.s orueBf,re tro4paagenentrE [trnf,$Eona (6arapen, ratog) Moryr Bf,Igenffrbcfl Anq
yE[Irrorr(eEun qanefi orEeM upnrro uarogno.
flpn noeomoil ,urcrnyrra,eHt!.frc roy ya EcxoAgoro paona (paona
cocpeAoTorrennn) [urustroE pctroJraraeTcfl B Jru(aEaEEoIr[eMy paone
uo6arapeno B tropfl,qne, o6ecileqtrBaroqeu 6rrcrpoe u oprEuBoBEEoe
BlrABtrtr(eHEe.
,{nn regenuff paBBeAHtrrrporEBEEK or AtrB![BEora aa6narospeuerrno
uor)n 6urn paarepryrI EadnloAarenbxr're trynxrnr. ItoarsecrBo, uecro
E BpeMfl Ex paaBeprlrBEtrfl otrpeleJlser crapmufr rraqaJrbEtrr(, EcxoAs
na yc.rronuft o6crauonxu.
Brr6op, TotroreoAeatrrrecxafl trptrBffBr(a tr Emr(enepnoe odopygoBartse
orxeBrx noauqu, trpoftnagl(a fta6enbrrx lunr cBffau, 6aunctnqec[pOnOABOS
E trOATOTOBIta
60enpUUACOB
trOrOTOBKa,
I(E E TeXEErreCKAs
aadaarOupeMHEorAo Eaqana BbrBulKeEEflAtrBEsEoEa(6araESBOAflTCE
. peu) u pafiou ortenhrx noanqu. Bu6op orueBhlx noauqufr 6arape, ux
Totroreoleanqecnaff trpRBfiBKa o6rrqso Boanararorcs Ea Brcunaeuylo
or AtrBf,aEoE aprunneprcxyrc paaBeAlBrenbryro rpprny. B pafion orEsBf,rx uoauqr [EBrnBuoE(6arapen) Bbrgnnraercff, Nar( [pBtrJro, Hoqbro
no sapaEee paBBeAaEEouyMapmpyry.
Ilogpaagener.fl, BrgeJreEubregur crpearGrr upnrroft nanogro, aaEtrlta()r trofoloBJleEEre orEeBslg g63|r!{Eu B Eorrb trepe EaqaroM HanogroroBr(E Tantr.
crlruneEufl EJrE c EarrJro[ aprr;uepufrcno
Ifpu nepexoe E Eacryrrneutre c xo4y Eenocpe.qcrBeuuo c Maprtra
EBsBtroE (6atapea) Blr4Btrraerca n o6opone IrporqBEEK& B cocraBe
KOJrOEffbr
UepeAOBOTO
OTpfiAA,aBAsrapAA (rOnOaUOnOxOAUOaacrasr)
EIIE B coctaBe l(onoufi rJranubrx cu.n. llogpaa4eneuux .aprnnnepuftcxnri
paBBeAr(E brrllBurarorcn o6usso aa noApBAeJreEErMIt troxognoro oxpaEerrEff. Bu6op E Tolroreole3trrre,cRy() trpuBff:rRy orEeBrrx nosuqr ocyqecrBnf,er
paalegtrnarenbnafi
rpytrtra AEBssEoEa.
aprnnaepucxae
(6arapen)
paarepnJrrbcf;
Ea HetrogroloB6rrrr
roros
rontfteu
,{nruauou
reurbrx troauqtrffx. Barapea (raaog), rrrgeneraa Infi crpen6u upn24ll 14sgs trrat

IC naaoAro, EannrraeT orEeBlrp troaEqEro, Kax trpBtrno' Bo BpeMtf


orneBoro EaJrera aprurueprcxo nogroroBr(E arr(E'
uopBoro
'
flpn nOeonr.o1*e,urcrnynrH,un tut rryo*er+Itfl ncnncpecm.n tazo co'nDu1socftoqeH4n c nprnua1ufiot 4TBEBESH (6arapen) uorfteT 6nrr paas 6oeso upnox, Eaxoflcl' R cocrBe o6opoxrrorquxcr soCx.
"p"yr
f,Jrn rrocne B]rABroKeIrEn ua ray6uuuFla lqsrauoH E3 COClaBaodoponnroqnxcfl rocx xox(eT 6rrtr noalo.tilo5a aaarra11ouolroToBl(e orIIeB51x uOanqufr Anfi apTgnneprCxux uo4nB rnypcagelenu, I(oropb{e I{ Haqany Ecr)mnernt 6fAyT BIABEEyTIT
6rxn.
psBepTHDaercfl
ua rly6xElt,
,llrnuauon (6arapex). BETJIBETeMrir
ycnoBufix
orpaEErlelrB
[Jrr[
pyrEx
r 6oeso tropEtrol( B EOqEOeBpeuf
orgtr
fllaqrpoBallne
Mep'Uacfttrponxs..
c
co6;rro4egneu
Eo nu4nUoctn
r trelteMelqeHse [qBuSEoHa rrpo3BoAtr rnra6 IuBrsEOES XA OCEOBe
rgno*s *a ra$ltqnr 9IE.E apTgnleprcxo rpytrtr51 u y1asag I(9MEuoMep[rpa liEBrl3trofla c yqerou aa[aq' flocraBJreEtrhrx KouaEtrpox
xnsaeuo o6qesocxoso sactn {rogpaageneuun)'
gnruanona (6afl,o xauala aprnn.rrepufrexo no.qroroBxu r(ouauup
noauqrfi n
orEeBririr
rorrouptrB.Esrcq
r6q1ocTb
uporepurr:
rapn) ofisaan
IIyEItroB. optregTupopaE5g opynrfr f, npg*
nOra"l"o-"a6nnareatgllx
go uensM B flepEo apTEJIne6opor; TorrEocrb ycraEoBoK gla crpelu6H
aTaxtr; toToBrocrb
IIoep]I(RE
E
aprtrnnepucro
prtcxo rrolroToBl(tr
r( crpeln6e;
qacru
x
6oeupxnacoB
npr6opon
opygx,
i"r"po"nrqofr
BHAEtreKOuaExf,paME orEeBIx EAAaq E'Opfl[xa ux Bf,rtroJIIIeEtrffB IIep5o[
pTtrraeprcrofi trororoB6g !r epT1nJrepnicxo trogAeplt6u aragg.
apfnutltpttticttoft rw?ornoqnu &nonu tro RouarrAe (curnaC ra'ralor
AEBqsEoE
ay) crapmero aprtrnnepucxoro KoMaEAtrpa (nauaarwna)
qensy tr BI;troJIHseT orge(6arapeA) OTKpEIBaeTorOIIb trO EaAEaTIeEHbIM
EbresaEarr[ B coorBerornur c ra6lnqe orun.
Ha OCHoBeIIOC!,o xauata trJrE B xOAe ApTtrnaepucxo troAI.olOBKtr
pagee IIoc(6arapee)
cregenr
paaBetrHBaTeJIbIIIx
AtrBqBEoEy
JreAEf,x
TABneHflHe o1.EeB61eSapaqs ugryT 6urr yrOuneg1d 11JIEqaCTETIEOf,3ueEegbr. IIpu o$napyxegltn EoBIilx BaIKHI1qeneft, oco$euso trpoTtrBoTagRoBrrx cpecTBtrpoTnBHEft, Kor,Iag[trp AEB11sEoEa(6arapeu) Eeue,4neEo
nouaE|rpy (xavaalEoKna4f,rBaer o EEx crpmeMy aprnaleprficKolry
xuxy) tr rlpuHffMAer pelllerrEe Ea tropaxieHue r{x orHeM 4unuarora (6aEe EapyEafl Bf,ruoJrEeEtrfl3aaq, yK3aEErXn ra6auqe ornR.
tapeu),
O saqa.ne fiswfienu.E odqerocxoBrx trotrpaaAenenu B araxy r(ouanlEp [EBEsuona (6ampeu) ,onlaAbrBaer craprrreMy aprnauepnficxony
c nuxooM KOuAEAtrpa rroAAeprr(trBaeMol'o
ROMEEEpy (navanrruxy).
(porrr) a paox KoMaEArro-xa6angarenrEofo tr)rEr(Ta AtrBu6aralrona
BRoEa (6arapeu) Koiar/ltrp fi11Bratroua (6arapeu) ycraraBntrBaer c Etrlt
JlEqHyIo cBsSb tr rlepeMeqeTcfl Buecre c EtrM.
II onorqauutr apr'nnepxcno tronroroBr(tr ara*u,4nBEBtroE (6ataper) uo KoMaEAecrip*e"o aprul.reprc*oro Ko'a'gnpa (navanrruxa)
nepexolrrT R BI{IIoJIIIeE[n O.I'EeBIIXAAarI B trepEOA aptun.neprfrCxo
noAeplfir( aTKr{.
16.

flpruexeulc

aprun'repru

243

,{,uruauou (6arapea). flpl4onenaeMmiin neqenun orlrfl MerooMtrocireoBaTenr,Hqro er'o cocpeoTorlexid-g,o rlarlalrM apnu44,eptlcnoft, noeprcnu elnanu o6uqno upoAoJrx{aer Beorl{ orour, no qe.flIr }ra [epBou
unu uropnne py6exle, Koropyxl OH rro4aBil.sn B IIOcJ'IAIIrfrogreno HaneT
B treprloA aptu;r.nepucxoii trororollxu araxrl. Ttl,uauauon rrcpenocllT
ororrb Ha lrocnt:ylolque py6exu no xoMallau (clrrua"rau) xouaugupa
6alaaroua u.rrn KoMaH[rpapr]tJlltlplucHo rpytrIrbr' flplr unq4epxine
ara6rr MeroAoM olrreBoro BaJIa c HaIIa"tIoMaptra'n;repracxong44ep?fixlr
ararilr 6arapeu n xpa'rvaiiuree BpeMu nepeuocrrt orollb ]ta CBoII yqAcTHu.
lfepenoC ofIIg IIa uoCJleAyrlll{ue py6eil{H oI'I{eJJoIo BaJIa poIlsBOAtIT
rlo KoMaEAaM(tfiI'Ha,lau) nouarr4npa aprun,leptrfrcno rpyulrbr. EeaotracHoe yAa.ileHue or paSphIBoB clloux cHapfloB rrpllHEMaelcfi paIlHr,IM
.rrr Mol'oclpe,rHoBbrxtrOpaSleJreuu,araxyloultrx B trerlleM IrOpflAXe'Ilo,4pa-rge.;lenrtii-200 u100 g, rra IIMII (BTP) - 300 M, ilrl.n rag111o.&hrr
ltoua,r;1up AI{I]I{srdulla (6atapelr), uSrIaqeurrol'o \rtr x)Aeplr(KIr
6ara;rsolra (poru), trepeMeq,aertflco-sMecrtluc KuMaltl4pou6ara.nloua
(pntu). [touarr4xp Ar4Brrano]Ia(6arapen), xpr{Aal{Holo datanlouy (poTe), rrepeMelrlaerc.EconMec.'t]Iot xoMalr4rlpou daranloua (poru), ne4er
pasBeAfiy trpoTuB-nuxa I{ lra6nloaer 3a ecrBuflMrr arar(yx)Il(ux lropaaAeneHu, trpu eroM no lio.uauAe (curna.rry) KoManAI4pa dta.nlona
(porrr) E tro Jll{qrrofr ranurluatlrte llopailtaer DHOBr BLaBJIeIIHhIe TaflI(r,
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B arnx ycrounflx B I{eiIflK odectreqeEu.fl rretrpephlBnocrl{ pasre4xr
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o
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qetll 6arapes yEurITOlKaeT OrHeM I{eCKoJIbI{ux trJIu Btex opyAuii. lIoC.lre
BhrnoJrrrerJEn 3aaqu 6arapex eiicTByeT B cooTBeTcTBnn c pactropfl,|teuueM KoMaHI(pA AIrBrnsIrOHa.
c HaqaJroM arans rlo Korilalrqau
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(potH)
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uocJre oBJIaAeo6opoHH, a EBsssoII, uoAeprxunaroqu datallon,Eng otropgbrur trvHr{TaMI',IpOT rrepBoro atrIeJIoHa trpoTffRnrr6a. ,Idunuauou,
npnBJrer{aeurr X uOCueAoBaTe.[b]IoMy COCpeAorOrIeHIIIo OrIrE (ol'TreRo1.(t
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n na {rnanrar
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py6ema BBoa n 6o Broporo ome"'rona. Araxy tl uocJreIllyrcryrle ;leiicl
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AmeJIOIIa gJIR EaBITaTIeHEflIIJIE ee lro'{eptriEU, BbIIIOJIIIfleTOrIIeBhIe BaXapoTbl .
clr uo uopa?r(eEro rrporaRHr{Ka, rrpe[FTCTByrurqeI'O HaCTVITJIeHUTO
cuJI
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pesepBoB rrpoTrlBrluHa.
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a npecteosatuu-q npopaBBIrrI,I-a Hacrynnennn
B clyuae yctremxoro
(pore) ilepBot'o
nlllntul.n AtrBuatrorr (6arapea), trpEAaHHhr 6aranroHy
AIIIeJIOHa uJIa COCTABJIflIOUeTOuepeAoBOE oTpfiA' BbICbIJIT IrOApaSAe-.
paaoeAKrr coBMecrHo c paanenofi 6ara.nlona,
rerrtrs aprral.nepnfrcno
nsro4oo)
cBoeBpeMer{Hoe lrepeMeqeHue 6arape (oruenux
opraHnsyer
Ilo/IpaSenesn.
EJIE x BxOTr{AeE[e B KOJrOHnbrO6qenocxoBblx
B 6oeso
ilpu ueo6xo4nMocrtr AEBEBtroH (6arapen) pasBeprllBaercff
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lflor Bbrxo odrqenocnoBhlx floApasgelenufr
ct|raM [poTtrBHr{I{a. BlilrronHfleT Salaq$ tro 3xpennenr{K} SaxBaqeEHoIo
py6clia
Epu,ldcBetiIre aprrt*,repnn 245

Aprrueprcru

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(6arapea)

no acrpeesou

6oxr

i[rnrranon Bo Bcrperutox 6oro rdorr(er 4ecuoearb B cocrane rrepegoBoTo orpflAa, aBarrrap4a (doxonOro orprga) Errn B cocraBe rJraBEhur
c[rr, dalapea - I cocraBe roJro.Bsoi (6oxorofi) uoxo4uo Bacranr,
rJIa.BI{hrr cra daraaroua trJtf, B oocrang AtrBEauorra.
04nnx na naxnemnx yc,noau, odecueqnsa()qrlx Aocrn]lieutre
yctrsxa Bo Bcrpluox 6oro, salaercfl ytrpe)riAeutre trporf,Burixa B o1npTIIH alnnnnepucxoro orrn. Iloarouy gecrnna Axnraauona r darapeu no
Bcrpe.rrnor{ 6oro goaxur ornrrrarb&rr MancfttraJranofi drrcr.porofr paanepTbrnarrqff s foesofr trop{Aorf , rdar(crxaJlHrMeoxpatrlenf,eu BpeueEE rra
rroAroroBxy orx.a, runpoxo nnuqnarnro,
cueJlocrbro E peruf,Te.nblocrbro B&gx KoMaHA;rpoB, 3m 4ocrurerc. rrogep?ffauxeF nocroanao
ruToBr{ocrn AtrBEBorr(6arapen) r( Br.lrKxrn.errnloor'rre$rrx aa1as s npaBfrJrbntrrx pasxeqeuueu ero B rroxo4nou trop.sAr(e odqeroficxoso. qacrr
EJrff treApasAneHtrfl.
Ocuossrxr aaaua,nu ArBrilBuor{an darapeu Bo BcrpeqHou 6clro sgJt.Erorcfl: rrpetrflrcrBue Br,rABlrlr{enxroupornnHtrffa tr pagreprhrnaHtrro ro
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orxpbrrrx Saanroa trogpaageaear:, oTpatRenne arar( TauNoB r uexorbr rrporrrnu[r(a, rperr.flTcratre
orxoy trportrBnrrr(a E ero BaxpetrJrerrrrroH BhrroAnhrx py6earax.
Bsuoas.rs arn aaasq, Annlrar{of, (6atapex) tropa}(aer cpeAcrr}a rrAepItol.o H xltuf,qecK()ro EatraAeIItr.E, apTrrJlJlepnrc, TaEI(tr, xiIIByK) cnny,
trporriBoraaxoBbre H Apyrrre .orHeBhlecpeAcrBa rrporrrBrruxa. C upnnarus{ peurHriltr ftoilafinupou ofqenocxosoro
tro,epaaAeJleurtfl, Koropouy
gpEAaII IrBusEo, ua ec,rpevHrrfr 6o EJrr{ c uonyqeHueM aaarrE or
crapruero aprta:repncxoro
Kouantrpa (rrasalrnura)
fioxarr4rrp AsB[3nofia yToqH,EeTSA,qAqStrO pasneAr{e trpoTnBrrnxa, craBrT trxtr yToquger doeshre gaAaqf, troApaaenexu.Eu,opranngyer BE{ABtr}rieEEe
u paaBeprtrIlaurre gBuguoua n 6oeao nop.ffAor, yroqarrer tropflAox Baarlx(F
4efrctnua c o6qeaoficr{oBbrMrr tropaa4ene$rrrruu E yrrpaBnrrer orrreu

EOrO lryErla

ycTagaBntrBaer

JIEltHyro

cB.Eab c

troAeprr(uBaoMoro odq,enocxoBoro lloApa8[eJreurlg, c


reT) saAaqs tro pa.8DerutetrporEBrrt, IIo roroEEotltr orEoBBrt
D!, OTxpbrBaeroroEb rlo paqBeAaEEIu4enEu.
aaasan 6on amapeq eiicmnyrou4ae s cocmnoe eo'Pat0' noxt&
tro ctrrnany (xouan4e) r(ouarr4npa sacranbr 6rlcrpo paerema&t
s 6oeso tropflAon a orr(pblnaor orolrb rro trportBuxlsyrrpoTf,Bf,x9E Bclpese c noApasAerelrtrflMtr pasBeAr(tr tr oxpaEeEtrfi
SABnCEMocrtror yc.nonr MecrEogrg 6arapex pasBeprrrBaerc.s Ea
orEeBO rrosEqsE r JrEErrrornagTr{enE or{eM trptrtrofr EeBoIt6oenne uaHau6oree BatfinIe qens (rannr, dponerpaxctroprepx'
goxorbr, trpolnBolaffKoBbre cpeAclBa) Jnruqlox(a()rcfl orEerd Eerx opy4u. flocne pasrpoua ronoBlo uoxogofi aacrano trpotrpoTf,BEEXa darapex cBepTHBAercg B KoJIoEEy'
Eyr)4ero
cBoe ffecro B rq]roEEe ronoBEo rroxo.qHo aaolaBrr E trpoonABfl(EEtrE.

ps Eclpeqe c trpeBocxoAfiqtrM tro ctrJIe trpoluBlruftoM u 3aEf,rtrE


iao uoxoAso aactano BbrroAHoropy6,elr(a6atapeR, RaK trpaBtr4o'
s Ha 3ar(pHro orEeBo uoauqqn, EaHocEl rropajffeEtre
lalrr(aM E rrexoTe rrpoTEBUn, coBMecrHo c Apyrtruf,
ll orpKaer aro araxy, upuxpr{Bael (narrrtr ronoBrro q'
aacTaBbr.

Itattlnlon,i ermsgnu4uii e cocmaee nepeoeoompaa (aeaneapa),


lnerrllro KorarrAsp o\rpnqa (aaaHrapga) paarepmrBaetes r 6oeso
[ot(, oTKptBaeToroflb tro trpoTrfBlrEr(y x ero rroAxoA.flrI(rw fionoEloAep,ItllBaer qecBufl ronoBlro troxotro SacraBb[' trpurtprBaer
l[e'

paABeprhIBaIIEe

tr IIOAAepE(trBAer aTAXy IJIaBsbIx

CUI tr

orps4a (anaurap4a). B qenax o6ecsesernn 6Hcrpotu orr(pf,rorna darapetr aaEuuarlr orlrenIe troanqna, Ee clltrTa.rcr c upy4o6xecrEocrx, Totroreoeauqecxaff trprnBflaKa ocJrqecTBnf,elcff rlo
Earapen uo Mepo roroBnocrtr' Ee ox(trgafl ftoMaE KoMaEAIilpa
,Ha tr pactropnxtenn (curuairor) xoMaHAEpoB odrq,erocnorw\
sfi, cauoc3oflTeJrbno orxprnarcT oronb IIo paare.qaE[ru
E Orpa}Ita()l alarcE trpoTrlBErrr(a Ea roroBEyx, troxoAryro 3a-

',4nBn3ffOIIa.

flpx uocrauoBxe BaAaq fio[ar{AnpArrDnauouayxagrrBaer: gAaqrr rro


uoiqep{r{etropaseneHu tepe4oBoro orpqa (ananrapAa, 6oxoBoro
rlrpa4a); orneBbre BaAqu tro tropalxenrrro cpegcrB xrlunqecxoro E flAepIIOIO HatraAerrl[s rrpoTriBrr{xa, ero tro&\oAfln{sx KoroaH rr uo B0ctrpeq,eHrrro ux paSBepTrBaflEs; SaAaqs tro llpw(prrrrrc pasBepThrBarrE.srr troAepxrxe aTaKrr rJraBrrhrx cuJr, rratraJro E trpoonlf(rilTeJrbnocTb orHeBoro
Ha.rrera uepeA araxo; paonu orneBbm uoauqr r,r KouarrAno-ua6,nroBlleurr
Aarenbrrux tryur(ToB 6arape, ocrroBrroe Earrpannelrtre crpelr6u;
rororocrf, K orr(phrr[ro o rrr.fl; {ecr KouauAno-na6.nro4are.uruof o tryunTA E rryEXTA ylrptaneHll.s orEeil ItBrrSorre.
Koxar4np ArrBtraf,orra (6ataperl), ronyrrtrB doenyro Ba4arry, paanepruBaer Af,Bganorr (6arapelo), BrAnaraercfi B traanaqeulrrl paon no146 1aasa nsras

orAenbahrx cnyqafx rlacrb 6arapeu (opy4r) nu4nuraerc.ff Ea


rue orlrBble rrosqlt
Ans crpen6H upnuo IraBoAKo. IlpnxpxluDE)r(errEe s paBpTIBAEtrernaBBH-r ctn uepeAoBoro orpflAa
uapla), Armrauoi tropfiaer aprsnnepEcr(trg E uuEotsrEIe 6ara-

EO AOtryCHAeT BrXOAa
IIpoll[BEUKA'
I EpoTtrBOraEr(OBbIe cpeAclba
ttEXOB rr nexorf,I no rfilanr rnaBE]IM CEJIaM. Ileen atarco IJIaBEI1

EopeAoBoro orpsAa (ananrapga) unuauon Roporr(f,u'-o xolrllrEu


aDxI EAneroM troparfiael llpolgBrrEl(a B EaMOqeEEf,lXO6texrax.
Ilocae aaxnara uepe4onwu orpffou yffaaannoro euy py6elr(a AnBtrDHtrOJIrrfler OrEBHe SaAArrE trO Sarcpelrnellnm

ycntrfrfl paaBe(f, ua rfaanrax'

gosErru 6arape.

.,

aIloro pyfurfta'

coc-

trpotrsBoA[T CMesy oru-

.j:":X
IIDTTeEeEE

atngalteput,

217

eibrneynu4u, a cocmnae aeaneapda, trocJre yuurrro)r(enua


firnuaunn,,
uo6arapefino
llepeMeqaerc-fl
B yr{aEOXOIEOrO oxpaEeHtrfl trpoluHfita
SaEEOM HarrpaBJrenutr, noAep?r{EBaer trpopblB noApaEBnenq aBarjrapa r( TJIaBHhIM CUJIaM rrpoTqBlttrKa, rrarro0rrr I{I}t flopa{eHue, cHOBrBaer Ex MaHeBp! rrprr(prilBaer pasBeprhrBanlle E BBoA n 6o rJraBrrblx
CUJI

gecrnnr o6qenoma paaBepnyrbcfi n 6oeno uopflolt tr nogeptriatr


cKoBtrrx uoApasAeJreuu uo yE[ttroir{eEEn troApas4enenu trpuKphlru.tt
nportrBEnKa tr trpoprBy K ero rJraBrrbrMctrJIaM,Ilopa?xaeTHoJroEHbrrJIaBnrux oEJr, B trepByro oqepeb ranr{tr tr Apyrue 6pounponanrre MarIrEHhI.

IIOJIRA.

B c.nyuae yupe?+(Aentrs trporuBuunoM trepeAoBoro orpflAa B BLrxoIe


Ea yxaaafir{rr py6erx, a ananrap4a B pasBeprl;rBarrtrun r,eqer,nnrracryrlc ApyrsMrr orrreBhlMlt cpecTBaMrt
JreEur rrBrrsEorrBo BSaEMOAeCrsr,ru
oTpa(aeT aTafttr llpoatBrrufia, Ire AotrycHaer elo trpoHunrroBeE.rrfl B
rrpoMe'{}'tKE Meil(Ay odqenocxorblMlr rlopas,qeneHq.gMtr, trpEKpbrBaer orr{phrrbre Snanru uepe4oBoro orpt4a (ananrapqa), orreu upruo
sasoxo yrusro)fiaer IHKI{ u trexory rIporuBEEKa: rrpopBaBmuectr B
paou orueBrrx nosuqu, B rrocne4yloqeM lrrrrroJlnser Ba4ecn ilo nprKpbrruro paaBeprbrBarlrfl rt RcryrIJIeHIrfl n 6o rnanrhlx cuJr.
Barapen aaHrruaror oflreBretro3tlrlnn Ea rarr(ootracnoM HatrpaBJrenqliI
tro BoaMolnuocrtr dnrame H 6oeublM rropflAnaM por trepBoro aure.rroHa.
,{an reqeuu.fi pagBeAKIf Irporr,rBHHHI{a mtrpororvt {ponre B AtrBr.rauorre
u n 6arapefix paueprbrrarorcfl 6oxour,te ua6.nn4areru,nhre tryufiTbr.
fi,uauatnn" (6arnapea), etm.eynuu e cocrnqee 6onoeozo ompna
(6orneo nnzorn aacmnau), upu actpeue c trporrrBuflnou uo pemenrm
r(oMaErrpaorprAa (aacrarn) pasBeprHBaercr B 6oeso tropEnox, rropalKaeT BIBtrraloque0.s I(OJIOIIHbIIIpoTtrBEuHa' upufipblBaeT p3BepTbl"
Brrrre JraBnbrx cqJr orpgga, Ito BaauMo4efictnru c pyrr{Mrr orFeBhrME
cpeoTBail{uoTpaKaer araxtr TaHKoBu uexoT}'I, flpnxphrBaeT rrpoMe]fiyTKr MelfiAy rroApaa4eJlenuflMt{r{ tropgep)fitrRaer ecrBrs o6qenofrcxoBrrx rro4paa4e.nenuEa rul{pototrlSponre.
frueuawro, ermeynquir, s cocmaeeq.pnurraepucrcoepunnbl, Mo'fier
rroJryqr{Tr,aaarryAJrr rroA4epxxr 6atarroua trB cocraBa rraBnlJx cqJr.
B arou cJryqae r(oMaH4r{p nuBrrsuona rraanarraer 6araper Antr rrol4eprxnE por E ycranaBnuBaer JrtrqHylo cBflBb c fioMan4raporr 6atarrona elte
Ao Bbrxo4a dara.nrona na py6err BBoI{a s 6o r,rasnlrx ctrJl. B erux ycJroBtrsx AtrBuBuoH (6arapex) rra MaxctrMaJrr,Hogouycruuo cnopocTfl
Bhrxotrur B uasnaseHurrft paon orrreBbrx uoeuqu, paaneprbrnaercfr B
6oeeo tropfiAox r{ no Mepe roroBuocrn ornprrBaer oronb tro tro,qxo4.rqr{M
trpOTtrBErrr{a, trO ItOMaHAe rCO}tAHArrparpyutrhl rropax{er
KOJTOEHAM
cpeAcrBa agepndro E xnMtr.recxoro Earra4enu, aprunnepucxue fi
utrEoMernbre 6araper, uporuBorarrr{oBnre cpeAcrBa, Tarrru q flexory,
troAAepl+(uBaeraray rropag4eJrenr.rirrasHrux ctrJr troJrr(a.
IIpn uourrrxe uporurwrxa nepern x o6opone Ha Bf,rroquou py6exe
AtrBBEon (6arapen) Boctrpeqaer tro4xo4 (orxo4) ero rro4pas4eaenu n
Blrolrrouy py6exy, rroAaBJrqer ?fiuByro crrJly u orueBbre opecrBa Bo
BpeMfl BarrffTd uun noauqN, noAepffir,rBaer arar{y o6qenocnoanrx
rroApasgeJrenr s qenflx BaxBara Brdro,qnolo pydexta.
ffpn orxo4e trportrBurra, toreprreBmero tropax{eul(e Bo BcrpeqlroM
6oro, 4unnsron (6atapen) uepeueqaerca (cne4yer) n upeg6oenor'l (uoxo4nor'r) trop.s,qKe o6qenocxoBbrx tropa3,4enenu B roroBEtlcru c uap248 rrasa unran

Aprruueprfrcxnfi

4nnnanou

(6araper)

n o6opone

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IIpHveHerrne aprsJL'repHtr 249

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cnoux BocR.MacnupoBotrnue Meponpnfirf,s AonlHErocyqecruaKTtrBHO, y6egurenrno, EetrpeplilBEo E paaEoo6paBHo.
MacnupoBr(u Baxrroqaercff B sacroquBolr crl)Mneutru
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poBarb trporEBEEKa tr BHBBarb c ero cTopoEH [ecBEE, BIcBorrM soficRaM. MacnuponoqEhre MepoupEffTtrfi AoJrlnEf,[ trpoBotTbos tretrpepErBrro Ha Bcex rarrx 6oesHx AecrBrft, AEeu u Eoqbn,
rlodoe BpeMfi roAa, a upf,eMLuacnupoBr(fi orrxrrarbcff paaEoo6pa8EM
ecrecrBennocrbxl. Heo6xoguurrM ycJIoBeM rracxtrponr(tr ffBJr.Eerc.fl
flue MacnupoBorrno 4ucqurrJrtrHu n cr(pbrrrroe BnlroJrrretne

ux pa6or.

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AorlTteE 6ua upouaofr-fn nspun). [Ipu odnapyxeExu rrpuaEanon rolreEtr rmypa
uoxosTb K apflaM Bocrrpeqaerf,fl.,
y BapflAoE E nogro.
IIo xoxaxge rllpuromarrrcnr
uoAIxTBEErtE craloarrra
rar.fi.EBlrcrc.E R Eocrur&ueseuur aarnrfaroJrbE[rx rpy6ox. llog:rurarue
rrI]oE8BoAffT
tro xoudrlAe coroaD, orxonEr rroAprBEEr(Etro Kolrarre rOrxognr, flo am ftouarAe
f,orrrHEu rtrrotrtb aoe rro4pbrBEtrItr, B Tox rrrrcne E Ee ycueBntre toglttetlb rpy6xa.
TIpa etcrmputicot
cneco6e aapwailua trpoBepxy aaexr1rorapf,rlrux
cere
E rroAKnxrtreEEe uartrcrpurElrx [poBoAoB $ EcrowtrKy mr(a Aonrr{EI rpoEsBoAarb
mrrRo trocne ygeJreEr'f, rrcex nnge or xecr pactrenorftelntr Bapfl[or.
B xouenr
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IIpn nponarogoroe rpymoBrrx
EaprrBoB psynbaru
BsprrBe no1rren spoBepf,Tb otrFB veirroBett, IIpu ornaae neodxo4lxo orrJrroqu"rb noxqr xertrcrpanErrr
trpoBoAoB oT ECIOWf,I(A IORA, EEOJTEpOBATb
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nps{trnr orrasa. Ilogxopnlr
aapagax paape'
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rtraercl Ee peubrrre qeu qepea 15 urr.
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MAI(9TOB E JIO)KE5IX COO-

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B uepnyro oqepeb rtrEpoao trcuonbayrlrcrr ilEnupyrotque csornue
M&COK - JIOCOB, KyOlAptrE, T. . EAJrErrEe ecleolBeEEnrx
EOpOBEOCTepenBea, EACeilOESrX ITyERIOB E pAEnEqE}IX IIoOIEHX.

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JI|rHUtr CBff3E qoJIOCO{)6pASHOtrpOKngIIBATb AtrOn KaEAB,

16, orpaxgestrfr.r
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xax ra6o:rrEhre, TaK tr uacKtrpoBoqHble cpeAcrBa sofrcxonoro xsroroD-

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qecrBnfiercr o6nen m{opuaque.
Te@onttun u munapa{naz nopaaeeenu* o6opygyrcr n o6cnyxlr
raror rc.ne{onnue u re;rerparfrrbre cranqtrs Ea uynxrax ytrpaBnerur.
u
o6ecuequnanr otrepartrBEyp enEroro cBrab, a rar((e cayxe6ryrc
BEyrpetHron cBEEb Ea tr).Er(Tax ytrpaBxeEtrn.
Jlut,nn-tw.6ea,wu,e nnpaseaenut trponnaArBanr xa6earnne au
EEu cBfiBE or tryEKroB )mpaBnenEff uacrr (uogpaageleRun) B tro[qsnsp
E[e rrogpasgencnus u o6ecnequsanr 6ecuepe6onyn pa6ory upoJro
,r(eugbrx ;ruuu cB.ffu.
II o0paaeaevu* no ausct+u,r cp ecmn ess.supasueprblBaror r o6c.uyxn
Baror tryffKtm c6opa onecenE u AocraBJlflrot 6oenue, cnyxeoune H
Apyrtre AoKyMeEr[[.
Iloaenne rryERTbI ytrpaBJIeEf,fl o6opyqyrotcs Ha ctreqtraJrbnrx aBr()'
Mo6nn.ax, dporerpanctroprepax rr TaHRax, Ha Koropbrx pasBepryrhl ]l
cMoETtrpoBaEIpaBnErIIrHe cpe4crBa cr.flBu..Onn 4oaxnlr trMer Bhrconyx)
uo6lrnrsocrb B pa3BeprrBadllu u ycrEoBneIrEI{ cBs3tr, MaxcnMarbnyrr)
AaJrbrrocr, MHofoxanaJlbnocrb, Tpanclropra6elrroctr,,qorroBeqaocrb,
Bhlcofiyro trpotrycxnylo cnoco6nocrb, BoaMolr{ocrbnptrMeuenntr llo6oro
cpe4crBa cBfr.guKaK B KoMrrJler(cec ApyrtrM, TaR tr aBTououno, cta6ulr.EOCTb AneKTpErIeCfitrX rrapaMerpoBr MrrHuMJIbEo BoSMO)r{Hr;leMacoy n
radapurnr, odecuequsarb upocrory odcryxaBantrfi u peMoura.
llcxogn rs 6oesbrx Ba4aq, nu4a 6oerrux gefrcrnn daralroua (4nnv
auona) onpeAen.ffrorcnaaavu csnau: o6ecueseuze ycroturo cnfisR co
crapmuM mra6ou u cBoeBpeMennoro npueua ero cfirnaJroB, BBauMogecrnur c coceffMu, trogeprnuBalorqtrMn tro4paa4eneutruu rr Melr(,q\
uo,qpaaAenemrfrvrndaraanoua (4rnuarona); cnoenperrerrnoe oBe4erru('
Ao Eogpaagereuu 6aranrona ([uauauona) crrna;roa otroneqenr{fl o rrerrocpegcrBeuno yrpoae upruer{enlr.s trpornnlrrrcoM opyzr(trfl MaccoBoro
tropfieHtrfi, o BoEAymEoMlrporlrBHrtxe, o paAEoaKTnBrroM,xElf[qecKoM
u 6axrepnoJroruqecroM Bapaxeur{u; trepearra pactropff)fieuufr m rroJr}'rreErre gorecenu or troArrtrEenurx rroApBeneEll no rexHu.IecroM]'
tr ThrJronoMy o6ecuevennro 6oesnx Aecrnra.
,{,nx ycueuuoro perrleutrfl yr(agarrutrIx BaAarrcBaab Aon}KHa obecuesll
Barb BrtroJraelrtrepnga tpe6osann, saxserruMn IrB noropblx fiBJrnror
cE cBoeBpeMerrEocTb,AocToBepHoc?brr cr(pbrTlrocTb.
Ceoeepenenvocrnbcsaau xaparrepnayer cnoco6nocrr ee o6ecuecuBrt'
rlep.eAaqy (4ocranrY) coodrqenu r.I BeAeEr{ereperoBopoB B saAaErIbI('
cpoxrr, o6yc.noa.nennue ranrrrqecxo odcrarrosxo.
296 plaes ce[6xa.E

/locmneeptncnlb eaflau rapaxreptrByer cuoco6uocrb ee o6ecueqrnatr


potraBeexuetrepegaBaeuxx coodqenr s tryrr(rax trpneua c BaranTOIIEOCTbIO.

Crcpwm.nocmb con:tu xapaxrepEsyet cuoco6uocrb ee trporf,Bocrorrh


repe4anaero
nn$opxaqun,
cogepxternfl
prrtrxr trporrBurr(ox
a, uecTa ee trepe4atrl f, rrpf,Ea4nerr(Eocru o6terra trepegarf,.
.{,an o6ecueqenuq yflpeBnenf,ff trogpasgenenf,ffx[ 6ara,nroua (runnpAEo-, rrpoBoln[re, trognf,rr(EHe f, ctrrraJrbnf,re
) upurrerrnrcfi
TBa cBtrsa. C qx nouorqrn o6paayrolcfl r(aranH panf,o- rr trporfienlcB.ffBE,a c rrouoqbx] rrorBnx(Ebrx cpe,qcrB oprarf,syercr
o-troqnoBafl

cBflEb.

Paun rBJrfiercfi ocflornrlrr

cp[crBo]r cBff:tx. B 6oro Boe Kouatr[f,r rro

trollorr(ptrrrM TeKCT()M, rrptr eroM EaEileEoBaEEff


rrepeAanrcn
tr AOn)r{EOCTr{ KO}tAH[npOB yKaSbIBa()TCfl rroSErBHr{r[n, a

yEKTbr Mecrrrocru - or opuerrrnpoB, a rr(xe ycnoBnirur (xogrpourr,rn) nauueHoBartEflMu. [na o6ecueqenux ycmvurofr paguocrx-

cJrotnEx
u B Apyrux
uptr trpEMeEeHutr trpoTI[BEtrKOM paltrotroMex
na
Ilepexog
oBuffx Haagarrarorcfi Barracnle tr peaepnrrbre qacrorbr.

ocyqecrBJrflerc fio Kotrralre(crrnany)

craprnero xoxangupa

(na-

nrnuxa).
IIpoeox,wn cpecmsa cBfial{ B troApas.qeJrerrtflx o6uqso trptruelrffnr\cs
r pactronolxeuuu lra Mecre u n o6opoue.
Ilo0auscnwe cpecmea cBqau EcfioJrbaylorcfl' F,nfl rrepegatm pactropsufr u tronecesu so Bcex Ru,qax6oa, a rarlre Ha Mpme tr trptr pactrowtil Ha

MecTe.

Cuau,attwtwe cpe0cm.aa cBsgl[ rrpaueusrorcfl

F,nfl trepeaqtr EptrTenbyrrpaBnerlEfl u BSan-

, SByKOBbIX I{ CBTOB}'IX CI{TEaJIOB OtrOBeUeHEfl'


Bnfl.

0praxnaaunnpaArocBf,3H
Patncpecmsa' fipnwe:aflIorcfl Bo Bcex lroApasgeJreutrflx' Onq snrstOTCfl OCI{OBHbIMU' A BO MIIOTI{X CJIYIIAflX

EAEECTBCHEbIMU

CPEACTBAMI'I'

Ouoco6Rlruu o6eCnequtr HerlpepbrBHoeyupaBnegxe nocxau6 s calofr


Caoxno 6oeno o6Ctanosne. I4x upeuuyqeclBaMa ClII{raIoTCflBOBMS}IIHOCTb yCTaHOBneHItff I,I troAepll{aHllff CBfl3u C KOppecoHeHTA}fn' MecTo
ofieueueuue OAIIoBpefr yAaJleglre fiOTgpbrx ESEABSCTITLI,
pACIIOJIOffieHvIfr.
xeunofi trepeAarrrr coodrqeuu HeorpaIIErreHHoMy HorsqecTBy KoppecycraIroBJIeEI{s cB3[' ee o6ecneqegne rTe roJIbKo
uon4enroof 6ncrpora
tra cTo,IEr(e, ffo It B ABII]KeHRI{, a TaI(E(e qepeS HetrpoxoI{Mlle yqacTftil
uecTHocrtr rr Teppr,ITopErct' Salr.sTyro uporrrBHr{HoM.
neo6xo^I{Mo yrlr4rhlpa/I'ocsseu
n o6ecuese'n'
flpu opranriq"u
IIpOTRBIIIIfiOIIi.
flept)Aaq
n
EaTb BOSMO?|HOCTI,IIepeXBaTa treperoB0poB
oprasx:arlvs

cstt:u'I)7

x ecraz. Csser pauocpecrBawn n 6araarone (gurusnoue) opraI


I

il

)r

l|+d+--L+d
i-i
i4XLr-+
I

BBsyeTCs, KaK upaBnno, no paAtrocerflM, a c IroApaSAeJreHuflME, Br'rnoJruflroqE.rE oTBercrBelrEre 3aAasE, tr trO paAEoEarrpaBneEtrgM.

I
I

d-"-e---cl"a
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crruor, tt(L1enplri'JLa

Ctr-*n

---//

twn*6

pcm [)atrc.nfi.4utt

r{EE M0ryr co3aBarb BsanMrrbrerroMexn. Ha padory paAuocB.sSEBJrr{flror

Ma qJrE peTparrcJrrrqrrE.
flyxxr
ruepenpucrnauJU pempa,*a,quu opra*".'yercfl B ron cJyqae,
ecnr par{ocBf,3b HetrocpeAcrBeHE()rf,e)fiAyAByMfl paEocraEqnfl}rn He ycTarraBJII&BaelCrrr{3-3a rreocraroqno qaaruocr[ IIx Aecrsn.fl l{nr4 trJr0xnx ycnoos pacupocrpauetrEs pa4rroBonn.
flpr
trepeupr{eMe Hcuonbsyerc.s trpoMe}r{yrorrrrafl paAuocrar{qrr.F,
HOrOpaff ycraEaBJrr{Baercfl B tryrrr(Te rrepetrpr{eMa. cErua.ir or oArroro
HoppectrorrAeHTa rrpEEuMaercfl paAl|croM trpoile]r(yrouuo cranqlrfl, a 3areu- repe4aercfi pyrouy xoppectrorrAerry (pnc. t).
flpn perpancnfir\un B rryrrxTe perpancnsqnr Heo6xopuo ycr]roBuTb
Re paEocTaEqr.ru, c troMoqr,() KoTopbrx ocyrqecTB{r.flerctr pyqrafi rrJrfr
alrouarrrqecr(afi perpancnf,qu_fi s o6oux Eatrpannen[.flx (pnc. 2).
ffo .xapaxtepy o6uera pa4f,ocBflBt dHsaer crrru.rrexnofi rau 4yu.remcuo.
flpu cu.nnaefitHn pauteeaau KoppectronqexrH pa6oraror sa trepearry u trpEeM rooqepe4xo. Ilepe6o pa6orn pa4ucr, pa6orarcqero
rra
rrepeAaqy, EeEoSMOlfieE.
[Ipn ynnencun pauncea, KoppecnouAenrrr padorareT rra uepearry
r{ uptreM oAEoBpeMer{EoE .rreSaBlrcEuo.npyr o" Apyra,
Cyqecrnyror ABa ocr{onnHx cuocoda oprarrEgaqtrE paqocu.flBtr - rro
paAEorratrpaBrrerrnru u IIo pa4Eocers. Bm6op cnoco6a saBacf,r or o6cranoBKE, EasEaqeErrfl tr Ba?ItHOCTq
CUequ{rxn neAeuu_a60e4anUOfr CF.fr1vr,
4A
-vu

.r jr,rRll

cc.-lbMiifi

Paduottanpeeteruue - cnoco6 oprauusaqr4


cB.aan Me?fty AByMq
uyrrnrarq ytrpaBneur.fl (rcouan,qupaun, mra6arm), upu ftoropou y Kalrioro rra HEx Brirgen.qercfl pa4rocranqtrfl, pa6oraroqafl rra paAEoAaEEIx,
ycraEoBJreEHxAnfl erolo paAqoHtrpaBreHtrff.
Pauocerno - cnoco6 oprartraaqus. cufrsfr. Merr(y ecnolrxungr (rpeua u 6o;ree) tryEXraME yrrpaBneur-a (mouan4upaMs, mra6aur), npn roropoM HaTfiAoruyrrs rrqx BbAen.sercfpaguocranqua, padoraroqafi-Ea paguoIarrrrsrx, ycrarronneunux,qlr-fl ero pa4noceru.
ll paguocerqx u pa4xorratrpaBnerrnffx pagnocrarrrlnfl elapmero xoraAupa (rura6a) frBiltrercfi rlranuofr. Ee yraaaurff tr pactrop-sirenr.rfl
o6naare:rs*br Anfl tro4qrruernrrx pagr{ocTanqu. Eee nueoaa ll pagpemegrr.ff rrraBno pa4uocranqun (xpoue oco6nrx cnyvaer) rtorruerrurrepatrocraHl{un Ha flepeAarry ne pa6orarot.
B pa4lrocotsx E pa4ronatrparnenrffx Baaalroefrcrnras rJIaBHa.spanaaurro4ec:r.qrrocrauqtr,a rraBnaqaerc-s urca6ou, oprarruByroquM
BWE.
.{;rx ycrauoBJrerrnfl ll o6ecneseun.s paIilocBflBuaa Hilr{Ayrc paAnocTaHqtrI() BbraIOTcapaAEo,qallnhre, BKJrroqatroql{e: rlacToThr, rroSbrBEhle,
DpeMfl cMetlr{ qacToT u rroShrBrrbrx,BtrA cB"EaE,aSEMyTbrIra KoppectroEAerrron, riJrroqrr H paAr{oAolryMenraM, a trpE ueo6xo4nuocra Ii pa4rrotrapoiru.
Pexruu pa6orrr paAuocralrqu onpe4e.uaet rnta6, opranusyroqu
cBr{gr,, Ecxorr na o6crasoBxtr E yxaaaurrfi craprtrero rura6a.
]{alr'uocrr gecraua ftB- r VltB-paguocranqu BaBtrctrr or Moqlfocrn epe4arquna, ycnonn pactrpocrparrenu.EpaEoBoJrrr,or pa6oqux
qacTor, TrrrroB aH'rerllr, ypoBrr.E IroMex B Toqne trprreMa, rIyBcTBr,ITerblrocrrr u ua6upareJrbrrocrn trpueurr[r{a, Mecra paalrerqen.rrfipaAr{ocrarrqnn. f{alruocr cB.ffauMorr{Eo yBenrlrtrTb aa cqer trepexoa paArrocraHrluu L{B Tene{onuoro peffirrMa n teaerparfnr'rfr.
jorunoe arraqeurre 4nr o6ecuesentrfl naqexuo pa,qnocr|r{ar{ fla upeerrrr.rbrepaccrofffiI{fi EMee? npaeu,aottuti ew6op trluna aHmelrru. o6n.rno
LtctroJrr,SyroTcflrrrTrpeBhreaHTefrEbr, aHTerrEbr<6eryqeii BoJrrrbr))u i-o6paaUTEAflTEEII-bI.
lll'rupenan aETeEHa fr,ailflercfl. auresrto troBepxuocrnoro Jryqa, EB;ryvaroqe enenTpoMarrrrrrxyro aneprnro paBuoMepuo Bo Bce croponr
Boxb aelruo troBepxuocrrr, rro rre naryuarcqe n uarpaBJlerrrirr aellr{gerbrpexuerpoBafl, xoropafl
ra. .iIy.rme r{g rrrrbrpeBbrxaETerrHffRJr.fierc-ff
no cpanrreur{ro co mrrrpero anrenno sbrcoro 2,7 u c{{exrunuee u
1,5 paaa.
,\Hteuna <6eryqe BoJTEHEtroABeruunaercfl rra r[uoso flo,qBecfiena
nhlcore 1 u na4 rroBepxnocrbK) aeMJrR. Hanpanneune naud<lnbulero
143.Iyqer.u{firrTerrrrr cooTBeTcTByeT HanpaDnerrrrrc paSBeprryToro oT
paA1nocraHI{ErrtrpoBo4a. Caegonarelnuo, upoBo4 aureurrr Aon}r{eE
Boera 6-arrr uaupaBJren rra Hoppectrou4enTa.

l-o6paanae aETeEEa flr,rr;ercfr paanoBtrAnocrbro anrernrr <6eryrq('ii


K paAtrocralrqEtr aoHeq uoAEtruaercff rra [ep('
BoJrEf,rD.Ee dluxrui
croflnqee flpeB{r
penMerr (or4enrno
DrecrEbre
BffEtryro orlopy unH
'
aaSop E A}Ke ueraJrnf,lrecxyre uetrry).
cmJr6, BhIcoK
aEneEEDr, a cJre4oBareJrbEo' E AaJrbnocr cn.fiaq 1'
{{enrnrxocrb
aEarrEreJrbEocretreEx :lBtrcfiT or rpacc[r, pe;rrda uectu(rcE Ea paF()
611uSOCTtrOT aBTeIr
trOtIBf,IB HeIIOCpe.4CTBeEEOfr
TpAOOeE OT COCTOfiEEf;
EbI.

nr.tn
Vctauorneno, qro Ea BJratr{Erxuo.tBax 6olee ar$exrnrnofr
ercf, mr[peBaE aEleEFa, Ha c.yxtrx - aETeE|IA <6ery4efi sorIILD. i-o6
pABHAfi aHTeEIIa affiextnrnee mTbrpeBgtr aHTSrrII61t6eryqe B3JIEII n{,
Bcer cnyrraflx. Illrrrpenylo anrerrEy qelecop6pa3Eee trpsMellflrb B ropa\.
Tax KaK oEa 6onee y4o6na E Ee flBJl.trercflr{aEpaBnesxofr. B ro rxe Bpevtr
ITTOEATPABJIEHHbIE
IICtrOJIbs(i
AHTEEHbItrPf, YME.TOM
CNE,qYET
YITTITbIBATI
y[paBJrt
BArrf,f, cosaroT nyqmue ycJroBEfl Anfl (}dectreqeFtrfl cKpETHoCTu
pagnonoMexaMs
rrporEBlrtrKa.
c
u
6opn6rr
Etrs BoficKauu
Mecro AnE pasueqexfifl paluocranqutr Eytr(Eo Br'I6rrparl c lfxlerol\r
pealerfa Mecrnocrn, oco6euuocre pacupocrpauenus pa[noBoJrll, rrarn
ws s6rnsu EcroqggfioB rloMex, xpyn6hlx coopyrfierufi lr e4anu, u1lulrii
1
onerTpotrepe4arm tr cBflgE. Hylnno odqeatemno )rqlrrrBarbBoalno]r{Hoc't
satqrrTbr irrrqfloro cocTaBa tr atrtrapaTypbr or op-vlrinfl MaccoBoro ilopir
'r{eEu.s u orEg lrpoTuBEtrr(a.
Pagrocnxar, EeJrbBcrtuTTb rlpaBnnbxo opralrtrSoBaxrofr, ec"u rlr
no ee gau+unrc onx paduonorler npom'u.t'
IlpeAycMorpeEw ileponpuilnun
nurea.
Paquononexau co cropour trpornBnura trpegmecrByer pa6or"ll
ero paAEopaSBeAftEB qenflx tronyqeEE.s [aHErx Anfi coSalrntl rroMe\
flporuuruxa unTepecyror uacrorbr, Ea r(oropr{x pa6orator Eamu pa4no
cTaEqtrur a TaFtKe rrosbtBEhle, cocTaB paEocerefr tr Apyrue AaHIrhI('
Iloarouy trprl oprannaaqru obecneqenuu pa[EocBfiau cnel{yoi
trpoBollrlrb MepollpuflrEfl , 3Tpy,4lrfiIoqueilporrrBHrIKy BeAeHrepallnopa 3
BeAKrr.It nuu Molr(Hooruecrtr: co6flrogexue npaBnJI Be[eIrEq cRflstr rI y('TarroB.Terruor'
o pextuMa pa6orn pa4uocpelcTB, orpaul,rqegue rrJIE tro.Tlr{o(
SatrpeqeEffe padoru paAEocpeAcrB Ha nepeAar{y o EarraJra 6oeu6rr
gefrcrnnfr, conpaqeuue BpeMenrr pa6oru tra trepe4alty, padoty 6ea uo
BbrBnlrx u trpnueueuue aHTeIrH EattpaBJlernoro [ecrBn.
.[la aaiqutbr pagtrocBqan or paglrotroMex nporlrBntrK neo6xo4urt.
trpe,qycMorperb u ocyqecrBJrfl Tl' cJleAyrcqEe opraHuSaqtroEEhleu rexlll4 IIECKEE MEPOIIPUETUS:

UEPEXOA ITA 8IIACHIC qACTOTTil, trCNOJI3OBAHIT1

o6xo[nnrx naupan.ueuui, trepro4aqecxylo cMelry pacrrono?ileuun pl


[uocrauqn, a trEorAa tr rrJrEI(TayrrpaBJleEllg, o6napyixeEEe Il JrHuqr(]
xerrrle trepegarrrunoB lroMex paaonoro 4efic'renn, trprrMerentre anTerrli
IratrpBneHrrolo AecTBus tr uSMeEeHEetrx Br,rcoTl'I, t'IsMeHeHUeMOEEOCTtr trSryrreHE,s IIepeAarqEKoB.

BEJra ycrarroBJreEEfl

panEOcBflBIr

u EIeEf,e

o6rreua

flp:n pa1ome n'a pauocmaru+ue,r Aon)fiEbr crporo codnro4arbcrr trpaJra ReeEr.rfltreperoBopon. ilepen nfiAhrM BKrrcrreEEeMcrallqrrE na
peAarry ueo$xo4uuo rrpoBepurb, IIe BeAercF JIII Ha pafioueft sacrore
paguoo6veu Melr{Ay parrocrauqlrrrMn cerrr'
llopegaua AoJr?fiEaocyq,ecrBnfllbc.E qerxo tr purMurllro co cxopocrbrc'
opaa o6ecuequBaer pa6ory 6ea uepe6oeB I4 rrpueM 6ea aaupocon.
(Vne.nuvunarb cnopocrb ttepegarra 3a crler cntr]r{eul{g Kacecrna sanpeq,aerca. flpu ueo6xoEuocq ltsMenurb crcopocrb rlepe4arlu KoppecrlonAeura IrpuMeHflrorcfl r(oAoBbre Bbrpfierua <<flepeganafrre MeAneEEeeD
f, (flepeAasate 6blcrpeeD.)
Ilorroparorqnecs oco6essocrn rrepe4aqn rtrrorrou I'I;rn unxpoQouou Ir orxnoreEE OT ycraEoBJIeIIshIx IrpaBIrJI o6.nerqaror pa6ory paAI{opaBBeAI(IIrrpotgBrtrfta.
raxse oco6essocrq, fi pa$ore Ea pagtrocragq11gx Ee Aorlyc11aPaucrr,r, r{Me11;u$re
DlC.
BaXnO fiOrrEI{TL, qTO IIpOTITDEEX trepexEATp3aetr BCe PAgngtrepegaqr Il IISJISE6yge?
ne:rexros
nl]t trpanllJrbuux
paAuocrauqun.
Bepoaruocrr
flonyceflE
ryer
ueubrrre, ecnu trepeAaqr 6ygyt KoporREuE.

Ecan ueo6xoArrMoBpeMeqno llpepBarb trepegarry paIrorpaMMhl' rrepeIaercfl Ko[oBoe BblpA'IteHtre<]ItAlltel u paapernaercfl yr(aSbrBarbBpeMff
uepepbBa.flpu noeodnoBirelrl{tr trepeAarrutrepeAaercE KoAoBoeBbrpa)I(eEUe (HaquHaro uepearryD,trocJle qero upoAor}ItaeTcg trepeAarla TeKcra'
HaqtrHaercfi c troBropeHn.s uocne4ne uepeganuo rpyilrlbr
roropu
(cnona).
Ilpr,r rene{ouHo pa4uocBsarr oco6oe BHIrMaHueyAen.sercfl trcuo x
HeroporrJrrlBofiuepegave 6yxa, cnoB Ir rlup, BlrAeJIeHErloronqanu u
orAeJrerrurccoce4lrux clon (rpyrru).
TpygnonpouaxocuMbre cnoBa u c.rlyxe6nhle sHaKIr nepe4rcrc.s paaAeJrbHono 6yxeav, KoroplJe o6oasasarcrcE cnoBaME.
J[la uacrpofixn pa4rocranqrirl flepeg,arorc rlripbr or eAlrrrrrl{r Ao
[ecflrrr (uepe4ara qup B o6paruo trocnegoBareJrbnocru satrpeqaercn).
{ufipoeo rnenc trepeAaerc.s cJIeAyrcqtrM o6paaou:
- Byauaqlrbrerpytrtrbr - 348241 - tprqrqarb rlerbrpe, BoceMb4ecflT ABa, copon oArrE;
- rpexsuaqure - 126 372 - cro ABaqarb rtrecTb, Tprrcla ceMbAecfir ABa;
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TpE, COpOKrrflTb AeB.srrocrorlerbrpe;
- tr.flrr{Brrqnbre- 32U1,76359 - rprrgqarb ABa BoceMbcor copoft
oArrrr, ceMbec.trr ruecrb

rpucr

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- 456270823547urecrr{Bnaqrrre

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ABeCTtr CeMbAeCflT, BOCeMbcOTABaAr{ab TpE nflTbcol

3(X) lnsa

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L ) l r f i t u ; r : i : i u ! i t i' u ,

r' ljOt

cJrono (l E rroirbrBuoii cnoe paAocrarqun cnoBo (trpuerr, - I paa.

I paa:

II punep:
tflcrpe6-10,
s - Coxol-l5,
yuenrrmt
crolrocrt,
s - Cor:o,n-lb, up,uero.
Ha npmnryro KoMasAy (cnruar) reMeAJreEEoAaerc troTBeprnAeg'e ror'rM
ttoBTopeEtrex olrFAI{ (curnaaa) ulrr mnbfto cJroBox (troEEJrDc yKaSEneu cBoero
tro8HBEOrO.
IIpu.xep:
l. <Cor<o,u-i5,n-Ilcrpe6-10,

uonr.l

y:Benrqxrr6 c6opocrr,, s-

tlcrpe6-10, upr-

OMD.

EOE trEI}EAAIIE KOMAFIILI trOBTOPffI()TCfl ABA


PA3A. PASPEItrAETCg TAI$I{(,
ABarft/IH trOBTOpslb r(ouaE[[r
trpf, cna6o carrm,Exocru
E cffJrbErr

trouexax.

Ilpunep:
*flcrpe6-10, s - Cono,r-l5, grcrarqna - 25 u, Ecragquff - 2E m, s - Coxon-i5, upueu'.
[,la uepegavu r{oMaEA (curua.non}, ornocflqtrrc no BoeM nol{paaAeneEurru,
ycrBaBrsBaercs qnpnynfiprrr uorunnofr. flpn lmu cogepr(a-uue xouarqm (curEaJIa) rroBmpflertfr ABar(Ar,r.

fll trepe]qeEnrre
pafiEocTaEqxf,u[

e() ftouaffAf,r
cTE.

Ilepegava ro[an

qrx

2. rlloxna, a - flcrpe5-lO, npreur.


flograepxger-n& upnFflTyxl r(ouaflAy (crrral) Mo)r(er aBarcfl TaKrKeno4qe. coorBercrnForqe xo_MaEr(crruaaa) cBorr rroJirEEeEEbrMnprr pa6ore ux n o6qe;laguocer,n xa oggo qacme c craprtrEM KouE {spoM,
flpu c:ra6ofi cJrntrtffocrn H cnlrbur,rx rrouexax roxrrgH (cnrxalu) paBpemaelcq nepeAaRaTr,Ba pa3.

ctan4aprr'
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r trocrrror*a

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r Jrf,nef,Hf,rx
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orIenbEr{D{r{

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cTa[qrs

I pas

I paa

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Tax xe trepeaercr cran4aprmr orrgr Ira crargaplrrr


nrraoa. Iloayynn orT E& BLISOB,pA,4EOCTaEqsuOATBepnt{aeT, rtTo cf,lurrsT olBeT.
B pa,qronarrpaBef,trn lrpx xopomef, cJrunrf,roerf, BrrBoB rrlrorsroAtrrrcfl coxpaqeEf,o rroSrBErrxcBoe cTFqxf,, a oTEeTtr Brsoa-* 6ea llosfirrIx.
.Ilopngon rrepe4avx RoxtrA (cxruaaor):
- rroaHluon nugsrnaexo paEocrEqnn - I paa;
-- GrroBo (f,r lt noltrnro cnoe pnoc,rEqaff --. I paa:
--- c,oeplr(arne Kouaf,ml (cnrnana) -. I palr.
302 .f.r:i;;a o{ir,M,.

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opEeElnpaM, Ro[str]oBEEO raple HJrE tro yctoBEr,l}r fl&r*reEoBaEEffu DrstrrEr,Ix
trpetrr,reroB),B Jrnf,rrn, EarrpaBnffnqu... (ynaaunaercff rroasBao) - x 6oro, s ratrpaBnexuu... B JrEsEro,E:rrrpaBnrxlqn... - x 6ore, g -Coxon-l5,
upuero.
Iloguepxgenre
Ea KoMaEJIu (curnanrr), oruocflrqnecr r(o B@M trogpaaAene(curuaau)
ErffM, Ee Aaerof,. I{ouax4rr
B aroM cnyqae prfErruarcfi H EeueAJreErro
f,c[oJrxroncs Bcexa Kouarnpa]rn uogpaa4eaern.
IIpn ycrounnoii cssau paspemaercff pa6orarr coxpaqeurbrrlu rrosrrBauuu
g:rg 6es rro3rBgrx.
Ilpuxzpv:
yuerbrrrtrTb nurepBanr
_ l. <_flctpe6-19,
" - _Coxon-l5,
rCoxon-i5, n - flmpeGl0,
uour;r, yxenr,rtrtrTb rrlepraa.
(pa6ora rroJrxrrurr noarrnnrnrn).
2. <10-ft, n -- 15-i, Jrrrermnrl rglepBan. s. -c - t0-, rrpr{exr (pa6ora cofiparqerrnilr
uosr{Brrrun).
3. rVucrrmsrr, EFTepRan.[pneur. <Ilonna, rrprem]

s - Coxo;r-i5, upuern.
x -- ffcrpe6-10, pnexr
l5-,, trpuem|. rflornn,
(pa6ora 6ea noarrrrux).

flocmanoca aaan naDaaetznun.


II puxep:
rflcrpe6-10. n - Coro.n-i5, c ppfexa... araxoBarb B EatrpaRneErr... orragerb nyrrflou ..- u 4arrrremeu tracryrrarb... aprunnepn.D troaBJr.aer.-. roronEocrr' ... cBopoar Eacrynarr B EatrpanJreEnf, ... olJra,qeBaer rryrr(lou ... ff - C,oxol-15, trprexD (rce n5mxrn, py(rcxu, o6tenrrr ynall'rBarlrro tro oprreETupail, Konrr
ponarro ftapre ruru, rro ycJloarrrv Eaffrerou:lrnfll{
xscru$rx trpegueroB, Bpern
mrobnocrn - no ra6;rnqe crrnaaor).
(Kouaxgu rro yrrpanJrerlro carroJterarn, ropa6.nrNn, aprnnJrepnefr pa4rore;rertfororr trepeaxyncs B forDerrcrBgg c fieperrnfiMn r(oMaFII. trsJror{erxgx R
Ii1'pcax ftiesofi rro;1rornRxr{ n PyftoBocttax no doenouy EcnoJrr}BoBFrrK)
po]Jon
lofrcx. )

olrlattttsartllr: cl;rsu

303

Ilepeaoeop nn pau,omeneony c BbIHeceEEoro re.ueQonuono antrapaTA UJIU IIEPES

KOMMYTATOP

BEAYTCfi

IIO Til3JI}I(EEFI-IM

BbIIUE trPABtrJIAM.

IIpe,qocrar.rflfl paguoxauan AJrrrtrepefBopoB, Ae)r(ypnrpa4rct (tene{ouucr) coodqaet a6ouenty rloahrBxlre paAgocrauqu u npe4ytrperrcgaer
ero {paao: <Ionoprate no paAIroD.
PaguocrauqqflM trpcBanBalorcff cJre4yrcnqtre to[tEBEhIe: trEAEBEAyaJrbrrr{e(aaxpeulennIe aa xaxgo craxque), rrserbre (o4un uoannno An.s xax4o trpbr crarqu), ungunu4yanbrro-nuueshre (aaxpeueuIrbre 3a KairiAbrMKoppecllollAelrroI HaxAo uapu cranqn).
l[apo;rr, sauparurrDacrcrr B cJr)iqatlx, KorAa Boalrur(aer coMEeEIro B
uprrHa.[nex(Hocrlr parrocranr{rtu, c xotopo ycrauan.nnnaercn trirtr
uo4ep)r{uBaerc.ffcB.flab.On aaupalruBaercfl c pasperrre]r.EKoMaEAIrpa.
C paguocranquqMtr, rreupaBuJlbno orBerr{BIITEMtrHa' Batrpoc tapoJr.E,
cBr{3b trpeKpaq,aeoff, o qeM paAlrcl treMeAneEEo goKnaAblBae" tro
KOMAIItrE.

Ilponepra paAtocBflarr trpotrsBo4uTcfl. \nfl, uoAeplr{aEt.ff ee B trocro.Euno ro'ronxocrrr K pagroo6ueuy tr Kourpon.s 64nreabuocrrl Eeceutr.E
cryx6ru AerilypEbrMn pa4zttalu. Ona rpouerol\flTcfi. tryreM BirsoBa tr
orBera rra Brn3o,ucpcgaue Koporr{Ex curfla.roB rr l)alrrorpuu. flpouepKa cB.flatrlro;Ker 6r,1114nycropouue sirr oIrocropouxcfi. Yrtaaauun o
pyKoBoAcrByffcb
trpoBepr(e patrocB.E3uAael KoMaE,qEpno,qpasAeJrerru.E'
pactropfl?fierrrreMcTaprtrero EaqaJrbrlrrfta o pe)ftrrMe patrocBfl3rr.
flepe4aua ftourr4, a ranlr{e nocranoBr(a aaAaq tro pAao Moryr
ocyqecrBnETbc.ff KaK c rIpeABapETeJrbHbrMrrpenolr{eEueM u tronyleErreM corJlacufi Ea rrpl{eu, TaK E 6eg nux.
B cryuae Korga y Bbr:tblBaeuo paguocralrqrltr EMeerc An.ff lrepearru narneeopunan pauoepaxxa (r. e. paguorpaMMa orlpeAenenuo cpounocru), ona Aenaer Bcrpequoe trpeAno)fieute c yKaBaEtreMceprrE nueroqecn paaorpaMMhl.
flpu naruuuu y pa6otaloq,trx Mer(Ay co6o crauqu paguorpauM
ogusaxoso KareroptrE o6uen UME ilpouaao4ulcr trooqepeguo tro oAxo u,ru tro Hecronbxy pa4lrorpauu. Kpoue roro, oqepeAuocrb trepe4asrr Molner 6rrts ycrauoBnena raanuo pqguocraxque.
IIpu xeo6xo4r{Mocrtr trepeqarD paArrorpaMMy pagtrocrauqutr, Koropafl BHflra o6Mesolt c Apyruu ltoppectrongeuroM' pagtrcr, Aolr(IaBrrrrrcb nouqa trepe4allu (no ue ftorrqa o6uena), BbISbIBaerEylfiEylo pa4trocrauquro u trpenJraraer e pagrorpaM4y c yKaBaEtreMcoorBelcrnyroqe
KaTeroprtr.
Pa4ucr, rronyquBmu upegaoxerrge IIpITH.ETbpa4norpauMy BbIomeE
Kareroptrtr, o6saau Aarb KoppecrlonAerrry, c KoropbrM oH Ao SToro Ben
o6nen, KoAoBoeBblpa)fienue<llt4rlre>, a BnraBaBmeero paguocrarqun cotJlaclle IIa trpl{eM.
Ecnu nuananlrafl craEIIE.E trepeAaBana trJrtr trpErrMaJla or npyro
cranqtrtr paAuorpauMy ro xe fiareropuu cpoqxocru, rlro u trpe4no)r(euEaff paAuorpaMMa, ona orBeqaer: <floasn, xt4trleD - E, 3ar(orllsB rrepeAarly untr trpueM paAuorpaMMr,EeMeAJIeEEO
AAer c0rJraclre Ea DpEeM.
Itorga paArrcr BrabrBaeMopa[uocrasqtrtr Ee roroB E Ee Motner
304 pna6a cegbMan

llx ilpue]ra Aaerc'I


Iaurrr,re coo6qenna flpouyMepoBauhl' troTepffiAefltre
npuEfiThrx
ItoAoBr,IM Br,rpa?fieHneu<flpunaroD C yfia8AHrreM HOMepoB
(vepes
nux
II3
trocJleIlero
II
trepBoro
trpl4eMa
Coo6qenu
"- "pet"""

BMecTosIIaKa oKoHqaEus
Aaqy paAr{orpaMMbr.B xouqe nropo nepeAaqu
trepeAarlu, oTBeT Ee
<}tonerl
Bbrpar{eHrre
KoAoBOe
uepeaerc.fl
trepeAarrr{
rpe6yercn>.
floArnepxtErrs o IIptreMe paAuorpaMM He nepeAalorcf UJIE trepeo trpueMe
cBfl3tr. flopnox norBep?fiAeEa.ff
AaK)rc.Erro ApyrrrM KAEaJTaM
pa,qtrorpaMM B 91OM CJryqae ycTaEBJr4BaeTcffrraqaJlbEqKoM' OpIaEEaylolqsM cBfl3b.
CerE IIpuMeEflIOlCs qupKyAon odqero Br,rsoBaBcex paArrocrauqu
- ux
nflplrbre rloabrBnbre' a r.s otrpefleJrerno rpyunn crasqu ceru
uHArrBtrAyaJIbEble troShIBrrbre.
20

3anas

162