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# Statistics Statistics

## Counting Probability Graphs

Terms Formulas

1pt 1 pt 1 pt 1pt 1 pt

2 pt 2 pt 2pt 2pt 2 pt

3 pt 3 pt 3 pt 3 pt 3 pt

4 pt 4 pt 4pt 4 pt 4pt

5pt 5 pt 5 pt 5 pt 5 pt
The same as the average.
Mean
The middle term in a set of data.
Median
The term that means the “most.”
Mode
The median of the upper half.
Upper Quartile or Q3
Extreme numbers compared to
the rest of the data.
Outliers
The Range
Highest - Lowest
The Mean
Add all numbers and divide by the
total number of items.
The Median
Put numbers in order from least to
greatest and take the number in
the middle.
Interquartile Range
Q3 - Q1
Outliers
1.5 x interquartile range.
Subtract from Q1 and add to Q3.
Formula for finding the total number of
possibilities, or the Fundamental
Counting Principle.
The number of ways the first event can
happen times the number of ways the
second event can happen, etc.
If you have 5 shirts, 4 pants, and 2 belts
this is the total number of outfits you
can make.
40
When order matters.
Permutation
8 *7*6*5*4*3*2*1
could be rewritten as...
8!
The number of ways 17 horses could
finish 1st, 2nd, and 3rd in the
Kentucky Derby.
4080
The probability of an event is
defined as...
The total number of favorable
outcomes divided by (over) the
total number of possible outcomes.
The probability of rolling a 3 OR
a 4 on one roll of a die.
1/3
When the outcome of one event
does not affect the outcome of
another event, the events are said
to be...
Independent
The probability of tossing a coin and
getting a tail AND of rolling a die and
getting a 2.
1/12
If a bag contains 5 red, 3 blue, and
7 yellow marbles, the probability of
of randomly selecting a 2 red marbles if
the first one is NOT replaced is...
2/21
The odds in favor of an event
occurring is defined as...
The ratio of the number of favorable
outcomes to the number of unfavorable
outcomes.
The odds of flipping a coin
and getting a head is...
1:1
The odds against an event occurring
is defined as...
The ratio of the number of unfavorable
outcomes to the number of favorable
outcomes.
The odds AGAINST rolling a die
and getting a 5 is...
5:1
The odds AGAINST rolling two
dice and getting a sum of 7 is...
1:5