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Chapter -3 :- Linear Equation in 2 variables (Sheet-2)

CBSE MATHS - X

Unique Problems
Q.1) Solve 41x + 53y = 135 , 53x +41y =147
Q.2) 7(y + 3) 2(x + 2) = 14 , 4 (y 2) + 3(x 3) = 2

Q.3) Find the value of p and q for which the system of equations represent coincident lines
2x +3y = 7, (p+q+1)x +(p+2q+2)y = 4(p+q)+1
Q.4) Solve for x & y ,

+8
2

+214
3

3+12
11

Q.5) Solve 2 + 3 = 17 & 2+2 - 3+1 = 5


Q.6) The length of sides of a triangle are 2x +
Find its Perimeter

5
3

+ y + 2 and 3 x + 2y + 2 . If triangle is equilateral.

Word Problems
Problems related to Ages
Q.7) Two years ago, a father was five times as old as his son. Two years later, his age will be 8 more than three times
the age of the son. Find the present age of the father and son.
[CBSE 2004]
Q.8) Fathers age is three times the sum of ages of his two children. After 5 years his age will be twice the sum of ages
of two children. Find the age of father.
Q.9) A father is three times as old as his son. In 12 years, he will be twice as old as his son. Find the present age of the
father and the son.
Q.10) Four years ago a mother was four times as old as her daughter. Six years later, the mother will be two-and
a- half times as old as her daughter. Determine the present ages of mother and her daughter.
Q.11) Five years ago, I was thrice as old as my son. Five years hence I shall be twice as old as my son. How old
are we now?
Q.12) The present age of a father is three years more than three times the age of the son. Three years hence
fathers age will be 10 years more than twice the age of the son. Determine their present ages.
Problems related to Articles and their costs
Q.13) 3 bags and 4 pens together cost Rs. 79 whereas 4 bags and 3 pens together cost Rs. 324. Find the total
cost of 1 bag and 10 pens.
Q.14) 4 chairs and 3 tables cost Rs. 2100 and 5 chairs and 2 tables cost Rs. 1750. Find the cost of a chair and a
table seperately.
Q.15) Two audio cassetes and three video cassettes cost Rs. 340. But three audio cassettes and two video
cassettes cost Rs. 260. Find the price of an audio cassette and that of a video cassette.
Q.16) On selling a T.V. at 5% gain and a fridge at 10% gain, a shopkeeper gains Rs. 2000. But if he sells the
T.V. at 10% gain and the fridge at 5% loss, he gains Rs. 1500 on the transaction. Find the actual prices of
T.V. and fridge.42 PAIR OF LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES MATHEMATICSX
Problems related to Numbers
Q.17) The sum of two numbers is 26 and three times one of them exceeds five times the other by 6. Find the numbers.
Q.18) Find two numbers such that one-third of the first number added to one-fifth of the second number gives
20 and one-sixth of the first added to one-twelfth of the second gives 9.
Classes on various Entrances and JEE oriented approach to IX to XII Maths , Physics & Chemistry

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Q.19) The sum of the digits of a two digit number is 12. The number obtained by reversing the order of the
digits of the given number exceeds the given number by 18. Find the two digit number. [CBSE 2006]
Q.20) In a two digit number, the tens digit is three times the units digit. When the number is decreased by 54,
the digits are reversed. Find the number.
Q.21) A two-digit number is such that the product of the digits is 20. If 9 is added to the number, the digits
interchange their places. Find the number.
[CBSE 2005]
Q.22) A two-digit number is four times the sum of its digits and twice the product of the digits. Find the
number.
[CBSE 2005]
Q.23) The sum of a two digit number and the number obtained by reversing the order of its digits is 99. If the
digits differ by 3, find the number.
[CBSE 2002]
Q.24) A two-digit number is obtained by multiplying the sum of the digits by 8. Also it is obtained by
multiplying the difference of the digits by 14 and adding 2. Find the number.
Problems related to Fractions
Q.25) The sum of the numerator and denominator of a fraction is 12. If the denominator is increased by 3, the
1
fraction becomes 2 , Find the fraction.
[CBSE 2006(C)]
Q.26) A fraction becomes

if 1 is subtracted from both its numerator and denominator. If 1 is added to both


1

the numerator and denominator, it becomes 2 , Find the fraction.


Q.27) The denominator of a fraction is 4 more than twice the numerator. When both the numerator and
denominator are decreased by 6, then the denominator becomes 12 times the numerator. Determine the
fraction.
[CBSE 2001 (C)]
5
Q.28) If the numerator of a certain fraction is increased by 2 and denominator by 1, the fraction becomes 8
and if the numerator and denominator are each diminished by 1, the fraction becomes

Find the fraction.

Problems related to Speed, Distance and Time


Q.29) Points A and B are 70 km apart on a highway. A car starts from A and another car starts from B at the
same time. If they travel in the same direction, they meet in 7 hours, but if they travel towards each other
they meet in one hour. What are their speeds?
[CBSE 2002]
Q.30) A boat goes 12 km upstream and 40 km downstream in 8 hours. It can go 16 km upstream and 32 km
downstream in the same time. Find the speed of the boat in still water and the speed of the stream.
Q.31) A sailor goes 8 km downstream in 40 minutes and returns in 1 hour. Determine the speed of the sailor in
still water and the speed of the current.
Q.32) A man travelled 300 km by train and 200 km by taxi, it took him 5 hours 30 minutes. But if he travels 260 km
by train and 240 km by taxi he takes 6 minutes longer. Find the speed of the train and that of the taxi.
Q.33) Sumit travels 600 km to his home partly by train and partly by car. He takes 8 hours if he travels 120 km
by train and the rest by car. He takes 20 minutes longer if he travels 200 km by train and the rest by car.
Find the speed of the train and the car.X PAIR OF LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO
Q.34) A boat can go 20 km upstream and 30 km downstream in 3 hours. It can go 10 km upstream and 20 km
2
downstream in 1 3 hours. Find the speed of the boat in still water and also the speed of the stream.
Q.35) A train covered a certain distance at a uniform speed. If the train would have been 6km/hr faster, it would
have taken 4hours less than the scheduled time. And if the train were slower by 6km/hr, it would have
taken 6 hours more than the scheduled time. Find the distance of the journey.
Problems related to Area and Perimeter
Q.36) If in a rectangle, the length is increased and breadth reduced each by 2 units, the area is reduced by 28
sq. units. If, however the length is reduced by 1 unit and the breadth increased by 2 units, the area
increases by 33 sq. units. Find the area of the rectangle.
Classes on various Entrances and JEE oriented approach to IX to XII Maths , Physics & Chemistry

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Q.37) The area of a rectangle gets reduced by 80 sq. units if its length is reduced by 5 units and the breadth is
increased by 2 units. If we increase the length by 10 units and decrease the breadth by 5 units, the area
is increased by 50 sq. units. Find the length and breadth of the rectangle.
Problems related to Fixed Salary, Fare etc.
Q.38) The taxi charges in a city comprise of a fixed charge together with the charge for the distance covered.
For a journey of 10 km the charge paid is Rs. 75 and for a journey of 15 km the charge paid is Rs. 110.
What will a person have to pay for travelling a distance of 25 km?
[CBSE 2000]
Q.39) A railway half ticket costs half the full fare and the reservation charge is the same on half ticket as on full
ticket. One reserved first class ticket from Mumbai to Ahmedabad costs Rs. 216 and one full and one
half reserved first class tickets cost Rs. 327. What is the basic first class full fare and what is the
reservation charge?
Q.40) A part of the monthly expenditure of a family is constant and the remaining varies with the price of
wheat. When the rate of wheat is Rs. 250 per quintal, the total monthly expenditure is Rs. 1,000 and when
it is Rs. 240 per quintal, the total monthly expenditure of the family is Rs. 980. Find the total monthly
expenditure of the family when the cost of wheat is Rs. 350 per quintal.
Problems related to Geometry
Q.41) In a ABC, C = 3B and 3B = 2 (A + B). Find the angles of the triangle.
Q.42) In a cyclic quadrilateral ABCD, A = (2x + 4), B = (y + 3), C= (2y + 10) and D = (4x 5). Find
the angles of the cyclic quadrilateral.
Miscellaneous Problems
Q.43) A man sold a chair and a table together for Rs. 1520 thereby making a profit of 25% on the chair and
10% on the table. By selling them together for Rs. 1535 he would have made a profit of 10% on the chair
and 25% on the table. Find the cost price of each.
Q.44) The incomes of A and B are in the ratio of 8 : 7 and their expenditures are in the ratio 19 : 16. If each
saves Rs. 1250, find their incomes.
Q.45) Students of a class are made to stand in a rows. If one student is extra in a row, there would be 2 rows
less. If one student is less in a row, there would be 3 rows more. Find the number of students in the class.
Q.46) Riya has only 50 p and 25 p coins in her purse. If in all she has 210 coins of the total value of Rs. 82.50,
find the number of coins of each type.
Q.47) A person invested some amount at the rate of 12% simple interest and some other amount at 10% simple
interest. He received yearly interest of Rs. 130. If he had interchanged the amounts invested, he would
have received Rs. 4 as more interest. Find the amount invested in each case.
Q.48) 8 women and 12 girls can finish a piece of work in 10 days, while 6 women and 8 girls can finish it in 14
days. Find the time taken by one woman alone and that by one girl alone to finish the same work.
Q.49) In a school, there are only two sections of X students A and B. If 10 students are sent from A to B, the
number of students in each room is same. If 20 students are sent from B to A the number of students in A
is double the number of students in B. Find the number of students in each room.44 PAIR OF INEARQ
Q.50) A number consists of two digits. When it is divided by the sum of the digits, the quotient is 8. The sum
of the reciprocals of digits is nine times the product of the reciprocals of the digits. Find number.
Q.51) Bhavya scored 40 marks in a test, getting 3 marks for each right answer and losing 1 mark for each wrong
answer. Had 4 marks been awarded for each correct answer and 2 marks been deducted for each incorrect
answer, then she would have scored 50 marks. How many questions were there in the test?
Q.52) A and B each have certain number of oranges. A says to B, If you give me 10 of your oranges, I will
have twice the number of oranges left with you. B replies, If you give 10 of your oranges, I will have
the same number of oranges as left with you. Find the number of oranges with A and B seperately.
Q.53) The age of father 8 years back was five times that of his son. After 8 years, his age will be 8 years more
than twice the age of his son. Find their present ages.
Classes on various Entrances and JEE oriented approach to IX to XII Maths , Physics & Chemistry

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Q.54) It takes 12 hours to fill a swimming pool using two pipes. If the larger pipe is used for 4 hours and the
smaller pipe for 9 hours, only half the pool is filled. How long would it take for each pipe alone to fill the
pool?
1
Q.55) A takes 3 hours more than B to walk 30 km. But if A doubles his pace, he is ahead of B by 1 2 hours. Find
their speeds of walking.
Q.56) A number consists of two digits. When it is divided by the sum of the digits, the quotient is 6 with no remainder.
When the number is divided by 9, the digits are reversed. Find the number.
Q.57) A man lent a part of money at 10% p.a. and the rest at 15% p.a. His annual income is Rs. 1900. If he had
interchanged the rate of interest on two sums, he would have earned Rs. 200 more. Find the amount lent in each
case.

Q.58) At a certain time in a deer park, the number of heads and the number of legs of deer
and human visitors were counted and it was found there were 39 heads & 132 legs.
Find the number of deer and human visitors in the park.
Q.59) Students are made to stand in rows. If one student is extra in a row there would be 2 rows less. If one
student is less in a row there would be 3 rows more. Find the number of students in the class.
Q.60) A chemist has one solution which is 50% acid and a second which is 25% acid. How
much of each should be mixed to make 10 litres of 40% acid solution.
Q.61) In an election contested between A and B, A obtained votes equal to twice the no. of persons on the
electoral roll who did not cast their votes & this later number was equal to twice his majority over B. If
there were 18000 persons on the electoral roll. How many voted for B.
Q.62) When 6 boys were admitted & 6 girls left the percentage of boys increased from 60% to 75%. Find the
original no. of boys and girls in the class.
Q.63) A cyclist, after riding a certain distance, stopped for half an hour to repair his bicycle, after which he
completes the whole journey of 30km at half speed in 5 hours. If the breakdown had occurred 10km
farther off, he would have done the whole journey in 4 hours. Find where the breakdown occurred and
his original speed.
Q.64) The population of the village is 5000. If in a year, the number of males were to increase by 5% and that of
a female by 3% annually, the population would grow to 5202 at the end of the year. Find the number of
males and females in the village.
Q.65) Find the increase in area of a rectangle (15m13m ) if 7 is added to both sides of a rectangle.

ANSWERS

1. x =2 & y =1
2. x = 5 & y = 1
3. p = 3 & q = 2
4. x = 2, y = 6
5 x = 3, y = 2
6. 19.5 cm
7. Fathers age = 42years & sons age = 10 years 8. 45 years
9. Fathers age = 36 years, sons age = 12 years
10. Mothers age = 44 years, daughters age = 14 years
11. 35 years, 15 years
12. Fathers age = 33 years, sons age = 10 years. 13. Rs. 155
14. Rs. 150, Rs. 500
15. Rs. 20 and Rs. 100
5
16. Rs. 20,000 and Rs. 10,000 17. 17 and 9 18. 24 and 60 19. 57 20. 93 21. 45 22. 36 23. 63 or 36 24. 72 25. 7
3

26. 7 27. 18 28. 15


29. 40 km/hr and 30 km/hr
30. 6 km/hr and 2 km/hr
31. 10 km/hr and 2 km/hr
32. 100 km/hr, 80 km/hr 33. 60 km/hr, 80 km/hr 34. 20 km/hr, 10 km/hr 35. 720km
36. 253 sq. units
37. 40 units and 30 units 38. Rs. 180
39. Fare = Rs. 210, Reservation charge = Rs. 6 40. Rs. 1200
41. 120, 40 and 20
42. 127, 110, 53 and 70
43. CP of chair = Rs. 600, CP = table = Rs. 700
44. As income = Rs. 6000, Bs income = Rs. 5250
45. 60
46. 25 p coins = 90, 50 p coins = 120
47. Rs. 500, Rs. 700
48. 140 days, 280 days
49. 100, 80
50. 72
51. 20
52. 70, 50
10
53. 16 years and 48 years 54. 20 hours and 30 hours
55. As speed = km/hr , Bs speed = 5 km/hr
3
56. 54 57. Rs. 10000 at 10% and Rs. 6000 at 15% 58. 27,12 59. 60 students 60. 6L,4L 61. Vote for B = 6000
62. x = 24 and y = 16
63. 10km, 10km/hr
64. No. of males = 2600, No. of females = 2400 65. 245m
Classes on various Entrances and JEE oriented approach to IX to XII Maths , Physics & Chemistry

By :- Agnihotri sir, B. E. (Hons), M.Tech. (7415712500) B.T.I. Road Sherpura, Vidisha

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