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DISEO DE REFUERZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA

ESCALERA: TRAMO 1 - 10
1. PREDIOMENSIONAMIENTO:

175

3/8

=_/

cos= /(^ +
^^ )
_=_+
/
/
P=
CP =

0.30
0.175

m (Paso)
m (Contrapaso)

Ln :
t:

2.700
0.15

m
m

:
h1 :
hm :

30.26
0.17
0.26

m
m
m

_= /cos

2. DATOS DE DISEO:
f`c :
fy :
b:
h:

175
4200
100.00
15.00

Kg/cm2
Kg/cm2
cm
cm

barra :
estribo :
recub. :
d:

1/2
3/8
2.00
11.42

1.27
0.95
cm
cm

175
210
280
350
420
630

3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
7/8
1

DISEO DE REFUERZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA


ESCALERA: TRAMO 1 - 10

3. METRADO DE CARGAS

175

Clculo de W1:

3/8

Clculo de W2:

0.63 Ton/m
0.10 Ton/m
0.40 Ton/m
1.13 Ton/m

Peso Propio =
Acabado =
S/C =
W1 =

Peso Propio =
Acabado =
S/C =
W2 =

0.36 Ton/m
0.10 Ton/m
0.40 Ton/m
0.86 Ton/m

_=
_

1.13 Ton/m

2.700 m
4. MOMENTOS MAXIMOS - SAP 2000 (Ton .m)
Clculos de Resultante:
R1 =
2.33 Ton

(Tomando Sumatoria de Momentos alrededordel Eje B)

Clculos de Momento Mximo:


Mmax =

(Cuando el Cortante es Cero)

2.70 Ton-m

5. CALCULO DEL AREA DE ACERO MINIMO:

AS min b d
min =
As =
Usar

min 0.7.

fc
fy

0.0018
2.05 cm
As =

1 3/8

0.71 cm

6. DETERMINACION DEL ACERO MAXIMO

AS max b d

b 0.723 .

f 'c
6300
.
fy 6300 fy

As = 1 3/8 @ 0.3 m

ESCALERA: TRAMO 1 - 10
b =
0.0181
max =
0.75. b
As max =
15.47 cm

b 0.723 .
0.0136

f 'c
6300 DISEO
.
fy 6300 fy

DE REFUERZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA

DISEO DE REFUERZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA


ESCALERA: TRAMO 1 - 10
7. CLCULO DEL ACERO - FORMULAS ITERATIVAS
AS

MU

fy (d

a
)
2

AS fy
0.85 fc b
a = 0.1d

Iteraciones para el calculo del Area de Acero:


C - B' INF
a
1.142
1.672
1.714
1.717
1.717
1.717
1.717

As
5.921 cm
6.069 cm
6.081 cm
6.082 cm
6.082 cm
6.082 cm
6.082 cm

8. AREA DE ACERO LONGITUDINAL (cm2): COMBINACIONES

1 3/8 @ 0.3

SUP

3.041 cm

3.041 cm

INF

C
C

As Min. =

2.055 cm

1 3/8

As = 1 3/8 @ 0.3 m

As (+) =

6.082 cm

1 1/2

As = 1 1/2 @ 0.2 m

Distribucin de Acero a Escoger!

As (-) =

3.041 cm

1 3/8

As = 1 3/8 @ 0.2 m

Distribucin de Acero a Escoger!

= As (+) /2

Espaciamiento Mximo:
Smx = 3t = 0.45 m
Smx = 0.45 m

6.082 cm

ok cumple!
ok cumple!

9. AREA DE ACERO TRANSVERSAL (cm2): COMBINACIONES

= As (+) /2

SUP

B
B
''

INF

1 3/8 @ 0.2 m

C
C

1 1/2 @ 0.2

DISEO DE REFUERZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA


ESCALERA: TRAMO 1 - 10

Asmn = 1 3/8 @ 0.3 m

RZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA

RZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA

__=

0.86 Ton/m

1.575 m

Xo =

RZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA

RZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA

1 3/8 @ 0.3 m
1 3/8 @ 0.2 m

1 1/2 @ 0.2 m

B
B
''

RZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA

DISEO DE REFUERZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA


ESCALERA: TRAMO 11 - 20
1. PREDIOMENSIONAMIENTO:

175

3/8

=_/

cos= /(^ +
^ )
_=_+
/
/
P=
CP =

0.30
0.175

m (Paso)
m (Contrapaso)

Ln :
t:

2.700
0.15

m
m

:
h1 :
hm :

30.26
0.17
0.26

m
m
m

_= /cos

2. DATOS DE DISEO:
f`c :
fy :
b:
h:

175
4200
100.00
15.00

Kg/cm2
Kg/cm2
cm
cm

barra :
estribo :
recub. :
d:

1/2
3/8
2.00
11.42

1.27
0.95
cm
cm

175
210
280
350
420
630

3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
7/8
1

DISEO DE REFUERZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA


ESCALERA: TRAMO 11 - 20

3. METRADO DE CARGAS

175

Clculo de W1:

3/8

Clculo de W2:

0.63 Ton/m
0.10 Ton/m
0.40 Ton/m
1.13 Ton/m

Peso Propio =
Acabado =
S/C =
W1 =

Peso Propio =
Acabado =
S/C =
W2 =

0.36 Ton/m
0.10 Ton/m
0.40 Ton/m
0.86 Ton/m

_=

1.13 Ton/m

2.700 m
4. MOMENTOS MAXIMOS - SAP 2000 (Ton .m)
Clculos de Resultante:
R1 =
2.33 Ton

(Tomando Sumatoria de Momentos alrededordel Eje B)

Clculos de Momento Mximo:


Mmax =

(Cuando el Cortante es Cero)

2.70 Ton-m

5. CALCULO DEL AREA DE ACERO MINIMO:

AS min b d
min =
As =
Usar

min 0.7.

fc
fy

0.0018
2.05 cm
As =

1 3/8

0.71 cm

6. DETERMINACION DEL ACERO MAXIMO

AS max b d

b 0.723 .

f 'c
6300
.
fy 6300 fy

As = 1 3/8 @ 0.3 m

ESCALERA: TRAMO 11 - 20
b =
0.0181
max =
0.75. b
As max =
15.47 cm

b 0.723 .
0.0136

f 'c
6300 DISEO
.
fy 6300 fy

DE REFUERZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA

DISEO DE REFUERZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA


ESCALERA: TRAMO 11 - 20
7. CLCULO DEL ACERO - FORMULAS ITERATIVAS
AS

MU

fy (d

a
)
2

AS fy
0.85 fc b
a = 0.1d

Iteraciones para el calculo del Area de Acero:


C - B' INF
a
1.142
1.672
1.714
1.717
1.717
1.717
1.717

As
5.921 cm
6.069 cm
6.081 cm
6.082 cm
6.082 cm
6.082 cm
6.082 cm

8. AREA DE ACERO LONGITUDINAL (cm2): COMBINACIONES

1 3/8 @ 0.3

SUP

3.041 cm

3.041 cm

INF

C
C

As Min. =

2.055 cm

1 3/8

As = 1 3/8 @ 0.3 m

As (+) =

6.082 cm

1 1/2

As = 1 1/2 @ 0.2 m

Distribucin de Acero a Escoger!

As (-) =

3.041 cm

1 3/8

As = 1 3/8 @ 0.2 m

Distribucin de Acero a Escoger!

= As (+) /2

Espaciamiento Mximo:
Smx = 3t = 0.45 m
Smx = 0.45 m

6.082 cm

ok cumple!
ok cumple!

9. AREA DE ACERO TRANSVERSAL (cm2): COMBINACIONES

= As (+) /2

SUP

B
B
''

INF

1 3/8 @ 0.2 m

C
C

1 1/2 @ 0.2

DISEO DE REFUERZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA


ESCALERA: TRAMO 11 - 20

Asmn = 1 3/8 @ 0.3 m

RZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA

RZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA

__=

0.86 Ton/m

1.575 m

Xo =

RZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA

RZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA

1 3/8 @ 0.3 m
1 3/8 @ 0.2 m

1 1/2 @ 0.2 m

B
B
''

RZO POR FLEXION: ESCALERA

COMBINACIONES DE ACEROS COMERCIALES


ACEROS COMERCIALES
DIAMETRO
Peso

BARRA

1/2 - 3/8"

Area (cm2)

b min (cm)

1/2 - 3/4"

Area

2 3/8

1.420

14.34

1 1/2 + 1 3/4

pulg

cm

Kg/m

cm2

1 1/2 + 1 3/8

2.000

14.66

2 1/2 + 1 3/4

1 3/8

0.95

0.559

0.71

3 3/8

2.130

17.83

2 3/4

1 1/2

1.27

0.993

1.29

2 1/2

2.580

14.98

1 1/2 + 2 3/4

1 5/8

1.59

1.552

1.98

1 1/2 + 2 3/8

2.710

18.15

3 3/4

1 3/4

1.91

2.235

2.85

4 3/8

2.840

21.32

2 1/2 + 2 3/4

1 7/8

2.22

3.042

3.88

2 1/2 + 1 3/8

3.290

18.47

4 3/4

11

2.54

3.973

5.1

3 1/2

3.870

18.79

1 1 1/8

2.86

5.028

6.45

2 1/2 + 2 3/8

4.000

21.96

5/8 - 3/4"

10

1 1 1/4

3.18

6.207

8.19

3 1/2 + 1 3/8

4.580

22.28

1 5/8 + 1 3/4

11

1 1 3/8

3.49

7.511

9.58

4 1/2

5.160

22.60

2 5/8 + 1 3/4

12

1 1 1/2

3.81

8.938

11.4
1/2 - 5/8"

Area (cm2)

b min (cm)

3 5/8 + 1 3/4

1 1/2 + 1 5/8

3.270

15.30

2 5/8 + 2 3/4

2 5/8

3.960

15.62

1 5/8 + 3 3/4

2 1/2 + 1 5/8

4.560

19.11

1 1/2 + 2 5/8

5.250

19.43

5/8 - 1"

3 1/2 + 1 5/8

5.850

22.92

1 1 + 1 5/8

COMBINACIONES RECOMENDADAS
1/2 - 3/8"

1/2 - 5/8"

1/2 - 3/4"

5/8 - 3/4"

5/8 - 1"

5/8 - 3/4"

Evitando tener diametros


excesivamente diferentes

1 5/8 + 2 3/4

Area (cm2)

b min (cm)

1 3/4 + 1 1

7.950

16.89

3 5/8

5.940

19.75

21

1 1 + 2 3/4

10.800

21.34

2 1/2 + 2 5/8

6.540

23.24

2 1+ 1 5/8

2 1 + 1 3/4

13.050

21.97

1 1/2 + 3 5/8

7.230

23.56

2 1+ 2 5/8

2 1+ 2 3/4

15.900

26.42

4 5/8

7.920

23.88

31

3 1/2 + 2 5/8

7.830

24.51

2 1/2 + 3 5/8

8.520

24.83

1 1/2 + 4 5/8

9.210

25.15

5/8 - 3/4"

Area (cm2)

b min (cm)

4.140

15.62

5.430

19.43

5.700

16.26

6.990

20.07

8.550

20.71

6.456

23.88

11.400

25.16

Area (cm2)

b min (cm)

4.830

15.94

6.810

20.07

7.680

20.39

8.790

24.200

9.660

24.520

10.530

24.840

Area (cm2)

b min (cm)

7.080

16.57

10.200

17.52

12.180

21.65

14.160

25.78

15.300

22.60