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## Topic Electricity (Ch-12, T1, Sheet-2 )

X CBSE PHYSICS

Stage-1
Q.1) Calculate the number of electrons constituting one coulomb of charge.?
Q.2) How much energy is given to each coulomb of charge passing through a 6 V battery?
Q.3) Draw a schematic diagram of a circuit consisting of a battery of three cells of 2 V each, a 5 resistor,
an 8 resistor, and a 12 resistor, and a plug key, all connected in series. Also put an ammeter to
measure the current through the resistors and a voltmeter to measure the potential difference across the 12
resistor. What would be the readings in the ammeter and the voltmeter?
Q.4) Judge the equivalent resistance when the following are connected in parallel
(a) 1 and 106 , (b) 1 and 103 , and 106 .
Q.5) An electric iron compose electric a lamp of 100 , a toaster of resistance 50 , and a water filter of
resistance 500 are connected in parallel to a 220 V source. Find total current drawn by circuit and
resistance of electric iron?
Q.6) How can three resistors of resistances 2 , 3 , and 6 be connected to give a total resistance
of (a) 4 , (b) 1 ?
Q.7) What is (a) the highest, (b) the lowest total resistance that can be secured by combinations of four
coils of resistance 4 , 8 , 12 , 24 ?
Q.8) Compute the heat generated while transferring 96000 coulomb of charge in one hour through a potential
difference of 50 V.
Q.9) An electric iron of resistance 20 takes a current of 5 A. Calculate the heat developed in 30 s.
Q.10) An electric motor takes 5 A from a 220 V line. Determine the power of the motor and the energy
consumed in 2 h.
Q.11) When a 12 V battery is connected across an unknown resistor, there is a current of 2.5 mA in the circuit.
Find the value of the resistance of the resistor.
Q.12) A piece of wire of resistance R is cut into five equal parts. These parts are then connected in
parallel. If the equivalent resistance of this combination is R, then the ratio R/R is
Q.13) An electric bulb is rated 220 V and 100 W. When it is operated on 110 V, the power consumed
will be
Q.14) Two conducting wires of the same material and of equal lengths and equal diameters are first
connected in series and then parallel in a circuit across the same potential difference. The ratio
of heat produced in series and parallel combinations would be?
Q.15) A copper wire has diameter 0.5 mm and resistivity of 1.6 108 m. What will be the length of this wire
to make its resistance 10 ? How much does the resistance change if the diameter is doubled?
Q.16) The values of current I flowing in a given resistor for the corresponding values of potential
Classes on various Entrances and JEE oriented approach to IX to XII Maths , Physics & Chemistry

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## difference V across the resistor are given below

Plot a graph between V and I and calculate the
resistance of that resistor.
Q.17) A battery of 9 V is connected in series with resistors of 0.2 , 0.3 , 0.4 , 0.5 and 12 ,
respectively. How much current would flow through the 12 resistor?
Q.18) How many 176 resistors (in parallel) are required to carry 5 A on a 220 V line?
Q.19) Show how you would connect three resistors, each of resistance 6 , so that the combination
has a resistance of (i) 9 , (ii) 4 .
Q.20) Several electric bulbs designed to be used on a 220 V electric supply line, are rated 10 W. How
many lamps can be connected in parallel with each other across the two wires of 220 V line if
the maximum allowable current is 5 A?
Q.21) Compare the power used in the 2 resistor in each of the following circuits:
a) A 6 V battery in series with 1 and 2 resistors, and
b) A 4 V battery in parallel with 12 and 2 resistors.
Q.22) Two lamps, one rated 100 W at 220 V, and the other 60 W at 220 V, are connected in parallel to electric
mains supply. What current is drawn from the line if the supply voltage is 220 V?
Q. 23) Which uses more energy, a 250 W TV set in 1 hr, or a 1200 W toaster in 10 minutes?
Q.24) An electric heater of resistance 8 draws 15 A from the service mains 2 hours. Calculate the rate at which
heat is developed in the heater.

Stage-2
Q.25) Explain the following.
a. Why is tungsten used almost exclusively for filament of electric lamps?
b. Why are the conductors of electric heating devices, such as bread-toasters and electric irons, made of an alloy
rather than a pure metal?
c. Why is the series arrangement not used for domestic circuits?
d. How does the resistance of a wire vary with its area of cross-section?
e. Why are copper and aluminum wires, usually employed for electricity transmission?
f. Voltmeter is always connected parallel in the circuit to measure the potential difference between two points
g. Ammeter is always connected series in the circuit to measure current flow through the circuit.
Q.26) What determines the rate at which energy is delivered by a current?
Q.27) Why does the cord of an electric heater not glow while the heating element does?
Q.28) What are the advantages of connecting electrical devices in parallel with the battery instead of connecting
them in series?
Q.29) Why are coils of electric toasters and electric irons made of an alloy rather than a pure metal?
Q.30) Let the resistance of an electrical component remain constant while the potential difference across the two
ends of the component decreases to half of its former value. What change will occur in the current through it?
Q.31) Will current flow more easily through a thick wire or a thin wire of the same material, when connected to
the same source? Why?
Q.32) What is meant by saying that the potential difference between two points is 1 V?

Answers :Classes on various Entrances and JEE oriented approach to IX to XII Maths , Physics & Chemistry

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## Ans.1) 6.25 1018 Ans.2) 6 J Ans.3) I=0.24A & V = 2.88 V

Ans. 4) a) 0.99ohm b) 0.98ohm Ans.5) 7.04A , 31.25
Ans.6) a) When resistors having resistance equal to 3 and
6 are connected in parallel and one having resistance
equal to 2 is connected in series
b) When all the three resistances are connected in parallel then
Ans.7) R = 2 , 2

Ans.11) 4800

Ans.12) 25

Ans.14) 4 : 1

Ans.18) 4

## Ans.15) 122.656 , 2.5 Ans.16) 3.4

Ans.19) a) Thus, when two resistors are connected in series and one in parallel then total effective
resistance = 9
b) When two resistors are connected in parallel with one in series then total effective resistance = 4
Ans. 20) 110

Ans.22) 0.727 A

## Ans.24) 1800 J/s

Ans.25) Explain the following.
a. Why is tungsten used almost exclusively for filament of electric lamps?
Answer: The melting point of tungsten is very high, i.e. 3380C, which enables it not to melt at high
temperature and to retain most of the heat. The heating of tungsten makes it glow. This is the cause that
tungsten is used almost exclusively for filament of electric lamps.
b. Why are the conductors of electric heating devices, such as bread-toasters and electric irons, made of an alloy
rather than a pure metal?
Answer: To produce more heat, the high melting point of conductors is necessary. The alloys of metal have
higher melting points than pure metals. Thus, to retain more heat alloy is used rather than pure metal in
electrical heating devices, such as bread-toaster, electric iron, etc.
c. Why is the series arrangement not used for domestic circuits?
Answer: There is loss of voltage in the series arrangement in the circuits because of add on effect of
resistances. So, series arrangement is not used for domestic circuits.
d. How does the resistance of a wire vary with its area of cross-section?
Answer: Resistance of a wire is indirectly proportional to the area of cross section. Resistance increases with
decrease in area of cross section and vice versa.
e. Why are copper and aluminium wires, usually employed for electricity transmission?
Answer: The resistivity of copper and aluminium wires are lower than that of iron but more than that of
silver. These wires are cheaper than silver, thats why copper and aluminium wires usually employed for
electricity transmission.
Ans.26) Since electric power is the rate of consumption of electric energy in any electrical appliance. Hence, rate at
which energy is delivered by a current is the power of electric appliance.
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Ans.27) The resistance of heating element is very high compared to the cord of an electric heater. Since, heat
produced is directly proportional to the resistance, thus element of electric heater glows because of production of
more heat and cord does not.
Ans.28) Advantages of connecting electrical appliances in parallel instead of connecting in series:
a. Voltage remains same in all the appliances.
b. Lower total effective resistance
Ans.29) Resistivity of alloy is generally higher than that of constituent metals. Alloys do not get oxidised (burnt) at
high temperatures. Due to this, elements of heating appliances are made of alloys rather than a pure metal.
Ans.30) We know, R = V/I
Therefore, if potential difference between two ends of the component will be halved, and resistance remains constant,
then electric current would also be halved.
Ans.31) Since, resistance is indirectly proportional to the area of cross section, thus current flows easily through a
thick wire compared to a thin wire of the same material.
Ans.32) This means 1 joule of work is done to move a charge of 1 coulomb between two points.

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