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CONFIDENTIAL

IM244/247/NOV2014/IMC651

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA


TEST 2

COURSE

RESEARCH METHODS

COURSE CODE

IMC651

EXAMINATION

2014

TIME

1 HOUR 30 MINUTES

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
1.

This question paper consists of FOUR (4) parts :

2.

Answer ALL questions. For Part A, B and C please provide your answer in the answering sheet.

3.

Fill in your particulars below:


Name

PART A (10 Questions)


PART B (10 Questions)
PART C (10 Questions)
PART D (5 Questions)

: MASYITAH BINTI ABDULLAH.

Student ID: 2011831556


Group

: NIMBF11A.

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO


This examination paper consists of 7 printed pages
1

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PART A
(Answer all questions = 10 Marks)
1. A quantitative approach _____________________.
a) Follows an open, flexible and unstructured approach
b) Emphases description, narration and feelings
c) Believes in substantiation on the basis of a larger sample size
d) Communicates findings in a descriptive rather than analytical manner
2. When would you NOT use a mixed methods approach?
a) When you want to explore from both perspective
b) When you undertake a study with multiple objectives
c) When accurate and complete information from one source exists
d) When you need to find explanations for your findings
3. In brief, what the researcher wants to find out is called the
a) Research proposal
b) Questionnaire
c) Research questions
d) Research instruments
4. Which of the following stages are NOT associated with a literature review?
a) Clarify a research idea
b) Establish theoretical roots of a study
c) Develop a research methodology
d) To understand various aspects of your practice
5. Which of the following is undertaken when conducting a literature review?
a) Searching for the existing literature in your area of study
b) Reviewing the selected literature
c) Developing a theoretical framework
d) All of the above
6. Reviewing selected literature critically should be done with which aspect in mind?
a) Disregard the theories put forward, the criticisms and methodologies adapted
b) Take no notice of any gaps in the existing literature
c) Note whether the knowledge relevant to your theoretical framework has been
confirmed beyond doubt
d) Notice where there are insignificant differences of opinion among researcher.
7. Formulating a research problem depends on the researchers knowledge of the subject area,
understanding of the issue to be examined and the expertise and researchers own orientation in
terms of research___________________________
a) Methods
b) Questions
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IM244/247/NOV2014/IMC651

c) Methodology
d) Problems
8. If a researcher does not know what specific topic, area, question or issues to research, which of the
following is the first step to deciding what to find out
a) Assess the research objectives
b) Raise a research question
c) Dissect the broad area into sub-areas
d) Identify a broad field or area of interest
9. In research terminology, the intervening variable can be described as _____________________.
a) The cause supposed to be responsible for bringing about change(s) in a situation.
b) The outcome of changes) brought about by the introduction of an independent variable.
c) Several factors operating in a real-life situation which are not measured in the study may
affect changes in the dependent variable.
d) Its presence links the independent and dependent variables.
10. To test a hypothesis, a researcher needs to go through a process that comprises three steps. Which
option in NOT one of them?
a) Constructing a hypothesis.
b) Gathering appropriate evidence.
c) Analyzing evidence to draw conclusions as to its validity.
d) Reporting results only if the hypothesis is true.

PART B
(Answer all questions = 10 Marks)
1. The use of statistics is necessary part of a mixed methods study.
a) True
b) False
2. The selection of an appropriate research design is crucial in enabling you to arrive at valid
findings, comparisons and conclusions
b) True
b) False
3. A researcher should try to broadly conceptualize the research problems to be investigated before
undertaking a major literature review.
a) True
b) False
4. In order to develop a theoretical framework, the information from different books and journals
should be sorted under the main themes and theories highlighting agreements and disagreements
amongst the authors.
a) True
b) False

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IM244/247/NOV2014/IMC651

5. Any question that a researcher wants answered and any assumption or assertion that they want to
challenge or investigate can become a research problem or research topic for their study.
a) True
b) False
6. Variable can be converted into concepts by identifying indicators that can be measured.
a) True
b) False
7. To be able to develop a hypothesis the researcher must be familiar with the subject area, e.g. have
already conducted a literature review.
a) True
b) False
8. In qualitative studies hypotheses are rarely used because the emphasis is on describing,
understanding and exploring phenomena using subjective measurement procedures.
a) True
b) False
9. The word hypothesis does NOT refer to the meaning of assertion.
a) True
b) False
10. A qualitative approach follows rigid structured and predetermined set of procedures.
a) True
b) False

PART C
(Answer all questions = 10 Marks)
Based on the research phenomenon below, identify the independent variable and the dependent
variable for each statements..
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

The study examines if television violence increases aggression in children.


The study predicts that alcohol drinking will decrease people's reaction time while driving.
The study examines if perspective taking improves with age.
Study predicting that high school sports builds character.
How do changes in work space affect employee reactions?
Study predicting that pedestrians will walk faster on hot days versus cold days.
Are younger siblings treated better by their parents than older siblings?
Study to determine whether people are more satisfied after they succeed at an easy or a difficult
task.
9. Research to tests the effectiveness of the type of reading program on childrens reading skills.
10. An experiment to study how teeth brushing technique affects the number of cavities that
respondents have.

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PART D
(Answer all questions = 24 Marks)
The basic component of library design is its functions. How well a library building function is
important. When a building interior is functional, it is probably arranged well and lighted properly.
Based on preliminary investigation, the library automation at Perbadanan Perpustakaan Awam
Terengganu (PPAT) have affected the assignable interior public service areas.
Libraries have a different appearance because of the integration of automation into the design as a
whole. Many libraries have a large open room, cozy and have installed technologies and forever
altered the existing design. Some are artistically appealing. Almost all library interiors are affected by
the changes which technologies have brought to their facilities. It is now commonplace to walk into
any kind of library and find computer workstations. The initial appearance of the library is sometimes
similar to that of an automated office. Many special libraries rely heavily upon computer access to inhouse reports, CD-ROM products, database access, online catalogs, desktop publishing, and
automated application service to patrons. These libraries are sometimes small and largely composed of
online terminals.
With technologies moving so rapidly there is a need for the technologies to be incorporated into the
fabric of all new library interior design and there is a need for guidelines for those who are
renovating. The addition of technologies affects both library renovations and new library designs.
Architectural consideration for lighting, wiring, telephone line, wifi modem and router, furnishing,
workstations and space considerations are all affected by the addition or the incorporation of
automation into a library building. It is imperative that early planning takes place if the automated
services are to be integrated smoothly into an existing or new library facility design. Automation has
an impact on design and design of the facility has an impact on how usable the technologies for public
service will be in any library.

Based on the above phenomenon, identify the following requirements.


a) Construct your research topic.
Impact Integration of automation and design interior to public service at Perbadanan
Perpustakaan Awam Terengganu (PPAT).
b) Problem statements.
i.

ii.

Many special libraries rely heavily upon computer access to in-house reports, CD-ROM
products, database access, online catalogs, desktop publishing, and automated application
service to patrons. These libraries are sometimes small and largely composed of online
terminals.
The addition of technologies affects both library renovations and new library designs.
Architectural consideration for lighting, wiring, telephone line, wifi modem and router,
furnishing, workstations and space considerations are all affected by the addition or the
incorporation of automation into a library building.

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IM244/247/NOV2014/IMC651

c) Research questions.
i. What the type of element to be considered in design of technology?
ii. What the impact of implementation technology to Perbadanan Perpustakaan Awam
Terengganu (PPAT)?
iii. What the factors are affected by the changes technologies?

d) Research objectives.
i. To identify the type of element to be considered in design of technology in PPAT
ii. To investigate an impact of implementation new technology to PPAT.
iii. To determine the factors that affect the changes of technologies in PPAT.

e) Significant of study.
i. This study to brought new changes technologies have to their facilities in PPAT.
ii. This significant of study to explore the function of library automation at Perbadanan
Perpustakaan Awam Terengganu (PPAT).
iii. The implementation of new technology as early planning need taken in implementation
automated services into an existing facility design.

----End of Questions----

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IM244/247/NOV2014/IMC651

ANSWER SHEET

Part A
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5. =a=
6. =a=
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8. =a=
9. =a=
10. =a=

Part B
=b=
=b=
=b=
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=b=
=b=
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=b=
=b=
=b=

=c=
=c=
=c=
=c=
=c=
=c=
=c=
=c=
=c=
=c=

=d=
=d=
=d=
=d=
=d=
=d=
=d=
=d=
=d=
=d=

1. =T=
2. =T=
3. =T=
4. =T=
5. =T=
6. =T=
7. =T=
8. =T=
9. =T=
10. =T=

=F=
=F=
=F=
=F=
=F=
=F=
=F=
=F=
=F=
=F=

Part C
No.

Independent Variable

Dependent Variable

1.

Television violence

Aggression in children

2.

Alcohol drinking

People's reaction time while driving.

3.

Age

Perspective

4.

High school sports

Character of students

5.

Changes in work space

Affect employee reactions

6.

Hot days versus cold days

Pedestrians

7.

Siblings

Treated by their parents

8.

Task

Satisfaction

9.

Childrens reading skills.

The effectiveness of the type of reading

10.

Teeth brushing technique

Affects the number of cavities