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COLLEGE OF INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

CEBU STATE COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY


MAIN CAMPUS; R. PALMA ST., CEBU CITY

PLATE NO. 6

Submitted by:

Jonathan c. Bacus
BSEE VC

Submitted to:

Engr. V. Z. Delante
INSTRUCTOR

FEBRUARY 26, 2009

EE 525

POWER SYSTEMS DESIGN 2


PLATE NO. 6
Name: JONATHAN C. BACUS
DELANTE

Instructor:

Course: BSEE 5-C


Title: FAULT CURRENT
Objective: To solve for the phase currents and voltages.
Problem:

Given:

MVA 200MVA
Vr 22kV

3
f 60
x transient j 0.30
x transient j 0.35
x zero j 0.25

ENGR. V. Z.

Faults occur at phase b & c.


Required:
Calculate the current & voltage on each phase with the
occurrence of the fault.
SOLUTION:

let E a 10
Solving for the base current:
I base

200 106

3 22000

I base 5,248.6388 Amp.


Solving for I a1 :
I a1

I a1

I a1

Ea
Z2Z 0
Z1
Z2 Z0
10
j 0.35 j 0.25
j 0.30
j 0.35 j 0.25
10
j 0.4458

I a1 2.243 90

Solving for sequence voltages in phase a:


Va1 E a I a1 Z1
Va1 10 2.243 90 j 0.30
Va1 0.32710 pu
therefore:
Va1 Va2 0.32710 pu
Va1 Va0 0.32710 pu

Solving for I a2 :

I a2
I a2

Va2
Z2
0.32710
j 0.35

I a2 0.934690 pu
Solving for I a0 :

I a0
I a0

Va0
Z0
0.32710
j 0.25

I a0 1.308490 pu
Solving for the phase currents:
I a I a1 I a2 I a0

I a 2.243 90 0.934690 1.308490


Ia 0
I b I b1 I b2 I b0
I b a 2I a1 aI a2 I a0
1120 0.934690
1.3084 90
I b 1 120 2.243 90
I b 3.38144.5 pu
I c I c1 I c2 I c0
I c aI a1 a 2I a2 I a0
1 120 0.934690
1.3084 90
I c 1120 2.243 90
I c 3.3835.49 pu

The neutral current is:


In Ia Ib Ic

I n 0 3.38144.5 3.3835.49
I n 3.925189.995 pu
Alternate solution:
I n 3I a0

I n 3 1.308490
I n 3.925290 pu
Solving for the phase voltages:
Va Va1 Va2 Va0

Va 3 0.32710
Va 0.98130 pu

Vb Vb1 Vb2 Vb0


Vb a 2Va1 aVa2 Va0
1120 0.3271 0
Vb 1 120 0.32710
Vb 0

0.3271 0

Vc Vc1 Vc2 Vc0


Vc aVa1 a 2Va2 Va0
1 120 0.3271 0
Vc 1120 0.32710
Vc 0

0.3271 0