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. .

ua / ue, ye, ie
: 1
:
ua / ue, ye, ie ,
. (. ) , ( ; ).
, ,
. ,
-, .
, .
, ( , , , , ) ,
.
: , ,
, . , , , ,
; Albanian, secondary diphthongs, Albanian subdialect of
Ukraine, subdialect of Mandritsa, stress fixation, monophthongization,
isolated and peripheral dialects, loss of true diphthongs.

I.
ua / ue, ye, ie
o, e
, n (
): kapruall / kapruell (. . kaproj / kaprej
/ kaprenj) < . capreolus, krahror / krahnuer (. .
krahror / krahnuer) < krah+n+or, ftua / ftue (. . fto1

, 11-0400231 :
.

. .

585

nj) < . cotoneum; diell < PAlb *delwa; tryez


< .-. (.) *trabeza < . (Demiraj
1996: 94; Orel 1998: 65, 105, 170, 194, 468)2.
, (, ) , (., , o > ua / ue Jokl 19311932).

ua / ue, ye, ie
, () ().

,

, .
,
ue ua
*uo.
XVI XVII . ( 1555 .
. , 1618 1621 .)3.
. (1635) . (1685)
(, , ) XVII
uo > ue,
. , uo
: uo > ua (
, , , 2


, () : ar < Lat aurum, qaj / qanj
< klanj < PAlb *klaunja (Orel 1998: 7, 353). . ,
.-.
(abej 1976: 121).
3
. , ou,
. 1000 .,
( Grouemire , 14161417 .)
1497 . (growa eyn frauwe) (abej 1976: 122123). .
ou ou >
uo. ou, ow , ,
u (Grouemire = Gru-emire; growa = grua ) (Demiraj 1996: 98).

586

ua / ue, ye, ie ...


. ) uo > u (
) (abej 1958: 78).
( ),
uo
-
-
. ua.

/
(),
( / , ) XVIII : uo
, ua , uo /
ua (ADGjSh 2007: 168170)4.
,
,
ue > u, ie > e, >
y. . . ,
( 1968: 270271).
. , uu / u uo, ue
: gruia
(= gruaja) , niriut (= njriut) , -, - (.,
., . . .) ; durte . ; endeghiune (= e
dgjuan) () (.) . .
(),
ue > u ( , , uo
> u) XVI XVIII
(abej 1958: 78). ie > e, > y, , 1685 ., ,
, : tridhjete (); pesedhiete
(. ); dhiete , crye (. );
dhjet (. ). . , - ie, ye XVIII .,
4

ue >
.

. .

587

: dhiet ( . ) / liet (
. ), me thye me mil (< me mjel)
, me sil (< me sjell) (abej 1958: 72, 75).
,
, ,

(grue /
grua , bie ; , krye ). u / u, ie, ye
,
. ,
(gruaja / grueja , dielli
, fyelli ) (duar /
duer , diell , dyer )

, -
.
ue > u, ie > e, > y
,
(ADGjSh 2007: 168177).
uo; uo > ua XV .
(Gjin Bue Shpata, XIV ) . , Ungjilli i
Pashkve ( XV XVI )
. (= kujtam) () (.) (abej 1958: 76).
(Dottrina Christiana), - . 1592 , ua: mua , , e bkuar
(Demiraj 1996: 95).
uo ua, , . va- / . vo- (vaj, voj () < . oleum),

(abej 1958: 79).

588

ua / ue, ye, ie ...

(u / a)
( 1968: 41)5.
(
) - (
, , , ) ,
(gra , u
kthen () (.)), ie . ( ),
,
,
(dur , mill
).
, ye, ie . , -
( , , ,
) (
, , , )
,
( : 268270). ,
1980- ., , ,
. , (ADGjSh 2007: 169, 173, 176).
, ,
5


ua, ye, ie (. . , ,
. . ). , ,
. . ( 1968: 268269).

/e/, /a/, /e/, ,
/i/, /u/, /y/ ,
(abej 1976: 122; Demiraj 1996: 88).

. .

589

,

.


. ( )
y
, ye: y > i, ye > ie
(ADGjSh 2007: 150151, 172174).
( )
uo. ua, ue > u. uo
(, , ) (),
(gruoja , durat , shkruonj
, pagur , bekur ) (abej
1958: 79; ADGjSH 2007: 168170),
() (Demiraj 1996: 95)6.
, XIV XV ., uo
ua: buoll , dort , muoj ;
graja , shkrajtin () (.) (abej
1958: 79). , .
. . , ,
.
, ,
,
: a, e (ADGjSh 2007: 168177).
(, ) , ,
. ,
6

. .
(18191894), Krshteu i shejtruor (abej 1958: 79).

590

ua / ue, ye, ie ...

XIV
XVIII , ,
/ ,
.
II.
ua, ie, ye .
- . ,
(Sokolova 1983), ,
.

, , . ,
, ,
: mu , , gran (. . .); bje /
bi , djk , zjt ; lyn , kmbyr
(Sokolova 1983: 2426).
u / u: dur / dur
, mur / mur () (.). uo,
.
,7 ,
a > o (Domi, Shuteriqi 1965; 1968; Hamp 1970).
, , uo > : moj / muj , u zbrn / u zburn ()
(.) (Sokolova 1983: 25). uo / o,
. , ;
.
,
.
u, u, y ,
. : u > uv > v > v
(dull > duvll > dvll > dvll () (.); mu > muv >
mv , ; u ksy > u ksv () (.)) (Sokolova
7


XV
XVI , . . , uo
ua (Sokolova 1983: 2930).

. .

591

1983: 2426). , . , :
. ,
v (duvll
> dvll () (.), gra > grva > grv )
(dull > dvll)
.
,
,

() , .
III.

,
,
( ; ,

). - -
, .

.
.
. . ,
,
. ua
:
) : drt (durt) . . dra ;
klt (kult) . . kal ; ) :
<...> un rn ( 1948: 11).8
8


. . (.) ( 1948) ; -

592

ua / ue, ye, ie ...

ie, ye : un dk ; dl (
: 13); krt , ( : 15).
; -

.
1) a > u. ua
u: du ,
(. (un) du; . . dua); dul () (.; . dl; . .
dol-i); drt (. drt; . . duart); gru, grja ,
(. gru, gruja; . . grua, -ja); klt (.
klt; . . kuajt). ,
,

. . . . . u, ui; . . ujnit / jne ,
(. . th|ua, -oi; . . thonj, -t); . . . . : mur
() , mrm () (. . muar / muer, . .
mor-i); sul () , slm () (. . suall /
suell, . . soll-i).9 (Demiraj 1996: 101102).
2) e > (je) > i : di (, ) / d (, ) (. d; . .
dje); dl / dl (. dl; . . diell); dik / dk ,
dgur / dgur , (. (un) dk; digur; . .
djeg, djegur ); ftka () (.; . f(j)tka; . . fjetka);
mil (. ml; . . miell); vin , (. (un) vn; . . vij); vit (. vt (vjt); . .
vjet); zin / zn , (. un zn / un in; . . zie).
( 20052012)
.
9
3 . .. ,

: suall / suell (. . soll-i) < *soll; muar / muer (. . mor-i) <
*mor (Demiraj 1981: 11).

. .

593

e > (je) > e: keli (. kel ;


. . qiell); sel , slni (. sel; . .
sjell, sillni); t / lt (. jt; . . dhjet).
3) e > y: krt , (. krt, kr(j)tn; . .
krye); ot t pys , pt (.; . t ps,
pta; . . t pyes, pyeta); thjt (.; . un ejta
arn ; . . thyejta). kr(j)tn
. . , ,
(
: > i > j). . (.) jt
, vt / vjt .
ua, ye
,

,
. ie (> i / e), ,


, , - (, , ,
) .
XVIII
XIX , .
. . : ua, ye
; ie
,

( 1968: 319320).
,
,

XV XVI ,
. . ,
- .
,
,

(
XV XVI .,

594

ua / ue, ye, ie ...

. ). ,

, ( , - ) , , ( ).
(. )
, .
, , (),
() ,

.

1968 . . . .:
, 1968.
ADGjSh 2007 Gjinari J., Beci B., Shkurtaj Gj., Gosturani Xh., Dodi A.,
Totoni M. Atlasi dialektologjik i gjuhs shqipe. Vll. I. Universita degli
studi di Napoli lOrientale, Akademia e shkencave e Shqipris, 2007.
abej 1958 abej E. Diftongje e grupe zanoresh t shqipes // Buletin i
Universitetit shtetror t Tirans. Seria Shkencat Shoqrore 3. 1958.
F. 7188.
abej 1976 abej E. Studime gjuhsore III. Prishtin: Rilindja, 1976.
Demiraj 1981 Demiraj Sh. Rreth diftongimit t o-s n gjuhn shqipe //
Studime filologjike 3, 1981. F. 520.
Demiraj 1996 Demiraj Sh. Fonologjia historike e gjuhs shqipe. Tiran:
TOENA, 1996.
Domi, Shuteriqi 1965 Domi M., Shuteriqi Dh. Nj vshtrim mbi t folmen
shqipe t Mandrics // Studime filologjike 2, 1965. F. 103119.
Hamp 1970 Hamp E. P. The Diphtongs of Mandrica //
Linguistique Ballkanique XIV, 2. , 1970. . 21
25.
Jokl 19311932 Jokl N. Zur Geschichte des alb. Diphthongs -ua-, -ue- //
Indogermanische forschungen 49, 1931. S. 274300; 50, 1932. S. 33
58.
Orel 1998 Orel V. Albanian Etymological Dictionary. Leiden Boston
Kln, 1998.
Sokolova 1983 Sokolova B. Die albanische Mundart von Mandrica
(= Balkanologische Verffentlichungen 6 / Hrsg. von N. Reiter).
Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1983.

. .

595

1948 . . . . . 411 . 1948 .


. 827, . 1, 688.
20052012 . .
(. , , ()).
. ()
(). 20052012 . .
M. S. Morozova. On the development of diphthongs ua / ue, ye, ie in
Albanian dialects: centre versus periphery
This paper briefly describes the major stages of development that
secondary Albanian diphthongs ua / ue, ye, ie go through, with reference to
the old Albanian texts and present-day dialects. Special emphasis is given to
the isolated Tosk subdialects of Bulgaria (village of Mandritsa) and the
Ukraine where diphthongs follow very specific innovative ways of
development, such as Gheg monophthongization in the subdialect of
Ukraine and a variety of coexisting diphthong reflexes in Mandritsa.
As pointed out in the paper, most part of Tosk and Gheg subdialects
tend to lose true diphthongs and develop a fixed stress falling either on
the first or the second element of diphthong. This kind of change in Gheg
subdialects seems to be a precondition for further conversion of diphthongs
to monophthongs. A similar stress fixation on the first or second element of
diphthong occurring in Tosk subdialects gives rise to the present-day local
distinctions within the Tosk dialect area. The said feature of Tosk Albanian
is said to be relatively late. However, data from various isolated and
peripheral subdialects of Albanian, such as those of Chamuria, Italy,
Greece, Bulgaria, and Ukraine, may well provide some grounds to consider
this an archaism rather than a recent innovation.