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2006
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1(091)
87.1
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: 2 . / . . -. , 2006. 1: . 98 .
ISBN 5-94356-427-6

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10.01.223
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II. .

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III.

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.
.

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50,
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13, DK 47 A 16, Boethius De mus. III, II, DK 47 A 19).
, , -,
.

. ,
(Schol. Eucl. 417, 12 ff., , 246
.; DK 18, 4), ,
49

(. Burkert 1972, 455465; Philip (1966), . 2).


, ,
(. . 48). , ,
, 3, 4, 5, . , , (. Burkert 1972, 427
430).
(. 1968, . II).
44 39 , .
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,
(Eucl. p. 65, 3ff.) 40. , . . ,
, . 44.
(, ap. Alex. in Met. 39, 8), , 2 + 3 = 5.

:
51. . , 4. 202 b 36 (DK 58 B 28): , , ,
39

40

. ,
(Burkert 1972, 412414) , ,
.
. W. A. Heidel, The Pythagoreans and Greek Mathematics, FurleyAllen
1975, I, 350ff.; Burkert 1972, ch. VI.
, ,
(. 409412).

50

, . , : , .
. 51,
( kai< cwri>v,
). , ,
.

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1, .
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).
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44, 3842 5758, (
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51


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52

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43

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53

[=] []
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.
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54


(. Philip, Pythagoras, 68
70, 9395; C. H. Kahn, Pythagorean philosophy before Plato in The Presocratics, ed. A. P. D. Mourelatos (Garden City, N.Y., 1974), 183184).
; 5759 (
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45

, , , -, , , , , (. Guthrie 1978, I, 239282).


54 (. 43).
, , 1028b16, 1090b5, DK 58 B 2324 (
, ., , Cherniss 1944, 132ff., Burkert 1972, 4243), , 4094, , , X, 281, [.] , . 84, 10, DK 44 A 13
( , .
Burkert 1972, 6671).

55

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56

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47

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II, 20, 13, DK 31 A 56). ,
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A 77).
, , , ,
; (, 9847, , in Phys. 23, 33,
DK 18, 7). , , ,

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57

(ii)
63
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59


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, (, ,
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60

61

III.
(
): Dominic J. OMeara, Pythagoras Revived. Mathematics
and Philosophy in Late Antiquity. Oxford, 1990, p. 129.

.
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. Blumenthal (1981); ,
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62

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. ,
, 50

. Blumenthal (1978).
. Sorabji (1983), (1987); Sambursky (1962).
52
. P. Hadot (1968), Smith (1974);
, ,
: . Steel
(1978), 1213; Gersh (1978), 78.
51

63


, , , 53.

. , , (Dillon 1973)
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53
54

. (Praechter 1910), (1932); Steel (1978), 12.


. Praechter (1910), 173; Harder (1926), xvi ff.; Burkert (1972), 98; Szlezk
(1979), 35.

64


,
( II). ,
VVII, .
( III).
. , ( IV), ,
, .

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, , , ., , Lewy (1956), Saffrey (1984), Shaw


(1985).

65

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57
, . ; ;
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57

. Numenius, Fragments, p. 7; Dillon (1977), 362.


. Leemans (1937), Test. nos. 1820, Lewy (1956), 503 n. 23; , (Porphyry, Vit.
Plot. 17, 16).
59
, . 1 a, 1 b, 1 c, 4 b, 24, 29, 52 ( , . Waszink [1964], 11, 25).
58

56

., , Burkert (1961); Drrie (1963); Armstrong (1967), 90106 (Merlan); Dillon (1977), ch. 7. . Burkert (1972), 53; Cherniss (1976),
1645, 1701; Dillon (1977), 115 ff. . Schwyzer (1983). . nn. 8, 46, 52 .

66

67

, 60.
,
(. 2428).
, . 61.
. -, . ,
, (. 25, 27). , , (. 24, 37 .), , (. 24,
1836). (
, ), , (. . 24, 3336). ,


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, .

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63

Waszink (1966), 379; O'Meara (1975), ch. 1.


. , (Or. 26, 310, 415). dia>stasiv
(. , , 24, 41; 25, 86 104).
62
. oJmo>noia oJmodoxi>a (,
432 , 433 ), metabolh>, polupragmosu>nh sta>siv .

(. 24, 34 politei>aajlhqei~ ), (. , 372 6).

. , , . 53, 61, 2027. ,


/ ..
. , ,

( . 53, 61, 13, ,
. 48, 58, 21). . Burkert (1972), 95.
64
. 24 a; . O'Meara (1976).
65
. 24, p 11 paralu>ontev ( ) . 4 a, 245
paraluo>menon ( ). . 24, 723 oJ>lov dj ejx oJ>lou
eJautou~ metati>qetai> te kai< ajntimetati>qetai oujdamw~v () 380 d 5e 1, , .
6, 1112, (. O'Meara
[1976], 125). . Puech (1934), 767.
66
(76), (. 27, 11)
(. 3, 11). . palina>gretov . 25, 31 ( ) . 3,
5 ( ).

68

69

60
61

,
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, 67 ,

( ), ( ) , . (. 24, 6870). ,
68. ,
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(. 24, 7379). , , 70. ;
.
67
68
69

70

cwri>zein, . 24, 68: , (cwrismo>v) .


(kainotomi>a); . . 24, 301; 28, 1415.
. 24, 6768 ( . 52).
, ,
(, ; . , 1920 . 1). .
. . 24, 7779; 52, 24 (
. 7, 57).

70

, . , , , , , ,
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72. , , .
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73.
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16 , ,
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4). (. 2, 2023) ,
(572 d .) , ,
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71

. Festugire (195054), I 2026; Drrie (1955), 328329; (1973a), 99 .;


Waszink (1966), 4748; Aubenque (1962), 7172; P. Hadot (1987), 23 .
72
. . 1 a; 1 b, 58; 8, 913; 30, 56; Waszink (1966), 46. ejpikalei~sqai, . . 35, 16.
73
. Whittaker (1967), 200201.
74
. . 2 . 22.

71

, ,
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. (. 11, 15; 52, 6)
, (. 52, 5).
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75?
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2.

(. , . 7). ,
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,
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80.
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(sofi>a), ,
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(1, 52, 19).
79

( ) 77
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78.
.
(. , . 2)
,
75


(Burkert 1972); . Krmer (1964), 63 ff. (.
. .
(347274 ..). ., 2005, . 23. . .)
76
. . 2, 2223. ,
ti> ejsti to< o}n (loc. cit.; fr. 3, 1), (Met. 1);
,
: . O'Meara (1976).
77
. D'Ooge et al. (1926), 712. (1969) 196
, . Tarn (1974), 113.
78
. I. Hadot (1984), 6569.

72

80

, VII, ,
( Tannery [1885a], 181
182). Oppermann (1928)
. (De dec.), , , , -,
, , , -,
VII .
, () In Nic. (= On Pyth. IV) , Intro. arith. ( anon. Theol. arith. 1, 1018 Iambl. In Nic. 11, 15
24; , anon. Theol. arith. 3, 27 Nicom. Intro. arith. 111,
17; 113, 26). , , , . , , Nicom. Intro. arith. (. 83, 46 )
Iambl. In Nic. ,
On Pyth. VII (, .3) , anon. Theol. arith. , , anon. Theol. arith., , On Pyth. VII.
. D'Ooge, 7987, . Tarn (1974).
, , Burkert
(1972), 98 .

73

(3, 94, 5) (27 d), ,


(. 7), , . .
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.

82, , .
.
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(ijdiw>mata) 85.
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83

.
Levin (1975), 46 .
82
. anon. Theol. arith. 56, 1315.

. anon. Theol. arith. 44, 713 (= Nicomachus; . D'Ooge, 85 n. 5).


D'Ooge, 9495.
85
Anon. Theol. arith. 20, 1521, 4 (= Nicomachus; . D'Ooge, 8687,
E 20, 1); 44, 813.
86
Anon. Theol. arith. 3, 111; 21, 18; 23, 46.
87
. Intro. arith. 12, 18; 9, 1015; 114, 1718.

74

75

81

84

, . ,
()
, , ( ,
).
-, (12, 614) 88. ? , , ,
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94 :
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96,
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, 92

, D'Ooge, 9899 (
, In Nic. I 12, 58), Bertier (1978), 2122.
89
. D'Ooge, 225 n. 1.
90
Intro. arith. 65, 17 ff. to< eijv ta< fusika< tau~ta ( , (D'Ooge), fusiologi>a 64, 2325) suntei~non qew>rhma. , Vit. Pyth. 45, 1415,
pro<v polla< diatei~non fusika< suntele>smata, ( 45, 4).
91
. 64, 2365; 8; 114, 49 . ( ).

65, 912 ( to< th~v yuch~v.kosmhtiko>n eujtakthqh>sontai);


.anon. Theol. arith. 35, 1536, 1 (= Nicomachus; . D'Ooge, 85 n. 4).
93
Theol.
arith. , anon. Theol. arith. 37, 1 .
94
Anon. Prol. in Nic. 76, 2024 (, Tannery, xiii, ; prolegomena,
); , In Nic. I 1, 12.
95
. , . 24. Intro. arith. 122, 20123, 3
Theol. arith. (= Photius, Bibl. III 47, 145 a 67).
96

, (e]fodov, 64, 2324) .

76

77

88


97. . ,
, ,
, ,
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,
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, II 98. : - , - , , , . , , 99. .
, , ,
97

Bibl. III 4142, 143 a; 142 b 43


: , ,
, ; . Hgg (1975), 160161.
98
,
; . Nicomachus in anon. Theol. arith. 27, 1015;
80, 10; Theon, Exp. 99, 1719; Anatolius, De dec. 29, 78.
, ., , Anatolius, De dec., Theon, Exp. 99, 17-106, 11,
(-) ( ; . anon. Theol. arith. 74, 10 .).
(-) . . Tannery (1885a), 182
189; Delatte (1915), 233234; Robbins (1921); Staehle (1931), 1517, 1975;
Mansfeld (1971), 157159; Thesleff (1965), 164166; , . 52.
99

. ,
(Delatte 1915, 139) ,
(143 2224, 142 b 2526).

78

,
, , , .
(142 b 35 .) , , (ijdia>zousanposo>thta) . (ajnaforh>), , , (142
b 22 .). , , ,
: 1)
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), 2) , .
,
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(1, 42, 17). :
(1, 68);
, , , (1, 9 .; 3, 2 .); 100. ,
,
(3, 1 .), , (4, 12; 4, 912).
. , ,
( ),
101. , 100

2, 1819. ,
; . Burkert (1972), 98, , . 24.
101
, . ,
, . 48, 58, 21 .,

79

,
, .

, ,
102,
,
(. 4445), .
, , ,
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103.
,
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; , , . ,
, 104.
, , ,
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, .
, , , , ,
didaskali>av ca>rin, , , .
, ..
,
.
.
102
ajriqmw~| dej te pa>nt' ejpe>oken; . Delatte (1915), 1415.
103
, (, 143 39, 143 b 23, 144
4) , .
104
. , 142 b 3237; 143 a 10.

80

. , ,
.
, .
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,
, . , , ,
105. , ,
, -, ,
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3.
, 106. ,
, , 107. , , , ,
, , .
(245
105

,
, (. anon. Theol. arith. 57,
2158, 7; 32, 1112), . ,

.
106
Eunapius, Vit. soph. 363;
(Quaest. Hom. ad Il. 281, 2; . :
Schraeder, 347348).
107
, , II 726, 69;
; ;
(59, 1).

81

), ,
, 270 108. : 109 . ,
, ,
,
.
, ,
, ,
, , , .

, ,

, . , (Hultsch) , . , (to< ejpisthmoniko>n) , ,
, 110.
, ,
, ,
. , (279, 2022).
-
, ,
.

.
,
.
108

. Dillon (1973), 79; Larsen (1972), 3738; I. Hadot (1984, 257258;


, 56.
109
, ,
. . ., , ., 2002, . 434, . 2.
. .
110
Excerpta 277, 814.

82


,
(eijkazontev, oJmoiou~ntev) .
, , , , , 111. ,
. ,

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, (2 . .), ,
, 112,
.
(33, 13 .; 36, 28 .; 40, 1
. 14 .), , .
. ,
.
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113, -
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4.
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111

29, 1922 (. Theon, Exp. 100, 46).


, 2728 ( , ).
113
; . , 50.
112

83

. ,
, 114. - .
115. . 116. ,
, 117. ,
, .

. , , ,
, 118. ,
. , . , . .
, , . , ,
119.
. ,
.

, , , 120 (ajpori>a), (110, 17). , , , :


, , 121.
. 122, ,
:
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,
. . , ,
, 124. , , ,
, .
, , .
(Op. sel. 57, 1724),
, , -

114

. (Beutler 1953), 278301 (


. ).

.
115
Eunapius, Vit. soph. 363; . Dillon (1973), 1011.
116
Stobaeus, Anth. III 579, 6580, 1.
117
Dillon (1973), 10, Saffrey (1971), ,
.
118
. Porphyry, Opuscula, 47; . A. Segonds Vit.
Pyth., 162197.
119
4647, 57, 2258, 20; . Segonds , 162168.

84

120

wJdi>nantev: (, Symp. 206 1).


. Wolff (), 4243; Bidez (1913), 17 . . O'Meara
(1959), 2931. ,
, , , .
122
Porphyry, Ep. ad An., Sodano, xviii.
123
22, 1123, 3 (= Iamblichus, De myst. 260, 410);
.
124
(De myst. 96, 510) ,
filoso>fwv ma~llon kai< logikw~v.
121

85

125 , . , , :
, . , ,
, , , , , .
.

. (
) , . ( , , ), ,
,
.
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,
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, 126. ,
,
127. ,
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,
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. ,
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(I 72) ). ,
129, , , , , IV ,
. ,
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130.
,
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, , . , : (. 47, 58, 1219). (I . 29, 64),
(II . 36,102). , ,
, , ,
.
. (Drrie 1955)
, . ,
,
. ,
128

Orpheus (68, 1), Homer (78, 1516); 71, 17


(. 77, 22).
126
. , I 2529 ed. Bouffartigue et Patillon (:
?).
127
I . 15, 3, 55; . 18, 1 19, 1, 56.

I . 3032; 46. ,
,
(I . 48 .).
129
I . 36; (I . 15).
130
III , .

86

87

125

,
131: 132
133;
(23, 1 .); (7, 3235); , ,
, ,
, ,
134. , , ,
,
,
(14, 810). ,
. ,
,

135.
131

De abst. I . 2728; II . 4952, 114116; I 33; II 48


49 ed. Bouffartigue et Patillon ( ).
132
Vit. Plot. 2, 5 (
, De abst. IV, Opuscula 264, 20
.).
133
Vit. Plot. 8, 20 . ( prosoch> De abst. I . 39; I 3435 ed.
Bouffartigue et Pataillon).
134
Vit. Plot. 23, 201 (.
). ,
, , ,
, .
135
() , . , (Vit. Plot. 3, 2427). . L.
Brisson et al. (1982), 254256. ,
. (II
. X, 28 .) , (xx, 53). . (1984), 101136, ,
, .

, , .

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