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Table 1.

US EPA Classification of Lakes and Ponds based on


Alkalinity as Measured in Concentration of Calcium
Carbonate (CaCO3)

Category

Concentration of CaCO3 (ppm)

Acidified

<1 and pH < 5

Critical

<2

Endangered

2~5

Highly Sensitive

5 ~ 10

Sensitive

10 ~ 20

Non Sensitive

> 20

[A] WATER RESOURCE - A


PARAMETER :
TSS =

180

ppm

TDS =

3450

ppm CaCO3

pH =

8.3

Temperature =

28

WATER ANALYSIS - ION


Water Analysis - Ion

ppmw

MW

Ca2+

25.0

40

Mg2+

2.0

24

Mn2+

0.0

50

Ba2+

0.9

112

Sr2+

1.5

76

Na+

1360.0

23

NH4+

1.2

18

K+

15.0

39

Fe3+

0.1

52

Al3+

0.0

26

HCO3-

1707.2

61

CO32-

0.6

60

SO42-

2.0

96

Cl-

1210.0

35

Br-

4.1

70

F-

2.5

18

NO3-

0.0

62

SiO2

20.0

60

PO42-

0.1

94

SOLUTION :
[1] Check TDS
Total Cation =
TDS Feed =

3055.1

ppm CaCO3

3450

ppm CaCO3

Note : balancing should be conducted then total cation = total anion = TDS
TDS/Total Cation =

1.13

TDS/Total Anion =

1.10

[2] Ion Balancing

WATER ANA
Water Analysis - Ion

ppmw

MW

Ca2+

28.0

40

Mg2+

2.3

24

Mn2+

0.0

50

Ba2+

1.0

112

Sr2+

1.7

76

Na+

1535.8

23

NH4+

1.4

18

K+

17.0

39

Fe3+

0.1

52

Al3+

0.0

26

HCO3-

1877.4

61

CO32-

0.7

60

SO42-

2.2

96

Cl-

1330.6

35

Br-

4.5

70

F-

2.7

18

NO3-

0.0

62

SiO2

21.9

60

PO42-

0.1

94

[3] Result and Conclusion


Total Cation =

3450.0

ppm CaCO3

Total Anion =

3450

ppm CaCO3

Total Hardness =

79.8

ppm CaCO3

4.7

gr/gal CaCO3

Hardness Criteria = Slighty Hard Water

Total Alkalinity =
=

1540.7

ppm CaCO3

90.1

gr/gal CaCO3

Alkalinity Criteria = Non Sensitive

Parameter to be Concerned

Min/Max Limit
ppm

TSS

max 50

TDS

pH

min 6

Total Alkalinity

Total Hardness

min 5

Total N

max 5

Total P

max 0.05

Al3+

max 5

Cl-

max 150

F-

max 1

Fe3+

max 0.2

Mn2+

max 0.2

K+

max 0.1

TOC

max 10

Suggested Type of Water Treatment Unit :


(1) Chemical Feed (Coagulant, Flocculant, Clarifier, pH adj)
(2) Media Filtration (Sand Filter) and Carbon Filter in Series.
(3) TDS Removal by Membrane

Typical Water : Surface Water (River, Lake, etc)

[B] WATER RESOURCE - B


PARAMETER :
TSS =

80

TDS =

4985

pH =

3.1

Temperature =

25

ppm
ppm CaCO3

WATER ANALYSIS - ION


Water Analysis - Ion

ppmw

MW

Ca2+

1325.0

40

Mg2+

1.0

24

Mn2+

8.2

50

Ba2+

1.0

112

Sr2+

1.0

76

Na+

2000.0

23

NH4+

0.0

18

K+

50.0

39

Fe3+

670.0

52

Al3+

3.6

26

HCO3-

0.0

61

CO32-

0.0

60

SO42-

2880.0

96

Cl-

400.0

35

Br-

0.0

70

F-

1.0

18

NO3-

100.0

62

SiO2

10.0

60

PO42-

0.0

94

SOLUTION :
[1] Check TDS
Total Cation =
TDS Feed =

9701.6

ppm CaCO3

4985

ppm CaCO3

Note : balancing should be conducted then total cation = total anion = TDS
TDS/Total Cation =

0.51

TDS/Total Anion =

1.36

[2] Ion Balancing

WATER ANA
Water Analysis - Ion

ppmw

MW

Ca2+

680.8

40

Mg2+

0.5

24

Mn2+

4.2

50

Ba2+

0.6

112

Sr2+

0.5

76

Na+

1027.6

23

NH4+

0.0

18

K+

25.7

39

Fe3+

344.3

52

Al3+

1.9

26

HCO3-

0.0

61

CO32-

0.0

60

SO42-

3926.0

96

Cl-

544.9

35

Br-

0.0

70

F-

1.4

18

NO3-

136.3

62

SiO2

13.7

60

PO42-

0.0

94

[3] Result and Conclusion


Total Cation =

4985.0

ppm CaCO3

Total Anion =

4985

ppm CaCO3

1702.1

ppm CaCO3

99.5

gr/gal CaCO3

Total Hardness =
=

Hardness Criteria = Very Hard Water

Total Alkalinity =

0.0

ppm CaCO3

0.0

gr/gal CaCO3

Alkalinity Criteria = Acidified

Parameter to be Concerned

Min/Max Limit

Parameter to be Concerned

ppm

TSS

max 50

TDS

pH

min 6

Total Alkalinity

Total Hardness

min 5

Total N

max 5

Total P

max 0.05

Al3+

max 5

Cl-

max 150

F-

max 1

Fe3+

max 0.2

Mn2+

max 0.2

K+

max 0.1

TOC

max 10

Suggested Type of Water Treatment Unit :


(1) Chemical Feed (Coagulant, Flocculant, Clarifier, pH adj)
(2) Media Filtration (Sand Filter) and Carbon Filter in Series.
(3) Greendsand Filtration
(3) TDS Removal by Membrane

Typical Water : Surface Water (River, Lake, etc)

[C] WATER RESOURCE - C


PARAMETER :
TSS =

30

ppm

TDS =

3400

pH =

9.4

Temperature =

22

ppm CaCO3

WATER ANALYSIS - ION


Water Analysis - Ion

ppmw

MW

Ca2+

10.0

40

Mg2+

2.0

24

Mn2+

0.0

50

Ba2+

0.9

112

Sr2+

1.5

76

Na+

919.3

23

NH4+

0.8

18

K+

15.0

39

Fe3+

0.1

52

Al3+

0.0

26

HCO3-

1360.0

61

CO32-

121.1

60

SO42-

2.0

96

Cl-

1210.0

35

Br-

4.1

70

F-

2.5

18

NO3-

0.0

62

SiO2

20.0

60

PO42-

0.1

94

SOLUTION :
[1] Check TDS

Total Cation =
TDS Feed =

2057.6

ppm CaCO3

3400

ppm CaCO3

Note : balancing should be conducted then total cation = total anion = TDS
TDS/Total Cation =

1.65

TDS/Total Anion =

1.11

[2] Ion Balancing

WATER ANA
Water Analysis - Ion

ppmw

MW

Ca2+

16.5

40

Mg2+

3.3

24

Mn2+

0.0

50

Ba2+

1.5

112

Sr2+

2.5

76

Na+

1519.0

23

NH4+

1.3

18

K+

24.8

39

Fe3+

0.1

52

Al3+

0.0

26

HCO3-

1514.3

61

CO32-

134.8

60

SO42-

2.2

96

Cl-

1347.3

35

Br-

4.6

70

F-

2.8

18

NO3-

0.0

62

SiO2

22.3

60

PO42-

0.1

94

[3] Result and Conclusion


Total Cation =

3400.0

ppm CaCO3

Total Anion =

3400

ppm CaCO3

Total Hardness =

54.9

ppm CaCO3

3.2

gr/gal CaCO3

Hardness Criteria = Slighty Hard Water

Total Alkalinity =
=

1466.7

ppm CaCO3

85.8

gr/gal CaCO3

Alkalinity Criteria = Slighty Hard Water

Parameter to be Concerned

Min/Max Limit
ppm

TSS

max 50

TDS

pH

min 6

Total Alkalinity

Total Hardness

min 5

Total N

max 5

Total P

max 0.05

Al3+

max 5

Cl-

max 150

F-

max 1

Fe3+

max 0.2

Mn2+

max 0.2

K+

max 0.1

TOC

max 10

Suggested Type of Water Treatment Unit :


(1) Media Filtration (Sand Filter) and Carbon Filter in Series.
(2) TDS Removal by Membrane

Typical Water : Ground Water (Well)

[D] WATER RESOURCE - D


PARAMETER :
TSS =

10

TDS =

17000

pH =

7.3

Temperature =

50

ppm
ppm CaCO3

WATER ANALYSIS - ION


Water Analysis - Ion

ppmw

MW

Ca2+

600.0

40

Mg2+

185.0

24

Mn2+

30.0

50

Ba2+

12.4

112

Sr2+

15.0

76

Na+

6000.0

23

NH4+

0.0

18

K+

115.0

39

Fe3+

82.0

52

Al3+

8.7

26

HCO3-

548.7

61

CO32-

0.0

60

SO42-

27.0

96

Cl-

10700.0

35

Br-

200.0

70

F-

0.0

18

NO3-

0.0

62

SiO2

300.0

60

PO42-

0.0

94

SOLUTION :
[1] Check TDS
Total Cation =
TDS Feed =

15838.4

ppm CaCO3

17000

ppm CaCO3

Note : balancing should be conducted then total cation = total anion = TDS
TDS/Total Cation =

1.07

TDS/Total Anion =

1.06

[2] Ion Balancing

WATER ANA
Water Analysis - Ion

ppmw

MW

Ca2+

644.0

40

Mg2+

198.6

24

Mn2+

32.0

50

Ba2+

13.3

112

Sr2+

16.1

76

Na+

6440.0

23

NH4+

0.0

18

K+

123.5

39

Fe3+

88.0

52

Al3+

9.3

26

HCO3-

584.1

61

CO32-

0.0

60

SO42-

28.7

96

Cl-

11389.5

35

Br-

212.9

70

F-

0.0

18

NO3-

0.0

62

SiO2

319.3

60

PO42-

0.0

94

[3] Result and Conclusion


Total Cation =

17000.0

ppm CaCO3

Total Anion =

17000

ppm CaCO3

Total Hardness =

2425.2

ppm CaCO3

141.8

gr/gal CaCO3

Hardness Criteria = Very Hard Water

Total Alkalinity =

479.0

ppm CaCO3

28.0

gr/gal CaCO3

Alkalinity Criteria = Non Sensitive

Parameter to be Concerned

Min/Max Limit
ppm

TSS

max 50

TDS

pH

min 6

Total Alkalinity

Total Hardness

min 5

Total N

max 5

Total P

max 0.05

Al3+

max 5

Cl-

max 150

F-

max 1

Fe3+

max 0.2

Mn2+

max 0.2

K+

max 0.1

TOC

max 10

Suggested Type of Water Treatment Unit :


(1) Media Filtration (Sand Filter) and Carbon Filter in Series.
(2) Greendsand Filtration
(3) Hardness Removal by Softener
(4) TDS Removal by Membrane

Typical Water : Sea Water

[E] WATER RESOURCE - E


PARAMETER :
TSS =

2000

ppm

TDS =

76000

ppm CaCO3

pH =

Temperature =

70

WATER ANALYSIS - ION


Water Analysis - Ion

ppmw

MW

Ca2+

10.0

40

Mg2+

5.0

24

Mn2+

0.0

50

Ba2+

0.1

112

Sr2+

0.1

76

Na+

250.0

23

NH4+

1200.0

18

K+

17475.0

39

Fe3+

0.0

52

Al3+

0.0

26

HCO3-

0.0

61

CO32-

0.0

60

SO42-

10.0

96

Cl-

200.0

35

Br-

0.0

70

F-

0.5

18

NO3-

0.0

62

SiO2

7.0

60

PO42-

1500.0

94

26290.1

ppm CaCO3

76000

ppm CaCO3

SOLUTION :
[1] Check TDS
Total Cation =
TDS Feed =

Note : balancing should be conducted then total cation = total anion = TDS
TDS/Total Cation =

2.89

TDS/Total Anion =

40.07

[2] Ion Balancing

WATER ANA
Water Analysis - Ion

ppmw

MW

Ca2+

28.9

40

Mg2+

14.3

24

Mn2+

0.0

50

Ba2+

0.3

112

Sr2+

0.3

76

Na+

722.7

23

NH4+

3469.0

18

K+

50517.1

39

Fe3+

0.0

52

Al3+

0.0

26

HCO3-

0.0

61

CO32-

0.0

60

SO42-

400.6

96

Cl-

8013.1

35

Br-

0.0

70

F-

20.0

18

NO3-

0.0

62

SiO2

280.5

60

PO42-

60098.0

94

Total Cation =

76000.0

ppm CaCO3

Total Anion =

76000

ppm CaCO3

Total Hardness =

131.7

ppm CaCO3

7.7

gr/gal CaCO3

[3] Result and Conclusion

Hardness Criteria = Slighty Hard Water

Total Alkalinity =

0.0

ppm CaCO3

0.0

gr/gal CaCO3

Alkalinity Criteria = Acidified

Parameter to be Concerned

Min/Max Limit
ppm

TSS

max 50

TDS

pH

min 6

Total Alkalinity

Total Hardness

min 5

Total N

max 5

Total P

max 0.05

Al3+

max 5

Cl-

max 150

F-

max 1

Fe3+

max 0.2

Mn2+

max 0.2

K+

max 0.1

TOC

max 10

Suggested Type of Water Treatment Unit :


(1) Chemical Feed (Coagulant, Flocculant, Clarifier, pH adj)
(2) Media Filtration (Sand Filter)
(3) TDS Removal by Membrane

Typical Water : Waste Water

Table 5. Water Hardness Classification - Refer to Pure Water Handbook


by OSMONICS

Hardness Level
(ppm)

Classification

0 ~ 17

Soft Water

17 ~ 60

Slighty Hard Water

60 ~ 120

Moderately Hard Water

120 ~ 180

Hard Water

> 180

Very Hard Water

BOD =

<2

COD =

20

DOC =

WATER ANALYSIS - ION


Total Valency

Equivalent Weight

Miliequivalent/liter

20

al anion = TDS

12

25

56

38

23

59

18

39

17

-1

61

28

-2

30

-2

48

-1

35

34

-1

70

-1

18

-1

62

-1

60

-2

47

Total Anion =

3137

WATER ANALYSIS - ION


Total Valency

Equivalent Weight

Miliequivalent/liter

20

12

25

56

38

23

67

18

39

17

-1

61

31

-2

30

-2

48

-1

35

38

-1

70

-1

18

-1

62

-1

60

-2

47

pH =
Temperature =

TDS =
Calcium Hardness =
= 30.29 ppm

M-Alkalinity =

See Fig. 18-17 GPSA to find RSI (Ryznar Stability Ind


RSI =
LSI =
Water Tendency Problem =

Min/Max Limit

Actual Value

ppm CaCO3

ppm

ppm CaCO3

180

max 435

3450

max 8.5
min 20

8.3
-

max 50

1540.7
30

0.0

0.1

0.0

1330.6

2.7

0.1

0.0

17.0

20

Function = to remove TSS


Function = to remove any dissolved organic carbon
Function = to remove TDS until meets water parameter

BOD =

<2

COD =

DOC =

WATER ANALYSIS - ION


Total Valency

Equivalent Weight

Miliequivalent/liter

20

66

12

25

56

38

23

87

18

39

17

39

-1

61

-2

30

-2

48

60

-1

35

11

-1

70

-1

18

-1

62

-1

60

-2

47

Total Anion =

3657

al anion = TDS

WATER ANALYSIS - ION


Total Valency

Equivalent Weight

Miliequivalent/liter

20

34

12

25

56

38

23

45

18

39

17

20

-1

61

-2

30

-2

48

82

-1

35

15

-1

70

-1

18

-1

62

-1

60

-2

47

pH =
Temperature =
TDS =
Calcium Hardness =
= 681.33 ppm

M-Alkalinity =

See Fig. 18-17 GPSA to find RSI (Ryznar Stability Ind


RSI =
LSI =
Water Tendency Problem =

Min/Max Limit

Actual Value

ppm CaCO3

ppm

ppm CaCO3

80

max 435

4985

max 8.5
min 20

3.1
-

0.0

max 50

681

136.3

0.0

1.9

544.9

1.4

344.3

4.2

25.7

Function = to remove TSS


Function = to remove any dissolved organic carbon

Function = to remove any iron and manganese ion that are easy to scale in downstrea
Function = to remove TDS until meets water parameter

BOD =

<2

COD =

20

DOC =

WATER ANALYSIS - ION


Total Valency

Equivalent Weight

Miliequivalent/liter

20

12

25

56

38

23

40

18

39

17

-1

61

22

-2

30

-2

48

-1

35

34

-1

70

-1

18

-1

62

-1

60

-2

47

Total Anion =

3054

al anion = TDS

WATER ANALYSIS - ION


Total Valency

Equivalent Weight

Miliequivalent/liter

20

12

25

56

38

23

66

18

39

17

-1

61

25

-2

30

-2

48

-1

35

38

-1

70

-1

18

-1

62

-1

60

-2

47

pH =
Temperature =
TDS =
Calcium Hardness =
= 19.84 ppm

M-Alkalinity =

See Fig. 18-17 GPSA to find RSI (Ryznar Stability Ind


RSI =
LSI =
Water Tendency Problem =

Min/Max Limit

Actual Value

ppm CaCO3

ppm

ppm CaCO3

30

max 435

3400

max 8.5
min 20

9.4
-

max 50

1466.7
20

0.0

0.1

0.0

1347.3

2.8

0.1

0.0

24.8

20

Function = to remove any dissolved organic carbon


Function = to remove TDS until meets water parameter

BOD =

COD =

8500

DOC =

40

WATER ANALYSIS - ION


Total Valency

Equivalent Weight

Miliequivalent/liter

20

30

12

15

25

56

38

23

261

18

39

17

-1

61

-2

30

-2

48

-1

35

302

-1

70

-1

18

-1

62

-1

60

-2

47

Total Anion =

15971

al anion = TDS

WATER ANALYSIS - ION


Total Valency

Equivalent Weight

Miliequivalent/liter

20

32

12

16

25

56

38

23

280

18

39

17

-1

61

10

-2

30

-2

48

-1

35

321

-1

70

-1

18

-1

62

-1

60

-2

47

pH =
Temperature =
TDS =
Calcium Hardness =
= 842.57 ppm

M-Alkalinity =

See Fig. 18-17 GPSA to find RSI (Ryznar Stability Ind


RSI =
LSI =

Water Tendency Problem =

Min/Max Limit

Actual Value

ppm CaCO3

ppm

ppm CaCO3

10

max 435

17000

max 8.5
min 20

7.3
-

max 50

479.0
843

0.0

0.0

9.3

11389.5

0.0

88.0

32.0

123.5

8500

Function = to remove any dissolved organic carbon

Function = to remove any iron and manganese ion that are easy to scale in downstrea
Function = to remove hardness that are easy to scale in downstream process
Function = to remove TDS until meets water parameter

BOD =

60000

COD =

98000

DOC =

WATER ANALYSIS - ION


Total Valency

Equivalent Weight

Miliequivalent/liter

20

12

25

56

38

23

11

18

67

39

447

17

-1

61

-2

30

-2

48

-1

35

-1

70

-1

18

-1

62

-1

60

-2

47

32

Total Anion =

1897

al anion = TDS

WATER ANALYSIS - ION


Total Valency

Equivalent Weight

Miliequivalent/liter

20

12

25

56

38

23

31

18

193

39

1292

17

-1

61

-2

30

-2

48

-1

35

226

-1

70

-1

18

-1

62

-1

60

-2

47

1279

pH =
Temperature =
TDS =
Calcium Hardness =
= 43.25 ppm

M-Alkalinity =

See Fig. 18-17 GPSA to find RSI (Ryznar Stability Ind


RSI =
LSI =
Water Tendency Problem =

Min/Max Limit

Actual Value

ppm CaCO3

ppm

ppm CaCO3

2000

max 435

76000

max 8.5
min 20

4
-

0.0

max 50

43

0.0

60098.0

0.0

8013.1

20.0

0.0

0.0

50517.1

98000

Function = to remove TSS


Function = to remove any dissolved organic carbon
Function = to remove TDS until meets water parameter

Fig. 18-18. Scaling Tendency of Water According to LSI and RSI by GPSA

LSI

RSI

0.5

5.5

0.2

5.8

-0.2

6.5

-0.5

-1

-2

-3

10

50.04 as CaCO3 factor

1 gr/gal= 17.1 ppm

ppm CaCO3

grain/gallon as CaCO3

62

ppm
ppm
ppm

ppm CaCO3

2959

173

19

1400

82

1708

100

17

50.04 as CaCO3 factor


ppm CaCO3

ppm CaCO3

70

70

3341

3341

22

22

1540

1540

1878

1878

18

18

8.3
28 oC

= 82.4 oF

3450 ppm
70 ppm CaCO3
1541 ppm CaCO3

A to find RSI (Ryznar Stability Index) and LSI ( Langelier Scaling Index)
0
N/A
Extremely Severe Scaling

Remark
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!

ppm
ppm
ppm

50.04 as CaCO3 factor

1 gr/gal= 17.1 ppm

ppm CaCO3

grain/gallon as CaCO3

3309

193

16

4351

254

64

1934

113

21

3001

175

564

33

81

ppm CaCO3

50.04 as CaCO3 factor


ppm CaCO3

ppm CaCO3

1700

1700

2236

2236

33

33

994

994

11

11

4090

4090

769

769

110

110

11

11

3.1
25 oC

= 77 oF

4985 ppm
1700 ppm CaCO3
0 ppm CaCO3

A to find RSI (Ryznar Stability Index) and LSI ( Langelier Scaling Index)
20
N/A
No scale, very strong tendency to dissolve scale

Remark

Remark
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS

hat are easy to scale in downstream process

ppm

ppm
ppm

50.04 as CaCO3 factor

1 gr/gal= 17.1 ppm

ppm CaCO3

grain/gallon as CaCO3

25

2000

117

19

1115

65

202

12

1708

100

17

ppm CaCO3

50.04 as CaCO3 factor


ppm CaCO3

ppm CaCO3

41

41

14

14

3305

3305

32

32

1242

1242

225

225

1901

1901

19

19

9.4
22 oC

= 71.6 oF

3400 ppm
41 ppm CaCO3
1467 ppm CaCO3

A to find RSI (Ryznar Stability Index) and LSI ( Langelier Scaling Index)
0
N/A
Extremely Severe Scaling

Remark
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!

WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!


WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!

ppm
ppm
ppm

50.04 as CaCO3 factor

1 gr/gal= 17.1 ppm

ppm CaCO3

grain/gallon as CaCO3

1498

88

761

45

60

11

20

13054

763

147

237

14

50

450

26

28

15099

883

143

250

15

ppm CaCO3

50.04 as CaCO3 factor


ppm CaCO3

ppm CaCO3

1608

1608

817

817

64

64

12

12

21

21

14011

14011

158

158

254

254

54

54

479

479

30

30

16073

16073

152

152

266

266

7.3
50 oC

= 122 oF

17000 ppm
1608 ppm CaCO3
479 ppm CaCO3

A to find RSI (Ryznar Stability Index) and LSI ( Langelier Scaling Index)
5
N/A

Severe Scaling

Remark
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!

hat are easy to scale in downstream process

le in downstream process

ppm
ppm
ppm

50.04 as CaCO3 factor

1 gr/gal= 17.1 ppm

ppm CaCO3

grain/gallon as CaCO3

25

21

544

32

3336

195

22364

1308

10

282

17

1597

93

ppm CaCO3

50.04 as CaCO3 factor


ppm CaCO3

ppm CaCO3

72

72

59

59

1572

1572

9644

9644

64652

64652

417

417

11308

11308

56

56

234

234

63985

63985

4
70 oC

= 158 oF

76000 ppm
72 ppm CaCO3
0 ppm CaCO3

A to find RSI (Ryznar Stability Index) and LSI ( Langelier Scaling Index)
20
N/A
No scale, very strong tendency to dissolve scale

Remark
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!

WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS


WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WATER PARAMETER MEETS SPECKS
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!
WARNING AS WATER IS OUT OF SPECKS!!!

and RSI by GPSA

Condition
Extremely Severe Scaling
Very Severe Scaling
Severe Scaling
Moderate Scaling
Slight Scaling
Stable Water (no scale)
No scale, very slight tendency to dissolve scale
No scale, slight tendency to dissolve scale
No scale, moderate tendency to dissolve scale
No scale, strong tendency to dissolve scale
No scale, very strong tendency to dissolve scale

1 gr/gal= 17.1 ppm


grain/gallon as CaCO3
4
1
0
0
0
195
0
1
0
0
90
0
0
110
0
0
0
1
0

1 gr/gal= 17.1 ppm


grain/gallon as CaCO3
99
0
0
0
0
131
0

2
58
1
0
0
239
45
0
0
6
1
0

1 gr/gal= 17.1 ppm


grain/gallon as CaCO3
2
1
0
0
0
193
0
2
0
0
73
13
0
111
0
0
0

1
0

1 gr/gal= 17.1 ppm


grain/gallon as CaCO3
94
48

4
1
1
819
0
9
15
3
28
0
2
940
9
0
0
16
0

1 gr/gal= 17.1 ppm


grain/gallon as CaCO3
4
3
0
0
0
92
564
3781
0
0
0
0

24
661
0
3
0
14
3742