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Chapter 9
Rizal’s Secret Departure
At the people’s minds, Rizal’s departure
was simply because of his passion to
complete his medical studies in Europe.
The three secret reasons
 To make a name for himself in
 To observe the European society
 To prepare himself in liberating the
Filipinos from Spanish tyranny
He left Calamba for Manila and rode
His brother Panciano helped him with his secret
departure changing his name to Jose Mercado.
First Stop: Singapore
He was able to document his trip by drawing sketches
and writing in his journal.
Second Stop: France
He was amused with the impressive buildings and the courtesy of the Frenchmen. He
felt enchanted with the country’s amenities.
Barcelona, Spain
Rizal first had a negative impression at Spain. He came to like Barcelona due to its
liberalism and the people’s hospitality and courage.
The effects of his trip
 He changed his religious outlook –
through his interactions with the people
in the ships; he wasn’t in favor of saints
and patron saints anymore – he prayed
directly to God.
 The melting down of his social complex –
through his numerous interactions with
other nationals
Rizal in Barcelona
He was welcomed by his former schoolmates and he wasn’t able to forget writing to
his family and achieving his first secret goal: having a name in journalism.
El Amor Patrio (Love of
Country) cntd.
 Love for the country is the most powerful force that can bind
the countrymen into one nation
 The love for country is selfless; it is intense and sacred.
 Others have sacrificed a lot for their countries but still the
others don’t develop their nationalism.

Here, he encourages the people to love the county

and become more nationalistic because its for their
own good.
El Amor Patrio (Love of
 First article written in Spain
 He used Laong Laan as his pseudonym
 Published in the Philippines, 1882
 He used Tierra Extranjera (Foreign Land)
in referring to Spain
 After a while, he stopped his writing
 His mother opposed him
 He had a difficulty pursuing his career
success – being in a foreign country
 He wanted to finish his studies first
Rizal in Madrid
He was more patient and industrious in his studies at Madrid. He was able to attend different classes: philosophy
and letters; painting and sculpture; language and fencing lessons.
Rizal and the Filipino Expatriates
in Madrid
 He made friends with the Filipinos in Madrid:
Pedro Paterno, Graciano Lopez Jaena,
Gregorio Sanciano, Juan Luna, Marcelo del
Pilar, etc.
 He became close with Jaena and del Pilar
 The trio was called the Triumvirate of the PM
later on.

***Circulo-Hispano Filipino
Rizal Joins the Masonry
 Two main reasons:
 The abuses committed by the friars against
the Filipinos
 The possible assistance he can get from the
 Master Mason in Lodge Solidaridad
attained at Nov. 15 1980
Rizal’s Toast to Luna and
 Luna ~ got a gold medal with his
painting Spolarium
 Hidalgo ~ silver medallist – Christian
Virgins Exposed to the Populace
 Rizal delivered a speech – Brindis

*** To be delivered by Joseph

 Doña Teodora’s reaction
 She warned Rizal not to continue his studies
since it might cause him death.
 Rizal’s reaction
 He will still have enemies
 His conscience tells his mind to follow what he
 Conscience can accept only what is compatible
with reason – implying that there are things that
should and should NOT be done.
End of Chapter 9
Let’s go on with the next chapter! 