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2

, ,
..., . ..

. . ..

1

y f (x)
y f (x)

x ,

x,

y f (x)

y f (x)
( x, f ( x)) ,

f (x)

f (x)
f (x)

,
4

( x, f ( x)) , x
( f ( x), x) ,

x1, x2 D( y) , , >
1

f(x1) f(x2)

x1, x2 D( y) , , >
1

f(x1 f(x2)

y f (x) ,
x1, x2 D( y ) , , >

( f ( x), x) , f (x)

x1, x2 D( y) , , >
1

x1, x2 D( y) , , >
1

x1, x2 D( y) , , >
1

f(x1 f(x2)
11

(;1] [2;)
(;1) (2;) [1;2]

f ( x) x 2 x 2
(1;2)

f ( x) x x 2
(;1] [2;) (1;2) (;1) (2;)
[1;2]
6

f ( x)

x1, x2 D( y) , , >

y f (x) ,
x1, x2 D( y ) , , >

f(x1) > f(x2)

x1, x2 D( y) , , >
1

f(x1) f(x2)

x1, x2 D( y) , , >

f(x1 f(x2)
12
,

13
,

f(x1) < f(x2)

x2 x 2
(;1] [2;) (;1) (2;) [1;2]
(1;2)

f(x1) < f(x2)

x1, x2 D( y) , , >

(x ( ))( ( ) f (-x) = - f (x)


(x ( ))( ( ) f (-x) = f (x)

f(x1) > f(x2)

x2 x 2
(;1] [2;) (;1) (2;) [1;2]
(1;2)

y f (x) ,
x1, x2 D( y ) , , >

f ( x)

x1, x2 D( y) , , >

f(x1) < f(x2)

f(x1) f(x2)

- .

f(x1) < f(x2)

- .

f(x1) > f(x2)

f(x1) > f(x2)


-

- .

y f (x) ,
x1, x2 D( y ) , , >

- .

10

.
3

x1, x2 D( y) , , >

y f (x)

f(x1 f(x2)

200

x1, x2 D( y) , , >

f(x1) f(x2)

(x ( ))( ( ) f (-x) = - f (x)


(x ( ))( ( ) f (-x) = f (x)



14




15




..., . ..

,

,

16

17

lim

2 x 2 3x 4
3x 2 4 x 1

3
4

4
1

3x 2 3x 4
lim
x 3 x 2 4 x 1
2
3

0
1

4
3

4
1

2
3

18

19

2
3

2 x 2 3x 4
x 3 x 3 4 x 1

lim

3
4

4
1

2 x 2 3x 4
x 2 x 2 4 x 1

lim

20

2
3

3
4

4
1

:
1
{xn},

3
4

4
1

3x 2 3x 4
x 2 x 3 4 x 1
3

4
1

2 x 2 3x 4
lim
x 1 3 x 2 4 x 1
2
3

0
4
3

4
1

2
3


,
( ), ,
| xn a |>


,
( ), ,
| xn a |<
( ),
, | xn a |<
2
,




3

,

,

3x 2 3x 4
x 2 x 2 4 x 1

lim

3
2

3
2

lim

10

..., . ..

11

3x 3x 4
x 0 2 x 2 4 x 1
2

2
3

3
2

lim

3
4

4
1

1
2

1 x
x x2
2

2
3

lim
x 1

2
3

13

x2 1
lim
x 1 x 2 x 2
2
2
0
1

3
3

1
2

14

x2 1 2
lim
x 2 x 2 x 2 3
1
2
1

2
3

1
2

2
3

-1

1
2

x3 1
x x 2 x 2
3
1

lim

-1

1
2

x2 1
lim 3
x x x 2
2
1

-1

19

x2 1
lim
x 0 x 2 x 2
1
2
0
1

2
3

-1

22

1 x2
lim
x 0 x 2 x 2

1
2

1
2

-1

-1

-1

24

-1

25

3
2

26

x2 x 2
lim
x 2
x2 4
3
1

0
4
2

18

x2 1
lim
x x 2 x 2
1
2
1

0
2
3

21

2 x3 1
lim
x 3 x 2 x 2
1
2
1

0
2
3

17

-1

2 x2 1
lim
x 3 x 3 x 2
1
2
1

0
2
3

16

2 x2 1
lim
x 3 x 2 x 2
1
2
0
1

2
3

x 1
x 1 x x 2

2 x2 1
lim
x 2 x 2 x 2
1

23

lim

1
2

15

1
2

-1

20

12

1 x2
lim 2
x x x 2
1
1

..., . ..

3
4

27

x2 x 2
lim
x
x2 4
3
1

0
1

4
2

3
4

1
e

1
e
3
4

1
2

lim
x 0

x2 x 2
x2 4

1
e
3
4

3
4

3
4

1
e

x x2
x
x3 4
2
1

3
2

1
2

lim

3
4

32

1
e

x x2
x 1
x2 4

1
2

lim

3
4

1
e

x x2
x 2
x2 4

1
2

lim

3
4

3
4

34

x2 x 2
lim
x
4 x2
3
1

0
4
2

x 1
lim

x
x

2x 1
lim

x
x

x 1
lim

x
2x

1
e

lim 1
x
x

42

1
e

lim 1
x
x

-1

35

lim 1
x
x

11

lim 1
x
x

41

33

40

39

31

38

30

x3 x 2
lim
x
x2 4
1
3
0
1

2
2

lim 1
x
x

37

29

36

28

x2 x 2
lim
x 2
4 x2
3
1

0
1

4
2

..., . ..

x2

43

1
e

lim 1 2
x
x

3
5

1
6

44

1
e

lim 1
x
x

x2

52

1
e

45

2
3

1
3

-2

1
3

4
3

4
3

-5

1
2

x 2 3x 4
lim
x 1
x 1
2

1
7

-2

x2 2x 3
lim
x3
x3
0

56

55

47

x2 x 2
lim
x 1
x 1

54

46

1
e2

-1

53

2
3

-3

48

1
3

x2 x 2
lim
x 2
x2
0

57


-6

12

3,5

...

,

,

,

,

58

49

0
0

1
4

50

sin x
1
x0 x
x
lim
1
x 0 sin x
tgx
lim
1
x 0 x
lim

51

11

12

7
4

..., . ..

arcsin x
1
x0
x

lim

x x0

59

sin x
lim
1
x0 x
x
lim
1
x 0 sin x
tgx
lim
1
x 0 x
arcctgx
lim
1
x 0
x

64

x x0

(x)

(x), ...
x x0 x x0
x x0
x x0

(x), ...

66

x x0

(x)

(x)

(x)
(x) (x),

x x0

x x0

(x) (x),

( x)
, ...
x x 0 ( x)
(x)

(x)

(x),

...

x x0 x x0

(x)

(x)
(x) (x),

x x0 x x0
x x0

lim

(x) (x),

( x)
A , ...
x x 0 ( x)
(x)

lim

(x)

(x)

(x)
(x) (x),

x x0 x x0
x x0

67

x x0

x x0

63

(x)

x x0

x x0

x x0

(x)

x x0

( x)
0 , ...
x x0 ( x)

x x0

x x0

(x)

x x0

lim

x x0
65

(x) (x), ...

x x0 x x0
x x0

sin x
lim
1
x0 x
x
lim
1
x 0 sin x
ctgx
lim
1
x 0
x
arcsin x
lim
1
x 0
x

62

x x0

60

61

x x0

(x) (x),
..., . ..

68

( x)
1 , ...
x x 0 ( x)
lim

(x)

(x)

(x)

(x)
(x) (x),

(x) (x),

69

lim

7
3

x 0

3
7

70
,

arcsin 3x
e7 x 1

nx

arcsin 3x
x 0 e3 x 1
7
3
0
3
7

ax
ln a

ln a

y ln x
1
ln x

ln a
x

1
3

sin 5 x
x 0 ln(1 8 x )

sin x sin x

cos2 x
1

cos x

y sin x
cos x cos x

cos x

y tgx

cos2 x

sin 2 x

10

5
8

a
y cos x

arcsin 2 x
x 0
3x
3
2

1
2

cos x

..., . ..

2
3

1
sin 2 x

y tgx

75
,

lim

a x ln a

lim

2
3

1
x

y ax

sin x
cos x

sin x

sin 3x
, lim
x 0 tg 7 x

8
1 ;
5

x 1

73

8
;
5

ln x
x

1
x

lim

74
,

xln x

nx

x n 1
n 1

n1

y log a x
1
x
x ln a
ln a

ln a
x

arcsin 7 x
x 0 e3 x 1
7
3
0
3
7

7
3

n 1

lim

3
7

nx

y xn

72
,

arcsin 7 x
lim 7 x
x 0 e
1
7
3
0
3
7
71
,


1

,
,

,
,

,
,

2
,
,

1
2

sin x

1
sin 2 x

11

y arcsin x
1
1

v t
s
v s
t
v
21
,
y = f(x)

1
1 x2

1 x2

1 x2

1
1 x2

12

x0 f ( x0 ) .

y arccosx
1
1
1
1

2
1 x2
1 x2
1 x2 1 x

13

y = f(x)

x0 f (x) .

y = f(x)

x0 f ( x0 ) .

y arctgx
1
1
1
1

2
1 x2
1 x2
1 x2 1 x

14

22

23

y arcctgx
1
1
1
1

2
1 x2
1 x2
1 x2 1 x

f(x)

2,

x0 ,

f ( x) cos(3x 2 1) sin 4, x0 0

8
25

0,

sin4

-2

f(x)
,

sin 1 ,

x0

f ( x) x sin( x 1), x0 0
2

cos 3

26

y cos2 x
2cos x sin x cos x , 2sin x 2sin x cosx .

27

y sin 2 7 x
7sin14x , 2cos7x 7sin14x 14cos7x .

u uv uv u u v uv


2
v
v
v
v

u u ' v'u ' v' u u v uv




v2
v
v2
v
19
( )

(Cu ) Cu
(Cu ) u

18
( )
, v

u (x) , C

f(x)

(uv) uv'u' v
(uv) uv uv
(uv) uv uv
(uv) uv uv

f ( x) e x (cos x sin x), x0 0

4
24

15




16
( )
, v, w ,
( + v - w)' = w'+v'-w'
( + v - w)' = w'-v'-w'
( + v - w)' = w'+v'+w'
( + v - w)' = w+v-w
17
( )
, v ,

x0 ,

(Cu ) C ' u'


(Cu ) C 'u

20
,

28

2
x0 3

y 7 x 3x 8

45
40
12
39,
29

2
x0 2

y 4 x 6 x 1

1
4

2
3

-10,

18

30
,
2
0

x(t ) 2t t 9

t 1

10
3,
-3
9
31

2
x0 1

y 3x 5x 1

-1,

1
3

.1

32
,
2
0

y 5t 3t 2

17,

4
-17
10
..., . ..

t 2

33

y 2 x 2 6 x 5 ?

x0 1,5 ;

x0 1,5 ;
x0 1,5 .
34

y 5x 2 2 x 8 ?

1
;
5
1
;
x0
5
1

x0
5
x0

35

y 8 x 2 3x 9 ?

3 ;
16
3 ;
x0
16
3
x0
16
x0

36

y 7 x 2 2 x 3?
1 ;
7
1
x0 ;
7
1
x0
7
x0

37

y 9 x 4 x 6?

x0

2 ;
9

2 ;
9
2
x0
9
x0

38
f(x) 1 ,

, 1

, 1

, 1

, 1
39
f(x) 1 ,

, 1

, 1

, 1

, 1
40
y = f(x)
D(f),

41
y = f(x)
D(f),

42
f(x)
,




43
f(x)
,




)
44

f(x) 1 1
,
f(x) 1 1
,

f(x) 1 1
,
f(x) 1 1
,
45

1
1 f(x)

1
1 f(x)

1 1
f(x)
46

1
1 f(x)

1
1 f(x)

1
1 f(x)

1 1
f(x)
47

1
1 f(x)

1
1 f(x)

1
1 f(x)

1 1
f(x)

..., . ..

48

x
Ox ,

1
x2

1
ln | x | C x
C
1

1
x

ln | x 1 | C

50

49

y x

1
1 x

arcctgx C arcsin x C arccosx C


arctgx C
4

10

51

1
cos2 x

cos x

sin 2 x

y sin x

C cos x C

cos x C

1
sin 2 x

53

4
54

sin x C

1 x

y cos x

C sin x C

arcctgx C arcsin x C arccosx C


arctgx C
5

52

udv uv vdu uvdx uv vdu


udv uv vdx udv uv vdu

0
-5
55

6
9

..., . ..

16

xdx

10

x2 3 C

arctgx

x2 3

1
1
arc sin x ln x 2 3 C
3
2

17

dx
x3

x3 C

1
3

1
arc sin x ln x 3 C
3

arctgx

18

11

x3 C

dx
3 x2

arctgx

1
x
x
arc sin
arc sin
3
3
3

19

xdx

7 x2 3
1
3
C
ln 7 x 2 3 C
2
2
7 x 3 14

7 x2 3 C

12

7 x2 3

20

xdx
2
1

6x

1
6x2 1
ln 6 x 2 1 C
C;
12
4
1
ln 6 x 2 1 C
6

6 x2 1 C

21

( 4 x 2 7) 2
1
C
ln 4 x 2 7 C
8
8

xdx .
2
7

4x

4 x 2 7 C 1 ln 4 x 2 7 C
4

22

13

xdx .
2
2

5x

5x2 2
C
3

5 x 2 2 C 1 ln 5 x 2 2 C 1 ln 5 x 2 2

10

23

xdx .
2
8

3x

1
(3x 2 8)2
2
C ln 3x 8 C
2
4

3x 2 8 C 1 ln 3x 2 8 C

24

14

1
arctgx
3

1
3

arctgx

3
x2 3

xdx
x 3

15

x 2 3 C;

1
x 1
arctg
arctgx
3
3 3

25

1
ln x 2 3 C
2

x 3dx
.
x 4 1
4
1
4
x 4 1 C 1 ln x 4 1 C
ln x 4 1 C ln x 1 C
4
4

dx
x2 3

1
ln x 2 3 C
2

(1 2 x3 ) 6 C

1
ln 1 2 x3 C
6

ln 2 x3 1 C
..., . ..

x 2 dx
1 2 x3 .

1
ln 1 2 x3 C
6

26

y 4x 2

(2 x 4 ) 4 C

1
ln 2 x 4 C
4

x dx
2 x4

1
ln 2 x 4 C
4

ln 2 x C
4

2 ,
3

1
ln 5 x3 2 C
15

ln 5 x3 2 C

x 2 dx
5 x3 2 .
1

(5 x3 2)15 C

1
3

35
,

y 3x

y 3x 2
4

27

y 4x

1 ,
2

1
3

36
,

y 6x

y 6x 2
12

3
4

1
2

1,

37
,

1
ln 5 x3 2 C
15

28

5 ,
6

2
3

y 5x 2

y 5x
2

10

38
,

29

30


13,5
14,5
21,5
39
,
Ox,

36
38
40
,

31

32
41
,

33
,

y 2x 2
1
2
34

y 2x

1
3

1
6
..., . ..

19,5

42
,

2
[ x (2 x x )]dx

[ x (2 x x )]dx
2

0
3

[ x [(2 x x )]dx;

[(2 x x ) ( x)]dx. ,

47
,

y x 2 5 y 1 x ?
2

[( x

[(1 x) ( x

5) ( x 1 )]dx;

5)]dx ,

2 [(1 x) (5 x 2 )]dx
0
4

[( x 1 ) ( x

43
,

5)]dx

48
,

y 4 x 2 y x 2 ?
3

[( x 2) (4 x )]dx

2
[(4 x ) ( x 2 )]dx; ,

[( x

5) (2 x )]dx

4)]dx

3
0

[(2 x ) ( x

44
,

49
,

y x 2 3 y x 3 ?
0

[( x

3 ( x 2 x 6)dx

3) ( x 3 )]dx

[( x

3) ( x 3)]dx

2
3

[( x

3) ( x 2 3)]dx ,

50

x cos xdx

18
45
,

y 3 x 2 y x 3 ?

[(3 x ) ( x 3)]dx

[(3 x ) ( x 3)]dx

[(3 x


-1,
2 4

) ( x 3)]dx ,

2 [( x 3) (3 x 2 )]dx

..., . ..

46
,
2


?

y 2x x

y x

. . ..