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xt] / W.S. Maugham.

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New York : Jove Books, 1999.
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61:001.4
81.034
..


, .
: ; ; ;
E.A. Fedina
TYPES OF SYNONYMS IN the MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY
The purpose of the work is the definitions of different types of synonyms and their relationship in
the medical terminology. The problem of synonymy is surveyed in the context of correct use of synonyms for different medical terms.
Key words: term; terminology; synonymy; types of synonyms

,
, [, 1983].

, ,
, .
, , , 2010

.



.
,

,
. , , , ,
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189
. 1989 (, 1989) ,
.
[,
1964, . 146],
.

,

, . ,

.
,

, , , , ,
[, 1961], . ,
, . , , , , , , . -

, , , (
, , ) . ,

,
, , , , , [,
1961, . 89].
,
, [, 1971, . 58; , 2002, . 57].

.

[, 1987,
. 200]
- [,
1989, . 49]. ,
, ,
, , ,

[, 1996, . 194],
. , , , ,
.

[, 1965, . 79] ,
[, 1993, . 19], -

190
.

,
. , ,

, , , [, 1988, . 96]. ,
,
,
, , , , [, 1998,
. 92]. [, 2003], , , , , 30% [, 2001, . 4].
, ,


[, 1985; , 1990; , 2001]. ( -)
. ,

,
,
, 2010

[, 2006].
,
, , ACTH (adenokortikotropes Hormon), ZNS
(
Zentralnervensystem
),
EKG
(
Elektrokardiogramm), X-Strahlung, BCG-Vakzine, Q-Fieber.
: ,
[,
1985, . 9].
, , .

. ,

, ,
, : (der Haufen die latte);
(die Erregbarkeit
die Reizbarkeit);
(die Ageusie der Geschmacksverlust);
(
Brechdurchfall der Suglinge der Suglingscholera);
(
Krankenhausgeset
z

KHG
); (Hepatitis A Virus HAV).
- ,
.
. -

191


.
-
, Depression (.-.) Verstim
mung (.).
, : infectio Infektion Anstekung; lateralis lateral
seitlich
; mycosis


Mykose

Pilzkrankheit
; rec
tum Rektum Mastdarm; sepsis Septikamie
Blutvergiftung; Mumps Parotitis; Durchfall
Diarrhoe
;
Verdauung

Digestion
;
Angina

pectoris Stenokardie.
- , , . -,
-
,
. -,

. -, - -, . -,
, - ,
- . -, ,
,

, , .
-


,
( ).

.
,
,
. ,

.
, ,
. con- syn-, , Concretio ()
Synthesie ().
endo- intra-, : endonasal
(, ), endothelauskleidet
( ),
Endometrioseknoten
( )
intrapulminal
(), intratracheal

(),
Intraokulardruck
( ).
epi- hyper- , : Epithelquellung (
),
Epinenephritis
( ), Epinephron

()
Hypertrophie (), Hypertonie ( ). , , . , hyper- , epi- -

192
, .
extra-
exo- , ,
, , , Extrauterinschwangerschaft
( ) extraperitone
al (). , Exosmose
( ), exokrin ().
anti- contra- -, contra- , anti-: Antihormone
() contralateralis ().
ante pro -,
, : Anteflexio ( )
prodromal (), inter meso , : interkostal ()
Mesogastrium ( ).

,
, anthrox molignus oedema
molignum.
, anthrox molignus,

.
: , , , , :
(.)
Radio
[] +
graphie
[] =
die
Ra
diographie ();
(.) Bakterio [] + logie [] = die
Bakteriologie ();
(.)
Psycho
[] +
patie
[] =
die

Psychopatie ();
(.) Dermatitis [] + herpetiformis []
=
die
Dermatitis

-
herpetiformis
( );
(.) Lepra

[] + zelle

[] = die

Lepra
zelle ( );
Bio [] + plasma [] = das Bioplasma
().
, 2010

(, ), .
: , , , , .
,
, ,
, . , , ,
, .
[, 2006].
(
Besnier
-
Boeck
-
Schaumannsche
Krankheit


Boecksche
Krankheit

--; Plaut-Vincentsche
Angina

Angina
Simanovski

-
Plaut
-
Vincent
--), , :
Glotzaugenkrankheit

Basedowsche
Krankheit ( ); Bronzekrankheit
Addisonsche Krankheit ( );
Hepatitis Botkinkrankheit ( ).
, ,
, ,
,
.

, , ,
.
, , 1880 . . ,
, , . Botkink-

193
rankheit.
Gelbsucht Hepatitis.
Hepatitis
. infectio (),
, ; hepar ; itis , ;
hepatitis [, 1990. . 181]. Hepatitis
( ), , : , (, ),
( ) ( ).

,
() ,
,
, : Malaria
gelbes

Fieber

; Paroti
tis Mumps; Hepatitis Gelbsucht .. , ,
: (1) Seit dem Altertum suchten viele Arzte und
Schriftsteller

solche

Krankheit

wie

Mumps

oder Parotitis zu schildern (Noll, 178); (2) Er fhrt


zwischen ungesunder Gegenden hin und her, von
Mexiko

nach

Havanna

und

zur

ck
.
Malaria
,
gelbes Fieber, Tropenkrankheite (Zweig, 287).

: TMD
Tagesmaximaldosis

, ZNS


Zentralnervensystem.
(, , , , , ),
, .
, , -

. ,
8 , : Autopsie, Sektion, Obduktion,
Leichenoffnung
, Leichenschau

, Nekropie

, Nek
ropsie, Nekroskopie , 15, : Aspirin, Acetysal,
Acylpyrin, Aspisol, Asposal, Bispirine, Darosal,
Durosal, Caprin, Cetasal, Endosalil, Monasalyl,
Prodol, Saletin, Ronal, Temperal .
, .


, , , .

1. , ..
(Latinum--english-Francais-deutsch)
[]/... : , 1979.
2. , ..
[] / .. // . . : , 1964.
3. , .. [] / ..
21 :
. . , 2002. . 3035.
4. , .. [] /
.. . . : [..], 1993.
5. , .. [] //
. ., 1965.
6. , ..
(-)
[] : . . . . : 10.02.04
/ .. . , 1990.
7. , .. []/
.. //
: . . . . . :
, 1998. . 9092.
8. , .. (
) [] / .. . . : , 2001.

194
9. , .. [] / .. .
. : , 1961.
10. , .. [] : . . . . :
10.02.04 / .. . ., 2001.
11. , .. :
[] / ..
. . : , 1983.
12. , .. [] /
.. , .. , .. // . . : , 1989.
13. , .. [].
3 . .1 : :
. . : , 1996.
14. , .. [] / .. . :
. -, 1987.

15. , .. ? []
// . .,
1971.
16. , .. , [] : . . .
. : 10.02.04 / .. . ,
2003.
17. , ..
: []/... :
, 2006.

1. Zweig, A. Was der Mensch braucht [Text] / A. Zweig.
Leipzig :Verlag Philipp Reclam jung., 1967.
2. Noll, I. Der Hahn ist tod [Text] / Ingrid Noll. Zrich : Diogenes Verlag AG, 1991.

8137
81.031.04
..

:


. ,
, .
: ; ; ;
;
L.V. Yuyukina
THE ROLE OF CHARACTERIZING AND EVALUATIVE DESCRIPTIONS
IN MODERN NOMINATIVE PROCESS: CONTRASTIVE ASPECTS
Dialectical interaction of characterizing and evaluative descriptions in modern nominative aspects is discussed in the article. According to B. Russell, proper names and descriptions make two different classes of signs. In connection with this statement, I specify all names and descriptions according to their dialectical interaction in the actual world and the value world. The conclusion is made
hereto that the main function of the description in the actual world is to characterize the referent
while the main function of the description in the value world is to evaluate the referent.
Key words: proper name; characterizing descriptions; evaluative descriptions; mythological
thinking; evaluation of reality
. ,
[, 1999, . 72].
, 2010



.
, , .., 2010

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