Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 16

SPREAD FOOTING DESIGN

GIVEN:

PD = 300
PL = 250

SOIL WEIGHT (WS ) = 115


fy = 60,000
f'c = 4,000

kips
kips
pcf
psi
psi

Cx =
Ly = 10

Allowable Soil Bearing pressure ( gross )


Qs =
4 ksf

F0OTING DIMENSION

Lx = 16

Ly= 10
Lx = 16
Cy = 12
Cx = 30
h = 4.5
M =6
D =2
T = 2.5

ft
ft
in
in
ft
in
ft
ft

FOOTING PLAN
P

h = 4.5

FOOTING ELEVATION

Determine Base Area Required


Qsoil = Ws x h

Total weight of surcharge,

=
Net permissible soil bearing pressure,
Required base area of footing,

0.52 ksf
Qs =

Qs - Qsoil
= 3.48
( PD + PL ) / Qs

Af =
=

157.9 ft2

Use 10 ft x 16 ft footing ( Af = 160 ft2 ) >


Use Af =

ksf

157.9 O.K

160 ft

Factored loads and soil reaction


Pu = 1.2 PD + 1.6 PL

Qu = Pu / Af

760 kips
4.75 ksf

Check beam shear ( wide beam shear) --- see figure A


Assume footing thickness, T =
And average effective thickness, d =

2.5 ft
2.21 ft

Vn Vu

30 in
26.5 in
--------- ACI - Eq. 11-1

where;
Vu = Qu * (tributary area)
Tributary area, =
=

Ly ( Lx/2 - T/2 - d )
45.42 ft2

Vu = Qu x tributary area
=
215.73 kips
Vn = ( 2 (f'c) bw d )
=
301.68 kips
therfore, Vn =
301.68
ratio = Vu / Vn
=
0.72

>

--------- ACI - Eq. 11-3

Vu =

<

215.73 O.K

1.0 O.K

Check two-way action( punching shear) --- see figure A


check punching shear along tributary perimeter area
where;
Vu = Qu x (tributary area)
Tributary area, =

(Lx * Ly) - ((Cx + d) (Cy + d)/144 )


=
144.89 ft2
Vu = Qu x tributary area
=
688.25 kips

Vn Vu

( Vn=Vc )

Vc shall be the smallest of the following:


Vc = (2 + 4/c ) (f'c)1/2 bo d
Vc = s d / bo + 2 (f'c)1/2 bo d
Vc = 4 (f'c)1/2 bo d
bo = 2 ( T + d ) + 2 ( Cy + d )
c = Cx / 12

--------- ACI - Eq. 11-3

--------- ACI - Eq. 11-33


--------- ACI - Eq. 11-34
--------- ACI - Eq. 11-35
=

190 in

2.5 ft

ratio = d / bo
s = for interior column
Vc = (2 + 4c ) (f'c)1/2 bo d
Vc = s d / bo + 2 (f'c)1/2 bo d
Vc = 4 (f'c)1/2 bo d
therfore, Vc =

0.14 in

40 in

3.6 kips

7.58 kips

=
3.6 kips

4.0 kips
governs

Vc = 0.75 * (2 + 4/c ) (f'c)1/2 bo d


=
859.79 kips
therfore, Vn =
859.79 kips
>
688.25 kips
footing thickness, T =
30 in
is adequate
ratio = Vu / Vn
=
0.80
<
1.0 O.K

Beam Shear and Punching Shear in Footing


d
punching shear
Ly
Lx
Cx + d
Cy + d
d
Lx-Cx-2d

= 10
= 16
= 4.71
= 3.21
= 2.21
= 4.54

Ly

Cx + d
Lx
Figure A

Design of Footing Reinforcement


Ultimate moment, Mu =

WI2 / 2
W = Qu * Lx
= 47.5
I = (Lx-Cx)/2
= 6.75

Cx

ksf
ft

Mu = WI2 / 2
= 1082.1094 k - ft
Mu = Mn
Mn = Mu/

#7

critical section
Lx

= 1202.344 k - ft

F = bd2 / 12,000
=
7.02 in3
Kn = Mn / F
=
171.21

b = Ly

From Table 6;
preqd =

0.003

As = p x b x d
=
9.54 in2
RSB to be provided ( trial );
No. of bars, n =
14
Diameter of bar, db = # 8, db =
As = (d2/4) x n
=
Required Spacing

pmin =

>

11.0 in2

0.0018

b = Ly

1.0 in
>

9.54 in2

O.K.

30
Cy = 12

OTING PLAN

ING ELEVATION

M =6
D =2
T = 2.5

- Eq. 11-1

- Eq. 11-3

- Eq. 11-3

- Eq. 11-33

- Eq. 11-34

- Eq. 11-35

O.K

beam shear

Cy + d

Lx - (Cx + d)-2d

#8

(Lx - Cx) / 2

SPREAD FOOTING DESIGN

GIVEN:

PD = 300
PL = 250

SOIL WEIGHT (WS ) = 16


fy = 60,000
f'c = 4,000

kN
kN
kN/m3
kN/m2
kN/m2

Cx =
Ly = 3.1

Allowable Soil Bearing pressure ( gross )


Qs =
200 kN/m3

F0OTING DIMENSION
Ly= 3.1
Lx = 4.8
Cy = 300
Cx = 800
h = 1.4
M =6
D = 0.6
T = 0.8

Lx = 4.8
m
m
mm
mm
m
in
m
m

FOOTING PLAN
P

h = 1.4

FOOTING ELEVATION

Determine Base Area Required


Qsoil = Ws x h

Total weight of surcharge,

=
Net permissible soil bearing pressure,
Required base area of footing,

Af =

0.02 ksf
Qs =
Qs - Qsoil
= 199.98
( PD + PL ) / Qs

2.8 ft2

Use 10 ft x 16 ft footing ( Af = 160 ft2 ) >


Use Af =

2.8 O.K

14.88 ft

Factored loads and soil reaction


Pu = 1.2 PD + 1.6 PL
Qu = Pu / Af

ksf

760 kips

= 51.075 ksf

Check beam shear ( wide beam shear) --- see figure A


Assume footing thickness, T =
And average effective thickness, d =

0.8 ft
0.51 ft

Vn Vu

9.6 in
6.1 in
--------- ACI - Eq. 11-1

where;
Vu = Qu * (tributary area)
Tributary area, =

Ly ( Lx/2 - T/2 - d )
=
4.62 ft2
Vu = Qu x tributary area
=
236.18 kips
Vn = ( 2 (f'c) bw d )
=
21.53 kips

therfore, Vn =
21.53
ratio = Vu / Vn
=
10.97

>

--------- ACI - Eq. 11-3

Vu =

<

236.18 O.K

1.0 O.K

Check two-way action( punching shear) --- see figure A


check punching shear along tributary perimeter area
where;
Vu = Qu x (tributary area)
Tributary area, =

(Lx * Ly) - ((Cx + d) (Cy + d)/144 )


= -1698.64 ft2
Vu = Qu x tributary area
=
### kips

Vn Vu

( Vn=Vc )

Vc shall be the smallest of the following:


Vc = (2 + 4/c ) (f'c)1/2 bo d
Vc = s d / bo + 2 (f'c)1/2 bo d
Vc = 4 (f'c)1/2 bo d
bo = 2 ( T + d ) + 2 ( Cy + d )
c = Cx / 12
ratio = d / bo

--------- ACI - Eq. 11-3

--------- ACI - Eq. 11-33


--------- ACI - Eq. 11-34
--------- ACI - Eq. 11-35
=

643.6 in

= 66.667 ft
=

0.01 in

s = for interior column

Vc = (2 + 4c ) (f'c)1/2 bo d
Vc = s d / bo + 2 (f'c)1/2 bo d
Vc = 4 (f'c)1/2 bo d
therfore, Vc =

2.1 kips

2.38 kips

=
2.06 kips

40 in

4.0 kips
governs

Vc = 0.75 * (2 + 4/c ) (f'c)1/2 bo d


=
383.62 kips
therfore, Vn =
383.62 kips
>
-86758.61 kips
footing thickness, T =
9.6 in
is adequate
ratio = Vu / Vn
=
-226.16
<
1.0 O.K

Beam Shear and Punching Shear in Footing


d
punching shear
Ly
Lx
Cx + d
Cy + d
d
Lx-Cx-2d

= 3.1
= 4.8
= 67.18
= 25.51
= 0.51
= -31.44

Ly

Cx + d
Lx
Figure A

Design of Footing Reinforcement


Ultimate moment, Mu =

WI / 2
W = Qu * Lx
= 158.3333 ksf
I = (Lx-Cx)/2
= -30.9333 ft

Cx

Mu = WI2 / 2
= 75752.296 k - ft
Mu = Mn
Mn = Mu/

#7

critical section
Lx

= 84169.22 k - ft

800
Cy = 300

OTING PLAN

ING ELEVATION

M =6
D = 0.6
T = 0.8

- Eq. 11-1

- Eq. 11-3

- Eq. 11-3

- Eq. 11-33

- Eq. 11-34

- Eq. 11-35

O.K

beam shear

Cy + d

Lx - (Cx + d)-2d

#8

(Lx - Cx) / 2