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2015
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811.111(075)
2

81.2-9
8032
-49

49

, .
  .
/ . / : ,
2015. 280 . ( ).
ISBN 9785222253069


, .
,
, , 
. 

. : 
, , ,
.

811.111(075)
81.2-9
ISBN 9785222253069

, 2014
: , 2015

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

............................................................................................... 7
. Pronoun ............................................................................................. 8
. Personal pronouns ..................................... 8
. Possessive adjectives ... 10
. Reflexive pronouns ........................ 12
. Possessive pronouns ........ 13
........................................................................................ 16
A/AN. The Indefinite Article A/AN .......... 19
THE. The Definite Article THE ........................ 41
. NO ARTICLE/ZERO ARTICLE .................................... 85
Some/Any ...................................................................................................................... 95
......................................................................... 99
Present Simple ( ) ................................ 99
to be , ................................... 101
........................................................................... 102
. Imperative ................................... 107
There is, there are ...................................................... 110
It takes me ........................................................................... 113
Past Simple ( ) ................................. 116
to be , ................................ 124
Future Simple ( ) ..................................... 126
Present Continuous/Progressive
( ) .............................................. 132
to be going to ....................................................................... 145
The Past Continuous/Progressive
( ) ............................................ 147
Future Continuous/Progressive
( ) .................................................... 153

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Present Perfect I ( ) ............. 156


Present Perfect II ...................................................................................... 160
Present Perfect III ..................................................................................... 163
Present Perfect Continuous/Progressive
( ) ............... 169
Past Perfect ( ,
) .................. 173
Past Perfect Continuous/Progressive
( ,
) ........... 176
Future Perfect ( ) ........................ 179
Future Perfect Continuous/Progressive
( ) .................... 181
Impersonal Sentence ( ) .................. 184
....................................... 189
The Passive Voice. .................................. 190
Present Simple (Passive Voice)
( ) .............................................................. 193
Past Simple ( ) ................................. 196
Future Simple ( ) ..................................... 198
The Present Progressive (Passive Voice)
( ) .............................................. 201
Past Passive Progressive (
) ............................................................................................................ 205
Present Perfect (Passive) (
) ............................................................................ 208
Past Perfect ( ) ..................... 212
Future Perfect ( ) ........................ 216

Continuous/Progressive,
Passive Voice ............................................................... 219
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,
..................................................................... 222

get .............................................................................................. 224
. .
Sequence of tenses. Reported speech. .................................................. 226
. Say Tell .................................................. 230
,
........................................................ 233
. Modal verbs ................................................................ 238
. Conditionals ....................................................... 250
. Gerund .................................................................................................. 257

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Aa

Jj

Ss

Bb

Kk

Tt

Cc

Ll

Uu

Dd

Mm

Vv

Ee

Nn

Ww

Ff

Oo

Xx

Gg

Pp

Yy

Hh

Qq

Zz

Ii

Rr

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.
PRONOUN
.
Personal pronouns

I me

/ /

you you

he him

she her

it it

we us

they them


I
:

.

I live in a big town.


Me ,
:
,
.
Please, give me your phone number.

.
She asked me about that yesterday.

You ,
( , ), ,
:
, .
Ill remind you about the meeting if you forget.
. He knows you.

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. Pronoun

,
!
How can he trust you if you dont remember of your promises!
,
,
, .
:
, , !
Hey guys you are not right!
He
, (,
, . .)
:

. :
.
He has a new computer.

Him (),
()
:
. I called him.
.
I met him by chance.

She
(, ,
..)
:
.
She dropped a cup on the floor.

Her
, 

.
They love her very much since
she is their only daughter.

They
()
:
.
They are never late.

Them ()
:
.
I will call them.

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10

We
()
:
.
We live together.

Us (),
:
. He saw us.
,
 .
They will call us as soon as something
clears up.

It [it] , ,
, ,
( ). .
:
. It doesnt change anything.
, () .
This road is quite long, but it is really nice.
,
. This photograph is rather old and small, but it is
very dear to me.
, .
I gave the baby a glass of water and it fell asleep.

.
Posessive adjectives
My , , ,
:
.
She knows all my secrets.
Your , ()
:
. Your reply.

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. Pronoun

11

His ()
:
. His car. . His dog.
Her ( , (), ()
:
() . I saw her yesterday.
. I saw her friend.
() . They told her everything.

Its [its]
 .
.
:
, .
I have a car; Ive changed its wheels.
.
The dog has hurt its paw.
.
Little Mike has lost its pacifier.

Our ()
:
. Our pal.

Their ()
:
. Their house.
. Their room.

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12

.
Reflexive pronouns

( ),
.

(, ;
; )

I myself


(; , ; )

you yourself

(; ; )

he himself

(; ; )

she herself

/ (; )

it itself

we ourselves

(, , ,
; )

you yourselves

(; ,
)

they themselves

:
Im looking at myself in the mirror.
() .
Help yourself!
() ! (. .)
He can translate this letter by himself.
.

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. Pronoun

13

She may not understand it herself.



(, ).
It looks nice by itself.
.
We can rely on ourselves.
() .
When you smoke too much you kill yourselves.
, ()
(. ).
They are doing it only for themselves.
().

.
Possessive pronouns
(you, they, we . .)
.

my , , ,

mine (1 , . .)
; ; ; 

your ,

yours (2 , . .)
, . .

his

his (3 , . .)

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14

her

hers (3 , . .)

its

 .

its (3 , . .) ,
(.)

their

theirs (3 , . .)

our

ours (1 , . .)
. .


( , 
), 
, . .
:
You fix your problems and Ill be fixing mine.
,
().

;
, .
mine.

Ive already spent all my money.


When are you going to spend yours?
.
()?

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. Pronoun
He is playing with his children and she is playing with hers.
, .

Theirs are the children with dark hair and hazel eyes.
, .

Their car is similar to ours, but ours is newer.


, .

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15

16


Who? ? ?
Whom? ?
Whose? ?
What? ? ? ? ?
:
? What do you want to find out/know?
, . I know what he wants.
? What class do we have first today?
? What kind of help does she need?
? What wind brought you here?
, .
I know what people came in here.
What time? ? ?
When? ?
Where? ? ?
Why? ? ?
How? ?
How many? ()?
.
? 
, . . ?

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17

, (,
) , , , ,
.., ? how many?.
? How many friends do you have?
? How many pairs of shoes does she
have?
? How many guests did you
invite?
How much? (?) .
, , 
, . . , (, ),
(, ) (, , ) + (time),
(money), (the news), (hair). 
;
, , ,
, ,
,
? how much?.
:
?
How much time do we have?
, :
?
, :
How many hours do we have?
, ?
( ?)
How much flour do you need to bake a pie?
?
, ,
? how much?:
How much money do you spend on entertainment?

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18

How fast? ? ?
(, )
How soon? ? ()
How old? ,
.
:
? How old are you?
How long? ?
?
How long do you usually fix breakfast?
How often? ?
How far? ?
Which? ? .
:
.
( ) ? What car is yours?
.
? Which car is yours?
.
How much does it cost?

When will he come?

How far is it from here?

How fast does it ride?


()?

Where do you live?

Why are you late?


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19

A/AN.
THE INDEFINITE ARTICLE A/AN
(,
, . .) a/an.
a person ()
a phone ()
a/an , ,
(
/?),
.
, ,
,
a.
:
,
a. , ,
, 
. , , ,
, . ,
.

a bird ( )

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20

a/an 
/, 

:
a children (, . .)
children a/an
a child/kid
an exercise books 
a/an
exercise books a/an
an exercise book

!

, a/an 
, ,
, , .

.
She is student. .

.
She is a student. .

, a,
, a, an.
:
an apron () ,
a disc ()

, /
, !

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A/AN

21

:
.
I drive a car every day.
 . 
 .
!
/, 
a/an.
:
.

She has mother.


,
a.

.

She has a mother.


.

I bought new cell phone.


.


a.

I bought a new cell phone.


.


, 
a/an 
. 

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22

I have a pen and an exercise


book. .


exercise book

/
.

I have a pen and exercise


book.

Ill bring you a fork and a knife.


.
knife

Ill bring you a fork and


knife.

/
.

, , 
(. . , )
(, , , , 
. .), a .
:
advice
beauty
conscience
courage
damage ,
energy
English
experience
fear ,

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A/AN
freedom
hatred
help
hope
honor
horror
information
insurance
mercy
knowledge
life
love
pity
relief
strike
suspicion
weather
work
:
the truth
walk
to go for a walk
:

.

I dont like rainy weather.

I dont like a rainy weather.

I dont lose a hope.

I dont lose hope.

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23

24

Tell me a truth.
Tell me truth.

Tell me the truth.

:
bread
cloth
coffee
copper
cream ,
dust
fish ( )
gas
gold
hair (a hair )
ice
ice cream
jam
juice
meat
milk
money
oil /
silver
soap
tea
time ***
water
wine
wool
*** , 
, a time :
. It was a time of prohibition in the US.

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A/AN
, 
, 
. :
accommodation ; ; ,
air ; ,
beauty ,
business , ;
charity , 
, ,
charm , , ;
cold ; ;
dinner /
education
experience ,
faith
game ;
glass , ,
grammar
history ( )
iron ;
language ( )
lamb , ;
law ,
light ; ;
memory ,
paper ;
play ; ; ;
reason ,
room ;
rubber ,
space ;
speech
study , ; ;
talk ; ;

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25

. Gerund

.
.
.

20.05.2014. 17.07.2014.
84 108 1/32. .
2500 .


344011, . , . , 150.
. (863) 2618959, ./ 2618950
: www.phoenixrostov.ru
: www.phoenixbooks.ru
: yahina@fenixrostov.ru

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