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, 2000 2005

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). 2001
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, 2002 ).
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2002
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ciated Press Poll, 26 2002 ). ,
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I .

110

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, 8.
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, 2001 17% @ Esprit.
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(. . 6).
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(Newsweek Poll, 1314 2001 ).
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(CNN/US Today/Gallup Poll, 89 2002 ).

6. , ,
(Harris Poll, 1925 2001 , % )

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73
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13
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) >
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(Huntington S.P.
, , ,
The Clash of Civilization and the
, @ Remaking of World Order. N.Y.,
1997. P. 78).
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10
@
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( 2003 , N=1600 , % )

45
46
47
60
50
44

38
45
35
28
30
38

3
3
2
4
13
6

14
7
16
8
7
12

,
, . @
( )

. @
,
@
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,
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.

(. . 3). @
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.
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) @
.

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.
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(
).

, .. @
. , @
@
,
@
, @

.
3.
?
(2003, N=1600 , % )

2
83
9
5
2

3
80
11
4
2

4. ,
(N=1600 , % )

2001,

61

40

51
,

51

19
,
8

17
, ,

15

17

4

3

11

18

2

2003,
48
61
43
61
10
5
11


,
,

18
10
5
1
15
17
1

2001
, @
2003@
.
,
, . @
:

, ..
, . @
(

123

I .

, , , @
), @
(, , ;
7% 2003 @
, ,
7%). @
, @

.
,
: @@
,
( 78% ,
72% 78% @
), @, ,
@
. @

.
5. ?
(N=1600 , % )

1999,

2003,

, *

25
58

23
60

, **

38
39

33
49

32
45

28
53

*

.

**
.

, @
2003 ,
. ,
: 1999@
. . , 2003@ @
. . , @

( ,

2002 ).
6.
( 2003 , N=1600 , % )

.


124

2
2
2

39
30
25

53
56
63

2001

, 11
2001 ,
, , , @
, @
.
, ,
, , @
, @

. ,

@ , , @
.
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.
,
.
@
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: ( ,
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.
2003 , @
.
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@
,
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. @
, , . @
,
, ,

@ ,
, @
, @
. .
, ,
1999 , @
,
.

125

I .

126

) .
, @
/
. @
2001
,
, ,

( ,
). , , @
,
@
( @
), @
.
,
.

,
.
, @
. @
,
@
, 2003
71:17, 71:14. ,

. , @
. @
, @
, ,
, @
, . @
,
@
(. .) @
.
, @
.

, . @
@
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. 2002 , ,
@
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, @

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. @ @
, @ ,
@ , .
1999 ,
@
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@

. (
,
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,
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, .

G8 . @
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11 2001 . @
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@

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.

127

I .

, @
, , ,

.
, .
, @
@ .
, @
(20032004) , , @
@
,
.


2005

@
, ,
@ @
,
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.
,
, ,
,
. @
, , @
@
.

,
,
.
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, ( @
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,
, ,
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@
, @
, , , @
. ,
.
@
.

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@

,
,
.. @
, @
( 2004 70% @
).

:

129

I .

( 51%
2005 , N=1600 ). @

. ,
, ,
,
. ,
( ) ,
, @
:
, @
;
, @
, ,
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@
,
.
@

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) . ,
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,
.
, , @
.. ,
( ,
). @
, @
, @
,
().

, @
.
1.
?
( 2005 , N=1600 , % )

130

7
12
21
8
25
25

,
13% , 55 , , 30%
, ; , 25 , 40%
, (22%) (20%)
.
( 42% @
, 47%) @
, ..
( @ @
). (32%), @
(25%), , @
(24%). , ,


, 15% @
, 74% (@
2005 , N=1600 ). 16% 64% (
) , @
, .
, , @
.
,
.
@
, @
() . ( , @
) .
@
: @
, , @
. @
.
2. ?
(2005, N=1600 , % )

>1*

12
21

23

34

10
33:57
* 2025 .

>2**

12
25
25
29

15
27
21
26
11
42:47

12
26
24
26
12
38:50

13
28
22
22
15
41:44

37:54

** 22 2 .

@
, @
,
,
. ( 26% ,
, 43%
, 13% , @
, 20% , 39%
.)

131


, ,
.
,
,
.

I .

2004 , @
, 14% ,
@ , 2005
30%, 37% (,
), 28%, 18%. @
@
, @
0,5% ,
200400 . , 12 @
, @
, @
200 .
,
, .
3.
(2005, N=1600 , % )

41
41
10
8

37
41
13
9

33
44
16
8

32
44
12
12

4. ,
, ?
(2005, N=1600 , % )

132

12
14
31
36
0,4
7

10
13
32
38
0,4
6

8
13
30
44
0,2
5

@
.
(
, ) 7080%
. @
.
, 2005
@
(

, ),
..
5. ( )
(2005, N=1600 , % )

1824
2539
4054 55

26
47
12
15

19
50
18
13

37
46
9
8

23
50
19
8

42
39
10
9

31
48
14
7

31
34
9
6

40
36
15
9

6.
( )
(2005, N=1600 , % )

1824
2539
4054 55





4
9
32
49
6

3
9
32
51
5

7
11
36
39
7

3
8
32
53
4

12
16
27
35
10

9
15
32
40
4

20
16
29
28
7

11
15
30
37
7

7.
(N=2100, % *)

2004,

2004, 2005,

2005,

2005,

,
, ?

19
23
25
36

68
60
57
45

32
54

, ?
,
21
23
27
27
,
66
63
57
57

24
58

/
?

18
21
21

67
59
58

24
55

27
52

,

,
. @
.

*
.

2005
,
, . @
. @
, , ,
, .
, @

(
, @
, ). @ @

133

, .. @
.
, ,
. (,
, @
XIX .) @
(47% 41%) @
. 53%
( 38%). ,
,
, .

I .

?
8.
?
(2005, N=1600 , % )

23
38

22
37

18
41

14
12
5

16
11
6

15
10
6

,
(. .)

,
, ,

, ,


.
9.
?
( )
( 2005 , N=1600 , % )

.



,
,
,

1824

2539

4054

55

20
44
11
11
7
4
1

20
40
16
23
5
1
1

23
37
12
15
7
1
3

28
36
15
10
4
1
1

@
. @
@
.

134

(..
)
.

10. ?
( 2005 , N=1600 , % )





*
* , -

30
45
16
9

53
36
11
1

24
49
21
6

18
50
26
6

35
57
8
10

42
32
17
11

34
47
9
8

19:54

8:78

27:44

13:30

21:44

23:38

23:65

(, ) (-

, , )
.

11.
, , ?
( 2005 , N=1600 , % )

7
12
32
44
4

16
25
28
27
3

5
9
35
47
4


9
8
13
5
9
12
17
15
14
37
27
32
66
43
36
48
3

, @
,
, @
@
.
@
, @
. , , , @
(
) .
@
. @
,
, (27%),
(12%), (8%), (7%), 2%
@; 25%
, 29% ( 2005 ,
N=1600 ).

(
). .

@
,
, , , .,
, .
, , ,
, @
.

135

I .

@
. @

, @
, ,
. (,
, ) .
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. @
@
,
,
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). ,
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, ,
,
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, @
@
. , , ,
,
, , @
. @
, @
.

, @
,
:
12.
( 2005 , N=1600 , % )
,

,
, ,
, >
,
,

136

54
31
24
20
20

, @
( , )
. (,
) .
, @
. 29%
,
, 18%
( , ,

: 35% @
, , @
, ),
11% @
,
. , 10%
, @
, , , @

,
@
@
, , ,
,
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. @
@
, ,
.
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,

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137

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138

, 2005 ,
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@
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.. 2005 ,
59% ,
, 18% . .

() , ,
@ .

@
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.
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( , 1987 ),


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.
.

?
1. ,
1985 ?
(1994, N=3000 ; 1999, 2003, N=2000 , % )

1994

1999

2003

44
34
22

58
27
15

44
35
21

2005 (48%
40%) , , @
( 1985 ).
.
2. ,
1985 ?
( 2005 , N=1600 , % )


26

22

24

16
*
48:40

1824

,
2539
4054

8
16
28
24
24:52

17
20
32
17
37:49

28
26
23
16
54:39

55
42
24
16
10
66:26

* .

@
.
140

3. , ,
1985 ?
(N=2000 , % )

:
-

1999

2003

37
32
22
43
30
7
10

26
26
17
24
20
4
6

.
4. , ,
1985 ? ( )
(N=2000 , % )

1624
,





,
,
,

:
-

,
2539
4055

55

1999
2003
1999
2003
1999
2003

18
9
14
11
20
7

28
16
26
17
21
14

43
31
34
26
24
25

52
44
46
45
23
45

1999
2003
1999
2003

30
9
20
8

37
14
25
13

45
28
29
20

52
38
42
34

1999
2003
1999
2003

5
2
8
1

5
1
7
4

6
4
14
6

11
7
10
10


40@. ,
, ,
, @
.
5. , ,
1985 ?
( 2005 , N=1600 , % , )


10




29
18
29
20
15

17
11
26
16
11

,




, ,
,

38
24
14
8
16

, 1985
(@
).

141

.
6. , ,
1985 ?
( 2005 , N=1600 , % , )

14
21
27
23
15

33
25
21
12
9

I .

, @
.
7. , ,
1985 ?
( 2005 , N=1600 , % , )

21
22
26
18
13

36
24
19
12
9

, @
, ,
1985 , ( ,
), ,
. , @
? @
, @
20@. ,
,
.
@
.
@
1985 .
8. , ,
1985 ? ( )
(2003, N=2000 , % )

1524

142



19
,

20

,
9


16
, ,

11
, 5

,
2539
4054 55

22

29

17

24

27

21

10

12

11

20

23

14

16
9

15
8

10
3

5
3

9. ,
1985 . ?
( )
( 2005 , N=1600 , % )

3
18
12
37
19
11
21:56

* ,

,
2539
4054 55

5
27
16
23
9
21
32:32

5
23
15
33
14
10
28:47


, ,

3
17
10
45
17
7
20:24

1
11
8
39
31
10
19:70

@
; @
.
10. ,
1985 . ?
( )
( 2005 , N=1600 , % )

0
4
5
49
35

5
36
13
25
14

0
25
15
34
19


4
23
18
26
20

,
(41:39). @
,
.
!
11. ?
(% *)

1994

23
33
23
28
36
19

1999

53
29
45
44
23
47

47
21
43
50
32
38

* 1994 -2, N=3000 ;

1999 -3, N=2000 ;

32
50
23
25
26
23

2003

49
29
61
63
41
55

33
40
18
19
24
22

1824

2003 -4.

,
, , @
, . ( ): @
, , .

143

, @
. ,
( ) . ,
, , @
.
, .
, :
,
12. , , ,
? ( )
( 2005 , N=1600 , % )

I .

1524

()
,
,
..

,
,
,




6>
( )

()



,
,






, ,
,

,
2539
4054 55

40

41

40

45

36

22

21
41
23

26
36
19

23

19

14
43
14

11
7

12
12

13
16

8
18

12
13

7
21

2
23

5
22

10
24

7
15

13

12

12

12

14

23

29

28

21

17

24
12

18
14

19
14

25
12

29
10

14

17

12

15

13

12
12
34

10
10
25

11
11
30

14
13
37

13
12
40

8
16

5
10

5
14

12
22

8
15

17

.
13. . ?
( )
( 2005 , N=1600 , % )

1524







,

144

0
9
2
6
11
12
4
7
5

0
8
2
5
6
7
3
12
10

,
2539
4054 55
1
8
3
8
8
8
2
4
4

0
11
2
7
12
13
4
6
5

1
8
1
4
13
15
8
14
3

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:
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145

I .

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146

I
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147

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149

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@
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approval) ,
(.. ,

,
/ . .
1. .
( 2005 , N=1600 , %
> )

100
46
54

69
67
71

29
32
27

39
37
41

12
11
13

,
1824
2539
4054
55
,

14
28
29
29
45

83
81
60
60
42

16
18
38
39
50

39
44
33
39
44

14
11
9
15
47

16
56
28

69
70
66

29
28
33

39
37
42

10
11
17

*
.
**
, -


** ***

.
***

, ). @
( )
.
, 56 ,
. ( 34 @
) , , / ,
, . @
. @

( ,
..). ,

. ,
.
, , .

,
. .

, @
, , , , @
. , , @
. ( 4 5)
, :
.

.
.

151

2. .
( 2005 , N=1600 , % , )

100

66


29

, , , ?

11
86

27
79

38
61

30
51

10
19
33
43


( 3000 .)
(30005000 .)
(50009000 .)
( 9000 .)

36
29
29
32

:
-

14
20
18
16

55
69
68
63

I .

1. . , 20042005
(N=1600 , % )

152

2. / ,
K, 20042005
( , ,
N=1600 , % )

( )
, , ..,

,
.
3. .
( 2005 , N=1600 , % , )

29
39
12

69

37
51

46
38

11
81

55
33

62
25

*
**

34
64

43
55

17
81

44
52

47
51

*
.

**
.

,
.
,
. ,
, , @
( 5) @
. @
, ,
.
4.
.
( 2005 , N=1600 , % , )

*
*



29
39
12

100

69

41
44

56
39

10
56

51
36

55
33

32
44
13

25
47
15

48
35
8

26
49
15

25
43
21

100


* .

@
, 40% ,
@
. 70%
(@
). @
, .

.

153

5. .
( 2005 , N=1600 , % , )

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253

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20
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18
14
21
20
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41
48
44
31
44
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17
21
17
22
8
14
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23
16
16
27
24
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20

1999
20
2029 (70> . .)
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7
8
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33
39
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42
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43
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31
33
24
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255

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256


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.
, @

. , @


I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
20 2028 2937 3846 4755 5664 6573
2028 2937 3846 4755 5664 6573 74+

317

. , @
.
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? (
.)
6.
( ?)
(% )

I I I .

1994
2003


I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
20 2028 2937 3846 4755 5664 6573
2028 2937 3846 4755 5664 6573 74+

7,

1994
46
53
51
59
65
66
2003
55
61
62
65
75
73

1994
40
33
36
31
23
24
2003
38
36
33
31
19
21

72
74
17
16

1994
49
53
62
61
70
72
2003
55
57
65
71
72
73

1994
40
36
30
28
22
19
2003
42
40
31
25
23
20

80
78
13
17

, ,

1994
56
48
60
54
62
57
70
2003
56
61
56
63
68
70
65

1994
31
28
22
28
20
17
12
2003
33
29
35
23
18
19
15
7. ? (
?) ( )
(2003, % )

75 , ,

57
66
61
54
69
53

32
31
31
31
24
41
,

53
70
55
55
52

36
28
37
35
37

54
38

59
71
69
59
41
71

21
20
16
21
33
17
7,

64
64
69
57
77
48

30
34
28
37
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50
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2003 .

, @
,
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.
@
.
318

@
,
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.
8. ?
(% )

75 ...

1994
2003
1994
2003

62
52
71
61

24
40
22
35

14
8
7
4

, 1994 (62%), 2003@


, (52%), ,
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1994 2003 .
9. ?
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7,

1994
65
20
2003
55
36

1994
61
27
2003
54
39

15
8
12
7

1994
63
21
2003
55
36

1994
64
25
2003
55
38

17
9
11
6

319

I I I .

, :
, @, 65%
1994 55% 2003@ ,
. 61% 54%.
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.
(?).
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75 , ,

25
52
24

30
45
25
,

29
48

25
49

23
26

29
48

24
52

23
24

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,

320

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.

I I I .


(2003, N=2000 ; : 1989, N=1250;
1994, N=3000; 1999, N=2000; , ,
)

, .

1989 1994 1.
1
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1994. 4 [= .

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19932000. ., 2000.
),
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@
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.

@
.
1.
(% )

322

1994

2003

?
,
,

35
23
19
24

33
28
26
14

?
,
,


63
17
5
7
8

77
13
3
4
3

:
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,
.

,
, . @
.
2. ?
(% > )

,
1525
2539
4054
55

1994
2003
1994
2003
1994
2003
1994
2003

21
15
28
22
38
37
47
52

21
15
23
27
26
36
21
30

33
52
23
35
12
16
12
10

26
18
26
17
23
12
21
8

1994
2003
1994
2003
1994
2003

26
29
30
33
43
34

27
29
23
28
20
26

26
29
21
26
14
26

22
13
25
13
22
15

@
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.
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(55 )
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;

323

.
3.
3. ?
(% > )

,
1624
2539
4054
55

I I I .

1994
2003
1994
2003
1994
2003
1994
2003

56
78
55
74
69
76
72
79

20
11
20
16
15
14
13
12

5
2
6
2
5
3
3
4

7
5
8
5
6
5
7
2

11
3
11
3
6
2
5
4

1994
2003
1994
2003
1994
2003

60
72
61
76
67
79

21
18
16
14
16
11

6
3
5
3
4
3

5
4
8
5
7
3

8
3
10
3
6
4

* .

**

**
.

: @
()
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(. ), @
.
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.
4. , ,
1985 ?
(% )

324

1994
2003

1994
2003

1994
2003

59
66
39
45
35
21

22
22
38
35
33
53

19
12
23
20
31
26

1994
2003

1994
2003

1994
2003

1994
2003

47
46
37
41
47
34
46
40

32
36
40
33
31
40
32
47

21
18
23
26
22
26
22
13

, ,
1985@, , @

. ,
()
.
1985@ ( @
). @
, , .. :
, .
,
.
5. ?
(2003, % )

27

21

19

14

34
33
32
29

14
21
21
13

25
26
28
44

23

18

16

12

6

34
35
20
8
17

16
21
14
36
22

27
27
50
44
56

*
,

,
.

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;
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325

, , @
.
6. , ?
(% )

I I I .

, ,

,

,

,

1989

1994

1999

2003

10

45

54

60

54

26
9
10

23
6
13

23
6
8

22
10
10

, ( , @
) ,
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@
,
.
,
. 1989
, @
, , 2003@
. , @
@
, .

.
7. ?
(% )


,
, ,
,
, , ,

,
, ,

,

326

1994

1999

2003

23
50
26
43

33
52
16
42

17
56
34
43

30
40

38
39

32
41

5
32
16

5
32
9

10
30
7

@
, 1999
. 2003@ @
, (
) @
.

@
(.. , ) (. 8).
, ,
; , @
.
, .
, @
, , @.
8.
(2003, % )

16

39

23

10

19

36

33

12
5

28
31

40
26

14
31

:
.

2003 @
,
.
9.
(% )

7
11
10
22
11
11

, ,
,


43
56
49
32
39
48

38
17
22
6
17
21

12
16
19
39
33
20


(7% @
, 6% @
), @
, . ,
, .
: @
, , ,
, ( ).
@
(. 10).

@
. (
),
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20%.

,


,

,

327

( )
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( , ) 92%. ,
,
,
. ,

,
, ..
.
@
.

I I I .

10. ?
(% )






,

,

1989

1994

1999

2003

51
15
6
11
6
35
15
41

54
26
7
5
13
13
12
25

68
20
5
2
6
9
12
12

83
42
12
8
16
23
15
30

, , @
,
(
, ).
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.
,
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. ,
(1989)
, , @ ; @
, .

328

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,
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(, ). @
, , , @
.

@
,
.
11. ?
(% )

17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

()
()

, ,

()





,
,

,
,



,
,

1989

1999

2003

43
19
15
11
10
8
24
29
4
>
>
3
9
13
1

57
24
32
21
9
10
23
13
7
43
>
3
9
19
2

56
27
32
35
9
8
23
14
11
49
45
8
13
25
2

>
9
7
4
1
4
>
>
>

9
9
2
1
2
3
0
>
>

9
13
2
1
1
2
2
16
7

: .

@
(@
) . ,
(1525 ).
@
(10);
(11),
.
1999 ;
.
, @
(4 , , . 5
), (
43% 2003@) @
. @
(23).
(14) ,
(33% 1525@)
(29%), .. (
). @
,
,
, .

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

329


(23). @
, 84%
( 9%), 37% 27%.
, @
@
(, , , ).

I I I .

12.
?
(% )

330

,
,

1989

1994

1999

2003

9
59
26
50
25
52
20
31
10
22
51
7
14
27
10

22
72
44
52
26
62
27
39
12
29
61
14
22
42
17

20
67
30
42
27
63
23
22
8
16
55
14
21
35
16

23
75
38
49
41
62
26
34
13
26
57
16
21
30
22

: .

, , @
,
( @
, ); @
. @
.
,
. @
: 2003 @
(
1999 ) ,
( ) , @
. , ( 86% @
) , 77%
.
, @
,
. , .
( , , @
2003 45% .)
, @
, , .
@ @
, ,

@ . @
, @
,
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. ( @
,
.) 12 ,
@

.


(@
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,
,
@
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, , ,

, , . (@
2
. 2).
.: .
, , @
:
19972002 . ., 2004.
. ,
3
,
.:
,
2003. .: >, 2003.
. 6566.
, , ,
. @
@ .
( ,
, .)
@
,
2002 ,
(N=1600 ). , @
, , 53%
( 2000 , N=1600 ) 66%, @
( 43% 52%),
( 29% 39%), ( 10% 17%), ( 15% 28%),
( 12% 15%), ( 6% 11%), ( 5% 9%).
, @
, 2003@, @

3.

331

I I I .

13.
(% )

1989

1994

1999

2003

27
33
8
17

18
23
12
30

12
20
20
29

14
25
13
36

31
32
6
12

22
23
8
29

15
23
16
29

21
27
6
34

29
24
24
39

26
23
38
5

21
24
47
3

25
23
44
5

13
24
57
1

7
20
68
1

8
26
56
1

9
23
62
3

9
25
44
7

10
20
55
5

7
15
60
5

8
22
58
6

7
22
59
6

9
20
59
5

7
15
66
5

7
18
63
7

4
6
5
57

6
12
8
51

14
23
9
29

27
27
5
24

: .

332

@
(!) , @
. ,

, @
. @
@

.
@
: @


(, , .) @
, . @

, @
20032004 , @
.
@
(. 14).

. @
, 15 . ,
.
. , @
2003 13%
(55 ) 9% . 1989 @
22% 11% .
26% @
( 1989 14%) 36% ( 1989@ 22%).
, , @
:
.

,
22% ( 50%),
34%.
@
, ,
, , @
, . @
, @
,
(, @
, ). 2003 ,
58% ,
,
, . 66% ( 22%)
, 58% (
22%) ,
.
, @
, @
@
.
, @
@
; 11 2001
, @
. ,
2004@,
, @
,

333

1999 , 48% @
, ; 2003
52%. 1999 58%, 2003@ 64% @
,
. 1999
42%, 2003@ 46%.

I I I .

14.
(% )

1989

1994

1999

2003

?

>

14
29
37

8
31
42

9
31
43

11
35
44

?

>

49
40
5

31
50
17

27
46
14

24
49
20

?

>

20
32
28

10
28
40

10
34
35

12
38
40

?

>

22
42
17

9
35
33

10
40
27

12
45
33

?

>

45
34
13

39
42
11

42
43
9

43
43
9

:
.

,
,
, .
15. K ,
, ?
(% )


,
,
, ,
,
, >
, >


: 100%,
-

334

1989
17
4
18
5
24
13
4
6
21

1999
12
6
13
16
32
15
9
4
20

2003
18
8
11
13
31
12
11
4
15

15 .
:
, .

2003
(14%), (41%)
. @
.

. @

. (, @
, , ) @
, .
, @
. @
, ,
(, @
:
,
..).
@
,
. , @
,
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, . ,
.

I I I .

@
(2003, N=2000 ; : 1989,
N=1250; 1994, N=3000; 1999, N=2000),
, @
, ,
,
() @
. @
. @
, ,
.

336


1999 2003 ,
(. 1).
@
( )
( ).
: @
( @
, ) ,
(, , , , @
.) . @
(,
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.
( ),
,
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.
, @
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,
1, .
,
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, , , @
. ,
@
. ( @

, , .)

, ,
. ,
: @
, , (@
, ), .
1. , ?
(% )

1
2
3

5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

*
**

: .

1999

2003

52
38
10
23
29
18
26
29
24
20
37
26
37
13
3
6
4
7
3
8
5
10
8
2
2
5
2
3
3
5

40
33
30
38
15
10
18
15
18
14
14
11
18
5
11
15
14
17
11
17
8
11
8
2
4
4
4
5
11
8

* . ** .

, @
,
@
,
. ,
, (). @
1 ,
.
1
1994, 1999 2003 (
1989 ).
@
, @
, 2030 @

337

I I I .

1. ,
19942004
( ,
, %)

338

. @ 19992000 ,
,
, @
20 . (

2000@, @
.)

19992000 @ @
. @
,

. ,
,
@ , ( ,
@
).
,
,
.

, @
@
.
@
,
: 1999 , @
, (21%),
(19%), (18%), (17%). 2003 @
: (25%), @
(22%), (19%). , @
(20%),
@ ( 50% )
, , , .

@
, ,
. 1,
,
@
, , , @
, . @

.
2.
( )
(% , )

1989

1994

1999

2003

1
30
3
6

3
12
23
16

2
8
4
9

6
13
20

19

, @
( ) @
. @
, .
,
,
, . 1999
, @
, , 2003 @

. , (18%)
2003 40@
(4049 ).
3. ?
(% )

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

,
,
,
,
,
,

,
,

1999

2003

60
38
15
9
20
13
25
16
9
4
10

70
39
22
9
20
11
26
11
9
5
5

, @
,
.
, ,
.

339

4. ?
(% )

,
20
2029
3039
4049
5059 60
1999 2003 1999 2003 1999 2003 1999 2003 1999 2003 1999 2003

,
,
,

55
42
18
7
13
24
16
21
10
6

69
47
24
10
10
16
27
12
12
7

67
38
15
10
15
30
28
16
7
0

72
44
20
7
20
14
28
13
7
3

63
43
13
9
21
13
23
17
11
2

73
44
20
10
17
15
25
11
11
3

64
38
14
9
22
9
28
23
6
5

77
37
23
8
19
10
31
10
9
4

54
37
13
9
21
6
22
12
14
4

66
39
24
9
25
6
23
13
12
6

55
30
15
9
23
3
25
10
6
7

62
31
21
7
22
5
22
9
7
6

I I I .

:
.

@
, , . @
.
, , @
.
, . , @
,
.
( ,
)
.
5. , ?
(N=1600 , % )

1998, 1999, 2000, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004,



,
,
,
,
,
,
,
,

28

22

21

24

18

16

18

48

55

46

51

48

56

50

12

10

19

12

17

17

21

10

11

11

13

:
.

340

, @
@ @
.
( , ) @

1. @
, @
,

1

>

. , >
,
,


, >
,

.
.: Voulpian A. de. lcoute
des gens ordinaires. Paris, 2003.

6. , ,
?
(% )


,
,
,

1989

1999

2003

8
31
49
8
8

14
34
42
4
6

17
30
44
5
5

6
( 1989 ) @
, , 1999
13% 36%, 2003@
17% 31%, .. .
@
( ,
?). 17%
2003 , 17%,
34% (33%), 32% (33%), @
10% (11%). @
. 63% , @
, 19% .
65 19%. @

(14% , 22% )

, ,
( XIXXX ). @
@
@
(
).

, , @
.
.
2003 , 25% @
, 39% , @
.
7071% , @
. @
69% 64%, ..
. @
,
, . , , ;
, @
. , , @
.
@
.

341

(14% 24%). ,
, @
54% 55% , ,
, 22 23%.
@
. @
,
,
.

. @
, ( ?)
.

I I I .

: ?


1999 2003 . @
,
.
7. ,
?
(N=2400 , % )

1995,

1996,

1997,

1999,

2003,

12
17
29
29
14

14
19
26
27
15

14
22
26
26
14

14
22
27
24
13

35
31
21
8
5


2003 , , , @
.
8. ,
?
(% )

,
20
2029
3039
4049
5059
60
*
.

342

*
1999

2003

61
45
39
25
28
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82
80
72
58
53
58

**

1999
2003
1999
2003
27
45
41
40
38
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15
17
24
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40
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12
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;
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5059

1989
1994
1999
2003
1989
1994
1999
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1989
1994
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1994
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1989
1994
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345

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2003

3,08
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348

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350


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,
20 2030 3040 4050 5060

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29
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355


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1996,

12

4
15

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29
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20
30

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9
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I I I .


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356

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1994

1999

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14
29
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8
31
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31
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35
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359

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I I I .

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360

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361

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13

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2000,

2001,

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2005,

50
42
8
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47
43
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50
41
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Summary

S u m m a ry

A leading Russian sociologist Yury Levadas book, entitled We Are Looking for
a Man: Sociological Essays, 20002005, comprises his latest papers on the
dynamics of public opinion regarding the thorniest questions of the econom@
ic, political, societal and cultural development of Russia; changing and per@
manent features of Homo Sovieticus; analytical scopes and limits of the
sociological approach. These papers are based on the materials of the regular
opinion polls organized by the most authoritative sociological institution in
contemporary Russia Levada Center (before 2003 known as All Russian
Public Opinion Center, VIOM), and, as a whole, represent a systematic pic@
ture of Russian society on the present and previous stages of its development.
The book consists of three parts devoted to such sociologically significant
phenomena as the nature of power and the particularities of Russian politics,
social mobilization and adaptive strategies, atypical (extraordinary) situation
and rutinization of social order, mass patience and protest, institutional cor@
ruption and public confidence, generation dynamics and functions of symbol@
ic structures of action, collective expectations, isolationism, massive nostalgy.
The closing section is a kind of a book within the book: it includes the texts
prepared in the framework of the most ambitious and well@known research
project of VIOM Levada Center, The Soviet Person. They enrich the
analysis of Homo Sovieticus in the post@Soviet world.



, 20002005





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