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2016

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004.451(075.8)
32.973.26-018.273
212
75

75

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ISBN 9785222255698

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Windows, UNIX MS-DOS.
, 09.03.04 02.03.03
.

ISBN 9785222255698

004.451(075.8)
32.973.26-018.273

. ., 2015
: , 2015

- www.phoenixbooks.ru


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...................................................................................................................3
1. ............................6
1.1. ...................................................................6
1.1.1. ............................................................................7
1.1.2. ...................................................................................9
1.1.3. ........................................................10
1.1.4. ..........12
1.1.5. ....13
1.1.6. ..................................................14
1.2. ................................................................................15
1.2.1. ..............................................................................15
1.2.2. ...................17
1.2.3. .......................17
1.2.4. .............................................................17
1.2.5. ............................................................18
1.2.6. ..............................................................18
1.3. ............................................................................21
1.3.1. ...................................................................................21
1.3.2. ............................................................................22
1.3.3. .........................................................................................23
1.3.4. ......................................................................23
1.3.5. ...........................................................24
1.3.6. .................................................................................25
1.4. .............................................................26
1.4.1. ..........................................................26
1.4.2. ..................................................................27
1.4.3. ......................................................32
1.4.4. ...................................................................................33
1.5. ........................................................................34
1.6. .........................................................................................35
1.6.1. ..................................................35
1.6.2. ..........................................................................................36
1.6.3. .....................................................38
1.6.4. ...................................................................43
1.7. , .................................44
1.7.1. MS-DOS ..........................................................................................44
1.7.2. Windows .............................................................45
1.7.3. UNIX POSIX- .............................47
1.8. ..........................................................................51
358

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2. ................................................................54
2.1. ..................................54
2.2. ....55
2.2.1. ....56
2.2.2. ........................................57
2.2.3. , ..........57
2.3. / ..........................................59
2.4. / ................................................63
2.4.1. .......................................................................63
2.4.2. / ....................................64
2.4.3. / ..........................................64
2.4.4. / ....................................................65
2.4.5. / .................................66
2.4.6. .............................................67
2.4.7. / .............................69
2.5. ..............................................................................71
2.5.1. ............................................71
2.5.2. ...............................................72
2.5.3. .....................................................73
2.6. USB USB .................................................................74
2.7. .......................................................................76
2.7.1. .....................................................................................76
2.7.2. ..........................................................79
2.7.3. .........................................................................................80
2.8. .........................................................................................................81
2.8.1. ....................................................82
2.8.2. ..................................85
2.8.3. ........................................................87
2.8.4. ........................................................93
2.9. ..............................................................94
2.9.1. ................................................................94
2.9.2. .......94
2.9.3. ..................................95
2.9.4. ...95
2.9.5. ...................................................................96
2.9.6. ................................................................105
2.10. MS-DOS ...........................................106
2.10.1. .............................................106
2.10.2. MS-DOS ...........................................108
2.11. Windows ..........................................109
2.11.1. Windows ...........................................109
2.11.2. .............................................................111
2.12. UNIX ................................................112
2.12.1. UNIX.................................................112
359

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2.12.2. .....................................114
2.13. ......................................................................115
3. ....................................................................................................118
3.1. .........................................118
3.2. ........119
3.3. ......................................................122
3.4. .............................................................................127
3.5. .....................................................................................132
3.6. .........................134
3.7. FAT MS-DOS .......136
3.7.1. FAT ....................................136
3.7.2. ....................................................137
3.7.3. .....................................................142
3.7.4. MS-DOS ...................................................144
3.7.5. exFAT ..........................................................150
3.8. UNIX ...................150
3.8.1. s5fs ....................................150
3.8.2. UNIX ....................154
3.8.3. UNIX .........................................................160
3.8.4. UNIX ..........................................161
3.9. NTFS Windows ....164
3.9.1. NTFS ................................164
3.9.2. ..................................................166
3.9.3. ...........................................................................170
3.9.4. ........................170
3.9.5. ........................................................................172
3.9.6. ...........................................................................175
3.10. ......................................................................181
4. ..............................................................................................183
4.1. ....................................183
4.2. ..............................................184
4.2.1. ...................................................184
4.2.2. .......................186
4.2.3. ..................................................................187
4.2.4. ..........192
4.2.5. ...........................................195
4.2.6. ..............................196
4.2.7.
........................................................................................200
4.2.8. ..........................................................................210
4.3. ...........................................213
4.3.1. .........................213
4.3.2. .....................214
4.3.3. ..............................................219
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4.3.4. ...................................222
4.3.5. ........................227
4.3.6. ................................................................231
4.3.7. .....................................................................234
4.4. ................................................240
4.4.1. / ...............................240
4.4.2. ......................................................................242
4.4.3. ...........................................................................243
4.4.4. ........................................................244
4.5. MS-DOS .................................................245
4.5.1. MS-DOS .................................................................245
4.5.2. .....................................................................246
4.5.3. .............................................247
4.5.4. ............249
4.6. Windows ................................................252
4.6.1. Windows ...................................................253
4.6.2. ........................................................................254
4.6.3. Windows ............................................................257
4.6.4. ...................................................260
4.6.5. ..............................................................261
4.6.6. ..................................................................................269
4.7. UNIX ......................................................272
4.7.1. .....................................................272
4.7.2. ......................................................................275
4.7.3. ...............................................................276
4.7.4. ........................................................................................277
4.7.5.
POSIX ................................................................................280
4.7.6. .........................................................281
4.7.7. shell ....................................................286
4.8. ........................................................................290
5. ...................................................................................................293
5.1. .........................................293
5.2. ..................................................294
5.3.
...................................................................................296
5.3.1. .....................................................................296
5.3.2. ...................297
5.3.3. .......................299
5.4. .....................................................300
5.5. ....................................................304
5.5.1. ..............................................304
5.5.2. ..........................................305
5.5.3. .............................................308
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5.5.4. .................................309
5.6. ....................310
5.7. MS-DOS .......................................................313
5.8. Windows ......................................................316
5.8.1. ......................................316
5.8.2. .........................................................................................317
5.8.3. ......................................321
5.8.4. ............................................322
5.8.5. ................................................................................324
5.9. UNIX .....................................................330
5.10. ......................................................................333
..........................................................................................................335
.......................................................336
...........................................................338
......................................................................................342

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