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2016

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373.167.1:811.111
81.2-9
441
31

31

, .
: - /
. 2- . / : , 2016. 222 .
( ).
ISBN 978-5-222-26093-7

. ,
,
. ,
.
, , .

,
.

ISBN 978-5-222-26093-7

373.167.1:811.111
81.2-9

., , 2014
, , 2014

- www.phoenixbooks.ru


:
, , . , .
, , . ,
, , , .
. , . , , CNN,
BBC News, the Guardian, the Telegraph, .
, ,
.

.
- .

,
.

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

I.

a/an
A ,
: a book, a bird.
An ,
: an eye, an apple.
A/an - This is a cat.
! These are cats (
, .. cats
).
A/an

I see a very beautiful house.


The house belongs to Jack Smith
(
).

A/an
(

)

I am a student.
He is a businessman.
She is a housewife.
He is a man of courage.

A/an

A dog has a tail (


).
A car has four wheels ( ).

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I. .

A/an , ,

I go to school 3 times a/per week.


I never drive over 60 miles an/per hour.
Please, give me a pound of carrots.
I usually do my shopping 4 times a
week.
A/an - I have a splendid idea.
+ I live in a big city.

Thats a pretty hat you are wearing!


A/an
What a beautiful dress!
I have never met such a clever student
in my life!
, He is rather a nice man.
such, rather, It is quite a remarkable fact.
quite
He gave me such an interesting book.
A/an
There is a beautiful vase on the table.
- This is a pen.
- I have a dog.
:
It is a nice place to live in.
there is; it/this is; I have; etc.
A/an to take a shower
- to have a free hand
to take, to give, to have

to give a start of something


to have a look of somebody -,

the
The / /

Courage is a special kind of knowledge;


the knowledge of how to fear what
ought to be feared and how not to fear
what ought not to be feared. David
Ben-Gurion ( ).
These are sandwiches. The sandwiches
are tasty ( ).
5

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. -

The

Ive just read a book. The book is


about animals.

The ,
,
/

Give me the handbag, please! It is on


the sofa ( ).
Close the door, please!

The
The dress I bought yesterday fits me
- well.

The film I watched last week is very
thought-provoking.
The

The sun, the moon, the universe, the


sky, the world, etc.

The
/ +

You are the first to come. (the first


).
You are the prettiest girl in the world.

The , ,
: the poor,
the old, the French, the Republicans, etc.

The English often grumble about the


weather.
The Assembly of the Russian Nobility
is a non-political organization.

The - In the morning (), in the after


noon (),
in the evening (), to the right/
left (/), on the whole (
),
in the beginning (), in the
course of time ( ), in the long run ( ), etc.
Where is the? ?
6

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I. .

:
, , , - the Thames, the Main ();
, , - the Caspian Sea, the Mediterranean
, , ();

the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean


();
the Alps, the Himalayas, the Urals
( );
the Sahara ();
the Alaska Peninsula, the Crimea
[kram:] ()
,
: state,
republic, kingdom, federation

the United States of America, the


Russian Federation, the United
Kingdom of Great Britain, the
Dominican Republic, the Netherlands,
the Philippines, the Antarctic

:
, - the Smiths, the Browns

, the Ritz-Carlton, the Titanic, the Times
,
- the Kremlin, the British Museum, the
, , Covent Garden, the Bolshoi Theater,
, , - the NASA, the Cavalli Restaurant and
, , - Lounge

I like apples.
Dogs are the best friends and
companions.
Open page 5, please!

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. -

/
+

This is my house ().


Johns book is so exciting.

+ Those children are so smart.

Look at that boy who is standing


over there.

I detest violence ().


I like white wine ().
Knowledge is power ().
When there is life, there is hope
().
What fine weather! (weather a/an)

, - On Sunday I usually have my day


,
off.
I am going to the USA in July.
It often snows in winter.
,

I speak English fluently.


! The English language
Physics is my favorite subject at
school.

Good morning, children!

My dream is to study at Oxford


University

For breakfast/supper/dinner/lunch
( ///); at
night/ noon (/ );
to go home by car/bus ( /); to
learn by heart ( );
on business ( ); at home/
work (/ ); to watch
TV ( ), etc.
8

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

I. .

:
, ,
,

Wall Street, Fifth Avenue, Trafalgar Square,


! The Strand, the Mall
Hyde park, Tower Bridge
, , - London, New York, Paris, Tokyo
,
Australia, Athens (! The
Hague )
Colorado, California (); Latin
America, Europe
! The Arctic, the Antarctic, the
Far East, the Middle East
, Cyprus, Greenland, Sakhalin,
,
Kamchatka, Alaska, Lake Baikal,
Lake Victoria

Mont Blanc, Everest, Elbrus
:
,
/ +
, +

,
:
,

John, Mary, Sam


Mr. Smith, Dr. Brown
Aunt Mary, Uncle Tom, Admiral
Nelson
Buckingham Palace, St. Pauls
Cathedral
London Heathrow Airport,
Victoria Station

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, ,
, .
-s/-es. .
1) N () + -s: : bags, books.
2) N+ -es: (-s, -ss, -x, sh, -ch, -tch): branches, bushes, watches, boxes, bridges.
3) N + -ies:
, : copy => copies, lady => ladies.
4) N + -s: ,
: zoo => zoos, day => days.
5) N + -es: -, : potato => potatoes, tomato => tomatoes
(O! Pianos, photos).
6) N + -ves: -f/-fe: knife
=> knives, thief => thieves, life => lives (! Chiefs, roofs, safes).
:
Man => men
Woman => women
Child => children
Foot => feet
Goose => geese
Tooth => teeth

Mouse => mice


Ox => oxen
Sheep => sheep
Deer => deer
Fish => fish
Crisis => crises

Basis => bases


Phenomenon =>
phenomena
Analysis => analyses

7) , -ese, -ss,
: the
Chinese (), the Japanese (), the Swiss (),
the Portuguese ().
8) ! :
10

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

I. .

Italian =>Italians
German => Germans
Roman => Romans
Russian => Russians

Englishman => Englishmen


Frenchman => Frenchmen
Sister-in-law => sisters-in-law
Housewife => housewives

8) , :
Hair (): Your hair looks fabulous today!
Money (): Money is tight.
Time (): Time is precious.
Information (, ): Your personal information is
valuable.
Weather (): The weather is fine today.
Politics (): Politics is the art of the possible.
Knowledge (): Knowledge is power.
: Physics, Phonetics, Mathematics, Statistics, etc.:
Mathematics is my favorite subject at school.
News (): No news is good news.
Advice (): Your advice is always welcome = your pieces of
advice are always welcome.
Furniture (): Modern furniture is designed to meet the needs
of any exacting customer.
Progress (): How is your progress so far?
Fruit (): Fruit is healthy.
! I like bananas, apples, oranges and other fruits (
).
9) , :
Clothes (): Your clothes are so smart and stylish.
Goods (): The goods are not available at the moment.
Scissors (): The scissors are sharp. Be careful! Dont cut
yourself with them.
Glasses (): Glasses are not only correct vision but also play the
role of a fashion accessory.
Jeans/trousers/shorts/tights (///):
My favorite jeans are Calvin Klein.
People (): Many people are fond of sports.
11

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. -

Police (): Dallas police are looking for a man who robbed
the store.
! people
, .
10) , : the poor,
the French, the sick, the rich, etc.: The poor are being taken care of by
our volunteers.

12

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2- , ./. .

1- , . .

1- , . .


(? ?)
I
I am a doctor.
.
I am fond of reading.
.


(? ? ? ?)
ME , , ,
Give me the book, please!
, !
This book is about me.
.
It doesnt much concern me.
.
You are not interested in me.
.
US , , ,
WE
We are going to Italy next Tell us about your plans for the
week. - future.
.
.
This film is about us.
.
Lets go with us!
!
Youll find us in the restaurant.
.
YOU , ,
YOU , , ,
( )
, , , ,
You are my best friend. I love you. /
.
/ .
I must tell you something important.
/ / .
I am thinking about you all the
time.
/ / .
I am fascinated by you.
/ .
13

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

. -

3-
,
. .

HE
SHE
IT , ,

HIM , , ,
HER , , ,
IT (
He is a real professional. )
- Do you know him? .
?
She works as a secretary. He will always remember her.
. .
Here is my new dress.
It is very nice.
.
.

Hand this parcel to him, please.


,
.
Take it!
(, ..)!
This book was translated by her
2 years ago.
2 .

3-
,
. .

Take some time to be with him.



.
THEM , , , .

THEY
They live next door to the
suspect.
.

I havent seen them for ages!



.
Tell them about that unpleasant
incident.
.
Joe Cockers songs are so
beautiful. I am just fascinated by
them.
. .
Tell your parents about them.

.

14

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.......................................................................................................3
I. ...................................................................4
.............................................................................................................4
a/an ..............................................................4
the ....................................................................5
........................................................................................7
...........................................................................................10
.............................................................................10
..................................................................................................13
..............................................................................13
...............................................................15
....................................................................16
.................................................................16
...............................................................17
some, any, no, every ..........................18
Much / many, little / a little, few / a few ....................................................20
Either, neither, both....................................................................................21
.................................................................................................23
..............................................................23
.....................................................................23
..............................................................................................25
......................................................25
...........................................................................................................27
....................................................................37
Present Simple / ............................................37
Present Continuous / ...............................38
Present Perfect / ....................................41
Present Perfect Continuous / ..............................................................................43
Past Simple / ...............................................44
Past Continuous / ..................................45
Past Perfect / .......................................46
Past Perfect Continuous / ..............................................................................48
Future Simple / .................................................49
Future Continuous / ....................................51
Future Perfect / .........................................53
Future Perfect Continuous / -
.......................................................................................................54
.....................................................................................55
221

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

...............................................................................................57
.....................................................................................59
.........................................62
................................................................................63
There is/there are..............................................................................................64
..................................................................................65
........................................................65
..........................................................66
...............................................................................................68
........................................................................................72
Can .............................................................................................................72
Could .........................................................................................................73
To be able to...............................................................................................74
May ............................................................................................................74
Might .........................................................................................................75
Must ...........................................................................................................76
To have to ..................................................................................................77
To be to ......................................................................................................78
Would .........................................................................................................79
Should ........................................................................................................79
Ought to .....................................................................................................81
..................................................................................82
..........................................................................................86
..........................................................................................96
..............................................................................99
...............................................................................................99
.................................................................................................102
.........................103
.....................................................................................................104
: ......................................................................107
II. ..........................................................................................131
: ...............................................................................................133
III. .............................................................................................187
: ....................................................................................................193
IV. ........................................................................................194
: ...............................................................................................197
...........................................................................................................200
.................................................................................................212
..........................................................220

222

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