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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview

1.

ResearchersareconductingastatewidesurveyfortheU.SPostalService.Thesurveyrecords
manydifferentvariablesofinterest.Whichoftheseiscategorical?
A)CountyofResidence
B)Numberofpeople,bothadultsandchildren,livinginthehousehold
C)Totalhouseholdincome,beforetaxes.
D)Ageofrespondent

2.

Asampleofemployeesofalargepharmaceuticalcompanyhasbeenobtained.Thelengthof
time(inmonths)theyhaveworkedforthecompanywasrecordedforeachemployee.A
stemplotofthesedataisshownbelow.Stem:Tensdigit,Leaf:Onesdigit.
6223345789
7000234445678889
800112344457999
90001112358
Whatwouldbeabetterwaytorepresentthisdataset?
A)Displaythedatainatimeplot.
B)Displaythedatainaboxplot.
C)Splitthestems.
D)Useahistogramwithclasswidthsequalto10.

3.Adistributorofappliancesisdoingacustomersatisfactionsurveyforamanufacturerof
DVDplayers.Asampleof68clientsisaskedtorateaparticularDVDplayeronappearance,
functionality,easeofuse,andpriceona1to10scale,where1correspondstotheworstrating
and10tothebestpossiblerating.Abargraphoftheeaseofuseratingsclassifiedbygenderis
givenbelow:

WhatpercentageofthesampledfemaleclientsratedtheDVDplayerasnotsoeasytouse(a
ratingof4orlower)?

A)28%
B)29%
C)38%
D)62%

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
Usethefollowinginformationtoanswerquestions46.

Inastatisticsclasswith136students,theprofessorrecordshowmuchmoneyeachstudenthasintheir
possessionduringthefirstclassofthesemester.Thehistogramshownbelowrepresentsthedatahe
collected:

4.
A)
B)

Whatisapproximatelythepercentageofstudentswithunder$10.00intheirpossession?
35%
C)
45%
40%
D)
50%

5.
A)
B)
C)

Whichofthefollowingdescription(s)is/arecorrectregardingtheshapeofthehistogram?
Skewedright
D)
Anoutlierispresent.
Skewedleft
E)
Unimodal
Symmetric
F)
Bimodal

6.
A)
B)

Whatisapproximatelythenumberofstudentswith$30.00ormoreintheirpossession?
Lessthan5
C)
About30
About10
D)
Morethan100

Usethefollowinginformationtoanswerquestions78.

Duringtheearlypartofthe1994baseballseason,manysportsfansandbaseballplayersnoticedthat
thenumberofhomerunsbeinghitseemedtobeunusuallylarge.Belowareseparatestemplotsforthe
numberofhomerunsbyAmericanLeagueandNationalLeagueteamsbasedontheteambyteam
statisticsonhomerunshitthroughFriday,June3,1994(fromtheColumbusDispatchsportssection,
Sunday,June5,1994)
AmericanLeague

NationalLeague
2
2 9
3
4
5
6
7

7.
A)
B)
C)
D)

5
0
1
4
5

3 9
4 7 8 8
8 8
7

3
4
5
6
7

1
2 6 7 8 8
3 5 5 5
3 3 7

WhatisthemedianforthenumberofhomerunsfortheAmericanLeagueteams?
45
50
50.5
57.5

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
8.
A)
B)
C)
D)

Determinewhethereachofthefollowingstatementsistrueorfalse.
TheAmericanLeagueplotisreasonablysymmetric.
TheNationalLeagueplotisbimodal.
ThemediannumberofhomerunshitbyNationalLeagueteamsforthistimeperiodwashigher
thanthemedianfortheAmericanLeagueteams.
Thelowestnumberofhomerunshitbyany teamforthistimeperiodis29.

9.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

WhichofthefollowingstatementsisFALSE?
Thedistributionofacategoricalvariableliststhecategoriesandgivesthecountsorthe
percentofindividualsineachcategory.
Abarchartisausefulgraphicaltoolfordescribingtheshapeofthedistributionofacategorical
variable.
Astemplotisparticularlyvaluablefordisplayingtheshapeofthedistributionofacategorical
variablewhentherearefewobservations.
Ahistogramshowsthedistributionofcountsorpercentsamongthevaluesofasingle
quantitativevariable.
Bargraphs,unlikehistograms,haveblankspacesbetweenthebarstoseparatetheitemsbeing
compared.

10 Inthefuelefficiencystudyof2007compactmodelautomobilesthefollowinghistogramofthe
distributionofthemilespergallonfuelefficiencyratingincitydriving(MPGCity)forautomobiles
manufacturedinEuropewasobtained:

A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

Fromthehistogramabove,showingthedistributionofMPGCity,wecanseethat
theshapeofthedistributionisroughlysymmetricwithonepeak.
thedistributionisskewedtotheleft.
thedistributionisskewedtotheright.
thedistributionisroughlysymmetricwithoutliervaluestotheleft.
theshapeofthedistributionwouldbeeasiertoseeifastemplothadbeenconstructedinstead
ofthehistogram.

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
11 Theagesofthe667peopleparticipatinginalargeworkshop(tothenearestyear)aresummarized
asfollows:
Age
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
32
Numberofstudents
14 120 200 200
90
30
10
2
1
Whatistrueaboutthemedianage?
A) Itcouldbeanynumberbetween19and20.
B) Itmustbe20.
C) Itmustbe21.
D) Itmustbeover21.

12 Areporterwishestoportraybaseballplayersasoverpaid.Whichmeasureofcentershouldhe
reportastheaveragesalaryofmajorleagueplayers?
A) Themean.
B) Themedian.
C) Eitherthemeanormedian.Theywillbeequalinthiscase.
D) Neitherthemeannorthemedian.Bothwillbemuchlowerthantheactualaveragesalary.

Usethefollowinginformationtoanswerquestions1317.
TheInsuranceInstituteforHighwaySafetypublishesdataonthetotaldamagesufferedbycompact
automobilesinaseriesofcontrolled,lowspeedcollisions.Thecostforasampleof9cars,inhundreds
ofdollars,isprovidedbelow.
10681043.57.589
13 Whatisthemediancostofthetotaldamagesufferedforthissampleofcars?
A) $400
C)
$800
B) $730
D)
$1000

14 Whatisthefirstquartilefortheabovedata?
A) $350
C)
$600
B) $500
D)
$800

15 Whatistheinterquartilerangeoftheabovedata?
A) $300
C)
$400
B) $350
D)
$450

16 Whatisthemeanofthetotaldamagesufferedforthissampleofcars?
A) $239
B) $733
C) $800
D) $950

17 Usingthecorrectunits,whatisthevalueofthevariance?
A) 224.85dollars
B) 238.48dollars2
C) 50,555.54dollars2
D) 56,875dollars2

Usethefollowinginformationtoanswerquestions1819.

TheMichiganDepartmentofTransportation(MDOT)isworkingonamajorproject:80%ofthe
highwaysinMichiganneedtoberepaved.Tospeedcompletionofthisproject,manycontractorswillbe
workingforMDOT.Contractorsarecurrentlybiddingonthenextpartoftheproject.Tohelpmakea
decisionaboutwhichcontractortohire,MDOTcollectsmanyvariablesbesidesjusttheestimatedcost.
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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
Oneofthosevariablesisthecontractorsestimateofthenumberofworkdaysrequiredtofinishthejob.
Twentycontractorshavebidonthenextjob.Theboxplotbelowrepresentstheirestimatesofthe
numberofworkdaysrequired:

18
A)
B)
C)
D)

Whatis(approximately)theinterquartilerange,basedontheboxplot?
140days
270days
360days
760days

19
A)
B)
C)
D)

Determinewhethereachofthefollowingstatementsistrueorfalse.
Themediannumberofdaysisapproximately180.
Theminimumnumberofdaysisapproximately40.
Themaximumnumberofdaysisapproximately750.
Twentyfivepercentofcontractorsestimatedthenumberofdaystobemorethan100.

20 Agriculturalfairsoftenholdcompetitionsforproducegrownbylocalgardeners.Thefollowing
dataaretheweight(inpounds)oftomatoesenteredintoanannualfairinRoland,Manitoba,
Canadain2007:
2.481.521.151.131.000.990.960.940.75
TheInterquartileRange(IQR)forthesedatais:
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

1.73pounds
0.58pounds
0.19pounds
1.00pounds
0.385pounds

21
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

Applythe1.5IQRruletothedatainquestion#20tocheckforoutliervalues.Inthiscase
therearenooutliers.
thevalue0.75istheonlyoutlier.
thevalues0.75and2.48arebothoutliers.
thevalue2.48istheonlyoutlier.
thevalues1.52and2.48arebothoutliers.

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
22 TheNewEnglandPatriotsareatoprankedteamintheNationalFootballLeague(NFL)andthe
SaskatchewanRoughridersarethe2007championsoftheCanadianFootballLeague(CFL).From
the2007rostersofthesetwoteamstheweightoftheplayerswasdeterminedandthefollowing
sidebysideboxplotsoftheirweightsisprovidedbelow:

Whichofthefollowingstatementsaboutthesesidebysideboxplotsis(are)TRUE?
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

TheweightsoftheNewEnglandteamexhibitlessoverallvariationthantheSaskatchewanteam.
ThemedianweightfortheNewEnglandteamishigherthanthemedianweightforSaskatchewan.
TheIQRfortheSaskatchewanteamisgreaterthantheIQR oftheNewEnglandteam.
AandB
BandC

23 WhichofthefollowingstatementsabouttheMeanandtheMedianofadensitycurveareFALSE?

A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

TheMedianisthepointontheaxisthatdividestheareaunderthedensitycurveintwoequalhalves.
TheMedianandtheMeanhavethesamevalueifthedensitycurveissymmetric.
TheMeanisthebalancepointofthedensitycurve.
TheMedianofaskeweddensitycurveispulledawayfromtheMeaninthedirectionofthelongtail.
ForasymmetricdensitycurveboththeMeanandtheMedianareatthecenterofthecurve.

Usethefollowinginformationtoanswerquestions2425.

Manyresidentsofsuburbanneighborhoodsownmorethanonecarbutconsideroneoftheircarstobe
themainfamilyvehicle.TheageofthesefamilyvehiclescanbemodeledbyaNormaldistributionwith
mean2yearsandstandarddeviation6months.
24 Whatpercentageoffamilyvehiclesisbetween1and3yearsold?
A) Cannotbedeterminedbasedontheinformationgiven.
B) 68%
C) 95%
D) 99.7%

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
25
A)
B)
C)
D)

26

Whatisthestandardizedvalueforafamilyvehiclethatis3yearsand3monthsold?
0.22
2.5
2.6
2.92

A)
B)
C)
D)

0.1357
0.2704
0.8413
0.8643

UsingthestandardNormaldistributiontables,whatistheareaunderthestandardNormalcurve
correspondingtoZ<1.1?

27 UsingthestandardNormaldistributiontables,whatistheareaunderthestandardNormalcurve
correspondingtoZ>1.22?
A)
B)
C)
D)

0.1151
0.1112
0.8849
0.8888

28 UsingthestandardNormaldistributiontables,whatistheareaunderthestandardNormalcurve
correspondingto0.5<Z<1.2?
A) 0.3085
B) 0.8849
C) 0.5764
D) 0.2815

29 ThevariableZhasastandardNormaldistribution.Findthevaluezsuchthat85%ofthe
observationsfallbelowz.
A) z=1.04
B) z=0.80
C) z=0.85
D) z=1.04

30 Thepreparationtimetomailenvelopeswithaweeklyreporttoallexecutivesinacompanyhasa
Normaldistributionwithameanof35minutesandastandarddeviationof2minutes.On95%of
suchoccasionsthemailingpreparationtakeslessthanxminutes.Whatisthevalueofx?
A)
B)
C)
D)

x=31.71
x=34.75
x=35.25
x=38.29

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
31 WhichofthefollowingstatementsaboutthestandardizedzscoreofavalueofavariableX,which
hasmeanmandstandarddeviations,is(are)TRUE?
A) Thezscorehasameanequalto0.
B) Thezscorehasastandarddeviationequalto1.
C) Thezscoretellsushowmanystandarddeviationunitstheoriginalobservationfallawayfromthe
mean.
D) Thezscoretellsusthedirectiontheobservationfallsawayfromthemean.
E) Alloftheabovestatementsaboutthezscorearetrue.

32 Aquantileplotofthehorsepowerofasampleof65carsisshownbelow:

Normal Scores

Horsepower

300

200

100

0
0

100

200

300

Y
Normal scores

Whichofthefollowingdescriptionsbestdescribestheshapeofthedistributionofhorsepower?
A)
B)
C)
D)

33.

Normal
Normalwithsomeoutliers
Leftskewed
Rightskewed
Fillintheblank.TheEnvironmentalProtectionAgencyrecordsdataonthefueleconomyof
manydifferentmakesofcars.Theyareinterestedindeterminingifonecouldpredictthe
mileageofthecar(inmilespergallon)fromtheweightofthecar(inlbs).Thevariable

istheresponsevariableinthisstudy.

34.
A)
B)
C)
D)

Aphenomenonisobservedmany,manytimesunderidenticalconditions.Theproportionof
timesaparticulareventAoccursisrecorded.Whatdoesthisproportionrepresent?
TheprobabilityoftheeventA.
ThedistributionoftheeventA.
ThecorrelationoftheeventA.
ThevarianceoftheeventA.

Usethefollowingtoanswerquestions35and36:
Thestatisticsofaparticularbasketballplayerstatethathemakes4outof5freethrowattempts.

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
35.
A)
B)
C)
D)

Thebasketballplayerisjustabouttoattemptafreethrow.Whatdoyouestimatethe
probabilitythattheplayermakesthisnextfreethrowtobe?
0.16
5050.Eitherhemakesitorhedoesnt.
0.80
1.2

36.
A)
B)

Duringaseason,thebasketballplayermakesanaverageofabout200freethrowattempts.On
howmanyofthesethrowswouldyouestimatehewillactuallyscoreapoint?
80
C)
120
100
D)
160

37.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

Whichofthefollowingstatementsbestdescribeswhatismeantbytheprobabilityofthe
outcomeofarandomphenomenon?
Thecountoftheshorttermoccurrencesoftheoutcomes.
Thecountoftheoutcomesofthephenomenonthatoccurinahaphazardmanner.
Theproportionofoutcomesthatcanbeexpectedtobeobservedduringashortexperiment.
Theproportionoftimestheoutcomewouldoccurinaverylongseriesofrepetitions.
Theproportionofrepetitionsthatresultintheoutcomewhenanexperimentisconducted
abouttherandomphenomenon.

Usethefollowingtoanswerquestions3839:
Astandarddeckofcardshas52cards.Thecardshaveoneof2colors:26cardsinthedeckareredand
26areblack.Thecardshaveoneof4denominations:13cardsarehearts(red),13cardsarediamonds
(red),13cardsareclubs(black),and13cardsarespades(black).

38.
Onecardisselectedatrandomandthedenominationisrecorded.Whichofthefollowingis
thecorrectsamplespaceSforthesetofpossibleoutcomes?
A)
S={red,black}
B)
S={red,red,black,black}
C)
S={hearts,diamonds,clubs,spades}
D)
S={red,black,hearts,diamonds,clubs,spades}

39.
Twocardsareselectedatrandomandthecolorisrecorded.Whichofthefollowingisthe
correctsamplespaceSforthesetofpossibleoutcomes?
A)
S={red,black}
B)
S={(red,red),(red,black),(black,red),(black,black)}
C)
S={0,1,2}
D)
S={red,black,hearts,diamonds,clubs,spades}

40.
Twocardsareselectedatrandomandthedenominationisrecorded.TheeventHisdefinedas
theeventthatthefirstcardishearts.WhichofthefollowingcorrectlydefineseventH?
A)
H={diamonds,clubs,spades}
B)
H={hearts,diamonds,clubs,spades}
C)
H={(hearts,diamonds),(hearts,clubs),(hearts,spades)}
D)
H={(hearts,diamonds),(hearts,clubs),(hearts,spades),(hearts,hearts)}

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
41.

A)
B)
C)
D)

Twocardsareselectedatrandomandthedenominationisrecorded.TheeventDisdefinedas
theeventthatthefirstcardisdiamondsandthesecondcardisred.Whichofthefollowing
correctlydefineseventDC?
DC= {(diamonds,clubs),(diamonds,spades)}
DC= {(hearts,clubs),(hearts,spades)}
DC= {(hearts,clubs),(hearts,spades),(spades,clubs),(spades,spades),

(clubs,clubs),(clubs,spades)}
Noneoftheabove.

42.

A)
B)
C)
D)

Twocardsareselectedatrandom.EventCisdefinedastheeventthatthefirstcardisclubs,
eventRastheeventthatthefirstcardisred,andeventBastheeventthatthesecondcardis
black.Whicheventsaredisjoint?
RandBonly.
RandConly.
RandB,RandC,butnotBandC.
Noneoftheeventsaredisjoint.

Usethefollowingtoanswerquestions4346:
ConsiderthefollowingprobabilityhistogramforadiscreterandomvariableX:

43.
A)

D)

ThisprobabilityhistogramcorrespondstowhichofthefollowingdistributionsforX?

ValueofX
1
2
3
4
5
Probability
0.06
0.25
0.38
0.25
0.06

ValueofX
1
2
3
4
5
Probability
0.10 0.25 0.30 0.20 0.15

ValueofX
1
2
3
4
5
Probability
0.10
0.25
0.30
0.25
0.10

Noneoftheabove.

44.
A)
B)

WhatistheP(X=3)?
0
0.20

B)

C)

C)
D)

0.25
0.30

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
45.
A)
B)

WhatisP(X<3)?
0.10
0.25

C)
D)

0.35
0.65

46.
A)
B)

WhatisP(X3)?
0.10
0.25

C)
D)

0.35
0.65

Usethefollowingtoanswerquestions47and48:

LettherandomvariableXrepresenttheprofitmadeonarandomlyselecteddaybyasmallclothing
storeonMainStreet.AssumeXisNormalwithameanof$360andastandarddeviationof$50.
47.
WhatisP(X>$400)?
A)
0.2119
C)
0.7881
B)
0.2881
D)
0.8450

48.
Theprobabilityisapproximately0.6thatonarandomlyselecteddaythestorewillmakeless
thanhowmuch?
A)
$0.30
C)
$361.30
B)
$347.40
D)
$372.60

49.
Bicyclesarriveatabikeshopaspartsinabox.Beforetheycanbesold,theymustbeunpacked
andassembled.Basedonpastexperience,thebikeshopownerknowsthatassemblytimes
follow(roughly)aNormaldistributionwithameanof25minutesandastandarddeviationof3
minutes.Acustomerwalksintothebikeshopandwishestobuyabikeliketheoneinthe
window,butinadifferentcolor.Theshophasone,butitisstillinthebox,soitwillneedtobe
assembled.Whatistheprobabilitythatthebikewillbereadywithinahalfhour?
A)
0.0478
C)
0.8413
B)
0.1587
D)
0.9522

50.
Considerthefollowingthreescenariosanddetermineiftherandomvariabledescribedineach
iseitherdiscreteorcontinuous.
I.
Theincreaseinlengthoflifeofacancerpatientfollowingchemotherapy.
II. Thevolumeofgasolinelostduetoevaporationduringthefillingofagastank.
III. Thenumberofcracksthatexceed1.5centimetersin10kilometersofa
majorhighway.
TherandomvariableinscenariosI,II,andIII,respectively,is:
A)
Continuous,discrete,discrete.
B)
Continuous,continuous,discrete.
C)
Continuous,continuous,continuous.
D)
Discrete,continuous,discrete.
E)
Discrete,discrete,continuous.

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
51.

A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

ThefollowingtabledescribestheprobabilitydistributionfortherandomvariableXthatcounts
thenumberoftimesacustomervisitsagrocerystoreina1weekperiod:
Visits
0
1
2
3
4ormore
P(Visits)
0.1
0.25
0.3
?
0.1
Thevalueoftheentryinthetablefor3Visitsshouldbe:
0.2
0.55
0.75
0.25
0.35

Usethefollowingtoanswerquestions5254:
Supposetherearethreeballsinabox.Ononeoftheballsisthenumber1,onanotheristhenumber2,
andonthethirdisthenumber3.Youselecttwoballsatrandomandwithoutreplacementfromthebox
andnotethetwonumbersobserved.ThesamplespaceSconsistsofthethreeequallylikelyoutcomes
{(1,2),(1,3),(2,3)}(disregardingorder).LetXbethesumofthetwoballsselected.

52.
A)

B)

C)

D)

WhichofthefollowingisthecorrectdistributionforX?

ValueofX
1
2
3
Probability

ValueofX

Probability

ValueofX

Probability

ValueofX

Probability

53.
A)
B)

Whatistheprobabilitythatthesumisatleast4?
0
C)

D)
1

54.
A)
B)

WhatisthemeanofX?
2.0
2.33

C)
D)

4.0
4.33

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
55.

A)
B)

Andyhasa(toy)garagethatissupposedtohavefourcarsinit.AccordingtoAndy,
X=thenumberofcarsthatareactuallyinthegarageatanygiventimefollowsthefollowing
distribution:
ValueofX
4
3
2
1
0
Probability
0.90
0.05
0.03
0.02
0
Accordingtothismodel,whatistheaveragenumberofcarsthatareinthegarageatanygiven
time?
3cars
C)
3.92cars
3.83cars
D)
4cars

Usethefollowingtoanswerquestions5659:
SupposethatacollegedeterminesthefollowingdistributionforX=numberofcoursestakenbyafull
timestudentthissemester:
ValueofX
3
4
5
6
Probability
0.07

0.25
0.28

56.
TheprobabilityforX=4ismissing.Whatisit?
A)
0.07
C)
0.40
B)
0.25
D)
0.50

57.
Whatistheaveragenumberofcoursesfulltimestudentsatthiscollegetakethissemester?
A)
4classes
C)
4.74classes
B)
4.26classes
D)
5classes

58.
Whatisthestandarddeviationofthenumberofcoursesfulltimestudentsatthiscollegetake
thissemester?
A)
0.89classes
B)
0.94classes
C)
1class
D)
23.36classes

59.
WhatisP(X>4.74)?
A)
0.25
B)
0.28
C)
0.53
D)
Impossibletocalculate,becauseXcannotbe4.74.

60.
Itisestimatedthatchemotherapyissuccessful70%ofthetimeincuringaparticulartypeof
cancer.Supposethat4patientswiththegiventypeofcanceraretreatedandletXbethe
numberofthemthataresuccessfullycured.
X
0
1
2
3
4
P(X=x)
0.01
0.08
0.27
0.40
0.24
Whatistheexpectedvalueofthenumberofpatientsthatwillbecured?
A)
3
B)
2
C)
0.2
D)
2.78
E)
2.5

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
TheBiologyDepartmentplanstorecruitanewfacultymember.Datacollectedbyadifferentuniversity
onthe410possiblecandidatesareavailable.TheBiologyDepartmentisdebatingwhethertoputa
requirementof10yearsofteachingexperienceinthejobadvertisement.Theavailabledataonthe
candidatesareshownbelow:
Lessthan10years 10ormoreyears
experience
experience

Total
Male
178
112
290
Female
99
21
120
Total
277
133
410

61.
Whatistheprobabilitythatacandidatehaslessthan10yearsexperience?

62.
Foreachofthefollowingscenarios,determinewhetherthebinomialdistributionisthe
appropriatedistributionfortherandomvariableX.
A)
Afaircoinisflippedtentimes.LetX=thenumberoftimesthecoincomesuptails.
B)
Afaircoinisflippedmultipletimes.LetX=thenumberoftimesthecoinneedstobeflipped
untilweseetentails.
C)
Aroulettewheelwithoneballinitisturnedsixtimes.LetX=thenumberoftimestheball
landsonred.
D)
Therearetenpeopleintheroom:fivemenandfivewomen.Threepeoplearetobeselectedat
randomtoformacommittee.LetX=thenumberofmenonthethreepersoncommittee.

Usethefollowingtoanswerquestions6366:
Theproportionofstudentswhoownacellphoneoncollegecampusesacrossthecountryhasincreased
tremendouslyoverthepastfewyears.Itisestimatedthatapproximately90%ofstudentsnowowna
cellphone.Fifteenstudentsaretobeselectedatrandomfromalargeuniversity.Assumethatthe
proportionofstudentswhoownacellphoneatthisuniversityisthesameasnationwide.LetX=the
numberofstudentsinthesampleof15whoownacellphone.
63.
WhatistheappropriatedistributionforX?
A)
XisN(15,0.9)
B)
XisB(15,0.9)
C)
XisB(15,13.5)
D)
XisN(13.5,1.16)

64.
Onaverage,howmanystudentswillownacellphoneinsimplerandomsamplesof15
students?
A)
9
B)
13
C)
13.5
D)
14

65.
A)
B)
C)
D)

Whatisthestandarddeviationofthenumberofstudentswhoownacellphoneinsimple
randomsamplesof15students?
0.077
0.09
1.16
1.35

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
66.
A)
B)
C)
D)

Whatistheprobabilitythatallstudentsinasimplerandomsampleof15studentsownacell
phone?
0
0.1
0.206
0.9

67.

A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

Whichofthefollowingis(are)NOTpropertiesofabinomialsettingforsamplecounts?
I.
Theobservationsareallindependent.
II.
Eachobservationiscategorizedasbeingaeithersuccessorafailure.
III.
Theproductofnandpmustbeatleast10.
IV.
Theprobabilityofasuccessisthesameforeachobservation.
I
II
III
IV
Alloftheabovearerequiredpropertiesofthebinomialsetting.

68.

A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

69.
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

Aproductionprocess,whenfunctioningasitshould,willstillproduce2%defectiveitems.A
randomsampleof10itemsistobeselectedfromthe1000itemsproducedinaparticular
productionrun.LetXbethecountofthenumberofdefectiveitemsfoundintherandom
sample.WhatcanbesaidaboutthevariableX?
WecanuseaNormaldistributionwithmean20andstandarddeviation4.43asan
approximationforthedistributionofX.
XisapproximatelyNormalwith =10and =0.44.
Xhasanapproximatebinomialdistributionwithparameters1000and0.01.
Xhasanapproximatebinomialdistributionwithmean0.2andstandarddeviation0.443.
WithoutadditionalinformationweareunabletodetermineifXisapproximatelyNormally
distributedorifithasabinomialdistribution.
LetXbearandomvariable,whichhasabinomialdistributionwithmean =8andstandard
deviation =2.19.Theparametersnandpforthisbinomialdistributionarerespectively
n=16,p=0.5.
n=13.3,p=0.6.
n=10,p=0.8.
n=20,p=0.6.
n=20,p=0.4.

Usethefollowingtoanswerquestions77and71:
Itisclaimedthat55%ofmarriagesinthestateofCaliforniaendindivorcewithinthefirst15years.A
largestudywasstarted15yearsagoandhasbeentrackinghundredsofmarriagesinthestateof
California.

70.
A)
B)
C)
D)

Supposetenmarriagesarerandomlyselected.Whatistheprobabilitythatlessthantwoof
themendedinadivorce?
0.0021
0.0045
0.0130
0.0274

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
71.
A)
B)
C)
D)

Suppose100marriagesarerandomlyselected.Whatistheprobabilitythatlessthan20of
themendedinadivorce?
Lessthan0.0001
0.0055
0.0130
0.0229

Usethefollowingtoanswerquestions7274:

ThescoresofindividualstudentsontheAmericanCollegeTesting(ACT)ProgramCompositeCollege
EntranceExaminationhaveaNormaldistributionwithmean18.6andstandarddeviation6.0.At
NorthsideHigh,36seniorstakethetest.Assumethescoresatthisschoolhavethesamedistributionas
nationalscores.

72.
A)
B)

Whatisthemeanofthesamplingdistributionofthesamplemeanscoreforarandomsample
of36students?
1.0
C)
6.0
3.1
D)
18.6

73.
A)
B)

Whatisthestandarddeviationofthesamplingdistributionofthesamplemeanscorefora
randomsampleof36students?
1.0
C)
6.0
3.1
D)
18.6

74.
A)
B)
C)
D)

Whatisthesamplingdistributionofthesamplemeanscoreforarandomsampleof36students?
ApproximatelyNormal,buttheapproximationispoor.
ApproximatelyNormal,andtheapproximationisgood.
ExactlyNormal.
NeitherNormalnornonNormal.Itdependsontheparticular36studentsselected.

Usethefollowingtoanswerquestions7577:

Chocolatebarsproducedbyacertainmachinearelabeled8.0oz.Thedistributionoftheactualweights
ofthesechocolatebarsisclaimedtobeNormalwithameanof8.1ozandastandarddeviationof0.1
oz.

75.

A)

Aqualitycontrolmanagerinitiallyplanstotakeasimplerandomsampleofsizenfromthe
productionline.Ifheweretodoublehissamplesize(to2n),bywhatfactorwouldthestandard
deviationofthesamplingdistributionof X change?
C)
2
1/2

B)

D)

16
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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
76.

A)
B)
C)
D)

Thequalitycontrolmanagerplanstotakeasimplerandomsampleofsizenfromthe
productionline.Howbigshouldnbesothatthesamplingdistributionof X hasstandard
deviation0.01oz?
10
100
1000
CannotbedeterminedunlessweknowthepopulationfollowsaNormaldistribution.

77.

A)
B)
C)
D)

78.

A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

Ifthequalitycontrolmanagertakesasimplerandomsampleoftenchocolatebarsfromthe
productionline,whatistheprobabilitythatthesamplemeanweightofthetensampled
chocolatebarswillbelessthan8.0oz?
0
0.00078
0.0316
0.1587
Asampleofsizenisselectedatrandomfromapopulationthathasmean andstandard
deviation .Thesamplemean x willbedeterminedfromtheobservationsinthesample.
Whichofthefollowingstatementsaboutthesamplemean, x ,is(are)TRUE?
Themeanof x isthesameasthepopulationmean,i.e., .
Thevarianceof x is

n .
Thestandarddeviationof x decreasesasthesamplesizegrowslarger.
Alloftheabovearetrue.
OnlyAandBaretrue.

79.

A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

Intheconstructionindustry,compressivestrengthofconcreteisacrucialcharacteristic.
Supposeforaparticularresidentialconstructionjobtheconcretetestedafter3daysshould
haveameancompressionstrengthof =3000psiwithastandarddeviationof =50psi.It
isknownthatcompressivestrengthofconcreteisNormallydistributed.Onaconstructionsite
asampleofn=5specimensisselectedandtestedafter3days.Iftheconcretehasthedesired
characteristicswhatistheprobabilitythatthesamplemean x willbelargerthan3060psi?
0.996
0.004
0.885
0.115
Unabletodeterminebecausethesamplesizen=5ismuchtoosmalltorelyontheNormal
distributionforcalculationoftherequiredprobability.

Usethefollowingtoanswerquestions80and81:

Duringthesummermonths,thepricesofnonsmokingroomswithakingsizebedinhotelsinacertain
areaareroughlyNormallydistributedwithameanof$131.80andastandarddeviationof$29.12.

80.
Whatpercentageofnonsmokingroomswithakingsizebedcostmorethan$150?
A)
0.77%
C)
26.60%
B)
11.25%
D)
36.78%

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
81.
A)
B)

Atravelagentrandomlyselectspricesofnonsmokingroomswithakingsizebedfrom15
hotelsinthearea.Whatistheprobabilitythattheiraveragecostwillbemorethan$150?
0.0077
C)
0.2660
0.1125
D)
0.3678

Usethefollowingtoanswerquestions8284:

Thedistributionoftheamountofmoneyundergraduatestudentsspendonbooksforatermisslightly
rightskewed,withameanof$400andastandarddeviationof$80.

82.
Ifastudentisselectedatrandom,whatistheprobabilitythatthisstudentspendsmorethan
$425onbooks?
A)
0.1125
B)
0.3773
C)
0.6227
D)
Thiscannotbedeterminedfromtheinformationgiven.

83.
Inasimplerandomsampleof100undergraduatestudents,whatistheexpectedvalueofthe
samplemeanamountofmoneyspentonbooks?
A)
$400
B)
Anywherebetween$320and$480.
C)
Anywherebetween$392and$408.
D)
Thiscannotbedeterminedfromtheinformationgiven.

84.
Ifasimplerandomsampleof100undergraduatestudentsisselected,whatistheprobability
thatthesestudentsspendmorethan$425onbooks,onaverage?
A)
0.00089
B)
0.2353
C)
0.3773
D)
Thiscannotbedeterminedfromtheinformationgiven.

Usethefollowingscenariotoanswerquestions85and86:

Intheuniversitylibraryelevatorthereisasignindicatinga16personlimitaswellasaweightlimitof
2500lbs.Supposethatweightofstudents,faculty,andstaffisapproximatelyNormallydistributedwith
ameanweightof150lbsandastandarddeviationof27lbs.

85.
Whentheelevatorisfull,wecanthinkofthe16peopleintheelevatorasasimple
randomsampleofpeopleoncampus.Whataverageweightforthese16peopleinthe
elevatorwillresultinthetotalweightexceedingtheweightlimitof2500lbs?

86.
Whatistheprobabilitythattherandomsampleof16peopleintheelevatorwillexceed
theweightlimit?

87.
Asimplerandomsampleof100athletesisselectedfromalargehighschool.Inthesample,
thereare15footballplayers.Whatisthestandarderrorofthesampleproportionoffootball
players?
A)
0.00128
C)
0.05
B)
0.0357
D)
0.357

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
88.

A)
B)

Asimplerandomsampleof60blooddonorsistakentoestimatetheproportionofdonorswith
typeAbloodwitha95%confidenceinterval.Inthesample,thereare10peoplewithtypeA
blood.Whatisthemarginoferrorforthisconfidenceinterval?
0.048
C)
0.094
0.079
D)
1.96

89.

A)
B)

Asimplerandomsampleof85studentsistakenfromalargeuniversityontheWestCoastto
estimatetheproportionofstudentswhoseparentsboughtacarforthemwhentheyleftfor
college.Wheninterviewed,51studentsinthesamplerespondedthattheirparentsbought
themacar.Whatisa95%confidenceintervalforp,thepopulationproportionofstudents
whoseparentsboughtacarforthemwhentheyleftforcollege?
(0.296,0.504)
C)
(0.496,0.704)
(0.463,0.737)
D)
(0.513,0.687)

90.

A)
B)

Asimplerandomsampleof100bagsoftortillachipsproducedbycompanyXisselectedevery
hourforqualitycontrol.Inthecurrentsample,18bagshadmorechips(measuredinweight)
thanthelabeledquantity.Thequalitycontrolinspectorwishestousethisinformationto
calculatea90%confidenceintervalforthetrueproportionofbagsoftortillachipsthatcontain
p ?
morethanthelabelstates.Whatisthevalueofthestandarderrorof
0.0015
C)
0.063
0.038
D)
0.384

Usethefollowingtoanswerquestions9193:

Asimplerandomsampleof120vetclinicsintheMidwestrevealsthatthevastmajorityofthemonly
treatsmallpets(dogs,cats,rabbits,etc.)andnolargeanimals(cows,horses,etc.).Ofthe120clinics
sampled,88respondedthattheydonottreatlargeanimalsattheirclinic.

91.

p ?
Whatisthevalueofthestandarderrorof

A)
B)

0.02
0.03

92.

Whatisa90%confidenceintervalforp,thepopulationproportionofvetclinicsthatdotreat
largeanimals?
(0.163,0.371)
C)
(0.200,0.333)
(0.188,0.346)
D)
(0.667,0.800)

C)
D)

0.04
0.05

A)
B)

93.
A)
B)
C)
D)

Ifa95%confidenceintervalwerecalculatedinstead,whatwouldhappentothewidthofthe
confidenceinterval?
Itwouldbenarrower.
Itwouldstaythesame.
Itwouldbewider.
Thiscannotbedeterminedfromtheinformationgiven.

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
94.

A)
B)

TheInformationTechnologyDepartmentatalargeuniversitywishestoestimatep=the
proportionofstudentslivinginthedormitorieswhoownacomputerwitha95%confidence
interval.WhatistheminimumrequiredsamplesizetheITDepartmentshouldusetoestimate
theproportionpwithamarginoferrornolargerthan3percentagepoints?
33
C)
1067
752
D)
1068

Usethefollowingtoanswerquestions9598:
ThecandycompanythatmakesM&Msclaimsthat10%oftheM&Msitproducesaregreen.Suppose
thatthecandiesarepackagedatrandominlargebagsof200M&Ms.Whenwerandomlypickabagof
M&Mswemayassumethatthisrepresentsasimplerandomsampleofsizen=200.Supposewewish
totestH0:p=0.10versusH1:p0.10.

95.
Underthenullhypothesis,whatisthevalueofthestandarderrorof
p ,thesampleproportion
ofgreenM&Msinabagof200?
A)
B)

0.0015
0.021

C)
D)

0.09
18

96.
A)
B)

SupposethatintherandomlyselectedbagofM&Msthereareonly12greenM&Ms.Whatis
thevalueofthelargesamplezstatistic?
C)
z=1.886
z=1.886
D)
z=0.444
z=0.444

97.
A)
B)

WhatisthevalueofthecorrespondingPvalue?
Pvalue=0.0297
C)
Pvalue=0.06
Pvalue=0.0593
D)
Pvalue=0.3284

98.

Ifa90%confidenceintervalwerecalculatedfromthesamedata,woulditcontainthevalue
0.10?
Yes
No
Thiscannotbedeterminedfromtheinformationgiven.

A)
B)
C)

Usethefollowingtoanswerquestions99102:

Anotedpsychicwastestedforextrasensoryperception.Thepsychicwaspresentedwith200cardsface
downandaskedtodetermineifthecardwereoneoffivesymbols:astar,across,acircle,asquare,or
threewavylines.Thepsychicwascorrectin50cases.Letprepresenttheprobabilitythatthepsychic
correctlyidentifiesthesymbolonthecardinarandomtrial.Assumethe200trialscanbetreatedasa
simplerandomsamplefromthepopulationofallguessesthepsychicwouldmakeinhislifetime.
99.
Basedontheresultsofthetest,whatisa95%confidenceintervalforp?
A)
0.250.004
C)
0.250.055
B)
0.250.05
D)
0.250.060

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
100.

A)
B)

Supposeyouwishedtoseeiftherewereevidencethatthepsychicisdoingbetterthanjust
guessing.Todothis,youtestthehypothesesH0:p=0.20versusH1:p>0.20.Whatisthevalue
ofthezteststatistic?
z=0.83
C)
z=1.96
z=1.77
D)
z=4.17

101.
A)
B)
C)
D)

WhatdoweknowaboutthevalueofthePvalueforthehypothesistest?
Pvalue<0.001
0.001<Pvalue<0.01
0.01<Pvalue<0.05
0.05<Pvalue<0.10

102.

Howlargeasamplenwouldyouneedtoestimatepwithamarginoferror0.01with95%
confidence?Usethehypothesizedvaluep=0.20asthevaluefor p .
n=32
n=1537
n=6147
n=9604

A)
B)
C)
D)

Usethefollowingtoanswerquestions103105:

Afteronceagainlosingafootballgametothecollegesarchrival,thealumniassociationconducteda
surveytoseeifalumniwereinfavoroffiringthecoach.Asimplerandomsampleof100alumnifrom
thepopulationofalllivingalumniwastaken.Sixtyfourofthealumniinthesamplewereinfavorof
firingthecoach.Letprepresenttheproportionofalllivingalumniwhofavorfiringthecoach.

103. Whatisa99%confidenceintervalforp?
A)
0.640.048
B)
0.640.079
C)
0.640.094
D)
0.640.124

104. Supposethealumniassociationwishedtoseeifthemajorityofalumniareinfavoroffiringthe
coach.TodothistheytestthehypothesesH0:p=0.50versusH1:p>0.50.WhatisthePvalue
forthishypothesistest?
A)
Below0.001
B)
0.0026
C)
0.0682
D)
0.14

105. Supposethealumniassociationwishedtoconductthetestata5%significancelevel.What
wouldtheirdecisionbe?Basedonthatdecision,whattypeofmistakecouldtheyhavemade?
A)
DonotrejectH0,TypeIerror
B)
DonotrejectH0,TypeIIerror
C)
RejectH0,TypeIerror
D)
RejectH0,TypeIIerror

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ElementsofStatisticsISupplementalFinalExamReview
AnswerKey

1.A2.C3.C4.C5.A,D,E6.B7.D8.True,False,False,True9.C10.B11.B12.A

13.C14.B15.D16.B17.D18.B19.True,True,False,False20.E21.D22.D23.D24.C

25.B26.D27.D28.C29.D30.D31.E32.C33.Mileageofthecar34.A35.C36.D37.D

38.C39.B40.D41.D42.B43.B44.D45.C46.D47.A48.D49.D50.B51.D52.B

53.C54.C55.B56.C57.C58.B59.C60.D61. 277

410

= 0.676 62.Y,N,Y,N63.B64.C65.C

66.C67.C68.D69.E70.B71.A72.D73.A74.C75.B76.B77.B78.D79.B80.C

81.A82.D83.A84.A85. 2500

27

16

= 156.25 86.normalcdf(156.25,E99,150, 4

)=0.177287.B88.C

89.C90.B91.C92.C93.C94.D95.B96.A97.B98.B99.D100.B101.C102.C103.D

104.B105.C

22
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