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APC ( 1)

, .

.
,
,
Smart-UPS.
. , ,
, , , , . ,
, (). ,
, , .
-
, 2000 . 582 . .

. 1. - Off-line

. 2. - Line-interactive

. 3. - On-line


(1,78 . ), , 2000 .
.
: , Chloride,
Invensys, IMV, Liebert, Powercom. .
: Off-line (
stand-by), Line-interactive On-line.
.
- Off-line
. 1.
. EMI/RFI Noise - .

,
, .
, .

300 50 . Off-line
,
. APC
ff-line Back-UPS
2501250 , Back-UPS Pro
2801400 .
- Line-interactive . 2. , Off-line,

, .
EMI/RFI Noise
- . , , , ,
-. , .

. , .
APC
Line-interactive Smart-UPS
2505000 .

- On-line
. 3. ,
-
.
, , . , ,
.


5%
.
On-line : Matrix UPS 3000 5000 ,
Symmetra Power Array 8000, 12 000 16 000 .
Back-UPS ,
Back-UPS Pro, Smart-UPS, Smart/VS,
Matrix Symmetria .
:
Back-UPS, Back-UPS pro, Smart-UPS, Smart-UPS/VS.

, Matrix Symmetria, .

Smart-UPS 450VA700VA,
() .
. 1.
Smart-UPS 450VA700VA Smart-UPS
1000VA1400VA , , .
,
, .

:

blackout;
, (, ..) sag brownout;
, spike;

1. Smart-UPS

450VA
620VA
700VA
1400VA
,
0320

165283
*,
*,
208253



4763
,

4
,

450 (280)
620 (390)
700 (450)
1400 (950)
, ()

230
,
,
50 0,1



,

,
, ,
,
,
,

( ),
(),

2 12
4,5

26
10

2 12
7

2 12
17

35
25
16,8 11,9 36,8
7,30 (9,12)

15,8 13,7 35,8

10,53 (12,34)

13,1 (14,5)

21,6 17
43,9
24,1 (26,1)

* PowerChute.

2.
/

24

IC4/1

12
5
8

IC4/3
IC5/3
IC17/1

1
1
15


C41, C36, 63, IC4, SNMP, ,

IC5, 8, D401, I2, Q9Q14, Q19Q24


D402, 65, I12, I5, I10, I13 ()
C7, Q39, Q40, C54, C53, D28, D27, I9, I17

, , , , surge.
,
, 95%
, ,
(), .
- (, VA) (, W). PF (Power Factor):
W = VA PF.
0,6...0,7.
.
, Smart-UPS 600VA
400 , 900VA 630 .
Smart-UPS SmartUPS/VS . 4. /RFI, . RY5, RY4, RY3
( 1, 3), RY2 ( 1, 3), RY1, . RY3 RY2
BOOST/TRIM. , , RY3 RY2
W1 W2.
K = W2 / (W2 + W1)
, .
W1
RY3 RY2.
K = W2 / (W2 - W1)
, . 12%, Power Chute.

RY2RY5, -, , 230 , 50 .
V1, V3, V4,
L1, 1416 (. 5).
1 . 2
. , RTH1 -
IC10 (ADC0838) (. 6).
1
. (
) c IC7
Q6. 2 Smart TRIM/BOOST. 23 24 IC12 (. 6) BOOST
TRIM Q43 Q49
RY3 RY2 .
(PHAS-REF) 5 T1 Q41 14 IC12 (. 6).
Smart-UPS IC12 (S87C654), :
. , , ;

;
(Netware, Windows NT,
OS/2, Scounix Unix Ware, Windows 95/98),
Power
Chute plus;
(
Smart Boost) ( Smart Trim) ,
;

. 4. Smart-UPS Smart-UPS/VS

. 5.

. 6.

. 7.

3. Smart-Ups 450VA700VA

.
(12 ,
150 )

,
, .
. .
IC16


.
,
, .

F3
Q5

SW2

F3

F3.
Q5 Q6


APC

.

-.

L1, L2
1

MV1MV4

1. :
D18D20, C63 C10


17

17

44 52

. I3 D20. D20
1N4937

1. 4

I15

I15. 8 5 B.
: I12, I8, I17,
I14 .


. 4, 5, 6, 0.
0 .

I14. 8 . 9 I14,
, 88 I17

.
(12 , 150 )

I12

I12


: I11, I15, Q51Q53, R115, 77

Q57Q60


On-line

Q56. : Q55,
Q54, I12. I13,
.



Q3

Q3

, , ;
;
( Power) ;
, , ( ),
.
EEPROM IC13 , , ,
, .
- IC15
(DAC-08CN) 2 ,
IC17 (APC2010).
- IC14 (APC2020) IC17.
Q9Q14, Q19Q24 .
- Q12Q14 Q22Q24, Q19Q21
Q9Q11 . Q19Q21 Q9Q11, Q12Q14
Q22Q24 . Q27Q30, Q32,
Q33, Q35, Q36 ,
,

.
, W5
() W6 ().
230 , 50
.

.
SNMP, :
Power Net SNMP,
;
, ;

Call-UPS,
.
, : 24 , 12 ,
5 -8 .
. 2.
22. Smart-Ups 450VA700VA
. 3.
On-line.


APC ( 2)

OFF-LINE
Off-line
Back-UPS.
, , ,
. Back-UPS 250 1250 .
. 1.
I (International)
, 230 .
35 ur Bat.
-, . , .
,
, . BK400I BK600I
,
,

.
Back-UPS 250I, 400I
600I . 1. . .
, . , .
- LC- . 3 5 RY1 ,
, . , .
, , 3 4 , ,
.
5 ,

.
50 ,
5 , 300 ,
225 . , 208 . Smart-UPS,
Back-UPS ,
.
Back-UPS 250I, 400I
600I . 24.

MOV2, MOV5, L1 L2,
C38 40 (. 2). 1
(. 3) .
( D4D8, IC1,
R9R11, C3 VR1) .
1.
Back-UPS

BK250I

BK400I
220240
50

,

,

320

,



IEEE 587 Cat. A 6kVA, %

6500

,

,

,
,
()

166196

<1

225 5%
50 3%
250 (170) 400 (250) 600 (400)


-

,

,
,
90-%
50%,

91
,

,

( ),
,

BK600I

0,51,0
<5
5
26

1 12

26

10

10

<40
>5
168 119 361
5,4

9,5

11,3

. 1.
, IC2IC4
IC7 , . ACFAIL
IC3 IC4. , IC4 ( 6, 7, 1) IC6 ( 10, 11, 12),
. 1,
1 13 IC2.
, R55, R122,
R123 SW1 ( 2, 7 3, 6), , ,
. 196 . , ,
,

.
VR2.
IC7 PUSHPL1
PUSHPL2. Q4Q6 Q36, Q1Q3 Q37. .
225 50 , .
VR3, VR4 (. 3).
IC3 ( 36), IC6
( 35, 6, 8, 9) IC5 ( 13 1113). SW1 ( 1 8), IC5 ( 46
810), IC2 ( 810), IC3 ( 1 2), IC10
( 12 13), D30, D31, D18, Q9, BZ1 (. 4) , .
5
,
, .. .
.
4 5 SW1 ,

2 , 5 .
1 8 SW1.
Back-UPS, BK250I,

. Power Chute Plus
,
(Novell, Netware,
Windows NT, IBM OS/2, Lan Server, Scounix Unix Ware,
Windows 95/98), .
. 4 J14.
:
1 - UPS SHUTDOWN. ,
. 1 0,5 .
2 - AC FAIL.
. 1.
3 - CC AC FAIL.
. 0. .
4, 9 DB-9 GROUND. / . 20 .
5 CC LOW BATTERY.
. 0. .
6 OC AC FAIL.
. 1. .
7, 8 .
TT-. 50 ,
40 . , .
-
,
RS-232 9- .


.
. , VR4
50 0,6 .

. 2.

. 3.

. 4.

2. Back-UPS 250I, 400I 600I



,


(
)

RY1

/
,


MOV2, MOV5, L1, L2, C38, C40,
,
, ,
,



.
,
3 100 ,
- Q1Q6, Q37, Q36.
,
. R1R3,
R6R8, R147, R148. Q30, Q31
D36D38 D41. F1 F2
IC2
1.
, 1.
F3

. ,
, ..
,

RY1 Q10 (BUZ71).
IC4 IC3

,
.
.
. ,

.
, ,

.
12 , 150


. ,

D8

D8.
10


. . VR3
208 2 .


2 3,
, OFF. .
196 .

3.

IC1
IC2

LM317T
CD4001

IC3, IC10

74C14

IC4
IC5
IC6
D4D8, D47,
D25D28
Q10
Q22
Q8, Q21, Q35, Q31,
Q12, Q9, Q27, Q28,
Q32, Q33
Q11, Q29, Q25, Q26,
Q24
Q1Q6, Q36, Q37

LM339
CD4011
CD4066

LM117H, LM117K
5615
5611,

K1401CA1
5617
5613

1N4005

1N4006, 1N4007, BY126, BY127, BY133, BY134, 1N56181N5622, 1N4937

BUZ71
IRF743

BUZ10, 2SK673, 2SK971, BUK442BUK450, BUK543BUK550


IRF742, MTP10N35, MTP10N40, 2SK554, 2SK555

PN2222

2N2222, BS540, BS541, BSW61BSW 64, 2N4014

PN2907

2N2907, 2N40262N4029

IRFZ42

BUZ11, BUZ12, PRFZ42

VR2 , VR2
, .

VR1
13,76 0,2
, .


230 . , . , -



. 2, . 3 .