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9

2
2015

(Schole)


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2007 .

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: afonasin@gmail.com
: egorochkin@torba.com
: www.nsu.ru/classics/schole/

ISSN 1995-4328 (Print)


ISSN 1995-4336 (Online)

, 2015

, 20072015


ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY AND
THE CLASSICAL TRADITION

VOLUME 9
ISSUE 2
2015

FROM THE ANALYTICAL POINT OF VIEW:


LAW AND PHILOSOPHY

(Schole)
ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY AND THE CLASSICAL TRADITION
Editor-in-Chief
Eugene V. Afonasin (Novosibirsk)
Executive Secretary
Anna S. Afonasina (Novosibirsk)
Reviews and Bibliography
Michael V. Egorochkin (Moscow)
Editorial Board
Igor V. Berestov (Novosibirsk), Pavel A. Butakov (Novosibirsk),
John Dillon (Dublin), Svetlana V. Mesyats (Moscow), Dominic OMeara (Friburg),
Eugene V. Orlov (Novosibirsk), Vadim B. Prozorov (Moscow), Andrei I. Schetnikov
(Novosibirsk), Teun Tieleman (Utrecht), Marina N. Wolf (Novosibirsk)
Advisory Committee
Sergey S. Avanesov (Tomsk), Leonidas Bargeliotes (AthensAncient Olympia), Luc
Brisson (Paris), Levan Gigineishvili (Tbilisi), Vasily P. Goran (Novosibirsk),
Vladimir S. Diev (Novosibirsk), Sergey P. Shevtsov (Odessa), Vitaly V. Tselitschev
(Novosibirsk), Alexey V. Tzyb (St. Petersburg)
Established at
Novosibirsk State University
Institute of Philosophy and Law (Novosibirsk, Russia)
The journal is published twice a year since March 2007
The address for correspondence
Philosophy Department, Novosibirsk State University,
Pirogov Street, 2, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
E-mail addresses:
Articles and translations: afonasin@gmail.com
Reviews and bibliography: egorochkin@torba.com
On-line version: www.nsu.ru/classics/schole/
ISSN 1995-4328 (Print)
ISSN 1995-4336 (Online)

Aquilo Press, 2015


The Center for Ancient Philosophy and
the Classical Tradition, 20072015

/ CONTENTS
:
FROM THE ANALYTICAL POINT OF VIEW: LAW AND PHILOSOPHY
- :
211
?
. . , . .
, aletheia
221
. .
per genus proximum et differentiam specificam

228
. . , . .
to lekton Sinn
241
.
. .


253
. .

260

. .
:

265
. .
VARIA
/ ARTICLES
Consciousness of Self, of Time and of Death in Greek Philosophy: Some
Reflections
DOMINIC OMEARA
-
. .

. .
. I 8 ( )
. . , ,


110[109]
. .
Vol. 9. 2 (2015)
www.nsu.ru/classics/schole

283
292

306
312

316

210

/ Contents


. .
IV .: -
(1)
. .

, . VII
. .

. .

. .
Hybris
. .
versus
. .

. .

331

339

350
353
363
373
380
394

/ REVIEWS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY




. .
? .

. .
.
. . :
. .
Origen in Russian Philosophy
ALEXEY KAMENSKIKH

. .

404

425

436

447
461

/ EVENTS AND ANNOUNCEMENTS


/ Double anniversary

465

/ ABSTRACTS

468


. .


afonasina@gmail.com
ANNA AFONASINA
Tomsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk State University, Russia
EMPEDOCLES ON BREATHING
ABSTRACT. In Fr. B 100 DK Empedocles famously compares the principle of breathing with
this of clepsydra. This simile provoked a scholarly controversy. The main question is what
kind of breathing Empedocles describes the breathing through the skin or the breathing
through the mouth and nostrils? In this article I consider various solutions to the problem,
suggested by different scholars (Powell 1923, Last 1924, Furley 1957, Booth 1960, Bollack
1965, OBrien 1970), and incline to accept the idea that Empedocles describes a form of
breathing through the skin with a qualification that the skin in question is the outer membrane of the respiratory apparatus rather than the outer covering of the living body, as it was
previously thought. This article is the first part of the future analysis of Empedocles views on
physical mechanisms of living beings and their sense perceptions.
KEYWORDS: clepsydra, breathing, Aristotle, the effect of simile.
* ,
( 15-18-10002).


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. . / Vol. 9. 2 (2015)

357

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. . / Vol. 9. 2 (2015)

359

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. . / Vol. 9. 2 (2015)

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362

, . (1934) . -.
Barnes, J., ed. (1984) The complete works of Aristotle. Princeton.
Bollack, J. (1965) Empdocle I: Introduction lancienne physique. Paris.
Booth, N. B. (1960) Empedocles account of breathing, The Journal of Hellenic Studies 80,
1015.
Clagett, M. (1995) Ancient Egyptian Science: Calendars, clocks, and astronomy. Vol. II. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia.
Diels, H., Kranz, W., hrsg. (1959) Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker. Berlin.
Furley, D. J. (1957) Empedocles and the clepsydra, The Journal of Hellenic Studies 77, 3134.
Guthrie, W. K. Ch., tr. (1939) Aristotle, On the Heavens. Cambridge, Mass.
Hannah, R. (2009) Time in Antiquity. London.
Last, H. (1924) Empedocles and his klepsydra again, The Classical Quarterly 28, 169-173.
Lommatzsch, B. H. C. (1830) Die Weisheit des Empedokles. Berlin.
OBrien, D. (1970) The Effect of a Simile: Empedocles Theories of Seeing and Breathing,
The Journal of Hellenic Studies 90, 140179.
Powell, J. U. (1923) The Simile of Clepsydra in Empedocles, The Classical Quarterly 17,
172174.
Primavesi, O. (2008) Empedokles Physika I: Eine Rekonstruktion des zentralen Gedankengangs. Berlin.
Schaldach, K. (2004) The Arachne of the Amphiareion and the origin of gnomonics in
Greece, Journal for the History of Astronomy 35, 43545.
Young, S. (1939) An Athenian Klepsydra, Hesperia 8, 274284.