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PRCTICAS DE

NEUMTICA
BSICA
AUTOMATIZACION INDUSTRIAL
En esta primera seccin de prcticas se analizara el funcionamiento de las vlvulas y
actuadores dentro de esquemas neumticos sencillos.

PRCTICAS DE NEUMTICA BSICA


PRACTICA N 1
1. OBJETIVO: Gobernar un cilindro de simple efecto retorno por muelle accionado
por una vlvula 3/2NC, con regulacin de caudal.
2. MATERIALES:
Cantidad

Elemento

Simbologa

3. FUNCIONAMIENTO:
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

AUTOMATIZACION INDUSTRIAL Pgina 1

PRCTICAS DE NEUMTICA BSICA


4. DIAGRAMA POSICIN FASE DEL C.D.S.E:
Posicin

Elemento

Fase
0

CILINDRO 1.0

+
-

5. CIRCUITOS NEUMTICO:

6. OBSERVACIONES:
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

AUTOMATIZACION INDUSTRIAL Pgina 2

PRCTICAS DE NEUMTICA BSICA


PRACTICA N 2
1. OBJETIVO: Gobernar un cilindro de simple efecto retorno por muelle con mando
indirecto por una vlvula 3/2NC, con regulacin de caudal.
2. MATERIALES:
Cantidad

Elemento

Simbologa

3. FUNCIONAMIENTO:
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

AUTOMATIZACION INDUSTRIAL Pgina 3

PRCTICAS DE NEUMTICA BSICA


4. DIAGRAMA POSICIN FASE DEL C.D.S.E:
Posicin

Elemento

Fase
0

CILINDRO 1.0

+
-

5. CIRCUITOS NEUMTICO:

6. OBSERVACIONES:
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

AUTOMATIZACION INDUSTRIAL Pgina 4

PRCTICAS DE NEUMTICA BSICA

PRACTICA N 3
1. OBJETIVO: Gobernar un cilindro de doble efecto gobernado por dos vlvulas
3/2NC, con regulacin de caudal.
2. MATERIALES:
Cantidad

Elemento

Simbologa

3. FUNCIONAMIENTO:
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

AUTOMATIZACION INDUSTRIAL Pgina 5

PRCTICAS DE NEUMTICA BSICA


4. DIAGRAMA POSICIN FASE DEL C.D.S.E:
Posicin

Elemento

Fase
0

CILINDRO 1.0

+
-

5. CIRCUITOS NEUMTICO:

6. OBSERVACIONES:
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

PRACTICA N 4
AUTOMATIZACION INDUSTRIAL Pgina 6

PRCTICAS DE NEUMTICA BSICA

1. OBJETIVO: Gobernar un cilindro de doble efecto desde dos puestos utilizando


una vlvula selectora y una vlvula de simultaneidad.
2. MATERIALES:
Cantidad

Elemento

3. FUNCIONAMIENTO:
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

4. DIAGRAMA POSICIN FASE DEL C.D.S.E:


AUTOMATIZACION INDUSTRIAL Pgina 7

PRCTICAS DE NEUMTICA BSICA

Posicin

Elemento

Fase
0

CILINDRO 1.0

+
-

5. CIRCUITOS NEUMTICO:

6. OBSERVACIONES:
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

AUTOMATIZACION INDUSTRIAL Pgina 8

PRCTICAS DE NEUMTICA BSICA

PRACTICA N 5
1. OBJETIVO: Gobernar un cilindro de doble efecto con mando indirectamente
desde dos puestos simultneamente.
2. MATERIALES:
Cantidad

Elemento

3. FUNCIONAMIENTO:
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

AUTOMATIZACION INDUSTRIAL Pgina 9

PRCTICAS DE NEUMTICA BSICA

4. DIAGRAMA POSICIN FASE DEL C.D.S.E:


Posicin

Elemento

Fase
0

CILINDRO 1.0

+
-

5. CIRCUITOS NEUMTICO:

6. OBSERVACIONES:
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
PRACTICA N 6
AUTOMATIZACION INDUSTRIALPgina 10

PRCTICAS DE NEUMTICA BSICA

OBJETIVO: Accionar en secuencia semiautomtica en un cilindro de doble efecto.


1. MATERIALES:
Cantidad

Elemento

2. FUNCIONAMIENTO:
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

3. DIAGRAMA POSICIN FASE DEL C.D.S.E:

AUTOMATIZACION INDUSTRIALPgina 11

PRCTICAS DE NEUMTICA BSICA

Posicin

Elemento

Fase
0

CILINDRO 1.0

+
-

4. CIRCUITOS NEUMTICO:

5. OBSERVACIONES:
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

AUTOMATIZACION INDUSTRIALPgina 12

PRCTICAS DE NEUMTICA BSICA


PRACTICA N 7
OBJETIVO: Accionar en secuencia automtica en un cilindro de doble efecto.
1. MATERIALES:
Cantidad

Elemento

2. FUNCIONAMIENTO:
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

AUTOMATIZACION INDUSTRIALPgina 13

PRCTICAS DE NEUMTICA BSICA


3. DIAGRAMA POSICIN FASE DEL C.D.S.E:
Posicin

Elemento

Fase
0

CILINDRO 1.0

+
-

4. CIRCUITOS NEUMTICO:

AUTOMATIZACION INDUSTRIALPgina 14

PRCTICAS DE NEUMTICA BSICA

1S2

1S3

1A

1 V2

5
2
1

3
1

1
1 V1

1S2
1 S1

1S3
1

0Z

5. OBSERVACIONES:
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

AUTOMATIZACION INDUSTRIALPgina 15

PRCTICAS DE NEUMTICA BSICA


PRACTICA N 8
OBJETIVO: Gobernar dos cilindros en secuencia automtica.
1. MATERIALES:
Cantidad

Elemento

2. FUNCIONAMIENTO:
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

AUTOMATIZACION INDUSTRIALPgina 16

PRCTICAS DE NEUMTICA BSICA

Elemento

Cilindro 1.0

Posicin

3. DIAGRAMA POSICIN FASE DEL C.D.S.E:


Fase
1

+
-

Cilindro 2.0

+
-

4. CIRCUITOS NEUMTICO:

5. OBSERVACIONES:
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

AUTOMATIZACION INDUSTRIALPgina 17

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