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INDAL CHART

Dimension of Al.
Bus bar

Total Cross Section Per Phase ( sq. mm)

AC Current at an ambient of 35 deg & rise Correctio


50 deg.
n Factor

Derated current considering correction


factor as .667

Width
(mm)

Thickness
(mm)

25.4

6.35

161.29

322.58

483.87

645.16

355

705

970

1100

0.667

236.785

470.235

646.99

733.7

38.1

6.35

241.94

483.87

725.81

967.74

520

1020

1350

1535

0.667

346.84

680.34

900.45

1023.845

50.8

6.35

322.58

645.16

967.74

1290.32

670

1290

1705

1940

0.667

446.89

860.43

1137.235

1293.98

63.5

6.35

403.23

806.45

1209.68

1612.90

810

1510

2000

2260

0.667

540.27

1007.17

1334

1507.42

76.2

6.35

483.87

967.74

1451.61

1935.48

960

1740

2310

2620

0.667

640.32

1160.58

1540.77

1747.54

101.6

6.35

645.16

1290.32

1935.48

2580.64

1235

2140

2800

3200

0.667

823.745

1427.38

1867.6

2134.4

127

6.35

806.45

1612.90

2419.35

3225.80

1505

2510

3240

3700

0.667

2161.08

2467.9

152.4

6.35

967.74

1935.48

2903.22

3870.96

1780

2860

3680

4240

0.667

1187.26

1907.62

2454.56

2828.08

50.8

9.53

484.12

968.25

1452.37

1936.50

830

1500

1970

2260

0.667

553.61

1000.5

1313.99

1507.42

76.2

9.53

726.19

1452.37

2178.56

2904.74

1180

2050

2660

3030

0.667

787.06

1367.35

1774.22

2021.01

101.6

9.53

968.25

1936.50

2904.74

3872.99

1495

2480

3150

3560

0.667

997.165

1654.16

2101.05

2374.52

127

9.53

1210.31

2420.62

3630.93

4841.24

1860

2930

3660

4200

0.667

1240.62

1954.31

2441.22

2801.4

152.4

9.53

1452.37

2904.74

4357.12

5809.49

2120

3340

4080

4680

0.667

1414.04

2227.78

2721.36

3121.56

203.2

9.53

1936.50

3872.99

5809.49

7745.98

2750

4150

4900

5740

0.667

1834.25

2768.05

3268.3

3828.58

76.2

12.7

967.74

1935.48

2903.22

3870.96

1355

2240

2830

3240

0.667

903.785

1494.08

1887.61

2161.08

101.6

12.7

1290.32

2580.64

3870.96

5161.28

1740

2720

3360

3900

0.667

1160.58

1814.24

2241.12

2601.3

127

12.7

1612.90

3225.80

4838.70

6451.60

2080

3120

3900

4550

0.667

1387.36

2081.04

2601.3

3034.85

152.4

12.7

1935.48

3870.96

5806.44

7741.92

2420

3500

4400

5100

0.667

1614.14

2334.5

2934.8

3401.7

203.2

12.7

2580.64

5161.28

7741.92

10322.56

3060

4450

5300

6150

0.667

2041.02

2968.15

3535.1

4102.05

254

12.7

3225.80

6451.60

9677.40

12903.20

3640

5000

6000

6850

0.667

2427.88

3335

4002

4568.95

No. of bars

No. of bars

0.667

No. of bars

1003.835 1674.17

CALCULATION OF ALUMINIUM dropper for 800A

PARAMETERS
Feeder Rating

800 A

Size of Aluminium Bus Bar considered

2x50x10 mm2

i.e. Runs/Phase

2 mm

Width

50 mm

Thickness

10 mm

Current rating as per INDAL Aluminium ( E91)=0.97*EIE M


grade current

1455 A

Design Ambient Temperature

50 C

Rise in Temperature allowed

40 oC

Final Temperature Permitted


Size of Bus Bar enclosure
i.e. Height
Depth
Fault current (for 1 sec)
Duration of Fault
Grade of Al. dropper

A.

for EIE-M grade (Amp)

90
175 x 800
175
800
50000

C
sq.mm
mm
mm
A
o

1 s
E91-E

MINIMUM CONDUCTOR SIZE


Formula
to determine the minimum size of conductor for any fault level:
t = (k/100) x ( Isc/A)2 x (1+ 20 . ) x t
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and Application Handbook, Page 865)
t= temperature rise above operating temp. in deg. C
100 oC

(190-90)oC

95 oC

(185-90)oC
Isc= symmetrical fault current in r.m.s in Amps.
A= cross sectional area of conductor in mm 2
20= temperature coefficient of resistence at 20 deg C/deg C
0.00403 for pure Aluminium
0.00363 for Aluminium alloy
0.00393 for pure copper
= operating temperature of the conductor at which the fault occurs
k=
1.166 for aluminium
0.52 for copper
t= duration of fault in seconds

Aluminium starts softening at a temperature of around 180-200 deg.As a rule of thumb for
Al conductor,on a fault a safe temperature rise of 100 deg above the allowable end temperature
of 90 deg of the conductor during normal condition has been considered & taken as the basis
to determine the minimum size of the conductor

Final temp. allowed for busbar after short circuit is 190 deg C
By putting all values in the above equation

1500

100 = (1.166/100) ( 50000/A)2 (1+ 0.00363 x 90) x 1


A=
630.26 sq.mm
for pure Al.
621.88 sq.mm
for Al alloy
646.63 sq.mm
638.03 sq.mm

( final temp 190 i.e. 90+100)


( final temp 190 i.e. 90+100)

for pure Al.


for Al alloy

( final temp 185 i.e. 90+95)


( final temp 185 i.e. 90+95)

B.

THERMAL RATING

I.

DERATING FACTOR ON ACCOUNT OF HIGHER AMBIENT


TEMPERATURE
Design Ambient Temperature

50 oC

Rise in Temperature allowed

40 oC

Derating Factor k1 :
0.88
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and Application Handbook, Page 870,871)

II.

DERATING DUE TO ENCLOSURE


Cross sectional area of busbar
cross sectional area of enclosure

= No. of Phase x (Cross Section per Phase) x 100


cross sectional area of enclosure

= 300000
140000
As per table 5(enclosed) of INDAL paper on INDAL Al. Bus Bar,

the derating factor, k2 :

if ratio is less than 5%

0.75

2.1428571429

III. DERATING DUE TO PROXIMITY EFFECT


Busbar rating is lower than 1600A
So,the derating due to proximity effect will be , k3 :
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and Application Handbook, Page 887)

IV.

DERATING DUE TO BUSBAR MATERIAL


Grade :
Electrolytic gr. Al.(D50SWP)
Derating Factor , k4 :

V.

0.95

i.e. E91-E

( INDAL ALLOY)

TOTAL DERATING FACTOR


Total derating = derating due to ambient x derating due to enclosure x derating due
to proximity effect x derating due to busbar material
= k1 x k2 x k3 x k4
0.627
So, the cross section of dropper required for 630 A out going ACB shall cary 630A after
considering all derating factors = (Combined derating factor) x ( Current from Indal Data Sheet)
=(k1 x k2 x k3 x k4) x ( Current from Indal Data Sheet)
912.285

So,the busbar size choosen from Indal sheet shall be capable of


carrying
912.285 A

CALCULATION OF ALUMINIUM dropper for 1000/1250A

PARAMETERS
Feeder Rating

1000/1250

Size of Aluminium Bus Bar considered

3x50x10 mm2

i.e. Runs/Phase

3 mm

Width

50 mm

Thickness

10 mm

Current rating as per INDAL Aluminium ( E91)=0.97*EIE M


grade current

1998.2 A

Design Ambient Temperature

50 C

Rise in Temperature allowed

40 oC

Final Temperature Permitted


Size of Bus Bar enclosure
i.e. Height
Depth
Fault current (for 1 sec)
Duration of Fault
Grade of Al. dropper

A.

for EIE-M grade (A)

90
175 x 800
175
800
50000

C
sq.mm
mm
mm
A
o

1 s
E91-E

MINIMUM CONDUCTOR SIZE


Formula
to determine the minimum size of conductor for any fault level:
t = (k/100) x ( Isc/A)2 x (1+ 20 . ) x t
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and Application Handbook, Page 865)
t= temperature rise above operating temp. in deg. C
100 oC

(190-90)oC

95 oC

(185-90)oC
Isc= symmetrical fault current in r.m.s in Amps.
A= cross sectional area of conductor in mm 2
20= temperature coefficient of resistence at 20 deg C/deg C
0.00403 for pure Aluminium
0.00363 for Aluminium alloy
0.00393 for pure copper
= operating temperature of the conductor at which the fault occurs
k=
1.166 for aluminium
0.52 for copper
t= duration of fault in seconds

Aluminium starts softening at a temperature of around 180-200 deg.As a rule of thumb for
Al conductor,on a fault a safe temperature rise of 100 deg above the allowable end temperature
of 90 deg of the conductor during normal condition has been considered & taken as the basis
to determine the minimum size of the conductor

Final temp. allowed for busbar after short circuit is 190 deg C
By putting all values in the above equation

2060

100 = (1.166/100) ( 50000/A)2 (1+ 0.00363 x 90) x 1


A=
630.26 sq.mm
for pure Al.
621.88 sq.mm
for Al alloy
646.63 sq.mm
638.03 sq.mm

( final temp 190 i.e. 90+100)


( final temp 190 i.e. 90+100)

for pure Al.


for Al alloy

( final temp 185 i.e. 90+95)


( final temp 185 i.e. 90+95)

B.

THERMAL RATING

I.

DERATING FACTOR ON ACCOUNT OF HIGHER AMBIENT


TEMPERATURE
Design Ambient Temperature

50 oC

Rise in Temperature allowed

40 oC

Derating Factor k1 :
0.88
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and Application Handbook, Page 870,871)

II.

DERATING DUE TO ENCLOSURE


Cross sectional area of busbar
cross sectional area of enclosure

= No. of Phase x (Cross Section per Phase) x 100


cross sectional area of enclosure

= 450000
140000
As per table 5(enclosed) of INDAL paper on INDAL Al. Bus Bar,

the derating factor, k2 :

if ratio is less than 5%

0.75

3.2142857143

III. DERATING DUE TO PROXIMITY EFFECT


Busbar rating is lower than 1600A
So,the derating due to proximity effect will be , k3 :
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and Application Handbook, Page 887)

IV.

DERATING DUE TO BUSBAR MATERIAL


Grade :
Electrolytic gr. Al.(D50SWP)
Derating Factor , k4 :

V.

0.95

i.e. E91-E

( INDAL ALLOY)

TOTAL DERATING FACTOR


Total derating = derating due to ambient x derating due to enclosure x derating due
to proximity effect x derating due to busbar material
= k1 x k2 x k3 x k4
0.627
So, the cross section of dropper required for 630 A out going ACB shall cary 630A after
considering all derating factors = (Combined derating factor) x ( Current from Indal Data Sheet)
=(k1 x k2 x k3 x k4) x ( Current from Indal Data Sheet)
1252.8714

So,the busbar size choosen from Indal sheet shall be capable of


carrying
1252.8714 A

CALCULATION OF ALUMINIUM dropper for 1250/1600A

PARAMETERS
Feeder Rating

1250/1600

Size of Aluminium Bus Bar considered

4x50x10 mm2

i.e. Runs/Phase

4 mm

Width

50 mm

Thickness

10 mm

Current rating as per INDAL Aluminium ( E91)=0.97*EIE M


grade current

2429.85 A

Design Ambient Temperature

50 C

Rise in Temperature allowed

40 oC

Final Temperature Permitted


Size of Bus Bar enclosure
i.e. Height
Depth
Fault current (for 1 sec)
Duration of Fault
Grade of Al. dropper

A.

for EIE-M grade (A)

90
175 x 800
175
800
50000

C
sq.mm
mm
mm
A
o

1 s
E91-E

MINIMUM CONDUCTOR SIZE


Formula
to determine the minimum size of conductor for any fault level:
t = (k/100) x ( Isc/A)2 x (1+ 20 . ) x t
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and Application Handbook, Page 865)
t= temperature rise above operating temp. in deg. C
100 oC

(190-90)oC

95 oC

(185-90)oC
Isc= symmetrical fault current in r.m.s in Amps.
A= cross sectional area of conductor in mm 2
20= temperature coefficient of resistence at 20 deg C/deg C
0.00403 for pure Aluminium
0.00363 for Aluminium alloy
0.00393 for pure copper
= operating temperature of the conductor at which the fault occurs
k=
1.166 for aluminium
0.52 for copper
t= duration of fault in seconds

Aluminium starts softening at a temperature of around 180-200 deg.As a rule of thumb for
Al conductor,on a fault a safe temperature rise of 100 deg above the allowable end temperature
of 90 deg of the conductor during normal condition has been considered & taken as the basis
to determine the minimum size of the conductor

Final temp. allowed for busbar after short circuit is 190 deg C
By putting all values in the above equation

2505

100 = (1.166/100) ( 50000/A)2 (1+ 0.00363 x 90) x 1


A=
630.26 sq.mm
for pure Al.
621.88 sq.mm
for Al alloy
646.63 sq.mm
638.03 sq.mm

( final temp 190 i.e. 90+100)


( final temp 190 i.e. 90+100)

for pure Al.


for Al alloy

( final temp 185 i.e. 90+95)


( final temp 185 i.e. 90+95)

B.

THERMAL RATING

I.

DERATING FACTOR ON ACCOUNT OF HIGHER AMBIENT


TEMPERATURE
Design Ambient Temperature

50 oC

Rise in Temperature allowed

40 oC

Derating Factor k1 :
0.88
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and Application Handbook, Page 870,871)

II.

DERATING DUE TO ENCLOSURE


Cross sectional area of busbar
cross sectional area of enclosure

= No. of Phase x (Cross Section per Phase) x 100


cross sectional area of enclosure

= 600000
140000
As per table 5(enclosed) of INDAL paper on INDAL Al. Bus Bar,

the derating factor, k2 :

if ratio is less than 5%

0.75

4.2857142857

III. DERATING DUE TO PROXIMITY EFFECT


Busbar rating is lower than 1600A
So,the derating due to proximity effect will be , k3 :
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and Application Handbook, Page 887)

IV.

DERATING DUE TO BUSBAR MATERIAL


Grade :
Electrolytic gr. Al.(D50SWP)
Derating Factor , k4 :

V.

0.95

i.e. E91-E

( INDAL ALLOY)

TOTAL DERATING FACTOR


Total derating = derating due to ambient x derating due to enclosure x derating due
to proximity effect x derating due to busbar material
= k1 x k2 x k3 x k4
0.627
So, the cross section of dropper required for 630 A out going ACB shall cary 630A after
considering all derating factors = (Combined derating factor) x ( Current from Indal Data Sheet)
=(k1 x k2 x k3 x k4) x ( Current from Indal Data Sheet)
1523.51595

So,the busbar size choosen from Indal sheet shall be capable of


carrying
1523.51595 A

CALCULATION OF ALUMINIUM BUS LINK for 800A

PARAMETERS
Feeder Rating

800 A

Size of Aluminium Bus Bar considered

2x76.2x6.35 mm2

i.e. Runs/Phase

2 mm

Width

76.2 mm

Thickness

6.35 mm

Current rating as per INDAL Aluminium ( E91)=0.97*EIE M


grade current

1740 A

Design Ambient Temperature

50 oC

Rise in Temperature allowed

40 oC

Final Temperature Permitted


Size of Bus Bar enclosure
i.e. Height
Depth
Fault current (for 1 sec)
Duration of Fault
Grade of Al. dropper

A.

90
175 x 800
175
800
50000

C
sq.mm
mm
mm
A
o

1 s
E91-E

MINIMUM CONDUCTOR SIZE


Formula
to determine the minimum size of conductor for any fault level:
t = (k/100) x ( Isc/A)2 x (1+ 20 . ) x t
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and Application Handbook, Page 865)
t= temperature rise above operating temp. in deg. C
100 oC

(190-90)oC

95 oC

(185-90)oC
Isc= symmetrical fault current in r.m.s in Amps.
A= cross sectional area of conductor in mm 2
20= temperature coefficient of resistence at 20 deg C/deg C
0.00403 for pure Aluminium
0.00363 for Aluminium alloy
0.00393 for pure copper
= operating temperature of the conductor at which the fault occurs
k=
1.166 for aluminium
0.52 for copper
t= duration of fault in seconds

Aluminium starts softening at a temperature of around 180-200 deg.As a rule of thumb for
Al conductor,on a fault a safe temperature rise of 100 deg above the allowable end temperature
of 90 deg of the conductor during normal condition has been considered & taken as the basis
to determine the minimum size of the conductor

Final temp. allowed for busbar after short circuit is 190 deg C
By putting all values in the above equation

100 = (1.166/100) ( 50000/A)2 (1+ 0.00363 x 90) x 1


A=
630.26 sq.mm
for pure Al.
621.88 sq.mm
for Al alloy
646.63 sq.mm
638.03 sq.mm

( final temp 190 i.e. 90+100)


( final temp 190 i.e. 90+100)

for pure Al.


for Al alloy

( final temp 185 i.e. 90+95)


( final temp 185 i.e. 90+95)

B.

THERMAL RATING

I.

DERATING FACTOR ON ACCOUNT OF HIGHER AMBIENT


TEMPERATURE
Design Ambient Temperature

50 oC

Rise in Temperature allowed

40 oC

Derating Factor k1 :
0.88
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and Application Handbook, Page 870,871)

II.

DERATING DUE TO ENCLOSURE


Cross sectional area of busbar
cross sectional area of enclosure

= No. of Phase x (Cross Section per Phase) x 100


cross sectional area of enclosure

= 290322
140000
As per table 5(enclosed) of INDAL paper on INDAL Al. Bus Bar,

the derating factor, k2 :

if ratio is less than 5%

0.75

2.0737285714

III. DERATING DUE TO PROXIMITY EFFECT


Busbar rating is lower than 1600A
So,the derating due to proximity effect will be , k3 :
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and Application Handbook, Page 887)

IV.

DERATING DUE TO BUSBAR MATERIAL


Grade :
Electrolytic gr. Al.(D50SWP)
Derating Factor , k4 :

V.

0.95

i.e. E91-E

( INDAL ALLOY)

TOTAL DERATING FACTOR


Total derating = derating due to ambient x derating due to enclosure x derating due
to proximity effect x derating due to busbar material
= k1 x k2 x k3 x k4
0.627
So, the cross section of dropper required for 630 A out going ACB shall cary 630A after
considering all derating factors = (Combined derating factor) x ( Current from Indal Data Sheet)
=(k1 x k2 x k3 x k4) x ( Current from Indal Data Sheet)
1090.98

So,the busbar size choosen from Indal sheet shall be capable of


carrying
1090.98 A

CALCULATION OF ALUMINIUM BUS LINK f for 1000/1250A

PARAMETERS
Feeder Rating

1000/1250

Size of Aluminium Bus Bar considered

3x76.2x6.35 mm2

i.e. Runs/Phase

3 mm

Width

76.2 mm

Thickness

6.35 mm

Current rating as per INDAL Aluminium ( E91)=0.97*EIE M


grade current

2310 A

Design Ambient Temperature

50 oC

Rise in Temperature allowed

40 oC

Final Temperature Permitted


Size of Bus Bar enclosure
i.e. Height
Depth
Fault current (for 1 sec)
Duration of Fault
Grade of Al. dropper

A.

90
175 x 800
175
800
50000

C
sq.mm
mm
mm
A
o

1 s
E91-E

MINIMUM CONDUCTOR SIZE


Formula
to determine the minimum size of conductor for any fault level:
t = (k/100) x ( Isc/A)2 x (1+ 20 . ) x t
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and Application Handbook, Page 865)
t= temperature rise above operating temp. in deg. C
100 oC

(190-90)oC

95 oC

(185-90)oC
Isc= symmetrical fault current in r.m.s in Amps.
A= cross sectional area of conductor in mm 2
20= temperature coefficient of resistence at 20 deg C/deg C
0.00403 for pure Aluminium
0.00363 for Aluminium alloy
0.00393 for pure copper
= operating temperature of the conductor at which the fault occurs
k=
1.166 for aluminium
0.52 for copper
t= duration of fault in seconds

Aluminium starts softening at a temperature of around 180-200 deg.As a rule of thumb for
Al conductor,on a fault a safe temperature rise of 100 deg above the allowable end temperature
of 90 deg of the conductor during normal condition has been considered & taken as the basis
to determine the minimum size of the conductor

Final temp. allowed for busbar after short circuit is 190 deg C
By putting all values in the above equation

100 = (1.166/100) ( 50000/A)2 (1+ 0.00363 x 90) x 1


A=
630.26 sq.mm
for pure Al.
621.88 sq.mm
for Al alloy
646.63 sq.mm
638.03 sq.mm

( final temp 190 i.e. 90+100)


( final temp 190 i.e. 90+100)

for pure Al.


for Al alloy

( final temp 185 i.e. 90+95)


( final temp 185 i.e. 90+95)

B.

THERMAL RATING

I.

DERATING FACTOR ON ACCOUNT OF HIGHER AMBIENT


TEMPERATURE
Design Ambient Temperature

50 oC

Rise in Temperature allowed

40 oC

Derating Factor k1 :
0.88
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and Application Handbook, Page 870,871)

II.

DERATING DUE TO ENCLOSURE


Cross sectional area of busbar
cross sectional area of enclosure

= No. of Phase x (Cross Section per Phase) x 100


cross sectional area of enclosure

= 435483
140000
As per table 5(enclosed) of INDAL paper on INDAL Al. Bus Bar,

the derating factor, k2 :

if ratio is less than 5%

0.75

3.1105928571

III. DERATING DUE TO PROXIMITY EFFECT


Busbar rating is lower than 1600A
So,the derating due to proximity effect will be , k3 :
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and Application Handbook, Page 887)

IV.

DERATING DUE TO BUSBAR MATERIAL


Grade :
Electrolytic gr. Al.(D50SWP)
Derating Factor , k4 :

V.

0.95

i.e. E91-E

( INDAL ALLOY)

TOTAL DERATING FACTOR


Total derating = derating due to ambient x derating due to enclosure x derating due
to proximity effect x derating due to busbar material
= k1 x k2 x k3 x k4
0.627
So, the cross section of dropper required for 630 A out going ACB shall cary 630A after
considering all derating factors = (Combined derating factor) x ( Current from Indal Data Sheet)
=(k1 x k2 x k3 x k4) x ( Current from Indal Data Sheet)
1448.37

So,the busbar size choosen from Indal sheet shall be capable of


carrying
1448.37 A

CALCULATION OF ALUMINIUM BUS LINK for 1250/1600A

PARAMETERS
Feeder Rating

1250/1600

Size of Aluminium Bus Bar considered

4x76.2x6.35 mm2

i.e. Runs/Phase

4 mm

Width

76.2 mm

Thickness

6.35 mm

Current rating as per INDAL Aluminium ( E91)=0.97*EIE M


grade current

2620 A

Design Ambient Temperature

50 oC

Rise in Temperature allowed

40 oC

Final Temperature Permitted


Size of Bus Bar enclosure
i.e. Height
Depth
Fault current (for 1 sec)
Duration of Fault
Grade of Al. dropper

A.

90
175 x 800
175
800
50000

C
sq.mm
mm
mm
A
o

1 s
E91-E

MINIMUM CONDUCTOR SIZE


Formula
to determine the minimum size of conductor for any fault level:
t = (k/100) x ( Isc/A)2 x (1+ 20 . ) x t
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and Application Handbook, Page 865)
t= temperature rise above operating temp. in deg. C
100 oC

(190-90)oC

95 oC

(185-90)oC
Isc= symmetrical fault current in r.m.s in Amps.
A= cross sectional area of conductor in mm 2
20= temperature coefficient of resistence at 20 deg C/deg C
0.00403 for pure Aluminium
0.00363 for Aluminium alloy
0.00393 for pure copper
= operating temperature of the conductor at which the fault occurs
k=
1.166 for aluminium
0.52 for copper
t= duration of fault in seconds

Aluminium starts softening at a temperature of around 180-200 deg.As a rule of thumb for
Al conductor,on a fault a safe temperature rise of 100 deg above the allowable end temperature
of 90 deg of the conductor during normal condition has been considered & taken as the basis
to determine the minimum size of the conductor

Final temp. allowed for busbar after short circuit is 190 deg C
By putting all values in the above equation

100 = (1.166/100) ( 50000/A)2 (1+ 0.00363 x 90) x 1


A=
630.26 sq.mm
for pure Al.
621.88 sq.mm
for Al alloy
646.63 sq.mm
638.03 sq.mm

( final temp 190 i.e. 90+100)


( final temp 190 i.e. 90+100)

for pure Al.


for Al alloy

( final temp 185 i.e. 90+95)


( final temp 185 i.e. 90+95)

B.

THERMAL RATING

I.

DERATING FACTOR ON ACCOUNT OF HIGHER AMBIENT


TEMPERATURE
Design Ambient Temperature

50 oC

Rise in Temperature allowed

40 oC

Derating Factor k1 :
0.88
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and Application Handbook, Page 870,871)

II.

DERATING DUE TO ENCLOSURE


Cross sectional area of busbar
cross sectional area of enclosure

= No. of Phase x (Cross Section per Phase) x 100


cross sectional area of enclosure

= 580644
140000
As per table 5(enclosed) of INDAL paper on INDAL Al. Bus Bar,

the derating factor, k2 :

if ratio is less than 5%

0.75

4.1474571429

III. DERATING DUE TO PROXIMITY EFFECT


Busbar rating is lower than 1600A
So,the derating due to proximity effect will be , k3 :
( Ref: Industrial Power Engineering and Application Handbook, Page 887)

IV.

DERATING DUE TO BUSBAR MATERIAL


Grade :
Electrolytic gr. Al.(D50SWP)
Derating Factor , k4 :

V.

0.95

i.e. E91-E

( INDAL ALLOY)

TOTAL DERATING FACTOR


Total derating = derating due to ambient x derating due to enclosure x derating due
to proximity effect x derating due to busbar material
= k1 x k2 x k3 x k4
0.627
So, the cross section of dropper required for 630 A out going ACB shall cary 630A after
considering all derating factors = (Combined derating factor) x ( Current from Indal Data Sheet)
=(k1 x k2 x k3 x k4) x ( Current from Indal Data Sheet)
1642.74

So,the busbar size choosen from Indal sheet shall be capable of


carrying
1642.74 A

Operating temperature 90 deg C


Ambient temp

Permissible Bar temp rise

C
35
40
45
50

C
55
50
45
40

Derating Factor
1.05
1
0.945
0.88

55
60

35
30

0.815
0.75

Operating temperature 85 deg C


Ambient temp

Permissible Bar temp rise

C
30
35
40
45
50
55

C
55
50
45
40
35
30

Derating Factor
1.05
1
0.945
0.88
0.815
0.75

Derating Factor due to material


Electrolytic Grade i.e. E91-E

0.94

Derating Factor due to Proximity Effect


Busbar rating is lower than 1600A

0.95

Derating Factor due to enclosure


Enclosure
1.Outdoor
2.Indoor where the enclosure
itself is in a well ventillated
room
2.Indoor where the enclosure
itself is in a poorly ventillated
room & room temp is high

Ratio
<1%
5%
10%

Derating Factor
0.95
0.9
0.85

<1%
5%
10%
<1%
5%

0.85
0.75
0.65
0.65
0.6

10%

0.5