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Prepositions in relative

clauses

The relative pronouns which and whom can function as


the object of a preposition, as the examples set below:
the room in which we are staying
an achievement of which I am very proud
the man with whom she has an affair
the report to which he is referring
However this use sounds rather formal, and it is much
more common to place the preposition towards the end
of the clause rather than before the relative pronoun, as
in e.g.:
the room which we are staying in
an achievement which I am very proud of
the man who she has an affair with
the report which he is referring to

and very often the relative pronoun is left out altogether,


as in e.g.:
the room we are staying in
an achievement I am very proud of
the man she has an affair with
the report he is referring to
Note that if the verb in the relative clause is a phrasal
verb which ends with a preposition, this preposition can
never be placed in front of the relative pronouns which
or whom, e.g.:
* This is just the key issue with which I have to put up.
This is just the key issue which I have to put up with.
* wrong.

If the relative pronoun is functioning as the indirect object


of the verb in the relative clause, the prepositions to or
for are used, e.g.:
the girl (who/that)I lent my jacket to
the person (who/that) I poured a drink for