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, )

2013

51(075.5)
22.1+74.4p
- 33


20 2013 ., 3 .

.
, .. ,
..
.

, . .-. .
..

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-33 .

( 221700 , 111100
, 110900
, 080200 , 111900
-

)
/
.., ... : , 2012. 34 .
.
51(075.5)
22.1+74.4p
.., .., 2013


.. , 2013.
2


....................................................................................................................... 4
1. ........................... 6
2. ...................................................................................... 7
3. ............................................................................................. 9
3.1. ..................................................... 9
3.2. .................................................................... 10
3.2.1.

......................................................................... 10

3.2.2.

0
.......................................................................... 11
0

3.2.3. , 0 .......................................................... 13
3.2.5. - 1 ............................... 14
4. ..................................................... 15
5. .............................................................................. 16
6. ......................................................... 18
8. ................................................................................................. 21
9. ............................................................................................................. 22
10. ............................................................................................... 24
11. ........................................................................................ 30
12. ............................................................. 31
13. ................................................................................ 34

.

,
: , ,

,
.
,
, ,
.
,
,


c lim f ( x ) A, a R
x a

a D( f )

a D( f )

00


x x 1

, 0

sin x
1
x 0
x

1
lim 1 e
x
x

lim 1 e

lim

lim

sin

0 0


y f ( x ) x0 a ( a R , a D( y ) a D( y ) )


lim f ( x) f (a 0) ,

x a 0

lim f ( x) f (a 0)


f (a 0) , f (a 0)

x a 0

f (a 0) f (a 0) f (a)

f (a 0) f (a 0) f (a)
a

II

f (a 0)
f (a 0)
( )

f (a 0) f (a 0)
a

1.

n , N ,
x n f (n) x n .
a x n ,

N 1 , xn a n N1 . :
lim xn a .

(1)

1. , ,
2n 3
2.
n n 3 2

lim
1.

2n 3
,
3
n 2

2n 3
0 N ( ) : n N ( ) 3
2 .
n 2

2. , n

2n 3
2 , ..
n3 2

n .
3. n N ( ) 3 4 2 . , 2
2n 3
3 .
n 2

.
, ,
lim an a .
n

1. an

2n 2
2
, a .
3n 1
3

2. an

4n 2
, a 2.
2n 3

3. a n

4. a n

5n 2
5
, a .
3n 1
3

5. an

5n 2
, a 5.
n 1

4n 2 1
, a 4.
6. a n 2
n 2

3n 2
3
, a .
2n 1
2

6n 2
, a 3.
2n 1

3 n3
, a 1.
1 n3

8. an

10. an

3n
, a 3.
n 1

11. an

13. a n

3n 2 2
3
, a .
2
4
4n 1

14. a n

7. a n

9. a n

3 8n 2
, a 2.
1 4n 2

1 3n
, a 3.
6n

12. an

2n 3
, a 2.
n5

2 3n 2
3
, a .
2
5
4 5n

15. an

23 4n
, a 4.
2n

2.
A f (x) x a ,
0 0 , f ( x) A 0 x a .
:
lim f ( x) A .

(2)

na

lim f ( x) A , x N .
n
lim f ( x) ,

f ( x) M

na

0 x a ,

M .

f (x) x a .
lim ( x) 0 , (x) x a .
n a

x a x a , x a 0 ; x a x a
x a 0 .
f (a 0) lim f ( x) f (a 0) lim f ( x)
n a 0

(3)

n a 0

f(x)

f(x)

a .

x a

, f (a 0) f (a 0) .
15x 2 2 x 1
8.
x 1 3
x 1 3

2. , lim

1. 8 f ( x)

15x 2 2 x 1
x 1 3 ,
x 1 3

0 ( ) 0 : 0 x

1
15x 2 2 x 1
( )
8 .
3
x 1 3

2. ( ) , M ,
xM

15x 2 2 x 1
8 ,
x 1 3

..
15x 2 2 x 1
8 .
x 1 3

( ) ,
0 x

1
15x 2 2 x 1
( ) x M
8
3
x 1 3

3. :
15x 2 2 x 1
1
1
8 15x 3 8 x
x 1 3
3 15
3 15

(.. x 1 3 , .. x 1 3 0 ,
x 1 3 ). ,
15x 2 2 x 1
1 1 1 1
xM , ,
8 .
x 1 3
3 15 3 3 3 15

,
0 x

15

1
15x 2 2 x 1
1 1 1 1
( ) x , ,
8 ,
3
x 1 3
3 15 3 3 3 15

..
15x 2 2 x 1
lim
8.
x 1 3
x 1 3

.
, .
2 x 2 11 x 15
1.
1. xlim
3
x3

3x 2 2 x 8
10 .
2. xlim
2
x2

9 x 2 12 x 3
4. lim
6.
x 1 3
x 1 3

5. xlim
1

3x 2 x 2
5.
x 1
8

6 x 2 5x 1
3. lim
1.
x 1 2
x 1 2

6. lim
x 3

x2 x 6
5.
x3

7. lim
x 1

6x 2 9x 3
3.
x 1

8. lim
x 3

5 x 2 3x 2
7.
10. lim
x 1
x 1

4 x 2 15 x 9
9.
x3

9. xlim
3

2 x 2 5x 2
3.
x 1 2
x 1 2

3x 2 17 x 6
19 .
12. xlim
6
x6

15x 2 2 x 1
8.
x 1 5
x 1 5

15. lim

11. lim

3x 2 17 x 6
19.
x 1 3
x 1 3

13. lim

6 x 2 20 x 6
16 .
x3

14. lim

15x 2 2 x 1
8.
x 1 3
x 1 3

3.
3.1.

,
.
. lim f ( x) lim f ( x) .
x x
x

, lim f ( x) .

.
lim u( x) lim v( x) ,

y u( x )

y v( x )

x ,
1)

2) lim( uv) lim u lim v ;


4) lim u , lim v ,
lim(u v) ;

lim( u v) lim u lim v ;

u
v

3) lim

lim u
( lim v 0 );
lim v

6) lim v , lim

5) lim u , lim v 0, lim(uv) ;

A
0
v

( A const );
7) lim v 0, lim

8) lim u v 0 , 0 lim v 1; lim v ;

( A const 0 );
9) lim u v , lim v 1; lim v .
.
. , ,
,
, ,
.
9

3
x .
5

3. lim arctg
x 5

3
3

lim arctg
x arctg
5 arctg 3 .
x 5
3
5

, x0 5 .
, :
3.2.


,

0
, , 0, , 0 0 , 0 , 1 .
0

.
.
3.2.1.

, :
1)

;
2) : x
4. lim
x

( x 0 ).

2x 2 1
.
3x 2 4 x

1
2x 1
x 2 2 , x
lim
1 : lim 2
x 3 x 4 x
3
x 3 4
x
2

1
4
.
2
x
x

10

2
1

1
2
2 x 2 1 x , x
2 2 2


lim

.
2 : lim 2

0 3 4
x 3 x 4 x
3

3
0

.
2x 2 1
1. lim
.
x 3 x 2 4 x

5x 3 7 x
2. lim
.
x 1 2 x 3

3. lim
x

2x 2 1
.
2x 1

6. lim
x

4. lim
x

x3 1
.
x2 1

5. lim
x

7. lim
x

5 x 2 3x 2
.
2x 2 4x 1

8. lim
x

10. lim
x

2x3 3
x 6 2x 3

x3 8
.
x x 2 5 x 6

13. lim

3x 1

x 6x
.
3x 1

3x 3 x
.
4x 4 x 2 5
3x 1

9. lim
x

11. lim
x

3x 3 x 2 x 5
.
x3 5

12. lim
x

14. lim
x

7x5 x2 1
.
x6 x3 x

15. lim

3x 1
2

7x 3 x

4x 2 x 7
.
3x 2 1

x 3 2 x 2 3x 4

3.2.2.

x3 x2 1

0
0

) - . :
( x a) ,
;
5. lim
x 1

x3 x2 x 1
.
x3 x2 x 1


:
lim
x 1

x3 x2 x 1 0
( x 1) 0
x 2 ( x 1) ( x 1)
( x 1 )2 ( x 1 )

lim
0.
lim

lim
x1 2
3
2
2
x x x 1 0
x ( x 1) ( x 1) x1 ( x 1 ) ( x 1 ) x1 ( x 1) 2

) - .
:
1) ,
, ;
2) .
11


.
1 x 1
.
x

6. lim
x 0

1 x 1
1 x 12
1 x 1 0
1 x 1 1 x 1

lim
lim
lim

lim
x 0
x 0
x
x
x 1 x 1
1 x 1 x 0 x 1 x 1
0 x0
lim

x 0

7. lim
x 1

lim
x 1

x 1 x 1

x 1
x 1

lim

x 0

1
1 x 1

1
1
.
11 2

6
3
2
( t 1) ( t 1)
t 2 1
0 x t , x t , 3 x t ,

lim

lim
3
t 1 t 1
t 1 ( t 1 ) ( t 2 t 1 )
x 1 t 1
x 1 0

x 1

t 1
2
.
t 1 t t 1
3

lim

) ,
, .
,
, .
:
sin x

1 , lim
1
x 0
0 sin
x

lim

8. lim
x 0

(3)

1 cos 2 x
x2

: cos 2 x 1 2 sin 2 x ,
1 cos 2 x 0
2 sin 2 x

lim
2.

2
x 0
x2
0 x 0 x

lim


.
tgx
.
x sin 2 x

9. lim

tgx
sin x
1
1
1
0
lim
lim
lim
.
2
2
x sin 2 x
0 x 2 sin x cos x x sin x x 2 cos x 2

lim

12

.
1. lim
x 1

x2 1
.
2x 2 x 1

2. lim
x 0

4. xlim
3

( x 2 2 x 3) 2
.
x 3 4 x 2 3x

5. lim
x 1

7. xlim
16

x5 3
.
x 2 256

8. lim
x 0

sin 2 2 x
.
10. lim
x 0
x2
3

13. lim

x 0

1 x 1 x
.
x

3. lim
x 0

sin 4 x
.
x

x3 1
.
2x 2 x 1

6. lim
x 0

sin x 2
.
x

1 cos 2 x
.
x sin x

9. lim
x 0

11. lim

x 16

1 mx 1
.
x

14. lim
x 4

x 2

x
1 3x 1

12. lim
x

1 tgx 1 tgx
.
sin 2 x

sin x cos x
..
cos 2 x

15. lim
xa

ax x
.
xa

x 4

3.2.3. , 0
0

x x 2 5x .
10. xlim

, ,
,
x :

lim x x 2 5 x lim

x 2 5x x x 2 5x

x x 5x
5
5
5
lim

.
x
2
5 11
1 1
x
x

lim

5x

x x 2 5x

0
0

0

f ( x) , g ( x) 0

xa.

f ( x)
f ( x) g ( x)

1 g ( x)

(1 x)tg
11. lim
x 1

x
2

13

0
.
0

f ( x) g ( x)

g ( x)
1 f ( x)

,
.
x
lim( 1 x )tg
0 lim
x 1
x 1
2

(1 x) sin

1 x
2 lim sin x lim 1 x 1 lim

x 1
x 1
x
x
2 x1
x
cos
cos
sin
2
2
2 2

lim

x 1

sin

(1 x)

1 x

, .
1 x ,

cos


2
lim ctg
lim (1 x)tg
lim tg
lim

x 1

2
2
2 0
2

sin
2
x

lim cos
0

lim

2
1 lim

sin

2
sin

.
1
4
2
.
x 2 x 4

1. lim

x2

2. lim (1 )tgx .
x 2

x2 x 1 x2 x .
3. xlim

4. lim sin 4 x tgx .


x 2

5. xlim
tgx
2

6. xlim
x tg 2 x .
4

1
.
cos x

x 2 3x x .
7. xlim

8. lim x ln x .

9. lim

x 1

(1 e 2 x )ctgx .
10. lim
x 0

11. lim sin 2 x ctgx .

12. lim x arcctgx .

13. lim

x2

x arctgx .
14. xlim

1
12
3
.
x 2 x 8

1
2
2
.
x 1 x 1

x 0

x 0

x 2 2x x 2 x .
15. xlim

3.2.5. - 1
- 1 ( e )
.

14

1
1

. :
n

1
lim 1 e 2,7182...
n
n

(4)

1 n , lim1 e ,
1

.
x 2

12. lim
x

x 2
2 2

2
lim
1 lim1 e .
x
x

x
x

.
x

5
1. lim 1 .
x
x

1
2. lim 1 .
x
3x

x
5. lim
.
x x 1

6. lim 1 4 x .

9. lim 1 3x 2 x .

10. lim
x

x 0

1 x
x

7. lim 1 4 x .
x 0

4x 5
.
4x 3

2x

4x

11. lim
x

x 3

x 0

3x 2
.
3x 1

x 0

4. lim 1 2 x x .

1 x
x

x 0

13. lim 1
x

3. lim 1 2 x x .

x 32
14. lim

.
x
x

15. lim 1 5x .
x 0

2
3x

2x 1
8. lim
.
x 2 x 1

2x

12. lim 1 2 x
x 0

2 x
x

3x 2
16. lim

x
x 1

4.
:
ln(1 x)
a x 1
(1 x) m 1
lim
1, lim
ln a, lim
m.
x 0
x 0
x 0
x
x
x

.
4

1. lim 3
x 1

4. xlim
1

x 1
x 1

sin( x 1)
.
1 x2

sin 3 x

2. lim
x 0

3 2x 9

5. lim
x 0

ln(1 x)
.
2x
15

x 2 ax x 2 ax .
3. xlim

6. lim

x 1

3
2

.
3
1 x2
1 x

2x 5

2x 1

7. lim
x

1 cos x

x 1

8. lim
x 0

x ( 1 x 1)

9. lim
x 0

12. lim
x 0

1 x 3 1 .

15. lim
x 3

x 4 18 x 2 81
.
2 x 2 3x 9

10. lim
x 0

a 2x 1
.
x

11. lim
x 0 4

1 2x 1

13. lim
x

x sin x
.
1 5x

14. lim
x 0

x4 2
.
sin 5 x

ex 1
.
x

5x

5.
(x) (x) x a .
1. lim 0 , ,
x a

. o( ) .
2. lim m , m , , ,
x a

. , lim 1 ,
x a

. ~
, .
, , lim 0 . ,
, .. o( ) .
3. k , k 0 ,
, k .
:
10.
, .. , o( ) o( ) .
20. ,

, .. o( ) o( ) , ~ .

30. ,

, .. lim m, ~ 1 , ~ 1 , lim 1 1 m .
x a
x a

16

:
x 0 ,
sin x ~ x , tgx ~ x , arctgx ~ x , ln(1 x) ~ x .

1. t .
5t 2 2t 5 , 3t 2 2t 3 .

lim
t 0

5t 2 2t 5
5 2t 3 5

lim
.
3
3t 2 2t 3 t 0 3 2t

, ,
.
2. lim
x 0

ln(1 3 x sin x)
3 x sin x
sin x
lim
3 lim
3 .
2
2
x

0
x

0
x
tgx
x

ln(1 3x sin x) ~ 3xsin x , tgx 2 ~ x 2 .

.
1. : 1) 1 cos x ; 2) tgx sin x
x . , x
1 cos x ,
tgx sin x .
x
5

2. x 0 , : 1) 10 x ; 2) x 3 ; 3) tg ;
4) xe x ; 5) 3 x , x , , x , , x
?
3. : 1) t 2 sin 2 t t tgt , t 0 ; 2) a x 1
x ln a , x 0 .
4. : 1) 2 sin 4 x x 5 ; 2)

sin 2 x x 4 ; 3)

1 x 3 1 x .

:
5. lim
x 0

sin 5 x
.
x x2

6. xlim
0

2x x
tg x

7. lim
x0

.
17

x sin 2 x
.
arctg5 x 2

sin 2 3x
.
x 0 ln 2 (1 2 x)

e2x 1
.
ln 1 4 x

8. lim

9. lim
x0

ln cos x
11. lim
.
x 0 ln 1 x 2

12. lim
x 0

tg 2 2 x
.
2 x
sin
3

14. lim
x 0

3 x sin 2 x
.
sin 2 x x 3

13. lim
x 0

sin ax x 2
.
tgbx

1
3
arctg
x
x x
10. lim
x 0
2
1
5
sin 3 tg
arcsin
x
x
x
tg 3

15. lim
x0

sin 2 4 x
.
5x 2

6.
y f (x) a ,
x a x
f ( x) f (a) y , ..
lim y = lim f (a x) f (a) 0 .

x 0

x 0

:
f (x) a , x a
, ..
lim f ( x) f (a) .
x a

f (x) a
:
1) ,
a (.. a );
2)

lim f ( x) lim f ( x) ;

xa 0

xa 0

3) f (a) .
a ,
, ,
.

18

lim f ( x) f (a 0) lim f ( x) f (a 0) ,
x a 0

x a 0

f (a), f (a 0), f (a 0) , a
I .
I , ,
( f (a 0) f (a 0) f (a) , ..
a ,
) ( f (a 0) f (a 0) , ..
a );
f (a 0) f (a 0) a .
, I ,
II . II
.
1. y

x
x 4
x4

II , x 4
, , ..
lim

x 40

x
x
, lim
(. 1).
x

0
x4
x4

. 1

2 x , 0 x 1,

2. ( x) 4 2 x, 1 x 2,5,
2 x 7, 2,5 x .

(x) x 0 .
x 1 x 2,5 ,
. (x)
, , ,
,
x .
x 1 x 2,5 :
( x) lim 2 x 2 ; lim ( x) lim (4 2 x) 2 .
) xlim
10
x10
x 10
x 10
19

(x) x 1
(1) 2 1 2 .
, x 1 :
x 1
lim ( x) lim ( x) (1) .

x 10

x 10

x 1 (x) .
) lim ( x) lim (4 2 x) 1 ; lim ( x) lim (2 x 7) 2 .
x 2 , 5 0
x 2 , 5 0
x 2 , 5 0
x 2 , 5 0
,
, .. 2-
.

x 2,5

I .

lim ( x) lim ( x) 2 (1) 1 (. .2).

x 2 , 5 0

. 2

x 2 , 5 0

.
, y f (x) :
6
1. y .
x

1
2. y
.
( x 1)( x 5)

x
,
3. y 2
0,

1
4. y 2
.
x x 1

sin x
, x 0,
5. y x

2, x 0.

6. y

4
.
4 x2

9. y

x3
.
x 2 x 15

7. y

1
.
1 e1 x

2,
x 0, x 2,

2
10. y 4 x , 0 x 2,

x 2.
4,

sin x
13. y
.
1 x3

8. y

x2
.
9 x2

11. y tgx .

14. y

1 ( x2)

2
1
.
1 ( x 2)
2
1

20

12. y

x 0,
x 2.

1
.
1 21 x

0,5 x 2 ,

15. y 2,5,

3,

x 2,
x 2,
x 2.

8.
10.

0
. . lim f x 0
x a
0

f x
f x
lim
, .
x a x
x a x

lim x 0 , lim
x a

20.

. . lim f x
x a

f x
f x
lim
, .
x a x
x a x

lim x , lim
x a

30. 0 0 , , 0 , 1

, .

x 3 5x 2 2 x 8
x 3 5x 2 2 x 8
0
1. lim 4
lim

x 1 x 2 x 3 16 x 2 2 x 15
0 x1 x 4 2 x 3 16 x 2 2 x 15

3x 2 10 x 2
3 1 10 1 2
5

.
3
2
3
2
x1 4 x 6 x 32 x 2
4 1 6 1 32 1 2 8
2

lim

2. lim
x

ex
ex
ex
ex
ex

lim

lim

lim

lim
.


x 2 x x 2 x 2 x x 2 x x 2

( ).
.
x 1
.
ln x

tgx
.
tg 3 x

1. lim
x 0

sin 3 x
.
x

2. lim
x 1

5. lim
x 1

ex 1
.
sin 2 x

6. lim x ln x

7. lim
x

(1 e 2 x )ctgx .
10. lim
x 0

11. lim
x 0

x arctgx
.
x3

15. lim
x 1

ln x
.
1 x3

9. lim

x 0

1
1
2 .
x sin x x

13. lim
x 0

e2x 1
.
ln(1 2 x )

x 0

14. xlim
4

1 tgx
cos 2 x

3. xlim
2

21

ex
.
x3

4. xlim
6
8. lim
x 0

1 2 sin x
.
cos3x

1 cos x
.
x2

12. xlim
2a

1 sin ax
.
(2ax ) 2

9.
,
.
x a y f (x) ,
lim f ( x) lim f ( x) .
xa

xa

y b y f (x) ,
lim f ( x) b lim f ( x) b .

y kx b y f (x) ,

k lim

f ( x)
f ( x)
, b lim f ( x) kx k lim
, b lim f ( x) kx.
x

x
x
x

y f (x)
y f ( x) kx b ( x) , ( x) 0 , x
x ,

y kx b .

1.

x3 x2 1
1
y
x 1 2
2
x
x

y x 1 ( x 0 ).

2. y x 3 ( x 2) .

lim

x20

(, 0)

(2, ) .

x 3 ( x 2) , x 2 .
x 3 ( x 2)
, xlim

lim

x 3 ( x 2) .

, . :
x
x 3 ( x 2)
1
f ( x)
lim
1,
1) k1 xlim
lim
lim
x

x2
x
1 2 x
x

x3

x( x x 2 )

lim
x lim
b1 lim f ( x) k1 x

x
x

x2
x2

22

lim

x ( x x 2)
x 2( x x 2)

lim

2
1 2 x (1 1 2 x )

1.

, y x 1 ;
2) k1 lim
x

x ( x 2)
1

f ( x)
x 3 ( x 2)
lim
lim
x
x
x
x

( x ), ..
k 2 lim

1
1,
1 2 x

b1 lim f ( x) k 2 x
x

x3

( x) 3

lim
x lim
x
x
x 2 x

x2

lim

x x x 2 x)
2 x

lim

lim

x( x 2 x )
2 x

x( x 2 x)
2 x( x 2 x)

1 .

, y x 1 (. ).
.
:
1. y

x2 1
.
x

x2 x 1
4. y
.
x

7. y

4x x3
.
x2 4

2. y

x2
.
x 1

3. y

5. y

1 4x
.
1 2x

x3
6. y 2 .
x 1

8. y arctg

x
.
ax

10. y

x4 1
.
3x

2
11. y 1 .

13. y

x4
.
2x 4

14. y

x2
.
2 2x

23

9. y

x2
.
x2 1

x x 1
x

12. y

x3 1
.
x2

15. y

x3
.
1 x2

10.
I. , ,
lim an a .
n

1. an

3n 2
3
, a .
2n 1
2

2. an

4n 1
, a 2.
2n 1

3. a n

4. a n

2n 5
2
, a .
3n 1
3

5. a n

7n 1
, a 7.
n 1

4n 2 1
4
, a .
6. a n 2
3
3n 2

7. a n

9 n3
1
, a .
3
2
1 2n

8. an

4n 3
, a 2.
2n 1

9. a n

7n 4
7
, a .
2n 1
2

1 2n 2
1
, a .
2
2
2 4n

5n
, a 5.
n 1

11. an

n 1
1
, a .
1 2n
2

12. an

2n 1
2
, a .
3n 5
3

13. a n

1 2n 2
, a 2.
n2 3

14. a n

3n 2
, a 3.
2 n2

15. an

n
1
, a .
3n 1
3

16. a n

3n 3
, a 3.
n3 1

17. a n

4 2n
2
, a .
1 3n
3

18. a n

5n 15
, a 5.
6n

19. a n

3 n2
1
, a .
2
2
4 2n

20. a n

2n 1
2
, a .
2 3n
3

21. an

3n 1
3
, a .
5n 1
5

22. an

4n 3
, a 2.
2n 1

1 2n 2
1
, a .
23. a n
2
2
2 4n

24. an

5n 1
1
, a .
10n 3
2

25. a n

2 2n
1
, a .
3 4n
2

10. an

II. ,
.
1. xlim
3

2 x 2 5x 3
7.
x3

2. lim
x 1

4. lim
x 3

4 x 2 14 x 6
10 .
x3

5. lim

9x 2 1
6.
x 1 3 x 1 3

7. lim

10. xlim
1

7 x 2 8x 1
6.
x 1

6 x 2 5x 1
1.
x 1 3
x 1 3

13. lim

5x 2 4 x 1
6.
x 1

6x 2 x 1
5.
x 1 2
x 1 2

8. lim
x 2

3x 2 5 x 2
7.
x2

11. lim
x 3

x 2 4x 3
2.
x3

10 x 2 9 x 7
19.
x 7 5
x7 5

14. lim

24

3. xlim
2

3x 2 5 x 2
7.
x2

6x 2 x 1
5.
x 1 2
x 1 2

6. lim

3x 2 2 x 1
4.
x 1 3
x 1 3

9. lim

2 x 2 3x 2
5.
x 1 2
x 1 2

12. lim

15. xlim
7 2

2 x 2 13 x 21
1
.
2x 7
2

16. xlim
5 2

2 x 2 9 x 10 1
.
2x 5
2

6x 2 x 1
5.
x 1 3
x 1 3

17. lim

19. lim
x 11

2 x 2 21 x 11
23 .
x 11

20. lim
x 5

22. xlim
4

2x 2 6x 8
10 .
x4

23. xlim
1 3

25. lim
x 8

6 x 2 75x 39
81.
x 1 2
x 1 2

18. lim

5 x 2 24 x 5
26 .
x5

21. xlim
7

2 x 2 15 x 7
13 .
x7

6x 2 x 1
5
.
3x 1
3

24. xlim
5

x 2 2 x 15
8.
x5

3x 2 40 x 128
8.
x 8

III.
.
1.

2.

3.

) lim
x

5.

x3 2x 1
;
x 4 4x 2 5

3x 2 5 x 1
) lim
;
x 4 x 2 5 x 3

x 3 3x 2
) xlim
;
1
x x2

x 2 x
) lim
;
x 0 sin 3 x

2x 3
) lim

x 2 x 5

x4 x2 x
) lim
;
x
x3 x

( x 2 3x 2) 2
) xlim
;
1 x 3 2 x 2 x 2

1 cos 2 x
;
1 cos x

3x 1
) lim

x 3 x 2

x 4

1 2x 3
x 2

) lim
x 8

9 2x 5
;
x 8

x2

4x 3
) lim

x 4 x 6

3x 3 2 x 4
) lim
;
x
2x3 5

( x 2 2 x 3) 2
) xlim
;
3 x 3 4 x 2 3 x

5x 4
) lim

x 5 x 6

) lim

1 cos 2 x
) lim
;
x 0
4x 2

) lim
x4

x 2 16
1 2x 3

x 3

.
) lim
x 8

x 2 64
9 2x 5

x 6

( x 3 2 x 1) 2
) xlim
;
1 x 4 2 x 1

25

4x 1 3

x 5

(2 x 2 x 1) 2
) lim
;
x 1 x 3 2 x 2 x 2

2x 2 7 x 1
) lim
;
x x 2 3 x 2

2 x

x3 x
) lim
;
x 2 x 2 x 7

sin 7 x
;
x 2 x

) lim
x2

x 4

x 2
) lim

x x 3

) lim
x 0
6.

) xlim
1

3x 2 5 x
) lim
;
x 0 sin 3 x

) lim
x 0
4.

x 2 3x 4
;
4x3 5

) lim
x 3

9 x2
x6 3

) lim
x 0
7.

x4 x2 1
) lim
;
x x 4 x 3 x 2

) lim
x 0
8.

10.

2 x sin x
;
1 cos x

x3 4x 6
) lim
;
x 3 x 3 6 x

) lim
x 0

1 cos 4 x
;
x2

) lim
x

) lim
x

5x 3 2x 4
;
x 3 6x 2 x

) xlim
1

) lim
x

2 x 2 3x 2
;
3x 3 x

) lim
x

x 2 2x 1
;
2x 2 4x 3

sin 2 3x
) lim
;
x 0
6x

13.

) lim
x

2x 4 x 2 x
;
x3 x 7

1 cos 2 x
) lim
;
x 0
7x2

14.

3x 3 7 x
;
x x 2 4 x 3

) lim

8x 2

x 8 x 3

) lim
x 7

) lim
x 1

) lim
x 1

x2 1
1 2x 3

x2 4

) lim
x2

5 2x 3

) lim
x2

4x 1 3
;
2 x

x 12

x4

3x 1
) lim

x 3 x 2

) lim

x 4

x 2
1 2x 3

x 5

x 3 4 x 2 5x 2
;
x 3 3x 2

x 8

) lim
x 8

9 2x 5

) lim
x4

1 2x 3
;
x 2 16

x2

x4 1
;
x 1 2 x 4 x 2 1

26

4 3x 5
;
x7

x 3 x 2 5x 3
;
x3 x2 x 1

) lim

x 1

x 3 3x 2
;
x3 x2 x 1

2x 3
) lim

x 2 x 5

) xlim
1

5x 5

x 3 5x 2 7 x 3
;
x 3 4 x 2 5x 2

x 3
) lim

x x 2

1 3x 4

x 9

10x 11
) lim

x 10 x 13

) lim
x 1

x 5

x 3 3x 2
;
x 1 x 2 x 2

9x 7

9x 6

) lim

x 8

x 2 2x 1
) lim
;
x 1 2 x 2 x 1

) lim

tg 2 5 x
) lim
;
x 0 7 x 2

12.

7x 4
) lim

x 7 x 8

x 5 3x 3 x
;
x 4 x 5 x 4 7

) lim

x 7

x 2 2x 3
) xlim
;
3 x 3 4 x 2 3 x

) lim

1 cos 2 x
) lim
;
x 0
sin 3x

11.

6x 3

6x 2

) lim
x

4 x 2 3x
;
sin 4 x

) lim
x 0
9.

1 cos5 x
;
3x 2

15.

16.

sin 4 x
;
3x 2 6 x

) lim
x

) lim
x

7x3 2x 3
;
x 3 5x 2

) xlim
2

) lim
x 0

5x 2
;
1 cos 2 x

) lim
x

) lim
x

6x 2 2x 1
;
5x 2 4x 2

) lim
x 2

1 cos5 x
) lim
;
x 0 1 cos 2 x

17.

18.

20.

21.

22.

5x 6

5x 4

6x 2
) lim

x 6 x 3

) lim
x 2

) lim
x 0

1 cos 2 x
;
8x 2

) lim
x

) lim
x

x3 4x 8
;
7x3 x 5

) xlim
2

x2

;
x

x 5 3x 3 x
;
4x5 x 4 7

) lim

) lim
x 0

1 cos 2 x
;
x2

) lim
x

) lim
x

5x 3 x 5
;
4x3 x 2 3

) lim
x2

) lim
x 0

4 x sin x
;
1 cos 2 x

) lim
x

x3 x2 1
;
3x 2 2

9x 6

9x 7

x6 3
;
x2 9

.
) lim

x 5

5x 5
1 3x 4

x 8

.
x7

) lim
x 7

4 3x 5

) lim
x 1

1 2x 3
;
x2 1

) lim
x2

5 2x 3
;
x2 4

x 9

x 3 3x 2
;
x 1 ( x 2 x 2) 2

) lim
x

) lim
x 3

x 7

x 3 5x 2 8x 4
;
x 3 7 x 2 16 x 12

8x 3
) lim

x 8 x 2

9 2x 5
;
x 2 64

x 3 6 x 2 12 x 8
;
x 3 3x 2 4

7x 8

7x 4

) lim
x 8

x6

x 3 5x 2 8x 4
;
x 3 3x 2 4

2x 4 7x 2
;
5x 4 x 3 1

sin 6 x

x 3

x 3 5x 2 8x 4
;
x 3 3x 2 4

) lim
x

) lim
x 0

19.

4x 6

4x 3

) lim
x 0

x 1

x 3 3x 2
;
x2
x 12

10x 13
) lim
.
x 10 x 11

3
x 3x 2
) xlim
;
1 x 2 2 x 1

x 5 11

) lim
x 0

x5 5
;
2x

x 5

3 sin 2 5 x
) lim
;
x0
x2

2x 3
) lim

x 2 x 7

x 2 5x 1
) lim
;
x 5 x 2 7 x 3

x 2 2x 1
) lim
;
x 1 x 3 x 2 x 1

27

6 x

) lim
x 6

23.

24.

) lim
x 0

1 cos3x
;
x2

) lim
x

) lim
x

10 x 3 x 1
;
x3 x2 x 5

) lim
x 1

4x 1

4x 2

x4 1
;
2x 4 x 2 1

) lim
x 3

6x 3
) lim

x 6 x 5

5x 3 2x 9
) lim
;
x
x2 1

x 2 3x 2
) xlim
;
1 x 3 2 x 2 x 2

sin 2 x
) lim
;
x 0 x cos 5 x

3x 2 5

) lim
x 3 x 2 1

4x 7 x5 x3 1
;
x
2x 7 8

) lim
x 0

1 cos 4 x
;
5x 2

) lim

x 1

.
) lim
x 9

7x 3

7x 5

x 2 81
x7 4

x 2 7

2x 2 x 1
;
x3 2x 2 x 2

) lim
x

x 1 2
;
x3

x4

sin 5 x
) lim 2
;
x 0 3 x 4 x

) lim

25.

x 7

) lim
x 7

3x 4 5
;
x7

2 x 1

IV. ,
y f (x) :
1. y

x6
.
x 7x 6

2. y

x3
.
7x 6x 1

3. y

x2
.
x 2x 8

4. y

x3
.
x 4x 3

5. y

x5
.
2 x 15x 25

6. y

x3
.
6 x2 x

7. y

x 1
.
5x 4 x 1

8. y

x3
.
3x 8 x 3

9. y

x5
.
5 x 2 4x

10. y

x2
.
2 x 5x 2

11. y

x 1
.
x 4x 3

12. y

x4
.
5x x 2 4

13. y

x2
.
x3 8

14. y

x 1
.
4x 7x 3

15. y

x4
x 2x 8

16. y

x 1
.
3x 2 x 1

17. y

x2
.
x 2x 8

18. y

x 1
.
x3 1

19. y

x3
.
3x 8 x 3

20. y

x2
.
8 x3

21. y

x5
.
x 4x 5

22. y

x7
.
2 x 13x 7

23. y

x 8
.
x 10x 16

24. y

x6
.
4 x 27 x 18

25. y

x4
.
x 2x 8

28

V. .
1. y

17 x 2
.
4x 5

2. y

4. y

4x 2 9
.
4x 8

7. y

2x 2 6
.
x2

x2 1

3. y

5. y

4 x 3 3x 2 8 x 2
.
2 3x 2

6. y

8. y

2 x 3 2 x 2 3x 1
.
2 4x 2

9. y

4x 2 3

10. y

x 2 6x 4
.
3x 2

11. y

13. y

3x 2 7
.
2x 1

14. y

16. y

21 x 2
.
7x 9

17. y

x 2 11
19. y
.
4x 3

22. y
25. y

20. y

x 2 2x 1
.
2x 1

3x 2 10
4x 2 1

23. y

15. y

x 3 3x 2 2 x 2
.
2 3x 2

18. y

2 x 3 3x 2 2 x 1
.
1 3x 2

x 3 2 x 2 3x 2
21. y
.
1 x2

x 3 x 2 3x 1
.
2x 2 2

29

x 3 5x
.
5 3x 2

9x 2 8

x2 1

4 x 3 3x
.
4x 2 1

x 2 16

2x 2 9

3x 2 2

12. y

9x 2 4

x2 2

x2 3

2 x2

2x 2 1

x3 4x
.
3x 2 4

24. y

x 2 6x 9
x4

11.
1. .
.
2. . ,
. , .
3. .
4. .
5. .
cos x .

6. lim
x 0

sin x
1.
x

7. . ,
.
8. .
9.
.
10. ,
, .
11. .
12. .
13. .
14. .
15. , .
16. .
17. .
.
18. .
19. .
.
20. .
30

12.
1. lim
x

1 sin 2 x

1 cos 4 x

1)

0
0

3)

2) 1
4) ,

2.
x

1
1) lim 1 e
x
x

1
3) lim 1 1
x
x

1
2) lim 1 e
x
x

1
4) lim 1 1
x
x

3. y f ( x ) x 0 ,

x x0 ,

x x0 ,
1) f ( x ) A

2) f ( x ) A

3) f ( x) A

4) f ( x) A

4. ,
,
1)

2)

3)

4)

5. ?
1) sin x x
6.
1) 0

2) 1 cos x

x
2

3) arcsin x x

4) ln(1 x) x

x3 6

x x 2 2 x 8

lim

4) 0,75

3)

2) 1

7.
f ( x)
f ( x)

lim
1) xlim
x0 g ( x )
x x0 g ( x )

f ( x)
f ( x)
lim
3) xlim
x0 g ( x )
x x0 g ( x )

2) lim

x x0

g ( x)
f ( x)

lim
x

x
0
g ( x)
f ( x)

lim f ( x)
f ( x) x x0
4) lim

x x0 g ( x )
lim g ( x)
x x0

31

8. lim
x2

x2 4

x 2 2x 8

2)

1) 0

3) 1

4)

2
3

9.
1) lim
x 0

sin x
e
x

10. lim
x 2

2) lim
x 0

sin x
1
x

3) lim
x

sin x
1
x

4) lim
x 0

sin x
0
x

3x 6

x2 1

2)

1) 0

3) 0,25

4) 0,75

11. ,
lim U lim V ( a R )
x a

x a

1) lim (U V ) lim U lim V

2) lim (U V ) lim U lim V

3) lim (U V ) lim U lim V

4) lim

x a

x a

x a

x a

xa

x a

x a

x a

U
U lim
x a
x a V
lim V

x a

x a

12. x0 2 y

4

4 x2

1)

2)

3)

4)

13. lim
t 1

t 1

1 3 t

1) 0,25

2) 0,75

3) 0,25

4) 0,75

14. xlim

1
4
2

x 2 x 4

1)

0
0

2) 0

3)

4)

x , 0

15. x0 0 y 2 , 0 x 1
5, 1

1)

2)
32

3)

4)

x 1

2 3x
x

16. lim
x

2)

1) e

3) 0

4) 1

17. ,
1) lim
x 0

2) lim
x 0

3) lim
x 0

4) lim
x 0

x , 0

18. x0 1 y 2 , 0 x 1
5, 1

1)

2) , 2

3) ,
19. lim
x 0

4) , 4

x4 2

sin 5 x

1)

2) 0,05

3) 1

4) 0,02

20. ?
2) 1 x k kx

1) a x 1 x ln a

3) arctgx x

4) ln(1 x) x

21. f (x) a
1) a ,
lim f ( x) lim f ( x) f (a)
xa 0

xa 0

2) a ,

lim f ( x) lim f ( x) , f (a)


xa 0

xa 0

3) ,
lim f ( x) lim f ( x) , f (a)

xa 0

xa 0

4) a ,
lim f ( x) lim f ( x) , f (a) .
xa 0

xa 0

33

13.
) :
1. , ..

: / .. , ..

. .: , 2004. 520 .
2. , .. : / .. . 3- .,
. .: , 2004. 400 .
3. , ..
/ .. . 4- . .: , 1966. 461 .
) :
1. , .. : .
/ .. , .. , .. . .: , 2008. 816 .
2. , .. / . .. . 3- .,
. .: , 2005. 368 .
3. , .. : . /
.. , .. . .: , 2008. 654 .
4. , .. (
): . / ... 2- ., . .:
, 1994. 206.: .
5. , .. : .
/ .. . 15- . .: , 2008. 336 .

34