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Common Ions

Used in Chemical Nomendature

CATIONS'

Single Oxidation State

FomUaand
Name

hydrogen ion
lithium ion
sodium ion
potassium ion
rubidium ion
. .
ammOnIum Ion
silver ion
beryllium ion
magnesium ion
calcium ion
strontium ion
barium ion
. .
zmc Ion
cadmium ion
aluminum ion
'~

Li+
Na+
K+

Rb+

NH/
Ag+
Be+2

Mg+2
Ca+2
Sr+2
Ba+2

Zn+2
Cd+2
AI+3

Multiple Oxidation States

IUPACName

Common Name

copper(l) ion
copper(II) ion
iron(II) ion
iron(III) ion
tin(II) ion
tin(TV) ion
mercury(l) ion
mercury(II) ion
lead(II) ion
lead(IV) ion
nickel(II) ion
nickel (III) ion
chromium(II) ion
chromium(lII) ion
cobalt(II) ion
cobalt(lIT) ion

cuprous Ion
cupric ion
ferrous ion
ferric ion
Stannous ion
Stannic ion
mercurous Ion
mercurIc Ion
plumbous ion
plumbic ion
nickelous ion
nickelic ion
chromous ion
chromic ion
cobaltous ion
cobaltic ion

ANIONS
Formula and
"ide" Ending
Charge
Name
F
fluoride ion
cr
chloride ion
bromide ion
Br
iodide ion
r
hydride ion
K
hydroxide ion .
OH
CN
cyanide ion
S-2
sulfide ion
HS
bisulfide ion
(hydrogen sulfide ion)
oxide ion
0-2

"ate" Ending
Name
Oxalate Ion
Peroxide Ion
,,--"' Thiocyanate Ion
Thiosulfate Ion

Formula and
Chare

C20 4
O ,2
2

CNSS20 3"2

"ate" Ending
Name
chlorate ion
bromate ion
iodate ion
nitrate ion
sulfate ion
bisulfate ion
(hydrogen sulfate ion)
carbonate ion
bicarbonate ion
(hydrogen carbonate)
phosphate ion
arsenate ion
silicate ion
chromate ion
dichromate ion
acetate ion
permanganate ion

Formula and
Charge
CI03

Br03
103
N03"

S04"2
HS04"

P04 3
AS04-3

Si03 2

Cr04-2

Cr207-2

C2H30
Mn04

LIST Of (OMMON AMONG ~ CAnONS


Learn to match the names and formulas for the following monoatomic (m) and
polyatomic (P) ions
Name

Formula &'Cbarge

Type of Ion

chloride
fluoride
iodide
oxide
sulfide
hydroxide
nitrate
bicarbonate
acetate
sulfate
carbonate
phosphate
hydrogen ion
lithium ion
sodium ion
potassium ion
ammonium ion
. .
magnesium Ion
r.!:llcium ion
strontium ion
barium ion
. .
ZInC Ion
iron (II) ion
iron (III) ion
aluminum ion

cr

anion (m)
anion (m)
anion (m)
anion-em)
anion (m)
anion (P)
anion (P)
anion(p)
anion (P)
anion (P)
anion (P)
anion(p)
cation (m)
cation (m)
cation (m)
cation(m)
cation (P)
cation(m)
cation (m)
cation (m)
cation (m)
cation (m)
cation (m)
cation (m)
cation (m)

F-

rl
O-:l
S-2
OH- l
N03 l .
HC03-
C2H30 2 1
S04-:l
C03-:l
P04j

~l

Ltl

NaTl
KTI
NRtl
MgT:l
CaT:l
SrT:l
Ba+2
ZnT:l
Fe+2
Fe+3

AtJ