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TRANSISTOR AS A

CURRENT AMPLIFIER

TRANSISTOR AS AN AMPLIFIER
.

The major application of a transistor is as a


current amplifier
A transistor can be used to amplify ('magnify')
current changes because a small change in base
current produces a large change in collector
current.

A simple transistor amplifier circuit is shown in


Figure 1 below

The graph in Figure 2 below shows the relationship


between the base current and the collector
current. From the graph, we can conclude that, the
collector current is directly proportional to the
base current.

Since the small change in the base current IB


results in a big change in the collector current, IC,
the transistor therefore function as a current
amplifier.
The ratio IC/IB is called the amplification factor.
Amplification Factor=I C/ I B

QUESTION
EXPLAIN HOW A TRANSISTOR CAN BE USED TO
AMPLIFY CURRENT