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)) 3


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~ 27


8 19


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'h 21





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~ 27



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~ 10

)) 20




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~ 20

)) 30





'h 6



2j. 25

d' 30

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2j. 20

d' 30


2t- 18

'h 24

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8 10

~ 20

~ 30

'h 6
cJ 6


2j. 19



)) 10

'h 20

2j. 30

2j. 14




d' 10

~ 30






~ 10

)) 20




2j. 19

d' 25



2j. 10

d' 20


'h 6



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~ 10


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d' 26


'h 10

2j. 20

d' 30






d' 28

The Faces of
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Issue 16- March 1998
Editor: Deborah Houlding
Associate Editors: David McCann, David Plant, Dylan Warren-Davis

Your Letters .. .. .. . ... .. .. .. ... . ... .. .. .. .. .. .. ... .. .. .. . . .. ... .. .. . ...................... .. ...... .. ..... .. .. 2
Mars: Solar Hero or Deadly Villain? .. ... .. ... . .. ... ... . .. .. Deborah Houlding .. . .. .. 4
Archetypal Mars .. .. .. .. .. ... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ... .. .. ... .. .. .. ... . .. . Linda Reid . .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. . 6
Garlic: The Embodiment of a Martial Herb .. ............... .. Dylan Warren-Davis ..... 8
Mars in Myth & Occult Philosophy . .... .. .. .. ... .. .. .. .. .. . David McCann .. .. .. . .. .. . 9
The Louis de Wohll knew .......... .. ....... ..... ..... ...... . Felix Jay .... .............. 10
Karl Ernst Krafft .. ... ... ....... ... ... .. ... .... .. ~ . ... .. ... ... . .. .. Derek Parker . . .. . .. .. .. . .. 13
Simon Weisenthal: The Lone Crusader ........ .... ..... Wanda Sellar .............. 16
Art of Horary: A Working Approach ... .. ... .................... Sue Ward ........ ...... ... 18
Classical Constellation Myths: C - G .. .. .. . .. ... .. ... . ... . Deborah Houlding .. . .. .. 27
Papillon and the Soul of Republican France .. ... .. .. .. John Ball .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. . .. . 34
An Account of Judgment & Practise of Physick ... ... Carol Wiggers .... ... ... ... 38
The Void of Course Moon .. .. .. .. .. ... . ... .. .... . .. .. .... . .. . Deborah Houlding .. .. . .. 40
An Interview with John Frawley .......................... .... ...... Garry Philipson .............. 41

The Traditional Astrologer is a publication devoted to the principles of traditional predictive astrology in all its applications.
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Typesetting and design: Deborah Houlding


I greatly enjoyed your last issue and especially the articles on

Yenus, which arrived at a particularly appropriate time for me as I
had been making some notes on the natal chart of President
Clinton! Anyone interested in exploring the power of secondary
progressions should just take a look at the position of progressed
\enus during January when his presidency crisis erupted.
The question running through everyone's minds at the time was
whether he was the sexually-motivated philanderer that certain
female associates had claimed? Clinton's horoscope raises
immediate concerns in this area, for although strongly dignified
and rising in its own sign, asc-ruler Venus takes a lot of knocks
from outer-planet connections. Most noticeably it is conjunct a
close Mars-Neptune conjunction (showing a lack of rigour and
discipline, and suggesting deceit?), and also receives an exact
sextile from Pluto (obsessive sexual needs?), and is loosely trine
Uranus (constant need for sexual stimulation?), while the sextile
from Saturn in his 1Oth house suggests danger of professional
damage by sexual allegations (moreso because Saturn rules the 5th
house of lovers and therefore represents a corruptible area).
Interesting to read Lilly's description of the 'quality of men'
signified by Venus, which includes those "given to looseness and
lewd companies of women, coveting unlawful beds, an adulterer,
a meer skip-jack" (CA., p.74).
1o doubt Clinton's prominent Venus has served him well
though, since it can be a real political advantage to use charm in
swaying the favor of the public. Venus is also conjunct benefic
Jupiter in the first house, which I find of more than a passing
interest for someone born at a place called 'Hope'!

It's the secondary progressions that really tell the tale for timing
though, and show Clinton to be exposed to serious political
damage through sexual liaisons at this particular time of his
career. The progressed Midheaven has drawn to the exact
conjunction of his natal Sun at 26 degrees Leo. The movement of
the Midheaven to the luminaries brings with it an even greater
highlight for public concern in his professional conduct, for good
or bad. Simultaneously, Venus has progressed to the exact square
of this point, whilst his progressed Moon moves to the 7th house
cusp, opposing his natal Mars. Clearly the knives were out and I
had thought to see Clinton toppled , but instead Hiliary, (who is
represented by Mars as ruler of his 7th), came to his aid and
appears to have saved the day. It seems to me that the crisis point
has ended since the progressed Moon moves on to the trine of
Saturn and then to the trine of Mars, repairing his reputation and
therefore making amends with Hiliary. Oh well, who cares? The
present line of thought seems to be that if the president is happy,
he'll more likely do a better job, so perhaps his natal Venus is not
so afflicted afterall?
Robin Bailey (Philadelphia, USA)
Thanks for sharing your insights with us, though I suspect this

story 's not quite over yet. The accompanying chart shows
Clinton's nativity with his progressions for mid-Jan. 98 in the
outer wheel. As you say, very telling. Birth data is: 19 Aug. 1946;
08:51 (+6), Hope Arkansas, 33N40 I 93W35, (from Solar Fire)

I was interested to read the constructive discussion in issue 14 of

the TA between David McCann and Kenneth Bowser over the
question of which zodiac system was used in antiquity: Tropical or
Sidereal. A letter of mine in issue 12 on this matter looked at
dateable horoscopes of antiquity where planetary longitudes were
given in degrees, from Neugebauer's book, Greek Horoscopes.
Neither of your correspondents noted this, nor indeed did either
allude to such measurements of the longitudes involved.
McCann endeavoured to refute the proposition that 'ancient
astrologers used a sidereal zodiac.' Permit me to suggest that he is
greatly mistaken in attempting such, and that they used no other.
In practice, this means that any horoscope he cares to examine
from the 1st century AD will have its planetary longitudes about
4 o greater than what he would compute as being the correct
longitudes for the time and date given. Conversely, for the 5th
century AD, when the two zodiacs have crossed over, he will fmd
that any horoscope will have its planetary longitudes averaging
about zo less than he would compute.
For the centuries BC, one has to use cuneiform horoscopes
from Chaldea, of which eight survive giving degree longitudes.
These show exactly the same sidereal trendline, eg. , for two
horoscopes around 100 BC, the planetary longitudes average 5
away from what we would compute as the proper planetary
longitudes using the tropical zodiac.
There is much confusion in this area, due to historians ignoring
the star-zodiac of antiquity, presumably because its roots were
non-European, whereas the tropical zodiac was developed by 'the
Greeks' who are OK. The only book I'd recommend on the
subject is Science Awakening II. The Birth of Astronomy by the
science historian Vander Waerden (1974) . It concluded that: 'For
Babylonian and early Greek astronomy the beginning points of the
signs were rigidly connected, not with the equinoxes, but with the
fixed stars.' p.222). Spica was placed towards the end of the
Virgin, aro~d 28-30.

t:kc t:rnditiP111lfAstro/qjcr

The Arabs developed tro~ical astrology. Rightly or wrongly, it

seems to me that the first tropical horoscope was the first Arabic
horoscope (for August 18th, 531AD- Campion,Introduction to
the History of Astrology, p.38). From the 3rd century AD there
are surviving horoscopes which look tropical, because the two
zodiac wheels were then coincident so that no-one could tell the
difference, but this isn't quite the same.
McCann argues that ancient astrologers 'didn't know the
difference' between the two zodiac systems. That may well be
true, but will in no way answer his question as to which zodiac
system they used. The only way to answer that, I'd like to
suggest, is by reconstructing the planetary longitudes which they
used. In this age of home computers, this is a simple matter. What
this shows, I suggest, is that Hellenistic astrologers writing in
Greek and Chaldeans writing in CUileiform were using the same
framework. Over the centuries of antiquity, this baseline or
framework kept slowly moving, at the rate of 1 o per 72 years,
with respect to the tropical system. The issue which your two
opposing experts were discussing, is at bottom simple arithmetic
matter. One gathers that quite a lot more horoscopes of antiquity
have been collected and may be published soon, which will enable
further evaluation of this question.
Nick Kollerstrom (London, UK)


The inside front cover of The TA lists the terms of Saturn in

Gemini as 21 , 22, 23, 24, 24; 26, yet Olivia Barclay inHorary
Astrology Rediscovered and William Lilly in Christian Astrology
list 22, 23, 24, 25. Is it a misprint- or is there another reason?
Ann Fryer (Adelaide, Australia)
Thank you for noticing this and bringing it to our attention. It is, I
am afraid, a mistake which has now been co"ected.

In March 1998, I hope to publish the first issue of my international
journal, The Primary Directions in English. It will cost $20 (US)
per issue. I plan 2 or 4 issues per year. My article in the first issue
\\ill be abom the primaries of William Lilly and other authors
include Jerry Makransky, Dirnitar Kojouharov, Raino Jekov,
Wolfgang Tomsits , Plantiko and Isaak Starkman. If anyone is
interested please contact me at: 'Radko Dirnitriev', str. 13 B,
ap.3, Varna-9CXXl, BULGARIA; tel: +359 (52)220915 or email:
zenith@mbox .digsys.bg
Rumen Kolev (Bulgaria)



Re: your editorial in the last issue. Personally I feel that the
astrological community is right to turn its back on any study which
tries to endorse astrology purely as a sun-sign tool. Serious
astrologers have a hard enough time as it is trying to convince the
public that there is more to astrology than just knowing what 'sign
they were born under'. I doubt that these types of studies are ever
taken seriously by anyone - they just fill a few column inches fo r
a day and then quickly get forgotten, along with the fact thar
something extremely powerful in transforming human life is
patiently being ignored. Astrologers should unite to condemn
sun-sign columns and any simplified form of astrology that doesn't
recognise its full capabilities.
James White (Newport, UK)

I absolutely agree with the editorial in your last issue. When a

professional person or body shows an interest in astrology in a
very positive way and spends time, effort and money in
researching its authenticity and possibilities we must also show
interest and support in every way.
The more we nurture these seeds of interest, the more they will
grow to overwhelm the negative, uneducated comments we are
always hearing and reading. People power, networking whatever adjectives we use - this seems to be the best way of
communicating and spreading knowledge so vital in the 1990s, for
the welfare of our planet, the universe and all life within this
Valerie Jeffery (Bedford, UK)

Fowlers , one of Britain's leading publishers for books on Mind

Body and Spirit, ceased trading in February after 118 years of

trading. mil recently Fowlers represented 40 small and medium
sized publishers but its directors felt that major changes are taking
place \\ithin the book trade and decided that a company of its size
would be unable to compete profitably in the perceived changing
climare of the years ahead. They processed their last order on 27th
February with Mercury combust by an eclipsed Sun which was in
a parrile square of Pluto in Sagittarius.

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The ancients seemed to know more about comets than we do 'death of princes (princesses)' they said as you pointed out in your
timely article in issue 14. It took Diana and brought us the
warmest October on record. Who says astrology is nonsense?
Betty Gosling (Ruardeam, UK)




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?:he ?:rnditio111lfAstrohger

MARS IS NOT ABLE amongst the planets for its striking
red appearance. In telescopic observation the redness is
intensified, and now known to originate from the surface
of Mars being covered by heavy deposits of iron, the metal
which it has long been said to 'rule'. The resulting colour
reflects the characteristics of the planet, denoting heat,
energy and danger. Like fire, its quality is hot and dry;
scintillating, burning, activating, motivating, inflaming
passions and arousing emotions. Mars however, is capable
of mass destruction when those active, burning energies
are allowed to rage out of control or untempered by the
softer qualities of a more beneficial planet such as its
female partner, Venus.
In 1898 Herbert George Wells wrote his fantasy tale of
alien invasion, War of the Worlds, depicting the Martians
as fierce and terrifying creatures whose purpose was to
destroy and conquer. Possibly influenced by the planet's
archetypal association with warfare and conflict, the radio
broadcast of his story was later to cause panic and terror,
whilst inspiring a host of films in the fifties and sixties that
drew upon the same theme. We all enjoy some
adrenalin-pumping 'safe' terror from time to time, and
there are times when Mars drifts from being an agent of
ruination to a noble, valiant hero and warrior; but always
the essential principle of action, the need to dominate, and
the urge to assert power underpin the Martian motives. In
its diurnal rulership, Aries, Mars does so overtly and
directly, with an immediate response; in its nocturnal
rulership, Scorpio, Mars garners a cold and deliberate
intent, tinged with subtlety and deceit.
The ancient Babylonians paid particular attention to the
blood-red colour of Mars; they associated it with warfare,
and personalised it with the identity of Nergal, the feared
lord of the Underworld and author of devastation. Nergal
was a powerful and much feared god. His spouse,
Ereshkigal, was queen of the Underworld and his
messenger, Namtar, was the demon who brought plague to
An Akkadian myth tells how Ereshkigal was invited to a
banquet of gods but, being unable to leave the Underworld,
sent her messenger to receive her portion. On his arrival
the gods stood up out of respect for his mistress, but
Nergal remained seated withholding his tribute.
Subsequently, he was ordered to the Underworld by the
other gods to make amends. Once there he attacked
Ereshkigal, sparing her life only when she promised to
marry him and give him rulership of her realm.
In this myth we see the Martial principle in motion.
Whilst Venus invites, Mars takes, and such assertiveness
can quickly turn to the direction of tyranny, thievery and

brutal oppression. In its noblest form, Mars stands its

ground where others yield, is brave, courageous, dares to
challenge and pursues a course that few would dare to
tread. When activated by Mars, even the gentlest
disposition is inspired to face and fight the enemy. Yet
Mars also has the power to destroy, explained in Ptolemaic
terms through its excess of heat, and when afflicted and
angular in event chartS it can indicate times of intense
danger and conflict.
The darker side of Iars is thus aptly characterised by
Babylonian Nergal , \Yho was also the patron god of
Cuthah, a city which consequently developed a very
malevolent reputation because of the evil facets of his
nature. 2 It is freque ntly referred to in magical texts as a
meeting place for ghosts and evil spirits. Once a month
when the Moon became invisible, it was said to cross the
River of Death and rendeZ\'OUS with Nergal in his domain.
This was a particularly unlu ky time for all ventures, when
'witchcraft could be mer in the street' and the king was
advised 'not to go out of the gate'. As the lord of
pestilence and disease it is not inappropriate that traditional
astrology retains the infl ence of ergal by claiming that
Mars 'rejoices' in the 6th house of illness.
Whilst the other ancient cultures also celebrated this
planet as a warrior god , it was the Romans who restored
the great power and respect that he commanded from the
Mesopotamians, whilst elevating the diurnal qualities and
fully recognising the solar-hero principle. Mars, God of
War, in Roman mythology was one of the most important
deities, a patron of the Roman people because he was the
father of Romulus , the legendary founder of Rome. The
month of March, in which the Sun began its ascent, was
named after him and he was largely identified with the
Greek god Ares whose name is similar to Aries,
apparently, only by coincidence.
Astronomers have also acknowledged the fearful
imagery of Mars. It is circled by two small moons Phobos (fear) and Deimos (panic) - which are named
after the mythological attendants of the Roman god. Its
surface is immensely cratered with evidence of vast
volcanic activity. Mars is , of course, the traditional ruler
of earthquakes and volcanoes, and some of the solar
system's largest volcanoes are known to have taken place
on this planet. Mars is also the ruler of stormy, disruptive
weather and destructive heatwaves. Though the surface of
Mars is cold, it is often likened to a vast barren desert and
catastrophic dust storms occur on a regular basis when
Mars is at perihelion and the heating of the equatorial
regions is most intense. Some of these storms reach global
proportion::;, obscuring the planet's surface for weeks or

<:he <:raditioHni.Astrolo;er

even months. Strangely, since its surface is covered with

iron, Mars has no recordable magnetic field, a mystery
which baffles the sC1entists. Its atmosphere consists of 95%
carbon dioxide and is extremely thin giving huge variations
in daily surface temperature, with a low percentage of
atmospheric moisture suggesting little possibility of life.
Ideas that life may exist on Mars have always held some
fascination for earthlings though, and a curious incident of
reported canals upon its surface helped to foster this belief
for many years. The Italian astronomer Giovanni
Schiaparelli was the first to report an observation of a
planet-wide system of channels in 1877. He noted a series
of straight lines which he called canali and though his
findings were not consistently approved by other
astronomers, many other eminent astronomers did agree.
The suggestion provided fertile ground for science fiction
writers of the period and the public were excited by
suggestions of the canals offering evidence of an advanced
irrigation system created by the planet's inhabitants.
In 1905 the astronomer Percival Lowell, who also
predicted the discovery of Pluto, sensationally popularised
the theory in his book Mars a7Jd its Canals, stating "that
Mars is inhabited by beings of some sort or other we may
consider as certain". Widespread opinion swept in his
favour with the controversy only resolved by theMariner
exploration missions which carried out unpiloted probings
of Mars between 1964 and 1976. No evidence of canals
were found and they were dismissed as optical illusions
caused by the eye's tendency to join up noticeable
landmarks with straight lines.
Recently, the possibility of life on Mars re-emerged in
media attention, with samples taken from its surface
offering evidence of bacterial action that could be
suggestive of lower forms of life. Later studies, however,
concluded that the bacteria could have been formed during
the testing process, so the results were inconclusive.
Scientists have not dismissed the possibility of life on
Mars, nor ruled out that life may have existed in the past,
given the strong evidence of climactic change and the
indications of a previously warmer, thicker atmosphere and
flowing waters on its surface. Hopefully this is a mystery
. that will be fully determined in our life-time since a
proposed manned voyage by the United States National
Aeronautic and Space Administration has been planned for
early in the 21st century, boosted by the possibility of
using the Moon as an interstellar launch-pad.
In the following pages we pursue the astrological enigma
of Mars, from Linda Reid's exploration of its archetypal
role in the psyche, to David McCann's summary of its
origins in myth and occult philosophy, and featuring
another insightful glimpse into one of its common herb
rulerships by Dylan Warren-Davis. Our featured astrologer
in this issue is Louis de Wohl, who came to prominencefor his use of astrology for propaganda during World War
II, which seems appropriate for our martial theme. Related
to this, we have from Wanda Sellar a natal study of Simon
Weisenthal who survived an extraordinary long term of
incarceration in a Nazi prison camp and went on to become
a leading crusader for bringing Nazi persecutors to justice.
For those who have asked for more natal studies we
have also included an article on Henri Charriere 'Papillon'
who, with his culminating natal Mars, aptly personifies the

unconquerable energy of Mars in his fight for freedom

from imprisonment. His birth chart makes a fascinating
comparison to that of Weisenthal; while Papillon's Moon
stands on the cusp of the 12th house, Weisenthal's stands
on the cusp of the 8th. The former fought a battle for
freedom, the latter for life. Both were victims of
oppression from external drcurnstances over which they
had little control. A study of their nativities alone might
suggest they would fall victim to those circumstances; the
fact that they didn't is a testimony to the indomitable spirit
which we symbolise by Mars: the refusal to surrender and
the will to fight on against all odds.

t:lte t:rnditkwal Astrolof1er

ythological themes lay as symbols rooted in the

collective history of humanity, and represent
motifs that influence the nature of the individual
in what Jung called 'primordial images'. He later used the
word 'archetypes' which means to express the historical
and ancient characteristics of the images. As time passes,
different influences occur, different cultural motifs alter
the primary image and cultural exchanges overlay it, layer
upon layer. Yet, the core archetype remains pure.
In using myth to express these archetypes, we tap into a
huge storehouse of cultural information that colours our
understanding. However, that information and imagery has
been altered and sanitised, reworked and politically
manipulated until the archetype no longer resembles the
original energy. As the 'gods' of various cultures overlay it
with personified images, the core is covered and recedes
deeper into the collective unconscious, only occasionally
rising through the over-layers in its purest form.
One such altered image is that of Mars - the
classic 'bad guy' of astrology, and,
through its attachment to 'ego' considered
by many to be an undesirable part of the
s; one to be subdued,

Herakles, the Hero of divine parentage and mortal desires.

We can see Mars as the principle of primeval propagation
of nature in the images of Shiva, in Christian culture as
Adam, in Egyptian as Osiris. In all myths, there is a
common thread - that of the Divine parent creating a
physical being. Mars can be viewed as the manifest
expression of the 'will of the divine' on earth, in various
It is through Mars that the 'divine self' expresses its will
and capacity to survive 'on earth'. It is the tool (pardon the
pun) by which the Divine seeds humanity, so it is with
little surprise that the various cults of Mars, in different
forms, will always include a phallus.
self-determining factor that allows us to survive and
express our humanness openly and fearlessly. It is a very
clear energy - purposeful, not complicated by emotion
and mindset. At best, it allows us to be assertive without
aggression, to be forthright without being offensive, and to
relate to others by being able to express our (Solar) point
of view without clouding the rights of others to express
theirs. It represents willpower and Self-determination, the
desire to experience life and initiate activity.

ivilised and pacified. Not so, in my
Vf-'J'H""' The core meaning of Mars is
energy; pure and simple energy, without
value judgement, attachment, thought,
principles, emotions or concern for civility; just a simple,
clear and constant source of action and vitality. Our myths
and astrology have modified the meaning and we project
Mars through our behaviour in its altered form. The
creative Mars energy emanates from the symbolic Sun,
source of perpetual vitality and the sacred self.
It takes considerable clarity of purpose to delve beyond
these images and reach the primordial roots. To get back to
the archetypal model we need to be familiar with more
than one mythic influence, though to trace its meaning in
human terms we often come up with conflicting metaphors.
What we really see are the many facets of the over-layers
of meaning. In this way, we can understand both the
positive face and the negative face of each planetary
model. This is the raw material that we work with, since
we carry these images deep within our own psyches, we
cannot rationalise the primordial roots, only experience
them. The core model is instinctive, natural, and along
with all other archetypal forces - uncomplicated. It does
not think, feel or act except under the direction of the
So what are the images that myth has presented to give
us a sense of the colour of Mars? The Romans adulated
and revered the god of conquest, Mars, son of Jupiter. The
Greeks expressed him in their myths as the hated
warmongering Ares, son of Zeus, and as the egotistical

Wholeness must take account of a bright consciousness

as well as a nurtured 'inner life'. There is no hope for, or
sense of, completeness if we are not aware of and able to
identify with the life around us. While we may all seek to
improve ourselves by doing 'inner work, we absolutely
must pay attention to the real world of humans living in a
human world, where survival means we have to assert
ourselves. Earning a place in that world and creating new
life is part of what Mars is about, so whole life experience
must honour Mars as the force and drive to achievement in
the world.
Mars describes our capacity to defend our personal
sensibilities, but does not describe our sensibilities. They
are the baili~ick of other archetypal forms. It can enable
us to do so with the precision of a well-trained soldier who
does the bidding of the 'Divine King or Divine Queen'
embedded in the Sun archetype. We might liken Mars' role
to that of the trusty Knight (son) who unfailingly gives his
loyalty to his Lord or Lady - the 'Son of the Divine' in
human form, on earth to perform a quest and always at the
bidding of the Divine. If the motives of the divine Self are
pure, then Mars acts out the will as pure spirit.
In being clear about Mars as controlled by and serving
the Divine ~elf, without question, its energy does not need
to manifest in the guise of renegade, terrorist or mercenary
because we become aware of its usefulness. Mars
suppressed and unrecognised, not allowed free expression,
is undervalued, not 'favoured' by the King or Queen-Self
and so cannot do its job. It is essential that we recognise
our capacity for militancy and give it proper honour.

~lte ~raditional Astrologer

Symbolically, Mars' job is to defend and at times attack

the fearsome dragons that litter our life paths - to take
issue with the real 'bad guys' but to do so in a well trained,
elegant and manifestly honourable way. Achievement of
creative goals needs to be appropriate to the will of the
divine Self. Mars expressed as rage or anger is
inappropriate. Regardless of the primitive, brutal force
embedded in its meaning, Mars as the killer is not clear
archetypal imagery because anger implies emotion and
Mars is not about emotion but pure action and energy.
Emotion blurs the edges. The core energy of Mars is
embedded in the 'seed' of life. Therefore, it has sexual
overtones. In medical astrology, Mars represents the penis,
connecting again to the image of the phallus and the 'tool'
by which the solar seed is delivered. The testicles are
associated with the Sun.
The most prominent of conditions put on Mars is the
sanitised version of Venusian principles of 'niceness' and
acceptability to others. You don't get far with Mars
without Venus entering the picture. The principles of Mars
such as masculinity, assertiveness, drive and initiation can
only exist in a dualistic world in contrast to its archetypal
partner, Venus, representing femininity, passivity, tranquillity and acceptance. However, in overly moderating Mars
we set ourselves up for problems. Venus gains the upper
hand and Mars becomes unhealthy, lethargic, contained
and suffocated. Those who do not allow Mars to be
expressed but are constantly 'nice', seemly and decorous,
model their behaviour on Venus and suppress their natural
instincts. Eventually the repressed and enraged energy of
Mars bursts forth in bouts of anger, violence and
aggression. Venus refines the primitive Mars and enables
us to live in 'civilised' society but each in themselves needs
to be expressed and we should be consciously aware of
both energies. This is the paradox. When one archetype
dominates the other, the result is inappropriate. The
balance must be maintained for psychic health.
Rage is the dysfunctional expression of a suppressed
Mars. We can be annoyed, pissed off, defend our honour,
our position, our opinion, our property, and express our
desires in a healthy way without resorting to anger. We
should be allowed to do so, because the effects on health of
not doing so can be devastating.
Just the same, we do become angry. In doing so and in
recognising that we are operating the shadow side of Mars,
we honour that shadow and it becomes less able to control
our actions. Annoyance or irritation stimulates Mars into
action and has then served its purpose. If such annoyance
is expressed clearly with Venus in mind, in other words,
that the other person has a point of view too, it is
honourable Mars. If it brings with it years of suppressed
rage, then it is inappropriate and murky. Often the smallest
trigger will bring with it years of accumulated force.
How do we keep Mars from being suppressed? By
seeing, it as an appropriate tool for self-expression. If we
have a sense of our own divinity, then we will not use
Mars as a means to abuse the divine gift we carry. The
Divine has its counterpart in the Shadow. God has the
Devil. God cannot exist as creative good without the
contrast of the Devil for destruction and evil, for how can
we identify goodness without the presence of evil for
contrast? And so God and the Devil are bound up in the)

other. Mars, in negative form is capable of expressing the

Devil as much as it can positively express the Divine. Mars
does not evaluate, it simply acts on behalf of either master!
Aries is the 'first' of the signs, Mars the 'first' energy,
and the primal survival force within, which deals entirely
with 'I', 'Me', 'Myself'. Those words are the words of the
divine Self, seeking mortal incarnation in the world. If we
bear that in mind we can use Mars clearly and use the
perpetual energy as it is meant to be used - creatively.
The position of Mars in the chart illustrates how Mars is
best expressed. Mars ought to be expressed directly,
spontaneously, immediately at the start of things, whatever
the situation, in the way indicated by its sign and in the
experience expressed by its house. Clarity of source is
essential to expressing Mars in an assertive yet
non-aggressive way.
Anger often arises because one has waited too long to
clarify something - both within oneself and within one's
relationships - just what it is one wants and how much
space one needs to achieve it. Anger and bloodlust is alien
to the clarity that can be expressed. Remember Mars is
'the initiation', so when you become angry, you need to
look to the initiating source of the anger, not its present
manifestation. This way you can be clear why you are
angry and then turn the anger to better purpose. Mars is
never the source of anger but the means by which it is
expressed. Therefore, the source and the means need to be
clearly defined so that Mars can be expressed fruitfully.
Expressing our Mars is not as an observer; it is as a
participant in our own creative process. It is a tool by
which we enable ourselves to be healthy at all levels.
Identifying its value as creatively beneficial to the Self
enables us to use its energy appropriately.
Mars in the chart should be examined for its aspects
with other planets. The element connected to its sign
placement will give an idea of the ways in which the
creative seeds brought by Mars can be sown. In Earth,
energy is applied to the physical and needs to be expressed
that way. In Fire, it is applied through instinctive action
and intuitive knowledge. ln. Air, those seeds are for
planting in the mind, to activate the intellect, and in water
it touches the emotions with passion creating compassion.
Where you fmd the sign Aries is often the best house for
sowing the seeds of divinely inspired creativity.
! ! !

Ote ?:rnditiona! Astrologer




(Allium sativum)

f the rulership of garlic Culpeper says simply:
"Mars owns this Herb" . 1 The Martial rulership of
the herb most directly comes from the shape of the
bulb and long tubular pointed leaves being directly
analogous to the glyph for Mars. In fact the very name
'garlic' comes from Anglo-Saxon meaning 'Spear plant', a
very appropriate name for a plant ruled by the god of war.
When the bulb is split open the individual cloves often have
a reddish hue . The flavour of garlic is well known for its
hot, dry pungent taste, savoured in the cuisine of many
cultures. Garlic likes to grow in hot and dry open places.
The hotter the sun the more pungent the taste.
As can be seen, garlic particularly fulfils the Martial
signature of a herb found in Lilly's Christian Astrology:
"The hearbs which are attributed to Mars are such as
come near to rednesse, whose leaves are pointed and
sharp, whose taste is caustic and burning, love to
grow in dry places". 2
Garlic is related botanically to the onion, which is also
traditionally ruled by Mars. However the onion is much
bigger than garlic, as well as being more fleshy and
succulent so it is appropriate that the onion is jointly ruled
by the Moon.
As a Martial herb garlic is seen to strengthen the Fiery
choleric humour. The choleric humour counters the
influence of the Watery phlegmatic humour which has its
seat in the lungs. 3 Traditionally garlic is used for chest and
lung infections such as chronic bronchitis, whooping
cough, bronchitic asthma and catarrhal conditions of the
respiratory system, such as colds and influenza.
The eating of garlic is well known for causing a
particularly pungent malodorous breath that can have
unpleasant social consequences. The malefic aspect. of
Mars is certainly apparent here. Paradoxically it is this
smell that contributes to the therapeutic effect of garlic on
the body. The oil present in garlic when it is freshly cut
has a sickly sweet smell. However one of the substances
present in the fresh oil, called alliin, is oxidized by the
metabolism of the body to produce diallyl disulphide,
responsible for the offensive smell.
Diallyl disulphide is highly anti-bacterial as it circulates
around the body. As it is exhaled through the lungs in the
breath it powerfully disinfects the respiratory system. The
herb also has antiviral properties and additionally, by
stimulating the formation of white blood cells, it enhances
the immunological responses of the body against infection.

These pharmacological actions confirm the traditional use

of garlic for chest infections. Furthermore, garlic has
spasmolytic action useful in relieving spasm of the bronchi
in asthma. The pungency of the oil has a powerful
expectorant action useful for cutting and expelling phlegm
from the lungs. Of its action Culpeper says:
"In choleric men it will add fuel to the fire; in men
oppressed in melancholy, it will attentuate [weaken]
the [melancholic] humour , and send up strong
fancies, and as many strange visions to the head;
therefore let it be taken inwardly in great moderation;
outwardly you may make more bald with it". 4
The adding fuel to the fire is Culpeper's way of saying
that the herb strengthens the choleric humour associated
with fever. In humoral physiology a good fever was seen
to eliminate impurities from the body and clarify all the
humours . Today garlic is still used as a febrifuge to assist
fevers .
Culpeper' s description of garlic weakening the
melancholic humour is particularly interesting, for when
the melancholic humour is linked to blood viscosity and the
clotting mechanism of the blood, recent pharmacological
studies have shown that garlic reduces cholesterol and
lipids in the blood, as well as reducing platlet aggregation
thereby preventing thrombosis . The herb has also been
shown to help prevent the build up of fatty deposits inside
the blood vessels as in arteriosclerosis . Furthermore, garlic
is shown to help reduce high blood pressure, a condition
which is frequently associated with degenerative changes in
the blood vessels.
Strong fancies, is Culpeper 's way of saying that the herb
excites strong sexual passions, a use for the herb
commonly found in the Mediterranean countries. The idea
of many strange visions to the head is due to Mars being
dignified in Aries and alludes to the sexual desires
generated by the strengthening of the sexual drive.
Finally garlic has been shown to have an hypoglycaemic
action, that is it helps lower the blood sugar. This makes
the herb useful for helping diabetes. As Venus is connected
to sugar, this action of the herb clearly demonstrates Mars'
antipathy to Venus.


N. Culpeper, The English Physitian, 1653, section on garlic.

W. Lilly, Christian Astrology, 1647, p.67.
D. Warren-Davis , ' Decumbiture and Humoral Physiology' , The
Traditional Astrologer, Issue 2. Autumn 1993.
N. Culpeper, ibid.

?:he ?:rmlitiMa! Astrologer


n ancient Mesopotamia,
which is precisely why we call
the planet Mars was known
him a malefic. In Greek myth,
as Salbatanu and associated
Heracles would have been a better
with the god Nergal. The
choice to represent Mars, but he
attributes of Nergal combined
was not originally a god, only a
those which we associate with
hero. Of course, even Heracles
Mars and Pluto today: he was
had problems with the Martian
side of his nature: he had his
lord of the underworld and also
connected with such dangers as
outbursts of uncontrolled rage, as
infectious disease, fire, and
well as his more acceptable
monster-slaying achievements.
The Egyptian equivalent was - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - The Roman Mars was rather
considered by the Greeks to be Anhur. Originally the local similar to Anhur: a god who represented the better side of
god of Abydos, he became the manifestation of the strength the planet. Some have called him a god of agriculture,
of Ra. The imperialist Pharaohs of the New Kingdom claiming that his association with war could be explained
worshipped him as a god of war; but he was equally as the Roman farmers appealing to their most-invoked
popular with the common people, who called him the deity before battle, but the agricultural role of Mars was to
Saviour or the Good Warrior and invoked him as a protect cattle and crops from diseases, bad weather, and
protection against danger.
evil influences. The rituals observed by the
The Greek god Ares was said to be the son of
priests of Mars show that he corresponded to
Hera and Zeus, but his name is not Greek: he
the Indian god Indra, a warriors' god who
probably originated in Thrace.. Homer showed
combated the forces of evil.
that he considered Mars to be a foreigner by
The Romans considered the Germanic god
making him fight for the Trojans, along with
Tiw (Norse Tyr) to be the equivalent of their
other immigrant gods. Ares, as presented in
Mars, since he was invoked before battle; thus
Tuesday (O.E. Tiwesd'g) corresponds to the
Greek literature, is really .too much a
personification of war and lust to be a good image of the Italian Marted (Lat. Martis dies). Actually Tiw was so
planet, but this may be because the authors came from the invoked in his capacity as the god of justice, and in name
south and east of Greece, while his cult was best he corresponds to Zeus and Jupiter. The Norse equivalent
established in the north and west. At a deeper level, as a of Mars was really Thor, but the Romans equated him to
people too much given to warfare, the Greeks were Jupiter for no better reason than his use of thunder-bolts:
probably right to distrust Ares: the forces of Mars are ancient mythographers were often far less well-informed
difficult to express, assertion easily becoming aggression, than modem ones.



The Tarot

In the Jewish cabbala,

Mars is the fifth sphere,
Power (Gevurah); it is
notable that the Pythagoreans called the number
five Nemesis. The sphere
of Mars is also known as
Fear (Pachad): that fear
of God which is said to be
the beginning of wisdom,
because it comes from
realising our own shortcomings. Gevurah forms
the moral triad with
Chesed (Jupiter) and
Tiphereth (the Sun). Here
the benefic Jupiter and.
malefic Mars symbolise
the constructive and destructive principles which are both
vital parts of the universe, and which are transcended in the
Sun. This contrast between Mars and Jupiter is reflected in
the opposition between their exaltations: according to
Antiochus of Athens, this is because they are life and
death, a comment which takes us back to Babylon where
Marduk (Jupiter) was the creator and Nergal the Lord of the


In the major arcana of the

tarot, the Golden Dawn
. .. .
assigned the Thunderbolt
(or the Tower) to Mars.
This shows the malefic
aspect of the planet, a
tower being struck down
by lightning, and can
indicate anything from
change to ruin. The card
Fortitude (or Strength) is
also frequently linked to
this planet; in divination it
represents both sides of
Mars courage and
action, or anger and pride.
The image of a woman
holding the head of a lion,
used in many packs, probably started as a long-haired
Hercules strangling the Nemean lion; the alternative, a
woman with a broken column, was most likely the equally
long-haired Samson demolishing the temple of the
Philistines. In the minor arcana, Mars is assigned on
cabbalistic grounds to the fives . These are all unfortunate:
Five of Wands, called Conflict; Five of Swords, Defeat; Five
of Coins, Worry; Five of Cups, Disappointment.

?:lte ?:rnditioua/.Astro!o;er


Louis descended on London in
The year is 1938; the scene, the
"Cursed be he who uses his
1935. He was obviously a refugee,
lobby of a private hotel in Maida
knowledge for wrong purposes"
most likely Jewish or half-Jewish, and
Vale. The vast space, part of which
(Commonsense Astrology)
the reason for this move must have
serves as a dining room, is furnished
been - despite his statement that the
in a heavy continental style with
Gestapo wanted him to undertake astrological work - that
ponderous Klubsessel (German easy chairs covered with
heavy leather into which a sitter sinks, with only his head as a 'non-Aryan' work for the German press and film
industry had become impossible for him. I have never been
visible), chandeliers and heavy curtain. The hall is
occupied by a crowd of foreigners, mainly but not all convinced that the autobiographical hints in his writings are
refugees, speaking German, Hungarian, Czech, Polish and entirely trustworthy: like Cagliostro he loved to give the
other European languages. The proprietor, a bespectacled impression of having been in many strange places and at
white Russian, is introducing me to a rotund, bespectacled many times, India (consulting Indian astrologers in
figure, seated on a round marble table, drinking black Calcutta), Morocco, Egypt, the slums of Marseilles,
Naples, etc.), leading an adventurous existence tracking
coffee and smoking a huge cigar: Louis de Wohl.
Before giving an account of my sporadic contacts with down drug traffickers, assisting chiefs of police in difficult
Do Wohl, I should explain why I wanted to meet him. In cases, meeting exotic mystery men .... This mystification
my wanderings through the occult bookshops around the process was complementary to the impression his
charismatic personality created. More about this anon.
British Museum after I had become interested in astrology,
I picked up Do Wohl's I Follow my Stars and also met
In the weeks follo wing our first meeting my fascination
several persons who knew him. All I then knew of him for De Wohl grew. I also became acquainted with his way
was that he had acquired a modest reputation n Germany as of living : he occupied a large room in the hotel littered
a popular novelist, contributing somewhat trite serial with books, papers in complete confusion, a large desk
stories to some of the weekly illustrated papers . I covered with all sorts of mementoes and framed and signed
remembered him vaguely under the name of Ludwig von photographs and the inevitable leather cases of big cigars.
Wohl. (The German 'von' indicates the lowest level of Most objects of daily use were engraved with a baronial
nobility; German princes - until 1918 there was no coat of arms. He was a man of medium height, but
shortage of them - conferred this distinction upon appeared to be much taller when sitting like an archduke in
well-deserving officials, bankers and businessmen; the title a high chair. More often than not he wore a flowing robe
was hereditary.) Beyond this I knew nothing of De Wohl's or a silken dressing gown. Everything around him oozed
antecedents and in the long years of our acquaintance he baroque or rococo opulence: he loved luxury of the
never discussed his ancestral setting with me, so that for
peculiar Michael Arlen brand, and was surrounded by a
me the sole source of information remained his
Sydney Greenstreet aura of questionable taste, this serving
autobiography. Its reliability can be assumed, as he did not not only to impress the visitor but most likely to generate
pretend to have sallied forth from a baronial palace; the in his own mind an illusion of grandeur.
circumstances described are modest enough.
How did he live? He already wrote books in English Born in 1903, he attended a grammar school; the which he mastered rapidly - but he also continued to
poverty of his widowed mother compelled him at the age contribute to German-speaking journals outside Nazi
of 17 to become an apprentice in a bank, but he was sacked Germany; he mentioned quite early on that he had an .
in 1924. This was followed by a miscellany of occupations, extensive astrological practice, occasionally dropping some
including dress designing and film publicity work. He titled name or that of a rich refugee tycoon, indicating that
struggled to become an author, though the actual dates he had begun to move in London society . I also discovered
given by him in passages in his books are contradictory. that he played cards for money. As he tried to induce me
Then he seems to have succeeded in breaking into higher to join his card parties, I became acquainted with a
'society'. These are the barebones of his formative years,
peculiar type of rummy. Though the stakes were
and I cannot but state that I knew more of Count comparatively low, I came to the conclusion that he
Cagliostro' s youth than of Louis de Wohl's.
supplemented his uncertain income by gambling.

<:he <:rmiitionn/ Astro!o;er

When I first met Louis he directed his glance at me, an

almost hypnotic stare, an experience which the only critical
observer of De Wohl, Ellie Howe, also had later. He
behaved initially like a duke giving audience to a
petitioner. This attitude underwent a gradual change and
another Louis beg;m to emerge: smiling, humourous,
sometimes puckish, sparkling. One felt happy in his
company. His mind seemed to be receptive to any new fact
or idea, and while giving the impression of dispensing his
graces freely, he, in fact, drew from others all the time for
information, ideas, facts, and useful items.
Then there was his streak of femininity: I remember that
sometime in 1939 or 1940 he asked me to take part in a
charity concert to be given at his hotel. I was to play the
accordion. Louis indulged in one of his favourite pleasures ,
that of dressing up as a woman. And indeed, he looked the
part, that is if you like Peter Paul Rubens' corpulent ladies.
Now let us be quite clear about his sex relations: Louis was
a normal heterosexual individual, somewhat feminine, but
no homosexual or transvestite. He may or he may not have
been married before he arrived in England (in his
Common-sense Astrology, p.196, he mentions both an
engagement and marriage, but nowhere states what became
of his spouse). He never mentioned marriage to me, in any
case we shall see that he did marry in the fifties.
As my first meeting with him had been astrologically
motivated, our conversations revolved at first around
astrology. De Wohl had described dramatically in his
autobiography how he had been 'converted' and implied
repeatedly that he had undertaken extensive research such
as the examination of the maps of accident victims ,
professional types, mundane events, etc. When
propounding a theory he was in the habit of backing it up
with sensational examples of his practice.
While captivated by the man, I never fell for the
scintillating astrological canvases he painted, I had already
been warned by other continental astrologers, and my own
academic training enabled me in most cases to distinguish
facts from fiction and romance. Retrospectively it is clear
to me that Louis' astrological wisdom was entirely
second-hand and that like the filmscript writer he had been,
he served up the evergreen ingredients garnered from
others in an attractive, amusing and often sensational
manner. However much he tried to be the 'prophet' hewas
no guru. Louis had a very fertile and receptive brain, a
rapid intelligence, an easy pen, but he was neither
academically trained nor an intellectual. His ignorance of
modern psychology was patent, and though quoting Freud,
Adler and Jung, it was quite obvious to me that he had
never bothered to read any of them.
What he possessed was a splendid gift of dramatising the
drab and simple lives of his clients who appear to have
accepted him as a philosopher, saint, prophet and
father-confessor, all in one. The latter role is not as far
removed from the truth as it may appear to be; already at
this early stage Louis exhibited religious tendencies which
were to become prominent years later. His quasitheological pronouncements often bordered on the
ludicrous; they were pompous and high-sounding, verging
on revivalism. Take for instance the concluding passage of
his Secret Service of the Sky, (p.239):

Humbly I crave the blessing of the Holy Three who,

nearly 2,000 years ago, set out from their three different
countries because they had read in the stars that at a certain
place, at a certain time, a child would be born, destined to
become the greatest of all Kings - the blessing of the
Holy Three Wise Men of the East.
To see the 'seer', with a big cigar in his hand, in a
flowery silk dressing gown, with eyes raised to Heaven,
pronouncing apocalyptic words, walking slowly across his
hotel room, was surely something I would not have missed
ever. Why then, if I realised early on that I could not learn
much from him astrologically, did I continue to meet him?
The answer is simple: I liked the man, I found his
company sparkling, I was highly amused by his pretence,
and I knew that he became fond of me.
Then came September 1939 and with more urgent
preoccupations I lost sight of De Wohl. Late in 1940 I
heard that he had moved from the hostelry in Maida Vale
to the nobler environs of Hyde Park and was occupying a
suite of rooms at the Grosvenor House in Park Lane.
Rumour had it that he had not only improved his domicile
but also his social standing, to wit that he held the King's
commission in the Army. One day I betook myself to his
quarters and found myself face to face with Captain de
Wohl, dressed in a splendid officer's uniform, complete
with a Sam Browne, an expensive, leather-covered cane
lying on a chair and an enormous beautifully tailored
greatcoat hanging near the entrance door. Naturally I had
to salute a superior officer!

Astrological propaganda played its part in boosting the national

morale through the media. De Wohl gained a large following
worldwide, using aca.Jrate snippets of intelligence to promote his
credibility. He was fed horoscopes by the BSC girls in New York.

?:he ?:raditional Astrologer


Louis was like a boy who had just received his

Christmas presents . He stood up, he sat down, stood up
again, walked around the room and looked into a large
mirror in silent admiration. I admit that the miraculous
metamorphosis of a Hungarian refugee from Berlin into a
British army captain was indeed startling, and I must have
been a trifle over-awed. Louis enjoyed my surprise
immensely, as much as he must have enjoyed strutting
round the West End and receiving and returning salutes.
When I had recovered from my initial admiration of the
great military figure I plucked up sufficient courage to ask
him what martial functions he now fulfilled. I could not
identify a regimental badge, nor had there been in his
autobiographical writings any hint of previous military
experience or exploits. In fact, the odd passages touching
upon military matters were as remote from army reality as
the early scripts of Hollywood or the Berlin UFA films .
He explained to me that because of his intimate
knowledge of the work of Hitler's astrologers and their
methods, the British authorities had entrusted him to read
their minds and discover what advice they would give the
Fuehrer, who, he said, was totally dominated by fortune
tellers. He mentioned one astrologer in particular, Karl
Ernst Krafft, whom I had never heard of at that time. The
impression he conveyed to me was that he was
hob-nobbing with the General Staff. Further questioning
was avoided , quite properly, by reference to the Official
Secrets Act. There always had been unsubstantiated
rumours of Hitler' s pre-occupation with occultism. One
such story concerned a Berlin clairvoyant named
Hannussen, already fashionable years before Hitler's
advent to power, who in 1933 or 1934 mysteriously
disappeared. De Wohl has been accused of fabricating a
myth: the fact is that he did not create it, but, as he did in
many other respects, he probably recognised its material
possibilities and he exploited them to the full .
Months later I was once more in London. I cannot recall
whether he still lived at Grosvenor House or whether he
had already moved to a service flat in Piccadilly. When I
met him he did not wear uniform. By this time I had had
plenty of leisure in my Ulster barracks to reflect on what
he had told me and had begun to have some ideas of my
own, which, because of the nature of the matter, I had not
even communicated to my wife. Aware of the general
attitude towards astrology, I found it increasingly difficult
to believe that the British High Command would consult an
enemy-alien astrologer. I came to the conclusion that his
work lay in a different direction. Astrologically seen too,
there appeared to be a flaw in De Wahl's argument, in that
the methods of astrology are not as determined as those of
the physical sciences: assuming Hitler did consult
astrologers, did Louis know what methods they applied?
Personal horoscopes of the principal military and naval
chiefs engaged in the struggle were susceptible to
something like a common interpretation, but what about
mundane maps?
My suspicions that his real work was of a different
nature were then confirmed by his statement that he would
shortly go to the United States to address a convention of
American astrologers. His activities in the States, which
remained unknown to me, have been described by William
Stevenson (see reading list).

Some years passed and it was not until 1945 .or 1946 that
I had an opportunity of meeting De Wahl again. By that
time I had overtaken him in military rank, but if I had
hoped for a salute I was to be disappointed: he told me that
he had retired into civilian life. To my surprise, instead of
an astrological conversation - I had arrived fully prepared
to tell him something of the statistical astrological research
I had done with army personnel - I was submitted to a
religious homily, and looking around the room I saw
crucifixes and religious prints and other objects. Louis had
either been converted to , or had returned to, Roman
Catholicism, and his monologues, which in the past had
been spiced with the names of the worldly high and
mighty, now contained references to bishops, abbots and
saints. It was either on this occasion or sometime later that
he told me that he would shortly be invited into the
Sovereign Order of the knights of Malta. Upon the
comment that to the best of my historical knowledge you
had to have a cenain number of quarterings to be
considered at all for membership , De Wohl replied that his
"noble ancestry entitled him to this honour" . This,
incidentally , was the first and only reference to a high
aristocratic background . To conclude this strange incident:
in the fifties Louis sent me a photograph showing himself
and his wife in the vestments of some religious order in
Switzerland; it was certainly not the Sovereign Order of
the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, but some other lay
organisation, and I conclude that his quarterings had not
satisfied the Maltese knights .
Throughout the years 1947-1953 I met Louis, sometimes
on my own, sometimes accompanied by my wife. He
enjoyed great prosperity, his style had become even more
grandiose, the cigars bigger , the precious objects littering
his quarters more numerous, and his conversation
continued to be brilliant, a kaleidoscope of interesting
facts , people he met and journeys he had undertaken, with
hints of new powerful contacts. By this time I had become
an audience rather than a panicipant in a conversation ;
astrological themes, already relegated to a secondary place
earlier, now virtually faded away. I learnt that he had
become the author of religious novels , and on one occasion
he presented me with a leather-bound translation of the
New Testament by Monsignor Knox together with the copy
of one of his novels The Living Wood, a re-creation of the
life and miracles of St. Helena, mother of the emperor
Constantine the Great. His religious convictions were
doubtless genuine , but perhaps he could not help himself of
extracting from every new turn in his intellectual or
spiritual pilgrimage material advantages : he was to turn out
novel after novel , everyone built around the life of saints :
we have his St. Paul, his Santa Teresa, his Ignatius
Loyola , his Thomas Aquinas, and perhaps some I have
never heard of. In the late fifties he wrote to me from
Lucerne informing me that he had received some important
book prize in the United States and that he now wrote
regularly for the Catholic Book Club. The source of his
prosperity was then not entirely clear to me, but in 1952
appeared his last book with an Astrological content, The
Stars of War and Peace in which he painted a sensational
picture of his astrological contribution to the British
victory. This book was the culmination of a concerted
effort on his part to turn whatever his secret work during

Karl Ernst Krafft (1900-45)

by Derek Parker, extracted from A History ofAstrology
Krafft was born in Switzerland, of German descent, and became a very competent
astrologer. He also became a fervent admirer of Hitler, and on 2 November 1939,
wrote to a Dr Fosel (then working for the RSHA, Himmler's secret intelligence
service) warning that between the 7th and 1Oth of November Hitler's life would be in
danger because of "the possibility of an attempt at assassination by the use of
explosive material".
The Nazis were as disapproving of astrological predictions about the life of the head
of state as the Caesars had been, and disregarded the warning. When on 9th
November a bomb exploded at the Burgerbrau beer hall in Munich minutes after
Hitler had left it, Krafft could not resist sending a telegram to Rudolf Hess pointing out
that he had told them so. His original letter to Fosel was dug out of the files and
shown to Hitler, who passed it to Dr Goebbels. The same day, Krafft was arrested
by the Gestapo and taken in for questioning. He managed to convince them that
under certain circumstances such accurate predictions were possible, and was
In 1940, Krafft was summoned to Berlin by Goebbels to
look through the prophesies of Nostradamus and translate
any of them that could be used as propaganda against the
the war had been into a legend; an effort that, I heard
lies. It was felt that these, if dropped into unoccupied
much later, had started with a large number of
might well do something to persuade the people that
syndicated articles all over the world. This legend,
by the Nazis was in the natural order of things.
which proved very lucrative, has since been recognised
some weeks' work, Krafft claimed to have
for what it is, a carefully cultivated myth and not
predicting the invasion of Holland and
the Third Reich and the Second
The last time I saw De Wohl was in 1953 when I
a pamphlet based on forty
resigned from the Army and moved to the West
designed for circulation in
Country. We did however, keep in touch. He spent
the imminent downfall
sometime. in the States and married a well-known
three months later,
German novelist Ruth Feiner, setting up a permanent
Goering) flew to
home in Lucerne. His wife informed me of his death in
a peace Scotiand
1961. I continued to exchange Christmas greetings with
the widow until the mid-sixties when contacts ceased.
His final years seem to have been happy, his wife loved
and admired him and he was very prosperous. After the
announce that Hess was actually insane, and shortiy
'Storm and Stress' of his youth and the excitement of
it was announced that he had been crazed by
his real and legendary life, he settled down, not to an
astrologers and so on'. In Britain, The Times
'aristocratic' life but to a conventional bourgeois
that Hess had been Hitler's private
De Wohl's life proceeds like a stage play in acts and
This gave the Gestapo the excuse to clamp down on
scenes of which only two are of interest to us and
in general, and those who had formerly enjoyed
posterity; we shall omit a discussion of the war-time
of a sympathetic Himmler (who had arranged
legend which has been amply discussed by others. This
one of their number, Wilhelm Wulif, from a
leaves us with his position as a writer and with his role
to work for him and his wife) now found
as an astrologer. As an author Louis was a
and at worst sent to concentration
featherweight. His plots, the commonplace conflicts and
a number of members of the Nazi
situations, and a cloying and undistinguished style, both
whom admired Himmler, and many
in English and in German, prohibit the application of
deranged: Reinhard Heydrich, for
cannons of literary criticism. It was not only the lack of
Himmler to another officer,
style that affected his pen, but an almost naive and
stars on his epaulette, and
juvenile picture of the world, an astounding ignorance
Along with faith
of the complicated web of human emotions and
Scientists and
relationships. I often feel that he might have done well
favour. Krafft
as a writer of children's books. This cherubic looking
to work
man saw nothing but the surface and mistook the
end of
puppets of the 'Punch and Judy' show for substantial
characters. His plots and heroes move in a Michael
Arlen, Maurice Dekobra or E. Phillips-Oppenheim

<:!te <:rmiitiona! Astrolo{!er


world, without possessing the sparkle of these writers. His

religious novels, which enjoyed a large circulation,
appealed to semi-educated believers and were based on
traditional hagiography. They nowhere attained the pathos
of Sienkiewicz' Quo Vadis or Wallace's Ben Hur. We
might compare his novels with religious oleographs over
the mantelpieces of pious homes and contrast them with the
El Grecos, Rembrandts and Rouaults.
This comparative shallowness and naivete affected his
astrological writing too and his place among writers on the
subject. He wrote a number of astrological books,
beginning 1937 and terminating in 1952 and an analysis of
their contents reveals no progress in thinking or method; if
you read one, you know all. The books propound the
traditional teaching of planets, signs, houses and aspects as
can be found in any Alan Leo or Sepharial. He is not
above an attempt to flatter his (then new) British readers
with a patriotic passage, urging them to become the
vanguard of fighters for the scientific recognition of
"England is a country which is always inclined to take the
part of the 'under-dog', to be on the side of the oppressed.
It must come from this country, which has given so many
great men to astrology, such as Lilly, Pearce, Sepharial,
Alan Leo, Raphael and many, many more; from this
country which leads the world in common sense, without
thereby giving itself up to materialism only. From
England. Peraspera ad astra."
At other times he utters dire warnings to his lay readers
not to dabble in astrology, such as:
"My aim is to bring light. But then Lucifer was a bringer
of light also .... A doctor's poison cupboard contains
wonderful means of healing. But what would they become
in the hands of a layman who did not know how much he
should take of them? Astrology can be poisonous in the
wrong hands.... Anyone should not be allowed to study
astrology, only those who take a solemn oath to use it only
for good"
(Both quotations from Secret Sen'ice of the Sky)
My opinion is that Louis de Wohl made no contribution
to the theory and advancement of astrology, and it always
surprises me that he is still quoted in some serious works. I
cannot judge his ability as a consultant and practitioner
which spanned some twenty odd years. He seems to have
impressed some important men and women sufficiently to
recommend him, but here too his reputation rests mainly
on his own word.
Then there is the embarrassing fact of the use of
astrology for propaganda purposes during World War II,
the exploitation of the bogy of Hitler's belief in the stars,
the creation of the image of the 'evil' Krafft - all matters
known to me only years afterwards. Whether the
prostitution of a science or a belief, the use of phoney
predictions, the adulteration of ancient material, like
Nostradamus' Centuries is justifiable in war, is an ethical
question which the practitioner must answer for himself. It
lastly may depend on whether one believes in astrology or
not. Did Louis de Wohl believe in astrology? Did he
regard it as an esoteric or scientific discipline? I must
confess that after the end of the War, I began to doubt it:
he could talk of his practice in the same superficial and
often brilliant manner as of any other matter, be it women,

card games, a new fashion or the shortage of cigars. I

came to the conclusion that Louis, after his conversion to
astrology, had seen in it quite early certain defmite
material advantages: in the first place it enlarged the
already substantial impression he made upon his
prospective rich and titled clientele whose company gave
an added prop to his ego, and in the second place he saw
endless opportunities for, 'selling' expensive horoscopes.
He appeared to be wary of contact with other professionals
and refused to join an intimate discussion group of friends
of mine, some professionals and all interested in the
predictive disciplines. When at our last meeting I asked
him about his future astrological plans, he implied that he
"had been called to devote his life to higher things",
presumably his religious writings.
I would hesitate to be too severe to him. In his case,
beliefs, material advantage, opportunism, showmanship
and even sometimes humility were strangely mixed up and
it is likely that he became truly convinced that his saints
had called him to become their witness. I also had no doubt
that his return to Catholicism or his conversion, was the
result of a profound conviction. While I never had a high
opinion of his astrological attainments, I was genuinely
fond of him and greatly enjoined his company. I could
visualise Louis in a rococo costume at the court of the
margrave of Raritania, engaged in gold-making,
entertaining his sponsor with his protean and sparkling
conversation, dropping mystifying remarks and playing for
high stakes at the prince's tables. Louis was one of the
brightest and most entertaining conversationalists I have
ever met. Of course I can hardly call him a friend, as the
substance of friendship lies in an honest baring of
personalities and of a revelation of past and present
concerns and facts. He would never bare his self, and
when he seemingly did so, the image that resulted was a
compound of fact, romance and fiction. Nor was I inclined
to uncover my soul to a confessor whose integrity I
There occurs in his Secret Sen'ice of the Sky a
description of the Aquarius sun sign native in length and
directness exceeding all other sun-sign descriptions, which
to me seems to be a self-portrait. The following excerpts
are, in my opinion, significant:
"In many respects this is perhaps the most interesting sign
of all ... There is nothing for which the Aqmirian has not
understanding. He has an open mind, learns easily and just
as easily forgets. He is everything at one and the same
time, conventional and eccentric, conservative and into
anything new like a flash. He has a great sense of the
romantic. His strongest asset is his imagination which stops
at nothing. He is gay, loveable, good-natured but
nevertheless keeping an eye open for himself. He likes
social life but also enjoys solitude ...... He is never fully
developed during his life, he is always young somehow ....
Routine work is no good for him, the others must do
that... He is actually often a writer. . . He is a poet . . . and
as a rule has histrionic talents. On the stage they can't do
without him. But he acts in real life also .... He has
generally something of the feminine in him, which shows,
itself in every possible way, from innocent pleasures in
colours, jewellery and ornament to effeminacy of every
kind ... "

<:ftc <:rmfitiona/ Astrolo(Jer

Perhaps the reader can solve the enigma of this man by

examining his horoscope always bearing in mind that it
may well be a 'prestige' map. Ellie Howe in I Follow My
Stars quotes him as saying that he was born at 7 .45pm, but
after the war he informed a well-known American
astrologer that the correct time was 3.30pm. If Louis de
W ohl was born in Berlin there should have been no doubt
about the time of his birth, as Prussian birth certificates
always recorded it.

24 Jan 1903
7:45PM (-1:00)
Berlin, Germany
52N30 I 013E22


Astrological works by Louis de Wohl
I follow my stars
Secret Service of the sky
Common-sense Astrology
The Stars Of War And Peace



Essential for the war-time role of Louis de Wohl

Urania's Children
London, 1976
Ellie Howe
Astrology and Psychological Waifare in
World War II
London, 1972
(an excert from Urania's Children)
Briefer references on Louis de Wohl appear in:
Francis King
Satan and Swastika London-1976
W. Stevenson
A man called IntrepidLondon-1976
J West & G.Toonder Case For Astrology Baltimore-1973
Wilhelm Wulff
Zodiac & Swastika London-1973
As a footnote Felix informs us that he has recently received news that
De Wahl's wife died on 4th January this year.

<:lte <:rnditional Astrologer


The Lone Crusader

By Wanda Sellar
In 1933, when the Nazi regime gained power in
Germany, the brutal and systematic measures taken against
the Jews marked one of the darkest periods in history . The
wholesale destruction of family life involved looting
apartments, seizing bank accounts and ruining trade. The
plan was to totally eliminate the Jews from the German
economy. When Germany invaded Poland in September
1939, which ignited the outbreak of the Second World
War, Polish Jews suffered an even harsher fate - if that
were possible. They were imprisoned in ghettos
surrounded by walls and barbed wire and unemployment;
poverty and disease soon became widespread. In June
1941, the German armies invaded the Union of Soviet
Socialist Republics (USSR) and mobile detachments known
as Einzatsgruppen (action squads) engaged in wholesale
slaughter of Jews.
Surviving Jews from all occupied countries, as well as
Slavs, Gypsies and other 'non-desirables', were
transported to the concentration camps which had spread
rapidly over Europe. The most infamous of these were
Maydanek, Sobibor and Auschwitz. People transported to
the concentration camps were either killed immediately or
pressed into forced labour. Most prisoners survived about
three months. It is quite remarkable therefore, that Simon
Wiesenthal, who had been imprisoned for several years,
was able to withstand the extraordinarily long term of his
incarceration. He not only survived but vowed to track
down the perpetrators of such widespread tyranny.
Wiesenthal was born in Buczacz, Poland (now Buchach
in Ukraine). In his youth, he studied in Prague and Lvov
and was a practising architect at the time the Germans
invaded Poland. He was incarcerated in 1941, together
with his father 's family, all of whom perished. Yet
incredibly, his wife, who had also suffered imprisonment,
survived. They were re-united at the close of hostilities.
After the war Wiesenthal devoted his life to pursuing the
perpetrators of the Holocaust, as the near complete
destruction of the Jews became known. In due course,
Wiesenthal became chairman of the 'Association of Jews
Persecuted by the Nazi Regime' and director of the 'Jewish
Documentation Centre' in Linz from 1947 to 1954 and in
Vienna since 1961. He is credited for helping to track
down the notorious Adolf Eichman, the former SS officer,
responsible for the murder of millions of Jews. Eichman
was taken to Israel in 1960, convicted of crimes against
humanity and hanged.


Wiesenthal had an increci"Jle r::.e:nory and was able to

recall the names and feces o: a great number of those
Nazis responsible fo r :l:.e co:.ce::::ration camp atrocities.
Yet he worked virtually alene. anc :.Udeed was sometimes
in dispute with other inwsr:_?c::i:e agencies. It appears they
felt that Wiesenthal ' s cc:icns. albeit unintentionally,
sometimes impeded the:r .:::.,-::. in: e:otigarions~ Criticisms of
egocentricity were leYellec a b..:.::J c.nd it was said that he
courted publicity. Cem.in.:.y :::i:o books on Nazi hunting
became best sellers . f\en :::o._,. c: tl::e age of 88 he is still
dedicated to studying and co:n:nemorar:ng the Holocaust.
How is this remarkct1e man described by his
horoscope? The sign ~. bo".:n for its penchant for
justice, ascends, and its legec.jary :harm and diplomacy
are further evinced from ce rr.. :.dp.:::int Asc= ))! C{. These
traits may have been c:-..:c i ~ :..:: :.:s dealings with others
since S?, apart from its n::ers~:p of ilie Ascendant, also
governs the 8th house of ce.3.:h. I: is in l, placed in the
3rd house, emphasising ccmrr.u..r1ic aions and pointing to
the pursuance of idealistic gc-c.ls . T.::e normally laconic ~.
is energised by the midpoir.t
':!' 2.
Wiesenthal's imprisonmen: :s indicated through the only
aspect that ~ makes - an applying t:-ine to its dispositor, a
debilitated 2j. in the 12th ho:.:se of imprisonment. 2j. is in
detriment, retrograde and ru:es the 6ili house of labour,
thus blighting all good intentioru of the Greater Benefic.
Note also that 2j. 's connection to the 6th shows the solitary
nature of his every-day acriYities. Further iniquities are
heaped on the planet known for its protective qualities by
its connection to the destructiYe d'/ 11 midpoint. So far the
indications are towards capitulation and confinement. How
does the prisoner find the power to endure captivity? Could
the positive side of the d'/ 11 midpoint give singlemindedness of purpose and concentrated energy? Certainly
this unrelenting drive is a constant theme of the chart.
It may be that Wiesenthal's survival - against all the
odds - is due partly to the grace of the two Benefics; luck
would have been rather scarcer had the Malefics been the
crucial significators. Escape from imprisonment is shown
from the exact trine between 2j. and its dispositor, ~ ,
placed in the 4th house which shows the end of the matter.
2j. and ~ together grant a sound intellect, contributory no
doubt to Wiesenthal' s flexibility of thought. He was not
one to forget of course, and ~ 's position in ;o, 4th house,
shows tenacity, endurance and a tie to the past.

?:lte ?:rnditkma!Astrologer


Brilliance of mind is further suggested by ~ 's
conjunction toW. It was said that Wiesenthal's mind was
like a computer; he had the ability to store an incredible
number of facts. Yet ~ is also combust, about the worst
affliction for any planet. Combustion in this case imperils
the 12th house ruler, perhaps describing the terrible
conditions of imprisonment. Could ~ 's conjunction to the
0 be another factor responsible for Wiesenthal's
single-mindedness, or his reputed egocentricity? Note ~
also rules the 9th house of the law. ~ 's midpoints involve
])IE! showing great zeal and influencing the public at large;
the 0/{IJ midpoint gave him great presence of mind.
The 4th house is further emphasised by the placement of
the 0. giving weight to Wiesenthal's strong identification
with his roots and the fate of his race. Fate deals an
insidious card though, due to the 0's separation from li
by square and application to W in the lOth house. Thus a
blight on Wiesenthal's career occurs through the
malevolency of others. This combination also forms the
1ill,J! midpoint, and the 0' s connection to it shows
suffering but also the methodical execution of plans. This
luminary's rulership of the 11th may indicate the fate of
large groups of people. The homeland is again emphasised,
through the tenancy ofW in the 4th, but this only serves to
induce a break-down in traditional structures while W's
opposition to the 4th house stellium dissolves the
foundations. The 4th house planets' trine to 2t. in the 12th
connect the homeland or race with universal suffering.
Since both houses, along with the 8th, are part of the
'terminal triangle', the trines may show the urge to
complete 'unfinished business'. In other words, it could
describe Wiesenthal's pursuance of the unlawful to trial
and retribution.
Single-mindedness of purpose and adherence to a goal is
particularly indicated by the angular li, which disposits the
planets in 16. li is in its fall however, and therefore raises
the spectre of the enmity associated with the 7th house. A
hard life and conflict with authority is further suggested by
li's opposition to the Ascendant and square to the 0 and
. Midheaven. As noted, W opposes the 4th house planets
and so forms a rather loose Grand Cross with li and the
Angles. The presence of li and W within this formation
gives a life of varying fortunes but it can also bestow an
ability in concretising idealistic goals. li at the best of
times often has obstacles to confront, and its midpoints
01Q and ?Jlf! indicate disadvantages with the public and
being exposed to heavy and bitter attacks.
li' s rulership of the 4th house, significant of
Wiesenthal's early suffering, could have acted as a spur to
his ultimate objectives; the pursuance of those responsible
for the slaying and torture of millions. His fervour and
drive derives from li's dispositor, d', so strong in its own
sign Til. Here is the will to survive against opposing
forces, and by opposing, end them. d' rules the 2nd house
bestowing strong personal resources that can be called
upon in times of conflict. Success in confrontation is
enhanced by d' being on the midpoint ])12/.. Yet it
receives no help from other planets by major aspect,
indicating a lonely position.

Wiesenthal' s solitary stance is echoed by the )) , ruler of

the Midheaven which is also unaspected. Its strength by
exaltation and tenancy of the 8th, encourages other people
to part with their money, and thus contribute to
Wiesenthal's cause. However, his investigations were
largely carried out alone aided by that Taurean tenacity of
The )) 's nodes also virtually stand alone apart from
wide aspects from the )) , suggesting a link with the public.
The north node forms a nucleus of power with its
conjunction to E: in the 9th house, indicating Wiesenthal's
stance on behalf of the masses within the sphere of the law,
a 9th house consideration. E:'s position in lt. as well as the
9th house, is also indicative of Wiesenthal's success in
publishing, helped no doubt by its connection to the
successful midpoints, ~lAse, ~/MC, 2/.!Asc and 2/.IMC.
Also E:'s dispositor and ruler of the 9th house is the planet
of communication, ~, and as we have seen it is favoured
by an exact trine to 2t. and conjunction ofW.
E, like d', the )) and the nodes, receive little help from
major aspects showing a tendency towards self-reliance.
That this was successfully executed owes much to the
strength of the traditional planets. Modem astrological
thought would of course, include the quincunx aspects
between E, the nodes and d', which might, as some
sources say, indicate visionary ability. Nevertheless, other
factors in the chart also bear the hallmark of self-reliance.
As we have seen, ~. the Asc-ruler, is strongly linked to
the 12th house immediately suggesting isolation. Also the
emphasis on i6, particularly where the 0 is concerned, is
often indicative of the self-made man. Though funds were
made available to Wiesenthal and his work was recognised,
and in the main applauded, his life seems to have flowed
along a most individualistic path.
Acknowledgements: Justice not Vengeance, Simon Wiesenthal; Christian
Astrology, William Lilly, Regulus; Combination of Stellar Influences,
Reinhold Ebertin, AFA; Reputations, BBC programme.
Chart data: Astra-data II, Lois M. Rodden.

31 Dec 1908
11:30 PM (MET -1:00)
Bucazca, Poland
49N50 I 021EOO
Placidus Cusps


Horary: A Working Approach

By Sue Ward
We all know the feeling: we have had a really interesting
horary question posed, we've read the books, the articles,
attended lectures and now we have the opportunity to test it
all. So, sitting there with our horary chart, still warm from
the printer, it all looks different somehow. Racking our
brains to retrieve all that information, we are sure that it
seemed much easier in theory and when demonstrated by
that clever speaker. It is at about that time that we suspect
that it is our own inadequacies that prevent us from finding
the answer. Worse than that is not even knowing where to
The secret is in the method, the steps a working horary
astrologer takes to 'enter' the chart. One of the best ways
of starting horary judgement - I know that this will fall on
stony ground - is to hand draw the chart. All preparation
for judgement can be viewed as a ritual, it should be more
or less the same every time. Drawing the chart serves two
purposes: it enables the practitioner to get a sense of the
chart immediately and to place the planets and cusps in a
way that is instantly recognisable. The computer generated
chart is very useful, but it is either too big or too small, the
planets can be placed too near or too far away from the
cusps, the data included on the form is either too much or
too little and so on. Certainly for someone new to horary
judgement, the hand drawn chart is of great help. I don't
want to push this point too far in case you think that I still
use wax tablets and an astrolabe.
So, we have our chart lying on the desk pulsing with
information - what next? What follows is my method of
approaching the chart, I encourage my students to do this
at first, but it is by no means defmitive.

1 .,... Radicality
The first step, and the most important, is to check for
radicality. Now there is the argument, with which I have
sympathy, that this begins when the question is received.
For example, I recently received the question, "Will I
marry my dream girl?". The wide generality of this
question, assuming that the girl in question hasn't
presented herself yet, is unlikely to produce a radical chart.
If this person had asked, "Will I marry?", radicality is
more likely, as long as his getting married was truly

Radicality is checked in a number of ways and these are

listed in most books on the subject, there isn't space here
to detail all of them. The single most important of these is
description and by this I mean that the chart should
describe the people and situations connected with the
querent and question. Lilly used physical description to
ascertain radicality, a little used technique in modern
times, but it emphasises the need for checking the chart's
validity. You should fmd that the position and aspects of
the significators tally with what you know of the current
circumstances. If there is no such description then the chart
should be treated with the utmost suspicion and, I would
say, should be discarded.
The means of finding radicality is usually reflected in,
what Lilly calls, 'the considerations before judgement'. I
assume this to mean points to be taken account of before
proceeding to judge the chart. Some would say that they
are, in fact, strictures which suggests that the chart should
not be read at all if there are any in evidence. I disagree
with this, primarily because I follow Lilly's method and he
provides example charts with some of these
'considerations' in operation, but also because they can aid
description. For example, the consideration that I pay great
attention to is the ruler of the hour agreeing with the
ascendant. This agreement is achieved in three ways
according to Lilly and his sources: if the ruler of the hour
also rules the rising sign's triplicity (taking into account
whether the chart is diurnal or nocturnal since these usually
have different triplicity rulers), if it actually rules the rising
sign, if the hour ruler and the ruler of the ascendant are of
the same nature (I want to emphasise that the rule is not
that the hour ruler agrees by nature with the rising sign).
Lilly's charts and practical experience show that this can
be extended somewhat to include the hour ruler angular or
if it has natural or accidental rulership of the matter under
consideration, or if it is placed in a significant house which
can mean much the same thing as the previous two.
Since this is the first of the considerations that I look at
I'll offer some explanation. Agreement of the ruler of the
hour with the ascendant offers 'permission' to proceed, I
usually explain this as showing that the querent is in step
with the flow of events surrounding the question. If the
agreement is achieved through the extended criteria

<:lte <:rmiitkJfta! Asfr(J/(J{!tr

detailed above, then there is some implied difficulty in

achieving a satisfactory outcome. If there is no agreement
at all it may be that the problems are insurmountable or
that it will be very difficult to achieve. It might also be
showing that it is an impractical aim. You should always
ask yourself why the planetary hour is not in accord with
the querent. One horary question that sticks in my mind in
this regard was from a woman who wanted to know the
sex of her unborn baby. A straightforward question like
this shouldn't present any problems unless there are
problems with the pregnancy and in this case there were
none known and the chart gave no indications either. The
querent was aware of the need for a clear question and was
definite about her motives, so there should have been no
reason for the planetary hour waving a red flag. The
judgement was given by the astrologer and proved
incorrect, on my advice the querent was questioned more
closely and it was discovered that the child's sex had not
been uppermost in her mind, but whether the pregnancy
had been the result of an adulterous relationship or not.
Where you are not the querent, that is, in client work,
debilities of or afflictions to the 7th house and its ruler
should be noted. This has been said to show that there is
something wrong with your ability to judge the chart,
although I have found more frequently that the querent has
little respect for the answer you give or for you yourself.
This can often show in their not paying you!
So, the considerations relating to the 7th house in client
work and sometimes those of the ruler of the hour are the
ones which are likely to persuade me not to judge the
chart. The other considerations are descriptive and can be
incorporated into judgement, or used on their own for
judgement. For example, if you are asked a question about
a financial investment and the ascendant is in late degrees
or the Moon is in the Via Combusta or Saturn is retrograde
in the 1st house, then you might warn your client against
this investment. In this instance you are not judging the
chart in detail, but you are being warned that you might
have to give a negative answer. No astrologer likes this
situation, we all want to give the client what he or she
wants. Where this isn't likely we are being given the
option of refraining from judgement, or accepting that
things are unlikely to be good and telling the client as

Nominate significators

The underlying criterion for radicality then, is description,

and moving on to the next step in judgement has probably
been covered already. Nominate the significators, that is,
the planet or planets that will represent the querent and the
Take account of planets placed in the significant house
as well as the ruler of the sign on that cusp because such a
planet could be more descriptive. Also take note of the
natural ruler of the matter under examination. The Moon is
usually the querent's co-significator, but not always, and
where you fmd that the Moon represents the quesited
because Cancer is on that cusp, take care. The Moon is
generally accepted as the significator of the events involved
in the matter. In horary questions we assume that the
querent is able to influence the matter that they have asked
about and so the Moon is often closely related to them.

Where the quesited is shown by Cancer and the Moon you

can assume that action depends upon that person or matter.
When this is the case in a question such as, "Will I marry
John?", it is more likely that. the question should have been
"Will John marry me?". The emphasis is different and the
decision, and to some extent the control, is taken away
from the querent.

Locate significators

This is simply answering the question, 'where in the chart

are they?'. This is also a descriptive element if, for
instance, you find the querent's significator in the lOth
house in a question referring to a job. The house position
of significators provides a good idea of prominence, so an
angular significator is always going to be able to perform
better than one in a cadent house.

Essential dignity

Where your significators have essential dignity you have

better hopes of achieving the desired outcome because they
are able to act in the capacity described by that dignity.
Where you have only accidental dignity, that is strength by
position and aspect, it places your querent in a strong
position. This might only be because they are in the right
place at the right time and says nothing about their abilities
or natural propensities, but you can still get the job even if
you aren't the best qualified.


It is difficult to know where to put this category in an

orderly list because it is likely that you will notice this very
early on, or you should. But for the purposes of this article
I have put it in this position, as long as you recognise it
before you start looking at points like aspects and so on it
doesn't matter.
Most of you will be aware of the importance of angular
significators, but you should also take notice of any angular
planet. This is a planet that has to be noticed, it is jumping
up and down trying to get you to recognise its importance.
Your response should be to question that position and come
to a conclusion about it.
Where there is no angularity, or worse, where your
significators are cadent you cannot hope for much. A weak
chart promises, at best, a weak outcome and often shows a
weak or unnecessary question.

Moon's aspects

Make a note of the Moon's separations and applications. I

do not mean that you should note all the aspects the Moon
has made or will make in its current sign, only its
separations and applications. These are the aspects it
moves away from (separation) or moves towards
(application) whilst being within orb of aspect. The orbs of
each of the planets is given in Christian Astrology and have
been provided in other issues of The Traditional
Astrologer. Each planet is ascribed its own orb of influence
which surrounds it, for practical purposes we say that half
the orb, its moiety, extends in front of and behind the
planet. When the moieties of two or more planets .are in
contact with each other they are in aspect. Thus application
and separation are technical terms describing this action.

C:lte C:raditional .Astrolo{!er


When there is no such separating aspect the Moon (or any

planet) can be termed as separating from void of course.
Likewise, if the Moon is applying to no other planet it
is, or is applying to, void of course. By the way, the
trans-Saturnians have not been given orbs so far as I know
and so if you use these planets only the moiety of the
traditional planet can be used.
Furthermore, any application or separation can cross
sign boundaries meaning that the applying aspect would
become exact, perfect, in a subsequent sign. In terms of
separation, the aspect would have perfected in a previous
sign. So, aspects do not have to perfect in the current sign
to be valid and you will notice that Lilly does this
throughout his example judgements. (See the following
chart judgement for an example of an out of sign
When the Moon is void of course it implies little or no
action, although Lilly says that it does operate to an extent
if it is in Taurus, Cancer, Sagittarius or Pisces. This lack
of action is usually referring to the querent since the Moon
is their co-significator, but as mentioned above, it could
refer to the quesited if they are represented by the Moon.
So, the party represented by the Moon cannot or will not
act on this matter. It has been said variously that the void
of course Moon means 'nothing will come of the matter',
'there is nothing you can do about it' and 'there is nothing
to worry about'. These interpretations are, of course,
simplifications, but can be applied in certain instances, not
all. Generally speaking the Moon void of course shows
lack of continuation in the matter and this can be that the
job you are worried about losing is lost, that the missing

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person is dead, that the relationship is finished. It might

mean none of these things and simply show a lack of
substance and will be decided by the context of the
question and the chart as a whole.

7 ..,.. Anything else

At this point you have done all of the basic preliminary
work, but you might be interested to know what fixed stars
or antiscia are active. This would be the time to be looking
at those. I do not use these very often but many astrologers
do and will always make note of them. Arabian Parts
probably fit in here too, because you will probably want to
include the Part of Fortune in most if not all of your
8 ..,.. Proceed to judgement
Only now should you be looking in detail at producing the
judgement proper. You will by now have a pretty good
idea of how the land lies with respect to your horary chart,
but confirmation by way of aspects between significators
and so on is the last thing you do. Only major aspects
(conjunction, sextile, square, trine and opposition) will
perform the task, although background information might
be obtained sometimes through the minor aspects.
(Although I should point out that you cannot apply the
planetary orbs to minor aspects which are usually only
addressed when they are within 17' of arc.)

This all looks like a lot of work, in fact it takes very little
time to collate this information and get it down on paper.
Which leads me on to my next point, always write this
information down, a chart that looks unfathomable
becomes progressively clearer as you follow these steps.
By writing your conclusions down you are crystallising
your thoughts and getting them into a clear order and I
strongly recommend this.
I can get all of this information on to the blank half page
or so below the wheel even though my notes are untidy. I
don't write on or around the wheel itself because I like to
keep this as clear as possible.
The following checklist offers you a synopsis of the
foregoing, but bear in mind that variations will occur in the
1 Check and secure radicality. Proceed with caution
where any considerations before judgement occur;

Nominate significators;
Locate significators;
Take note of essential or accidental dignities;
Take note of angularity or lack of it;
Note the Moon's separations and applications;
Anything else;
8 Proceed to judgement.


Keep this list, or one of your own making, in front of

you while you work and make sure that you follow it. This
will reinforce the ritual of judgement in its preparation and
ensure that you do not become entangled in unnecessary
detail at t4e beginning.

?:lte "traditional Astrologer

Further signification that might be useful is the 0

ruler of the 7th being the prosecution. There is a case
taking the 9th for her lawyers and the 3rd for
prosecution, too, but in such cases I usually follow
thread to see where it leads.



3 Locate significators

Will LW go to Prison?
1.42pm GMT; 30/0ct/97
51.34N I 00.34E
Day of 2j. I Hour of cJ'
J) from DW to:

Will Louise Woodward go to prison?

Louise Woodward had gone to America from England to
work as an au pair for the Eappen's. At the time of the
question she was standing trial for the baby's murder. The
horary was drawn the day before the jury reached its
verdict and after they had asked for further directions from
the judge and for transcripts of the medical evidence.
I have to say that I am usually dubious about questions
where the querent can have no effect on the outcome,
preferring to take timed events, but you can be the judge of
the quality of the chart's descriptions.

1 Radicality
cJ' rules the hour and has nothing in common with the
rising sign or its ruler, except that it trines "h. cJ' is also
the natural ruler of murder and contention, so I proceeded
with caution. This is an argument for a difficult outcome.
The }) is in the Via Combusta, but I rarely take this as a
caution because it is so descriptive, as you will see below.
The descriptions by which I justify this horary follow.

2 Nominate significators
The querent has little to do with this question and so we
would give them only limited consideration. Here "h rules
the 1st house and so signifies the querent; placed in fall
and retrograde, it shows how concerned the querent was
about the matter. In fact, the querent had few hopes that
Louise would be acquitted whilst believing her innocent.
Louise, as a stranger to the querent, is signified by the
1st house and so "h . The jury is signified by the }) ; the
judge, naturally and accidentally, by 2j. as ruler of the
lOth; her employers, (the baby's parents) are also shown
by the lOth. Prison is signified both naturally and
accidentally by [l, ruler of the 12th. We might also want
to look at the 4th house and its ruler, (;! , for a clue to the
outcome and/or sentence.

1\, as I have said, is in fall, retrograde, peregrine and in

the 2nd house. I struggled with this latter point until I
realised that the radical 2nd house is the turned 5th from
the baby's parents, the radical lOth, her employers. "h
naturally rules death and placed here shows the basis of the
trial. r_'s other conditions were worrying because all show
Louise in a poor state. "h links her with the 12th of prison
by ruling both, and its retrogradation suggest that she will
return to prison.
The : is in the Via Combusta in ::::::= and the 8th; it too is
peregrine. This is describing the confused and troubled
state of the jury and their inability to come to a verdict. In
the 8th house of death and fear I thought they were even
more worried than most could guess. The 8th is also a
hidden house and as such does give a pretty good
description of the jury locked away from the world.
:=..,.. the judge, is in the 1st and this surprised me but
gaw me some hope. 2j. naturally signifies freedom and
release from imprisonment, it seemed to me that the judge
was wry much for Louise. Unfortunately, the outcome
was not within his control which is shown by 2j. being
peregrine. I suspect that his own view was that the
prosecution had not proved its case.
HaYing already dealt with "h, we can move on to (;!,
ruler of the 4th. It is in gloomy Til. in the 9th by virtue of
being within so of that cusp. All planets in this chart are
peregrine, so (;! is showing an uncertain end, even though
it is in a fixed sign. This again was leading me to conclude
that she would go to prison. (;! is also void of course which
I thought showed an inconclusive result.
4 Dignities
Well, there aren't many here, all planets are peregrine and
the accidental dignities are few and far between. 2j. is
reinforced slightly by being in the 1st house, but 2 is the
strongest planet with cJ' not far behind. The only
receptions in this chart are 0 and cJ' by sign and triplicity,
~ and 2j. by sign and term and cJ' and "h by term and sign.
This lack of strength in the chart as a whole was
suggesting a mistrial, or retrial of some sort. I could not
imagine that something as important as a murder trial or a
life sentence could be shown by such feebleness and I
wondered if this chart, after all, was not radical.

5 Angularity
Only 2j., the judge and the parents of the baby, is
angular. Certainly, the parents have become fairly high
profile and following this chart they flew to New York for
a television interview. The judge, it seemed to me, is
'with' Louise here and favours her, this is hopeful and as I
said earlier, suggests release. I wondered, though, if he
had the power to carry it out because of 2j. 's peregrine

?:lte ?:rmiitkJJta/ Astrologer


6 Moon's separations and applications

The ]) separates from sextile c) and sextile ~ and applies
to conjimct the 0. although it won't be combust until it
leaves =:::::. I think that the separations show the jury
listening to the cases of both sides - c) rules the 9th of
Louise's lawyers and so ~ could be taken as the
prosecution because it rules the opposite house, the 3rd.
The application to the 0 and combustion is ominous. The
0 rules the 7th and thus is more properly the prosecution,
the jury applies to it and so fmds against the defendant.
Since this occurred in the 8th there is the question of a
death sentence, although combustion also signifies
imprisonment among other things and although the ]) is not
combust at the moment, it will be when it has changed
signs into~ when it also enters its fall.
7 Anything else
I didn't use anything else in my judgement, although others
might have wanted to.

Editor's footnote: After recezvmg this submission we

learned that Louise's sentence was dramatically reduced by
the judge to correspond to the time that she had already
served. As Sue correctly noted, the judge's sympathy was
with Louise and he did not feel the prosecution had
adequately proved its case for life imprisonment. Besides
being a natural significator for liberality, '2!- also rules the
lith house offreedom and hope.
The 1Oth house also represents the outcome of the case,
and .the position of E on the MC reflects the strong
emotzonal undercurrents that have generated world-wide
media interest; the dramatic and excitable nature of the
trial is reinforced byE's =to ? on the Asc. At the time of
printing the prosecution have lodged a further appeal,
presently post-poned due to an outbreak of fire in the court
room which has been blamed on 'natural causes' but is
perhaps symbolic of the raw and volatile energy running
through this case.


8 Proceed to judgement
By the time I had reached this point it was fairly clear that
Louise would go to prison, but also that there would be
some kind of retrial or appeal and that she would be
released or her sentence considerably reduced. My
arguments were as follows:

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You can see that by the time you reach the heading
'Proceed to judgement' much has already been
accomplished, but you wouldn't know that unless you had
written it down. Whether you use my checklist or one of
your own, you will fmd your way through the chart much
easier if you adhere to the ritual.





At the time of writing and following this judgement,

Louise was sentenced to life imprisonment and must serve
at least 15 years before she is eligible for parole. The
judge has offered the defence the chance of seeking a trial
for involuntary manslaughter, or to have the verdict thrown
out, or to ask for a retrial. All applications must be in by
Monday 3 November. It appears that the overwhelming
opinion is that she is innocent and that something has gone
badly wrong with this jury.

so try:



peregrine, in fall, retrograde = she goes to prison

peregrine, in 1st = freedom of sorts
the judge, in 1st = on her side
applying to conjunct 0 = jury finds for the
prosecution and she goes to prison
in the Via Combusta = jury having problems deciding
on a verdict and she is currently in prison
identifies the 1st and 12th = she goes to prison
retrograde = she returns to prison and retrial or
21. ll mutually apply to sextile = freedom
is the strongest = prosecution makes its case
to square ascendant = prosecution wins
ruler 4th, void of course = inconclusive
applies to fall = the jury does not acquit itself well
and their decision could well be overturned on appeal
Dual signs on 10th/4th = another trial, another outcome



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by Deborah Houlding

Win Contract?
6:57pm GMT; 4/Dec/97
53.08N I 01.12W

Day of 2j. I Hour of 2j.

J) from

oW to: *011.

The clear answer to the querent' s main question is that

he will get the contract, but I also warned that the other
company were in a strong negotiating position and would
probably force a rate which is lower than the querent
would hope for. 2j., ruler of the Midheaven which
indicates the price at which the deal is struck, is positioned
in the 8th house, favouring the fmances of the other
company, and 11. retrograde in the lOth house forces the
price downwards.
Feedback from the querent informed me that he received
encouraging hints by telephone on the 9th December at
10:45 am (25 o :0 was rising at the time and the J) had just
perfected its conjunction with 11. by transit in the 2nd house
of the event chart). Official confirmation was received by
post on the 17th December. I did not get any feedback on
whether the price of the agreement had been affected.


by Deborah Houlding

The querent was the director of a company that had

recently expanded into new premises. Future success relied
upon gaining large regular orders and in the immediate
future rested upon a possible contract for which a tender
had been submitted. The querent was starting to get
anxious because they had they had not received any
response from the firm involved.
Since the question revolves around the possibility of a
deal being struck between the querent and another
company with which they trade, this is a straightforward
case of looking for agreement between the ruler of the 1st
house, J), for the querent, and the 7th house, 11., for the
other company. There is a mutually applying
the J) and 11. showing that .e two parties will be able to
make an easy agreement. The aspect is only frustrated by
the J) 's application to a* of the 0, but since the 0 rules
the querent's 2nd house of finances, and the contact is a
friendly one, I see this as boosting the querent's position
and offering fmancial assistance.
The querent was keen to know when they would have
some definite news to confirm their position. The J) is the
swifter planet of the two, showing the querent is eager to
move things forward, but I explained that the inherent
nature of 11. is to take its time and proceed cautiously,
which suggests that the querent should make no attempt to
rush matters. The fact that 11. is retrograde shows that the
company are dithering and backtracking from an earlier
position of wanting to move speedily, and were presently
reconsidering all options. However, 11. is angular, which
shows that they are powerfully focused on the situation,
and denies any serious delay. I suggested that positive
news would come on or around 17th December, the day
that 11. turned direct, which indicates the time that they will
move forward with confidence and put their plans into
action. ~ angular on the descendant in .6 to the Part of
Fortune confirms the benevolent nature of this chart.

Pursue Legal Matter?

7:15pm GMT; 8/Nov/97

Day of 11. I Hour of 11.

J) from .6. to:


I had become aware of an infringement upon my rights as

an author and had taken some preliminary advice on my
position. I was told that morally and legally my position
was a strong one as the evidence was overwhelmingly in
my favour and my rights had been infringed on several
counts. However, the nature of the case was particularly
complicated and would require me engaging expensive
international legal assistance. My costs would be very
high, the affair would be long and drawn out and my
general feeling was that I did not have the time for the
distraction it would entail. I drew the horary to plan a
course of action and see how I should best proceed.
I am represented by the J) , ruler of the ascendant
positioned in the 9th house. The 9th house represents legal
matters and this shows my position of needing advice and
guidance, but the outcome or the ruling on the situation is
determined by the 1Oth house and its ruler, 2j. .
The other party is represented by 11., lord of the 7th
house, which also rules the 9th house, indicating that the

?:ltc ?:raditiona!.Astrologer


conflict is an international one. Although the ]) is not

strong essentially (score = + 1), showing that I have
neither the time nor the finances to pursue this with
confidence, 11 is by far the weaker planet (score = -9),
retrograde and in its sign of fall, showing that the other
party has a real need to negotiate a settlement. The ]) is
applying to the !:,. of C), which is always helpful in a
situation where conflict is involved. It shows my
determination to fight, and also injects energy into the
situation so that events are not left to linger unresolved.
I was initially confused by the fact that 11 was
positioned in the 11th house. This indicates a friendly
contact for me, or an agent for the other party (5th from
7th). In either case, 11 is applying by retrograde motion to
of 2j., Midheaven ruler, showing a willingness to
agree a conclusion that will be acceptable to me. Q, ruler
to the
of my own 5th house, is also in a partile
Midheaven, so aU-in-all this chart was showing a swift and
harmonious conclusion that at the time didn't seem to fit
the situation at an.
The matter was settled through an agent who negotiated
with me on behalf of the other party. Once I had officia11y
registered my complaint and indicated my intention to
pursue the matter lega11y if necessary, I received a swift
response with an admission that rights had been infringed.
When I stated that I would rather negotiate a quick resolve
which would entail the least inconvenience for an involved,
the agent was more than obliging and generous in his
attempt to correct the damage. The matter was resolved
quickly, no one was seriously damaged by it, and I
received some fmancial remuneration at a time when it was
very welcome.


by Deborall. Houlding

This question came late at night from a very anxious

mother. Her daughter, a university student, had just
returned from a trip to India and had settled into a new flat
which seemed perfect. All was going well until she phoned
the mother in a state of panic. An enormous black
scorpion, the length of her palm, had chased her from the
bedroom to the living room when she had tried to pick up
her backpack; it had reared up and tried to attack her.
Immediately, the daughter ran out and spent the night at a
friend's place. Her landlord searched the flat but couldn't
find any trace of it and the zoology department of the
university had sprayed insecticide, while advising her not
to sleep there again until it was found. (It was suggested
that the scorpion had hitched a ride from India and could
be quite deadly.) Unfortunately, with nowhere else to stay,
the daughter had returned to the flat, but with justifiable
concern that the scorpion was still around, and posing a
serious threat. Further, it was feared that this scorpion was
female, so an added concern was that it could be pregnant.
The mother, herself an astrologer, was unable to sleep
through worry, but as she felt it impossible to be detached
in this situation she asked if I would draw a horary to see
whether the scorpion \Vas still around and where it might
be. An interesting foomote is that the daughter had a transit
to her own Scorpio j) on the day of the attack and the day
before had asked her mother what it might mean. The
mother had jokingly advised her not to go to any wild
parties or get bitten on the leg by a scorpion. The daughter
had been preparing to go to a party when it happened. The
mother now felt awful about that flippant remark, as if her
joke had somehow contributed to the situation occurring.
Since the mother asks the question, she is represented by
the ascendant and its ruler, 21-, which is combust showing
her extreme concern which is agitated by the fact that she
personally feels unable to help in the situation.
The daughter is signified by the 5th house and its ruler
Q. The ]) on the cusp of the 5th house relates to the
mother's concern for her daughter and acts as a general
co-significator. The scorpion is signified by C), ruler of
the 11th house, which is the turned 7th house of the
attacker for the daughter.
There is an applying
between Q and C) which
perfects before the two planets change signs (C) being
faster in motion than Q). In addition the application from
Q and cJ reveals the situation is a developing
the ]) to
one. Therefore the scorpion has not gone away or been
destroyed by the insecticide. Many factors reinforce to give
a clear warning that the daughter should move out of the
property; the principle reasons being listed below:
C) rules the radical 4th house of property which gives a
general indication of danger in the home.
The ]) rules the daughter's turned 4th of property
(radical 8th). The ]) is applying to the aspect of C),
whilst C) trines this cusp.
Despite the 'friendly' contacts, C) is particularly
malevolent, in conjunction with the fixed star Scheat
which is known for its unfortunate nature, and ruling
the radical 12th house, which is also the daughter's
turned 8th house.
The contact between Q and C) is particularly strong,
because the planets are also in mutual reception by

Where is Scorpion?
2.53am GMT; 03/Mar/98
51.09N I Ol.llW
Day of

] I Hour of
] from *0





?:he 'Craditkmai.Astrolo{!er

exaltation. In view of the comment about the daughter's

Scorpio J) it appeared to me that she was resonating to
Scorpionic energy too strongly to be taking a risk in
this matter.
cJ is moving faster than ~ , suggesting that the
scorpion could find the daughter before the daughter
was able to find the scorpion.


It was difficult to offer a detailed suggestion of where

the scorpion might be because I had never seen the
daughter's property. But since cJ is in X I suggested
somewhere damp or near water, probably in the bathroom,
or the kitchen near a drain of some sort. Since cJ is in the
3rd house I also suggested the direction North-North-East,
and to use its signification over communications ta. suggest
places near a telephone, or near papers, books, or
computer equipment, particularly since cJ is also 0 ~.
A more worrying factor was that X is a 'fertile' sign
which suggests pregnancy. Together with the fact that cJ is
in the scorpion's 5th house of pregnancy and in close* to
~, with the J) applying to a * from the radical 5th house
cusp, there are too many indications that the pregnancy
fear could be real for it to be taken lightly.
My advise was that, no matter how impractical it
seemed, the daughter should leave the flat and fmd a new
place to live, if necessary to forfeit the rent that she had
paid in advance.
This matter has not yet fully resolved itself because the
question was asked immediately before we went to print.
What is interesting however, is that the daughter has since
discovered that, far from being the idyllic flat she had
imagined it to be, her fears have been highlighted in
several areas. The landlord's excuses for 'dropping by to
see how she is' arevery opportunity have unnerved her, so
much so that she commented "I'm beginning to suspect he
(the landlord) is the real scorpion here". On investigating
flashing lights outside her window she was also advised by
a local policeman that if she lived there she should be
careful as it was a high-crime area, a fact of which she was
completely unaware.
The scorpion episode also gave her flashbacks to a
dream she had a year ago which connected her locality to a
Buddhist experience. At the time of going to press she has
decided to move out of the flat, but the general feeling is
that the scorpion may not have been such an unfriendly
messenger afterall, since it prompted a realisation that her
environment was hostile, a fact which the mother had
sensed all along.

Sue Ward
Horary Practitioner

Principal of The Traditional Horary Course

Consulting horary practitioner
Private tutor, lecturer and writer
11 Common Lane, Thundersley, Essex SS7 3TB
Tel/Fax: 01268 745171 or sueward@easynet.co.uk


by Pat Harris
[The following chart was submitted as pressure was
building for an attack on Iraq over Saddam Hussein's
refusal to allow UN representatives an inspection of
suspected nuclear sites. The Allies had armed forces
amassing in the Gulf and at the time of the question some
sort of military strike was looking inevitable.]

Will Allies go to War?

00.05 am GMT; 05/Feb/98
51.01N I 01.19W
Day of ?;1 I Hour of 2j.
J) from:,.~

To: VOC (02j.)

An early ascendant rises, which suggests that some caution

should be used in the judgement, but since this is not a
matter in which I can personally direct events, I proceeded
to judge and found the chart to be highly descriptive.
nl.. ascends - appropriately enough in a question
concerning war - so cJ represents myself as the querent
and also the side I take part with (CA p.380); it therefore
represents the UK and the USA. Saddam Hussein, as the
open enemy, is shown by the 7th and its ruler, ~,
(birthdata for Saddam Hussein has yet to be confirmed but
is commonly given as 28th April, 1937, making him a
Taurean which corresponds with the 7th house cusp). The
signification of cJ for the allies indicates that the UK and
the USA are the aggressors in the situation. Since cJ, in
this particular chart, is moving more swiftly than ~ , it also
shows that the allies are forcing the issue.
The 4th house represents the 'city under siege'. z:z on
the cusp is associated with Arabia according to Lilly (CA.
p.99) and the ruler, 11, in Yin the 6th house describes a
dry, sandy and difficult terrain. cJ angular in the 4th house
shows the allies are ready to attack and fully intent to carry
out their threats if necessary.
The J) is in the 8th house of death, but void of course,
suggesting that no military action will occur. Although
separated by a sign boundary, it perfects the D of 2j. as it
moves into n' which implies that the action, once a
threshold has been crossed, will centre around negotiation,
especially since 2j. rules the 3rd house of communication.
~, the significator for Saddam is placed here, in his own

t:fte t:rnditkmal Astrologer


I! I






mmed 9th house showing that he feels the need to consider

imernational pressure. S? is retrograde but about to go

dlrect indicating that his present stance of appearing to be
very tl.xed and determined will change. ~ in this house,
rogether with the outer planets W and Wshows a very busy
propaganda machine which hopes to benefit from false
reports or false alarms.
But will they fight? The early degree on the ascendant is
an indication that there may still be matters to be played
out which will affect the outcome of which the querent has,
as yet, no knowledge, but S? and cJ are in mutual
reception by exaltation and the faster speed of cJ means
that there is an applying
which will perfect before they
leave their present sign (at the 29th degree which
favourably aspects the position of the J)). This harmonious
aspect indicates that an agreement will be reached that will
ultimately satisfy both parties. The retrograde motion of S?
is also an indication that Saddam will retire from combat
(Goldstein-Jacobson p.227) and as it is about to go direct it
indicates a U-turn in Saddam's position. Ruler of the 1st,
cJ, disposing the ruler of the 4th, ft, is another indication
that the opponent will surrender, or that in this case,
Saddam allows the UN representatives the access to his
territory that they seek. cJ is much more powerfully placed
than S?; a testament to Saddam Hussein's capitulation.
The J) is void of course and as it moves from its
exaltation in 't5 to a peregrine status in J1 it weakens
further, showing that there is no action in this chart to
threaten warfare. With less than half a degree before the J)
changes signs, the situationjs likely to break down within
just over half a month of the question.
I would therefore judge that the Allies will not engage in
war with Saddam Hussein and that he will allow the UN
representatives to carry out their inspections to an extent
which satisfies their demands. Saddam, it seems, will
continue to return to challenge on yet another day.

-THE HORARY PRACTITIONERThe magazine devoted to Traditional Horary, Electional and

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THE VorD oF CouRsE MooN

by :\Iaurice McCann
Tara Astrological Publications, 89 AS pages. Paperback
Price: 5.99 or $9.50 (USA) + p&p
In this 90 page text. astrologer ~Iaurice McCann takes a careful and
critical look at the controversies surrounding the idea of the Void of
Course Moon. The subtitle of this book is 'A Study of the Technique as
used by William Lilly', and :\icCann studies both the traditional and
modern approaches to this concept. The author sets the stage in his
introduction as follows:
"No other facet of horary astrology has caused so much debate as
the void of course ~loon. Basically, there are two schools of
thought. One uses the whole sign approach to aspects and the other
the moiety of orbs of the planets. To date, neither has been able to
satisfactorily resolve the problem and the debate continues."
It may be helpful to define some of these terms for readers unfamiliar
with classical horary. The modem definition of Void of Course, as
propounded by authors like Barbara Waters and Ivy Jacobson, is that a
void planet is one that cannot perfc..."t a conjunction or Ptolemaic aspect
(sextile, square, trine, or opposition) until it enters the following sign.
The more classical definition is that a planet is void of course when it is
not applying to a conjunction or Ptolemaic aspect within the moiety of
orbs of another planet. In traditional astrology, the planets each had
particular orbs of influence, and the moiety is simply half that assigned
orb. William Lilly's definition was traditional, namely, that "a planet is
void of course, when he is separated from a planet, nor doth forthwith,
during his being in that signe, apply to any other ... "
The difference in these two ways of defining at the Void of Course
condition can be striking. In the modem approach a void planet must be
unable to perfect an aspect before lea.-ing its sign. In the more traditional
viewpoint, a planet can be outside the moiety of orbs at the beginning or
middle of a sign and then move on to leaYe its void condition while still in
the same sign. The theoretical and practical implications of these two
approaches are significant. McCann adds yet another twist to the Void of
Course definition. According to ~IcCann:
"Whichever version of the void of course Moon is used, it means that
it cannot form applying aspects to planets or their antiscia degrees.
Neither can it take part in collections or translations of light."
The antiscia degrees are the reflections of points around the zodiac
wheel across the solstitial (0 @-{)~.;;:)) axis. For example, Aries reflection
across this axis is Virgo, Taurus is reflected in Leo, Gemini is reflected
in Cancer, and so on. Lilly regarded the antiscia of 'good' planets to be
equivalent to a sextile or a trine, and the contrantiscia (degrees opposite
the antiscia) to be of the nature of a square or opposition (CA, p. 92).
Lilly also stated that the antiscion of a planet "giveth vertue or influence
to any Star or Planet that at that rime either is in the same degree by
Conjunction, or casteth any Aspect unto it" (CA, p.90).
McCann points out that Lilly omits antiscia contacts from his
definition of Void of Course, despite the fact that Lilly regards antiscia
contacts as equivalent to aspects, and thus logically they should prevent a
planer from being considered void of course. McCann then critically
analyzes all of the charts in Lilly's Christian Astrology in which a void of
course Moon appears. He finds that Lilly is inconsistent and sometimes
sloppy in his approach to the Void of Course Moon, and in doing so gives
the astrological community much to ponder about this still elusive
In addition to reproducing the relevant pages from Lilly's Christian
Astrology, McCann includes two of his essays on the nature of aspects:
the first a historicai look at Alan Leo's influence on the modern concepts
of orbs, and the second a hypothesis about the very origins of aspects
themselves. Finally, the author includes a database of all the charts in
Lilly's textbook as well as glossary of terms - a welcome addition for
those who are less familiar with traditional terminology.
McCann's book gives us much to ponder about the meaning of this
fundamental notion of horary astrology. I came away from McCann's text
with a fresh awareness of how confusing and unclear the idea of a void
planet or Moon really is. Such critical studies of the history and theory of
astrology are essential if we wish to maintain the intellectual integrity of
our craft, and I would urge all readers interested in traditional horary
techniques to grapple with this provocative text.
Anthony Louis
The TA leaves it open to readers to decide what the 'traditional'
definition of VOC Moon really was, but we suggest that you refer to the
list of references on p.40 of this issue before making up your mind.

?:ftc ?:raditk111al ;lstroloffer




The story of the Crab is not a

glorious one. Its place in the
heavens was secured by the fact
that it bit Hercules's toes during
his contest with the Hydra - an
act which so pleased Juno that
she set it among the stars. The
constellation has also been
depicted by a scarab beetle, a
turtle and a lobster, its early name simply meaning shore
inhabiting. Ancient Chaldean and Platonist philosophy
recognised the constellation as 'the Gate of Men' through
which souls descended to Earth from heaven, perhaps
. because, as the sign of the Sun's greatest elevation, it was
considered nearest to the highest point of heaven. 1
Cancer is a constellation with few stars, none brighter
, than 4th magnitude. Its most distinguishing feature is a great
cloud-like cluster of stars in the breast of the Crab known as
Praesepe, ('a multitude'), usually termed 'the Beehive'
today. This was regarded as a dark, feminine area and like
all nebulous clusters portended blindness and sickness when
the luminaries or malefics were placed upon them. 2 Ptolemy
gives its influence as like Mars and the Moon but adds that
the two stars on either side, which are more distinct, are
like Mars and the Sun. These are the North and South
Aselli, The Asses, representing the asses ridden by Vulcan
and Bacchus whose braying terrified the Titans. Praesepe is
sometimes depicted as their manger. Robson states that the
Asses can show a charitable nature and caring
responsibility, but Lilly noted a great danger of accidents,
burns, violent death, afflicted eyesight and lawsuits when
the Sun was directed there. 3
Pliny used this group of stars as an indicator of wet
weather, saying that when Praesepe is not visible in a clear
sky, there is the likelihood of a violent storm to come. Rain
was expected from the South if North Asellus was
concealed, and from the North if South Asellus was
concealed. 4
Ptolemy also added that the stars in the claws of the Crab
are like Saturn and Mercury. These include Acubens,
whose name comes from the Arabic Al Zubanah, 'the
Claws'. Acubens is a double star on the southern claw
which is white and red in appearance. Robson states that it
gives activity, malevolence and poison, making its natives
liars and criminals. 5

Early astrologers recognised only one

constellation of 'the Dog', that which
we call Canis Major today. There are
several theories regarding its heavenly
origins. Some say that it is Laelaps, the
hound of Actaeon, others that it is
Maera, the dog of Erigonus and Icarius,
who were transformed into Virgo and
Bootes. Others claim that it is Janitor Lethaeus 'the keeper
of Hell'. Usually, it is reported as being the dog of Orion
the hunter, which lies immediately to the north-west. It is
frequently shown as a dog standing on hind feet, waiting on
the command of its master to spring after Lepus the hare.
In classical literature, the constellation is often called by
the name of its main star, Sirius, the Shining One, which is
situated in the mouth of the Dog and commonly known as
'the Dog Star'. This 1st magnitude, binary star, is the
brightest in the northern hemisphere, shining with a brilliant
white and yellow lustre. Its influence was listed by Ptolemy
as like Jupiter and Mars. Because of its heliacal rising in the
middle of summer, ancient cultures associated Sirius with
the fierceness of the Sun's summer heat, blaming the heat
of the Dog-star for the high occurrence of canine madness
during the summer months. 6 If well placed it indicates great
wealth and high position but if afflicted has a very evil
reputation. Manilius said that when it rises it:
... barks forth flame, raves with its fire, and doubles
the burning heat of the Sun.... it will bestow on its
sons billows of anger, and draw upon them the hatred
and fear of the whole populace. Words run ahead of
the speakers and the mind is too fast for the mouth ...
He also comments that those born under its influence
know little fear and have aggressive failings that are
intensified by wine ... But wonder not of these tendencies
under such a constellation: you see how even the
constellation itself hunts among the stars, for in itscourse it
seeks to catch the hare in front. 7
Firmicus exaggerated these violent properties still
further, saying that its natives are separated from all human
feelings and seek out violent crime. 8 Lilly, however,
claimed that where it rises or culminates with the Sun it
gives Kingly Preferment, and when the Midheaven is
directed to it, it's probable the Native encreaseth his estate,
and augments his Reputation. 9

t:l!e t:raditkma! AstrolorJer



Like C. nis Major, the 'Lesser

Dog' v as also known by the
name )f its leading star.
Classic sts
Procyo t, before the dog,
becaus it rises shortly before
Sirius. Its nature, according
to Pto ~my, is like Mercury
and ~ ars, while Manilius
associ2 ed it with those who
manuf; ::ture weapons for
hunting or sport. 10 In mythology it ;vas said to be Helen's
dog, whose grief was such upon los o.g him that she prayed
he might live again in heaven.
The star Procyon is, like Sirius, t 1st magnitude star of
white and yellow colour. Also likt Sirius it is noted for
producing rash tempers and violent .tctivity but can portend
Vi'ealth, honour and renown when w. ll placed. Firmicus said
that it gave danger from beasts whei on the descendant with
~Iars in bad aspect; Lilly that it d. signs a petulant saucy
fellow, prone to anger, proud, carel ss, violent, giddy .11

Altho. gh Ptolemy depicted

Capri' orn as a goat, most
early authorities described
the reature as half-goat,
half- f ;h. 12 On many occasions it has been associated
with the mythical Oannes,
who 1 arne from the ocean to
give nen knowledge, and it
has also been said to
repre ent goat-footed Pan
who, during the war of the Titans, umped in panic into the
Nile and changed his shape into a ::oat-fish. Capricornus is
the Latin name which simply means 'goat'.
Capricorn is a very unremarkalle constellation, second
only to Cancer for its lack of lun inosity. It possesses no
stars brighter than 3rd magnitud: . Like Cancer it was
regarded as a portal between Heav-~n and Earth, Capricorn
being 'the Gate of the Gods' - the portal of ascension
through which souls of the departe i ascended to Heaven. 13
It was favoured for times of atonint sacrifice for this reason
and in the zodiacs of Denderah and Esna, where it is
depicted by a goat-fish, it is called :fu-penius, meaning 'the
place of sacrifice' .14 Since early p 1ilosophers looked upon
water as the element from which all life evolved, and
eventually returned, this link wi h the gates of heaven
. probably explains why amphibious animals were chosen for
the constellations of Capricorn and :::ancer.
Ptolemy noted the stars in the he rns as like Venus with a
lesser influence of Mars; those in the mouth like Saturn and
Venus; those in the feet and belly like Mars and Mercury,
and those in the tail like Saturn an l Jupiter. 15 The brightest
star, Giedi (meaning 'the Goat'), [s a multiple star on the
horn which shines with a yellow aad lilac hue. It is said to
have an influence of beneficence, sacrifice and offering .16
Dabih, in the left eye, is alsc' a multiple star which
shines orange, yellow and sky blue. Like those in the mouth

its nature is like Saturn and Venus. It has a mixed

reputation - if well placed it gives prominence in public
affairs and success in business, but if afflicted it causes
criticism, suspicion, problems with friends and the opposite
sex, and the failure to realise ambitions. A similar meaning
is given to Bos in the face and Oculus in the eye.
Armus and Castra, in the heart and belly respectively,
are stars with disagreeable natures, whose prominency
indicates malevolence and destructiveness .17 Dorsum,
Nashira and Deneb Algedi are all in the tail. According
with their Saturn/Jupiter nature, they have the power to
destroy or aid, depending upon whether they are well placed
or afflicted. Fortified, they suggest the ability to hold a
position of trust; afflicted, they indicate corruption and loss.

Queen Cassiopeia, mother

of Andromeda, is remembered in myth for her
arrogant boast that her
daughter's beauty was
greater than the nymphs of
the sea. The consequence
of her pride was that her
kingdom was flooded on
the orders of the gods and
the sacrifice of Andromeda demanded. Vain
Cassiopeia's punishment
was to be inlmortalised in the heavens bound to her throne
- encircling the Pole head downwards as a lesson in
From Cassiope come the enhancement of beauty and
devices for adorning the body ...
- notes Manilius, who, with greed and vanity in mind,
associates this constellation with gold, jewels and the
treasures of the earth:
What products would a grand lady like Cassiope prefer
her sons to handle rather than those she could tum to
her own employments?

Besides the goldsmith and the jeweller, the constellation

also influences those who:
.. . look for gold beneath the ground, uproot all which
nature stealthily conceals, and tum earth upside down
in search of gain.

This includes men who smelt, weigh, or trade in precious

metals, and those who are involved in the exchange of
coinage of the one metal into wares of the other. 18 Firmicus
adds to this that men born when it is rising will be:
.. . goldsmiths, makers of jewellery, plasterers, or
pearl-setters, carrying on all these arts with talent and
skill. From their art they will earn a large income. But
if this star is found in its setting, the natives will perish
from falling ruins or from sickness. 19

A distinguishing feature of Cassiopeia is the celestial

'W', formed by the shape of its five brightest stars.
Schedar, the brightest of them all, is a 2nd magnitude star,
rose pink in colour, situated in the breast. Like the rest of
the constellation, Ptolemy claimed its nature is like Saturn
and Venus.

?:ftc l:rmlitiMal Astrologer


According to Eratosthenes, who
wrote of the constellations in the
2nd century BC, the figure of the
Southern Centaur represents
Chiron, a half man - half horse
creature, remark- able amongst
his wild and lawless race because
~~t;l of his wisdom, gentility and love
LC--.L--=:!!!i.:i~~!!!I!!!!::::::J of humanity.
Besides being
proficient in many arts, including astronomy, philosophy,
botany, music, divination and medicine, Chiron was also a
great teacher under whom many notable Greek heroes
studied. As the son of Chronos and the ocean nymph
Philyra he was immortal, but he received a terrible wound
from a poisoned arrow shot, in error, by Hercules. His own
incurable injury gave him the empathy to understand the
pain of others, and earned him a reputation as the healer
who could not heal himself. His place in the heavens was
awarded in honour of his selfless renunciation of his
immortality in favour of the Titan Prometheus.
The Centaur is depicted in the heavens facing eastwards
towards the Altar and Lupus the Beast, who he is
sometimes described as carrying to the Altar as a sacrifice.
The mild and gentle Centaur is believed to be of Greek
origin, as opposed to the more warlike Sagittarius, who was
of Mesopotamian origin.
Manilius's description of the constellation's influence is
in keeping with the Chiron mythology. He ascribes to it a
general affinity with horses and the healing art. In
particular, it describes the veterinary vocation, for its

.. .knows how to apply the arts of healing to the limbs

of animals and to relieve the dumb creatures of the
disorders they cannot describe for his hearing. His is
indeed a calling of skill, not to wait for the cries of
pain, but recognise betimes a sick body not yet
conscious of its sickness. 20
Firmicus added that a danger from horses is indicated if
the constellation is setting with malefics in aspect, while
Ptolemy tells us that the stars in the upper body - the
human part- are like Venus and Mercury, those in the
equine part like Venus and Jupiter. 21
The brightest star is Bungula ('hoof') on the left
forefoot. This is the Earth's nearest star and was
particularly important to the Egyptians, who aligned many
temples with it around the 3rd millennium BC. 22 It is a 1st
magnitude, white and yellow binary star which generally
has a beneficial influence but is reputed to spoil relationships with women. Agena, on the right forefoot, is another
1st magnitude star of a similar beneficial influence. Its
name is taken from the Arabic a gena, meaning 'the knee'.
The figure of King Cepheus,
husband of Cassiopeia, is
usually depicted in royal
robes with a crown upon his
head. It is one of the most
northerly constellations, with

Cepheus's foot apparently resting upon the Pole star.

Manilius described the constellation as one which gives a
stern demeanour and gravity of mind. Its natives will often
play the role of the stern uncle, living on worry and
incessantly recalling the traditions of a bygone age.
Cepheus, he claims, will not engender dispositions inclined
to sport. Its gift, especially if Venus or Mercury are in
aspect, is that it gives the urge to write or to appear upon
the stage. Those under its influence will be talented
playwrights, with the ability to write eloquently of crime,
tragedy or comedy, or bring characters to life through their
acting skills. 23
Ptolemy recorded its stars as like Saturn and Jupiter.
Lilly warned that when Mars is afflicting Cepheus, in the
lOth or 4th house, there is the danger of hanging or
'torment by the wheel' .24
In Greek mythology Cetus
represents the sea monster sent
to devour Andromeda, but in
earlier times it was identified
with the primeval Mesopotarnian monster Tiamat. It is
depicted as a strange, ferocious
beast which swims alongside
Eridanus the River accompanied by Pisces the Fishes. All
its stars are of the nature of Saturn according to Ptolemy.
Manilius and Firmicus both gave the constellation an
association with fishermen and those who make a living
from salt or salted fish:

As the last portion of the Fishes rises, appears the

constellation of the Whale, pursuing Andromeda in
heaven as on the Sea. This monster enlists its sons in
an onslaught on the deep and a butchery of scaly
creatures; theirs will be a passion for ensnaring the
deep with nets spread wide .... 25
Formerly, the most prominent star was Menkar, a bright
orange, 2nd magnitude star on the monster's nose. Its
influence is unfortunate, associated with danger from
beasts, disgrace, ill fortune and illness. 26 Presently, the
brightest star is Difda, in the tail, another 2nd magnitude
star which overtook Menkar in brilliance during the 19th
century. It has a similar unfortunate influence and has been
noted by Ebertin and Hoffman to cause inhibition and
restraint. 27
The most remarkable star, however, is Mira, located in
the neck. According to Bullinger, its name means 'the
Rebel', for the star is a variable one which alternates its
brilliance from 2nd magnitude to invisibility in the course of
332 days. In fact it is a binary star, which accounts for its
temporary invisibility and extreme irregularities. Some
sources state that it is a flushed yellow colour while Sir
William Herschel, in 1783, recorded its colour as deep .
garnet. Ebertin and Hoffman attribute versatility and a
progressive spirit to its influence but if at all afflicted it
indicates failures, fiascos, enmity and melancholia. 28
Baten Kaitos, 'the Whale's Belly', is a 3rd magnitude,
topaz yellow star. It is known for causing falls and blows,
to which Robson adds compulsory transportation,
emigration and shipwreck. 29

t:lte t:rmfitional Astrologer




was noted by Ptolemy and
Geminus but ignored by_
Aratus, Eratosthenes, Manilius
and Firmicus. Many authors
use the plural term 'Crowns'
for the southern and northern
constellations of this name and
ascribe to them both a similar
influence. Because of its position near Sagittarius, it is
sometimes known as Corona Sagittarii or 'the Centaur's
Crown' and is said in myth to have been placed in the
heavens by Bacchus in honour of his mother Semele. It is
usually interpreted as giving authority and responsibility (to
which Robson adds unforeseen troubles), while Ptolemy
compared its stars to the influence of Saturn and Mercury. 30

Corvus the Crow became the sacred bird of Apollo after the
Sungod triumphantly assumed its shape during a contest of
the gods. 34 Ovid tells a tale of how the bird was originally
silver in colour but was turned black and cursed to hell by
Apollo after the Crow took pleasure informing him of his
wife's betrayal. The 19th century American poet, J. G.
Saxe, wrote of Apollo's response to the ill tidings:



The Northern Crown is the

superior Crown, usually depicted
as a wreath with trailing ribbons.
It was frequently called Ariadne's
Crown and occasionally referred
to as the Wreath of Flowers.
According to legend it was a
_ _ _ _.~.-.......... wedding gift from Venus to the
Princess Ariadne upon her marriage to Bacchus. Of the
constellation Manilius wrote:

Gentle will be the skills herefrom bestowed, for on this

side shine a maiden's gifts .... The child of the Crown
will cultivate a garden budding with bright flowers and
slopes grey with olive or green with grass .... He will
entwine different flowers and arrange them in
garlands; he will wreathe the constellation under
which he was born .... stems he will squeeze together,
and distil mixtures therefrom .... and produce unguents
which give off a mingled fragrance, that the charm of
the perfume be enhanced by the blending. His heart is
set upon elegance, fashion, and the art of adornment,
upon gracious living and the pleasure of the hour. 31
The main star is Alphecca, the central star of the seven
bright members of the group. This is a brilliant white, 2nd
magnitude star, sometimes called 'the Pearl of the Crown'
or 'the Knot of the Ribbon'. The classical name is Gemma,
meaning 'Bud', maintaining the floral symbolism. The
Arabic title, however, translates as 'the Bright one of the
Dish' because the early Arabs depicted the constellation as a
beggar's bowl. 32 William Lilly said that when the Moon is
directed to Alphecca:

Then he turned upon the Raven,

"Wanton babbler! see thy fate!
Messenger of mine no longer,
Go to Hades with thy prate!
Weary Pluto with thy tattle!
Hither, monster, come not back;
And - to match thy disposition Henceforth be thy plumage
The most notable star of Corvus is Algorab, which
means 'Crow' in Arabic. This is a 3rd magnitude double
star, of purple and yellow colour, located on the right wing
of the figure. It has an unfortunate influence and is
associated with destructiveness, greed, selfishness and
lying. Ptolemy listed all the stars of Corvus as like Mars
and Saturn in nature.

Crater, the Cup or Bowl, lies on the back of Hydra next to

Corvus. A further story of Apollo and Corvus tells how the
Crow was sent to fetch a cup of water. During the errand
he lazily loitered at a fig tree, eventually returning to
Apollo with a water snake in his claws, whom he blamed
for his delay. Seeing through his lies, Apollo fixed the bird
in heaven along with the cup and the snake. So that he
would know how it felt to be thirsty, he was to be forever
prevented from drinking out of the cup by the snake.
Ptolemy listed the stars of Crater as like Venus and
Mercury. Labrum, though only 4th magnitude, is the
brightest. As the container of all-precious moisture, the
influence of the constellation is fortunate and it is said to
bestow eminence upon those born under it. Robson
associates it with the myth of the Holy Grail.
Manilius called Crater 'the Cup of Bacchus', saying that
whoever derives his character from it will be attracted by
the well-watered meadows of the countryside, the rivers,
and the lakes. He may be associated with the wine industry,
enjoying in person the well-earned fruits of his labours. His
wares are those which are ndurished by moisture or
associated with water - such are the men to be fashioned
by the Bowl, lover of all that is wet. 36

It adornes the Native with publique honour or dignity,

and celebrates his name amongst the Nobles and
Gentry of the Kingdome, and also Commonalty ; he
will be more than ordinarily esteemed by Venerial and
Mercurial men. 33
The latter comment corresponds with Ptolemy's opinion
that the star in Corona Septentrionalis has a nature like
Venus and Mercury.


?:he ?:raditkma/ Astrolo{ler


In ancient times Cygnus was

known less specifically as 'the
Bird' and variously associated
with hens, pigeons and eagles.
Roman mythology identified it
with the figure of a swan
placed in the sky by Jupiter,
in gratitude for its form which

he took to seduce the unsuspecting Leda. 37 Other sources

claim the bird is the spirit of Orpheus, placed after death
next to his favourite Lyre which lies in heaven nearby. Like
the Lyre, Ptolemy gave the stars of Cygnus a nature like
Venus and Mercury.
Manilius attributed to Cygnus a special affinity with all
feathered creatures, claiming its natives will often work
with, trade or capture birds. Its main star, Deneb Adige, is
a brilliant white, 1st magnitude star, positioned in the tail.
Together with Altair in Aquila and Wega in Lyre, it forms
an impressive triangle which is prominent in the summer.
William Lilly called it 'Cauda Cygni' and said it makes a
man ingenious, and apt to any learning or knowledge, a
comment which probably stems from Manilius's claim -

from this constellation shall flow a thousand human skills. 38

Lilly added that when the Moon is directed to the tail of
the Swan it denotes a time of love and lust - as to women,
it shewes him very prone - besides making the native
petulant, impudent and scurrilous in his speeches. 39
The other notable star is Albireo, a 3rd magnitude, topaz
and blue binary star located in the head and said to give an
attractive appearance and loveable disposition.

Some claim the Dolphin to be thar

which rescued shipwrecked Arion,
carrying him on its back to the
shores of Corinth. Others, that it
was placed in the sky by Neptune,
in gratitude for its persuasion of
Amphitrite to become his wife. It
seems that some early writers were
_........_"""'"""-----------*""' not familiar with the animal for
Manilius spoke of its scales and al-Biruni took the trouble to
describe it to his readers:

... a marine animal like an inflated water skin. It is

friendly to men, accompanies boats, rescues the
drowned, alive or dead, (and plays around in groups
often). 40
In view of the Dolphin's friendliness and cheerful nature,
Ptolemy gave the constellation a strangely malevolent
planetary affinity, comparing it with Saturn and Mars. He
also gave a brief guide to its influence, commenting that all
the constellations pertaining to the sea, such as Cancer.
Capricorn and the Dolphin, influence the creatures of the
sea and the sailing of fleets. 41
Manilius describes the characteristics of those born under
its ascension. Such men are equally at home on land or sea,
take pleasure in looking at, or being near to the sea, and
make excellent swimmers or divers:

From their different sides swimmers and divers share

an equal enthusiasm for both pursuits, for their
enthusiasm, though displayed in different ways, springs
from a single source. With them you may also reckon
men of cognate skill who leap in the air.... or hurl
their limbs through fire and flaming hoops, imitating
the Dolphin's movement in their flight through space.
Even if the Dolphin's sons lack these skills, they will
yet possess a physique suited to them; nature will
endow them with strength of body, briskness of
movement, and limbs which fly over the plain. 42
Lilly adds to this that the constellation:

.. .portends one of simple looks, but cheerful, delighted

in hawking, hunting, and other pleasing sports, yet of
double intentions, or in plain terms, one that speaks
one thing, and intends mwther, or dissembles with his
best friends. 43

Draco is depicted as a very

long serpent coiled around
Mythologists describe it as
the dragon that guards the
golden fleece of Aries,
whose teeth gave rise to an
army of skeleton men; or as
the hundred-headed Guardian of the golden apple trees
given to Hera as a wedding
present by Gaea, goddess of
the Earth. Other sources claim it represents the Serpent of
the Garden of Eden.
Ptolemy lists the stars of Draco as of the nature of
Saturn, Mars and Jupiter. He alludes to the constellation's
association with poison through his comment that Saturn, in
aspect with Mercury from the neighbourhood of the
Serpents makes men die from the bites of poisonous
creatures. Arabic astrologers knew the constellation as 'the
Poisonous Dragon' and believed that when a comet passed
Ihrough it poison was scattered all over the world. 44
.\Ianilius' s discussion of Draco came at the end of his
text and is now lost due to a lengthy lacuna. However, it
can be assumed that Firmicus, who followed Manilius
closely on the constellations, gave a similar, though less
poetical, account. In it we find a further reference to the
p<Jisonous nature of the snake:

Those v.'ho have this star rising will be snake charmers

and prepare medicine from poisons and pigments of
herbs. But if this star is found in its setting, they will
die by the bite of poisonous snakes or from drinking
poison. 45
Ettanin and Rastaban, the main stars of the group, have
a confused origin because both names mean 'the Dragon's
Head' and have been used interchangeably. Both were also
knov;n as 'the Dragon's Eyes' and have a similar,
unfonunate, influence. Lilly noted that the Moon directed

a cloudy Starre in the eye of the Dragon ... threatens

detriment to the Natives eyes, wounds, or contentions,
or bruisings in the head; the Native must beware of
Guns, Pikes, stings, the Kicks of Buts or Horses, and
the deceipt of his enemies. 46
The constellation of Equuleus is
a small, insignificant constellation, which rises shortly
before Pegasus. Because of its
inferiority to Pegasus it was
often known as Equus Prior
'Leading Horse', Equus Minor
'Little Horse',
or, more
generally, the Foal. Mythology
claims that it is Celeris, brother of Pegasus, given to Castor

t:he t:raditioJta! Astrologer


by Mercury. Only the head and neck are depicted in the

heavens, consisting of four barely visible stars.
Most classical authors ignored the constellation. Ptolemy
lists it in the Syntaxis, but fails to mention its planetary
nature in the Tetrabiblos. The 17th century astrologer
William Ramesey, mentioned two members in his text
Astrology Restored. He calls the group the Lesser Horse
and states that the star in the mouth and head have a nature
like Mars and Jupiter. According to Robson, Equuleus gives
friendship, sagacity, frivolity and a love of pleasure. 47

and Moon, so that as one rises the other sets, and several
authors have referred to them as 'the Alternate Twins'. 52 In
a strange parallel to the myth, Pollux has experienced an
increase in luminosity and become a 1st magnitude star, the
brightest of the two, whilst Castor, which held this honour
until three centuries ago, has undergone a reversion of
brilliance, and is now almost 2nd magnitude.
Another myth tells how Castor and Pollux sailed on the
Argo and by their strength and ingenuity saved the lives of
their fellow mariners during a terrifying storm. Classical
sailors were particularly fond of these gods and prayed to
them for protection at sea and during storms. The
constellation was often symbolised by the picture of two
stars over a ship, a state of guardianship which Horace
referred to in his Odes:


Eridanus is reported to be a
river of tears shed at the death
of Phaethon and lifted to the
sky to console Apollo for the
death of his son. 48 Conflicting
reports claim that its earthly
equivalent is the Euphrates or
the Nile, though it most likely
reflects the economic and
social importance of all rivers
to our ancestors. Since the
constellation is separated into
L_:___ _ _ _ _:___
__. a
Northern and Southern
'stream', there have been attempts to recognise both the
Nile and Euphrates in it. William Ramesey, for example,
called the southern part as the River Eridanus, and the
northern part the River Nilus. 49
Perhaps because its astrological meaning is obvious,
Manilius (and Firmicus after him) made no comment on its
influence. But the simple statement from Ptolemy, that
constellations pertaining to rivers and streams were
associated with their counterparts on earth, would seem to
suggest a connection with floods, drowning, aquatic life,
trade and travel. 50
Although Eridanus is the longest constellation in the sky
and has a multitude of stars, it possesses only one bright
one, Achernar, whose name means 'Mouth of the River'.
This is a 1st magnitude, white star which has a very
beneficial influence. Ptolemy compared its nature to Jupiter
but claimed that all the other stars of the group are like
Saturn in their influence. 51
"""'..-r--------.. The constellation Gemini is
dominated by two bright stars
which represent the heads of the
Twins. The Greeks knew them
as Apollo and Hercules, the
Romans as Castor and Pollux.
They were the twin sons of
Leda, born in an egg after
Jupiter, disguised as a swan,
seduced her.
An ancient rendering of the myth claims that although
both sons were spawned by a god, only one of them,
Pollux, was born immortal. But rather than be parted
forever at Castor's death, the Twins decided to share their
immortality by living alternating lives on Earth. One
Euphratean representation actually depicts them as the Sun

So Leda 's twins, bright-shining at their beck

Oft have delivered stricken barks from wreck.

According to Pliny the stars are responsible for the

phenomenon known today as 'St. Elmo's Fire' - a strange
celestial light which sailors look upon as a friendly omen.
Many ships attempted to sail under their beneficial influence
by using the gods Castor and Pollux as their figurehead. A
passage in the Bible tells how Saint Paul travelled on such a
vessel. 53
Besides their benevolence to sailors, the Twins were also
said to inspire soldiers and appear at the head of armies
marching to battle. They were also great lovers of art and
science. According to Manilius the Twins lived a life of
ease and unfading youth spent in the arms of love. They
have great affmity with music and study and such is their
genius that they outstrip the flight of the stars in their ability
to predict the movement of heaven. 54
Generally, however, it was Pollux who possessed the gift
of strength and ferocity, while Castor had the gift of
wisdom and logic. The former, which is a fiery red star,
was listed by Ptolemy as having a nature like Mars, the
latter, which is bright white, like Mercury. Whilst Pollux
gives a spirited nature and encourages violence, rashness
and a love of sport, Castor promotes the intellect and
endows success in study. Both stars are usually said to be
beneficial, but they can also indicate sickness, upset and
trouble when afflicted.
Of the remaining stars in Gemini, Ptolemy claimed that
those in the feet are of the nature of Mercury and Venus
and those in the thighs like Saturn. Tejat and Dirah are
both located in the left foot of Pollux with AI Hena in the
left foot of Castor.
Wasat, whose name means 'Middle', is found on the right
arm of Castor, and is listed as having a nature like Saturn
because of its proximity to the thigh.
A -Z of the Ptolemaic Constellations continues in issue 17
Notes & References:


R.H. Allen, Star Names, Their Lore and Meaning; 1899, Dover
Publications, pp.l07-108.
Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos,lst cent., III.12, Harvard Heinemann (Loeb,
p.321); Dorotheus, 1st cent., Ascella Publications, IV.l.108 ff.
William Lilly, Christian Astrology, 1647, Regulus, pp.690-691.
Allen, pp.ll2-113.
Robson, Fixed Stars and Constellations, 1923, Ascella Publications,
Allen, p.l18.

t:ltc t:raditiona! Astru!ogcr











Manilius, Astronomica, c. lOAD, Harv-Heinemann, 5.206-234 (p.317).

Firmicus, Mathesis, 4th cent., Ascella Publications, VIII.IX.3 (p.275)
-following Manilius 5.197 (p.317).
Lilly, p.621 & 678.
Manilius, 5.197 (p.317).
Firmicus, VIII.1X.3 (p.275); Lilly, p.537.
There is a widespread, ancient association with an aquatic figure. Early
Hindu astrologers, for example, depicted it as a goat's head upon the
body of a hippopotamus and it was known by some Latin authors as
Neptune's offspring or The Rain-bringing One. See Allen, pp.135-137.
Allen, p.l36.
Bullinger, The Witness of the Stars, Ballantrae Reprints, p.75.
Ptolemy, !.9 (p.53).
Robson, p.186.
Robson, pp. 141 & 156.
Manilius, 5.504 ff. (p.343).
Firmicus, VIII.XV1.3 (p.280).
Manilius, 5.355-537 (p.329).
Firmicus, VIII.XIII.4 (p.278); Ptolemy, 1.9 (p.57).
Allen, p.l53.
Manilius, 5.449 ff. (p.337); Firmicus, VIII. XV .4 (p.279).
Ptolemy, 1.9 (p.55); Lilly, P.648.
Manilius, 5.660 (p.353); Firmicus VIII.XVII.5 (p.280).
Allen, p162.
Eberlin & Hoffman, Fixed Stars and their Interpretation, AFA
Publications, 1971, p.12. The authors adhere to the older name Deneb Kaitos.
Ibid., p.l5.
Robson, p.l45.
Allen, p.172 ff.; Ptolemy, !.9 (p.59); Robson, p.39.
Manilius, 5.260 (p.321).
AI-Biruni, The Book of Instruction in the Elements of the An of



Astrology, 11th cent. Ascella Publications, 160.6 (p.71).

Lilly, p. 703.
Manilius mentions the tale at 1.785 (p.67), saying: Corvus, winner of

spoils and a name, aided in combat by a bird which hides beneath a

bird's exterior the godhead of fhoebus. He also refers to Corvus at
1.417 but gives no detailed astrological meaning.
Allen, p.180, 562.
Manilius, 5.240-251 (p.319).
Jupiter himself placed it in the sky as a reward for the shape with which
he snared the admiring Leda- Manilius, 1.337 (p.31).
Lilly, p.538; Manilius 5.370 (p.331).
Lilly, p. 702.
AI-Biruni, 160.17 (p.72).
Ptolemy, 1.9 (p.57) & II.7 (p.l73).
Manilius, 5.416 ff. (p.335).
Lilly, p.538.
Ptolemy, IV.9 (p.433); Allen, p.205.
Firmicus, VIII.XVII.7 (p.281).
Lilly, p. 702.
Ptolemy, Syntaxis 7.5; Allen, p.212 ff.; Ramesey, Astrology Restored,
1653, Ascella Publications, p.104; Robson, p.44.
-<S .>\ratus, Phaenomena, Harvard Heinemann, 360, (Loeb p.235).
-<9 Ramesey, p.94 ff.
so Ptolemy, II.7 (p.175).
S1 Ibid.' 1.9 (p.57).
~ Allen, pp.224-225.
!3 Acts, 28.11: And qfter three months we depaned in a ship off
Alexandria, which had wintered in the isle, whose sign was Castor ami
Pollux; Pliny, II, p.245 .
.!4 :Manilius, 4.152 (p.235). Castor was also famous for his skill in taming
horses and those born under the influence of this star are said to share
this gift.


by William Lilly, 1652
Re-typed, appended and annotated by Sue Ward
Published by Ascella Publications, ISBN: 1 898503 03 6
Price: 19.99 plus postage
This remarkable book is a reprint of William Lilly's
judgements upon two lunar eclipses and a solar eclipse that
occurred during the year 1652. Sue Ward has reproduced
Lilly's text exactly, retaining the original spelling,
pagination and typographical embellishments, and
presenting it in clear, modern type with additional notes and
appendices. We get the best of both worlds
all the charm
of the authentic 17th century idiom without the eyestrain.
The overall effect is like opening a time capsule from
three-and-a-half centuries ago.
1652 was the year in which Lilly spent 13 anxious,
uncomfortable days in prison for predicting that the
unpopular and insecure Rump Parliament would be
overthrown. He escaped a potentially dangerous charge of
sedition with a little help from his political friends and some
cunning courtroom manoeuvring - claiming in his
autobiography that Oliver Cromwell himself had a hand in
securing his release. Clearly, Lilly was playing for high
stakes at this stage of his career.
Above all, it was the Presbyterians from whom he had
most to fear. Despite some mischievous Presbyterian-baiting
in Annus Tenebrosus, he could hardly relax until their
power was abated the following year, 1653, when
Parliament was indeed overthrown and Cromwell was
declared Lord Protector.
In this context, the three 'hieroglyphics' in Annus
Tenebrosus are intriguing. The hieroglyphics
emblems which like tarot cards evoke symbolic associations
and connections - depict a majestic lord or great man, a
soldier riding upon a bull and leading a horse, and a maiden

playing a lute. These particular images are derived from the

decanate figures of Johannes Angelus; Lilly always
maintained that true astrological prophecy was disseminated
"obliquely" through "types and figures" of this kind. With
hindsight, it is easy to read Cromwell's innninent
emergence as head of state into this sequence, and I would
guess that many of Lilly's contemporaries, familiar with his
~oblique" symbolic language, would also have recognised
the great Taurean cavalry commander and political leader
thus depicted.
While the hieroglyphics crystallise Lilly's prophetic
vision, the portents upon which they are based are the three
eclipses. As ever, Lilly is extremely obliging in explaining
his astrological reasoning. The eclipses are embedded in a
pattern of celestial events arising from the great
conjunctions of Jupiter and Saturn. In contrast to the
episodic, self-contained nature of his horary judgements,
Lilly's mundane predictions were based upon broader
patterns, the big picture. In England's Propheticall Merlin
(1644) he had treated his astrologically-literate audience to
an explanation of the theory of great conjunctions; inAnnus
Tenebrosus, he delivers "a short method on how to judge
the effects of eclipses". It is this aspect of the book that
makes it more than an interesting historical curiosity. Even
today there is very little literature on the astrology of
eclipses, the most awesome of celestial omens. Lilly's
straightforward account, which includes a re-iteration of the
teachings of Ptolemy, describes in detail how to judge the
ruler of an eclipse and how the decanates, asterisms (ie.,
constellations) and fixed stars are used. !!! David Plant

t:ltc t:rmfitionnl ,Astrolopcr


c:Jfiberty, !fuality & c!i1'aternity:



John Ball has been a lawyer for 10 years and a student of astrology for 17 years.
After filing his last lawsuit in 1993 he removed to Europe to pursue his interest in
the intemationallaw of Human Rights, on which he has lectured in London and
Paris. Here he reflects upon the long and exhaustive fight for human justice
which commenced, in France, with the storming of the Bastille prison.

Although my principal interest here is the relationship

The briefly glorious, and still vital message of Bastille
Day, is that the soul of a nation is not personified by the between Papillon and the French Republic, a few remarks
state, but by its noblest children, often those most despised on his nativity are in order. Perhaps the irresolvable
by the state. In America, whose Revolution has often dilemma of where to attribute house placements of planets
betrayed and devoured its children, these are the likes of a applying to house cusps, is exemplified by the proximity of
handful of heroic dissidents such as Martin Luther King; in the 0 and ) to Papillon's 12th house cusp. As a nominal
France it is represented by the likes of Henri Charriere.
prisoner, he would be expected to have more prominent
Henri Charriere, nicknamed 'Papillon' for his butterfly tenants in his 12th than ~ and ~, which in any case are
tattoo, was sentenced to life
close to the ascendant. I am
imprisonment in French Guiana at
inclined to view the 0 and ) as
"Prominently placed on the Midheaven,
the age of 25 for a homicide he did
int1uencing both the 11th and 12th
d' signifies Papillon as one who
not commit. The story of his several
challenged and fought his oppression
escapes during 13 years, the last of
conversant in the
and heroically transcended suffering
which led him to permanent freedom without pretending to sever it from life."
imprisonment, as Papillon was, but
in Venezuela, is related in his
they remain free in the 11th house.
autobiographical work, Papillon,
which caused such a stir in France in 1970 - the year of imprisonment and the trght for freedom is also pointedly
the 'phenome Papillon' - that a French minister attributed marked by the dual rulership of d' over the 12th house of
the "hopeless moral decline of France" ~to "the wearing of confinement and the 11th house of freedom and release.
miniskirts and the reading of Papillon. " 1
His narrative simply must be read and cannot adequately
be summarised here; suffice to say that the ethical matrix
which underlies his relation of his own terrible pilgrimage
is an authentic and splendidly provocative concern for the
dignity of all noble outsiders, dissidents, misfits and
nominal criminals. All those individuals whom the state
has condemned for failure to wear its conventional colours,
Henry Charriere
Papillon ennobles for the content of their character.
"Liberty, Equality and Fraternity": these aspirations of
16 Nov 1906
Republican France were Papillon's gift to the deserving
8:50AM (GMT)
subjects of his story. In this light, he appears to have
St. Etienne, France
personified the soul of the Revolution. How appropriate,
44N39 I 003E57
then, for his principal memorial to be a defiant
declamation: even in the most dreadful material conditions,
the Spirit of Man cannot be imprisoned. And insofar as
spiritual conditions are antecedent to material ones which of course does not vitiate suffering - Papillon' s life
demonstrated this conclusively: he resolved not to serve his
sentence, and in substance, he was never imprisoned.

<:he <:rnditiona/ Astrologer

Prominently placed on the Midheaven, d' signifies

Papillon as one who challenged and fought his oppression
and heroically transcended suffering without pretending to
sever it from life. In fact the entire radix chart, viewed
holistically, implies rather little about imprisonment and
much about freedom. 2
Aside from its retrogradation, the chart ruler 2j. is well
dignified and quite strong, indicating Papillon's immense
physical vitality and endurance which sustained him
through such potentially fatal trials as two years in solitary
confinement. 2j. is, however, rather saddened by a
conjunction to W and trine to 1l. - and contrary to popular
misperception, 1l. 's trines are sometimes even more
wretched than its hard aspects, insofar as the trine
lubricates the delivery of 1l. 's afflictions. Also noteworthy,
and almost funny in terms of gallows humour (which
Papillon appreciated), is the inconjunct of 3rd house 1l. in
Pisces, to Libran d' on the Midheaven. The inconjunct
indicates both mistakes and adjustments, and in this case
can be read almost literally: later in life Ch) Papillon
restored his financial fortunes (11. rules 2nd), by writing of
his imprisonment and exile (3rd house, X), which resulted
from his mistaken (inconjunct) conviction for a homicide
(d'-11.), and at the end of his life (d' rules 4th) this
corrected (inconjunct) his reputation, which fmally
received justice (Lib ran d' on Midheaven).
Some further light is shed on the subtle matrix of
Papillon's experience, by reference to his Draconic chart.
The Draconic zodiac has been the subject of intensive
research only in comparatively recent years, and its proper
applications are still arguable, or perhaps should be
argued. Its basis is quite simple: the Draconic zodiac
begins at the Lunar North Node, and therefore differs from
tropical astrology in its assimilation of a lunar matrix,
rather than the essentially solar foundation of Tropical
'Matrix', related to the Latin 'womb', should be the
operative word here, in light of Draconic's basis in the
Lunar Nodes. But this has different meanings for different
astrologers. Regretfully only a handful of contemporary
practitioners have given full attention to Draconic
astrology, as a result of which only a handful of
meaningful, but perhaps biased and myopi-;;, interpretations
of its usefulness have been offered to the profession.
Principally it has been described as representing either
'spiritual' themes including past lives, which strikes this
writer as overly vague (and in the law, one common phrase
for inapplicable statutes is: 'void for vagueness'), or
alternatively it has been touted as a basis for gender
equality in astrology (due to its lunar basis), which strikes
this writer as a subtle pandering to a fashionable platitude.
I prefer to dissociate astrology from gender politics, and
directly recognise that the J) is an important body indeed,
so Draconic merits much serious research. As a working,
practical paradigm, let me simply characterise the
Draconic zodiac as a lunar matrix for the operations of the
planets. Thus, the Draconic placement of W, for example,
will indicate how the native's fantasies operate in a lunar
matrix, and so forth for all other planets. Just how that is
interpreted depends on the astrologer's particular
understanding of the J) 's various meanings.

+ Papillon made his first escape 42 days after arrival

in French Guiana, but was recaptured and spent 2
years in solitary confinement - during this time he
walked several miles a day in his tiny cell, which
allowed only five paces at a time.

+ He made 9 escapes between 1931 and 1944, the

last of which, from Devil's Island, was on two sacks of
coconuts. On the supposedly inescapable island, he
observed that the tides in a small bay, dozens of feet
down from a precipice, would slowly drift floating
material out to sea. Therefore he dropped 2 coconut
sacks down and jumped after, floating for 2 days on
the open sea until he reached land, touching upon
Guyana and ultimately reaching Venezuela, where he
was granted citizenship.

+ With regards to floating on tides, he writes on

p.205 of his autobiography that while in Santa Marta
Prison: "A thought came to me - a rather absurd
idea. 'Papillon, it's your fate to be linked with the
tides. The moon is very important for you and your
life, whether you like it or not'." (In his nativity the J)
is cazimi the 0)

+ After his escape Papillon became the proprietor

of a nightclub in Caracas, until ruined by an
earthquake in 1967. It was then that he wrote his
autobiography which restored his fortune and
reputation. He died in 1973.
In this light, one application of Draconic should be
evident, but currently is widely ignored. It is especially
useful in Mundane Astrology, due to the J)'s rulership of
the public, the masses, national sentiment and sense of
communal identity. I will be exploring these below, in
terms of the French Revolution. Meanwhile, note that
Papillon's Draconic W is closely conjunct his tropical 11.,
which I read as: "Papillon wrote a book (3rd house 11.)
about his scandalous victimisation by the French nation
(Draconic W in Pisces; being Draconic, this W is attuned
to the lunar, national sentiment, and particularly national
confusion and scandal)".

t:ftc ?:rmlitkJJtn! Astrolof!cr

Draconic Chart
16 Nov 1906
8:50 AM (GMT)
St. Etienne, France
44N39 I 003E57


Solar Chart

14 July 1789
Paris, France
48N52 002E20

It is also amusing that his Draconic 0 and ] are in@;

Papillon voluminously describes all of his meals and cups
of coffee in perfect detail.
Moving on to the event of Papillon's imprisonment,
which commenced on 26 October 1931: conventionally we
might expect to see hard aspects from transiting outer
planets. But this is not the case. E is trining radical 0 and
] , and Wtrining radical Ascendant, either of which can be
smoothly disruptive Gust as saturnian trines are smoothly
depressing), but neither of these strongly suggest lifetime
imprisonment and victirnisation. (However the E trine to
the Scorpio 0 and] may indicate Papillon's successful
receipt of a wad of money, which he stored in a tube in his
anus until his escape. In accord with the trine, he describes
how the tube was easy to insert). ' is squaring radical li,
but in itself this is more likely to manifest as tooth decay or
termites. No, the direct transits do little to describe this
tragedy, and no wonder: the event appears to have had a
fated, or at least unavoidable quality, whereas even the
most difficult direct transits ideally are opportunities, or at
least controllable challenges. In contrast, Papillon was
evidently subject to forces beyond his control on 26
October, 1931.
These forces are often discernible from converse
transits or progressions. Similarly to the case of Draconic,
whose applications merit far more contention but are
currently reduced to a handful of easy catchphrases,
converse transits and progressions tend to be characterised
with undue facility as triggers for 'fated' events. Whether
deliberate or not, this seems to imply a silly kind of
inexorable decree vested in the Akashic records from all
eternity, rather than something more sensibly explicable.
Although there may be some transcendent purpose for
the operation of converse, in practical terms it invariably
seems to indicate an event which appears fated, not
because of some remote Divine decree, but because
causative factors have gained so much momentum that
their result is now unstoppable.
My favourite analogy is: a direct li- 'transit might be
like standing on top of a tall building contemplating
suicide, and you still have the freedom to go home and get

counselling. But under a converse li - ', a secret enemy

has already pushed you off, and you're now an inch from
hitting the ground: bye-bye. This provokes a serious issue
in astrological counselling, involving the responsibilities
attending the announcement of an apparently inexorable
event. My advice to other counsellors who use this
technique, is to remember that although the events of
Converse may indeed be inexorable, a scope of freedom
remains regarding the client's subjective response, which
should be the focus of the consultation.
Now hang onto your hats. I've seldom seen such a
precise coalescence of diverse predictive systems, as those
influencing Papillon on the day of his conviction, all of
which appear in Converse.
1- On his converse solar return, 15 November 1881,
just shortly after his conviction, converse transiting E was
at 28b'26, conjunct the converse solar return nadir
(26b'01) and applying to oppose radical 0 and ] .
(Converse transits apply baclrnrards.)
2- Converse solar arc has E at the exact same degree as
converse solar return, at 28b' 18. Furthermore the
converse solar arc ascendant is 22TTU7, within one degree
of radical 0 and ] , and picking up the same application
of converse transiting E.
3- Converse tertiary progressions are calculated on the
basis of one day per lunar month, and tend to reflect the
evolution of subtle, inner motivations and emotional
responses, which are constellated by other movements such
as transits. Here, converse tertiary progression has 2j. at
28b'26, the same degree as converse transiting E right to
the minute.
Two of these converse techniques reveal E at 28 b',
applying backward to oppose Papillon's 0 and ],
conjunct the nadir which is reasserted in two of these
methods, abetted by tertiary progressed 2j.. This signals a
rare coalescence of power in three diverse systems. And
the power inexorably says, in Papillon's favoured phrase:
'down the drain'.
'Down the drain' is the title of his first chapter which
describes the day of his conviction, and is his recurrent
motif for the following 13 years. Converse E and 2j. - the
law's force major - apply to his nadir and oppose 0 and
] . What could be plainer said, at least in the astrologer's
To return to our original theme, my fmal remarks
concern the storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789,
which was the seminal event of Republican France. I have
found no exact time for the fall of the Bastille, but we
know the assault began in the morning, so I take the
sunrise chart as a fair specimen. Looking for the
Revolution's motto, "Liberty, Equality and Fraternity" in
egalitarian Aquarius, we find tropical E in the Bastille Day
radical chart at 17~54, perfectly conjunct Papillon's
Draconic Eat 17~56 (in 7th house.) Also the Revolution's
radical cf - valiant words, perhaps - is at 7ll58,
conjunct Papillon's Draconic cf at 6ll34, and Draconic
MC at 5ll22. The cf conjunction is of considerable
interest but most of all, Bastille Day's radical E on
Papillon's Draconic E in two minute orb, says, "Papillon's
symbolic empowerment and liberation of outcast

t:lte <:rnditional Astrolo{!er

individuals was in perfect accord with the French Nation's

liberation of the Bastille, and with the most noble aspect of
the French national character which this manifests." And
since ~ resurrects the legacies of the deep past, it's almost
as if Papillon spoke for the Revolution in an age which had
nearly forgotten the Revolution's voice.
Finally, although the scope of this topic is potentially
unmanageable, consider an even more unsettling, yet
elegant implication of Converse techniques: backward from
one point in time is forward from another. Thus, the year
of 1848, when the second French Revolution took place
reviving the lost ethos of the first, was exactly midway
between Bastille Day and the birth of Papillon. Specifically
the midpoint in time between his birth and Bastille Day,
was 15 March 1848 (for which a Papillon-Bastille Day
Relationship chart (Davison) can be drawn by any
sufficiently mad astrologers), just a few weeks after the
Second Republic was established.
Here I am not so much interested in a narrow event in
Papillon's life, as in a broader phase of his life which
seems to touch mysteriously upon his relationship with
Republican France.
His converse li return took place on 30 December
1847, and thus was pending during the Revolution of 1848.
And looking forward in time, to his direct li return which
mirrors the converse one of 1848, we find him in the year
1965, when he was informed that legal proceedings against
him in France were due to lapse in 1966.
In consequence, Papillon returned to Paris, ultimately as
a wealthy and vindicated man, and his Revolution was
complete. Let's take leave of him here, just prior to his
return to France, when he very nearly met Charles De
Gaulle in Caracas, of which he writes, true to the
Revolution's creed: "and like a fool I went along and
cheered de Gaulle. And like a fool the mere presence of
this great leader who had saved my country's honour made
me forget it was the same country which had sent me to
penal for life. And like a fool I would have given one of
my fingers to shake his hand or be there at the embassy's
reception in his honour: a reception to which I was not
invited, of course. But the underworld was able to take an
indirect revenge, because some old retired French whores
slipped in: they had turned over a new leaf, as you might
say, by making a good marriage, and there they were with
their arms full of flowers for de Gaulle's delighted wife." 3
So spoke the noble heart of France.

1) Henri Charriere, Papillon; translated by Patrick O'Brien; The
Literary Guild; London 1970, p.9.
2) From a more traditional point of view, the Sun and Moon
would be considered ro have their virtue in the 12th house as they
are within 5o of the cusp.
3) Henri Charrier, Banco,'translated by Patrick O'Brien; Panther;
St Albans 1975, p.25.

John Ball is often in transit but can always be reached

through his contact address:
130 Canal Road, Easton, Pennsylvania 18042, USA
Email: SQNL1SA@prodigy.com


.. .


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?:he ?:rmlifi(Jifal Asfr(J/(J(!er


An Account of:


PHYSICK by Richard Saunders, 1677

JusTUs & AssociATES

Next to Christian
Astrology by William
Lilly, Judgment and
Practice of Physick
was my most challenging book to transcribe. It was in
terrible condition when I got a copy, and very difficult to
read because of page tears and the condition of the pages
themselves. However, because of my love of herbs I was
determined to see this project completed. I have studied
astrology for over 25 years and herbs for the last 10 years
and this seemed like the ideal project for me because I
could combine these two areas of my life and perhaps learn
even more while working. Little did I realise how much
time and energy it would consume. I have stayed with the
same format that I used while working on Christian
Astrology, ie., large print, same page material for easy
referencing and resisting the urge to correct or expand on
the original material. You will fmd that the book is exactly
as Saunders had written it.
Book One deals with the basics of astrology in the first
10 pages, but Saunders moves right on from there into how
to fmd the significator of the sick person and the
Morbificant Planet. He goes on to explain that you take the
Ascendant, the Ascendant ruler and the Moon to represent
the sick person. The planet which is conjunct, square or in
opposition to the ruler of the Ascendant, and the Ascendant
(in that order) is the true Morbificant Planet or significator
of the Disease. Then he tells us that a planet afflicting the
Ascendant brings no notable detriment, except by
conjunction which would be almost unnoticeable, much
like a square to a benefic planet.
Saunders takes us through the planets and signs and the
parts of the body they rule, as well as the signs and planets
and the diseases they signify. He also explains that the
CRISIS of the disease is nothing other than the dual
between nature and the infirmity, it is the sudden alteration
of the persons body when they are sick, where it can either
improve or become worse.
The reader is then taught how the crisis may be found
and the disease judged. Life and Death are discussed and
the student taught how to read these in the chart. This is a
subject that is covered extensively along with the signs of
recovery. Also discussed is the matter of who asks the
question and how the chart is treated from that perspective.
In one of his ~xamples he explains how to look at the
chart if the Mother or Father of the sick person asks the.
question for the Querent. He gives many examples of how
the question can be asked and how it is treated when asked
by various people, in fact he is very thorough in his
covering of this area.

The detail he goes into concerning the Virtues or

Humours is fascinating and helps the reader to understand
the illness much better. You can begin to see the
characteristics of the diseases and the relation to the
Querent or sick person being asked about and the chart.
In the second book he covers the Judgment of Diseases
without Urine and whether the patient will be cured or not,
whether the disease is of the body or mind. There are 16
example charts at the back of the book with explanations,
which is always helpful to student and reader alike to help
them understand the reading of the chart in more depth.
This book has more than 412 pages plus the examples
and enough material to help students grasp the concept of
how the chart can be used to diagnose and help find the
proper herbs to help with the illness or when it is serious
enough to visit a Doctor. Most of all it can help relieve
your mind if you are not feeling well and the chart shows
that it is nothing serious, or if serious you should have it
taken care of before it gets any worse.
If you are a serious astrology student or herbalist that
uses astrology in their work this book will give you a
deeper understanding of astrology and most especially the
medical and horary branch of astrology.

Example 1: A Man came to enquire the Health of his
Child, being a Son, but brought not his Urine with him.

NB: Example judgements have been slightly edited here to fit our space requirements but in Glrol 's reproduction they follow the original exactly.


?:he ?:rmfitkmal AstrPIP{!cr

Example 2: The Urine of a certain Man was brought,

according to the following:

::: This Party was afflicted with two kinds of Disease,

one Chronic, and of long continuance, the other Acute, and

but newly begun; therefore as they were discrepant in their
origins and beginnings, so .they were also in effect and
termination dissenting, although the more general
transformed the less into part of his own peculiar existency.
Firstly, concerning his new-bred Infirmity, which was a
repletion of his Stomach with much Choleric Juice, loss of
Appetite, Insomnia, Distemperature of his Head per
concensum Stoma.chi. As d is in the Horoscope [1st house]
afflicting the Lord thereof, Q ascending, [they] doth aptly
Symbolise therefore, in the Crisis of the 0 and d, these
Symptoms were likely to decrease: and so it fell out: for
about some 4 or 5 days after he amended of the same, by a
certain Decoction prescribed him to take. But as touching
his old inveterate Infirmity, which was a long concealed
grief of Mind, with much perturbation of Spirit, swimming
in his Head, starting in his Sleep, evil Imaginations, Fear
and Desperation, ~ was the principal Significator,
corrupted by a 0 of d, and joined to the Lord of the
Ascendant, being also by him much infirmed by
Combustion. All which considered, it was very likely that
these Passions were to be limited by the Crisis of 0 and ~,
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - r which did consist in the Number of 5; for the Lord of the
Ascendant had so many degrees to go before he were to
:::d, Lord of the Ascendant in Q, governing the Heart, take his leave of ~ per Separationem communem. And
Stomach, &c., afflicted by a 0 of 1i., betokens sickness concerning the Investigation of fatal Signs, the 0 being
and pain in those parts, proceeding of tough congealed Lord of the Ascendant is oppressed by a malicious 0 of d,
phlegm, loss of Appetite, &c. And forasmuch as d
and the J) joined to ll by platick Conjunction; also the J)
governs the gall, it also imports therein causes of gleamy damnified by a 0 of 2j., he being Lord of the 8th House,
slimy Humours. The J) beginning the Sun-beams under the and neither the Lord of the Ascendant, nor the J), applying
sign of .n..., doth further import Diseases proceeding of to any benign Aspect of any salutiferous Planet, it importeth
Tartarous Humours, the Stone in the kidneys, and pain in no hope of recovery. And as for the time and manner of his
the bottom of the belly, proceeding of windy inflations, Death, it fell out accordingly, for near the end of the 5
&c. As touching mortal signs; first, the Lord of the months, from the time of this Scheme of Heaven, on the 6th
Ascendant is oppressed by a pernicious 0 of l't. Secondly, of October, upon the 0 of the 0 and 2j., and the J) being
the J) beginning to be sub radii [under the Earth]; thirdly, in conjunction with ll and if> to d, at that very time, he in
the J) is applying to a Conjunction platick of ~, the Lady most woeful manner Laqueo Sesuspendebat, and so in
of the 8th House. So the fatal places being three, it desperate sort ended his Life, prefigured by the place of1i.
denoteth death, except for sonie aid of~ or 2j.; but as for in 't5, governing the Neck and Throat, and 1i. here one of
. ~, she being Lady of the 8th House, and also combust, her the intersecting Planets. And lest I here seem to imply a
conjunction with the J) can yield no comfort. As for 2J., he contradiction to my former opinion, because I grant the
is elongated from a Trine with the Lord of the Ascendant Crisis to be made by ~, which before I denied in my
by the space of 18 deg. and therefore out of reach of any general Thesis, you shall note, that this Crisis was not
aspect. Therefore this figure is very fatal; and so it came to Naturalis, but contra Naturam. If any think that ~ was not
pass; for within two days space he departed, with an ulcer able to produce such a Tragical Crisis, and that it is most
or Apostumation under his ear, prefigured by ll in 'd, &c. likely that the same was made by d, because he differeth
from a partile separation with 0, about 4 degrees and a
the which cometh near to our reckoning, if you add
Carol Wiggers works tirelessly on the restoration and
republication of traditional astrological texts, and in generally for every degree a moneth; yet in my judgement the former
promoting an understanding of traditional techniques. She is the is best, and most consonant to truth, because I can hardly
editor of the highly respected journal The Horary Practitioner and believe that one Planet may make two several Crisis in one
her publishing company JustUs and Associates reproduces a individual Person. Here we could also have related the
large number of classic traditional works which she has personally principal cause, that first induced this wretched Man to fall
retyped. Carol is also well known as an expert astrology teacher into such a desperate Humour, and also by what mediation
and offers courses with her partner, J Lee Lehman, on Horary,
the wicked Serpent did per mille Meandros, circumvent
Electional and Medical Astrology. The Saunders text is
him; as by the report of some of his own Family, it came
recommended reading for students. It is available in an attractive
Hard cover only from: JustUs & Associates in the USA ($40 US afterward to light. But forasmuch as it maketh little to our
plus shipping), Spica Publications in Australia and Ascella purpose in this matter, for brevity sake I let it pass,
Publications in the UK (29 + postage). For contact details and intending here rather to show the end of the Disease, than
over-curiously to search out the cause.
!! !
more on the courses offered by Carol and Lee Lehman, see p.26.

<:he <:rnditioJta! Astrologer



For those readers grappling with what Void of Course really
did mean to traditional authors, the following references from
traditional works which touch upon the subject may prove
useful. As you will see, there never has been only
one clear definition!

DOROTHEUS (1st cent. AD approx.)

If you find the Moon void of all the planets, none of them
aspects it, and none is in the ascendant or aspecting the
ascendant, then this native is void of good in livelihood,
possesses pain and hardship in the pursuit of what he needs 1.12.7 (p.171)
FIRMICUS (4th cent.)
If the Moon is so located that she is moving toward nothing, is
in aspect to no planet, and there is no benefic planet on the
angles, this will make paupers destitute of all necessities,
without means of daily life.... especially if the Moon,
"running through a vacuum", which the Greeks call
cenodromon (empty course), is in opposition or square aspect
to Mars or Saturn on the first or third day, or if malefic
planets are on the angles.
..... For when the Moon is Void of Course she involves the
early years in wretched misfortunes. But after she has for a
time troubled the body and mind and ruined their youth with
many crimes ..... , then she bestows good fortune equal to the
mishaps of youth.
But if the Moon, moving through a vacuum, comes into aspect
with Mars or Saturn, ..... the natives will be miserable
paupers, barely covered by ragged clothing, guardians of
tombs; or they will be punished by perpetual imprisonment. VIII.l; p.l23
If the waxing or full Moon is moving away from Saturn
toward nothing but is running through a vacuum, she causes
loss of inheritance, estranges the natives from parents, or
makes them orphans in early youth. They will be sluggish and
involved in long journeys [and so on for the. Moon moving
away from the rest of the planets] -XV, p.133
AL-BIRUNI (11th cent.)
VOID OF COURSE. If while within a sign a planet does not
enter into conjunction with another, although in aspect to other
planets, it is said to be void of course, and is regarded as
having separated from conjunction whether in that sign or not.
(This name is given to it because the field is empty and it
moves without any companion.)- v.504
FERAL. When a planet is in a sign and no other planet has
been in aspect with it from the time of its entry to that of its
exit, it is said to be feral in its course. This is practically
impossible with the superior planets and the Sun, and can
rarely occur, but with the Moon it is necessarily the case and
frequently occurs ..... Some people say that when the Moon is
feral, this is a substitute for conjunction with the planets in.
whose terms it happens to be within the sign, but this opinion
is trivial and quite unsupported. - v.505, p.310
EZRA (12th cent.)
Isolation sets in when a planet separates from its satellite 15
degrees either in conjunction or in a sextile aspect, and it does

not enter into conjunction with any other planet as_ long as it is
in this sign, and no planet enters into complete aspect with it as
long as it stays there, regardless which aspect it may be.
The feral position is when a planet is in a sign and no other
planet enters into aspect with it as long as it is there, and it
does not depart from any planet. That can only happen to the
Moon because of the speed of its motion. - Ch. VII, p.211.
BONATUS (13th cent.)
The lOth [way in which the Moon can be afflicted] is when she
is void of course, that is, not joined to any planet by body or
aspect, or in that condition when they call her Feral or Desart,
that is, in a place where she has not any dignity. consideration 5, p.4.
The Nineteenth Consideration is, To behold the Moon if she be
"void of course", for then it signifies an impediment to the
thing in question: it will not come to a good end, nor be
accomplished; but the querent shall be forced to desist with
shame and loss.- p.17
The 62nd is to consider whether the Moon be Void of Course,
for that signifies that the thing enquired after shall scarce ever
come to a good end, or not without much labour, sorrow or
trouble unless the Lord of the Ascendant or significator of the
thing shall be in very good condition, and then it may be
hindered, but not wholly frustrated - yet tis a good time then
for drinking, bathing, feasting etc., and to use ointments to
take away hair, especially if she be in Scorpio. - p.30
LILLY (17th cent.)
A planet is Void of Course, when he is separated from a
planet, nor doth forthwith, during his being in that sign, apply
to any other: This is most usually in the Moon; In judgements
do you carefully observe whether she be Void of Course yea or
no; you shall seldom see a business go handsomely forward
when she is so - p.112
Generally consider the state of the Moon, for if she be Void of
Course there's no great hopes of the question propounded, that
it shall be effected, yet if she be in Cancer, Taurus, Sagittarius
or Pisces, your fear may be the less, for then she is not so
much impedited by being Void of Course- p.299
If the Moon be Void of Course, unless the significators apply
strongly, there's seldom any bargain concluded or commodity
at that time bought, and yet both parties wrangle and have
some meetings to no purpose- p.377
Example of Void of Course Moon used in next sign- p.385
COLEY (17th cent.)
Void of Course is only thus, one planet separates from the
body or aspect of another, and applies to no other planet whilst
he is in that sign- Ch.lO, Sect XI; p.96.
RAMESEY (17th cent.)
Void of Course is when a planet is separated from another, and
doth not, during the time of its continuance in that sign, apply
again to any other. - p.lll


''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' ''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

Quarterly Magazine of Astrology

from the Southern Hemisphere
Wide breadth of articles of interest to all Astrologers
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Email: spica@world.net

rite <:raditkma/ .Astrologer

An Interview with

Recorded and Edited
by Garry Phillipson

John is Editor of 'The Astrologer's Apprentice' magazine, and a Tutor on the Qualifying Horary Diploma Course.
Q ~ Did you get involved with horary work early in your Q ~ You've appeared on TV - on 'Predictions' and 'London
astrological career?
Tonighf. What was that about?

No, it's only within the last five or six years I've been involved
with horary astrology- mainly through frustration with modem
schools of astrology being very vague. I have much more
affinity with the ideas behind horary, and the astrology is very
definite, very concrete. You are definitely right or definitely

Q ~ Could you give an example of the kind of thing you mean

when you say that modem schools of astrology are very
A~ If we look at the keywords that the modems tend to use in



Wrth 'Predictions' they phoned in, over a period of a month, a

list of questions, for which I cast horaries. Some of them came
out spectacularly right. The football ones offered the greatest
scope for precision1 -with others, like Charles not marrying
Camilla, Edward not marrying Sophie (though they were
engaged, according to the press at the time) it was more a
case of 'Yes' or 'No'. I suspect the ones that came out right
were the ones that the people asking the questions were
actually interested in. Because the problem with horary is, that
if you're not really interested, and you're asking just to test then you're not asking that question, you're really asking,
'Does this guy know what he's doing?' And 1cannot judge the
chart, 'Do 1 know what 1 am doing?'. You get a necessarily
invalid question.
And then the 'London Tonight' team just asked about
Wimbledon. 1 put up an event chart for the start of the
tournament, and said that it would rain a lot - which it did and that the favourites were not going to do well.

considering the planets - so many of them are vague,

more-or-less meaningless, tags. With traditional technique we
are working with the concrete right from the start. Mars, for
example, is not 'aggression', nor Venus 'harmony', but they are
'your dad' or 'your sister', or whatever. So, inevitably, our
judgements are concrete, even if we are working on a
psychological level. The traditional techniques also make it far
easier for the astrologer to keep himself and his
pre-conceptions out of the chart. we don't have to regard Q ~ Do those kinds of appearance pull in lots of work?
being a healer as the highest form of human life.
A ~ It attracts a few loonies! Less than I expected. I expected mass
adulation ...
So far as vagueness goes, isn't it inevitable that, people
being as complex as they are, character analysis will be Q ~ How do most of your clients get in touch with you in the
first place?
more vague (or ambiguous) than a horary judgement? Is
the issue here one of traditional versus modem A~ Word of mouth. End of story 1don't really advertise
astrology? Or is it more a case of you preferring horary to

psychological work?
Q ~ How long does it take you to prepare a reading?


There's a measure of truth in what you say; but traditional A~ It varies. I don't do natal charts at all. Horaries vary a lot. Some
method, whether natal or horary, is capable of very sharp
of them, it literally takes a glance to see the answer. Obviously
psychological delineation. It is sometimes necessary to do this,
you don't judge it just on a glance, you then go and check to
even with horaries. I think it helps in that with the traditional
make sure. But it can take hours and hours. One of my clients
method, by virtue of the way in which we have learned it, we
is involved in Pakistani politics. The charts reflect the situation
are working straight from the astrology, not through this
in Pakistani politics: seriously muddy! So you have to peer into
dreadful sub-Jungian vernacular in which so much modem
this little muddy pool to make out what is happening - that
astrology is cast. This giyes even our psychological
can take a very long time. Lilly would tum round clients in ten
delineations a great clarity.
to fifteen minutes, and my aspiration is to do the same. It
concentrates the mind!
Q ~ Who would you cite as being your major influences?
A~ Definitely William Lilly. 1 follow Lilly pretty closely. At least, 1 Q ~ In dealing with questions about issues such as Pakistani
follow what I feel is the spirit of Lilly pretty closely. I don't have
politics, you must have to do quite a bit of research in
quite the veneration of 'Lilly as the word of God' that some
order to know what the background factors are?
people do, but he was obviously an immensely experienced A~ It's sometimes necessary, yes. I'm quite an expert at fouling up
astrologer which is why I respect him so much. It's his
relationships, and so I can answer questions about relationship
experience: there isn't anyone to compare with him, at least in
problems quite easily. Background knowledge is always


Q ~ Why don't you do natal charts?


I just prefer to concentrate on horary. I'm very careful to make it

clear that what I offer is just astrology. I'm not a counsellor, not
a validation service. Also, all the classics say that the first thing
you do when you tell someone about their chart is to tell them
when they're going to die- and you're not allowed to do that!

Q ~ Are there any things that you might see in a horary that
you wouldn't tell the person?

Yes, there are. One has to get involved in issues of privacy, in

particular. Once you have accepted the question, you have to
give the answer, but there are some questions that I wouldn't
accept: as third party questions, like When is my daughter
going to get rid of this dreadful boyfriend?' or, When's Granny
going to kick it?'

Q ~ I'd like to find out more about what's behind .your article
'The William Hill Astrology Awards'. In that, you're saying
that it's possible to live from predicting the results of
football matches. Is that something you mean, literally~

Yes, if you want to devote yourself to it. I don't live by it myself,

but I do make a profit out of William Hill. I do find, though, that
the pursuit of lucre gets in the way of one's astrological
judgement. It's certainly very possible. And it's a very good
way of honing your astrology because you're predicting
events, and you get the results very quickly. It's not like
predicting who is going to win the next general election in five
years time. And you get a very clear, unarguable answer. If
William Hill is going to pay you for doing the research, so much
the better!

Q ~ There's been quite a bit of talk lately about raising funds

to help the AA buy a new HQ in London. Suppose you
Q ~ But if someone asked, 'When am I going to kick it?' Would
were given funds to invest at William Hill's on the AA's
you have a problem with answering that, or regard it as
their choice?
behalf - do you think that, theoretically at least, this
A~ My attitude is very much that you ask at your own risk. If you
could be a viable way of funding the organisation?
don't want to hear the answer, you shouldn't ask the question. A~ In the abstract - and I stress 'in the abstract' - it's a pretty
But I do temper that with a consideration of the way society
poor show if an astrological organisation can't finance itself by
sees such things, so I would only answer a question like that
investing, whether in William Hill or the stock-market. In
for a regular client. Also, since all of my work is done over the
practice, it becomes rather more difficult. After my TV
telephone, I have a very limited knowledge of a person's
predictions, I found myself under pressure from various
current state -whether they are sitting there with a gun to
quarters to provide lucrative predictions, and did disastrously.
their head, waiting to end it all, for instance.
It's only now, when these people have washed their hands of
and I can do it for fun again, that I'm getting predictions
Q ~ All of your work is handled over the phone?
right. It's a question of focus: like in tennis- if your focus is on
A~ Yes, the only time I would see somebody here is if they are
hitting the ball, you'll do fine; if it's on lifting the trophy, you'll
interested in the astrology and want to work through the chart
lose. So in astrology - the focus must be purely on the
as a tutorial.
prediction, not on the consequences of that prediction.
So always in horary - the focus must be absolutely on the
Q ~ I guess since it's not natal work, it isn't really a problem.
chart, with no regard for \'ihat the client may or may not like. As
A~ I'm not doing hour-long consultations. Sometimes a judgement
soon as there is the slightest hint of trying to please the client,
can involve a long conversation -up to, say, half an hour.
the focus shifts and error creeps in.3
More usually, though, it's quite short. And I don't think there's
much point in someone spending an hour getting here, just to Q ~ At the AA Conference, Bernadette Brady was talking
hear me say, 'The answer is no!' - and then going away
about Bonatti, and his approach to working out who was
going to win battles which she'd then translated onto
sports events.4 Does your approach line up one-to-one
with any particular author from the past?
Q ~ What does 1t mean to you, to help a chent?
A ~ You're probably helpi~g p~ple a lot of the time i~ some way or A ~ My approach in predicting matches from event charts is
another- b~t more likely 1n way~ that you .don t know abo~t.
(unfortunately) completely empirical. Bernadette Brady's
Wh~t you m1ght regard as hel~1ng them 1~ not necessanly
methods obviously work, but 1 can't help thinking that her
helping them at all: the real h~lp IS probably JUSt the exposure
reasoning is flawed; 1can't accept the model of a castle siege,
to the pr?ce~s - the opening of an awareness of what
to be honest; 1 don't think anyone really regards the Ashes as
astrology implies.
being a siege! It's a straiight fight between two teams, I don't
Q ~ Lilly said, ''The more holy thou art, and more near to God,
see that anyone really gives a toss about who holds on to the
the purer judgement thou shalt give" do you believe that,
Ashes per se- it's a purely nominal thing.
over and above knowledge of astrological technique,
I also find this whole data-heavy approach completely
there is some quality, some nearness to God (or not) in
uncongenial. But she does do very well. I'm not saying it's
the astrologer that has an influence on how good a
wrong, this is just a personal vifNV.
Q ~ How about betting on, say, motor-racing? If you could get
charts for all the drivers, then that would give you quite a
taught, but the astrologer still has to choose which techniques
good basis to evaluate who was going to win any
to use. Secondly, the more self-interest is set aside the truer
particular race?
reading they give?

A~ Yes, I think this is true in two ways. Firstly, techniques can be

the jud~ement. ~ill be. The beauty a~~t h?rary, as. I said A~ You could do. It's hard work if you've got to look at all the
before, IS that 1t~ very black and whtte, 1ts. difficult to impose
charts of the drivers, though 1 suppose realistically you'd look
your preconcepti.ons on the chart..And ~at IS what as~logers
at the charts of two or three drivers. I've never actually
do, a lot of the time - sta~ off With their preconce~tions and
evaluated a contest looking at birth charts. One of the
desperately try. to see those 1n ~e chart. they are looking at.
problems with birth chart data is that it is incredibly unreliable.
An extre~e exampl~ of self-Interest ~s where som~ne you
There is a technique _ developed by John Addey _ for
fi~d attractive comes?1'n for a consultati~n ~nd asks, Should I
picking the winner from a field, which can be applied to horse
divorce my hus~and ~d ~e te~ptati.o~ IS to say, Wa-hey,
races, golfing tournaments and so on, but there seems to be a
yes: come on, divorce h1m, I m free .. Th1s IS what one seeks to
piece missing. There's something lacking, though 1 was able to
break even using it- which indicates there is something in it.5


Q ~ Going back to football, and this approach of taking the

chart for the kick-off as signifying the nature of the match.
On Saturday in England, you have extremely similar
charts for all the teams kicking off at three o'clock on
Saturday. What happens then?
A~ I cannot make head nor tail of what happens on Saturday. This
method works fine where there are one or two significant
matches - the Cup Final, European championships, stuff like
that. But what happens on Saturday, I don't know. I've tried a
kind of micro-astrology, looking at minute differences between
the charts to see if they explain why the home team here wins
and the team two hundred yards down the road loses. You get
the same problem in snooker. At the start of a snooker
tournament, you have half a dozen matches starting at the
same time, in the same room. And the favourite will not win all
those matches.

Q ~ Do you feel that astrology can help you find an answer to

this dilemma? Or is there a paradox in asking astrology
about astrology which rules that option out for you?
A~ 1 think it would be impious .. There are some things that are
more important than astrology. Astrology works with the
spectrum, but it is the source of the white light that is ultimately
Q ~ Where do you stand on the free WJII/predestmation Issue?
A~ The debate just shows how little people understand the
concept of free will: when most people talk about free will',
what they actually mean is 'free whim'. What the chart tends to
show you, is what your will actually is - the end product. It's
your final wish to the fairies, saying 'Put it back as was before
please, take this sausage off the end of my nose!' That's your

Q ~ This probably says something deep and important about Q ~ So free will is to do joyfully what God wills for you?
the way astrology works.
A~ 1would say so.

~ Ycesrt, l'mtalskureboit dtoe~th lht'~ ~droctriba.bly sof mebthing tti? d,o wthith ~d at Q ~ Could you home in on one or two factors in your chart

e 1.ea
which explain why you've been attracted towards the path
a er
s a u "':'1 IS 0 . ne 0 su sump .on that what happens IS taken up mto a larger destiny. That being
in astrology which you have taken?
the case, all those charts (of football matches at 3pm on
Saturday) would be subsumed by one chart for three o'clock at A~ Yes, I would say a very strong Saturn: Capricorn rising, Saturn
on the MC. Saturn, obviously, gives a respect for tradition; an
the Premier League's headquarters Lancaster Gate, or
wherever their headquarters are. Pick the bones out of that! 6
awareness that you can't just make it up for yourself, or take it
from someone who thinks they just have, and a willingness to
Q ~ Where does Carter talk about that?
accept the discipline of learning how to do it properly, rather
A~ I can't remember, but he talks about it in relation to Hiroshima.
than adopting the popular attitude of 'it doesn't work for me, so
I'll dream up my own method'.
The people who were killed by the bomb didn't all have it in
their charts that they would die that day - their fate was
This Saturn influence makes it comparatively easy to get the
subsumed by that of Japan. Lilly talks about the same thing,
focus I spoke of above: one doesn't expect to please, so one
can go rather more easily for what the chart shows to be true.
regarding one of his judgements which he got wrong. He was
talking about Prince Rupert, and says he ~ot his judgement Q ~ Why do you publish a rna azine? It mu;t be an awful lot
wrong because he shouldn't have been looking at the chart for
of work?
Rupert. He should have been looking at the chart for England;

his fate was subsumed by the fate of the English nation.7

A~ It is a lot of work. Basically, I started doing it because I got so
irritated with people editing my work. This way, I can write what
Q ~ If you had to choose examples of magnificent success
1 want and if it upsets people, so be it. Also it allows me to
and terrible failure, what would you choose?
indulge my interests _ football, literature, rock music. Just
A ~ A notable success would be a published prediction (in an
stick a thin layer of astrology over the top of it, and there you
American astrology magazine) of the time of the fall of Mrs
have it!
Bhutto's government.
The prediction .was that her government
Q ~ 1heard that wh at you h ad t osayab ou t th e 12th h ousema

woul d fall 1n November
. .
prove qu1 e upse mg o some o th e
audience. What did ou tell them?'
who were heavily Involved 1n the situation, were expe~ng her
to fall at any moment - as was the general expectation, and
as were the predictions they had received from various other A~ Yes, that did cause something of an upset (Good-oh! We aim
astrologers, eastern and western, who were not using these
to please). I said that planets in the 12th, in whatever form of
traditional techniques of horary. These same techniques have
astrology, find it very hard to act unless there is a way out of
the 12th, which is usually by exact aspect or strong mutual
continued to provide further predictions which the
best-informed political sources have said were impossible, yet
reception. This is particularly difficult in a nativity if the Lord of
have come true- such as the recent dismissal of the Chief
the Ascendant is in the 12th. Tony Blair is a case in point: the
Lord of his Ascendant is in the 12th house, but in mutual
Spectacular failures - like everyone else 1 thought Princess
reception with Mars, which is exactly on the Ascendant. This
allows him to achieve, but through a kind of false persona (if
Diana would get married again and have children.
that isn't a tautology - I'm sure you catch my point). The
Q ~ How would you label your beliefs about life?
objection raised was that 'OK, so they can't act in the world,
but they can act on a spiritual level'. To my jaundiced view, this
A ~ Capricorn rising sums up most of my beliefs - miserable
is just the modem misunderstanding of spirituality: 'I'm crap at
bastard! I'm a practising Catholic. I found it was the only
life, therefore I'm deeply spiritual.'
system which was intellectually rigorous enough to satisfy me
Q ~ How do you square doing astrology with Catholicism?

Q ~ Would you, then, describe the 12th house as malefic?

A~ 98% of me sees no contradiction at all. I wasn't born Catholic, 1 A~ A house is not able to be malefic, as houses don't do anything,

came to it through astrology. The catechism says that all

astrologers are servants of the devil - the other 2% of me
thinks that could be quite accurate. I suspect there will come a
time when I shall cease to practise astrology because of that.
But at the moment I find that the faith expands my astrology,
and astrology expands my faith. 8

planets do. The traditional view is that the malefic planets tend
to be obstructive; planets debilitated by sign or house position
tend to find it difficult to act.
With the idea of 'malefic', there is, of course, the sense that
'what doesn't kill me makes me stronger', on some level or
another. But implicit in astrology is the idea that there is a set


good and bad. If, for instance, the life is dissipated away in
drink, whatever shows that in the chart will be malefic. It is
unfortunate in both this world and the next - there is no silver
lining to it.
Q .... How do you feel about your own 12th house north node?
A .... I've never been able to decide if it's responsible for my good
looks, my charm or my modesty.

Q .... The state of astrology today: what changes would you like
to see?
A .... I'd like to see all astrologers have their heads banged together
until they stop arguing with each other.
Q .... Is the point that you think astrologers should tolerate
different approaches in others, because they can be
equally valid, or do you think that everybody should settle
on one basic approach?
A .... I think that people can have differences, without taking it
personally. For instance, I could have a blazing row with you
about astrological technique, but still be quite happy to go for a
drink with you. I think the main problem there is that people feel
insecure about their techniques, and so feel as if they have to
defend them at all costs.
Q .... A problem which probably isn't helped by the fact that
astrology is seen as a questionable pursuit in the first
place by most people. Do you see any possibility of that

Garry Phillipson is currently working

on a book, due for plblicalion in
1999, which attempts a
multi-<lisciplinary r::JVefVieN of the
beliefs, worl< and lives of
contemporary astrologers.

anecdotes of experiences with

astrology, are welcomed - Gany can
be contacted at
Astrologers@btintemetcom, or by
writing to: Churchill IJevelopment
Ltd, Southbank House, Black Prince
Road, London SE1 7SJ.

Amongst these predic:X:ns ...ere: That England would lose 1-0 to Italy in
their first World Cup qualifying match; and that Chelsea would beat
Middlesbrough 2-0 in !he FA Cup Rnal. For an acoount of these
judgements, see The Asin::>I<Y;}er's Apprentice issues 3 & 5.
2 The Astrologers Apprentice issue 5.
3 Compare this from Chuar.g Tzu:
"When an archer is shcx:Jii1g fcr nothing
He has all his skiD.
If he shoots fcr a brass l:xJci<le

He is already nervoos.
If he shoots fcr a prize of gold
He goes blind
Or sees two targets He is out of his mind~

A .... Not for some time.

Q .... Do you see that as a problem? Would you like astrology

to be more accepted - to be taught in universities, for
instance -or do you feel that it's reached its natural level
A .... Well, I wouldn't necessarily wish astrology on the universities
or the universities on astrology! It is a shame - there was a
time when the best and brightest would study astrology, and
that isn't the case now.
Q .... What would you say were the major factors which
resulted in astrology being sidelined?
A .... We can look at this from so many different angles and find so
many different reasons. 'The Astrologer's Apprentice' is at
heart an on-going examination of this one question.
We can see it as the product of social, political or religious
change. The root was the abolition of the concept of essence,
on which astrology depends. This suited the new socio-political
structure, and enabled the technologists of the so-called
'Enlightenment' to assume a place of honour.
If we wanted to label one specific cause, we could go maybe
for the Reformation, which set Man above God, or possibly the
printing press, with its consequent massive levelling down of
intellectual standards.

Q .... What can we learn from that?

A .... That the intellectual basis of astrology is far more solid than
that of the modem pseudo-sciences of physics, astronomy and
the like.
Q .... What do you think astrologers need to do in order to claw
their way out of the pit of obscurity into which they and
their subject have fallen?
A .... Forget all this Uranus nonsense and come back to our glorious
Mercury heritage. We are thinkers, not eccentrics.

John was born at 00.40 BST, 16th May 1955, in London.

His skill has not dlanged.

But the prize Divides r.im.
He cares.
He thinks more of winning
Than of shooting And the need to win
Drains him of pcmer"
Chuang Tzu, translated by Thomas Merton (Unwin, 1970) p.107.
4 Cf 'Twelfth Century Castle Besiegement in Sporf by Lee Lehman and
Bernadette Brady: Astrological~. Vol. 39 No.3 (May/June 1997).
5 'The Grand National'- article by John Addey- Astrology Journal, Vol. 2
No. 2 (1960). It may also be of interest to remark Charles Carter's
advocacy of horse-radng as a means of honing astrological technique:
" ... I became and remain convinced that, whatever may happen
in the Arctic Circle, Placidus and Campanus ... certainly have
value at Epsom and NeY.market!"
-Astrology Q.larterly, Vol. 30 No.4.
6 This is touched on by two of the 'Propositions' which appear in Carter's
'Basic Astrological Points of VteN': 'Primary lnvolvemenf ('When two or
more persons are involved in the same condition, the most accurate
results will be obtained from consideration of th'e one primarily
affected"); 'Subumption' ("Every horosoopic figure may be said to be
subsumed under another of wider amplitude") - Astrology Quarlerly,
Vol. 28 Nos. 1 and 2.
7 William Lilly, Christian Astrology (Regulus, 1985) p.454
8 Paragraph 2116 of the 1993 Catechism states:
"All forms of divination are to be rejected: recourse to Satan or
demons, conjuring up the dead or other practices falsely
supposed to "unveil" the future. Consulting horoscopes, astrology,
palm reading, interpretation of omens and lots, the phenomena of
dairvoyance, and recourse to mediums all conceal a desire for
power over time, history, and, in the last analysis, other human
beings, as well as a wish to condliate hidden powers. They
contradict the honour, respect, and loving fear that we owe to God
The catechism can be downloaded from the Christus Rex Web Site:
www.christusrex.org/www1 /COHN!
There is a pro-astrology interpretation of the catechism by the Rev
Laurence Cassidy (himself a Catholic priest) in the Astrology Quarlerly,
Vol. 64 No.3 (Summer 1994).
9 One of the Urania Trusfs Thursday Morning sessions.


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